Siberian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abakan Khan

A rain-god. Sometimes known as Abakan Khan.

Abassylar

A demon that is said to devour the souls of the dead. Also called Abassylar.

Abasy

A group of spirits of the Yakut. Underworld. The Abasy are ruled by Arson-Duolai. Known as Abasy.

adykh

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Aha

A river-god of the Yakut. Sometimes referred to as Aha, Bes, Bes, Septu or Sepd.

Ajy-Tangara

A creator-god of the Yakuts. He is envisaged as an eagle, which perches on the world tree. In some lore, occasionally called Ajy-Tangara, Ai-Tojon or Ai-Tojon.

Ajysyt

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Albasta

A Tartar spirit. This being is sometime envisaged as male, killing people by suffocation, sometimes as female with pendulous breasts and long nails. In some accounts, known as Albasta.

Alklha

A monster. It is said that it is this monster in the sky that swallows the sun and moon at eclipses. Also identified as Alklha, Alka, Alka, Arakho or Arakho.

Amaka

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Amapat

A spirit that advises a shaman. Identified as Amapat.

Amle

A hero. Son of Siduku. He is said to be the founder of the Kamehadal people. Occasionally referred to as Amle.

Ana

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anapel

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Andalma-muus

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Anky-Kele

A sea-god of the Chukchee people. In some accounts, identified as Anky-Kele.

anya-kut

The father soul, one of the 3 parts of the soul (kut) in the lore of the Yakuts. In some lore, occasionally identified as anya-kut.

Ar-soghotch

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Ar-tojon

A supreme god of the Yakut. Consort of Kybai-Khotun. Father of Ar-soghotch. Sometimes referred to as Ar-tojon.

Arsan Duolai

The Yakut god of the underworld. He is said to have a mouth in his forehead and eyes in his temples. At times, identified as Arsan Duolai.

Arson-Duolai

The ruler of the Abasy, in the lore of the Yakuts. Sometimes called Arson-Duolai.

Bajanai

A Yakut forest spirit. He often leads travellers astray and sometimes appears in the form of an animal. In some references, known as Bajanai.

Balagan

A Yakut spirit, guardian of the home. Also called Balagan.

Blue Tengu

An aspect of Tengu as the spirit of fruitfulness. Sometimes called Blue Tengu.

Boshingtoi

A god of blacksmiths. He and his nine sons are said to have used the North Star as a hitching post for their horses. Occasionally called Boshingtoi.

Bucu

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Buga

The creator-god of the Tungus. He made humans by mixing earth, fire and iron with water. In some accounts, identified as Buga.

buor-kut

The earth-soul, one of the 3 parts of the soul (kut), in the lore of the Yakuts. Occasionally identified as buor-kut.

Burkhan

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Cana'inaut

A goddess. Daughter of Quikinna'qu and Miti. Sometimes called Cana'inaut.

Chagan-Shukutu

A deity helping the creator. God Otshirvani. Also commonly called Chagan-Shukutu.

Cinei'nen

Wife of Kere'tkun. Also called Cinei'nen.

Dogedai

Groom to the star god, Selbon. Sometimes identified as Dogedai, Toklok, Toklok or Dogedoi.

Ekseri

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Elwe'kyen

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Eme'mqut

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Erlik

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Erlik Khan

A Buriat demon-hunter, ruler of the underworld. Occasionally referred to as Erlik Khan, Irlik Khan or Irlik Khan.

Es

A creator-god of the Ket people. He is said to have made mankind from clay, producing men with his right hand, women with his left. On occassion, known as Es.

Esege-Malan-Tengeri

A sky-god of the Buriat. Also referred to as Esege-Malan-Tengeri, Mongol Qormusta Tengu, Mongol Qormusta Tengu, Yakut Tangaro or Yakut Tangaro.

Eternal Tengri

An aspect of Tengri as god of fate. At times, identified as Eternal Tengri.

Fox Woman

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Garide

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Gi'thilalan

A spirit of the twilight. Father of Miti. Referred to as Gi'thilalan.

Giant-Eagle

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Golden Book of Fate

The book in which the goddess Ajyst. Records each person's life. Sometimes identified as Golden Book of Fate.

