Tibetan Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abhijnaraja

A Buddhist physician-god. He is depicted with long ear lobes. In some lore, occasionally known as Abhijnaraja.

Abominable Snowman

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Adidharma

A primaeval Buddhist goddess. Occasionally identified as Adidharma, Adhidharma, Adhidharma, adidharma, adhidharma or adhidharma.

Akasagarbha

A Buddhist sky-god. The twelfth bodhisattva. Sometimes identified as Akasagarbha, Akasha, Akasha, Khagarbha, Khagarbha, Japanese Kokuzo or Japanese Kokuzo.

Amoghasiddhi

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Anangopa

A Lamaist sorcerer. Occasionally referred to as Anangopa.

apsaras

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Asokottamasri

A Buddhist god of medicine. At times, known as Asokottamasri.

Balancho

One of the Five Lands. This realm was the home of giants who lived for over 500 years, herding cattle. Known as Balancho, Balang Cho or Balang Cho.

Bardol Thodol

A group of Buddhist goddesses. This group is made up of four Doorkeepers, eight Htamenmas, eight Kerimas and twenty-eight Wangchug- mas. Also commonly called Bardol Thodol.

bDud

Forest-dwelling demons. These beings, armed with axes, were early precursors of the human race. Next came the Srin. Occasionally called bDud.

bDul Nygal

King of the demons. In some references, known as bDul Nygal.

Beg-Tse

A Buddhist and Lamaist war-god. One of 8 dharmapalas. Sometimes known as Beg-Tse, Cam-srin, Cam-srin, Begze Sunen, Hindu Karttikeya, Sanskrit Beg-Tse, Mongolian Begze Sunen or Mongolian Begze Sunen.

Bhaishajya

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Bhikshana

A Lamaist sorcerer. Also called Bhikshana.

Bhrkuti Tara

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Bihar

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bKur-dmam-rgyalmo

Consort of dBangpo-rygabzhin. Mother of Dongrub, Donldan and Donyod. Also called bKur-dmam-rgyalmo.

Black Misery

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Bon

A form of shamanistic nature. Worship, the pre-Buddhist religion of Tibet. In some lore, occasionally called Bon.

Bon Po

Buddhists priests still practising. Shamanistic magic. Sometimes called Bon Po.

Bowa

Demons said to dance round the spirits of the dead. In some lore, occasionally known as Bowa.

Brug Ma

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bTsan

Demons of the air. These beings are said to ride red horses and use bows and arrows to kill lone travellers. In some lore, occasionally identified as bTsan, bCan or bCan.

bTsan-po

The king, regarded as the ruler of the bTsan. Sometimes known as bTsan-po.

Cam-srin

A Buddhist god of war. On occassion, identified as Cam-srin, Beg-Tse, Beg-Tse, Mongolian Begze Sunen, Begze Sunen, Begze Sunen, Tibetan Beg-Tse, Hindu Karttikeya, Hindu Karttikeya, Sanskrit Beg-Tse or Sanskrit Beg-Tse.

Candali

A Buddhist-Lamaist goddess. One of 8 gauris. Occasionally called Candali.

Cauri

A Buddhist-Lamaist goddess. One of 8 gauris. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Cauri.

ch'o-je

A group of sorcerers regarded as incarnations of fiends. Referred to as ch'o-je, ch'o-kyon or ch'o-kyon.

Chak-dor-den-pa

The second of the celestial bodhisattvas. In some accounts, called Chak-dor-den-pa.

Champaka

A Lamaist sorcerer. Also commonly called Champaka.

Charpati

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Chikha

A period of after death transition. Occasionally referred to as Chikha, Cihuacoatl, Cihuacoatl, Ciuacoatl, Ciuateotl, Serpent Woman, Snake Woman, Ilamatecuhtli, Temazcalteci, Teteoinnan, Tona(n)tzin, Chikha Bardo, Chikha Bardo, Bardo or Bardo.

Chonyid Bardo

A 14-day transitional after-death. Period during which visions. Occur. In some accounts, identified as Chonyid Bardo, Bardo Thodol, Bardo Thodol, Sidpa Bardo or Tibetan Book of the Dead.

chorten

A funeral monument. Such monuments are erected over the graves of lamas, saints, etc. and models are sold as amulets. In some references, identified as chorten, mch'od-r-ten or mch'od-r-ten.

