Siberian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abakan Khan

A rain-god. At times, called Abakan Khan.

Abassylar

A demon that is said to devour the souls of the dead. In some accounts, called Abassylar.

Abasy

A group of spirits of the Yakut. Underworld. The Abasy are ruled by Arson-Duolai. Also known as Abasy.

adykh

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Aha

A river-god of the Yakut. Sometimes referred to as Aha, Bes, Bes, Septu or Sepd.

Ajy-Tangara

A creator-god of the Yakuts. He is envisaged as an eagle, which perches on the world tree. Also known as Ajy-Tangara, Ai-Tojon or Ai-Tojon.

Ajysyt

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Albasta

A Tartar spirit. This being is sometime envisaged as male, killing people by suffocation, sometimes as female with pendulous breasts and long nails. Occasionally identified as Albasta.

Alklha

A monster. It is said that it is this monster in the sky that swallows the sun and moon at eclipses. Sometimes called Alklha, Alka, Alka, Arakho or Arakho.

Amaka

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Amapat

A spirit that advises a shaman. Occasionally identified as Amapat.

Amle

A hero. Son of Siduku. He is said to be the founder of the Kamehadal people. Sometimes known as Amle.

Ana

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anapel

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Andalma-muus

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Anky-Kele

A sea-god of the Chukchee people. Referred to as Anky-Kele.

anya-kut

The father soul, one of the 3 parts of the soul (kut) in the lore of the Yakuts. Also commonly known as anya-kut.

Ar-soghotch

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Ar-tojon

A supreme god of the Yakut. Consort of Kybai-Khotun. Father of Ar-soghotch. Also commonly known as Ar-tojon.

Arsan Duolai

The Yakut god of the underworld. He is said to have a mouth in his forehead and eyes in his temples. On occassion, known as Arsan Duolai.

Arson-Duolai

The ruler of the Abasy, in the lore of the Yakuts. In some lore, occasionally identified as Arson-Duolai.

Bajanai

A Yakut forest spirit. He often leads travellers astray and sometimes appears in the form of an animal. Sometimes called Bajanai.

Balagan

A Yakut spirit, guardian of the home. In some references, referred to as Balagan.

Blue Tengu

An aspect of Tengu as the spirit of fruitfulness. In some lore, occasionally known as Blue Tengu.

Boshingtoi

A god of blacksmiths. He and his nine sons are said to have used the North Star as a hitching post for their horses. Sometimes referred to as Boshingtoi.

Bucu

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Buga

The creator-god of the Tungus. He made humans by mixing earth, fire and iron with water. Sometimes identified as Buga.

buor-kut

The earth-soul, one of the 3 parts of the soul (kut), in the lore of the Yakuts. Also known as buor-kut.

Burkhan

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Cana'inaut

A goddess. Daughter of Quikinna'qu and Miti. Sometimes known as Cana'inaut.

Chagan-Shukutu

A deity helping the creator. God Otshirvani. Sometimes identified as Chagan-Shukutu.

Cinei'nen

Wife of Kere'tkun. Also identified as Cinei'nen.

Dogedai

Groom to the star god, Selbon. At times, called Dogedai, Toklok, Toklok or Dogedoi.

Ekseri

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Elwe'kyen

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Eme'mqut

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Erlik

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Erlik Khan

A Buriat demon-hunter, ruler of the underworld. Sometimes known as Erlik Khan, Irlik Khan or Irlik Khan.

Es

A creator-god of the Ket people. He is said to have made mankind from clay, producing men with his right hand, women with his left. Occasionally known as Es.

Esege-Malan-Tengeri

A sky-god of the Buriat. Also identified as Esege-Malan-Tengeri, Mongol Qormusta Tengu, Mongol Qormusta Tengu, Yakut Tangaro or Yakut Tangaro.

Eternal Tengri

An aspect of Tengri as god of fate. Sometimes identified as Eternal Tengri.

Fox Woman

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Garide

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Gi'thilalan

A spirit of the twilight. Father of Miti. Occasionally called Gi'thilalan.

Giant-Eagle

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Golden Book of Fate

The book in which the goddess Ajyst. Records each person's life. In some references, identified as Golden Book of Fate.

