Tibetan Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abhijnaraja

A Buddhist physician-god. He is depicted with long ear lobes. On occassion, identified as Abhijnaraja.

Abominable Snowman

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Adidharma

A primaeval Buddhist goddess. Occasionally called Adidharma, Adhidharma, Adhidharma, adidharma, adhidharma or adhidharma.

Akasagarbha

A Buddhist sky-god. The twelfth bodhisattva. Also referred to as Akasagarbha, Akasha, Akasha, Khagarbha, Khagarbha, Japanese Kokuzo or Japanese Kokuzo.

Amoghasiddhi

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Anangopa

A Lamaist sorcerer. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Anangopa.

apsaras

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Asokottamasri

A Buddhist god of medicine. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Asokottamasri.

Balancho

One of the Five Lands. This realm was the home of giants who lived for over 500 years, herding cattle. In some lore, occasionally called Balancho, Balang Cho or Balang Cho.

Bardol Thodol

A group of Buddhist goddesses. This group is made up of four Doorkeepers, eight Htamenmas, eight Kerimas and twenty-eight Wangchug- mas. Occasionally called Bardol Thodol.

bDud

Forest-dwelling demons. These beings, armed with axes, were early precursors of the human race. Next came the Srin. Sometimes identified as bDud.

bDul Nygal

King of the demons. Also known as bDul Nygal.

Beg-Tse

A Buddhist and Lamaist war-god. One of 8 dharmapalas. In some references, identified as Beg-Tse, Cam-srin, Cam-srin, Begze Sunen, Hindu Karttikeya, Sanskrit Beg-Tse, Mongolian Begze Sunen or Mongolian Begze Sunen.

Bhaishajya

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Bhikshana

A Lamaist sorcerer. Occasionally referred to as Bhikshana.

Bhrkuti Tara

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Bihar

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bKur-dmam-rgyalmo

Consort of dBangpo-rygabzhin. Mother of Dongrub, Donldan and Donyod. In some lore, occasionally identified as bKur-dmam-rgyalmo.

Black Misery

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Bon

A form of shamanistic nature. Worship, the pre-Buddhist religion of Tibet. Occasionally identified as Bon.

Bon Po

Buddhists priests still practising. Shamanistic magic. Also identified as Bon Po.

Bowa

Demons said to dance round the spirits of the dead. In some accounts, identified as Bowa.

Brug Ma

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bTsan

Demons of the air. These beings are said to ride red horses and use bows and arrows to kill lone travellers. Also known as bTsan, bCan or bCan.

bTsan-po

The king, regarded as the ruler of the bTsan. On occassion, known as bTsan-po.

Cam-srin

A Buddhist god of war. In some references, identified as Cam-srin, Beg-Tse, Beg-Tse, Mongolian Begze Sunen, Begze Sunen, Begze Sunen, Tibetan Beg-Tse, Hindu Karttikeya, Hindu Karttikeya, Sanskrit Beg-Tse or Sanskrit Beg-Tse.

Candali

A Buddhist-Lamaist goddess. One of 8 gauris. On occassion, identified as Candali.

Cauri

A Buddhist-Lamaist goddess. One of 8 gauris. In some references, known as Cauri.

ch'o-je

A group of sorcerers regarded as incarnations of fiends. In some lore, occasionally identified as ch'o-je, ch'o-kyon or ch'o-kyon.

Chak-dor-den-pa

The second of the celestial bodhisattvas. Also known as Chak-dor-den-pa.

Champaka

A Lamaist sorcerer. Also called Champaka.

Charpati

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Chikha

A period of after death transition. Sometimes called Chikha, Cihuacoatl, Cihuacoatl, Ciuacoatl, Ciuateotl, Serpent Woman, Snake Woman, Ilamatecuhtli, Temazcalteci, Teteoinnan, Tona(n)tzin, Chikha Bardo, Chikha Bardo, Bardo or Bardo.

Chonyid Bardo

A 14-day transitional after-death. Period during which visions. Occur. Also called Chonyid Bardo, Bardo Thodol, Bardo Thodol, Sidpa Bardo or Tibetan Book of the Dead.

chorten

A funeral monument. Such monuments are erected over the graves of lamas, saints, etc. and models are sold as amulets. Also known as chorten, mch'od-r-ten or mch'od-r-ten.

