Roman Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abeona

A goddess of children and revellers. On occassion, known as Abeona, Adeona or Adeona.

Aborigines

A tribe said to have originated in Greece who founded Rome. In some references, called Aborigines.

Abundantia

A fertility-goddess, goddess of plenty. At times, identified as Abundantia, German Abundia, German Abundia, Fulla, Norse Fulla, Norse Fulla, Abundia or Habonde.

Acadine

A magic fountain in Sicily. Known as Acadine.

Acavisr

An Etruscan deity, one of the Lasae. In some lore, occasionally known as Acavisr, Achvistr or Achvistr.

Acca Larentia

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Accius Naevius

An augur. He is said to have cut through a whetstone with a razor. Called Accius Naevius.

Achilleis

An unfinished poem by Statius about the life of Achilles. Sometimes identified as Achilleis.

Acron

A king. He led the first attack on Rome in an effort to recover the Sabine women taken captive by Romulus. Referred to as Acron.

Adephagia

A goddess of good cheer, gluttony. Also identified as Adephagia.

Aemilia

A vestal virgin. Identified as Aemilia.

Aemilia Pudentilla

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Aeneas Silvius

King of Alba Longa. A descendant of Aeneas. Also known as Aeneas Silvius.

Aeneid

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Aequitas

The god of equity. Occasionally identified as Aequitas.

Aesculapius

The Roman version of Asclepius. Sometimes known as Aesculapius, Esculapius, Esculapius or Asclepius.

Aeternitas

Eternity personified. This being is depicted as the ouroboros or the phoenix. In some lore, occasionally known as Aeternitas.

Africus

A wind from the south-west quarter. Also referred to as Africus, Greek Lips or Greek Lips.

Agonium

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Agrama

A festival for women at which the effigy of a male was destroyed. Sometimes identified as Agrama.

Agrippina

Wife of Germanicus. Mother of Agrippina, Caligula and Drusilla. In some references, called Agrippina.

Agrippine Sibyl

A mediaeval prophetess. Also commonly known as Agrippine Sibyl.

Aidoneus

A name for Hades. Also called Aidoneus, Hades, Hades, Pluteus, Aides, Ais, Clymenus, Euboleus, Eubouteous, Klymenos, Plouton, Pluto, Polydectes, Polydegmon, Pylartes, Stygeros, 'unseen', Zeus Katachthonios, Egyptian Serapis, Japanese Emma-O, Norse Ymir, Pacific Islands Yamaraja, Persian Yima, Roman Aidoneus, Dis (Pater), Dives or Orcus.

Aius Locutius

A personification of the voice said to have warned the Romans of the coming of the Gauls. Also referred to as Aius Locutius.

Alannus

A Celtic messenger god in Gaul. In some references, called Alannus, Alaunus, Alaunus, Alounis, Alounis, Alaenis, Alaenis, Roman Mercury, Roman Mercury, Artaius, Hermes or Lugh.

Alban Kings

Mythical kings said to rule before Romulus and Remus. Occasionally referred to as Alban Kings.

albogaleus

The lower part of the headdress of the flamen. Dialus. This was said to be made from the skins of those sacrificed to Jupiter. Also known as albogaleus.

Albunea

An Italian water nymph. She had the gift of prophecy and some of her pronouncements were recorded in the Sibylline Books. Sometimes referred to as Albunea, Diana, Diana, Albunea, Dian, Diane, Dian(e), Dione, Jana, Lucina, Czech Devana, Greek Artemis, Polish Dziewona, Serbian Dilwica or Hecate.

Alcmon

A minor god. Father of Lara. Occasionally called Alcmon.

Alemona

A goddess of childbirth and passage. Known as Alemona.

Altor

An ancient god. In some lore, occasionally known as Altor, 'feeder' or 'feeder'.

Amata

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Ambarvalia

The festival of the crops in late May. Sometimes called Ambarvalia.

Ambisagrus

A Celtic god in Gaul. Also called Ambisagrus.

Amoretti

Minor love gods. In some references, called Amoretti, Greek Erotes or Greek Erotes.

Amorini

Small love gods. Occasionally called Amorini.

Amulius

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Amyas

A love-god. Also commonly called Amyas.

ancile

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Ancus Marcius

A legendary king of Rome. At times, known as Ancus Marcius.

Androcles

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Angerona

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Angeronalia

The festival in honour of Angerona, 21 December. In some lore, occasionally identified as Angeronalia, Divalia or Divalia.

Angitia

A goddess of healing. In some accounts there are several such deities, the Angitiae. Others identify her with Fauna. In some accounts, referred to as Angitia, Anagtia or Anagtia.

Ani

An Etruscan sky-god. He is sometimes depicted as having two faces. In some accounts, known as Ani, Ala, Ala, Ale, Ani, Ale or Ana.

anima

In the theory of the threefold soul, the part that returned to the gods. Sometimes called anima.

Anna Larentia

An obscure deity. In some references, known as Anna Larentia.

Anna Perenna

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Anona

The goddess of crops. In some references, called Anona, Annona or Annona.

Anthor

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Apellun

An Italic love-god. On occassion, called Apellun, Apellon, Apellon, Apollo, Greek Apollo, Greek Apollo, Angus Og, Aplu, Atepomarus, Maponus, Surya or Veiovis.

Aplu

An Etruscan weather-god. In some accounts, identified as Aplu, Greek Apollo, Greek Apollo, Angus Og, Apellun, Atepomarus, Maponus, Surya or Veiovis.

Apone

A fountain in Padua said to have healing qualities. Identified as Apone.

Appiades

5 goddesses of peace. These deities, represented on horseback, were Concordia, Pallas, Peace, Venus and Vesta. Sometimes called Appiades, Venus, Venus, Genetrix, Victrix, Cloacina, Dione, Felix, Hesper, Libentina, Libitina, Queen of Love, Vesper, Victrix; Greek Aphrodite or Charis.

Aprodita

The Italic goddess of love. Also known as Aprodita, Greek Aphrodite, Greek Aphrodite, Alilat, Anahit, Anahita, Anaitis, Aphrodisias, Argimpasa, Astarte, Biducht, Caelestis, Concordia, Hathor, Ishtar, Mylitta, Rati, Syrian Goddess or Turan.

Apuleius, Lucius

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Aquilo

The north wind. In some references, identified as Aquilo, Aquilon, Aquilon, Septentrio, Septentrio, Greek Boreas or Greek Boreas.

Archagathius

A legendary physician renowned for his. Cruel methods of surgery. In some lore, occasionally called Archagathius, Vulnerarius, Vulnerarius or Archagathus.

Arimanius

The Roman name for Ahriman. Also commonly called Arimanius.

Armilustrium

A festival in honour of Mars, held in October. In some references, identified as Armilustrium.

Arruns

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Artepomaros

A name for Belinus as 'owner of a great horse'. In some accounts, identified as Artepomaros, Belinus, Belinus, Bel, Belenos, Belenus, Belin, Bellinus, Lord of Therapy, Bel, Irish Bilé, Roman Apollo, Shakespeare Cymbeline or Welsh Beli Mawr.

Arval Brothers

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Ashi

A goddess of recompense and, later, of morality. On occassion, known as Ashi.

Ass god

A deity connected with the feast of Saturnalia. In some lore, occasionally known as Ass god.

Atunis

The Etruscan version of Adonis. Sometimes called Atunis.

augur

One who made prophecies from the flight of birds. In some references, called augur, auspex or auspex.

Augusta

A name for the goddess Epona, used. By the Romans. In some lore, occasionally identified as Augusta, Justitia, Justitia, Augusta, Dike, Iustitia or Greek Dike.

Aulus Vibenna

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aurea virga

A rod, the caduceus given by Mercury to Apollo. At times, known as aurea virga, caduceus, caduceus, kerykeion, Greek kerykeion or virga medicinus.

Aurora

A goddess of the dawn. Also called Aurora, Mater Matuta, Mater Matuta, Eos, Ino, Matuta or Greek Eos.

Auster

The south west wind personified. Occasionally referred to as Auster, Greek Notus or Greek Notus.

Aventinus

A son of Heracles and Rhea. He fought with Turnus against Aeneas. Also identified as Aventinus.

Avernal

A fiend: inhabitant of the underworld. On occassion, called Avernal.

Avernus

Hell or the entrance to it. Occasionally known as Avernus, Lake Avernus, Lake Avernus or Avernus.

Averruncus

A minor god whose function was to avert evil. A version of Robigus. Also commonly called Averruncus, Robigus, Robigus or Robigo.

Bacax

A local god in North Africa. Known as Bacax.

bacchanal

A follower of Bacchus. A priest(ess) of Bacchus. A song, etc. dedicated to Bacchus. On occassion, identified as bacchanal, bacchante or bacchante.

Bacchanalia

Orgiastic festivals in honour of Bacchus. Sometimes known as Bacchanalia, Bacchanals, Bacchanals or bacchantes.

bacchant

A devotee of Bacchus. A priest of Bacchus. On occassion, referred to as bacchant, Bacchoi, Bacchoi, plurbacchoi or plurbacchoi.

bacchantes

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Bacchus

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Battle of Lake Regillus

A battle in which the Romans, with the help of Castor and Pollux, defeated. The Latins. Also commonly known as Battle of Lake Regillus.

Bellona

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Berenice

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Biston

A son of Mars. On occassion, known as Biston.

Bona Capia

A goddess of plenty. Also known as Bona Capia.

Bona Dea

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borax

A stone, an antidote to poison, believed to be carried in its head by a toad. In some references, referred to as borax.

Brutus

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Bubona

Goddess of cattle. Sometimes known as Bubona.

Bussumarus

A Celtic god known on the Continent. On occassion, known as Bussumarus, Roman Jupiter, Roman Jupiter, Ambres, Amen, Dyaus, Jessis or Tinia.

Cacus

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Caduceator

A name for Mercury as 'owner of the caduceus'. In some lore, occasionally called Caduceator.

caduceus

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Caecilia

Tanaquil]. Wife of Tarquinius Priscus. She was an Etruscan sorceress who, when her husband Lucumo became king of Rome, was called Tanaquil. In some accounts, referred to as Caecilia, Gaea Caecilia, Gaea Caecilia, Gaia Caecilia or Gaia Caecilia.

