Tibetan Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abhijnaraja

A Buddhist physician-god. He is depicted with long ear lobes. In some references, referred to as Abhijnaraja.

Abominable Snowman

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Adidharma

A primaeval Buddhist goddess. Sometimes identified as Adidharma, Adhidharma, Adhidharma, adidharma, adhidharma or adhidharma.

Akasagarbha

A Buddhist sky-god. The twelfth bodhisattva. In some references, referred to as Akasagarbha, Akasha, Akasha, Khagarbha, Khagarbha, Japanese Kokuzo or Japanese Kokuzo.

Amoghasiddhi

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Anangopa

A Lamaist sorcerer. Also known as Anangopa.

apsaras

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Asokottamasri

A Buddhist god of medicine. Referred to as Asokottamasri.

Balancho

One of the Five Lands. This realm was the home of giants who lived for over 500 years, herding cattle. Also identified as Balancho, Balang Cho or Balang Cho.

Bardol Thodol

A group of Buddhist goddesses. This group is made up of four Doorkeepers, eight Htamenmas, eight Kerimas and twenty-eight Wangchug- mas. Sometimes known as Bardol Thodol.

bDud

Forest-dwelling demons. These beings, armed with axes, were early precursors of the human race. Next came the Srin. In some lore, occasionally referred to as bDud.

bDul Nygal

King of the demons. Occasionally called bDul Nygal.

Beg-Tse

A Buddhist and Lamaist war-god. One of 8 dharmapalas. In some references, called Beg-Tse, Cam-srin, Cam-srin, Begze Sunen, Hindu Karttikeya, Sanskrit Beg-Tse, Mongolian Begze Sunen or Mongolian Begze Sunen.

Bhaishajya

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Bhikshana

A Lamaist sorcerer. Occasionally referred to as Bhikshana.

Bhrkuti Tara

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Bihar

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bKur-dmam-rgyalmo

Consort of dBangpo-rygabzhin. Mother of Dongrub, Donldan and Donyod. In some references, known as bKur-dmam-rgyalmo.

Black Misery

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Bon

A form of shamanistic nature. Worship, the pre-Buddhist religion of Tibet. Sometimes known as Bon.

Bon Po

Buddhists priests still practising. Shamanistic magic. Also referred to as Bon Po.

Bowa

Demons said to dance round the spirits of the dead. Occasionally known as Bowa.

Brug Ma

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bTsan

Demons of the air. These beings are said to ride red horses and use bows and arrows to kill lone travellers. Occasionally called bTsan, bCan or bCan.

bTsan-po

The king, regarded as the ruler of the bTsan. In some accounts, referred to as bTsan-po.

Cam-srin

A Buddhist god of war. Also known as Cam-srin, Beg-Tse, Beg-Tse, Mongolian Begze Sunen, Begze Sunen, Begze Sunen, Tibetan Beg-Tse, Hindu Karttikeya, Hindu Karttikeya, Sanskrit Beg-Tse or Sanskrit Beg-Tse.

Candali

A Buddhist-Lamaist goddess. One of 8 gauris. Called Candali.

Cauri

A Buddhist-Lamaist goddess. One of 8 gauris. Sometimes referred to as Cauri.

ch'o-je

A group of sorcerers regarded as incarnations of fiends. Occasionally known as ch'o-je, ch'o-kyon or ch'o-kyon.

Chak-dor-den-pa

The second of the celestial bodhisattvas. In some accounts, referred to as Chak-dor-den-pa.

Champaka

A Lamaist sorcerer. Also identified as Champaka.

Charpati

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Chikha

A period of after death transition. Also known as Chikha, Cihuacoatl, Cihuacoatl, Ciuacoatl, Ciuateotl, Serpent Woman, Snake Woman, Ilamatecuhtli, Temazcalteci, Teteoinnan, Tona(n)tzin, Chikha Bardo, Chikha Bardo, Bardo or Bardo.

Chonyid Bardo

A 14-day transitional after-death. Period during which visions. Occur. Also referred to as Chonyid Bardo, Bardo Thodol, Bardo Thodol, Sidpa Bardo or Tibetan Book of the Dead.

chorten

A funeral monument. Such monuments are erected over the graves of lamas, saints, etc. and models are sold as amulets. Identified as chorten, mch'od-r-ten or mch'od-r-ten.

