North American Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Aba

The supreme god of the Choctaws. Occasionally called Aba.

Ababinili

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abawinae

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Acheri

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Achiyalabopa

A monster in the lore of the Zuni. This beast was envisaged as having feathers made of sharp flints. Also identified as Achiyalabopa, Achiyalatopa or Achiyalatopa.

adaox

A myth or tale of the early days of the world in the lore of the Tshimshian. Sometimes identified as adaox, Chinook ikanam, Chinook ikanam, Nuyam, spetake, Kwakiutl nuyam, Kwakiutl nuyam, ikanam, Thompson spetake or Thompson spetake.

Adawulcanak

In the lore of the tribes of the North- West, a servant of Nascakiyetl. On occassion, referred to as Adawulcanak, Tliewatuwadjigican, Tliewatuwadjigican or Adawaulcanak.

Adekagagwaa

An Iroquois god of summer. In some lore, occasionally identified as Adekagagwaa.

Ae

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Agas Xenas Xena

In the lore of the Chinook, the deity of the evening star. Also known as Agas Xenas Xena.

Ahayuta achi

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Ahimakon

A demon of the woods on Vancouver Island. In some accounts, called Ahimakon.

Ahone

Supreme god of the tribes of Virginia. Occasionally referred to as Ahone.

Ahsonnutli

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Ai'kren

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Aio

A Hopi sorcerer who can communicate with the gods. Also identified as Aio.

Airsekui Sutanditenr

A name for Areskoui in times of peril. At times, identified as Airsekui Sutanditenr.

Aisoyimstan

A god of the American Indian tribes in Montana. He is said to be the bringer of frost and snow. Sometimes referred to as Aisoyimstan.

Akaiyan

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Akhi

The Objiway name for Mother Earth. Also referred to as Akhi.

Aktunowihio

A Cheyenne earth spirit. At times, called Aktunowihio.

albotritch

A fabulous animal. At times, referred to as albotritch.

Aldebaran

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Algon

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Alice Marr

A phantom ship. This vessel enters the harbour at Gloucester, Massachusetts, but disappears when halfway across. Occasionally called Alice Marr.

Aliquipiso

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Alk-unta'm

A sun-god of the Bella Coola tribe. Son of Nunuso'mikeqone'im. Sometimes referred to as Alk-unta'm.

Alkuntam

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All-father

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Amala

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Amitolane

The Zuni rainbow spirit. In some references, known as Amitolane.

Amotken

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anamaqkiu

Evil spirits of the Algonquian. Under-world. Called anamaqkiu.

Anaulikutsai'x

A river-goddess of the Bella Coola. She lives in the cave Nuskesiu'tsta and controls the movement of salmon. Sometimes known as Anaulikutsai'x.

Anaye

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Anayicoyondi

A bodiless female deity of the Pericue. Wife of Niparaya. Mother of Quaayayp. Sometimes called Anayicoyondi, Amayicoyondi or Amayicoyondi.

Angpetu

A sun-god of the Dakotas. Occasionally known as Angpetu.

Animiki

An Ojibway thunder-god, creator of the West Wind. Also called Animiki.

Anishinabeg

A primaeval race of beings, ancestors of the human race. In some lore, occasionally known as Anishinabeg.

Anitsutsa

Star spirits of the Cherokee. Also commonly referred to as Anitsutsa, Huron Huti Watsi Ya or Huron Huti Watsi Ya.

Anolikwotsaix

A female deity of the tribes of British Columbia. Occasionally identified as Anolikwotsaix.

Anpao

A dawn-goddess of the Dakotas. Also identified as Anpao.

Any-Any-Any-Ah

An evil deity of the Haida. Also called Any-Any-Any-Ah, Cowichian Queenah or Cowichian Queenah.

Apisuahts

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Apoyan Tachi

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Aqas-Xena-Xenas

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Areskoui

A supreme god of the Hurons. Also identified as Areskoui, Agriskoue, Agriskoue, Aireskovy, Aireskovy, Aireskovy Sutanditenr, Aireskovy Sutanditenr, Airsekui, Airsekui, Arekoi, Arekoi, Agreskoui, Agreskoui, Aireskouy, Aireskouy, Airsekui(Sutanditenr) or Airsekui(Sutanditenr).

argopelter

A fabulous animal. This beast is said to throw logs at passers-by. On occassion, identified as argopelter.

Arrow Boy

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Asgaya Gigagei

An androgynous thunder-god and healing spirit of the Cherokee. In some accounts, called Asgaya Gigagei, Red Man, Red Man, Fir Dhearg, Red Woman or Red Woman.

Ash Boys

Spirits of the Pueblo tribes. Also commonly called Ash Boys, Ashes Man or Ashes Man.

Ashes Man

A spirit of the Pueblo tribes. Occasionally referred to as Ashes Man, Ash Boys or Ash Boys.

Ashiwanni

Rain priests of the Zuni. This group is made up of fourteen rain priests (Ashiwi) and two others, plus one priestess. In some references, known as Ashiwanni, Shiwanna, Shiwanna, Cloud-people, Kachina, Shiwana, Cloud People, Shiwanni, Shiwanni, Priest Man or Shiwannee.

Ashiwi

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Associated Gods

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Ataensic

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Atahocan

A creator-god of the Montagnais tribes. Sometimes referred to as Atahocan.

Atatarho

A warrior hero of the Iroquois. He was regarded as a magician and was clothed with live snakes. Also commonly identified as Atatarho.

Atira

A Pawnee earth-goddess: the earth. Wife of Atius Tirawa. Mother of Hativa. Occasionally identified as Atira.

Atius-Tirawa

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Atotarho

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Atse Estsan

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Atse Hastin

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Attajen

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augerine

A fabulous animal. This animal is said to live in irrigation ditches and bores holes in the sides to let the water out. Occasionally known as augerine.

Auzar

In some accounts, wife of Tacu and mother of Chinigchinich. Known as Auzar.

Avaiyo

A spirit of the Tewa tribe. This being is said to cause floods. Also commonly called Avaiyo.

Awenhai

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Awitelin Tsta

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Awl Boy

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awl-elbow witches

Witches with awls or knives set in their. Elbows, in the lore of some Algonquian tribes. At times, identified as awl-elbow witches.

Awl Man

A tutelary spirit of the Pueblo, the awl personified. Sometimes known as Awl Man.

Awonawilona

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axe-handle hound

A fabulous animal. On occassion, called axe-handle hound.

Babe

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Badger

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Badger Prey God

One of the 6 Prey Gods guarding the home of Poshaiyangkyo. He is responsible for the area to the south. In some lore, occasionally identified as Badger Prey God.

Bahana

A progenitor of the Hopi Indians. Also commonly known as Bahana, White Brother or White Brother.

baho

A prayer stick of the Hopi. On occassion, referred to as baho.

Baidrama

A god of the Taino tribe, giver of strength. Identified as Baidrama, Vaybrama or Vaybrama.

ball-tailed cat

A fabulous animal. Sometimes known as ball-tailed cat.

Bat

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Baxbakualanuchsiwae

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baykok

An evil spirit of the Chippewa. Appearing as a fiery-eyed skeleton. Also referred to as baykok.

Bead-Spitter

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Bean

Daughter of Eithinoha. Sister of Onatah and Squash. Also known as Bean.

Bear

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Bear Prey God

One of the 6 Prey Gods guarding the home of Poshaiyangkyo. He is responsible for the area to the west. Sometimes called Bear Prey God.

Bearskin Woman

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Beauty Chant

The story of Glipsa. Occasionally referred to as Beauty Chant.

Beaver

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bedcat

A fabulous monster. Also referred to as bedcat.

Begochiddy

The great god of the Navaho American. Indians. On occassion, referred to as Begochiddy.

Big Eater

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Big Owl

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Big Snake

A spirit of the Pueblo tribes. Occasionally referred to as Big Snake.

