Tibetan Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abhijnaraja

A Buddhist physician-god. He is depicted with long ear lobes. Sometimes identified as Abhijnaraja.

Abominable Snowman

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Adidharma

A primaeval Buddhist goddess. Referred to as Adidharma, Adhidharma, Adhidharma, adidharma, adhidharma or adhidharma.

Akasagarbha

A Buddhist sky-god. The twelfth bodhisattva. Sometimes referred to as Akasagarbha, Akasha, Akasha, Khagarbha, Khagarbha, Japanese Kokuzo or Japanese Kokuzo.

Amoghasiddhi

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Anangopa

A Lamaist sorcerer. Occasionally identified as Anangopa.

apsaras

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Asokottamasri

A Buddhist god of medicine. Sometimes identified as Asokottamasri.

Balancho

One of the Five Lands. This realm was the home of giants who lived for over 500 years, herding cattle. In some lore, occasionally identified as Balancho, Balang Cho or Balang Cho.

Bardol Thodol

A group of Buddhist goddesses. This group is made up of four Doorkeepers, eight Htamenmas, eight Kerimas and twenty-eight Wangchug- mas. Sometimes identified as Bardol Thodol.

bDud

Forest-dwelling demons. These beings, armed with axes, were early precursors of the human race. Next came the Srin. Occasionally identified as bDud.

bDul Nygal

King of the demons. Occasionally called bDul Nygal.

Beg-Tse

A Buddhist and Lamaist war-god. One of 8 dharmapalas. On occassion, identified as Beg-Tse, Cam-srin, Cam-srin, Begze Sunen, Hindu Karttikeya, Sanskrit Beg-Tse, Mongolian Begze Sunen or Mongolian Begze Sunen.

Bhaishajya

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Bhikshana

A Lamaist sorcerer. Sometimes called Bhikshana.

Bhrkuti Tara

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Bihar

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bKur-dmam-rgyalmo

Consort of dBangpo-rygabzhin. Mother of Dongrub, Donldan and Donyod. Occasionally called bKur-dmam-rgyalmo.

Black Misery

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Bon

A form of shamanistic nature. Worship, the pre-Buddhist religion of Tibet. Sometimes identified as Bon.

Bon Po

Buddhists priests still practising. Shamanistic magic. At times, known as Bon Po.

Bowa

Demons said to dance round the spirits of the dead. In some lore, occasionally called Bowa.

Brug Ma

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bTsan

Demons of the air. These beings are said to ride red horses and use bows and arrows to kill lone travellers. In some lore, occasionally called bTsan, bCan or bCan.

bTsan-po

The king, regarded as the ruler of the bTsan. Also identified as bTsan-po.

Cam-srin

A Buddhist god of war. Sometimes known as Cam-srin, Beg-Tse, Beg-Tse, Mongolian Begze Sunen, Begze Sunen, Begze Sunen, Tibetan Beg-Tse, Hindu Karttikeya, Hindu Karttikeya, Sanskrit Beg-Tse or Sanskrit Beg-Tse.

Candali

A Buddhist-Lamaist goddess. One of 8 gauris. Also referred to as Candali.

Cauri

A Buddhist-Lamaist goddess. One of 8 gauris. Occasionally known as Cauri.

ch'o-je

A group of sorcerers regarded as incarnations of fiends. Known as ch'o-je, ch'o-kyon or ch'o-kyon.

Chak-dor-den-pa

The second of the celestial bodhisattvas. Sometimes called Chak-dor-den-pa.

Champaka

A Lamaist sorcerer. Occasionally identified as Champaka.

Charpati

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Chikha

A period of after death transition. Sometimes referred to as Chikha, Cihuacoatl, Cihuacoatl, Ciuacoatl, Ciuateotl, Serpent Woman, Snake Woman, Ilamatecuhtli, Temazcalteci, Teteoinnan, Tona(n)tzin, Chikha Bardo, Chikha Bardo, Bardo or Bardo.

Chonyid Bardo

A 14-day transitional after-death. Period during which visions. Occur. Also referred to as Chonyid Bardo, Bardo Thodol, Bardo Thodol, Sidpa Bardo or Tibetan Book of the Dead.

chorten

A funeral monument. Such monuments are erected over the graves of lamas, saints, etc. and models are sold as amulets. In some lore, occasionally known as chorten, mch'od-r-ten or mch'od-r-ten.

