West Indian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

acon

A rattle used in voodoo ceremonies. Also called acon.

Adja

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Age

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Agwé

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Agweta

Daughter of Agwé. Sister of Agweto. Also referred to as Agweta.

Agweto

Son of Agwé. Brother of Agweto. Called Agweto.

Aida-Wédo

Wife of Damballo Wedo. At times, referred to as Aida-Wédo, Ayida, Ayida or Aida.

Aido Wedo

The name for Aido Hwedo in Haiti. Known as Aido Wedo, Dan Ayido Hwedo, Dan Ayido Hwedo, Aido Hwedo, Da, Da Aido-Hwedo, Rainbow Snake, Da, (Da) Aida Hwedo, Haitian Damballah Wedo, Yoruba Oshunmare, Damballah Wedo or Dangbe.

Akambou

A Caribbean beneficent spirit, one of a pair with Yris. Sometimes known as Akambou.

Albeborael quahayona

The name taken by Guagugiana. When he met Guabonito. At times, called Albeborael quahayona.

Amaiauna

A cave. Human beings were originally confined to this cave and another, called Cacibagiagua. Sometimes referred to as Amaiauna.

Amelia

A voodoo spirit. Sometimes referred to as Amelia, Matresse Amelia or Matresse Amelia.

Amminan

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Occasionally called Amminan.

Anago

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Occasionally referred to as Anago.

Annency

The name given to Anansi in the West Indies. In many tales he tricks the character known as (Uncle) Bouki. Occasionally called Annency, Ti Malice, Ti Malice, Anansi, Nansi or Nansi.

Antoine

A Haitian voodoo spirit adopted from a Catholic saint. In some references, identified as Antoine.

Arada

A Haitian voodoo spirit. In some lore, occasionally known as Arada.

arret

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asagive

A dance saluting the gods of voodoo. At times, identified as asagive.

Assez Media

A Haitian voodoo spirit. In some accounts, identified as Assez Media.

Atacrou

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Also referred to as Atacrou.

Ati Dangné

A Haitian voodoo spirit. In some references, referred to as Ati Dangné.

Atraiomen

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Attabeira

The supreme goddess and water. Goddess of the Taino tribe. Mother of Guamaonocon. Sometimes known as Attabeira, Atabei, Atabei, Atabey, Atabey, Guacarabita, Guacarabita, Guimazoa, Guimazoa, Iella, Iella, Mamona, Mamona, Mother of Waters, Mother of Waters, Udensmate, Guacarapita, Guacarapita, Guimazea or Guimazea.

Azacca

A Haitian god of agriculture. Brother of Ghede. Also commonly called Azacca, Azaca Si, Azaca Si, Azaka, Azaka, Mambo Zacca or Mambo Zacca.

B'Rabby

The name for Brer Rabbit in the Bahamas. Also known as B'Rabby.

Badé

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Identified as Badé, Gbadé or Gbadé.

badjican

An assistant to a hougan. Also called badjican.

baka

In Haitian voodoo lore, a zombie. Turned into an animal. In some accounts, called baka.

Baquicie

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Sometimes called Baquicie.

Baron Samedi

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Bayamanaco

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Binatel

One of the 2 Zemis. A primaeval being, precursor of the gods. In some references, referred to as Binatel, Morobo or Morobo.

bocor

A voodoo sorcerer of Haiti. Occasionally called bocor, bokor or bokor.

Bois l'en Dingué

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Sometimes called Bois l'en Dingué.

boko

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Bolodjoré

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Also called Bolodjoré.

Borrommée

A Haitian voodoo spirit. It is said that this spirit was originally a Christian saint. Also identified as Borrommée.

Bossu

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Bouki

A character in Haitian stories, frequently the dupe of the spider, Annency. Also identified as Bouki, Uncle Bouki or Uncle Bouki.

Brave

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Occasionally called Brave.

Bubuli

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Bugid Y Aiba

A war-god of Haiti. In some references, called Bugid Y Aiba.

buhuitihu

A medicine man: a priest of the Taino. Occasionally called buhuitihu.

Bumba-loa

A group of Haitian voodoo spirits. Based on the Bushongo creatorgod, Bumba (Nzambi). Identified as Bumba-loa.

Cacibagiagua

A cave. The men of the Taino were originally confined to this cave and one other, called Amaiaua. On occassion, referred to as Cacibagiagua.

Cahubaba

Mother of 4 sons who stole. Yaya's gourd. Occasionally known as Cahubaba, Bloodied Old Woman, Bloodied Old Woman, Itiba Cahubaba or Itiba Cahubaba.

Carrefour

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Cassé Brisé

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Known as Cassé Brisé.

Catherine

A Haitian voodoo spirit. This spirit is said to be derived from St Catherine. Also identified as Catherine.

Celia

A Haitian voodoo spirit derived from St Celia. Also known as Celia.

