Siberian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abakan Khan

A rain-god. Also commonly referred to as Abakan Khan.

Abassylar

A demon that is said to devour the souls of the dead. Occasionally identified as Abassylar.

Abasy

A group of spirits of the Yakut. Underworld. The Abasy are ruled by Arson-Duolai. Occasionally known as Abasy.

adykh

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Aha

A river-god of the Yakut. Also identified as Aha, Bes, Bes, Septu or Sepd.

Ajy-Tangara

A creator-god of the Yakuts. He is envisaged as an eagle, which perches on the world tree. Identified as Ajy-Tangara, Ai-Tojon or Ai-Tojon.

Ajysyt

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Albasta

A Tartar spirit. This being is sometime envisaged as male, killing people by suffocation, sometimes as female with pendulous breasts and long nails. Called Albasta.

Alklha

A monster. It is said that it is this monster in the sky that swallows the sun and moon at eclipses. In some references, referred to as Alklha, Alka, Alka, Arakho or Arakho.

Amaka

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Amapat

A spirit that advises a shaman. In some accounts, called Amapat.

Amle

A hero. Son of Siduku. He is said to be the founder of the Kamehadal people. Referred to as Amle.

Ana

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anapel

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Andalma-muus

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Anky-Kele

A sea-god of the Chukchee people. In some references, referred to as Anky-Kele.

anya-kut

The father soul, one of the 3 parts of the soul (kut) in the lore of the Yakuts. Also called anya-kut.

Ar-soghotch

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Ar-tojon

A supreme god of the Yakut. Consort of Kybai-Khotun. Father of Ar-soghotch. At times, known as Ar-tojon.

Arsan Duolai

The Yakut god of the underworld. He is said to have a mouth in his forehead and eyes in his temples. At times, referred to as Arsan Duolai.

Arson-Duolai

The ruler of the Abasy, in the lore of the Yakuts. Also identified as Arson-Duolai.

Bajanai

A Yakut forest spirit. He often leads travellers astray and sometimes appears in the form of an animal. Also called Bajanai.

Balagan

A Yakut spirit, guardian of the home. Also called Balagan.

Blue Tengu

An aspect of Tengu as the spirit of fruitfulness. Sometimes known as Blue Tengu.

Boshingtoi

A god of blacksmiths. He and his nine sons are said to have used the North Star as a hitching post for their horses. Also commonly identified as Boshingtoi.

Bucu

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Buga

The creator-god of the Tungus. He made humans by mixing earth, fire and iron with water. Sometimes called Buga.

buor-kut

The earth-soul, one of the 3 parts of the soul (kut), in the lore of the Yakuts. On occassion, called buor-kut.

Burkhan

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Cana'inaut

A goddess. Daughter of Quikinna'qu and Miti. Also identified as Cana'inaut.

Chagan-Shukutu

A deity helping the creator. God Otshirvani. On occassion, referred to as Chagan-Shukutu.

Cinei'nen

Wife of Kere'tkun. In some references, known as Cinei'nen.

Dogedai

Groom to the star god, Selbon. Sometimes identified as Dogedai, Toklok, Toklok or Dogedoi.

Ekseri

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Elwe'kyen

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Eme'mqut

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Erlik

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Erlik Khan

A Buriat demon-hunter, ruler of the underworld. In some accounts, called Erlik Khan, Irlik Khan or Irlik Khan.

Es

A creator-god of the Ket people. He is said to have made mankind from clay, producing men with his right hand, women with his left. Identified as Es.

Esege-Malan-Tengeri

A sky-god of the Buriat. At times, known as Esege-Malan-Tengeri, Mongol Qormusta Tengu, Mongol Qormusta Tengu, Yakut Tangaro or Yakut Tangaro.

Eternal Tengri

An aspect of Tengri as god of fate. At times, called Eternal Tengri.

Fox Woman

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Garide

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Gi'thilalan

A spirit of the twilight. Father of Miti. In some references, identified as Gi'thilalan.

Giant-Eagle

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Golden Book of Fate

The book in which the goddess Ajyst. Records each person's life. Also referred to as Golden Book of Fate.

