Roman Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abeona

A goddess of children and revellers. Sometimes referred to as Abeona, Adeona or Adeona.

Aborigines

A tribe said to have originated in Greece who founded Rome. Also known as Aborigines.

Abundantia

A fertility-goddess, goddess of plenty. Also commonly known as Abundantia, German Abundia, German Abundia, Fulla, Norse Fulla, Norse Fulla, Abundia or Habonde.

Acadine

A magic fountain in Sicily. In some references, referred to as Acadine.

Acavisr

An Etruscan deity, one of the Lasae. Occasionally called Acavisr, Achvistr or Achvistr.

Acca Larentia

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Accius Naevius

An augur. He is said to have cut through a whetstone with a razor. In some references, known as Accius Naevius.

Achilleis

An unfinished poem by Statius about the life of Achilles. On occassion, identified as Achilleis.

Acron

A king. He led the first attack on Rome in an effort to recover the Sabine women taken captive by Romulus. At times, known as Acron.

Adephagia

A goddess of good cheer, gluttony. Sometimes identified as Adephagia.

Aemilia

A vestal virgin. At times, identified as Aemilia.

Aemilia Pudentilla

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Aeneas Silvius

King of Alba Longa. A descendant of Aeneas. At times, known as Aeneas Silvius.

Aeneid

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Aequitas

The god of equity. At times, known as Aequitas.

Aesculapius

The Roman version of Asclepius. Identified as Aesculapius, Esculapius, Esculapius or Asclepius.

Aeternitas

Eternity personified. This being is depicted as the ouroboros or the phoenix. Occasionally identified as Aeternitas.

Africus

A wind from the south-west quarter. Sometimes referred to as Africus, Greek Lips or Greek Lips.

Agonium

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Agrama

A festival for women at which the effigy of a male was destroyed. In some references, known as Agrama.

Agrippina

Wife of Germanicus. Mother of Agrippina, Caligula and Drusilla. Sometimes identified as Agrippina.

Agrippine Sibyl

A mediaeval prophetess. Sometimes known as Agrippine Sibyl.

Aidoneus

A name for Hades. Occasionally referred to as Aidoneus, Hades, Hades, Pluteus, Aides, Ais, Clymenus, Euboleus, Eubouteous, Klymenos, Plouton, Pluto, Polydectes, Polydegmon, Pylartes, Stygeros, 'unseen', Zeus Katachthonios, Egyptian Serapis, Japanese Emma-O, Norse Ymir, Pacific Islands Yamaraja, Persian Yima, Roman Aidoneus, Dis (Pater), Dives or Orcus.

Aius Locutius

A personification of the voice said to have warned the Romans of the coming of the Gauls. In some references, identified as Aius Locutius.

Alannus

A Celtic messenger god in Gaul. Occasionally known as Alannus, Alaunus, Alaunus, Alounis, Alounis, Alaenis, Alaenis, Roman Mercury, Roman Mercury, Artaius, Hermes or Lugh.

Alban Kings

Mythical kings said to rule before Romulus and Remus. At times, called Alban Kings.

albogaleus

The lower part of the headdress of the flamen. Dialus. This was said to be made from the skins of those sacrificed to Jupiter. At times, called albogaleus.

Albunea

An Italian water nymph. She had the gift of prophecy and some of her pronouncements were recorded in the Sibylline Books. Referred to as Albunea, Diana, Diana, Albunea, Dian, Diane, Dian(e), Dione, Jana, Lucina, Czech Devana, Greek Artemis, Polish Dziewona, Serbian Dilwica or Hecate.

Alcmon

A minor god. Father of Lara. Also known as Alcmon.

Alemona

A goddess of childbirth and passage. In some lore, occasionally identified as Alemona.

Altor

An ancient god. Also known as Altor, 'feeder' or 'feeder'.

Amata

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Ambarvalia

The festival of the crops in late May. Occasionally called Ambarvalia.

Ambisagrus

A Celtic god in Gaul. At times, referred to as Ambisagrus.

Amoretti

Minor love gods. Identified as Amoretti, Greek Erotes or Greek Erotes.

Amorini

Small love gods. Also identified as Amorini.

Amulius

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Amyas

A love-god. At times, known as Amyas.

ancile

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Ancus Marcius

A legendary king of Rome. In some references, identified as Ancus Marcius.

Androcles

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Angerona

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Angeronalia

The festival in honour of Angerona, 21 December. Also called Angeronalia, Divalia or Divalia.

Angitia

A goddess of healing. In some accounts there are several such deities, the Angitiae. Others identify her with Fauna. Also referred to as Angitia, Anagtia or Anagtia.

Ani

An Etruscan sky-god. He is sometimes depicted as having two faces. Sometimes identified as Ani, Ala, Ala, Ale, Ani, Ale or Ana.

anima

In the theory of the threefold soul, the part that returned to the gods. In some accounts, referred to as anima.

Anna Larentia

An obscure deity. Also called Anna Larentia.

Anna Perenna

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Anona

The goddess of crops. Sometimes referred to as Anona, Annona or Annona.

Anthor

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Apellun

An Italic love-god. Sometimes known as Apellun, Apellon, Apellon, Apollo, Greek Apollo, Greek Apollo, Angus Og, Aplu, Atepomarus, Maponus, Surya or Veiovis.

Aplu

An Etruscan weather-god. In some references, called Aplu, Greek Apollo, Greek Apollo, Angus Og, Apellun, Atepomarus, Maponus, Surya or Veiovis.

Apone

A fountain in Padua said to have healing qualities. Sometimes referred to as Apone.

Appiades

5 goddesses of peace. These deities, represented on horseback, were Concordia, Pallas, Peace, Venus and Vesta. Also identified as Appiades, Venus, Venus, Genetrix, Victrix, Cloacina, Dione, Felix, Hesper, Libentina, Libitina, Queen of Love, Vesper, Victrix; Greek Aphrodite or Charis.

Aprodita

The Italic goddess of love. Sometimes known as Aprodita, Greek Aphrodite, Greek Aphrodite, Alilat, Anahit, Anahita, Anaitis, Aphrodisias, Argimpasa, Astarte, Biducht, Caelestis, Concordia, Hathor, Ishtar, Mylitta, Rati, Syrian Goddess or Turan.

Apuleius, Lucius

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Aquilo

The north wind. Called Aquilo, Aquilon, Aquilon, Septentrio, Septentrio, Greek Boreas or Greek Boreas.

Archagathius

A legendary physician renowned for his. Cruel methods of surgery. At times, referred to as Archagathius, Vulnerarius, Vulnerarius or Archagathus.

Arimanius

The Roman name for Ahriman. Sometimes called Arimanius.

Armilustrium

A festival in honour of Mars, held in October. On occassion, called Armilustrium.

Arruns

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Artepomaros

A name for Belinus as 'owner of a great horse'. Also commonly identified as Artepomaros, Belinus, Belinus, Bel, Belenos, Belenus, Belin, Bellinus, Lord of Therapy, Bel, Irish Bilé, Roman Apollo, Shakespeare Cymbeline or Welsh Beli Mawr.

Arval Brothers

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Ashi

A goddess of recompense and, later, of morality. At times, called Ashi.

Ass god

A deity connected with the feast of Saturnalia. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Ass god.

Atunis

The Etruscan version of Adonis. Also known as Atunis.

augur

One who made prophecies from the flight of birds. Also called augur, auspex or auspex.

Augusta

A name for the goddess Epona, used. By the Romans. Also known as Augusta, Justitia, Justitia, Augusta, Dike, Iustitia or Greek Dike.

Aulus Vibenna

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aurea virga

A rod, the caduceus given by Mercury to Apollo. Occasionally known as aurea virga, caduceus, caduceus, kerykeion, Greek kerykeion or virga medicinus.

Aurora

A goddess of the dawn. Also called Aurora, Mater Matuta, Mater Matuta, Eos, Ino, Matuta or Greek Eos.

Auster

The south west wind personified. Also known as Auster, Greek Notus or Greek Notus.

Aventinus

A son of Heracles and Rhea. He fought with Turnus against Aeneas. Occasionally referred to as Aventinus.

Avernal

A fiend: inhabitant of the underworld. Occasionally identified as Avernal.

Avernus

Hell or the entrance to it. In some references, called Avernus, Lake Avernus, Lake Avernus or Avernus.

Averruncus

A minor god whose function was to avert evil. A version of Robigus. Also commonly known as Averruncus, Robigus, Robigus or Robigo.

Bacax

A local god in North Africa. At times, known as Bacax.

bacchanal

A follower of Bacchus. A priest(ess) of Bacchus. A song, etc. dedicated to Bacchus. In some references, called bacchanal, bacchante or bacchante.

Bacchanalia

Orgiastic festivals in honour of Bacchus. In some references, referred to as Bacchanalia, Bacchanals, Bacchanals or bacchantes.

bacchant

A devotee of Bacchus. A priest of Bacchus. Sometimes known as bacchant, Bacchoi, Bacchoi, plurbacchoi or plurbacchoi.

bacchantes

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Bacchus

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Battle of Lake Regillus

A battle in which the Romans, with the help of Castor and Pollux, defeated. The Latins. Occasionally called Battle of Lake Regillus.

Bellona

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Berenice

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Biston

A son of Mars. Occasionally identified as Biston.

Bona Capia

A goddess of plenty. Identified as Bona Capia.

Bona Dea

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borax

A stone, an antidote to poison, believed to be carried in its head by a toad. Also referred to as borax.

Brutus

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Bubona

Goddess of cattle. Sometimes known as Bubona.

Bussumarus

A Celtic god known on the Continent. In some references, known as Bussumarus, Roman Jupiter, Roman Jupiter, Ambres, Amen, Dyaus, Jessis or Tinia.

Cacus

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Caduceator

A name for Mercury as 'owner of the caduceus'. Also identified as Caduceator.

caduceus

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Caecilia

Tanaquil]. Wife of Tarquinius Priscus. She was an Etruscan sorceress who, when her husband Lucumo became king of Rome, was called Tanaquil. Known as Caecilia, Gaea Caecilia, Gaea Caecilia, Gaia Caecilia or Gaia Caecilia.