Big Water Man

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Bigfoot

A supposed monster in the Rocky Mountains. Occasionally called Bigfoot, Sasquatch, Sasquatch, Susquatch, Susquatch, Gilyuk, Gilyuk, Tiko-Mussi, Omah, Omah, Toki-Mussi or Toki-Mussi.

Billdat

A fabulous animal. In some accounts, identified as Billdat.

Billiken

A god of things as they should be. In some lore, occasionally known as Billiken.

Binaye Ahani

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Bitsitsi

A Zuni musician and jester to the sun-god. When the Corn Maidens disappeared, the twin gods Kowwituma and Watsusii asked Bitsitsi to find them. Also commonly identified as Bitsitsi.

Bitter Man

Death personified in American. Indian lore. Sometimes known as Bitter Man.

Black Bear

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Black Body

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Black Hactcin

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Black Swan

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Black Tamanous

A cannibal spirit of the tribes of the north-west coastal area. On occassion, referred to as Black Tamanous.

Bladder

One of the 5 (or 8) great spirits created. By Earth-maker. Occasionally identified as Bladder.

Blessing Way

A Navaho religious ceremony to cure sickness. Also identified as Blessing Way.

Blissful Isle

In the lore of some American Indian. Tribes, the land of the dead. Sometimes called Blissful Isle.

Blood Clot

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Blue Body

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Blue Corn Ear Maiden

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Blue Corn Maiden

The eldest of the 10 Zuni Corn Maidens. Also called Blue Corn Maiden.

Blue Hawk

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Blue Jay

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Blue Mountains

In the lore of the Navaho, southern. Celestial montains, origin of the dawn. In some references, known as Blue Mountains.

Blue World

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bokwus

In the lore of the tribes of the North- West, a spirit of the forest, which pushes unsuspecting fishermen into the river. In some accounts, called bokwus.

Bow Priests

In the lore of the Zuni, warriors acting. As guardians of the war-gods. Occasionally identified as Bow Priests.

Breath of Wind

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Brer Fox

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Brer Rabbit

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Bright Star

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Broken War Club

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Buckeye Bush

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Buffalo

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Buffalo Girl

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Bull-by-himself

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Bunyan, Paul

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Burr Woman

A monster in the form of an old woman. In many stories this hag gets on a hero's back and cannot be dislodged. Sometimes called Burr Woman.

Ca-peen

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Cactus cat

A fabulous animal. Also referred to as Cactus cat.

Calakomanas

2 corn-goddesses of the Pueblo tribes. Sometimes known as Calakomanas.

calumet

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Camp chipmunk

A fabulous animal. Also commonly referred to as Camp chipmunk.

can-wakan

In the lore of the Sioux, a sacred. Tree. Sometimes called can-wakan.

Cannibal Mother

A man-eating monster. This demon appears in the lore of several tribes and is known as Baxbakualanuchsiwae or Tsonqua. On occassion, known as Cannibal Mother, Baxbakualanuchsiwae, Baxbakualanuchsiwae, Baxbakwalanuxsiwae or Tsonqua.

Cathena

A virgin mother-goddess of the Mojave. Sister of Ku-yu. Also commonly referred to as Cathena, Old Woman of the West, Old Woman of the West, Quakuinahaba or Quakuinahaba.

Chacomat

A creator-god of the tribes of California. Also commonly identified as Chacomat.

Chacopa

A creator-god of the tribes of California. Also identified as Chacopa.

Chacopee

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Chahura

A Pawnee water spirit. On occassion, called Chahura.

Chakekenapok

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Chakwena giantess

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Changing Woman

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Chareya

The supreme deity of the Cahroc tribe. In some accounts, referred to as Chareya, Great Man, Great Man, Old Man Above, Old Man Above, Gudratrigakwitl, One Above or One Above.

chenoo

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Chibiabos

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Chief Child of the Root

A spirit of the Coeur d'Alene tribe who later became the moon. Occasionally identified as Chief Child of the Root.

Chilchi

A benevolent spirit of the Zuni. One of the Katchina. Occasionally called Chilchi.

Child of the Water

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Chinigchinich

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Chipapunta

A lake. This lake is regarded by some Pueblo tribes as the place from which their ancestors emerged. Sometimes called Chipapunta, Blue Lake or Blue Lake.

chixu

A ghost, in the lore of the Pawnees. In some accounts, referred to as chixu.

Chokanipok

Son of Kabun. Brother of Michabo. He was killed by Michabo who scattered the entrails, which became vines. Also commonly referred to as Chokanipok.

Chutsain

An evil spirit of the Athapascan tribes, death personified. Sometimes called Chutsain.

Cin-an-ev

A culture hero of the Ute tribe: a wolf-trickster. Also commonly known as Cin-an-ev, Cin-au-av or Cin-au-av.

Cipapu

In the lore of the Acoma, the place. Where Ia'tiku and Nao'tsiti were born underground. In some lore, occasionally known as Cipapu.

Cirape

A young coyote, in the lore of the Crow Indians. Brother of Coyote. He helped his more famous brother in the creation of the world. In some references, called Cirape.

City of Mists

Home of Poshaiyangkyo. In some accounts, known as City of Mists.

Clay Mother

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Clear Sky

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Closed Man

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Cloud-carrier

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Club-tailed glyptodont

A fabulous animal. Also referred to as Club-tailed glyptodont.

Colcannon Night

The name for Hallow'een in Canada. At times, called Colcannon Night.

Cold

One of the 4 anaye left alive after the storm sent by Estanatlehi. In some lore, occasionally identified as Cold.

Come-at-a-body

A fabulous animal. Also known as Come-at-a-body.

Compair Bouki

The name for Bouki in the Southern States. Also identified as Compair Bouki, Comrade Bouki, Comrade Bouki, West Indies (Uncle) Bouki or West Indies (Uncle) Bouki.

Compair Lapin

The name for Brer Rabbit in the Southern States. In some accounts, identified as Compair Lapin, Brer Rabbit, Brer Rabbit, Bahamas B'Rabby, Comrade Rabbit or Comrade Rabbit.

Conqueror

A mythical being who helped. Kodoyanpe in his fight with Coyote. In some references, called Conqueror.

Copper Woman

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Cormorant

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Cormorant People

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Corn Girl

A Navaho deity. She was placed by the creators Atse Estsan and Atse Hastin on top of Mount Taylor together with Turquoise Boy. Also commonly called Corn Girl.

Corn Mother

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Corn spirit

A vegetation-god. On occassion, referred to as Corn spirit, field spirit, field spirit, Bullkater, Habotchkilawetha, Kornmutter, Kornwolf, Roggenhund, corn-spirit or Oats Goat.

Cotsipamapot

A creator-goddess of the Shoshone. She is envisaged as an old woman and is said to have caused the tribes to speak different languages. Sometimes identified as Cotsipamapot.

Cottontail

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cougar fish

A fabulous fish. Also commonly known as cougar fish.

Coyote

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Crystalribs

The name given to Stoneribs after his. Many adventures. Sometimes known as Crystalribs.

cuba

A fabulous animal in Connecticut. Sometimes called cuba.

Cunawabi

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Cunwhat

Son of Kindawuss. Brother of Soogaot. Also called Cunwhat.

Cut-nose

In the lore of the Arikara, the first. Human to emerge from the Cottonwood tree. On occassion, identified as Cut-nose, Buffalo, Buffalo or Buffalo Girl.

Da-jo-ji

The west wind, in the lore of the Iroquois. In some accounts, identified as Da-jo-ji, Dajoji, Dajoji, Panther, Panther, Ga-oh, Ga-oh, Gaoh, Ne-a-go, O-yan-do-ne or Ya-o-ga.

Dasan

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Dawn

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Dayunsi

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De-o-ha-ko

A female deity, guardian of bears. Called De-o-ha-ko.

