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Tibetan Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters
Abominable Snowmanread more »
AdidharmaA primaeval Buddhist goddess. Occasionally called Adidharma, Adhidharma, Adhidharma, adidharma, adhidharma or adhidharma.
AkasagarbhaA Buddhist sky-god. The twelfth bodhisattva. Also referred to as Akasagarbha, Akasha, Akasha, Khagarbha, Khagarbha, Japanese Kokuzo or Japanese Kokuzo.
Amoghasiddhiread more »
apsarasread more »
BalanchoOne of the Five Lands. This realm was the home of giants who lived for over 500 years, herding cattle. In some lore, occasionally called Balancho, Balang Cho or Balang Cho.
Bardol ThodolA group of Buddhist goddesses. This group is made up of four Doorkeepers, eight Htamenmas, eight Kerimas and twenty-eight Wangchug- mas. Occasionally called Bardol Thodol.
bDudForest-dwelling demons. These beings, armed with axes, were early precursors of the human race. Next came the Srin. Sometimes identified as bDud.
Beg-TseA Buddhist and Lamaist war-god. One of 8 dharmapalas. In some references, identified as Beg-Tse, Cam-srin, Cam-srin, Begze Sunen, Hindu Karttikeya, Sanskrit Beg-Tse, Mongolian Begze Sunen or Mongolian Begze Sunen.
Bhaishajyaread more »
Bhrkuti Tararead more »
Biharread more »
bKur-dmam-rgyalmoConsort of dBangpo-rygabzhin. Mother of Dongrub, Donldan and Donyod. In some lore, occasionally identified as bKur-dmam-rgyalmo.
Black Miseryread more »
BonA form of shamanistic nature. Worship, the pre-Buddhist religion of Tibet. Occasionally identified as Bon.
Brug Maread more »
bTsanDemons of the air. These beings are said to ride red horses and use bows and arrows to kill lone travellers. Also known as bTsan, bCan or bCan.
Cam-srinA Buddhist god of war. In some references, identified as Cam-srin, Beg-Tse, Beg-Tse, Mongolian Begze Sunen, Begze Sunen, Begze Sunen, Tibetan Beg-Tse, Hindu Karttikeya, Hindu Karttikeya, Sanskrit Beg-Tse or Sanskrit Beg-Tse.
ch'o-jeA group of sorcerers regarded as incarnations of fiends. In some lore, occasionally identified as ch'o-je, ch'o-kyon or ch'o-kyon.
Charpatiread more »
ChikhaA period of after death transition. Sometimes called Chikha, Cihuacoatl, Cihuacoatl, Ciuacoatl, Ciuateotl, Serpent Woman, Snake Woman, Ilamatecuhtli, Temazcalteci, Teteoinnan, Tona(n)tzin, Chikha Bardo, Chikha Bardo, Bardo or Bardo.
Chonyid BardoA 14-day transitional after-death. Period during which visions. Occur. Also called Chonyid Bardo, Bardo Thodol, Bardo Thodol, Sidpa Bardo or Tibetan Book of the Dead.
chortenA funeral monument. Such monuments are erected over the graves of lamas, saints, etc. and models are sold as amulets. Also known as chorten, mch'od-r-ten or mch'od-r-ten.
Chos-rgyal Phyi-sgrubA god of the dead. Occasionally referred to as Chos-rgyal Phyi-sgrub, Sanskrit Yama or Sanskrit Yama.
Chos-Skyonread more »
CundaA Buddhist goddess, literature deified. An aspect of Vairocana. At times, identified as Cunda, Candra, Candra, Chandra, Cunti, Cunti, Vairocana, Vairocana, Brahma, Mahavairocana, Mahavairochana, Vairochana, Grahamatrika, Kun-Rig, Mahasahapramardani, Mahavairoc(h)ana, Samantabhadra, Sitapatra, Sitatara, Usnisavijaya, Hindu Brahma or Japanese Dainichi.
