- Andaman Islands
- Central American
- East Indian
- East Indies
- New Zealand
- North American
- Pacific Islands
- South American
- West Indian
Siberian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters
AbasyA group of spirits of the Yakut. Underworld. The Abasy are ruled by Arson-Duolai. Known as Abasy.
adykhread more »
Ajy-TangaraA creator-god of the Yakuts. He is envisaged as an eagle, which perches on the world tree. In some lore, occasionally called Ajy-Tangara, Ai-Tojon or Ai-Tojon.
Ajysytread more »
AlbastaA Tartar spirit. This being is sometime envisaged as male, killing people by suffocation, sometimes as female with pendulous breasts and long nails. In some accounts, known as Albasta.
AlklhaA monster. It is said that it is this monster in the sky that swallows the sun and moon at eclipses. Also identified as Alklha, Alka, Alka, Arakho or Arakho.
Amakaread more »
AmleA hero. Son of Siduku. He is said to be the founder of the Kamehadal people. Occasionally referred to as Amle.
Anaread more »
anapelread more »
Andalma-muusread more »
anya-kutThe father soul, one of the 3 parts of the soul (kut) in the lore of the Yakuts. In some lore, occasionally identified as anya-kut.
Ar-soghotchread more »
Ar-tojonA supreme god of the Yakut. Consort of Kybai-Khotun. Father of Ar-soghotch. Sometimes referred to as Ar-tojon.
Arsan DuolaiThe Yakut god of the underworld. He is said to have a mouth in his forehead and eyes in his temples. At times, identified as Arsan Duolai.
BajanaiA Yakut forest spirit. He often leads travellers astray and sometimes appears in the form of an animal. In some references, known as Bajanai.
BoshingtoiA god of blacksmiths. He and his nine sons are said to have used the North Star as a hitching post for their horses. Occasionally called Boshingtoi.
Bucuread more »
BugaThe creator-god of the Tungus. He made humans by mixing earth, fire and iron with water. In some accounts, identified as Buga.
buor-kutThe earth-soul, one of the 3 parts of the soul (kut), in the lore of the Yakuts. Occasionally identified as buor-kut.
Burkhanread more »
Ekseriread more »
Elwe'kyenread more »
Eme'mqutread more »
Erlikread more »
Erlik KhanA Buriat demon-hunter, ruler of the underworld. Occasionally referred to as Erlik Khan, Irlik Khan or Irlik Khan.
EsA creator-god of the Ket people. He is said to have made mankind from clay, producing men with his right hand, women with his left. On occassion, known as Es.
Esege-Malan-TengeriA sky-god of the Buriat. Also referred to as Esege-Malan-Tengeri, Mongol Qormusta Tengu, Mongol Qormusta Tengu, Yakut Tangaro or Yakut Tangaro.
Fox Womanread more »
Garideread more »
Giant-Eagleread more »
Golden Book of FateThe book in which the goddess Ajyst. Records each person's life. Sometimes identified as Golden Book of Fate.
Goose-godAn Ostyak deity of fate. This bird lives in a nest made of furs and skins built in the mountains. In some accounts, called Goose-god.
Ija-kylread more »
Itjeread more »
iya-kuThe mother-soul. One of the 3 parts of the soul (kut), in the lore of the Yakuts. Sometimes known as iya-ku, ya-kut, ya-kut or iya-kut.
Jaik-khanread more »
K'daai Maqsinread more »
Kaira-khanread more »
Kalaread more »
KalteshA fertility-goddess. Consort of Num. She appears as a goose or sometimes as a hare. Also called Kaltesh, Kaltes, Kaltes, sacred birds, sacred birds, birds, Ainu Ahura Mazda, Amaterasu, Apollo, Athena, Helius, Hermes, Mercury, Mithra, Nyx, Tammuz, Zas Arawn, Artemis, China, Fukurokuju, Kwannon, Lares, Mannanan, Perseus, Shou Shen, Thoth Apollo, Asclepius, Angerbode Brac, Cronus, Odin, Saturn, Yama Juno Aphrodite, Astarte Ararjatis, Ataragatis, Hachiman, Venus Dusara, Jupiter Egypt Apollo, Baba, Brahma, Dionysus, Egypt, Eros, Epona, Hera, Horus, Iris, Juno, Mars, Ops, Osiris, Seb, Thoth, Vishnu Isis Apollo, Here, Tethys Zoastrianism Asclepius, Inara Ketu, Minerva Brahma, Lakshmi, Sarasvati Apollo, Melkarth Asclepius, Noah, Odin Saturn Aphrodite, Venus Hera, Sweden Aphrodite, Isis Aphrodite, Venus Aztecs, Maya Apollo, Ares Heracles, Isis, Izanagi or Izanami Ares Triptolemus Amaterasu.