Chos-rgyal Phyi-sgrub

A god of the dead. Occasionally referred to as Chos-rgyal Phyi-sgrub, Sanskrit Yama or Sanskrit Yama.

Chos-Skyon

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Cunda

A Buddhist goddess, literature deified. An aspect of Vairocana. At times, identified as Cunda, Candra, Candra, Chandra, Cunti, Cunti, Vairocana, Vairocana, Brahma, Mahavairocana, Mahavairochana, Vairochana, Grahamatrika, Kun-Rig, Mahasahapramardani, Mahavairoc(h)ana, Samantabhadra, Sitapatra, Sitatara, Usnisavijaya, Hindu Brahma or Japanese Dainichi.

Da

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da-cha

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dah-dar

A divining arrow used by sorcerers. Also identified as dah-dar.

Dalai Lama

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Dam-c'an-rdo-rje-legs-pa

Chief of the demons, overcome by Padmasambhare. In some references, identified as Dam-c'an-rdo-rje-legs-pa, Dam-chen-dorje-le-pa-dor-le or Dam-chen-dorje-le-pa-dor-le.

dar-dar

An arrow used in demon-worship. In some accounts, referred to as dar-dar.

Darika

A Lamaist sorcerer. He was said to be able to fly like a bird. Occasionally known as Darika.

dBan-mgon

The Buddhist lord of the night. On occassion, called dBan-mgon, Wang-gon, Wang-gon, wang-gon or wang-gon.

dBangpo-rgyabzhin

Ruler of the gLing-chos heaven, sTang-lha. Consort of bKur-dman-rgyalmo. Father of Dongrub, Donldan and Donyod. Occasionally called dBangpo-rgyabzhin.

dGra-lha

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dGun-ayi-rgyal-mo

The Tibetan version of the Buddhist Hamantadevi. Also called dGun-ayi-rgyal-mo.

Dharmakirtisagaraghosa

Also referred to as Dharmakirtisagaraghosa.

Dhupa

A Buddhist-Lamaist mother goddess. One of the astamataras. Also referred to as Dhupa, bDug-spos-ma or bDug-spos-ma.

Digambara

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Dinsangma

One of the 5 Long-Life Sisters. On occassion, called Dinsangma.

dMu

Demons. On occassion, referred to as dMu, Lha, Lha, Hindu Deva, rMu, rMu, lha or lha.

dMu-bDud Kam-Po Sa-Zan

A Bon sky god. At times, identified as dMu-bDud Kam-Po Sa-Zan.

dMu-rgyal

Early ancestors of the race. These were the first beings to employ ritual and magic. They were followed by the 'dre. Sometimes identified as dMu-rgyal.

Dmyal-wa

The Tibetan version of the Hindu. Hell, Naraka. Occasionally identified as Dmyal-wa.

Do-man

A collection of mystic writings used as a charm. Referred to as Do-man.

Dongrub

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Donldan

Son of dBangpo-rgyabzhin and bKur-dman-rgyalmo. Brother of Dongrub and Donyod. In some accounts, referred to as Donldan.

Donyod

Son of dBangpo-rgyabzhin and bKur-dman-rgyalmo. Brother of Dongrub and Donldan. Also known as Donyod.

Doorkeepers

A group of 4 Buddhist goddesses, part of the Bardo group. Also identified as Doorkeepers.

dor-le

A Buddhist demon. In some accounts, known as dor-le.

Dorje

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Dosangma

One of the 5 Long-Life Sisters. Occasionally known as Dosangma.

Dpe-dkar

A god. Identified as Dpe-dkar.

Dra Minyan

One of the Five Lands. This realm was regarded as the home of the dead. Referred to as Dra Minyan.

Drag-gshed

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'dre

Early ancestors of the race. These people abandoned the great forests to live on bare mountain slopes. Next came the Ma-sang. Sometimes referred to as 'dre.

Dri-chab-ma

The Tibetan name for Gandha. Sometimes known as Dri-chab-ma.

drilbu

A prayer bell. The lamas use this bell to drive away evil spirits and attract good ones. Sometimes referred to as drilbu.

Drug

A god. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Drug, Druj, Druj, Angra Mainya, Drauga, Drug, Drugh, Durugh or 'deceit'.