Goose-god

An Ostyak deity of fate. This bird lives in a nest made of furs and skins built in the mountains. In some accounts, called Goose-god.

Hinkon

A god of the hunt in the lore of the Tungus tribes. Also referred to as Hinkon.

I'lena

Consort of Tenanto'mwan. On occassion, known as I'lena, 'rain woman' or 'rain woman'.

Icci

Spirits under the control of the creator-gods. Occasionally known as Icci.

Ija-kyl

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Ilkxum

Consort of Kutkhu. At times, referred to as Ilkxum.

Ina'hitelan

A sky-god. Father of Ya'halan, some say. Also commonly identified as Ina'hitelan.

Itje

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Itshi

A nature-god, guardian of tools and weapons. Occasionally known as Itshi.

iya-ku

The mother-soul. One of the 3 parts of the soul (kut), in the lore of the Yakuts. Sometimes known as iya-ku, ya-kut, ya-kut or iya-kut.

jadatsky

A shaman who acts as a rainmaker. In some lore, occasionally identified as jadatsky.

Jaik-khan

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Jar-Sub

An earth-god. Occasionally called Jar-Sub.

K'daai Maqsin

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Kaira-khan

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Kala

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Kaltesh

A fertility-goddess. Consort of Num. She appears as a goose or sometimes as a hare. Also called Kaltesh, Kaltes, Kaltes, sacred birds, sacred birds, birds, Ainu Ahura Mazda, Amaterasu, Apollo, Athena, Helius, Hermes, Mercury, Mithra, Nyx, Tammuz, Zas Arawn, Artemis, China, Fukurokuju, Kwannon, Lares, Mannanan, Perseus, Shou Shen, Thoth Apollo, Asclepius, Angerbode Brac, Cronus, Odin, Saturn, Yama Juno Aphrodite, Astarte Ararjatis, Ataragatis, Hachiman, Venus Dusara, Jupiter Egypt Apollo, Baba, Brahma, Dionysus, Egypt, Eros, Epona, Hera, Horus, Iris, Juno, Mars, Ops, Osiris, Seb, Thoth, Vishnu Isis Apollo, Here, Tethys Zoastrianism Asclepius, Inara Ketu, Minerva Brahma, Lakshmi, Sarasvati Apollo, Melkarth Asclepius, Noah, Odin Saturn Aphrodite, Venus Hera, Sweden Aphrodite, Isis Aphrodite, Venus Aztecs, Maya Apollo, Ares Heracles, Isis, Izanagi or Izanami Ares Triptolemus Amaterasu.

Kavra'nna

A female spirit of the sun. In some lore, occasionally called Kavra'nna, Ko'rgina or Ko'rgina.

Kelets

A demon of death in the lore of the Chukchee. He is said to have a pack of dogs with which he hunts and kills men. Sometimes known as Kelets.

Kere'tkun

The supreme sea-spirit. Husband of Cinei'nen. He is said to devour the bodies of the drowned. Also called Kere'tkun, Peruten or Peruten.

Khadau

With Mamaldi, the first pair of beings. At times, known as Khadau.

Khan-iki

An earth-watching deity. Son of Overgod. Also called Khan-iki.

Khin-ort

An Ostiak demon of sickness. He is said to be the pilot of the boat of the dead. In some lore, occasionally called Khin-ort.

Khori Tumed

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Khosodam

A cannibalistic female ruler of the dead. She was said to have created mosquitoes. Occasionally known as Khosodam.

Khubilgan

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Khuran-Nojon

A Buriat rain-deity. He stores rain in barrels each of which, when opened, causes rain to fall for three days. Also referred to as Khuran-Nojon.

Khuri Edzhin

A Buriat spirit who teaches men the art of music. Also known as Khuri Edzhin.

Kini'je

The spirit which controls time. Also called Kini'je, Ki'njen or Ki'njen.

Kisangan-Tengri

A Mongol war god. On occassion, known as Kisangan-Tengri, Altaic Kysan-Tengere or Altaic Kysan-Tengere.

Kormos

An evil spirit. This spirit follows a man throughout his lifetime, recording all his deeds. Also referred to as Kormos.

