Roman Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abeona

A goddess of children and revellers. Sometimes identified as Abeona, Adeona or Adeona.

Aborigines

A tribe said to have originated in Greece who founded Rome. Also referred to as Aborigines.

Abundantia

A fertility-goddess, goddess of plenty. On occassion, called Abundantia, German Abundia, German Abundia, Fulla, Norse Fulla, Norse Fulla, Abundia or Habonde.

Acadine

A magic fountain in Sicily. At times, known as Acadine.

Acavisr

An Etruscan deity, one of the Lasae. Sometimes referred to as Acavisr, Achvistr or Achvistr.

Acca Larentia

read more »

Accius Naevius

An augur. He is said to have cut through a whetstone with a razor. Also identified as Accius Naevius.

Achilleis

An unfinished poem by Statius about the life of Achilles. In some lore, occasionally called Achilleis.

Acron

A king. He led the first attack on Rome in an effort to recover the Sabine women taken captive by Romulus. On occassion, known as Acron.

Adephagia

A goddess of good cheer, gluttony. Occasionally called Adephagia.

Aemilia

A vestal virgin. Also commonly called Aemilia.

Aemilia Pudentilla

read more »

Aeneas Silvius

King of Alba Longa. A descendant of Aeneas. Sometimes identified as Aeneas Silvius.

Aeneid

read more »

Aequitas

The god of equity. In some references, referred to as Aequitas.

Aesculapius

The Roman version of Asclepius. In some lore, occasionally known as Aesculapius, Esculapius, Esculapius or Asclepius.

Aeternitas

Eternity personified. This being is depicted as the ouroboros or the phoenix. Called Aeternitas.

Africus

A wind from the south-west quarter. In some lore, occasionally identified as Africus, Greek Lips or Greek Lips.

Agonium

read more »

Agrama

A festival for women at which the effigy of a male was destroyed. Also called Agrama.

Agrippina

Wife of Germanicus. Mother of Agrippina, Caligula and Drusilla. On occassion, called Agrippina.

Agrippine Sibyl

A mediaeval prophetess. Sometimes called Agrippine Sibyl.

Aidoneus

A name for Hades. At times, referred to as Aidoneus, Hades, Hades, Pluteus, Aides, Ais, Clymenus, Euboleus, Eubouteous, Klymenos, Plouton, Pluto, Polydectes, Polydegmon, Pylartes, Stygeros, 'unseen', Zeus Katachthonios, Egyptian Serapis, Japanese Emma-O, Norse Ymir, Pacific Islands Yamaraja, Persian Yima, Roman Aidoneus, Dis (Pater), Dives or Orcus.

Aius Locutius

A personification of the voice said to have warned the Romans of the coming of the Gauls. Also referred to as Aius Locutius.

Alannus

A Celtic messenger god in Gaul. Sometimes called Alannus, Alaunus, Alaunus, Alounis, Alounis, Alaenis, Alaenis, Roman Mercury, Roman Mercury, Artaius, Hermes or Lugh.

Alban Kings

Mythical kings said to rule before Romulus and Remus. Also called Alban Kings.

albogaleus

The lower part of the headdress of the flamen. Dialus. This was said to be made from the skins of those sacrificed to Jupiter. At times, identified as albogaleus.

Albunea

An Italian water nymph. She had the gift of prophecy and some of her pronouncements were recorded in the Sibylline Books. In some references, referred to as Albunea, Diana, Diana, Albunea, Dian, Diane, Dian(e), Dione, Jana, Lucina, Czech Devana, Greek Artemis, Polish Dziewona, Serbian Dilwica or Hecate.

Alcmon

A minor god. Father of Lara. Also commonly referred to as Alcmon.

Alemona

A goddess of childbirth and passage. Occasionally known as Alemona.

Altor

An ancient god. Also called Altor, 'feeder' or 'feeder'.

Amata

read more »

Ambarvalia

The festival of the crops in late May. On occassion, referred to as Ambarvalia.

Ambisagrus

A Celtic god in Gaul. In some lore, occasionally known as Ambisagrus.

Amoretti

Minor love gods. Sometimes identified as Amoretti, Greek Erotes or Greek Erotes.

Amorini

Small love gods. Occasionally known as Amorini.

Amulius

read more »

Amyas

A love-god. Sometimes referred to as Amyas.

ancile

read more »

Ancus Marcius

A legendary king of Rome. Identified as Ancus Marcius.

Androcles

read more »

Angerona

read more »

Angeronalia

The festival in honour of Angerona, 21 December. At times, identified as Angeronalia, Divalia or Divalia.

Angitia

A goddess of healing. In some accounts there are several such deities, the Angitiae. Others identify her with Fauna. In some references, identified as Angitia, Anagtia or Anagtia.

Ani

An Etruscan sky-god. He is sometimes depicted as having two faces. In some references, referred to as Ani, Ala, Ala, Ale, Ani, Ale or Ana.

anima

In the theory of the threefold soul, the part that returned to the gods. Also identified as anima.

Anna Larentia

An obscure deity. Occasionally known as Anna Larentia.

Anna Perenna

read more »

Anona

The goddess of crops. In some accounts, called Anona, Annona or Annona.

Anthor

read more »

Apellun

An Italic love-god. In some references, referred to as Apellun, Apellon, Apellon, Apollo, Greek Apollo, Greek Apollo, Angus Og, Aplu, Atepomarus, Maponus, Surya or Veiovis.

Aplu

An Etruscan weather-god. Occasionally called Aplu, Greek Apollo, Greek Apollo, Angus Og, Apellun, Atepomarus, Maponus, Surya or Veiovis.

Apone

A fountain in Padua said to have healing qualities. In some accounts, known as Apone.

Appiades

5 goddesses of peace. These deities, represented on horseback, were Concordia, Pallas, Peace, Venus and Vesta. At times, called Appiades, Venus, Venus, Genetrix, Victrix, Cloacina, Dione, Felix, Hesper, Libentina, Libitina, Queen of Love, Vesper, Victrix; Greek Aphrodite or Charis.

Aprodita

The Italic goddess of love. At times, known as Aprodita, Greek Aphrodite, Greek Aphrodite, Alilat, Anahit, Anahita, Anaitis, Aphrodisias, Argimpasa, Astarte, Biducht, Caelestis, Concordia, Hathor, Ishtar, Mylitta, Rati, Syrian Goddess or Turan.

Apuleius, Lucius

read more »

Aquilo

The north wind. Also referred to as Aquilo, Aquilon, Aquilon, Septentrio, Septentrio, Greek Boreas or Greek Boreas.

Archagathius

A legendary physician renowned for his. Cruel methods of surgery. Occasionally known as Archagathius, Vulnerarius, Vulnerarius or Archagathus.

Arimanius

The Roman name for Ahriman. On occassion, identified as Arimanius.

Armilustrium

A festival in honour of Mars, held in October. In some lore, occasionally identified as Armilustrium.

Arruns

read more »

Artepomaros

A name for Belinus as 'owner of a great horse'. At times, known as Artepomaros, Belinus, Belinus, Bel, Belenos, Belenus, Belin, Bellinus, Lord of Therapy, Bel, Irish Bilé, Roman Apollo, Shakespeare Cymbeline or Welsh Beli Mawr.

Arval Brothers

read more »

Ashi

A goddess of recompense and, later, of morality. Occasionally known as Ashi.

Ass god

A deity connected with the feast of Saturnalia. Sometimes called Ass god.

Atunis

The Etruscan version of Adonis. In some accounts, called Atunis.

augur

One who made prophecies from the flight of birds. Sometimes called augur, auspex or auspex.

Augusta

A name for the goddess Epona, used. By the Romans. Also referred to as Augusta, Justitia, Justitia, Augusta, Dike, Iustitia or Greek Dike.

Aulus Vibenna

read more »

aurea virga

A rod, the caduceus given by Mercury to Apollo. On occassion, referred to as aurea virga, caduceus, caduceus, kerykeion, Greek kerykeion or virga medicinus.

Aurora

A goddess of the dawn. Also commonly referred to as Aurora, Mater Matuta, Mater Matuta, Eos, Ino, Matuta or Greek Eos.

Auster

The south west wind personified. Sometimes referred to as Auster, Greek Notus or Greek Notus.

Aventinus

A son of Heracles and Rhea. He fought with Turnus against Aeneas. In some accounts, referred to as Aventinus.

Avernal

A fiend: inhabitant of the underworld. Occasionally called Avernal.

Avernus

Hell or the entrance to it. On occassion, identified as Avernus, Lake Avernus, Lake Avernus or Avernus.

Averruncus

A minor god whose function was to avert evil. A version of Robigus. Occasionally called Averruncus, Robigus, Robigus or Robigo.

Bacax

A local god in North Africa. Occasionally referred to as Bacax.

bacchanal

A follower of Bacchus. A priest(ess) of Bacchus. A song, etc. dedicated to Bacchus. Also commonly called bacchanal, bacchante or bacchante.

Bacchanalia

Orgiastic festivals in honour of Bacchus. Identified as Bacchanalia, Bacchanals, Bacchanals or bacchantes.

bacchant

A devotee of Bacchus. A priest of Bacchus. Also known as bacchant, Bacchoi, Bacchoi, plurbacchoi or plurbacchoi.

bacchantes

read more »

Bacchus

read more »

Battle of Lake Regillus

A battle in which the Romans, with the help of Castor and Pollux, defeated. The Latins. Occasionally called Battle of Lake Regillus.

Bellona

read more »

Berenice

read more »

Biston

A son of Mars. Called Biston.

Bona Capia

A goddess of plenty. In some lore, occasionally called Bona Capia.

Bona Dea

read more »

borax

A stone, an antidote to poison, believed to be carried in its head by a toad. Occasionally referred to as borax.

Brutus

read more »

Bubona

Goddess of cattle. At times, called Bubona.

Bussumarus

A Celtic god known on the Continent. Also identified as Bussumarus, Roman Jupiter, Roman Jupiter, Ambres, Amen, Dyaus, Jessis or Tinia.

Cacus

read more »

Caduceator

A name for Mercury as 'owner of the caduceus'. Occasionally known as Caduceator.

caduceus

read more »

Caecilia

Tanaquil]. Wife of Tarquinius Priscus. She was an Etruscan sorceress who, when her husband Lucumo became king of Rome, was called Tanaquil. Called Caecilia, Gaea Caecilia, Gaea Caecilia, Gaia Caecilia or Gaia Caecilia.