Daread more »
da-charead more »
Dalai Lamaread more »
Dam-c'an-rdo-rje-legs-paChief of the demons, overcome by Padmasambhare. In some references, identified as Dam-c'an-rdo-rje-legs-pa, Dam-chen-dorje-le-pa-dor-le or Dam-chen-dorje-le-pa-dor-le.
dBan-mgonThe Buddhist lord of the night. On occassion, called dBan-mgon, Wang-gon, Wang-gon, wang-gon or wang-gon.
dBangpo-rgyabzhinRuler of the gLing-chos heaven, sTang-lha. Consort of bKur-dman-rgyalmo. Father of Dongrub, Donldan and Donyod. Occasionally called dBangpo-rgyabzhin.
dGra-lharead more »
DhupaA Buddhist-Lamaist mother goddess. One of the astamataras. Also referred to as Dhupa, bDug-spos-ma or bDug-spos-ma.
Digambararead more »
dMu-rgyalEarly ancestors of the race. These were the first beings to employ ritual and magic. They were followed by the 'dre. Sometimes identified as dMu-rgyal.
Dongrubread more »
DonldanSon of dBangpo-rgyabzhin and bKur-dman-rgyalmo. Brother of Dongrub and Donyod. In some accounts, referred to as Donldan.
DonyodSon of dBangpo-rgyabzhin and bKur-dman-rgyalmo. Brother of Dongrub and Donldan. Also known as Donyod.
DoorkeepersA group of 4 Buddhist goddesses, part of the Bardo group. Also identified as Doorkeepers.
Dorjeread more »
Dra MinyanOne of the Five Lands. This realm was regarded as the home of the dead. Referred to as Dra Minyan.
Drag-gshedread more »
'dreEarly ancestors of the race. These people abandoned the great forests to live on bare mountain slopes. Next came the Ma-sang. Sometimes referred to as 'dre.
drilbuA prayer bell. The lamas use this bell to drive away evil spirits and attract good ones. Sometimes referred to as drilbu.
DrugA god. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Drug, Druj, Druj, Angra Mainya, Drauga, Drug, Drugh, Durugh or 'deceit'.
DzamoOne of the Five Lands. This was said to be the land of the living. Also commonly known as Dzamo.
Eight Glorious Symbolsread more »
Five Landsread more »
Five Sisters of Long LifeSister-goddesses of the Himalayas. In some references, known as Five Sisters of Long Life, Sisters of Long Life, Sisters of Long Life, Long Life Sisters, Miyolangsangma, Miyolangsangma, Tashi Tseringma or Tashi Tseringma.
Ge-lug-paA Buddhist sect worshipping. Vajradhara, founded by Atisa. Occasionally called Ge-lug-pa, Ka-dam-pa or Ka-dam-pa.
Gesarread more »
Gesar Sagaread more »
ghan-po slob-rgyasA form of prayer-flag. Occasionally called ghan-po slob-rgyas, da-cha, da-cha, cho-pen, dar-Ich'og, gLan-po stob-rgyas, gyal-tsan dsemo, lung-rta or dar-lch'og.
gLan-po stob-rgyasA form of prayer-flag. In some accounts, known as gLan-po stob-rgyas, da-cha, da-cha, cho-pen, dar-Ich'og, ghan-po slob-rgyas, gyal-tsan dsemo, lung-rta or dar-lch'og.
gLing-chosread more »
gNanEvil spirits which live in rocks, water or trees and bring disease. Also identified as gNan, gNyan or gNyan.
gnod-sbyinBlack demons. These beings, armed with bows and arrows, were precursors of the human race. Next came the bdud. Occasionally identified as gnod-sbyin.
GomboA leader of the demons. He is regarded as a manifestation of Shiva. Occasionally referred to as Gombo.
'gong-po'Early ancestors: miracle-workers. Occasionally known as 'gong-po', klu-rgyal-po or klu-rgyal-po.
Gri-gumread more »
gShen-Lha-Odkharread more »
gShen-RabsThe supreme god in the Bon pantheon. In some references, referred to as gShen-Rabs, gShen-Rap, gShen-Rap, Mi Bo, Mi Bo, Mi-bo or Mi-bo.
gShin-rjeThe Tibetan name for Yama as one of the Drag-gshed. Sometimes identified as gShin-rje, Yama, Yama, Yama, Universal King, Chinese Yen-lo (Wang), Yen Wang, Tibetan Chos-rgyal, Phyi-sgrub, Emma-O or Ten Yama Kings.
gShin-rje gsedThe Tibetan name for Yamantaka as one of the Drag-gshed. Also known as gShin-rje gsed.
gSun-gi-rgyal poKing of speech. One of the Panchmaharajas. Sometimes referred to as gSun-gi-rgyal po, Sung-gi-gral-po, Sung-gi-gral-po, Klu-dban, Klu-dban, Lu Vang or Sun-gi-rgyal-po.
