Siberian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abakan Khan

A rain-god. Also called Abakan Khan.

Abassylar

A demon that is said to devour the souls of the dead. Also referred to as Abassylar.

Abasy

A group of spirits of the Yakut. Underworld. The Abasy are ruled by Arson-Duolai. At times, identified as Abasy.

adykh

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Aha

A river-god of the Yakut. In some references, referred to as Aha, Bes, Bes, Septu or Sepd.

Ajy-Tangara

A creator-god of the Yakuts. He is envisaged as an eagle, which perches on the world tree. Occasionally known as Ajy-Tangara, Ai-Tojon or Ai-Tojon.

Ajysyt

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Albasta

A Tartar spirit. This being is sometime envisaged as male, killing people by suffocation, sometimes as female with pendulous breasts and long nails. Also commonly known as Albasta.

Alklha

A monster. It is said that it is this monster in the sky that swallows the sun and moon at eclipses. Occasionally identified as Alklha, Alka, Alka, Arakho or Arakho.

Amaka

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Amapat

A spirit that advises a shaman. On occassion, called Amapat.

Amle

A hero. Son of Siduku. He is said to be the founder of the Kamehadal people. In some accounts, called Amle.

Ana

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anapel

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Andalma-muus

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Anky-Kele

A sea-god of the Chukchee people. Sometimes known as Anky-Kele.

anya-kut

The father soul, one of the 3 parts of the soul (kut) in the lore of the Yakuts. On occassion, known as anya-kut.

Ar-soghotch

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Ar-tojon

A supreme god of the Yakut. Consort of Kybai-Khotun. Father of Ar-soghotch. On occassion, called Ar-tojon.

Arsan Duolai

The Yakut god of the underworld. He is said to have a mouth in his forehead and eyes in his temples. Also referred to as Arsan Duolai.

Arson-Duolai

The ruler of the Abasy, in the lore of the Yakuts. Sometimes known as Arson-Duolai.

Bajanai

A Yakut forest spirit. He often leads travellers astray and sometimes appears in the form of an animal. Sometimes known as Bajanai.

Balagan

A Yakut spirit, guardian of the home. Sometimes known as Balagan.

Blue Tengu

An aspect of Tengu as the spirit of fruitfulness. In some references, known as Blue Tengu.

Boshingtoi

A god of blacksmiths. He and his nine sons are said to have used the North Star as a hitching post for their horses. On occassion, known as Boshingtoi.

Bucu

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Buga

The creator-god of the Tungus. He made humans by mixing earth, fire and iron with water. Sometimes known as Buga.

buor-kut

The earth-soul, one of the 3 parts of the soul (kut), in the lore of the Yakuts. At times, identified as buor-kut.

Burkhan

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Cana'inaut

A goddess. Daughter of Quikinna'qu and Miti. Sometimes identified as Cana'inaut.

Chagan-Shukutu

A deity helping the creator. God Otshirvani. Occasionally identified as Chagan-Shukutu.

Cinei'nen

Wife of Kere'tkun. In some references, referred to as Cinei'nen.

Dogedai

Groom to the star god, Selbon. Also commonly known as Dogedai, Toklok, Toklok or Dogedoi.

Ekseri

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Elwe'kyen

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Eme'mqut

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Erlik

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Erlik Khan

A Buriat demon-hunter, ruler of the underworld. Occasionally known as Erlik Khan, Irlik Khan or Irlik Khan.

Es

A creator-god of the Ket people. He is said to have made mankind from clay, producing men with his right hand, women with his left. Sometimes referred to as Es.

Esege-Malan-Tengeri

A sky-god of the Buriat. Also referred to as Esege-Malan-Tengeri, Mongol Qormusta Tengu, Mongol Qormusta Tengu, Yakut Tangaro or Yakut Tangaro.

Eternal Tengri

An aspect of Tengri as god of fate. Occasionally called Eternal Tengri.

Fox Woman

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Garide

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Gi'thilalan

A spirit of the twilight. Father of Miti. Also commonly identified as Gi'thilalan.

Giant-Eagle

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Golden Book of Fate

The book in which the goddess Ajyst. Records each person's life. Known as Golden Book of Fate.

