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Siberian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters
AbasyA group of spirits of the Yakut. Underworld. The Abasy are ruled by Arson-Duolai. In some lore, occasionally known as Abasy.
adykhread more »
Ajy-TangaraA creator-god of the Yakuts. He is envisaged as an eagle, which perches on the world tree. Known as Ajy-Tangara, Ai-Tojon or Ai-Tojon.
Ajysytread more »
AlbastaA Tartar spirit. This being is sometime envisaged as male, killing people by suffocation, sometimes as female with pendulous breasts and long nails. Also commonly known as Albasta.
AlklhaA monster. It is said that it is this monster in the sky that swallows the sun and moon at eclipses. Also referred to as Alklha, Alka, Alka, Arakho or Arakho.
Amakaread more »
AmleA hero. Son of Siduku. He is said to be the founder of the Kamehadal people. Also commonly identified as Amle.
Anaread more »
anapelread more »
Andalma-muusread more »
anya-kutThe father soul, one of the 3 parts of the soul (kut) in the lore of the Yakuts. In some accounts, called anya-kut.
Ar-soghotchread more »
Ar-tojonA supreme god of the Yakut. Consort of Kybai-Khotun. Father of Ar-soghotch. Also commonly known as Ar-tojon.
Arsan DuolaiThe Yakut god of the underworld. He is said to have a mouth in his forehead and eyes in his temples. Sometimes known as Arsan Duolai.
Arson-DuolaiThe ruler of the Abasy, in the lore of the Yakuts. On occassion, known as Arson-Duolai.
BajanaiA Yakut forest spirit. He often leads travellers astray and sometimes appears in the form of an animal. Sometimes identified as Bajanai.
BoshingtoiA god of blacksmiths. He and his nine sons are said to have used the North Star as a hitching post for their horses. Also known as Boshingtoi.
Bucuread more »
BugaThe creator-god of the Tungus. He made humans by mixing earth, fire and iron with water. Also referred to as Buga.
buor-kutThe earth-soul, one of the 3 parts of the soul (kut), in the lore of the Yakuts. Also referred to as buor-kut.
Burkhanread more »
Chagan-ShukutuA deity helping the creator. God Otshirvani. In some lore, occasionally identified as Chagan-Shukutu.
Ekseriread more »
Elwe'kyenread more »
Eme'mqutread more »
Erlikread more »
Erlik KhanA Buriat demon-hunter, ruler of the underworld. In some accounts, referred to as Erlik Khan, Irlik Khan or Irlik Khan.
EsA creator-god of the Ket people. He is said to have made mankind from clay, producing men with his right hand, women with his left. On occassion, known as Es.
Esege-Malan-TengeriA sky-god of the Buriat. Occasionally referred to as Esege-Malan-Tengeri, Mongol Qormusta Tengu, Mongol Qormusta Tengu, Yakut Tangaro or Yakut Tangaro.
Fox Womanread more »
Garideread more »
Giant-Eagleread more »
Golden Book of FateThe book in which the goddess Ajyst. Records each person's life. Occasionally referred to as Golden Book of Fate.
Goose-godAn Ostyak deity of fate. This bird lives in a nest made of furs and skins built in the mountains. In some accounts, known as Goose-god.
Ija-kylread more »
Itjeread more »
iya-kuThe mother-soul. One of the 3 parts of the soul (kut), in the lore of the Yakuts. On occassion, called iya-ku, ya-kut, ya-kut or iya-kut.
Jaik-khanread more »
K'daai Maqsinread more »
Kaira-khanread more »
Kalaread more »
KalteshA fertility-goddess. Consort of Num. She appears as a goose or sometimes as a hare. Also referred to as Kaltesh, Kaltes, Kaltes, sacred birds, sacred birds, birds, Ainu Ahura Mazda, Amaterasu, Apollo, Athena, Helius, Hermes, Mercury, Mithra, Nyx, Tammuz, Zas Arawn, Artemis, China, Fukurokuju, Kwannon, Lares, Mannanan, Perseus, Shou Shen, Thoth Apollo, Asclepius, Angerbode Brac, Cronus, Odin, Saturn, Yama Juno Aphrodite, Astarte Ararjatis, Ataragatis, Hachiman, Venus Dusara, Jupiter Egypt Apollo, Baba, Brahma, Dionysus, Egypt, Eros, Epona, Hera, Horus, Iris, Juno, Mars, Ops, Osiris, Seb, Thoth, Vishnu Isis Apollo, Here, Tethys Zoastrianism Asclepius, Inara Ketu, Minerva Brahma, Lakshmi, Sarasvati Apollo, Melkarth Asclepius, Noah, Odin Saturn Aphrodite, Venus Hera, Sweden Aphrodite, Isis Aphrodite, Venus Aztecs, Maya Apollo, Ares Heracles, Isis, Izanagi or Izanami Ares Triptolemus Amaterasu.
