Roman Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abeona

A goddess of children and revellers. In some accounts, identified as Abeona, Adeona or Adeona.

Aborigines

A tribe said to have originated in Greece who founded Rome. Also commonly referred to as Aborigines.

Abundantia

A fertility-goddess, goddess of plenty. In some lore, occasionally known as Abundantia, German Abundia, German Abundia, Fulla, Norse Fulla, Norse Fulla, Abundia or Habonde.

Acadine

A magic fountain in Sicily. Occasionally called Acadine.

Acavisr

An Etruscan deity, one of the Lasae. Known as Acavisr, Achvistr or Achvistr.

Acca Larentia

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Accius Naevius

An augur. He is said to have cut through a whetstone with a razor. In some references, referred to as Accius Naevius.

Achilleis

An unfinished poem by Statius about the life of Achilles. Occasionally called Achilleis.

Acron

A king. He led the first attack on Rome in an effort to recover the Sabine women taken captive by Romulus. Also referred to as Acron.

Adephagia

A goddess of good cheer, gluttony. Occasionally identified as Adephagia.

Aemilia

A vestal virgin. Sometimes called Aemilia.

Aemilia Pudentilla

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Aeneas Silvius

King of Alba Longa. A descendant of Aeneas. Called Aeneas Silvius.

Aeneid

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Aequitas

The god of equity. Known as Aequitas.

Aesculapius

The Roman version of Asclepius. Identified as Aesculapius, Esculapius, Esculapius or Asclepius.

Aeternitas

Eternity personified. This being is depicted as the ouroboros or the phoenix. Also commonly called Aeternitas.

Africus

A wind from the south-west quarter. At times, identified as Africus, Greek Lips or Greek Lips.

Agonium

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Agrama

A festival for women at which the effigy of a male was destroyed. Occasionally called Agrama.

Agrippina

Wife of Germanicus. Mother of Agrippina, Caligula and Drusilla. Occasionally identified as Agrippina.

Agrippine Sibyl

A mediaeval prophetess. Sometimes called Agrippine Sibyl.

Aidoneus

A name for Hades. Sometimes referred to as Aidoneus, Hades, Hades, Pluteus, Aides, Ais, Clymenus, Euboleus, Eubouteous, Klymenos, Plouton, Pluto, Polydectes, Polydegmon, Pylartes, Stygeros, 'unseen', Zeus Katachthonios, Egyptian Serapis, Japanese Emma-O, Norse Ymir, Pacific Islands Yamaraja, Persian Yima, Roman Aidoneus, Dis (Pater), Dives or Orcus.

Aius Locutius

A personification of the voice said to have warned the Romans of the coming of the Gauls. On occassion, called Aius Locutius.

Alannus

A Celtic messenger god in Gaul. Occasionally known as Alannus, Alaunus, Alaunus, Alounis, Alounis, Alaenis, Alaenis, Roman Mercury, Roman Mercury, Artaius, Hermes or Lugh.

Alban Kings

Mythical kings said to rule before Romulus and Remus. Occasionally referred to as Alban Kings.

albogaleus

The lower part of the headdress of the flamen. Dialus. This was said to be made from the skins of those sacrificed to Jupiter. Also known as albogaleus.

Albunea

An Italian water nymph. She had the gift of prophecy and some of her pronouncements were recorded in the Sibylline Books. Also known as Albunea, Diana, Diana, Albunea, Dian, Diane, Dian(e), Dione, Jana, Lucina, Czech Devana, Greek Artemis, Polish Dziewona, Serbian Dilwica or Hecate.

Alcmon

A minor god. Father of Lara. At times, called Alcmon.

Alemona

A goddess of childbirth and passage. Known as Alemona.

Altor

An ancient god. On occassion, referred to as Altor, 'feeder' or 'feeder'.

Amata

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Ambarvalia

The festival of the crops in late May. Sometimes identified as Ambarvalia.

Ambisagrus

A Celtic god in Gaul. Known as Ambisagrus.

Amoretti

Minor love gods. Also known as Amoretti, Greek Erotes or Greek Erotes.

Amorini

Small love gods. Sometimes known as Amorini.

Amulius

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Amyas

A love-god. Also identified as Amyas.

ancile

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Ancus Marcius

A legendary king of Rome. Occasionally known as Ancus Marcius.

Androcles

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Angerona

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Angeronalia

The festival in honour of Angerona, 21 December. Sometimes identified as Angeronalia, Divalia or Divalia.

Angitia

A goddess of healing. In some accounts there are several such deities, the Angitiae. Others identify her with Fauna. Occasionally referred to as Angitia, Anagtia or Anagtia.

Ani

An Etruscan sky-god. He is sometimes depicted as having two faces. Also referred to as Ani, Ala, Ala, Ale, Ani, Ale or Ana.

anima

In the theory of the threefold soul, the part that returned to the gods. On occassion, known as anima.

Anna Larentia

An obscure deity. Also identified as Anna Larentia.

Anna Perenna

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Anona

The goddess of crops. Sometimes called Anona, Annona or Annona.

Anthor

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Apellun

An Italic love-god. Occasionally identified as Apellun, Apellon, Apellon, Apollo, Greek Apollo, Greek Apollo, Angus Og, Aplu, Atepomarus, Maponus, Surya or Veiovis.

Aplu

An Etruscan weather-god. At times, known as Aplu, Greek Apollo, Greek Apollo, Angus Og, Apellun, Atepomarus, Maponus, Surya or Veiovis.

Apone

A fountain in Padua said to have healing qualities. At times, called Apone.

Appiades

5 goddesses of peace. These deities, represented on horseback, were Concordia, Pallas, Peace, Venus and Vesta. On occassion, referred to as Appiades, Venus, Venus, Genetrix, Victrix, Cloacina, Dione, Felix, Hesper, Libentina, Libitina, Queen of Love, Vesper, Victrix; Greek Aphrodite or Charis.

Aprodita

The Italic goddess of love. Also commonly identified as Aprodita, Greek Aphrodite, Greek Aphrodite, Alilat, Anahit, Anahita, Anaitis, Aphrodisias, Argimpasa, Astarte, Biducht, Caelestis, Concordia, Hathor, Ishtar, Mylitta, Rati, Syrian Goddess or Turan.

Apuleius, Lucius

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Aquilo

The north wind. At times, called Aquilo, Aquilon, Aquilon, Septentrio, Septentrio, Greek Boreas or Greek Boreas.

Archagathius

A legendary physician renowned for his. Cruel methods of surgery. Occasionally referred to as Archagathius, Vulnerarius, Vulnerarius or Archagathus.

Arimanius

The Roman name for Ahriman. Known as Arimanius.

Armilustrium

A festival in honour of Mars, held in October. In some lore, occasionally known as Armilustrium.

Arruns

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Artepomaros

A name for Belinus as 'owner of a great horse'. Also called Artepomaros, Belinus, Belinus, Bel, Belenos, Belenus, Belin, Bellinus, Lord of Therapy, Bel, Irish Bilé, Roman Apollo, Shakespeare Cymbeline or Welsh Beli Mawr.

Arval Brothers

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Ashi

A goddess of recompense and, later, of morality. Sometimes known as Ashi.

Ass god

A deity connected with the feast of Saturnalia. Sometimes known as Ass god.

Atunis

The Etruscan version of Adonis. On occassion, referred to as Atunis.

augur

One who made prophecies from the flight of birds. Sometimes identified as augur, auspex or auspex.

Augusta

A name for the goddess Epona, used. By the Romans. Known as Augusta, Justitia, Justitia, Augusta, Dike, Iustitia or Greek Dike.

Aulus Vibenna

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aurea virga

A rod, the caduceus given by Mercury to Apollo. Also known as aurea virga, caduceus, caduceus, kerykeion, Greek kerykeion or virga medicinus.

Aurora

A goddess of the dawn. At times, identified as Aurora, Mater Matuta, Mater Matuta, Eos, Ino, Matuta or Greek Eos.

Auster

The south west wind personified. Also called Auster, Greek Notus or Greek Notus.

Aventinus

A son of Heracles and Rhea. He fought with Turnus against Aeneas. Also commonly identified as Aventinus.

Avernal

A fiend: inhabitant of the underworld. Sometimes known as Avernal.

Avernus

Hell or the entrance to it. On occassion, referred to as Avernus, Lake Avernus, Lake Avernus or Avernus.

Averruncus

A minor god whose function was to avert evil. A version of Robigus. In some references, referred to as Averruncus, Robigus, Robigus or Robigo.

Bacax

A local god in North Africa. Identified as Bacax.

bacchanal

A follower of Bacchus. A priest(ess) of Bacchus. A song, etc. dedicated to Bacchus. In some accounts, identified as bacchanal, bacchante or bacchante.

Bacchanalia

Orgiastic festivals in honour of Bacchus. Occasionally identified as Bacchanalia, Bacchanals, Bacchanals or bacchantes.

bacchant

A devotee of Bacchus. A priest of Bacchus. Also commonly identified as bacchant, Bacchoi, Bacchoi, plurbacchoi or plurbacchoi.

bacchantes

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Bacchus

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Battle of Lake Regillus

A battle in which the Romans, with the help of Castor and Pollux, defeated. The Latins. Occasionally known as Battle of Lake Regillus.

Bellona

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Berenice

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Biston

A son of Mars. Occasionally referred to as Biston.

Bona Capia

A goddess of plenty. On occassion, identified as Bona Capia.

Bona Dea

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borax

A stone, an antidote to poison, believed to be carried in its head by a toad. Also identified as borax.

Brutus

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Bubona

Goddess of cattle. Occasionally called Bubona.

Bussumarus

A Celtic god known on the Continent. Sometimes referred to as Bussumarus, Roman Jupiter, Roman Jupiter, Ambres, Amen, Dyaus, Jessis or Tinia.

Cacus

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Caduceator

A name for Mercury as 'owner of the caduceus'. Known as Caduceator.

caduceus

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Caecilia

Tanaquil]. Wife of Tarquinius Priscus. She was an Etruscan sorceress who, when her husband Lucumo became king of Rome, was called Tanaquil. Occasionally called Caecilia, Gaea Caecilia, Gaea Caecilia, Gaia Caecilia or Gaia Caecilia.

