Roman Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abeona

A goddess of children and revellers. Also commonly known as Abeona, Adeona or Adeona.

Aborigines

A tribe said to have originated in Greece who founded Rome. Also referred to as Aborigines.

Abundantia

A fertility-goddess, goddess of plenty. In some references, known as Abundantia, German Abundia, German Abundia, Fulla, Norse Fulla, Norse Fulla, Abundia or Habonde.

Acadine

A magic fountain in Sicily. Identified as Acadine.

Acavisr

An Etruscan deity, one of the Lasae. Sometimes known as Acavisr, Achvistr or Achvistr.

Acca Larentia

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Accius Naevius

An augur. He is said to have cut through a whetstone with a razor. Occasionally known as Accius Naevius.

Achilleis

An unfinished poem by Statius about the life of Achilles. Sometimes known as Achilleis.

Acron

A king. He led the first attack on Rome in an effort to recover the Sabine women taken captive by Romulus. In some accounts, referred to as Acron.

Adephagia

A goddess of good cheer, gluttony. In some accounts, known as Adephagia.

Aemilia

A vestal virgin. Sometimes known as Aemilia.

Aemilia Pudentilla

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Aeneas Silvius

King of Alba Longa. A descendant of Aeneas. Also called Aeneas Silvius.

Aeneid

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Aequitas

The god of equity. Also identified as Aequitas.

Aesculapius

The Roman version of Asclepius. At times, identified as Aesculapius, Esculapius, Esculapius or Asclepius.

Aeternitas

Eternity personified. This being is depicted as the ouroboros or the phoenix. Occasionally known as Aeternitas.

Africus

A wind from the south-west quarter. Also referred to as Africus, Greek Lips or Greek Lips.

Agonium

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Agrama

A festival for women at which the effigy of a male was destroyed. In some references, called Agrama.

Agrippina

Wife of Germanicus. Mother of Agrippina, Caligula and Drusilla. In some accounts, referred to as Agrippina.

Agrippine Sibyl

A mediaeval prophetess. Sometimes known as Agrippine Sibyl.

Aidoneus

A name for Hades. In some accounts, known as Aidoneus, Hades, Hades, Pluteus, Aides, Ais, Clymenus, Euboleus, Eubouteous, Klymenos, Plouton, Pluto, Polydectes, Polydegmon, Pylartes, Stygeros, 'unseen', Zeus Katachthonios, Egyptian Serapis, Japanese Emma-O, Norse Ymir, Pacific Islands Yamaraja, Persian Yima, Roman Aidoneus, Dis (Pater), Dives or Orcus.

Aius Locutius

A personification of the voice said to have warned the Romans of the coming of the Gauls. Occasionally referred to as Aius Locutius.

Alannus

A Celtic messenger god in Gaul. Also referred to as Alannus, Alaunus, Alaunus, Alounis, Alounis, Alaenis, Alaenis, Roman Mercury, Roman Mercury, Artaius, Hermes or Lugh.

Alban Kings

Mythical kings said to rule before Romulus and Remus. In some lore, occasionally called Alban Kings.

albogaleus

The lower part of the headdress of the flamen. Dialus. This was said to be made from the skins of those sacrificed to Jupiter. At times, identified as albogaleus.

Albunea

An Italian water nymph. She had the gift of prophecy and some of her pronouncements were recorded in the Sibylline Books. At times, called Albunea, Diana, Diana, Albunea, Dian, Diane, Dian(e), Dione, Jana, Lucina, Czech Devana, Greek Artemis, Polish Dziewona, Serbian Dilwica or Hecate.

Alcmon

A minor god. Father of Lara. Sometimes referred to as Alcmon.

Alemona

A goddess of childbirth and passage. Also called Alemona.

Altor

An ancient god. Sometimes called Altor, 'feeder' or 'feeder'.

Amata

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Ambarvalia

The festival of the crops in late May. Also commonly referred to as Ambarvalia.

Ambisagrus

A Celtic god in Gaul. Also commonly identified as Ambisagrus.

Amoretti

Minor love gods. On occassion, called Amoretti, Greek Erotes or Greek Erotes.

Amorini

Small love gods. In some lore, occasionally known as Amorini.

Amulius

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Amyas

A love-god. On occassion, known as Amyas.

ancile

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Ancus Marcius

A legendary king of Rome. On occassion, referred to as Ancus Marcius.

Androcles

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Angerona

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Angeronalia

The festival in honour of Angerona, 21 December. Sometimes known as Angeronalia, Divalia or Divalia.

Angitia

A goddess of healing. In some accounts there are several such deities, the Angitiae. Others identify her with Fauna. On occassion, identified as Angitia, Anagtia or Anagtia.

Ani

An Etruscan sky-god. He is sometimes depicted as having two faces. On occassion, identified as Ani, Ala, Ala, Ale, Ani, Ale or Ana.

anima

In the theory of the threefold soul, the part that returned to the gods. Known as anima.

Anna Larentia

An obscure deity. Sometimes known as Anna Larentia.

Anna Perenna

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Anona

The goddess of crops. Occasionally identified as Anona, Annona or Annona.

Anthor

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Apellun

An Italic love-god. Also identified as Apellun, Apellon, Apellon, Apollo, Greek Apollo, Greek Apollo, Angus Og, Aplu, Atepomarus, Maponus, Surya or Veiovis.

Aplu

An Etruscan weather-god. Called Aplu, Greek Apollo, Greek Apollo, Angus Og, Apellun, Atepomarus, Maponus, Surya or Veiovis.

Apone

A fountain in Padua said to have healing qualities. Sometimes called Apone.

Appiades

5 goddesses of peace. These deities, represented on horseback, were Concordia, Pallas, Peace, Venus and Vesta. At times, known as Appiades, Venus, Venus, Genetrix, Victrix, Cloacina, Dione, Felix, Hesper, Libentina, Libitina, Queen of Love, Vesper, Victrix; Greek Aphrodite or Charis.

Aprodita

The Italic goddess of love. Occasionally identified as Aprodita, Greek Aphrodite, Greek Aphrodite, Alilat, Anahit, Anahita, Anaitis, Aphrodisias, Argimpasa, Astarte, Biducht, Caelestis, Concordia, Hathor, Ishtar, Mylitta, Rati, Syrian Goddess or Turan.

Apuleius, Lucius

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Aquilo

The north wind. Sometimes referred to as Aquilo, Aquilon, Aquilon, Septentrio, Septentrio, Greek Boreas or Greek Boreas.

Archagathius

A legendary physician renowned for his. Cruel methods of surgery. Also commonly called Archagathius, Vulnerarius, Vulnerarius or Archagathus.

Arimanius

The Roman name for Ahriman. In some references, identified as Arimanius.

Armilustrium

A festival in honour of Mars, held in October. Also known as Armilustrium.

Arruns

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Artepomaros

A name for Belinus as 'owner of a great horse'. Also known as Artepomaros, Belinus, Belinus, Bel, Belenos, Belenus, Belin, Bellinus, Lord of Therapy, Bel, Irish Bilé, Roman Apollo, Shakespeare Cymbeline or Welsh Beli Mawr.

Arval Brothers

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Ashi

A goddess of recompense and, later, of morality. Also identified as Ashi.

Ass god

A deity connected with the feast of Saturnalia. Occasionally identified as Ass god.

Atunis

The Etruscan version of Adonis. In some accounts, called Atunis.

augur

One who made prophecies from the flight of birds. Occasionally referred to as augur, auspex or auspex.

Augusta

A name for the goddess Epona, used. By the Romans. Also referred to as Augusta, Justitia, Justitia, Augusta, Dike, Iustitia or Greek Dike.

Aulus Vibenna

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aurea virga

A rod, the caduceus given by Mercury to Apollo. Also called aurea virga, caduceus, caduceus, kerykeion, Greek kerykeion or virga medicinus.

Aurora

A goddess of the dawn. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Aurora, Mater Matuta, Mater Matuta, Eos, Ino, Matuta or Greek Eos.

Auster

The south west wind personified. At times, called Auster, Greek Notus or Greek Notus.

Aventinus

A son of Heracles and Rhea. He fought with Turnus against Aeneas. Occasionally called Aventinus.

Avernal

A fiend: inhabitant of the underworld. Referred to as Avernal.

Avernus

Hell or the entrance to it. Also called Avernus, Lake Avernus, Lake Avernus or Avernus.

Averruncus

A minor god whose function was to avert evil. A version of Robigus. Also commonly called Averruncus, Robigus, Robigus or Robigo.

Bacax

A local god in North Africa. In some accounts, referred to as Bacax.

bacchanal

A follower of Bacchus. A priest(ess) of Bacchus. A song, etc. dedicated to Bacchus. Sometimes identified as bacchanal, bacchante or bacchante.

Bacchanalia

Orgiastic festivals in honour of Bacchus. On occassion, known as Bacchanalia, Bacchanals, Bacchanals or bacchantes.

bacchant

A devotee of Bacchus. A priest of Bacchus. Sometimes identified as bacchant, Bacchoi, Bacchoi, plurbacchoi or plurbacchoi.

bacchantes

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Bacchus

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Battle of Lake Regillus

A battle in which the Romans, with the help of Castor and Pollux, defeated. The Latins. Occasionally identified as Battle of Lake Regillus.

Bellona

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Berenice

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Biston

A son of Mars. On occassion, called Biston.

Bona Capia

A goddess of plenty. Sometimes called Bona Capia.

Bona Dea

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borax

A stone, an antidote to poison, believed to be carried in its head by a toad. Occasionally known as borax.

Brutus

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Bubona

Goddess of cattle. Sometimes known as Bubona.

Bussumarus

A Celtic god known on the Continent. In some lore, occasionally called Bussumarus, Roman Jupiter, Roman Jupiter, Ambres, Amen, Dyaus, Jessis or Tinia.

Cacus

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Caduceator

A name for Mercury as 'owner of the caduceus'. In some references, known as Caduceator.

caduceus

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Caecilia

Tanaquil]. Wife of Tarquinius Priscus. She was an Etruscan sorceress who, when her husband Lucumo became king of Rome, was called Tanaquil. At times, called Caecilia, Gaea Caecilia, Gaea Caecilia, Gaia Caecilia or Gaia Caecilia.