Caeculus

read more »

Caeles Vibenna

read more »

Caelestis

A moon-goddess. Juno as the 'guardian of Carthage'. At times, known as Caelestis, Juno Caelestis, Juno Caelestis, Carthaginian Tanit, Carthaginian Tanit, Greek Aphrodite, Greek Aphrodite, Alilat, Anahit, Anahita, Anaitis, Aphrodisias, Aprodita, Argimpasa, Astarte, Biducht, Concordia, Hathor, Ishtar, Mylitta, Rati, Syrian Goddess or Turan.

Caelus

The sky personified. Consort of Tellus. In some accounts, called Caelus, Coelus, Coelus, Uranus, Greek Uranus, Greek Uranus, Dyaus, Ouranos, Phoenician Baal-Samin or Phoenician Baal-Samin.

Caligula

read more »

Camenae

read more »

Camilla

read more »

Camise

Wife of Janus. Mother of Tiberius. Other versions give Jana as the wife of Janus. Sometimes called Camise.

Campestres

Celtic guardian spirits of military matters. At times, identified as Campestres.

Campus Martius

The training ground, near Rome, for young soldiers, devotees of Mars. Occasionally identified as Campus Martius, Field of Mars or Field of Mars.

Candamius

A sky-god in Spain. Sometimes known as Candamius.

Candelifera

A goddess of birth. In some accounts, known as Candelifera.

Canens

read more »

Canidia

A witch who cast spells using wax dolls. Also called Canidia.

Capetus

A king of Alba Longa. Father of Tiberinus, some say. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Capetus.

Capitol

The temple of Jupiter. Occasionally identified as Capitol.

Capys

read more »

Car

A god. Some say he invented the art of augury. At times, referred to as Car.

Cardea

read more »

Carmenta

read more »

Carmentalia

A festival in honour of Carmenta, held in January. Called Carmentalia.

Carna

read more »

Castores

The Roman name for the Dioscuri. Occasionally referred to as Castores.

Catamitus

The Latin name for Ganymede. Also referred to as Catamitus.

Celer

A lieutenant of Romulus. In some accounts it was Celer, not Romulus, who killed Remus for jumping over the wall of the new city. In some accounts, referred to as Celer.

Cerealia

A festival in honour of Ceres held on 19 April. Sometimes called Cerealia, Ceralia, Ceralia, Ludi Cerialis or Ludi Cerialis.

Ceres

Goddess of agriculture and corn. Daughter of Saturn and Ops. A consort of Jupiter. Mother of Proserpina. In some accounts, referred to as Ceres, Cybele, Cybele, Agdistis, Cybebe, Cybelle, Idaea, Kubele, Kybebe, Kybele, Lion-and-bee Goddess, Maia, Great Mother, Meter Dindymene, White Goddess, Gaulish Berecynthia, Greek Demeter, Idaea, Idaean Mother, Rhea, Roman Bona Dea, Magna Mater, Maia, Mater Turrita, Ops, Sumerian Inanna or Syrian Kubaba.

Charun

read more »

Cileus

An Etruscan deity. In some accounts, referred to as Cileus.

Cincinnatus

read more »

Cinxia

A goddess of marriage, later. Assimilated into Juno. Sometimes called Cinxia, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Lucina, Opigina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera or Ilithyia.

Circius

A wind from the north-west quarter. Also identified as Circius, Greek Thracius or Greek Thracius.

Claudia Quinta

read more »

Clementia

A guardian-goddess of the citizen. Sometimes known as Clementia.

Cloacina

Goddess of sewers. A name for Venus as 'purifier'. Occasionally referred to as Cloacina, Venus, Venus, Genetrix, Victrix, Appiades, Dione, Felix, Hesper, Libentina, Libitina, Queen of Love, Vesper, Victrix; Greek Aphrodite or Charis.

Cloelia

read more »

Clusivius

A name of Janus as 'closer of gates'. Also known as Clusivius, Janus, Janus, Dianus, Dionus, Ianus, Patulcius, Consuvius or Janus Bifrons.

Commodus

A 2nd C. Roman emperor. He declared himself a god (Hercules the Second) and required his subjects to worship him. Occasionally referred to as Commodus, Hercules secundus, Hercules secundus, Hercules Secundus or Hercules Secundus.

Compitalis

A festival of the cross-roads. In some references, referred to as Compitalis.

Comus

read more »

Concordia

A goddess of civic agreement, one of the 5 Appiades. In some lore, occasionally known as Concordia, Greek Aphrodite, Greek Aphrodite, Alilat, Anahit, Anahita, Anaitis, Aphrodisias, Aprodita, Argimpasa, Astarte, Biducht, Caelestis, Hathor, Ishtar, Mylitta, Rati, Syrian Goddess, Turan, Homonoia or Homonoia.

Consentes

The Roman version of Pan. Sometimes referred to as Consentes, Pan, Pan or Capricorn.

Consentes Dii

read more »

Consualia

Festivals in honour of Consus held on 19 or 21 August and 15 December. In some accounts, identified as Consualia.

Consus

read more »

Consuvius

A name for Janus as 'the guardian of the beginning of human life'. Also referred to as Consuvius, Janus, Janus, Dianus, Dionus, Ianus, Patulcius, Clusivius or Janus Bifrons.

Convector

A god of grain and granaries. In some accounts, referred to as Convector.

Coriolanus

read more »

Corus

read more »

Corvus, Marcius

A military tribune. He fought a giant in single combat and was helped by a raven that flew into the face of his opponent. Also commonly referred to as Corvus, Marcius.

Cranae

read more »

Cuba

A guardian goddess of infants in their cots. Sometimes referred to as Cuba.

Culsu

read more »

Cunina

A goddess of babies. Also commonly referred to as Cunina.

Cupid

read more »

Cupra

An Etruscan fertility-goddess. Also commonly known as Cupra.

Curiatii

read more »

Curtius

read more »

Cybele Magna Mater

The goddess Cybele as 'great mother' in the Roman pantheon. At times, called Cybele Magna Mater.

Damatar

An Italic corn goddess. At times, referred to as Damatar, Greek Demeter, Greek Demeter, Ceres, Cybele or Dea Dia.

Damocles

read more »

Daunus

read more »

Dea Caelistis

A goddess. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Dea Caelistis, British Briganta or British Briganta.

Dea Dia

An ancient corn goddess. Also referred to as Dea Dia, Demeter, Demeter, Amphictyonis, Da-Meter, Damater, Deo, Doso, Good Goddess, Grain Mother, Hermione, Isis, Mangata, Mother Da, Thesmophorus, Three Eponae, Achaiva, Black Demeter, Chloe, Da-meter, Deo, Epona, Erinys, Ga Metre, Ge Metre Gemeter, Hermione, Mother Earth, Thesmorphorus, White Goddess, Egyptian Isis, Italic Damatar, Phrygian Cybele, Roman Ceres, Greek Demeter, Greek Demeter, Ceres, Cybele or Damatar.

Dea Quartana

A goddess of fever. Daughter of Febris. Sister of Dea Tertiana. In some references, identified as Dea Quartana.

Dea Tertiana

A goddess of fever. Daughter of Febris. Sister of Dea Quartana. Also identified as Dea Tertiana.

Decuma

A goddess of birth. One of the 3 Parcae. In some references, referred to as Decuma, Decima or Decima.

Deipara

Mother of god: god-bearing. Sometimes referred to as Deipara, Greek Theotikos or Greek Theotikos.

Demaratus

A Greek who emigrated to northern Italy. Father of Lucumo. Also referred to as Demaratus.

Dercetius

A Spanish mountain god. Called Dercetius.

deus

The Latin word for god. Also identified as deus, Greek Theos or Greek Theos.

Deverra

read more »

Di Indigetes

Heroes who were deified at death. Sometimes called Di Indigetes.

Di Mauri

The gods of the North African Moors. In some lore, occasionally identified as Di Mauri.

Di patrii

Ancestral gods: traditional gods. Occasionally referred to as Di patrii.

Di Superi

Gods of the sky. In some lore, occasionally identified as Di Superi, Greek Uranian Deities or Greek Uranian Deities.

Diana

read more »

Diana of Ephesus

read more »

Dione

read more »

Diovis-pater

An early name for Jupiter. In some lore, occasionally known as Diovis-pater, Diovis or Diovis.

Dirae

The Roman version of the Furies. Also known as Dirae, Furiae, Furiae or Furies.

Dis

The Etruscan god of the dead: the underworld itself. Occasionally referred to as Dis, Orcus, Orcus, Dis, Dis Pater, Hades, Horcos, Horkos, Mors, Thanatos, Greek Hades or Phorcis.

Dis Pater

A Celtic god of the underworld in Gaul. On occassion, identified as Dis Pater, Dispater, Dispater, Dives, Dives, Donn, Donn, sacred plants, sacred plants, sacred trees, tree-worship, Asclepius Phrygeus Muslims, Romans Dionysus Mercury Kojin Apollo Ceres and Demeter Dis Pater, Hades Artemis Egypt Dionysus, Pacific Islands Romulus Cybele Hestia Dionysus Dionysus Apollo Hera Buddha, Egypt Hades Aphrodite, Venus Demeter, Hades Egypt Baal, Jupiter, Melkarth, Thor, Zeus Athena Hermes Mexico Confucius, Dionysus Dionysus Heracles Demeter, Hades Japan Buddhism Japan Egypt Sweden Dionysus Mithra Greece, tree worship, Wealthy Father, Wealthy Father, Divs, Divs, Greek Hades, Greek Hades, Orcus, Pluto, She'ol, Yama, Yama-Raja, Pluto, Pluto or Thanatos.

Disciplina

A minor goddess. Also commonly known as Disciplina.

Discordia

The goddess of mischief. She was the owner of a ring that conferred invisibility on the wearer. Occasionally called Discordia, Greek Eris or Greek Eris.

Domiduca

A name for Juno as 'guardian goddess of babies when out of their. Parents. Sight'. Sometimes known as Domiduca, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Lucina, Opigina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera or Ilithyia.

Dominae

A Celtic river-goddess of the Loire. Occasionally known as Dominae.

Drusilla

Daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina. Sister of Caligula. She is said to have committed incest with Caligula who deified her on her death. On occassion, known as Drusilla.

Duillae

Spanish fertility goddesses. In some accounts, known as Duillae.

Edusha

A god of children. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Edusha.