Goose-god

An Ostyak deity of fate. This bird lives in a nest made of furs and skins built in the mountains. Also commonly called Goose-god.

Hinkon

A god of the hunt in the lore of the Tungus tribes. Occasionally known as Hinkon.

I'lena

Consort of Tenanto'mwan. Identified as I'lena, 'rain woman' or 'rain woman'.

Icci

Spirits under the control of the creator-gods. At times, called Icci.

Ija-kyl

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Ilkxum

Consort of Kutkhu. Also called Ilkxum.

Ina'hitelan

A sky-god. Father of Ya'halan, some say. In some accounts, called Ina'hitelan.

Itje

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Itshi

A nature-god, guardian of tools and weapons. Also known as Itshi.

iya-ku

The mother-soul. One of the 3 parts of the soul (kut), in the lore of the Yakuts. Occasionally referred to as iya-ku, ya-kut, ya-kut or iya-kut.

jadatsky

A shaman who acts as a rainmaker. Also identified as jadatsky.

Jaik-khan

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Jar-Sub

An earth-god. Identified as Jar-Sub.

K'daai Maqsin

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Kaira-khan

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Kala

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Kaltesh

A fertility-goddess. Consort of Num. She appears as a goose or sometimes as a hare. Also commonly referred to as Kaltesh, Kaltes, Kaltes, sacred birds, sacred birds, birds, Ainu Ahura Mazda, Amaterasu, Apollo, Athena, Helius, Hermes, Mercury, Mithra, Nyx, Tammuz, Zas Arawn, Artemis, China, Fukurokuju, Kwannon, Lares, Mannanan, Perseus, Shou Shen, Thoth Apollo, Asclepius, Angerbode Brac, Cronus, Odin, Saturn, Yama Juno Aphrodite, Astarte Ararjatis, Ataragatis, Hachiman, Venus Dusara, Jupiter Egypt Apollo, Baba, Brahma, Dionysus, Egypt, Eros, Epona, Hera, Horus, Iris, Juno, Mars, Ops, Osiris, Seb, Thoth, Vishnu Isis Apollo, Here, Tethys Zoastrianism Asclepius, Inara Ketu, Minerva Brahma, Lakshmi, Sarasvati Apollo, Melkarth Asclepius, Noah, Odin Saturn Aphrodite, Venus Hera, Sweden Aphrodite, Isis Aphrodite, Venus Aztecs, Maya Apollo, Ares Heracles, Isis, Izanagi or Izanami Ares Triptolemus Amaterasu.

Kavra'nna

A female spirit of the sun. In some references, identified as Kavra'nna, Ko'rgina or Ko'rgina.

Kelets

A demon of death in the lore of the Chukchee. He is said to have a pack of dogs with which he hunts and kills men. In some accounts, known as Kelets.

Kere'tkun

The supreme sea-spirit. Husband of Cinei'nen. He is said to devour the bodies of the drowned. Also known as Kere'tkun, Peruten or Peruten.

Khadau

With Mamaldi, the first pair of beings. Sometimes called Khadau.

Khan-iki

An earth-watching deity. Son of Overgod. In some accounts, known as Khan-iki.

Khin-ort

An Ostiak demon of sickness. He is said to be the pilot of the boat of the dead. On occassion, called Khin-ort.

Khori Tumed

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Khosodam

A cannibalistic female ruler of the dead. She was said to have created mosquitoes. Sometimes known as Khosodam.

Khubilgan

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Khuran-Nojon

A Buriat rain-deity. He stores rain in barrels each of which, when opened, causes rain to fall for three days. Identified as Khuran-Nojon.

Khuri Edzhin

A Buriat spirit who teaches men the art of music. Also referred to as Khuri Edzhin.

Kini'je

The spirit which controls time. Sometimes identified as Kini'je, Ki'njen or Ki'njen.

Kisangan-Tengri

A Mongol war god. Occasionally known as Kisangan-Tengri, Altaic Kysan-Tengere or Altaic Kysan-Tengere.

Kormos

An evil spirit. This spirit follows a man throughout his lifetime, recording all his deeds. Sometimes referred to as Kormos.