Chos-rgyal Phyi-sgrub

A god of the dead. Also commonly identified as Chos-rgyal Phyi-sgrub, Sanskrit Yama or Sanskrit Yama.

Chos-Skyon

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Cunda

A Buddhist goddess, literature deified. An aspect of Vairocana. Also commonly referred to as Cunda, Candra, Candra, Chandra, Cunti, Cunti, Vairocana, Vairocana, Brahma, Mahavairocana, Mahavairochana, Vairochana, Grahamatrika, Kun-Rig, Mahasahapramardani, Mahavairoc(h)ana, Samantabhadra, Sitapatra, Sitatara, Usnisavijaya, Hindu Brahma or Japanese Dainichi.

Da

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da-cha

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dah-dar

A divining arrow used by sorcerers. Also commonly known as dah-dar.

Dalai Lama

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Dam-c'an-rdo-rje-legs-pa

Chief of the demons, overcome by Padmasambhare. Occasionally referred to as Dam-c'an-rdo-rje-legs-pa, Dam-chen-dorje-le-pa-dor-le or Dam-chen-dorje-le-pa-dor-le.

dar-dar

An arrow used in demon-worship. Sometimes called dar-dar.

Darika

A Lamaist sorcerer. He was said to be able to fly like a bird. Also identified as Darika.

dBan-mgon

The Buddhist lord of the night. Identified as dBan-mgon, Wang-gon, Wang-gon, wang-gon or wang-gon.

dBangpo-rgyabzhin

Ruler of the gLing-chos heaven, sTang-lha. Consort of bKur-dman-rgyalmo. Father of Dongrub, Donldan and Donyod. Occasionally known as dBangpo-rgyabzhin.

dGra-lha

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dGun-ayi-rgyal-mo

The Tibetan version of the Buddhist Hamantadevi. Also known as dGun-ayi-rgyal-mo.

Dharmakirtisagaraghosa

On occassion, referred to as Dharmakirtisagaraghosa.

Dhupa

A Buddhist-Lamaist mother goddess. One of the astamataras. Occasionally known as Dhupa, bDug-spos-ma or bDug-spos-ma.

Digambara

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Dinsangma

One of the 5 Long-Life Sisters. Sometimes identified as Dinsangma.

dMu

Demons. In some accounts, referred to as dMu, Lha, Lha, Hindu Deva, rMu, rMu, lha or lha.

dMu-bDud Kam-Po Sa-Zan

A Bon sky god. Known as dMu-bDud Kam-Po Sa-Zan.

dMu-rgyal

Early ancestors of the race. These were the first beings to employ ritual and magic. They were followed by the 'dre. In some lore, occasionally identified as dMu-rgyal.

Dmyal-wa

The Tibetan version of the Hindu. Hell, Naraka. Occasionally referred to as Dmyal-wa.

Do-man

A collection of mystic writings used as a charm. In some accounts, identified as Do-man.

Dongrub

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Donldan

Son of dBangpo-rgyabzhin and bKur-dman-rgyalmo. Brother of Dongrub and Donyod. Sometimes referred to as Donldan.

Donyod

Son of dBangpo-rgyabzhin and bKur-dman-rgyalmo. Brother of Dongrub and Donldan. Occasionally identified as Donyod.

Doorkeepers

A group of 4 Buddhist goddesses, part of the Bardo group. Also commonly identified as Doorkeepers.

dor-le

A Buddhist demon. Sometimes called dor-le.

Dorje

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Dosangma

One of the 5 Long-Life Sisters. In some accounts, called Dosangma.

Dpe-dkar

A god. Also commonly called Dpe-dkar.

Dra Minyan

One of the Five Lands. This realm was regarded as the home of the dead. In some lore, occasionally called Dra Minyan.

Drag-gshed

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'dre

Early ancestors of the race. These people abandoned the great forests to live on bare mountain slopes. Next came the Ma-sang. In some references, known as 'dre.

Dri-chab-ma

The Tibetan name for Gandha. At times, called Dri-chab-ma.

drilbu

A prayer bell. The lamas use this bell to drive away evil spirits and attract good ones. Also referred to as drilbu.