Dzamo

One of the Five Lands. This was said to be the land of the living. Also commonly known as Dzamo.

Eight Glorious Symbols

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Five Lands

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Five Sisters of Long Life

Sister-goddesses of the Himalayas. In some references, known as Five Sisters of Long Life, Sisters of Long Life, Sisters of Long Life, Long Life Sisters, Miyolangsangma, Miyolangsangma, Tashi Tseringma or Tashi Tseringma.

Ge-lug-pa

A Buddhist sect worshipping. Vajradhara, founded by Atisa. Occasionally called Ge-lug-pa, Ka-dam-pa or Ka-dam-pa.

gelong

A Buddhist monk. Occasionally known as gelong.

Gesar

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Gesar Saga

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ghan-po slob-rgyas

A form of prayer-flag. Occasionally called ghan-po slob-rgyas, da-cha, da-cha, cho-pen, dar-Ich'og, gLan-po stob-rgyas, gyal-tsan dsemo, lung-rta or dar-lch'og.

gLan-po stob-rgyas

A form of prayer-flag. In some accounts, known as gLan-po stob-rgyas, da-cha, da-cha, cho-pen, dar-Ich'og, ghan-po slob-rgyas, gyal-tsan dsemo, lung-rta or dar-lch'og.

gLing-chos

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gNan

Evil spirits which live in rocks, water or trees and bring disease. Also identified as gNan, gNyan or gNyan.

gnod-sbyin

Black demons. These beings, armed with bows and arrows, were precursors of the human race. Next came the bdud. Occasionally identified as gnod-sbyin.

Gombo

A leader of the demons. He is regarded as a manifestation of Shiva. Occasionally referred to as Gombo.

'gong-po'

Early ancestors: miracle-workers. Occasionally known as 'gong-po', klu-rgyal-po or klu-rgyal-po.

Gri-bdog

10 demons armed with knives. Known as Gri-bdog, Di-do, Di-do or Gri-bobg.

Gri-gum

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gSan Sgrub

A Bon god. He was merged with Yama in Lamaism. In some accounts, called gSan Sgrub.

gSang-ba

Bon deities. At times, referred to as gSang-ba.

gShen-Lha-Odkhar

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gShen-Rabs

The supreme god in the Bon pantheon. In some references, referred to as gShen-Rabs, gShen-Rap, gShen-Rap, Mi Bo, Mi Bo, Mi-bo or Mi-bo.

gShin-rje

The Tibetan name for Yama as one of the Drag-gshed. Sometimes identified as gShin-rje, Yama, Yama, Yama, Universal King, Chinese Yen-lo (Wang), Yen Wang, Tibetan Chos-rgyal, Phyi-sgrub, Emma-O or Ten Yama Kings.

gShin-rje gsed

The Tibetan name for Yamantaka as one of the Drag-gshed. Also known as gShin-rje gsed.

gSun-gi-rgyal po

King of speech. One of the Panchmaharajas. Sometimes referred to as gSun-gi-rgyal po, Sung-gi-gral-po, Sung-gi-gral-po, Klu-dban, Klu-dban, Lu Vang or Sun-gi-rgyal-po.

Gur-Gyi Mgon-Po

A Buddhist god of tents. A form of Mahakala. Sometimes identified as Gur-Gyi Mgon-Po.

Guru-kam-balu

A headless monk. Sometimes identified as Guru-kam-balu.

gyal-tsan dsemo

A form of prayer-flag. Occasionally referred to as gyal-tsan dsemo, da-cha, da-cha, cho-pen, dar-Ich'og, ghan-po slob-rgyas, gLan-po stob-rgyas, lung-rta or dar-lch'og.

Gyalin

King of the realm of demi-gods. Sometimes called Gyalin.

Himavan

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Hod-srum

The Tibetan name for Kashyapa the manushibuddha. On occassion, known as Hod-srum, O-Sung, O-Sung, Kashyapa or Hod-srun.

Htamenmas

A group of 8 goddesses. These beings, shown as holding corpses and skeletons, are also depicted as having the heads of animals or birds. Also called Htamenmas, Pharmen-ma, Pharmen-ma or Htamenamas.

