Siberian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abakan Khan

A rain-god. In some accounts, identified as Abakan Khan.

Abassylar

A demon that is said to devour the souls of the dead. Also referred to as Abassylar.

Abasy

A group of spirits of the Yakut. Underworld. The Abasy are ruled by Arson-Duolai. On occassion, identified as Abasy.

adykh

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Aha

A river-god of the Yakut. In some lore, occasionally known as Aha, Bes, Bes, Septu or Sepd.

Ajy-Tangara

A creator-god of the Yakuts. He is envisaged as an eagle, which perches on the world tree. Also called Ajy-Tangara, Ai-Tojon or Ai-Tojon.

Ajysyt

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Albasta

A Tartar spirit. This being is sometime envisaged as male, killing people by suffocation, sometimes as female with pendulous breasts and long nails. On occassion, known as Albasta.

Alklha

A monster. It is said that it is this monster in the sky that swallows the sun and moon at eclipses. Sometimes called Alklha, Alka, Alka, Arakho or Arakho.

Amaka

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Amapat

A spirit that advises a shaman. In some references, identified as Amapat.

Amle

A hero. Son of Siduku. He is said to be the founder of the Kamehadal people. In some accounts, called Amle.

Ana

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anapel

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Andalma-muus

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Anky-Kele

A sea-god of the Chukchee people. Sometimes known as Anky-Kele.

anya-kut

The father soul, one of the 3 parts of the soul (kut) in the lore of the Yakuts. In some lore, occasionally known as anya-kut.

Ar-soghotch

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Ar-tojon

A supreme god of the Yakut. Consort of Kybai-Khotun. Father of Ar-soghotch. In some accounts, known as Ar-tojon.

Arsan Duolai

The Yakut god of the underworld. He is said to have a mouth in his forehead and eyes in his temples. In some lore, occasionally identified as Arsan Duolai.

Arson-Duolai

The ruler of the Abasy, in the lore of the Yakuts. Occasionally called Arson-Duolai.

Bajanai

A Yakut forest spirit. He often leads travellers astray and sometimes appears in the form of an animal. On occassion, called Bajanai.

Balagan

A Yakut spirit, guardian of the home. Sometimes known as Balagan.

Blue Tengu

An aspect of Tengu as the spirit of fruitfulness. Also known as Blue Tengu.

Boshingtoi

A god of blacksmiths. He and his nine sons are said to have used the North Star as a hitching post for their horses. In some accounts, identified as Boshingtoi.

Bucu

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Buga

The creator-god of the Tungus. He made humans by mixing earth, fire and iron with water. Occasionally identified as Buga.

buor-kut

The earth-soul, one of the 3 parts of the soul (kut), in the lore of the Yakuts. Occasionally identified as buor-kut.

Burkhan

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Cana'inaut

A goddess. Daughter of Quikinna'qu and Miti. Also called Cana'inaut.

Chagan-Shukutu

A deity helping the creator. God Otshirvani. Occasionally known as Chagan-Shukutu.

Cinei'nen

Wife of Kere'tkun. In some accounts, called Cinei'nen.

Dogedai

Groom to the star god, Selbon. Occasionally known as Dogedai, Toklok, Toklok or Dogedoi.

Ekseri

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Elwe'kyen

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Eme'mqut

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Erlik

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Erlik Khan

A Buriat demon-hunter, ruler of the underworld. At times, identified as Erlik Khan, Irlik Khan or Irlik Khan.

Es

A creator-god of the Ket people. He is said to have made mankind from clay, producing men with his right hand, women with his left. Also known as Es.

Esege-Malan-Tengeri

A sky-god of the Buriat. Occasionally identified as Esege-Malan-Tengeri, Mongol Qormusta Tengu, Mongol Qormusta Tengu, Yakut Tangaro or Yakut Tangaro.

Eternal Tengri

An aspect of Tengri as god of fate. Also called Eternal Tengri.

Fox Woman

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Garide

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Gi'thilalan

A spirit of the twilight. Father of Miti. In some references, identified as Gi'thilalan.

Giant-Eagle

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Golden Book of Fate

The book in which the goddess Ajyst. Records each person's life. On occassion, known as Golden Book of Fate.