Gur-Gyi Mgon-PoA Buddhist god of tents. A form of Mahakala. Sometimes identified as Gur-Gyi Mgon-Po.
gyal-tsan dsemoA form of prayer-flag. Occasionally referred to as gyal-tsan dsemo, da-cha, da-cha, cho-pen, dar-Ich'og, ghan-po slob-rgyas, gLan-po stob-rgyas, lung-rta or dar-lch'og.
Himavanread more »
Hod-srumThe Tibetan name for Kashyapa the manushibuddha. On occassion, known as Hod-srum, O-Sung, O-Sung, Kashyapa or Hod-srun.
HtamenmasA group of 8 goddesses. These beings, shown as holding corpses and skeletons, are also depicted as having the heads of animals or birds. Also called Htamenmas, Pharmen-ma, Pharmen-ma or Htamenamas.
Jambutri Shringread more »
K'an-poHead of a monastery, said to be in direct communication with the saints. Sometimes called K'an-po, K'an-mo, K'an-mo, femaleK'an-mo or femaleK'an-mo.
Kah-gyurread more »
Kanchenjunga5 brothers who became the spirits of sacred mountains. Sometimes identified as Kanchenjunga.
Kapalikaread more »
kerimasread more »
Khen-MaA Buddhist goddess controlling earthly demons. She is depicted with eight wrinkles in her face and riding a ram. Sometimes identified as Khen-Ma, Khon-Ma or Khon-Ma.
Khen-PaA Buddhist god controlling heavenly demons. He is depicted with white hair and riding a white dog. In some accounts, identified as Khen-Pa.
Khumbu'i YulhaPatron deity of the sherpas. This deity lives on the Himalayan peak Khumbila. In some accounts, called Khumbu'i Yulha, Home God of the Khumbu or Home God of the Khumbu.
KhyungWinged deities of the Bon. In some references, referred to as Khyung, Hindu Garuda, Hindu Garuda, Khyung-Gai mGo-Can or Kruth.
Khyung-Gai mGo-CanA local Buddhist god, leader of the Khyung. Occasionally known as Khyung-Gai mGo-Can, Hindu Garuda, Hindu Garuda, Khyung or Kruth.
King HorA king who abducted Brug Ma. She was rescued from his clutches by Gesai whom she married. On occassion, identified as King Hor, Hor, Hor or Hor Nubuti.
Klu-dbanread more »
KukkuriA disciple of the Buddha who converted a number of Lamaist. Sorcerers. Also known as Kukkuri, Krishnachari or Krishnachari.
Kumariread more »
Kun-RigA form of Vairocana with 4 heads. Also called Kun-Rig, Vairocana, Vairocana, Brahma, Mahavairocana, Mahavairochana, Vairochana, Cunda, Grahamatrika, Mahasahapramardani, Mahavairoc(h)ana, Samantabhadra, Sitapatra, Sitatara, Usnisavijaya, Hindu Brahma or Japanese Dainichi.
Kuntu bXan PoThe creator god of the Bon pantheon. Also known as Kuntu bXan Po, Kun-tu-bzan-Po, Kun-tu-bzan-Po, Buddhist Samantabhadra, Buddhist Samantabhadra, Fugen, P'u Hsien, Taoist P'u Hsien, Taoist P'u Hsien, Japanese Fugen, Japanese Fugen, P'u Hsien or Samantabhadra.
ladniA female yeti. Also commonly known as ladni, abominable snowman, abominable snowman, kang-mi, Meti, Mi Go, Mirka, shukpa, sogpu, temu, yeti, meti, mi-go, mirka, temu or femladni.