Caeculus

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Caeles Vibenna

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Caelestis

A moon-goddess. Juno as the 'guardian of Carthage'. In some references, known as Caelestis, Juno Caelestis, Juno Caelestis, Carthaginian Tanit, Carthaginian Tanit, Greek Aphrodite, Greek Aphrodite, Alilat, Anahit, Anahita, Anaitis, Aphrodisias, Aprodita, Argimpasa, Astarte, Biducht, Concordia, Hathor, Ishtar, Mylitta, Rati, Syrian Goddess or Turan.

Caelus

The sky personified. Consort of Tellus. Occasionally referred to as Caelus, Coelus, Coelus, Uranus, Greek Uranus, Greek Uranus, Dyaus, Ouranos, Phoenician Baal-Samin or Phoenician Baal-Samin.

Caligula

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Camenae

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Camilla

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Camise

Wife of Janus. Mother of Tiberius. Other versions give Jana as the wife of Janus. Also identified as Camise.

Campestres

Celtic guardian spirits of military matters. Occasionally identified as Campestres.

Campus Martius

The training ground, near Rome, for young soldiers, devotees of Mars. In some lore, occasionally identified as Campus Martius, Field of Mars or Field of Mars.

Candamius

A sky-god in Spain. In some references, known as Candamius.

Candelifera

A goddess of birth. Occasionally called Candelifera.

Canens

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Canidia

A witch who cast spells using wax dolls. Occasionally referred to as Canidia.

Capetus

A king of Alba Longa. Father of Tiberinus, some say. Also commonly called Capetus.

Capitol

The temple of Jupiter. Occasionally known as Capitol.

Capys

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Car

A god. Some say he invented the art of augury. Occasionally referred to as Car.

Cardea

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Carmenta

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Carmentalia

A festival in honour of Carmenta, held in January. Also commonly identified as Carmentalia.

Carna

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Castores

The Roman name for the Dioscuri. In some accounts, referred to as Castores.

Catamitus

The Latin name for Ganymede. Also known as Catamitus.

Celer

A lieutenant of Romulus. In some accounts it was Celer, not Romulus, who killed Remus for jumping over the wall of the new city. In some accounts, identified as Celer.

Cerealia

A festival in honour of Ceres held on 19 April. Also known as Cerealia, Ceralia, Ceralia, Ludi Cerialis or Ludi Cerialis.

Ceres

Goddess of agriculture and corn. Daughter of Saturn and Ops. A consort of Jupiter. Mother of Proserpina. Occasionally known as Ceres, Cybele, Cybele, Agdistis, Cybebe, Cybelle, Idaea, Kubele, Kybebe, Kybele, Lion-and-bee Goddess, Maia, Great Mother, Meter Dindymene, White Goddess, Gaulish Berecynthia, Greek Demeter, Idaea, Idaean Mother, Rhea, Roman Bona Dea, Magna Mater, Maia, Mater Turrita, Ops, Sumerian Inanna or Syrian Kubaba.

Charun

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Cileus

An Etruscan deity. In some accounts, known as Cileus.

Cincinnatus

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Cinxia

A goddess of marriage, later. Assimilated into Juno. Occasionally called Cinxia, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Lucina, Opigina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera or Ilithyia.

Circius

A wind from the north-west quarter. Occasionally called Circius, Greek Thracius or Greek Thracius.

Claudia Quinta

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Clementia

A guardian-goddess of the citizen. Also commonly called Clementia.

Cloacina

Goddess of sewers. A name for Venus as 'purifier'. Also commonly identified as Cloacina, Venus, Venus, Genetrix, Victrix, Appiades, Dione, Felix, Hesper, Libentina, Libitina, Queen of Love, Vesper, Victrix; Greek Aphrodite or Charis.

Cloelia

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Clusivius

A name of Janus as 'closer of gates'. On occassion, identified as Clusivius, Janus, Janus, Dianus, Dionus, Ianus, Patulcius, Consuvius or Janus Bifrons.

Commodus

A 2nd C. Roman emperor. He declared himself a god (Hercules the Second) and required his subjects to worship him. Referred to as Commodus, Hercules secundus, Hercules secundus, Hercules Secundus or Hercules Secundus.

Compitalis

A festival of the cross-roads. Also known as Compitalis.

Comus

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Concordia

A goddess of civic agreement, one of the 5 Appiades. At times, identified as Concordia, Greek Aphrodite, Greek Aphrodite, Alilat, Anahit, Anahita, Anaitis, Aphrodisias, Aprodita, Argimpasa, Astarte, Biducht, Caelestis, Hathor, Ishtar, Mylitta, Rati, Syrian Goddess, Turan, Homonoia or Homonoia.

Consentes

The Roman version of Pan. On occassion, identified as Consentes, Pan, Pan or Capricorn.

Consentes Dii

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Consualia

Festivals in honour of Consus held on 19 or 21 August and 15 December. At times, known as Consualia.

Consus

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Consuvius

A name for Janus as 'the guardian of the beginning of human life'. Also identified as Consuvius, Janus, Janus, Dianus, Dionus, Ianus, Patulcius, Clusivius or Janus Bifrons.

Convector

A god of grain and granaries. Also commonly identified as Convector.

Coriolanus

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Corus

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Corvus, Marcius

A military tribune. He fought a giant in single combat and was helped by a raven that flew into the face of his opponent. At times, called Corvus, Marcius.

Cranae

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Cuba

A guardian goddess of infants in their cots. Occasionally referred to as Cuba.

Culsu

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Cunina

A goddess of babies. Also called Cunina.

Cupid

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Cupra

An Etruscan fertility-goddess. On occassion, known as Cupra.

Curiatii

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Curtius

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Cybele Magna Mater

The goddess Cybele as 'great mother' in the Roman pantheon. At times, called Cybele Magna Mater.

Damatar

An Italic corn goddess. Also identified as Damatar, Greek Demeter, Greek Demeter, Ceres, Cybele or Dea Dia.

Damocles

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Daunus

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Dea Caelistis

A goddess. At times, called Dea Caelistis, British Briganta or British Briganta.

Dea Dia

An ancient corn goddess. In some accounts, called Dea Dia, Demeter, Demeter, Amphictyonis, Da-Meter, Damater, Deo, Doso, Good Goddess, Grain Mother, Hermione, Isis, Mangata, Mother Da, Thesmophorus, Three Eponae, Achaiva, Black Demeter, Chloe, Da-meter, Deo, Epona, Erinys, Ga Metre, Ge Metre Gemeter, Hermione, Mother Earth, Thesmorphorus, White Goddess, Egyptian Isis, Italic Damatar, Phrygian Cybele, Roman Ceres, Greek Demeter, Greek Demeter, Ceres, Cybele or Damatar.

Dea Quartana

A goddess of fever. Daughter of Febris. Sister of Dea Tertiana. Also identified as Dea Quartana.

Dea Tertiana

A goddess of fever. Daughter of Febris. Sister of Dea Quartana. Occasionally called Dea Tertiana.

Decuma

A goddess of birth. One of the 3 Parcae. Sometimes referred to as Decuma, Decima or Decima.

Deipara

Mother of god: god-bearing. Also referred to as Deipara, Greek Theotikos or Greek Theotikos.

Demaratus

A Greek who emigrated to northern Italy. Father of Lucumo. Also identified as Demaratus.

Dercetius

A Spanish mountain god. On occassion, referred to as Dercetius.

deus

The Latin word for god. At times, identified as deus, Greek Theos or Greek Theos.

Deverra

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Di Indigetes

Heroes who were deified at death. Also called Di Indigetes.

Di Mauri

The gods of the North African Moors. Sometimes known as Di Mauri.

Di patrii

Ancestral gods: traditional gods. Sometimes known as Di patrii.

Di Superi

Gods of the sky. Referred to as Di Superi, Greek Uranian Deities or Greek Uranian Deities.

Diana

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Diana of Ephesus

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Dione

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Diovis-pater

An early name for Jupiter. Also known as Diovis-pater, Diovis or Diovis.

Dirae

The Roman version of the Furies. Sometimes called Dirae, Furiae, Furiae or Furies.

Dis

The Etruscan god of the dead: the underworld itself. On occassion, referred to as Dis, Orcus, Orcus, Dis, Dis Pater, Hades, Horcos, Horkos, Mors, Thanatos, Greek Hades or Phorcis.

Dis Pater

A Celtic god of the underworld in Gaul. At times, known as Dis Pater, Dispater, Dispater, Dives, Dives, Donn, Donn, sacred plants, sacred plants, sacred trees, tree-worship, Asclepius Phrygeus Muslims, Romans Dionysus Mercury Kojin Apollo Ceres and Demeter Dis Pater, Hades Artemis Egypt Dionysus, Pacific Islands Romulus Cybele Hestia Dionysus Dionysus Apollo Hera Buddha, Egypt Hades Aphrodite, Venus Demeter, Hades Egypt Baal, Jupiter, Melkarth, Thor, Zeus Athena Hermes Mexico Confucius, Dionysus Dionysus Heracles Demeter, Hades Japan Buddhism Japan Egypt Sweden Dionysus Mithra Greece, tree worship, Wealthy Father, Wealthy Father, Divs, Divs, Greek Hades, Greek Hades, Orcus, Pluto, She'ol, Yama, Yama-Raja, Pluto, Pluto or Thanatos.

Disciplina

A minor goddess. Occasionally identified as Disciplina.

Discordia

The goddess of mischief. She was the owner of a ring that conferred invisibility on the wearer. Sometimes referred to as Discordia, Greek Eris or Greek Eris.

Domiduca

A name for Juno as 'guardian goddess of babies when out of their. Parents. Sight'. Also identified as Domiduca, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Lucina, Opigina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera or Ilithyia.

Dominae

A Celtic river-goddess of the Loire. Also called Dominae.

Drusilla

Daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina. Sister of Caligula. She is said to have committed incest with Caligula who deified her on her death. In some lore, occasionally called Drusilla.

Duillae

Spanish fertility goddesses. Also known as Duillae.

Edusha

A god of children. Occasionally identified as Edusha.

Egeria

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Elagabalus

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Enariae

Dog-priests. On occassion, known as Enariae.