Goose-god

An Ostyak deity of fate. This bird lives in a nest made of furs and skins built in the mountains. Also referred to as Goose-god.

Hinkon

A god of the hunt in the lore of the Tungus tribes. Also commonly called Hinkon.

I'lena

Consort of Tenanto'mwan. On occassion, referred to as I'lena, 'rain woman' or 'rain woman'.

Icci

Spirits under the control of the creator-gods. Sometimes called Icci.

Ija-kyl

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Ilkxum

Consort of Kutkhu. In some references, identified as Ilkxum.

Ina'hitelan

A sky-god. Father of Ya'halan, some say. Also referred to as Ina'hitelan.

Itje

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Itshi

A nature-god, guardian of tools and weapons. Also commonly known as Itshi.

iya-ku

The mother-soul. One of the 3 parts of the soul (kut), in the lore of the Yakuts. At times, referred to as iya-ku, ya-kut, ya-kut or iya-kut.

jadatsky

A shaman who acts as a rainmaker. In some lore, occasionally referred to as jadatsky.

Jaik-khan

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Jar-Sub

An earth-god. Occasionally known as Jar-Sub.

K'daai Maqsin

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Kaira-khan

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Kala

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Kaltesh

A fertility-goddess. Consort of Num. She appears as a goose or sometimes as a hare. Also known as Kaltesh, Kaltes, Kaltes, sacred birds, sacred birds, birds, Ainu Ahura Mazda, Amaterasu, Apollo, Athena, Helius, Hermes, Mercury, Mithra, Nyx, Tammuz, Zas Arawn, Artemis, China, Fukurokuju, Kwannon, Lares, Mannanan, Perseus, Shou Shen, Thoth Apollo, Asclepius, Angerbode Brac, Cronus, Odin, Saturn, Yama Juno Aphrodite, Astarte Ararjatis, Ataragatis, Hachiman, Venus Dusara, Jupiter Egypt Apollo, Baba, Brahma, Dionysus, Egypt, Eros, Epona, Hera, Horus, Iris, Juno, Mars, Ops, Osiris, Seb, Thoth, Vishnu Isis Apollo, Here, Tethys Zoastrianism Asclepius, Inara Ketu, Minerva Brahma, Lakshmi, Sarasvati Apollo, Melkarth Asclepius, Noah, Odin Saturn Aphrodite, Venus Hera, Sweden Aphrodite, Isis Aphrodite, Venus Aztecs, Maya Apollo, Ares Heracles, Isis, Izanagi or Izanami Ares Triptolemus Amaterasu.

Kavra'nna

A female spirit of the sun. Also known as Kavra'nna, Ko'rgina or Ko'rgina.

Kelets

A demon of death in the lore of the Chukchee. He is said to have a pack of dogs with which he hunts and kills men. At times, called Kelets.

Kere'tkun

The supreme sea-spirit. Husband of Cinei'nen. He is said to devour the bodies of the drowned. In some lore, occasionally known as Kere'tkun, Peruten or Peruten.

Khadau

With Mamaldi, the first pair of beings. Also known as Khadau.

Khan-iki

An earth-watching deity. Son of Overgod. Also called Khan-iki.

Khin-ort

An Ostiak demon of sickness. He is said to be the pilot of the boat of the dead. On occassion, called Khin-ort.

Khori Tumed

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Khosodam

A cannibalistic female ruler of the dead. She was said to have created mosquitoes. At times, called Khosodam.

Khubilgan

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Khuran-Nojon

A Buriat rain-deity. He stores rain in barrels each of which, when opened, causes rain to fall for three days. Occasionally identified as Khuran-Nojon.

Khuri Edzhin

A Buriat spirit who teaches men the art of music. On occassion, called Khuri Edzhin.

Kini'je

The spirit which controls time. In some references, identified as Kini'je, Ki'njen or Ki'njen.

Kisangan-Tengri

A Mongol war god. Occasionally referred to as Kisangan-Tengri, Altaic Kysan-Tengere or Altaic Kysan-Tengere.

Kormos

An evil spirit. This spirit follows a man throughout his lifetime, recording all his deeds. Occasionally referred to as Kormos.

