Siberian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abakan Khan

A rain-god. Occasionally identified as Abakan Khan.

Abassylar

A demon that is said to devour the souls of the dead. Sometimes called Abassylar.

Abasy

A group of spirits of the Yakut. Underworld. The Abasy are ruled by Arson-Duolai. In some lore, occasionally known as Abasy.

adykh

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Aha

A river-god of the Yakut. In some references, known as Aha, Bes, Bes, Septu or Sepd.

Ajy-Tangara

A creator-god of the Yakuts. He is envisaged as an eagle, which perches on the world tree. Known as Ajy-Tangara, Ai-Tojon or Ai-Tojon.

Ajysyt

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Albasta

A Tartar spirit. This being is sometime envisaged as male, killing people by suffocation, sometimes as female with pendulous breasts and long nails. Also commonly known as Albasta.

Alklha

A monster. It is said that it is this monster in the sky that swallows the sun and moon at eclipses. Also referred to as Alklha, Alka, Alka, Arakho or Arakho.

Amaka

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Amapat

A spirit that advises a shaman. Referred to as Amapat.

Amle

A hero. Son of Siduku. He is said to be the founder of the Kamehadal people. Also commonly identified as Amle.

Ana

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anapel

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Andalma-muus

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Anky-Kele

A sea-god of the Chukchee people. Also identified as Anky-Kele.

anya-kut

The father soul, one of the 3 parts of the soul (kut) in the lore of the Yakuts. In some accounts, called anya-kut.

Ar-soghotch

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Ar-tojon

A supreme god of the Yakut. Consort of Kybai-Khotun. Father of Ar-soghotch. Also commonly known as Ar-tojon.

Arsan Duolai

The Yakut god of the underworld. He is said to have a mouth in his forehead and eyes in his temples. Sometimes known as Arsan Duolai.

Arson-Duolai

The ruler of the Abasy, in the lore of the Yakuts. On occassion, known as Arson-Duolai.

Bajanai

A Yakut forest spirit. He often leads travellers astray and sometimes appears in the form of an animal. Sometimes identified as Bajanai.

Balagan

A Yakut spirit, guardian of the home. Also commonly identified as Balagan.

Blue Tengu

An aspect of Tengu as the spirit of fruitfulness. At times, known as Blue Tengu.

Boshingtoi

A god of blacksmiths. He and his nine sons are said to have used the North Star as a hitching post for their horses. Also known as Boshingtoi.

Bucu

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Buga

The creator-god of the Tungus. He made humans by mixing earth, fire and iron with water. Also referred to as Buga.

buor-kut

The earth-soul, one of the 3 parts of the soul (kut), in the lore of the Yakuts. Also referred to as buor-kut.

Burkhan

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Cana'inaut

A goddess. Daughter of Quikinna'qu and Miti. On occassion, called Cana'inaut.

Chagan-Shukutu

A deity helping the creator. God Otshirvani. In some lore, occasionally identified as Chagan-Shukutu.

Cinei'nen

Wife of Kere'tkun. On occassion, identified as Cinei'nen.

Dogedai

Groom to the star god, Selbon. Also identified as Dogedai, Toklok, Toklok or Dogedoi.

Ekseri

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Elwe'kyen

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Eme'mqut

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Erlik

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Erlik Khan

A Buriat demon-hunter, ruler of the underworld. In some accounts, referred to as Erlik Khan, Irlik Khan or Irlik Khan.

Es

A creator-god of the Ket people. He is said to have made mankind from clay, producing men with his right hand, women with his left. On occassion, known as Es.

Esege-Malan-Tengeri

A sky-god of the Buriat. Occasionally referred to as Esege-Malan-Tengeri, Mongol Qormusta Tengu, Mongol Qormusta Tengu, Yakut Tangaro or Yakut Tangaro.

Eternal Tengri

An aspect of Tengri as god of fate. Also identified as Eternal Tengri.

Fox Woman

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Garide

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Gi'thilalan

A spirit of the twilight. Father of Miti. On occassion, identified as Gi'thilalan.

Giant-Eagle

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Golden Book of Fate

The book in which the goddess Ajyst. Records each person's life. Occasionally referred to as Golden Book of Fate.