Egeria

read more »

Elagabalus

read more »

Enariae

Dog-priests. Occasionally called Enariae.

Endouellicus

A Portuguese god of healing. Occasionally known as Endouellicus.

Epona

read more »

Equina

A festival in honour of Mars. Also referred to as Equina.

Equus October

A festival in honour of Mars held on October 15th. In some accounts, referred to as Equus October, Ecus October or Ecus October.

Erichtho

A sorceress. Soon after Virgil died, Erichtho sent him to the underworld to retrieve a soul. In some accounts, known as Erichtho.

Evan

read more »

Fabulinus

God whose job it was to teach children to speak. At times, referred to as Fabulinus, Vagitanus, Vagitanus, Vagtanus or Vagtanus.

Fama

The 100-tongued goddess of rumour. Also commonly referred to as Fama, Greek Pheme or Greek Pheme.

Fascinius

A fertility-god. Also commonly identified as Fascinius.

Fasti

A story by Ovid including an account of the rape of Lucretia. Known as Fasti.

Fata Scribendi

A goddess (or goddesses) who wrote. Out the fate of each child at birth. In some accounts, they are the same as the Fates. Occasionally known as Fata Scribendi.

Fatae Devones

Goddesses of the oak wood. In some references, identified as Fatae Devones, Matronae Devones or Matronae Devones.

Fatus

A god of personal destiny. Also called Fatus.

faun

Part man, part goat: a woodland. Spirit: a descendant of Faunus. Occasionally identified as faun, Faunus, Faunus, Fatu(cl)us, Faun, Incubo, In(n)uus, Lupercus, Silvan, plurFauni, Greek Pan or Faunus.

Fauna

read more »

Faunus

read more »

Faustulus

read more »

Favonius

The west wind personified. Consort of Flora, some say. Also called Favonius, Greek Zephyr or Greek Zephyr.

Feast of Anna Perenna

read more »

Febris

A goddess of fevers. Mother of Dea Quartana and Dea. Tertiana. Occasionally referred to as Febris, Quartana, Quartana, Tertiana or Tertiana.

Februs

The god of the dead. Sometimes referred to as Februs, Etruscan Dis, Etruscan Dis, Greek Pluto, Greek Pluto or Dis.

Felicitas

The goddess of good luck. Sometimes identified as Felicitas, Fortuna, Fortuna, Primagenia, Greek Tyche or Italian Fors (Fortuna).

Felix

read more »

Feralia

The final festival of the dead, held in February. On occassion, known as Feralia.

Feronia

An Etruscan fertility-goddess and goddess of fire. In some lore, occasionally called Feronia.

Fessonia

A goddess helping the needy. Occasionally identified as Fessonia.

Festus

A festival held in honour of Mercury, held on May 15th. Also referred to as Festus.

Fides

A goddess, fidelity personified. She wore only a white veil. In some accounts, called Fides.

Fidius

A name for Jupiter as god of good. Faith and contracts. Sometimes referred to as Fidius, Deus Fides, Deus Fides, Fides, Fides Publica, Dius Fidius, Dius Fidius, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon, Greek Zeus, Deus (Publica) Fides, Deus (Publica) Fides, Greek Zeus Pistios, Greek Zeus Pistios, Sancus, Sabine Sancus or Sabine Sancus.

flamen

read more »

flamen Ceralia

A priest of Ceres. Sometimes called flamen Ceralia.

flamen Dialis

A priest of Jupiter. Occasionally identified as flamen Dialis.

flamen Florialis

A priest of Flora. Also called flamen Florialis.

flamen Furrinalis

A priest of Furrina. In some accounts, called flamen Furrinalis.

flamen Martialis

A priest of Mars. In some references, called flamen Martialis.

flamen Pomonatis

A priest of Pomona. Also identified as flamen Pomonatis.

flamen Portumnatis

A priest of Portumnus. On occassion, identified as flamen Portumnatis.

flamen Quirinalis

A priest of Quirinus. Referred to as flamen Quirinalis.

flamen Vulcanatis

A priest of Vulcanus. In some lore, occasionally called flamen Vulcanatis.

flaminica

The wife of a flamen. Known as flaminica.

flaminica Dialis

Wife of the flamen Dialis who helped. Her husband in his priestly duties. In some lore, occasionally identified as flaminica Dialis.

flaminium

The office of a flamen. Also known as flaminium.

Flora

read more »

Floralia

A festival in honour of Flora held in April/May. On occassion, called Floralia.

Fons

A god of springs. Son of Faunus and Juturna. At times, known as Fons, Fontus or Fontus.

Fontinalia

A festival in honour of the god Fons, which involves the dressing of fountains and springs, held on October 13th. In some accounts, referred to as Fontinalia.

Fordicidia

A festival in honour of Tellus held on April 15th at which a cow and a calf. Were sacrificed. Occasionally referred to as Fordicidia.

Fornacalia

An ancient festival in honour of Fornax or Vulcanus, deities of furnaces or ovens. Occasionally referred to as Fornacalia.

Fornax

A guardian goddess of ovens and baking. An aspect of Vesta. Also known as Fornax, Vesta, Vesta or Greek Hestia.

Fortuna

read more »

Fortuna Virginensis

The goddess Fortuna as guardian of newly-married women. Occasionally identified as Fortuna Virginensis.

Fortuna Virilis

The goddess Fortuna acting to preserve. The beauty of women so that they. Retained the favour of their husbands. In some lore, occasionally called Fortuna Virilis.

Frugifer

A name for Baal-Hammon. As 'fruit-bearer'. Sometimes referred to as Frugifer.

Fulgans

A name of Jupiter as 'lightning-wielder'. Sometimes referred to as Fulgans, Fulgar, Fulgar or Jupiter.

fulgur

The thunderbolt of Jupiter. In some lore, occasionally called fulgur.

Fulguriator

A priest whose function was to interpret the meaning of thunderbolts. Also identified as Fulguriator.

Furrina

A minor goddess. Some identify her with the Furies, others as a spirit of darkness. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Furrina, Furina or Furina.

Furrinalia

A festival in honour of Furrina, July 25th. Occasionally identified as Furrinalia.

Gelasinus

A god of laughter. Also known as Gelasinus.

Genealogiae

A collection of myths by Hyginus. Sometimes identified as Genealogiae, Fabulae or Fabulae.

genius

A guardian spirit of the individual man, often in the form of a winged youth. Referred to as genius, femalejuno, femalejuno, plurgenii, plurgenii, Greek daimon or Greek daimon.

genius Cuaillatus

An attendant (sometimes 3) on the Mother Goddess. Sometimes identified as genius Cuaillatus, plurgenii Cuaillati or plurgenii Cuaillati.

genius loci

The guardian spirit of a place, often in the form of a serpent. Also identified as genius loci.

Germanicus

A Roman general. Husband of Agrippina. Father of Agrippina, Caligula and Drusilla. Known as Germanicus.

Gradivus

A name for Mars as leader of the Roman forces in battle. Referred to as Gradivus, Mars, Mars, Ares, Mamers, Marmar, Mavors, Pyrois, sacred birds, Viticus, Father Mars, Loucetius, Ma(r)spiter, Pyrois, Quirinus, Rigonometis, Silvan, Ultor, Egyptian Anhur, Etruscan Maris, Greek Ares or Vitricos.

Gratiae

The Roman version of the Graces. Sometimes known as Gratiae.

Gravidus

A name of Mars as leader of the Roman legions in battle. Also called Gravidus, Greek Ares, Greek Ares, Anhur, Gradivus, Karttikeya, Maris, Mars, Nergal or Skanda.

Hamavehae

3 Celtic mother-goddesses of Germany. Also known as Hamavehae.

Hecate

read more »

herba sacra

A plant said to have magic properties to cure sickness and avert witchcraft. Occasionally known as herba sacra, Verbenalia, Verbenalia, vervain or vervain.

Hereklo

An Italian hero. Occasionally known as Hereklo, Greek Heracles, Greek Heracles, Arsaphes, Baal Tyre, Gisdhubar, Khons, Krishna, Melkarth, Vahagn, Verethragna, Vritrahana, Roman Hercules, Roman Hercules or Heracles.

Hermus

A river-god. Also known as Hermus.

Heroides

A book of poems, addressed to the heroines of Greek and Roman myths, written by Ovid. Sometimes referred to as Heroides, Heroines or Heroines.

Hersilia

Wife of Romulus. She was taken up to heaven after the death of her husband and became one of the Horae. In some references, referred to as Hersilia.

Hilaria

A festival celebrating the reunion of Attis and Cybele. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Hilaria.

Honus

A god (or goddess in some accounts) of military honours. In some accounts, called Honus, Honos or Honos.

Hora

A goddess. Consort of Quirinus. In some lore, occasionally identified as Hora, Hora Quirini or Hora Quirini.

Horatia

read more »

Horatii

read more »

Horatius

read more »

Horta

An Etruscan goddess of agriculture. Occasionally called Horta.

Hostia

An Etruscan goddess. On occassion, known as Hostia.

household gods

Gods of the family, lares and penates. Also commonly identified as household gods.

Hula

An early Italian vegetation deity. Sometimes called Hula.

Hulus

An early Italian vegetation deity. In some lore, occasionally identified as Hulus, Hula, Hula, Hula or Hula.

Hyginus

A 1st C. Mythographer. He was a former Spanish slave who wrote a handbook of mythology, Genealogiae or Fabulae. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Hyginus.

Icauna

A Celtic river-goddess in Gaul. Also referred to as Icauna.

Icilius

A man betrothed to Verginia. At times, known as Icilius.

Ifru

A North African god. On occassion, referred to as Ifru.

Iguvine Tablets

read more »

Ilithyia-Leucothea

An Etruscan fertility-goddess. Also commonly identified as Ilithyia-Leucothea.

Imperator

A name for Jupiter as 'supreme leader'. In some lore, occasionally known as Imperator, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Imporcitor

A god of agriculture. In some references, identified as Imporcitor.

Incitatus

The horse of Caligula. The emperor appointed this animal to be a consul and priest. On occassion, identified as Incitatus.

Indiges

read more »

Inferi

Gods and inhabitants of the underworld. In some lore, occasionally known as Inferi, Superi or Superi.

inferiae

Offerings to the spirits of the dead. Also commonly identified as inferiae.

inferni

Spirits of the departed. Sometimes known as inferni.

infernus

Hell. Also referred to as infernus.

