Russian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Alardi

In Ossetian lore, a spirit that causes. Smallpox. Also known as Alardi.

Aljosa Popovic

read more »

Aralo

A Georgian god of agriculture. In some lore, occasionally called Aralo.

Armaz

The supreme god of the Georgians. In some lore, occasionally called Armaz, Armenian Aramadd or Armenian Aramadd.

At'am

A Mordvin thunder-god. Sometimes identified as At'am.

ava

read more »

awa

read more »

Baba-Yaga

read more »

Bannik

read more »

Barastar

An Ossetian god of the underworld. Sometimes identified as Barastar, Barastaer, Barastaer, Barastis, Barastis, Berastis or Berastis.

Bareddoyats

A god of ships. At times, known as Bareddoyats.

Batrodz

read more »

Belun

A spirit that guides lost travellers. On occassion, identified as Belun.

Bissat

A Tartar hero. Like Odysseus, Bissat was said to have burnt out the eye of a oneeyed giant. In some references, identified as Bissat.

Blasius

The later, Christianised, name for Vlas. Sometimes identified as Blasius, Vlas, Vlas, Velesu, Vlassy, Lithuanian Ganyklos or Slav Volos.

bogatyr

read more »

Bonto

Wife of Onto. Occasionally called Bonto, Shaka-pas or Shaka-pas.

Bujuruktsi

A Tartar god of fate. Occasionally known as Bujuruktsi.

Burzhin Mitro

A sacred fire. This fire, together with Frobach and Gushasp, protected the country. On occassion, called Burzhin Mitro.

Byelun

A god, the Russian version of Bylebog. In some accounts, called Byelun, Bouyan, Bouyan, Buyan or Byelun.

Chernava

Daughter of a sea-god. Wife of Sadko. Sometimes called Chernava.

chlevnik

A spirit inhabiting cowsheds, a type of domovik. Also commonly identified as chlevnik, Chlvnik, Chlvnik, Chlevnik, Domovik, Domovik, Domovoi, Domovoy, Korka-guzo, Korka-murt, Majahaldas, Majas Gars, Majasgars, Susetka, Tsmok, Korka-kuzo, Korkamurt, Lithuanian Kaukas, Polish Iskrychi, Bannik, Dvinnik, chlvnik or chlvnik.

Chudo-Yudo

A giant snake-god. Offspring of Baba-Yaga. Called Chudo-Yudo.

Chuvash

A spirit of fate. Occasionally identified as Chuvash, Finnish Kaba or Finnish Kaba.

Dazbog

A sun-god. In some accounts, known as Dazbog, Dazdbog, Dazdbog, Dabog, Serbian Dabog or Serbian Dabog.

Deduska Domovoy

A guardian deity of the household. Also commonly referred to as Deduska Domovoy, Diko, Diko, Deduska, Domovoy, Czech Dedek, Czech Dedek, Setek, Djadek, Djadek, Dedek or Russian deduska domovoy.

Demon of Midnight

A female demon. She was said to appear at harvest time and break the reapers' arms and legs. Sometimes known as Demon of Midnight, Empusa, Empusa, Empousa, plur Empusae or Hebrew Lilim.

Dobrynia

read more »

Dolya

A female deity who determines the fate of mortals at their birth. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Dolya, Serbian Sreca or Serbian Sreca.

Domovik

read more »

Domovikha

read more »

Donbittri

An Ossetian god of waters and guardian of fishermen. Also commonly known as Donbittri.

Dyadya

A name for Vorip-mort. In some references, referred to as Dyadya, 'uncle' or 'uncle'.

Dziady

A guardian spirit. This spirit is said to be that of a dead ancestor. Occasionally referred to as Dziady, Bulgarian Zadusnica or Bulgarian Zadusnica.

Dzydzilelya

A love goddess. Also identified as Dzydzilelya, Greeek Aphrodite or Greeek Aphrodite.

Fravacorin

A primaeval being. Offspring of Siyanak and Nashak. Consort of Fravak. Ancestress of the Arabs and Iranians. Occasionally known as Fravacorin.

Fravak

A primaeval being. Offspring of Siyanak and Nashak. Consort of Fravacorin. Parent of Tazh and Tazhak. Occasionally referred to as Fravak.

Gid-murt

A Votyak god of cattle-sheds. Also called Gid-murt, Finnish Gid-kuzo or Finnish Gid-kuzo.

Gudyri-mumy

A thunder-goddess of the Votyaks. At times, called Gudyri-mumy.