Endouellicus

A Portuguese god of healing. Also referred to as Endouellicus.

Epona

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Equina

A festival in honour of Mars. Also commonly known as Equina.

Equus October

A festival in honour of Mars held on October 15th. At times, called Equus October, Ecus October or Ecus October.

Erichtho

A sorceress. Soon after Virgil died, Erichtho sent him to the underworld to retrieve a soul. On occassion, identified as Erichtho.

Evan

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Fabulinus

God whose job it was to teach children to speak. Referred to as Fabulinus, Vagitanus, Vagitanus, Vagtanus or Vagtanus.

Fama

The 100-tongued goddess of rumour. Identified as Fama, Greek Pheme or Greek Pheme.

Fascinius

A fertility-god. Also commonly known as Fascinius.

Fasti

A story by Ovid including an account of the rape of Lucretia. Also commonly identified as Fasti.

Fata Scribendi

A goddess (or goddesses) who wrote. Out the fate of each child at birth. In some accounts, they are the same as the Fates. Occasionally known as Fata Scribendi.

Fatae Devones

Goddesses of the oak wood. In some accounts, identified as Fatae Devones, Matronae Devones or Matronae Devones.

Fatus

A god of personal destiny. Occasionally referred to as Fatus.

faun

Part man, part goat: a woodland. Spirit: a descendant of Faunus. Also called faun, Faunus, Faunus, Fatu(cl)us, Faun, Incubo, In(n)uus, Lupercus, Silvan, plurFauni, Greek Pan or Faunus.

Fauna

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Faunus

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Faustulus

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Favonius

The west wind personified. Consort of Flora, some say. Also commonly referred to as Favonius, Greek Zephyr or Greek Zephyr.

Feast of Anna Perenna

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Febris

A goddess of fevers. Mother of Dea Quartana and Dea. Tertiana. Also identified as Febris, Quartana, Quartana, Tertiana or Tertiana.

Februs

The god of the dead. Identified as Februs, Etruscan Dis, Etruscan Dis, Greek Pluto, Greek Pluto or Dis.

Felicitas

The goddess of good luck. Sometimes referred to as Felicitas, Fortuna, Fortuna, Primagenia, Greek Tyche or Italian Fors (Fortuna).

Felix

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Feralia

The final festival of the dead, held in February. Known as Feralia.

Feronia

An Etruscan fertility-goddess and goddess of fire. On occassion, known as Feronia.

Fessonia

A goddess helping the needy. Called Fessonia.

Festus

A festival held in honour of Mercury, held on May 15th. Sometimes referred to as Festus.

Fides

A goddess, fidelity personified. She wore only a white veil. Occasionally called Fides.

Fidius

A name for Jupiter as god of good. Faith and contracts. In some references, identified as Fidius, Deus Fides, Deus Fides, Fides, Fides Publica, Dius Fidius, Dius Fidius, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon, Greek Zeus, Deus (Publica) Fides, Deus (Publica) Fides, Greek Zeus Pistios, Greek Zeus Pistios, Sancus, Sabine Sancus or Sabine Sancus.

flamen

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flamen Ceralia

A priest of Ceres. Also referred to as flamen Ceralia.

flamen Dialis

A priest of Jupiter. At times, known as flamen Dialis.

flamen Florialis

A priest of Flora. In some accounts, called flamen Florialis.

flamen Furrinalis

A priest of Furrina. Occasionally called flamen Furrinalis.

flamen Martialis

A priest of Mars. Occasionally known as flamen Martialis.

flamen Pomonatis

A priest of Pomona. On occassion, identified as flamen Pomonatis.

flamen Portumnatis

A priest of Portumnus. In some accounts, identified as flamen Portumnatis.

flamen Quirinalis

A priest of Quirinus. Occasionally identified as flamen Quirinalis.

flamen Vulcanatis

A priest of Vulcanus. In some accounts, referred to as flamen Vulcanatis.

flaminica

The wife of a flamen. In some lore, occasionally identified as flaminica.

flaminica Dialis

Wife of the flamen Dialis who helped. Her husband in his priestly duties. On occassion, known as flaminica Dialis.

flaminium

The office of a flamen. Sometimes known as flaminium.

Flora

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Floralia

A festival in honour of Flora held in April/May. Also identified as Floralia.

Fons

A god of springs. Son of Faunus and Juturna. In some references, identified as Fons, Fontus or Fontus.

Fontinalia

A festival in honour of the god Fons, which involves the dressing of fountains and springs, held on October 13th. Sometimes known as Fontinalia.

Fordicidia

A festival in honour of Tellus held on April 15th at which a cow and a calf. Were sacrificed. Occasionally known as Fordicidia.

Fornacalia

An ancient festival in honour of Fornax or Vulcanus, deities of furnaces or ovens. In some references, called Fornacalia.

Fornax

A guardian goddess of ovens and baking. An aspect of Vesta. Also commonly known as Fornax, Vesta, Vesta or Greek Hestia.

Fortuna

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Fortuna Virginensis

The goddess Fortuna as guardian of newly-married women. On occassion, identified as Fortuna Virginensis.

Fortuna Virilis

The goddess Fortuna acting to preserve. The beauty of women so that they. Retained the favour of their husbands. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Fortuna Virilis.

Frugifer

A name for Baal-Hammon. As 'fruit-bearer'. Sometimes known as Frugifer.

Fulgans

A name of Jupiter as 'lightning-wielder'. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Fulgans, Fulgar, Fulgar or Jupiter.

fulgur

The thunderbolt of Jupiter. Occasionally known as fulgur.

Fulguriator

A priest whose function was to interpret the meaning of thunderbolts. Called Fulguriator.

Furrina

A minor goddess. Some identify her with the Furies, others as a spirit of darkness. Occasionally referred to as Furrina, Furina or Furina.

Furrinalia

A festival in honour of Furrina, July 25th. Also called Furrinalia.

Gelasinus

A god of laughter. On occassion, known as Gelasinus.

Genealogiae

A collection of myths by Hyginus. Identified as Genealogiae, Fabulae or Fabulae.

genius

A guardian spirit of the individual man, often in the form of a winged youth. Occasionally identified as genius, femalejuno, femalejuno, plurgenii, plurgenii, Greek daimon or Greek daimon.

genius Cuaillatus

An attendant (sometimes 3) on the Mother Goddess. At times, identified as genius Cuaillatus, plurgenii Cuaillati or plurgenii Cuaillati.

genius loci

The guardian spirit of a place, often in the form of a serpent. At times, called genius loci.

Germanicus

A Roman general. Husband of Agrippina. Father of Agrippina, Caligula and Drusilla. Sometimes known as Germanicus.

Gradivus

A name for Mars as leader of the Roman forces in battle. Occasionally known as Gradivus, Mars, Mars, Ares, Mamers, Marmar, Mavors, Pyrois, sacred birds, Viticus, Father Mars, Loucetius, Ma(r)spiter, Pyrois, Quirinus, Rigonometis, Silvan, Ultor, Egyptian Anhur, Etruscan Maris, Greek Ares or Vitricos.

Gratiae

The Roman version of the Graces. Also commonly called Gratiae.

Gravidus

A name of Mars as leader of the Roman legions in battle. Sometimes referred to as Gravidus, Greek Ares, Greek Ares, Anhur, Gradivus, Karttikeya, Maris, Mars, Nergal or Skanda.

Hamavehae

3 Celtic mother-goddesses of Germany. Occasionally identified as Hamavehae.

Hecate

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herba sacra

A plant said to have magic properties to cure sickness and avert witchcraft. In some lore, occasionally called herba sacra, Verbenalia, Verbenalia, vervain or vervain.

Hereklo

An Italian hero. In some lore, occasionally known as Hereklo, Greek Heracles, Greek Heracles, Arsaphes, Baal Tyre, Gisdhubar, Khons, Krishna, Melkarth, Vahagn, Verethragna, Vritrahana, Roman Hercules, Roman Hercules or Heracles.

Hermus

A river-god. Identified as Hermus.

Heroides

A book of poems, addressed to the heroines of Greek and Roman myths, written by Ovid. In some lore, occasionally known as Heroides, Heroines or Heroines.

Hersilia

Wife of Romulus. She was taken up to heaven after the death of her husband and became one of the Horae. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Hersilia.

Hilaria

A festival celebrating the reunion of Attis and Cybele. In some lore, occasionally known as Hilaria.

Honus

A god (or goddess in some accounts) of military honours. On occassion, identified as Honus, Honos or Honos.

Hora

A goddess. Consort of Quirinus. At times, referred to as Hora, Hora Quirini or Hora Quirini.

Horatia

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Horatii

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Horatius

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Horta

An Etruscan goddess of agriculture. In some references, called Horta.

Hostia

An Etruscan goddess. Also known as Hostia.

household gods

Gods of the family, lares and penates. Occasionally called household gods.

Hula

An early Italian vegetation deity. Referred to as Hula.

Hulus

An early Italian vegetation deity. Also called Hulus, Hula, Hula, Hula or Hula.

Hyginus

A 1st C. Mythographer. He was a former Spanish slave who wrote a handbook of mythology, Genealogiae or Fabulae. Sometimes known as Hyginus.

Icauna

A Celtic river-goddess in Gaul. Occasionally identified as Icauna.

Icilius

A man betrothed to Verginia. Sometimes called Icilius.

Ifru

A North African god. Also commonly called Ifru.

Iguvine Tablets

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Ilithyia-Leucothea

An Etruscan fertility-goddess. In some lore, occasionally called Ilithyia-Leucothea.

Imperator

A name for Jupiter as 'supreme leader'. Sometimes identified as Imperator, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Imporcitor

A god of agriculture. In some references, called Imporcitor.

Incitatus

The horse of Caligula. The emperor appointed this animal to be a consul and priest. Identified as Incitatus.

Indiges

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Inferi

Gods and inhabitants of the underworld. Identified as Inferi, Superi or Superi.

inferiae

Offerings to the spirits of the dead. In some accounts, known as inferiae.

inferni

Spirits of the departed. Known as inferni.

infernus

Hell. In some lore, occasionally referred to as infernus.

Innuus

A fertility-god, god of shepherds. In some accounts, he is equated with Faunus as 'fertiliser'. Also called Innuus, Inuus or Inuus.

