Tibetan Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abhijnaraja

A Buddhist physician-god. He is depicted with long ear lobes. In some references, identified as Abhijnaraja.

Abominable Snowman

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Adidharma

A primaeval Buddhist goddess. Also commonly referred to as Adidharma, Adhidharma, Adhidharma, adidharma, adhidharma or adhidharma.

Akasagarbha

A Buddhist sky-god. The twelfth bodhisattva. Occasionally known as Akasagarbha, Akasha, Akasha, Khagarbha, Khagarbha, Japanese Kokuzo or Japanese Kokuzo.

Amoghasiddhi

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Anangopa

A Lamaist sorcerer. On occassion, identified as Anangopa.

apsaras

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Asokottamasri

A Buddhist god of medicine. Occasionally called Asokottamasri.

Balancho

One of the Five Lands. This realm was the home of giants who lived for over 500 years, herding cattle. Also referred to as Balancho, Balang Cho or Balang Cho.

Bardol Thodol

A group of Buddhist goddesses. This group is made up of four Doorkeepers, eight Htamenmas, eight Kerimas and twenty-eight Wangchug- mas. On occassion, known as Bardol Thodol.

bDud

Forest-dwelling demons. These beings, armed with axes, were early precursors of the human race. Next came the Srin. Also identified as bDud.

bDul Nygal

King of the demons. Sometimes known as bDul Nygal.

Beg-Tse

A Buddhist and Lamaist war-god. One of 8 dharmapalas. Also commonly identified as Beg-Tse, Cam-srin, Cam-srin, Begze Sunen, Hindu Karttikeya, Sanskrit Beg-Tse, Mongolian Begze Sunen or Mongolian Begze Sunen.

Bhaishajya

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Bhikshana

A Lamaist sorcerer. In some accounts, called Bhikshana.

Bhrkuti Tara

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Bihar

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bKur-dmam-rgyalmo

Consort of dBangpo-rygabzhin. Mother of Dongrub, Donldan and Donyod. Identified as bKur-dmam-rgyalmo.

Black Misery

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Bon

A form of shamanistic nature. Worship, the pre-Buddhist religion of Tibet. Occasionally known as Bon.

Bon Po

Buddhists priests still practising. Shamanistic magic. On occassion, known as Bon Po.

Bowa

Demons said to dance round the spirits of the dead. Sometimes known as Bowa.

Brug Ma

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bTsan

Demons of the air. These beings are said to ride red horses and use bows and arrows to kill lone travellers. Occasionally called bTsan, bCan or bCan.

bTsan-po

The king, regarded as the ruler of the bTsan. Occasionally known as bTsan-po.

Cam-srin

A Buddhist god of war. Occasionally referred to as Cam-srin, Beg-Tse, Beg-Tse, Mongolian Begze Sunen, Begze Sunen, Begze Sunen, Tibetan Beg-Tse, Hindu Karttikeya, Hindu Karttikeya, Sanskrit Beg-Tse or Sanskrit Beg-Tse.

Candali

A Buddhist-Lamaist goddess. One of 8 gauris. Sometimes called Candali.

Cauri

A Buddhist-Lamaist goddess. One of 8 gauris. Identified as Cauri.

ch'o-je

A group of sorcerers regarded as incarnations of fiends. On occassion, referred to as ch'o-je, ch'o-kyon or ch'o-kyon.

Chak-dor-den-pa

The second of the celestial bodhisattvas. Called Chak-dor-den-pa.

Champaka

A Lamaist sorcerer. In some accounts, referred to as Champaka.

Charpati

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Chikha

A period of after death transition. Sometimes referred to as Chikha, Cihuacoatl, Cihuacoatl, Ciuacoatl, Ciuateotl, Serpent Woman, Snake Woman, Ilamatecuhtli, Temazcalteci, Teteoinnan, Tona(n)tzin, Chikha Bardo, Chikha Bardo, Bardo or Bardo.

Chonyid Bardo

A 14-day transitional after-death. Period during which visions. Occur. On occassion, known as Chonyid Bardo, Bardo Thodol, Bardo Thodol, Sidpa Bardo or Tibetan Book of the Dead.

chorten

A funeral monument. Such monuments are erected over the graves of lamas, saints, etc. and models are sold as amulets. Also known as chorten, mch'od-r-ten or mch'od-r-ten.