Drug

A god. Sometimes identified as Drug, Druj, Druj, Angra Mainya, Drauga, Drug, Drugh, Durugh or 'deceit'.

Dzamo

One of the Five Lands. This was said to be the land of the living. Also called Dzamo.

Eight Glorious Symbols

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Five Lands

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Five Sisters of Long Life

Sister-goddesses of the Himalayas. Occasionally referred to as Five Sisters of Long Life, Sisters of Long Life, Sisters of Long Life, Long Life Sisters, Miyolangsangma, Miyolangsangma, Tashi Tseringma or Tashi Tseringma.

Ge-lug-pa

A Buddhist sect worshipping. Vajradhara, founded by Atisa. Also commonly referred to as Ge-lug-pa, Ka-dam-pa or Ka-dam-pa.

gelong

A Buddhist monk. Sometimes referred to as gelong.

Gesar

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Gesar Saga

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ghan-po slob-rgyas

A form of prayer-flag. Identified as ghan-po slob-rgyas, da-cha, da-cha, cho-pen, dar-Ich'og, gLan-po stob-rgyas, gyal-tsan dsemo, lung-rta or dar-lch'og.

gLan-po stob-rgyas

A form of prayer-flag. Also known as gLan-po stob-rgyas, da-cha, da-cha, cho-pen, dar-Ich'og, ghan-po slob-rgyas, gyal-tsan dsemo, lung-rta or dar-lch'og.

gLing-chos

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gNan

Evil spirits which live in rocks, water or trees and bring disease. At times, called gNan, gNyan or gNyan.

gnod-sbyin

Black demons. These beings, armed with bows and arrows, were precursors of the human race. Next came the bdud. At times, identified as gnod-sbyin.

Gombo

A leader of the demons. He is regarded as a manifestation of Shiva. In some references, called Gombo.

'gong-po'

Early ancestors: miracle-workers. Sometimes referred to as 'gong-po', klu-rgyal-po or klu-rgyal-po.

Gri-bdog

10 demons armed with knives. On occassion, called Gri-bdog, Di-do, Di-do or Gri-bobg.

Gri-gum

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gSan Sgrub

A Bon god. He was merged with Yama in Lamaism. On occassion, known as gSan Sgrub.

gSang-ba

Bon deities. In some lore, occasionally called gSang-ba.

gShen-Lha-Odkhar

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gShen-Rabs

The supreme god in the Bon pantheon. Also referred to as gShen-Rabs, gShen-Rap, gShen-Rap, Mi Bo, Mi Bo, Mi-bo or Mi-bo.

gShin-rje

The Tibetan name for Yama as one of the Drag-gshed. Occasionally known as gShin-rje, Yama, Yama, Yama, Universal King, Chinese Yen-lo (Wang), Yen Wang, Tibetan Chos-rgyal, Phyi-sgrub, Emma-O or Ten Yama Kings.

gShin-rje gsed

The Tibetan name for Yamantaka as one of the Drag-gshed. Also known as gShin-rje gsed.

gSun-gi-rgyal po

King of speech. One of the Panchmaharajas. In some references, known as gSun-gi-rgyal po, Sung-gi-gral-po, Sung-gi-gral-po, Klu-dban, Klu-dban, Lu Vang or Sun-gi-rgyal-po.

Gur-Gyi Mgon-Po

A Buddhist god of tents. A form of Mahakala. In some references, referred to as Gur-Gyi Mgon-Po.

Guru-kam-balu

A headless monk. In some references, referred to as Guru-kam-balu.

gyal-tsan dsemo

A form of prayer-flag. Also identified as gyal-tsan dsemo, da-cha, da-cha, cho-pen, dar-Ich'og, ghan-po slob-rgyas, gLan-po stob-rgyas, lung-rta or dar-lch'og.

Gyalin

King of the realm of demi-gods. In some lore, occasionally called Gyalin.

Himavan

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Hod-srum

The Tibetan name for Kashyapa the manushibuddha. Occasionally known as Hod-srum, O-Sung, O-Sung, Kashyapa or Hod-srun.

Htamenmas

A group of 8 goddesses. These beings, shown as holding corpses and skeletons, are also depicted as having the heads of animals or birds. In some references, referred to as Htamenmas, Pharmen-ma, Pharmen-ma or Htamenamas.