Innuus

A fertility-god, god of shepherds. In some accounts, he is equated with Faunus as 'fertiliser'. Sometimes called Innuus, Inuus or Inuus.

Intercidona

read more »

Invictus

A name of Jupiter as 'invincible'. In some accounts, identified as Invictus, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Invidia

A god of envy. On occassion, identified as Invidia, Greek Phthonus or Greek Phthonus.

Iterduca

A goddess of brides. Her function was to introduce a bride to her new home. She was later assimilated into Juno. Occasionally known as Iterduca, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Jugalia, Lucina, Opigina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera or Ilithyia.

Iulus

King of Latium. Son of Ascanius. Brother of Silvius. He was forced from the throne and banished by Silvius. In some lore, occasionally known as Iulus, Ascanius, Ascanius, Askaneios, Ilus, Iulus or Ilus.

Jana

Wife of Janus. Some versions identify Jana with Diana. In some references, known as Jana, Diana, Diana, Albunea, Dian, Diane, Albunea, Dian(e), Dione, Lucina, Czech Devana, Greek Artemis, Polish Dziewona, Serbian Dilwica or Hecate.

januae

Cakes forming part of offerings to the god Janus. Sometimes known as januae.

Janus

read more »

Janus Bifrons`

A name for Janus as two-faced. In some accounts, known as Janus Bifrons`.

Janus Quadrifrons

A four-headed version of Janus. Occasionally identified as Janus Quadrifrons.

Juno

read more »

juno

read more »

Juno Capritona

A title of Juno used at the festival of Nonae Capritonae. Sometimes called Juno Capritona.

Juno Covella

A name used to address Juno at new. Moon ceremonies. At times, referred to as Juno Covella.

Juno Curitis

A name for Juno as a war-goddess and guardian of cities. Also commonly known as Juno Curitis, Juno Quiritis, Juno Quiritis or Juno Cuiritis.

Juno Lucina

A name of Juno as the goddess of childbirth who caused the child to see. At times, known as Juno Lucina, Lucina, Lucina, Diana, Ilithyia, Juno, Diana or Greek Ilithyia.

Juno Moneta

read more »

Juno Natalis

A name of Juno as patron of birthdays. Sometimes identified as Juno Natalis.

Juno Pronuba

A name of Juno as guardian of marriages. Also commonly known as Juno Pronuba.

Juno Regina

A name of Juno as queen of goddesses. Known as Juno Regina.

Juno Sororia

Juno as the guardian goddess of girls. At the age of puberty. In some lore, occasionally identified as Juno Sororia.

Juno Sospita

Juno as the guardian of women in danger, later of the state. Sometimes known as Juno Sospita.

Juno Virginensis

A name for Juno as guardian of maidens, Chastity. Occasionally identified as Juno Virginensis.

Junones

Protective goddesses. Sometimes known as Junones, juno, juno, ionones, iuno, plurionones, junones or malegenius.

Junonian bird

The peacock. At times, called Junonian bird, peacock or peacock.

Jupiter

read more »

Jupiter Ammon

read more »

Jupiter Capitolinus

A name for Jupiter as protector of Rome. Also referred to as Jupiter Capitolinus, Jupiter Tarpeius or Jupiter Tarpeius.

Jupiter Dolichenus

A name of Jupiter taking the place of the Hittite god, Taru, in the Syrian empire. In some lore, occasionally identified as Jupiter Dolichenus.

Jupiter Feretrius

Jupiter as the god of the sacred oak. In some accounts, called Jupiter Feretrius.

Jupiter Fidius

A name for Jupiter as guardian of the land. At times, referred to as Jupiter Fidius.

Jupiter Fulgurator

A name of Jupiter as god of lightning. In some accounts, called Jupiter Fulgurator, Jupiter Elicius, Jupiter Elicius, Jupiter Fulminator or Jupiter Fulminator.

Jupiter Imperator

A name for Jupiter as ruler. Sometimes referred to as Jupiter Imperator.

Jupiter Invictus

A name for Jupiter as unconquerable. In some references, identified as Jupiter Invictus.

Jupiter Latiaris

read more »

Jupiter Lucerius

Jupiter as one who lives in the shiny heaven. At times, called Jupiter Lucerius, Jupiter Lucesius or Jupiter Lucesius.

Jupiter Opikulus

A name for Jupiter as helper. In some lore, occasionally identified as Jupiter Opikulus.

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Jupiter as the all-powerful guardian of Rome. In some accounts, identified as Jupiter Optimus Maximus.

Jupiter Pluvialis

A name for Jupiter as god of rain. Occasionally identified as Jupiter Pluvialis, Pluvius, Pluvius or Jupiter.

Jupiter Praedator

Jupiter as one who takes and gives booty. In some accounts, referred to as Jupiter Praedator.

Jupiter Serenator

Jupiter as god of calm skies. Occasionally called Jupiter Serenator.

Jupiter Stator

Jupiter as the god of battle. In this role, Jupiter prevented combatants from deserting their fellows. Identified as Jupiter Stator, 'supporter' or 'supporter'.

Jupiter Terminus

Jupiter as a god of boundaries. In some references, known as Jupiter Terminus.

Jupiter Tonans

Jupiter as a god of thunder. Also commonly identified as Jupiter Tonans, Tonitrualis or Tonitrualis.

Jupiter Triumphator

Jupiter as the giver of victory. In some accounts, referred to as Jupiter Triumphator.

Jupiter Victor

Jupiter as conqueror. In some references, known as Jupiter Victor.

Justitia

A goddess, justice personified. She is depicted blindfolded and holding the scales of justice. At times, known as Justitia, Augusta, Augusta, Dike, Dike, Dice, Roman Augusta, Iustitia, Iustitia, Greek Dike or Greek Dike.

Juturna

read more »

Juturnalia

A festival, held on January 11th, in honour of Juturna. In some accounts, called Juturnalia.

Juventas

Goddess of youth. Cupbearer to the gods. In some references, referred to as Juventas, Iuventas, Iuventas, Juventus, Juventus, Greek Hebe, Greek Hebe or Varuni.

Karnos

An ancient god assimilated to Apollo. Occasionally identified as Karnos, Karneios or Karneios.

King of Saturnalia

A man impersonating the god Saturn. After five days in office, the incumbent was killed. Also called King of Saturnalia, Abbot of Unreason, Abbot of Unreason or King of Unreason.

King of the Wood

read more »

Lactantius

A 2nd or 3rd C. Writer, generally regarded as the author of the poem Phoenix. Referred to as Lactantius.

Lactanus

A god of agriculture. Also identified as Lactanus, Lactans or Lactans.

lamb

The animal of Juno. Identified as lamb.

Lapis Manalis

read more »

Lar

read more »

Lar Familiaris

A household god, a guardian spirit of an ancestor of the family. At times, identified as Lar Familiaris.

Lara

read more »

Larentalia

The feast of the dead in honour of Acca Larentia, 23rd December. In some references, referred to as Larentalia.

Lares

read more »

Lares praestiles

Guardian gods of the state. Also identified as Lares praestiles.

Lares viales

Guardian gods of the cross-roads. Referred to as Lares viales.

Lars Porsena

read more »

Larunda

A minor goddess of the Sabines. In some accounts, she is identified with Lara. Occasionally called Larunda, Lara, Lara, Mania or 'babbler'.

larva

An evil spirit: a form of Lemur. Called larva, larvae, larvae, lemur, lemur, lemures, plurlemures, Greek lamyroi, lares, plurallarvae or plurallarvae.

Lasae

Minor Etruscan female deities or supernatural beings. Sometimes identified as Lasae.

Latinus

read more »

Latona

A mother-goddess and moon-goddess. Mother of Apollo and Diana by Jupiter. Referred to as Latona, Greek Leto, Greek Leto or Edjo.

lectisternium

A meal for the gods. Occasionally identified as lectisternium, Greek theoxenia or Greek theoxenia.

lemur

read more »

Lemuria

A festival commemorating the dead, May 9-15th. Occasionally called Lemuria.

Leucetios

A Celtic thunder-god in Gaul. Referred to as Leucetios.

Levana

A tutelary goddess of new-born. Babies. Also referred to as Levana.

Liber

read more »

Libera

read more »

Liberalia

A festival in honour of Liber held on March 17th. Occasionally referred to as Liberalia.

Liberalitas

A god of generosity. Also commonly known as Liberalitas.

Libertas

A goddess of personal liberty. Also referred to as Libertas.

Libertina

A name for Venus as the goddess of sensual pleasures. Occasionally known as Libertina, Libitina, Libitina, Venus or Greek Persephone.

Libitina

A goddess of funerals and the underworld, death personified. An aspect of Venus. Called Libitina, Libertina, Libertina, Venus, Venus, Genetrix, Victrix, Appiades, Cloacina, Dione, Felix, Hesper, Libentina, Queen of Love, Vesper, Victrix; Greek Aphrodite, Charis, Greek Persephone or Greek Persephone.

Licinia

A vestal virgin. She was condemned to death for incest. In some accounts, referred to as Licinia.

lily

The flower of Juno. Also commonly identified as lily.

lituus

An augur's staff. This staff, hooked at one end, was used to mark out the area to be used for divination. Also commonly identified as lituus.

Losna

An Etruscan moon-goddess. Also called Losna.

Lua

An ancient Italian goddess of destruction. The first consort of Saturn. Sometimes known as Lua, Lua Mater, Lua Mater, Lua Saturni or Lua Saturni.

Lucifer

Venus as the morning star. Also called Lucifer, Light-bearer, Light-bearer or Lucifer.

Lucina

The goddess of childbirth, hunting, and marriage. An aspect of Diana or Juno. At times, known as Lucina, Diana, Diana, Albunea, Dian, Diane, Albunea, Dian(e), Dione, Jana, Czech Devana, Greek Artemis, Polish Dziewona, Serbian Dilwica, Hecate, Ilithyia, Ilithyia, Eileithyia, Eilithieia, Eilithua, Eilithyia, Eleuthia, Ilythia, Juno, Eil(e)ithyia, Eil(e)itheia, Eleuthyra, Cretan Eleuthea, Egyptian Nekhbet, Roman Juno, Ilithyiae, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Opigina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera, Greek Ilithyia, Greek Ilithyia, Juno Lucina or Juno Lucina.

Lucius Hiberius

read more »

Lucretia

read more »

Lucretius

Father of Lucretia. Also commonly referred to as Lucretius.