Ku'urkil

Creator-god of the Chukchee tribe. The first human being. At times, known as Ku'urkil, Kamchadal, Kamchadal, Kutkhu, Kutkhu, Kutku, Kutq, Kutk, Chukckee Ku'urki, Koryak Kutkinna'qu or Quikinna'qu.

Kudai

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Kudai-Bakshy

The Yakut guardian god of blacksmiths. Known as Kudai-Bakshy.

Kudai-jajutshi

An Altaic star-god. Sometimes called Kudai-jajutshi.

Kuju

A sky-spirit providing food for man. In some accounts, called Kuju.

Kurkil

A Mongol creator-god. He is envisaged as a raven. Also known as Kurkil.

kurmes

A shamanistic fetish in the form of an image. In some references, called kurmes, Buriat ongon, Buriat ongon, tyus, Turkish tyus, Turkish tyus or ongon.

Kut

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Kutkhu

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Kybai-khotun

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Kyrgys-khan

A Tartar deity bringing happiness. Grandson of Kudai. Sometimes called Kyrgys-khan, Sary-khan, Sary-khan or Kyrgis-khan.

Kysan-Tengere

An Altaic god living in the ninth. Heaven. On occassion, referred to as Kysan-Tengere, Mongol Kisangan-Tengri or Mongol Kisangan-Tengri.

Lapna'ut

Wife of Tayan. In some lore, occasionally called Lapna'ut.

Lebien-Pogil

A guardian spirit of the earth. Sometimes called Lebien-Pogil.

Lietna'irgin

One of the 4 spirits of the dawn. Also called Lietna'irgin.

Lo'cin-coro'mo

A household guardian-god. Also referred to as Lo'cin-coro'mo, Lo'cil, Lo'cil, Yegi'le or Yegi'le.

Lo'cin-po'gil

A fire-spirit. Occasionally known as Lo'cin-po'gil.

Loom

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Losy

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Main

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Mamaldi

With Kadau, the first pair of beings. Also referred to as Mamaldi.

mammoth

A huge animal on the back of which the earth rests. It is believed that earthquakes occur when the animal moves. Also known as mammoth.

Mandishire

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Manzan Gormo

A Buriat mother-goddess. It was said that the Milky Way was made from the abundant flow of her breast-milk. Also commonly identified as Manzan Gormo.

Mayin

The supreme god of the Tungus. Also referred to as Mayin.

Mergen Tengere

An Altaic sky-god. Occasionally known as Mergen Tengere.

Miti

A mother-goddess of the Koryak tribe. Daughter of Gi'thililan or Toko'yoto. Consort of Quikinna'qu. Mother of Cana'ina'ut, Eme'mqut, Na'nqa-Ka'le and Yine'ane'ut. Occasionally called Miti.

Mordo-khan

A rain-god. In some references, known as Mordo-khan.

Mratna'irgin

One of 4 dawn-goddesses. In some references, known as Mratna'irgin.

Mu Monto

A Buriat hero. He is said to have visited the world of the dead and returned. In some lore, occasionally called Mu Monto.

mumy

A generic name for female naturedeities of the Votyaks. In some lore, occasionally known as mumy, 'mother', 'mother', Amona, Atira, Maia, Modir or Uma.

munbano

The Samoyed rainbow. The rainbow is said to be the hem of the sun-god's coat. Sometimes identified as munbano.

murt

A generic name for male nature-deities of the Votyaks. Identified as murt, 'man', 'man', Mannus or Manu.

Muzem-mumy

An earth-goddess of the Votyaks. Also referred to as Muzem-mumy.

Na'chitna'irgin

One of 4 Chukchee dawn-spirits. Brother of Wu'squus. Also called Na'chitna'irgin.

Na'ininen

A creator-god. Sometimes identified as Na'ininen, Na'rninen or Na'rninen.

Na'nqa-ka'le

A guardian-god. Son of Quikkinna-qu and Miti. In some lore, occasionally called Na'nqa-ka'le.

Nama

God of the underworld. He, like Noah, built an ark in which he, his family and some animals survived the world flood. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Nama.