Goose-god

An Ostyak deity of fate. This bird lives in a nest made of furs and skins built in the mountains. Occasionally called Goose-god.

Hinkon

A god of the hunt in the lore of the Tungus tribes. Sometimes called Hinkon.

I'lena

Consort of Tenanto'mwan. In some references, referred to as I'lena, 'rain woman' or 'rain woman'.

Icci

Spirits under the control of the creator-gods. In some references, called Icci.

Ija-kyl

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Ilkxum

Consort of Kutkhu. On occassion, known as Ilkxum.

Ina'hitelan

A sky-god. Father of Ya'halan, some say. Also referred to as Ina'hitelan.

Itje

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Itshi

A nature-god, guardian of tools and weapons. Sometimes identified as Itshi.

iya-ku

The mother-soul. One of the 3 parts of the soul (kut), in the lore of the Yakuts. In some references, called iya-ku, ya-kut, ya-kut or iya-kut.

jadatsky

A shaman who acts as a rainmaker. In some lore, occasionally referred to as jadatsky.

Jaik-khan

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Jar-Sub

An earth-god. Known as Jar-Sub.

K'daai Maqsin

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Kaira-khan

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Kala

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Kaltesh

A fertility-goddess. Consort of Num. She appears as a goose or sometimes as a hare. On occassion, called Kaltesh, Kaltes, Kaltes, sacred birds, sacred birds, birds, Ainu Ahura Mazda, Amaterasu, Apollo, Athena, Helius, Hermes, Mercury, Mithra, Nyx, Tammuz, Zas Arawn, Artemis, China, Fukurokuju, Kwannon, Lares, Mannanan, Perseus, Shou Shen, Thoth Apollo, Asclepius, Angerbode Brac, Cronus, Odin, Saturn, Yama Juno Aphrodite, Astarte Ararjatis, Ataragatis, Hachiman, Venus Dusara, Jupiter Egypt Apollo, Baba, Brahma, Dionysus, Egypt, Eros, Epona, Hera, Horus, Iris, Juno, Mars, Ops, Osiris, Seb, Thoth, Vishnu Isis Apollo, Here, Tethys Zoastrianism Asclepius, Inara Ketu, Minerva Brahma, Lakshmi, Sarasvati Apollo, Melkarth Asclepius, Noah, Odin Saturn Aphrodite, Venus Hera, Sweden Aphrodite, Isis Aphrodite, Venus Aztecs, Maya Apollo, Ares Heracles, Isis, Izanagi or Izanami Ares Triptolemus Amaterasu.

Kavra'nna

A female spirit of the sun. On occassion, identified as Kavra'nna, Ko'rgina or Ko'rgina.

Kelets

A demon of death in the lore of the Chukchee. He is said to have a pack of dogs with which he hunts and kills men. Sometimes called Kelets.

Kere'tkun

The supreme sea-spirit. Husband of Cinei'nen. He is said to devour the bodies of the drowned. Also known as Kere'tkun, Peruten or Peruten.

Khadau

With Mamaldi, the first pair of beings. Also commonly referred to as Khadau.

Khan-iki

An earth-watching deity. Son of Overgod. Sometimes identified as Khan-iki.

Khin-ort

An Ostiak demon of sickness. He is said to be the pilot of the boat of the dead. Occasionally known as Khin-ort.

Khori Tumed

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Khosodam

A cannibalistic female ruler of the dead. She was said to have created mosquitoes. Also called Khosodam.

Khubilgan

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Khuran-Nojon

A Buriat rain-deity. He stores rain in barrels each of which, when opened, causes rain to fall for three days. In some accounts, referred to as Khuran-Nojon.

Khuri Edzhin

A Buriat spirit who teaches men the art of music. In some accounts, known as Khuri Edzhin.

Kini'je

The spirit which controls time. Occasionally identified as Kini'je, Ki'njen or Ki'njen.

Kisangan-Tengri

A Mongol war god. Occasionally identified as Kisangan-Tengri, Altaic Kysan-Tengere or Altaic Kysan-Tengere.

Kormos

An evil spirit. This spirit follows a man throughout his lifetime, recording all his deeds. On occassion, called Kormos.