Lucumo

An Etruscan. Son of Demaratus. He became the fifth king of Rome as Tarquinius Priscus. Also called Lucumo, Tarquinius Priscus, Tarquinius Priscus, Lucius Tarquinius or Tarquin.

Ludi Apollinares

Games in honour of Apollo. Sometimes called Ludi Apollinares.

Ludi Capitolini

Games in honour of Jupiter, held in October. Occasionally identified as Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Magni, Ludi Magni, Ludi Maximi, Ludi Plebei, Ludi Romani or Ludi Capitalini.

Ludi Cerialis

Games in honour of Ceres. Occasionally identified as Ludi Cerialis, Cerealia, Cerealia or Ceralia.

Ludi Florialis

Games in honour of Flora. At times, known as Ludi Florialis.

Ludi Magni

Games in honour of Jupiter. Referred to as Ludi Magni, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Plebei, Ludi Romani, Ludi Maximi, Ludi Maximi, Ludi Capitalini or Ludi Capitalini.

Ludi Megalenses

Games in honour of Cybele. Sometimes referred to as Ludi Megalenses.

Ludi Plebei

Games in honour of Jupiter, held in November. Occasionally referred to as Ludi Plebei, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Magni, Ludi Romani, Ludi Capitalini or Ludi Capitalini.

Ludi Romani

Games in honour of Jupiter, held in September. Also commonly identified as Ludi Romani, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Magni, Ludi Plebei, Ludi Capitalini or Ludi Capitalini.

Luna

A moon-goddess. In some lore, occasionally known as Luna, Greek Phoebe, Greek Phoebe, Selene, Selene, Artemis, Chromia, Hera, Io, Mene, Pasiphae, Phoebe, Selena, Asterodia, Phoebe, Seline or Roman Luna.

Lupercalia

A festival honouring Faunus, Lupercus or the wolf that suckled Romulus and Remus, held on February 15th. In some accounts, referred to as Lupercalia.

Lupercii

The young men or priests who took. Part in the rites of the Lupercalia. In some accounts, referred to as Lupercii.

Lupercus

An ancient Italian god of fertility, flocks and wolves. In some accounts, he is equated with Faunus. Occasionally identified as Lupercus, Faunus, Faunus, Fatu(cl)us, Faun, Incubo, In(n)uus, Silvan, plurFauni, Greek Pan, Faunus, Pan, Pan, Feeder, Herdsman, 'all', Capricorn, Goat-god, Goat-Pan, Nomius, Pasturer, Shepherd God, plurpanes, Roman Consentes or Evander.

lustrum

A sacrificial rite of purification held. Every 5 years. Occasionally referred to as lustrum.

Lybica

A sibyl. At times, identified as Lybica.

Lympha

A nature-goddess. Occasionally identified as Lympha.

Magna Mater

A mother-goddess. This deity is represented in Rome by a black meteoric stone. Also identified as Magna Mater, Cybele, Cybele, Agdistis, Cybebe, Cybelle, Idaea, Kubele, Kybebe, Kybele, Lion-and-bee Goddess, Maia, Great Mother, Meter Dindymene, White Goddess, Gaulish Berecynthia, Greek Demeter, Idaea, Idaean Mother, Rhea, Roman Bona Dea, Ceres, Maia, Mater Turrita, Ops, Sumerian Inanna, Syrian Kubaba, Phrygian Cybele, Phrygian Cybele, Anat, Aphrodite, Astarte, Bona Dea, Demeter, Inanna, Kubaba, Rhea, Greek Rhea, Greek Rhea or Ops.

majores

Senior flamines chosen from the patricians. Also known as majores.

Maligernii

Evil spirits. In some references, known as Maligernii.

Mamercus

Son of Numa Pompilius. Brother of Pinis and Pompo. Occasionally called Mamercus.

Mamurius Veturius

The celestial smith who made copies of the ancile. Sometimes known as Mamurius Veturius, ancile, ancile, ancilia or plurancilia.

Mandrabue

read more »

Manes

read more »

Mania

read more »

Manlius

read more »

Mantus

One of the Etruscan guardians of hell. Consort of Mania. At times, known as Mantus, Mantrns or Mantrns.

Marcii

Early oracular prophets. In some accounts, there was only one such prophet, Marcius. Occasionally referred to as Marcii, Marcius or Marcius.

Maris

An Etruscan war-god. In some references, identified as Maris, Greek Ares, Greek Ares, Anhur, Gradivus, Gravidus, Karttikeya, Mars, Nergal, Skanda, Roman Mars, Roman Mars, Belatucadros, Camulos, Camulos, Cariociecus, Nergal or Tyr.

Mars

read more »

Mars Gradivus

Mars as the patron of the Campus Martius. Also identified as Mars Gradivus.

Mars Loucetius

A name for Mars as 'brilliant'. Sometimes identified as Mars Loucetius, Loucetius, Loucetius or Mars.

Mars Quirinus

A name for Mars as protector of the state. In some references, referred to as Mars Quirinus.

Mars Rigonometis

A name for Mars as king of the sacred grove. Called Mars Rigonometis, Rigonometis, Rigonometis or Mars.

Mars Ultor

A name for Mars as 'avenger of Caesar'. Also known as Mars Ultor, Ultor, Ultor or Mars.

Marspiter

A name for Mars as Father Mars. On occassion, identified as Marspiter, Maspiter or Maspiter.

Mastarna

read more »

Mastralia

A festival in honour of Mater Matuta, April 11th. Sometimes referred to as Mastralia.

Mater Matuta

read more »

Mater Turrita

An earth-goddess, goddess of fertility. Her attendants were the noisy Corybantes. At times, known as Mater Turrita, Cybele, Cybele, Agdistis, Cybebe, Cybelle, Idaea, Kubele, Kybebe, Kybele, Lion-and-bee Goddess, Maia, Great Mother, Meter Dindymene, White Goddess, Gaulish Berecynthia, Greek Demeter, Idaea, Idaean Mother, Rhea, Roman Bona Dea, Ceres, Magna Mater, Maia, Ops, Sumerian Inanna, Syrian Kubaba, Rhea, Rhea, Adrastea, Rheia, Rheie, Phrygian Cybele, Roman Magna Mater, Greek Rhea, Greek Rhea or Ops.

Matralia

A festival in honour of Mater Matuta. Held on June 11th. Also identified as Matralia.

Matres

Celtic mother-goddesses, goddesses of the household. Sometimes identified as Matres, Deae Matres, Deae Matres, Matrae, Matrae, Matronae, Matronae, Mothers, Mothers, The Mothers, The Mothers, Welsh Mamau or Welsh Mamau.

Matronalia

A festival in honour of Juno Lucina. Held on March 1st. Occasionally identified as Matronalia.

Mean

An Etruscan deity. Sometimes identified as Mean.

Medea

read more »

Meditrina

A goddess of healing. Sometimes referred to as Meditrina.

Meditrinalia

A festival in honour of Jupiter and Meditrina. Occasionally identified as Meditrinalia.

Mefitis

An Italian goddess of sulphurous. Vapours. Sometimes called Mefitis.

Mellonia

A bee-goddess. In some references, called Mellonia.

Mens

A goddess, right thinking personified. Also commonly referred to as Mens, Mens Bona or Mens Bona.

Mercuralia

A festival in honour of Mercury held in May. Sometimes referred to as Mercuralia.

Mercury

read more »

Messor

A god of agriculture. Sometimes called Messor.

Metabus

read more »

Metamorphoses

Tales from Greek mythology by Ovid. At times, known as Metamorphoses, Golden Ass, The or Golden Ass, The.

Meticus

A charioteer to Aeneas in Italy. In some lore, occasionally called Meticus.

Mettius Fuffetius

A king of Alba Longa. When he deserted the side of Tullius Hostilius, his superior king, Tullius had him torn apart between two chariots. Sometimes called Mettius Fuffetius.

Minerva

read more »

Minervalia

Festivals in honour of Minerva. Occasionally identified as Minervalia.

minores

Junior flamines chosen from plebeians. In some references, known as minores.

Mithraeum

A temple dedicated to Mithra in which bulls were sacrificed. In some accounts, referred to as Mithraeum.

Mithras

read more »

Mlacuch

An Etruscan deity. Occasionally called Mlacuch.

Moccus

A Celtic swine-god in Gaul. Identified as Moccus, Moccos or Moccos.

Mogounos

A Celtic sun-god in France. Also called Mogounos, Mogons or Mogons.

Moneta

A goddess of prosperity, an aspect of Juno. She appeared in the form of a hen. Also identified as Moneta, African Aje or African Aje.

mormos

Blood-sucking monsters. Sometimes called mormos.

Mors

read more »

Morta

One of the 3 Fates, the Parcae. Also commonly referred to as Morta, Etruscan Culsu, Etruscan Culsu, Greek Atropos, Greek Atropos or Culsu.

Mulciber

A name for Vulcan as 'melter'. In some lore, occasionally known as Mulciber, Vulcan, Vulcan, Hephaestus, Kalvaistis, Volcanus, Volkanus, Vulcanus, Quietus, Velchanos, Etruscan Sethlans or Greek Hephaestus.

mundus

A pit in Rome which was said to lead to the underworld: a pit into which the first fruits are placed as offerings. Sometimes called mundus.

Mutinus

A fertility-god. Women made offerings to this deity in the hope of bearing children. On occassion, identified as Mutinus, Mutunus, Mutunus, Mutunus Tutunus, Mutunus Tutunus, Mutunus (Tutunus), Mutunus (Tutunus), Egyptian Min, Egyptian Min, Priapus, Greek Priapus, Greek Priapus or Min.

Navius

A prophet. When challenged by Tarquinius Priscus, he cut a whetstone in half with a razor. On occassion, called Navius.

Necessitas

A goddess of destiny. Sometimes known as Necessitas, Greek Ananke or Greek Ananke.

Nemausicae

3 Celtic mother-goddesses of Nimes. On occassion, identified as Nemausicae.

Nemetona

A Celtic deity in Britain, a goddess of groves in Gaul, a war-god(dess). In some lore, occasionally called Nemetona, nemeton, nemeton, neimed, nemed or nemetona.

Nemi wood

A sacred grove. In the fertility rite symbolising death and resurrection, the old kingpriest was killed in this grove by his young successor. On occassion, identified as Nemi wood.

Nemoralia

A festival in honour of Diana, celebrated on August 13th. In some references, known as Nemoralia, Grove Festival or Grove Festival.

