Norse - Creator-god, god of battle, the dead, inspiration and wind. Son of Bor and Bestla. Brother of Ve and Vili. Husband of Frigga, Grid, Rinda, Saga and Skadi. Father of Balder, Beldegg, Bragi, Hermod, Heimdall, Hoder, Saeming, Sigi, Skiald, Thor, Vali, Vidar, Weldegg and Yngvi. He and his brothers Ve and Vili killed the Frost Giant Ymir and built the world from his body. He had a number of wives of whom the principal was Frigga. His first wife was Erda who produced Thor, the second was Frigga, mother of Balder, Hermod, and, some say, Tyr, and the third was Rinda, mother of Vali. Others he loved include Grid, mother of Vidar, Gunlod mother of Bragi, Skadi and Saga. He was the father of Heimdall who was produced by nine giantesses (the wave-maidens) simultaneously. He sent Hermod to consult the magician Rossthiof who prophesied that one of his sons would be murdered and advised that Odin should woo Rinda. Worried by the omens for Balder's future, he went to Niflheim in the guise of Vegtam to consult the prophetess Volva whom he raised from the sleep of death. She told him that Balder would be killed by his own brother, Hoder. He tried to win Rinda, first as the victorious general who had defeated her father's enemies, then as Rostrus, a craftsman who made her wonderful gifts, and finally as a handsome young warrior. She rebuffed him on every occasion so he put her in a trance and appeared as Vak, an old crone who claimed to be able to break the spell. Instead, he tied her up, carried her off and fathered the boy Vali who grew to manhood in one day and avenged the death of Balder by shooting his killer, Hoder. In his efforts to improve the lot of gods and man he gave up one eye for a drink from Mimisbrunnr, the Well of Wisdom, suffered untold tortures hanging for nine days from the tree Yggdrasil to learn the mysterious runes and took the skaldic mead from the giants and gave it to man so that those whose drank might become poets. On one occasion, angered by the desecration of a statue of himself, he went off leaving Asgard to its own devices. The Frost Giants quickly took over while his brothers Ve and Vili assumed his role. After seven months he returned, ousted his brothers, forced the giants to relax their icy grip and resumed his role. On a visit to his foster-son, Geirrod, he went in disguise as Grimm to test his hospitality. He was tortured for eight days and, when he finally revealed his true identity and freed himself, Geirrod fell on his own sword. A later story of Odin makes him a god-king originating in Asia Minor, migrating across Europe to the northern realm, and leaving his sons Beldegg, Saeming, Sigi, Skiald, Weldegg and Yngvi as kings of countries he conquered. As Wotan he forced Alberich to hand over the Rhine-gold, together with the Ring and the Helmet of Invisibility made from it, but Alberich placed a curse on all of this treasure. When Fafnir killed his brother for possession of the gold and turned into a dragon to guard it, Odin decided that a warrior should kill Fafnir so that the gold could be returned to the Rhinemaidens to break the curse. He chose his own son Siegmund but, in a duel with a hunter who had abducted Siegmund's lover, broke Siegmund's sword allowing Siegmund to be killed by the hunter whom Odin then killed with a fierce glance. He was the owner of a magic spear, Gungnir, a magic bow that accurately fired ten arrows at once and an eightlegged horse called Sleipnir. When Odin felt that the end was near, he consulted the vala, Haid, who told him how the world would end but could tell him nothing about what would happen after Ragnarok. Her knowledge, combined with his own, enabled him to see the rebirth of the world repopulated by Lif and Lifthrasir, the return of Balder and the happy future contrasting with the doom-laden past. In the final battle, Odin