Deer Kachina Cloud

A horned god of the Hopi. Also referred to as Deer Kachina Cloud.

Deerhunter

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Dekanawida

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Delgeth

A flesh-eating antelope. One of the Anaye. Sometimes called Delgeth, Delgeeth or Delgeeth.

Deohako

Iroquois plant spirits. This is the name given to the three daughters of Earth Mother. Their indivdual names were Bear, Corn (Onatah) and Squash. On occassion, known as Deohako, Eithinoha or Eithinoha.

dewmink

A fabulous animal in Connecticut. Also commonly known as dewmink.

dingball

A fabulous animal. Sometimes referred to as dingball, dingmaul, dingmaul, plunkus or plunkus.

dismal sauger

A fabulous animal. In some references, known as dismal sauger, guyascutus, guyascutus, gouger, gwinter, lunkus, mountain stem-winder, prock, rackabore, sauger, godaphro, mountain stemwinder, sideswiper or sidehill dodger.

Djeneta

A giant, in the lore of the Chippewa people. Sometimes known as Djeneta.

Djila'qons

A sea goddess of the Haida Indians. At times, identified as Djila'qons.

Djuskaha

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Dog Den

The enclosure in which Hoita kept all. The animals. Occasionally identified as Dog Den.

Dohkwibuhch

The creator god of the Snohomish Indians. Sometimes identified as Dohkwibuhch.

Dokibatl

A trickster god of the Chinook. Occasionally identified as Dokibatl.

Dontso

A messenger-fly in the lore of the Navaho American Indians. Also commonly known as Dontso.

Doquebuth

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Doyadano

The twin sons of Ataensic, Hahgwehdaetgah and Hahgwehdiyu. Identified as Doyadano.

Dripping Water

A Pueblo deity. Mother of the War Twins, Ahayuta. Achi, fathered by the Sun. At times, identified as Dripping Water, Waterfall or Waterfall.

Dsahadoldza

An earth god of the Navaho. In some accounts, known as Dsahadoldza.

dungavenhooter

A fabulous animal. Sometimes identified as dungavenhooter.

Dzarilaw

A bear who married the maiden, Rhipisunt. He fathered two sons on Rhipisunt but was killed by one of her brothers. On occassion, known as Dzarilaw, Bearskin Woman, Bearskin Woman or Rhipisunt.

Dzelarhons

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Dzhe Manitou

A benevolent god of the Chippewa;. A wood spirit. Brother of Kitshi Manitou. Also commonly called Dzhe Manitou.

Dzoavits

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Eagentci

The Seneca name for Ataensic. Sometimes known as Eagentci, Ancient-Bodied, Ancient-Bodied, Old Woman, Old Woman, Cailleach Beara, Komokyatsiky, Kunapipi, Ancient-bodied or Ancient-bodied.

Eagle Prey God

One of the 6 Prey Gods guarding. The home of Poshaiyangkyo. He is responsible for the space above. Known as Eagle Prey God.

Earth-bearer

In the lore of the Seneca, the turtle which carries the world on its back. At times, identified as Earth-bearer, oeh-da or oeh-da.

Earth Diver

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Earth Initiate

The creator, in the lore of the Maidu. Tribe. Also commonly referred to as Earth Initiate.

Earth-maker

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Earth Mother

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Echo

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Edam

In the lore of the Sioux, one of the 7 forms of mankind made. By We-Ota-Wichasha. Sometimes identified as Edam.

Ehlaumel

A creator-god of some of the tribes in California. In some references, referred to as Ehlaumel, thunder, thunder, Kato Nahaitco, Kato Nahaitco, Sinkyone Kyoi, Sinkyone Kyoi or Nagaitco.

Eithinoha

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Ejoni

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Ek Yakimtolsil

A name of Qamaits as 'fearless'. In some references, called Ek Yakimtolsil, Qamai'ts, Qamai'ts, Qamaye or Tsi Sisnaaxil.

Ekutsihimmiyo

The Cheyenne name for the Milky Way. Regarded as a hanging road. In some lore, occasionally called Ekutsihimmiyo.

Elder Brother

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Elegant

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Elves of Light

Fairies created by Glooskap, in the lore of the Algonquin. Also referred to as Elves of Light.

Enigohatgea

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Enigorio

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Eno

A name of Coyote as 'thief'. Also referred to as Eno, Coyote, Coyote, Eyacque, Ital(a)pas, Koyote, Mahih-Nah-Tlehey, Olle, Sedit, Shunk-Manitou, Coyote or Coyote.

Enumclaw

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Eototo

A kachina of the Pueblo tribes. Also identified as Eototo.

Esaugetuh Emissee

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Estanatlehi

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Estas

A trickster-hero of the Athapascan. Tribe. Identified as Estas.

Estonea-pesta

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Evening Sky

In the lore of the tribes of the north-west, daughter of Kumush. Occasionally called Evening Sky.

Eyacque

A name for Coyote as 'sub-captain'. In some lore, occasionally called Eyacque, Coyote, Coyote, Eno, Ital(a)pas, Koyote, Mahih-Nah-Tlehey, Olle, Sedit, Shunk-Manitou, Coyote or Coyote.

Eye-juggler

A trickster. When he lost his eyes, he found others to take their place but they turned out to be made of pitch. Also referred to as Eye-juggler.

Fair Maiden

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Falling Star

One of the 4 Associated Gods of the Sioux. On occassion, called Falling Star, meteor, meteor, falling star, shooting star, falling star or shooting star.

feather

A sacred object to the Indians. On occassion, identified as feather.

Feather Man

A wind-spirit of the Pueblo tribes. Also called Feather Man.

Feenenee

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Festival House

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Fine Weather Woman

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Finisher

A creator-god of the Shawnees. At times, called Finisher.

Fire Dragon

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Fire Drill

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Fire Mocassins

A monster in tribal lore. This ogre wore mocassins which set alight everything they touched as he walked. Occasionally referred to as Fire Mocassins.

First Creator

A deity of the Mandan tribe. He created the mountains, trees, streams and some animals while Lone Man created the flat lands. Sometimes called First Creator.

First Made Man

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First Man

A name used by Coyote in his dispute. With Lone Man. Also called First Man, Coyote, Coyote, Olle or Sedit.

First Real Boy

In the lore of the Metis tribe, a boy who once snared the sun. On occassion, referred to as First Real Boy, Little Brother or Little Brother.

Five Brothers

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Five Sisters

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Flesh

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flibbertigibbet

A fabulous animal. On occassion, identified as flibbertigibbet, Fleberdigibet, Fleberdigibet, Flibbertigibbet or Flibbertigibbet.

Flint

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Flint Boys

Tutelary deities of the Pueblo tribes, flint personified. These spirits gave freely of themselves so that the people could fashion tools and weapons. Also commonly identified as Flint Boys.

Flint Man

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flitterick

A fabulous animal. In some lore, occasionally called flitterick.

Flute Dance

A ritual dance of the Hopi in honour of the sun-god. On occassion, referred to as Flute Dance.

Flying Head

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Foam Woman

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Follower

A creator and culture-hero of the Pueblo tribes. Twin brother of Preceder. Sometimes referred to as Follower, Twins, Twins, Preceder or twins.

Four Winds

One of the 4 Kindred Gods of the Sioux. Sometimes called Four Winds.

Funeral Mountain

Occasionally known as Funeral Mountain, terrashot or terrashot.

Ga-gaah

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Ga-oh

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Gadjisa

Iroquois shamans who assist. The Hadiganso Shano. Occasionally called Gadjisa, Bushy-Heads, Bushy-Heads, Husk-faced Dancers or Husk-faced Dancers.

Gahe

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Gahonga

One of the 3 tribes of Jogah. These dwarf beings are said by the Iroquois to live in rocky areas and in rivers. Also called Gahonga.