Caeculus

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Caeles Vibenna

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Caelestis

A moon-goddess. Juno as the 'guardian of Carthage'. Also known as Caelestis, Juno Caelestis, Juno Caelestis, Carthaginian Tanit, Carthaginian Tanit, Greek Aphrodite, Greek Aphrodite, Alilat, Anahit, Anahita, Anaitis, Aphrodisias, Aprodita, Argimpasa, Astarte, Biducht, Concordia, Hathor, Ishtar, Mylitta, Rati, Syrian Goddess or Turan.

Caelus

The sky personified. Consort of Tellus. Sometimes referred to as Caelus, Coelus, Coelus, Uranus, Greek Uranus, Greek Uranus, Dyaus, Ouranos, Phoenician Baal-Samin or Phoenician Baal-Samin.

Caligula

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Camenae

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Camilla

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Camise

Wife of Janus. Mother of Tiberius. Other versions give Jana as the wife of Janus. Known as Camise.

Campestres

Celtic guardian spirits of military matters. Occasionally known as Campestres.

Campus Martius

The training ground, near Rome, for young soldiers, devotees of Mars. Also called Campus Martius, Field of Mars or Field of Mars.

Candamius

A sky-god in Spain. Also referred to as Candamius.

Candelifera

A goddess of birth. Occasionally called Candelifera.

Canens

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Canidia

A witch who cast spells using wax dolls. Occasionally referred to as Canidia.

Capetus

A king of Alba Longa. Father of Tiberinus, some say. On occassion, referred to as Capetus.

Capitol

The temple of Jupiter. In some references, known as Capitol.

Capys

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Car

A god. Some say he invented the art of augury. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Car.

Cardea

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Carmenta

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Carmentalia

A festival in honour of Carmenta, held in January. In some lore, occasionally called Carmentalia.

Carna

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Castores

The Roman name for the Dioscuri. On occassion, identified as Castores.

Catamitus

The Latin name for Ganymede. In some references, identified as Catamitus.

Celer

A lieutenant of Romulus. In some accounts it was Celer, not Romulus, who killed Remus for jumping over the wall of the new city. In some accounts, identified as Celer.

Cerealia

A festival in honour of Ceres held on 19 April. Sometimes identified as Cerealia, Ceralia, Ceralia, Ludi Cerialis or Ludi Cerialis.

Ceres

Goddess of agriculture and corn. Daughter of Saturn and Ops. A consort of Jupiter. Mother of Proserpina. Occasionally known as Ceres, Cybele, Cybele, Agdistis, Cybebe, Cybelle, Idaea, Kubele, Kybebe, Kybele, Lion-and-bee Goddess, Maia, Great Mother, Meter Dindymene, White Goddess, Gaulish Berecynthia, Greek Demeter, Idaea, Idaean Mother, Rhea, Roman Bona Dea, Magna Mater, Maia, Mater Turrita, Ops, Sumerian Inanna or Syrian Kubaba.

Charun

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Cileus

An Etruscan deity. In some lore, occasionally called Cileus.

Cincinnatus

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Cinxia

A goddess of marriage, later. Assimilated into Juno. Sometimes known as Cinxia, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Lucina, Opigina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera or Ilithyia.

Circius

A wind from the north-west quarter. Also known as Circius, Greek Thracius or Greek Thracius.

Claudia Quinta

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Clementia

A guardian-goddess of the citizen. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Clementia.

Cloacina

Goddess of sewers. A name for Venus as 'purifier'. At times, called Cloacina, Venus, Venus, Genetrix, Victrix, Appiades, Dione, Felix, Hesper, Libentina, Libitina, Queen of Love, Vesper, Victrix; Greek Aphrodite or Charis.

Cloelia

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Clusivius

A name of Janus as 'closer of gates'. At times, referred to as Clusivius, Janus, Janus, Dianus, Dionus, Ianus, Patulcius, Consuvius or Janus Bifrons.

Commodus

A 2nd C. Roman emperor. He declared himself a god (Hercules the Second) and required his subjects to worship him. Occasionally called Commodus, Hercules secundus, Hercules secundus, Hercules Secundus or Hercules Secundus.

Compitalis

A festival of the cross-roads. Sometimes called Compitalis.

Comus

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Concordia

A goddess of civic agreement, one of the 5 Appiades. Also called Concordia, Greek Aphrodite, Greek Aphrodite, Alilat, Anahit, Anahita, Anaitis, Aphrodisias, Aprodita, Argimpasa, Astarte, Biducht, Caelestis, Hathor, Ishtar, Mylitta, Rati, Syrian Goddess, Turan, Homonoia or Homonoia.

Consentes

The Roman version of Pan. Occasionally referred to as Consentes, Pan, Pan or Capricorn.

Consentes Dii

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Consualia

Festivals in honour of Consus held on 19 or 21 August and 15 December. On occassion, called Consualia.

Consus

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Consuvius

A name for Janus as 'the guardian of the beginning of human life'. In some references, known as Consuvius, Janus, Janus, Dianus, Dionus, Ianus, Patulcius, Clusivius or Janus Bifrons.

Convector

A god of grain and granaries. Also known as Convector.

Coriolanus

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Corus

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Corvus, Marcius

A military tribune. He fought a giant in single combat and was helped by a raven that flew into the face of his opponent. Occasionally called Corvus, Marcius.

Cranae

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Cuba

A guardian goddess of infants in their cots. Occasionally referred to as Cuba.

Culsu

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Cunina

A goddess of babies. Also known as Cunina.

Cupid

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Cupra

An Etruscan fertility-goddess. Occasionally known as Cupra.

Curiatii

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Curtius

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Cybele Magna Mater

The goddess Cybele as 'great mother' in the Roman pantheon. Known as Cybele Magna Mater.

Damatar

An Italic corn goddess. Also identified as Damatar, Greek Demeter, Greek Demeter, Ceres, Cybele or Dea Dia.

Damocles

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Daunus

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Dea Caelistis

A goddess. In some lore, occasionally identified as Dea Caelistis, British Briganta or British Briganta.

Dea Dia

An ancient corn goddess. Sometimes known as Dea Dia, Demeter, Demeter, Amphictyonis, Da-Meter, Damater, Deo, Doso, Good Goddess, Grain Mother, Hermione, Isis, Mangata, Mother Da, Thesmophorus, Three Eponae, Achaiva, Black Demeter, Chloe, Da-meter, Deo, Epona, Erinys, Ga Metre, Ge Metre Gemeter, Hermione, Mother Earth, Thesmorphorus, White Goddess, Egyptian Isis, Italic Damatar, Phrygian Cybele, Roman Ceres, Greek Demeter, Greek Demeter, Ceres, Cybele or Damatar.

Dea Quartana

A goddess of fever. Daughter of Febris. Sister of Dea Tertiana. Referred to as Dea Quartana.

Dea Tertiana

A goddess of fever. Daughter of Febris. Sister of Dea Quartana. In some lore, occasionally called Dea Tertiana.

Decuma

A goddess of birth. One of the 3 Parcae. Occasionally referred to as Decuma, Decima or Decima.

Deipara

Mother of god: god-bearing. In some references, referred to as Deipara, Greek Theotikos or Greek Theotikos.

Demaratus

A Greek who emigrated to northern Italy. Father of Lucumo. Also known as Demaratus.

Dercetius

A Spanish mountain god. Sometimes identified as Dercetius.

deus

The Latin word for god. Sometimes called deus, Greek Theos or Greek Theos.

Deverra

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Di Indigetes

Heroes who were deified at death. At times, identified as Di Indigetes.

Di Mauri

The gods of the North African Moors. In some references, referred to as Di Mauri.

Di patrii

Ancestral gods: traditional gods. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Di patrii.

Di Superi

Gods of the sky. On occassion, called Di Superi, Greek Uranian Deities or Greek Uranian Deities.

Diana

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Diana of Ephesus

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Dione

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Diovis-pater

An early name for Jupiter. At times, known as Diovis-pater, Diovis or Diovis.

Dirae

The Roman version of the Furies. Also identified as Dirae, Furiae, Furiae or Furies.

Dis

The Etruscan god of the dead: the underworld itself. At times, referred to as Dis, Orcus, Orcus, Dis, Dis Pater, Hades, Horcos, Horkos, Mors, Thanatos, Greek Hades or Phorcis.

Dis Pater

A Celtic god of the underworld in Gaul. Occasionally referred to as Dis Pater, Dispater, Dispater, Dives, Dives, Donn, Donn, sacred plants, sacred plants, sacred trees, tree-worship, Asclepius Phrygeus Muslims, Romans Dionysus Mercury Kojin Apollo Ceres and Demeter Dis Pater, Hades Artemis Egypt Dionysus, Pacific Islands Romulus Cybele Hestia Dionysus Dionysus Apollo Hera Buddha, Egypt Hades Aphrodite, Venus Demeter, Hades Egypt Baal, Jupiter, Melkarth, Thor, Zeus Athena Hermes Mexico Confucius, Dionysus Dionysus Heracles Demeter, Hades Japan Buddhism Japan Egypt Sweden Dionysus Mithra Greece, tree worship, Wealthy Father, Wealthy Father, Divs, Divs, Greek Hades, Greek Hades, Orcus, Pluto, She'ol, Yama, Yama-Raja, Pluto, Pluto or Thanatos.

Disciplina

A minor goddess. On occassion, known as Disciplina.

Discordia

The goddess of mischief. She was the owner of a ring that conferred invisibility on the wearer. Also known as Discordia, Greek Eris or Greek Eris.

Domiduca

A name for Juno as 'guardian goddess of babies when out of their. Parents. Sight'. Also known as Domiduca, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Lucina, Opigina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera or Ilithyia.

Dominae

A Celtic river-goddess of the Loire. On occassion, referred to as Dominae.

Drusilla

Daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina. Sister of Caligula. She is said to have committed incest with Caligula who deified her on her death. On occassion, identified as Drusilla.

Duillae

Spanish fertility goddesses. On occassion, referred to as Duillae.

Edusha

A god of children. In some accounts, referred to as Edusha.

Egeria

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Elagabalus

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Enariae

Dog-priests. Sometimes called Enariae.

Endouellicus

A Portuguese god of healing. In some lore, occasionally called Endouellicus.