Neptunalia

A festival in honour of Neptune, June 23rd. In some lore, occasionally called Neptunalia.

Neptune

read more »

Nerio

read more »

Niskae

Celtic spirits of rivers and wells in Gaul: mother-goddesses. In some references, referred to as Niskae, Niskai or Niskai.

Nodotus

A Celtic god of cereals. Sometimes referred to as Nodotus.

Nona

One of the 3 Fates. She was originally regarded as a goddess of birth. Sometimes known as Nona.

Nonae Capritonae

A festival in honour of Juno, held on July 7th. In some references, known as Nonae Capritonae, Nones of the Wild Fig or Nones of the Wild Fig.

Novensides

A group of 9 Etruscan deities. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Novensides, Nouensides, Nouensides, Nouensiles, Nouensiles, Novensiles or Novensiles.

Nox

A goddess of night. In some lore, occasionally identified as Nox, Greek Nyx or Greek Nyx.

Numa Pompilius

read more »

Numina

The early Roman abstract deities. On occassion, called Numina.

Numitor

read more »

Obarator

A god of agriculture. Also called Obarator.

Occator

A god of agriculture. Also identified as Occator.

Ocelus

A Celtic god of healing. In some references, known as Ocelus.

Ocresia

read more »

October Horse Festival

read more »

Opalia

A festival held in honour of Ops on December 19th. Occasionally known as Opalia.

Ophiucus

A god of healing. Sometimes called Ophiucus, Greek Asclepius, Greek Asclepius, Eshmun or Imhotep.

Opiconsivia

A festival in honour of Ops, August 25th. In some references, referred to as Opiconsivia.

Opigina

A goddess of childbirth. Her function was to help the mother bring forth her child. She was later assimilated into Juno. Also commonly known as Opigina, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Lucina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera or Ilithyia.

Ops

The goddess of the harvest, plenty and wealth. Wife of Consus. Second wife of Saturn. Mother of Jupiter and Neptune. At times, called Ops, Cybele, Cybele, Agdistis, Cybebe, Cybelle, Idaea, Kubele, Kybebe, Kybele, Lion-and-bee Goddess, Maia, Great Mother, Meter Dindymene, White Goddess, Gaulish Berecynthia, Greek Demeter, Idaea, Idaean Mother, Rhea, Roman Bona Dea, Ceres, Magna Mater, Maia, Mater Turrita, Sumerian Inanna, Syrian Kubaba, Eire, Eire, Ama, Anith, Anu, Aonach, Eadna, Eirean, Eirin, Eoghana, Eri, Erin, Eriu, Iath, Ith, Momo, Mumham, Nannam, Nanu, Ops, Sibhol, Ama, Anan, Anu, EireanEoghana, Eri(u), I(a)th, Momo, Nannan, Sibhd, Tlachtga, Eri, Rhea, Rhea, Adrastea, Rheia, Rheie, Phrygian Cybele, Roman Magna Mater, sacred birds, sacred birds, birds, Ainu Ahura Mazda, Amaterasu, Apollo, Athena, Helius, Hermes, Mercury, Mithra, Nyx, Tammuz, Zas Arawn, Artemis, China, Fukurokuju, Kwannon, Lares, Mannanan, Perseus, Shou Shen, Thoth Apollo, Asclepius, Angerbode Brac, Cronus, Odin, Saturn, Yama Juno Aphrodite, Astarte Ararjatis, Ataragatis, Hachiman, Venus Dusara, Jupiter Egypt Apollo, Baba, Brahma, Dionysus, Egypt, Eros, Epona, Hera, Horus, Iris, Juno, Kaltesh, Mars, Osiris, Seb, Thoth, Vishnu Isis Apollo, Here, Tethys Zoastrianism Asclepius, Inara Ketu, Minerva Brahma, Lakshmi, Sarasvati Apollo, Melkarth Asclepius, Noah, Odin Saturn Aphrodite, Venus Hera, Sweden Aphrodite, Isis Aphrodite, Venus Aztecs, Maya Apollo, Ares Heracles, Isis, Izanagi or Izanami Ares Triptolemus Amaterasu.

Orcus

read more »

Ovid

A 1st C BC. Poet. He was the author of Amores, Fasti, Heroides, Medea, Metamorphoses, etc. Also known as Ovid, Naso, Naso, Publius Ovidius Naso, Publius Ovidius Naso, (Publius Ovidius) Naso or (Publius Ovidius) Naso.

Palatia

A female deity of the north pole. Also commonly known as Palatia, Palanta, Palanta, Palanto, Palanto, Palato, Palato, Pala(n)to or Pala(n)to.

Palatium

A sacred hill. One of the seven hills of Rome, the Palatine. Occasionally known as Palatium.

Pales

A god or goddess of cattle, flocks, and shepherds. Called Pales.

Palilia

A festival in honour of Pales held on April 21st. Sometimes referred to as Palilia, Parilia or Parilia.

Parcae

The Fates, Decuma, Morta and Nona. Daughters of Ananke, some say. In some accounts, Parcae was originally a goddess of childbirth. Occasionally called Parcae, Fates, Fates, Norns, Moirae, Greek Moirae, Greek Moirae, Fati, Norse Norns or Norse Norns.

Parentalia

read more »

Partula

A goddess of child-birth. In some lore, occasionally called Partula.

Pavor

A deity, panic personified. On occassion, referred to as Pavor.

Pax

The goddess of peace. She is depicted as a maiden with a cornucopia. In some accounts, identified as Pax, Greek Eirene or Greek Eirene.

Peace

One of the 5 Appiades. Known as Peace.

peacock

read more »

Penates

read more »

Petronius

A 1st C. Writer, author of Troiae Halosis. Occasionally known as Petronius.

Phillipan

The sword of Antony, a triumvir. Also commonly identified as Phillipan.

Picumnus

read more »

Picus

read more »

Pietas

A goddess, respect personified. Referred to as Pietas.

Pilumnus

read more »

Pinus

Son of Numa Pompilius. Brother of Mamercus and Pompo. Called Pinus.

Plautus

A dramatist. He wrote some twenty comedies, including Captivi and Amphitryon. In some lore, occasionally known as Plautus, (c, (c, Charlemagne, Mahavira, Patrick, Thomas the Rhymer, 254-184 or 254-184.

Pluto

read more »

Plutus

read more »

Poeninus

A Celtic mountain-god of the Alpine area. At times, referred to as Poeninus.

Pollux

The Roman name for Polydeuces. Also commonly identified as Pollux.

Pomona

read more »

Pomonal

A place sacred to Pomona. At times, identified as Pomonal.

Pomonus

An early Italian creator-god. Occasionally known as Pomonus, Pupdike or Pupdike.

Pompo

Son of Numa Pompilius. Brother of Manercus and Pinus. Sometimes referred to as Pompo.

pontifex

read more »

Poplifugia

A festival in honour of Jupiter, held on July 5th. On occassion, identified as Poplifugia.

Portumnus

A sea-god, god of harbours, husbands. He was originally the god of entrances. Sometimes known as Portumnus, Portunus, Portunus, Greek Melicertes, Greek Melicertes, Palaemon, Palaemon, Heracles or Palaimon.

Portunalia

A festival in honour of Portumnus, August 17th. Also referred to as Portunalia.

Postumius

A leader of the Romans. He defeated the Latins at the Battle of Lake Regillus with the help of Castor and Pollux. In some references, identified as Postumius.

Potina

A guardian goddess of infants. Identified as Potina, Potua or Potua.

Praedator

A name of Jupiter as 'snatcher of booty'. At times, known as Praedator, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Primagenia

The goddess Fortuna at Praeneste. Daughter of Jupitar. Occasionally identified as Primagenia, Fortuna, Fortuna, Felicitas, Greek Tyche or Italian Fors (Fortuna).

Proca

A king of Alba Longa. Son of Janus and Cardea or Carna. Father of Amulius and Numitor. Occasionally known as Proca.

Proculus, Julius

read more »

Promitor

A god of agriculture. Also known as Promitor.

Pronuba

A name of Juno as the patroness of marriage. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Pronuba, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Lucina, Opigina, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera or Ilithyia.

Propertius

A 1st C BC. Poet and mythographer. Sometimes known as Propertius.

Proserpina

Goddess of the underworld. Daughter of Jupiter and Ceres. Wife of Pluto. Also known as Proserpina, Core, Core, Anahita, Cora, Corinna, Corinne, Kora, Kore, Kore-Arethusa, Koure, Maiden, The, Persephone, Pherepatta, Ko(u)re, Persephassa, Phersephatta, Polyboea, The Maiden, The Mistress, 'virgin', Persian Anahita, Roman Libera, Proserpine, Despoena, Proserpine, Proserpine, Greek Core, Greek Core or Libera.

Providentia

A goddess of prudence. Occasionally identified as Providentia.

Proximae

A group of Celtic guardian goddesses. Occasionally referred to as Proximae.

Psaphon

A man who trained many birds to speak his name. Occasionally identified as Psaphon.

Psyche

read more »

psychopomp

read more »

Pudicita

A goddess of chastity. Also referred to as Pudicita.

Pultuce

An Etruscan version of Pollux. Castor and Pultuce were later merged with the Tindaridae. At times, called Pultuce.

Purtupita

An early Italian vegetation deity. In some lore, occasionally identified as Purtupita, Purtupitus or Purtupitus.

Puta

A goddess of agriculture. Occasionally identified as Puta.

Quadriviae

Mother-goddesses and goddesses of the cross-roads. In some references, known as Quadriviae.

Quietus

A title of Vulcan. On occassion, known as Quietus, Vulcan, Vulcan, Hephaestus, Kalvaistis, Volcanus, Volkanus, Vulcanus, Mulciber, Velchanos, Etruscan Sethlans or Greek Hephaestus.

Quinquatria

Festivals in honour of Minerva, 19th- 23rd March. Also called Quinquatria.

Quirinalia

A festival in honour of Quirinus, held on February 17th. Occasionally known as Quirinalia.

Quirinus

read more »

Quiritis

A Sabine guardian-goddess of mothers. In some references, known as Quiritis.

Racilia

Wife of Cincinnatus. Mother of Lucius. Also commonly identified as Racilia.

Rape of the Sabine Women

read more »

Recaranus

A creator-deity. At times, known as Recaranus, Garanus or Garanus.

Redarator

A god of agriculture. Sometimes identified as Redarator.