Namu

The man who survived the flood. He was given advance warning by Ulgan and built an ark in which he survived. Referred to as Namu.

Ne'nenkicex

A creator-god of the Kamchadal. People. In some references, referred to as Ne'nenkicex.

Nelle parjam

The Cheremis festival of the dead, celebrated for each individual 40. Days after burial. Occasionally called Nelle parjam, Nellese, Nellese, Toste-mari, Toste-mari, Sorta ketse, Sorta pairam, toste-mari or toste-mari.

Neskeper-ava

A bee-deity. At times, identified as Neskeper-ava, Muks-ort, Muks-ort, Naskeper-ava, Naskeper-ava, Neske-pas or Neske-pas.

Nesreca

An evil genius, the converse of Soreca. On occassion, called Nesreca.

Nikolai

A Russian saint worshipped as a guardian god of seafarers. Occasionally known as Nikolai.

Nu'tentut

An earth-spirit of the Chukchee people. He owns the world and lives in a house made of iron. Also known as Nu'tentut.

Nuli'rahak

A sea-spirit. She lives in the ocean, feeding on the bodies of the drowned. In some references, referred to as Nuli'rahak, Greenland Nerrivik, Greenland Nerrivik, Sedna, North American Sedna or North American Sedna.

Num

A creator-god and sky-god of the Samoyed. Consort of Kaltesh. Also called Num, Ostyak Num-Turem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom or Num-Turem.

Num-Turem

A sky-god of the Ostyak. Also called Num-Turem, Samoyed Num, Samoyed Num, Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom or Num.

Numitarom

Sky-god of the Vogul. Also called Numitarom, Num-Torem, Num-Torem, Num-Torum, Num-Torum, Numi-Torem, Numi-Torem, Numitorem, Numitorem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Num, Samoyed Num, Samoyed Num or Num-Turem.

Obi

A water-spirit. Sometimes called Obi, Obeah, Obeah, obe, obi or obeah.

Obin-murt

A Votyak god of kilns and threshingbarns. At times, identified as Obin-murt, Idem-kuguza, Idem-kuguza, Russian Rynys-aika or Russian Rynys-aika.

ongon

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Otshirvani

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Pairekse

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Patshak

Ostiak spirits. These beings are the restless spirits of children who have been killed. Also known as Patshak.

Peju'ipe

Guardians of animals. Also commonly referred to as Peju'ipe.

Picvu'cin

A god of the hunt of the Chukchee. People. On occassion, called Picvu'cin.

Pon

A creator-god of the Yukaghir people. Also commonly known as Pon, Pon-o'moc, Pon-o'moc, Pon-ti'boi, Pon-ti'boi, Pon-yu'lec or Pon-yu'lec.

Pon-o'moc

A name of Pon as 'he who became good'. Sometimes identified as Pon-o'moc, Pon, Pon, Pon-ti'boi or Pon-yu'lec.

Pon-ti'boi

A name of Pon as 'rain-maker'. Identified as Pon-ti'boi, Pon, Pon, Pon-o'moc or Pon-yu'lec.

Pon-yu'lec

A name of Pon as 'he who becomes dark'. On occassion, identified as Pon-yu'lec, Pon, Pon, Pon-o'moc or Pon-ti'boi.

Pyrshak-khan

A Tartar deity. Son of Kudai. Brother of Tos-khan and Suilap. Sometimes called Pyrshak-khan.

Qaitakalnin

A guardian deity. Brother of Quikinna'qu and A'na. Sometimes known as Qaitakalnin.

Qeskina'qu

A spirit of daylight. Son of Quikinna'qu. In some references, called Qeskina'qu.

Quikinna'qu

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Sabaga

A Yakut goddess of fire. Consort of Ulakhany. In some accounts, referred to as Sabaga.

Sary-khan

A Tartar deity of happiness. Grandson of Kudai. At times, identified as Sary-khan, Kyrgys-khan, Kyrgys-khan, Kyrgis-khan or Kyrgis-khan.

Shitkur

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Shulmus

A devil opposing Otshirvani. Sometimes known as Shulmus, Shulman or Shulman.