Chos-rgyal Phyi-sgrub

A god of the dead. Also referred to as Chos-rgyal Phyi-sgrub, Sanskrit Yama or Sanskrit Yama.

Chos-Skyon

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Cunda

A Buddhist goddess, literature deified. An aspect of Vairocana. Sometimes known as Cunda, Candra, Candra, Chandra, Cunti, Cunti, Vairocana, Vairocana, Brahma, Mahavairocana, Mahavairochana, Vairochana, Grahamatrika, Kun-Rig, Mahasahapramardani, Mahavairoc(h)ana, Samantabhadra, Sitapatra, Sitatara, Usnisavijaya, Hindu Brahma or Japanese Dainichi.

Da

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da-cha

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dah-dar

A divining arrow used by sorcerers. In some lore, occasionally referred to as dah-dar.

Dalai Lama

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Dam-c'an-rdo-rje-legs-pa

Chief of the demons, overcome by Padmasambhare. Also called Dam-c'an-rdo-rje-legs-pa, Dam-chen-dorje-le-pa-dor-le or Dam-chen-dorje-le-pa-dor-le.

dar-dar

An arrow used in demon-worship. In some accounts, known as dar-dar.

Darika

A Lamaist sorcerer. He was said to be able to fly like a bird. At times, called Darika.

dBan-mgon

The Buddhist lord of the night. Sometimes referred to as dBan-mgon, Wang-gon, Wang-gon, wang-gon or wang-gon.

dBangpo-rgyabzhin

Ruler of the gLing-chos heaven, sTang-lha. Consort of bKur-dman-rgyalmo. Father of Dongrub, Donldan and Donyod. Sometimes identified as dBangpo-rgyabzhin.

dGra-lha

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dGun-ayi-rgyal-mo

The Tibetan version of the Buddhist Hamantadevi. Sometimes called dGun-ayi-rgyal-mo.

Dharmakirtisagaraghosa

On occassion, referred to as Dharmakirtisagaraghosa.

Dhupa

A Buddhist-Lamaist mother goddess. One of the astamataras. At times, known as Dhupa, bDug-spos-ma or bDug-spos-ma.

Digambara

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Dinsangma

One of the 5 Long-Life Sisters. Occasionally called Dinsangma.

dMu

Demons. In some accounts, identified as dMu, Lha, Lha, Hindu Deva, rMu, rMu, lha or lha.

dMu-bDud Kam-Po Sa-Zan

A Bon sky god. At times, known as dMu-bDud Kam-Po Sa-Zan.

dMu-rgyal

Early ancestors of the race. These were the first beings to employ ritual and magic. They were followed by the 'dre. At times, identified as dMu-rgyal.

Dmyal-wa

The Tibetan version of the Hindu. Hell, Naraka. Also known as Dmyal-wa.

Do-man

A collection of mystic writings used as a charm. In some lore, occasionally called Do-man.

Dongrub

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Donldan

Son of dBangpo-rgyabzhin and bKur-dman-rgyalmo. Brother of Dongrub and Donyod. Sometimes identified as Donldan.

Donyod

Son of dBangpo-rgyabzhin and bKur-dman-rgyalmo. Brother of Dongrub and Donldan. Occasionally called Donyod.

Doorkeepers

A group of 4 Buddhist goddesses, part of the Bardo group. Also commonly called Doorkeepers.

dor-le

A Buddhist demon. Also identified as dor-le.

Dorje

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Dosangma

One of the 5 Long-Life Sisters. In some accounts, called Dosangma.

Dpe-dkar

A god. Referred to as Dpe-dkar.

Dra Minyan

One of the Five Lands. This realm was regarded as the home of the dead. Also called Dra Minyan.

Drag-gshed

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'dre

Early ancestors of the race. These people abandoned the great forests to live on bare mountain slopes. Next came the Ma-sang. At times, identified as 'dre.

Dri-chab-ma

The Tibetan name for Gandha. Occasionally called Dri-chab-ma.

drilbu

A prayer bell. The lamas use this bell to drive away evil spirits and attract good ones. Occasionally referred to as drilbu.

Drug

A god. On occassion, called Drug, Druj, Druj, Angra Mainya, Drauga, Drug, Drugh, Durugh or 'deceit'.