Regina

A name of Juno as 'queen'. Also identified as Regina.

Regulus

A hero who gave his life for his country. For his bravery, the gods placed him in the heavens as a star in Leo. At times, known as Regulus.

Rehtia

An early Italian goddess of good. Fortune. In some references, referred to as Rehtia.

Remus

read more »

Rhamnes

A king. Rhamnes was also an augur and was one of those fighting on the side of Turnus against Aeneas. He was killed by Nisus. Sometimes identified as Rhamnes.

Rhea

read more »

Rhea Silvia

read more »

Rhoetus

One of the Rutulians killed by Euralyus. Sometimes referred to as Rhoetus, Rhoetos or Rhoetos.

Rhome

read more »

Rigisamus

A Celtic war-god in Gaul. Sometimes called Rigisamus.

Ritona

A Celtic goddess of fords. Identified as Ritona.

Robigalia

A festival in honour of Robigus, held on April 25th. Also identified as Robigalia.

Robigus

A guardian-god of cornfields. Occasionally identified as Robigus, Robigo, Robigo, Averruncus or Averruncus.

Roma

A tutelary goddess. Sometimes known as Roma, Rome, Rome, Roma or Roma.

Roman Antiquities

A twenty-volume history and mythology of Rome, written by Dionysius of Helicarnassus. Also identified as Roman Antiquities.

Rome

read more »

Romulus

read more »

Rosmerta

A Celtic fertility goddess in Gaul. Guardian of merchants. Consort of Mercury. Also commonly referred to as Rosmerta, Maia, Maia, Cybele or Maya.

Rudianos

A Gaulish war-god. Occasionally known as Rudianos.

Rudiobus

A Celtic horse-god in Gaul. In some accounts, referred to as Rudiobus.

Rumina

A goddess of nursing mothers. Also referred to as Rumina, Rumia or Rumia.

Ruminalis

The fig-tree under which the infants Romulus and Remus were found. Called Ruminalis, Ruminal or Ruminal.

Rusor

An ancient god. In some lore, occasionally known as Rusor, 'ploughman' or 'ploughman'.

Salacia

Goddess of springs. Goddess of the salt seas, some say. Wife of Neptune. Identified as Salacia, Canens, Canens, Canentes, Venilia, Venilia, Greek Amphitrite or Greek Amphitrite.

Salii

read more »

Salus

A goddess of health and public welfare. Her festival was celebrated on April 30th. In some accounts, called Salus, Greek Hygeia, Greek Hygeia, Strenia, Valetudo, Sabine Strenia or Sabine Strenia.

Santa

A Sabine fertility-goddess. In some references, referred to as Santa.

Saritor

A god of weeds. Occasionally called Saritor.

Sarritor

A god of agriculture. Occasionally known as Sarritor.

Saturn

read more »

Saturnalia

A festival in honour of Saturn, December 17th-19th. At this festival, masters and servants exchange roles for the day. Also commonly known as Saturnalia, Sigillaria or Sigillaria.

Scaevola

read more »

Secular Games

read more »

Securita

A guardian goddess protecting. The empire. Occasionally identified as Securita, Securitas or Securitas.

Seia

A guardian-goddess of newly-planted. Corn. Occasionally identified as Seia.

Seian Horse

A horse apparently bringing ill-fortune to its owner. Sometimes known as Seian Horse.

Selvans

An Italian god, possibly a god of agriculture and forests. In some accounts, known as Selvans.

Semnocosus

A Spanish war-god. On occassion, called Semnocosus.

Semo

A vegetation-god, sower of seed. He was later absorbed into Sancus as Semo-Sancus. Also known as Semo, Sancus, Sancus, Semo Sancus, Greek Zeus Pistios or Roman Fidius.

Servius Tullius

read more »

Sethlans

An Italian smith-god. Sometimes called Sethlans, Sethlaus, Sethlaus, Greek Hephaestus, Greek Hephaestus, Kalvaistis, Ptah, Regin, Tvashtri, Vulcan, Roman Vulcan or Roman Vulcan.

sibyl

read more »

Sibyl of Cumae

read more »

Sibylline Books

9 books of prophecies written. By the Sibyl of Cumae. At times, called Sibylline Books, Sibyl of Cumae, Sibyl of Cumae, Amalthea, Amphyrisian Prophetess, Cumaean Sibyl, Deiphobe, Demophile, Erythraean Sibyl, Herophile, Amalthea, Amphrysian Prophetess or Herophile.

Sigillaria

The latter part of the Saturnalia. At times, known as Sigillaria, Saturnalia or Saturnalia.

Silvan

read more »

Silvani

read more »

Silvius

read more »

Sispes

A local name for Juno. In this form, she is depicted as wearing a goatskin and armed. Also known as Sispes, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Lucina, Opigina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera, Ilithyia, Sospita or Sospita.

Snenanth

An Italian deity. Occasionally identified as Snenanth.

Sol

read more »

Solanus

A wind from the north-east quarter. Also called Solanus, Greek Ap(h)eliotes or Greek Ap(h)eliotes.

Somnus

The god of sleep. Son of Nyx. Twin brother of Mors. Known as Somnus, Greek Hupnus, Greek Hupnus, Hypnus, Hypnus, Hupnos, Hypnos or Roman Somnus.

Soranus

An Italian god. In some accounts, known as Soranus.

Sors

A god of fortune. Sometimes referred to as Sors.

Spes

A goddess, hope personified. Also identified as Spes.

Spiniensis

A god of agriculture. In some references, known as Spiniensis.

Spurius Lartius

read more »

Spurius Tarpeius

Father of Tarpeia. In some accounts, referred to as Spurius Tarpeius.

Stata Mater

A fire-goddess. She was said to be able to make fires stand still. Sometimes known as Stata Mater.

Statius

A 1st C BC. Poet. He was the author of Achilleis, Thebais, etc. In some references, referred to as Statius.

Sterculius

A name for Picumnus as a god of manuring. In some accounts, referred to as Sterculius, Picumnus, Picumnus, Picus, Stercutus, Stercutus, Sterquilinius or Sterquilinius.

Stimula

A minor goddess. A goddess who excites passion in women. In some accounts, she is identified with Semele. At times, called Stimula, Semele, Semele, Fauna, Thyone, Keraunia, Phrygian Zemelo, Roman Fauna or Zagreus.

strenae

Twigs used in the New Year festival. These twigs were taken from a grove sacred to Strenia and were given as tokens of good fortune. Sometimes called strenae.

Strenia

A Sabine goddess of the New Year festivities. On occassion, referred to as Strenia, Greek Hygeia, Greek Hygeia, Salus, Valetudo, Roman Salus, Roman Salus or Hygeia.

striges

Blood-sucking monsters. In some references, identified as striges.

Suadela

The goddess of persuasion, particularly in romance, seduction and love. In some accounts, called Suadela, Greek Peitho or Greek Peitho.

Sucellus

read more »

Suculae

The Roman name for the Nysaean. Nymphs (Hyades). At times, identified as Suculae, Greek Hyades or Greek Hyades.

Sulevia

read more »

Summamus

An Italian storm-god. In the Roman pantheon, he was regarded as the god of the night sky. His festival was celebrated on 20th June. In some references, known as Summamus, 'highest' or 'highest'.

suovetaurilia

A sacrifice of pig, sheep and ox. At times, known as suovetaurilia.

Superi

The gods and other inhabitants of the heavens. Also identified as Superi, Inferi or Inferi.

Svutaf

An Italian god in the form of a youth with wings. In some accounts, called Svutaf.

swallow

read more »

Tages

read more »

tages

read more »

Tanaquil

The Roman name for Caecilia. In some accounts, known as Tanaquil.

Tarchetius

read more »

Tarchies

An Etruscan sage. He taught Tarchon the arts of haruspicy. Some accounts equate him with Tages. Also known as Tarchies.

Tarchon

read more »

Tarpeia

read more »

Tarquinia

Sister of Tarquinius Superbus. Mother of Brutus. In some references, known as Tarquinia.

Tarquinius Arruns

read more »

Tarquinius Collatinus

read more »

Tarquinius Priscus

read more »

Tarquinius, Sextus

read more »

Tarquinius Superbus

read more »

Tarutius

Husband of Acca Larentia. In the story that identifies Acca Larentia with the prostitute Fabula, he married her after she gave up prostitution, a wealthy woman. Also identified as Tarutius.

Tarvos

read more »

Tatia

First wife of Numa Pompilius. At times, referred to as Tatia.

Tatius

A Sabine king. He is said to have captured the Capitol following the rape of the Sabine women and ruled jointly with Romulus. In some references, called Tatius.

taurobolium

The sacrificial slaughter of bulls to Mithras or Cybele when devotees. Bathed in the blood of the slaughtered animals. Also commonly called taurobolium, criobolium, criobolium or kriobolion.

Tellumo

An ancient earth-god. Consort of Tellus. Occasionally referred to as Tellumo, Tellurus, Tellurus or Tellus.

Tellurus

An ancient earth-god. Consort of Tellus. Occasionally called Tellurus, Tellumo, Tellumo or Tellus.

Tellus

read more »

Teratius

read more »

Terminal

A bust of the god Terminus erected at street corners, etc. In some accounts, called Terminal, Greek Herma or Greek Herma.

Terminalia

A festival in honour of Terminus, 23rd February. In some lore, occasionally called Terminalia.

Terminus

A god of boundaries. Also identified as Terminus, Hermes, Hermes, Anubis, Arcus, Camillus, Hermeias, Master of Animals, sacred birds, Terminus, Agoneus, Arais, Arg(e)iphontes, Atlantiades, Clithonius, Cyllen(ius), Hermanubis, Master Thief, Nomius, Oneicopompus, Pasturer, Psychogogue, Psychopomp(us), The Master, Trismegistus, Egyptian Anubis, Thoth, Etruscan Turms, Roman Mercury, Charidotes, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon, Greek Zeus, Mercury, Mercury, Mercurius, Merqurius, Mircurios, Mirqurios, Terminus, Mergurius, Mirqurius, Psychopompus or Greek Hermes.

Thalna

An Etruscan goddess of childbirth. Also identified as Thalna.

Thebais

A poem by Statius dealing with the story of Oedipus. Occasionally called Thebais.

Thesan

An Etruscan goddess of the dawn and childbirth. On occassion, called Thesan.