Chemin

A Carib sky-god. Sometimes identified as Chemin.

cibas

Sacred white shells used to make. Necklaces. Occasionally identified as cibas.

Cibi

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Also commonly identified as Cibi.

cigouaves

An evil spirit that castrates men as they sleep. Also called cigouaves.

Clérmeil

A Haitian voodoo spirit. He is said to be all-powerful and when upset causes rivers to overflow. Also commonly referred to as Clérmeil, Difficile Clérmeil or Difficile Clérmeil.

Clérmézine

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Also called Clérmézine.

Coatrischie

A Taino storm-goddesss. This being, together with Guatauva, acted as an assistant to Guabancex. Also known as Coatrischie.

coco macaque

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cohoba

A drug used in religious rites, said by some to induce the power of prophecy. In some accounts, referred to as cohoba.

Conga

A class of voodoo deities in Haiti. Also called Conga.

conjureman

A practitioner of black magic. Sometimes referred to as conjureman.

Dagué-Lissa

A Haitian voodoo spirit derived from the African god Lissa. Also referred to as Dagué-Lissa.

Dahomain

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Sometimes known as Dahomain.

Damballah Wedo

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Dan Petro

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Dan Yi

A Haitian voodoo spirit. In some accounts, called Dan Yi.

Dangbe

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Deminan

One of the 4 sons of Chubaba. Grandson of Bayamanaco. Sometimes identified as Deminan.

Desportes

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Sometimes called Desportes.

Diable Tonnre

A Haitian voodoo spirit, a thunder demon. Sometimes known as Diable Tonnre.

diablesse

A Haitian voodoo spirit. These fearsome spirits arise from the death of virgins. Sometimes identified as diablesse.

Diejuste

A benevolent Haitian voodoo spirit. Sometimes known as Diejuste.

Diji

Haitian voodoo spirit. In some references, known as Diji.

Dismiraye

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Referred to as Dismiraye.

Dosu

A Haitian voodoo spirit. In some accounts, referred to as Dosu.

drogue

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duppy

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Erzulie

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Erzulie-Ge-Rouge

A name of Erzulie lamenting the brevity of life and love. Occasionally identified as Erzulie-Ge-Rouge.

Etienne

A Haitian voodoo spirit, derived from St Stephen. In some references, called Etienne.

Ganga

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gangan

A low-ranking Haitian shaman. Referred to as gangan.

garde

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Georges

A Haitian voodoo spirit derived from St George. On occassion, called Georges.

Ghede

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Giadruvava

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Giaia

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Giovava

In the lore of the Taino, a cave from which the sun and moon emerged. Also identified as Giovava.

Grand Bois

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Sometimes known as Grand Bois, Tree of Life, Tree of Life or Kilembe.

Guabancex

A Taino wind-goddess. At times, referred to as Guabancex, Lady of the Winds or Lady of the Winds.

Guabonito

A sea-goddess. She was rescued from the sea by Guagugiana and taught him the arts of medicine and necklace-making. In some lore, occasionally identified as Guabonito.

Guagugiana

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Guamaonocon

Supreme god of the Taino. Also called Guamaonocon, Father Sky, Father Sky, Sky Father, Sky Father, Iocauna or Iocauna.

Guanin

A mythical country. The hero Guagugiana was said to have gone to this country. Sometimes known as Guanin.

Guatauva

A messenger-goddess of the Taino. In some lore, occasionally identified as Guatauva.

Guédé

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guédé

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guianos

Sacred yellow shells used as talismans. By the Taino. Occasionally called guianos.

Guinee

Home of the gods in Haiti. Sometimes called Guinee.

Hiauna

Father of Guagiana. In some lore, occasionally called Hiauna.

hougan

A spirit master: a priest of voodoo. Occasionally identified as hougan, houngan, houngan, hungan, hungan, h(o)ungan or h(o)ungan.

Hueyuku

The afterworld in the Antilles. Occasionally referred to as Hueyuku, Mansion of the Sun, Mansion of the Sun, Mansions of the Sun or Mansions of the Sun.

hunsi kango

A vodun initiate who has passed the ordeal of putting a bare hand into a pot of boiling meal. In some accounts, called hunsi kango.

Ibo

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Occasionally identified as Ibo, Ibo-léle or Ibo-léle.

Icheiri

Household gods of the Caribs. Occasionally referred to as Icheiri.

Ingléson

A Haitian voodoo spirit. This spirit lives among the rocks and eats those who upset him. Also known as Ingléson.

Inomme

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Also known as Inomme, Matresse Inomme or Matresse Inomme.

Inriri

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Jacques Majeur

A Haitian voodoo spirit, derived from St James. Also identified as Jacques Majeur.

Jazer

A Haitian voodoo spirit who can evoke. Feelings of love. On occassion, referred to as Jazer.