Hwashan

A Chinese priest expelled from Tibet. By Padmasambhava. Occasionally identified as Hwashan.

Indrabhuti

A king. A Lamaist sorcerer. Father of Lashmikara. Sometimes referred to as Indrabhuti.

Jambutri Shring

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K'an-po

Head of a monastery, said to be in direct communication with the saints. Sometimes called K'an-po, K'an-mo, K'an-mo, femaleK'an-mo or femaleK'an-mo.

Kah-gyur

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Kalakala

A Lamaist sorcerer. Occasionally referred to as Kalakala.

Kanakha

A Lamaist sorceress. Sister of Kanakhala and Mekhala. On occassion, called Kanakha.

Kanakhala

A Lamaist sorcerer. Brother of Kanakha and Mekhala. Sometimes known as Kanakhala.

Kanchenjunga

5 brothers who became the spirits of sacred mountains. Sometimes identified as Kanchenjunga.

Kanta

A Lamaist sorcerer. Sometimes called Kanta, Kantali or Kantali.

Kapalika

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Karnari

A Lamaist sage. Sometimes identified as Karnari.

kerimas

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Khen-Ma

A Buddhist goddess controlling earthly demons. She is depicted with eight wrinkles in her face and riding a ram. Sometimes identified as Khen-Ma, Khon-Ma or Khon-Ma.

Khen-Pa

A Buddhist god controlling heavenly demons. He is depicted with white hair and riding a white dog. In some accounts, identified as Khen-Pa.

Khumbu'i Yulha

Patron deity of the sherpas. This deity lives on the Himalayan peak Khumbila. In some accounts, called Khumbu'i Yulha, Home God of the Khumbu or Home God of the Khumbu.

Khyung

Winged deities of the Bon. In some references, referred to as Khyung, Hindu Garuda, Hindu Garuda, Khyung-Gai mGo-Can or Kruth.

Khyung-Gai mGo-Can

A local Buddhist god, leader of the Khyung. Occasionally known as Khyung-Gai mGo-Can, Hindu Garuda, Hindu Garuda, Khyung or Kruth.

King Hor

A king who abducted Brug Ma. She was rescued from his clutches by Gesai whom she married. On occassion, identified as King Hor, Hor, Hor or Hor Nubuti.

Kirava

A king. A Lamaist sorcerer. In some lore, occasionally called Kirava.

klu

Ancestors of the race. Miracle-workers. Occasionally called klu.

Klu-dban

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Kokili

A king. A Lamaist sorcerer. Sometimes identified as Kokili.

Kor-wa-ji

The Tibetan name for Krakucchanda. In some accounts, identified as Kor-wa-ji.

Kukkuri

A disciple of the Buddha who converted a number of Lamaist. Sorcerers. Also known as Kukkuri, Krishnachari or Krishnachari.

Kumari

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Kun-Rig

A form of Vairocana with 4 heads. Also called Kun-Rig, Vairocana, Vairocana, Brahma, Mahavairocana, Mahavairochana, Vairochana, Cunda, Grahamatrika, Mahasahapramardani, Mahavairoc(h)ana, Samantabhadra, Sitapatra, Sitatara, Usnisavijaya, Hindu Brahma or Japanese Dainichi.

Kuntu bXan Po

The creator god of the Bon pantheon. Also known as Kuntu bXan Po, Kun-tu-bzan-Po, Kun-tu-bzan-Po, Buddhist Samantabhadra, Buddhist Samantabhadra, Fugen, P'u Hsien, Taoist P'u Hsien, Taoist P'u Hsien, Japanese Fugen, Japanese Fugen, P'u Hsien or Samantabhadra.

ladni

A female yeti. Also commonly known as ladni, abominable snowman, abominable snowman, kang-mi, Meti, Mi Go, Mirka, shukpa, sogpu, temu, yeti, meti, mi-go, mirka, temu or femladni.

Lakshmikara

A Lamaist sorceress. Daughter of Indrabhuti. In some lore, occasionally known as Lakshmikara.

Lam-bstan

The Tibetan version of Panthaka. Occasionally called Lam-bstan.

lama

A senior monk. Occasionally called lama, Inara, Inara, Inar, Inaras, Innara, Lama, Inar(as) or Lama.