Epona

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Equina

A festival in honour of Mars. At times, identified as Equina.

Equus October

A festival in honour of Mars held on October 15th. Sometimes called Equus October, Ecus October or Ecus October.

Erichtho

A sorceress. Soon after Virgil died, Erichtho sent him to the underworld to retrieve a soul. Sometimes referred to as Erichtho.

Evan

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Fabulinus

God whose job it was to teach children to speak. Also known as Fabulinus, Vagitanus, Vagitanus, Vagtanus or Vagtanus.

Fama

The 100-tongued goddess of rumour. In some accounts, identified as Fama, Greek Pheme or Greek Pheme.

Fascinius

A fertility-god. At times, called Fascinius.

Fasti

A story by Ovid including an account of the rape of Lucretia. In some references, called Fasti.

Fata Scribendi

A goddess (or goddesses) who wrote. Out the fate of each child at birth. In some accounts, they are the same as the Fates. Referred to as Fata Scribendi.

Fatae Devones

Goddesses of the oak wood. Also referred to as Fatae Devones, Matronae Devones or Matronae Devones.

Fatus

A god of personal destiny. On occassion, identified as Fatus.

faun

Part man, part goat: a woodland. Spirit: a descendant of Faunus. Also called faun, Faunus, Faunus, Fatu(cl)us, Faun, Incubo, In(n)uus, Lupercus, Silvan, plurFauni, Greek Pan or Faunus.

Fauna

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Faunus

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Faustulus

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Favonius

The west wind personified. Consort of Flora, some say. In some accounts, identified as Favonius, Greek Zephyr or Greek Zephyr.

Feast of Anna Perenna

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Febris

A goddess of fevers. Mother of Dea Quartana and Dea. Tertiana. Sometimes known as Febris, Quartana, Quartana, Tertiana or Tertiana.

Februs

The god of the dead. In some lore, occasionally identified as Februs, Etruscan Dis, Etruscan Dis, Greek Pluto, Greek Pluto or Dis.

Felicitas

The goddess of good luck. Identified as Felicitas, Fortuna, Fortuna, Primagenia, Greek Tyche or Italian Fors (Fortuna).

Felix

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Feralia

The final festival of the dead, held in February. Also known as Feralia.

Feronia

An Etruscan fertility-goddess and goddess of fire. In some accounts, known as Feronia.

Fessonia

A goddess helping the needy. Also referred to as Fessonia.

Festus

A festival held in honour of Mercury, held on May 15th. Occasionally called Festus.

Fides

A goddess, fidelity personified. She wore only a white veil. On occassion, called Fides.

Fidius

A name for Jupiter as god of good. Faith and contracts. Called Fidius, Deus Fides, Deus Fides, Fides, Fides Publica, Dius Fidius, Dius Fidius, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon, Greek Zeus, Deus (Publica) Fides, Deus (Publica) Fides, Greek Zeus Pistios, Greek Zeus Pistios, Sancus, Sabine Sancus or Sabine Sancus.

flamen

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flamen Ceralia

A priest of Ceres. On occassion, identified as flamen Ceralia.

flamen Dialis

A priest of Jupiter. In some references, known as flamen Dialis.

flamen Florialis

A priest of Flora. Referred to as flamen Florialis.

flamen Furrinalis

A priest of Furrina. In some references, identified as flamen Furrinalis.

flamen Martialis

A priest of Mars. In some references, referred to as flamen Martialis.

flamen Pomonatis

A priest of Pomona. Also known as flamen Pomonatis.

flamen Portumnatis

A priest of Portumnus. Known as flamen Portumnatis.

flamen Quirinalis

A priest of Quirinus. Also commonly identified as flamen Quirinalis.

flamen Vulcanatis

A priest of Vulcanus. Occasionally called flamen Vulcanatis.

flaminica

The wife of a flamen. In some references, known as flaminica.

flaminica Dialis

Wife of the flamen Dialis who helped. Her husband in his priestly duties. Also known as flaminica Dialis.

flaminium

The office of a flamen. Also referred to as flaminium.

Flora

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Floralia

A festival in honour of Flora held in April/May. In some references, identified as Floralia.

Fons

A god of springs. Son of Faunus and Juturna. Occasionally known as Fons, Fontus or Fontus.

Fontinalia

A festival in honour of the god Fons, which involves the dressing of fountains and springs, held on October 13th. Also known as Fontinalia.

Fordicidia

A festival in honour of Tellus held on April 15th at which a cow and a calf. Were sacrificed. Identified as Fordicidia.

Fornacalia

An ancient festival in honour of Fornax or Vulcanus, deities of furnaces or ovens. Occasionally identified as Fornacalia.

Fornax

A guardian goddess of ovens and baking. An aspect of Vesta. Occasionally known as Fornax, Vesta, Vesta or Greek Hestia.

Fortuna

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Fortuna Virginensis

The goddess Fortuna as guardian of newly-married women. In some references, called Fortuna Virginensis.

Fortuna Virilis

The goddess Fortuna acting to preserve. The beauty of women so that they. Retained the favour of their husbands. Sometimes identified as Fortuna Virilis.

Frugifer

A name for Baal-Hammon. As 'fruit-bearer'. Occasionally known as Frugifer.

Fulgans

A name of Jupiter as 'lightning-wielder'. Occasionally known as Fulgans, Fulgar, Fulgar or Jupiter.

fulgur

The thunderbolt of Jupiter. Also identified as fulgur.

Fulguriator

A priest whose function was to interpret the meaning of thunderbolts. Occasionally known as Fulguriator.

Furrina

A minor goddess. Some identify her with the Furies, others as a spirit of darkness. Also called Furrina, Furina or Furina.

Furrinalia

A festival in honour of Furrina, July 25th. Also commonly referred to as Furrinalia.

Gelasinus

A god of laughter. Also called Gelasinus.

Genealogiae

A collection of myths by Hyginus. Sometimes referred to as Genealogiae, Fabulae or Fabulae.

genius

A guardian spirit of the individual man, often in the form of a winged youth. Also commonly identified as genius, femalejuno, femalejuno, plurgenii, plurgenii, Greek daimon or Greek daimon.

genius Cuaillatus

An attendant (sometimes 3) on the Mother Goddess. At times, called genius Cuaillatus, plurgenii Cuaillati or plurgenii Cuaillati.

genius loci

The guardian spirit of a place, often in the form of a serpent. Occasionally known as genius loci.

Germanicus

A Roman general. Husband of Agrippina. Father of Agrippina, Caligula and Drusilla. Also referred to as Germanicus.

Gradivus

A name for Mars as leader of the Roman forces in battle. Occasionally known as Gradivus, Mars, Mars, Ares, Mamers, Marmar, Mavors, Pyrois, sacred birds, Viticus, Father Mars, Loucetius, Ma(r)spiter, Pyrois, Quirinus, Rigonometis, Silvan, Ultor, Egyptian Anhur, Etruscan Maris, Greek Ares or Vitricos.

Gratiae

The Roman version of the Graces. At times, called Gratiae.

Gravidus

A name of Mars as leader of the Roman legions in battle. Also identified as Gravidus, Greek Ares, Greek Ares, Anhur, Gradivus, Karttikeya, Maris, Mars, Nergal or Skanda.

Hamavehae

3 Celtic mother-goddesses of Germany. Also known as Hamavehae.

Hecate

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herba sacra

A plant said to have magic properties to cure sickness and avert witchcraft. Occasionally known as herba sacra, Verbenalia, Verbenalia, vervain or vervain.

Hereklo

An Italian hero. Also commonly known as Hereklo, Greek Heracles, Greek Heracles, Arsaphes, Baal Tyre, Gisdhubar, Khons, Krishna, Melkarth, Vahagn, Verethragna, Vritrahana, Roman Hercules, Roman Hercules or Heracles.

Hermus

A river-god. Sometimes identified as Hermus.

Heroides

A book of poems, addressed to the heroines of Greek and Roman myths, written by Ovid. Also commonly known as Heroides, Heroines or Heroines.

Hersilia

Wife of Romulus. She was taken up to heaven after the death of her husband and became one of the Horae. Also commonly known as Hersilia.

Hilaria

A festival celebrating the reunion of Attis and Cybele. On occassion, called Hilaria.

Honus

A god (or goddess in some accounts) of military honours. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Honus, Honos or Honos.

Hora

A goddess. Consort of Quirinus. Sometimes referred to as Hora, Hora Quirini or Hora Quirini.

Horatia

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Horatii

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Horatius

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Horta

An Etruscan goddess of agriculture. Also referred to as Horta.

Hostia

An Etruscan goddess. Occasionally known as Hostia.

household gods

Gods of the family, lares and penates. On occassion, known as household gods.

Hula

An early Italian vegetation deity. At times, called Hula.

Hulus

An early Italian vegetation deity. Occasionally called Hulus, Hula, Hula, Hula or Hula.

Hyginus

A 1st C. Mythographer. He was a former Spanish slave who wrote a handbook of mythology, Genealogiae or Fabulae. On occassion, known as Hyginus.

Icauna

A Celtic river-goddess in Gaul. Also commonly identified as Icauna.

Icilius

A man betrothed to Verginia. Sometimes identified as Icilius.

Ifru

A North African god. Occasionally known as Ifru.

Iguvine Tablets

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Ilithyia-Leucothea

An Etruscan fertility-goddess. Sometimes referred to as Ilithyia-Leucothea.

Imperator

A name for Jupiter as 'supreme leader'. Occasionally known as Imperator, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Imporcitor

A god of agriculture. Occasionally identified as Imporcitor.

Incitatus

The horse of Caligula. The emperor appointed this animal to be a consul and priest. Also called Incitatus.

Indiges

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Inferi

Gods and inhabitants of the underworld. Also referred to as Inferi, Superi or Superi.

inferiae

Offerings to the spirits of the dead. Occasionally known as inferiae.

inferni

Spirits of the departed. Sometimes known as inferni.

infernus

Hell. At times, identified as infernus.

Innuus

A fertility-god, god of shepherds. In some accounts, he is equated with Faunus as 'fertiliser'. Also commonly called Innuus, Inuus or Inuus.