Hwashan

A Chinese priest expelled from Tibet. By Padmasambhava. Occasionally identified as Hwashan.

Indrabhuti

A king. A Lamaist sorcerer. Father of Lashmikara. At times, identified as Indrabhuti.

Jambutri Shring

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K'an-po

Head of a monastery, said to be in direct communication with the saints. In some lore, occasionally called K'an-po, K'an-mo, K'an-mo, femaleK'an-mo or femaleK'an-mo.

Kah-gyur

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Kalakala

A Lamaist sorcerer. Also known as Kalakala.

Kanakha

A Lamaist sorceress. Sister of Kanakhala and Mekhala. Referred to as Kanakha.

Kanakhala

A Lamaist sorcerer. Brother of Kanakha and Mekhala. Also referred to as Kanakhala.

Kanchenjunga

5 brothers who became the spirits of sacred mountains. Also commonly known as Kanchenjunga.

Kanta

A Lamaist sorcerer. On occassion, called Kanta, Kantali or Kantali.

Kapalika

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Karnari

A Lamaist sage. Sometimes known as Karnari.

kerimas

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Khen-Ma

A Buddhist goddess controlling earthly demons. She is depicted with eight wrinkles in her face and riding a ram. Also referred to as Khen-Ma, Khon-Ma or Khon-Ma.

Khen-Pa

A Buddhist god controlling heavenly demons. He is depicted with white hair and riding a white dog. On occassion, referred to as Khen-Pa.

Khumbu'i Yulha

Patron deity of the sherpas. This deity lives on the Himalayan peak Khumbila. Sometimes identified as Khumbu'i Yulha, Home God of the Khumbu or Home God of the Khumbu.

Khyung

Winged deities of the Bon. In some lore, occasionally called Khyung, Hindu Garuda, Hindu Garuda, Khyung-Gai mGo-Can or Kruth.

Khyung-Gai mGo-Can

A local Buddhist god, leader of the Khyung. Sometimes known as Khyung-Gai mGo-Can, Hindu Garuda, Hindu Garuda, Khyung or Kruth.

King Hor

A king who abducted Brug Ma. She was rescued from his clutches by Gesai whom she married. In some lore, occasionally referred to as King Hor, Hor, Hor or Hor Nubuti.

Kirava

A king. A Lamaist sorcerer. In some accounts, known as Kirava.

klu

Ancestors of the race. Miracle-workers. In some lore, occasionally called klu.

Klu-dban

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Kokili

A king. A Lamaist sorcerer. Occasionally identified as Kokili.

Kor-wa-ji

The Tibetan name for Krakucchanda. In some accounts, known as Kor-wa-ji.

Kukkuri

A disciple of the Buddha who converted a number of Lamaist. Sorcerers. At times, identified as Kukkuri, Krishnachari or Krishnachari.

Kumari

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Kun-Rig

A form of Vairocana with 4 heads. On occassion, known as Kun-Rig, Vairocana, Vairocana, Brahma, Mahavairocana, Mahavairochana, Vairochana, Cunda, Grahamatrika, Mahasahapramardani, Mahavairoc(h)ana, Samantabhadra, Sitapatra, Sitatara, Usnisavijaya, Hindu Brahma or Japanese Dainichi.

Kuntu bXan Po

The creator god of the Bon pantheon. Also referred to as Kuntu bXan Po, Kun-tu-bzan-Po, Kun-tu-bzan-Po, Buddhist Samantabhadra, Buddhist Samantabhadra, Fugen, P'u Hsien, Taoist P'u Hsien, Taoist P'u Hsien, Japanese Fugen, Japanese Fugen, P'u Hsien or Samantabhadra.

ladni

A female yeti. Sometimes identified as ladni, abominable snowman, abominable snowman, kang-mi, Meti, Mi Go, Mirka, shukpa, sogpu, temu, yeti, meti, mi-go, mirka, temu or femladni.

Lakshmikara

A Lamaist sorceress. Daughter of Indrabhuti. Sometimes known as Lakshmikara.

Lam-bstan

The Tibetan version of Panthaka. Sometimes known as Lam-bstan.

lama

A senior monk. In some references, referred to as lama, Inara, Inara, Inar, Inaras, Innara, Lama, Inar(as) or Lama.