Ku'urkil

Creator-god of the Chukchee tribe. The first human being. Also commonly known as Ku'urkil, Kamchadal, Kamchadal, Kutkhu, Kutkhu, Kutku, Kutq, Kutk, Chukckee Ku'urki, Koryak Kutkinna'qu or Quikinna'qu.

Kudai

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Kudai-Bakshy

The Yakut guardian god of blacksmiths. Occasionally called Kudai-Bakshy.

Kudai-jajutshi

An Altaic star-god. Also commonly called Kudai-jajutshi.

Kuju

A sky-spirit providing food for man. On occassion, referred to as Kuju.

Kurkil

A Mongol creator-god. He is envisaged as a raven. Also referred to as Kurkil.

kurmes

A shamanistic fetish in the form of an image. Sometimes called kurmes, Buriat ongon, Buriat ongon, tyus, Turkish tyus, Turkish tyus or ongon.

Kut

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Kutkhu

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Kybai-khotun

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Kyrgys-khan

A Tartar deity bringing happiness. Grandson of Kudai. On occassion, known as Kyrgys-khan, Sary-khan, Sary-khan or Kyrgis-khan.

Kysan-Tengere

An Altaic god living in the ninth. Heaven. Occasionally referred to as Kysan-Tengere, Mongol Kisangan-Tengri or Mongol Kisangan-Tengri.

Lapna'ut

Wife of Tayan. Sometimes referred to as Lapna'ut.

Lebien-Pogil

A guardian spirit of the earth. On occassion, called Lebien-Pogil.

Lietna'irgin

One of the 4 spirits of the dawn. At times, known as Lietna'irgin.

Lo'cin-coro'mo

A household guardian-god. Occasionally called Lo'cin-coro'mo, Lo'cil, Lo'cil, Yegi'le or Yegi'le.

Lo'cin-po'gil

A fire-spirit. Referred to as Lo'cin-po'gil.

Loom

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Losy

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Main

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Mamaldi

With Kadau, the first pair of beings. Sometimes known as Mamaldi.

mammoth

A huge animal on the back of which the earth rests. It is believed that earthquakes occur when the animal moves. In some lore, occasionally referred to as mammoth.

Mandishire

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Manzan Gormo

A Buriat mother-goddess. It was said that the Milky Way was made from the abundant flow of her breast-milk. In some lore, occasionally called Manzan Gormo.

Mayin

The supreme god of the Tungus. In some lore, occasionally known as Mayin.

Mergen Tengere

An Altaic sky-god. At times, referred to as Mergen Tengere.

Miti

A mother-goddess of the Koryak tribe. Daughter of Gi'thililan or Toko'yoto. Consort of Quikinna'qu. Mother of Cana'ina'ut, Eme'mqut, Na'nqa-Ka'le and Yine'ane'ut. In some accounts, called Miti.

Mordo-khan

A rain-god. Also commonly identified as Mordo-khan.

Mratna'irgin

One of 4 dawn-goddesses. Sometimes known as Mratna'irgin.

Mu Monto

A Buriat hero. He is said to have visited the world of the dead and returned. Sometimes referred to as Mu Monto.

mumy

A generic name for female naturedeities of the Votyaks. Also identified as mumy, 'mother', 'mother', Amona, Atira, Maia, Modir or Uma.

munbano

The Samoyed rainbow. The rainbow is said to be the hem of the sun-god's coat. Also known as munbano.

murt

A generic name for male nature-deities of the Votyaks. Identified as murt, 'man', 'man', Mannus or Manu.

Muzem-mumy

An earth-goddess of the Votyaks. Known as Muzem-mumy.

Na'chitna'irgin

One of 4 Chukchee dawn-spirits. Brother of Wu'squus. Sometimes known as Na'chitna'irgin.

Na'ininen

A creator-god. Also called Na'ininen, Na'rninen or Na'rninen.

Na'nqa-ka'le

A guardian-god. Son of Quikkinna-qu and Miti. Occasionally known as Na'nqa-ka'le.

Nama

God of the underworld. He, like Noah, built an ark in which he, his family and some animals survived the world flood. Known as Nama.