Lamaism

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lCogpo

The ruler of the underworld, Yog-klu. Sometimes called lCogpo, lJogspo or lJogspo.

Lha

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lha

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Lha-K'a

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lha-so

The land of the gods: heaven. Occasionally referred to as lha-so.

lha-tho

Shrines erected to the lha, regarded as the home of these spirits. Occasionally referred to as lha-tho.

Lha-tho-tho-ri

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lhamayin

Demons or elementals. In some references, referred to as lhamayin.

Living Buddha

The Dalai Lama. In some lore, occasionally identified as Living Buddha, Dalai Lama, Dalai Lama or Grand Lama.

Lo-gNam

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Lo-ma-gyon-ma

The Tibetan version of Parna-Savari. Occasionally called Lo-ma-gyon-ma.

Lo Phag

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Lobsangma

One of the 5 Long-Life Sisters. Also commonly identified as Lobsangma.

Long-Life Sisters

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Luipa

A Lamaist sorcerer. One of the Mahasiddhas. He is depicted seated, holding a skull cap and with a rope round his body. Sometimes referred to as Luipa, Minanatha, Minanatha, Lohipada, Luipa or Matsyendra.

lung-rta

A form of prayer-flag. In some references, known as lung-rta, da-cha, da-cha, cho-pen, dar-Ich'og, ghan-po slob-rgyas, gLan-po stob-rgyas, gyal-tsan dsemo or dar-lch'og.

Ma-Bajan

Mother of 'Brug-ma'. At times, referred to as Ma-Bajan.

Ma-lha

A local god of longevity and good fortune. Identified as Ma-lha.

Ma-mo

Female demons. These black she-devils are reputed to be the cause of disease. At times, called Ma-mo.

Ma-p'am-pa

The Tibetan version of Asita. Occasionally known as Ma-p'am-pa, Me-phem-pa or Me-phem-pa.

Ma-sang

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Machi-pal Lha-mo

A Buddhist goddess. Chief of the Long-Life Sisters, some say. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Machi-pal Lha-mo, Sri, Sri, dPan-idan Lhamo, Lho-Mo, (dpal-iden) Lha Mo, Lhamo, Shri, Shru or Sridevi.

Mahacinatara

A Buddhist goddess. An aspect of Akshobhya. Also called Mahacinatara, Ekajata, Ekajata, Akajata, Blue Tara, Tara, Tibetan Ral-cgig-ma, Tara, Tara, Kuan Yin, Queen of Heaven, Queen of Knowledge, Tarini, Arya-Tara, Bhrkuti-Tara, Dhanada, Janguli, Jayatara, Padmatara, Pandaravasini, Parnassavari, Prajna(paramita), Sitatara, Sukla-Tara, Syamatara, Vajratara, Vasya-Tara, Vidjyarajni, Chinese Kuan Yin, Tibetan Dolma, sGrol-ma, Green Tara, Red Tara, Tara Amba or White Tara.

Mahamaya

One of the Yi-dam. Sometimes called Mahamaya, Maya, Maya, Mahamaya, Maya Bunin, Mayadevi, Maia, Maya-Bunin, Tara or Hindu Lakshmi.

Mahapancharaja

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Mala

A Buddhist mother-goddess. One of the astamataras. In some accounts, identified as Mala.

Manibhadra

A Lamaist sorceress. She was said to be able to fly like a bird. At times, referred to as Manibhadra, Manivara, Manivara or Manibhadra.

Mar-pa

A magician, disciple of Atisa, tutor of Milarapa. Also known as Mar-pa.

Mekhala

A Lamaist sorceress. Sister of Kanakha and Kanakhala. Occasionally referred to as Mekhala.

Milarepa

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Minanatha

The name for Matsyendra in Tibet. Sometimes referred to as Minanatha, Lohipada, Lohipada, Luipa, Luipa, Matsyendra, Matsyendra, Matsyendranatha, Matysendranatha, Nepalese Avolokiteshvara or Tibetan Luipa.

Miyolangsangma

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Miyul

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Na-ch'un

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Nach-un

An incarnation of Bi-har acting. As oracle and sorcerer to the government. Occasionally known as Nach-un, Bihar, Bihar, Bi-har, Pe-har, Pe-kar, Pehar, Pekar, Pelear, Tin-le-gyal-po, Yon-tan-rgyal-po or Tin-legyal-po.