Chos-rgyal Phyi-sgrub

A god of the dead. Also identified as Chos-rgyal Phyi-sgrub, Sanskrit Yama or Sanskrit Yama.

Chos-Skyon

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Cunda

A Buddhist goddess, literature deified. An aspect of Vairocana. Occasionally known as Cunda, Candra, Candra, Chandra, Cunti, Cunti, Vairocana, Vairocana, Brahma, Mahavairocana, Mahavairochana, Vairochana, Grahamatrika, Kun-Rig, Mahasahapramardani, Mahavairoc(h)ana, Samantabhadra, Sitapatra, Sitatara, Usnisavijaya, Hindu Brahma or Japanese Dainichi.

Da

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da-cha

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dah-dar

A divining arrow used by sorcerers. Occasionally known as dah-dar.

Dalai Lama

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Dam-c'an-rdo-rje-legs-pa

Chief of the demons, overcome by Padmasambhare. Occasionally referred to as Dam-c'an-rdo-rje-legs-pa, Dam-chen-dorje-le-pa-dor-le or Dam-chen-dorje-le-pa-dor-le.

dar-dar

An arrow used in demon-worship. Also commonly referred to as dar-dar.

Darika

A Lamaist sorcerer. He was said to be able to fly like a bird. Occasionally referred to as Darika.

dBan-mgon

The Buddhist lord of the night. Also commonly known as dBan-mgon, Wang-gon, Wang-gon, wang-gon or wang-gon.

dBangpo-rgyabzhin

Ruler of the gLing-chos heaven, sTang-lha. Consort of bKur-dman-rgyalmo. Father of Dongrub, Donldan and Donyod. In some accounts, called dBangpo-rgyabzhin.

dGra-lha

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dGun-ayi-rgyal-mo

The Tibetan version of the Buddhist Hamantadevi. Referred to as dGun-ayi-rgyal-mo.

Dharmakirtisagaraghosa

Sometimes known as Dharmakirtisagaraghosa.

Dhupa

A Buddhist-Lamaist mother goddess. One of the astamataras. In some accounts, referred to as Dhupa, bDug-spos-ma or bDug-spos-ma.

Digambara

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Dinsangma

One of the 5 Long-Life Sisters. At times, identified as Dinsangma.

dMu

Demons. In some lore, occasionally identified as dMu, Lha, Lha, Hindu Deva, rMu, rMu, lha or lha.

dMu-bDud Kam-Po Sa-Zan

A Bon sky god. Occasionally referred to as dMu-bDud Kam-Po Sa-Zan.

dMu-rgyal

Early ancestors of the race. These were the first beings to employ ritual and magic. They were followed by the 'dre. In some lore, occasionally known as dMu-rgyal.

Dmyal-wa

The Tibetan version of the Hindu. Hell, Naraka. In some references, referred to as Dmyal-wa.

Do-man

A collection of mystic writings used as a charm. Occasionally called Do-man.

Dongrub

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Donldan

Son of dBangpo-rgyabzhin and bKur-dman-rgyalmo. Brother of Dongrub and Donyod. At times, referred to as Donldan.

Donyod

Son of dBangpo-rgyabzhin and bKur-dman-rgyalmo. Brother of Dongrub and Donldan. Referred to as Donyod.

Doorkeepers

A group of 4 Buddhist goddesses, part of the Bardo group. Also called Doorkeepers.

dor-le

A Buddhist demon. Sometimes known as dor-le.

Dorje

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Dosangma

One of the 5 Long-Life Sisters. Occasionally known as Dosangma.

Dpe-dkar

A god. Also commonly called Dpe-dkar.

Dra Minyan

One of the Five Lands. This realm was regarded as the home of the dead. In some lore, occasionally called Dra Minyan.

Drag-gshed

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'dre

Early ancestors of the race. These people abandoned the great forests to live on bare mountain slopes. Next came the Ma-sang. Occasionally called 'dre.

Dri-chab-ma

The Tibetan name for Gandha. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Dri-chab-ma.

drilbu

A prayer bell. The lamas use this bell to drive away evil spirits and attract good ones. Occasionally known as drilbu.