Goose-god

An Ostyak deity of fate. This bird lives in a nest made of furs and skins built in the mountains. In some accounts, known as Goose-god.

Hinkon

A god of the hunt in the lore of the Tungus tribes. In some references, called Hinkon.

I'lena

Consort of Tenanto'mwan. Sometimes referred to as I'lena, 'rain woman' or 'rain woman'.

Icci

Spirits under the control of the creator-gods. Known as Icci.

Ija-kyl

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Ilkxum

Consort of Kutkhu. Also called Ilkxum.

Ina'hitelan

A sky-god. Father of Ya'halan, some say. In some accounts, identified as Ina'hitelan.

Itje

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Itshi

A nature-god, guardian of tools and weapons. On occassion, known as Itshi.

iya-ku

The mother-soul. One of the 3 parts of the soul (kut), in the lore of the Yakuts. On occassion, called iya-ku, ya-kut, ya-kut or iya-kut.

jadatsky

A shaman who acts as a rainmaker. On occassion, identified as jadatsky.

Jaik-khan

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Jar-Sub

An earth-god. Sometimes known as Jar-Sub.

K'daai Maqsin

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Kaira-khan

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Kala

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Kaltesh

A fertility-goddess. Consort of Num. She appears as a goose or sometimes as a hare. Also referred to as Kaltesh, Kaltes, Kaltes, sacred birds, sacred birds, birds, Ainu Ahura Mazda, Amaterasu, Apollo, Athena, Helius, Hermes, Mercury, Mithra, Nyx, Tammuz, Zas Arawn, Artemis, China, Fukurokuju, Kwannon, Lares, Mannanan, Perseus, Shou Shen, Thoth Apollo, Asclepius, Angerbode Brac, Cronus, Odin, Saturn, Yama Juno Aphrodite, Astarte Ararjatis, Ataragatis, Hachiman, Venus Dusara, Jupiter Egypt Apollo, Baba, Brahma, Dionysus, Egypt, Eros, Epona, Hera, Horus, Iris, Juno, Mars, Ops, Osiris, Seb, Thoth, Vishnu Isis Apollo, Here, Tethys Zoastrianism Asclepius, Inara Ketu, Minerva Brahma, Lakshmi, Sarasvati Apollo, Melkarth Asclepius, Noah, Odin Saturn Aphrodite, Venus Hera, Sweden Aphrodite, Isis Aphrodite, Venus Aztecs, Maya Apollo, Ares Heracles, Isis, Izanagi or Izanami Ares Triptolemus Amaterasu.

Kavra'nna

A female spirit of the sun. Also known as Kavra'nna, Ko'rgina or Ko'rgina.

Kelets

A demon of death in the lore of the Chukchee. He is said to have a pack of dogs with which he hunts and kills men. Also called Kelets.

Kere'tkun

The supreme sea-spirit. Husband of Cinei'nen. He is said to devour the bodies of the drowned. Occasionally identified as Kere'tkun, Peruten or Peruten.

Khadau

With Mamaldi, the first pair of beings. Also identified as Khadau.

Khan-iki

An earth-watching deity. Son of Overgod. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Khan-iki.

Khin-ort

An Ostiak demon of sickness. He is said to be the pilot of the boat of the dead. At times, identified as Khin-ort.

Khori Tumed

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Khosodam

A cannibalistic female ruler of the dead. She was said to have created mosquitoes. Occasionally identified as Khosodam.

Khubilgan

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Khuran-Nojon

A Buriat rain-deity. He stores rain in barrels each of which, when opened, causes rain to fall for three days. In some lore, occasionally known as Khuran-Nojon.

Khuri Edzhin

A Buriat spirit who teaches men the art of music. Occasionally referred to as Khuri Edzhin.

Kini'je

The spirit which controls time. In some accounts, called Kini'je, Ki'njen or Ki'njen.

Kisangan-Tengri

A Mongol war god. Known as Kisangan-Tengri, Altaic Kysan-Tengere or Altaic Kysan-Tengere.

Kormos

An evil spirit. This spirit follows a man throughout his lifetime, recording all his deeds. Identified as Kormos.