Namu

The man who survived the flood. He was given advance warning by Ulgan and built an ark in which he survived. In some accounts, referred to as Namu.

Ne'nenkicex

A creator-god of the Kamchadal. People. In some accounts, identified as Ne'nenkicex.

Nelle parjam

The Cheremis festival of the dead, celebrated for each individual 40. Days after burial. Occasionally called Nelle parjam, Nellese, Nellese, Toste-mari, Toste-mari, Sorta ketse, Sorta pairam, toste-mari or toste-mari.

Neskeper-ava

A bee-deity. Called Neskeper-ava, Muks-ort, Muks-ort, Naskeper-ava, Naskeper-ava, Neske-pas or Neske-pas.

Nesreca

An evil genius, the converse of Soreca. On occassion, referred to as Nesreca.

Nikolai

A Russian saint worshipped as a guardian god of seafarers. Sometimes referred to as Nikolai.

Nu'tentut

An earth-spirit of the Chukchee people. He owns the world and lives in a house made of iron. In some accounts, known as Nu'tentut.

Nuli'rahak

A sea-spirit. She lives in the ocean, feeding on the bodies of the drowned. Also commonly referred to as Nuli'rahak, Greenland Nerrivik, Greenland Nerrivik, Sedna, North American Sedna or North American Sedna.

Num

A creator-god and sky-god of the Samoyed. Consort of Kaltesh. Occasionally called Num, Ostyak Num-Turem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom or Num-Turem.

Num-Turem

A sky-god of the Ostyak. Occasionally known as Num-Turem, Samoyed Num, Samoyed Num, Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom or Num.

Numitarom

Sky-god of the Vogul. Sometimes known as Numitarom, Num-Torem, Num-Torem, Num-Torum, Num-Torum, Numi-Torem, Numi-Torem, Numitorem, Numitorem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Num, Samoyed Num, Samoyed Num or Num-Turem.

Obi

A water-spirit. Sometimes identified as Obi, Obeah, Obeah, obe, obi or obeah.

Obin-murt

A Votyak god of kilns and threshingbarns. Also known as Obin-murt, Idem-kuguza, Idem-kuguza, Russian Rynys-aika or Russian Rynys-aika.

ongon

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Otshirvani

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Pairekse

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Patshak

Ostiak spirits. These beings are the restless spirits of children who have been killed. Also commonly known as Patshak.

Peju'ipe

Guardians of animals. Also commonly called Peju'ipe.

Picvu'cin

A god of the hunt of the Chukchee. People. Also commonly referred to as Picvu'cin.

Pon

A creator-god of the Yukaghir people. Sometimes referred to as Pon, Pon-o'moc, Pon-o'moc, Pon-ti'boi, Pon-ti'boi, Pon-yu'lec or Pon-yu'lec.

Pon-o'moc

A name of Pon as 'he who became good'. In some references, identified as Pon-o'moc, Pon, Pon, Pon-ti'boi or Pon-yu'lec.

Pon-ti'boi

A name of Pon as 'rain-maker'. Occasionally identified as Pon-ti'boi, Pon, Pon, Pon-o'moc or Pon-yu'lec.

Pon-yu'lec

A name of Pon as 'he who becomes dark'. Sometimes called Pon-yu'lec, Pon, Pon, Pon-o'moc or Pon-ti'boi.

Pyrshak-khan

A Tartar deity. Son of Kudai. Brother of Tos-khan and Suilap. Also identified as Pyrshak-khan.

Qaitakalnin

A guardian deity. Brother of Quikinna'qu and A'na. Sometimes identified as Qaitakalnin.

Qeskina'qu

A spirit of daylight. Son of Quikinna'qu. Occasionally known as Qeskina'qu.

Quikinna'qu

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Sabaga

A Yakut goddess of fire. Consort of Ulakhany. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Sabaga.

Sary-khan

A Tartar deity of happiness. Grandson of Kudai. Also known as Sary-khan, Kyrgys-khan, Kyrgys-khan, Kyrgis-khan or Kyrgis-khan.

Shitkur

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Shulmus

A devil opposing Otshirvani. In some accounts, known as Shulmus, Shulman or Shulman.

