Russian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Alardi

In Ossetian lore, a spirit that causes. Smallpox. Identified as Alardi.

Aljosa Popovic

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Aralo

A Georgian god of agriculture. Identified as Aralo.

Armaz

The supreme god of the Georgians. In some lore, occasionally called Armaz, Armenian Aramadd or Armenian Aramadd.

At'am

A Mordvin thunder-god. In some references, referred to as At'am.

ava

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awa

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Baba-Yaga

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Bannik

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Barastar

An Ossetian god of the underworld. In some lore, occasionally identified as Barastar, Barastaer, Barastaer, Barastis, Barastis, Berastis or Berastis.

Bareddoyats

A god of ships. Sometimes called Bareddoyats.

Batrodz

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Belun

A spirit that guides lost travellers. In some references, referred to as Belun.

Bissat

A Tartar hero. Like Odysseus, Bissat was said to have burnt out the eye of a oneeyed giant. Also called Bissat.

Blasius

The later, Christianised, name for Vlas. At times, identified as Blasius, Vlas, Vlas, Velesu, Vlassy, Lithuanian Ganyklos or Slav Volos.

bogatyr

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Bonto

Wife of Onto. In some references, known as Bonto, Shaka-pas or Shaka-pas.

Bujuruktsi

A Tartar god of fate. Sometimes identified as Bujuruktsi.

Burzhin Mitro

A sacred fire. This fire, together with Frobach and Gushasp, protected the country. Also known as Burzhin Mitro.

Byelun

A god, the Russian version of Bylebog. In some accounts, referred to as Byelun, Bouyan, Bouyan, Buyan or Byelun.

Chernava

Daughter of a sea-god. Wife of Sadko. Also identified as Chernava.

chlevnik

A spirit inhabiting cowsheds, a type of domovik. Sometimes known as chlevnik, Chlvnik, Chlvnik, Chlevnik, Domovik, Domovik, Domovoi, Domovoy, Korka-guzo, Korka-murt, Majahaldas, Majas Gars, Majasgars, Susetka, Tsmok, Korka-kuzo, Korkamurt, Lithuanian Kaukas, Polish Iskrychi, Bannik, Dvinnik, chlvnik or chlvnik.

Chudo-Yudo

A giant snake-god. Offspring of Baba-Yaga. Also called Chudo-Yudo.

Chuvash

A spirit of fate. Occasionally referred to as Chuvash, Finnish Kaba or Finnish Kaba.

Dazbog

A sun-god. Sometimes known as Dazbog, Dazdbog, Dazdbog, Dabog, Serbian Dabog or Serbian Dabog.

Deduska Domovoy

A guardian deity of the household. Sometimes referred to as Deduska Domovoy, Diko, Diko, Deduska, Domovoy, Czech Dedek, Czech Dedek, Setek, Djadek, Djadek, Dedek or Russian deduska domovoy.

Demon of Midnight

A female demon. She was said to appear at harvest time and break the reapers' arms and legs. On occassion, called Demon of Midnight, Empusa, Empusa, Empousa, plur Empusae or Hebrew Lilim.

Dobrynia

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Dolya

A female deity who determines the fate of mortals at their birth. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Dolya, Serbian Sreca or Serbian Sreca.

Domovik

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Domovikha

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Donbittri

An Ossetian god of waters and guardian of fishermen. In some accounts, identified as Donbittri.

Dyadya

A name for Vorip-mort. Sometimes referred to as Dyadya, 'uncle' or 'uncle'.

Dziady

A guardian spirit. This spirit is said to be that of a dead ancestor. Sometimes referred to as Dziady, Bulgarian Zadusnica or Bulgarian Zadusnica.

Dzydzilelya

A love goddess. In some accounts, referred to as Dzydzilelya, Greeek Aphrodite or Greeek Aphrodite.

Fravacorin

A primaeval being. Offspring of Siyanak and Nashak. Consort of Fravak. Ancestress of the Arabs and Iranians. On occassion, called Fravacorin.

Fravak

A primaeval being. Offspring of Siyanak and Nashak. Consort of Fravacorin. Parent of Tazh and Tazhak. Also identified as Fravak.

Gid-murt

A Votyak god of cattle-sheds. In some references, identified as Gid-murt, Finnish Gid-kuzo or Finnish Gid-kuzo.

Gudyri-mumy

A thunder-goddess of the Votyaks. Also referred to as Gudyri-mumy.