Chos-rgyal Phyi-sgrub

A god of the dead. Occasionally known as Chos-rgyal Phyi-sgrub, Sanskrit Yama or Sanskrit Yama.

Chos-Skyon

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Cunda

A Buddhist goddess, literature deified. An aspect of Vairocana. In some lore, occasionally identified as Cunda, Candra, Candra, Chandra, Cunti, Cunti, Vairocana, Vairocana, Brahma, Mahavairocana, Mahavairochana, Vairochana, Grahamatrika, Kun-Rig, Mahasahapramardani, Mahavairoc(h)ana, Samantabhadra, Sitapatra, Sitatara, Usnisavijaya, Hindu Brahma or Japanese Dainichi.

Da

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da-cha

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dah-dar

A divining arrow used by sorcerers. Occasionally known as dah-dar.

Dalai Lama

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Dam-c'an-rdo-rje-legs-pa

Chief of the demons, overcome by Padmasambhare. Sometimes called Dam-c'an-rdo-rje-legs-pa, Dam-chen-dorje-le-pa-dor-le or Dam-chen-dorje-le-pa-dor-le.

dar-dar

An arrow used in demon-worship. Called dar-dar.

Darika

A Lamaist sorcerer. He was said to be able to fly like a bird. In some accounts, referred to as Darika.

dBan-mgon

The Buddhist lord of the night. Sometimes referred to as dBan-mgon, Wang-gon, Wang-gon, wang-gon or wang-gon.

dBangpo-rgyabzhin

Ruler of the gLing-chos heaven, sTang-lha. Consort of bKur-dman-rgyalmo. Father of Dongrub, Donldan and Donyod. In some references, known as dBangpo-rgyabzhin.

dGra-lha

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dGun-ayi-rgyal-mo

The Tibetan version of the Buddhist Hamantadevi. Also commonly called dGun-ayi-rgyal-mo.

Dharmakirtisagaraghosa

Also called Dharmakirtisagaraghosa.

Dhupa

A Buddhist-Lamaist mother goddess. One of the astamataras. Called Dhupa, bDug-spos-ma or bDug-spos-ma.

Digambara

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Dinsangma

One of the 5 Long-Life Sisters. At times, known as Dinsangma.

dMu

Demons. Sometimes identified as dMu, Lha, Lha, Hindu Deva, rMu, rMu, lha or lha.

dMu-bDud Kam-Po Sa-Zan

A Bon sky god. On occassion, known as dMu-bDud Kam-Po Sa-Zan.

dMu-rgyal

Early ancestors of the race. These were the first beings to employ ritual and magic. They were followed by the 'dre. Known as dMu-rgyal.

Dmyal-wa

The Tibetan version of the Hindu. Hell, Naraka. Also called Dmyal-wa.

Do-man

A collection of mystic writings used as a charm. Also commonly referred to as Do-man.

Dongrub

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Donldan

Son of dBangpo-rgyabzhin and bKur-dman-rgyalmo. Brother of Dongrub and Donyod. Sometimes known as Donldan.

Donyod

Son of dBangpo-rgyabzhin and bKur-dman-rgyalmo. Brother of Dongrub and Donldan. In some references, identified as Donyod.

Doorkeepers

A group of 4 Buddhist goddesses, part of the Bardo group. Also identified as Doorkeepers.

dor-le

A Buddhist demon. Also identified as dor-le.

Dorje

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Dosangma

One of the 5 Long-Life Sisters. Also known as Dosangma.

Dpe-dkar

A god. Also referred to as Dpe-dkar.

Dra Minyan

One of the Five Lands. This realm was regarded as the home of the dead. Also known as Dra Minyan.

Drag-gshed

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'dre

Early ancestors of the race. These people abandoned the great forests to live on bare mountain slopes. Next came the Ma-sang. Occasionally called 'dre.

Dri-chab-ma

The Tibetan name for Gandha. In some accounts, known as Dri-chab-ma.

drilbu

A prayer bell. The lamas use this bell to drive away evil spirits and attract good ones. In some accounts, called drilbu.

Drug

A god. Also referred to as Drug, Druj, Druj, Angra Mainya, Drauga, Drug, Drugh, Durugh or 'deceit'.

