General - The circle of the sky, divided into 12 parts, each of 30 degrees. Each part of the circle is identified by one of the Zodiacal signs used in casting horoscopes. These signs are given as six in the northern hemisphere (Aries, Cancer, Gemini, Leo, Taurus and Virgo) and six more in the southern hemisphere (Aquarius, Capricorn, Libra, Pisces, Sagittarius and Scorpio). (1) The Arabic names are Aqrab (Scorpio), Asad (Leo), Dalu (Aquarius), Hamal (Aries), Hut (Pisces), Jadi (Capricorn), Jauza (Gemini), Mizan (Libra), Qaus (Sagittarius), Saratan (Cancer), Sumbula (Virgo) and Thaur (Taurus). (2) The Babylonian Zodiac has Aqrabu (Scorpion), Aru (Leo), Enzu (Capricorn), Gu (Aquarius), Ku or Sarikku (Aries), Masu (Gemini), Pa (Sagittarius), Pulukka (Cancer), Seru (Virgo), Te or Mennu (Taurus), Zib (Pisces) and Zibanitu (Libra). (3) In the Chinese Zodiac, one bird and eleven animals appear. These are Cockerel, Dog, Dragon, Horse, Monkey, Ox (or Buffalo), Pig (or Wild Boar), Rabbit (or Hare), Rat, Sheep (or Goat), Snake and Tiger. (4) In Egypt, in the denderah as it is known, the scarab is used in place of the crab (Cancer) and the goat has the tail of a fish. (5) The Hebrew names are given as Akrav (Scorpio), Aryeh (Leo), Betulah (Virgo), Dagim (Pisces), D'lee (Aquarius), G'de (Capricorn), Keshet (Sagittarius), Moznayim (Libra), Sartan (Cancer), Shor (Taurus), T'leh (Aries) and T'omim (Gemini). (6) A similar system to that used in Egypt is used by Hindus in their Rasi Chakra, which has the chariot of the sun as its centre. (7) In the Japanese version, based on the Chinese, the names are respectively tori, inu, uma, saru, ushi, i, u, ne, hitsuji, mi and tora. (8) The Muslim version has three signs that are dry and hot (east/fire) represented by Aries, Leo and Sagittarius; three dry and cold (south/east) represented by Capricorn, Taurus and Virgo; three wet and hot (west/air) represented by Aquarius, Gemini and Libra; and three wet and cold (north/ water) represented by Cancer, Pisces and Scorpio. Occasionally identified as Zodiac.

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