Intercidona

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Invictus

A name of Jupiter as 'invincible'. Occasionally referred to as Invictus, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Invidia

A god of envy. Occasionally identified as Invidia, Greek Phthonus or Greek Phthonus.

Iterduca

A goddess of brides. Her function was to introduce a bride to her new home. She was later assimilated into Juno. Occasionally identified as Iterduca, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Jugalia, Lucina, Opigina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera or Ilithyia.

Iulus

King of Latium. Son of Ascanius. Brother of Silvius. He was forced from the throne and banished by Silvius. Sometimes identified as Iulus, Ascanius, Ascanius, Askaneios, Ilus, Iulus or Ilus.

Jana

Wife of Janus. Some versions identify Jana with Diana. At times, identified as Jana, Diana, Diana, Albunea, Dian, Diane, Albunea, Dian(e), Dione, Lucina, Czech Devana, Greek Artemis, Polish Dziewona, Serbian Dilwica or Hecate.

januae

Cakes forming part of offerings to the god Janus. Sometimes identified as januae.

Janus

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Janus Bifrons`

A name for Janus as two-faced. Also called Janus Bifrons`.

Janus Quadrifrons

A four-headed version of Janus. Also called Janus Quadrifrons.

Juno

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juno

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Juno Capritona

A title of Juno used at the festival of Nonae Capritonae. Sometimes referred to as Juno Capritona.

Juno Covella

A name used to address Juno at new. Moon ceremonies. In some accounts, called Juno Covella.

Juno Curitis

A name for Juno as a war-goddess and guardian of cities. In some references, identified as Juno Curitis, Juno Quiritis, Juno Quiritis or Juno Cuiritis.

Juno Lucina

A name of Juno as the goddess of childbirth who caused the child to see. Also known as Juno Lucina, Lucina, Lucina, Diana, Ilithyia, Juno, Diana or Greek Ilithyia.

Juno Moneta

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Juno Natalis

A name of Juno as patron of birthdays. Occasionally referred to as Juno Natalis.

Juno Pronuba

A name of Juno as guardian of marriages. Sometimes known as Juno Pronuba.

Juno Regina

A name of Juno as queen of goddesses. Sometimes known as Juno Regina.

Juno Sororia

Juno as the guardian goddess of girls. At the age of puberty. Identified as Juno Sororia.

Juno Sospita

Juno as the guardian of women in danger, later of the state. In some accounts, known as Juno Sospita.

Juno Virginensis

A name for Juno as guardian of maidens, Chastity. On occassion, called Juno Virginensis.

Junones

Protective goddesses. Occasionally referred to as Junones, juno, juno, ionones, iuno, plurionones, junones or malegenius.

Junonian bird

The peacock. Also commonly referred to as Junonian bird, peacock or peacock.

Jupiter

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Jupiter Ammon

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Jupiter Capitolinus

A name for Jupiter as protector of Rome. In some references, known as Jupiter Capitolinus, Jupiter Tarpeius or Jupiter Tarpeius.

Jupiter Dolichenus

A name of Jupiter taking the place of the Hittite god, Taru, in the Syrian empire. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Jupiter Dolichenus.

Jupiter Feretrius

Jupiter as the god of the sacred oak. Referred to as Jupiter Feretrius.

Jupiter Fidius

A name for Jupiter as guardian of the land. Occasionally called Jupiter Fidius.

Jupiter Fulgurator

A name of Jupiter as god of lightning. Also called Jupiter Fulgurator, Jupiter Elicius, Jupiter Elicius, Jupiter Fulminator or Jupiter Fulminator.

Jupiter Imperator

A name for Jupiter as ruler. On occassion, referred to as Jupiter Imperator.

Jupiter Invictus

A name for Jupiter as unconquerable. Also identified as Jupiter Invictus.

Jupiter Latiaris

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Jupiter Lucerius

Jupiter as one who lives in the shiny heaven. In some accounts, identified as Jupiter Lucerius, Jupiter Lucesius or Jupiter Lucesius.

Jupiter Opikulus

A name for Jupiter as helper. Also referred to as Jupiter Opikulus.

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Jupiter as the all-powerful guardian of Rome. Sometimes known as Jupiter Optimus Maximus.

Jupiter Pluvialis

A name for Jupiter as god of rain. In some accounts, called Jupiter Pluvialis, Pluvius, Pluvius or Jupiter.

Jupiter Praedator

Jupiter as one who takes and gives booty. Occasionally known as Jupiter Praedator.

Jupiter Serenator

Jupiter as god of calm skies. In some lore, occasionally called Jupiter Serenator.

Jupiter Stator

Jupiter as the god of battle. In this role, Jupiter prevented combatants from deserting their fellows. In some references, called Jupiter Stator, 'supporter' or 'supporter'.

Jupiter Terminus

Jupiter as a god of boundaries. Sometimes referred to as Jupiter Terminus.

Jupiter Tonans

Jupiter as a god of thunder. Occasionally called Jupiter Tonans, Tonitrualis or Tonitrualis.

Jupiter Triumphator

Jupiter as the giver of victory. In some references, known as Jupiter Triumphator.

Jupiter Victor

Jupiter as conqueror. Also commonly identified as Jupiter Victor.

Justitia

A goddess, justice personified. She is depicted blindfolded and holding the scales of justice. At times, identified as Justitia, Augusta, Augusta, Dike, Dike, Dice, Roman Augusta, Iustitia, Iustitia, Greek Dike or Greek Dike.

Juturna

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Juturnalia

A festival, held on January 11th, in honour of Juturna. Sometimes identified as Juturnalia.

Juventas

Goddess of youth. Cupbearer to the gods. Also referred to as Juventas, Iuventas, Iuventas, Juventus, Juventus, Greek Hebe, Greek Hebe or Varuni.

Karnos

An ancient god assimilated to Apollo. In some lore, occasionally called Karnos, Karneios or Karneios.

King of Saturnalia

A man impersonating the god Saturn. After five days in office, the incumbent was killed. Identified as King of Saturnalia, Abbot of Unreason, Abbot of Unreason or King of Unreason.

King of the Wood

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Lactantius

A 2nd or 3rd C. Writer, generally regarded as the author of the poem Phoenix. Referred to as Lactantius.

Lactanus

A god of agriculture. Called Lactanus, Lactans or Lactans.

lamb

The animal of Juno. In some accounts, identified as lamb.

Lapis Manalis

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Lar

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Lar Familiaris

A household god, a guardian spirit of an ancestor of the family. On occassion, called Lar Familiaris.

Lara

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Larentalia

The feast of the dead in honour of Acca Larentia, 23rd December. Sometimes known as Larentalia.

Lares

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Lares praestiles

Guardian gods of the state. At times, called Lares praestiles.

Lares viales

Guardian gods of the cross-roads. Also referred to as Lares viales.

Lars Porsena

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Larunda

A minor goddess of the Sabines. In some accounts, she is identified with Lara. Occasionally known as Larunda, Lara, Lara, Mania or 'babbler'.

larva

An evil spirit: a form of Lemur. Sometimes called larva, larvae, larvae, lemur, lemur, lemures, plurlemures, Greek lamyroi, lares, plurallarvae or plurallarvae.

Lasae

Minor Etruscan female deities or supernatural beings. Also known as Lasae.

Latinus

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Latona

A mother-goddess and moon-goddess. Mother of Apollo and Diana by Jupiter. Sometimes identified as Latona, Greek Leto, Greek Leto or Edjo.

lectisternium

A meal for the gods. Occasionally known as lectisternium, Greek theoxenia or Greek theoxenia.

lemur

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Lemuria

A festival commemorating the dead, May 9-15th. On occassion, known as Lemuria.

Leucetios

A Celtic thunder-god in Gaul. In some accounts, known as Leucetios.

Levana

A tutelary goddess of new-born. Babies. In some references, identified as Levana.

Liber

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Libera

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Liberalia

A festival in honour of Liber held on March 17th. Occasionally identified as Liberalia.

Liberalitas

A god of generosity. Also known as Liberalitas.

Libertas

A goddess of personal liberty. Sometimes identified as Libertas.

Libertina

A name for Venus as the goddess of sensual pleasures. Sometimes referred to as Libertina, Libitina, Libitina, Venus or Greek Persephone.

Libitina

A goddess of funerals and the underworld, death personified. An aspect of Venus. Sometimes identified as Libitina, Libertina, Libertina, Venus, Venus, Genetrix, Victrix, Appiades, Cloacina, Dione, Felix, Hesper, Libentina, Queen of Love, Vesper, Victrix; Greek Aphrodite, Charis, Greek Persephone or Greek Persephone.

Licinia

A vestal virgin. She was condemned to death for incest. In some accounts, identified as Licinia.

lily

The flower of Juno. Also identified as lily.

lituus

An augur's staff. This staff, hooked at one end, was used to mark out the area to be used for divination. Also known as lituus.

Losna

An Etruscan moon-goddess. At times, known as Losna.

Lua

An ancient Italian goddess of destruction. The first consort of Saturn. Identified as Lua, Lua Mater, Lua Mater, Lua Saturni or Lua Saturni.

Lucifer

Venus as the morning star. Also commonly called Lucifer, Light-bearer, Light-bearer or Lucifer.

Lucina

The goddess of childbirth, hunting, and marriage. An aspect of Diana or Juno. On occassion, known as Lucina, Diana, Diana, Albunea, Dian, Diane, Albunea, Dian(e), Dione, Jana, Czech Devana, Greek Artemis, Polish Dziewona, Serbian Dilwica, Hecate, Ilithyia, Ilithyia, Eileithyia, Eilithieia, Eilithua, Eilithyia, Eleuthia, Ilythia, Juno, Eil(e)ithyia, Eil(e)itheia, Eleuthyra, Cretan Eleuthea, Egyptian Nekhbet, Roman Juno, Ilithyiae, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Opigina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera, Greek Ilithyia, Greek Ilithyia, Juno Lucina or Juno Lucina.

Lucius Hiberius

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Lucretia

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Lucretius

Father of Lucretia. Also called Lucretius.

Lucumo

An Etruscan. Son of Demaratus. He became the fifth king of Rome as Tarquinius Priscus. Sometimes identified as Lucumo, Tarquinius Priscus, Tarquinius Priscus, Lucius Tarquinius or Tarquin.