Nag-pa

A sorcerer. These men wear tall conical hats, a sash of bones and a magical mirror on the chest, engaging demons in battle. In some lore, occasionally identified as Nag-pa.

Nagabodhi

A Lamaist sorcerer. On occassion, identified as Nagabodhi.

Nagarjuna

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naljor-pa

Ascetics who, it is said, acquire magic. Powers. Occasionally called naljor-pa.

Nan-lha

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Nan-Sgrub

A Lamaist god of death. In some lore, occasionally known as Nan-Sgrub.

Naropa

A magician, tutor of Mar-pa: one of the Mahasiddhas. Sometimes known as Naropa.

Nor-lha

A local god of longevity and wealth. In some accounts, identified as Nor-lha.

Nrtya

A Buddhist mother-goddess. One of the astamataras. She is depicted as green with two or four arms. Also commonly identified as Nrtya, Gar-ma, Gar-ma, Tibetan Gar-ma or Tibetan Gar-ma.

P'yag-na-rdo-rje

The Tibetan name for Vajrapani. In some lore, occasionally called P'yag-na-rdo-rje.

Pachari

A Lamaist sorcerer. Also commonly called Pachari.

Padma-mkhah-Ngro

The Tibetan name for Padmdakini. On occassion, referred to as Padma-mkhah-Ngro.

Pan Chhan Rin-po Chhe

The first Tashi Lama, deified as an incarnation of Amitabha. Also commonly called Pan Chhan Rin-po Chhe.

Panaha

A Lamaist sorcerer. He owned a pair of magic shoes which could transport him rapidly to wherever he wished to go. Also commonly called Panaha.

Panchen Lama

The second senior leader of Tibetan Buddhists. He is regarded as an incarnation of Amitabha. In some references, identified as Panchen Lama, Tashi Lama or Tashi Lama.

Pe-kar

A fiend. Patron of sorcerers. Sometimes referred to as Pe-kar, Bihar, Bihar, Bi-har, Pe-har, Pehar, Pekar, Pelear, Tin-le-gyal-po, Yon-tan-rgyal-po, Tin-legyal-po or Nach-un.

Phags-skyes-po

The Tibetan name for Virudhaka as guardian of the south. In some accounts, identified as Phags-skyes-po.

Pho-lha

A local god of longevity and wealth. In some references, known as Pho-lha.

phurbu

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Phyi-Sgrub

A Lamaist god. A form of Yama. In some lore, occasionally known as Phyi-Sgrub, Yama, Yama, Yama, Universal King, Chinese Yen-lo (Wang), Yen Wang, Tibetan Chos-rgyal, gShin-rje, Phyi-sgrub, Emma-O or Ten Yama Kings.

Pukkasi

A terrible Lamaist goddess. One of the gauri. Occasionally called Pukkasi, Parna-Savari, Parna-Savari, Parnasabari, Parnassavari, Pishashas or TibetanLo-ma-gyon-ma.

Putali

A Lamaist sorcerer. He used his powers to change a painting that showed a demon trampling a god underfoot so that their positions were reversed. Called Putali.

Radiance

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Ral-cgig-ma

The Tibetan version of Ekajata. In some lore, occasionally called Ral-cgig-ma.

Ratnasambhava

A Lamaist tutelary god. Identified as Ratnasambhava, Ratnaheruka, Ratnaheruka or Ratnasambhava.

Red Devil Tiger

A demon with the head of a horse on a human body. Also commonly called Red Devil Tiger, Red Tiger Devil or Red Tiger Devil.

Red Tara

Kurukulla as an aspect of Tara. Wife of Kamadeva. In some accounts she is equated with Rati. Occasionally referred to as Red Tara, Kurukulla, Kurukulla, Hindu Rati, Astabhuja-Kurukulla, Tara, Tara, Kuan Yin, Queen of Heaven, Queen of Knowledge, Tarini, Arya-Tara, Bhrkuti-Tara, Dhanada, Ekajata, Janguli, Jayatara, Mahacinatara, Padmatara, Pandaravasini, Parnassavari, Prajna(paramita), Sitatara, Sukla-Tara, Syamatara, Vajratara, Vasya-Tara, Vidjyarajni, Chinese Kuan Yin, Tibetan Dolma, sGrol-ma, Blue Tara, Green Tara, Tara Amba or White Tara.