Dzamo

One of the Five Lands. This was said to be the land of the living. Sometimes identified as Dzamo.

Eight Glorious Symbols

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Five Lands

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Five Sisters of Long Life

Sister-goddesses of the Himalayas. In some accounts, called Five Sisters of Long Life, Sisters of Long Life, Sisters of Long Life, Long Life Sisters, Miyolangsangma, Miyolangsangma, Tashi Tseringma or Tashi Tseringma.

Ge-lug-pa

A Buddhist sect worshipping. Vajradhara, founded by Atisa. At times, referred to as Ge-lug-pa, Ka-dam-pa or Ka-dam-pa.

gelong

A Buddhist monk. In some lore, occasionally identified as gelong.

Gesar

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Gesar Saga

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ghan-po slob-rgyas

A form of prayer-flag. Also called ghan-po slob-rgyas, da-cha, da-cha, cho-pen, dar-Ich'og, gLan-po stob-rgyas, gyal-tsan dsemo, lung-rta or dar-lch'og.

gLan-po stob-rgyas

A form of prayer-flag. At times, referred to as gLan-po stob-rgyas, da-cha, da-cha, cho-pen, dar-Ich'og, ghan-po slob-rgyas, gyal-tsan dsemo, lung-rta or dar-lch'og.

gLing-chos

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gNan

Evil spirits which live in rocks, water or trees and bring disease. Also identified as gNan, gNyan or gNyan.

gnod-sbyin

Black demons. These beings, armed with bows and arrows, were precursors of the human race. Next came the bdud. In some lore, occasionally called gnod-sbyin.

Gombo

A leader of the demons. He is regarded as a manifestation of Shiva. In some accounts, referred to as Gombo.

'gong-po'

Early ancestors: miracle-workers. In some lore, occasionally referred to as 'gong-po', klu-rgyal-po or klu-rgyal-po.

Gri-bdog

10 demons armed with knives. Also referred to as Gri-bdog, Di-do, Di-do or Gri-bobg.

Gri-gum

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gSan Sgrub

A Bon god. He was merged with Yama in Lamaism. Occasionally known as gSan Sgrub.

gSang-ba

Bon deities. Occasionally called gSang-ba.

gShen-Lha-Odkhar

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gShen-Rabs

The supreme god in the Bon pantheon. Also called gShen-Rabs, gShen-Rap, gShen-Rap, Mi Bo, Mi Bo, Mi-bo or Mi-bo.

gShin-rje

The Tibetan name for Yama as one of the Drag-gshed. In some accounts, called gShin-rje, Yama, Yama, Yama, Universal King, Chinese Yen-lo (Wang), Yen Wang, Tibetan Chos-rgyal, Phyi-sgrub, Emma-O or Ten Yama Kings.

gShin-rje gsed

The Tibetan name for Yamantaka as one of the Drag-gshed. Sometimes called gShin-rje gsed.

gSun-gi-rgyal po

King of speech. One of the Panchmaharajas. Sometimes called gSun-gi-rgyal po, Sung-gi-gral-po, Sung-gi-gral-po, Klu-dban, Klu-dban, Lu Vang or Sun-gi-rgyal-po.

Gur-Gyi Mgon-Po

A Buddhist god of tents. A form of Mahakala. On occassion, identified as Gur-Gyi Mgon-Po.

Guru-kam-balu

A headless monk. Also commonly known as Guru-kam-balu.

gyal-tsan dsemo

A form of prayer-flag. In some references, called gyal-tsan dsemo, da-cha, da-cha, cho-pen, dar-Ich'og, ghan-po slob-rgyas, gLan-po stob-rgyas, lung-rta or dar-lch'og.

Gyalin

King of the realm of demi-gods. Called Gyalin.

Himavan

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Hod-srum

The Tibetan name for Kashyapa the manushibuddha. Occasionally referred to as Hod-srum, O-Sung, O-Sung, Kashyapa or Hod-srun.

Htamenmas

A group of 8 goddesses. These beings, shown as holding corpses and skeletons, are also depicted as having the heads of animals or birds. Sometimes called Htamenmas, Pharmen-ma, Pharmen-ma or Htamenamas.