Goose-god

An Ostyak deity of fate. This bird lives in a nest made of furs and skins built in the mountains. On occassion, identified as Goose-god.

Hinkon

A god of the hunt in the lore of the Tungus tribes. In some lore, occasionally known as Hinkon.

I'lena

Consort of Tenanto'mwan. Sometimes called I'lena, 'rain woman' or 'rain woman'.

Icci

Spirits under the control of the creator-gods. On occassion, identified as Icci.

Ija-kyl

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Ilkxum

Consort of Kutkhu. Also identified as Ilkxum.

Ina'hitelan

A sky-god. Father of Ya'halan, some say. Sometimes known as Ina'hitelan.

Itje

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Itshi

A nature-god, guardian of tools and weapons. At times, known as Itshi.

iya-ku

The mother-soul. One of the 3 parts of the soul (kut), in the lore of the Yakuts. Sometimes known as iya-ku, ya-kut, ya-kut or iya-kut.

jadatsky

A shaman who acts as a rainmaker. Sometimes referred to as jadatsky.

Jaik-khan

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Jar-Sub

An earth-god. Also identified as Jar-Sub.

K'daai Maqsin

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Kaira-khan

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Kala

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Kaltesh

A fertility-goddess. Consort of Num. She appears as a goose or sometimes as a hare. At times, known as Kaltesh, Kaltes, Kaltes, sacred birds, sacred birds, birds, Ainu Ahura Mazda, Amaterasu, Apollo, Athena, Helius, Hermes, Mercury, Mithra, Nyx, Tammuz, Zas Arawn, Artemis, China, Fukurokuju, Kwannon, Lares, Mannanan, Perseus, Shou Shen, Thoth Apollo, Asclepius, Angerbode Brac, Cronus, Odin, Saturn, Yama Juno Aphrodite, Astarte Ararjatis, Ataragatis, Hachiman, Venus Dusara, Jupiter Egypt Apollo, Baba, Brahma, Dionysus, Egypt, Eros, Epona, Hera, Horus, Iris, Juno, Mars, Ops, Osiris, Seb, Thoth, Vishnu Isis Apollo, Here, Tethys Zoastrianism Asclepius, Inara Ketu, Minerva Brahma, Lakshmi, Sarasvati Apollo, Melkarth Asclepius, Noah, Odin Saturn Aphrodite, Venus Hera, Sweden Aphrodite, Isis Aphrodite, Venus Aztecs, Maya Apollo, Ares Heracles, Isis, Izanagi or Izanami Ares Triptolemus Amaterasu.

Kavra'nna

A female spirit of the sun. Occasionally identified as Kavra'nna, Ko'rgina or Ko'rgina.

Kelets

A demon of death in the lore of the Chukchee. He is said to have a pack of dogs with which he hunts and kills men. Occasionally identified as Kelets.

Kere'tkun

The supreme sea-spirit. Husband of Cinei'nen. He is said to devour the bodies of the drowned. In some accounts, referred to as Kere'tkun, Peruten or Peruten.

Khadau

With Mamaldi, the first pair of beings. Known as Khadau.

Khan-iki

An earth-watching deity. Son of Overgod. In some references, identified as Khan-iki.

Khin-ort

An Ostiak demon of sickness. He is said to be the pilot of the boat of the dead. Occasionally identified as Khin-ort.

Khori Tumed

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Khosodam

A cannibalistic female ruler of the dead. She was said to have created mosquitoes. Sometimes identified as Khosodam.

Khubilgan

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Khuran-Nojon

A Buriat rain-deity. He stores rain in barrels each of which, when opened, causes rain to fall for three days. Also commonly referred to as Khuran-Nojon.

Khuri Edzhin

A Buriat spirit who teaches men the art of music. On occassion, called Khuri Edzhin.

Kini'je

The spirit which controls time. Also referred to as Kini'je, Ki'njen or Ki'njen.

Kisangan-Tengri

A Mongol war god. In some references, identified as Kisangan-Tengri, Altaic Kysan-Tengere or Altaic Kysan-Tengere.

Kormos

An evil spirit. This spirit follows a man throughout his lifetime, recording all his deeds. At times, called Kormos.