Ku'urkil

Creator-god of the Chukchee tribe. The first human being. Occasionally referred to as Ku'urkil, Kamchadal, Kamchadal, Kutkhu, Kutkhu, Kutku, Kutq, Kutk, Chukckee Ku'urki, Koryak Kutkinna'qu or Quikinna'qu.

Kudai

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Kudai-Bakshy

The Yakut guardian god of blacksmiths. Referred to as Kudai-Bakshy.

Kudai-jajutshi

An Altaic star-god. Occasionally referred to as Kudai-jajutshi.

Kuju

A sky-spirit providing food for man. Also commonly called Kuju.

Kurkil

A Mongol creator-god. He is envisaged as a raven. Sometimes known as Kurkil.

kurmes

A shamanistic fetish in the form of an image. In some lore, occasionally known as kurmes, Buriat ongon, Buriat ongon, tyus, Turkish tyus, Turkish tyus or ongon.

Kut

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Kutkhu

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Kybai-khotun

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Kyrgys-khan

A Tartar deity bringing happiness. Grandson of Kudai. In some lore, occasionally known as Kyrgys-khan, Sary-khan, Sary-khan or Kyrgis-khan.

Kysan-Tengere

An Altaic god living in the ninth. Heaven. Also referred to as Kysan-Tengere, Mongol Kisangan-Tengri or Mongol Kisangan-Tengri.

Lapna'ut

Wife of Tayan. Referred to as Lapna'ut.

Lebien-Pogil

A guardian spirit of the earth. Occasionally known as Lebien-Pogil.

Lietna'irgin

One of the 4 spirits of the dawn. On occassion, known as Lietna'irgin.

Lo'cin-coro'mo

A household guardian-god. On occassion, identified as Lo'cin-coro'mo, Lo'cil, Lo'cil, Yegi'le or Yegi'le.

Lo'cin-po'gil

A fire-spirit. Sometimes identified as Lo'cin-po'gil.

Loom

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Losy

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Main

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Mamaldi

With Kadau, the first pair of beings. Sometimes referred to as Mamaldi.

mammoth

A huge animal on the back of which the earth rests. It is believed that earthquakes occur when the animal moves. At times, called mammoth.

Mandishire

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Manzan Gormo

A Buriat mother-goddess. It was said that the Milky Way was made from the abundant flow of her breast-milk. Also referred to as Manzan Gormo.

Mayin

The supreme god of the Tungus. Occasionally referred to as Mayin.

Mergen Tengere

An Altaic sky-god. Also identified as Mergen Tengere.

Miti

A mother-goddess of the Koryak tribe. Daughter of Gi'thililan or Toko'yoto. Consort of Quikinna'qu. Mother of Cana'ina'ut, Eme'mqut, Na'nqa-Ka'le and Yine'ane'ut. Also commonly called Miti.

Mordo-khan

A rain-god. Sometimes known as Mordo-khan.

Mratna'irgin

One of 4 dawn-goddesses. Called Mratna'irgin.

Mu Monto

A Buriat hero. He is said to have visited the world of the dead and returned. Sometimes identified as Mu Monto.

mumy

A generic name for female naturedeities of the Votyaks. Known as mumy, 'mother', 'mother', Amona, Atira, Maia, Modir or Uma.

munbano

The Samoyed rainbow. The rainbow is said to be the hem of the sun-god's coat. Also referred to as munbano.

murt

A generic name for male nature-deities of the Votyaks. At times, known as murt, 'man', 'man', Mannus or Manu.

Muzem-mumy

An earth-goddess of the Votyaks. At times, called Muzem-mumy.

Na'chitna'irgin

One of 4 Chukchee dawn-spirits. Brother of Wu'squus. Also called Na'chitna'irgin.

Na'ininen

A creator-god. Also commonly known as Na'ininen, Na'rninen or Na'rninen.

Na'nqa-ka'le

A guardian-god. Son of Quikkinna-qu and Miti. Also commonly known as Na'nqa-ka'le.

Nama

God of the underworld. He, like Noah, built an ark in which he, his family and some animals survived the world flood. Occasionally identified as Nama.