Drug

A god. Also called Drug, Druj, Druj, Angra Mainya, Drauga, Drug, Drugh, Durugh or 'deceit'.

Dzamo

One of the Five Lands. This was said to be the land of the living. Occasionally known as Dzamo.

Eight Glorious Symbols

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Five Lands

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Five Sisters of Long Life

Sister-goddesses of the Himalayas. Occasionally called Five Sisters of Long Life, Sisters of Long Life, Sisters of Long Life, Long Life Sisters, Miyolangsangma, Miyolangsangma, Tashi Tseringma or Tashi Tseringma.

Ge-lug-pa

A Buddhist sect worshipping. Vajradhara, founded by Atisa. Sometimes called Ge-lug-pa, Ka-dam-pa or Ka-dam-pa.

gelong

A Buddhist monk. Occasionally identified as gelong.

Gesar

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Gesar Saga

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ghan-po slob-rgyas

A form of prayer-flag. In some accounts, referred to as ghan-po slob-rgyas, da-cha, da-cha, cho-pen, dar-Ich'og, gLan-po stob-rgyas, gyal-tsan dsemo, lung-rta or dar-lch'og.

gLan-po stob-rgyas

A form of prayer-flag. In some references, identified as gLan-po stob-rgyas, da-cha, da-cha, cho-pen, dar-Ich'og, ghan-po slob-rgyas, gyal-tsan dsemo, lung-rta or dar-lch'og.

gLing-chos

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gNan

Evil spirits which live in rocks, water or trees and bring disease. Occasionally referred to as gNan, gNyan or gNyan.

gnod-sbyin

Black demons. These beings, armed with bows and arrows, were precursors of the human race. Next came the bdud. Also identified as gnod-sbyin.

Gombo

A leader of the demons. He is regarded as a manifestation of Shiva. Occasionally known as Gombo.

'gong-po'

Early ancestors: miracle-workers. Occasionally identified as 'gong-po', klu-rgyal-po or klu-rgyal-po.

Gri-bdog

10 demons armed with knives. In some references, called Gri-bdog, Di-do, Di-do or Gri-bobg.

Gri-gum

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gSan Sgrub

A Bon god. He was merged with Yama in Lamaism. Also called gSan Sgrub.

gSang-ba

Bon deities. In some accounts, referred to as gSang-ba.

gShen-Lha-Odkhar

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gShen-Rabs

The supreme god in the Bon pantheon. At times, called gShen-Rabs, gShen-Rap, gShen-Rap, Mi Bo, Mi Bo, Mi-bo or Mi-bo.

gShin-rje

The Tibetan name for Yama as one of the Drag-gshed. At times, identified as gShin-rje, Yama, Yama, Yama, Universal King, Chinese Yen-lo (Wang), Yen Wang, Tibetan Chos-rgyal, Phyi-sgrub, Emma-O or Ten Yama Kings.

gShin-rje gsed

The Tibetan name for Yamantaka as one of the Drag-gshed. On occassion, referred to as gShin-rje gsed.

gSun-gi-rgyal po

King of speech. One of the Panchmaharajas. Occasionally referred to as gSun-gi-rgyal po, Sung-gi-gral-po, Sung-gi-gral-po, Klu-dban, Klu-dban, Lu Vang or Sun-gi-rgyal-po.

Gur-Gyi Mgon-Po

A Buddhist god of tents. A form of Mahakala. At times, identified as Gur-Gyi Mgon-Po.

Guru-kam-balu

A headless monk. At times, referred to as Guru-kam-balu.

gyal-tsan dsemo

A form of prayer-flag. On occassion, called gyal-tsan dsemo, da-cha, da-cha, cho-pen, dar-Ich'og, ghan-po slob-rgyas, gLan-po stob-rgyas, lung-rta or dar-lch'og.

Gyalin

King of the realm of demi-gods. Occasionally known as Gyalin.

Himavan

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Hod-srum

The Tibetan name for Kashyapa the manushibuddha. Also commonly identified as Hod-srum, O-Sung, O-Sung, Kashyapa or Hod-srun.

Htamenmas

A group of 8 goddesses. These beings, shown as holding corpses and skeletons, are also depicted as having the heads of animals or birds. On occassion, called Htamenmas, Pharmen-ma, Pharmen-ma or Htamenamas.