KeletsA demon of death in the lore of the Chukchee. He is said to have a pack of dogs with which he hunts and kills men. Also called Kelets.
Kere'tkunThe supreme sea-spirit. Husband of Cinei'nen. He is said to devour the bodies of the drowned. Occasionally identified as Kere'tkun, Peruten or Peruten.
Khan-ikiAn earth-watching deity. Son of Overgod. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Khan-iki.
Khin-ortAn Ostiak demon of sickness. He is said to be the pilot of the boat of the dead. At times, identified as Khin-ort.
Khori Tumedread more »
KhosodamA cannibalistic female ruler of the dead. She was said to have created mosquitoes. Occasionally identified as Khosodam.
Khubilganread more »
Khuran-NojonA Buriat rain-deity. He stores rain in barrels each of which, when opened, causes rain to fall for three days. In some lore, occasionally known as Khuran-Nojon.
Khuri EdzhinA Buriat spirit who teaches men the art of music. Occasionally referred to as Khuri Edzhin.
Kisangan-TengriA Mongol war god. Known as Kisangan-Tengri, Altaic Kysan-Tengere or Altaic Kysan-Tengere.
KormosAn evil spirit. This spirit follows a man throughout his lifetime, recording all his deeds. Identified as Kormos.
Ku'urkilCreator-god of the Chukchee tribe. The first human being. Identified as Ku'urkil, Kamchadal, Kamchadal, Kutkhu, Kutkhu, Kutku, Kutq, Kutk, Chukckee Ku'urki, Koryak Kutkinna'qu or Quikinna'qu.
Kudairead more »
kurmesA shamanistic fetish in the form of an image. At times, identified as kurmes, Buriat ongon, Buriat ongon, tyus, Turkish tyus, Turkish tyus or ongon.
Kutread more »
Kutkhuread more »
Kybai-khotunread more »
Kyrgys-khanA Tartar deity bringing happiness. Grandson of Kudai. On occassion, identified as Kyrgys-khan, Sary-khan, Sary-khan or Kyrgis-khan.
Kysan-TengereAn Altaic god living in the ninth. Heaven. On occassion, known as Kysan-Tengere, Mongol Kisangan-Tengri or Mongol Kisangan-Tengri.
Lo'cin-coro'moA household guardian-god. In some lore, occasionally identified as Lo'cin-coro'mo, Lo'cil, Lo'cil, Yegi'le or Yegi'le.
Loomread more »
Losyread more »
Mainread more »
mammothA huge animal on the back of which the earth rests. It is believed that earthquakes occur when the animal moves. Sometimes called mammoth.
Mandishireread more »
Manzan GormoA Buriat mother-goddess. It was said that the Milky Way was made from the abundant flow of her breast-milk. Sometimes called Manzan Gormo.
MitiA mother-goddess of the Koryak tribe. Daughter of Gi'thililan or Toko'yoto. Consort of Quikinna'qu. Mother of Cana'ina'ut, Eme'mqut, Na'nqa-Ka'le and Yine'ane'ut. At times, known as Miti.
Mu MontoA Buriat hero. He is said to have visited the world of the dead and returned. In some accounts, referred to as Mu Monto.
mumyA generic name for female naturedeities of the Votyaks. Sometimes known as mumy, 'mother', 'mother', Amona, Atira, Maia, Modir or Uma.
munbanoThe Samoyed rainbow. The rainbow is said to be the hem of the sun-god's coat. In some accounts, called munbano.
murtA generic name for male nature-deities of the Votyaks. In some lore, occasionally called murt, 'man', 'man', Mannus or Manu.
Na'chitna'irginOne of 4 Chukchee dawn-spirits. Brother of Wu'squus. In some accounts, known as Na'chitna'irgin.
NamaGod of the underworld. He, like Noah, built an ark in which he, his family and some animals survived the world flood. In some lore, occasionally identified as Nama.