Caeculus

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Caeles Vibenna

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Caelestis

A moon-goddess. Juno as the 'guardian of Carthage'. Occasionally identified as Caelestis, Juno Caelestis, Juno Caelestis, Carthaginian Tanit, Carthaginian Tanit, Greek Aphrodite, Greek Aphrodite, Alilat, Anahit, Anahita, Anaitis, Aphrodisias, Aprodita, Argimpasa, Astarte, Biducht, Concordia, Hathor, Ishtar, Mylitta, Rati, Syrian Goddess or Turan.

Caelus

The sky personified. Consort of Tellus. In some accounts, referred to as Caelus, Coelus, Coelus, Uranus, Greek Uranus, Greek Uranus, Dyaus, Ouranos, Phoenician Baal-Samin or Phoenician Baal-Samin.

Caligula

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Camenae

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Camilla

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Camise

Wife of Janus. Mother of Tiberius. Other versions give Jana as the wife of Janus. In some references, known as Camise.

Campestres

Celtic guardian spirits of military matters. Sometimes identified as Campestres.

Campus Martius

The training ground, near Rome, for young soldiers, devotees of Mars. On occassion, referred to as Campus Martius, Field of Mars or Field of Mars.

Candamius

A sky-god in Spain. In some references, referred to as Candamius.

Candelifera

A goddess of birth. Also referred to as Candelifera.

Canens

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Canidia

A witch who cast spells using wax dolls. Also known as Canidia.

Capetus

A king of Alba Longa. Father of Tiberinus, some say. On occassion, known as Capetus.

Capitol

The temple of Jupiter. In some accounts, known as Capitol.

Capys

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Car

A god. Some say he invented the art of augury. Occasionally identified as Car.

Cardea

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Carmenta

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Carmentalia

A festival in honour of Carmenta, held in January. Also commonly identified as Carmentalia.

Carna

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Castores

The Roman name for the Dioscuri. Also known as Castores.

Catamitus

The Latin name for Ganymede. Also called Catamitus.

Celer

A lieutenant of Romulus. In some accounts it was Celer, not Romulus, who killed Remus for jumping over the wall of the new city. Also known as Celer.

Cerealia

A festival in honour of Ceres held on 19 April. Occasionally known as Cerealia, Ceralia, Ceralia, Ludi Cerialis or Ludi Cerialis.

Ceres

Goddess of agriculture and corn. Daughter of Saturn and Ops. A consort of Jupiter. Mother of Proserpina. At times, called Ceres, Cybele, Cybele, Agdistis, Cybebe, Cybelle, Idaea, Kubele, Kybebe, Kybele, Lion-and-bee Goddess, Maia, Great Mother, Meter Dindymene, White Goddess, Gaulish Berecynthia, Greek Demeter, Idaea, Idaean Mother, Rhea, Roman Bona Dea, Magna Mater, Maia, Mater Turrita, Ops, Sumerian Inanna or Syrian Kubaba.

Charun

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Cileus

An Etruscan deity. In some lore, occasionally known as Cileus.

Cincinnatus

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Cinxia

A goddess of marriage, later. Assimilated into Juno. Also called Cinxia, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Lucina, Opigina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera or Ilithyia.

Circius

A wind from the north-west quarter. Sometimes identified as Circius, Greek Thracius or Greek Thracius.

Claudia Quinta

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Clementia

A guardian-goddess of the citizen. At times, called Clementia.

Cloacina

Goddess of sewers. A name for Venus as 'purifier'. Known as Cloacina, Venus, Venus, Genetrix, Victrix, Appiades, Dione, Felix, Hesper, Libentina, Libitina, Queen of Love, Vesper, Victrix; Greek Aphrodite or Charis.

Cloelia

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Clusivius

A name of Janus as 'closer of gates'. Sometimes referred to as Clusivius, Janus, Janus, Dianus, Dionus, Ianus, Patulcius, Consuvius or Janus Bifrons.

Commodus

A 2nd C. Roman emperor. He declared himself a god (Hercules the Second) and required his subjects to worship him. Sometimes referred to as Commodus, Hercules secundus, Hercules secundus, Hercules Secundus or Hercules Secundus.

Compitalis

A festival of the cross-roads. In some accounts, referred to as Compitalis.

Comus

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Concordia

A goddess of civic agreement, one of the 5 Appiades. On occassion, called Concordia, Greek Aphrodite, Greek Aphrodite, Alilat, Anahit, Anahita, Anaitis, Aphrodisias, Aprodita, Argimpasa, Astarte, Biducht, Caelestis, Hathor, Ishtar, Mylitta, Rati, Syrian Goddess, Turan, Homonoia or Homonoia.

Consentes

The Roman version of Pan. Also referred to as Consentes, Pan, Pan or Capricorn.

Consentes Dii

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Consualia

Festivals in honour of Consus held on 19 or 21 August and 15 December. Also commonly called Consualia.

Consus

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Consuvius

A name for Janus as 'the guardian of the beginning of human life'. At times, called Consuvius, Janus, Janus, Dianus, Dionus, Ianus, Patulcius, Clusivius or Janus Bifrons.

Convector

A god of grain and granaries. Occasionally identified as Convector.

Coriolanus

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Corus

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Corvus, Marcius

A military tribune. He fought a giant in single combat and was helped by a raven that flew into the face of his opponent. Also referred to as Corvus, Marcius.

Cranae

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Cuba

A guardian goddess of infants in their cots. At times, identified as Cuba.

Culsu

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Cunina

A goddess of babies. Occasionally known as Cunina.

Cupid

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Cupra

An Etruscan fertility-goddess. Sometimes known as Cupra.

Curiatii

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Curtius

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Cybele Magna Mater

The goddess Cybele as 'great mother' in the Roman pantheon. In some lore, occasionally identified as Cybele Magna Mater.

Damatar

An Italic corn goddess. Sometimes known as Damatar, Greek Demeter, Greek Demeter, Ceres, Cybele or Dea Dia.

Damocles

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Daunus

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Dea Caelistis

A goddess. Also called Dea Caelistis, British Briganta or British Briganta.

Dea Dia

An ancient corn goddess. Sometimes known as Dea Dia, Demeter, Demeter, Amphictyonis, Da-Meter, Damater, Deo, Doso, Good Goddess, Grain Mother, Hermione, Isis, Mangata, Mother Da, Thesmophorus, Three Eponae, Achaiva, Black Demeter, Chloe, Da-meter, Deo, Epona, Erinys, Ga Metre, Ge Metre Gemeter, Hermione, Mother Earth, Thesmorphorus, White Goddess, Egyptian Isis, Italic Damatar, Phrygian Cybele, Roman Ceres, Greek Demeter, Greek Demeter, Ceres, Cybele or Damatar.

Dea Quartana

A goddess of fever. Daughter of Febris. Sister of Dea Tertiana. At times, known as Dea Quartana.

Dea Tertiana

A goddess of fever. Daughter of Febris. Sister of Dea Quartana. In some accounts, called Dea Tertiana.

Decuma

A goddess of birth. One of the 3 Parcae. In some accounts, known as Decuma, Decima or Decima.

Deipara

Mother of god: god-bearing. In some accounts, identified as Deipara, Greek Theotikos or Greek Theotikos.

Demaratus

A Greek who emigrated to northern Italy. Father of Lucumo. Occasionally referred to as Demaratus.

Dercetius

A Spanish mountain god. Also commonly called Dercetius.

deus

The Latin word for god. Occasionally identified as deus, Greek Theos or Greek Theos.

Deverra

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Di Indigetes

Heroes who were deified at death. Also identified as Di Indigetes.

Di Mauri

The gods of the North African Moors. In some lore, occasionally identified as Di Mauri.

Di patrii

Ancestral gods: traditional gods. At times, called Di patrii.

Di Superi

Gods of the sky. Sometimes identified as Di Superi, Greek Uranian Deities or Greek Uranian Deities.

Diana

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Diana of Ephesus

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Dione

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Diovis-pater

An early name for Jupiter. Also called Diovis-pater, Diovis or Diovis.

Dirae

The Roman version of the Furies. On occassion, known as Dirae, Furiae, Furiae or Furies.

Dis

The Etruscan god of the dead: the underworld itself. In some lore, occasionally identified as Dis, Orcus, Orcus, Dis, Dis Pater, Hades, Horcos, Horkos, Mors, Thanatos, Greek Hades or Phorcis.

Dis Pater

A Celtic god of the underworld in Gaul. In some lore, occasionally called Dis Pater, Dispater, Dispater, Dives, Dives, Donn, Donn, sacred plants, sacred plants, sacred trees, tree-worship, Asclepius Phrygeus Muslims, Romans Dionysus Mercury Kojin Apollo Ceres and Demeter Dis Pater, Hades Artemis Egypt Dionysus, Pacific Islands Romulus Cybele Hestia Dionysus Dionysus Apollo Hera Buddha, Egypt Hades Aphrodite, Venus Demeter, Hades Egypt Baal, Jupiter, Melkarth, Thor, Zeus Athena Hermes Mexico Confucius, Dionysus Dionysus Heracles Demeter, Hades Japan Buddhism Japan Egypt Sweden Dionysus Mithra Greece, tree worship, Wealthy Father, Wealthy Father, Divs, Divs, Greek Hades, Greek Hades, Orcus, Pluto, She'ol, Yama, Yama-Raja, Pluto, Pluto or Thanatos.

Disciplina

A minor goddess. Occasionally known as Disciplina.

Discordia

The goddess of mischief. She was the owner of a ring that conferred invisibility on the wearer. In some lore, occasionally called Discordia, Greek Eris or Greek Eris.

Domiduca

A name for Juno as 'guardian goddess of babies when out of their. Parents. Sight'. Also identified as Domiduca, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Lucina, Opigina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera or Ilithyia.

Dominae

A Celtic river-goddess of the Loire. In some accounts, identified as Dominae.

Drusilla

Daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina. Sister of Caligula. She is said to have committed incest with Caligula who deified her on her death. On occassion, called Drusilla.

Duillae

Spanish fertility goddesses. In some lore, occasionally identified as Duillae.

Edusha

A god of children. At times, known as Edusha.

Egeria

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Elagabalus

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Enariae

Dog-priests. In some accounts, identified as Enariae.