Ludi Apollinares

Games in honour of Apollo. Also referred to as Ludi Apollinares.

Ludi Capitolini

Games in honour of Jupiter, held in October. In some accounts, known as Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Magni, Ludi Magni, Ludi Maximi, Ludi Plebei, Ludi Romani or Ludi Capitalini.

Ludi Cerialis

Games in honour of Ceres. Also identified as Ludi Cerialis, Cerealia, Cerealia or Ceralia.

Ludi Florialis

Games in honour of Flora. Also commonly called Ludi Florialis.

Ludi Magni

Games in honour of Jupiter. In some accounts, known as Ludi Magni, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Plebei, Ludi Romani, Ludi Maximi, Ludi Maximi, Ludi Capitalini or Ludi Capitalini.

Ludi Megalenses

Games in honour of Cybele. Occasionally referred to as Ludi Megalenses.

Ludi Plebei

Games in honour of Jupiter, held in November. Sometimes called Ludi Plebei, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Magni, Ludi Romani, Ludi Capitalini or Ludi Capitalini.

Ludi Romani

Games in honour of Jupiter, held in September. Also known as Ludi Romani, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Magni, Ludi Plebei, Ludi Capitalini or Ludi Capitalini.

Luna

A moon-goddess. Sometimes referred to as Luna, Greek Phoebe, Greek Phoebe, Selene, Selene, Artemis, Chromia, Hera, Io, Mene, Pasiphae, Phoebe, Selena, Asterodia, Phoebe, Seline or Roman Luna.

Lupercalia

A festival honouring Faunus, Lupercus or the wolf that suckled Romulus and Remus, held on February 15th. Also identified as Lupercalia.

Lupercii

The young men or priests who took. Part in the rites of the Lupercalia. In some accounts, referred to as Lupercii.

Lupercus

An ancient Italian god of fertility, flocks and wolves. In some accounts, he is equated with Faunus. In some accounts, referred to as Lupercus, Faunus, Faunus, Fatu(cl)us, Faun, Incubo, In(n)uus, Silvan, plurFauni, Greek Pan, Faunus, Pan, Pan, Feeder, Herdsman, 'all', Capricorn, Goat-god, Goat-Pan, Nomius, Pasturer, Shepherd God, plurpanes, Roman Consentes or Evander.

lustrum

A sacrificial rite of purification held. Every 5 years. At times, known as lustrum.

Lybica

A sibyl. On occassion, known as Lybica.

Lympha

A nature-goddess. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Lympha.

Magna Mater

A mother-goddess. This deity is represented in Rome by a black meteoric stone. At times, referred to as Magna Mater, Cybele, Cybele, Agdistis, Cybebe, Cybelle, Idaea, Kubele, Kybebe, Kybele, Lion-and-bee Goddess, Maia, Great Mother, Meter Dindymene, White Goddess, Gaulish Berecynthia, Greek Demeter, Idaea, Idaean Mother, Rhea, Roman Bona Dea, Ceres, Maia, Mater Turrita, Ops, Sumerian Inanna, Syrian Kubaba, Phrygian Cybele, Phrygian Cybele, Anat, Aphrodite, Astarte, Bona Dea, Demeter, Inanna, Kubaba, Rhea, Greek Rhea, Greek Rhea or Ops.

majores

Senior flamines chosen from the patricians. Also commonly called majores.

Maligernii

Evil spirits. In some references, called Maligernii.

Mamercus

Son of Numa Pompilius. Brother of Pinis and Pompo. Sometimes referred to as Mamercus.

Mamurius Veturius

The celestial smith who made copies of the ancile. In some references, referred to as Mamurius Veturius, ancile, ancile, ancilia or plurancilia.

Mandrabue

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Manes

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Mania

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Manlius

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Mantus

One of the Etruscan guardians of hell. Consort of Mania. In some references, called Mantus, Mantrns or Mantrns.

Marcii

Early oracular prophets. In some accounts, there was only one such prophet, Marcius. Also commonly called Marcii, Marcius or Marcius.

Maris

An Etruscan war-god. In some accounts, called Maris, Greek Ares, Greek Ares, Anhur, Gradivus, Gravidus, Karttikeya, Mars, Nergal, Skanda, Roman Mars, Roman Mars, Belatucadros, Camulos, Camulos, Cariociecus, Nergal or Tyr.

Mars

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Mars Gradivus

Mars as the patron of the Campus Martius. In some accounts, referred to as Mars Gradivus.

Mars Loucetius

A name for Mars as 'brilliant'. At times, referred to as Mars Loucetius, Loucetius, Loucetius or Mars.

Mars Quirinus

A name for Mars as protector of the state. Also called Mars Quirinus.

Mars Rigonometis

A name for Mars as king of the sacred grove. Also identified as Mars Rigonometis, Rigonometis, Rigonometis or Mars.

Mars Ultor

A name for Mars as 'avenger of Caesar'. Sometimes identified as Mars Ultor, Ultor, Ultor or Mars.

Marspiter

A name for Mars as Father Mars. Sometimes referred to as Marspiter, Maspiter or Maspiter.

Mastarna

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Mastralia

A festival in honour of Mater Matuta, April 11th. Occasionally called Mastralia.

Mater Matuta

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Mater Turrita

An earth-goddess, goddess of fertility. Her attendants were the noisy Corybantes. Also commonly referred to as Mater Turrita, Cybele, Cybele, Agdistis, Cybebe, Cybelle, Idaea, Kubele, Kybebe, Kybele, Lion-and-bee Goddess, Maia, Great Mother, Meter Dindymene, White Goddess, Gaulish Berecynthia, Greek Demeter, Idaea, Idaean Mother, Rhea, Roman Bona Dea, Ceres, Magna Mater, Maia, Ops, Sumerian Inanna, Syrian Kubaba, Rhea, Rhea, Adrastea, Rheia, Rheie, Phrygian Cybele, Roman Magna Mater, Greek Rhea, Greek Rhea or Ops.

Matralia

A festival in honour of Mater Matuta. Held on June 11th. Occasionally known as Matralia.

Matres

Celtic mother-goddesses, goddesses of the household. At times, called Matres, Deae Matres, Deae Matres, Matrae, Matrae, Matronae, Matronae, Mothers, Mothers, The Mothers, The Mothers, Welsh Mamau or Welsh Mamau.

Matronalia

A festival in honour of Juno Lucina. Held on March 1st. In some lore, occasionally identified as Matronalia.

Mean

An Etruscan deity. At times, identified as Mean.

Medea

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Meditrina

A goddess of healing. Also known as Meditrina.

Meditrinalia

A festival in honour of Jupiter and Meditrina. Also commonly called Meditrinalia.

Mefitis

An Italian goddess of sulphurous. Vapours. In some accounts, referred to as Mefitis.

Mellonia

A bee-goddess. In some accounts, known as Mellonia.

Mens

A goddess, right thinking personified. Also called Mens, Mens Bona or Mens Bona.

Mercuralia

A festival in honour of Mercury held in May. At times, called Mercuralia.

Mercury

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Messor

A god of agriculture. In some references, identified as Messor.

Metabus

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Metamorphoses

Tales from Greek mythology by Ovid. Also called Metamorphoses, Golden Ass, The or Golden Ass, The.

Meticus

A charioteer to Aeneas in Italy. On occassion, known as Meticus.

Mettius Fuffetius

A king of Alba Longa. When he deserted the side of Tullius Hostilius, his superior king, Tullius had him torn apart between two chariots. Occasionally called Mettius Fuffetius.

Minerva

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Minervalia

Festivals in honour of Minerva. Identified as Minervalia.

minores

Junior flamines chosen from plebeians. Occasionally known as minores.

Mithraeum

A temple dedicated to Mithra in which bulls were sacrificed. Sometimes referred to as Mithraeum.

Mithras

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Mlacuch

An Etruscan deity. Also called Mlacuch.

Moccus

A Celtic swine-god in Gaul. Identified as Moccus, Moccos or Moccos.

Mogounos

A Celtic sun-god in France. Also referred to as Mogounos, Mogons or Mogons.

Moneta

A goddess of prosperity, an aspect of Juno. She appeared in the form of a hen. Also commonly called Moneta, African Aje or African Aje.

mormos

Blood-sucking monsters. Occasionally referred to as mormos.

Mors

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Morta

One of the 3 Fates, the Parcae. Sometimes called Morta, Etruscan Culsu, Etruscan Culsu, Greek Atropos, Greek Atropos or Culsu.

Mulciber

A name for Vulcan as 'melter'. On occassion, known as Mulciber, Vulcan, Vulcan, Hephaestus, Kalvaistis, Volcanus, Volkanus, Vulcanus, Quietus, Velchanos, Etruscan Sethlans or Greek Hephaestus.

mundus

A pit in Rome which was said to lead to the underworld: a pit into which the first fruits are placed as offerings. On occassion, called mundus.

Mutinus

A fertility-god. Women made offerings to this deity in the hope of bearing children. In some references, known as Mutinus, Mutunus, Mutunus, Mutunus Tutunus, Mutunus Tutunus, Mutunus (Tutunus), Mutunus (Tutunus), Egyptian Min, Egyptian Min, Priapus, Greek Priapus, Greek Priapus or Min.

Navius

A prophet. When challenged by Tarquinius Priscus, he cut a whetstone in half with a razor. Also referred to as Navius.

Necessitas

A goddess of destiny. In some lore, occasionally identified as Necessitas, Greek Ananke or Greek Ananke.

Nemausicae

3 Celtic mother-goddesses of Nimes. In some accounts, called Nemausicae.

Nemetona

A Celtic deity in Britain, a goddess of groves in Gaul, a war-god(dess). Also identified as Nemetona, nemeton, nemeton, neimed, nemed or nemetona.

Nemi wood

A sacred grove. In the fertility rite symbolising death and resurrection, the old kingpriest was killed in this grove by his young successor. Also commonly known as Nemi wood.

Nemoralia

A festival in honour of Diana, celebrated on August 13th. Sometimes known as Nemoralia, Grove Festival or Grove Festival.

Neptunalia

A festival in honour of Neptune, June 23rd. In some accounts, known as Neptunalia.