Dzamo

One of the Five Lands. This was said to be the land of the living. Also called Dzamo.

Eight Glorious Symbols

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Five Lands

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Five Sisters of Long Life

Sister-goddesses of the Himalayas. In some lore, occasionally identified as Five Sisters of Long Life, Sisters of Long Life, Sisters of Long Life, Long Life Sisters, Miyolangsangma, Miyolangsangma, Tashi Tseringma or Tashi Tseringma.

Ge-lug-pa

A Buddhist sect worshipping. Vajradhara, founded by Atisa. Also referred to as Ge-lug-pa, Ka-dam-pa or Ka-dam-pa.

gelong

A Buddhist monk. Occasionally referred to as gelong.

Gesar

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Gesar Saga

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ghan-po slob-rgyas

A form of prayer-flag. Occasionally identified as ghan-po slob-rgyas, da-cha, da-cha, cho-pen, dar-Ich'og, gLan-po stob-rgyas, gyal-tsan dsemo, lung-rta or dar-lch'og.

gLan-po stob-rgyas

A form of prayer-flag. In some lore, occasionally referred to as gLan-po stob-rgyas, da-cha, da-cha, cho-pen, dar-Ich'og, ghan-po slob-rgyas, gyal-tsan dsemo, lung-rta or dar-lch'og.

gLing-chos

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gNan

Evil spirits which live in rocks, water or trees and bring disease. Sometimes referred to as gNan, gNyan or gNyan.

gnod-sbyin

Black demons. These beings, armed with bows and arrows, were precursors of the human race. Next came the bdud. Occasionally called gnod-sbyin.

Gombo

A leader of the demons. He is regarded as a manifestation of Shiva. Called Gombo.

'gong-po'

Early ancestors: miracle-workers. In some accounts, referred to as 'gong-po', klu-rgyal-po or klu-rgyal-po.

Gri-bdog

10 demons armed with knives. Sometimes referred to as Gri-bdog, Di-do, Di-do or Gri-bobg.

Gri-gum

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gSan Sgrub

A Bon god. He was merged with Yama in Lamaism. Occasionally referred to as gSan Sgrub.

gSang-ba

Bon deities. In some references, referred to as gSang-ba.

gShen-Lha-Odkhar

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gShen-Rabs

The supreme god in the Bon pantheon. Sometimes called gShen-Rabs, gShen-Rap, gShen-Rap, Mi Bo, Mi Bo, Mi-bo or Mi-bo.

gShin-rje

The Tibetan name for Yama as one of the Drag-gshed. Also commonly referred to as gShin-rje, Yama, Yama, Yama, Universal King, Chinese Yen-lo (Wang), Yen Wang, Tibetan Chos-rgyal, Phyi-sgrub, Emma-O or Ten Yama Kings.

gShin-rje gsed

The Tibetan name for Yamantaka as one of the Drag-gshed. In some references, called gShin-rje gsed.

gSun-gi-rgyal po

King of speech. One of the Panchmaharajas. Sometimes identified as gSun-gi-rgyal po, Sung-gi-gral-po, Sung-gi-gral-po, Klu-dban, Klu-dban, Lu Vang or Sun-gi-rgyal-po.

Gur-Gyi Mgon-Po

A Buddhist god of tents. A form of Mahakala. Also commonly known as Gur-Gyi Mgon-Po.

Guru-kam-balu

A headless monk. In some references, identified as Guru-kam-balu.

gyal-tsan dsemo

A form of prayer-flag. Occasionally called gyal-tsan dsemo, da-cha, da-cha, cho-pen, dar-Ich'og, ghan-po slob-rgyas, gLan-po stob-rgyas, lung-rta or dar-lch'og.

Gyalin

King of the realm of demi-gods. At times, known as Gyalin.

Himavan

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Hod-srum

The Tibetan name for Kashyapa the manushibuddha. Occasionally referred to as Hod-srum, O-Sung, O-Sung, Kashyapa or Hod-srun.

Htamenmas

A group of 8 goddesses. These beings, shown as holding corpses and skeletons, are also depicted as having the heads of animals or birds. On occassion, identified as Htamenmas, Pharmen-ma, Pharmen-ma or Htamenamas.