Endouellicus

A Portuguese god of healing. Also commonly identified as Endouellicus.

Epona

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Equina

A festival in honour of Mars. Occasionally identified as Equina.

Equus October

A festival in honour of Mars held on October 15th. Also identified as Equus October, Ecus October or Ecus October.

Erichtho

A sorceress. Soon after Virgil died, Erichtho sent him to the underworld to retrieve a soul. In some references, called Erichtho.

Evan

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Fabulinus

God whose job it was to teach children to speak. Also commonly known as Fabulinus, Vagitanus, Vagitanus, Vagtanus or Vagtanus.

Fama

The 100-tongued goddess of rumour. In some accounts, referred to as Fama, Greek Pheme or Greek Pheme.

Fascinius

A fertility-god. Occasionally identified as Fascinius.

Fasti

A story by Ovid including an account of the rape of Lucretia. Occasionally referred to as Fasti.

Fata Scribendi

A goddess (or goddesses) who wrote. Out the fate of each child at birth. In some accounts, they are the same as the Fates. Sometimes called Fata Scribendi.

Fatae Devones

Goddesses of the oak wood. Also commonly called Fatae Devones, Matronae Devones or Matronae Devones.

Fatus

A god of personal destiny. Also commonly referred to as Fatus.

faun

Part man, part goat: a woodland. Spirit: a descendant of Faunus. Sometimes referred to as faun, Faunus, Faunus, Fatu(cl)us, Faun, Incubo, In(n)uus, Lupercus, Silvan, plurFauni, Greek Pan or Faunus.

Fauna

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Faunus

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Faustulus

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Favonius

The west wind personified. Consort of Flora, some say. Occasionally called Favonius, Greek Zephyr or Greek Zephyr.

Feast of Anna Perenna

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Febris

A goddess of fevers. Mother of Dea Quartana and Dea. Tertiana. Referred to as Febris, Quartana, Quartana, Tertiana or Tertiana.

Februs

The god of the dead. In some accounts, identified as Februs, Etruscan Dis, Etruscan Dis, Greek Pluto, Greek Pluto or Dis.

Felicitas

The goddess of good luck. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Felicitas, Fortuna, Fortuna, Primagenia, Greek Tyche or Italian Fors (Fortuna).

Felix

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Feralia

The final festival of the dead, held in February. Occasionally known as Feralia.

Feronia

An Etruscan fertility-goddess and goddess of fire. Identified as Feronia.

Fessonia

A goddess helping the needy. Sometimes identified as Fessonia.

Festus

A festival held in honour of Mercury, held on May 15th. Known as Festus.

Fides

A goddess, fidelity personified. She wore only a white veil. Occasionally identified as Fides.

Fidius

A name for Jupiter as god of good. Faith and contracts. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Fidius, Deus Fides, Deus Fides, Fides, Fides Publica, Dius Fidius, Dius Fidius, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon, Greek Zeus, Deus (Publica) Fides, Deus (Publica) Fides, Greek Zeus Pistios, Greek Zeus Pistios, Sancus, Sabine Sancus or Sabine Sancus.

flamen

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flamen Ceralia

A priest of Ceres. At times, called flamen Ceralia.

flamen Dialis

A priest of Jupiter. Also referred to as flamen Dialis.

flamen Florialis

A priest of Flora. In some lore, occasionally called flamen Florialis.

flamen Furrinalis

A priest of Furrina. Occasionally called flamen Furrinalis.

flamen Martialis

A priest of Mars. Occasionally identified as flamen Martialis.

flamen Pomonatis

A priest of Pomona. Also commonly identified as flamen Pomonatis.

flamen Portumnatis

A priest of Portumnus. Also called flamen Portumnatis.

flamen Quirinalis

A priest of Quirinus. Also referred to as flamen Quirinalis.

flamen Vulcanatis

A priest of Vulcanus. Also referred to as flamen Vulcanatis.

flaminica

The wife of a flamen. Also known as flaminica.

flaminica Dialis

Wife of the flamen Dialis who helped. Her husband in his priestly duties. Occasionally referred to as flaminica Dialis.

flaminium

The office of a flamen. Sometimes identified as flaminium.

Flora

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Floralia

A festival in honour of Flora held in April/May. Known as Floralia.

Fons

A god of springs. Son of Faunus and Juturna. On occassion, known as Fons, Fontus or Fontus.

Fontinalia

A festival in honour of the god Fons, which involves the dressing of fountains and springs, held on October 13th. Sometimes known as Fontinalia.

Fordicidia

A festival in honour of Tellus held on April 15th at which a cow and a calf. Were sacrificed. On occassion, referred to as Fordicidia.

Fornacalia

An ancient festival in honour of Fornax or Vulcanus, deities of furnaces or ovens. Also identified as Fornacalia.

Fornax

A guardian goddess of ovens and baking. An aspect of Vesta. Also referred to as Fornax, Vesta, Vesta or Greek Hestia.

Fortuna

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Fortuna Virginensis

The goddess Fortuna as guardian of newly-married women. Sometimes known as Fortuna Virginensis.

Fortuna Virilis

The goddess Fortuna acting to preserve. The beauty of women so that they. Retained the favour of their husbands. Sometimes identified as Fortuna Virilis.

Frugifer

A name for Baal-Hammon. As 'fruit-bearer'. Occasionally known as Frugifer.

Fulgans

A name of Jupiter as 'lightning-wielder'. In some accounts, identified as Fulgans, Fulgar, Fulgar or Jupiter.

fulgur

The thunderbolt of Jupiter. In some lore, occasionally identified as fulgur.

Fulguriator

A priest whose function was to interpret the meaning of thunderbolts. In some accounts, referred to as Fulguriator.

Furrina

A minor goddess. Some identify her with the Furies, others as a spirit of darkness. In some lore, occasionally identified as Furrina, Furina or Furina.

Furrinalia

A festival in honour of Furrina, July 25th. On occassion, called Furrinalia.

Gelasinus

A god of laughter. Also referred to as Gelasinus.

Genealogiae

A collection of myths by Hyginus. Sometimes referred to as Genealogiae, Fabulae or Fabulae.

genius

A guardian spirit of the individual man, often in the form of a winged youth. On occassion, referred to as genius, femalejuno, femalejuno, plurgenii, plurgenii, Greek daimon or Greek daimon.

genius Cuaillatus

An attendant (sometimes 3) on the Mother Goddess. In some accounts, referred to as genius Cuaillatus, plurgenii Cuaillati or plurgenii Cuaillati.

genius loci

The guardian spirit of a place, often in the form of a serpent. In some accounts, known as genius loci.

Germanicus

A Roman general. Husband of Agrippina. Father of Agrippina, Caligula and Drusilla. Also identified as Germanicus.

Gradivus

A name for Mars as leader of the Roman forces in battle. Occasionally called Gradivus, Mars, Mars, Ares, Mamers, Marmar, Mavors, Pyrois, sacred birds, Viticus, Father Mars, Loucetius, Ma(r)spiter, Pyrois, Quirinus, Rigonometis, Silvan, Ultor, Egyptian Anhur, Etruscan Maris, Greek Ares or Vitricos.

Gratiae

The Roman version of the Graces. Also identified as Gratiae.

Gravidus

A name of Mars as leader of the Roman legions in battle. In some lore, occasionally called Gravidus, Greek Ares, Greek Ares, Anhur, Gradivus, Karttikeya, Maris, Mars, Nergal or Skanda.

Hamavehae

3 Celtic mother-goddesses of Germany. At times, known as Hamavehae.

Hecate

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herba sacra

A plant said to have magic properties to cure sickness and avert witchcraft. Also called herba sacra, Verbenalia, Verbenalia, vervain or vervain.

Hereklo

An Italian hero. Sometimes referred to as Hereklo, Greek Heracles, Greek Heracles, Arsaphes, Baal Tyre, Gisdhubar, Khons, Krishna, Melkarth, Vahagn, Verethragna, Vritrahana, Roman Hercules, Roman Hercules or Heracles.

Hermus

A river-god. Sometimes referred to as Hermus.

Heroides

A book of poems, addressed to the heroines of Greek and Roman myths, written by Ovid. Also called Heroides, Heroines or Heroines.

Hersilia

Wife of Romulus. She was taken up to heaven after the death of her husband and became one of the Horae. Also identified as Hersilia.

Hilaria

A festival celebrating the reunion of Attis and Cybele. On occassion, called Hilaria.

Honus

A god (or goddess in some accounts) of military honours. Also referred to as Honus, Honos or Honos.

Hora

A goddess. Consort of Quirinus. Sometimes identified as Hora, Hora Quirini or Hora Quirini.

Horatia

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Horatii

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Horatius

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Horta

An Etruscan goddess of agriculture. Sometimes referred to as Horta.

Hostia

An Etruscan goddess. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Hostia.

household gods

Gods of the family, lares and penates. In some accounts, referred to as household gods.

Hula

An early Italian vegetation deity. Also called Hula.

Hulus

An early Italian vegetation deity. Sometimes referred to as Hulus, Hula, Hula, Hula or Hula.

Hyginus

A 1st C. Mythographer. He was a former Spanish slave who wrote a handbook of mythology, Genealogiae or Fabulae. Also called Hyginus.

Icauna

A Celtic river-goddess in Gaul. On occassion, known as Icauna.

Icilius

A man betrothed to Verginia. In some lore, occasionally identified as Icilius.

Ifru

A North African god. Also called Ifru.

Iguvine Tablets

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Ilithyia-Leucothea

An Etruscan fertility-goddess. Called Ilithyia-Leucothea.

Imperator

A name for Jupiter as 'supreme leader'. Occasionally called Imperator, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Imporcitor

A god of agriculture. On occassion, known as Imporcitor.

Incitatus

The horse of Caligula. The emperor appointed this animal to be a consul and priest. Also commonly called Incitatus.

Indiges

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Inferi

Gods and inhabitants of the underworld. In some references, called Inferi, Superi or Superi.

inferiae

Offerings to the spirits of the dead. At times, called inferiae.

inferni

Spirits of the departed. Also commonly referred to as inferni.

infernus

Hell. Occasionally called infernus.

Innuus

A fertility-god, god of shepherds. In some accounts, he is equated with Faunus as 'fertiliser'. Also called Innuus, Inuus or Inuus.