Caeculus

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Caeles Vibenna

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Caelestis

A moon-goddess. Juno as the 'guardian of Carthage'. Also known as Caelestis, Juno Caelestis, Juno Caelestis, Carthaginian Tanit, Carthaginian Tanit, Greek Aphrodite, Greek Aphrodite, Alilat, Anahit, Anahita, Anaitis, Aphrodisias, Aprodita, Argimpasa, Astarte, Biducht, Concordia, Hathor, Ishtar, Mylitta, Rati, Syrian Goddess or Turan.

Caelus

The sky personified. Consort of Tellus. Sometimes known as Caelus, Coelus, Coelus, Uranus, Greek Uranus, Greek Uranus, Dyaus, Ouranos, Phoenician Baal-Samin or Phoenician Baal-Samin.

Caligula

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Camenae

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Camilla

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Camise

Wife of Janus. Mother of Tiberius. Other versions give Jana as the wife of Janus. Also known as Camise.

Campestres

Celtic guardian spirits of military matters. Also called Campestres.

Campus Martius

The training ground, near Rome, for young soldiers, devotees of Mars. Also identified as Campus Martius, Field of Mars or Field of Mars.

Candamius

A sky-god in Spain. Also known as Candamius.

Candelifera

A goddess of birth. Occasionally identified as Candelifera.

Canens

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Canidia

A witch who cast spells using wax dolls. In some accounts, identified as Canidia.

Capetus

A king of Alba Longa. Father of Tiberinus, some say. At times, called Capetus.

Capitol

The temple of Jupiter. Sometimes known as Capitol.

Capys

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Car

A god. Some say he invented the art of augury. Called Car.

Cardea

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Carmenta

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Carmentalia

A festival in honour of Carmenta, held in January. In some accounts, called Carmentalia.

Carna

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Castores

The Roman name for the Dioscuri. In some accounts, known as Castores.

Catamitus

The Latin name for Ganymede. Known as Catamitus.

Celer

A lieutenant of Romulus. In some accounts it was Celer, not Romulus, who killed Remus for jumping over the wall of the new city. In some accounts, identified as Celer.

Cerealia

A festival in honour of Ceres held on 19 April. In some accounts, identified as Cerealia, Ceralia, Ceralia, Ludi Cerialis or Ludi Cerialis.

Ceres

Goddess of agriculture and corn. Daughter of Saturn and Ops. A consort of Jupiter. Mother of Proserpina. Sometimes referred to as Ceres, Cybele, Cybele, Agdistis, Cybebe, Cybelle, Idaea, Kubele, Kybebe, Kybele, Lion-and-bee Goddess, Maia, Great Mother, Meter Dindymene, White Goddess, Gaulish Berecynthia, Greek Demeter, Idaea, Idaean Mother, Rhea, Roman Bona Dea, Magna Mater, Maia, Mater Turrita, Ops, Sumerian Inanna or Syrian Kubaba.

Charun

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Cileus

An Etruscan deity. At times, known as Cileus.

Cincinnatus

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Cinxia

A goddess of marriage, later. Assimilated into Juno. In some accounts, identified as Cinxia, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Lucina, Opigina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera or Ilithyia.

Circius

A wind from the north-west quarter. In some references, identified as Circius, Greek Thracius or Greek Thracius.

Claudia Quinta

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Clementia

A guardian-goddess of the citizen. In some accounts, referred to as Clementia.

Cloacina

Goddess of sewers. A name for Venus as 'purifier'. Occasionally called Cloacina, Venus, Venus, Genetrix, Victrix, Appiades, Dione, Felix, Hesper, Libentina, Libitina, Queen of Love, Vesper, Victrix; Greek Aphrodite or Charis.

Cloelia

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Clusivius

A name of Janus as 'closer of gates'. Called Clusivius, Janus, Janus, Dianus, Dionus, Ianus, Patulcius, Consuvius or Janus Bifrons.

Commodus

A 2nd C. Roman emperor. He declared himself a god (Hercules the Second) and required his subjects to worship him. Also known as Commodus, Hercules secundus, Hercules secundus, Hercules Secundus or Hercules Secundus.

Compitalis

A festival of the cross-roads. In some accounts, known as Compitalis.

Comus

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Concordia

A goddess of civic agreement, one of the 5 Appiades. Sometimes identified as Concordia, Greek Aphrodite, Greek Aphrodite, Alilat, Anahit, Anahita, Anaitis, Aphrodisias, Aprodita, Argimpasa, Astarte, Biducht, Caelestis, Hathor, Ishtar, Mylitta, Rati, Syrian Goddess, Turan, Homonoia or Homonoia.

Consentes

The Roman version of Pan. In some accounts, referred to as Consentes, Pan, Pan or Capricorn.

Consentes Dii

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Consualia

Festivals in honour of Consus held on 19 or 21 August and 15 December. Sometimes known as Consualia.

Consus

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Consuvius

A name for Janus as 'the guardian of the beginning of human life'. At times, called Consuvius, Janus, Janus, Dianus, Dionus, Ianus, Patulcius, Clusivius or Janus Bifrons.

Convector

A god of grain and granaries. Also commonly called Convector.

Coriolanus

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Corus

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Corvus, Marcius

A military tribune. He fought a giant in single combat and was helped by a raven that flew into the face of his opponent. Also commonly referred to as Corvus, Marcius.

Cranae

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Cuba

A guardian goddess of infants in their cots. Sometimes identified as Cuba.

Culsu

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Cunina

A goddess of babies. Also commonly referred to as Cunina.

Cupid

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Cupra

An Etruscan fertility-goddess. Sometimes referred to as Cupra.

Curiatii

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Curtius

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Cybele Magna Mater

The goddess Cybele as 'great mother' in the Roman pantheon. In some lore, occasionally called Cybele Magna Mater.

Damatar

An Italic corn goddess. Also identified as Damatar, Greek Demeter, Greek Demeter, Ceres, Cybele or Dea Dia.

Damocles

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Daunus

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Dea Caelistis

A goddess. Sometimes known as Dea Caelistis, British Briganta or British Briganta.

Dea Dia

An ancient corn goddess. Also called Dea Dia, Demeter, Demeter, Amphictyonis, Da-Meter, Damater, Deo, Doso, Good Goddess, Grain Mother, Hermione, Isis, Mangata, Mother Da, Thesmophorus, Three Eponae, Achaiva, Black Demeter, Chloe, Da-meter, Deo, Epona, Erinys, Ga Metre, Ge Metre Gemeter, Hermione, Mother Earth, Thesmorphorus, White Goddess, Egyptian Isis, Italic Damatar, Phrygian Cybele, Roman Ceres, Greek Demeter, Greek Demeter, Ceres, Cybele or Damatar.

Dea Quartana

A goddess of fever. Daughter of Febris. Sister of Dea Tertiana. Called Dea Quartana.

Dea Tertiana

A goddess of fever. Daughter of Febris. Sister of Dea Quartana. In some lore, occasionally identified as Dea Tertiana.

Decuma

A goddess of birth. One of the 3 Parcae. In some references, called Decuma, Decima or Decima.

Deipara

Mother of god: god-bearing. In some accounts, known as Deipara, Greek Theotikos or Greek Theotikos.

Demaratus

A Greek who emigrated to northern Italy. Father of Lucumo. Sometimes referred to as Demaratus.

Dercetius

A Spanish mountain god. Also referred to as Dercetius.

deus

The Latin word for god. Occasionally called deus, Greek Theos or Greek Theos.

Deverra

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Di Indigetes

Heroes who were deified at death. Occasionally identified as Di Indigetes.

Di Mauri

The gods of the North African Moors. Occasionally identified as Di Mauri.

Di patrii

Ancestral gods: traditional gods. At times, identified as Di patrii.

Di Superi

Gods of the sky. Also referred to as Di Superi, Greek Uranian Deities or Greek Uranian Deities.

Diana

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Diana of Ephesus

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Dione

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Diovis-pater

An early name for Jupiter. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Diovis-pater, Diovis or Diovis.

Dirae

The Roman version of the Furies. Sometimes referred to as Dirae, Furiae, Furiae or Furies.

Dis

The Etruscan god of the dead: the underworld itself. In some lore, occasionally known as Dis, Orcus, Orcus, Dis, Dis Pater, Hades, Horcos, Horkos, Mors, Thanatos, Greek Hades or Phorcis.

Dis Pater

A Celtic god of the underworld in Gaul. At times, referred to as Dis Pater, Dispater, Dispater, Dives, Dives, Donn, Donn, sacred plants, sacred plants, sacred trees, tree-worship, Asclepius Phrygeus Muslims, Romans Dionysus Mercury Kojin Apollo Ceres and Demeter Dis Pater, Hades Artemis Egypt Dionysus, Pacific Islands Romulus Cybele Hestia Dionysus Dionysus Apollo Hera Buddha, Egypt Hades Aphrodite, Venus Demeter, Hades Egypt Baal, Jupiter, Melkarth, Thor, Zeus Athena Hermes Mexico Confucius, Dionysus Dionysus Heracles Demeter, Hades Japan Buddhism Japan Egypt Sweden Dionysus Mithra Greece, tree worship, Wealthy Father, Wealthy Father, Divs, Divs, Greek Hades, Greek Hades, Orcus, Pluto, She'ol, Yama, Yama-Raja, Pluto, Pluto or Thanatos.

Disciplina

A minor goddess. Known as Disciplina.

Discordia

The goddess of mischief. She was the owner of a ring that conferred invisibility on the wearer. Occasionally referred to as Discordia, Greek Eris or Greek Eris.

Domiduca

A name for Juno as 'guardian goddess of babies when out of their. Parents. Sight'. Occasionally called Domiduca, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Lucina, Opigina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera or Ilithyia.

Dominae

A Celtic river-goddess of the Loire. Sometimes called Dominae.

Drusilla

Daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina. Sister of Caligula. She is said to have committed incest with Caligula who deified her on her death. In some lore, occasionally identified as Drusilla.

Duillae

Spanish fertility goddesses. Occasionally referred to as Duillae.

Edusha

A god of children. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Edusha.

Egeria

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Elagabalus

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Enariae

Dog-priests. At times, known as Enariae.

Endouellicus

A Portuguese god of healing. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Endouellicus.

Epona

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Equina

A festival in honour of Mars. Occasionally known as Equina.

Equus October

A festival in honour of Mars held on October 15th. In some lore, occasionally known as Equus October, Ecus October or Ecus October.