Galun'lati

In the lore of the Cherokee, the end of the earth. Referred to as Galun'lati.

Ganaskidi

A harvest-god of the Navaho. He is envisaged as a bighorn sheep. In some accounts there are many supernatural beings of this name. In some accounts, known as Ganaskidi.

Gandayah

One of the 3 tribes of Jogah. These dwarf beings cultivate the earth to ensure that it remains fertile, in the lore of the Iroquois. At times, called Gandayah.

Ganegwa's

An Iroquois dance used to cure. Diseases. In some accounts, identified as Ganegwa's.

Ganeoq

An Iroquois dance in honour of the god Haweniyo. On occassion, identified as Ganeoq.

gazereum

A fabulous animal. Also commonly called gazereum.

Geesis

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Gendenwitha

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Genetaska

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Geyaguga

A moon-god of the Cherokee. In some lore, occasionally identified as Geyaguga.

Ghost-dances

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Ghost-land

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ghost-shirt

An outer garment, embroidered with symbols such as buffalo and eagle, believed to protect the wearer from bullets. Also referred to as ghost-shirt.

ghost-sickness

In the lore of the Navaho, illness, caused by a ghost, which can be fatal. In some accounts, referred to as ghost-sickness.

Giant

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giddyfish

A fabulous fish. At times, known as giddyfish, gillygalloo, gillygalloo, whiffenpoof, whiffenpoof, giddy fish, whiffenpuff, whiffenpuff, whifflepoof(er) or whifflepoof(er).

Gijigoutie

A supernatural being in Algonquin lore. These beings serve as messengers for Michabo. Also referred to as Gijigoutie.

Gilyuk

A name for Bigfoot used by the tribes of the north-west. In some accounts, known as Gilyuk, Bigfoot, Bigfoot, Sasquatch, Susquatch, Omah, Toki-Mussi, Tiko-Mussi or Tiko-Mussi.

Gitchi Manitou

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Githawn

Uncle of Delarhons. Occasionally called Githawn, Salmon Eater or Salmon Eater.

Gizhigooke

An Algonquin deity regarded as the day-maker. Also commonly referred to as Gizhigooke.

Glipsa

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Gluskap

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Goah

A supreme deity of the Seneca tribe. Occasionally called Goah.

God-like

4 deities of the Sioux. These are given as Nagi, Nagila, Niya and Sicun, all aspects of Wakan Tanka. Sometimes known as God-like.

Godlike Spirits

4 gods of the Sioux. These four are given as Nagi, Nagila, Niya and Sicun, all aspects of Wakan Tanka. Occasionally referred to as Godlike Spirits, Godlike Ones or Godlike Ones.

Gohone

The Iroquois spirit of winter. Sometimes referred to as Gohone.

Gonaqade't

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Good Running

A Blackfoot chief who adopted Long. Arrow when he was abandoned by his tribe. Occasionally referred to as Good Running.

goofang

A fabulous animal. Also referred to as goofang.

goofus bird

A fabulous bird. Called goofus bird.

Grandfather Mystery

A creator-spirit of the Sioux. Occasionally referred to as Grandfather Mystery, Grandfather Spirit, Grandfather Spirit, Tunkashila or Tunkashila.

Grandmother

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Grandmother Earth

A creator-spirit of the Sioux. Sometimes identified as Grandmother Earth, Unci or Unci.

Grandmother, The

A spirit of the Pueblo tribes. Also commonly called Grandmother, The.

Grandmother Turtle

In the lore of the Cheyenne, the turtle on whose back the creator built the world from mud. In some lore, occasionally identified as Grandmother Turtle.

Grasshopper

A Choctaw spirit. Daughter of Grasshopper Mother. In some accounts, referred to as Grasshopper.

Grasshopper Girl

A Navaho spirit. At creation, she and Pollen Boy were placed on Mount San Juan. Known as Grasshopper Girl.

Grasshopper Mother

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Grasshopper People

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Great Eagle

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Great Frog

Some tribes regard this animal. As a rain-bringer. In some accounts, known as Great Frog.

Great Hare

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Great Hawk

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Great Head

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Great Medicine

A name for the creator-spirit of the Cheyenne. In some references, referred to as Great Medicine.

Great Mystery

A creator-spirit of the Papago. At times, called Great Mystery, Wakan Tanka, Wakan Tanka, Great Mystery, Wakanda, Wakonda, Thunderbird, Tob Tob, Wacanda, Wakinyan, Wakonda, Arikara Nesaru or Wakonda.

Great Roaring Thunder

An assistant of the Cheyenne creatorspirit, Maheo. Occasionally referred to as Great Roaring Thunder.

Great Spirit

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Great Star

In the lore of the Pawnee, the planet Venus as the morning. Star personified. Also referred to as Great Star.

Great Thunderbird

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Great Turtle

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Grey One

The most powerful of the Gahe. Sometimes called Grey One.

Grey Wolf

A god of the tribes of the north-west. He appeared at creation and was placed on Mount Shasta as a guardian god. Sometimes identified as Grey Wolf.

Ground-heat Girl

A Navaho maiden. Wife of the first man. Occasionally known as Ground-heat Girl.

Gudratrigakwitl

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gueyo

Ashes said to have magical powers. Known as gueyo.

gumberoo

A fabulous animal. Known as gumberoo.

Gunarh

In the lore of the tribes of the northwest, an animal spirit in the form of a killer-whale. Occasionally called Gunarh.

Gunarhnsengyet

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Gunnodoyak

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guyascutus

A fabulous animal. Sometimes identified as guyascutus, dismal sauger, dismal sauger, gouger, gouger, gwinter, gwinter, lunkus, lunkus, mountain stem-winder, mountain stem-winder, prock, prock, rackabore, rackabore, sauger, sauger, godaphro, godaphro, mountain stemwinder, mountain stemwinder, sideswiper, sideswiper, gayascutus, sidehill dodger or sidehill dodger.

Ha Wen Neyiu

A supreme god of the Iroquois. On occassion, called Ha Wen Neyiu.

Habotchkilawetha

A spirit of vegetation. In some accounts, called Habotchkilawetha, 'oat goat', 'oat goat', field spirit, field spirit, Bullkater, Corn spirit, Kornmutter, Kornwolf, Roggenhund, corn-spirit or Oats Goat.

Hadachisi

A Navaho destroyer-god. One of the Yeibechi. Occasionally identified as Hadachisi.

Hadiganso Shano

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Hadui

An Iroquois supernatural hunchback. Although he was said to cause disease, he nevertheless passed on to Ioskeha the secrets of medicines to cure diseases. Called Hadui.

Hahai Wugti

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Hahgwehdaetgah

A name used for Tawiscara, in some accounts. Son of Ataensic. Twin of Hahgwehdiyu. These twins were known as the Doyadano. Sometimes identified as Hahgwehdaetgah, Tawiscara, Tawiscara, Dark One, The, Oterongtongnia, Othagwenda, Taweskare, Tawiscana, Tawiskala, Tawiskara, Tehotennhiaron, Dark One, 'flint', Tawiscaron, Tawiskaron, Tawiskava, Abnaki Malsum or Algonquin Chibiabos.

Hahgwehdiyu

A name used for Ioskeha, in some accounts. Son of Ataensic. Twin of Hahgwehdaetgah. These twins were known as the Doyadano. Occasionally referred to as Hahgwehdiyu, Ioskeha, Ioskeha, Iouskeha, Jouskeha, Odendonnia, Oterongtongnia, Sapling, Teharon, Teharonhiawagon, Tharonhiawakon, Tharonmaouagon, White One, Yoskeha, 'Sapling', Teharon(hiawagon), Tharonhiaouagon, Abnaki Gluskap, Algonquin Manabozho, Huron Tsent(s)a, Menominee Manabush, Montagnais Messou or Djuskaha.