Hwashan

A Chinese priest expelled from Tibet. By Padmasambhava. Sometimes identified as Hwashan.

Indrabhuti

A king. A Lamaist sorcerer. Father of Lashmikara. Also commonly called Indrabhuti.

Jambutri Shring

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K'an-po

Head of a monastery, said to be in direct communication with the saints. In some references, known as K'an-po, K'an-mo, K'an-mo, femaleK'an-mo or femaleK'an-mo.

Kah-gyur

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Kalakala

A Lamaist sorcerer. Also commonly called Kalakala.

Kanakha

A Lamaist sorceress. Sister of Kanakhala and Mekhala. In some accounts, referred to as Kanakha.

Kanakhala

A Lamaist sorcerer. Brother of Kanakha and Mekhala. Occasionally referred to as Kanakhala.

Kanchenjunga

5 brothers who became the spirits of sacred mountains. At times, identified as Kanchenjunga.

Kanta

A Lamaist sorcerer. Also commonly known as Kanta, Kantali or Kantali.

Kapalika

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Karnari

A Lamaist sage. Sometimes known as Karnari.

kerimas

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Khen-Ma

A Buddhist goddess controlling earthly demons. She is depicted with eight wrinkles in her face and riding a ram. Sometimes known as Khen-Ma, Khon-Ma or Khon-Ma.

Khen-Pa

A Buddhist god controlling heavenly demons. He is depicted with white hair and riding a white dog. Also commonly referred to as Khen-Pa.

Khumbu'i Yulha

Patron deity of the sherpas. This deity lives on the Himalayan peak Khumbila. Sometimes identified as Khumbu'i Yulha, Home God of the Khumbu or Home God of the Khumbu.

Khyung

Winged deities of the Bon. At times, identified as Khyung, Hindu Garuda, Hindu Garuda, Khyung-Gai mGo-Can or Kruth.

Khyung-Gai mGo-Can

A local Buddhist god, leader of the Khyung. Sometimes referred to as Khyung-Gai mGo-Can, Hindu Garuda, Hindu Garuda, Khyung or Kruth.

King Hor

A king who abducted Brug Ma. She was rescued from his clutches by Gesai whom she married. In some lore, occasionally referred to as King Hor, Hor, Hor or Hor Nubuti.

Kirava

A king. A Lamaist sorcerer. Also called Kirava.

klu

Ancestors of the race. Miracle-workers. In some references, called klu.

Klu-dban

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Kokili

A king. A Lamaist sorcerer. On occassion, identified as Kokili.

Kor-wa-ji

The Tibetan name for Krakucchanda. Referred to as Kor-wa-ji.

Kukkuri

A disciple of the Buddha who converted a number of Lamaist. Sorcerers. Also commonly identified as Kukkuri, Krishnachari or Krishnachari.

Kumari

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Kun-Rig

A form of Vairocana with 4 heads. Also identified as Kun-Rig, Vairocana, Vairocana, Brahma, Mahavairocana, Mahavairochana, Vairochana, Cunda, Grahamatrika, Mahasahapramardani, Mahavairoc(h)ana, Samantabhadra, Sitapatra, Sitatara, Usnisavijaya, Hindu Brahma or Japanese Dainichi.

Kuntu bXan Po

The creator god of the Bon pantheon. Identified as Kuntu bXan Po, Kun-tu-bzan-Po, Kun-tu-bzan-Po, Buddhist Samantabhadra, Buddhist Samantabhadra, Fugen, P'u Hsien, Taoist P'u Hsien, Taoist P'u Hsien, Japanese Fugen, Japanese Fugen, P'u Hsien or Samantabhadra.

ladni

A female yeti. At times, called ladni, abominable snowman, abominable snowman, kang-mi, Meti, Mi Go, Mirka, shukpa, sogpu, temu, yeti, meti, mi-go, mirka, temu or femladni.

Lakshmikara

A Lamaist sorceress. Daughter of Indrabhuti. Sometimes identified as Lakshmikara.

Lam-bstan

The Tibetan version of Panthaka. Also identified as Lam-bstan.

lama

A senior monk. Occasionally called lama, Inara, Inara, Inar, Inaras, Innara, Lama, Inar(as) or Lama.