LakshmikaraA Lamaist sorceress. Daughter of Indrabhuti. In some lore, occasionally known as Lakshmikara.
lamaA senior monk. Occasionally called lama, Inara, Inara, Inar, Inaras, Innara, Lama, Inar(as) or Lama.
Lamaismread more »
Lharead more »
lharead more »
Lha-K'aread more »
lha-thoShrines erected to the lha, regarded as the home of these spirits. Occasionally referred to as lha-tho.
Lha-tho-tho-riread more »
Living BuddhaThe Dalai Lama. In some lore, occasionally identified as Living Buddha, Dalai Lama, Dalai Lama or Grand Lama.
Lo-gNamread more »
Lo Phagread more »
Long-Life Sistersread more »
LuipaA Lamaist sorcerer. One of the Mahasiddhas. He is depicted seated, holding a skull cap and with a rope round his body. Sometimes referred to as Luipa, Minanatha, Minanatha, Lohipada, Luipa or Matsyendra.
lung-rtaA form of prayer-flag. In some references, known as lung-rta, da-cha, da-cha, cho-pen, dar-Ich'og, ghan-po slob-rgyas, gLan-po stob-rgyas, gyal-tsan dsemo or dar-lch'og.
Ma-moFemale demons. These black she-devils are reputed to be the cause of disease. At times, called Ma-mo.
Ma-p'am-paThe Tibetan version of Asita. Occasionally known as Ma-p'am-pa, Me-phem-pa or Me-phem-pa.
Ma-sangread more »
Machi-pal Lha-moA Buddhist goddess. Chief of the Long-Life Sisters, some say. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Machi-pal Lha-mo, Sri, Sri, dPan-idan Lhamo, Lho-Mo, (dpal-iden) Lha Mo, Lhamo, Shri, Shru or Sridevi.
MahacinataraA Buddhist goddess. An aspect of Akshobhya. Also called Mahacinatara, Ekajata, Ekajata, Akajata, Blue Tara, Tara, Tibetan Ral-cgig-ma, Tara, Tara, Kuan Yin, Queen of Heaven, Queen of Knowledge, Tarini, Arya-Tara, Bhrkuti-Tara, Dhanada, Janguli, Jayatara, Padmatara, Pandaravasini, Parnassavari, Prajna(paramita), Sitatara, Sukla-Tara, Syamatara, Vajratara, Vasya-Tara, Vidjyarajni, Chinese Kuan Yin, Tibetan Dolma, sGrol-ma, Green Tara, Red Tara, Tara Amba or White Tara.
MahamayaOne of the Yi-dam. Sometimes called Mahamaya, Maya, Maya, Mahamaya, Maya Bunin, Mayadevi, Maia, Maya-Bunin, Tara or Hindu Lakshmi.
Mahapancharajaread more »
ManibhadraA Lamaist sorceress. She was said to be able to fly like a bird. At times, referred to as Manibhadra, Manivara, Manivara or Manibhadra.
Milareparead more »
MinanathaThe name for Matsyendra in Tibet. Sometimes referred to as Minanatha, Lohipada, Lohipada, Luipa, Luipa, Matsyendra, Matsyendra, Matsyendranatha, Matysendranatha, Nepalese Avolokiteshvara or Tibetan Luipa.
Miyolangsangmaread more »
Miyulread more »
Na-ch'unread more »
Nach-unAn incarnation of Bi-har acting. As oracle and sorcerer to the government. Occasionally known as Nach-un, Bihar, Bihar, Bi-har, Pe-har, Pe-kar, Pehar, Pekar, Pelear, Tin-le-gyal-po, Yon-tan-rgyal-po or Tin-legyal-po.
Nag-paA sorcerer. These men wear tall conical hats, a sash of bones and a magical mirror on the chest, engaging demons in battle. In some lore, occasionally identified as Nag-pa.
Nagarjunaread more »
Nan-lharead more »
NrtyaA Buddhist mother-goddess. One of the astamataras. She is depicted as green with two or four arms. Also commonly identified as Nrtya, Gar-ma, Gar-ma, Tibetan Gar-ma or Tibetan Gar-ma.
P'yag-na-rdo-rjeThe Tibetan name for Vajrapani. In some lore, occasionally called P'yag-na-rdo-rje.