Erichtho

A sorceress. Soon after Virgil died, Erichtho sent him to the underworld to retrieve a soul. Occasionally identified as Erichtho.

Evan

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Fabulinus

God whose job it was to teach children to speak. At times, identified as Fabulinus, Vagitanus, Vagitanus, Vagtanus or Vagtanus.

Fama

The 100-tongued goddess of rumour. In some lore, occasionally known as Fama, Greek Pheme or Greek Pheme.

Fascinius

A fertility-god. Occasionally known as Fascinius.

Fasti

A story by Ovid including an account of the rape of Lucretia. On occassion, known as Fasti.

Fata Scribendi

A goddess (or goddesses) who wrote. Out the fate of each child at birth. In some accounts, they are the same as the Fates. Sometimes referred to as Fata Scribendi.

Fatae Devones

Goddesses of the oak wood. On occassion, identified as Fatae Devones, Matronae Devones or Matronae Devones.

Fatus

A god of personal destiny. Occasionally referred to as Fatus.

faun

Part man, part goat: a woodland. Spirit: a descendant of Faunus. Also commonly known as faun, Faunus, Faunus, Fatu(cl)us, Faun, Incubo, In(n)uus, Lupercus, Silvan, plurFauni, Greek Pan or Faunus.

Fauna

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Faunus

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Faustulus

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Favonius

The west wind personified. Consort of Flora, some say. In some references, identified as Favonius, Greek Zephyr or Greek Zephyr.

Feast of Anna Perenna

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Febris

A goddess of fevers. Mother of Dea Quartana and Dea. Tertiana. On occassion, identified as Febris, Quartana, Quartana, Tertiana or Tertiana.

Februs

The god of the dead. In some accounts, called Februs, Etruscan Dis, Etruscan Dis, Greek Pluto, Greek Pluto or Dis.

Felicitas

The goddess of good luck. Sometimes identified as Felicitas, Fortuna, Fortuna, Primagenia, Greek Tyche or Italian Fors (Fortuna).

Felix

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Feralia

The final festival of the dead, held in February. Occasionally identified as Feralia.

Feronia

An Etruscan fertility-goddess and goddess of fire. Sometimes known as Feronia.

Fessonia

A goddess helping the needy. Sometimes identified as Fessonia.

Festus

A festival held in honour of Mercury, held on May 15th. Sometimes referred to as Festus.

Fides

A goddess, fidelity personified. She wore only a white veil. In some references, called Fides.

Fidius

A name for Jupiter as god of good. Faith and contracts. On occassion, called Fidius, Deus Fides, Deus Fides, Fides, Fides Publica, Dius Fidius, Dius Fidius, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon, Greek Zeus, Deus (Publica) Fides, Deus (Publica) Fides, Greek Zeus Pistios, Greek Zeus Pistios, Sancus, Sabine Sancus or Sabine Sancus.

flamen

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flamen Ceralia

A priest of Ceres. In some lore, occasionally known as flamen Ceralia.

flamen Dialis

A priest of Jupiter. Also called flamen Dialis.

flamen Florialis

A priest of Flora. On occassion, identified as flamen Florialis.

flamen Furrinalis

A priest of Furrina. Also called flamen Furrinalis.

flamen Martialis

A priest of Mars. In some references, called flamen Martialis.

flamen Pomonatis

A priest of Pomona. In some references, identified as flamen Pomonatis.

flamen Portumnatis

A priest of Portumnus. Also known as flamen Portumnatis.

flamen Quirinalis

A priest of Quirinus. At times, referred to as flamen Quirinalis.

flamen Vulcanatis

A priest of Vulcanus. In some lore, occasionally referred to as flamen Vulcanatis.

flaminica

The wife of a flamen. In some accounts, called flaminica.

flaminica Dialis

Wife of the flamen Dialis who helped. Her husband in his priestly duties. In some references, referred to as flaminica Dialis.

flaminium

The office of a flamen. In some lore, occasionally called flaminium.

Flora

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Floralia

A festival in honour of Flora held in April/May. Also called Floralia.

Fons

A god of springs. Son of Faunus and Juturna. Occasionally identified as Fons, Fontus or Fontus.

Fontinalia

A festival in honour of the god Fons, which involves the dressing of fountains and springs, held on October 13th. In some accounts, referred to as Fontinalia.

Fordicidia

A festival in honour of Tellus held on April 15th at which a cow and a calf. Were sacrificed. Sometimes identified as Fordicidia.

Fornacalia

An ancient festival in honour of Fornax or Vulcanus, deities of furnaces or ovens. On occassion, known as Fornacalia.

Fornax

A guardian goddess of ovens and baking. An aspect of Vesta. Called Fornax, Vesta, Vesta or Greek Hestia.

Fortuna

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Fortuna Virginensis

The goddess Fortuna as guardian of newly-married women. Also commonly called Fortuna Virginensis.

Fortuna Virilis

The goddess Fortuna acting to preserve. The beauty of women so that they. Retained the favour of their husbands. In some accounts, referred to as Fortuna Virilis.

Frugifer

A name for Baal-Hammon. As 'fruit-bearer'. On occassion, known as Frugifer.

Fulgans

A name of Jupiter as 'lightning-wielder'. In some lore, occasionally identified as Fulgans, Fulgar, Fulgar or Jupiter.

fulgur

The thunderbolt of Jupiter. Also known as fulgur.

Fulguriator

A priest whose function was to interpret the meaning of thunderbolts. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Fulguriator.

Furrina

A minor goddess. Some identify her with the Furies, others as a spirit of darkness. At times, identified as Furrina, Furina or Furina.

Furrinalia

A festival in honour of Furrina, July 25th. At times, known as Furrinalia.

Gelasinus

A god of laughter. In some lore, occasionally known as Gelasinus.

Genealogiae

A collection of myths by Hyginus. In some accounts, referred to as Genealogiae, Fabulae or Fabulae.

genius

A guardian spirit of the individual man, often in the form of a winged youth. Called genius, femalejuno, femalejuno, plurgenii, plurgenii, Greek daimon or Greek daimon.

genius Cuaillatus

An attendant (sometimes 3) on the Mother Goddess. In some lore, occasionally identified as genius Cuaillatus, plurgenii Cuaillati or plurgenii Cuaillati.

genius loci

The guardian spirit of a place, often in the form of a serpent. Occasionally called genius loci.

Germanicus

A Roman general. Husband of Agrippina. Father of Agrippina, Caligula and Drusilla. Occasionally called Germanicus.

Gradivus

A name for Mars as leader of the Roman forces in battle. In some references, known as Gradivus, Mars, Mars, Ares, Mamers, Marmar, Mavors, Pyrois, sacred birds, Viticus, Father Mars, Loucetius, Ma(r)spiter, Pyrois, Quirinus, Rigonometis, Silvan, Ultor, Egyptian Anhur, Etruscan Maris, Greek Ares or Vitricos.

Gratiae

The Roman version of the Graces. On occassion, referred to as Gratiae.

Gravidus

A name of Mars as leader of the Roman legions in battle. In some lore, occasionally known as Gravidus, Greek Ares, Greek Ares, Anhur, Gradivus, Karttikeya, Maris, Mars, Nergal or Skanda.

Hamavehae

3 Celtic mother-goddesses of Germany. Sometimes known as Hamavehae.

Hecate

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herba sacra

A plant said to have magic properties to cure sickness and avert witchcraft. Also called herba sacra, Verbenalia, Verbenalia, vervain or vervain.

Hereklo

An Italian hero. At times, called Hereklo, Greek Heracles, Greek Heracles, Arsaphes, Baal Tyre, Gisdhubar, Khons, Krishna, Melkarth, Vahagn, Verethragna, Vritrahana, Roman Hercules, Roman Hercules or Heracles.

Hermus

A river-god. In some lore, occasionally known as Hermus.

Heroides

A book of poems, addressed to the heroines of Greek and Roman myths, written by Ovid. Occasionally known as Heroides, Heroines or Heroines.

Hersilia

Wife of Romulus. She was taken up to heaven after the death of her husband and became one of the Horae. Sometimes referred to as Hersilia.

Hilaria

A festival celebrating the reunion of Attis and Cybele. Also called Hilaria.

Honus

A god (or goddess in some accounts) of military honours. In some accounts, identified as Honus, Honos or Honos.

Hora

A goddess. Consort of Quirinus. Sometimes identified as Hora, Hora Quirini or Hora Quirini.

Horatia

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Horatii

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Horatius

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Horta

An Etruscan goddess of agriculture. Sometimes called Horta.

Hostia

An Etruscan goddess. At times, identified as Hostia.

household gods

Gods of the family, lares and penates. On occassion, called household gods.

Hula

An early Italian vegetation deity. Also known as Hula.

Hulus

An early Italian vegetation deity. In some lore, occasionally identified as Hulus, Hula, Hula, Hula or Hula.

Hyginus

A 1st C. Mythographer. He was a former Spanish slave who wrote a handbook of mythology, Genealogiae or Fabulae. On occassion, identified as Hyginus.

Icauna

A Celtic river-goddess in Gaul. Sometimes referred to as Icauna.

Icilius

A man betrothed to Verginia. Occasionally known as Icilius.

Ifru

A North African god. Occasionally referred to as Ifru.

Iguvine Tablets

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Ilithyia-Leucothea

An Etruscan fertility-goddess. Called Ilithyia-Leucothea.

Imperator

A name for Jupiter as 'supreme leader'. In some accounts, known as Imperator, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Imporcitor

A god of agriculture. Also referred to as Imporcitor.

Incitatus

The horse of Caligula. The emperor appointed this animal to be a consul and priest. In some references, called Incitatus.

Indiges

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Inferi

Gods and inhabitants of the underworld. Occasionally known as Inferi, Superi or Superi.

inferiae

Offerings to the spirits of the dead. Also commonly identified as inferiae.

inferni

Spirits of the departed. Occasionally known as inferni.

infernus

Hell. Also commonly referred to as infernus.

Innuus

A fertility-god, god of shepherds. In some accounts, he is equated with Faunus as 'fertiliser'. Sometimes identified as Innuus, Inuus or Inuus.

Intercidona

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Invictus

A name of Jupiter as 'invincible'. Occasionally known as Invictus, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Invidia

A god of envy. Occasionally called Invidia, Greek Phthonus or Greek Phthonus.