Kavra'nnaA female spirit of the sun. In some lore, occasionally called Kavra'nna, Ko'rgina or Ko'rgina.
KeletsA demon of death in the lore of the Chukchee. He is said to have a pack of dogs with which he hunts and kills men. Sometimes known as Kelets.
Kere'tkunThe supreme sea-spirit. Husband of Cinei'nen. He is said to devour the bodies of the drowned. Also called Kere'tkun, Peruten or Peruten.
Khin-ortAn Ostiak demon of sickness. He is said to be the pilot of the boat of the dead. In some lore, occasionally called Khin-ort.
Khori Tumedread more »
KhosodamA cannibalistic female ruler of the dead. She was said to have created mosquitoes. Occasionally known as Khosodam.
Khubilganread more »
Khuran-NojonA Buriat rain-deity. He stores rain in barrels each of which, when opened, causes rain to fall for three days. Also referred to as Khuran-Nojon.
Kisangan-TengriA Mongol war god. On occassion, known as Kisangan-Tengri, Altaic Kysan-Tengere or Altaic Kysan-Tengere.
KormosAn evil spirit. This spirit follows a man throughout his lifetime, recording all his deeds. Also referred to as Kormos.
Ku'urkilCreator-god of the Chukchee tribe. The first human being. Occasionally referred to as Ku'urkil, Kamchadal, Kamchadal, Kutkhu, Kutkhu, Kutku, Kutq, Kutk, Chukckee Ku'urki, Koryak Kutkinna'qu or Quikinna'qu.
Kudairead more »
kurmesA shamanistic fetish in the form of an image. In some lore, occasionally known as kurmes, Buriat ongon, Buriat ongon, tyus, Turkish tyus, Turkish tyus or ongon.
Kutread more »
Kutkhuread more »
Kybai-khotunread more »
Kyrgys-khanA Tartar deity bringing happiness. Grandson of Kudai. In some lore, occasionally known as Kyrgys-khan, Sary-khan, Sary-khan or Kyrgis-khan.
Kysan-TengereAn Altaic god living in the ninth. Heaven. Also referred to as Kysan-Tengere, Mongol Kisangan-Tengri or Mongol Kisangan-Tengri.
Lo'cin-coro'moA household guardian-god. On occassion, identified as Lo'cin-coro'mo, Lo'cil, Lo'cil, Yegi'le or Yegi'le.
Loomread more »
Losyread more »
Mainread more »
mammothA huge animal on the back of which the earth rests. It is believed that earthquakes occur when the animal moves. At times, called mammoth.
Mandishireread more »
Manzan GormoA Buriat mother-goddess. It was said that the Milky Way was made from the abundant flow of her breast-milk. Also referred to as Manzan Gormo.
MitiA mother-goddess of the Koryak tribe. Daughter of Gi'thililan or Toko'yoto. Consort of Quikinna'qu. Mother of Cana'ina'ut, Eme'mqut, Na'nqa-Ka'le and Yine'ane'ut. Also commonly called Miti.
Mu MontoA Buriat hero. He is said to have visited the world of the dead and returned. Sometimes identified as Mu Monto.
mumyA generic name for female naturedeities of the Votyaks. Known as mumy, 'mother', 'mother', Amona, Atira, Maia, Modir or Uma.
munbanoThe Samoyed rainbow. The rainbow is said to be the hem of the sun-god's coat. Also referred to as munbano.
murtA generic name for male nature-deities of the Votyaks. At times, known as murt, 'man', 'man', Mannus or Manu.
NamaGod of the underworld. He, like Noah, built an ark in which he, his family and some animals survived the world flood. Occasionally identified as Nama.