Hwashan

A Chinese priest expelled from Tibet. By Padmasambhava. At times, referred to as Hwashan.

Indrabhuti

A king. A Lamaist sorcerer. Father of Lashmikara. Occasionally known as Indrabhuti.

Jambutri Shring

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K'an-po

Head of a monastery, said to be in direct communication with the saints. Also known as K'an-po, K'an-mo, K'an-mo, femaleK'an-mo or femaleK'an-mo.

Kah-gyur

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Kalakala

A Lamaist sorcerer. In some accounts, known as Kalakala.

Kanakha

A Lamaist sorceress. Sister of Kanakhala and Mekhala. Sometimes called Kanakha.

Kanakhala

A Lamaist sorcerer. Brother of Kanakha and Mekhala. Known as Kanakhala.

Kanchenjunga

5 brothers who became the spirits of sacred mountains. Occasionally identified as Kanchenjunga.

Kanta

A Lamaist sorcerer. In some references, identified as Kanta, Kantali or Kantali.

Kapalika

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Karnari

A Lamaist sage. Also referred to as Karnari.

kerimas

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Khen-Ma

A Buddhist goddess controlling earthly demons. She is depicted with eight wrinkles in her face and riding a ram. Also identified as Khen-Ma, Khon-Ma or Khon-Ma.

Khen-Pa

A Buddhist god controlling heavenly demons. He is depicted with white hair and riding a white dog. Also called Khen-Pa.

Khumbu'i Yulha

Patron deity of the sherpas. This deity lives on the Himalayan peak Khumbila. At times, referred to as Khumbu'i Yulha, Home God of the Khumbu or Home God of the Khumbu.

Khyung

Winged deities of the Bon. In some lore, occasionally known as Khyung, Hindu Garuda, Hindu Garuda, Khyung-Gai mGo-Can or Kruth.

Khyung-Gai mGo-Can

A local Buddhist god, leader of the Khyung. Occasionally known as Khyung-Gai mGo-Can, Hindu Garuda, Hindu Garuda, Khyung or Kruth.

King Hor

A king who abducted Brug Ma. She was rescued from his clutches by Gesai whom she married. In some lore, occasionally identified as King Hor, Hor, Hor or Hor Nubuti.

Kirava

A king. A Lamaist sorcerer. Known as Kirava.

klu

Ancestors of the race. Miracle-workers. Known as klu.

Klu-dban

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Kokili

A king. A Lamaist sorcerer. Also referred to as Kokili.

Kor-wa-ji

The Tibetan name for Krakucchanda. Also commonly referred to as Kor-wa-ji.

Kukkuri

A disciple of the Buddha who converted a number of Lamaist. Sorcerers. In some references, known as Kukkuri, Krishnachari or Krishnachari.

Kumari

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Kun-Rig

A form of Vairocana with 4 heads. Also commonly identified as Kun-Rig, Vairocana, Vairocana, Brahma, Mahavairocana, Mahavairochana, Vairochana, Cunda, Grahamatrika, Mahasahapramardani, Mahavairoc(h)ana, Samantabhadra, Sitapatra, Sitatara, Usnisavijaya, Hindu Brahma or Japanese Dainichi.

Kuntu bXan Po

The creator god of the Bon pantheon. Also identified as Kuntu bXan Po, Kun-tu-bzan-Po, Kun-tu-bzan-Po, Buddhist Samantabhadra, Buddhist Samantabhadra, Fugen, P'u Hsien, Taoist P'u Hsien, Taoist P'u Hsien, Japanese Fugen, Japanese Fugen, P'u Hsien or Samantabhadra.

ladni

A female yeti. In some accounts, referred to as ladni, abominable snowman, abominable snowman, kang-mi, Meti, Mi Go, Mirka, shukpa, sogpu, temu, yeti, meti, mi-go, mirka, temu or femladni.

Lakshmikara

A Lamaist sorceress. Daughter of Indrabhuti. On occassion, identified as Lakshmikara.

Lam-bstan

The Tibetan version of Panthaka. Sometimes identified as Lam-bstan.

lama

A senior monk. In some references, known as lama, Inara, Inara, Inar, Inaras, Innara, Lama, Inar(as) or Lama.