Lamaism

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lCogpo

The ruler of the underworld, Yog-klu. In some lore, occasionally identified as lCogpo, lJogspo or lJogspo.

Lha

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lha

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Lha-K'a

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lha-so

The land of the gods: heaven. Also known as lha-so.

lha-tho

Shrines erected to the lha, regarded as the home of these spirits. In some accounts, known as lha-tho.

Lha-tho-tho-ri

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lhamayin

Demons or elementals. On occassion, identified as lhamayin.

Living Buddha

The Dalai Lama. On occassion, identified as Living Buddha, Dalai Lama, Dalai Lama or Grand Lama.

Lo-gNam

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Lo-ma-gyon-ma

The Tibetan version of Parna-Savari. Also known as Lo-ma-gyon-ma.

Lo Phag

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Lobsangma

One of the 5 Long-Life Sisters. Also identified as Lobsangma.

Long-Life Sisters

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Luipa

A Lamaist sorcerer. One of the Mahasiddhas. He is depicted seated, holding a skull cap and with a rope round his body. Sometimes referred to as Luipa, Minanatha, Minanatha, Lohipada, Luipa or Matsyendra.

lung-rta

A form of prayer-flag. In some lore, occasionally known as lung-rta, da-cha, da-cha, cho-pen, dar-Ich'og, ghan-po slob-rgyas, gLan-po stob-rgyas, gyal-tsan dsemo or dar-lch'og.

Ma-Bajan

Mother of 'Brug-ma'. Also referred to as Ma-Bajan.

Ma-lha

A local god of longevity and good fortune. Sometimes referred to as Ma-lha.

Ma-mo

Female demons. These black she-devils are reputed to be the cause of disease. Referred to as Ma-mo.

Ma-p'am-pa

The Tibetan version of Asita. Occasionally called Ma-p'am-pa, Me-phem-pa or Me-phem-pa.

Ma-sang

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Machi-pal Lha-mo

A Buddhist goddess. Chief of the Long-Life Sisters, some say. Known as Machi-pal Lha-mo, Sri, Sri, dPan-idan Lhamo, Lho-Mo, (dpal-iden) Lha Mo, Lhamo, Shri, Shru or Sridevi.

Mahacinatara

A Buddhist goddess. An aspect of Akshobhya. Also commonly known as Mahacinatara, Ekajata, Ekajata, Akajata, Blue Tara, Tara, Tibetan Ral-cgig-ma, Tara, Tara, Kuan Yin, Queen of Heaven, Queen of Knowledge, Tarini, Arya-Tara, Bhrkuti-Tara, Dhanada, Janguli, Jayatara, Padmatara, Pandaravasini, Parnassavari, Prajna(paramita), Sitatara, Sukla-Tara, Syamatara, Vajratara, Vasya-Tara, Vidjyarajni, Chinese Kuan Yin, Tibetan Dolma, sGrol-ma, Green Tara, Red Tara, Tara Amba or White Tara.

Mahamaya

One of the Yi-dam. In some references, called Mahamaya, Maya, Maya, Mahamaya, Maya Bunin, Mayadevi, Maia, Maya-Bunin, Tara or Hindu Lakshmi.

Mahapancharaja

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Mala

A Buddhist mother-goddess. One of the astamataras. Sometimes referred to as Mala.

Manibhadra

A Lamaist sorceress. She was said to be able to fly like a bird. In some references, referred to as Manibhadra, Manivara, Manivara or Manibhadra.

Mar-pa

A magician, disciple of Atisa, tutor of Milarapa. On occassion, known as Mar-pa.

Mekhala

A Lamaist sorceress. Sister of Kanakha and Kanakhala. In some lore, occasionally called Mekhala.

Milarepa

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Minanatha

The name for Matsyendra in Tibet. Occasionally referred to as Minanatha, Lohipada, Lohipada, Luipa, Luipa, Matsyendra, Matsyendra, Matsyendranatha, Matysendranatha, Nepalese Avolokiteshvara or Tibetan Luipa.

Miyolangsangma

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Miyul

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Na-ch'un

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Nach-un

An incarnation of Bi-har acting. As oracle and sorcerer to the government. Also known as Nach-un, Bihar, Bihar, Bi-har, Pe-har, Pe-kar, Pehar, Pekar, Pelear, Tin-le-gyal-po, Yon-tan-rgyal-po or Tin-legyal-po.

