Scottish Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

A Cholla mo Rùn

A musical legend that credits the Scottish bagpipes with the power of speech. Sometimes identified as A Cholla mo Rùn.

Asland

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Assipattle

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Auld Hornie

The Scots version of Old Hornie, the Devil. Occasionally identified as Auld Hornie.

brollachan

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Cat

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Ce

A Pict. Son of Cruithne. When Cruithne divided the kingdom between his seven children, Ce was given Marn and Buchan. Occasionally called Ce.

Cirech

A Pict. Son of Cruithne. When his father divided the kingdom between his seven children, Cirech was given Angus and Mearns. Sometimes known as Cirech.

Crodhmara

In Scottish lore, fairy cows. These animals are said to yield three times as much milk as normal cows. Occasionally referred to as Crodhmara.

Cu Sith

In Scottish lore, a fairy dog. This animal was said to be green and as big as an ox, but was rarely seen. Occasionally known as Cu Sith.

Estmere

A hero. He killed a prince who was threatening King Asland and won the king's daughter for his wife. Also known as Estmere.

Fingal

The Scottish name for Finn mac Cool. Also called Fingal.

Fiobh

A Pict. One of the 7 children of Cruithne. When Cruithne divided Scotland between his seven children, Fiobh was given Fife. Occasionally known as Fiobh.

Fir Chlis

The Aurora Borealis which was regarded as being made up of the souls of fallen angels. In some references, known as Fir Chlis, Merry Dancers, Merry Dancers, Nimble Men or Nimble Men.

Fomhair

Mountain giants, controllers of fate. Gods of death. Occasionally known as Fomhair, Famhair, Famhair, Fomhairean, Fomhairean, Irish Fomoire, Irish Fomoire or Foawr.

Fortriu

A Pict. One of the 7 children of Cruithne. When Cruithne divided Scotland between his seven children, Fortiu was given Strathearn. Sometimes referred to as Fortriu.

Fotla

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Frazer, James George

(1854-1941). Author of The Golden Bough, a study of magic and comparative religion. At times, referred to as Frazer, James George.

fuath

A malevolent spirit. These spirits were regarded as the parents of brollachans. In some lore, occasionally called fuath.

Galdragon

A sorceress: a witch. Identified as Galdragon.

Gemdelovely

Wife of Assipattle. Her father gave her in marriage to Assipattle as a reward for slaying the monstrous Stoorworm. In some accounts, called Gemdelovely.

Gentle Annie

An ugly hag, demon of the south-west wind. At times, called Gentle Annie.

glaistig

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Glashan

A spirit. Sometimes referred to as Glashan.

gruacach

A monster: an ogre: a brownie: a household goddess: an Otherworld wizard. On occassion, identified as gruacach, gruagach, gruagach, Hairy One, The, Hairy One, The, The Hairy One or The Hairy One.

Gunna

Spirits that search for scraps of food such as bones. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Gunna.

henky

A troll of the northern islands. Known as henky.

hobyah

A cannibal goblin. On occassion, referred to as hobyah, Turpy or Turpy.

Isabel

A queen rescued from the underworld. By Orfeo. Also commonly identified as Isabel.

Janet

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kelpie

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Kennaquhair

An imaginary place. At times, identified as Kennaquhair.

Laidly Beast

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Land o' the Leal

The happy home of spirits: heaven. Occasionally called Land o' the Leal.

Little Gude

The devil. Occasionally identified as Little Gude, Satan, Satan, Lord of Fire, Lord of the Underworld, Old Bendy, Old Driver, Old Gentleman, Old Gooseberry, Old Hangie, Old Harry, Old Hornie, Old Ned, Old Nick, Old One, Old Poker, Old Scratch, Old Serpent, Prince of Darkness, Sathan, Sathanas, Nick, Sathan(as), The Adversary, Arab shaitan, Ethiopian shaytan, Scottish Auld Hornie, Clootie or Yazid.

Loch Garten Monster

A flesh-eating monster, part bull, part horse. Also identified as Loch Garten Monster.

Loch Ness Monster

A monster purported to be living in Loch Ness. Also identified as Loch Ness Monster, Nessie or Nessie.

Loch-wife

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Macpherson, James

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Mocumin

A servant of Columba. He was saved from the clutches of the Laidly Beast by the timely intervention of his master. Also referred to as Mocumin.

Moireabh

A Pict. One of the 7 children of Cruithne. When Cruithne divided Scotland between his children, Moireabh was given Moray. Also referred to as Moireabh.

Muileartach

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Nickneven

A spirit in the form of an old hag. In some references, referred to as Nickneven.

Orfeo

A musician. He travelled to the underworld to rescue the queen, Isabel. Occasionally called Orfeo, English Orpheo, English Orpheo, Orpheus, Greek Orpheus, Greek Orpheus or Orpheo.

Ossian

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Pict

A dwarf living underground. Sometimes identified as Pict.

Red-cap

A malevolent castle goblin. He is said to dye his cap in human blood. On occassion, referred to as Red-cap, Red-cowl or Red-cowl.

riverhorse

A water sprite. On occassion, known as riverhorse.

roane

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Scotorum Historiae

A history, written by Boece, which includes some Arthurian lore. Sometimes identified as Scotorum Historiae.

seelie court

Benevolent fairies. Also referred to as seelie court.

selkie

One of the sea-spirits, a seal race of the Orkneys. In some lore, occasionally called selkie, roane, roane, sea-spirit, seal-maiden, sea-spirit, sea-spirit, sea-spirit, silkie or silkie.

shellycoat

A water goblin. Known as shellycoat.

Shony

A sea-god of the Hebrides. Also known as Shony, Shoney or Shoney.

shoopiltee

The name for the kelpie in Shetland. Known as shoopiltee, Orkney tang(ie) or Orkney tang(ie).

sluagh

A fairy race, souls of the dead, seen fighting in the sky. Sometimes called sluagh.

spae

Divine: foretell: prophesy. At times, known as spae.

spaeman

A diviner: prophet. Also identified as spaeman, spaer or spaer.

spaewives

Witches: fairies: female soothsayers. At times, called spaewives.

stoorworm

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taghairm

Divination: seeking inspiration by lying on an oxhide behind a waterfall. In some lore, occasionally known as taghairm.

taish

An apparition of the dying: secondsight. Sometimes known as taish, taisch or taisch.

Tam

A hero who killed the Loch-wife. In some lore, occasionally identified as Tam.

Tam Lin

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tangie

A water spirit of the Orkneys in the form of a sea-horse or a man draped with seaweed. Occasionally known as tangie, tang, tang, Scottish kelpie, Scottish kelpie, eac uisge, glaistyn, Shetland shoopiltee or Shetland shoopiltee.

tarb uisge

The Scottish version of the water-bull. In some references, called tarb uisge.

trow

A dwarf goblin of the hills and sea. Sometimes referred to as trow, drow, drow, Scandinavian troll or Scandinavian troll.

Turpy

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Uallabh

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unseelie court

Malevolent spirits or fairies. Called unseelie court.

urisk

A supernatural being: a brownie. Sometimes identified as urisk, glaistig, glaistig, glaistyn or Urisk.

Wallace

A storm-demon. This being is said to throw large rocks. In some references, called Wallace.

wirricow

A hobgoblin. Occasionally referred to as wirricow, worricow, worricow, worrycow or worrycow.

Yirdswine

A beast, said to live in graveyards, which eats corpses. In some accounts, known as Yirdswine.
Scottish Mythology