Pan Chhan Rin-po ChheThe first Tashi Lama, deified as an incarnation of Amitabha. Also commonly called Pan Chhan Rin-po Chhe.
PanahaA Lamaist sorcerer. He owned a pair of magic shoes which could transport him rapidly to wherever he wished to go. Also commonly called Panaha.
Panchen LamaThe second senior leader of Tibetan Buddhists. He is regarded as an incarnation of Amitabha. In some references, identified as Panchen Lama, Tashi Lama or Tashi Lama.
Pe-karA fiend. Patron of sorcerers. Sometimes referred to as Pe-kar, Bihar, Bihar, Bi-har, Pe-har, Pehar, Pekar, Pelear, Tin-le-gyal-po, Yon-tan-rgyal-po, Tin-legyal-po or Nach-un.
Phags-skyes-poThe Tibetan name for Virudhaka as guardian of the south. In some accounts, identified as Phags-skyes-po.
phurburead more »
Phyi-SgrubA Lamaist god. A form of Yama. In some lore, occasionally known as Phyi-Sgrub, Yama, Yama, Yama, Universal King, Chinese Yen-lo (Wang), Yen Wang, Tibetan Chos-rgyal, gShin-rje, Phyi-sgrub, Emma-O or Ten Yama Kings.
PukkasiA terrible Lamaist goddess. One of the gauri. Occasionally called Pukkasi, Parna-Savari, Parna-Savari, Parnasabari, Parnassavari, Pishashas or TibetanLo-ma-gyon-ma.
PutaliA Lamaist sorcerer. He used his powers to change a painting that showed a demon trampling a god underfoot so that their positions were reversed. Called Putali.
Radianceread more »
RatnasambhavaA Lamaist tutelary god. Identified as Ratnasambhava, Ratnaheruka, Ratnaheruka or Ratnasambhava.
Red Devil TigerA demon with the head of a horse on a human body. Also commonly called Red Devil Tiger, Red Tiger Devil or Red Tiger Devil.
Red TaraKurukulla as an aspect of Tara. Wife of Kamadeva. In some accounts she is equated with Rati. Occasionally referred to as Red Tara, Kurukulla, Kurukulla, Hindu Rati, Astabhuja-Kurukulla, Tara, Tara, Kuan Yin, Queen of Heaven, Queen of Knowledge, Tarini, Arya-Tara, Bhrkuti-Tara, Dhanada, Ekajata, Janguli, Jayatara, Mahacinatara, Padmatara, Pandaravasini, Parnassavari, Prajna(paramita), Sitatara, Sukla-Tara, Syamatara, Vajratara, Vasya-Tara, Vidjyarajni, Chinese Kuan Yin, Tibetan Dolma, sGrol-ma, Blue Tara, Green Tara, Tara Amba or White Tara.
Red Tiger DevilA Bon deity. At times, identified as Red Tiger Devil, Red Devil Tiger or Red Devil Tiger.
rGyal-poEarly ancestors of the race: miracle. Workers: fiend-kings. Occasionally called rGyal-po, klu, klu, 'gong-po or rgyal-po.
RimpocheA title given to a tulku. In some references, identified as Rimpoche, Guru Rimpoche, Guru Rimpoche, Tulku, Tulku or Trulku.
RinpochheA name for Padmasambhava in Tibet. Rimpoche) On occassion, referred to as Rinpochhe, Lo-pon, Lo-pon, Padmasambhava, Padmasambhava, Tibetan Lopon, sLobdpon, sLob-dpon, sLob-dpon, Lopon, Lopon, (Guru or (Guru.
rTa-mgrinA Lamaist deity. One of the Drag-gshed. A name for Hayagriva. In some lore, occasionally known as rTa-mgrin, Tandim, Tandim, Hayagriva, Hayagriva or rTa-mgrim.
Sa-bdagA spirit of the soil or fresh water. Guardian of the house or the temple. In some accounts, known as Sa-bdag.
SadaksariAn aspect of Avalokiteshvara. This form of the bodhisattva is said to incarnate in each Dalai Lama. Occasionally known as Sadaksari, Sadaksari Lokesvara or Sadaksari Lokesvara.