Namu

The man who survived the flood. He was given advance warning by Ulgan and built an ark in which he survived. Also known as Namu.

Ne'nenkicex

A creator-god of the Kamchadal. People. Also known as Ne'nenkicex.

Nelle parjam

The Cheremis festival of the dead, celebrated for each individual 40. Days after burial. In some lore, occasionally called Nelle parjam, Nellese, Nellese, Toste-mari, Toste-mari, Sorta ketse, Sorta pairam, toste-mari or toste-mari.

Neskeper-ava

A bee-deity. Occasionally referred to as Neskeper-ava, Muks-ort, Muks-ort, Naskeper-ava, Naskeper-ava, Neske-pas or Neske-pas.

Nesreca

An evil genius, the converse of Soreca. At times, identified as Nesreca.

Nikolai

A Russian saint worshipped as a guardian god of seafarers. In some lore, occasionally known as Nikolai.

Nu'tentut

An earth-spirit of the Chukchee people. He owns the world and lives in a house made of iron. Sometimes called Nu'tentut.

Nuli'rahak

A sea-spirit. She lives in the ocean, feeding on the bodies of the drowned. At times, called Nuli'rahak, Greenland Nerrivik, Greenland Nerrivik, Sedna, North American Sedna or North American Sedna.

Num

A creator-god and sky-god of the Samoyed. Consort of Kaltesh. In some references, known as Num, Ostyak Num-Turem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom or Num-Turem.

Num-Turem

A sky-god of the Ostyak. Sometimes called Num-Turem, Samoyed Num, Samoyed Num, Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom or Num.

Numitarom

Sky-god of the Vogul. Sometimes referred to as Numitarom, Num-Torem, Num-Torem, Num-Torum, Num-Torum, Numi-Torem, Numi-Torem, Numitorem, Numitorem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Num, Samoyed Num, Samoyed Num or Num-Turem.

Obi

A water-spirit. In some references, known as Obi, Obeah, Obeah, obe, obi or obeah.

Obin-murt

A Votyak god of kilns and threshingbarns. Sometimes referred to as Obin-murt, Idem-kuguza, Idem-kuguza, Russian Rynys-aika or Russian Rynys-aika.

ongon

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Otshirvani

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Pairekse

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Patshak

Ostiak spirits. These beings are the restless spirits of children who have been killed. Also identified as Patshak.

Peju'ipe

Guardians of animals. In some accounts, known as Peju'ipe.

Picvu'cin

A god of the hunt of the Chukchee. People. On occassion, identified as Picvu'cin.

Pon

A creator-god of the Yukaghir people. Sometimes identified as Pon, Pon-o'moc, Pon-o'moc, Pon-ti'boi, Pon-ti'boi, Pon-yu'lec or Pon-yu'lec.

Pon-o'moc

A name of Pon as 'he who became good'. Occasionally called Pon-o'moc, Pon, Pon, Pon-ti'boi or Pon-yu'lec.

Pon-ti'boi

A name of Pon as 'rain-maker'. Referred to as Pon-ti'boi, Pon, Pon, Pon-o'moc or Pon-yu'lec.

Pon-yu'lec

A name of Pon as 'he who becomes dark'. Occasionally known as Pon-yu'lec, Pon, Pon, Pon-o'moc or Pon-ti'boi.

Pyrshak-khan

A Tartar deity. Son of Kudai. Brother of Tos-khan and Suilap. Also known as Pyrshak-khan.

Qaitakalnin

A guardian deity. Brother of Quikinna'qu and A'na. Sometimes called Qaitakalnin.

Qeskina'qu

A spirit of daylight. Son of Quikinna'qu. In some references, referred to as Qeskina'qu.

Quikinna'qu

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Sabaga

A Yakut goddess of fire. Consort of Ulakhany. In some accounts, known as Sabaga.

Sary-khan

A Tartar deity of happiness. Grandson of Kudai. In some accounts, referred to as Sary-khan, Kyrgys-khan, Kyrgys-khan, Kyrgis-khan or Kyrgis-khan.

Shitkur

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Shulmus

A devil opposing Otshirvani. Also referred to as Shulmus, Shulman or Shulman.