Ku'urkil

Creator-god of the Chukchee tribe. The first human being. Occasionally referred to as Ku'urkil, Kamchadal, Kamchadal, Kutkhu, Kutkhu, Kutku, Kutq, Kutk, Chukckee Ku'urki, Koryak Kutkinna'qu or Quikinna'qu.

Kudai

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Kudai-Bakshy

The Yakut guardian god of blacksmiths. Sometimes known as Kudai-Bakshy.

Kudai-jajutshi

An Altaic star-god. In some references, referred to as Kudai-jajutshi.

Kuju

A sky-spirit providing food for man. Sometimes called Kuju.

Kurkil

A Mongol creator-god. He is envisaged as a raven. In some references, identified as Kurkil.

kurmes

A shamanistic fetish in the form of an image. Also known as kurmes, Buriat ongon, Buriat ongon, tyus, Turkish tyus, Turkish tyus or ongon.

Kut

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Kutkhu

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Kybai-khotun

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Kyrgys-khan

A Tartar deity bringing happiness. Grandson of Kudai. In some lore, occasionally called Kyrgys-khan, Sary-khan, Sary-khan or Kyrgis-khan.

Kysan-Tengere

An Altaic god living in the ninth. Heaven. Sometimes identified as Kysan-Tengere, Mongol Kisangan-Tengri or Mongol Kisangan-Tengri.

Lapna'ut

Wife of Tayan. Identified as Lapna'ut.

Lebien-Pogil

A guardian spirit of the earth. On occassion, called Lebien-Pogil.

Lietna'irgin

One of the 4 spirits of the dawn. In some references, referred to as Lietna'irgin.

Lo'cin-coro'mo

A household guardian-god. At times, known as Lo'cin-coro'mo, Lo'cil, Lo'cil, Yegi'le or Yegi'le.

Lo'cin-po'gil

A fire-spirit. Sometimes identified as Lo'cin-po'gil.

Loom

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Losy

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Main

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Mamaldi

With Kadau, the first pair of beings. Occasionally called Mamaldi.

mammoth

A huge animal on the back of which the earth rests. It is believed that earthquakes occur when the animal moves. Occasionally referred to as mammoth.

Mandishire

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Manzan Gormo

A Buriat mother-goddess. It was said that the Milky Way was made from the abundant flow of her breast-milk. At times, referred to as Manzan Gormo.

Mayin

The supreme god of the Tungus. Also commonly identified as Mayin.

Mergen Tengere

An Altaic sky-god. On occassion, referred to as Mergen Tengere.

Miti

A mother-goddess of the Koryak tribe. Daughter of Gi'thililan or Toko'yoto. Consort of Quikinna'qu. Mother of Cana'ina'ut, Eme'mqut, Na'nqa-Ka'le and Yine'ane'ut. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Miti.

Mordo-khan

A rain-god. Occasionally identified as Mordo-khan.

Mratna'irgin

One of 4 dawn-goddesses. Also identified as Mratna'irgin.

Mu Monto

A Buriat hero. He is said to have visited the world of the dead and returned. Occasionally referred to as Mu Monto.

mumy

A generic name for female naturedeities of the Votyaks. Referred to as mumy, 'mother', 'mother', Amona, Atira, Maia, Modir or Uma.

munbano

The Samoyed rainbow. The rainbow is said to be the hem of the sun-god's coat. Referred to as munbano.

murt

A generic name for male nature-deities of the Votyaks. In some lore, occasionally identified as murt, 'man', 'man', Mannus or Manu.

Muzem-mumy

An earth-goddess of the Votyaks. Occasionally identified as Muzem-mumy.

Na'chitna'irgin

One of 4 Chukchee dawn-spirits. Brother of Wu'squus. In some accounts, called Na'chitna'irgin.

Na'ininen

A creator-god. Sometimes referred to as Na'ininen, Na'rninen or Na'rninen.

Na'nqa-ka'le

A guardian-god. Son of Quikkinna-qu and Miti. Identified as Na'nqa-ka'le.

Nama

God of the underworld. He, like Noah, built an ark in which he, his family and some animals survived the world flood. Occasionally known as Nama.