NamuThe man who survived the flood. He was given advance warning by Ulgan and built an ark in which he survived. Also known as Namu.
Nelle parjamThe Cheremis festival of the dead, celebrated for each individual 40. Days after burial. In some lore, occasionally called Nelle parjam, Nellese, Nellese, Toste-mari, Toste-mari, Sorta ketse, Sorta pairam, toste-mari or toste-mari.
Neskeper-avaA bee-deity. Occasionally referred to as Neskeper-ava, Muks-ort, Muks-ort, Naskeper-ava, Naskeper-ava, Neske-pas or Neske-pas.
NikolaiA Russian saint worshipped as a guardian god of seafarers. In some lore, occasionally known as Nikolai.
Nu'tentutAn earth-spirit of the Chukchee people. He owns the world and lives in a house made of iron. Sometimes called Nu'tentut.
Nuli'rahakA sea-spirit. She lives in the ocean, feeding on the bodies of the drowned. At times, called Nuli'rahak, Greenland Nerrivik, Greenland Nerrivik, Sedna, North American Sedna or North American Sedna.
NumA creator-god and sky-god of the Samoyed. Consort of Kaltesh. In some references, known as Num, Ostyak Num-Turem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom or Num-Turem.
Num-TuremA sky-god of the Ostyak. Sometimes called Num-Turem, Samoyed Num, Samoyed Num, Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom or Num.
NumitaromSky-god of the Vogul. Sometimes referred to as Numitarom, Num-Torem, Num-Torem, Num-Torum, Num-Torum, Numi-Torem, Numi-Torem, Numitorem, Numitorem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Num, Samoyed Num, Samoyed Num or Num-Turem.
Obin-murtA Votyak god of kilns and threshingbarns. Sometimes referred to as Obin-murt, Idem-kuguza, Idem-kuguza, Russian Rynys-aika or Russian Rynys-aika.
ongonread more »
Otshirvaniread more »
Pairekseread more »
PatshakOstiak spirits. These beings are the restless spirits of children who have been killed. Also identified as Patshak.
PonA creator-god of the Yukaghir people. Sometimes identified as Pon, Pon-o'moc, Pon-o'moc, Pon-ti'boi, Pon-ti'boi, Pon-yu'lec or Pon-yu'lec.
Pon-o'mocA name of Pon as 'he who became good'. Occasionally called Pon-o'moc, Pon, Pon, Pon-ti'boi or Pon-yu'lec.
Pon-ti'boiA name of Pon as 'rain-maker'. Referred to as Pon-ti'boi, Pon, Pon, Pon-o'moc or Pon-yu'lec.
Pon-yu'lecA name of Pon as 'he who becomes dark'. Occasionally known as Pon-yu'lec, Pon, Pon, Pon-o'moc or Pon-ti'boi.
Pyrshak-khanA Tartar deity. Son of Kudai. Brother of Tos-khan and Suilap. Also known as Pyrshak-khan.
Quikinna'quread more »
Sary-khanA Tartar deity of happiness. Grandson of Kudai. In some accounts, referred to as Sary-khan, Kyrgys-khan, Kyrgys-khan, Kyrgis-khan or Kyrgis-khan.
Shitkurread more »
Si'dukuA mother-goddess. Daughter of Kutkhu. Consort of Ti'zil Kutkhu. Mother of Amle'i. Also commonly referred to as Si'duku.
SuilapA Tartar deity. Son of Kudai. Brother of Pyrshak-khan and Tos-khan. Also identified as Suilap.
SumburA sacred mountain. This mountain appeared out of the navel of the frog which, lying on its back, supports the earth. Occasionally referred to as Sumbur, Sumer, Sumer, Sumur or Sumur.
Syga-tojonA name for Ulu-tojon as 'axe-lord'. In some references, referred to as Syga-tojon, Ulu-tojon or Ulu-tojon.
Ta'yanA supreme deity of the Koryak people. Consort of Lapna'ut. Father of Ya'halan. Called Ta'yan.
TangaraA Yakut sky-god. Occasionally identified as Tangara, Buriat Esege-Malan-Tengeri Mongol Qormusta Tengri or Buriat Esege-Malan-Tengeri Mongol Qormusta Tengri.