Iterduca

A goddess of brides. Her function was to introduce a bride to her new home. She was later assimilated into Juno. Occasionally called Iterduca, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Jugalia, Lucina, Opigina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera or Ilithyia.

Iulus

King of Latium. Son of Ascanius. Brother of Silvius. He was forced from the throne and banished by Silvius. Sometimes identified as Iulus, Ascanius, Ascanius, Askaneios, Ilus, Iulus or Ilus.

Jana

Wife of Janus. Some versions identify Jana with Diana. Occasionally referred to as Jana, Diana, Diana, Albunea, Dian, Diane, Albunea, Dian(e), Dione, Lucina, Czech Devana, Greek Artemis, Polish Dziewona, Serbian Dilwica or Hecate.

januae

Cakes forming part of offerings to the god Janus. Occasionally identified as januae.

Janus

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Janus Bifrons`

A name for Janus as two-faced. Also known as Janus Bifrons`.

Janus Quadrifrons

A four-headed version of Janus. Sometimes referred to as Janus Quadrifrons.

Juno

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juno

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Juno Capritona

A title of Juno used at the festival of Nonae Capritonae. Sometimes known as Juno Capritona.

Juno Covella

A name used to address Juno at new. Moon ceremonies. Also commonly referred to as Juno Covella.

Juno Curitis

A name for Juno as a war-goddess and guardian of cities. In some accounts, identified as Juno Curitis, Juno Quiritis, Juno Quiritis or Juno Cuiritis.

Juno Lucina

A name of Juno as the goddess of childbirth who caused the child to see. In some references, referred to as Juno Lucina, Lucina, Lucina, Diana, Ilithyia, Juno, Diana or Greek Ilithyia.

Juno Moneta

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Juno Natalis

A name of Juno as patron of birthdays. On occassion, called Juno Natalis.

Juno Pronuba

A name of Juno as guardian of marriages. At times, referred to as Juno Pronuba.

Juno Regina

A name of Juno as queen of goddesses. At times, referred to as Juno Regina.

Juno Sororia

Juno as the guardian goddess of girls. At the age of puberty. Referred to as Juno Sororia.

Juno Sospita

Juno as the guardian of women in danger, later of the state. At times, known as Juno Sospita.

Juno Virginensis

A name for Juno as guardian of maidens, Chastity. At times, referred to as Juno Virginensis.

Junones

Protective goddesses. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Junones, juno, juno, ionones, iuno, plurionones, junones or malegenius.

Junonian bird

The peacock. Called Junonian bird, peacock or peacock.

Jupiter

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Jupiter Ammon

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Jupiter Capitolinus

A name for Jupiter as protector of Rome. Also known as Jupiter Capitolinus, Jupiter Tarpeius or Jupiter Tarpeius.

Jupiter Dolichenus

A name of Jupiter taking the place of the Hittite god, Taru, in the Syrian empire. Sometimes called Jupiter Dolichenus.

Jupiter Feretrius

Jupiter as the god of the sacred oak. Sometimes identified as Jupiter Feretrius.

Jupiter Fidius

A name for Jupiter as guardian of the land. Sometimes known as Jupiter Fidius.

Jupiter Fulgurator

A name of Jupiter as god of lightning. Sometimes known as Jupiter Fulgurator, Jupiter Elicius, Jupiter Elicius, Jupiter Fulminator or Jupiter Fulminator.

Jupiter Imperator

A name for Jupiter as ruler. In some references, referred to as Jupiter Imperator.

Jupiter Invictus

A name for Jupiter as unconquerable. Sometimes known as Jupiter Invictus.

Jupiter Latiaris

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Jupiter Lucerius

Jupiter as one who lives in the shiny heaven. Also commonly referred to as Jupiter Lucerius, Jupiter Lucesius or Jupiter Lucesius.

Jupiter Opikulus

A name for Jupiter as helper. Also identified as Jupiter Opikulus.

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Jupiter as the all-powerful guardian of Rome. Also identified as Jupiter Optimus Maximus.

Jupiter Pluvialis

A name for Jupiter as god of rain. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Jupiter Pluvialis, Pluvius, Pluvius or Jupiter.

Jupiter Praedator

Jupiter as one who takes and gives booty. In some lore, occasionally known as Jupiter Praedator.

Jupiter Serenator

Jupiter as god of calm skies. In some accounts, known as Jupiter Serenator.

Jupiter Stator

Jupiter as the god of battle. In this role, Jupiter prevented combatants from deserting their fellows. On occassion, identified as Jupiter Stator, 'supporter' or 'supporter'.

Jupiter Terminus

Jupiter as a god of boundaries. On occassion, identified as Jupiter Terminus.

Jupiter Tonans

Jupiter as a god of thunder. Also identified as Jupiter Tonans, Tonitrualis or Tonitrualis.

Jupiter Triumphator

Jupiter as the giver of victory. Sometimes known as Jupiter Triumphator.

Jupiter Victor

Jupiter as conqueror. Also known as Jupiter Victor.

Justitia

A goddess, justice personified. She is depicted blindfolded and holding the scales of justice. Occasionally known as Justitia, Augusta, Augusta, Dike, Dike, Dice, Roman Augusta, Iustitia, Iustitia, Greek Dike or Greek Dike.

Juturna

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Juturnalia

A festival, held on January 11th, in honour of Juturna. Sometimes identified as Juturnalia.

Juventas

Goddess of youth. Cupbearer to the gods. Also called Juventas, Iuventas, Iuventas, Juventus, Juventus, Greek Hebe, Greek Hebe or Varuni.

Karnos

An ancient god assimilated to Apollo. Also known as Karnos, Karneios or Karneios.

King of Saturnalia

A man impersonating the god Saturn. After five days in office, the incumbent was killed. In some lore, occasionally called King of Saturnalia, Abbot of Unreason, Abbot of Unreason or King of Unreason.

King of the Wood

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Lactantius

A 2nd or 3rd C. Writer, generally regarded as the author of the poem Phoenix. In some accounts, referred to as Lactantius.

Lactanus

A god of agriculture. Sometimes referred to as Lactanus, Lactans or Lactans.

lamb

The animal of Juno. In some lore, occasionally called lamb.

Lapis Manalis

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Lar

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Lar Familiaris

A household god, a guardian spirit of an ancestor of the family. Also commonly identified as Lar Familiaris.

Lara

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Larentalia

The feast of the dead in honour of Acca Larentia, 23rd December. In some references, referred to as Larentalia.

Lares

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Lares praestiles

Guardian gods of the state. Occasionally known as Lares praestiles.

Lares viales

Guardian gods of the cross-roads. In some references, called Lares viales.

Lars Porsena

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Larunda

A minor goddess of the Sabines. In some accounts, she is identified with Lara. Sometimes referred to as Larunda, Lara, Lara, Mania or 'babbler'.

larva

An evil spirit: a form of Lemur. Also identified as larva, larvae, larvae, lemur, lemur, lemures, plurlemures, Greek lamyroi, lares, plurallarvae or plurallarvae.

Lasae

Minor Etruscan female deities or supernatural beings. At times, called Lasae.

Latinus

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Latona

A mother-goddess and moon-goddess. Mother of Apollo and Diana by Jupiter. Occasionally referred to as Latona, Greek Leto, Greek Leto or Edjo.

lectisternium

A meal for the gods. In some accounts, identified as lectisternium, Greek theoxenia or Greek theoxenia.

lemur

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Lemuria

A festival commemorating the dead, May 9-15th. Identified as Lemuria.

Leucetios

A Celtic thunder-god in Gaul. Also referred to as Leucetios.

Levana

A tutelary goddess of new-born. Babies. Occasionally referred to as Levana.

Liber

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Libera

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Liberalia

A festival in honour of Liber held on March 17th. Occasionally called Liberalia.

Liberalitas

A god of generosity. Also commonly identified as Liberalitas.

Libertas

A goddess of personal liberty. Sometimes referred to as Libertas.

Libertina

A name for Venus as the goddess of sensual pleasures. Also known as Libertina, Libitina, Libitina, Venus or Greek Persephone.

Libitina

A goddess of funerals and the underworld, death personified. An aspect of Venus. Also referred to as Libitina, Libertina, Libertina, Venus, Venus, Genetrix, Victrix, Appiades, Cloacina, Dione, Felix, Hesper, Libentina, Queen of Love, Vesper, Victrix; Greek Aphrodite, Charis, Greek Persephone or Greek Persephone.

Licinia

A vestal virgin. She was condemned to death for incest. At times, known as Licinia.

lily

The flower of Juno. Occasionally called lily.

lituus

An augur's staff. This staff, hooked at one end, was used to mark out the area to be used for divination. Identified as lituus.

Losna

An Etruscan moon-goddess. Occasionally referred to as Losna.

Lua

An ancient Italian goddess of destruction. The first consort of Saturn. At times, referred to as Lua, Lua Mater, Lua Mater, Lua Saturni or Lua Saturni.

Lucifer

Venus as the morning star. Occasionally referred to as Lucifer, Light-bearer, Light-bearer or Lucifer.

Lucina

The goddess of childbirth, hunting, and marriage. An aspect of Diana or Juno. Sometimes called Lucina, Diana, Diana, Albunea, Dian, Diane, Albunea, Dian(e), Dione, Jana, Czech Devana, Greek Artemis, Polish Dziewona, Serbian Dilwica, Hecate, Ilithyia, Ilithyia, Eileithyia, Eilithieia, Eilithua, Eilithyia, Eleuthia, Ilythia, Juno, Eil(e)ithyia, Eil(e)itheia, Eleuthyra, Cretan Eleuthea, Egyptian Nekhbet, Roman Juno, Ilithyiae, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Opigina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera, Greek Ilithyia, Greek Ilithyia, Juno Lucina or Juno Lucina.

Lucius Hiberius

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Lucretia

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Lucretius

Father of Lucretia. Also called Lucretius.

Lucumo

An Etruscan. Son of Demaratus. He became the fifth king of Rome as Tarquinius Priscus. Also referred to as Lucumo, Tarquinius Priscus, Tarquinius Priscus, Lucius Tarquinius or Tarquin.

Ludi Apollinares

Games in honour of Apollo. At times, identified as Ludi Apollinares.