Namu

The man who survived the flood. He was given advance warning by Ulgan and built an ark in which he survived. Also referred to as Namu.

Ne'nenkicex

A creator-god of the Kamchadal. People. At times, called Ne'nenkicex.

Nelle parjam

The Cheremis festival of the dead, celebrated for each individual 40. Days after burial. Also called Nelle parjam, Nellese, Nellese, Toste-mari, Toste-mari, Sorta ketse, Sorta pairam, toste-mari or toste-mari.

Neskeper-ava

A bee-deity. At times, referred to as Neskeper-ava, Muks-ort, Muks-ort, Naskeper-ava, Naskeper-ava, Neske-pas or Neske-pas.

Nesreca

An evil genius, the converse of Soreca. Occasionally referred to as Nesreca.

Nikolai

A Russian saint worshipped as a guardian god of seafarers. In some lore, occasionally known as Nikolai.

Nu'tentut

An earth-spirit of the Chukchee people. He owns the world and lives in a house made of iron. Known as Nu'tentut.

Nuli'rahak

A sea-spirit. She lives in the ocean, feeding on the bodies of the drowned. In some references, referred to as Nuli'rahak, Greenland Nerrivik, Greenland Nerrivik, Sedna, North American Sedna or North American Sedna.

Num

A creator-god and sky-god of the Samoyed. Consort of Kaltesh. Occasionally identified as Num, Ostyak Num-Turem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom or Num-Turem.

Num-Turem

A sky-god of the Ostyak. Also known as Num-Turem, Samoyed Num, Samoyed Num, Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom or Num.

Numitarom

Sky-god of the Vogul. At times, known as Numitarom, Num-Torem, Num-Torem, Num-Torum, Num-Torum, Numi-Torem, Numi-Torem, Numitorem, Numitorem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Num, Samoyed Num, Samoyed Num or Num-Turem.

Obi

A water-spirit. Sometimes called Obi, Obeah, Obeah, obe, obi or obeah.

Obin-murt

A Votyak god of kilns and threshingbarns. In some lore, occasionally identified as Obin-murt, Idem-kuguza, Idem-kuguza, Russian Rynys-aika or Russian Rynys-aika.

ongon

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Otshirvani

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Pairekse

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Patshak

Ostiak spirits. These beings are the restless spirits of children who have been killed. At times, referred to as Patshak.

Peju'ipe

Guardians of animals. At times, referred to as Peju'ipe.

Picvu'cin

A god of the hunt of the Chukchee. People. At times, identified as Picvu'cin.

Pon

A creator-god of the Yukaghir people. Also commonly called Pon, Pon-o'moc, Pon-o'moc, Pon-ti'boi, Pon-ti'boi, Pon-yu'lec or Pon-yu'lec.

Pon-o'moc

A name of Pon as 'he who became good'. Also commonly called Pon-o'moc, Pon, Pon, Pon-ti'boi or Pon-yu'lec.

Pon-ti'boi

A name of Pon as 'rain-maker'. In some accounts, identified as Pon-ti'boi, Pon, Pon, Pon-o'moc or Pon-yu'lec.

Pon-yu'lec

A name of Pon as 'he who becomes dark'. Sometimes called Pon-yu'lec, Pon, Pon, Pon-o'moc or Pon-ti'boi.

Pyrshak-khan

A Tartar deity. Son of Kudai. Brother of Tos-khan and Suilap. Also called Pyrshak-khan.

Qaitakalnin

A guardian deity. Brother of Quikinna'qu and A'na. Also referred to as Qaitakalnin.

Qeskina'qu

A spirit of daylight. Son of Quikinna'qu. In some references, identified as Qeskina'qu.

Quikinna'qu

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Sabaga

A Yakut goddess of fire. Consort of Ulakhany. Also commonly called Sabaga.

Sary-khan

A Tartar deity of happiness. Grandson of Kudai. In some accounts, called Sary-khan, Kyrgys-khan, Kyrgys-khan, Kyrgis-khan or Kyrgis-khan.

Shitkur

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Shulmus

A devil opposing Otshirvani. In some lore, occasionally called Shulmus, Shulman or Shulman.