Ilya Muromets

read more »

Inmar

A Votyak sky god. Son, or husband of Kildisin-mumy. Occasionally identified as Inmar, Ilmarinen, Ilmarinen, Ilem, Ilma, Ismaroinen, Jen, Sangke, Sanke, Estonian Ilmarine, Estonian Ilmarine, Ilmarinen, Ilmarinen, Finnish Ilmarinen or Finnish Ilmarinen.

Ivan

read more »

Jen

A sky-god of the Ziryen people. He used lightning in his fight with the devil, Kul. Also commonly known as Jen, Hsien, Hsien, kuei, shen, kuei1, Shen, Ilmarinen, Ilmarinen, Ilmarinen, Ilem, Ilma, Ismaroinen, Jumla, San(g)ke, Estonian Ilmarine, Russian, Ilmarinen, Ilmarinen, Ilmarinen or Russian Inmar.

Juma

A sky-god of the Mari people. Sometimes identified as Juma.

Kamlat

A Tartar rite in which the devil is evoked by the use of magic drums. At times, referred to as Kamlat.

Karliki

read more »

kart

A Cheremissian priest. Sometimes identified as kart.

keremet

read more »

Keremet

read more »

Ketse-awa

A tutelary spirit, guardian of the sun. Also commonly identified as Ketse-awa.

Kezer-Tshingis-Kaira-Khan

A hero of the flood. He is said to have taught men how to prepare strong drink. Occasionally referred to as Kezer-Tshingis-Kaira-Khan.

Kildisin-mumy

A birth-goddess. Mother or wife of the Votyak. Sky-god, Inmar. In some references, identified as Kildisin-mumy, Kildisin, Kildisin, Kugu-shotshen-Ara, Kugu-shotshen-Ara, Kugo-shotshen-Ava or Kugo-shotshen-Ava.

Kolyvan

A hero. Father of Kolyvanovitch. In some references, known as Kolyvan.

Kolyvanovitch

A hero. Son of Kolyvan. In some lore, occasionally called Kolyvanovitch.

Komdei-mirgan

read more »

Kopala

A guardian god of mountaineers in Georgia. He carries a club and can transform himself into this weapon. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Kopala.

Koshchay Bessmertny

read more »

kov-ava

A Mordvin tutelary spirit, guardian of the moon. Sometimes called kov-ava, Cheremis teleze-awa or Cheremis teleze-awa.

Krisky

A hag of the night who harries. Children. On occassion, identified as Krisky.

kuala

A Votyak shrine to an ancestral. God or house-spirit. At times, identified as kuala, Cherimissian kudo or Cherimissian kudo.

Kubaiko

read more »

kud-ava

A Mordvin tutelary spirit, guardian of the home. Also called kud-ava, jurt-ava, jurt-ava, kud-azerava or kud-azerava.

kude-wodez

An evil house-spirit. Also commonly identified as kude-wodez.

kudoa

A Cherimissian shrine to an ancestral. God or house-spirit. Sometimes known as kudoa, Voytak kuala or Voytak kuala.

Kugo-jen

An evil spirit. This being is said to require sacrifices to be made to him to persuade him to cure illness. Sometimes known as Kugo-jen.

Kugo-jumo

read more »

Kurdalion

An Ossetian smith-god. Sometimes referred to as Kurdalion, Kurdalaegon or Kurdalaegon.

Kurderke-jumo

A god of thunder. In some references, known as Kurderke-jumo.

Kuso

A Cheremis festival, involving. Sacrifice, held in June. In some references, referred to as Kuso.

Kyode-Jielle

A household spirit. Occasionally called Kyode-Jielle.

Lamaria

In the Caucasus, a guardian goddess of women. Sometimes called Lamaria.

Lel

read more »

Likho

A female demon. This being is depicted as a one-eyed hag. Also commonly called Likho.

lud

read more »

Maki-Syra-Zemlya

Mother-earth, lover of Mikula. Also referred to as Maki-Syra-Zemlya.

Mardez-awa

A Cheremis tutelary spirit. Grandson of the wind. On occassion, referred to as Mardez-awa, Mordvin varm-ava or Mordvin varm-ava.

Marina

A witch. When Drobrynja accidentally killed one of her doves, she turned him into a bull. Also referred to as Marina.

Marya Marevna

The personification of the sun. She is envisaged as being immersed in the sea between sunset and sunrise. Occasionally identified as Marya Marevna, Daughter of the Sea, Daughter of the Sea or Marya Morevna.

Mastor-ava

A Mordvin tutelary spirit, guardian of the earth. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Mastor-ava, Mastor Pas, Mastor Pas, Cheremis Melande-awa or Cheremis Melande-awa.

Mata-Syra-Zemla

read more »

Melande-awa

A Cheremis tutelary spirit, guardian of the earth. In some accounts, referred to as Melande-awa, Mordvin Mastor-ava or Mordvin Mastor-ava.