was killed by the wolf Fenris. In some accounts, he is said to have brought to Scandinavia the head of Minos, king of Crete, which continued to speak, and used it as an oracle. He is represented with a long grey beard and carrying his spear, Gungnir, usually accompanied by his ravens Hugin and Munin. On his visits to earth he wore a blue cloak and a flat cap. Occasionally called Odin, Alrida, Alrida, Asa, Asa, Aesir, Father of Battle, Father of Battle, Fothin, Fothin, God of the Hanged, God of the Hanged, Hangagud, High One, The, High One, The, Briganta, Oder, Oder, Odur, Odhinn, Odhinn, Odnir, Odnir, Othin, Othin, Othinn, Othinn, Othinus, Othinus, Othr, Othr, Othur, Othur, Ouvin, Ouvin, sacred birds, sacred birds, birds, Ainu Ahura Mazda, Amaterasu, Apollo, Athena, Helius, Hermes, Mercury, Mithra, Nyx, Tammuz, Zas Arawn, Artemis, China, Fukurokuju, Kwannon, Lares, Mannanan, Perseus, Shou Shen, Thoth Apollo, Asclepius, Angerbode Brac, Cronus, Saturn, Yama Juno Aphrodite, Astarte Ararjatis, Ataragatis, Hachiman, Venus Dusara, Jupiter Egypt Apollo, Baba, Brahma, Dionysus, Egypt, Eros, Epona, Hera, Horus, Iris, Juno, Kaltesh, Mars, Ops, Osiris, Seb, Thoth, Vishnu Isis Apollo, Here, Tethys Zoastrianism Asclepius, Inara Ketu, Minerva Brahma, Lakshmi, Sarasvati Apollo, Melkarth Asclepius, Noah, Odin Saturn Aphrodite, Venus Hera, Sweden Aphrodite, Isis Aphrodite, Venus Aztecs, Maya Apollo, Ares Heracles, Isis, Izanagi, Izanami Ares Triptolemus Amaterasu, Thekkr, Thekkr, Thror, Thror, Throv, Throv, Thrud, Thrud, Thrudr, Thrudr, Thrudur, Uggerus, Uggerus, Ygg, Voden, Voden, Woden, Wish God, Wish God, Wotan, Wotan, Wodan, Wuotan, Wuotan, Alfader, Alfader, Alfadir, Alfadur, Alfodr, All-father, All-father, All-seer, Atridr, Atridr, Balegyr, Balegyr, Bilegyr, Bilegyr, Bileya, Breit-Hut, Breit-Hut, Sidhottr, Farma-Tyr, Farma-Tyr, Feng, Feng, Fjolnir, Hnikar, Fiollnir, Fiollnir, Feng, Fiolnir, Fimbultyr, Fimbultyr, Fiolsvidr, Fiolsvidr, Fiolsvid, Fiolsvid, Fjolsvid, Fjolsvidr, Fiolsvid, Fiornir, Fiornir, Fjdnir, Fjdnir, Fjorner, Fjorner, Fiorner, Furor, Furor, Gagavaldur, Gagavaldur, Galgagramr, Galgagramr, Galgavaldyr, Gander, Gander, Gangrad, Gangrad, Gagurath, Gangrath, Wanderer, Gagnrath, Vak, Wayfarer, Geignudr, Geignudr, Glapsvidir, Glapsvidir, Grimmr, Grimmr, Grimnir, Hacke(l)berg, Hacke(l)berg, Hackelberend, Hackelberend, Hackeberg, Hackel-berend, 'mantlebearer', Hakol-berend, Hakol-berend, Hanga-Tyr, Hanga-Tyr, Har(bard), Har(bard), Harr, Harr, Har, Har, Har, Helblindi, Helblindi, Her-Tyr, Her-Tyr, Herfadir, Herfather, Herfather, Herian, Herian, Herjan, HoodedOne, HoodedOne, Hrafna(-god), Hrafna(-god), Hropt, Hropt, Iafn-Har, Iafn-Har, Jafenhar, Jafnhar, Janfar, Like-mighty, Jaf(e)nhar, Irmin, Irmin, Ermin, Heimdall, Irmen, Tyr, Karlafbuge, Karlafbuge, King of Lidskialf, King of Lidskialf, Ofrir, Ofrir, Svafnir, Svafnir, Omi, Omi, One-eyed, One-eyed, Oski, Oski, Osci, Othin(n), Othin(n), Rosterus, Rosterus, Sidfod(i)r, Sidfod(i)r, Sigfadir, Sigfadir, Sigtyr, Sigtyr, Sidfodr, Sygtyr, Skidskegg, Skidskegg, (The) High One, (The) High One, Thrud(r), Thrud(r), Thunderer, Thunderer, Baal, Elias, Taran, Thor, Thunderbird, Thunderbird, Thunderbird, Zeus, Vafud, Vafud, Vegtam, Valfadir, Valfadir, Valfodr, Valfather, Valfather, Valkjosandi, Valkjosandi, Vax, Vax, Vak, Vech(a), Vech(a), Vak, Veratyr, Veratyr, Viator-indefessus, Viator-indefessus, Vidforull, Vidforull, Wild Huntsman, Wild Huntsman, French Great Huntsman of Fontainebleu, Yggdrasil, Yggdrasil, Igdrasil, World Tree, Ygdrasil, Ygdrasill, Yggdrasill, Mimameid, Mimameith, Ygdrasil(l), Ygg(r), Ygg(r), German Grim, German Grim, Votan, Votan, Master of the Drum, Odon, Oton, Tamuls, Tepeyollotl, Tzequil, vaudoux, W(u)otan, W(u)otan, Saxon Irmin, Saxon Irmin, Rafnagud, Rafnagud, Porun or Porun.

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