Hwashan

A Chinese priest expelled from Tibet. By Padmasambhava. In some accounts, called Hwashan.

Indrabhuti

A king. A Lamaist sorcerer. Father of Lashmikara. Called Indrabhuti.

Jambutri Shring

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K'an-po

Head of a monastery, said to be in direct communication with the saints. Also identified as K'an-po, K'an-mo, K'an-mo, femaleK'an-mo or femaleK'an-mo.

Kah-gyur

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Kalakala

A Lamaist sorcerer. In some references, called Kalakala.

Kanakha

A Lamaist sorceress. Sister of Kanakhala and Mekhala. Sometimes known as Kanakha.

Kanakhala

A Lamaist sorcerer. Brother of Kanakha and Mekhala. Sometimes referred to as Kanakhala.

Kanchenjunga

5 brothers who became the spirits of sacred mountains. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Kanchenjunga.

Kanta

A Lamaist sorcerer. In some accounts, known as Kanta, Kantali or Kantali.

Kapalika

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Karnari

A Lamaist sage. Also commonly called Karnari.

kerimas

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Khen-Ma

A Buddhist goddess controlling earthly demons. She is depicted with eight wrinkles in her face and riding a ram. In some accounts, identified as Khen-Ma, Khon-Ma or Khon-Ma.

Khen-Pa

A Buddhist god controlling heavenly demons. He is depicted with white hair and riding a white dog. Also called Khen-Pa.

Khumbu'i Yulha

Patron deity of the sherpas. This deity lives on the Himalayan peak Khumbila. Also identified as Khumbu'i Yulha, Home God of the Khumbu or Home God of the Khumbu.

Khyung

Winged deities of the Bon. In some references, known as Khyung, Hindu Garuda, Hindu Garuda, Khyung-Gai mGo-Can or Kruth.

Khyung-Gai mGo-Can

A local Buddhist god, leader of the Khyung. At times, referred to as Khyung-Gai mGo-Can, Hindu Garuda, Hindu Garuda, Khyung or Kruth.

King Hor

A king who abducted Brug Ma. She was rescued from his clutches by Gesai whom she married. Occasionally called King Hor, Hor, Hor or Hor Nubuti.

Kirava

A king. A Lamaist sorcerer. Occasionally called Kirava.

klu

Ancestors of the race. Miracle-workers. At times, known as klu.

Klu-dban

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Kokili

A king. A Lamaist sorcerer. On occassion, identified as Kokili.

Kor-wa-ji

The Tibetan name for Krakucchanda. Occasionally known as Kor-wa-ji.

Kukkuri

A disciple of the Buddha who converted a number of Lamaist. Sorcerers. Also identified as Kukkuri, Krishnachari or Krishnachari.

Kumari

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Kun-Rig

A form of Vairocana with 4 heads. Also commonly known as Kun-Rig, Vairocana, Vairocana, Brahma, Mahavairocana, Mahavairochana, Vairochana, Cunda, Grahamatrika, Mahasahapramardani, Mahavairoc(h)ana, Samantabhadra, Sitapatra, Sitatara, Usnisavijaya, Hindu Brahma or Japanese Dainichi.

Kuntu bXan Po

The creator god of the Bon pantheon. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Kuntu bXan Po, Kun-tu-bzan-Po, Kun-tu-bzan-Po, Buddhist Samantabhadra, Buddhist Samantabhadra, Fugen, P'u Hsien, Taoist P'u Hsien, Taoist P'u Hsien, Japanese Fugen, Japanese Fugen, P'u Hsien or Samantabhadra.

ladni

A female yeti. At times, identified as ladni, abominable snowman, abominable snowman, kang-mi, Meti, Mi Go, Mirka, shukpa, sogpu, temu, yeti, meti, mi-go, mirka, temu or femladni.

Lakshmikara

A Lamaist sorceress. Daughter of Indrabhuti. In some accounts, identified as Lakshmikara.

Lam-bstan

The Tibetan version of Panthaka. Also known as Lam-bstan.

lama

A senior monk. In some accounts, called lama, Inara, Inara, Inar, Inaras, Innara, Lama, Inar(as) or Lama.

