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Siberian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters
AbasyA group of spirits of the Yakut. Underworld. The Abasy are ruled by Arson-Duolai. Occasionally called Abasy.
adykhread more »
Ajy-TangaraA creator-god of the Yakuts. He is envisaged as an eagle, which perches on the world tree. Also known as Ajy-Tangara, Ai-Tojon or Ai-Tojon.
Ajysytread more »
AlbastaA Tartar spirit. This being is sometime envisaged as male, killing people by suffocation, sometimes as female with pendulous breasts and long nails. Sometimes identified as Albasta.
AlklhaA monster. It is said that it is this monster in the sky that swallows the sun and moon at eclipses. In some lore, occasionally known as Alklha, Alka, Alka, Arakho or Arakho.
Amakaread more »
AmleA hero. Son of Siduku. He is said to be the founder of the Kamehadal people. Identified as Amle.
Anaread more »
anapelread more »
Andalma-muusread more »
anya-kutThe father soul, one of the 3 parts of the soul (kut) in the lore of the Yakuts. Also known as anya-kut.
Ar-soghotchread more »
Ar-tojonA supreme god of the Yakut. Consort of Kybai-Khotun. Father of Ar-soghotch. Also referred to as Ar-tojon.
Arsan DuolaiThe Yakut god of the underworld. He is said to have a mouth in his forehead and eyes in his temples. Occasionally referred to as Arsan Duolai.
Arson-DuolaiThe ruler of the Abasy, in the lore of the Yakuts. In some accounts, identified as Arson-Duolai.
BajanaiA Yakut forest spirit. He often leads travellers astray and sometimes appears in the form of an animal. In some accounts, referred to as Bajanai.
BoshingtoiA god of blacksmiths. He and his nine sons are said to have used the North Star as a hitching post for their horses. Also referred to as Boshingtoi.
Bucuread more »
BugaThe creator-god of the Tungus. He made humans by mixing earth, fire and iron with water. In some references, identified as Buga.
buor-kutThe earth-soul, one of the 3 parts of the soul (kut), in the lore of the Yakuts. Occasionally referred to as buor-kut.
Burkhanread more »
Chagan-ShukutuA deity helping the creator. God Otshirvani. In some lore, occasionally known as Chagan-Shukutu.
DogedaiGroom to the star god, Selbon. In some accounts, known as Dogedai, Toklok, Toklok or Dogedoi.
Ekseriread more »
Elwe'kyenread more »
Eme'mqutread more »
Erlikread more »
Erlik KhanA Buriat demon-hunter, ruler of the underworld. On occassion, identified as Erlik Khan, Irlik Khan or Irlik Khan.
EsA creator-god of the Ket people. He is said to have made mankind from clay, producing men with his right hand, women with his left. Sometimes identified as Es.
Esege-Malan-TengeriA sky-god of the Buriat. Occasionally called Esege-Malan-Tengeri, Mongol Qormusta Tengu, Mongol Qormusta Tengu, Yakut Tangaro or Yakut Tangaro.
Eternal TengriAn aspect of Tengri as god of fate. In some references, referred to as Eternal Tengri.
Fox Womanread more »
Garideread more »
Giant-Eagleread more »
Golden Book of FateThe book in which the goddess Ajyst. Records each person's life. In some references, known as Golden Book of Fate.
Goose-godAn Ostyak deity of fate. This bird lives in a nest made of furs and skins built in the mountains. In some accounts, known as Goose-god.
Ija-kylread more »
Itjeread more »
iya-kuThe mother-soul. One of the 3 parts of the soul (kut), in the lore of the Yakuts. Occasionally called iya-ku, ya-kut, ya-kut or iya-kut.