Hahness

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Haidu

The spirit of disease. Ioskeha defeated Haidu and forced him to reveal the secrets of medicine which he then passed on to the tribes. Sometimes identified as Haidu.

Haili'laj

A plague-god of the Haida Indians. Also called Haili'laj.

Hako

A fertility rite of the Pawnees. This ceremony celebrates the creation of the world by Atius Tirawa. Called Hako.

halda'wit

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Hamedicu

A supreme god of the Hurons. In some references, called Hamedicu.

hanbleceya

A vision quest, a period of about 4. Days spent in solitude without food, in an attempt to find the answer to some problem. Sometimes called hanbleceya.

Handsome

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hangdown

A fabulous animal. In some references, called hangdown.

Hanghep Wi

A Dakota moon-spirit. In some lore, occasionally identified as Hanghep Wi.

Hanging Hair

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Hanging Lines

The constellation Orion, in the lore of the Zuni. In some lore, occasionally known as Hanging Lines.

Haokah

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happy auger

A fabulous animal. Sometimes called happy auger.

Happy Hunting-ground

The heaven of the native Indian tribes. Sometimes referred to as Happy Hunting-ground.

harpy-hag

A fabulous animal. In some accounts, referred to as harpy-hag.

Hashje-Altye

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Hashje-Ba'ad

6 female gods of the Navaho. Members of the Yeibechi. Occasionally called Hashje-Ba'ad.

Hashje-Bakan

6 male gods of the Navaho. Members of the Yeibechi. Known as Hashje-Bakan.

Hashje-Hlichi

The Red God of the Navaho. One of the Yeibechi. On occassion, called Hashje-Hlichi.

Hashje-Hogahn

A Navaho god. Occasionally referred to as Hashje-Hogahn.

Hashje-Iditchonsi

The Whistling God of the Navaho. One of the Yeibechi. Occasionally identified as Hashje-Iditchonsi.

Hashje-Ohltohi

The Shooting God of the Navaho. One of the Yeibechi. Also known as Hashje-Ohltohi.

Hashje-Oyan

The Calling God of the Navaho. One of the Yeibechi. Sometimes referred to as Hashje-Oyan, Calling God or Calling God.

Hashje-Shohini

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Hastehogan

A Navaho house-god and god of agriculture. God of yellow maize. Also called Hastehogan, Hastsehogan, Hastsehogan, Hastshehogan, Hastshehogan, Hast(s)(h)ehogan or Hast(s)(h)ehogan.

Hasteyalti

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Hastsbaka

A Navaho god. Occasionally known as Hastsbaka, Yebaka or Yebaka.

Hastsebaad

Supreme goddess of the Navaho. At times, called Hastsebaad.

Hastseltsi

The Navaho god of racing. In some references, known as Hastseltsi, Red Lord, Red Lord or Ch'i-ti.

Hastseoltoi

The Navaho goddess of hunting. Also commonly identified as Hastseoltoi.

Hastsezini

The fire-god of the Navaho. Also known as Hastsezini, Black Lord or Black Lord.

Hatdastsisi

A healing god of the Navaho. Also commonly known as Hatdastsisi.

Hativa

Daughter of Atius Tirana and Atira. Occasionally referred to as Hativa.

Havstrambe

A sea-monster of the Inuit. On occassion, referred to as Havstrambe.

Haweniyo

A supreme god of the Iroquois. Sometimes identified as Haweniyo.

Hawichyepam

A supernatural being in the lore of the Chemehuevi tribe of California. It was she who caused the primordial waters to subside. Occasionally referred to as Hawichyepam.

Hawk-hole

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Hayicanako

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Hayunu

The name given to the twin war-gods of the Tewa at Taos. Also referred to as Hayunu, Stone Men, Stone Men, Zuni Ahayuta achi, Zuni Ahayuta achi, War Twins, Tewa Towaesendo or Tewa Towaesendo.

Heammawihio

A sun-spirit of the Cheyenne. Sometimes identified as Heammawihio.

Heitlik

A demon of the tribes of the north-west. This 'lightning-snake' was revered by fishermen. Known as Heitlik, Hahektaok, Hahektaok, Haietleik, Haietleik, Haietlik, Haietlik, Haietl(e)ik or Haietl(e)ik.

Heloha

A female Thunderbird, in the lore of the Choctaws. Occasionally called Heloha.

Heng

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Henga

An eagle-spirit in the lore of the Osage tribe. On occassion, known as Henga.

Herecgunina

An evil spirit of the Winnebago tribe. On occassion, referred to as Herecgunina.

Hereshguina

An evil spirit of the Winnebago. In some accounts, this spirit is equated with Wakdjunkaga. Also called Hereshguina.

Heron

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Heshwash Ceremony

A contest of magic between shamans. Occasionally referred to as Heshwash Ceremony.

Heyoka

Spirits of the Dakotas: clowns. Identified as Heyoka, Haokah, Haokah, Haoka, Dakota Heyoka, heyoka, Sioux Haokak or Sioux Haokak.

Hi'lina

A god of the Haida Indians. The thunderbird. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Hi'lina.

Hiawatha

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hidebehind

A fabulous animal. Sometimes called hidebehind.

Hin-Han

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Hinquememan

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Hinun

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Hisagitaimisi

The supreme god of the Creek. Indians. On occassion, identified as Hisagitaimisi, Breathmaker, Breathmaker, Hisakitaimisi, Hisakitaimisi, Ibofanga or Ibofanga.

Hixtcaba Nih'ancan

The Arapaho name for the white. Man's god. Sometimes called Hixtcaba Nih'ancan.

Hobanockka

An evil spirit or devil. In some lore, occasionally identified as Hobanockka, Hobbamock, Hobbamock, Hobbamoqui or Hobanokka.

Hobbamock

A malevolent god in the lore of the New England tribes. Also known as Hobbamock, Hobanockka, Hobanockka, Hobbamoqui, Hobbamoqui, Hobanokka or Hobanokka.

Hodag

A water-monster of Quebec. This beast is said to have telescopic legs and kills its victims by shooting clay pellets from its long snout. In some lore, occasionally called Hodag.

Hogahn

A Navaho purification ceremony: the hut in which the ceremony is held; The home of a god. On occassion, called Hogahn, Hogan or Hogan.

Hoita

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Hokewingla

A turtle-spirit of the Dakotas. Also known as Hokewingla.

Hokhokw

A monster in the form of a huge bird with a long beak, in the lore of the tribes of the north-west. In some references, known as Hokhokw.

Holy Boy

A spirit of the Apache. He, with Red Boy, placed the sun and the moon in their courses. Also known as Holy Boy.

Holy-mouth men

Medicine-men of the Nacirema tribe. They believe that the mouth is the route by which spirits enter the body. Sometimes identified as Holy-mouth men.

honga

Spirits of the Osage underworld. In some accounts, known as honga.

Honochenokah

Benevolent spirits in the lore of the Iroquois. Also called Honochenokah.

hoodoo hand

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hoodoo man

A magician or sorcerer. At times, referred to as hoodoo man.

Horned Water Serpent

A spirit of the Pueblo tribes. Also commonly known as Horned Water Serpent.

Horns Standing Up

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Hoturu

A Pawnee wind-spirit. Sometimes known as Hoturu.

House of Myth

The home of the gods of the Bella. Coola people. In some references, referred to as House of Myth.

Hozoni Chant

A Navaho ritual chant relating the story of Glipsa. At times, referred to as Hozoni Chant.

hugag

A fabulous animal. Occasionally known as hugag.

hulkilae

In the lore of some Californian. Tribes, spirits of the dead. Identified as hulkilae.

Humanmaker

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humility

A fabulous bird in Connecticut. This bird has sharper eyesight than even the falcon and can fly faster than any other bird in the world. Also identified as humility.