Lamaism

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lCogpo

The ruler of the underworld, Yog-klu. Identified as lCogpo, lJogspo or lJogspo.

Lha

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lha

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Lha-K'a

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lha-so

The land of the gods: heaven. Also commonly identified as lha-so.

lha-tho

Shrines erected to the lha, regarded as the home of these spirits. Occasionally identified as lha-tho.

Lha-tho-tho-ri

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lhamayin

Demons or elementals. Referred to as lhamayin.

Living Buddha

The Dalai Lama. Also known as Living Buddha, Dalai Lama, Dalai Lama or Grand Lama.

Lo-gNam

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Lo-ma-gyon-ma

The Tibetan version of Parna-Savari. Occasionally identified as Lo-ma-gyon-ma.

Lo Phag

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Lobsangma

One of the 5 Long-Life Sisters. Also called Lobsangma.

Long-Life Sisters

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Luipa

A Lamaist sorcerer. One of the Mahasiddhas. He is depicted seated, holding a skull cap and with a rope round his body. On occassion, known as Luipa, Minanatha, Minanatha, Lohipada, Luipa or Matsyendra.

lung-rta

A form of prayer-flag. In some references, identified as lung-rta, da-cha, da-cha, cho-pen, dar-Ich'og, ghan-po slob-rgyas, gLan-po stob-rgyas, gyal-tsan dsemo or dar-lch'og.

Ma-Bajan

Mother of 'Brug-ma'. At times, referred to as Ma-Bajan.

Ma-lha

A local god of longevity and good fortune. Sometimes known as Ma-lha.

Ma-mo

Female demons. These black she-devils are reputed to be the cause of disease. Also commonly referred to as Ma-mo.

Ma-p'am-pa

The Tibetan version of Asita. Sometimes referred to as Ma-p'am-pa, Me-phem-pa or Me-phem-pa.

Ma-sang

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Machi-pal Lha-mo

A Buddhist goddess. Chief of the Long-Life Sisters, some say. In some lore, occasionally known as Machi-pal Lha-mo, Sri, Sri, dPan-idan Lhamo, Lho-Mo, (dpal-iden) Lha Mo, Lhamo, Shri, Shru or Sridevi.

Mahacinatara

A Buddhist goddess. An aspect of Akshobhya. At times, identified as Mahacinatara, Ekajata, Ekajata, Akajata, Blue Tara, Tara, Tibetan Ral-cgig-ma, Tara, Tara, Kuan Yin, Queen of Heaven, Queen of Knowledge, Tarini, Arya-Tara, Bhrkuti-Tara, Dhanada, Janguli, Jayatara, Padmatara, Pandaravasini, Parnassavari, Prajna(paramita), Sitatara, Sukla-Tara, Syamatara, Vajratara, Vasya-Tara, Vidjyarajni, Chinese Kuan Yin, Tibetan Dolma, sGrol-ma, Green Tara, Red Tara, Tara Amba or White Tara.

Mahamaya

One of the Yi-dam. In some accounts, known as Mahamaya, Maya, Maya, Mahamaya, Maya Bunin, Mayadevi, Maia, Maya-Bunin, Tara or Hindu Lakshmi.

Mahapancharaja

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Mala

A Buddhist mother-goddess. One of the astamataras. On occassion, referred to as Mala.

Manibhadra

A Lamaist sorceress. She was said to be able to fly like a bird. At times, called Manibhadra, Manivara, Manivara or Manibhadra.

Mar-pa

A magician, disciple of Atisa, tutor of Milarapa. In some lore, occasionally known as Mar-pa.

Mekhala

A Lamaist sorceress. Sister of Kanakha and Kanakhala. Sometimes referred to as Mekhala.

Milarepa

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Minanatha

The name for Matsyendra in Tibet. Also commonly identified as Minanatha, Lohipada, Lohipada, Luipa, Luipa, Matsyendra, Matsyendra, Matsyendranatha, Matysendranatha, Nepalese Avolokiteshvara or Tibetan Luipa.

Miyolangsangma

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Miyul

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Na-ch'un

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Nach-un

An incarnation of Bi-har acting. As oracle and sorcerer to the government. Called Nach-un, Bihar, Bihar, Bi-har, Pe-har, Pe-kar, Pehar, Pekar, Pelear, Tin-le-gyal-po, Yon-tan-rgyal-po or Tin-legyal-po.