Red Tiger Devil

A Bon deity. At times, identified as Red Tiger Devil, Red Devil Tiger or Red Devil Tiger.

rGyal-po

Early ancestors of the race: miracle. Workers: fiend-kings. Occasionally called rGyal-po, klu, klu, 'gong-po or rgyal-po.

Rimpoche

A title given to a tulku. In some references, identified as Rimpoche, Guru Rimpoche, Guru Rimpoche, Tulku, Tulku or Trulku.

Rinpochhe

A name for Padmasambhava in Tibet. Rimpoche) On occassion, referred to as Rinpochhe, Lo-pon, Lo-pon, Padmasambhava, Padmasambhava, Tibetan Lopon, sLobdpon, sLob-dpon, sLob-dpon, Lopon, Lopon, (Guru or (Guru.

rLun-rta

The Tibetan name for Vayuarvat. Also known as rLun-rta, Lung-ta, Lung-ta or Vayuvarvat.

rTa-mgrin

A Lamaist deity. One of the Drag-gshed. A name for Hayagriva. In some lore, occasionally known as rTa-mgrin, Tandim, Tandim, Hayagriva, Hayagriva or rTa-mgrim.

Sa-bdag

A spirit of the soil or fresh water. Guardian of the house or the temple. In some accounts, known as Sa-bdag.

Sadaksari

An aspect of Avalokiteshvara. This form of the bodhisattva is said to incarnate in each Dalai Lama. Occasionally known as Sadaksari, Sadaksari Lokesvara or Sadaksari Lokesvara.

Sakara

A Lamaist sorcerer. Sometimes known as Sakara.

Samudra

A Lamaist sorcerer. Also commonly identified as Samudra.

Samvara

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San Dui

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Sarada Devi

A Buddhist-Lamaist fertility-goddess and goddess of autumn and vegetation. An attendant of Sridevi. In some lore, occasionally called Sarada Devi.

Sarvabhaksha

A Lamaist sorcerer. Sometimes identified as Sarvabhaksha.

Savari

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serou

The unicorn. At times, known as serou, tso'po, tso'po, unicorn, kee or kee.

Shambhala

A land in the north, home of spiritual wisdom. On occassion, identified as Shambhala.

Shang-lha

A local god of good fortune. In some accounts, called Shang-lha.

Shenrab Miwo

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Shinje-chho-gyal

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Showa

A deer-god. Called Showa.

Sidpa Bardo

An after-death period, seeking rebirth. Also known as Sidpa Bardo, Bardo Thodol, Bardo Thodol, Chonyid Bardo or Tibetan Book of the Dead.

Sikhin

A Buddhist god of medicine. One of the sMan-bla. In some references, identified as Sikhin.

Sinhanada

A Buddhist god of medicine. An aspect of Avalokiteshvara. One of the sMan-bla. Sometimes known as Sinhanada.

Sipe Gialmo

A Bon mother-goddess. She is depicted with three eyes and six arms, riding a red mule. Also called Sipe Gialmo, Sipe Gyalmo or Sipe Gyalmo.

Sitatara

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sKui-i-rgyal-po

One of the Panchmaharajas. King of the body. He is depicted riding a white lion. Also referred to as sKui-i-rgyal-po.

sMan Bla

(one of the) Buddhas of medicine. Referred to as sMan Bla.

Song-t'sen Gam-po

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sPyan-ras-gzigs

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Sri

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srin

Early inhabitants of Tibet. These beings, armed with catapults and slings, were the precursors of the human race. Next came the lha. In some accounts, known as srin.

Srin-po

A class of deity: ghouls: vampires. At times, referred to as Srin-po.

srungma

A group of Bon deities assimilated into the Buddhist pantheon. Also identified as srungma.

sTang-lha

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Sung-ta

A horoscope used in fortune-telling. Also referred to as Sung-ta.

Suparikirtitanamasri

A Buddhist god of medicine. One of the sMan-Bla. Also known as Suparikirtitanamasri.

Svaraghosaraja

A Buddhist god of medicine. One of the sMan-Bla. Also identified as Svaraghosaraja.