Lamaism

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lCogpo

The ruler of the underworld, Yog-klu. Occasionally called lCogpo, lJogspo or lJogspo.

Lha

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lha

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Lha-K'a

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lha-so

The land of the gods: heaven. Occasionally called lha-so.

lha-tho

Shrines erected to the lha, regarded as the home of these spirits. Also referred to as lha-tho.

Lha-tho-tho-ri

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lhamayin

Demons or elementals. In some lore, occasionally referred to as lhamayin.

Living Buddha

The Dalai Lama. Also identified as Living Buddha, Dalai Lama, Dalai Lama or Grand Lama.

Lo-gNam

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Lo-ma-gyon-ma

The Tibetan version of Parna-Savari. On occassion, referred to as Lo-ma-gyon-ma.

Lo Phag

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Lobsangma

One of the 5 Long-Life Sisters. Occasionally identified as Lobsangma.

Long-Life Sisters

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Luipa

A Lamaist sorcerer. One of the Mahasiddhas. He is depicted seated, holding a skull cap and with a rope round his body. Also commonly identified as Luipa, Minanatha, Minanatha, Lohipada, Luipa or Matsyendra.

lung-rta

A form of prayer-flag. In some lore, occasionally referred to as lung-rta, da-cha, da-cha, cho-pen, dar-Ich'og, ghan-po slob-rgyas, gLan-po stob-rgyas, gyal-tsan dsemo or dar-lch'og.

Ma-Bajan

Mother of 'Brug-ma'. Occasionally called Ma-Bajan.

Ma-lha

A local god of longevity and good fortune. Also known as Ma-lha.

Ma-mo

Female demons. These black she-devils are reputed to be the cause of disease. Identified as Ma-mo.

Ma-p'am-pa

The Tibetan version of Asita. On occassion, identified as Ma-p'am-pa, Me-phem-pa or Me-phem-pa.

Ma-sang

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Machi-pal Lha-mo

A Buddhist goddess. Chief of the Long-Life Sisters, some say. In some references, referred to as Machi-pal Lha-mo, Sri, Sri, dPan-idan Lhamo, Lho-Mo, (dpal-iden) Lha Mo, Lhamo, Shri, Shru or Sridevi.

Mahacinatara

A Buddhist goddess. An aspect of Akshobhya. In some accounts, known as Mahacinatara, Ekajata, Ekajata, Akajata, Blue Tara, Tara, Tibetan Ral-cgig-ma, Tara, Tara, Kuan Yin, Queen of Heaven, Queen of Knowledge, Tarini, Arya-Tara, Bhrkuti-Tara, Dhanada, Janguli, Jayatara, Padmatara, Pandaravasini, Parnassavari, Prajna(paramita), Sitatara, Sukla-Tara, Syamatara, Vajratara, Vasya-Tara, Vidjyarajni, Chinese Kuan Yin, Tibetan Dolma, sGrol-ma, Green Tara, Red Tara, Tara Amba or White Tara.

Mahamaya

One of the Yi-dam. Occasionally called Mahamaya, Maya, Maya, Mahamaya, Maya Bunin, Mayadevi, Maia, Maya-Bunin, Tara or Hindu Lakshmi.

Mahapancharaja

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Mala

A Buddhist mother-goddess. One of the astamataras. Also referred to as Mala.

Manibhadra

A Lamaist sorceress. She was said to be able to fly like a bird. On occassion, called Manibhadra, Manivara, Manivara or Manibhadra.

Mar-pa

A magician, disciple of Atisa, tutor of Milarapa. Sometimes known as Mar-pa.

Mekhala

A Lamaist sorceress. Sister of Kanakha and Kanakhala. Occasionally called Mekhala.

Milarepa

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Minanatha

The name for Matsyendra in Tibet. At times, called Minanatha, Lohipada, Lohipada, Luipa, Luipa, Matsyendra, Matsyendra, Matsyendranatha, Matysendranatha, Nepalese Avolokiteshvara or Tibetan Luipa.

Miyolangsangma

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Miyul

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Na-ch'un

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Nach-un

An incarnation of Bi-har acting. As oracle and sorcerer to the government. Occasionally referred to as Nach-un, Bihar, Bihar, Bi-har, Pe-har, Pe-kar, Pehar, Pekar, Pelear, Tin-le-gyal-po, Yon-tan-rgyal-po or Tin-legyal-po.