Intercidona

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Invictus

A name of Jupiter as 'invincible'. Sometimes called Invictus, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Invidia

A god of envy. At times, identified as Invidia, Greek Phthonus or Greek Phthonus.

Iterduca

A goddess of brides. Her function was to introduce a bride to her new home. She was later assimilated into Juno. Occasionally identified as Iterduca, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Jugalia, Lucina, Opigina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera or Ilithyia.

Iulus

King of Latium. Son of Ascanius. Brother of Silvius. He was forced from the throne and banished by Silvius. Also called Iulus, Ascanius, Ascanius, Askaneios, Ilus, Iulus or Ilus.

Jana

Wife of Janus. Some versions identify Jana with Diana. Occasionally referred to as Jana, Diana, Diana, Albunea, Dian, Diane, Albunea, Dian(e), Dione, Lucina, Czech Devana, Greek Artemis, Polish Dziewona, Serbian Dilwica or Hecate.

januae

Cakes forming part of offerings to the god Janus. Also commonly known as januae.

Janus

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Janus Bifrons`

A name for Janus as two-faced. Sometimes called Janus Bifrons`.

Janus Quadrifrons

A four-headed version of Janus. Also identified as Janus Quadrifrons.

Juno

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juno

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Juno Capritona

A title of Juno used at the festival of Nonae Capritonae. Occasionally identified as Juno Capritona.

Juno Covella

A name used to address Juno at new. Moon ceremonies. Occasionally identified as Juno Covella.

Juno Curitis

A name for Juno as a war-goddess and guardian of cities. Sometimes called Juno Curitis, Juno Quiritis, Juno Quiritis or Juno Cuiritis.

Juno Lucina

A name of Juno as the goddess of childbirth who caused the child to see. Also commonly referred to as Juno Lucina, Lucina, Lucina, Diana, Ilithyia, Juno, Diana or Greek Ilithyia.

Juno Moneta

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Juno Natalis

A name of Juno as patron of birthdays. On occassion, known as Juno Natalis.

Juno Pronuba

A name of Juno as guardian of marriages. Called Juno Pronuba.

Juno Regina

A name of Juno as queen of goddesses. In some accounts, referred to as Juno Regina.

Juno Sororia

Juno as the guardian goddess of girls. At the age of puberty. At times, referred to as Juno Sororia.

Juno Sospita

Juno as the guardian of women in danger, later of the state. Occasionally called Juno Sospita.

Juno Virginensis

A name for Juno as guardian of maidens, Chastity. Referred to as Juno Virginensis.

Junones

Protective goddesses. Referred to as Junones, juno, juno, ionones, iuno, plurionones, junones or malegenius.

Junonian bird

The peacock. Occasionally known as Junonian bird, peacock or peacock.

Jupiter

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Jupiter Ammon

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Jupiter Capitolinus

A name for Jupiter as protector of Rome. Sometimes known as Jupiter Capitolinus, Jupiter Tarpeius or Jupiter Tarpeius.

Jupiter Dolichenus

A name of Jupiter taking the place of the Hittite god, Taru, in the Syrian empire. Also commonly identified as Jupiter Dolichenus.

Jupiter Feretrius

Jupiter as the god of the sacred oak. Called Jupiter Feretrius.

Jupiter Fidius

A name for Jupiter as guardian of the land. On occassion, known as Jupiter Fidius.

Jupiter Fulgurator

A name of Jupiter as god of lightning. Also commonly referred to as Jupiter Fulgurator, Jupiter Elicius, Jupiter Elicius, Jupiter Fulminator or Jupiter Fulminator.

Jupiter Imperator

A name for Jupiter as ruler. Sometimes known as Jupiter Imperator.

Jupiter Invictus

A name for Jupiter as unconquerable. At times, known as Jupiter Invictus.

Jupiter Latiaris

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Jupiter Lucerius

Jupiter as one who lives in the shiny heaven. At times, called Jupiter Lucerius, Jupiter Lucesius or Jupiter Lucesius.

Jupiter Opikulus

A name for Jupiter as helper. Also known as Jupiter Opikulus.

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Jupiter as the all-powerful guardian of Rome. At times, identified as Jupiter Optimus Maximus.

Jupiter Pluvialis

A name for Jupiter as god of rain. In some lore, occasionally called Jupiter Pluvialis, Pluvius, Pluvius or Jupiter.

Jupiter Praedator

Jupiter as one who takes and gives booty. Also known as Jupiter Praedator.

Jupiter Serenator

Jupiter as god of calm skies. Occasionally referred to as Jupiter Serenator.

Jupiter Stator

Jupiter as the god of battle. In this role, Jupiter prevented combatants from deserting their fellows. On occassion, known as Jupiter Stator, 'supporter' or 'supporter'.

Jupiter Terminus

Jupiter as a god of boundaries. Sometimes referred to as Jupiter Terminus.

Jupiter Tonans

Jupiter as a god of thunder. Also known as Jupiter Tonans, Tonitrualis or Tonitrualis.

Jupiter Triumphator

Jupiter as the giver of victory. In some references, called Jupiter Triumphator.

Jupiter Victor

Jupiter as conqueror. Occasionally identified as Jupiter Victor.

Justitia

A goddess, justice personified. She is depicted blindfolded and holding the scales of justice. In some accounts, referred to as Justitia, Augusta, Augusta, Dike, Dike, Dice, Roman Augusta, Iustitia, Iustitia, Greek Dike or Greek Dike.

Juturna

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Juturnalia

A festival, held on January 11th, in honour of Juturna. Sometimes referred to as Juturnalia.

Juventas

Goddess of youth. Cupbearer to the gods. Sometimes identified as Juventas, Iuventas, Iuventas, Juventus, Juventus, Greek Hebe, Greek Hebe or Varuni.

Karnos

An ancient god assimilated to Apollo. On occassion, referred to as Karnos, Karneios or Karneios.

King of Saturnalia

A man impersonating the god Saturn. After five days in office, the incumbent was killed. Occasionally called King of Saturnalia, Abbot of Unreason, Abbot of Unreason or King of Unreason.

King of the Wood

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Lactantius

A 2nd or 3rd C. Writer, generally regarded as the author of the poem Phoenix. Occasionally known as Lactantius.

Lactanus

A god of agriculture. Also referred to as Lactanus, Lactans or Lactans.

lamb

The animal of Juno. Occasionally referred to as lamb.

Lapis Manalis

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Lar

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Lar Familiaris

A household god, a guardian spirit of an ancestor of the family. Sometimes known as Lar Familiaris.

Lara

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Larentalia

The feast of the dead in honour of Acca Larentia, 23rd December. On occassion, identified as Larentalia.

Lares

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Lares praestiles

Guardian gods of the state. In some accounts, called Lares praestiles.

Lares viales

Guardian gods of the cross-roads. Occasionally referred to as Lares viales.

Lars Porsena

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Larunda

A minor goddess of the Sabines. In some accounts, she is identified with Lara. Occasionally known as Larunda, Lara, Lara, Mania or 'babbler'.

larva

An evil spirit: a form of Lemur. In some accounts, called larva, larvae, larvae, lemur, lemur, lemures, plurlemures, Greek lamyroi, lares, plurallarvae or plurallarvae.

Lasae

Minor Etruscan female deities or supernatural beings. Also called Lasae.

Latinus

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Latona

A mother-goddess and moon-goddess. Mother of Apollo and Diana by Jupiter. Also commonly referred to as Latona, Greek Leto, Greek Leto or Edjo.

lectisternium

A meal for the gods. Occasionally identified as lectisternium, Greek theoxenia or Greek theoxenia.

lemur

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Lemuria

A festival commemorating the dead, May 9-15th. Also identified as Lemuria.

Leucetios

A Celtic thunder-god in Gaul. At times, identified as Leucetios.

Levana

A tutelary goddess of new-born. Babies. Referred to as Levana.

Liber

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Libera

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Liberalia

A festival in honour of Liber held on March 17th. Also commonly known as Liberalia.

Liberalitas

A god of generosity. In some accounts, called Liberalitas.

Libertas

A goddess of personal liberty. At times, called Libertas.

Libertina

A name for Venus as the goddess of sensual pleasures. Occasionally identified as Libertina, Libitina, Libitina, Venus or Greek Persephone.

Libitina

A goddess of funerals and the underworld, death personified. An aspect of Venus. Referred to as Libitina, Libertina, Libertina, Venus, Venus, Genetrix, Victrix, Appiades, Cloacina, Dione, Felix, Hesper, Libentina, Queen of Love, Vesper, Victrix; Greek Aphrodite, Charis, Greek Persephone or Greek Persephone.

Licinia

A vestal virgin. She was condemned to death for incest. In some references, identified as Licinia.

lily

The flower of Juno. At times, called lily.

lituus

An augur's staff. This staff, hooked at one end, was used to mark out the area to be used for divination. In some lore, occasionally referred to as lituus.

Losna

An Etruscan moon-goddess. Also identified as Losna.

Lua

An ancient Italian goddess of destruction. The first consort of Saturn. Occasionally called Lua, Lua Mater, Lua Mater, Lua Saturni or Lua Saturni.

Lucifer

Venus as the morning star. Also identified as Lucifer, Light-bearer, Light-bearer or Lucifer.

Lucina

The goddess of childbirth, hunting, and marriage. An aspect of Diana or Juno. Sometimes known as Lucina, Diana, Diana, Albunea, Dian, Diane, Albunea, Dian(e), Dione, Jana, Czech Devana, Greek Artemis, Polish Dziewona, Serbian Dilwica, Hecate, Ilithyia, Ilithyia, Eileithyia, Eilithieia, Eilithua, Eilithyia, Eleuthia, Ilythia, Juno, Eil(e)ithyia, Eil(e)itheia, Eleuthyra, Cretan Eleuthea, Egyptian Nekhbet, Roman Juno, Ilithyiae, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Opigina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera, Greek Ilithyia, Greek Ilithyia, Juno Lucina or Juno Lucina.

Lucius Hiberius

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Lucretia

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Lucretius

Father of Lucretia. At times, called Lucretius.