Ku'urkil

Creator-god of the Chukchee tribe. The first human being. Identified as Ku'urkil, Kamchadal, Kamchadal, Kutkhu, Kutkhu, Kutku, Kutq, Kutk, Chukckee Ku'urki, Koryak Kutkinna'qu or Quikinna'qu.

Kudai

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Kudai-Bakshy

The Yakut guardian god of blacksmiths. At times, called Kudai-Bakshy.

Kudai-jajutshi

An Altaic star-god. Also commonly known as Kudai-jajutshi.

Kuju

A sky-spirit providing food for man. At times, called Kuju.

Kurkil

A Mongol creator-god. He is envisaged as a raven. Sometimes identified as Kurkil.

kurmes

A shamanistic fetish in the form of an image. At times, identified as kurmes, Buriat ongon, Buriat ongon, tyus, Turkish tyus, Turkish tyus or ongon.

Kut

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Kutkhu

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Kybai-khotun

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Kyrgys-khan

A Tartar deity bringing happiness. Grandson of Kudai. On occassion, identified as Kyrgys-khan, Sary-khan, Sary-khan or Kyrgis-khan.

Kysan-Tengere

An Altaic god living in the ninth. Heaven. On occassion, known as Kysan-Tengere, Mongol Kisangan-Tengri or Mongol Kisangan-Tengri.

Lapna'ut

Wife of Tayan. In some references, called Lapna'ut.

Lebien-Pogil

A guardian spirit of the earth. Occasionally called Lebien-Pogil.

Lietna'irgin

One of the 4 spirits of the dawn. Sometimes called Lietna'irgin.

Lo'cin-coro'mo

A household guardian-god. In some lore, occasionally identified as Lo'cin-coro'mo, Lo'cil, Lo'cil, Yegi'le or Yegi'le.

Lo'cin-po'gil

A fire-spirit. Occasionally identified as Lo'cin-po'gil.

Loom

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Losy

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Main

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Mamaldi

With Kadau, the first pair of beings. Sometimes known as Mamaldi.

mammoth

A huge animal on the back of which the earth rests. It is believed that earthquakes occur when the animal moves. Sometimes called mammoth.

Mandishire

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Manzan Gormo

A Buriat mother-goddess. It was said that the Milky Way was made from the abundant flow of her breast-milk. Sometimes called Manzan Gormo.

Mayin

The supreme god of the Tungus. Also identified as Mayin.

Mergen Tengere

An Altaic sky-god. In some references, called Mergen Tengere.

Miti

A mother-goddess of the Koryak tribe. Daughter of Gi'thililan or Toko'yoto. Consort of Quikinna'qu. Mother of Cana'ina'ut, Eme'mqut, Na'nqa-Ka'le and Yine'ane'ut. At times, known as Miti.

Mordo-khan

A rain-god. In some accounts, identified as Mordo-khan.

Mratna'irgin

One of 4 dawn-goddesses. Sometimes called Mratna'irgin.

Mu Monto

A Buriat hero. He is said to have visited the world of the dead and returned. In some accounts, referred to as Mu Monto.

mumy

A generic name for female naturedeities of the Votyaks. Sometimes known as mumy, 'mother', 'mother', Amona, Atira, Maia, Modir or Uma.

munbano

The Samoyed rainbow. The rainbow is said to be the hem of the sun-god's coat. In some accounts, called munbano.

murt

A generic name for male nature-deities of the Votyaks. In some lore, occasionally called murt, 'man', 'man', Mannus or Manu.

Muzem-mumy

An earth-goddess of the Votyaks. On occassion, called Muzem-mumy.

Na'chitna'irgin

One of 4 Chukchee dawn-spirits. Brother of Wu'squus. In some accounts, known as Na'chitna'irgin.

Na'ininen

A creator-god. Sometimes called Na'ininen, Na'rninen or Na'rninen.

Na'nqa-ka'le

A guardian-god. Son of Quikkinna-qu and Miti. Occasionally known as Na'nqa-ka'le.

Nama

God of the underworld. He, like Noah, built an ark in which he, his family and some animals survived the world flood. In some lore, occasionally identified as Nama.