Intercidona

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Invictus

A name of Jupiter as 'invincible'. At times, identified as Invictus, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Invidia

A god of envy. On occassion, referred to as Invidia, Greek Phthonus or Greek Phthonus.

Iterduca

A goddess of brides. Her function was to introduce a bride to her new home. She was later assimilated into Juno. Also called Iterduca, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Jugalia, Lucina, Opigina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera or Ilithyia.

Iulus

King of Latium. Son of Ascanius. Brother of Silvius. He was forced from the throne and banished by Silvius. In some accounts, called Iulus, Ascanius, Ascanius, Askaneios, Ilus, Iulus or Ilus.

Jana

Wife of Janus. Some versions identify Jana with Diana. Sometimes referred to as Jana, Diana, Diana, Albunea, Dian, Diane, Albunea, Dian(e), Dione, Lucina, Czech Devana, Greek Artemis, Polish Dziewona, Serbian Dilwica or Hecate.

januae

Cakes forming part of offerings to the god Janus. Also identified as januae.

Janus

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Janus Bifrons`

A name for Janus as two-faced. In some lore, occasionally known as Janus Bifrons`.

Janus Quadrifrons

A four-headed version of Janus. In some lore, occasionally known as Janus Quadrifrons.

Juno

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juno

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Juno Capritona

A title of Juno used at the festival of Nonae Capritonae. Also commonly known as Juno Capritona.

Juno Covella

A name used to address Juno at new. Moon ceremonies. Also commonly called Juno Covella.

Juno Curitis

A name for Juno as a war-goddess and guardian of cities. In some lore, occasionally called Juno Curitis, Juno Quiritis, Juno Quiritis or Juno Cuiritis.

Juno Lucina

A name of Juno as the goddess of childbirth who caused the child to see. Occasionally called Juno Lucina, Lucina, Lucina, Diana, Ilithyia, Juno, Diana or Greek Ilithyia.

Juno Moneta

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Juno Natalis

A name of Juno as patron of birthdays. Identified as Juno Natalis.

Juno Pronuba

A name of Juno as guardian of marriages. Also known as Juno Pronuba.

Juno Regina

A name of Juno as queen of goddesses. In some accounts, called Juno Regina.

Juno Sororia

Juno as the guardian goddess of girls. At the age of puberty. Also called Juno Sororia.

Juno Sospita

Juno as the guardian of women in danger, later of the state. Sometimes identified as Juno Sospita.

Juno Virginensis

A name for Juno as guardian of maidens, Chastity. Occasionally known as Juno Virginensis.

Junones

Protective goddesses. Also commonly called Junones, juno, juno, ionones, iuno, plurionones, junones or malegenius.

Junonian bird

The peacock. In some lore, occasionally known as Junonian bird, peacock or peacock.

Jupiter

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Jupiter Ammon

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Jupiter Capitolinus

A name for Jupiter as protector of Rome. Occasionally referred to as Jupiter Capitolinus, Jupiter Tarpeius or Jupiter Tarpeius.

Jupiter Dolichenus

A name of Jupiter taking the place of the Hittite god, Taru, in the Syrian empire. Sometimes known as Jupiter Dolichenus.

Jupiter Feretrius

Jupiter as the god of the sacred oak. On occassion, called Jupiter Feretrius.

Jupiter Fidius

A name for Jupiter as guardian of the land. Referred to as Jupiter Fidius.

Jupiter Fulgurator

A name of Jupiter as god of lightning. In some lore, occasionally called Jupiter Fulgurator, Jupiter Elicius, Jupiter Elicius, Jupiter Fulminator or Jupiter Fulminator.

Jupiter Imperator

A name for Jupiter as ruler. Sometimes identified as Jupiter Imperator.

Jupiter Invictus

A name for Jupiter as unconquerable. In some accounts, identified as Jupiter Invictus.

Jupiter Latiaris

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Jupiter Lucerius

Jupiter as one who lives in the shiny heaven. Sometimes identified as Jupiter Lucerius, Jupiter Lucesius or Jupiter Lucesius.

Jupiter Opikulus

A name for Jupiter as helper. In some references, known as Jupiter Opikulus.

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Jupiter as the all-powerful guardian of Rome. Occasionally known as Jupiter Optimus Maximus.

Jupiter Pluvialis

A name for Jupiter as god of rain. Known as Jupiter Pluvialis, Pluvius, Pluvius or Jupiter.

Jupiter Praedator

Jupiter as one who takes and gives booty. Also called Jupiter Praedator.

Jupiter Serenator

Jupiter as god of calm skies. Occasionally known as Jupiter Serenator.

Jupiter Stator

Jupiter as the god of battle. In this role, Jupiter prevented combatants from deserting their fellows. In some references, identified as Jupiter Stator, 'supporter' or 'supporter'.

Jupiter Terminus

Jupiter as a god of boundaries. In some lore, occasionally identified as Jupiter Terminus.

Jupiter Tonans

Jupiter as a god of thunder. Sometimes known as Jupiter Tonans, Tonitrualis or Tonitrualis.

Jupiter Triumphator

Jupiter as the giver of victory. Identified as Jupiter Triumphator.

Jupiter Victor

Jupiter as conqueror. Also identified as Jupiter Victor.

Justitia

A goddess, justice personified. She is depicted blindfolded and holding the scales of justice. Also referred to as Justitia, Augusta, Augusta, Dike, Dike, Dice, Roman Augusta, Iustitia, Iustitia, Greek Dike or Greek Dike.

Juturna

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Juturnalia

A festival, held on January 11th, in honour of Juturna. In some accounts, referred to as Juturnalia.

Juventas

Goddess of youth. Cupbearer to the gods. Occasionally referred to as Juventas, Iuventas, Iuventas, Juventus, Juventus, Greek Hebe, Greek Hebe or Varuni.

Karnos

An ancient god assimilated to Apollo. Also called Karnos, Karneios or Karneios.

King of Saturnalia

A man impersonating the god Saturn. After five days in office, the incumbent was killed. Also known as King of Saturnalia, Abbot of Unreason, Abbot of Unreason or King of Unreason.

King of the Wood

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Lactantius

A 2nd or 3rd C. Writer, generally regarded as the author of the poem Phoenix. Also referred to as Lactantius.

Lactanus

A god of agriculture. Also known as Lactanus, Lactans or Lactans.

lamb

The animal of Juno. At times, referred to as lamb.

Lapis Manalis

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Lar

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Lar Familiaris

A household god, a guardian spirit of an ancestor of the family. Sometimes identified as Lar Familiaris.

Lara

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Larentalia

The feast of the dead in honour of Acca Larentia, 23rd December. Occasionally identified as Larentalia.

Lares

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Lares praestiles

Guardian gods of the state. Sometimes known as Lares praestiles.

Lares viales

Guardian gods of the cross-roads. On occassion, called Lares viales.

Lars Porsena

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Larunda

A minor goddess of the Sabines. In some accounts, she is identified with Lara. Sometimes referred to as Larunda, Lara, Lara, Mania or 'babbler'.

larva

An evil spirit: a form of Lemur. Called larva, larvae, larvae, lemur, lemur, lemures, plurlemures, Greek lamyroi, lares, plurallarvae or plurallarvae.

Lasae

Minor Etruscan female deities or supernatural beings. In some references, referred to as Lasae.

Latinus

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Latona

A mother-goddess and moon-goddess. Mother of Apollo and Diana by Jupiter. Also referred to as Latona, Greek Leto, Greek Leto or Edjo.

lectisternium

A meal for the gods. Also commonly referred to as lectisternium, Greek theoxenia or Greek theoxenia.

lemur

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Lemuria

A festival commemorating the dead, May 9-15th. Sometimes known as Lemuria.

Leucetios

A Celtic thunder-god in Gaul. Also called Leucetios.

Levana

A tutelary goddess of new-born. Babies. Called Levana.

Liber

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Libera

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Liberalia

A festival in honour of Liber held on March 17th. Referred to as Liberalia.

Liberalitas

A god of generosity. Sometimes referred to as Liberalitas.

Libertas

A goddess of personal liberty. In some accounts, referred to as Libertas.

Libertina

A name for Venus as the goddess of sensual pleasures. Sometimes referred to as Libertina, Libitina, Libitina, Venus or Greek Persephone.

Libitina

A goddess of funerals and the underworld, death personified. An aspect of Venus. In some references, referred to as Libitina, Libertina, Libertina, Venus, Venus, Genetrix, Victrix, Appiades, Cloacina, Dione, Felix, Hesper, Libentina, Queen of Love, Vesper, Victrix; Greek Aphrodite, Charis, Greek Persephone or Greek Persephone.

Licinia

A vestal virgin. She was condemned to death for incest. Also called Licinia.

lily

The flower of Juno. Occasionally identified as lily.

lituus

An augur's staff. This staff, hooked at one end, was used to mark out the area to be used for divination. On occassion, identified as lituus.

Losna

An Etruscan moon-goddess. Identified as Losna.

Lua

An ancient Italian goddess of destruction. The first consort of Saturn. Sometimes identified as Lua, Lua Mater, Lua Mater, Lua Saturni or Lua Saturni.

Lucifer

Venus as the morning star. In some references, known as Lucifer, Light-bearer, Light-bearer or Lucifer.

Lucina

The goddess of childbirth, hunting, and marriage. An aspect of Diana or Juno. Referred to as Lucina, Diana, Diana, Albunea, Dian, Diane, Albunea, Dian(e), Dione, Jana, Czech Devana, Greek Artemis, Polish Dziewona, Serbian Dilwica, Hecate, Ilithyia, Ilithyia, Eileithyia, Eilithieia, Eilithua, Eilithyia, Eleuthia, Ilythia, Juno, Eil(e)ithyia, Eil(e)itheia, Eleuthyra, Cretan Eleuthea, Egyptian Nekhbet, Roman Juno, Ilithyiae, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Opigina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera, Greek Ilithyia, Greek Ilithyia, Juno Lucina or Juno Lucina.

Lucius Hiberius

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Lucretia

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Lucretius

Father of Lucretia. At times, called Lucretius.

Lucumo

An Etruscan. Son of Demaratus. He became the fifth king of Rome as Tarquinius Priscus. In some references, identified as Lucumo, Tarquinius Priscus, Tarquinius Priscus, Lucius Tarquinius or Tarquin.