Ilya Muromets

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Inmar

A Votyak sky god. Son, or husband of Kildisin-mumy. In some lore, occasionally called Inmar, Ilmarinen, Ilmarinen, Ilem, Ilma, Ismaroinen, Jen, Sangke, Sanke, Estonian Ilmarine, Estonian Ilmarine, Ilmarinen, Ilmarinen, Finnish Ilmarinen or Finnish Ilmarinen.

Ivan

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Jen

A sky-god of the Ziryen people. He used lightning in his fight with the devil, Kul. On occassion, referred to as Jen, Hsien, Hsien, kuei, shen, kuei1, Shen, Ilmarinen, Ilmarinen, Ilmarinen, Ilem, Ilma, Ismaroinen, Jumla, San(g)ke, Estonian Ilmarine, Russian, Ilmarinen, Ilmarinen, Ilmarinen or Russian Inmar.

Juma

A sky-god of the Mari people. On occassion, called Juma.

Kamlat

A Tartar rite in which the devil is evoked by the use of magic drums. Also referred to as Kamlat.

Karliki

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kart

A Cheremissian priest. In some accounts, known as kart.

keremet

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Keremet

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Ketse-awa

A tutelary spirit, guardian of the sun. Also commonly known as Ketse-awa.

Kezer-Tshingis-Kaira-Khan

A hero of the flood. He is said to have taught men how to prepare strong drink. Referred to as Kezer-Tshingis-Kaira-Khan.

Kildisin-mumy

A birth-goddess. Mother or wife of the Votyak. Sky-god, Inmar. At times, identified as Kildisin-mumy, Kildisin, Kildisin, Kugu-shotshen-Ara, Kugu-shotshen-Ara, Kugo-shotshen-Ava or Kugo-shotshen-Ava.

Kolyvan

A hero. Father of Kolyvanovitch. Also referred to as Kolyvan.

Kolyvanovitch

A hero. Son of Kolyvan. In some references, called Kolyvanovitch.

Komdei-mirgan

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Kopala

A guardian god of mountaineers in Georgia. He carries a club and can transform himself into this weapon. Known as Kopala.

Koshchay Bessmertny

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kov-ava

A Mordvin tutelary spirit, guardian of the moon. At times, identified as kov-ava, Cheremis teleze-awa or Cheremis teleze-awa.

Krisky

A hag of the night who harries. Children. Identified as Krisky.

kuala

A Votyak shrine to an ancestral. God or house-spirit. On occassion, identified as kuala, Cherimissian kudo or Cherimissian kudo.

Kubaiko

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kud-ava

A Mordvin tutelary spirit, guardian of the home. In some references, identified as kud-ava, jurt-ava, jurt-ava, kud-azerava or kud-azerava.

kude-wodez

An evil house-spirit. In some references, identified as kude-wodez.

kudoa

A Cherimissian shrine to an ancestral. God or house-spirit. Also known as kudoa, Voytak kuala or Voytak kuala.

Kugo-jen

An evil spirit. This being is said to require sacrifices to be made to him to persuade him to cure illness. In some references, identified as Kugo-jen.

Kugo-jumo

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Kurdalion

An Ossetian smith-god. In some references, referred to as Kurdalion, Kurdalaegon or Kurdalaegon.

Kurderke-jumo

A god of thunder. Known as Kurderke-jumo.

Kuso

A Cheremis festival, involving. Sacrifice, held in June. On occassion, called Kuso.

Kyode-Jielle

A household spirit. Also identified as Kyode-Jielle.

Lamaria

In the Caucasus, a guardian goddess of women. Occasionally identified as Lamaria.

Lel

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Likho

A female demon. This being is depicted as a one-eyed hag. At times, known as Likho.

lud

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Maki-Syra-Zemlya

Mother-earth, lover of Mikula. In some references, called Maki-Syra-Zemlya.

Mardez-awa

A Cheremis tutelary spirit. Grandson of the wind. Identified as Mardez-awa, Mordvin varm-ava or Mordvin varm-ava.

Marina

A witch. When Drobrynja accidentally killed one of her doves, she turned him into a bull. Also known as Marina.

Marya Marevna

The personification of the sun. She is envisaged as being immersed in the sea between sunset and sunrise. On occassion, referred to as Marya Marevna, Daughter of the Sea, Daughter of the Sea or Marya Morevna.

Mastor-ava

A Mordvin tutelary spirit, guardian of the earth. Occasionally called Mastor-ava, Mastor Pas, Mastor Pas, Cheremis Melande-awa or Cheremis Melande-awa.

Mata-Syra-Zemla

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Melande-awa

A Cheremis tutelary spirit, guardian of the earth. Also called Melande-awa, Mordvin Mastor-ava or Mordvin Mastor-ava.