Lucumo

An Etruscan. Son of Demaratus. He became the fifth king of Rome as Tarquinius Priscus. Occasionally called Lucumo, Tarquinius Priscus, Tarquinius Priscus, Lucius Tarquinius or Tarquin.

Ludi Apollinares

Games in honour of Apollo. Also commonly known as Ludi Apollinares.

Ludi Capitolini

Games in honour of Jupiter, held in October. Sometimes known as Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Magni, Ludi Magni, Ludi Maximi, Ludi Plebei, Ludi Romani or Ludi Capitalini.

Ludi Cerialis

Games in honour of Ceres. Also referred to as Ludi Cerialis, Cerealia, Cerealia or Ceralia.

Ludi Florialis

Games in honour of Flora. In some lore, occasionally identified as Ludi Florialis.

Ludi Magni

Games in honour of Jupiter. Occasionally called Ludi Magni, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Plebei, Ludi Romani, Ludi Maximi, Ludi Maximi, Ludi Capitalini or Ludi Capitalini.

Ludi Megalenses

Games in honour of Cybele. In some accounts, known as Ludi Megalenses.

Ludi Plebei

Games in honour of Jupiter, held in November. On occassion, known as Ludi Plebei, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Magni, Ludi Romani, Ludi Capitalini or Ludi Capitalini.

Ludi Romani

Games in honour of Jupiter, held in September. Occasionally called Ludi Romani, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Magni, Ludi Plebei, Ludi Capitalini or Ludi Capitalini.

Luna

A moon-goddess. Also known as Luna, Greek Phoebe, Greek Phoebe, Selene, Selene, Artemis, Chromia, Hera, Io, Mene, Pasiphae, Phoebe, Selena, Asterodia, Phoebe, Seline or Roman Luna.

Lupercalia

A festival honouring Faunus, Lupercus or the wolf that suckled Romulus and Remus, held on February 15th. Occasionally called Lupercalia.

Lupercii

The young men or priests who took. Part in the rites of the Lupercalia. Also commonly referred to as Lupercii.

Lupercus

An ancient Italian god of fertility, flocks and wolves. In some accounts, he is equated with Faunus. Occasionally called Lupercus, Faunus, Faunus, Fatu(cl)us, Faun, Incubo, In(n)uus, Silvan, plurFauni, Greek Pan, Faunus, Pan, Pan, Feeder, Herdsman, 'all', Capricorn, Goat-god, Goat-Pan, Nomius, Pasturer, Shepherd God, plurpanes, Roman Consentes or Evander.

lustrum

A sacrificial rite of purification held. Every 5 years. Identified as lustrum.

Lybica

A sibyl. In some lore, occasionally known as Lybica.

Lympha

A nature-goddess. Sometimes known as Lympha.

Magna Mater

A mother-goddess. This deity is represented in Rome by a black meteoric stone. In some lore, occasionally known as Magna Mater, Cybele, Cybele, Agdistis, Cybebe, Cybelle, Idaea, Kubele, Kybebe, Kybele, Lion-and-bee Goddess, Maia, Great Mother, Meter Dindymene, White Goddess, Gaulish Berecynthia, Greek Demeter, Idaea, Idaean Mother, Rhea, Roman Bona Dea, Ceres, Maia, Mater Turrita, Ops, Sumerian Inanna, Syrian Kubaba, Phrygian Cybele, Phrygian Cybele, Anat, Aphrodite, Astarte, Bona Dea, Demeter, Inanna, Kubaba, Rhea, Greek Rhea, Greek Rhea or Ops.

majores

Senior flamines chosen from the patricians. Also called majores.

Maligernii

Evil spirits. Also commonly called Maligernii.

Mamercus

Son of Numa Pompilius. Brother of Pinis and Pompo. At times, referred to as Mamercus.

Mamurius Veturius

The celestial smith who made copies of the ancile. Also referred to as Mamurius Veturius, ancile, ancile, ancilia or plurancilia.

Mandrabue

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Manes

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Mania

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Manlius

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Mantus

One of the Etruscan guardians of hell. Consort of Mania. At times, identified as Mantus, Mantrns or Mantrns.

Marcii

Early oracular prophets. In some accounts, there was only one such prophet, Marcius. In some references, called Marcii, Marcius or Marcius.

Maris

An Etruscan war-god. Occasionally called Maris, Greek Ares, Greek Ares, Anhur, Gradivus, Gravidus, Karttikeya, Mars, Nergal, Skanda, Roman Mars, Roman Mars, Belatucadros, Camulos, Camulos, Cariociecus, Nergal or Tyr.

Mars

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Mars Gradivus

Mars as the patron of the Campus Martius. On occassion, known as Mars Gradivus.

Mars Loucetius

A name for Mars as 'brilliant'. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Mars Loucetius, Loucetius, Loucetius or Mars.

Mars Quirinus

A name for Mars as protector of the state. In some lore, occasionally called Mars Quirinus.

Mars Rigonometis

A name for Mars as king of the sacred grove. Sometimes known as Mars Rigonometis, Rigonometis, Rigonometis or Mars.

Mars Ultor

A name for Mars as 'avenger of Caesar'. At times, called Mars Ultor, Ultor, Ultor or Mars.

Marspiter

A name for Mars as Father Mars. Occasionally known as Marspiter, Maspiter or Maspiter.

Mastarna

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Mastralia

A festival in honour of Mater Matuta, April 11th. Also identified as Mastralia.

Mater Matuta

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Mater Turrita

An earth-goddess, goddess of fertility. Her attendants were the noisy Corybantes. Also referred to as Mater Turrita, Cybele, Cybele, Agdistis, Cybebe, Cybelle, Idaea, Kubele, Kybebe, Kybele, Lion-and-bee Goddess, Maia, Great Mother, Meter Dindymene, White Goddess, Gaulish Berecynthia, Greek Demeter, Idaea, Idaean Mother, Rhea, Roman Bona Dea, Ceres, Magna Mater, Maia, Ops, Sumerian Inanna, Syrian Kubaba, Rhea, Rhea, Adrastea, Rheia, Rheie, Phrygian Cybele, Roman Magna Mater, Greek Rhea, Greek Rhea or Ops.

Matralia

A festival in honour of Mater Matuta. Held on June 11th. At times, called Matralia.

Matres

Celtic mother-goddesses, goddesses of the household. Occasionally identified as Matres, Deae Matres, Deae Matres, Matrae, Matrae, Matronae, Matronae, Mothers, Mothers, The Mothers, The Mothers, Welsh Mamau or Welsh Mamau.

Matronalia

A festival in honour of Juno Lucina. Held on March 1st. Occasionally referred to as Matronalia.

Mean

An Etruscan deity. Also known as Mean.

Medea

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Meditrina

A goddess of healing. Sometimes known as Meditrina.

Meditrinalia

A festival in honour of Jupiter and Meditrina. At times, called Meditrinalia.

Mefitis

An Italian goddess of sulphurous. Vapours. Also referred to as Mefitis.

Mellonia

A bee-goddess. In some accounts, identified as Mellonia.

Mens

A goddess, right thinking personified. In some references, identified as Mens, Mens Bona or Mens Bona.

Mercuralia

A festival in honour of Mercury held in May. Identified as Mercuralia.

Mercury

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Messor

A god of agriculture. Called Messor.

Metabus

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Metamorphoses

Tales from Greek mythology by Ovid. Occasionally known as Metamorphoses, Golden Ass, The or Golden Ass, The.

Meticus

A charioteer to Aeneas in Italy. In some references, referred to as Meticus.

Mettius Fuffetius

A king of Alba Longa. When he deserted the side of Tullius Hostilius, his superior king, Tullius had him torn apart between two chariots. Also commonly referred to as Mettius Fuffetius.

Minerva

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Minervalia

Festivals in honour of Minerva. Called Minervalia.

minores

Junior flamines chosen from plebeians. Also known as minores.

Mithraeum

A temple dedicated to Mithra in which bulls were sacrificed. At times, known as Mithraeum.

Mithras

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Mlacuch

An Etruscan deity. Occasionally referred to as Mlacuch.

Moccus

A Celtic swine-god in Gaul. In some lore, occasionally known as Moccus, Moccos or Moccos.

Mogounos

A Celtic sun-god in France. In some lore, occasionally called Mogounos, Mogons or Mogons.

Moneta

A goddess of prosperity, an aspect of Juno. She appeared in the form of a hen. Sometimes known as Moneta, African Aje or African Aje.

mormos

Blood-sucking monsters. On occassion, known as mormos.

Mors

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Morta

One of the 3 Fates, the Parcae. In some accounts, known as Morta, Etruscan Culsu, Etruscan Culsu, Greek Atropos, Greek Atropos or Culsu.

Mulciber

A name for Vulcan as 'melter'. Sometimes known as Mulciber, Vulcan, Vulcan, Hephaestus, Kalvaistis, Volcanus, Volkanus, Vulcanus, Quietus, Velchanos, Etruscan Sethlans or Greek Hephaestus.

mundus

A pit in Rome which was said to lead to the underworld: a pit into which the first fruits are placed as offerings. Sometimes called mundus.

Mutinus

A fertility-god. Women made offerings to this deity in the hope of bearing children. Occasionally called Mutinus, Mutunus, Mutunus, Mutunus Tutunus, Mutunus Tutunus, Mutunus (Tutunus), Mutunus (Tutunus), Egyptian Min, Egyptian Min, Priapus, Greek Priapus, Greek Priapus or Min.

Navius

A prophet. When challenged by Tarquinius Priscus, he cut a whetstone in half with a razor. On occassion, referred to as Navius.

Necessitas

A goddess of destiny. Known as Necessitas, Greek Ananke or Greek Ananke.

Nemausicae

3 Celtic mother-goddesses of Nimes. Also called Nemausicae.

Nemetona

A Celtic deity in Britain, a goddess of groves in Gaul, a war-god(dess). At times, referred to as Nemetona, nemeton, nemeton, neimed, nemed or nemetona.

Nemi wood

A sacred grove. In the fertility rite symbolising death and resurrection, the old kingpriest was killed in this grove by his young successor. At times, identified as Nemi wood.

Nemoralia

A festival in honour of Diana, celebrated on August 13th. In some accounts, called Nemoralia, Grove Festival or Grove Festival.

Neptunalia

A festival in honour of Neptune, June 23rd. Occasionally called Neptunalia.