TarnAn evil deity of the Ostyak. God of war and disease. In some cases, Tarn is depicted as female. Occasionally called Tarn.
TataProgenitor of the Tartars and keeper of the Tree of Life. Sometimes identified as Tata, Nata, Nata, Tata, Xiuhtecuhtli, Xiuhtecuhtli, Ixcozauhqui, Old God, Otontecuhtli, Otonteuctli, Tata, Huehueteotl or Otonteuchtli.
Tenanto'mwanA creator-god of the Koryak people. Consort of I'lena. Sometimes called Tenanto'mwan, Ya'qhicnin, Ya'qhicnin, Chukchee Va'irgin or Chukchee Va'irgin.
Thunderbirdread more »
Tnecei'vuneOne of the 4 dawn-goddesses of the Chukchee people. In some lore, occasionally identified as Tnecei'vune.
Toko'yotoA guardian deity of the Koryak. People. In some stories he is the father of Miti. In some references, known as Toko'yoto.
Tomamread more »
Tomwo'getA creator-god of the Koryak people. Husband of Ha'na. Father of Quikinna'qu and Tenanto'mwan. In some lore, occasionally known as Tomwo'get.
ToremA Vogul sky-god. He lives in a tent near the north pole to which he tethers his reindeer. Also known as Torem, Lappish Turms or Lappish Turms.
Tsholbonread more »
TuilaA spirit of the underworld. This being rides a dog which causes earthquakes when it shakes its head. Also referred to as Tuila.
Tungk-Pokread more »
Tyurin-muzykayA hero who killed a man-eating sea-monster. Occasionally referred to as Tyurin-muzykay.
Ulganread more »
Ulu-tojonA Yakut thunder-god. He was said to have brought fire from the heavens for the use of mankind. Sometimes known as Ulu-tojon, Syga-tojon or Syga-tojon.
UtkhaA Buriat soul-animal or bird. If this being makes a woman pregnant, the child will be a shaman or founder of a clan. Occasionally referred to as Utkha.
Va'irginA supreme deity of the Chukchee. Occasionally known as Va'irgin, Koryak Tenanto'mwan or Koryak Tenanto'mwan.
WapaqA spirit said by the Koryaks to inhabit the fly agaric toadstool. At times, referred to as Wapaq.
Wu'squusA god of night of the Chukchee. People. Brother of Na'chitna'irgin. Occasionally known as Wu'squus.
xoilread more »
Ya'halanA guardian-god of the Koryak people. Son of Tenanto'mwan. Consort of Yine'ane'ut. In some stories he is the son of Ina'hitelan. Also referred to as Ya'halan, Ya'halna'ut or Ya'halna'ut.
Ya'halna'utA guardian-deity of the Koryak people. Occasionally referred to as Ya'halna'ut, Ya'halan or Ya'halan.
Ya'lgilA drum. This instrument is used to represent a lake into which a shaman can dive to gain access to the underworld. At times, identified as Ya'lgil.
Ya'qhicninA creator-god of the Koryak people. The Christian version of Tenanto'mwan. Also known as Ya'qhicnin, Tenanto'mwan, Tenanto'mwan or Chukchee Va'irgin.
Ya'yaiA guardian of the household. This being takes the form of a drum and speaks through a drumstick made of whalebone. In some lore, occasionally known as Ya'yai.
yekeelaThe familiar of the Siberian shaman. If the yekeela should be killed, the shaman also dies. In some references, identified as yekeela.
YelojeA sun-god and guardian of the oppressed. Identified as Yeloje, Pu'gu, Pu'gu, Ye'rpeyen or Ye'rpeyen.
Yeman'gnyemAn Ostyak fish-god. The aurora borealis, it is said, is a fire that this god lights to guide travellers. Also commonly referred to as Yeman'gnyem.
Yina'mna'utA Yakut goddess of fog and mist. Consort of Yina'mitlan. Sometimes known as Yina'mna'ut.
Yine'ane'utA guardian-goddess of the Koryak people. Daughter of Quik'inna'qu and Miti. Consort of Tanuta. Occasionally identified as Yine'ane'ut.
Yryn-ai-tojonread more »
Zamburead more »
Zyaread more »