Nag-pa

A sorcerer. These men wear tall conical hats, a sash of bones and a magical mirror on the chest, engaging demons in battle. Also known as Nag-pa.

Nagabodhi

A Lamaist sorcerer. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Nagabodhi.

Nagarjuna

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naljor-pa

Ascetics who, it is said, acquire magic. Powers. Also referred to as naljor-pa.

Nan-lha

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Nan-Sgrub

A Lamaist god of death. Also known as Nan-Sgrub.

Naropa

A magician, tutor of Mar-pa: one of the Mahasiddhas. Also called Naropa.

Nor-lha

A local god of longevity and wealth. On occassion, known as Nor-lha.

Nrtya

A Buddhist mother-goddess. One of the astamataras. She is depicted as green with two or four arms. On occassion, identified as Nrtya, Gar-ma, Gar-ma, Tibetan Gar-ma or Tibetan Gar-ma.

P'yag-na-rdo-rje

The Tibetan name for Vajrapani. Also referred to as P'yag-na-rdo-rje.

Pachari

A Lamaist sorcerer. Sometimes referred to as Pachari.

Padma-mkhah-Ngro

The Tibetan name for Padmdakini. Also commonly identified as Padma-mkhah-Ngro.

Pan Chhan Rin-po Chhe

The first Tashi Lama, deified as an incarnation of Amitabha. Also commonly referred to as Pan Chhan Rin-po Chhe.

Panaha

A Lamaist sorcerer. He owned a pair of magic shoes which could transport him rapidly to wherever he wished to go. Referred to as Panaha.

Panchen Lama

The second senior leader of Tibetan Buddhists. He is regarded as an incarnation of Amitabha. In some accounts, referred to as Panchen Lama, Tashi Lama or Tashi Lama.

Pe-kar

A fiend. Patron of sorcerers. Occasionally called Pe-kar, Bihar, Bihar, Bi-har, Pe-har, Pehar, Pekar, Pelear, Tin-le-gyal-po, Yon-tan-rgyal-po, Tin-legyal-po or Nach-un.

Phags-skyes-po

The Tibetan name for Virudhaka as guardian of the south. Also known as Phags-skyes-po.

Pho-lha

A local god of longevity and wealth. In some lore, occasionally called Pho-lha.

phurbu

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Phyi-Sgrub

A Lamaist god. A form of Yama. Also identified as Phyi-Sgrub, Yama, Yama, Yama, Universal King, Chinese Yen-lo (Wang), Yen Wang, Tibetan Chos-rgyal, gShin-rje, Phyi-sgrub, Emma-O or Ten Yama Kings.

Pukkasi

A terrible Lamaist goddess. One of the gauri. Sometimes called Pukkasi, Parna-Savari, Parna-Savari, Parnasabari, Parnassavari, Pishashas or TibetanLo-ma-gyon-ma.

Putali

A Lamaist sorcerer. He used his powers to change a painting that showed a demon trampling a god underfoot so that their positions were reversed. In some references, known as Putali.

Radiance

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Ral-cgig-ma

The Tibetan version of Ekajata. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Ral-cgig-ma.

Ratnasambhava

A Lamaist tutelary god. In some references, known as Ratnasambhava, Ratnaheruka, Ratnaheruka or Ratnasambhava.

Red Devil Tiger

A demon with the head of a horse on a human body. On occassion, known as Red Devil Tiger, Red Tiger Devil or Red Tiger Devil.

Red Tara

Kurukulla as an aspect of Tara. Wife of Kamadeva. In some accounts she is equated with Rati. Occasionally identified as Red Tara, Kurukulla, Kurukulla, Hindu Rati, Astabhuja-Kurukulla, Tara, Tara, Kuan Yin, Queen of Heaven, Queen of Knowledge, Tarini, Arya-Tara, Bhrkuti-Tara, Dhanada, Ekajata, Janguli, Jayatara, Mahacinatara, Padmatara, Pandaravasini, Parnassavari, Prajna(paramita), Sitatara, Sukla-Tara, Syamatara, Vajratara, Vasya-Tara, Vidjyarajni, Chinese Kuan Yin, Tibetan Dolma, sGrol-ma, Blue Tara, Green Tara, Tara Amba or White Tara.