Nag-pa

A sorcerer. These men wear tall conical hats, a sash of bones and a magical mirror on the chest, engaging demons in battle. Also commonly identified as Nag-pa.

Nagabodhi

A Lamaist sorcerer. Referred to as Nagabodhi.

Nagarjuna

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naljor-pa

Ascetics who, it is said, acquire magic. Powers. Known as naljor-pa.

Nan-lha

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Nan-Sgrub

A Lamaist god of death. Occasionally referred to as Nan-Sgrub.

Naropa

A magician, tutor of Mar-pa: one of the Mahasiddhas. Also known as Naropa.

Nor-lha

A local god of longevity and wealth. Identified as Nor-lha.

Nrtya

A Buddhist mother-goddess. One of the astamataras. She is depicted as green with two or four arms. Sometimes identified as Nrtya, Gar-ma, Gar-ma, Tibetan Gar-ma or Tibetan Gar-ma.

P'yag-na-rdo-rje

The Tibetan name for Vajrapani. In some references, referred to as P'yag-na-rdo-rje.

Pachari

A Lamaist sorcerer. At times, called Pachari.

Padma-mkhah-Ngro

The Tibetan name for Padmdakini. Occasionally identified as Padma-mkhah-Ngro.

Pan Chhan Rin-po Chhe

The first Tashi Lama, deified as an incarnation of Amitabha. At times, called Pan Chhan Rin-po Chhe.

Panaha

A Lamaist sorcerer. He owned a pair of magic shoes which could transport him rapidly to wherever he wished to go. Sometimes referred to as Panaha.

Panchen Lama

The second senior leader of Tibetan Buddhists. He is regarded as an incarnation of Amitabha. In some lore, occasionally identified as Panchen Lama, Tashi Lama or Tashi Lama.

Pe-kar

A fiend. Patron of sorcerers. Occasionally known as Pe-kar, Bihar, Bihar, Bi-har, Pe-har, Pehar, Pekar, Pelear, Tin-le-gyal-po, Yon-tan-rgyal-po, Tin-legyal-po or Nach-un.

Phags-skyes-po

The Tibetan name for Virudhaka as guardian of the south. Also referred to as Phags-skyes-po.

Pho-lha

A local god of longevity and wealth. In some references, called Pho-lha.

phurbu

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Phyi-Sgrub

A Lamaist god. A form of Yama. In some references, identified as Phyi-Sgrub, Yama, Yama, Yama, Universal King, Chinese Yen-lo (Wang), Yen Wang, Tibetan Chos-rgyal, gShin-rje, Phyi-sgrub, Emma-O or Ten Yama Kings.

Pukkasi

A terrible Lamaist goddess. One of the gauri. On occassion, identified as Pukkasi, Parna-Savari, Parna-Savari, Parnasabari, Parnassavari, Pishashas or TibetanLo-ma-gyon-ma.

Putali

A Lamaist sorcerer. He used his powers to change a painting that showed a demon trampling a god underfoot so that their positions were reversed. Occasionally referred to as Putali.

Radiance

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Ral-cgig-ma

The Tibetan version of Ekajata. Also known as Ral-cgig-ma.

Ratnasambhava

A Lamaist tutelary god. In some accounts, referred to as Ratnasambhava, Ratnaheruka, Ratnaheruka or Ratnasambhava.

Red Devil Tiger

A demon with the head of a horse on a human body. Occasionally referred to as Red Devil Tiger, Red Tiger Devil or Red Tiger Devil.

Red Tara

Kurukulla as an aspect of Tara. Wife of Kamadeva. In some accounts she is equated with Rati. Also known as Red Tara, Kurukulla, Kurukulla, Hindu Rati, Astabhuja-Kurukulla, Tara, Tara, Kuan Yin, Queen of Heaven, Queen of Knowledge, Tarini, Arya-Tara, Bhrkuti-Tara, Dhanada, Ekajata, Janguli, Jayatara, Mahacinatara, Padmatara, Pandaravasini, Parnassavari, Prajna(paramita), Sitatara, Sukla-Tara, Syamatara, Vajratara, Vasya-Tara, Vidjyarajni, Chinese Kuan Yin, Tibetan Dolma, sGrol-ma, Blue Tara, Green Tara, Tara Amba or White Tara.