Jaik-khanread more »
K'daai Maqsinread more »
Kaira-khanread more »
Kalaread more »
KalteshA fertility-goddess. Consort of Num. She appears as a goose or sometimes as a hare. Sometimes called Kaltesh, Kaltes, Kaltes, sacred birds, sacred birds, birds, Ainu Ahura Mazda, Amaterasu, Apollo, Athena, Helius, Hermes, Mercury, Mithra, Nyx, Tammuz, Zas Arawn, Artemis, China, Fukurokuju, Kwannon, Lares, Mannanan, Perseus, Shou Shen, Thoth Apollo, Asclepius, Angerbode Brac, Cronus, Odin, Saturn, Yama Juno Aphrodite, Astarte Ararjatis, Ataragatis, Hachiman, Venus Dusara, Jupiter Egypt Apollo, Baba, Brahma, Dionysus, Egypt, Eros, Epona, Hera, Horus, Iris, Juno, Mars, Ops, Osiris, Seb, Thoth, Vishnu Isis Apollo, Here, Tethys Zoastrianism Asclepius, Inara Ketu, Minerva Brahma, Lakshmi, Sarasvati Apollo, Melkarth Asclepius, Noah, Odin Saturn Aphrodite, Venus Hera, Sweden Aphrodite, Isis Aphrodite, Venus Aztecs, Maya Apollo, Ares Heracles, Isis, Izanagi or Izanami Ares Triptolemus Amaterasu.
KeletsA demon of death in the lore of the Chukchee. He is said to have a pack of dogs with which he hunts and kills men. In some accounts, called Kelets.
Kere'tkunThe supreme sea-spirit. Husband of Cinei'nen. He is said to devour the bodies of the drowned. In some lore, occasionally known as Kere'tkun, Peruten or Peruten.
Khin-ortAn Ostiak demon of sickness. He is said to be the pilot of the boat of the dead. Occasionally called Khin-ort.
Khori Tumedread more »
KhosodamA cannibalistic female ruler of the dead. She was said to have created mosquitoes. Known as Khosodam.
Khubilganread more »
Khuran-NojonA Buriat rain-deity. He stores rain in barrels each of which, when opened, causes rain to fall for three days. In some references, called Khuran-Nojon.
Kisangan-TengriA Mongol war god. Sometimes identified as Kisangan-Tengri, Altaic Kysan-Tengere or Altaic Kysan-Tengere.
KormosAn evil spirit. This spirit follows a man throughout his lifetime, recording all his deeds. In some references, identified as Kormos.
Ku'urkilCreator-god of the Chukchee tribe. The first human being. Also known as Ku'urkil, Kamchadal, Kamchadal, Kutkhu, Kutkhu, Kutku, Kutq, Kutk, Chukckee Ku'urki, Koryak Kutkinna'qu or Quikinna'qu.
Kudairead more »
kurmesA shamanistic fetish in the form of an image. Also called kurmes, Buriat ongon, Buriat ongon, tyus, Turkish tyus, Turkish tyus or ongon.
Kutread more »
Kutkhuread more »
Kybai-khotunread more »
Kyrgys-khanA Tartar deity bringing happiness. Grandson of Kudai. At times, referred to as Kyrgys-khan, Sary-khan, Sary-khan or Kyrgis-khan.
Kysan-TengereAn Altaic god living in the ninth. Heaven. Also commonly identified as Kysan-Tengere, Mongol Kisangan-Tengri or Mongol Kisangan-Tengri.
Lo'cin-coro'moA household guardian-god. Sometimes referred to as Lo'cin-coro'mo, Lo'cil, Lo'cil, Yegi'le or Yegi'le.
Loomread more »
Losyread more »
Mainread more »
mammothA huge animal on the back of which the earth rests. It is believed that earthquakes occur when the animal moves. Sometimes identified as mammoth.
Mandishireread more »
Manzan GormoA Buriat mother-goddess. It was said that the Milky Way was made from the abundant flow of her breast-milk. Occasionally known as Manzan Gormo.
MitiA mother-goddess of the Koryak tribe. Daughter of Gi'thililan or Toko'yoto. Consort of Quikinna'qu. Mother of Cana'ina'ut, Eme'mqut, Na'nqa-Ka'le and Yine'ane'ut. Sometimes identified as Miti.
Mu MontoA Buriat hero. He is said to have visited the world of the dead and returned. Also commonly known as Mu Monto.
mumyA generic name for female naturedeities of the Votyaks. Known as mumy, 'mother', 'mother', Amona, Atira, Maia, Modir or Uma.
munbanoThe Samoyed rainbow. The rainbow is said to be the hem of the sun-god's coat. Sometimes referred to as munbano.
murtA generic name for male nature-deities of the Votyaks. Sometimes known as murt, 'man', 'man', Mannus or Manu.
Na'chitna'irginOne of 4 Chukchee dawn-spirits. Brother of Wu'squus. On occassion, called Na'chitna'irgin.