Neptune

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Nerio

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Niskae

Celtic spirits of rivers and wells in Gaul: mother-goddesses. Occasionally called Niskae, Niskai or Niskai.

Nodotus

A Celtic god of cereals. Also known as Nodotus.

Nona

One of the 3 Fates. She was originally regarded as a goddess of birth. In some references, known as Nona.

Nonae Capritonae

A festival in honour of Juno, held on July 7th. Also known as Nonae Capritonae, Nones of the Wild Fig or Nones of the Wild Fig.

Novensides

A group of 9 Etruscan deities. Identified as Novensides, Nouensides, Nouensides, Nouensiles, Nouensiles, Novensiles or Novensiles.

Nox

A goddess of night. Also called Nox, Greek Nyx or Greek Nyx.

Numa Pompilius

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Numina

The early Roman abstract deities. At times, known as Numina.

Numitor

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Obarator

A god of agriculture. On occassion, referred to as Obarator.

Occator

A god of agriculture. In some references, called Occator.

Ocelus

A Celtic god of healing. Sometimes identified as Ocelus.

Ocresia

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October Horse Festival

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Opalia

A festival held in honour of Ops on December 19th. Also called Opalia.

Ophiucus

A god of healing. Also known as Ophiucus, Greek Asclepius, Greek Asclepius, Eshmun or Imhotep.

Opiconsivia

A festival in honour of Ops, August 25th. Occasionally identified as Opiconsivia.

Opigina

A goddess of childbirth. Her function was to help the mother bring forth her child. She was later assimilated into Juno. Occasionally called Opigina, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Lucina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera or Ilithyia.

Ops

The goddess of the harvest, plenty and wealth. Wife of Consus. Second wife of Saturn. Mother of Jupiter and Neptune. Also referred to as Ops, Cybele, Cybele, Agdistis, Cybebe, Cybelle, Idaea, Kubele, Kybebe, Kybele, Lion-and-bee Goddess, Maia, Great Mother, Meter Dindymene, White Goddess, Gaulish Berecynthia, Greek Demeter, Idaea, Idaean Mother, Rhea, Roman Bona Dea, Ceres, Magna Mater, Maia, Mater Turrita, Sumerian Inanna, Syrian Kubaba, Eire, Eire, Ama, Anith, Anu, Aonach, Eadna, Eirean, Eirin, Eoghana, Eri, Erin, Eriu, Iath, Ith, Momo, Mumham, Nannam, Nanu, Ops, Sibhol, Ama, Anan, Anu, EireanEoghana, Eri(u), I(a)th, Momo, Nannan, Sibhd, Tlachtga, Eri, Rhea, Rhea, Adrastea, Rheia, Rheie, Phrygian Cybele, Roman Magna Mater, sacred birds, sacred birds, birds, Ainu Ahura Mazda, Amaterasu, Apollo, Athena, Helius, Hermes, Mercury, Mithra, Nyx, Tammuz, Zas Arawn, Artemis, China, Fukurokuju, Kwannon, Lares, Mannanan, Perseus, Shou Shen, Thoth Apollo, Asclepius, Angerbode Brac, Cronus, Odin, Saturn, Yama Juno Aphrodite, Astarte Ararjatis, Ataragatis, Hachiman, Venus Dusara, Jupiter Egypt Apollo, Baba, Brahma, Dionysus, Egypt, Eros, Epona, Hera, Horus, Iris, Juno, Kaltesh, Mars, Osiris, Seb, Thoth, Vishnu Isis Apollo, Here, Tethys Zoastrianism Asclepius, Inara Ketu, Minerva Brahma, Lakshmi, Sarasvati Apollo, Melkarth Asclepius, Noah, Odin Saturn Aphrodite, Venus Hera, Sweden Aphrodite, Isis Aphrodite, Venus Aztecs, Maya Apollo, Ares Heracles, Isis, Izanagi or Izanami Ares Triptolemus Amaterasu.

Orcus

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Ovid

A 1st C BC. Poet. He was the author of Amores, Fasti, Heroides, Medea, Metamorphoses, etc. On occassion, identified as Ovid, Naso, Naso, Publius Ovidius Naso, Publius Ovidius Naso, (Publius Ovidius) Naso or (Publius Ovidius) Naso.

Palatia

A female deity of the north pole. Occasionally identified as Palatia, Palanta, Palanta, Palanto, Palanto, Palato, Palato, Pala(n)to or Pala(n)to.

Palatium

A sacred hill. One of the seven hills of Rome, the Palatine. Also commonly called Palatium.

Pales

A god or goddess of cattle, flocks, and shepherds. Sometimes called Pales.

Palilia

A festival in honour of Pales held on April 21st. In some lore, occasionally called Palilia, Parilia or Parilia.

Parcae

The Fates, Decuma, Morta and Nona. Daughters of Ananke, some say. In some accounts, Parcae was originally a goddess of childbirth. Sometimes referred to as Parcae, Fates, Fates, Norns, Moirae, Greek Moirae, Greek Moirae, Fati, Norse Norns or Norse Norns.

Parentalia

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Partula

A goddess of child-birth. In some accounts, identified as Partula.

Pavor

A deity, panic personified. At times, called Pavor.

Pax

The goddess of peace. She is depicted as a maiden with a cornucopia. Also known as Pax, Greek Eirene or Greek Eirene.

Peace

One of the 5 Appiades. In some lore, occasionally called Peace.

peacock

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Penates

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Petronius

A 1st C. Writer, author of Troiae Halosis. Sometimes referred to as Petronius.

Phillipan

The sword of Antony, a triumvir. In some references, known as Phillipan.

Picumnus

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Picus

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Pietas

A goddess, respect personified. On occassion, called Pietas.

Pilumnus

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Pinus

Son of Numa Pompilius. Brother of Mamercus and Pompo. Occasionally called Pinus.

Plautus

A dramatist. He wrote some twenty comedies, including Captivi and Amphitryon. On occassion, identified as Plautus, (c, (c, Charlemagne, Mahavira, Patrick, Thomas the Rhymer, 254-184 or 254-184.

Pluto

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Plutus

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Poeninus

A Celtic mountain-god of the Alpine area. Sometimes called Poeninus.

Pollux

The Roman name for Polydeuces. Occasionally identified as Pollux.

Pomona

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Pomonal

A place sacred to Pomona. Also commonly identified as Pomonal.

Pomonus

An early Italian creator-god. Also commonly known as Pomonus, Pupdike or Pupdike.

Pompo

Son of Numa Pompilius. Brother of Manercus and Pinus. Also commonly referred to as Pompo.

pontifex

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Poplifugia

A festival in honour of Jupiter, held on July 5th. Also known as Poplifugia.

Portumnus

A sea-god, god of harbours, husbands. He was originally the god of entrances. Sometimes identified as Portumnus, Portunus, Portunus, Greek Melicertes, Greek Melicertes, Palaemon, Palaemon, Heracles or Palaimon.

Portunalia

A festival in honour of Portumnus, August 17th. Occasionally referred to as Portunalia.

Postumius

A leader of the Romans. He defeated the Latins at the Battle of Lake Regillus with the help of Castor and Pollux. Sometimes known as Postumius.

Potina

A guardian goddess of infants. Occasionally called Potina, Potua or Potua.

Praedator

A name of Jupiter as 'snatcher of booty'. Also referred to as Praedator, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Primagenia

The goddess Fortuna at Praeneste. Daughter of Jupitar. Sometimes referred to as Primagenia, Fortuna, Fortuna, Felicitas, Greek Tyche or Italian Fors (Fortuna).

Proca

A king of Alba Longa. Son of Janus and Cardea or Carna. Father of Amulius and Numitor. At times, referred to as Proca.

Proculus, Julius

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Promitor

A god of agriculture. Sometimes referred to as Promitor.

Pronuba

A name of Juno as the patroness of marriage. Sometimes referred to as Pronuba, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Lucina, Opigina, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera or Ilithyia.

Propertius

A 1st C BC. Poet and mythographer. In some lore, occasionally identified as Propertius.

Proserpina

Goddess of the underworld. Daughter of Jupiter and Ceres. Wife of Pluto. At times, known as Proserpina, Core, Core, Anahita, Cora, Corinna, Corinne, Kora, Kore, Kore-Arethusa, Koure, Maiden, The, Persephone, Pherepatta, Ko(u)re, Persephassa, Phersephatta, Polyboea, The Maiden, The Mistress, 'virgin', Persian Anahita, Roman Libera, Proserpine, Despoena, Proserpine, Proserpine, Greek Core, Greek Core or Libera.

Providentia

A goddess of prudence. At times, identified as Providentia.

Proximae

A group of Celtic guardian goddesses. Sometimes identified as Proximae.

Psaphon

A man who trained many birds to speak his name. Occasionally known as Psaphon.

Psyche

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psychopomp

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Pudicita

A goddess of chastity. Also known as Pudicita.

Pultuce

An Etruscan version of Pollux. Castor and Pultuce were later merged with the Tindaridae. Also called Pultuce.

Purtupita

An early Italian vegetation deity. Occasionally known as Purtupita, Purtupitus or Purtupitus.

Puta

A goddess of agriculture. Sometimes identified as Puta.

Quadriviae

Mother-goddesses and goddesses of the cross-roads. Also commonly identified as Quadriviae.

Quietus

A title of Vulcan. Sometimes called Quietus, Vulcan, Vulcan, Hephaestus, Kalvaistis, Volcanus, Volkanus, Vulcanus, Mulciber, Velchanos, Etruscan Sethlans or Greek Hephaestus.

Quinquatria

Festivals in honour of Minerva, 19th- 23rd March. In some lore, occasionally known as Quinquatria.

Quirinalia

A festival in honour of Quirinus, held on February 17th. Sometimes known as Quirinalia.

Quirinus

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Quiritis

A Sabine guardian-goddess of mothers. In some references, identified as Quiritis.

Racilia

Wife of Cincinnatus. Mother of Lucius. In some references, called Racilia.

Rape of the Sabine Women

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Recaranus

A creator-deity. In some lore, occasionally identified as Recaranus, Garanus or Garanus.

Redarator

A god of agriculture. Also known as Redarator.

Regina

A name of Juno as 'queen'. Sometimes identified as Regina.