Namu

The man who survived the flood. He was given advance warning by Ulgan and built an ark in which he survived. Also called Namu.

Ne'nenkicex

A creator-god of the Kamchadal. People. Sometimes called Ne'nenkicex.

Nelle parjam

The Cheremis festival of the dead, celebrated for each individual 40. Days after burial. Also commonly referred to as Nelle parjam, Nellese, Nellese, Toste-mari, Toste-mari, Sorta ketse, Sorta pairam, toste-mari or toste-mari.

Neskeper-ava

A bee-deity. On occassion, identified as Neskeper-ava, Muks-ort, Muks-ort, Naskeper-ava, Naskeper-ava, Neske-pas or Neske-pas.

Nesreca

An evil genius, the converse of Soreca. On occassion, known as Nesreca.

Nikolai

A Russian saint worshipped as a guardian god of seafarers. In some references, referred to as Nikolai.

Nu'tentut

An earth-spirit of the Chukchee people. He owns the world and lives in a house made of iron. Known as Nu'tentut.

Nuli'rahak

A sea-spirit. She lives in the ocean, feeding on the bodies of the drowned. Also commonly called Nuli'rahak, Greenland Nerrivik, Greenland Nerrivik, Sedna, North American Sedna or North American Sedna.

Num

A creator-god and sky-god of the Samoyed. Consort of Kaltesh. Also commonly referred to as Num, Ostyak Num-Turem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom or Num-Turem.

Num-Turem

A sky-god of the Ostyak. On occassion, referred to as Num-Turem, Samoyed Num, Samoyed Num, Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom or Num.

Numitarom

Sky-god of the Vogul. Sometimes called Numitarom, Num-Torem, Num-Torem, Num-Torum, Num-Torum, Numi-Torem, Numi-Torem, Numitorem, Numitorem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Num, Samoyed Num, Samoyed Num or Num-Turem.

Obi

A water-spirit. At times, called Obi, Obeah, Obeah, obe, obi or obeah.

Obin-murt

A Votyak god of kilns and threshingbarns. Also referred to as Obin-murt, Idem-kuguza, Idem-kuguza, Russian Rynys-aika or Russian Rynys-aika.

ongon

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Otshirvani

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Pairekse

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Patshak

Ostiak spirits. These beings are the restless spirits of children who have been killed. At times, known as Patshak.

Peju'ipe

Guardians of animals. In some references, known as Peju'ipe.

Picvu'cin

A god of the hunt of the Chukchee. People. At times, identified as Picvu'cin.

Pon

A creator-god of the Yukaghir people. In some lore, occasionally identified as Pon, Pon-o'moc, Pon-o'moc, Pon-ti'boi, Pon-ti'boi, Pon-yu'lec or Pon-yu'lec.

Pon-o'moc

A name of Pon as 'he who became good'. Also commonly referred to as Pon-o'moc, Pon, Pon, Pon-ti'boi or Pon-yu'lec.

Pon-ti'boi

A name of Pon as 'rain-maker'. Also identified as Pon-ti'boi, Pon, Pon, Pon-o'moc or Pon-yu'lec.

Pon-yu'lec

A name of Pon as 'he who becomes dark'. Also identified as Pon-yu'lec, Pon, Pon, Pon-o'moc or Pon-ti'boi.

Pyrshak-khan

A Tartar deity. Son of Kudai. Brother of Tos-khan and Suilap. Occasionally identified as Pyrshak-khan.

Qaitakalnin

A guardian deity. Brother of Quikinna'qu and A'na. Also known as Qaitakalnin.

Qeskina'qu

A spirit of daylight. Son of Quikinna'qu. At times, called Qeskina'qu.

Quikinna'qu

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Sabaga

A Yakut goddess of fire. Consort of Ulakhany. Identified as Sabaga.

Sary-khan

A Tartar deity of happiness. Grandson of Kudai. Sometimes identified as Sary-khan, Kyrgys-khan, Kyrgys-khan, Kyrgis-khan or Kyrgis-khan.

Shitkur

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Shulmus

A devil opposing Otshirvani. Also identified as Shulmus, Shulman or Shulman.