Hunger

One of the 4 anaye left alive after the storm sent by Estanatlehi. Also identified as Hunger.

Huruing Wuhti

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Hus Brothers

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Huti Watsi Ya

Star-spirits of the Hurons. Also commonly called Huti Watsi Ya, Cherokee Anitsutsa or Cherokee Anitsutsa.

Huzruwauqti

A Pueblo goddess, guardian of coral, shells, etc. Occasionally referred to as Huzruwauqti.

hymapon hog bear

A fabulous animal. Known as hymapon hog bear.

I'toi

A culture-hero of the Papago tribe. He is said to have instituted the solstice festivals, the Wiikita. On occassion, called I'toi.

Ia'tiku

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Ibofango

A name for Hisagitaimisi as One. Sitting Above. Occasionally known as Ibofango, One Sitting Above or One Sitting Above.

Ich-kanava

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Ictcinike

The Missouri Indian name for Ictinike. In some lore, occasionally known as Ictcinike, Santee Unktome, Santee Unktome, Inktomi, Inktomi or 'spider'.

Ictinike

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Idlirvirissong

An evil spirit of the Inuit. Known as Idlirvirissong.

Ihanam

The creator-god of the Chinook. Indians. In some references, called Ihanam.

Ikanam

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ikanam

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Ikto

A Sioux culture-hero said to have invented speech. In some accounts he is equated with Ictinike. Also commonly referred to as Ikto, Iktome, Iktome, Iktomi, Iktomi, Itome or Itome.

Ikxareyavs

Ancestors of the Karok tribe, appearing in their myths. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Ikxareyavs.

Inagi-utasunhi

A malevolent Cherokee deity. Sometimes known as Inagi-utasunhi.

Inktomi

A trickster-god of the Dakotas. Sometimes identified as Inktomi, Ictcinike, Ictcinike, Santee Unktome, 'spider', 'spider', Arachne, Bilik, Ictinike or Sus'sistinnako.

inu

Celestial spirits of the Inuit. Also called inu.

Inyan

One of the 4 Superior Gods of the Sioux, an aspect of Wakan Tanka. On occassion, called Inyan, 'rock' or 'rock'.

Ioi

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Ioskeha

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Isakakate

A supreme god of the Crow tribe. Sometimes identified as Isakakate.

Isakawuate

A trickster-god of the Crow tribe. Sometimes known as Isakawuate.

Ishits

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Ishtinike

A trickster-god of some of the tribes of the Great Plains. Also commonly identified as Ishtinike.

Isitoq

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Island of the Blessed

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Isokeha

The god of the Huron, Mohawk and Tuscaroran Indians. Grandson of the moon. On occassion, called Isokeha.

issiwun

The sacred horned buffalo-cap of the Cheyenne medicine-man. At times, called issiwun.

Istepahpah

A man-eating monster in the lore of the Creek Indians. On occassion, referred to as Istepahpah.

Itiwana

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Itsike

A trickster-god of the Osage. Known as Itsike.

Iya

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Iyatiku

The corn-goddess of the Pueblo. Sister of Poseyemu. She was the ruler of an underground realm, Shipap. In some references, referred to as Iyatiku.

jack

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jay

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Jayhawk

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Jersey Devil

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Jogah

Iroquois nature-spirits. There are said to be three different groups of these dwarf beings - the Gahonga, the Gandayah and the Ohdows. Also commonly known as Jogah, Jogash or Jogash.

Jug Woman

An evil female. She was one of those overcome by Gluskap when he was clearing the world of demons. Sometimes called Jug Woman.

juggler

A medicine-man. In some lore, occasionally called juggler.

Kabeyun

The name given to Mudjekeewis after he had killed the Great Bear. At times, called Kabeyun, Mudjekeewis, Mudjekeewis, Mudjekewis, Mudjikiwis, West Wind, Kabun, Kabun or Kabeyan.

Kabibonokka

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Kablunait

A race of otherwise unknown. People referred to in the lore of the Inuit. In some references, referred to as Kablunait.

Kabun

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Kachina

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Kachina Mana

A Pueblo maize-spirit. Also commonly referred to as Kachina Mana, Kerwan, Kerwan, Katchina Mana or Katchina Mana.

Kadlee

3 sisters, thunder-goddesses of the Inuit. Occasionally identified as Kadlee.

Kahit

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Kahk

A crow. In the lore of the Yuma, this bird brought seeds from all corners of the earth for them to cultivate. Occasionally identified as Kahk, crow, crow, Wagu, Ga-gaah or Hoh.

Kai'ti

The bear-god of the Haida Indians. Husband of Dzelarhons. In some references, identified as Kai'ti.

Kaistowanea

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Kakaitch

The Thunderbird of the Macah tribe. His tongue causes lightning and he eats whales. Occasionally referred to as Kakaitch, T'hlu-kluts, T'hlu-kluts, Kalaitch, ChinooHahness, ChinooHahness, Nootka Tu-tutsh, Nootka Tu-tutsh or Hahness.

Kalakuyuwish

In the lore of the Kwakiutl, a totem. Pole. This pole was made by the chief, Wakiash, who then took this name as his own. In some accounts, called Kalakuyuwish.

Kaloowise

A sun-god of the Zuni people. Occasionally called Kaloowise, Aztec Quetzalcoatl, Aztec Quetzalcoatl, Gucumatz, Itzamna, Kanikilak, Koloowise, Kukulcan, Palulukon, Quaaqua, Raven or Raven.

Kananeski Anayehi

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Kanati

The first man in the lore of the Cherokee. Husband of Selu. Father of the Thunder Boys. On occassion, referred to as Kanati.

Kangi Sapa

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Kanikilak

A creator-spirit of the Kwakiutl. Tribe. At times, identified as Kanikilak, Aztec Quetzalcoatl, Aztec Quetzalcoatl, Gucumatz, Itzamna, Kaloowise, Koloowise, Kukulcan, Palulukon, Quaaqua, Raven, Raven, Salish Quaaqua, Salish Quaaqua, Quetzalcoatl , Raven, Raven, Tlingit Raven, Tlingit Raven, Yetl, Yetl, Raven, Raven, Raven[sup]2 or 3[/sup].

kankagee

A fabulous animal. In some accounts, called kankagee.

Kanook

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Kapoonis

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Kareya

A creator-spirit of the Karok tribe. In some accounts, referred to as Kareya.

Karwan

A kachina of the Pueblo tribes. A nature-spirit of maize. Also referred to as Karwan.

Kastsatsi

A rainbow-spirit of the Pueblo tribes. Occasionally referred to as Kastsatsi.

Katkochila

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Katsinas

Pueblo rain-spirits. Children of Iatiku. Sometimes referred to as Katsinas, Kachina, Kachina, Ahola, Katchina, Gahe or Shiwanna.

Keagyihl Depguesk

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Kehtahn

An offering to the gods of the Navajo, a reed filled with tobacco etc. Occasionally called Kehtahn.

Kelok

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Kemush

The Klamath name for Kumush. Sometimes identified as Kemush, Modoc Kumush or Modoc Kumush.

Keneu

An eagle. The companion, with Oshadagea, of the thunder-god Hino. Sometimes identified as Keneu, Keneun, Keneun, Chief Thunderbird or Golden Eagle.

Keneun

An Indian totem figure. He is regarded as the guardian of fire, originally stolen by Manabush. On occassion, identified as Keneun, Keneu, Keneu, Chief Thunderbird, Chief Thunderbird, Keneum, Golden Eagle or Golden Eagle.

keruk

A ceremony of the Yuma tribe, designed to make the dead happy and send them on their way. On occassion, known as keruk.

Kerwan

A Pueblo maize-spirit. In some accounts, referred to as Kerwan, Kachina Mana, Kachina Mana or Katchina Mana.