Regulus

A hero who gave his life for his country. For his bravery, the gods placed him in the heavens as a star in Leo. Occasionally known as Regulus.

Rehtia

An early Italian goddess of good. Fortune. At times, referred to as Rehtia.

Remus

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Rhamnes

A king. Rhamnes was also an augur and was one of those fighting on the side of Turnus against Aeneas. He was killed by Nisus. Also commonly identified as Rhamnes.

Rhea

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Rhea Silvia

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Rhoetus

One of the Rutulians killed by Euralyus. In some references, called Rhoetus, Rhoetos or Rhoetos.

Rhome

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Rigisamus

A Celtic war-god in Gaul. Also called Rigisamus.

Ritona

A Celtic goddess of fords. Known as Ritona.

Robigalia

A festival in honour of Robigus, held on April 25th. Sometimes called Robigalia.

Robigus

A guardian-god of cornfields. At times, identified as Robigus, Robigo, Robigo, Averruncus or Averruncus.

Roma

A tutelary goddess. At times, known as Roma, Rome, Rome, Roma or Roma.

Roman Antiquities

A twenty-volume history and mythology of Rome, written by Dionysius of Helicarnassus. Occasionally referred to as Roman Antiquities.

Rome

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Romulus

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Rosmerta

A Celtic fertility goddess in Gaul. Guardian of merchants. Consort of Mercury. Sometimes called Rosmerta, Maia, Maia, Cybele or Maya.

Rudianos

A Gaulish war-god. In some references, referred to as Rudianos.

Rudiobus

A Celtic horse-god in Gaul. At times, identified as Rudiobus.

Rumina

A goddess of nursing mothers. Also identified as Rumina, Rumia or Rumia.

Ruminalis

The fig-tree under which the infants Romulus and Remus were found. Occasionally known as Ruminalis, Ruminal or Ruminal.

Rusor

An ancient god. Occasionally referred to as Rusor, 'ploughman' or 'ploughman'.

Salacia

Goddess of springs. Goddess of the salt seas, some say. Wife of Neptune. Also commonly referred to as Salacia, Canens, Canens, Canentes, Venilia, Venilia, Greek Amphitrite or Greek Amphitrite.

Salii

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Salus

A goddess of health and public welfare. Her festival was celebrated on April 30th. Also known as Salus, Greek Hygeia, Greek Hygeia, Strenia, Valetudo, Sabine Strenia or Sabine Strenia.

Santa

A Sabine fertility-goddess. Referred to as Santa.

Saritor

A god of weeds. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Saritor.

Sarritor

A god of agriculture. Occasionally identified as Sarritor.

Saturn

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Saturnalia

A festival in honour of Saturn, December 17th-19th. At this festival, masters and servants exchange roles for the day. In some references, identified as Saturnalia, Sigillaria or Sigillaria.

Scaevola

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Secular Games

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Securita

A guardian goddess protecting. The empire. Also commonly known as Securita, Securitas or Securitas.

Seia

A guardian-goddess of newly-planted. Corn. On occassion, identified as Seia.

Seian Horse

A horse apparently bringing ill-fortune to its owner. Also referred to as Seian Horse.

Selvans

An Italian god, possibly a god of agriculture and forests. Known as Selvans.

Semnocosus

A Spanish war-god. Occasionally identified as Semnocosus.

Semo

A vegetation-god, sower of seed. He was later absorbed into Sancus as Semo-Sancus. In some accounts, called Semo, Sancus, Sancus, Semo Sancus, Greek Zeus Pistios or Roman Fidius.

Servius Tullius

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Sethlans

An Italian smith-god. In some references, identified as Sethlans, Sethlaus, Sethlaus, Greek Hephaestus, Greek Hephaestus, Kalvaistis, Ptah, Regin, Tvashtri, Vulcan, Roman Vulcan or Roman Vulcan.

sibyl

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Sibyl of Cumae

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Sibylline Books

9 books of prophecies written. By the Sibyl of Cumae. Also called Sibylline Books, Sibyl of Cumae, Sibyl of Cumae, Amalthea, Amphyrisian Prophetess, Cumaean Sibyl, Deiphobe, Demophile, Erythraean Sibyl, Herophile, Amalthea, Amphrysian Prophetess or Herophile.

Sigillaria

The latter part of the Saturnalia. Sometimes known as Sigillaria, Saturnalia or Saturnalia.

Silvan

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Silvani

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Silvius

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Sispes

A local name for Juno. In this form, she is depicted as wearing a goatskin and armed. Occasionally known as Sispes, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Lucina, Opigina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera, Ilithyia, Sospita or Sospita.

Snenanth

An Italian deity. In some references, known as Snenanth.

Sol

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Solanus

A wind from the north-east quarter. Also identified as Solanus, Greek Ap(h)eliotes or Greek Ap(h)eliotes.

Somnus

The god of sleep. Son of Nyx. Twin brother of Mors. On occassion, referred to as Somnus, Greek Hupnus, Greek Hupnus, Hypnus, Hypnus, Hupnos, Hypnos or Roman Somnus.

Soranus

An Italian god. Also called Soranus.

Sors

A god of fortune. Also referred to as Sors.

Spes

A goddess, hope personified. Also commonly called Spes.

Spiniensis

A god of agriculture. Occasionally identified as Spiniensis.

Spurius Lartius

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Spurius Tarpeius

Father of Tarpeia. Sometimes identified as Spurius Tarpeius.

Stata Mater

A fire-goddess. She was said to be able to make fires stand still. Also called Stata Mater.

Statius

A 1st C BC. Poet. He was the author of Achilleis, Thebais, etc. Sometimes identified as Statius.

Sterculius

A name for Picumnus as a god of manuring. Sometimes referred to as Sterculius, Picumnus, Picumnus, Picus, Stercutus, Stercutus, Sterquilinius or Sterquilinius.

Stimula

A minor goddess. A goddess who excites passion in women. In some accounts, she is identified with Semele. Also called Stimula, Semele, Semele, Fauna, Thyone, Keraunia, Phrygian Zemelo, Roman Fauna or Zagreus.

strenae

Twigs used in the New Year festival. These twigs were taken from a grove sacred to Strenia and were given as tokens of good fortune. In some lore, occasionally referred to as strenae.

Strenia

A Sabine goddess of the New Year festivities. At times, called Strenia, Greek Hygeia, Greek Hygeia, Salus, Valetudo, Roman Salus, Roman Salus or Hygeia.

striges

Blood-sucking monsters. In some references, referred to as striges.

Suadela

The goddess of persuasion, particularly in romance, seduction and love. In some lore, occasionally identified as Suadela, Greek Peitho or Greek Peitho.

Sucellus

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Suculae

The Roman name for the Nysaean. Nymphs (Hyades). In some references, referred to as Suculae, Greek Hyades or Greek Hyades.

Sulevia

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Summamus

An Italian storm-god. In the Roman pantheon, he was regarded as the god of the night sky. His festival was celebrated on 20th June. On occassion, known as Summamus, 'highest' or 'highest'.

suovetaurilia

A sacrifice of pig, sheep and ox. Also commonly identified as suovetaurilia.

Superi

The gods and other inhabitants of the heavens. In some references, called Superi, Inferi or Inferi.

Svutaf

An Italian god in the form of a youth with wings. In some references, referred to as Svutaf.

swallow

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Tages

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tages

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Tanaquil

The Roman name for Caecilia. In some references, called Tanaquil.

Tarchetius

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Tarchies

An Etruscan sage. He taught Tarchon the arts of haruspicy. Some accounts equate him with Tages. Also referred to as Tarchies.

Tarchon

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Tarpeia

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Tarquinia

Sister of Tarquinius Superbus. Mother of Brutus. Also called Tarquinia.

Tarquinius Arruns

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Tarquinius Collatinus

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Tarquinius Priscus

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Tarquinius, Sextus

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Tarquinius Superbus

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Tarutius

Husband of Acca Larentia. In the story that identifies Acca Larentia with the prostitute Fabula, he married her after she gave up prostitution, a wealthy woman. At times, known as Tarutius.

Tarvos

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Tatia

First wife of Numa Pompilius. Also referred to as Tatia.

Tatius

A Sabine king. He is said to have captured the Capitol following the rape of the Sabine women and ruled jointly with Romulus. Occasionally called Tatius.

taurobolium

The sacrificial slaughter of bulls to Mithras or Cybele when devotees. Bathed in the blood of the slaughtered animals. Also commonly known as taurobolium, criobolium, criobolium or kriobolion.

Tellumo

An ancient earth-god. Consort of Tellus. Occasionally identified as Tellumo, Tellurus, Tellurus or Tellus.

Tellurus

An ancient earth-god. Consort of Tellus. In some lore, occasionally called Tellurus, Tellumo, Tellumo or Tellus.

Tellus

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Teratius

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Terminal

A bust of the god Terminus erected at street corners, etc. Also identified as Terminal, Greek Herma or Greek Herma.

Terminalia

A festival in honour of Terminus, 23rd February. Also identified as Terminalia.

Terminus

A god of boundaries. Also identified as Terminus, Hermes, Hermes, Anubis, Arcus, Camillus, Hermeias, Master of Animals, sacred birds, Terminus, Agoneus, Arais, Arg(e)iphontes, Atlantiades, Clithonius, Cyllen(ius), Hermanubis, Master Thief, Nomius, Oneicopompus, Pasturer, Psychogogue, Psychopomp(us), The Master, Trismegistus, Egyptian Anubis, Thoth, Etruscan Turms, Roman Mercury, Charidotes, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon, Greek Zeus, Mercury, Mercury, Mercurius, Merqurius, Mircurios, Mirqurios, Terminus, Mergurius, Mirqurius, Psychopompus or Greek Hermes.

Thalna

An Etruscan goddess of childbirth. Occasionally called Thalna.

Thebais

A poem by Statius dealing with the story of Oedipus. On occassion, called Thebais.

Thesan

An Etruscan goddess of the dawn and childbirth. In some accounts, known as Thesan.