Si'duku

A mother-goddess. Daughter of Kutkhu. Consort of Ti'zil Kutkhu. Mother of Amle'i. Also identified as Si'duku.

Si'mskalin

A guardian god. Son of Kutkhu. Identified as Si'mskalin.

Suilap

A Tartar deity. Son of Kudai. Brother of Pyrshak-khan and Tos-khan. Occasionally referred to as Suilap.

Sulbundu

A shepherd-god. Occasionally identified as Sulbundu.

Sumbur

A sacred mountain. This mountain appeared out of the navel of the frog which, lying on its back, supports the earth. Also called Sumbur, Sumer, Sumer, Sumur or Sumur.

Syga-tojon

A name for Ulu-tojon as 'axe-lord'. Known as Syga-tojon, Ulu-tojon or Ulu-tojon.

Ta'yan

A supreme deity of the Koryak people. Consort of Lapna'ut. Father of Ya'halan. In some references, called Ta'yan.

Tanara

A sky-god of the Yakuts. Also commonly identified as Tanara.

Tangara

A Yakut sky-god. Sometimes referred to as Tangara, Buriat Esege-Malan-Tengeri Mongol Qormusta Tengri or Buriat Esege-Malan-Tengeri Mongol Qormusta Tengri.

Tanuta

A Koryak earth-guardian. Consort of Yine'ane'ut. On occassion, identified as Tanuta.

Tarn

An evil deity of the Ostyak. God of war and disease. In some cases, Tarn is depicted as female. Sometimes referred to as Tarn.

Tat'qahicnin

A Koryak vegetation-god. Occasionally called Tat'qahicnin.

Tata

Progenitor of the Tartars and keeper of the Tree of Life. Sometimes called Tata, Nata, Nata, Tata, Xiuhtecuhtli, Xiuhtecuhtli, Ixcozauhqui, Old God, Otontecuhtli, Otonteuctli, Tata, Huehueteotl or Otonteuchtli.

Ten Geris

A thunder-god of the Buriats. Sometimes referred to as Ten Geris.

Tenanto'mni

A creator-god of the Chukchee people. Also identified as Tenanto'mni.

Tenanto'mwan

A creator-god of the Koryak people. Consort of I'lena. In some accounts, called Tenanto'mwan, Ya'qhicnin, Ya'qhicnin, Chukchee Va'irgin or Chukchee Va'irgin.

Tengys

A sea-god. Occasionally identified as Tengys.

Thunderbird

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Ti'hmar

A supreme god of the Tungus. Sometimes referred to as Ti'hmar.

Ti'ykitiy

A sun-god of the Yakut. In some lore, occasionally identified as Ti'ykitiy.

Ti'zil-Kutkhu

A guardian of the Kamchadal people. Son of Kutkhu. In some references, referred to as Ti'zil-Kutkhu.

Tna'nto

A dawn goddess of the Koryak. People. Also identified as Tna'nto.

Tne'sqan

One of the 4 dawn-goddesses of the Chukchee people. On occassion, referred to as Tne'sqan.

Tnecei'vune

One of the 4 dawn-goddesses of the Chukchee people. Sometimes identified as Tnecei'vune.

Toko'yoto

A guardian deity of the Koryak. People. In some stories he is the father of Miti. In some lore, occasionally identified as Toko'yoto.

Tomam

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Tomwo'get

A creator-god of the Koryak people. Husband of Ha'na. Father of Quikinna'qu and Tenanto'mwan. Known as Tomwo'get.

Torem

A Vogul sky-god. He lives in a tent near the north pole to which he tethers his reindeer. Occasionally called Torem, Lappish Turms or Lappish Turms.

Tos-khan

A Tartar deity. Son of Kudai. Brother of Pyrshak-khan and Suilab. In some accounts, referred to as Tos-khan.

Totem-Talmas

Deities, son of Torem. At times, referred to as Totem-Talmas.

Tsholbon

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Tuila

A spirit of the underworld. This being rides a dog which causes earthquakes when it shakes its head. Sometimes referred to as Tuila.

Tungk-Pok

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Tyurin-muzykay

A hero who killed a man-eating sea-monster. Also commonly known as Tyurin-muzykay.