Ludi Capitolini

Games in honour of Jupiter, held in October. Sometimes referred to as Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Magni, Ludi Magni, Ludi Maximi, Ludi Plebei, Ludi Romani or Ludi Capitalini.

Ludi Cerialis

Games in honour of Ceres. Also known as Ludi Cerialis, Cerealia, Cerealia or Ceralia.

Ludi Florialis

Games in honour of Flora. Called Ludi Florialis.

Ludi Magni

Games in honour of Jupiter. In some references, referred to as Ludi Magni, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Plebei, Ludi Romani, Ludi Maximi, Ludi Maximi, Ludi Capitalini or Ludi Capitalini.

Ludi Megalenses

Games in honour of Cybele. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Ludi Megalenses.

Ludi Plebei

Games in honour of Jupiter, held in November. Also known as Ludi Plebei, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Magni, Ludi Romani, Ludi Capitalini or Ludi Capitalini.

Ludi Romani

Games in honour of Jupiter, held in September. In some accounts, identified as Ludi Romani, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Capitolini, Ludi Magni, Ludi Plebei, Ludi Capitalini or Ludi Capitalini.

Luna

A moon-goddess. Also identified as Luna, Greek Phoebe, Greek Phoebe, Selene, Selene, Artemis, Chromia, Hera, Io, Mene, Pasiphae, Phoebe, Selena, Asterodia, Phoebe, Seline or Roman Luna.

Lupercalia

A festival honouring Faunus, Lupercus or the wolf that suckled Romulus and Remus, held on February 15th. On occassion, known as Lupercalia.

Lupercii

The young men or priests who took. Part in the rites of the Lupercalia. Called Lupercii.

Lupercus

An ancient Italian god of fertility, flocks and wolves. In some accounts, he is equated with Faunus. In some references, known as Lupercus, Faunus, Faunus, Fatu(cl)us, Faun, Incubo, In(n)uus, Silvan, plurFauni, Greek Pan, Faunus, Pan, Pan, Feeder, Herdsman, 'all', Capricorn, Goat-god, Goat-Pan, Nomius, Pasturer, Shepherd God, plurpanes, Roman Consentes or Evander.

lustrum

A sacrificial rite of purification held. Every 5 years. Occasionally called lustrum.

Lybica

A sibyl. In some accounts, known as Lybica.

Lympha

A nature-goddess. In some accounts, identified as Lympha.

Magna Mater

A mother-goddess. This deity is represented in Rome by a black meteoric stone. In some references, called Magna Mater, Cybele, Cybele, Agdistis, Cybebe, Cybelle, Idaea, Kubele, Kybebe, Kybele, Lion-and-bee Goddess, Maia, Great Mother, Meter Dindymene, White Goddess, Gaulish Berecynthia, Greek Demeter, Idaea, Idaean Mother, Rhea, Roman Bona Dea, Ceres, Maia, Mater Turrita, Ops, Sumerian Inanna, Syrian Kubaba, Phrygian Cybele, Phrygian Cybele, Anat, Aphrodite, Astarte, Bona Dea, Demeter, Inanna, Kubaba, Rhea, Greek Rhea, Greek Rhea or Ops.

majores

Senior flamines chosen from the patricians. On occassion, called majores.

Maligernii

Evil spirits. Occasionally identified as Maligernii.

Mamercus

Son of Numa Pompilius. Brother of Pinis and Pompo. In some lore, occasionally known as Mamercus.

Mamurius Veturius

The celestial smith who made copies of the ancile. Also commonly identified as Mamurius Veturius, ancile, ancile, ancilia or plurancilia.

Mandrabue

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Manes

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Mania

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Manlius

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Mantus

One of the Etruscan guardians of hell. Consort of Mania. In some references, referred to as Mantus, Mantrns or Mantrns.

Marcii

Early oracular prophets. In some accounts, there was only one such prophet, Marcius. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Marcii, Marcius or Marcius.

Maris

An Etruscan war-god. In some references, identified as Maris, Greek Ares, Greek Ares, Anhur, Gradivus, Gravidus, Karttikeya, Mars, Nergal, Skanda, Roman Mars, Roman Mars, Belatucadros, Camulos, Camulos, Cariociecus, Nergal or Tyr.

Mars

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Mars Gradivus

Mars as the patron of the Campus Martius. In some lore, occasionally identified as Mars Gradivus.

Mars Loucetius

A name for Mars as 'brilliant'. At times, known as Mars Loucetius, Loucetius, Loucetius or Mars.

Mars Quirinus

A name for Mars as protector of the state. At times, known as Mars Quirinus.

Mars Rigonometis

A name for Mars as king of the sacred grove. Known as Mars Rigonometis, Rigonometis, Rigonometis or Mars.

Mars Ultor

A name for Mars as 'avenger of Caesar'. Also commonly known as Mars Ultor, Ultor, Ultor or Mars.

Marspiter

A name for Mars as Father Mars. In some accounts, referred to as Marspiter, Maspiter or Maspiter.

Mastarna

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Mastralia

A festival in honour of Mater Matuta, April 11th. Sometimes known as Mastralia.

Mater Matuta

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Mater Turrita

An earth-goddess, goddess of fertility. Her attendants were the noisy Corybantes. Called Mater Turrita, Cybele, Cybele, Agdistis, Cybebe, Cybelle, Idaea, Kubele, Kybebe, Kybele, Lion-and-bee Goddess, Maia, Great Mother, Meter Dindymene, White Goddess, Gaulish Berecynthia, Greek Demeter, Idaea, Idaean Mother, Rhea, Roman Bona Dea, Ceres, Magna Mater, Maia, Ops, Sumerian Inanna, Syrian Kubaba, Rhea, Rhea, Adrastea, Rheia, Rheie, Phrygian Cybele, Roman Magna Mater, Greek Rhea, Greek Rhea or Ops.

Matralia

A festival in honour of Mater Matuta. Held on June 11th. Identified as Matralia.

Matres

Celtic mother-goddesses, goddesses of the household. Occasionally known as Matres, Deae Matres, Deae Matres, Matrae, Matrae, Matronae, Matronae, Mothers, Mothers, The Mothers, The Mothers, Welsh Mamau or Welsh Mamau.

Matronalia

A festival in honour of Juno Lucina. Held on March 1st. At times, known as Matronalia.

Mean

An Etruscan deity. Also commonly identified as Mean.

Medea

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Meditrina

A goddess of healing. Sometimes referred to as Meditrina.

Meditrinalia

A festival in honour of Jupiter and Meditrina. Also called Meditrinalia.

Mefitis

An Italian goddess of sulphurous. Vapours. Also commonly identified as Mefitis.

Mellonia

A bee-goddess. Also referred to as Mellonia.

Mens

A goddess, right thinking personified. In some lore, occasionally identified as Mens, Mens Bona or Mens Bona.

Mercuralia

A festival in honour of Mercury held in May. In some references, known as Mercuralia.

Mercury

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Messor

A god of agriculture. Occasionally identified as Messor.

Metabus

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Metamorphoses

Tales from Greek mythology by Ovid. Also known as Metamorphoses, Golden Ass, The or Golden Ass, The.

Meticus

A charioteer to Aeneas in Italy. At times, identified as Meticus.

Mettius Fuffetius

A king of Alba Longa. When he deserted the side of Tullius Hostilius, his superior king, Tullius had him torn apart between two chariots. On occassion, identified as Mettius Fuffetius.

Minerva

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Minervalia

Festivals in honour of Minerva. Occasionally identified as Minervalia.

minores

Junior flamines chosen from plebeians. Also known as minores.

Mithraeum

A temple dedicated to Mithra in which bulls were sacrificed. Occasionally identified as Mithraeum.

Mithras

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Mlacuch

An Etruscan deity. Also referred to as Mlacuch.

Moccus

A Celtic swine-god in Gaul. Also commonly called Moccus, Moccos or Moccos.

Mogounos

A Celtic sun-god in France. Known as Mogounos, Mogons or Mogons.

Moneta

A goddess of prosperity, an aspect of Juno. She appeared in the form of a hen. At times, referred to as Moneta, African Aje or African Aje.

mormos

Blood-sucking monsters. Identified as mormos.

Mors

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Morta

One of the 3 Fates, the Parcae. Also referred to as Morta, Etruscan Culsu, Etruscan Culsu, Greek Atropos, Greek Atropos or Culsu.

Mulciber

A name for Vulcan as 'melter'. Also referred to as Mulciber, Vulcan, Vulcan, Hephaestus, Kalvaistis, Volcanus, Volkanus, Vulcanus, Quietus, Velchanos, Etruscan Sethlans or Greek Hephaestus.

mundus

A pit in Rome which was said to lead to the underworld: a pit into which the first fruits are placed as offerings. In some references, referred to as mundus.

Mutinus

A fertility-god. Women made offerings to this deity in the hope of bearing children. On occassion, called Mutinus, Mutunus, Mutunus, Mutunus Tutunus, Mutunus Tutunus, Mutunus (Tutunus), Mutunus (Tutunus), Egyptian Min, Egyptian Min, Priapus, Greek Priapus, Greek Priapus or Min.

Navius

A prophet. When challenged by Tarquinius Priscus, he cut a whetstone in half with a razor. Identified as Navius.

Necessitas

A goddess of destiny. Also known as Necessitas, Greek Ananke or Greek Ananke.

Nemausicae

3 Celtic mother-goddesses of Nimes. In some accounts, identified as Nemausicae.

Nemetona

A Celtic deity in Britain, a goddess of groves in Gaul, a war-god(dess). At times, called Nemetona, nemeton, nemeton, neimed, nemed or nemetona.

Nemi wood

A sacred grove. In the fertility rite symbolising death and resurrection, the old kingpriest was killed in this grove by his young successor. At times, identified as Nemi wood.

Nemoralia

A festival in honour of Diana, celebrated on August 13th. In some lore, occasionally called Nemoralia, Grove Festival or Grove Festival.

Neptunalia

A festival in honour of Neptune, June 23rd. Occasionally referred to as Neptunalia.

Neptune

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Nerio

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Niskae

Celtic spirits of rivers and wells in Gaul: mother-goddesses. Sometimes identified as Niskae, Niskai or Niskai.

Nodotus

A Celtic god of cereals. At times, known as Nodotus.

Nona

One of the 3 Fates. She was originally regarded as a goddess of birth. Occasionally called Nona.