Ketanto'wit

A creator-god of the Delaware Indians. On occassion, known as Ketanto'wit, 'great power' or 'great power'.

Ketchimanetowa

The creator-god of the Fox tribe. Occasionally referred to as Ketchimanetowa, Keckamanetowa, Keckamanetowa, Great Spirit, Great Spirit, Atius-Tirawa, Gitchi Manitou, Great Manito, Great Manitou, Ilex, Kisha Manido, Kitanitowit or Manitou.

Ketchkatch

In the lore of the tribes of the north-west, the grey fox created. By Kumush. Referred to as Ketchkatch.

Ketqskwaye

A creator-goddess of the Huron. Sometimes known as Ketqskwaye.

Ketsi Niousak

Goodness personified, in the lore of the Abnaki. Referred to as Ketsi Niousak.

Kewawkqu'

A tribe of giant magicians. These demon followers of Malsum were defeated by Gluskap. Also identified as Kewawkqu', Kekuwawkqu' or Kekuwawkqu'.

Kiaklo

In Zuni lore, a hero of the Askiwi who visited Pautiwal in the underworld. Also commonly called Kiaklo.

Kici Manitou

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kicklesnifter

A fabulous animal. Identified as kicklesnifter.

Kiehtan

A beneficent god in the lore of the New England tribes. Occasionally known as Kiehtan.

Kihunai

The people who preceded the Hupa tribe. These people are believed to exist all round the Hupa, even above them. Referred to as Kihunai.

Killer-of-Enemies

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Kindawuss

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Kindred Gods

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Kiousa

In the lore of the tribes of the south-eastern states, an idol. Guarding the dead. In some accounts, called Kiousa, Oki, Oki or Kiousa.

Kisani

The inhabitants of the fourth world. Through which the Navaho passed on their way to the upper world. In some accounts, called Kisani, Mirage People or Mirage People.

Kisha Manido

The Menominee name for the creatorgod, the Great Spirit. Also called Kisha Manido, Masha Manido, Masha Manido, Great Spirit, Great Spirit, Atius-Tirawa, Gitchi Manitou, Great Manito, Great Manitou, Ilex, Ketchimanetowa, Kitanitowit or Manitou.

Kitanitowit

A creator god of the Algonquin Indians. A name for the Great Spirit. Also identified as Kitanitowit, Great Spirit, Great Spirit, Great Manito(u), Kittanitowit or Kittanitowit.

Kitkaositiyiqa

Father of Yetl, some say. Identified as Kitkaositiyiqa.

Kitsawitsak

One of the 5 houses of the Pawnee. Animal-spirits known as the Nahurak. Also identified as Kitsawitsak.

Kitshi Manitou

The Chippewa name for the Great Spirit. Occasionally known as Kitshi Manitou, Gitchi Manitou, Gitchi Manitou, Citche Manitou, Gitche Manitou, Gitchee Manitou, Kchemnito, Kitche Manitou, Gitche(e) Manitou, Great Manito(u) or Great Spirit.

Kiva

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Kivati

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Kleesto

In the lore of the Navaho, the Great Snake. In some lore, occasionally known as Kleesto, Great Snake, Great Snake or Maboya.

Kliwa

A wind-spirit of the Pueblo tribes. In some accounts, called Kliwa.

Kloskurbeh

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Kmukamtch

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Knife-wing

A spirit of the Pueblo tribes. Also identified as Knife-wing.

Kodo-yanpe

A name of Wonomi as 'namer of the world'. Occasionally called Kodo-yanpe, Earth-maker, Earth-maker, Pachacamac, Earth-namer, Earth-namer, Wonomi, Wonomi, Kodo-yapeu, Kodo-yaponi, Earth Maker, Earth Maker, Earth Namer or Earth Namer.

Kodo-yapeu

A name of Wonomi as 'creator of the world'. On occassion, identified as Kodo-yapeu, Wonomi, Wonomi, Kodo-yanpe or Kodo-yaponi.

Kodo-yaponi

A name of Wonomi as 'chief of the world'. At times, identified as Kodo-yaponi, Wonomi, Wonomi, Kodo-yanpe or Kodo-yapeu.

Koil

The sheep, created by Kumush. At times, referred to as Koil.

Koko

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Kokomikeis

Moon-goddess of the Blackfoot. Indians. Wife of Natos. Mother of Apisuahts. Also commonly known as Kokomikeis, Kokomikis or Kokomikis.

Kokopelli

A Hopi fertility deity, one of the Kachinas. Also referred to as Kokopelli, Kokopolo, Kokopolo, Kokopolo;Tewa Nepokwa'i or Kokopolo;Tewa Nepokwa'i.

Kokumthena

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Kokyangwuti

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Koloowise

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Komashtam'ho

Son of Kakomaht. Also identified as Komashtam'ho.

Komokwa

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Komokyatsiky

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Komorkis

A moon-goddess of the Blackfoot. Indians. Sometimes called Komorkis.

Konakadset

A hero of the Tlingit people. He was envisaged as an aquatic beast, a kind of wolf-whale. Sometimes known as Konakadset, Haida Wasco or Haida Wasco.

Kosankiya

In the lore of the Sioux. A dark planet or one of the 7. Forms of mankind developed. From We-Ota-Winchasha. Also known as Kosankiya.

Koshare

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Kothluwalawa

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Koti

A frog-spirit of the Creek Indians. Occasionally called Koti.

Kotikili

Zuni priests who take on the role of a Kachina. Also commonly referred to as Kotikili.

Kowwituma

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koyemshi

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Ku'nkunxuliga

The thunder-god of the Indians of British Columbia. In some lore, occasionally called Ku'nkunxuliga.

Ku-yu

A deified culture-hero of the Mohave. Brother of Cathena. He was envisaged in the shape of a shark. At times, identified as Ku-yu.

Kukitat

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Kuksu

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Kukumatz

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Kulshan

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Kumokums

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Kumush

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Kurena

A group of clowns alternating with the Koshare. Their function is to control the weather. At times, identified as Kurena, Kwirana, Kwirana, Kwirina, Kwirina, Quirina, Quirina or Kurina.

Kusuit

A supernatural being in the lore of the tribes of British Columbia. These beings are said to cure the sick. At times, referred to as Kusuit.

Kutoyis

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Kwaasind

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Kwikumat

A creator-god of the Yuma. He is said to have emerged from the sea. Also called Kwikumat, Dieguenos Tuchaipai, Dieguenos Tuchaipai or Matavilya.

Kyoi

A creator-god of the Sinkyone tribe of California. Identified as Kyoi, Kato Nagaitco, Kato Nagaitco, Taikomo, Yuki Taikomol, Yuki Taikomol or Nagaitco.

Laidamlulum-kule

The first woman in the lore of the Maidu Indians. Wife of Kuksu. Also known as Laidamlulum-kule.

Lake Minas

A lake on which Gluskap sailed. Into the west when he finally. Departed from this earth. Called Lake Minas.

Lakone

Characters in a Hopi fertility rite. The Lakone are two young girls around whom the other female participants in the Lalakonti ceremony dance. Occasionally referred to as Lakone.

Lalaia'il

A god of medicine-men among the Bella Coola Indians of Canada. At times, known as Lalaia'il, Kle-klati-e'il or Kle-klati-e'il.

Lendix-Tcux

A shape-changing god of the Chilcotin. Indians of Canada. Also referred to as Lendix-Tcux.

Lenni-Lenapi

The ancestors of the Delaware people, direct descendants of the Great Spirit. In some lore, occasionally known as Lenni-Lenapi.

Li'linau

A maiden wooed by a phantom. She followed her phantom lover into the forest and was never seen again. Occasionally referred to as Li'linau.

Little Brother

In the lore of the Winnebago, a boy who once snared the sun. Referred to as Little Brother, First Real Boy or First Real Boy.