Ku'urkil

Creator-god of the Chukchee tribe. The first human being. Also called Ku'urkil, Kamchadal, Kamchadal, Kutkhu, Kutkhu, Kutku, Kutq, Kutk, Chukckee Ku'urki, Koryak Kutkinna'qu or Quikinna'qu.

Kudai

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Kudai-Bakshy

The Yakut guardian god of blacksmiths. Sometimes known as Kudai-Bakshy.

Kudai-jajutshi

An Altaic star-god. Called Kudai-jajutshi.

Kuju

A sky-spirit providing food for man. Sometimes referred to as Kuju.

Kurkil

A Mongol creator-god. He is envisaged as a raven. Referred to as Kurkil.

kurmes

A shamanistic fetish in the form of an image. Occasionally identified as kurmes, Buriat ongon, Buriat ongon, tyus, Turkish tyus, Turkish tyus or ongon.

Kut

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Kutkhu

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Kybai-khotun

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Kyrgys-khan

A Tartar deity bringing happiness. Grandson of Kudai. Occasionally known as Kyrgys-khan, Sary-khan, Sary-khan or Kyrgis-khan.

Kysan-Tengere

An Altaic god living in the ninth. Heaven. Occasionally identified as Kysan-Tengere, Mongol Kisangan-Tengri or Mongol Kisangan-Tengri.

Lapna'ut

Wife of Tayan. In some accounts, called Lapna'ut.

Lebien-Pogil

A guardian spirit of the earth. Also commonly known as Lebien-Pogil.

Lietna'irgin

One of the 4 spirits of the dawn. In some accounts, identified as Lietna'irgin.

Lo'cin-coro'mo

A household guardian-god. Occasionally known as Lo'cin-coro'mo, Lo'cil, Lo'cil, Yegi'le or Yegi'le.

Lo'cin-po'gil

A fire-spirit. Also called Lo'cin-po'gil.

Loom

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Losy

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Main

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Mamaldi

With Kadau, the first pair of beings. Occasionally known as Mamaldi.

mammoth

A huge animal on the back of which the earth rests. It is believed that earthquakes occur when the animal moves. Occasionally identified as mammoth.

Mandishire

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Manzan Gormo

A Buriat mother-goddess. It was said that the Milky Way was made from the abundant flow of her breast-milk. In some accounts, known as Manzan Gormo.

Mayin

The supreme god of the Tungus. Sometimes referred to as Mayin.

Mergen Tengere

An Altaic sky-god. Sometimes called Mergen Tengere.

Miti

A mother-goddess of the Koryak tribe. Daughter of Gi'thililan or Toko'yoto. Consort of Quikinna'qu. Mother of Cana'ina'ut, Eme'mqut, Na'nqa-Ka'le and Yine'ane'ut. At times, identified as Miti.

Mordo-khan

A rain-god. At times, known as Mordo-khan.

Mratna'irgin

One of 4 dawn-goddesses. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Mratna'irgin.

Mu Monto

A Buriat hero. He is said to have visited the world of the dead and returned. Occasionally known as Mu Monto.

mumy

A generic name for female naturedeities of the Votyaks. At times, referred to as mumy, 'mother', 'mother', Amona, Atira, Maia, Modir or Uma.

munbano

The Samoyed rainbow. The rainbow is said to be the hem of the sun-god's coat. Also commonly called munbano.

murt

A generic name for male nature-deities of the Votyaks. Occasionally known as murt, 'man', 'man', Mannus or Manu.

Muzem-mumy

An earth-goddess of the Votyaks. Called Muzem-mumy.

Na'chitna'irgin

One of 4 Chukchee dawn-spirits. Brother of Wu'squus. Also commonly known as Na'chitna'irgin.

Na'ininen

A creator-god. In some lore, occasionally called Na'ininen, Na'rninen or Na'rninen.

Na'nqa-ka'le

A guardian-god. Son of Quikkinna-qu and Miti. In some lore, occasionally called Na'nqa-ka'le.

Nama

God of the underworld. He, like Noah, built an ark in which he, his family and some animals survived the world flood. Also called Nama.

