Sun Hou-tzu

Chinese - A monkey-god. He was a companion of Hsüan Tsang on his journey to India to bring back the Buddhist scriptures, a story related in Pilgrimage to the West. On the journey to India, he recovered Hsüan Tsang's robe which had been taken by the Black Bear spirit and helped to rescue him when he was captured by monks and again when he was held captive by the White Bone Lady. In one adventure, he met his identical self, in another he recovered the treasure stolen by a monster with nine heads and, when Hsüan Tsang was trapped by seven spider-women, he sought the help of a Hindu god who rescued the prisoner and his companions. In another country, he overcame a demon who had put a spell on the king who was about to eat the hearts of over 1,000 young boys and, when his companions were captured by the Leopard Spirit, he turned himself into a firefly to effect their rescue. In India, a woman killed her husband for his wealth and accused Hsüan Tsang of the crime but she received her just deserts when Sun Hou-tzu restored the man to life. Some say that he was born from a fruit-stone and was made king of the monkeys by the emperor. He once made war on the hosts of heaven but was captured by the celestial dog, T'ien Kou. He was said to be able to cover 3,000 miles in one leap and once leaped to the edge of the universe in a vain attempt to prove himself greater than the Buddha. He is also described, in another story, as a monkey-fairy who stole the peaches of immortality from the magic tree at the home of Hsi Wang Mu and the pills of immortality from Lao Chun. When he tried to assume the role of Governor of Heaven, the Buddha shut him up in a mountain from which he was released after 500 years by Kuan Yin. Known as Sun Hou-tzu, Hanuman, Hanuman, Anuman, Hanumat, Huniman, Vishnu, HanumatHuniman, Chinese Sun Hou-tzu, Monkey King, Monkey King, Sun Hou-shih, Sun Hou-shih, Sun Wu-k'ung, Sun Wu-k'ung, Indian Hanuman or Indian Hanuman.

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