Red Tiger Devil

A Bon deity. Sometimes identified as Red Tiger Devil, Red Devil Tiger or Red Devil Tiger.

rGyal-po

Early ancestors of the race: miracle. Workers: fiend-kings. In some lore, occasionally identified as rGyal-po, klu, klu, 'gong-po or rgyal-po.

Rimpoche

A title given to a tulku. At times, known as Rimpoche, Guru Rimpoche, Guru Rimpoche, Tulku, Tulku or Trulku.

Rinpochhe

A name for Padmasambhava in Tibet. Rimpoche) Also identified as Rinpochhe, Lo-pon, Lo-pon, Padmasambhava, Padmasambhava, Tibetan Lopon, sLobdpon, sLob-dpon, sLob-dpon, Lopon, Lopon, (Guru or (Guru.

rLun-rta

The Tibetan name for Vayuarvat. At times, referred to as rLun-rta, Lung-ta, Lung-ta or Vayuvarvat.

rTa-mgrin

A Lamaist deity. One of the Drag-gshed. A name for Hayagriva. In some references, referred to as rTa-mgrin, Tandim, Tandim, Hayagriva, Hayagriva or rTa-mgrim.

Sa-bdag

A spirit of the soil or fresh water. Guardian of the house or the temple. In some references, referred to as Sa-bdag.

Sadaksari

An aspect of Avalokiteshvara. This form of the bodhisattva is said to incarnate in each Dalai Lama. Also identified as Sadaksari, Sadaksari Lokesvara or Sadaksari Lokesvara.

Sakara

A Lamaist sorcerer. Occasionally referred to as Sakara.

Samudra

A Lamaist sorcerer. On occassion, called Samudra.

Samvara

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San Dui

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Sarada Devi

A Buddhist-Lamaist fertility-goddess and goddess of autumn and vegetation. An attendant of Sridevi. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Sarada Devi.

Sarvabhaksha

A Lamaist sorcerer. Occasionally referred to as Sarvabhaksha.

Savari

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serou

The unicorn. In some lore, occasionally called serou, tso'po, tso'po, unicorn, kee or kee.

Shambhala

A land in the north, home of spiritual wisdom. Also commonly known as Shambhala.

Shang-lha

A local god of good fortune. Occasionally called Shang-lha.

Shenrab Miwo

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Shinje-chho-gyal

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Showa

A deer-god. Identified as Showa.

Sidpa Bardo

An after-death period, seeking rebirth. Also referred to as Sidpa Bardo, Bardo Thodol, Bardo Thodol, Chonyid Bardo or Tibetan Book of the Dead.

Sikhin

A Buddhist god of medicine. One of the sMan-bla. In some accounts, identified as Sikhin.

Sinhanada

A Buddhist god of medicine. An aspect of Avalokiteshvara. One of the sMan-bla. At times, referred to as Sinhanada.

Sipe Gialmo

A Bon mother-goddess. She is depicted with three eyes and six arms, riding a red mule. In some accounts, called Sipe Gialmo, Sipe Gyalmo or Sipe Gyalmo.

Sitatara

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sKui-i-rgyal-po

One of the Panchmaharajas. King of the body. He is depicted riding a white lion. Also known as sKui-i-rgyal-po.

sMan Bla

(one of the) Buddhas of medicine. Sometimes referred to as sMan Bla.

Song-t'sen Gam-po

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sPyan-ras-gzigs

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Sri

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srin

Early inhabitants of Tibet. These beings, armed with catapults and slings, were the precursors of the human race. Next came the lha. On occassion, called srin.

Srin-po

A class of deity: ghouls: vampires. In some accounts, called Srin-po.

srungma

A group of Bon deities assimilated into the Buddhist pantheon. Occasionally known as srungma.

sTang-lha

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Sung-ta

A horoscope used in fortune-telling. At times, known as Sung-ta.

Suparikirtitanamasri

A Buddhist god of medicine. One of the sMan-Bla. In some accounts, referred to as Suparikirtitanamasri.

Svaraghosaraja

A Buddhist god of medicine. One of the sMan-Bla. Occasionally known as Svaraghosaraja.

Tam-chhen

A demon. Occasionally identified as Tam-chhen.