Namu

The man who survived the flood. He was given advance warning by Ulgan and built an ark in which he survived. Sometimes identified as Namu.

Ne'nenkicex

A creator-god of the Kamchadal. People. Also identified as Ne'nenkicex.

Nelle parjam

The Cheremis festival of the dead, celebrated for each individual 40. Days after burial. Also known as Nelle parjam, Nellese, Nellese, Toste-mari, Toste-mari, Sorta ketse, Sorta pairam, toste-mari or toste-mari.

Neskeper-ava

A bee-deity. Also commonly identified as Neskeper-ava, Muks-ort, Muks-ort, Naskeper-ava, Naskeper-ava, Neske-pas or Neske-pas.

Nesreca

An evil genius, the converse of Soreca. Sometimes identified as Nesreca.

Nikolai

A Russian saint worshipped as a guardian god of seafarers. Sometimes called Nikolai.

Nu'tentut

An earth-spirit of the Chukchee people. He owns the world and lives in a house made of iron. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Nu'tentut.

Nuli'rahak

A sea-spirit. She lives in the ocean, feeding on the bodies of the drowned. In some references, known as Nuli'rahak, Greenland Nerrivik, Greenland Nerrivik, Sedna, North American Sedna or North American Sedna.

Num

A creator-god and sky-god of the Samoyed. Consort of Kaltesh. Also referred to as Num, Ostyak Num-Turem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom or Num-Turem.

Num-Turem

A sky-god of the Ostyak. Also identified as Num-Turem, Samoyed Num, Samoyed Num, Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom or Num.

Numitarom

Sky-god of the Vogul. On occassion, referred to as Numitarom, Num-Torem, Num-Torem, Num-Torum, Num-Torum, Numi-Torem, Numi-Torem, Numitorem, Numitorem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Num, Samoyed Num, Samoyed Num or Num-Turem.

Obi

A water-spirit. Also identified as Obi, Obeah, Obeah, obe, obi or obeah.

Obin-murt

A Votyak god of kilns and threshingbarns. At times, referred to as Obin-murt, Idem-kuguza, Idem-kuguza, Russian Rynys-aika or Russian Rynys-aika.

ongon

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Otshirvani

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Pairekse

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Patshak

Ostiak spirits. These beings are the restless spirits of children who have been killed. Sometimes known as Patshak.

Peju'ipe

Guardians of animals. Sometimes known as Peju'ipe.

Picvu'cin

A god of the hunt of the Chukchee. People. Identified as Picvu'cin.

Pon

A creator-god of the Yukaghir people. Sometimes referred to as Pon, Pon-o'moc, Pon-o'moc, Pon-ti'boi, Pon-ti'boi, Pon-yu'lec or Pon-yu'lec.

Pon-o'moc

A name of Pon as 'he who became good'. At times, known as Pon-o'moc, Pon, Pon, Pon-ti'boi or Pon-yu'lec.

Pon-ti'boi

A name of Pon as 'rain-maker'. In some accounts, identified as Pon-ti'boi, Pon, Pon, Pon-o'moc or Pon-yu'lec.

Pon-yu'lec

A name of Pon as 'he who becomes dark'. Sometimes called Pon-yu'lec, Pon, Pon, Pon-o'moc or Pon-ti'boi.

Pyrshak-khan

A Tartar deity. Son of Kudai. Brother of Tos-khan and Suilap. In some accounts, known as Pyrshak-khan.

Qaitakalnin

A guardian deity. Brother of Quikinna'qu and A'na. At times, identified as Qaitakalnin.

Qeskina'qu

A spirit of daylight. Son of Quikinna'qu. On occassion, known as Qeskina'qu.

Quikinna'qu

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Sabaga

A Yakut goddess of fire. Consort of Ulakhany. Sometimes identified as Sabaga.

Sary-khan

A Tartar deity of happiness. Grandson of Kudai. On occassion, known as Sary-khan, Kyrgys-khan, Kyrgys-khan, Kyrgis-khan or Kyrgis-khan.

Shitkur

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Shulmus

A devil opposing Otshirvani. On occassion, called Shulmus, Shulman or Shulman.