Mengk

An evil forest-spirit. Occasionally referred to as Mengk.

Mikula

A farmer. Originally a god and lover of Maki- Syra-Zemlya, he appears in an epic poem as a hero of phenomenal strength. In some accounts, identified as Mikula.

Mirsa

A Caucasian and Georgian god of light. Occasionally referred to as Mirsa.

Morskoi Tsar

A sea-god. Father of Vassilissa. At times, identified as Morskoi Tsar, Tsar of the Sea or Tsar of the Sea.

Nightingale The Brigand

A monster, part human, part bird. This being lived in a tree and attacked passing travellers. He was killed by Ilya Muromets. Also commonly known as Nightingale The Brigand.

nocnitsa

An ugly hag who frightens children or sucks their blood at night. At times, referred to as nocnitsa, kriksy, kriksy, plaksy, plaksy, kritsy, kritsy, Bulgarain gorska makva or Bulgarain gorska makva.

Nules-murt

read more »

Obyda

read more »

Palesmurt

An evil forest-spirit. This being, said to frighten travellers, is envisaged as half-man, split vertically. On occassion, referred to as Palesmurt, Ar Zori or Ar Zori.

Pari

A Tartar spirit of evil. At times, referred to as Pari.

Pereplut

An ancient rain-god. Occasionally identified as Pereplut.

Pirgene

A thunder-god of the Mordvins. Occasionally known as Pirgene, Purgine Pas, Purgine Pas, Lithuanian Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Peranu, Perkonis, Perkons, Peroon, Perusan, Piker, Piorun, Pitkainen or Pyerun.

Polenitsa

Female warriors: Amazons. Called Polenitsa.

Polevik

A field-god. On occassion, called Polevik, Polevoi or Polevoi.

Poludnitsa

read more »

Pots hosjik

A female spirit, guardian of reindeer. Sometimes referred to as Pots hosjik, malePots-hozjin, malePots-hozjin, Lapp Luot-chozjit or Lapp Luot-chozjit.

Prince Ivan

Husband of Vasillissa. He stole Vasillissa's feather-garment while she was swimming and later married her. Also called Prince Ivan, Ivan or Ivan.

Puirse

A benevolent spirit. Sometimes referred to as Puirse.

Pyatnitsa Prascovia

A goddess of harvests. Sometimes identified as Pyatnitsa Prascovia.

Pyerun

read more »

Pyvsan-aika

A bathhouse spirit. Also referred to as Pyvsan-aika, Finnish Muntso-murt or Finnish Muntso-murt.

Rod

A god of agriculture and light. Husband of Rozanica. In some references, known as Rod, Chur, Chur, Rodu, Rodu, Svantevit, Svantevit, Svandovit, Svantovit, Svarog, Sventovit, Svetovid, Svetovit, Svetovitu, 'energy', Iarovit, Swietowit, Triglav, Slav Porenutius, Rugievit, Latvian Svantevit or Latvian Svantevit.

Rozanica

Wife of Rod. Occasionally called Rozanica, Craot Ro(d)jenica or Craot Ro(d)jenica.

Rusalka

read more »

Rusalnaia

A festival devoted to the Rusalki, held. 7 weeks after Easter. Occasionally identified as Rusalnaia.

Rynys-aika

A spirit of the threshing-barn. Referred to as Rynys-aika, Siberian Obin-murt or Siberian Obin-murt.

Sadko

read more »

Safa

An Ossetian god of weaponry. In some lore, occasionally identified as Safa.

Schal-jime

A hero of the flood in Tartar lore. He became the ruler of the realm to which dead children go. Sometimes known as Schal-jime.

Serosevsky

A spirit of the forest. This being, which leads travellers astray, can appear as an animal or a human being. In some lore, occasionally identified as Serosevsky.

Shka-Bavas

A sky-god and creator-god of the Moshka Mordvins. Occasionally known as Shka-Bavas, Erza Shka-Pas or Erza Shka-Pas.

Shka-Pas

A sky-god and creator-god of the Erza Mordvins. Occasionally known as Shka-Pas, Tshi-Paz, Tshi-Paz, Moshka Shka-Bavas or Moshka Shka-Bavas.

Shossy

A blacksmih-god of the Abkhaz people. In some accounts, called Shossy.

Shurala

A Tartar spirit of the forest. In some accounts, referred to as Shurala.

Shurem

A Cheremis festival, driving. Away the Devil, held in May. Occasionally referred to as Shurem.