NamuThe man who survived the flood. He was given advance warning by Ulgan and built an ark in which he survived. Also called Namu.
Nelle parjamThe Cheremis festival of the dead, celebrated for each individual 40. Days after burial. Also commonly referred to as Nelle parjam, Nellese, Nellese, Toste-mari, Toste-mari, Sorta ketse, Sorta pairam, toste-mari or toste-mari.
Neskeper-avaA bee-deity. On occassion, identified as Neskeper-ava, Muks-ort, Muks-ort, Naskeper-ava, Naskeper-ava, Neske-pas or Neske-pas.
NikolaiA Russian saint worshipped as a guardian god of seafarers. In some references, referred to as Nikolai.
Nu'tentutAn earth-spirit of the Chukchee people. He owns the world and lives in a house made of iron. Known as Nu'tentut.
Nuli'rahakA sea-spirit. She lives in the ocean, feeding on the bodies of the drowned. Also commonly called Nuli'rahak, Greenland Nerrivik, Greenland Nerrivik, Sedna, North American Sedna or North American Sedna.
NumA creator-god and sky-god of the Samoyed. Consort of Kaltesh. Also commonly referred to as Num, Ostyak Num-Turem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom or Num-Turem.
Num-TuremA sky-god of the Ostyak. On occassion, referred to as Num-Turem, Samoyed Num, Samoyed Num, Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom or Num.
NumitaromSky-god of the Vogul. Sometimes called Numitarom, Num-Torem, Num-Torem, Num-Torum, Num-Torum, Numi-Torem, Numi-Torem, Numitorem, Numitorem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Num, Samoyed Num, Samoyed Num or Num-Turem.
Obin-murtA Votyak god of kilns and threshingbarns. Also referred to as Obin-murt, Idem-kuguza, Idem-kuguza, Russian Rynys-aika or Russian Rynys-aika.
ongonread more »
Otshirvaniread more »
Pairekseread more »
PatshakOstiak spirits. These beings are the restless spirits of children who have been killed. At times, known as Patshak.
PonA creator-god of the Yukaghir people. In some lore, occasionally identified as Pon, Pon-o'moc, Pon-o'moc, Pon-ti'boi, Pon-ti'boi, Pon-yu'lec or Pon-yu'lec.
Pon-o'mocA name of Pon as 'he who became good'. Also commonly referred to as Pon-o'moc, Pon, Pon, Pon-ti'boi or Pon-yu'lec.
Pon-ti'boiA name of Pon as 'rain-maker'. Also identified as Pon-ti'boi, Pon, Pon, Pon-o'moc or Pon-yu'lec.
Pon-yu'lecA name of Pon as 'he who becomes dark'. Also identified as Pon-yu'lec, Pon, Pon, Pon-o'moc or Pon-ti'boi.
Pyrshak-khanA Tartar deity. Son of Kudai. Brother of Tos-khan and Suilap. Occasionally identified as Pyrshak-khan.
Quikinna'quread more »
Sary-khanA Tartar deity of happiness. Grandson of Kudai. Sometimes identified as Sary-khan, Kyrgys-khan, Kyrgys-khan, Kyrgis-khan or Kyrgis-khan.
Shitkurread more »
Si'dukuA mother-goddess. Daughter of Kutkhu. Consort of Ti'zil Kutkhu. Mother of Amle'i. Also commonly identified as Si'duku.
SuilapA Tartar deity. Son of Kudai. Brother of Pyrshak-khan and Tos-khan. In some lore, occasionally identified as Suilap.
SumburA sacred mountain. This mountain appeared out of the navel of the frog which, lying on its back, supports the earth. Occasionally identified as Sumbur, Sumer, Sumer, Sumur or Sumur.
Syga-tojonA name for Ulu-tojon as 'axe-lord'. In some accounts, called Syga-tojon, Ulu-tojon or Ulu-tojon.
Ta'yanA supreme deity of the Koryak people. Consort of Lapna'ut. Father of Ya'halan. On occassion, referred to as Ta'yan.
TangaraA Yakut sky-god. Known as Tangara, Buriat Esege-Malan-Tengeri Mongol Qormusta Tengri or Buriat Esege-Malan-Tengeri Mongol Qormusta Tengri.
TarnAn evil deity of the Ostyak. God of war and disease. In some cases, Tarn is depicted as female. At times, referred to as Tarn.