Si'duku

A mother-goddess. Daughter of Kutkhu. Consort of Ti'zil Kutkhu. Mother of Amle'i. Also called Si'duku.

Si'mskalin

A guardian god. Son of Kutkhu. In some references, referred to as Si'mskalin.

Suilap

A Tartar deity. Son of Kudai. Brother of Pyrshak-khan and Tos-khan. Also known as Suilap.

Sulbundu

A shepherd-god. Also identified as Sulbundu.

Sumbur

A sacred mountain. This mountain appeared out of the navel of the frog which, lying on its back, supports the earth. At times, identified as Sumbur, Sumer, Sumer, Sumur or Sumur.

Syga-tojon

A name for Ulu-tojon as 'axe-lord'. Occasionally identified as Syga-tojon, Ulu-tojon or Ulu-tojon.

Ta'yan

A supreme deity of the Koryak people. Consort of Lapna'ut. Father of Ya'halan. Also identified as Ta'yan.

Tanara

A sky-god of the Yakuts. Also commonly identified as Tanara.

Tangara

A Yakut sky-god. In some accounts, known as Tangara, Buriat Esege-Malan-Tengeri Mongol Qormusta Tengri or Buriat Esege-Malan-Tengeri Mongol Qormusta Tengri.

Tanuta

A Koryak earth-guardian. Consort of Yine'ane'ut. Also commonly referred to as Tanuta.

Tarn

An evil deity of the Ostyak. God of war and disease. In some cases, Tarn is depicted as female. Called Tarn.

Tat'qahicnin

A Koryak vegetation-god. Also identified as Tat'qahicnin.

Tata

Progenitor of the Tartars and keeper of the Tree of Life. Sometimes called Tata, Nata, Nata, Tata, Xiuhtecuhtli, Xiuhtecuhtli, Ixcozauhqui, Old God, Otontecuhtli, Otonteuctli, Tata, Huehueteotl or Otonteuchtli.

Ten Geris

A thunder-god of the Buriats. Sometimes referred to as Ten Geris.

Tenanto'mni

A creator-god of the Chukchee people. In some accounts, called Tenanto'mni.

Tenanto'mwan

A creator-god of the Koryak people. Consort of I'lena. At times, identified as Tenanto'mwan, Ya'qhicnin, Ya'qhicnin, Chukchee Va'irgin or Chukchee Va'irgin.

Tengys

A sea-god. Occasionally known as Tengys.

Thunderbird

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Ti'hmar

A supreme god of the Tungus. In some lore, occasionally known as Ti'hmar.

Ti'ykitiy

A sun-god of the Yakut. Also referred to as Ti'ykitiy.

Ti'zil-Kutkhu

A guardian of the Kamchadal people. Son of Kutkhu. Occasionally known as Ti'zil-Kutkhu.

Tna'nto

A dawn goddess of the Koryak. People. In some references, referred to as Tna'nto.

Tne'sqan

One of the 4 dawn-goddesses of the Chukchee people. At times, referred to as Tne'sqan.

Tnecei'vune

One of the 4 dawn-goddesses of the Chukchee people. In some lore, occasionally identified as Tnecei'vune.

Toko'yoto

A guardian deity of the Koryak. People. In some stories he is the father of Miti. In some lore, occasionally identified as Toko'yoto.

Tomam

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Tomwo'get

A creator-god of the Koryak people. Husband of Ha'na. Father of Quikinna'qu and Tenanto'mwan. Occasionally referred to as Tomwo'get.

Torem

A Vogul sky-god. He lives in a tent near the north pole to which he tethers his reindeer. In some accounts, known as Torem, Lappish Turms or Lappish Turms.

Tos-khan

A Tartar deity. Son of Kudai. Brother of Pyrshak-khan and Suilab. At times, referred to as Tos-khan.

Totem-Talmas

Deities, son of Torem. Occasionally referred to as Totem-Talmas.

Tsholbon

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Tuila

A spirit of the underworld. This being rides a dog which causes earthquakes when it shakes its head. Occasionally identified as Tuila.

Tungk-Pok

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Tyurin-muzykay

A hero who killed a man-eating sea-monster. Also commonly called Tyurin-muzykay.