Samvararead more »
San Duiread more »
Sarada DeviA Buddhist-Lamaist fertility-goddess and goddess of autumn and vegetation. An attendant of Sridevi. In some lore, occasionally called Sarada Devi.
Savariread more »
Shenrab Miworead more »
Shinje-chho-gyalread more »
Sidpa BardoAn after-death period, seeking rebirth. Also known as Sidpa Bardo, Bardo Thodol, Bardo Thodol, Chonyid Bardo or Tibetan Book of the Dead.
SinhanadaA Buddhist god of medicine. An aspect of Avalokiteshvara. One of the sMan-bla. Sometimes known as Sinhanada.
Sipe GialmoA Bon mother-goddess. She is depicted with three eyes and six arms, riding a red mule. Also called Sipe Gialmo, Sipe Gyalmo or Sipe Gyalmo.
Sitatararead more »
sKui-i-rgyal-poOne of the Panchmaharajas. King of the body. He is depicted riding a white lion. Also referred to as sKui-i-rgyal-po.
Song-t'sen Gam-poread more »
sPyan-ras-gzigsread more »
Sriread more »
srinEarly inhabitants of Tibet. These beings, armed with catapults and slings, were the precursors of the human race. Next came the lha. In some accounts, known as srin.
sTang-lharead more »
SuparikirtitanamasriA Buddhist god of medicine. One of the sMan-Bla. Also known as Suparikirtitanamasri.
Tan-ma12 furies, ruled by Ekagata, riding. Wild animals. Also commonly called Tan-ma, bStan-ma or bStan-ma.
Tashi Toeringmaread more »
Tin-le-gyal-poread more »
Tsan-rgyalA demon king. Referred to as Tsan-rgyal, bStan-rgyal, bStan-rgyal, Tsen-gyal or Tsen-gyal.
Tse-ring Chhe-nga5 sisters, of Mount Everest. They are depicted in flowing robes and holding various fertility symbols. In some accounts, known as Tse-ring Chhe-nga.
Tsong-kha-poread more »
Tsun-gyi-rgyal-poOne of the Panchamaharajas. King of accomplishments or magic. He rides a white elephant. Also identified as Tsun-gyi-rgyal-po, Thok-chho, Thok-chho, Thahog-chos-rgyal-po, Thok Chho or Thok Chho.
TulkuThe physical body conjured up by a Buddha or a bodhisattva: a phantom. Also called Tulku, Trulku, Trulku, Rimpoche, Rimpoche or Guru Rimpoche.
UdhiliA Lamaist sorcerer. He was tutored by Karnari and was reputed to be able to fly. At times, called Udhili.
Wang-chug-masread more »
YabThe Buddhist male principle: eternity. Also known as Yab, Chinese Yang, Chinese Yang, In, Yang, Japanese In, Japanese In, Yang or Yang.
Yab-Yumread more »
Yamaread more »
Yeces mGon-poA Buddhist guardian of knowledge. An aspect of Mahakala. Also commonly called Yeces mGon-po, Mahakala, Mahakala, Tibetan Gon-Po Nag-Po or Mgon-po.
YogambaraA Buddhist god. An aspect of Vajradhara. Consort of Digambara. In some references, identified as Yogambara.
Yon-tan-rgyal-poread more »
Yul-khor-srungThe Tibetan name for Dhritarashtra. (Dhartarashthra) as guardian of the east. On occassion, identified as Yul-khor-srung, Dhartarashthra, Dhartarashthra, Dhr(i)taras(h)tra, Chinese Ch'ih Kuo, Japanese Jikoku, Javanese Dresterata, Taoist Mo-li Ch'ing, Tibetan Dri-za, Yul-khor-bsrun or Yul-khor-bsrun.
YumThe Buddhist female principle: time. Identified as Yum, Chinese Yin, Chinese Yin, In-Yo, Um, Yo, Japanese Yo, Japanese Yo or Yin.
yun-drunread more »
ZampuThe Tree of Life which grows on the sacred mountain, Himavan. Also commonly identified as Zampu, Hindu Jambu, Hindu Jambu, Jambutri Shring, Zambu, Siberian Zambu, Siberian Zambu or Jambu.