Seven against Thebes

Greek - 7 champions who marched. Against Thebes. Polyneices had been banished from Thebes by his twin Eteocles with whom he should have shared the throne and Tydeus had been banished from Calydon. King Adrastus of Argos married his daughter Aegia to Polyneices and his other daughter, Deiplya, to Tydeus, promising to restore both to their rightful kingdoms. He assembled a force led by the Seven to attack Thebes first. Tydeus tried to settle the matter by negotiation but failed and was ambushed on his way back by fifty Thebans, all of whom he killed. Each of them took station opposite one of the seven gates of the city with Adrastus facing Megareus (the Neistan Gate), Amphiarus facing Lasthenes (the Homoloid Gate), Capaneus facing Polyphontes (the Electrian Gate), Hippomedon facing Hyperbius (the Oncaean Gate), Parthenopaeus facing Actor (the Borrhaean Gate), Polyneices facing Eteocles (the Hypsistian Gate) and Tydeus facing Melanippe (the Proetid Gate). The twin brothers tried to settle the issue in face-to-face combat but each killed the other. In some accounts, Eteoclus is given in place of Adrastus and Mecisteus in place of Polyneices. Of the seven, only Adrastus survived the battle which ended in the defeat of the Argives. Creon, who took over Thebes, refused to allow the Argives to collect the bodies of the dead for burial causing grave offence. Adastrus reported this to Theseus who marched on Thebes, captured Creon and returned the dead to the families. The sons of the seven champions, known as the Epigoni, later avenged the death of their fathers when they attacked Thebes ten years later. In some accounts, identified as Seven against Thebes.
Greek - A play by Aeschylus. Also referred to as Seven against Thebes.

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