Ulakhany

A Yakut fire-god. Consort of Sabaga. Also identified as Ulakhany.

Ulgan

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Ulu-tojon

A Yakut thunder-god. He was said to have brought fire from the heavens for the use of mankind. Also commonly known as Ulu-tojon, Syga-tojon or Syga-tojon.

Ulu'tuyar Ulu Toyo'n

A malevolent creator-god of the Yakuts. Occasionally called Ulu'tuyar Ulu Toyo'n.

Uor

A Yakut spirit of the dead which haunts its former home. Sometimes known as Uor.

Urgel

The Yakut name for the Pleiades. Sometimes identified as Urgel.

Uslo

A Yakut mountain-deity. Also commonly referred to as Uslo.

Utkha

A Buriat soul-animal or bird. If this being makes a woman pregnant, the child will be a shaman or founder of a clan. In some lore, occasionally identified as Utkha.

Va'irgin

A supreme deity of the Chukchee. Also commonly identified as Va'irgin, Koryak Tenanto'mwan or Koryak Tenanto'mwan.

Vahiynin

A Koryak deity. In some accounts, referred to as Vahiynin, 'existence' or 'existence'.

Ve'ai

A vegetation-goddess of the Koryak. People. A consort of Eme'mqut. On occassion, called Ve'ai.

Velaute'mtilan

A Koryak vegetation-deity. Sometimes known as Velaute'mtilan.

Wapaq

A spirit said by the Koryaks to inhabit the fly agaric toadstool. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Wapaq.

Wu'squus

A god of night of the Chukchee. People. Brother of Na'chitna'irgin. At times, called Wu'squus.

Xaya Iccita

A mountain-god of the Yakuts. Also referred to as Xaya Iccita.

xoil

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Xutlizic

Sister of Kutkhu. Also commonly called Xutlizic.

Ya'china'ut

A moon-goddess of the Koryak people. Occasionally called Ya'china'ut.

Ya'halan

A guardian-god of the Koryak people. Son of Tenanto'mwan. Consort of Yine'ane'ut. In some stories he is the son of Ina'hitelan. Sometimes known as Ya'halan, Ya'halna'ut or Ya'halna'ut.

Ya'halna'ut

A guardian-deity of the Koryak people. Identified as Ya'halna'ut, Ya'halan or Ya'halan.

Ya'lgil

A drum. This instrument is used to represent a lake into which a shaman can dive to gain access to the underworld. Called Ya'lgil.

Ya'qhicnin

A creator-god of the Koryak people. The Christian version of Tenanto'mwan. Sometimes called Ya'qhicnin, Tenanto'mwan, Tenanto'mwan or Chukchee Va'irgin.

Ya'yai

A guardian of the household. This being takes the form of a drum and speaks through a drumstick made of whalebone. Sometimes known as Ya'yai.

yadageri

A form of magic used to control. The weather. At times, called yadageri.

yekeela

The familiar of the Siberian shaman. If the yekeela should be killed, the shaman also dies. At times, identified as yekeela.

Yeloje

A sun-god and guardian of the oppressed. Also commonly called Yeloje, Pu'gu, Pu'gu, Ye'rpeyen or Ye'rpeyen.

Yeman'gnyem

An Ostyak fish-god. The aurora borealis, it is said, is a fire that this god lights to guide travellers. Also referred to as Yeman'gnyem.

Yina'mitlan

A Yakut god of fog and mist. Consort of Yina'mna'ut. On occassion, known as Yina'mitlan.

Yina'mna'ut

A Yakut goddess of fog and mist. Consort of Yina'mitlan. Occasionally known as Yina'mna'ut.

Yine'ane'ut

A guardian-goddess of the Koryak people. Daughter of Quik'inna'qu and Miti. Consort of Tanuta. At times, referred to as Yine'ane'ut.

Yobin-Pogli

A god of the forests. Also identified as Yobin-Pogli.

Yryn-ai-tojon

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Zada

A wind-spirit. Sometimes called Zada, Sata or Sata.

Zajan

A Buriat god of fate. Also commonly identified as Zajan, Sagan-tengeri or Sagan-tengeri.

Zambu

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Zya

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Siberian Mythology