Lamaism

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lCogpo

The ruler of the underworld, Yog-klu. Occasionally called lCogpo, lJogspo or lJogspo.

Lha

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lha

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Lha-K'a

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lha-so

The land of the gods: heaven. Known as lha-so.

lha-tho

Shrines erected to the lha, regarded as the home of these spirits. At times, called lha-tho.

Lha-tho-tho-ri

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lhamayin

Demons or elementals. Also known as lhamayin.

Living Buddha

The Dalai Lama. Occasionally identified as Living Buddha, Dalai Lama, Dalai Lama or Grand Lama.

Lo-gNam

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Lo-ma-gyon-ma

The Tibetan version of Parna-Savari. Also called Lo-ma-gyon-ma.

Lo Phag

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Lobsangma

One of the 5 Long-Life Sisters. Sometimes known as Lobsangma.

Long-Life Sisters

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Luipa

A Lamaist sorcerer. One of the Mahasiddhas. He is depicted seated, holding a skull cap and with a rope round his body. Sometimes referred to as Luipa, Minanatha, Minanatha, Lohipada, Luipa or Matsyendra.

lung-rta

A form of prayer-flag. Also commonly referred to as lung-rta, da-cha, da-cha, cho-pen, dar-Ich'og, ghan-po slob-rgyas, gLan-po stob-rgyas, gyal-tsan dsemo or dar-lch'og.

Ma-Bajan

Mother of 'Brug-ma'. Referred to as Ma-Bajan.

Ma-lha

A local god of longevity and good fortune. On occassion, referred to as Ma-lha.

Ma-mo

Female demons. These black she-devils are reputed to be the cause of disease. Referred to as Ma-mo.

Ma-p'am-pa

The Tibetan version of Asita. In some lore, occasionally called Ma-p'am-pa, Me-phem-pa or Me-phem-pa.

Ma-sang

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Machi-pal Lha-mo

A Buddhist goddess. Chief of the Long-Life Sisters, some say. In some accounts, called Machi-pal Lha-mo, Sri, Sri, dPan-idan Lhamo, Lho-Mo, (dpal-iden) Lha Mo, Lhamo, Shri, Shru or Sridevi.

Mahacinatara

A Buddhist goddess. An aspect of Akshobhya. Known as Mahacinatara, Ekajata, Ekajata, Akajata, Blue Tara, Tara, Tibetan Ral-cgig-ma, Tara, Tara, Kuan Yin, Queen of Heaven, Queen of Knowledge, Tarini, Arya-Tara, Bhrkuti-Tara, Dhanada, Janguli, Jayatara, Padmatara, Pandaravasini, Parnassavari, Prajna(paramita), Sitatara, Sukla-Tara, Syamatara, Vajratara, Vasya-Tara, Vidjyarajni, Chinese Kuan Yin, Tibetan Dolma, sGrol-ma, Green Tara, Red Tara, Tara Amba or White Tara.

Mahamaya

One of the Yi-dam. Occasionally known as Mahamaya, Maya, Maya, Mahamaya, Maya Bunin, Mayadevi, Maia, Maya-Bunin, Tara or Hindu Lakshmi.

Mahapancharaja

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Mala

A Buddhist mother-goddess. One of the astamataras. In some references, known as Mala.

Manibhadra

A Lamaist sorceress. She was said to be able to fly like a bird. Also known as Manibhadra, Manivara, Manivara or Manibhadra.

Mar-pa

A magician, disciple of Atisa, tutor of Milarapa. In some references, referred to as Mar-pa.

Mekhala

A Lamaist sorceress. Sister of Kanakha and Kanakhala. Also called Mekhala.

Milarepa

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Minanatha

The name for Matsyendra in Tibet. Also called Minanatha, Lohipada, Lohipada, Luipa, Luipa, Matsyendra, Matsyendra, Matsyendranatha, Matysendranatha, Nepalese Avolokiteshvara or Tibetan Luipa.

Miyolangsangma

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Miyul

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Na-ch'un

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Nach-un

An incarnation of Bi-har acting. As oracle and sorcerer to the government. In some lore, occasionally known as Nach-un, Bihar, Bihar, Bi-har, Pe-har, Pe-kar, Pehar, Pekar, Pelear, Tin-le-gyal-po, Yon-tan-rgyal-po or Tin-legyal-po.