Tamdrin Dorje

A Bon guardian god. Also commonly identified as Tamdrin Dorje.

Tamjin

A horse-faced demon. Husband of Dorje, some say. Also commonly called Tamjin.

Tan-gyur

Commentaries on the Kah-gyur. In some references, called Tan-gyur.

Tan-ma

12 furies, ruled by Ekagata, riding. Wild animals. Also commonly known as Tan-ma, bStan-ma or bStan-ma.

Tanjur

A sacred book. Also commonly identified as Tanjur, Tan-gur, Tan-gur, Kanjur, Kanjur or Kah-gyur.

Tashi Toeringma

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Teli

A Lamaist sorcerer. In some accounts, referred to as Teli.

Thab-Iha

A Bon hearth-god. Also identified as Thab-Iha.

Thinggishatsangma

One of the Five Long Life Sisters. At times, known as Thinggishatsangma.

Tin-le-gyal-po

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Tsan-rgyal

A demon king. Called Tsan-rgyal, bStan-rgyal, bStan-rgyal, Tsen-gyal or Tsen-gyal.

Tse-ring Chhe-nga

5 sisters, of Mount Everest. They are depicted in flowing robes and holding various fertility symbols. In some lore, occasionally identified as Tse-ring Chhe-nga.

Tshe-gon

The Buddhist lord of life. On occassion, called Tshe-gon, Tse-mgon or Tse-mgon.

Tshog-shing

A family tree of the gods in order of rank. Sometimes called Tshog-shing.

Tsong-kha-po

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Tsun-gyi-rgyal-po

One of the Panchamaharajas. King of accomplishments or magic. He rides a white elephant. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Tsun-gyi-rgyal-po, Thok-chho, Thok-chho, Thahog-chos-rgyal-po, Thok Chho or Thok Chho.

Tulku

The physical body conjured up by a Buddha or a bodhisattva: a phantom. Occasionally known as Tulku, Trulku, Trulku, Rimpoche, Rimpoche or Guru Rimpoche.

Udhili

A Lamaist sorcerer. He was tutored by Karnari and was reputed to be able to fly. In some lore, occasionally identified as Udhili.

Vyali

A Lamaist sorcerer. Occasionally referred to as Vyali.

Wang-chug-mas

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Weng Cheng

The original name of White Tara. In some lore, occasionally identified as Weng Cheng.

Yab

The Buddhist male principle: eternity. Occasionally identified as Yab, Chinese Yang, Chinese Yang, In, Yang, Japanese In, Japanese In, Yang or Yang.

Yab-Yum

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Yama

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Yeces mGon-po

A Buddhist guardian of knowledge. An aspect of Mahakala. Also identified as Yeces mGon-po, Mahakala, Mahakala, Tibetan Gon-Po Nag-Po or Mgon-po.

Yog-klu

The underworld, ruled by Icogpo, in the world gLing. At times, called Yog-klu.

Yogambara

A Buddhist god. An aspect of Vajradhara. Consort of Digambara. On occassion, called Yogambara.

Yon-tan-rgyal-po

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Yul-khor-srung

The Tibetan name for Dhritarashtra. (Dhartarashthra) as guardian of the east. Sometimes identified as Yul-khor-srung, Dhartarashthra, Dhartarashthra, Dhr(i)taras(h)tra, Chinese Ch'ih Kuo, Japanese Jikoku, Javanese Dresterata, Taoist Mo-li Ch'ing, Tibetan Dri-za, Yul-khor-bsrun or Yul-khor-bsrun.

Yul-lha

Local gods, of which there are 8. Classes. Sometimes referred to as Yul-lha.

Yum

The Buddhist female principle: time. Sometimes called Yum, Chinese Yin, Chinese Yin, In-Yo, Um, Yo, Japanese Yo, Japanese Yo or Yin.

yun-drun

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Zampu

The Tree of Life which grows on the sacred mountain, Himavan. Occasionally called Zampu, Hindu Jambu, Hindu Jambu, Jambutri Shring, Zambu, Siberian Zambu, Siberian Zambu or Jambu.

Zhang Thung

A mythical land. The realm was said to be the home of Shenrab Miwo. Sometimes referred to as Zhang Thung.
Tibetan Mythology