Jean

A Haitian voodoo spirit, derived from St John. In some accounts, identified as Jean.

Jean Baptiste

A Haitian voodoo spirit, derived from St John the Baptist. Occasionally referred to as Jean Baptiste.

Jean Brigard

A Haitian voodoo spirit, regarded as the tutelary spirit of thieves. Sometimes called Jean Brigard.

Jean Crabe

A Haitian voodoo spirit. In some lore, occasionally identified as Jean Crabe.

Jean Délé

A Haitian voodoo spirit. In some accounts, called Jean Délé.

Jean Féro

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Sometimes known as Jean Féro.

Jeune Gens

A Haitian voodoo spirit. In some accounts, identified as Jeune Gens.

Karous

A Haitian female voodoo spirit. Occasionally called Karous.

Kenaima

A Carib Indian with the power of death: an avenger. Called Kenaima.

L'arc en ciel

A Haitian voodoo spirit, the rainbow. Personified. In some references, known as L'arc en ciel.

La Silne

A female Haitian voodoo spirit. Also called La Silne.

Laoko

A Haitian voodoo spirit derived from the Fon god, Loko. In some accounts, called Laoko, Loko, Loko, Loko Attiso, Loko Attiso, Loko (Attiso) or Loko (Attiso).

legarau

A werewolf in Trinidad. In some lore, occasionally identified as legarau, legarou, legarou, legerau, leperou, leperou, liberou, werewolf, loupgarou or loupgarou.

Legba

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libera

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Limba

A Haitian voodoo spirit. In some accounts, referred to as Limba, Limba-Zaho, Limba-Zaho, Limba-Zoau or Limba-Zoau.

loa

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lookman

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Loupgarou

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Louquo

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lutin

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Maboya

A guardian deity of snakes. In some accounts, known as Maboya, Great Snake, Great Snake, Kleesto, Maboia or Maboia.

Madeleine

A female Haitian voodoo spirit. Sometimes known as Madeleine, Matresse Madeleine or Matresse Madeleine.

Mama Brigitte

A Haitian voodoo spirit, guardian of the dead. Wife of Ghede. Sometimes identified as Mama Brigitte, Brigitte, Brigitte, Maman Brigitte, Maman Brigitte, (Mamam) Brigitte or (Mamam) Brigitte.

Mama Nono

A Carib mother-goddess. In some accounts, identified as Mama Nono.

Mamaloi

A voodoo priestess of Haiti. Also known as Mamaloi, malePapaloi or malePapaloi.

Mambo

A Haitian voodoo spirit. On occassion, identified as Mambo.

Mambo La Salle

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Referred to as Mambo La Salle.

mambu

A Haitian voodoo priestess. On occassion, identified as mambu.

Maria Madeleine

A Haitian voodoo spirit derived from Mary Magdalene. In some lore, occasionally called Maria Madeleine.

Marinette

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Also identified as Marinette.

Marissa

A Haitian voodoo spirit representing. Dead twins. At times, referred to as Marissa, Marassa Jumeaux or Marassa Jumeaux.

Marocael

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marré

The power to control a supernatural being. Occasionally known as marré.

Membo-Delahi

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Sometimes called Membo-Delahi.

Michel

A Haitian voodoo spirit derived from St Michael. In some lore, occasionally called Michel.

Miuisit

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Also commonly identified as Miuisit, Baron Miuisit or Baron Miuisit.

Mombu

A female Haitian voodoo spirit. Occasionally referred to as Mombu, Matresse Mombu or Matresse Mombu.

Morobo

A primitive being, one of the two Zemis, progenitor of the gods. Sometimes identified as Morobo, Binatel or Binatel.

Mouché Pierre

A Haitian voodoo spirit. At times, identified as Mouché Pierre.

Moundongue loa

Haitian voodoo spirits derived from the deities of the Congo. At times, called Moundongue loa.

myalism

Witchcraft. Occasionally identified as myalism.

Nago loa

A group of Haitian voodoo. Spirits derived from the Yoruba deities. Also referred to as Nago loa.

Nago Shango

A Haitian voodoo spirit derived from the Yoruba god, Shango. In some references, referred to as Nago Shango.

Nambo-Nansi

A Haitian voodoo spirit derived from Anansi, the West African spider-god. Also commonly known as Nambo-Nansi.

Nansi

A name for Annency or Anansi in Curacao. Referred to as Nansi, Anansi, Anansi, Annancy, Mr Spider, Spider, Mr, Aunt Nancy, Ti Malice, Ashanti Kwaku Ananse, Hausa Gizo, West Indian Annency, Annency or Annency.

obeah

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obi-man

A practitioner of witchcraft. In some references, called obi-man, obiaman, obiaman, Lukuman, Lukuman, kartaman, piai, wintiman or wisiman.

obi-woman

A female practitioner of witchcraft. Also known as obi-woman.