Nag-pa

A sorcerer. These men wear tall conical hats, a sash of bones and a magical mirror on the chest, engaging demons in battle. Called Nag-pa.

Nagabodhi

A Lamaist sorcerer. On occassion, called Nagabodhi.

Nagarjuna

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naljor-pa

Ascetics who, it is said, acquire magic. Powers. Sometimes identified as naljor-pa.

Nan-lha

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Nan-Sgrub

A Lamaist god of death. Sometimes referred to as Nan-Sgrub.

Naropa

A magician, tutor of Mar-pa: one of the Mahasiddhas. In some lore, occasionally called Naropa.

Nor-lha

A local god of longevity and wealth. Also commonly identified as Nor-lha.

Nrtya

A Buddhist mother-goddess. One of the astamataras. She is depicted as green with two or four arms. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Nrtya, Gar-ma, Gar-ma, Tibetan Gar-ma or Tibetan Gar-ma.

P'yag-na-rdo-rje

The Tibetan name for Vajrapani. Also commonly identified as P'yag-na-rdo-rje.

Pachari

A Lamaist sorcerer. At times, known as Pachari.

Padma-mkhah-Ngro

The Tibetan name for Padmdakini. Occasionally known as Padma-mkhah-Ngro.

Pan Chhan Rin-po Chhe

The first Tashi Lama, deified as an incarnation of Amitabha. Also commonly known as Pan Chhan Rin-po Chhe.

Panaha

A Lamaist sorcerer. He owned a pair of magic shoes which could transport him rapidly to wherever he wished to go. Also referred to as Panaha.

Panchen Lama

The second senior leader of Tibetan Buddhists. He is regarded as an incarnation of Amitabha. In some accounts, called Panchen Lama, Tashi Lama or Tashi Lama.

Pe-kar

A fiend. Patron of sorcerers. At times, identified as Pe-kar, Bihar, Bihar, Bi-har, Pe-har, Pehar, Pekar, Pelear, Tin-le-gyal-po, Yon-tan-rgyal-po, Tin-legyal-po or Nach-un.

Phags-skyes-po

The Tibetan name for Virudhaka as guardian of the south. In some accounts, known as Phags-skyes-po.

Pho-lha

A local god of longevity and wealth. Occasionally identified as Pho-lha.

phurbu

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Phyi-Sgrub

A Lamaist god. A form of Yama. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Phyi-Sgrub, Yama, Yama, Yama, Universal King, Chinese Yen-lo (Wang), Yen Wang, Tibetan Chos-rgyal, gShin-rje, Phyi-sgrub, Emma-O or Ten Yama Kings.

Pukkasi

A terrible Lamaist goddess. One of the gauri. Also called Pukkasi, Parna-Savari, Parna-Savari, Parnasabari, Parnassavari, Pishashas or TibetanLo-ma-gyon-ma.

Putali

A Lamaist sorcerer. He used his powers to change a painting that showed a demon trampling a god underfoot so that their positions were reversed. Known as Putali.

Radiance

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Ral-cgig-ma

The Tibetan version of Ekajata. Occasionally identified as Ral-cgig-ma.

Ratnasambhava

A Lamaist tutelary god. Identified as Ratnasambhava, Ratnaheruka, Ratnaheruka or Ratnasambhava.

Red Devil Tiger

A demon with the head of a horse on a human body. In some references, identified as Red Devil Tiger, Red Tiger Devil or Red Tiger Devil.

Red Tara

Kurukulla as an aspect of Tara. Wife of Kamadeva. In some accounts she is equated with Rati. In some accounts, referred to as Red Tara, Kurukulla, Kurukulla, Hindu Rati, Astabhuja-Kurukulla, Tara, Tara, Kuan Yin, Queen of Heaven, Queen of Knowledge, Tarini, Arya-Tara, Bhrkuti-Tara, Dhanada, Ekajata, Janguli, Jayatara, Mahacinatara, Padmatara, Pandaravasini, Parnassavari, Prajna(paramita), Sitatara, Sukla-Tara, Syamatara, Vajratara, Vasya-Tara, Vidjyarajni, Chinese Kuan Yin, Tibetan Dolma, sGrol-ma, Blue Tara, Green Tara, Tara Amba or White Tara.