Si'duku

A mother-goddess. Daughter of Kutkhu. Consort of Ti'zil Kutkhu. Mother of Amle'i. Also commonly referred to as Si'duku.

Si'mskalin

A guardian god. Son of Kutkhu. Sometimes called Si'mskalin.

Suilap

A Tartar deity. Son of Kudai. Brother of Pyrshak-khan and Tos-khan. In some accounts, known as Suilap.

Sulbundu

A shepherd-god. Also referred to as Sulbundu.

Sumbur

A sacred mountain. This mountain appeared out of the navel of the frog which, lying on its back, supports the earth. Called Sumbur, Sumer, Sumer, Sumur or Sumur.

Syga-tojon

A name for Ulu-tojon as 'axe-lord'. Also called Syga-tojon, Ulu-tojon or Ulu-tojon.

Ta'yan

A supreme deity of the Koryak people. Consort of Lapna'ut. Father of Ya'halan. Occasionally identified as Ta'yan.

Tanara

A sky-god of the Yakuts. Sometimes referred to as Tanara.

Tangara

A Yakut sky-god. In some accounts, known as Tangara, Buriat Esege-Malan-Tengeri Mongol Qormusta Tengri or Buriat Esege-Malan-Tengeri Mongol Qormusta Tengri.

Tanuta

A Koryak earth-guardian. Consort of Yine'ane'ut. Also commonly identified as Tanuta.

Tarn

An evil deity of the Ostyak. God of war and disease. In some cases, Tarn is depicted as female. Occasionally known as Tarn.

Tat'qahicnin

A Koryak vegetation-god. In some references, referred to as Tat'qahicnin.

Tata

Progenitor of the Tartars and keeper of the Tree of Life. Sometimes identified as Tata, Nata, Nata, Tata, Xiuhtecuhtli, Xiuhtecuhtli, Ixcozauhqui, Old God, Otontecuhtli, Otonteuctli, Tata, Huehueteotl or Otonteuchtli.

Ten Geris

A thunder-god of the Buriats. Also known as Ten Geris.

Tenanto'mni

A creator-god of the Chukchee people. Occasionally identified as Tenanto'mni.

Tenanto'mwan

A creator-god of the Koryak people. Consort of I'lena. Also identified as Tenanto'mwan, Ya'qhicnin, Ya'qhicnin, Chukchee Va'irgin or Chukchee Va'irgin.

Tengys

A sea-god. Also known as Tengys.

Thunderbird

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Ti'hmar

A supreme god of the Tungus. Also commonly referred to as Ti'hmar.

Ti'ykitiy

A sun-god of the Yakut. Also called Ti'ykitiy.

Ti'zil-Kutkhu

A guardian of the Kamchadal people. Son of Kutkhu. Also referred to as Ti'zil-Kutkhu.

Tna'nto

A dawn goddess of the Koryak. People. In some references, referred to as Tna'nto.

Tne'sqan

One of the 4 dawn-goddesses of the Chukchee people. Occasionally called Tne'sqan.

Tnecei'vune

One of the 4 dawn-goddesses of the Chukchee people. Also identified as Tnecei'vune.

Toko'yoto

A guardian deity of the Koryak. People. In some stories he is the father of Miti. Sometimes referred to as Toko'yoto.

Tomam

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Tomwo'get

A creator-god of the Koryak people. Husband of Ha'na. Father of Quikinna'qu and Tenanto'mwan. At times, known as Tomwo'get.

Torem

A Vogul sky-god. He lives in a tent near the north pole to which he tethers his reindeer. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Torem, Lappish Turms or Lappish Turms.

Tos-khan

A Tartar deity. Son of Kudai. Brother of Pyrshak-khan and Suilab. Sometimes identified as Tos-khan.

Totem-Talmas

Deities, son of Torem. Also commonly identified as Totem-Talmas.

Tsholbon

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Tuila

A spirit of the underworld. This being rides a dog which causes earthquakes when it shakes its head. In some accounts, called Tuila.

Tungk-Pok

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Tyurin-muzykay

A hero who killed a man-eating sea-monster. Sometimes called Tyurin-muzykay.