Ludi Apollinares

Games in honour of Apollo. In some accounts, identified as Ludi Apollinares.

Ludi Capitolini

Games in honour of Jupiter, held in October. Also commonly identified as Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Magni, Ludi Magni, Ludi Maximi, Ludi Plebei, Ludi Romani or Ludi Capitalini.

Ludi Cerialis

Games in honour of Ceres. Known as Ludi Cerialis, Cerealia, Cerealia or Ceralia.

Ludi Florialis

Games in honour of Flora. Identified as Ludi Florialis.

Ludi Magni

Games in honour of Jupiter. On occassion, called Ludi Magni, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Plebei, Ludi Romani, Ludi Maximi, Ludi Maximi, Ludi Capitalini or Ludi Capitalini.

Ludi Megalenses

Games in honour of Cybele. Known as Ludi Megalenses.

Ludi Plebei

Games in honour of Jupiter, held in November. Occasionally referred to as Ludi Plebei, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Magni, Ludi Romani, Ludi Capitalini or Ludi Capitalini.

Ludi Romani

Games in honour of Jupiter, held in September. In some references, referred to as Ludi Romani, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Magni, Ludi Plebei, Ludi Capitalini or Ludi Capitalini.

Luna

A moon-goddess. Also known as Luna, Greek Phoebe, Greek Phoebe, Selene, Selene, Artemis, Chromia, Hera, Io, Mene, Pasiphae, Phoebe, Selena, Asterodia, Phoebe, Seline or Roman Luna.

Lupercalia

A festival honouring Faunus, Lupercus or the wolf that suckled Romulus and Remus, held on February 15th. Also referred to as Lupercalia.

Lupercii

The young men or priests who took. Part in the rites of the Lupercalia. Sometimes called Lupercii.

Lupercus

An ancient Italian god of fertility, flocks and wolves. In some accounts, he is equated with Faunus. Called Lupercus, Faunus, Faunus, Fatu(cl)us, Faun, Incubo, In(n)uus, Silvan, plurFauni, Greek Pan, Faunus, Pan, Pan, Feeder, Herdsman, 'all', Capricorn, Goat-god, Goat-Pan, Nomius, Pasturer, Shepherd God, plurpanes, Roman Consentes or Evander.

lustrum

A sacrificial rite of purification held. Every 5 years. Also referred to as lustrum.

Lybica

A sibyl. Sometimes identified as Lybica.

Lympha

A nature-goddess. Sometimes called Lympha.

Magna Mater

A mother-goddess. This deity is represented in Rome by a black meteoric stone. At times, referred to as Magna Mater, Cybele, Cybele, Agdistis, Cybebe, Cybelle, Idaea, Kubele, Kybebe, Kybele, Lion-and-bee Goddess, Maia, Great Mother, Meter Dindymene, White Goddess, Gaulish Berecynthia, Greek Demeter, Idaea, Idaean Mother, Rhea, Roman Bona Dea, Ceres, Maia, Mater Turrita, Ops, Sumerian Inanna, Syrian Kubaba, Phrygian Cybele, Phrygian Cybele, Anat, Aphrodite, Astarte, Bona Dea, Demeter, Inanna, Kubaba, Rhea, Greek Rhea, Greek Rhea or Ops.

majores

Senior flamines chosen from the patricians. Also identified as majores.

Maligernii

Evil spirits. Referred to as Maligernii.

Mamercus

Son of Numa Pompilius. Brother of Pinis and Pompo. Occasionally referred to as Mamercus.

Mamurius Veturius

The celestial smith who made copies of the ancile. Referred to as Mamurius Veturius, ancile, ancile, ancilia or plurancilia.

Mandrabue

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Manes

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Mania

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Manlius

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Mantus

One of the Etruscan guardians of hell. Consort of Mania. At times, referred to as Mantus, Mantrns or Mantrns.

Marcii

Early oracular prophets. In some accounts, there was only one such prophet, Marcius. In some accounts, referred to as Marcii, Marcius or Marcius.

Maris

An Etruscan war-god. Also commonly known as Maris, Greek Ares, Greek Ares, Anhur, Gradivus, Gravidus, Karttikeya, Mars, Nergal, Skanda, Roman Mars, Roman Mars, Belatucadros, Camulos, Camulos, Cariociecus, Nergal or Tyr.

Mars

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Mars Gradivus

Mars as the patron of the Campus Martius. Also commonly called Mars Gradivus.

Mars Loucetius

A name for Mars as 'brilliant'. Sometimes called Mars Loucetius, Loucetius, Loucetius or Mars.

Mars Quirinus

A name for Mars as protector of the state. Occasionally known as Mars Quirinus.

Mars Rigonometis

A name for Mars as king of the sacred grove. In some references, known as Mars Rigonometis, Rigonometis, Rigonometis or Mars.

Mars Ultor

A name for Mars as 'avenger of Caesar'. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Mars Ultor, Ultor, Ultor or Mars.

Marspiter

A name for Mars as Father Mars. At times, called Marspiter, Maspiter or Maspiter.

Mastarna

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Mastralia

A festival in honour of Mater Matuta, April 11th. In some accounts, referred to as Mastralia.

Mater Matuta

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Mater Turrita

An earth-goddess, goddess of fertility. Her attendants were the noisy Corybantes. At times, called Mater Turrita, Cybele, Cybele, Agdistis, Cybebe, Cybelle, Idaea, Kubele, Kybebe, Kybele, Lion-and-bee Goddess, Maia, Great Mother, Meter Dindymene, White Goddess, Gaulish Berecynthia, Greek Demeter, Idaea, Idaean Mother, Rhea, Roman Bona Dea, Ceres, Magna Mater, Maia, Ops, Sumerian Inanna, Syrian Kubaba, Rhea, Rhea, Adrastea, Rheia, Rheie, Phrygian Cybele, Roman Magna Mater, Greek Rhea, Greek Rhea or Ops.

Matralia

A festival in honour of Mater Matuta. Held on June 11th. Also commonly identified as Matralia.

Matres

Celtic mother-goddesses, goddesses of the household. Also commonly called Matres, Deae Matres, Deae Matres, Matrae, Matrae, Matronae, Matronae, Mothers, Mothers, The Mothers, The Mothers, Welsh Mamau or Welsh Mamau.

Matronalia

A festival in honour of Juno Lucina. Held on March 1st. Identified as Matronalia.

Mean

An Etruscan deity. Occasionally referred to as Mean.

Medea

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Meditrina

A goddess of healing. Referred to as Meditrina.

Meditrinalia

A festival in honour of Jupiter and Meditrina. Also identified as Meditrinalia.

Mefitis

An Italian goddess of sulphurous. Vapours. Also commonly called Mefitis.

Mellonia

A bee-goddess. Occasionally known as Mellonia.

Mens

A goddess, right thinking personified. On occassion, identified as Mens, Mens Bona or Mens Bona.

Mercuralia

A festival in honour of Mercury held in May. In some lore, occasionally called Mercuralia.

Mercury

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Messor

A god of agriculture. At times, identified as Messor.

Metabus

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Metamorphoses

Tales from Greek mythology by Ovid. In some references, known as Metamorphoses, Golden Ass, The or Golden Ass, The.

Meticus

A charioteer to Aeneas in Italy. In some accounts, called Meticus.

Mettius Fuffetius

A king of Alba Longa. When he deserted the side of Tullius Hostilius, his superior king, Tullius had him torn apart between two chariots. Known as Mettius Fuffetius.

Minerva

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Minervalia

Festivals in honour of Minerva. Occasionally known as Minervalia.

minores

Junior flamines chosen from plebeians. In some lore, occasionally identified as minores.

Mithraeum

A temple dedicated to Mithra in which bulls were sacrificed. Occasionally called Mithraeum.

Mithras

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Mlacuch

An Etruscan deity. Also known as Mlacuch.

Moccus

A Celtic swine-god in Gaul. Also known as Moccus, Moccos or Moccos.

Mogounos

A Celtic sun-god in France. At times, referred to as Mogounos, Mogons or Mogons.

Moneta

A goddess of prosperity, an aspect of Juno. She appeared in the form of a hen. On occassion, known as Moneta, African Aje or African Aje.

mormos

Blood-sucking monsters. Identified as mormos.

Mors

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Morta

One of the 3 Fates, the Parcae. Also known as Morta, Etruscan Culsu, Etruscan Culsu, Greek Atropos, Greek Atropos or Culsu.

Mulciber

A name for Vulcan as 'melter'. Occasionally identified as Mulciber, Vulcan, Vulcan, Hephaestus, Kalvaistis, Volcanus, Volkanus, Vulcanus, Quietus, Velchanos, Etruscan Sethlans or Greek Hephaestus.

mundus

A pit in Rome which was said to lead to the underworld: a pit into which the first fruits are placed as offerings. Occasionally called mundus.

Mutinus

A fertility-god. Women made offerings to this deity in the hope of bearing children. Also referred to as Mutinus, Mutunus, Mutunus, Mutunus Tutunus, Mutunus Tutunus, Mutunus (Tutunus), Mutunus (Tutunus), Egyptian Min, Egyptian Min, Priapus, Greek Priapus, Greek Priapus or Min.

Navius

A prophet. When challenged by Tarquinius Priscus, he cut a whetstone in half with a razor. Also commonly identified as Navius.

Necessitas

A goddess of destiny. In some references, referred to as Necessitas, Greek Ananke or Greek Ananke.

Nemausicae

3 Celtic mother-goddesses of Nimes. Sometimes identified as Nemausicae.

Nemetona

A Celtic deity in Britain, a goddess of groves in Gaul, a war-god(dess). At times, identified as Nemetona, nemeton, nemeton, neimed, nemed or nemetona.

Nemi wood

A sacred grove. In the fertility rite symbolising death and resurrection, the old kingpriest was killed in this grove by his young successor. Occasionally known as Nemi wood.

Nemoralia

A festival in honour of Diana, celebrated on August 13th. In some accounts, referred to as Nemoralia, Grove Festival or Grove Festival.

Neptunalia

A festival in honour of Neptune, June 23rd. In some references, identified as Neptunalia.