Neptune

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Nerio

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Niskae

Celtic spirits of rivers and wells in Gaul: mother-goddesses. In some accounts, identified as Niskae, Niskai or Niskai.

Nodotus

A Celtic god of cereals. Also commonly identified as Nodotus.

Nona

One of the 3 Fates. She was originally regarded as a goddess of birth. Known as Nona.

Nonae Capritonae

A festival in honour of Juno, held on July 7th. Also commonly known as Nonae Capritonae, Nones of the Wild Fig or Nones of the Wild Fig.

Novensides

A group of 9 Etruscan deities. At times, known as Novensides, Nouensides, Nouensides, Nouensiles, Nouensiles, Novensiles or Novensiles.

Nox

A goddess of night. In some references, called Nox, Greek Nyx or Greek Nyx.

Numa Pompilius

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Numina

The early Roman abstract deities. Also commonly known as Numina.

Numitor

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Obarator

A god of agriculture. On occassion, referred to as Obarator.

Occator

A god of agriculture. Also commonly identified as Occator.

Ocelus

A Celtic god of healing. Sometimes referred to as Ocelus.

Ocresia

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October Horse Festival

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Opalia

A festival held in honour of Ops on December 19th. In some accounts, referred to as Opalia.

Ophiucus

A god of healing. At times, referred to as Ophiucus, Greek Asclepius, Greek Asclepius, Eshmun or Imhotep.

Opiconsivia

A festival in honour of Ops, August 25th. In some lore, occasionally identified as Opiconsivia.

Opigina

A goddess of childbirth. Her function was to help the mother bring forth her child. She was later assimilated into Juno. On occassion, called Opigina, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Lucina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera or Ilithyia.

Ops

The goddess of the harvest, plenty and wealth. Wife of Consus. Second wife of Saturn. Mother of Jupiter and Neptune. Occasionally known as Ops, Cybele, Cybele, Agdistis, Cybebe, Cybelle, Idaea, Kubele, Kybebe, Kybele, Lion-and-bee Goddess, Maia, Great Mother, Meter Dindymene, White Goddess, Gaulish Berecynthia, Greek Demeter, Idaea, Idaean Mother, Rhea, Roman Bona Dea, Ceres, Magna Mater, Maia, Mater Turrita, Sumerian Inanna, Syrian Kubaba, Eire, Eire, Ama, Anith, Anu, Aonach, Eadna, Eirean, Eirin, Eoghana, Eri, Erin, Eriu, Iath, Ith, Momo, Mumham, Nannam, Nanu, Ops, Sibhol, Ama, Anan, Anu, EireanEoghana, Eri(u), I(a)th, Momo, Nannan, Sibhd, Tlachtga, Eri, Rhea, Rhea, Adrastea, Rheia, Rheie, Phrygian Cybele, Roman Magna Mater, sacred birds, sacred birds, birds, Ainu Ahura Mazda, Amaterasu, Apollo, Athena, Helius, Hermes, Mercury, Mithra, Nyx, Tammuz, Zas Arawn, Artemis, China, Fukurokuju, Kwannon, Lares, Mannanan, Perseus, Shou Shen, Thoth Apollo, Asclepius, Angerbode Brac, Cronus, Odin, Saturn, Yama Juno Aphrodite, Astarte Ararjatis, Ataragatis, Hachiman, Venus Dusara, Jupiter Egypt Apollo, Baba, Brahma, Dionysus, Egypt, Eros, Epona, Hera, Horus, Iris, Juno, Kaltesh, Mars, Osiris, Seb, Thoth, Vishnu Isis Apollo, Here, Tethys Zoastrianism Asclepius, Inara Ketu, Minerva Brahma, Lakshmi, Sarasvati Apollo, Melkarth Asclepius, Noah, Odin Saturn Aphrodite, Venus Hera, Sweden Aphrodite, Isis Aphrodite, Venus Aztecs, Maya Apollo, Ares Heracles, Isis, Izanagi or Izanami Ares Triptolemus Amaterasu.

Orcus

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Ovid

A 1st C BC. Poet. He was the author of Amores, Fasti, Heroides, Medea, Metamorphoses, etc. In some references, called Ovid, Naso, Naso, Publius Ovidius Naso, Publius Ovidius Naso, (Publius Ovidius) Naso or (Publius Ovidius) Naso.

Palatia

A female deity of the north pole. Occasionally referred to as Palatia, Palanta, Palanta, Palanto, Palanto, Palato, Palato, Pala(n)to or Pala(n)to.

Palatium

A sacred hill. One of the seven hills of Rome, the Palatine. Also commonly known as Palatium.

Pales

A god or goddess of cattle, flocks, and shepherds. In some accounts, known as Pales.

Palilia

A festival in honour of Pales held on April 21st. Also called Palilia, Parilia or Parilia.

Parcae

The Fates, Decuma, Morta and Nona. Daughters of Ananke, some say. In some accounts, Parcae was originally a goddess of childbirth. Also referred to as Parcae, Fates, Fates, Norns, Moirae, Greek Moirae, Greek Moirae, Fati, Norse Norns or Norse Norns.

Parentalia

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Partula

A goddess of child-birth. In some accounts, called Partula.

Pavor

A deity, panic personified. On occassion, known as Pavor.

Pax

The goddess of peace. She is depicted as a maiden with a cornucopia. At times, identified as Pax, Greek Eirene or Greek Eirene.

Peace

One of the 5 Appiades. Sometimes identified as Peace.

peacock

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Penates

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Petronius

A 1st C. Writer, author of Troiae Halosis. Also referred to as Petronius.

Phillipan

The sword of Antony, a triumvir. Identified as Phillipan.

Picumnus

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Picus

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Pietas

A goddess, respect personified. Also commonly identified as Pietas.

Pilumnus

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Pinus

Son of Numa Pompilius. Brother of Mamercus and Pompo. In some accounts, identified as Pinus.

Plautus

A dramatist. He wrote some twenty comedies, including Captivi and Amphitryon. Sometimes called Plautus, (c, (c, Charlemagne, Mahavira, Patrick, Thomas the Rhymer, 254-184 or 254-184.

Pluto

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Plutus

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Poeninus

A Celtic mountain-god of the Alpine area. Occasionally called Poeninus.

Pollux

The Roman name for Polydeuces. At times, referred to as Pollux.

Pomona

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Pomonal

A place sacred to Pomona. Occasionally identified as Pomonal.

Pomonus

An early Italian creator-god. Occasionally called Pomonus, Pupdike or Pupdike.

Pompo

Son of Numa Pompilius. Brother of Manercus and Pinus. Sometimes identified as Pompo.

pontifex

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Poplifugia

A festival in honour of Jupiter, held on July 5th. On occassion, known as Poplifugia.

Portumnus

A sea-god, god of harbours, husbands. He was originally the god of entrances. In some accounts, known as Portumnus, Portunus, Portunus, Greek Melicertes, Greek Melicertes, Palaemon, Palaemon, Heracles or Palaimon.

Portunalia

A festival in honour of Portumnus, August 17th. Also known as Portunalia.

Postumius

A leader of the Romans. He defeated the Latins at the Battle of Lake Regillus with the help of Castor and Pollux. Known as Postumius.

Potina

A guardian goddess of infants. Occasionally called Potina, Potua or Potua.

Praedator

A name of Jupiter as 'snatcher of booty'. On occassion, known as Praedator, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Primagenia

The goddess Fortuna at Praeneste. Daughter of Jupitar. At times, identified as Primagenia, Fortuna, Fortuna, Felicitas, Greek Tyche or Italian Fors (Fortuna).

Proca

A king of Alba Longa. Son of Janus and Cardea or Carna. Father of Amulius and Numitor. At times, identified as Proca.

Proculus, Julius

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Promitor

A god of agriculture. On occassion, called Promitor.

Pronuba

A name of Juno as the patroness of marriage. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Pronuba, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Lucina, Opigina, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera or Ilithyia.

Propertius

A 1st C BC. Poet and mythographer. On occassion, called Propertius.

Proserpina

Goddess of the underworld. Daughter of Jupiter and Ceres. Wife of Pluto. Sometimes called Proserpina, Core, Core, Anahita, Cora, Corinna, Corinne, Kora, Kore, Kore-Arethusa, Koure, Maiden, The, Persephone, Pherepatta, Ko(u)re, Persephassa, Phersephatta, Polyboea, The Maiden, The Mistress, 'virgin', Persian Anahita, Roman Libera, Proserpine, Despoena, Proserpine, Proserpine, Greek Core, Greek Core or Libera.

Providentia

A goddess of prudence. Occasionally identified as Providentia.

Proximae

A group of Celtic guardian goddesses. Also referred to as Proximae.

Psaphon

A man who trained many birds to speak his name. Also known as Psaphon.

Psyche

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psychopomp

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Pudicita

A goddess of chastity. In some references, identified as Pudicita.

Pultuce

An Etruscan version of Pollux. Castor and Pultuce were later merged with the Tindaridae. Also commonly known as Pultuce.

Purtupita

An early Italian vegetation deity. Sometimes called Purtupita, Purtupitus or Purtupitus.

Puta

A goddess of agriculture. Also commonly called Puta.

Quadriviae

Mother-goddesses and goddesses of the cross-roads. Also identified as Quadriviae.

Quietus

A title of Vulcan. In some accounts, identified as Quietus, Vulcan, Vulcan, Hephaestus, Kalvaistis, Volcanus, Volkanus, Vulcanus, Mulciber, Velchanos, Etruscan Sethlans or Greek Hephaestus.

Quinquatria

Festivals in honour of Minerva, 19th- 23rd March. Occasionally called Quinquatria.

Quirinalia

A festival in honour of Quirinus, held on February 17th. Occasionally referred to as Quirinalia.

Quirinus

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Quiritis

A Sabine guardian-goddess of mothers. Sometimes called Quiritis.

Racilia

Wife of Cincinnatus. Mother of Lucius. Occasionally called Racilia.

Rape of the Sabine Women

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Recaranus

A creator-deity. Occasionally referred to as Recaranus, Garanus or Garanus.

Redarator

A god of agriculture. In some references, identified as Redarator.

Regina

A name of Juno as 'queen'. Occasionally called Regina.