Thunder-darter

A name of Jupiter. Occasionally known as Thunder-darter, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Thunder-master

A name of Jupiter. Known as Thunder-master, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Thunder-smiter

A name of Jupiter. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Thunder-smiter, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Thunderbearer

A name of Jupiter. Known as Thunderbearer, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

thunderbolt

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Tiberinus

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Tiberius

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Tinia

An Etruscan supreme god, god of storms and thunder. Consort of Uni. On occassion, referred to as Tinia, Tin, Tin, Tina, Tina, Tin(a), Tin(a), Greek Zeus, Greek Zeus, Amen, Baal-Samin, Cragus, Indra, Jupiter, Marduk, Roman Jupiter, Roman Jupiter, Ambres, Amen, Bussumarus, Dyaus or Jessis.

Tinnus

A thunder-god in Gaul. Occasionally called Tinnus, Tannus or Tannus.

Titus

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Titus Herminius

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Titus Tatius

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Tiv

An Etruscan moon-deity. Sometimes identified as Tiv.

Tonans

A name of Jupiter as 'thunderer'. In some references, identified as Tonans.

Tortor

A name for Apollo as tower. In some references, identified as Tortor, Apollo, Apollo, Apollon, Abaeus, Abaios, Aguieus, Agyieus, Aleuromantes, Apellon, Apotropaeus, Archer God, Atepomarus, Carneios, Catharsius, Cynthius, Delian, Delius, Delphinius, Eulalon, Hecatos, Helius, Karn(ei)os, Loxias, Lyc(a)eus, Lykaios, Lyc(el)ius, Lycian, Musagetes, Nomius, Paean, Pae(e)on, Paion, Pasturer, Phoebus Apollo, Pytheus, Pythian, Pyth(i)us, Rat-killer, Sminthian, Smintheus, Sminthius, Sol, Tyrxis, British Maponus, Etruscan Aplu, Veiovis, Gaulish Atepomarus or Roman Apellun.

Trajan

An emperor who was deified with the name Trojanus. Sometimes referred to as Trajan.

Treverae

Celtic mother-goddesses of Trier. On occassion, known as Treverae.

Tria Fata

Goddesses of fate, assimilated to the Parcae or the Moirae. In some lore, occasionally identified as Tria Fata, Fata or Fata.

Triumphator

A named of Jupiter as 'the. Triumphant'. Sometimes known as Triumphator.

triumphus

A celebration at the return of a victorious general when sacrifices. Were offered to Jupiter. Also commonly referred to as triumphus.

Trivia

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Troiae Halosis

A poem by Petronius on the fall of Troy. Referred to as Troiae Halosis.

Trojanus

A god, the Roman Emperor Trajan. Deified. On occassion, known as Trojanus.

Tubilstrium

A festival held in March in honour of Mars. In some accounts, known as Tubilstrium.

Tuchulcha

An Etruscan deity of the underworld. An assistant to Mantus. Also commonly known as Tuchulcha.

Tullia

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Tullius Hostilius

The third king of Rome. For destroying Alba and its inhabitants, he and all his family were killed by Poseidon. In some lore, occasionally called Tullius Hostilius, Hostilius, Hostilius, Tullus Hostilius or Tullus Hostilius.

Turan

A winged Etruscan fertility-goddess and goddess of love. Also commonly known as Turan, Greek Aphrodite, Greek Aphrodite, Alilat, Anahit, Anahita, Anaitis, Aphrodisias, Aprodita, Argimpasa, Astarte, Biducht, Caelestis, Concordia, Hathor, Ishtar, Mylitta, Rati, Syrian Goddess, Roman Venus, Roman Venus, Aphrodite or Rati.

Turms

An Etruscan god of the underworld. Mahaf) Occasionally identified as Turms.

Turnus

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Tursa

An early goddess of terror. In some lore, occasionally identified as Tursa.

Twelve Books of Tages

A record of the wisdom passed to the Etruscans by the god Tages. In some accounts, identified as Twelve Books of Tages, Books of Tages, Books of Tages, Acherontian Books, Acherontian Books or Twelve Books.

Ubertas

A god of agriculture. In some references, known as Ubertas.

Ulysses

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umbra

In the theory of a threefold soul, the umbra hovered over the body. At death. At times, referred to as umbra.

Unconquerable, The

A Roman name for Heracles. At times, called Unconquerable, The.

Uni

An Etruscan guardian goddess. Consort of Tin. On occassion, known as Uni.

Unxia

A goddess of marriage. Also commonly referred to as Unxia.

Vacuna

A Sabine goddess of horticulture. Also known as Vacuna.

Vagitanus

A guardian god of babies who caused. Them to utter their first cry. Sometimes referred to as Vagitanus, Fabulinus, Fabulinus or Vagtanus.

Valetudo

A goddess of health. In some accounts she is the same as Salus. Occasionally referred to as Valetudo, Hygeia, Hygeia, Athena, Athena Hygeia, Hugeia, Hygia, Hygieia, Hygi(ei)a, Roman Salus, Salus, Salus, Greek Hygeia or Sabine Strenia.

Vanth

An Etruscan goddess of the underworld. This being has wings each of which has a large eye on the inside. In some accounts, called Vanth.

vates

A prophet. In some accounts, referred to as vates.

Veiovis

A youthful Etruscan god of shepherds whose festival, the Agonium, was held on May 21st. Also identified as Veiovis, Apollo, Apollo, Apollon, Abaeus, Abaios, Aguieus, Agyieus, Aleuromantes, Apellon, Apotropaeus, Archer God, Atepomarus, Carneios, Catharsius, Cynthius, Delian, Delius, Delphinius, Eulalon, Hecatos, Helius, Karn(ei)os, Loxias, Lyc(a)eus, Lykaios, Lyc(el)ius, Lycian, Musagetes, Nomius, Paean, Pae(e)on, Paion, Pasturer, Phoebus Apollo, Pytheus, Pythian, Pyth(i)us, Rat-killer, Sminthian, Smintheus, Sminthius, Sol, Tortor, Tyrxis, British Maponus, Etruscan Aplu, Gaulish Atepomarus, Roman Apellun, Vediovis, Vediovis, Vedius, Vedius, Veive, Veive, Vejovis, Vejovis, Vetis, Vetis, Greek Apollo, Greek Apollo, Angus Og, Apellun, Aplu, Maponus or Surya.

Veltune

An Etruscan god. Sometimes called Veltune.

Veneralia

A festival in honour of Venus, held on 1st April. Sometimes identified as Veneralia.

Venilia

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Venus

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Venus Anadyomene

Venus rising from the foam. Also commonly called Venus Anadyomene.

Venus Erycina

A Sicilian love-goddess. Some say she was the wife of Anchises. In some accounts, referred to as Venus Erycina, Erucina, Erucina, Erycina, Erycina, Venus Erucina, Venus Erucina, (Venus) Erucina or (Venus) Erucina.

Venus Genetrix

Venus as the goddess of motherhood. Also commonly known as Venus Genetrix.

Venus Verticordia

Venus as the goddess of virtue. On occassion, identified as Venus Verticordia.

Venus Victrix

Venus as the goddess of victory, worshipped particularly in the colonies. In some references, called Venus Victrix.

Verbenalia

Festivals in honour of the plant. Vervain which was said to have magic properties. Sometimes known as Verbenalia, herba sacra, herba sacra or vervain.

Vergilia

Wife of Coriolanus, in some accounts. Others give her name as Volumnia. Also known as Vergilia, Volumnia, Volumnia or Veturia.

Verginia

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Verginius

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versacrum

A dedication to the gods of the produce of spring. In some accounts, called versacrum.

Vertumnus

The god of fertility, fruit trees and gardens. Husband of Pomona. He approached Pomona in many different guises before finally winning her love. Also referred to as Vertumnus, Vortumnus, Vortumnus, Etruscan Vultumna or Etruscan Vultumna.

Vervacator

A goddess of agriculture. Occasionally known as Vervacator.

Vesper

Venus as the evening star. Also called Vesper, Hesper, Hesper, Venus, Greek Hesperus or Greek Hesperus.

Vesta

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Vestal

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Vestalia

A festival for women, in honour of Vesta, held on 9th July. Also referred to as Vestalia.

Vestius Aloneius

An ancient bull-god in Spain. Occasionally referred to as Vestius Aloneius.

Veturia

Mother of Coriolanus, some say. Others say her name was Volumnia. In some accounts, identified as Veturia, Volumnia, Volumnia or Vergilia.

Vica Pota

A minor goddess of victory or, some say, of food and drink. Occasionally referred to as Vica Pota.

victimarius

An official who carried out the slaughter of those animals and humans brought for sacrifice. On occassion, identified as victimarius.

Victoria

A goddess of victory. Her festival is held on 12th April. At times, known as Victoria, Greek Nike or Greek Nike.

Vinalia

A wine festival in honour of Bacchus or Jupiter, held on 23rd April. In some lore, occasionally identified as Vinalia.

Virbius

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virga medicinus

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Virgil

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Virtus

A god of military might, the personification of male vigour. Also known as Virtus.

Volscens

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Voltumna

An Etruscan goddess of vegetation and the south-east wind. In some accounts, referred to as Voltumna, Voltumnia, Voltumnia, Volturna, Volturna, Roman Vertumnus or Roman Vertumnus.

Volturnus

The east wind. Also referred to as Volturnus, Tiberinus, Tiberinus, Father Tiber, Volturnus, Vulturnus, Vulturnus or Volturnus.

Volumna

A goddess of infants. On occassion, referred to as Volumna.

Volumnia

Mother of Coriolanus, in some accounts, in others, his wife. On occassion, known as Volumnia, Vergilia, Vergilia, Veturia or Veturia.

Volupta

The goddess of pleasure. Daughter of Cupid and Psyche. Occasionally identified as Volupta, Joy, Joy, Voluptas or Voluptas.

Vortumnalia

A festival in honour of Vertumnus. Held on 13th August. On occassion, referred to as Vortumnalia.

Vosegus

A Celtic mountain-god in Gaul. Occasionally identified as Vosegus.

Vulcan

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Vulcanalia

A festival in honour of the gods, including Vulcan, held on 23rd August. Occasionally known as Vulcanalia, Volcanalia, Volcanalia, Greek Hephaestia or Greek Hephaestia.

Vulcanatis

A flamen of the god Vulcan. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Vulcanatis, Volcanis, Volcanis, Vulcanis or Vulcanis.

vulture

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Roman Mythology