TataProgenitor of the Tartars and keeper of the Tree of Life. Sometimes referred to as Tata, Nata, Nata, Tata, Xiuhtecuhtli, Xiuhtecuhtli, Ixcozauhqui, Old God, Otontecuhtli, Otonteuctli, Tata, Huehueteotl or Otonteuchtli.
Tenanto'mwanA creator-god of the Koryak people. Consort of I'lena. Occasionally referred to as Tenanto'mwan, Ya'qhicnin, Ya'qhicnin, Chukchee Va'irgin or Chukchee Va'irgin.
Thunderbirdread more »
Tnecei'vuneOne of the 4 dawn-goddesses of the Chukchee people. In some accounts, identified as Tnecei'vune.
Toko'yotoA guardian deity of the Koryak. People. In some stories he is the father of Miti. Also commonly identified as Toko'yoto.
Tomamread more »
Tomwo'getA creator-god of the Koryak people. Husband of Ha'na. Father of Quikinna'qu and Tenanto'mwan. At times, referred to as Tomwo'get.
ToremA Vogul sky-god. He lives in a tent near the north pole to which he tethers his reindeer. Sometimes called Torem, Lappish Turms or Lappish Turms.
Tsholbonread more »
TuilaA spirit of the underworld. This being rides a dog which causes earthquakes when it shakes its head. In some accounts, identified as Tuila.
Tungk-Pokread more »
Tyurin-muzykayA hero who killed a man-eating sea-monster. Also commonly identified as Tyurin-muzykay.
Ulganread more »
Ulu-tojonA Yakut thunder-god. He was said to have brought fire from the heavens for the use of mankind. Known as Ulu-tojon, Syga-tojon or Syga-tojon.
Ulu'tuyar Ulu Toyo'nA malevolent creator-god of the Yakuts. At times, known as Ulu'tuyar Ulu Toyo'n.
UtkhaA Buriat soul-animal or bird. If this being makes a woman pregnant, the child will be a shaman or founder of a clan. Occasionally known as Utkha.
Va'irginA supreme deity of the Chukchee. Sometimes called Va'irgin, Koryak Tenanto'mwan or Koryak Tenanto'mwan.
Ve'aiA vegetation-goddess of the Koryak. People. A consort of Eme'mqut. Also commonly referred to as Ve'ai.
WapaqA spirit said by the Koryaks to inhabit the fly agaric toadstool. Occasionally identified as Wapaq.
Wu'squusA god of night of the Chukchee. People. Brother of Na'chitna'irgin. Also commonly referred to as Wu'squus.
xoilread more »
Ya'halanA guardian-god of the Koryak people. Son of Tenanto'mwan. Consort of Yine'ane'ut. In some stories he is the son of Ina'hitelan. At times, identified as Ya'halan, Ya'halna'ut or Ya'halna'ut.
Ya'halna'utA guardian-deity of the Koryak people. In some lore, occasionally called Ya'halna'ut, Ya'halan or Ya'halan.
Ya'lgilA drum. This instrument is used to represent a lake into which a shaman can dive to gain access to the underworld. At times, identified as Ya'lgil.
Ya'qhicninA creator-god of the Koryak people. The Christian version of Tenanto'mwan. Sometimes referred to as Ya'qhicnin, Tenanto'mwan, Tenanto'mwan or Chukchee Va'irgin.
Ya'yaiA guardian of the household. This being takes the form of a drum and speaks through a drumstick made of whalebone. Occasionally known as Ya'yai.
yekeelaThe familiar of the Siberian shaman. If the yekeela should be killed, the shaman also dies. Also known as yekeela.
YelojeA sun-god and guardian of the oppressed. Occasionally known as Yeloje, Pu'gu, Pu'gu, Ye'rpeyen or Ye'rpeyen.
Yeman'gnyemAn Ostyak fish-god. The aurora borealis, it is said, is a fire that this god lights to guide travellers. Also identified as Yeman'gnyem.
Yina'mitlanA Yakut god of fog and mist. Consort of Yina'mna'ut. In some lore, occasionally identified as Yina'mitlan.
Yina'mna'utA Yakut goddess of fog and mist. Consort of Yina'mitlan. Sometimes known as Yina'mna'ut.
Yine'ane'utA guardian-goddess of the Koryak people. Daughter of Quik'inna'qu and Miti. Consort of Tanuta. In some accounts, known as Yine'ane'ut.
Yryn-ai-tojonread more »
Zamburead more »
Zyaread more »