Obtala

The Yoruba deity Obatala. Transplanted to the West Indies. Sometimes known as Obtala, Batala, Batala, Grand Batala, Grand Batala, (Grand) Batala, (Grand) Batala, African Obatala or African Obatala.

Odyssey

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Ogoun

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Ogoun Tonnre

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Ogu

A Haitian voodoo spirit derived from St James the Great. Also commonly identified as Ogu.

Opiel Guabiron

A guardian of the entrance to the underworld. Referred to as Opiel Guabiron.

Opita

Souls of the dead. These spirits still walk the earth and an encounter with one of them can be fatal. Also called Opita.

Oraji Brisé

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Known as Oraji Brisé.

Ossange

A god of leaves and herbs. Sometimes called Ossange, Yoruba Osain or Yoruba Osain.

Ouanga

Witchcraft brought from Africa. Occasionally referred to as Ouanga, African Wanga or African Wanga.

Papa Pie

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Papaloi

A voodoo priest. Also referred to as Papaloi, femaleMamaloi or femaleMamaloi.

Paria

A sacred mountain in the Caribbean. Occasionally known as Paria.

Petra loa

Malevolent Haitian voodoo spirits. This group of loa is said to be derived from spirits, etc. of San Domingo. Also known as Petra loa.

Petro

A group of Haitian voodoo gods. In some references, identified as Petro, Dan Petro, Dan Petro, Dom Pedro or Don Pedro.

Philomne

A Haitian voodoo spirit derived from St Philomena. In some references, referred to as Philomne, Matresse Philomne or Matresse Philomne.

Pié Angalo

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Occasionally identified as Pié Angalo.

Play-eye

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Polisson

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Sometimes called Polisson.

Rada loa

Benevolent Haitian voodoo spirits. Derived from the deities of Dahomey. Also commonly known as Rada loa.

Raphael

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Ravag

A Haitian voodoo spirit. In some lore, occasionally known as Ravag.

Santa Barbara

The name for the Yoruban thundergod in Cuba. Sometimes referred to as Santa Barbara.

Shango

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Shihai

A wind-god. Occasionally called Shihai.

Simbi

A Haitian river-snake god, god of rain. Sometimes known as Simbi.

Sobi-Si

A Haitian voodoo spirit depicted. As a soldier. In some accounts, called Sobi-Si.

Solonga loa

A group of Haitian voodoo spirits. Based on the deities of the Congo. Sometimes referred to as Solonga loa.

Solophine

A Haitian voodoo spirit. In some references, identified as Solophine.

Sousson-Pannan

A Haitian voodoo spirit. This being is reputed to be covered with sores and to drink blood. Sometimes identified as Sousson-Pannan.

sukyan

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Taurean

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Also identified as Taurean.

Ti Jean Quinto

A Haitian voodoo spirit envisaged. As a policeman. At times, referred to as Ti Jean Quinto.

tona

Dwarf-like beings. In some accounts, the children abandoned by Guagugiana were turned into tona. Others say that they became frogs. Occasionally known as tona.

Touissaint

A Haitian voodoo spirit. Also called Touissaint.

Trachas

A Haitian voodoo spirit. In some accounts, known as Trachas.

trick

A magic charm used for personal. Gain. Occasionally referred to as trick.

Ville au Camp

An underwater city, home of the Haitian voodoo spirits. Also identified as Ville au Camp.

vodun

A fetish used by snake-worshippers. In some accounts, referred to as vodun, hun, hun, vodou, vodou, Vodun, voodoo, vodu or vodu.

voodoo

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Walcott, Derek

A poet and dramatist, author of the play Odyssey, based on the Greek story. Sometimes referred to as Walcott, Derek, (1930- ) or (1930- ).

wanga

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Yaya

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Yobanua-borna

A rain-deity of the Taino people. Sometimes identified as Yobanua-borna.

Yocahu

A guardian god. In some accounts, he is the same as Guamaonocon. Occasionally identified as Yocahu, son of Attabeira, son of Attabeira, Jocakuvague-Maorocon, Jocakuvague-Maorocon, Marcoti, Marcoti, Yocahuguama or Yocahuguama.

Yoruba loa

A group of Haitian voodoo spirits. Derived from Nigerian deities. Occasionally called Yoruba loa.

Yrid

A Carib beneficent spirit, one of a pair. With Akambou. Also commonly identified as Yrid.

Yucahu

A god of the Taine people, the spirit of cassava. Occasionally referred to as Yucahu.

Zahi

A Haitian voodoo spirit. In some accounts, identified as Zahi.

Zemi

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zemi

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zobop

A voodoo sorcerer in Haiti. Also identified as zobop.

zombie

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zombie errant

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zombiism

Belief in snake-gods, and voodooism. In some accounts, identified as zombiism.

Zume

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West Indian Mythology