Mengk

An evil forest-spirit. Also identified as Mengk.

Mikula

A farmer. Originally a god and lover of Maki- Syra-Zemlya, he appears in an epic poem as a hero of phenomenal strength. Also commonly called Mikula.

Mirsa

A Caucasian and Georgian god of light. Occasionally referred to as Mirsa.

Morskoi Tsar

A sea-god. Father of Vassilissa. Sometimes called Morskoi Tsar, Tsar of the Sea or Tsar of the Sea.

Nightingale The Brigand

A monster, part human, part bird. This being lived in a tree and attacked passing travellers. He was killed by Ilya Muromets. Also called Nightingale The Brigand.

nocnitsa

An ugly hag who frightens children or sucks their blood at night. Also identified as nocnitsa, kriksy, kriksy, plaksy, plaksy, kritsy, kritsy, Bulgarain gorska makva or Bulgarain gorska makva.

Nules-murt

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Obyda

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Palesmurt

An evil forest-spirit. This being, said to frighten travellers, is envisaged as half-man, split vertically. At times, referred to as Palesmurt, Ar Zori or Ar Zori.

Pari

A Tartar spirit of evil. At times, referred to as Pari.

Pereplut

An ancient rain-god. Called Pereplut.

Pirgene

A thunder-god of the Mordvins. On occassion, identified as Pirgene, Purgine Pas, Purgine Pas, Lithuanian Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Peranu, Perkonis, Perkons, Peroon, Perusan, Piker, Piorun, Pitkainen or Pyerun.

Polenitsa

Female warriors: Amazons. In some accounts, identified as Polenitsa.

Polevik

A field-god. In some accounts, referred to as Polevik, Polevoi or Polevoi.

Poludnitsa

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Pots hosjik

A female spirit, guardian of reindeer. Occasionally known as Pots hosjik, malePots-hozjin, malePots-hozjin, Lapp Luot-chozjit or Lapp Luot-chozjit.

Prince Ivan

Husband of Vasillissa. He stole Vasillissa's feather-garment while she was swimming and later married her. Also commonly referred to as Prince Ivan, Ivan or Ivan.

Puirse

A benevolent spirit. In some references, called Puirse.

Pyatnitsa Prascovia

A goddess of harvests. Occasionally referred to as Pyatnitsa Prascovia.

Pyerun

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Pyvsan-aika

A bathhouse spirit. Sometimes known as Pyvsan-aika, Finnish Muntso-murt or Finnish Muntso-murt.

Rod

A god of agriculture and light. Husband of Rozanica. Occasionally identified as Rod, Chur, Chur, Rodu, Rodu, Svantevit, Svantevit, Svandovit, Svantovit, Svarog, Sventovit, Svetovid, Svetovit, Svetovitu, 'energy', Iarovit, Swietowit, Triglav, Slav Porenutius, Rugievit, Latvian Svantevit or Latvian Svantevit.

Rozanica

Wife of Rod. In some references, identified as Rozanica, Craot Ro(d)jenica or Craot Ro(d)jenica.

Rusalka

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Rusalnaia

A festival devoted to the Rusalki, held. 7 weeks after Easter. Sometimes referred to as Rusalnaia.

Rynys-aika

A spirit of the threshing-barn. Also called Rynys-aika, Siberian Obin-murt or Siberian Obin-murt.

Sadko

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Safa

An Ossetian god of weaponry. Identified as Safa.

Schal-jime

A hero of the flood in Tartar lore. He became the ruler of the realm to which dead children go. On occassion, known as Schal-jime.

Serosevsky

A spirit of the forest. This being, which leads travellers astray, can appear as an animal or a human being. In some lore, occasionally identified as Serosevsky.

Shka-Bavas

A sky-god and creator-god of the Moshka Mordvins. Known as Shka-Bavas, Erza Shka-Pas or Erza Shka-Pas.

Shka-Pas

A sky-god and creator-god of the Erza Mordvins. On occassion, identified as Shka-Pas, Tshi-Paz, Tshi-Paz, Moshka Shka-Bavas or Moshka Shka-Bavas.

Shossy

A blacksmih-god of the Abkhaz people. Sometimes known as Shossy.

Shurala

A Tartar spirit of the forest. In some references, identified as Shurala.

Shurem

A Cheremis festival, driving. Away the Devil, held in May. Referred to as Shurem.