NamaGod of the underworld. He, like Noah, built an ark in which he, his family and some animals survived the world flood. In some accounts, known as Nama.
NamuThe man who survived the flood. He was given advance warning by Ulgan and built an ark in which he survived. In some references, called Namu.
Nelle parjamThe Cheremis festival of the dead, celebrated for each individual 40. Days after burial. Also known as Nelle parjam, Nellese, Nellese, Toste-mari, Toste-mari, Sorta ketse, Sorta pairam, toste-mari or toste-mari.
Neskeper-avaA bee-deity. Sometimes known as Neskeper-ava, Muks-ort, Muks-ort, Naskeper-ava, Naskeper-ava, Neske-pas or Neske-pas.
Nu'tentutAn earth-spirit of the Chukchee people. He owns the world and lives in a house made of iron. In some lore, occasionally identified as Nu'tentut.
Nuli'rahakA sea-spirit. She lives in the ocean, feeding on the bodies of the drowned. Also identified as Nuli'rahak, Greenland Nerrivik, Greenland Nerrivik, Sedna, North American Sedna or North American Sedna.
NumA creator-god and sky-god of the Samoyed. Consort of Kaltesh. Sometimes known as Num, Ostyak Num-Turem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom or Num-Turem.
Num-TuremA sky-god of the Ostyak. In some lore, occasionally known as Num-Turem, Samoyed Num, Samoyed Num, Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom, Vogul Numitarom or Num.
NumitaromSky-god of the Vogul. Also commonly referred to as Numitarom, Num-Torem, Num-Torem, Num-Torum, Num-Torum, Numi-Torem, Numi-Torem, Numitorem, Numitorem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Ostyak Num-Turem, Num, Samoyed Num, Samoyed Num or Num-Turem.
Obin-murtA Votyak god of kilns and threshingbarns. Occasionally known as Obin-murt, Idem-kuguza, Idem-kuguza, Russian Rynys-aika or Russian Rynys-aika.
ongonread more »
Otshirvaniread more »
Pairekseread more »
PatshakOstiak spirits. These beings are the restless spirits of children who have been killed. Known as Patshak.
PonA creator-god of the Yukaghir people. Also referred to as Pon, Pon-o'moc, Pon-o'moc, Pon-ti'boi, Pon-ti'boi, Pon-yu'lec or Pon-yu'lec.
Pon-o'mocA name of Pon as 'he who became good'. In some lore, occasionally called Pon-o'moc, Pon, Pon, Pon-ti'boi or Pon-yu'lec.
Pon-ti'boiA name of Pon as 'rain-maker'. In some references, called Pon-ti'boi, Pon, Pon, Pon-o'moc or Pon-yu'lec.
Pon-yu'lecA name of Pon as 'he who becomes dark'. Called Pon-yu'lec, Pon, Pon, Pon-o'moc or Pon-ti'boi.
Pyrshak-khanA Tartar deity. Son of Kudai. Brother of Tos-khan and Suilap. Sometimes called Pyrshak-khan.
QaitakalninA guardian deity. Brother of Quikinna'qu and A'na. In some lore, occasionally called Qaitakalnin.
Quikinna'quread more »
Sary-khanA Tartar deity of happiness. Grandson of Kudai. On occassion, referred to as Sary-khan, Kyrgys-khan, Kyrgys-khan, Kyrgis-khan or Kyrgis-khan.
Shitkurread more »
Si'dukuA mother-goddess. Daughter of Kutkhu. Consort of Ti'zil Kutkhu. Mother of Amle'i. Also identified as Si'duku.
SuilapA Tartar deity. Son of Kudai. Brother of Pyrshak-khan and Tos-khan. Occasionally identified as Suilap.
SumburA sacred mountain. This mountain appeared out of the navel of the frog which, lying on its back, supports the earth. In some accounts, called Sumbur, Sumer, Sumer, Sumur or Sumur.
Syga-tojonA name for Ulu-tojon as 'axe-lord'. Occasionally referred to as Syga-tojon, Ulu-tojon or Ulu-tojon.
Ta'yanA supreme deity of the Koryak people. Consort of Lapna'ut. Father of Ya'halan. On occassion, known as Ta'yan.