Nonae Capritonae

A festival in honour of Juno, held on July 7th. On occassion, known as Nonae Capritonae, Nones of the Wild Fig or Nones of the Wild Fig.

Novensides

A group of 9 Etruscan deities. Sometimes identified as Novensides, Nouensides, Nouensides, Nouensiles, Nouensiles, Novensiles or Novensiles.

Nox

A goddess of night. On occassion, known as Nox, Greek Nyx or Greek Nyx.

Numa Pompilius

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Numina

The early Roman abstract deities. Known as Numina.

Numitor

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Obarator

A god of agriculture. At times, identified as Obarator.

Occator

A god of agriculture. Known as Occator.

Ocelus

A Celtic god of healing. On occassion, referred to as Ocelus.

Ocresia

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October Horse Festival

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Opalia

A festival held in honour of Ops on December 19th. Sometimes known as Opalia.

Ophiucus

A god of healing. Also identified as Ophiucus, Greek Asclepius, Greek Asclepius, Eshmun or Imhotep.

Opiconsivia

A festival in honour of Ops, August 25th. In some lore, occasionally identified as Opiconsivia.

Opigina

A goddess of childbirth. Her function was to help the mother bring forth her child. She was later assimilated into Juno. In some accounts, identified as Opigina, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Lucina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera or Ilithyia.

Ops

The goddess of the harvest, plenty and wealth. Wife of Consus. Second wife of Saturn. Mother of Jupiter and Neptune. Called Ops, Cybele, Cybele, Agdistis, Cybebe, Cybelle, Idaea, Kubele, Kybebe, Kybele, Lion-and-bee Goddess, Maia, Great Mother, Meter Dindymene, White Goddess, Gaulish Berecynthia, Greek Demeter, Idaea, Idaean Mother, Rhea, Roman Bona Dea, Ceres, Magna Mater, Maia, Mater Turrita, Sumerian Inanna, Syrian Kubaba, Eire, Eire, Ama, Anith, Anu, Aonach, Eadna, Eirean, Eirin, Eoghana, Eri, Erin, Eriu, Iath, Ith, Momo, Mumham, Nannam, Nanu, Ops, Sibhol, Ama, Anan, Anu, EireanEoghana, Eri(u), I(a)th, Momo, Nannan, Sibhd, Tlachtga, Eri, Rhea, Rhea, Adrastea, Rheia, Rheie, Phrygian Cybele, Roman Magna Mater, sacred birds, sacred birds, birds, Ainu Ahura Mazda, Amaterasu, Apollo, Athena, Helius, Hermes, Mercury, Mithra, Nyx, Tammuz, Zas Arawn, Artemis, China, Fukurokuju, Kwannon, Lares, Mannanan, Perseus, Shou Shen, Thoth Apollo, Asclepius, Angerbode Brac, Cronus, Odin, Saturn, Yama Juno Aphrodite, Astarte Ararjatis, Ataragatis, Hachiman, Venus Dusara, Jupiter Egypt Apollo, Baba, Brahma, Dionysus, Egypt, Eros, Epona, Hera, Horus, Iris, Juno, Kaltesh, Mars, Osiris, Seb, Thoth, Vishnu Isis Apollo, Here, Tethys Zoastrianism Asclepius, Inara Ketu, Minerva Brahma, Lakshmi, Sarasvati Apollo, Melkarth Asclepius, Noah, Odin Saturn Aphrodite, Venus Hera, Sweden Aphrodite, Isis Aphrodite, Venus Aztecs, Maya Apollo, Ares Heracles, Isis, Izanagi or Izanami Ares Triptolemus Amaterasu.

Orcus

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Ovid

A 1st C BC. Poet. He was the author of Amores, Fasti, Heroides, Medea, Metamorphoses, etc. Also called Ovid, Naso, Naso, Publius Ovidius Naso, Publius Ovidius Naso, (Publius Ovidius) Naso or (Publius Ovidius) Naso.

Palatia

A female deity of the north pole. Also commonly known as Palatia, Palanta, Palanta, Palanto, Palanto, Palato, Palato, Pala(n)to or Pala(n)to.

Palatium

A sacred hill. One of the seven hills of Rome, the Palatine. In some lore, occasionally identified as Palatium.

Pales

A god or goddess of cattle, flocks, and shepherds. Also known as Pales.

Palilia

A festival in honour of Pales held on April 21st. Sometimes called Palilia, Parilia or Parilia.

Parcae

The Fates, Decuma, Morta and Nona. Daughters of Ananke, some say. In some accounts, Parcae was originally a goddess of childbirth. Occasionally referred to as Parcae, Fates, Fates, Norns, Moirae, Greek Moirae, Greek Moirae, Fati, Norse Norns or Norse Norns.

Parentalia

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Partula

A goddess of child-birth. In some lore, occasionally known as Partula.

Pavor

A deity, panic personified. In some accounts, known as Pavor.

Pax

The goddess of peace. She is depicted as a maiden with a cornucopia. Occasionally identified as Pax, Greek Eirene or Greek Eirene.

Peace

One of the 5 Appiades. Also referred to as Peace.

peacock

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Penates

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Petronius

A 1st C. Writer, author of Troiae Halosis. Known as Petronius.

Phillipan

The sword of Antony, a triumvir. On occassion, referred to as Phillipan.

Picumnus

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Picus

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Pietas

A goddess, respect personified. Occasionally known as Pietas.

Pilumnus

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Pinus

Son of Numa Pompilius. Brother of Mamercus and Pompo. In some references, called Pinus.

Plautus

A dramatist. He wrote some twenty comedies, including Captivi and Amphitryon. At times, identified as Plautus, (c, (c, Charlemagne, Mahavira, Patrick, Thomas the Rhymer, 254-184 or 254-184.

Pluto

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Plutus

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Poeninus

A Celtic mountain-god of the Alpine area. On occassion, known as Poeninus.

Pollux

The Roman name for Polydeuces. Sometimes referred to as Pollux.

Pomona

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Pomonal

A place sacred to Pomona. Occasionally called Pomonal.

Pomonus

An early Italian creator-god. In some references, known as Pomonus, Pupdike or Pupdike.

Pompo

Son of Numa Pompilius. Brother of Manercus and Pinus. Called Pompo.

pontifex

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Poplifugia

A festival in honour of Jupiter, held on July 5th. In some lore, occasionally known as Poplifugia.

Portumnus

A sea-god, god of harbours, husbands. He was originally the god of entrances. Occasionally identified as Portumnus, Portunus, Portunus, Greek Melicertes, Greek Melicertes, Palaemon, Palaemon, Heracles or Palaimon.

Portunalia

A festival in honour of Portumnus, August 17th. Also called Portunalia.

Postumius

A leader of the Romans. He defeated the Latins at the Battle of Lake Regillus with the help of Castor and Pollux. Sometimes known as Postumius.

Potina

A guardian goddess of infants. Also known as Potina, Potua or Potua.

Praedator

A name of Jupiter as 'snatcher of booty'. In some references, referred to as Praedator, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Primagenia

The goddess Fortuna at Praeneste. Daughter of Jupitar. Also known as Primagenia, Fortuna, Fortuna, Felicitas, Greek Tyche or Italian Fors (Fortuna).

Proca

A king of Alba Longa. Son of Janus and Cardea or Carna. Father of Amulius and Numitor. Also commonly known as Proca.

Proculus, Julius

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Promitor

A god of agriculture. Sometimes referred to as Promitor.

Pronuba

A name of Juno as the patroness of marriage. Referred to as Pronuba, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Lucina, Opigina, Queen of Heaven, Sispes, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera or Ilithyia.

Propertius

A 1st C BC. Poet and mythographer. Identified as Propertius.

Proserpina

Goddess of the underworld. Daughter of Jupiter and Ceres. Wife of Pluto. In some accounts, called Proserpina, Core, Core, Anahita, Cora, Corinna, Corinne, Kora, Kore, Kore-Arethusa, Koure, Maiden, The, Persephone, Pherepatta, Ko(u)re, Persephassa, Phersephatta, Polyboea, The Maiden, The Mistress, 'virgin', Persian Anahita, Roman Libera, Proserpine, Despoena, Proserpine, Proserpine, Greek Core, Greek Core or Libera.

Providentia

A goddess of prudence. In some references, called Providentia.

Proximae

A group of Celtic guardian goddesses. At times, identified as Proximae.

Psaphon

A man who trained many birds to speak his name. In some accounts, known as Psaphon.

Psyche

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psychopomp

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Pudicita

A goddess of chastity. Also identified as Pudicita.

Pultuce

An Etruscan version of Pollux. Castor and Pultuce were later merged with the Tindaridae. Also commonly known as Pultuce.

Purtupita

An early Italian vegetation deity. On occassion, called Purtupita, Purtupitus or Purtupitus.

Puta

A goddess of agriculture. Referred to as Puta.

Quadriviae

Mother-goddesses and goddesses of the cross-roads. Also referred to as Quadriviae.

Quietus

A title of Vulcan. In some accounts, referred to as Quietus, Vulcan, Vulcan, Hephaestus, Kalvaistis, Volcanus, Volkanus, Vulcanus, Mulciber, Velchanos, Etruscan Sethlans or Greek Hephaestus.

Quinquatria

Festivals in honour of Minerva, 19th- 23rd March. Sometimes referred to as Quinquatria.

Quirinalia

A festival in honour of Quirinus, held on February 17th. On occassion, known as Quirinalia.

Quirinus

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Quiritis

A Sabine guardian-goddess of mothers. On occassion, referred to as Quiritis.

Racilia

Wife of Cincinnatus. Mother of Lucius. On occassion, identified as Racilia.

Rape of the Sabine Women

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Recaranus

A creator-deity. Also identified as Recaranus, Garanus or Garanus.

Redarator

A god of agriculture. At times, identified as Redarator.

Regina

A name of Juno as 'queen'. Also known as Regina.

Regulus

A hero who gave his life for his country. For his bravery, the gods placed him in the heavens as a star in Leo. Also identified as Regulus.

Rehtia

An early Italian goddess of good. Fortune. Sometimes referred to as Rehtia.

Remus

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Rhamnes

A king. Rhamnes was also an augur and was one of those fighting on the side of Turnus against Aeneas. He was killed by Nisus. Occasionally known as Rhamnes.

Rhea

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Rhea Silvia

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Rhoetus

One of the Rutulians killed by Euralyus. In some accounts, identified as Rhoetus, Rhoetos or Rhoetos.