Nag-pa

A sorcerer. These men wear tall conical hats, a sash of bones and a magical mirror on the chest, engaging demons in battle. Also identified as Nag-pa.

Nagabodhi

A Lamaist sorcerer. Also referred to as Nagabodhi.

Nagarjuna

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naljor-pa

Ascetics who, it is said, acquire magic. Powers. At times, identified as naljor-pa.

Nan-lha

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Nan-Sgrub

A Lamaist god of death. Also referred to as Nan-Sgrub.

Naropa

A magician, tutor of Mar-pa: one of the Mahasiddhas. Occasionally called Naropa.

Nor-lha

A local god of longevity and wealth. Also identified as Nor-lha.

Nrtya

A Buddhist mother-goddess. One of the astamataras. She is depicted as green with two or four arms. Sometimes referred to as Nrtya, Gar-ma, Gar-ma, Tibetan Gar-ma or Tibetan Gar-ma.

P'yag-na-rdo-rje

The Tibetan name for Vajrapani. Occasionally referred to as P'yag-na-rdo-rje.

Pachari

A Lamaist sorcerer. In some lore, occasionally called Pachari.

Padma-mkhah-Ngro

The Tibetan name for Padmdakini. In some accounts, known as Padma-mkhah-Ngro.

Pan Chhan Rin-po Chhe

The first Tashi Lama, deified as an incarnation of Amitabha. Sometimes called Pan Chhan Rin-po Chhe.

Panaha

A Lamaist sorcerer. He owned a pair of magic shoes which could transport him rapidly to wherever he wished to go. Called Panaha.

Panchen Lama

The second senior leader of Tibetan Buddhists. He is regarded as an incarnation of Amitabha. Also called Panchen Lama, Tashi Lama or Tashi Lama.

Pe-kar

A fiend. Patron of sorcerers. Occasionally called Pe-kar, Bihar, Bihar, Bi-har, Pe-har, Pehar, Pekar, Pelear, Tin-le-gyal-po, Yon-tan-rgyal-po, Tin-legyal-po or Nach-un.

Phags-skyes-po

The Tibetan name for Virudhaka as guardian of the south. Sometimes known as Phags-skyes-po.

Pho-lha

A local god of longevity and wealth. In some references, known as Pho-lha.

phurbu

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Phyi-Sgrub

A Lamaist god. A form of Yama. Sometimes referred to as Phyi-Sgrub, Yama, Yama, Yama, Universal King, Chinese Yen-lo (Wang), Yen Wang, Tibetan Chos-rgyal, gShin-rje, Phyi-sgrub, Emma-O or Ten Yama Kings.

Pukkasi

A terrible Lamaist goddess. One of the gauri. At times, referred to as Pukkasi, Parna-Savari, Parna-Savari, Parnasabari, Parnassavari, Pishashas or TibetanLo-ma-gyon-ma.

Putali

A Lamaist sorcerer. He used his powers to change a painting that showed a demon trampling a god underfoot so that their positions were reversed. In some references, identified as Putali.

Radiance

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Ral-cgig-ma

The Tibetan version of Ekajata. Also called Ral-cgig-ma.

Ratnasambhava

A Lamaist tutelary god. Also called Ratnasambhava, Ratnaheruka, Ratnaheruka or Ratnasambhava.

Red Devil Tiger

A demon with the head of a horse on a human body. Sometimes known as Red Devil Tiger, Red Tiger Devil or Red Tiger Devil.

Red Tara

Kurukulla as an aspect of Tara. Wife of Kamadeva. In some accounts she is equated with Rati. Occasionally identified as Red Tara, Kurukulla, Kurukulla, Hindu Rati, Astabhuja-Kurukulla, Tara, Tara, Kuan Yin, Queen of Heaven, Queen of Knowledge, Tarini, Arya-Tara, Bhrkuti-Tara, Dhanada, Ekajata, Janguli, Jayatara, Mahacinatara, Padmatara, Pandaravasini, Parnassavari, Prajna(paramita), Sitatara, Sukla-Tara, Syamatara, Vajratara, Vasya-Tara, Vidjyarajni, Chinese Kuan Yin, Tibetan Dolma, sGrol-ma, Blue Tara, Green Tara, Tara Amba or White Tara.