Red Tiger Devil

A Bon deity. On occassion, identified as Red Tiger Devil, Red Devil Tiger or Red Devil Tiger.

rGyal-po

Early ancestors of the race: miracle. Workers: fiend-kings. Identified as rGyal-po, klu, klu, 'gong-po or rgyal-po.

Rimpoche

A title given to a tulku. On occassion, called Rimpoche, Guru Rimpoche, Guru Rimpoche, Tulku, Tulku or Trulku.

Rinpochhe

A name for Padmasambhava in Tibet. Rimpoche) Also identified as Rinpochhe, Lo-pon, Lo-pon, Padmasambhava, Padmasambhava, Tibetan Lopon, sLobdpon, sLob-dpon, sLob-dpon, Lopon, Lopon, (Guru or (Guru.

rLun-rta

The Tibetan name for Vayuarvat. Also commonly identified as rLun-rta, Lung-ta, Lung-ta or Vayuvarvat.

rTa-mgrin

A Lamaist deity. One of the Drag-gshed. A name for Hayagriva. In some accounts, identified as rTa-mgrin, Tandim, Tandim, Hayagriva, Hayagriva or rTa-mgrim.

Sa-bdag

A spirit of the soil or fresh water. Guardian of the house or the temple. Also referred to as Sa-bdag.

Sadaksari

An aspect of Avalokiteshvara. This form of the bodhisattva is said to incarnate in each Dalai Lama. Sometimes referred to as Sadaksari, Sadaksari Lokesvara or Sadaksari Lokesvara.

Sakara

A Lamaist sorcerer. Sometimes called Sakara.

Samudra

A Lamaist sorcerer. In some lore, occasionally identified as Samudra.

Samvara

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San Dui

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Sarada Devi

A Buddhist-Lamaist fertility-goddess and goddess of autumn and vegetation. An attendant of Sridevi. On occassion, identified as Sarada Devi.

Sarvabhaksha

A Lamaist sorcerer. Sometimes known as Sarvabhaksha.

Savari

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serou

The unicorn. In some references, called serou, tso'po, tso'po, unicorn, kee or kee.

Shambhala

A land in the north, home of spiritual wisdom. Sometimes known as Shambhala.

Shang-lha

A local god of good fortune. In some lore, occasionally identified as Shang-lha.

Shenrab Miwo

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Shinje-chho-gyal

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Showa

A deer-god. Occasionally known as Showa.

Sidpa Bardo

An after-death period, seeking rebirth. In some references, known as Sidpa Bardo, Bardo Thodol, Bardo Thodol, Chonyid Bardo or Tibetan Book of the Dead.

Sikhin

A Buddhist god of medicine. One of the sMan-bla. At times, known as Sikhin.

Sinhanada

A Buddhist god of medicine. An aspect of Avalokiteshvara. One of the sMan-bla. In some accounts, identified as Sinhanada.

Sipe Gialmo

A Bon mother-goddess. She is depicted with three eyes and six arms, riding a red mule. Occasionally referred to as Sipe Gialmo, Sipe Gyalmo or Sipe Gyalmo.

Sitatara

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sKui-i-rgyal-po

One of the Panchmaharajas. King of the body. He is depicted riding a white lion. On occassion, called sKui-i-rgyal-po.

sMan Bla

(one of the) Buddhas of medicine. In some references, identified as sMan Bla.

Song-t'sen Gam-po

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sPyan-ras-gzigs

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Sri

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srin

Early inhabitants of Tibet. These beings, armed with catapults and slings, were the precursors of the human race. Next came the lha. Also commonly called srin.

Srin-po

A class of deity: ghouls: vampires. In some lore, occasionally known as Srin-po.

srungma

A group of Bon deities assimilated into the Buddhist pantheon. On occassion, identified as srungma.

sTang-lha

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Sung-ta

A horoscope used in fortune-telling. Sometimes called Sung-ta.

Suparikirtitanamasri

A Buddhist god of medicine. One of the sMan-Bla. In some accounts, identified as Suparikirtitanamasri.

Svaraghosaraja

A Buddhist god of medicine. One of the sMan-Bla. Also known as Svaraghosaraja.