TangaraA Yakut sky-god. In some references, called Tangara, Buriat Esege-Malan-Tengeri Mongol Qormusta Tengri or Buriat Esege-Malan-Tengeri Mongol Qormusta Tengri.
TarnAn evil deity of the Ostyak. God of war and disease. In some cases, Tarn is depicted as female. In some lore, occasionally identified as Tarn.
TataProgenitor of the Tartars and keeper of the Tree of Life. Also identified as Tata, Nata, Nata, Tata, Xiuhtecuhtli, Xiuhtecuhtli, Ixcozauhqui, Old God, Otontecuhtli, Otonteuctli, Tata, Huehueteotl or Otonteuchtli.
Tenanto'mwanA creator-god of the Koryak people. Consort of I'lena. In some references, referred to as Tenanto'mwan, Ya'qhicnin, Ya'qhicnin, Chukchee Va'irgin or Chukchee Va'irgin.
Thunderbirdread more »
Tnecei'vuneOne of the 4 dawn-goddesses of the Chukchee people. In some accounts, referred to as Tnecei'vune.
Toko'yotoA guardian deity of the Koryak. People. In some stories he is the father of Miti. Also known as Toko'yoto.
Tomamread more »
Tomwo'getA creator-god of the Koryak people. Husband of Ha'na. Father of Quikinna'qu and Tenanto'mwan. Occasionally referred to as Tomwo'get.
ToremA Vogul sky-god. He lives in a tent near the north pole to which he tethers his reindeer. In some references, known as Torem, Lappish Turms or Lappish Turms.
Tsholbonread more »
TuilaA spirit of the underworld. This being rides a dog which causes earthquakes when it shakes its head. Also commonly known as Tuila.
Tungk-Pokread more »
Ulganread more »
Ulu-tojonA Yakut thunder-god. He was said to have brought fire from the heavens for the use of mankind. Occasionally identified as Ulu-tojon, Syga-tojon or Syga-tojon.
Ulu'tuyar Ulu Toyo'nA malevolent creator-god of the Yakuts. In some lore, occasionally known as Ulu'tuyar Ulu Toyo'n.
UtkhaA Buriat soul-animal or bird. If this being makes a woman pregnant, the child will be a shaman or founder of a clan. Sometimes referred to as Utkha.
Va'irginA supreme deity of the Chukchee. Also referred to as Va'irgin, Koryak Tenanto'mwan or Koryak Tenanto'mwan.
Ve'aiA vegetation-goddess of the Koryak. People. A consort of Eme'mqut. In some accounts, identified as Ve'ai.
WapaqA spirit said by the Koryaks to inhabit the fly agaric toadstool. Occasionally identified as Wapaq.
xoilread more »
Ya'halanA guardian-god of the Koryak people. Son of Tenanto'mwan. Consort of Yine'ane'ut. In some stories he is the son of Ina'hitelan. Occasionally referred to as Ya'halan, Ya'halna'ut or Ya'halna'ut.
Ya'halna'utA guardian-deity of the Koryak people. In some accounts, called Ya'halna'ut, Ya'halan or Ya'halan.
Ya'lgilA drum. This instrument is used to represent a lake into which a shaman can dive to gain access to the underworld. On occassion, referred to as Ya'lgil.
Ya'qhicninA creator-god of the Koryak people. The Christian version of Tenanto'mwan. Also commonly known as Ya'qhicnin, Tenanto'mwan, Tenanto'mwan or Chukchee Va'irgin.
Ya'yaiA guardian of the household. This being takes the form of a drum and speaks through a drumstick made of whalebone. Also commonly known as Ya'yai.
yekeelaThe familiar of the Siberian shaman. If the yekeela should be killed, the shaman also dies. In some references, called yekeela.
YelojeA sun-god and guardian of the oppressed. On occassion, referred to as Yeloje, Pu'gu, Pu'gu, Ye'rpeyen or Ye'rpeyen.
Yeman'gnyemAn Ostyak fish-god. The aurora borealis, it is said, is a fire that this god lights to guide travellers. In some accounts, known as Yeman'gnyem.
Yine'ane'utA guardian-goddess of the Koryak people. Daughter of Quik'inna'qu and Miti. Consort of Tanuta. Also commonly called Yine'ane'ut.
Yryn-ai-tojonread more »
Zamburead more »
Zyaread more »