Red Tiger Devil

A Bon deity. On occassion, known as Red Tiger Devil, Red Devil Tiger or Red Devil Tiger.

rGyal-po

Early ancestors of the race: miracle. Workers: fiend-kings. Also commonly known as rGyal-po, klu, klu, 'gong-po or rgyal-po.

Rimpoche

A title given to a tulku. Also commonly known as Rimpoche, Guru Rimpoche, Guru Rimpoche, Tulku, Tulku or Trulku.

Rinpochhe

A name for Padmasambhava in Tibet. Rimpoche) Called Rinpochhe, Lo-pon, Lo-pon, Padmasambhava, Padmasambhava, Tibetan Lopon, sLobdpon, sLob-dpon, sLob-dpon, Lopon, Lopon, (Guru or (Guru.

rLun-rta

The Tibetan name for Vayuarvat. Also referred to as rLun-rta, Lung-ta, Lung-ta or Vayuvarvat.

rTa-mgrin

A Lamaist deity. One of the Drag-gshed. A name for Hayagriva. On occassion, known as rTa-mgrin, Tandim, Tandim, Hayagriva, Hayagriva or rTa-mgrim.

Sa-bdag

A spirit of the soil or fresh water. Guardian of the house or the temple. At times, referred to as Sa-bdag.

Sadaksari

An aspect of Avalokiteshvara. This form of the bodhisattva is said to incarnate in each Dalai Lama. Sometimes known as Sadaksari, Sadaksari Lokesvara or Sadaksari Lokesvara.

Sakara

A Lamaist sorcerer. On occassion, known as Sakara.

Samudra

A Lamaist sorcerer. Occasionally called Samudra.

Samvara

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San Dui

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Sarada Devi

A Buddhist-Lamaist fertility-goddess and goddess of autumn and vegetation. An attendant of Sridevi. In some accounts, called Sarada Devi.

Sarvabhaksha

A Lamaist sorcerer. Also identified as Sarvabhaksha.

Savari

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serou

The unicorn. On occassion, called serou, tso'po, tso'po, unicorn, kee or kee.

Shambhala

A land in the north, home of spiritual wisdom. Also commonly referred to as Shambhala.

Shang-lha

A local god of good fortune. In some lore, occasionally identified as Shang-lha.

Shenrab Miwo

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Shinje-chho-gyal

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Showa

A deer-god. In some lore, occasionally known as Showa.

Sidpa Bardo

An after-death period, seeking rebirth. Sometimes called Sidpa Bardo, Bardo Thodol, Bardo Thodol, Chonyid Bardo or Tibetan Book of the Dead.

Sikhin

A Buddhist god of medicine. One of the sMan-bla. Also commonly known as Sikhin.

Sinhanada

A Buddhist god of medicine. An aspect of Avalokiteshvara. One of the sMan-bla. In some lore, occasionally called Sinhanada.

Sipe Gialmo

A Bon mother-goddess. She is depicted with three eyes and six arms, riding a red mule. In some accounts, referred to as Sipe Gialmo, Sipe Gyalmo or Sipe Gyalmo.

Sitatara

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sKui-i-rgyal-po

One of the Panchmaharajas. King of the body. He is depicted riding a white lion. At times, known as sKui-i-rgyal-po.

sMan Bla

(one of the) Buddhas of medicine. In some accounts, called sMan Bla.

Song-t'sen Gam-po

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sPyan-ras-gzigs

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Sri

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srin

Early inhabitants of Tibet. These beings, armed with catapults and slings, were the precursors of the human race. Next came the lha. At times, referred to as srin.

Srin-po

A class of deity: ghouls: vampires. In some accounts, called Srin-po.

srungma

A group of Bon deities assimilated into the Buddhist pantheon. In some references, called srungma.

sTang-lha

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Sung-ta

A horoscope used in fortune-telling. On occassion, known as Sung-ta.

Suparikirtitanamasri

A Buddhist god of medicine. One of the sMan-Bla. On occassion, identified as Suparikirtitanamasri.

Svaraghosaraja

A Buddhist god of medicine. One of the sMan-Bla. Occasionally called Svaraghosaraja.