Tam-chhen

A demon. Also known as Tam-chhen.

Tamdrin Dorje

A Bon guardian god. Also commonly referred to as Tamdrin Dorje.

Tamjin

A horse-faced demon. Husband of Dorje, some say. Occasionally identified as Tamjin.

Tan-gyur

Commentaries on the Kah-gyur. In some accounts, known as Tan-gyur.

Tan-ma

12 furies, ruled by Ekagata, riding. Wild animals. Sometimes called Tan-ma, bStan-ma or bStan-ma.

Tanjur

A sacred book. Also referred to as Tanjur, Tan-gur, Tan-gur, Kanjur, Kanjur or Kah-gyur.

Tashi Toeringma

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Teli

A Lamaist sorcerer. Also known as Teli.

Thab-Iha

A Bon hearth-god. Sometimes identified as Thab-Iha.

Thinggishatsangma

One of the Five Long Life Sisters. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Thinggishatsangma.

Tin-le-gyal-po

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Tsan-rgyal

A demon king. In some accounts, called Tsan-rgyal, bStan-rgyal, bStan-rgyal, Tsen-gyal or Tsen-gyal.

Tse-ring Chhe-nga

5 sisters, of Mount Everest. They are depicted in flowing robes and holding various fertility symbols. Occasionally identified as Tse-ring Chhe-nga.

Tshe-gon

The Buddhist lord of life. In some references, referred to as Tshe-gon, Tse-mgon or Tse-mgon.

Tshog-shing

A family tree of the gods in order of rank. On occassion, called Tshog-shing.

Tsong-kha-po

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Tsun-gyi-rgyal-po

One of the Panchamaharajas. King of accomplishments or magic. He rides a white elephant. At times, known as Tsun-gyi-rgyal-po, Thok-chho, Thok-chho, Thahog-chos-rgyal-po, Thok Chho or Thok Chho.

Tulku

The physical body conjured up by a Buddha or a bodhisattva: a phantom. Also identified as Tulku, Trulku, Trulku, Rimpoche, Rimpoche or Guru Rimpoche.

Udhili

A Lamaist sorcerer. He was tutored by Karnari and was reputed to be able to fly. Also called Udhili.

Vyali

A Lamaist sorcerer. Occasionally known as Vyali.

Wang-chug-mas

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Weng Cheng

The original name of White Tara. Sometimes referred to as Weng Cheng.

Yab

The Buddhist male principle: eternity. Sometimes referred to as Yab, Chinese Yang, Chinese Yang, In, Yang, Japanese In, Japanese In, Yang or Yang.

Yab-Yum

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Yama

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Yeces mGon-po

A Buddhist guardian of knowledge. An aspect of Mahakala. At times, known as Yeces mGon-po, Mahakala, Mahakala, Tibetan Gon-Po Nag-Po or Mgon-po.

Yog-klu

The underworld, ruled by Icogpo, in the world gLing. Occasionally identified as Yog-klu.

Yogambara

A Buddhist god. An aspect of Vajradhara. Consort of Digambara. In some accounts, identified as Yogambara.

Yon-tan-rgyal-po

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Yul-khor-srung

The Tibetan name for Dhritarashtra. (Dhartarashthra) as guardian of the east. Occasionally referred to as Yul-khor-srung, Dhartarashthra, Dhartarashthra, Dhr(i)taras(h)tra, Chinese Ch'ih Kuo, Japanese Jikoku, Javanese Dresterata, Taoist Mo-li Ch'ing, Tibetan Dri-za, Yul-khor-bsrun or Yul-khor-bsrun.

Yul-lha

Local gods, of which there are 8. Classes. On occassion, called Yul-lha.

Yum

The Buddhist female principle: time. Sometimes called Yum, Chinese Yin, Chinese Yin, In-Yo, Um, Yo, Japanese Yo, Japanese Yo or Yin.

yun-drun

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Zampu

The Tree of Life which grows on the sacred mountain, Himavan. On occassion, identified as Zampu, Hindu Jambu, Hindu Jambu, Jambutri Shring, Zambu, Siberian Zambu, Siberian Zambu or Jambu.

Zhang Thung

A mythical land. The realm was said to be the home of Shenrab Miwo. Also commonly known as Zhang Thung.
Tibetan Mythology