Rhome

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Rigisamus

A Celtic war-god in Gaul. Also known as Rigisamus.

Ritona

A Celtic goddess of fords. Also commonly referred to as Ritona.

Robigalia

A festival in honour of Robigus, held on April 25th. At times, called Robigalia.

Robigus

A guardian-god of cornfields. Sometimes called Robigus, Robigo, Robigo, Averruncus or Averruncus.

Roma

A tutelary goddess. Occasionally identified as Roma, Rome, Rome, Roma or Roma.

Roman Antiquities

A twenty-volume history and mythology of Rome, written by Dionysius of Helicarnassus. Occasionally called Roman Antiquities.

Rome

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Romulus

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Rosmerta

A Celtic fertility goddess in Gaul. Guardian of merchants. Consort of Mercury. Sometimes referred to as Rosmerta, Maia, Maia, Cybele or Maya.

Rudianos

A Gaulish war-god. Occasionally referred to as Rudianos.

Rudiobus

A Celtic horse-god in Gaul. Known as Rudiobus.

Rumina

A goddess of nursing mothers. In some lore, occasionally known as Rumina, Rumia or Rumia.

Ruminalis

The fig-tree under which the infants Romulus and Remus were found. Occasionally referred to as Ruminalis, Ruminal or Ruminal.

Rusor

An ancient god. Also commonly identified as Rusor, 'ploughman' or 'ploughman'.

Salacia

Goddess of springs. Goddess of the salt seas, some say. Wife of Neptune. In some references, known as Salacia, Canens, Canens, Canentes, Venilia, Venilia, Greek Amphitrite or Greek Amphitrite.

Salii

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Salus

A goddess of health and public welfare. Her festival was celebrated on April 30th. In some references, called Salus, Greek Hygeia, Greek Hygeia, Strenia, Valetudo, Sabine Strenia or Sabine Strenia.

Santa

A Sabine fertility-goddess. Also known as Santa.

Saritor

A god of weeds. Also called Saritor.

Sarritor

A god of agriculture. Also commonly called Sarritor.

Saturn

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Saturnalia

A festival in honour of Saturn, December 17th-19th. At this festival, masters and servants exchange roles for the day. Occasionally identified as Saturnalia, Sigillaria or Sigillaria.

Scaevola

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Secular Games

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Securita

A guardian goddess protecting. The empire. In some lore, occasionally identified as Securita, Securitas or Securitas.

Seia

A guardian-goddess of newly-planted. Corn. Sometimes known as Seia.

Seian Horse

A horse apparently bringing ill-fortune to its owner. On occassion, identified as Seian Horse.

Selvans

An Italian god, possibly a god of agriculture and forests. In some references, referred to as Selvans.

Semnocosus

A Spanish war-god. Also called Semnocosus.

Semo

A vegetation-god, sower of seed. He was later absorbed into Sancus as Semo-Sancus. Also commonly referred to as Semo, Sancus, Sancus, Semo Sancus, Greek Zeus Pistios or Roman Fidius.

Servius Tullius

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Sethlans

An Italian smith-god. Referred to as Sethlans, Sethlaus, Sethlaus, Greek Hephaestus, Greek Hephaestus, Kalvaistis, Ptah, Regin, Tvashtri, Vulcan, Roman Vulcan or Roman Vulcan.

sibyl

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Sibyl of Cumae

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Sibylline Books

9 books of prophecies written. By the Sibyl of Cumae. In some references, known as Sibylline Books, Sibyl of Cumae, Sibyl of Cumae, Amalthea, Amphyrisian Prophetess, Cumaean Sibyl, Deiphobe, Demophile, Erythraean Sibyl, Herophile, Amalthea, Amphrysian Prophetess or Herophile.

Sigillaria

The latter part of the Saturnalia. Also commonly referred to as Sigillaria, Saturnalia or Saturnalia.

Silvan

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Silvani

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Silvius

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Sispes

A local name for Juno. In this form, she is depicted as wearing a goatskin and armed. Occasionally referred to as Sispes, Juno, Juno, Capritona, Covella, Jugalis, Cinxia, Domiduca, Great Goddess, Huga, Iuno, Iterduca, Jugalia, Lucina, Opigina, Pronuba, Queen of Heaven, Sororia, Etruscan Uni, Greek Hera, Ilithyia, Sospita or Sospita.

Snenanth

An Italian deity. On occassion, called Snenanth.

Sol

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Solanus

A wind from the north-east quarter. Occasionally identified as Solanus, Greek Ap(h)eliotes or Greek Ap(h)eliotes.

Somnus

The god of sleep. Son of Nyx. Twin brother of Mors. Known as Somnus, Greek Hupnus, Greek Hupnus, Hypnus, Hypnus, Hupnos, Hypnos or Roman Somnus.

Soranus

An Italian god. Also called Soranus.

Sors

A god of fortune. Also known as Sors.

Spes

A goddess, hope personified. Also referred to as Spes.

Spiniensis

A god of agriculture. Occasionally known as Spiniensis.

Spurius Lartius

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Spurius Tarpeius

Father of Tarpeia. On occassion, called Spurius Tarpeius.

Stata Mater

A fire-goddess. She was said to be able to make fires stand still. Occasionally known as Stata Mater.

Statius

A 1st C BC. Poet. He was the author of Achilleis, Thebais, etc. Sometimes known as Statius.

Sterculius

A name for Picumnus as a god of manuring. In some lore, occasionally known as Sterculius, Picumnus, Picumnus, Picus, Stercutus, Stercutus, Sterquilinius or Sterquilinius.

Stimula

A minor goddess. A goddess who excites passion in women. In some accounts, she is identified with Semele. In some accounts, referred to as Stimula, Semele, Semele, Fauna, Thyone, Keraunia, Phrygian Zemelo, Roman Fauna or Zagreus.

strenae

Twigs used in the New Year festival. These twigs were taken from a grove sacred to Strenia and were given as tokens of good fortune. In some lore, occasionally known as strenae.

Strenia

A Sabine goddess of the New Year festivities. At times, referred to as Strenia, Greek Hygeia, Greek Hygeia, Salus, Valetudo, Roman Salus, Roman Salus or Hygeia.

striges

Blood-sucking monsters. In some accounts, referred to as striges.

Suadela

The goddess of persuasion, particularly in romance, seduction and love. Sometimes known as Suadela, Greek Peitho or Greek Peitho.

Sucellus

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Suculae

The Roman name for the Nysaean. Nymphs (Hyades). Occasionally identified as Suculae, Greek Hyades or Greek Hyades.

Sulevia

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Summamus

An Italian storm-god. In the Roman pantheon, he was regarded as the god of the night sky. His festival was celebrated on 20th June. Sometimes known as Summamus, 'highest' or 'highest'.

suovetaurilia

A sacrifice of pig, sheep and ox. At times, called suovetaurilia.

Superi

The gods and other inhabitants of the heavens. In some accounts, identified as Superi, Inferi or Inferi.

Svutaf

An Italian god in the form of a youth with wings. Also referred to as Svutaf.

swallow

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Tages

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tages

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Tanaquil

The Roman name for Caecilia. In some lore, occasionally known as Tanaquil.

Tarchetius

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Tarchies

An Etruscan sage. He taught Tarchon the arts of haruspicy. Some accounts equate him with Tages. At times, known as Tarchies.

Tarchon

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Tarpeia

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Tarquinia

Sister of Tarquinius Superbus. Mother of Brutus. Referred to as Tarquinia.

Tarquinius Arruns

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Tarquinius Collatinus

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Tarquinius Priscus

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Tarquinius, Sextus

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Tarquinius Superbus

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Tarutius

Husband of Acca Larentia. In the story that identifies Acca Larentia with the prostitute Fabula, he married her after she gave up prostitution, a wealthy woman. Also commonly called Tarutius.

Tarvos

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Tatia

First wife of Numa Pompilius. On occassion, called Tatia.

Tatius

A Sabine king. He is said to have captured the Capitol following the rape of the Sabine women and ruled jointly with Romulus. Also known as Tatius.

taurobolium

The sacrificial slaughter of bulls to Mithras or Cybele when devotees. Bathed in the blood of the slaughtered animals. Also commonly referred to as taurobolium, criobolium, criobolium or kriobolion.

Tellumo

An ancient earth-god. Consort of Tellus. Also identified as Tellumo, Tellurus, Tellurus or Tellus.

Tellurus

An ancient earth-god. Consort of Tellus. Sometimes identified as Tellurus, Tellumo, Tellumo or Tellus.

Tellus

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Teratius

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Terminal

A bust of the god Terminus erected at street corners, etc. Also known as Terminal, Greek Herma or Greek Herma.

Terminalia

A festival in honour of Terminus, 23rd February. Occasionally known as Terminalia.

Terminus

A god of boundaries. Occasionally identified as Terminus, Hermes, Hermes, Anubis, Arcus, Camillus, Hermeias, Master of Animals, sacred birds, Terminus, Agoneus, Arais, Arg(e)iphontes, Atlantiades, Clithonius, Cyllen(ius), Hermanubis, Master Thief, Nomius, Oneicopompus, Pasturer, Psychogogue, Psychopomp(us), The Master, Trismegistus, Egyptian Anubis, Thoth, Etruscan Turms, Roman Mercury, Charidotes, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon, Greek Zeus, Mercury, Mercury, Mercurius, Merqurius, Mircurios, Mirqurios, Terminus, Mergurius, Mirqurius, Psychopompus or Greek Hermes.

Thalna

An Etruscan goddess of childbirth. Also referred to as Thalna.

Thebais

A poem by Statius dealing with the story of Oedipus. Also commonly referred to as Thebais.

Thesan

An Etruscan goddess of the dawn and childbirth. Called Thesan.