Neptune

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Nerio

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Niskae

Celtic spirits of rivers and wells in Gaul: mother-goddesses. At times, referred to as Niskae, Niskai or Niskai.

Nodotus

A Celtic god of cereals. Occasionally called Nodotus.

Nona

One of the 3 Fates. She was originally regarded as a goddess of birth. Also called Nona.

Nonae Capritonae

A festival in honour of Juno, held on July 7th. Referred to as Nonae Capritonae, Nones of the Wild Fig or Nones of the Wild Fig.

Novensides

A group of 9 Etruscan deities. Also commonly referred to as Novensides, Nouensides, Nouensides, Nouensiles, Nouensiles, Novensiles or Novensiles.

Nox

A goddess of night. In some accounts, identified as Nox, Greek Nyx or Greek Nyx.

Numa Pompilius

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Numina

The early Roman abstract deities. In some lore, occasionally called Numina.

Numitor

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Obarator

A god of agriculture. Also commonly referred to as Obarator.

Occator

A god of agriculture. Occasionally called Occator.

Ocelus

A Celtic god of healing. In some lore, occasionally called Ocelus.

Ocresia

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October Horse Festival

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Opalia

A festival held in honour of Ops on December 19th. Occasionally called Opalia.

Ophiucus

A god of healing. Sometimes referred to as Ophiucus, Greek Asclepius, Greek Asclepius, Eshmun or Imhotep.

Opiconsivia

A festival in honour of Ops, August 25th. Sometimes identified as Opiconsivia.

Opigina

A goddess of childbirth. Her function was to help the mother bring forth her child. She was later assimilated into Juno. In some accounts, referred to as Opigina, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Lucina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera or Ilithyia.

Ops

The goddess of the harvest, plenty and wealth. Wife of Consus. Second wife of Saturn. Mother of Jupiter and Neptune. Known as Ops, Cybele, Cybele, Agdistis, Cybebe, Cybelle, Idaea, Kubele, Kybebe, Kybele, Lion-and-bee Goddess, Maia, Great Mother, Meter Dindymene, White Goddess, Gaulish Berecynthia, Greek Demeter, Idaea, Idaean Mother, Rhea, Roman Bona Dea, Ceres, Magna Mater, Maia, Mater Turrita, Sumerian Inanna, Syrian Kubaba, Eire, Eire, Ama, Anith, Anu, Aonach, Eadna, Eirean, Eirin, Eoghana, Eri, Erin, Eriu, Iath, Ith, Momo, Mumham, Nannam, Nanu, Ops, Sibhol, Ama, Anan, Anu, EireanEoghana, Eri(u), I(a)th, Momo, Nannan, Sibhd, Tlachtga, Eri, Rhea, Rhea, Adrastea, Rheia, Rheie, Phrygian Cybele, Roman Magna Mater, sacred birds, sacred birds, birds, Ainu Ahura Mazda, Amaterasu, Apollo, Athena, Helius, Hermes, Mercury, Mithra, Nyx, Tammuz, Zas Arawn, Artemis, China, Fukurokuju, Kwannon, Lares, Mannanan, Perseus, Shou Shen, Thoth Apollo, Asclepius, Angerbode Brac, Cronus, Odin, Saturn, Yama Juno Aphrodite, Astarte Ararjatis, Ataragatis, Hachiman, Venus Dusara, Jupiter Egypt Apollo, Baba, Brahma, Dionysus, Egypt, Eros, Epona, Hera, Horus, Iris, Juno, Kaltesh, Mars, Osiris, Seb, Thoth, Vishnu Isis Apollo, Here, Tethys Zoastrianism Asclepius, Inara Ketu, Minerva Brahma, Lakshmi, Sarasvati Apollo, Melkarth Asclepius, Noah, Odin Saturn Aphrodite, Venus Hera, Sweden Aphrodite, Isis Aphrodite, Venus Aztecs, Maya Apollo, Ares Heracles, Isis, Izanagi or Izanami Ares Triptolemus Amaterasu.

Orcus

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Ovid

A 1st C BC. Poet. He was the author of Amores, Fasti, Heroides, Medea, Metamorphoses, etc. Also known as Ovid, Naso, Naso, Publius Ovidius Naso, Publius Ovidius Naso, (Publius Ovidius) Naso or (Publius Ovidius) Naso.

Palatia

A female deity of the north pole. On occassion, known as Palatia, Palanta, Palanta, Palanto, Palanto, Palato, Palato, Pala(n)to or Pala(n)to.

Palatium

A sacred hill. One of the seven hills of Rome, the Palatine. Identified as Palatium.

Pales

A god or goddess of cattle, flocks, and shepherds. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Pales.

Palilia

A festival in honour of Pales held on April 21st. Referred to as Palilia, Parilia or Parilia.

Parcae

The Fates, Decuma, Morta and Nona. Daughters of Ananke, some say. In some accounts, Parcae was originally a goddess of childbirth. Also identified as Parcae, Fates, Fates, Norns, Moirae, Greek Moirae, Greek Moirae, Fati, Norse Norns or Norse Norns.

Parentalia

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Partula

A goddess of child-birth. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Partula.

Pavor

A deity, panic personified. Also commonly referred to as Pavor.

Pax

The goddess of peace. She is depicted as a maiden with a cornucopia. Also identified as Pax, Greek Eirene or Greek Eirene.

Peace

One of the 5 Appiades. On occassion, referred to as Peace.

peacock

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Penates

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Petronius

A 1st C. Writer, author of Troiae Halosis. Sometimes called Petronius.

Phillipan

The sword of Antony, a triumvir. Occasionally known as Phillipan.

Picumnus

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Picus

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Pietas

A goddess, respect personified. Sometimes identified as Pietas.

Pilumnus

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Pinus

Son of Numa Pompilius. Brother of Mamercus and Pompo. On occassion, referred to as Pinus.

Plautus

A dramatist. He wrote some twenty comedies, including Captivi and Amphitryon. Identified as Plautus, (c, (c, Charlemagne, Mahavira, Patrick, Thomas the Rhymer, 254-184 or 254-184.

Pluto

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Plutus

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Poeninus

A Celtic mountain-god of the Alpine area. In some references, referred to as Poeninus.

Pollux

The Roman name for Polydeuces. Occasionally known as Pollux.

Pomona

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Pomonal

A place sacred to Pomona. In some references, known as Pomonal.

Pomonus

An early Italian creator-god. Sometimes identified as Pomonus, Pupdike or Pupdike.

Pompo

Son of Numa Pompilius. Brother of Manercus and Pinus. Occasionally called Pompo.

pontifex

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Poplifugia

A festival in honour of Jupiter, held on July 5th. Identified as Poplifugia.

Portumnus

A sea-god, god of harbours, husbands. He was originally the god of entrances. Sometimes referred to as Portumnus, Portunus, Portunus, Greek Melicertes, Greek Melicertes, Palaemon, Palaemon, Heracles or Palaimon.

Portunalia

A festival in honour of Portumnus, August 17th. In some references, known as Portunalia.

Postumius

A leader of the Romans. He defeated the Latins at the Battle of Lake Regillus with the help of Castor and Pollux. Also commonly referred to as Postumius.

Potina

A guardian goddess of infants. Sometimes identified as Potina, Potua or Potua.

Praedator

A name of Jupiter as 'snatcher of booty'. Also identified as Praedator, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Primagenia

The goddess Fortuna at Praeneste. Daughter of Jupitar. Also known as Primagenia, Fortuna, Fortuna, Felicitas, Greek Tyche or Italian Fors (Fortuna).

Proca

A king of Alba Longa. Son of Janus and Cardea or Carna. Father of Amulius and Numitor. Occasionally known as Proca.

Proculus, Julius

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Promitor

A god of agriculture. Sometimes referred to as Promitor.

Pronuba

A name of Juno as the patroness of marriage. In some accounts, known as Pronuba, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Lucina, Opigina, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera or Ilithyia.

Propertius

A 1st C BC. Poet and mythographer. In some lore, occasionally known as Propertius.

Proserpina

Goddess of the underworld. Daughter of Jupiter and Ceres. Wife of Pluto. At times, known as Proserpina, Core, Core, Anahita, Cora, Corinna, Corinne, Kora, Kore, Kore-Arethusa, Koure, Maiden, The, Persephone, Pherepatta, Ko(u)re, Persephassa, Phersephatta, Polyboea, The Maiden, The Mistress, 'virgin', Persian Anahita, Roman Libera, Proserpine, Despoena, Proserpine, Proserpine, Greek Core, Greek Core or Libera.

Providentia

A goddess of prudence. Sometimes known as Providentia.

Proximae

A group of Celtic guardian goddesses. Identified as Proximae.

Psaphon

A man who trained many birds to speak his name. Sometimes known as Psaphon.

Psyche

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psychopomp

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Pudicita

A goddess of chastity. Also commonly called Pudicita.

Pultuce

An Etruscan version of Pollux. Castor and Pultuce were later merged with the Tindaridae. Sometimes known as Pultuce.

Purtupita

An early Italian vegetation deity. Sometimes called Purtupita, Purtupitus or Purtupitus.

Puta

A goddess of agriculture. Also known as Puta.

Quadriviae

Mother-goddesses and goddesses of the cross-roads. Sometimes known as Quadriviae.

Quietus

A title of Vulcan. Occasionally called Quietus, Vulcan, Vulcan, Hephaestus, Kalvaistis, Volcanus, Volkanus, Vulcanus, Mulciber, Velchanos, Etruscan Sethlans or Greek Hephaestus.

Quinquatria

Festivals in honour of Minerva, 19th- 23rd March. Sometimes identified as Quinquatria.

Quirinalia

A festival in honour of Quirinus, held on February 17th. Identified as Quirinalia.

Quirinus

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Quiritis

A Sabine guardian-goddess of mothers. Sometimes called Quiritis.

Racilia

Wife of Cincinnatus. Mother of Lucius. Also referred to as Racilia.

Rape of the Sabine Women

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Recaranus

A creator-deity. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Recaranus, Garanus or Garanus.

Redarator

A god of agriculture. In some lore, occasionally known as Redarator.

Regina

A name of Juno as 'queen'. At times, called Regina.

