Greek - King of Corinth. Son of Aeolus and Enarete. Brother of Athamas and Salmoneus. Husband of Merope. Father of Almus, Glaucus, Ornytion and Thersander. Father of Odysseus by Anticleia, some say. He is said to have founded Corinth, rearing a race from mushrooms to populate it and to have instituted the Isthmian Games. When Autolycus began stealing his cattle, Sisyphus fixed lead markers inscribed 'Stolen by Autolycus' to their hooves and was so able to prove the theft. He seduced Anticleia, daughter of Autolycus, on the morning of her wedding to Laertes, either in revenge for the theft of his cattle or, some say, with the connivance of Autolycus with whom he became friends. In this way, he, rather than Laertes, became the father of Odysseus. He raped Tyro, daughter of his brother Salmoneus, and she killed the children born of this union. Sisyphus persuaded the people that the infants were the result of incest between Tyro and her own father with the result that Salmoneus was banished and Sisyphus took the throne. He imprisoned Hades (or Thanatos) when he came to take him down to the underworld as punishment for the rape of Tyro or for betraying the fact that Zeus had abducted Aegina. He was handed over to Hades when the latter was freed by Ares but he talked Persephone into releasing him. He was eventually brought back to Tartarus by Hermes and punished by being condemned everlastingly to roll a huge stone up a mountain, only for it to roll back to the bottom just before he reaches the top. In some accounts he is regarded as a sun-god. Occasionally known as Sisyphus, Aeolides, Aeolides, Sisuphos, Sisuphos or Sysyphus.

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