Si'duku

A mother-goddess. Daughter of Kutkhu. Consort of Ti'zil Kutkhu. Mother of Amle'i. Also commonly identified as Si'duku.

Si'mskalin

A guardian god. Son of Kutkhu. Also called Si'mskalin.

Suilap

A Tartar deity. Son of Kudai. Brother of Pyrshak-khan and Tos-khan. In some lore, occasionally identified as Suilap.

Sulbundu

A shepherd-god. Also identified as Sulbundu.

Sumbur

A sacred mountain. This mountain appeared out of the navel of the frog which, lying on its back, supports the earth. Occasionally identified as Sumbur, Sumer, Sumer, Sumur or Sumur.

Syga-tojon

A name for Ulu-tojon as 'axe-lord'. In some accounts, called Syga-tojon, Ulu-tojon or Ulu-tojon.

Ta'yan

A supreme deity of the Koryak people. Consort of Lapna'ut. Father of Ya'halan. On occassion, referred to as Ta'yan.

Tanara

A sky-god of the Yakuts. Occasionally identified as Tanara.

Tangara

A Yakut sky-god. Known as Tangara, Buriat Esege-Malan-Tengeri Mongol Qormusta Tengri or Buriat Esege-Malan-Tengeri Mongol Qormusta Tengri.

Tanuta

A Koryak earth-guardian. Consort of Yine'ane'ut. In some references, known as Tanuta.

Tarn

An evil deity of the Ostyak. God of war and disease. In some cases, Tarn is depicted as female. At times, referred to as Tarn.

Tat'qahicnin

A Koryak vegetation-god. Also called Tat'qahicnin.

Tata

Progenitor of the Tartars and keeper of the Tree of Life. Sometimes referred to as Tata, Nata, Nata, Tata, Xiuhtecuhtli, Xiuhtecuhtli, Ixcozauhqui, Old God, Otontecuhtli, Otonteuctli, Tata, Huehueteotl or Otonteuchtli.

Ten Geris

A thunder-god of the Buriats. Also commonly identified as Ten Geris.

Tenanto'mni

A creator-god of the Chukchee people. Called Tenanto'mni.

Tenanto'mwan

A creator-god of the Koryak people. Consort of I'lena. Occasionally referred to as Tenanto'mwan, Ya'qhicnin, Ya'qhicnin, Chukchee Va'irgin or Chukchee Va'irgin.

Tengys

A sea-god. Also commonly known as Tengys.

Thunderbird

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Ti'hmar

A supreme god of the Tungus. At times, referred to as Ti'hmar.

Ti'ykitiy

A sun-god of the Yakut. Occasionally identified as Ti'ykitiy.

Ti'zil-Kutkhu

A guardian of the Kamchadal people. Son of Kutkhu. Identified as Ti'zil-Kutkhu.

Tna'nto

A dawn goddess of the Koryak. People. Occasionally identified as Tna'nto.

Tne'sqan

One of the 4 dawn-goddesses of the Chukchee people. Sometimes called Tne'sqan.

Tnecei'vune

One of the 4 dawn-goddesses of the Chukchee people. In some accounts, identified as Tnecei'vune.

Toko'yoto

A guardian deity of the Koryak. People. In some stories he is the father of Miti. Also commonly identified as Toko'yoto.

Tomam

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Tomwo'get

A creator-god of the Koryak people. Husband of Ha'na. Father of Quikinna'qu and Tenanto'mwan. At times, referred to as Tomwo'get.

Torem

A Vogul sky-god. He lives in a tent near the north pole to which he tethers his reindeer. Sometimes called Torem, Lappish Turms or Lappish Turms.

Tos-khan

A Tartar deity. Son of Kudai. Brother of Pyrshak-khan and Suilab. Also known as Tos-khan.

Totem-Talmas

Deities, son of Torem. At times, known as Totem-Talmas.

Tsholbon

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Tuila

A spirit of the underworld. This being rides a dog which causes earthquakes when it shakes its head. In some accounts, identified as Tuila.

Tungk-Pok

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Tyurin-muzykay

A hero who killed a man-eating sea-monster. Also commonly identified as Tyurin-muzykay.

Ulakhany

A Yakut fire-god. Consort of Sabaga. Also commonly identified as Ulakhany.