Silver Roan

A magical horse given to Ivan the Fool by his dead father for guarding. His grave. In some lore, occasionally identified as Silver Roan.

simarglu

The Russian equivalent of the Persian simarghu. Occasionally called simarglu.

sinam

A huge bird. Identified as sinam, simargh, simargh, simyr, simyr, sinamru, sinamru, Arab Roc, Arab Roc, Ngani-Vatu, Poua-Kai, rekh, Persian simurgh, Persian simurgh or Anqa.

Sir-syv-kudegen

A fertiliy deity of the Chuvash people. Also known as Sir-syv-kudegen, Sir-syv-kten or Sir-syv-kten.

Skobeleff

A sleeping hero awaiting recall in the hour of his country's need. On occassion, referred to as Skobeleff.

Snegurotchka

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Staka-pas

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Sur-mumy

A river-goddess of the Votyaks. Sometimes referred to as Sur-mumy.

Suratan-tura

A celestial god, guardian of women in childbirth. Also known as Suratan-tura.

Suro

A sacred mountain, home of the gods. This mountain is in the third storey of heaven. At times, called Suro.

Svyatogor

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Tabiti

A winged Scythian fire-goddess. Sometimes called Tabiti, Roman Vesta, Roman Vesta or Hestia.

teleze-awa

A Cheremis tutelary spirit, guardian of the moon. Called teleze-awa, Moravian kov-ava or Moravian kov-ava.

tol-ava

A Mordvin tutelary spirit, guardian of fire. Also referred to as tol-ava, Cheremis tul-awa or Cheremis tul-awa.

Toste-mari

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Trojanu

The Russian version of Trojanus. In some lore, occasionally identified as Trojanu.

Tsar of the Sea

A sea-god. In some references, called Tsar of the Sea, Morskoi Tsar or Morskoi Tsar.

Tugarin

A dragon-hero killed by Aljosa. Popovic. Sometimes identified as Tugarin.

tul-awa

A Cheremis tutelary spirit, guardian of fire. Sometimes called tul-awa, Mordvin tol-ava or Mordvin tol-ava.

tul-wodez

An evil fire-spirit. In some lore, occasionally called tul-wodez.

Uacilla

An Ossetian rain-spirit. Sometimes called Uacilla.

varm-ava

A Mordvin tutelary spirit, guardian of the wind. In some references, called varm-ava, Cheremis mendez-ava or Cheremis mendez-ava.

Vassilisa

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ved-ava

A Mordvin tutelary spirit, guardian of water. Also commonly referred to as ved-ava, Cheremis wut-awa or Cheremis wut-awa.

vir-ava

A Mordvin tutelary spirit, guardian of woodlands. In some references, referred to as vir-ava.

Vlas

The god of domestic cattle. Also referred to as Vlas, Velesu, Velesu, Vlassy, Vlassy, Blasius, Blasius, Lithuanian Ganyklos, Lithuanian Ganyklos, Veles, Volos, Slav Volos, Slav Volos or Ganyklos.

Vodyanik

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Volkh

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Vorys-mort

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Vu-murt

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Vu-toza

A water-spirit. This being is said to capture both animals and humans. Also called Vu-toza.

wodez

An evil spirit. There are many such spirits, each connected with one specific item such as fire, a house, water, etc. On occassion, identified as wodez.

wut-awa

A Cheremis tutelary spirit, guardian of water. At times, referred to as wut-awa, Mordvin ved-ava or Mordvin ved-ava.

wut-ian uder

A female sea-spirit. These beautiful spirits, offspring of wut-wodaz, may sometimes marry humans. Also known as wut-ian uder.

wut-wodaz

An evil water-spirit. Sometimes called wut-wodaz, wut-ia, wut-ia, wut-oza or wut-oza.

Xucau

The supreme god of the Ossetians. On occassion, called Xucau.

Yebegen

A Tartar monster. He cut off the head of Komdei-mirgan. Also known as Yebegen.

Yelena

Wife of Ivan. In some accounts, known as Yelena.

Yskal-pydo-murt

An evil forest-spirit with hoofs and hairy legs. Occasionally referred to as Yskal-pydo-murt, Syiyr-ajak or Syiyr-ajak.

Zemlya

An earth-goddess. In some lore, occasionally called Zemlya, Lettish Zemesmate, Lettish Zemesmate, Zemelo, Zemyna, Lithuanian Zemyna, Lithuanian Zemyna, Zemesmate, Phrygian Zemelo, Phrygian Zemelo, Semele, Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla or Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla.

Zlotababa

An idol representing an old woman and 2 children, worshipped by the Vogul. Occasionally called Zlotababa, Golden Old Woman or Golden Old Woman.
Russian Mythology