Si'duku

A mother-goddess. Daughter of Kutkhu. Consort of Ti'zil Kutkhu. Mother of Amle'i. On occassion, identified as Si'duku.

Si'mskalin

A guardian god. Son of Kutkhu. Occasionally called Si'mskalin.

Suilap

A Tartar deity. Son of Kudai. Brother of Pyrshak-khan and Tos-khan. In some references, identified as Suilap.

Sulbundu

A shepherd-god. In some lore, occasionally called Sulbundu.

Sumbur

A sacred mountain. This mountain appeared out of the navel of the frog which, lying on its back, supports the earth. Sometimes referred to as Sumbur, Sumer, Sumer, Sumur or Sumur.

Syga-tojon

A name for Ulu-tojon as 'axe-lord'. Also identified as Syga-tojon, Ulu-tojon or Ulu-tojon.

Ta'yan

A supreme deity of the Koryak people. Consort of Lapna'ut. Father of Ya'halan. Also commonly identified as Ta'yan.

Tanara

A sky-god of the Yakuts. Sometimes referred to as Tanara.

Tangara

A Yakut sky-god. On occassion, identified as Tangara, Buriat Esege-Malan-Tengeri Mongol Qormusta Tengri or Buriat Esege-Malan-Tengeri Mongol Qormusta Tengri.

Tanuta

A Koryak earth-guardian. Consort of Yine'ane'ut. Sometimes known as Tanuta.

Tarn

An evil deity of the Ostyak. God of war and disease. In some cases, Tarn is depicted as female. Occasionally referred to as Tarn.

Tat'qahicnin

A Koryak vegetation-god. Also commonly referred to as Tat'qahicnin.

Tata

Progenitor of the Tartars and keeper of the Tree of Life. At times, identified as Tata, Nata, Nata, Tata, Xiuhtecuhtli, Xiuhtecuhtli, Ixcozauhqui, Old God, Otontecuhtli, Otonteuctli, Tata, Huehueteotl or Otonteuchtli.

Ten Geris

A thunder-god of the Buriats. Also called Ten Geris.

Tenanto'mni

A creator-god of the Chukchee people. Sometimes identified as Tenanto'mni.

Tenanto'mwan

A creator-god of the Koryak people. Consort of I'lena. In some references, referred to as Tenanto'mwan, Ya'qhicnin, Ya'qhicnin, Chukchee Va'irgin or Chukchee Va'irgin.

Tengys

A sea-god. On occassion, called Tengys.

Thunderbird

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Ti'hmar

A supreme god of the Tungus. Occasionally known as Ti'hmar.

Ti'ykitiy

A sun-god of the Yakut. Also commonly called Ti'ykitiy.

Ti'zil-Kutkhu

A guardian of the Kamchadal people. Son of Kutkhu. In some lore, occasionally known as Ti'zil-Kutkhu.

Tna'nto

A dawn goddess of the Koryak. People. Occasionally referred to as Tna'nto.

Tne'sqan

One of the 4 dawn-goddesses of the Chukchee people. Occasionally identified as Tne'sqan.

Tnecei'vune

One of the 4 dawn-goddesses of the Chukchee people. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Tnecei'vune.

Toko'yoto

A guardian deity of the Koryak. People. In some stories he is the father of Miti. In some lore, occasionally known as Toko'yoto.

Tomam

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Tomwo'get

A creator-god of the Koryak people. Husband of Ha'na. Father of Quikinna'qu and Tenanto'mwan. In some references, called Tomwo'get.

Torem

A Vogul sky-god. He lives in a tent near the north pole to which he tethers his reindeer. Also called Torem, Lappish Turms or Lappish Turms.

Tos-khan

A Tartar deity. Son of Kudai. Brother of Pyrshak-khan and Suilab. Sometimes called Tos-khan.

Totem-Talmas

Deities, son of Torem. Occasionally referred to as Totem-Talmas.

Tsholbon

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Tuila

A spirit of the underworld. This being rides a dog which causes earthquakes when it shakes its head. Also commonly identified as Tuila.

Tungk-Pok

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Tyurin-muzykay

A hero who killed a man-eating sea-monster. Occasionally known as Tyurin-muzykay.