Red Tiger Devil

A Bon deity. In some references, called Red Tiger Devil, Red Devil Tiger or Red Devil Tiger.

rGyal-po

Early ancestors of the race: miracle. Workers: fiend-kings. In some references, called rGyal-po, klu, klu, 'gong-po or rgyal-po.

Rimpoche

A title given to a tulku. Referred to as Rimpoche, Guru Rimpoche, Guru Rimpoche, Tulku, Tulku or Trulku.

Rinpochhe

A name for Padmasambhava in Tibet. Rimpoche) In some lore, occasionally referred to as Rinpochhe, Lo-pon, Lo-pon, Padmasambhava, Padmasambhava, Tibetan Lopon, sLobdpon, sLob-dpon, sLob-dpon, Lopon, Lopon, (Guru or (Guru.

rLun-rta

The Tibetan name for Vayuarvat. Also commonly known as rLun-rta, Lung-ta, Lung-ta or Vayuvarvat.

rTa-mgrin

A Lamaist deity. One of the Drag-gshed. A name for Hayagriva. Occasionally identified as rTa-mgrin, Tandim, Tandim, Hayagriva, Hayagriva or rTa-mgrim.

Sa-bdag

A spirit of the soil or fresh water. Guardian of the house or the temple. On occassion, called Sa-bdag.

Sadaksari

An aspect of Avalokiteshvara. This form of the bodhisattva is said to incarnate in each Dalai Lama. Occasionally referred to as Sadaksari, Sadaksari Lokesvara or Sadaksari Lokesvara.

Sakara

A Lamaist sorcerer. Also called Sakara.

Samudra

A Lamaist sorcerer. Sometimes called Samudra.

Samvara

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San Dui

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Sarada Devi

A Buddhist-Lamaist fertility-goddess and goddess of autumn and vegetation. An attendant of Sridevi. In some accounts, called Sarada Devi.

Sarvabhaksha

A Lamaist sorcerer. In some lore, occasionally called Sarvabhaksha.

Savari

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serou

The unicorn. Occasionally identified as serou, tso'po, tso'po, unicorn, kee or kee.

Shambhala

A land in the north, home of spiritual wisdom. Also called Shambhala.

Shang-lha

A local god of good fortune. In some references, identified as Shang-lha.

Shenrab Miwo

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Shinje-chho-gyal

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Showa

A deer-god. Occasionally identified as Showa.

Sidpa Bardo

An after-death period, seeking rebirth. Sometimes called Sidpa Bardo, Bardo Thodol, Bardo Thodol, Chonyid Bardo or Tibetan Book of the Dead.

Sikhin

A Buddhist god of medicine. One of the sMan-bla. Also called Sikhin.

Sinhanada

A Buddhist god of medicine. An aspect of Avalokiteshvara. One of the sMan-bla. Occasionally referred to as Sinhanada.

Sipe Gialmo

A Bon mother-goddess. She is depicted with three eyes and six arms, riding a red mule. Occasionally known as Sipe Gialmo, Sipe Gyalmo or Sipe Gyalmo.

Sitatara

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sKui-i-rgyal-po

One of the Panchmaharajas. King of the body. He is depicted riding a white lion. In some accounts, referred to as sKui-i-rgyal-po.

sMan Bla

(one of the) Buddhas of medicine. At times, known as sMan Bla.

Song-t'sen Gam-po

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sPyan-ras-gzigs

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Sri

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srin

Early inhabitants of Tibet. These beings, armed with catapults and slings, were the precursors of the human race. Next came the lha. Occasionally referred to as srin.

Srin-po

A class of deity: ghouls: vampires. On occassion, identified as Srin-po.

srungma

A group of Bon deities assimilated into the Buddhist pantheon. At times, referred to as srungma.

sTang-lha

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Sung-ta

A horoscope used in fortune-telling. Also called Sung-ta.

Suparikirtitanamasri

A Buddhist god of medicine. One of the sMan-Bla. At times, referred to as Suparikirtitanamasri.

Svaraghosaraja

A Buddhist god of medicine. One of the sMan-Bla. In some accounts, referred to as Svaraghosaraja.

Tam-chhen

A demon. Identified as Tam-chhen.