Silver Roan

A magical horse given to Ivan the Fool by his dead father for guarding. His grave. Occasionally identified as Silver Roan.

simarglu

The Russian equivalent of the Persian simarghu. Identified as simarglu.

sinam

A huge bird. In some lore, occasionally referred to as sinam, simargh, simargh, simyr, simyr, sinamru, sinamru, Arab Roc, Arab Roc, Ngani-Vatu, Poua-Kai, rekh, Persian simurgh, Persian simurgh or Anqa.

Sir-syv-kudegen

A fertiliy deity of the Chuvash people. Also identified as Sir-syv-kudegen, Sir-syv-kten or Sir-syv-kten.

Skobeleff

A sleeping hero awaiting recall in the hour of his country's need. In some accounts, known as Skobeleff.

Snegurotchka

read more »

Staka-pas

read more »

Sur-mumy

A river-goddess of the Votyaks. Also commonly called Sur-mumy.

Suratan-tura

A celestial god, guardian of women in childbirth. Sometimes called Suratan-tura.

Suro

A sacred mountain, home of the gods. This mountain is in the third storey of heaven. Occasionally called Suro.

Svyatogor

read more »

Tabiti

A winged Scythian fire-goddess. Also identified as Tabiti, Roman Vesta, Roman Vesta or Hestia.

teleze-awa

A Cheremis tutelary spirit, guardian of the moon. Referred to as teleze-awa, Moravian kov-ava or Moravian kov-ava.

tol-ava

A Mordvin tutelary spirit, guardian of fire. In some accounts, known as tol-ava, Cheremis tul-awa or Cheremis tul-awa.

Toste-mari

read more »

Trojanu

The Russian version of Trojanus. At times, called Trojanu.

Tsar of the Sea

A sea-god. Called Tsar of the Sea, Morskoi Tsar or Morskoi Tsar.

Tugarin

A dragon-hero killed by Aljosa. Popovic. On occassion, identified as Tugarin.

tul-awa

A Cheremis tutelary spirit, guardian of fire. At times, referred to as tul-awa, Mordvin tol-ava or Mordvin tol-ava.

tul-wodez

An evil fire-spirit. In some references, referred to as tul-wodez.

Uacilla

An Ossetian rain-spirit. Also identified as Uacilla.

varm-ava

A Mordvin tutelary spirit, guardian of the wind. Also referred to as varm-ava, Cheremis mendez-ava or Cheremis mendez-ava.

Vassilisa

read more »

ved-ava

A Mordvin tutelary spirit, guardian of water. Also called ved-ava, Cheremis wut-awa or Cheremis wut-awa.

vir-ava

A Mordvin tutelary spirit, guardian of woodlands. In some references, identified as vir-ava.

Vlas

The god of domestic cattle. Referred to as Vlas, Velesu, Velesu, Vlassy, Vlassy, Blasius, Blasius, Lithuanian Ganyklos, Lithuanian Ganyklos, Veles, Volos, Slav Volos, Slav Volos or Ganyklos.

Vodyanik

read more »

Volkh

read more »

Vorys-mort

read more »

Vu-murt

read more »

Vu-toza

A water-spirit. This being is said to capture both animals and humans. Also commonly called Vu-toza.

wodez

An evil spirit. There are many such spirits, each connected with one specific item such as fire, a house, water, etc. Occasionally identified as wodez.

wut-awa

A Cheremis tutelary spirit, guardian of water. In some references, known as wut-awa, Mordvin ved-ava or Mordvin ved-ava.

wut-ian uder

A female sea-spirit. These beautiful spirits, offspring of wut-wodaz, may sometimes marry humans. In some accounts, identified as wut-ian uder.

wut-wodaz

An evil water-spirit. On occassion, known as wut-wodaz, wut-ia, wut-ia, wut-oza or wut-oza.

Xucau

The supreme god of the Ossetians. Sometimes called Xucau.

Yebegen

A Tartar monster. He cut off the head of Komdei-mirgan. Known as Yebegen.

Yelena

Wife of Ivan. In some accounts, known as Yelena.

Yskal-pydo-murt

An evil forest-spirit with hoofs and hairy legs. Sometimes called Yskal-pydo-murt, Syiyr-ajak or Syiyr-ajak.

Zemlya

An earth-goddess. In some lore, occasionally called Zemlya, Lettish Zemesmate, Lettish Zemesmate, Zemelo, Zemyna, Lithuanian Zemyna, Lithuanian Zemyna, Zemesmate, Phrygian Zemelo, Phrygian Zemelo, Semele, Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla or Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla.

Zlotababa

An idol representing an old woman and 2 children, worshipped by the Vogul. At times, referred to as Zlotababa, Golden Old Woman or Golden Old Woman.
Russian Mythology