Regulus

A hero who gave his life for his country. For his bravery, the gods placed him in the heavens as a star in Leo. In some accounts, identified as Regulus.

Rehtia

An early Italian goddess of good. Fortune. Occasionally identified as Rehtia.

Remus

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Rhamnes

A king. Rhamnes was also an augur and was one of those fighting on the side of Turnus against Aeneas. He was killed by Nisus. Sometimes called Rhamnes.

Rhea

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Rhea Silvia

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Rhoetus

One of the Rutulians killed by Euralyus. In some accounts, known as Rhoetus, Rhoetos or Rhoetos.

Rhome

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Rigisamus

A Celtic war-god in Gaul. Also referred to as Rigisamus.

Ritona

A Celtic goddess of fords. In some lore, occasionally called Ritona.

Robigalia

A festival in honour of Robigus, held on April 25th. Occasionally referred to as Robigalia.

Robigus

A guardian-god of cornfields. Also called Robigus, Robigo, Robigo, Averruncus or Averruncus.

Roma

A tutelary goddess. In some references, known as Roma, Rome, Rome, Roma or Roma.

Roman Antiquities

A twenty-volume history and mythology of Rome, written by Dionysius of Helicarnassus. In some references, called Roman Antiquities.

Rome

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Romulus

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Rosmerta

A Celtic fertility goddess in Gaul. Guardian of merchants. Consort of Mercury. In some accounts, called Rosmerta, Maia, Maia, Cybele or Maya.

Rudianos

A Gaulish war-god. On occassion, called Rudianos.

Rudiobus

A Celtic horse-god in Gaul. On occassion, referred to as Rudiobus.

Rumina

A goddess of nursing mothers. At times, known as Rumina, Rumia or Rumia.

Ruminalis

The fig-tree under which the infants Romulus and Remus were found. Also referred to as Ruminalis, Ruminal or Ruminal.

Rusor

An ancient god. In some lore, occasionally identified as Rusor, 'ploughman' or 'ploughman'.

Salacia

Goddess of springs. Goddess of the salt seas, some say. Wife of Neptune. In some lore, occasionally called Salacia, Canens, Canens, Canentes, Venilia, Venilia, Greek Amphitrite or Greek Amphitrite.

Salii

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Salus

A goddess of health and public welfare. Her festival was celebrated on April 30th. In some references, called Salus, Greek Hygeia, Greek Hygeia, Strenia, Valetudo, Sabine Strenia or Sabine Strenia.

Santa

A Sabine fertility-goddess. In some references, known as Santa.

Saritor

A god of weeds. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Saritor.

Sarritor

A god of agriculture. In some lore, occasionally identified as Sarritor.

Saturn

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Saturnalia

A festival in honour of Saturn, December 17th-19th. At this festival, masters and servants exchange roles for the day. Sometimes known as Saturnalia, Sigillaria or Sigillaria.

Scaevola

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Secular Games

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Securita

A guardian goddess protecting. The empire. In some lore, occasionally known as Securita, Securitas or Securitas.

Seia

A guardian-goddess of newly-planted. Corn. In some lore, occasionally identified as Seia.

Seian Horse

A horse apparently bringing ill-fortune to its owner. Sometimes identified as Seian Horse.

Selvans

An Italian god, possibly a god of agriculture and forests. Also commonly referred to as Selvans.

Semnocosus

A Spanish war-god. Also referred to as Semnocosus.

Semo

A vegetation-god, sower of seed. He was later absorbed into Sancus as Semo-Sancus. Occasionally identified as Semo, Sancus, Sancus, Semo Sancus, Greek Zeus Pistios or Roman Fidius.

Servius Tullius

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Sethlans

An Italian smith-god. Also commonly referred to as Sethlans, Sethlaus, Sethlaus, Greek Hephaestus, Greek Hephaestus, Kalvaistis, Ptah, Regin, Tvashtri, Vulcan, Roman Vulcan or Roman Vulcan.

sibyl

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Sibyl of Cumae

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Sibylline Books

9 books of prophecies written. By the Sibyl of Cumae. Occasionally called Sibylline Books, Sibyl of Cumae, Sibyl of Cumae, Amalthea, Amphyrisian Prophetess, Cumaean Sibyl, Deiphobe, Demophile, Erythraean Sibyl, Herophile, Amalthea, Amphrysian Prophetess or Herophile.

Sigillaria

The latter part of the Saturnalia. Sometimes called Sigillaria, Saturnalia or Saturnalia.

Silvan

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Silvani

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Silvius

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Sispes

A local name for Juno. In this form, she is depicted as wearing a goatskin and armed. Also commonly called Sispes, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Lucina, Opigina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera, Ilithyia, Sospita or Sospita.

Snenanth

An Italian deity. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Snenanth.

Sol

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Solanus

A wind from the north-east quarter. At times, identified as Solanus, Greek Ap(h)eliotes or Greek Ap(h)eliotes.

Somnus

The god of sleep. Son of Nyx. Twin brother of Mors. In some references, known as Somnus, Greek Hupnus, Greek Hupnus, Hypnus, Hypnus, Hupnos, Hypnos or Roman Somnus.

Soranus

An Italian god. In some references, identified as Soranus.

Sors

A god of fortune. Occasionally called Sors.

Spes

A goddess, hope personified. Sometimes known as Spes.

Spiniensis

A god of agriculture. Called Spiniensis.

Spurius Lartius

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Spurius Tarpeius

Father of Tarpeia. Sometimes called Spurius Tarpeius.

Stata Mater

A fire-goddess. She was said to be able to make fires stand still. Also known as Stata Mater.

Statius

A 1st C BC. Poet. He was the author of Achilleis, Thebais, etc. Occasionally called Statius.

Sterculius

A name for Picumnus as a god of manuring. On occassion, referred to as Sterculius, Picumnus, Picumnus, Picus, Stercutus, Stercutus, Sterquilinius or Sterquilinius.

Stimula

A minor goddess. A goddess who excites passion in women. In some accounts, she is identified with Semele. Also identified as Stimula, Semele, Semele, Fauna, Thyone, Keraunia, Phrygian Zemelo, Roman Fauna or Zagreus.

strenae

Twigs used in the New Year festival. These twigs were taken from a grove sacred to Strenia and were given as tokens of good fortune. Sometimes known as strenae.

Strenia

A Sabine goddess of the New Year festivities. Sometimes known as Strenia, Greek Hygeia, Greek Hygeia, Salus, Valetudo, Roman Salus, Roman Salus or Hygeia.

striges

Blood-sucking monsters. Also known as striges.

Suadela

The goddess of persuasion, particularly in romance, seduction and love. Referred to as Suadela, Greek Peitho or Greek Peitho.

Sucellus

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Suculae

The Roman name for the Nysaean. Nymphs (Hyades). In some accounts, identified as Suculae, Greek Hyades or Greek Hyades.

Sulevia

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Summamus

An Italian storm-god. In the Roman pantheon, he was regarded as the god of the night sky. His festival was celebrated on 20th June. In some lore, occasionally known as Summamus, 'highest' or 'highest'.

suovetaurilia

A sacrifice of pig, sheep and ox. Sometimes identified as suovetaurilia.

Superi

The gods and other inhabitants of the heavens. Occasionally identified as Superi, Inferi or Inferi.

Svutaf

An Italian god in the form of a youth with wings. Also commonly identified as Svutaf.

swallow

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Tages

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tages

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Tanaquil

The Roman name for Caecilia. Occasionally called Tanaquil.

Tarchetius

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Tarchies

An Etruscan sage. He taught Tarchon the arts of haruspicy. Some accounts equate him with Tages. Also identified as Tarchies.

Tarchon

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Tarpeia

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Tarquinia

Sister of Tarquinius Superbus. Mother of Brutus. At times, referred to as Tarquinia.

Tarquinius Arruns

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Tarquinius Collatinus

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Tarquinius Priscus

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Tarquinius, Sextus

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Tarquinius Superbus

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Tarutius

Husband of Acca Larentia. In the story that identifies Acca Larentia with the prostitute Fabula, he married her after she gave up prostitution, a wealthy woman. Occasionally referred to as Tarutius.

Tarvos

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Tatia

First wife of Numa Pompilius. Occasionally referred to as Tatia.

Tatius

A Sabine king. He is said to have captured the Capitol following the rape of the Sabine women and ruled jointly with Romulus. Also commonly identified as Tatius.

taurobolium

The sacrificial slaughter of bulls to Mithras or Cybele when devotees. Bathed in the blood of the slaughtered animals. Also known as taurobolium, criobolium, criobolium or kriobolion.

Tellumo

An ancient earth-god. Consort of Tellus. Occasionally known as Tellumo, Tellurus, Tellurus or Tellus.

Tellurus

An ancient earth-god. Consort of Tellus. Also commonly known as Tellurus, Tellumo, Tellumo or Tellus.

Tellus

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Teratius

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Terminal

A bust of the god Terminus erected at street corners, etc. Also called Terminal, Greek Herma or Greek Herma.

Terminalia

A festival in honour of Terminus, 23rd February. On occassion, identified as Terminalia.

Terminus

A god of boundaries. Also known as Terminus, Hermes, Hermes, Anubis, Arcus, Camillus, Hermeias, Master of Animals, sacred birds, Terminus, Agoneus, Arais, Arg(e)iphontes, Atlantiades, Clithonius, Cyllen(ius), Hermanubis, Master Thief, Nomius, Oneicopompus, Pasturer, Psychogogue, Psychopomp(us), The Master, Trismegistus, Egyptian Anubis, Thoth, Etruscan Turms, Roman Mercury, Charidotes, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon, Greek Zeus, Mercury, Mercury, Mercurius, Merqurius, Mircurios, Mirqurios, Terminus, Mergurius, Mirqurius, Psychopompus or Greek Hermes.

Thalna

An Etruscan goddess of childbirth. At times, known as Thalna.

Thebais

A poem by Statius dealing with the story of Oedipus. At times, referred to as Thebais.

Thesan

An Etruscan goddess of the dawn and childbirth. Occasionally identified as Thesan.