Tam-chhen

A demon. Also identified as Tam-chhen.

Tamdrin Dorje

A Bon guardian god. At times, identified as Tamdrin Dorje.

Tamjin

A horse-faced demon. Husband of Dorje, some say. Known as Tamjin.

Tan-gyur

Commentaries on the Kah-gyur. Sometimes referred to as Tan-gyur.

Tan-ma

12 furies, ruled by Ekagata, riding. Wild animals. Also commonly called Tan-ma, bStan-ma or bStan-ma.

Tanjur

A sacred book. Also known as Tanjur, Tan-gur, Tan-gur, Kanjur, Kanjur or Kah-gyur.

Tashi Toeringma

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Teli

A Lamaist sorcerer. In some references, called Teli.

Thab-Iha

A Bon hearth-god. Referred to as Thab-Iha.

Thinggishatsangma

One of the Five Long Life Sisters. Sometimes referred to as Thinggishatsangma.

Tin-le-gyal-po

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Tsan-rgyal

A demon king. Referred to as Tsan-rgyal, bStan-rgyal, bStan-rgyal, Tsen-gyal or Tsen-gyal.

Tse-ring Chhe-nga

5 sisters, of Mount Everest. They are depicted in flowing robes and holding various fertility symbols. In some accounts, known as Tse-ring Chhe-nga.

Tshe-gon

The Buddhist lord of life. Sometimes identified as Tshe-gon, Tse-mgon or Tse-mgon.

Tshog-shing

A family tree of the gods in order of rank. At times, known as Tshog-shing.

Tsong-kha-po

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Tsun-gyi-rgyal-po

One of the Panchamaharajas. King of accomplishments or magic. He rides a white elephant. Also identified as Tsun-gyi-rgyal-po, Thok-chho, Thok-chho, Thahog-chos-rgyal-po, Thok Chho or Thok Chho.

Tulku

The physical body conjured up by a Buddha or a bodhisattva: a phantom. Also called Tulku, Trulku, Trulku, Rimpoche, Rimpoche or Guru Rimpoche.

Udhili

A Lamaist sorcerer. He was tutored by Karnari and was reputed to be able to fly. At times, called Udhili.

Vyali

A Lamaist sorcerer. Called Vyali.

Wang-chug-mas

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Weng Cheng

The original name of White Tara. Also referred to as Weng Cheng.

Yab

The Buddhist male principle: eternity. Also known as Yab, Chinese Yang, Chinese Yang, In, Yang, Japanese In, Japanese In, Yang or Yang.

Yab-Yum

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Yama

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Yeces mGon-po

A Buddhist guardian of knowledge. An aspect of Mahakala. Also commonly called Yeces mGon-po, Mahakala, Mahakala, Tibetan Gon-Po Nag-Po or Mgon-po.

Yog-klu

The underworld, ruled by Icogpo, in the world gLing. In some references, called Yog-klu.

Yogambara

A Buddhist god. An aspect of Vajradhara. Consort of Digambara. In some references, identified as Yogambara.

Yon-tan-rgyal-po

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Yul-khor-srung

The Tibetan name for Dhritarashtra. (Dhartarashthra) as guardian of the east. On occassion, identified as Yul-khor-srung, Dhartarashthra, Dhartarashthra, Dhr(i)taras(h)tra, Chinese Ch'ih Kuo, Japanese Jikoku, Javanese Dresterata, Taoist Mo-li Ch'ing, Tibetan Dri-za, Yul-khor-bsrun or Yul-khor-bsrun.

Yul-lha

Local gods, of which there are 8. Classes. In some accounts, referred to as Yul-lha.

Yum

The Buddhist female principle: time. Identified as Yum, Chinese Yin, Chinese Yin, In-Yo, Um, Yo, Japanese Yo, Japanese Yo or Yin.

yun-drun

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Zampu

The Tree of Life which grows on the sacred mountain, Himavan. Also commonly identified as Zampu, Hindu Jambu, Hindu Jambu, Jambutri Shring, Zambu, Siberian Zambu, Siberian Zambu or Jambu.

Zhang Thung

A mythical land. The realm was said to be the home of Shenrab Miwo. Occasionally known as Zhang Thung.
Tibetan Mythology