Ulakhany

A Yakut fire-god. Consort of Sabaga. At times, called Ulakhany.

Ulgan

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Ulu-tojon

A Yakut thunder-god. He was said to have brought fire from the heavens for the use of mankind. At times, called Ulu-tojon, Syga-tojon or Syga-tojon.

Ulu'tuyar Ulu Toyo'n

A malevolent creator-god of the Yakuts. On occassion, referred to as Ulu'tuyar Ulu Toyo'n.

Uor

A Yakut spirit of the dead which haunts its former home. Referred to as Uor.

Urgel

The Yakut name for the Pleiades. At times, referred to as Urgel.

Uslo

A Yakut mountain-deity. On occassion, referred to as Uslo.

Utkha

A Buriat soul-animal or bird. If this being makes a woman pregnant, the child will be a shaman or founder of a clan. Also called Utkha.

Va'irgin

A supreme deity of the Chukchee. Referred to as Va'irgin, Koryak Tenanto'mwan or Koryak Tenanto'mwan.

Vahiynin

A Koryak deity. Sometimes identified as Vahiynin, 'existence' or 'existence'.

Ve'ai

A vegetation-goddess of the Koryak. People. A consort of Eme'mqut. In some accounts, called Ve'ai.

Velaute'mtilan

A Koryak vegetation-deity. Sometimes identified as Velaute'mtilan.

Wapaq

A spirit said by the Koryaks to inhabit the fly agaric toadstool. At times, identified as Wapaq.

Wu'squus

A god of night of the Chukchee. People. Brother of Na'chitna'irgin. Occasionally called Wu'squus.

Xaya Iccita

A mountain-god of the Yakuts. In some accounts, known as Xaya Iccita.

xoil

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Xutlizic

Sister of Kutkhu. Called Xutlizic.

Ya'china'ut

A moon-goddess of the Koryak people. Also commonly known as Ya'china'ut.

Ya'halan

A guardian-god of the Koryak people. Son of Tenanto'mwan. Consort of Yine'ane'ut. In some stories he is the son of Ina'hitelan. On occassion, identified as Ya'halan, Ya'halna'ut or Ya'halna'ut.

Ya'halna'ut

A guardian-deity of the Koryak people. Also called Ya'halna'ut, Ya'halan or Ya'halan.

Ya'lgil

A drum. This instrument is used to represent a lake into which a shaman can dive to gain access to the underworld. Also referred to as Ya'lgil.

Ya'qhicnin

A creator-god of the Koryak people. The Christian version of Tenanto'mwan. Occasionally identified as Ya'qhicnin, Tenanto'mwan, Tenanto'mwan or Chukchee Va'irgin.

Ya'yai

A guardian of the household. This being takes the form of a drum and speaks through a drumstick made of whalebone. Also commonly called Ya'yai.

yadageri

A form of magic used to control. The weather. Called yadageri.

yekeela

The familiar of the Siberian shaman. If the yekeela should be killed, the shaman also dies. At times, referred to as yekeela.

Yeloje

A sun-god and guardian of the oppressed. Occasionally referred to as Yeloje, Pu'gu, Pu'gu, Ye'rpeyen or Ye'rpeyen.

Yeman'gnyem

An Ostyak fish-god. The aurora borealis, it is said, is a fire that this god lights to guide travellers. Called Yeman'gnyem.

Yina'mitlan

A Yakut god of fog and mist. Consort of Yina'mna'ut. Sometimes called Yina'mitlan.

Yina'mna'ut

A Yakut goddess of fog and mist. Consort of Yina'mitlan. Sometimes identified as Yina'mna'ut.

Yine'ane'ut

A guardian-goddess of the Koryak people. Daughter of Quik'inna'qu and Miti. Consort of Tanuta. Also identified as Yine'ane'ut.

Yobin-Pogli

A god of the forests. Also commonly referred to as Yobin-Pogli.

Yryn-ai-tojon

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Zada

A wind-spirit. Occasionally called Zada, Sata or Sata.

Zajan

A Buriat god of fate. Sometimes identified as Zajan, Sagan-tengeri or Sagan-tengeri.

Zambu

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Zya

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Siberian Mythology