Thunder-darter

A name of Jupiter. Also referred to as Thunder-darter, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Thunder-master

A name of Jupiter. Also known as Thunder-master, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Thunder-smiter

A name of Jupiter. On occassion, referred to as Thunder-smiter, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunderbearer, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

Thunderbearer

A name of Jupiter. In some references, referred to as Thunderbearer, Jupiter, Jupiter, Diespiter, Diu-pater, Elicius, Fulgurator, Iupiter, Iuppiter, Jove, Juppiter, Papaeus, sacred plants, Sky Father, Terminus, Zeus, (Deus) Fides, Diovis(-pater), Fidius, Fulgans, Fulgar, Imperator, Invictus, Iup(p)iter, Jove, Pluvius, Praedator, Sky Father, Terminus, Thunder-darter, Thunder-master, Thunder-smiter, Etruscan Tinia, Egyptian Amon or Greek Zeus.

thunderbolt

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Tiberinus

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Tiberius

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Tinia

An Etruscan supreme god, god of storms and thunder. Consort of Uni. At times, known as Tinia, Tin, Tin, Tina, Tina, Tin(a), Tin(a), Greek Zeus, Greek Zeus, Amen, Baal-Samin, Cragus, Indra, Jupiter, Marduk, Roman Jupiter, Roman Jupiter, Ambres, Amen, Bussumarus, Dyaus or Jessis.

Tinnus

A thunder-god in Gaul. Also commonly identified as Tinnus, Tannus or Tannus.

Titus

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Titus Herminius

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Titus Tatius

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Tiv

An Etruscan moon-deity. Also known as Tiv.

Tonans

A name of Jupiter as 'thunderer'. Called Tonans.

Tortor

A name for Apollo as tower. Occasionally called Tortor, Apollo, Apollo, Apollon, Abaeus, Abaios, Aguieus, Agyieus, Aleuromantes, Apellon, Apotropaeus, Archer God, Atepomarus, Carneios, Catharsius, Cynthius, Delian, Delius, Delphinius, Eulalon, Hecatos, Helius, Karn(ei)os, Loxias, Lyc(a)eus, Lykaios, Lyc(el)ius, Lycian, Musagetes, Nomius, Paean, Pae(e)on, Paion, Pasturer, Phoebus Apollo, Pytheus, Pythian, Pyth(i)us, Rat-killer, Sminthian, Smintheus, Sminthius, Sol, Tyrxis, British Maponus, Etruscan Aplu, Veiovis, Gaulish Atepomarus or Roman Apellun.

Trajan

An emperor who was deified with the name Trojanus. Also commonly known as Trajan.

Treverae

Celtic mother-goddesses of Trier. Also identified as Treverae.

Tria Fata

Goddesses of fate, assimilated to the Parcae or the Moirae. Sometimes known as Tria Fata, Fata or Fata.

Triumphator

A named of Jupiter as 'the. Triumphant'. Occasionally known as Triumphator.

triumphus

A celebration at the return of a victorious general when sacrifices. Were offered to Jupiter. In some lore, occasionally identified as triumphus.

Trivia

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Troiae Halosis

A poem by Petronius on the fall of Troy. At times, identified as Troiae Halosis.

Trojanus

A god, the Roman Emperor Trajan. Deified. Also commonly known as Trojanus.

Tubilstrium

A festival held in March in honour of Mars. Called Tubilstrium.

Tuchulcha

An Etruscan deity of the underworld. An assistant to Mantus. Sometimes identified as Tuchulcha.

Tullia

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Tullius Hostilius

The third king of Rome. For destroying Alba and its inhabitants, he and all his family were killed by Poseidon. Occasionally called Tullius Hostilius, Hostilius, Hostilius, Tullus Hostilius or Tullus Hostilius.

Turan

A winged Etruscan fertility-goddess and goddess of love. In some accounts, referred to as Turan, Greek Aphrodite, Greek Aphrodite, Alilat, Anahit, Anahita, Anaitis, Aphrodisias, Aprodita, Argimpasa, Astarte, Biducht, Caelestis, Concordia, Hathor, Ishtar, Mylitta, Rati, Syrian Goddess, Roman Venus, Roman Venus, Aphrodite or Rati.

Turms

An Etruscan god of the underworld. Mahaf) In some references, referred to as Turms.

Turnus

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Tursa

An early goddess of terror. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Tursa.

Twelve Books of Tages

A record of the wisdom passed to the Etruscans by the god Tages. At times, identified as Twelve Books of Tages, Books of Tages, Books of Tages, Acherontian Books, Acherontian Books or Twelve Books.

Ubertas

A god of agriculture. Also commonly referred to as Ubertas.

Ulysses

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umbra

In the theory of a threefold soul, the umbra hovered over the body. At death. Sometimes known as umbra.

Unconquerable, The

A Roman name for Heracles. In some references, called Unconquerable, The.

Uni

An Etruscan guardian goddess. Consort of Tin. Sometimes called Uni.

Unxia

A goddess of marriage. Also identified as Unxia.

Vacuna

A Sabine goddess of horticulture. In some accounts, referred to as Vacuna.

Vagitanus

A guardian god of babies who caused. Them to utter their first cry. In some accounts, called Vagitanus, Fabulinus, Fabulinus or Vagtanus.

Valetudo

A goddess of health. In some accounts she is the same as Salus. Referred to as Valetudo, Hygeia, Hygeia, Athena, Athena Hygeia, Hugeia, Hygia, Hygieia, Hygi(ei)a, Roman Salus, Salus, Salus, Greek Hygeia or Sabine Strenia.

Vanth

An Etruscan goddess of the underworld. This being has wings each of which has a large eye on the inside. Also referred to as Vanth.

vates

A prophet. Sometimes known as vates.

Veiovis

A youthful Etruscan god of shepherds whose festival, the Agonium, was held on May 21st. In some references, identified as Veiovis, Apollo, Apollo, Apollon, Abaeus, Abaios, Aguieus, Agyieus, Aleuromantes, Apellon, Apotropaeus, Archer God, Atepomarus, Carneios, Catharsius, Cynthius, Delian, Delius, Delphinius, Eulalon, Hecatos, Helius, Karn(ei)os, Loxias, Lyc(a)eus, Lykaios, Lyc(el)ius, Lycian, Musagetes, Nomius, Paean, Pae(e)on, Paion, Pasturer, Phoebus Apollo, Pytheus, Pythian, Pyth(i)us, Rat-killer, Sminthian, Smintheus, Sminthius, Sol, Tortor, Tyrxis, British Maponus, Etruscan Aplu, Gaulish Atepomarus, Roman Apellun, Vediovis, Vediovis, Vedius, Vedius, Veive, Veive, Vejovis, Vejovis, Vetis, Vetis, Greek Apollo, Greek Apollo, Angus Og, Apellun, Aplu, Maponus or Surya.

Veltune

An Etruscan god. In some references, known as Veltune.

Veneralia

A festival in honour of Venus, held on 1st April. Identified as Veneralia.

Venilia

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Venus

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Venus Anadyomene

Venus rising from the foam. In some accounts, referred to as Venus Anadyomene.

Venus Erycina

A Sicilian love-goddess. Some say she was the wife of Anchises. In some accounts, called Venus Erycina, Erucina, Erucina, Erycina, Erycina, Venus Erucina, Venus Erucina, (Venus) Erucina or (Venus) Erucina.

Venus Genetrix

Venus as the goddess of motherhood. Referred to as Venus Genetrix.

Venus Verticordia

Venus as the goddess of virtue. On occassion, called Venus Verticordia.

Venus Victrix

Venus as the goddess of victory, worshipped particularly in the colonies. At times, known as Venus Victrix.

Verbenalia

Festivals in honour of the plant. Vervain which was said to have magic properties. In some references, referred to as Verbenalia, herba sacra, herba sacra or vervain.

Vergilia

Wife of Coriolanus, in some accounts. Others give her name as Volumnia. In some references, referred to as Vergilia, Volumnia, Volumnia or Veturia.

Verginia

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Verginius

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versacrum

A dedication to the gods of the produce of spring. In some lore, occasionally known as versacrum.

Vertumnus

The god of fertility, fruit trees and gardens. Husband of Pomona. He approached Pomona in many different guises before finally winning her love. Also identified as Vertumnus, Vortumnus, Vortumnus, Etruscan Vultumna or Etruscan Vultumna.

Vervacator

A goddess of agriculture. Also referred to as Vervacator.

Vesper

Venus as the evening star. In some references, called Vesper, Hesper, Hesper, Venus, Greek Hesperus or Greek Hesperus.

Vesta

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Vestal

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Vestalia

A festival for women, in honour of Vesta, held on 9th July. Also commonly called Vestalia.

Vestius Aloneius

An ancient bull-god in Spain. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Vestius Aloneius.

Veturia

Mother of Coriolanus, some say. Others say her name was Volumnia. Also identified as Veturia, Volumnia, Volumnia or Vergilia.

Vica Pota

A minor goddess of victory or, some say, of food and drink. In some references, referred to as Vica Pota.

victimarius

An official who carried out the slaughter of those animals and humans brought for sacrifice. At times, known as victimarius.

Victoria

A goddess of victory. Her festival is held on 12th April. Also called Victoria, Greek Nike or Greek Nike.

Vinalia

A wine festival in honour of Bacchus or Jupiter, held on 23rd April. Also referred to as Vinalia.

Virbius

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virga medicinus

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Virgil

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Virtus

A god of military might, the personification of male vigour. Occasionally identified as Virtus.

Volscens

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Voltumna

An Etruscan goddess of vegetation and the south-east wind. At times, referred to as Voltumna, Voltumnia, Voltumnia, Volturna, Volturna, Roman Vertumnus or Roman Vertumnus.

Volturnus

The east wind. Occasionally called Volturnus, Tiberinus, Tiberinus, Father Tiber, Volturnus, Vulturnus, Vulturnus or Volturnus.

Volumna

A goddess of infants. Also commonly called Volumna.

Volumnia

Mother of Coriolanus, in some accounts, in others, his wife. Occasionally called Volumnia, Vergilia, Vergilia, Veturia or Veturia.

Volupta

The goddess of pleasure. Daughter of Cupid and Psyche. Also known as Volupta, Joy, Joy, Voluptas or Voluptas.

Vortumnalia

A festival in honour of Vertumnus. Held on 13th August. Called Vortumnalia.

Vosegus

A Celtic mountain-god in Gaul. In some accounts, identified as Vosegus.

Vulcan

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Vulcanalia

A festival in honour of the gods, including Vulcan, held on 23rd August. At times, referred to as Vulcanalia, Volcanalia, Volcanalia, Greek Hephaestia or Greek Hephaestia.

Vulcanatis

A flamen of the god Vulcan. Also known as Vulcanatis, Volcanis, Volcanis, Vulcanis or Vulcanis.

vulture

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Roman Mythology