Ulakhany

A Yakut fire-god. Consort of Sabaga. Sometimes known as Ulakhany.

Ulgan

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Ulu-tojon

A Yakut thunder-god. He was said to have brought fire from the heavens for the use of mankind. Known as Ulu-tojon, Syga-tojon or Syga-tojon.

Ulu'tuyar Ulu Toyo'n

A malevolent creator-god of the Yakuts. Also called Ulu'tuyar Ulu Toyo'n.

Uor

A Yakut spirit of the dead which haunts its former home. At times, called Uor.

Urgel

The Yakut name for the Pleiades. On occassion, identified as Urgel.

Uslo

A Yakut mountain-deity. Sometimes known as Uslo.

Utkha

A Buriat soul-animal or bird. If this being makes a woman pregnant, the child will be a shaman or founder of a clan. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Utkha.

Va'irgin

A supreme deity of the Chukchee. Referred to as Va'irgin, Koryak Tenanto'mwan or Koryak Tenanto'mwan.

Vahiynin

A Koryak deity. In some lore, occasionally called Vahiynin, 'existence' or 'existence'.

Ve'ai

A vegetation-goddess of the Koryak. People. A consort of Eme'mqut. Also known as Ve'ai.

Velaute'mtilan

A Koryak vegetation-deity. Also referred to as Velaute'mtilan.

Wapaq

A spirit said by the Koryaks to inhabit the fly agaric toadstool. In some references, known as Wapaq.

Wu'squus

A god of night of the Chukchee. People. Brother of Na'chitna'irgin. Referred to as Wu'squus.

Xaya Iccita

A mountain-god of the Yakuts. Occasionally identified as Xaya Iccita.

xoil

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Xutlizic

Sister of Kutkhu. Occasionally identified as Xutlizic.

Ya'china'ut

A moon-goddess of the Koryak people. Referred to as Ya'china'ut.

Ya'halan

A guardian-god of the Koryak people. Son of Tenanto'mwan. Consort of Yine'ane'ut. In some stories he is the son of Ina'hitelan. Occasionally referred to as Ya'halan, Ya'halna'ut or Ya'halna'ut.

Ya'halna'ut

A guardian-deity of the Koryak people. On occassion, known as Ya'halna'ut, Ya'halan or Ya'halan.

Ya'lgil

A drum. This instrument is used to represent a lake into which a shaman can dive to gain access to the underworld. Sometimes called Ya'lgil.

Ya'qhicnin

A creator-god of the Koryak people. The Christian version of Tenanto'mwan. In some references, referred to as Ya'qhicnin, Tenanto'mwan, Tenanto'mwan or Chukchee Va'irgin.

Ya'yai

A guardian of the household. This being takes the form of a drum and speaks through a drumstick made of whalebone. Also called Ya'yai.

yadageri

A form of magic used to control. The weather. On occassion, referred to as yadageri.

yekeela

The familiar of the Siberian shaman. If the yekeela should be killed, the shaman also dies. Sometimes identified as yekeela.

Yeloje

A sun-god and guardian of the oppressed. Also commonly called Yeloje, Pu'gu, Pu'gu, Ye'rpeyen or Ye'rpeyen.

Yeman'gnyem

An Ostyak fish-god. The aurora borealis, it is said, is a fire that this god lights to guide travellers. Also commonly called Yeman'gnyem.

Yina'mitlan

A Yakut god of fog and mist. Consort of Yina'mna'ut. In some lore, occasionally called Yina'mitlan.

Yina'mna'ut

A Yakut goddess of fog and mist. Consort of Yina'mitlan. Occasionally identified as Yina'mna'ut.

Yine'ane'ut

A guardian-goddess of the Koryak people. Daughter of Quik'inna'qu and Miti. Consort of Tanuta. Also known as Yine'ane'ut.

Yobin-Pogli

A god of the forests. In some lore, occasionally known as Yobin-Pogli.

Yryn-ai-tojon

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Zada

A wind-spirit. Sometimes known as Zada, Sata or Sata.

Zajan

A Buriat god of fate. Occasionally called Zajan, Sagan-tengeri or Sagan-tengeri.

Zambu

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Zya

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Siberian Mythology