Regulus

A hero who gave his life for his country. For his bravery, the gods placed him in the heavens as a star in Leo. Also known as Regulus.

Rehtia

An early Italian goddess of good. Fortune. Also known as Rehtia.

Remus

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Rhamnes

A king. Rhamnes was also an augur and was one of those fighting on the side of Turnus against Aeneas. He was killed by Nisus. Sometimes called Rhamnes.

Rhea

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Rhea Silvia

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Rhoetus

One of the Rutulians killed by Euralyus. In some references, identified as Rhoetus, Rhoetos or Rhoetos.

Rhome

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Rigisamus

A Celtic war-god in Gaul. Referred to as Rigisamus.

Ritona

A Celtic goddess of fords. Also referred to as Ritona.

Robigalia

A festival in honour of Robigus, held on April 25th. In some accounts, called Robigalia.

Robigus

A guardian-god of cornfields. In some references, called Robigus, Robigo, Robigo, Averruncus or Averruncus.

Roma

A tutelary goddess. In some references, called Roma, Rome, Rome, Roma or Roma.

Roman Antiquities

A twenty-volume history and mythology of Rome, written by Dionysius of Helicarnassus. Also identified as Roman Antiquities.

Rome

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Romulus

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Rosmerta

A Celtic fertility goddess in Gaul. Guardian of merchants. Consort of Mercury. Also known as Rosmerta, Maia, Maia, Cybele or Maya.

Rudianos

A Gaulish war-god. Sometimes called Rudianos.

Rudiobus

A Celtic horse-god in Gaul. In some accounts, called Rudiobus.

Rumina

A goddess of nursing mothers. Occasionally identified as Rumina, Rumia or Rumia.

Ruminalis

The fig-tree under which the infants Romulus and Remus were found. Referred to as Ruminalis, Ruminal or Ruminal.

Rusor

An ancient god. Also referred to as Rusor, 'ploughman' or 'ploughman'.

Salacia

Goddess of springs. Goddess of the salt seas, some say. Wife of Neptune. In some references, called Salacia, Canens, Canens, Canentes, Venilia, Venilia, Greek Amphitrite or Greek Amphitrite.

Salii

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Salus

A goddess of health and public welfare. Her festival was celebrated on April 30th. On occassion, referred to as Salus, Greek Hygeia, Greek Hygeia, Strenia, Valetudo, Sabine Strenia or Sabine Strenia.

Santa

A Sabine fertility-goddess. At times, known as Santa.

Saritor

A god of weeds. Known as Saritor.

Sarritor

A god of agriculture. In some accounts, referred to as Sarritor.

Saturn

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Saturnalia

A festival in honour of Saturn, December 17th-19th. At this festival, masters and servants exchange roles for the day. In some lore, occasionally known as Saturnalia, Sigillaria or Sigillaria.

Scaevola

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Secular Games

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Securita

A guardian goddess protecting. The empire. At times, identified as Securita, Securitas or Securitas.

Seia

A guardian-goddess of newly-planted. Corn. Known as Seia.

Seian Horse

A horse apparently bringing ill-fortune to its owner. Also referred to as Seian Horse.

Selvans

An Italian god, possibly a god of agriculture and forests. Sometimes called Selvans.

Semnocosus

A Spanish war-god. On occassion, identified as Semnocosus.

Semo

A vegetation-god, sower of seed. He was later absorbed into Sancus as Semo-Sancus. At times, known as Semo, Sancus, Sancus, Semo Sancus, Greek Zeus Pistios or Roman Fidius.

Servius Tullius

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Sethlans

An Italian smith-god. Also referred to as Sethlans, Sethlaus, Sethlaus, Greek Hephaestus, Greek Hephaestus, Kalvaistis, Ptah, Regin, Tvashtri, Vulcan, Roman Vulcan or Roman Vulcan.

sibyl

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Sibyl of Cumae

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Sibylline Books

9 books of prophecies written. By the Sibyl of Cumae. Sometimes referred to as Sibylline Books, Sibyl of Cumae, Sibyl of Cumae, Amalthea, Amphyrisian Prophetess, Cumaean Sibyl, Deiphobe, Demophile, Erythraean Sibyl, Herophile, Amalthea, Amphrysian Prophetess or Herophile.

Sigillaria

The latter part of the Saturnalia. Sometimes called Sigillaria, Saturnalia or Saturnalia.

Silvan

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Silvani

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Silvius

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Sispes

A local name for Juno. In this form, she is depicted as wearing a goatskin and armed. Sometimes referred to as Sispes, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Lucina, Opigina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera, Ilithyia, Sospita or Sospita.

Snenanth

An Italian deity. On occassion, referred to as Snenanth.

Sol

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Solanus

A wind from the north-east quarter. Sometimes called Solanus, Greek Ap(h)eliotes or Greek Ap(h)eliotes.

Somnus

The god of sleep. Son of Nyx. Twin brother of Mors. At times, called Somnus, Greek Hupnus, Greek Hupnus, Hypnus, Hypnus, Hupnos, Hypnos or Roman Somnus.

Soranus

An Italian god. Called Soranus.

Sors

A god of fortune. At times, identified as Sors.

Spes

A goddess, hope personified. Also called Spes.

Spiniensis

A god of agriculture. In some accounts, referred to as Spiniensis.

Spurius Lartius

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Spurius Tarpeius

Father of Tarpeia. In some accounts, identified as Spurius Tarpeius.

Stata Mater

A fire-goddess. She was said to be able to make fires stand still. Also commonly referred to as Stata Mater.

Statius

A 1st C BC. Poet. He was the author of Achilleis, Thebais, etc. Also referred to as Statius.

Sterculius

A name for Picumnus as a god of manuring. Identified as Sterculius, Picumnus, Picumnus, Picus, Stercutus, Stercutus, Sterquilinius or Sterquilinius.

Stimula

A minor goddess. A goddess who excites passion in women. In some accounts, she is identified with Semele. Occasionally referred to as Stimula, Semele, Semele, Fauna, Thyone, Keraunia, Phrygian Zemelo, Roman Fauna or Zagreus.

strenae

Twigs used in the New Year festival. These twigs were taken from a grove sacred to Strenia and were given as tokens of good fortune. Identified as strenae.

Strenia

A Sabine goddess of the New Year festivities. Sometimes called Strenia, Greek Hygeia, Greek Hygeia, Salus, Valetudo, Roman Salus, Roman Salus or Hygeia.

striges

Blood-sucking monsters. Sometimes identified as striges.

Suadela

The goddess of persuasion, particularly in romance, seduction and love. Occasionally referred to as Suadela, Greek Peitho or Greek Peitho.

Sucellus

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Suculae

The Roman name for the Nysaean. Nymphs (Hyades). In some lore, occasionally identified as Suculae, Greek Hyades or Greek Hyades.

Sulevia

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Summamus

An Italian storm-god. In the Roman pantheon, he was regarded as the god of the night sky. His festival was celebrated on 20th June. Sometimes known as Summamus, 'highest' or 'highest'.

suovetaurilia

A sacrifice of pig, sheep and ox. Sometimes called suovetaurilia.

Superi

The gods and other inhabitants of the heavens. Identified as Superi, Inferi or Inferi.

Svutaf

An Italian god in the form of a youth with wings. Sometimes referred to as Svutaf.

swallow

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Tages

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tages

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Tanaquil

The Roman name for Caecilia. Also commonly referred to as Tanaquil.

Tarchetius

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Tarchies

An Etruscan sage. He taught Tarchon the arts of haruspicy. Some accounts equate him with Tages. Also commonly referred to as Tarchies.

Tarchon

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Tarpeia

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Tarquinia

Sister of Tarquinius Superbus. Mother of Brutus. Known as Tarquinia.

Tarquinius Arruns

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Tarquinius Collatinus

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Tarquinius Priscus

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Tarquinius, Sextus

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Tarquinius Superbus

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Tarutius

Husband of Acca Larentia. In the story that identifies Acca Larentia with the prostitute Fabula, he married her after she gave up prostitution, a wealthy woman. Also commonly called Tarutius.

Tarvos

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Tatia

First wife of Numa Pompilius. Occasionally called Tatia.

Tatius

A Sabine king. He is said to have captured the Capitol following the rape of the Sabine women and ruled jointly with Romulus. Also referred to as Tatius.

taurobolium

The sacrificial slaughter of bulls to Mithras or Cybele when devotees. Bathed in the blood of the slaughtered animals. Sometimes referred to as taurobolium, criobolium, criobolium or kriobolion.

Tellumo

An ancient earth-god. Consort of Tellus. Also identified as Tellumo, Tellurus, Tellurus or Tellus.

Tellurus

An ancient earth-god. Consort of Tellus. Sometimes called Tellurus, Tellumo, Tellumo or Tellus.

Tellus

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Teratius

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Terminal

A bust of the god Terminus erected at street corners, etc. On occassion, identified as Terminal, Greek Herma or Greek Herma.

Terminalia

A festival in honour of Terminus, 23rd February. Occasionally known as Terminalia.

Terminus

A god of boundaries. In some references, identified as Terminus, Hermes, Hermes, Anubis, Arcus, Camillus, Hermeias, Master of Animals, sacred birds, Terminus, Agoneus, Arais, Arg(e)iphontes, Atlantiades, Clithonius, Cyllen(ius), Hermanubis, Master Thief, Nomius, Oneicopompus, Pasturer, Psychogogue, Psychopomp(us), The Master, Trismegistus, Egyptian Anubis, Thoth, Etruscan Turms, Roman Mercury, Charidotes, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon, Greek Zeus, Mercury, Mercury, Mercurius, Merqurius, Mircurios, Mirqurios, Terminus, Mergurius, Mirqurius, Psychopompus or Greek Hermes.

Thalna

An Etruscan goddess of childbirth. Also commonly referred to as Thalna.

Thebais

A poem by Statius dealing with the story of Oedipus. Sometimes called Thebais.

Thesan

An Etruscan goddess of the dawn and childbirth. Also identified as Thesan.