Si'duku

A mother-goddess. Daughter of Kutkhu. Consort of Ti'zil Kutkhu. Mother of Amle'i. Also commonly referred to as Si'duku.

Si'mskalin

A guardian god. Son of Kutkhu. On occassion, known as Si'mskalin.

Suilap

A Tartar deity. Son of Kudai. Brother of Pyrshak-khan and Tos-khan. Also identified as Suilap.

Sulbundu

A shepherd-god. Occasionally referred to as Sulbundu.

Sumbur

A sacred mountain. This mountain appeared out of the navel of the frog which, lying on its back, supports the earth. Occasionally referred to as Sumbur, Sumer, Sumer, Sumur or Sumur.

Syga-tojon

A name for Ulu-tojon as 'axe-lord'. In some references, referred to as Syga-tojon, Ulu-tojon or Ulu-tojon.

Ta'yan

A supreme deity of the Koryak people. Consort of Lapna'ut. Father of Ya'halan. Called Ta'yan.

Tanara

A sky-god of the Yakuts. Sometimes referred to as Tanara.

Tangara

A Yakut sky-god. Occasionally identified as Tangara, Buriat Esege-Malan-Tengeri Mongol Qormusta Tengri or Buriat Esege-Malan-Tengeri Mongol Qormusta Tengri.

Tanuta

A Koryak earth-guardian. Consort of Yine'ane'ut. In some references, known as Tanuta.

Tarn

An evil deity of the Ostyak. God of war and disease. In some cases, Tarn is depicted as female. Occasionally called Tarn.

Tat'qahicnin

A Koryak vegetation-god. Called Tat'qahicnin.

Tata

Progenitor of the Tartars and keeper of the Tree of Life. Sometimes identified as Tata, Nata, Nata, Tata, Xiuhtecuhtli, Xiuhtecuhtli, Ixcozauhqui, Old God, Otontecuhtli, Otonteuctli, Tata, Huehueteotl or Otonteuchtli.

Ten Geris

A thunder-god of the Buriats. Also referred to as Ten Geris.

Tenanto'mni

A creator-god of the Chukchee people. Called Tenanto'mni.

Tenanto'mwan

A creator-god of the Koryak people. Consort of I'lena. Sometimes called Tenanto'mwan, Ya'qhicnin, Ya'qhicnin, Chukchee Va'irgin or Chukchee Va'irgin.

Tengys

A sea-god. Sometimes referred to as Tengys.

Thunderbird

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Ti'hmar

A supreme god of the Tungus. Known as Ti'hmar.

Ti'ykitiy

A sun-god of the Yakut. In some lore, occasionally known as Ti'ykitiy.

Ti'zil-Kutkhu

A guardian of the Kamchadal people. Son of Kutkhu. At times, known as Ti'zil-Kutkhu.

Tna'nto

A dawn goddess of the Koryak. People. On occassion, known as Tna'nto.

Tne'sqan

One of the 4 dawn-goddesses of the Chukchee people. Occasionally identified as Tne'sqan.

Tnecei'vune

One of the 4 dawn-goddesses of the Chukchee people. In some lore, occasionally identified as Tnecei'vune.

Toko'yoto

A guardian deity of the Koryak. People. In some stories he is the father of Miti. In some references, known as Toko'yoto.

Tomam

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Tomwo'get

A creator-god of the Koryak people. Husband of Ha'na. Father of Quikinna'qu and Tenanto'mwan. In some lore, occasionally known as Tomwo'get.

Torem

A Vogul sky-god. He lives in a tent near the north pole to which he tethers his reindeer. Also known as Torem, Lappish Turms or Lappish Turms.

Tos-khan

A Tartar deity. Son of Kudai. Brother of Pyrshak-khan and Suilab. Referred to as Tos-khan.

Totem-Talmas

Deities, son of Torem. In some references, called Totem-Talmas.

Tsholbon

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Tuila

A spirit of the underworld. This being rides a dog which causes earthquakes when it shakes its head. Also referred to as Tuila.

Tungk-Pok

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Tyurin-muzykay

A hero who killed a man-eating sea-monster. Occasionally referred to as Tyurin-muzykay.

Ulakhany

A Yakut fire-god. Consort of Sabaga. Sometimes identified as Ulakhany.