Thunder-darter

A name of Jupiter. Identified as Thunder-darter, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Thunder-master

A name of Jupiter. Also referred to as Thunder-master, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Thunder-smiter

A name of Jupiter. In some accounts, identified as Thunder-smiter, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Thunderbearer

A name of Jupiter. Sometimes called Thunderbearer, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

thunderbolt

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Tiberinus

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Tiberius

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Tinia

An Etruscan supreme god, god of storms and thunder. Consort of Uni. In some lore, occasionally identified as Tinia, Tin, Tin, Tina, Tina, Tin(a), Tin(a), Greek Zeus, Greek Zeus, Amen, Baal-Samin, Cragus, Indra, Jupiter, Marduk, Roman Jupiter, Roman Jupiter, Ambres, Amen, Bussumarus, Dyaus or Jessis.

Tinnus

A thunder-god in Gaul. Occasionally called Tinnus, Tannus or Tannus.

Titus

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Titus Herminius

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Titus Tatius

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Tiv

An Etruscan moon-deity. On occassion, identified as Tiv.

Tonans

A name of Jupiter as 'thunderer'. In some references, referred to as Tonans.

Tortor

A name for Apollo as tower. Also commonly referred to as Tortor, Apollo, Apollo, Apollon, Abaeus, Abaios, Aguieus, Agyieus, Aleuromantes, Apellon, Apotropaeus, Archer God, Atepomarus, Carneios, Catharsius, Cynthius, Delian, Delius, Delphinius, Eulalon, Hecatos, Helius, Karn(ei)os, Loxias, Lyc(a)eus, Lykaios, Lyc(el)ius, Lycian, Musagetes, Nomius, Paean, Pae(e)on, Paion, Pasturer, Phoebus Apollo, Pytheus, Pythian, Pyth(i)us, Rat-killer, Sminthian, Smintheus, Sminthius, Sol, Tyrxis, British Maponus, Etruscan Aplu, Veiovis, Gaulish Atepomarus or Roman Apellun.

Trajan

An emperor who was deified with the name Trojanus. In some references, called Trajan.

Treverae

Celtic mother-goddesses of Trier. Occasionally known as Treverae.

Tria Fata

Goddesses of fate, assimilated to the Parcae or the Moirae. Sometimes known as Tria Fata, Fata or Fata.

Triumphator

A named of Jupiter as 'the. Triumphant'. Sometimes referred to as Triumphator.

triumphus

A celebration at the return of a victorious general when sacrifices. Were offered to Jupiter. Also identified as triumphus.

Trivia

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Troiae Halosis

A poem by Petronius on the fall of Troy. Also commonly known as Troiae Halosis.

Trojanus

A god, the Roman Emperor Trajan. Deified. In some references, called Trojanus.

Tubilstrium

A festival held in March in honour of Mars. Occasionally referred to as Tubilstrium.

Tuchulcha

An Etruscan deity of the underworld. An assistant to Mantus. Sometimes called Tuchulcha.

Tullia

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Tullius Hostilius

The third king of Rome. For destroying Alba and its inhabitants, he and all his family were killed by Poseidon. In some references, identified as Tullius Hostilius, Hostilius, Hostilius, Tullus Hostilius or Tullus Hostilius.

Turan

A winged Etruscan fertility-goddess and goddess of love. In some accounts, identified as Turan, Greek Aphrodite, Greek Aphrodite, Alilat, Anahit, Anahita, Anaitis, Aphrodisias, Aprodita, Argimpasa, Astarte, Biducht, Caelestis, Concordia, Hathor, Ishtar, Mylitta, Rati, Syrian Goddess, Roman Venus, Roman Venus, Aphrodite or Rati.

Turms

An Etruscan god of the underworld. Mahaf) On occassion, called Turms.

Turnus

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Tursa

An early goddess of terror. Also called Tursa.

Twelve Books of Tages

A record of the wisdom passed to the Etruscans by the god Tages. Also referred to as Twelve Books of Tages, Books of Tages, Books of Tages, Acherontian Books, Acherontian Books or Twelve Books.

Ubertas

A god of agriculture. Occasionally called Ubertas.

Ulysses

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umbra

In the theory of a threefold soul, the umbra hovered over the body. At death. Also called umbra.

Unconquerable, The

A Roman name for Heracles. In some references, known as Unconquerable, The.

Uni

An Etruscan guardian goddess. Consort of Tin. Also called Uni.

Unxia

A goddess of marriage. Sometimes called Unxia.

Vacuna

A Sabine goddess of horticulture. Sometimes known as Vacuna.

Vagitanus

A guardian god of babies who caused. Them to utter their first cry. Sometimes known as Vagitanus, Fabulinus, Fabulinus or Vagtanus.

Valetudo

A goddess of health. In some accounts she is the same as Salus. Also called Valetudo, Hygeia, Hygeia, Athena, Athena Hygeia, Hugeia, Hygia, Hygieia, Hygi(ei)a, Roman Salus, Salus, Salus, Greek Hygeia or Sabine Strenia.

Vanth

An Etruscan goddess of the underworld. This being has wings each of which has a large eye on the inside. Identified as Vanth.

vates

A prophet. Sometimes called vates.

Veiovis

A youthful Etruscan god of shepherds whose festival, the Agonium, was held on May 21st. Also referred to as Veiovis, Apollo, Apollo, Apollon, Abaeus, Abaios, Aguieus, Agyieus, Aleuromantes, Apellon, Apotropaeus, Archer God, Atepomarus, Carneios, Catharsius, Cynthius, Delian, Delius, Delphinius, Eulalon, Hecatos, Helius, Karn(ei)os, Loxias, Lyc(a)eus, Lykaios, Lyc(el)ius, Lycian, Musagetes, Nomius, Paean, Pae(e)on, Paion, Pasturer, Phoebus Apollo, Pytheus, Pythian, Pyth(i)us, Rat-killer, Sminthian, Smintheus, Sminthius, Sol, Tortor, Tyrxis, British Maponus, Etruscan Aplu, Gaulish Atepomarus, Roman Apellun, Vediovis, Vediovis, Vedius, Vedius, Veive, Veive, Vejovis, Vejovis, Vetis, Vetis, Greek Apollo, Greek Apollo, Angus Og, Apellun, Aplu, Maponus or Surya.

Veltune

An Etruscan god. Also commonly identified as Veltune.

Veneralia

A festival in honour of Venus, held on 1st April. Also identified as Veneralia.

Venilia

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Venus

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Venus Anadyomene

Venus rising from the foam. Sometimes referred to as Venus Anadyomene.

Venus Erycina

A Sicilian love-goddess. Some say she was the wife of Anchises. Sometimes called Venus Erycina, Erucina, Erucina, Erycina, Erycina, Venus Erucina, Venus Erucina, (Venus) Erucina or (Venus) Erucina.

Venus Genetrix

Venus as the goddess of motherhood. Also identified as Venus Genetrix.

Venus Verticordia

Venus as the goddess of virtue. In some references, called Venus Verticordia.

Venus Victrix

Venus as the goddess of victory, worshipped particularly in the colonies. Sometimes identified as Venus Victrix.

Verbenalia

Festivals in honour of the plant. Vervain which was said to have magic properties. Also called Verbenalia, herba sacra, herba sacra or vervain.

Vergilia

Wife of Coriolanus, in some accounts. Others give her name as Volumnia. Also called Vergilia, Volumnia, Volumnia or Veturia.

Verginia

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Verginius

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versacrum

A dedication to the gods of the produce of spring. In some references, known as versacrum.

Vertumnus

The god of fertility, fruit trees and gardens. Husband of Pomona. He approached Pomona in many different guises before finally winning her love. In some lore, occasionally called Vertumnus, Vortumnus, Vortumnus, Etruscan Vultumna or Etruscan Vultumna.

Vervacator

A goddess of agriculture. Sometimes referred to as Vervacator.

Vesper

Venus as the evening star. Occasionally called Vesper, Hesper, Hesper, Venus, Greek Hesperus or Greek Hesperus.

Vesta

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Vestal

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Vestalia

A festival for women, in honour of Vesta, held on 9th July. In some lore, occasionally identified as Vestalia.

Vestius Aloneius

An ancient bull-god in Spain. In some accounts, referred to as Vestius Aloneius.

Veturia

Mother of Coriolanus, some say. Others say her name was Volumnia. Also referred to as Veturia, Volumnia, Volumnia or Vergilia.

Vica Pota

A minor goddess of victory or, some say, of food and drink. Also called Vica Pota.

victimarius

An official who carried out the slaughter of those animals and humans brought for sacrifice. Known as victimarius.

Victoria

A goddess of victory. Her festival is held on 12th April. Occasionally called Victoria, Greek Nike or Greek Nike.

Vinalia

A wine festival in honour of Bacchus or Jupiter, held on 23rd April. Known as Vinalia.

Virbius

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virga medicinus

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Virgil

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Virtus

A god of military might, the personification of male vigour. Also commonly identified as Virtus.

Volscens

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Voltumna

An Etruscan goddess of vegetation and the south-east wind. Also known as Voltumna, Voltumnia, Voltumnia, Volturna, Volturna, Roman Vertumnus or Roman Vertumnus.

Volturnus

The east wind. On occassion, referred to as Volturnus, Tiberinus, Tiberinus, Father Tiber, Volturnus, Vulturnus, Vulturnus or Volturnus.

Volumna

A goddess of infants. Also identified as Volumna.

Volumnia

Mother of Coriolanus, in some accounts, in others, his wife. At times, identified as Volumnia, Vergilia, Vergilia, Veturia or Veturia.

Volupta

The goddess of pleasure. Daughter of Cupid and Psyche. Occasionally known as Volupta, Joy, Joy, Voluptas or Voluptas.

Vortumnalia

A festival in honour of Vertumnus. Held on 13th August. Also commonly identified as Vortumnalia.

Vosegus

A Celtic mountain-god in Gaul. In some references, identified as Vosegus.

Vulcan

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Vulcanalia

A festival in honour of the gods, including Vulcan, held on 23rd August. Also identified as Vulcanalia, Volcanalia, Volcanalia, Greek Hephaestia or Greek Hephaestia.

Vulcanatis

A flamen of the god Vulcan. In some references, referred to as Vulcanatis, Volcanis, Volcanis, Vulcanis or Vulcanis.

vulture

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Roman Mythology