Ulgan

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Ulu-tojon

A Yakut thunder-god. He was said to have brought fire from the heavens for the use of mankind. Known as Ulu-tojon, Syga-tojon or Syga-tojon.

Ulu'tuyar Ulu Toyo'n

A malevolent creator-god of the Yakuts. At times, known as Ulu'tuyar Ulu Toyo'n.

Uor

A Yakut spirit of the dead which haunts its former home. On occassion, referred to as Uor.

Urgel

The Yakut name for the Pleiades. Occasionally identified as Urgel.

Uslo

A Yakut mountain-deity. Also referred to as Uslo.

Utkha

A Buriat soul-animal or bird. If this being makes a woman pregnant, the child will be a shaman or founder of a clan. Occasionally known as Utkha.

Va'irgin

A supreme deity of the Chukchee. Sometimes called Va'irgin, Koryak Tenanto'mwan or Koryak Tenanto'mwan.

Vahiynin

A Koryak deity. Occasionally known as Vahiynin, 'existence' or 'existence'.

Ve'ai

A vegetation-goddess of the Koryak. People. A consort of Eme'mqut. Also commonly referred to as Ve'ai.

Velaute'mtilan

A Koryak vegetation-deity. On occassion, known as Velaute'mtilan.

Wapaq

A spirit said by the Koryaks to inhabit the fly agaric toadstool. Occasionally identified as Wapaq.

Wu'squus

A god of night of the Chukchee. People. Brother of Na'chitna'irgin. Also commonly referred to as Wu'squus.

Xaya Iccita

A mountain-god of the Yakuts. Occasionally referred to as Xaya Iccita.

xoil

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Xutlizic

Sister of Kutkhu. Also identified as Xutlizic.

Ya'china'ut

A moon-goddess of the Koryak people. In some references, called Ya'china'ut.

Ya'halan

A guardian-god of the Koryak people. Son of Tenanto'mwan. Consort of Yine'ane'ut. In some stories he is the son of Ina'hitelan. At times, identified as Ya'halan, Ya'halna'ut or Ya'halna'ut.

Ya'halna'ut

A guardian-deity of the Koryak people. In some lore, occasionally called Ya'halna'ut, Ya'halan or Ya'halan.

Ya'lgil

A drum. This instrument is used to represent a lake into which a shaman can dive to gain access to the underworld. At times, identified as Ya'lgil.

Ya'qhicnin

A creator-god of the Koryak people. The Christian version of Tenanto'mwan. Sometimes referred to as Ya'qhicnin, Tenanto'mwan, Tenanto'mwan or Chukchee Va'irgin.

Ya'yai

A guardian of the household. This being takes the form of a drum and speaks through a drumstick made of whalebone. Occasionally known as Ya'yai.

yadageri

A form of magic used to control. The weather. Also referred to as yadageri.

yekeela

The familiar of the Siberian shaman. If the yekeela should be killed, the shaman also dies. Also known as yekeela.

Yeloje

A sun-god and guardian of the oppressed. Occasionally known as Yeloje, Pu'gu, Pu'gu, Ye'rpeyen or Ye'rpeyen.

Yeman'gnyem

An Ostyak fish-god. The aurora borealis, it is said, is a fire that this god lights to guide travellers. Also identified as Yeman'gnyem.

Yina'mitlan

A Yakut god of fog and mist. Consort of Yina'mna'ut. In some lore, occasionally identified as Yina'mitlan.

Yina'mna'ut

A Yakut goddess of fog and mist. Consort of Yina'mitlan. Sometimes known as Yina'mna'ut.

Yine'ane'ut

A guardian-goddess of the Koryak people. Daughter of Quik'inna'qu and Miti. Consort of Tanuta. In some accounts, known as Yine'ane'ut.

Yobin-Pogli

A god of the forests. On occassion, called Yobin-Pogli.

Yryn-ai-tojon

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Zada

A wind-spirit. In some accounts, identified as Zada, Sata or Sata.

Zajan

A Buriat god of fate. Known as Zajan, Sagan-tengeri or Sagan-tengeri.

Zambu

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Zya

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Siberian Mythology