Thunder-darter

A name of Jupiter. On occassion, known as Thunder-darter, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Thunder-master

A name of Jupiter. Identified as Thunder-master, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Thunder-smiter

A name of Jupiter. Also identified as Thunder-smiter, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Thunderbearer

A name of Jupiter. Sometimes called Thunderbearer, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

thunderbolt

read more »

Tiberinus

read more »

Tiberius

read more »

Tinia

An Etruscan supreme god, god of storms and thunder. Consort of Uni. On occassion, identified as Tinia, Tin, Tin, Tina, Tina, Tin(a), Tin(a), Greek Zeus, Greek Zeus, Amen, Baal-Samin, Cragus, Indra, Jupiter, Marduk, Roman Jupiter, Roman Jupiter, Ambres, Amen, Bussumarus, Dyaus or Jessis.

Tinnus

A thunder-god in Gaul. Sometimes known as Tinnus, Tannus or Tannus.

Titus

read more »

Titus Herminius

read more »

Titus Tatius

read more »

Tiv

An Etruscan moon-deity. Also commonly known as Tiv.

Tonans

A name of Jupiter as 'thunderer'. Identified as Tonans.

Tortor

A name for Apollo as tower. At times, called Tortor, Apollo, Apollo, Apollon, Abaeus, Abaios, Aguieus, Agyieus, Aleuromantes, Apellon, Apotropaeus, Archer God, Atepomarus, Carneios, Catharsius, Cynthius, Delian, Delius, Delphinius, Eulalon, Hecatos, Helius, Karn(ei)os, Loxias, Lyc(a)eus, Lykaios, Lyc(el)ius, Lycian, Musagetes, Nomius, Paean, Pae(e)on, Paion, Pasturer, Phoebus Apollo, Pytheus, Pythian, Pyth(i)us, Rat-killer, Sminthian, Smintheus, Sminthius, Sol, Tyrxis, British Maponus, Etruscan Aplu, Veiovis, Gaulish Atepomarus or Roman Apellun.

Trajan

An emperor who was deified with the name Trojanus. Also commonly called Trajan.

Treverae

Celtic mother-goddesses of Trier. On occassion, referred to as Treverae.

Tria Fata

Goddesses of fate, assimilated to the Parcae or the Moirae. In some references, identified as Tria Fata, Fata or Fata.

Triumphator

A named of Jupiter as 'the. Triumphant'. Referred to as Triumphator.

triumphus

A celebration at the return of a victorious general when sacrifices. Were offered to Jupiter. At times, known as triumphus.

Trivia

read more »

Troiae Halosis

A poem by Petronius on the fall of Troy. Sometimes called Troiae Halosis.

Trojanus

A god, the Roman Emperor Trajan. Deified. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Trojanus.

Tubilstrium

A festival held in March in honour of Mars. In some lore, occasionally identified as Tubilstrium.

Tuchulcha

An Etruscan deity of the underworld. An assistant to Mantus. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Tuchulcha.

Tullia

read more »

Tullius Hostilius

The third king of Rome. For destroying Alba and its inhabitants, he and all his family were killed by Poseidon. In some references, called Tullius Hostilius, Hostilius, Hostilius, Tullus Hostilius or Tullus Hostilius.

Turan

A winged Etruscan fertility-goddess and goddess of love. Occasionally known as Turan, Greek Aphrodite, Greek Aphrodite, Alilat, Anahit, Anahita, Anaitis, Aphrodisias, Aprodita, Argimpasa, Astarte, Biducht, Caelestis, Concordia, Hathor, Ishtar, Mylitta, Rati, Syrian Goddess, Roman Venus, Roman Venus, Aphrodite or Rati.

Turms

An Etruscan god of the underworld. Mahaf) Sometimes identified as Turms.

Turnus

read more »

Tursa

An early goddess of terror. Also commonly known as Tursa.

Twelve Books of Tages

A record of the wisdom passed to the Etruscans by the god Tages. Sometimes called Twelve Books of Tages, Books of Tages, Books of Tages, Acherontian Books, Acherontian Books or Twelve Books.

Ubertas

A god of agriculture. Sometimes referred to as Ubertas.

Ulysses

read more »

umbra

In the theory of a threefold soul, the umbra hovered over the body. At death. In some accounts, known as umbra.

Unconquerable, The

A Roman name for Heracles. Occasionally known as Unconquerable, The.

Uni

An Etruscan guardian goddess. Consort of Tin. In some references, called Uni.

Unxia

A goddess of marriage. Sometimes identified as Unxia.

Vacuna

A Sabine goddess of horticulture. Occasionally referred to as Vacuna.

Vagitanus

A guardian god of babies who caused. Them to utter their first cry. Occasionally identified as Vagitanus, Fabulinus, Fabulinus or Vagtanus.

Valetudo

A goddess of health. In some accounts she is the same as Salus. Occasionally called Valetudo, Hygeia, Hygeia, Athena, Athena Hygeia, Hugeia, Hygia, Hygieia, Hygi(ei)a, Roman Salus, Salus, Salus, Greek Hygeia or Sabine Strenia.

Vanth

An Etruscan goddess of the underworld. This being has wings each of which has a large eye on the inside. Called Vanth.

vates

A prophet. Occasionally identified as vates.

Veiovis

A youthful Etruscan god of shepherds whose festival, the Agonium, was held on May 21st. At times, called Veiovis, Apollo, Apollo, Apollon, Abaeus, Abaios, Aguieus, Agyieus, Aleuromantes, Apellon, Apotropaeus, Archer God, Atepomarus, Carneios, Catharsius, Cynthius, Delian, Delius, Delphinius, Eulalon, Hecatos, Helius, Karn(ei)os, Loxias, Lyc(a)eus, Lykaios, Lyc(el)ius, Lycian, Musagetes, Nomius, Paean, Pae(e)on, Paion, Pasturer, Phoebus Apollo, Pytheus, Pythian, Pyth(i)us, Rat-killer, Sminthian, Smintheus, Sminthius, Sol, Tortor, Tyrxis, British Maponus, Etruscan Aplu, Gaulish Atepomarus, Roman Apellun, Vediovis, Vediovis, Vedius, Vedius, Veive, Veive, Vejovis, Vejovis, Vetis, Vetis, Greek Apollo, Greek Apollo, Angus Og, Apellun, Aplu, Maponus or Surya.

Veltune

An Etruscan god. Sometimes referred to as Veltune.

Veneralia

A festival in honour of Venus, held on 1st April. Known as Veneralia.

Venilia

read more »

Venus

read more »

Venus Anadyomene

Venus rising from the foam. In some lore, occasionally called Venus Anadyomene.

Venus Erycina

A Sicilian love-goddess. Some say she was the wife of Anchises. Also commonly called Venus Erycina, Erucina, Erucina, Erycina, Erycina, Venus Erucina, Venus Erucina, (Venus) Erucina or (Venus) Erucina.

Venus Genetrix

Venus as the goddess of motherhood. Occasionally known as Venus Genetrix.

Venus Verticordia

Venus as the goddess of virtue. Sometimes called Venus Verticordia.

Venus Victrix

Venus as the goddess of victory, worshipped particularly in the colonies. Sometimes identified as Venus Victrix.

Verbenalia

Festivals in honour of the plant. Vervain which was said to have magic properties. In some references, referred to as Verbenalia, herba sacra, herba sacra or vervain.

Vergilia

Wife of Coriolanus, in some accounts. Others give her name as Volumnia. Sometimes called Vergilia, Volumnia, Volumnia or Veturia.

Verginia

read more »

Verginius

read more »

versacrum

A dedication to the gods of the produce of spring. Also identified as versacrum.

Vertumnus

The god of fertility, fruit trees and gardens. Husband of Pomona. He approached Pomona in many different guises before finally winning her love. Sometimes known as Vertumnus, Vortumnus, Vortumnus, Etruscan Vultumna or Etruscan Vultumna.

Vervacator

A goddess of agriculture. On occassion, identified as Vervacator.

Vesper

Venus as the evening star. Known as Vesper, Hesper, Hesper, Venus, Greek Hesperus or Greek Hesperus.

Vesta

read more »

Vestal

read more »

Vestalia

A festival for women, in honour of Vesta, held on 9th July. Also commonly known as Vestalia.

Vestius Aloneius

An ancient bull-god in Spain. On occassion, identified as Vestius Aloneius.

Veturia

Mother of Coriolanus, some say. Others say her name was Volumnia. In some references, referred to as Veturia, Volumnia, Volumnia or Vergilia.

Vica Pota

A minor goddess of victory or, some say, of food and drink. Identified as Vica Pota.

victimarius

An official who carried out the slaughter of those animals and humans brought for sacrifice. On occassion, identified as victimarius.

Victoria

A goddess of victory. Her festival is held on 12th April. Also identified as Victoria, Greek Nike or Greek Nike.

Vinalia

A wine festival in honour of Bacchus or Jupiter, held on 23rd April. Sometimes identified as Vinalia.

Virbius

read more »

virga medicinus

read more »

Virgil

read more »

Virtus

A god of military might, the personification of male vigour. At times, identified as Virtus.

Volscens

read more »

Voltumna

An Etruscan goddess of vegetation and the south-east wind. Also referred to as Voltumna, Voltumnia, Voltumnia, Volturna, Volturna, Roman Vertumnus or Roman Vertumnus.

Volturnus

The east wind. On occassion, identified as Volturnus, Tiberinus, Tiberinus, Father Tiber, Volturnus, Vulturnus, Vulturnus or Volturnus.

Volumna

A goddess of infants. Also referred to as Volumna.

Volumnia

Mother of Coriolanus, in some accounts, in others, his wife. Also commonly called Volumnia, Vergilia, Vergilia, Veturia or Veturia.

Volupta

The goddess of pleasure. Daughter of Cupid and Psyche. In some references, known as Volupta, Joy, Joy, Voluptas or Voluptas.

Vortumnalia

A festival in honour of Vertumnus. Held on 13th August. In some references, known as Vortumnalia.

Vosegus

A Celtic mountain-god in Gaul. Sometimes identified as Vosegus.

Vulcan

read more »

Vulcanalia

A festival in honour of the gods, including Vulcan, held on 23rd August. Sometimes known as Vulcanalia, Volcanalia, Volcanalia, Greek Hephaestia or Greek Hephaestia.

Vulcanatis

A flamen of the god Vulcan. Sometimes referred to as Vulcanatis, Volcanis, Volcanis, Vulcanis or Vulcanis.

vulture

read more »
Roman Mythology