Tamdrin Dorje

A Bon guardian god. Occasionally identified as Tamdrin Dorje.

Tamjin

A horse-faced demon. Husband of Dorje, some say. In some accounts, referred to as Tamjin.

Tan-gyur

Commentaries on the Kah-gyur. On occassion, referred to as Tan-gyur.

Tan-ma

12 furies, ruled by Ekagata, riding. Wild animals. Sometimes identified as Tan-ma, bStan-ma or bStan-ma.

Tanjur

A sacred book. Occasionally identified as Tanjur, Tan-gur, Tan-gur, Kanjur, Kanjur or Kah-gyur.

Tashi Toeringma

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Teli

A Lamaist sorcerer. In some references, referred to as Teli.

Thab-Iha

A Bon hearth-god. Occasionally known as Thab-Iha.

Thinggishatsangma

One of the Five Long Life Sisters. Also commonly referred to as Thinggishatsangma.

Tin-le-gyal-po

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Tsan-rgyal

A demon king. Also commonly identified as Tsan-rgyal, bStan-rgyal, bStan-rgyal, Tsen-gyal or Tsen-gyal.

Tse-ring Chhe-nga

5 sisters, of Mount Everest. They are depicted in flowing robes and holding various fertility symbols. Sometimes identified as Tse-ring Chhe-nga.

Tshe-gon

The Buddhist lord of life. Occasionally referred to as Tshe-gon, Tse-mgon or Tse-mgon.

Tshog-shing

A family tree of the gods in order of rank. Also identified as Tshog-shing.

Tsong-kha-po

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Tsun-gyi-rgyal-po

One of the Panchamaharajas. King of accomplishments or magic. He rides a white elephant. Occasionally identified as Tsun-gyi-rgyal-po, Thok-chho, Thok-chho, Thahog-chos-rgyal-po, Thok Chho or Thok Chho.

Tulku

The physical body conjured up by a Buddha or a bodhisattva: a phantom. In some accounts, called Tulku, Trulku, Trulku, Rimpoche, Rimpoche or Guru Rimpoche.

Udhili

A Lamaist sorcerer. He was tutored by Karnari and was reputed to be able to fly. Identified as Udhili.

Vyali

A Lamaist sorcerer. Sometimes known as Vyali.

Wang-chug-mas

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Weng Cheng

The original name of White Tara. In some accounts, referred to as Weng Cheng.

Yab

The Buddhist male principle: eternity. Occasionally called Yab, Chinese Yang, Chinese Yang, In, Yang, Japanese In, Japanese In, Yang or Yang.

Yab-Yum

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Yama

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Yeces mGon-po

A Buddhist guardian of knowledge. An aspect of Mahakala. Also commonly identified as Yeces mGon-po, Mahakala, Mahakala, Tibetan Gon-Po Nag-Po or Mgon-po.

Yog-klu

The underworld, ruled by Icogpo, in the world gLing. Sometimes known as Yog-klu.

Yogambara

A Buddhist god. An aspect of Vajradhara. Consort of Digambara. In some accounts, referred to as Yogambara.

Yon-tan-rgyal-po

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Yul-khor-srung

The Tibetan name for Dhritarashtra. (Dhartarashthra) as guardian of the east. In some accounts, called Yul-khor-srung, Dhartarashthra, Dhartarashthra, Dhr(i)taras(h)tra, Chinese Ch'ih Kuo, Japanese Jikoku, Javanese Dresterata, Taoist Mo-li Ch'ing, Tibetan Dri-za, Yul-khor-bsrun or Yul-khor-bsrun.

Yul-lha

Local gods, of which there are 8. Classes. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Yul-lha.

Yum

The Buddhist female principle: time. At times, referred to as Yum, Chinese Yin, Chinese Yin, In-Yo, Um, Yo, Japanese Yo, Japanese Yo or Yin.

yun-drun

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Zampu

The Tree of Life which grows on the sacred mountain, Himavan. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Zampu, Hindu Jambu, Hindu Jambu, Jambutri Shring, Zambu, Siberian Zambu, Siberian Zambu or Jambu.

Zhang Thung

A mythical land. The realm was said to be the home of Shenrab Miwo. Also known as Zhang Thung.
Tibetan Mythology