Tam-chhen

A demon. Also identified as Tam-chhen.

Tamdrin Dorje

A Bon guardian god. Occasionally referred to as Tamdrin Dorje.

Tamjin

A horse-faced demon. Husband of Dorje, some say. On occassion, known as Tamjin.

Tan-gyur

Commentaries on the Kah-gyur. In some references, referred to as Tan-gyur.

Tan-ma

12 furies, ruled by Ekagata, riding. Wild animals. In some references, referred to as Tan-ma, bStan-ma or bStan-ma.

Tanjur

A sacred book. Occasionally identified as Tanjur, Tan-gur, Tan-gur, Kanjur, Kanjur or Kah-gyur.

Tashi Toeringma

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Teli

A Lamaist sorcerer. Occasionally called Teli.

Thab-Iha

A Bon hearth-god. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Thab-Iha.

Thinggishatsangma

One of the Five Long Life Sisters. In some lore, occasionally identified as Thinggishatsangma.

Tin-le-gyal-po

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Tsan-rgyal

A demon king. Occasionally known as Tsan-rgyal, bStan-rgyal, bStan-rgyal, Tsen-gyal or Tsen-gyal.

Tse-ring Chhe-nga

5 sisters, of Mount Everest. They are depicted in flowing robes and holding various fertility symbols. In some lore, occasionally called Tse-ring Chhe-nga.

Tshe-gon

The Buddhist lord of life. Identified as Tshe-gon, Tse-mgon or Tse-mgon.

Tshog-shing

A family tree of the gods in order of rank. At times, identified as Tshog-shing.

Tsong-kha-po

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Tsun-gyi-rgyal-po

One of the Panchamaharajas. King of accomplishments or magic. He rides a white elephant. Occasionally called Tsun-gyi-rgyal-po, Thok-chho, Thok-chho, Thahog-chos-rgyal-po, Thok Chho or Thok Chho.

Tulku

The physical body conjured up by a Buddha or a bodhisattva: a phantom. At times, referred to as Tulku, Trulku, Trulku, Rimpoche, Rimpoche or Guru Rimpoche.

Udhili

A Lamaist sorcerer. He was tutored by Karnari and was reputed to be able to fly. In some references, identified as Udhili.

Vyali

A Lamaist sorcerer. Known as Vyali.

Wang-chug-mas

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Weng Cheng

The original name of White Tara. Known as Weng Cheng.

Yab

The Buddhist male principle: eternity. Also identified as Yab, Chinese Yang, Chinese Yang, In, Yang, Japanese In, Japanese In, Yang or Yang.

Yab-Yum

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Yama

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Yeces mGon-po

A Buddhist guardian of knowledge. An aspect of Mahakala. On occassion, identified as Yeces mGon-po, Mahakala, Mahakala, Tibetan Gon-Po Nag-Po or Mgon-po.

Yog-klu

The underworld, ruled by Icogpo, in the world gLing. Also called Yog-klu.

Yogambara

A Buddhist god. An aspect of Vajradhara. Consort of Digambara. In some references, known as Yogambara.

Yon-tan-rgyal-po

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Yul-khor-srung

The Tibetan name for Dhritarashtra. (Dhartarashthra) as guardian of the east. In some accounts, identified as Yul-khor-srung, Dhartarashthra, Dhartarashthra, Dhr(i)taras(h)tra, Chinese Ch'ih Kuo, Japanese Jikoku, Javanese Dresterata, Taoist Mo-li Ch'ing, Tibetan Dri-za, Yul-khor-bsrun or Yul-khor-bsrun.

Yul-lha

Local gods, of which there are 8. Classes. In some references, identified as Yul-lha.

Yum

The Buddhist female principle: time. At times, called Yum, Chinese Yin, Chinese Yin, In-Yo, Um, Yo, Japanese Yo, Japanese Yo or Yin.

yun-drun

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Zampu

The Tree of Life which grows on the sacred mountain, Himavan. Occasionally known as Zampu, Hindu Jambu, Hindu Jambu, Jambutri Shring, Zambu, Siberian Zambu, Siberian Zambu or Jambu.

Zhang Thung

A mythical land. The realm was said to be the home of Shenrab Miwo. On occassion, known as Zhang Thung.
Tibetan Mythology