Ulgan

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Ulu-tojon

A Yakut thunder-god. He was said to have brought fire from the heavens for the use of mankind. Sometimes known as Ulu-tojon, Syga-tojon or Syga-tojon.

Ulu'tuyar Ulu Toyo'n

A malevolent creator-god of the Yakuts. Called Ulu'tuyar Ulu Toyo'n.

Uor

A Yakut spirit of the dead which haunts its former home. Sometimes identified as Uor.

Urgel

The Yakut name for the Pleiades. In some lore, occasionally identified as Urgel.

Uslo

A Yakut mountain-deity. Occasionally known as Uslo.

Utkha

A Buriat soul-animal or bird. If this being makes a woman pregnant, the child will be a shaman or founder of a clan. Occasionally referred to as Utkha.

Va'irgin

A supreme deity of the Chukchee. Occasionally known as Va'irgin, Koryak Tenanto'mwan or Koryak Tenanto'mwan.

Vahiynin

A Koryak deity. Also called Vahiynin, 'existence' or 'existence'.

Ve'ai

A vegetation-goddess of the Koryak. People. A consort of Eme'mqut. Referred to as Ve'ai.

Velaute'mtilan

A Koryak vegetation-deity. Also called Velaute'mtilan.

Wapaq

A spirit said by the Koryaks to inhabit the fly agaric toadstool. At times, referred to as Wapaq.

Wu'squus

A god of night of the Chukchee. People. Brother of Na'chitna'irgin. Occasionally known as Wu'squus.

Xaya Iccita

A mountain-god of the Yakuts. Occasionally known as Xaya Iccita.

xoil

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Xutlizic

Sister of Kutkhu. Occasionally referred to as Xutlizic.

Ya'china'ut

A moon-goddess of the Koryak people. On occassion, identified as Ya'china'ut.

Ya'halan

A guardian-god of the Koryak people. Son of Tenanto'mwan. Consort of Yine'ane'ut. In some stories he is the son of Ina'hitelan. Also referred to as Ya'halan, Ya'halna'ut or Ya'halna'ut.

Ya'halna'ut

A guardian-deity of the Koryak people. Occasionally referred to as Ya'halna'ut, Ya'halan or Ya'halan.

Ya'lgil

A drum. This instrument is used to represent a lake into which a shaman can dive to gain access to the underworld. At times, identified as Ya'lgil.

Ya'qhicnin

A creator-god of the Koryak people. The Christian version of Tenanto'mwan. Also known as Ya'qhicnin, Tenanto'mwan, Tenanto'mwan or Chukchee Va'irgin.

Ya'yai

A guardian of the household. This being takes the form of a drum and speaks through a drumstick made of whalebone. In some lore, occasionally known as Ya'yai.

yadageri

A form of magic used to control. The weather. Sometimes called yadageri.

yekeela

The familiar of the Siberian shaman. If the yekeela should be killed, the shaman also dies. In some references, identified as yekeela.

Yeloje

A sun-god and guardian of the oppressed. Identified as Yeloje, Pu'gu, Pu'gu, Ye'rpeyen or Ye'rpeyen.

Yeman'gnyem

An Ostyak fish-god. The aurora borealis, it is said, is a fire that this god lights to guide travellers. Also commonly referred to as Yeman'gnyem.

Yina'mitlan

A Yakut god of fog and mist. Consort of Yina'mna'ut. Also called Yina'mitlan.

Yina'mna'ut

A Yakut goddess of fog and mist. Consort of Yina'mitlan. Sometimes known as Yina'mna'ut.

Yine'ane'ut

A guardian-goddess of the Koryak people. Daughter of Quik'inna'qu and Miti. Consort of Tanuta. Occasionally identified as Yine'ane'ut.

Yobin-Pogli

A god of the forests. Also commonly referred to as Yobin-Pogli.

Yryn-ai-tojon

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Zada

A wind-spirit. Occasionally identified as Zada, Sata or Sata.

Zajan

A Buriat god of fate. Sometimes referred to as Zajan, Sagan-tengeri or Sagan-tengeri.

Zambu

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Zya

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Siberian Mythology