Ulakhany

A Yakut fire-god. Consort of Sabaga. In some accounts, referred to as Ulakhany.

Ulgan

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Ulu-tojon

A Yakut thunder-god. He was said to have brought fire from the heavens for the use of mankind. Called Ulu-tojon, Syga-tojon or Syga-tojon.

Ulu'tuyar Ulu Toyo'n

A malevolent creator-god of the Yakuts. In some references, called Ulu'tuyar Ulu Toyo'n.

Uor

A Yakut spirit of the dead which haunts its former home. Sometimes identified as Uor.

Urgel

The Yakut name for the Pleiades. Also called Urgel.

Uslo

A Yakut mountain-deity. Called Uslo.

Utkha

A Buriat soul-animal or bird. If this being makes a woman pregnant, the child will be a shaman or founder of a clan. Also commonly known as Utkha.

Va'irgin

A supreme deity of the Chukchee. Sometimes known as Va'irgin, Koryak Tenanto'mwan or Koryak Tenanto'mwan.

Vahiynin

A Koryak deity. At times, called Vahiynin, 'existence' or 'existence'.

Ve'ai

A vegetation-goddess of the Koryak. People. A consort of Eme'mqut. Sometimes known as Ve'ai.

Velaute'mtilan

A Koryak vegetation-deity. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Velaute'mtilan.

Wapaq

A spirit said by the Koryaks to inhabit the fly agaric toadstool. Identified as Wapaq.

Wu'squus

A god of night of the Chukchee. People. Brother of Na'chitna'irgin. Also known as Wu'squus.

Xaya Iccita

A mountain-god of the Yakuts. Known as Xaya Iccita.

xoil

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Xutlizic

Sister of Kutkhu. On occassion, called Xutlizic.

Ya'china'ut

A moon-goddess of the Koryak people. Also called Ya'china'ut.

Ya'halan

A guardian-god of the Koryak people. Son of Tenanto'mwan. Consort of Yine'ane'ut. In some stories he is the son of Ina'hitelan. Sometimes referred to as Ya'halan, Ya'halna'ut or Ya'halna'ut.

Ya'halna'ut

A guardian-deity of the Koryak people. In some accounts, referred to as Ya'halna'ut, Ya'halan or Ya'halan.

Ya'lgil

A drum. This instrument is used to represent a lake into which a shaman can dive to gain access to the underworld. Occasionally referred to as Ya'lgil.

Ya'qhicnin

A creator-god of the Koryak people. The Christian version of Tenanto'mwan. Identified as Ya'qhicnin, Tenanto'mwan, Tenanto'mwan or Chukchee Va'irgin.

Ya'yai

A guardian of the household. This being takes the form of a drum and speaks through a drumstick made of whalebone. Occasionally referred to as Ya'yai.

yadageri

A form of magic used to control. The weather. Also identified as yadageri.

yekeela

The familiar of the Siberian shaman. If the yekeela should be killed, the shaman also dies. On occassion, called yekeela.

Yeloje

A sun-god and guardian of the oppressed. Occasionally called Yeloje, Pu'gu, Pu'gu, Ye'rpeyen or Ye'rpeyen.

Yeman'gnyem

An Ostyak fish-god. The aurora borealis, it is said, is a fire that this god lights to guide travellers. In some accounts, identified as Yeman'gnyem.

Yina'mitlan

A Yakut god of fog and mist. Consort of Yina'mna'ut. Also identified as Yina'mitlan.

Yina'mna'ut

A Yakut goddess of fog and mist. Consort of Yina'mitlan. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Yina'mna'ut.

Yine'ane'ut

A guardian-goddess of the Koryak people. Daughter of Quik'inna'qu and Miti. Consort of Tanuta. Occasionally referred to as Yine'ane'ut.

Yobin-Pogli

A god of the forests. In some lore, occasionally known as Yobin-Pogli.

Yryn-ai-tojon

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Zada

A wind-spirit. At times, known as Zada, Sata or Sata.

Zajan

A Buriat god of fate. In some references, known as Zajan, Sagan-tengeri or Sagan-tengeri.

Zambu

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Zya

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Siberian Mythology