Thunder-darter

A name of Jupiter. Sometimes called Thunder-darter, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Thunder-master

A name of Jupiter. In some lore, occasionally known as Thunder-master, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Thunder-smiter

A name of Jupiter. Occasionally referred to as Thunder-smiter, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Thunderbearer

A name of Jupiter. Also commonly known as Thunderbearer, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

thunderbolt

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Tiberinus

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Tiberius

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Tinia

An Etruscan supreme god, god of storms and thunder. Consort of Uni. Also commonly identified as Tinia, Tin, Tin, Tina, Tina, Tin(a), Tin(a), Greek Zeus, Greek Zeus, Amen, Baal-Samin, Cragus, Indra, Jupiter, Marduk, Roman Jupiter, Roman Jupiter, Ambres, Amen, Bussumarus, Dyaus or Jessis.

Tinnus

A thunder-god in Gaul. In some lore, occasionally called Tinnus, Tannus or Tannus.

Titus

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Titus Herminius

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Titus Tatius

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Tiv

An Etruscan moon-deity. Called Tiv.

Tonans

A name of Jupiter as 'thunderer'. Occasionally referred to as Tonans.

Tortor

A name for Apollo as tower. Sometimes identified as Tortor, Apollo, Apollo, Apollon, Abaeus, Abaios, Aguieus, Agyieus, Aleuromantes, Apellon, Apotropaeus, Archer God, Atepomarus, Carneios, Catharsius, Cynthius, Delian, Delius, Delphinius, Eulalon, Hecatos, Helius, Karn(ei)os, Loxias, Lyc(a)eus, Lykaios, Lyc(el)ius, Lycian, Musagetes, Nomius, Paean, Pae(e)on, Paion, Pasturer, Phoebus Apollo, Pytheus, Pythian, Pyth(i)us, Rat-killer, Sminthian, Smintheus, Sminthius, Sol, Tyrxis, British Maponus, Etruscan Aplu, Veiovis, Gaulish Atepomarus or Roman Apellun.

Trajan

An emperor who was deified with the name Trojanus. Occasionally referred to as Trajan.

Treverae

Celtic mother-goddesses of Trier. In some references, referred to as Treverae.

Tria Fata

Goddesses of fate, assimilated to the Parcae or the Moirae. At times, identified as Tria Fata, Fata or Fata.

Triumphator

A named of Jupiter as 'the. Triumphant'. In some references, identified as Triumphator.

triumphus

A celebration at the return of a victorious general when sacrifices. Were offered to Jupiter. Called triumphus.

Trivia

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Troiae Halosis

A poem by Petronius on the fall of Troy. Also referred to as Troiae Halosis.

Trojanus

A god, the Roman Emperor Trajan. Deified. Known as Trojanus.

Tubilstrium

A festival held in March in honour of Mars. At times, identified as Tubilstrium.

Tuchulcha

An Etruscan deity of the underworld. An assistant to Mantus. Sometimes referred to as Tuchulcha.

Tullia

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Tullius Hostilius

The third king of Rome. For destroying Alba and its inhabitants, he and all his family were killed by Poseidon. Known as Tullius Hostilius, Hostilius, Hostilius, Tullus Hostilius or Tullus Hostilius.

Turan

A winged Etruscan fertility-goddess and goddess of love. In some references, called Turan, Greek Aphrodite, Greek Aphrodite, Alilat, Anahit, Anahita, Anaitis, Aphrodisias, Aprodita, Argimpasa, Astarte, Biducht, Caelestis, Concordia, Hathor, Ishtar, Mylitta, Rati, Syrian Goddess, Roman Venus, Roman Venus, Aphrodite or Rati.

Turms

An Etruscan god of the underworld. Mahaf) Sometimes identified as Turms.

Turnus

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Tursa

An early goddess of terror. On occassion, called Tursa.

Twelve Books of Tages

A record of the wisdom passed to the Etruscans by the god Tages. Also commonly referred to as Twelve Books of Tages, Books of Tages, Books of Tages, Acherontian Books, Acherontian Books or Twelve Books.

Ubertas

A god of agriculture. Occasionally known as Ubertas.

Ulysses

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umbra

In the theory of a threefold soul, the umbra hovered over the body. At death. Also referred to as umbra.

Unconquerable, The

A Roman name for Heracles. At times, referred to as Unconquerable, The.

Uni

An Etruscan guardian goddess. Consort of Tin. Also called Uni.

Unxia

A goddess of marriage. In some references, referred to as Unxia.

Vacuna

A Sabine goddess of horticulture. Also identified as Vacuna.

Vagitanus

A guardian god of babies who caused. Them to utter their first cry. Sometimes called Vagitanus, Fabulinus, Fabulinus or Vagtanus.

Valetudo

A goddess of health. In some accounts she is the same as Salus. Also called Valetudo, Hygeia, Hygeia, Athena, Athena Hygeia, Hugeia, Hygia, Hygieia, Hygi(ei)a, Roman Salus, Salus, Salus, Greek Hygeia or Sabine Strenia.

Vanth

An Etruscan goddess of the underworld. This being has wings each of which has a large eye on the inside. In some lore, occasionally identified as Vanth.

vates

A prophet. Sometimes called vates.

Veiovis

A youthful Etruscan god of shepherds whose festival, the Agonium, was held on May 21st. In some lore, occasionally called Veiovis, Apollo, Apollo, Apollon, Abaeus, Abaios, Aguieus, Agyieus, Aleuromantes, Apellon, Apotropaeus, Archer God, Atepomarus, Carneios, Catharsius, Cynthius, Delian, Delius, Delphinius, Eulalon, Hecatos, Helius, Karn(ei)os, Loxias, Lyc(a)eus, Lykaios, Lyc(el)ius, Lycian, Musagetes, Nomius, Paean, Pae(e)on, Paion, Pasturer, Phoebus Apollo, Pytheus, Pythian, Pyth(i)us, Rat-killer, Sminthian, Smintheus, Sminthius, Sol, Tortor, Tyrxis, British Maponus, Etruscan Aplu, Gaulish Atepomarus, Roman Apellun, Vediovis, Vediovis, Vedius, Vedius, Veive, Veive, Vejovis, Vejovis, Vetis, Vetis, Greek Apollo, Greek Apollo, Angus Og, Apellun, Aplu, Maponus or Surya.

Veltune

An Etruscan god. In some references, identified as Veltune.

Veneralia

A festival in honour of Venus, held on 1st April. In some accounts, called Veneralia.

Venilia

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Venus

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Venus Anadyomene

Venus rising from the foam. On occassion, called Venus Anadyomene.

Venus Erycina

A Sicilian love-goddess. Some say she was the wife of Anchises. In some accounts, referred to as Venus Erycina, Erucina, Erucina, Erycina, Erycina, Venus Erucina, Venus Erucina, (Venus) Erucina or (Venus) Erucina.

Venus Genetrix

Venus as the goddess of motherhood. On occassion, called Venus Genetrix.

Venus Verticordia

Venus as the goddess of virtue. At times, identified as Venus Verticordia.

Venus Victrix

Venus as the goddess of victory, worshipped particularly in the colonies. Occasionally called Venus Victrix.

Verbenalia

Festivals in honour of the plant. Vervain which was said to have magic properties. Identified as Verbenalia, herba sacra, herba sacra or vervain.

Vergilia

Wife of Coriolanus, in some accounts. Others give her name as Volumnia. Occasionally identified as Vergilia, Volumnia, Volumnia or Veturia.

Verginia

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Verginius

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versacrum

A dedication to the gods of the produce of spring. In some references, identified as versacrum.

Vertumnus

The god of fertility, fruit trees and gardens. Husband of Pomona. He approached Pomona in many different guises before finally winning her love. In some accounts, called Vertumnus, Vortumnus, Vortumnus, Etruscan Vultumna or Etruscan Vultumna.

Vervacator

A goddess of agriculture. Also identified as Vervacator.

Vesper

Venus as the evening star. On occassion, referred to as Vesper, Hesper, Hesper, Venus, Greek Hesperus or Greek Hesperus.

Vesta

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Vestal

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Vestalia

A festival for women, in honour of Vesta, held on 9th July. At times, referred to as Vestalia.

Vestius Aloneius

An ancient bull-god in Spain. Sometimes known as Vestius Aloneius.

Veturia

Mother of Coriolanus, some say. Others say her name was Volumnia. Occasionally called Veturia, Volumnia, Volumnia or Vergilia.

Vica Pota

A minor goddess of victory or, some say, of food and drink. Occasionally called Vica Pota.

victimarius

An official who carried out the slaughter of those animals and humans brought for sacrifice. Occasionally referred to as victimarius.

Victoria

A goddess of victory. Her festival is held on 12th April. In some accounts, called Victoria, Greek Nike or Greek Nike.

Vinalia

A wine festival in honour of Bacchus or Jupiter, held on 23rd April. Also known as Vinalia.

Virbius

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virga medicinus

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Virgil

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Virtus

A god of military might, the personification of male vigour. On occassion, identified as Virtus.

Volscens

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Voltumna

An Etruscan goddess of vegetation and the south-east wind. Occasionally called Voltumna, Voltumnia, Voltumnia, Volturna, Volturna, Roman Vertumnus or Roman Vertumnus.

Volturnus

The east wind. Also known as Volturnus, Tiberinus, Tiberinus, Father Tiber, Volturnus, Vulturnus, Vulturnus or Volturnus.

Volumna

A goddess of infants. Known as Volumna.

Volumnia

Mother of Coriolanus, in some accounts, in others, his wife. Sometimes identified as Volumnia, Vergilia, Vergilia, Veturia or Veturia.

Volupta

The goddess of pleasure. Daughter of Cupid and Psyche. Sometimes called Volupta, Joy, Joy, Voluptas or Voluptas.

Vortumnalia

A festival in honour of Vertumnus. Held on 13th August. Also commonly known as Vortumnalia.

Vosegus

A Celtic mountain-god in Gaul. Also referred to as Vosegus.

Vulcan

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Vulcanalia

A festival in honour of the gods, including Vulcan, held on 23rd August. At times, identified as Vulcanalia, Volcanalia, Volcanalia, Greek Hephaestia or Greek Hephaestia.

Vulcanatis

A flamen of the god Vulcan. Also referred to as Vulcanatis, Volcanis, Volcanis, Vulcanis or Vulcanis.

vulture

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Roman Mythology