Little Man

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Little Men

Friendly spirits of the Cheyenne. Occasionally called Little Men, Thunder Boys, Thunder Boys or Little Men.

Little People

Dwarfs or fairies in the lore of some Indian tribes. Also commonly called Little People, Good Folk, The, Good Folk, The, Good Neighbours, Good People or Faylinn.

Little Turtle

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Lizard

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Locust

In the lore of the Navaho, Locust. Enlarged the hole made by Hawk which allowed the tribe to climb. Into the upper world. At times, identified as Locust.

Lodge Boy

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Lone Man

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Long Arrow

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Long Person

A river. Also commonly called Long Person.

Longfellow, Henry W

A poet. He wrote The Song of Hiawatha, The Drinking Song of Bacchus, The Occultation of Orion, etc. In some accounts, identified as Longfellow, Henry W.

Loon Woman

In the lore of the Wintu tribe of California this being set the world on fire. Sometimes referred to as Loon Woman.

loupgarou

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Lox

The wolverine in some stories. A name for Malsum as chief of the wolves. Sometimes known as Lox.

lucive

A fabulous animal. In some references, known as lucive, loup-cervier, loup-cervier, lucivee or lucivee.

Lucky Man

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Ludjatako

A turtle-spirit of the Creek Indians. Also commonly identified as Ludjatako.

luferlang

A fabulous animal. Known as luferlang.

Luk

In the lore of the Klamath, the grizzly. Bear created by Kumush. Known as Luk, Lugeilan, Lugeilan, Lugeilang, Luk, Lukelang, Nan Dapue or Pelew Islands Obagat.

Lupies

A mythical tribe of Plains Indians. Sometimes referred to as Lupies.

m'teoulin

Magic, in the lore of the Algonquian. Tribes. At times, called m'teoulin.

mactimanelo

An evil demon of the Shawnee. On occassion, referred to as mactimanelo.

Madumba

A creator-god of the Pomo tribe. Brother of Coyote, some say. Sometimes identified as Madumba.

Maesk

A dog. This dog, owned by the youngest brother of Rhipisunt, tracked her down when she was abducted by a bear. Sometimes identified as Maesk.

Magarac, Joe

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magucan

A feast to propitiate the bear spirits of the tribes of Labrador. Also known as magucan, mukucan or mukucan.

Mah Sish

A Mandan deity, spirit of the war-eagle. Sometimes identified as Mah Sish.

Mahaitiac

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Maheo

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Maho Penekheka

A Mandan name for the Great Spirit. Occasionally known as Maho Penekheka, Maho Peneta or Maho Peneta.

Maiyun

The Cheyenne name for the Great. Spirit. Called Maiyun.

maiyunahu'ta

A Cheyenne guardian-spirit of the individual. Occasionally known as maiyunahu'ta.

Maka

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Makhta

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Makila

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Malsum

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Mama'sa'a

The first man, in the lore of the Fox Indians. Sometimes identified as Mama'sa'a.

Man-Eagle

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Man Maker

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Man of Wood

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Mana

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Manabozho

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Manabush

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manedowikamekoiki

Heaven, the happy hunting-ground of the Shawnee. Called manedowikamekoiki.

Maninga

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Manitou

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manitou

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Marhokjuvek

A Yuma culture-hero. He was chosen by Komashtam'ho to help to put the world into good order. Sometimes called Marhokjuvek.

Marumda

A creator-god of the Pomo Indians. Brother of Kuksu. He and his brother tried to destroy the world with fire and flood. Also called Marumda.

Masauwu

A Hopi war-god, god of death and fire. Husband of Sand Altar Woman. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Masauwu, Keres Masewi or Keres Masewi.

Masewi

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Mastamho

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Master Carpenter

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Master of Life

A supreme god of the Delaware tribe. Ruler of the Island of the Blessed. Also called Master of Life.

Matavilya

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Matchi Manitou

A Chippewa deity. In some versions he was a benevolent spirit, in others the personification of evil. Sometimes identified as Matchi Manitou, Manitou, Manitou, Great Spirit, Kitanatowit, Manido, Manit(o)o, Manitu or 'spirit'.

Matowelia

A culture-hero of the Mohave Indians who led them to their homeland. Occasionally referred to as Matowelia.

Matshehawaituk

In the lore of the Menominee, evil personified. Identified as Matshehawaituk, Menominee Matshehaiwaituk or Menominee Matshehaiwaituk.

Matsi Niouask

In the lore of the Abnaki, evil personified. Called Matsi Niouask, Abnaki Matsi Niouaski or Abnaki Matsi Niouaski.

Mayochina

A Pueblo deity, the spirit of summer. In some references, referred to as Mayochina.

Mchemnito

In the lore of the Potowatomi people, evil personified. Called Mchemnito.

Medecolin

A race of sorcerers. These were some of the people overcome by Gluskap in his struggle for supremacy. Known as Medecolin, Medicolin or Medicolin.

Medi Kenago

In the lore of the Fox Indians, the spirit of the snapping turtle. In some references, referred to as Medi Kenago.

Megissogwon

An evil magician. This man brought disease to the tribes and was killed by Hiawatha. Called Megissogwon.

Melatha

The lightning-bird of the Choctaws. Occasionally called Melatha.

Mem Loomis

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Menahka

A Mandan sun-spirit. Sometimes known as Menahka.

mentula loquens

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Messou

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Metal Old Man

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Michabo

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Mide

A religious ceremony. The rites handed down to the Algonquin Indians by Manabozho by which the dead could be resurrected. At times, identified as Mide, Ide, Ide, Deirdre, Ite or Mo-Ide.

milano bird

A fabulous bird. In some references, identified as milano bird.

Mili

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Milky Way

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Mink

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Minnehaha

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mino

Water-spirits of the Cheyenne. These beings were said to be covered with hair and to have horns on their heads. Sometimes identified as mino.

Mirage Boy

A Navaho demi-god who married the first woman. Also called Mirage Boy.

Mishe-Nahmo

A monster in the form of a huge fish. This monster was overcome by Hiawatha. Also known as Mishe-Nahmo.

Misikinebik

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mistai

Wood-spirits of the Cheyenne. Also commonly known as mistai.

mockingbird

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Mole Prey-god

One of the 6 Prey-gods guarding the home of Po-shai-an-k'ia. He is responsible for the earth below. On occassion, called Mole Prey-god.

Momu

A Hopi bee-spirit. At times, identified as Momu, Momo or Momo.

Mon-da-moin

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Monster Slayer

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Montezuma

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Moon

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Moowis

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Moqwaoi

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Moritama

A Pueblo spirit of spring. On occassion, known as Moritama.

Moses

A 19th C. Oregon shaman. He attacked Smohala and thought that he had killed him. Identified as Moses, Musa Nyame, Musa Nyame, Moses or Musa Jinni.

Mother Corn

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Mother of Animals

The Indian deity responsible for all. Animal life. In some accounts, referred to as Mother of Animals.

Mount Baker

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Mount Ranier

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Mount San Francisco

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Mount San Juan

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Mount Shasta

A sacred mountain of the tribes of the north-west. When Kumush created this mountain, he placed Grey Wolf on its slopes. Occasionally known as Mount Shasta.

Mount Taylor

A sacred mountain of the Navaho. The deities known as Turquoise Boy and Corn Girl sit on top of this mountain. Also called Mount Taylor.

Mountain Chant

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Mountain Lion Prey-god

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Mountain Spirit Dancers

Men dressed as mountain spirits taking part in ceremonial dances. Also known as Mountain Spirit Dancers, Crown Dancers or Crown Dancers.

Mountain Spirits

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Mowis

A bridegroom made of snow who melts. As soon as he leaves the wigwam. In some references, called Mowis.

Mudjekeewis

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mugwump

A fabulous bird. This bird is said to sit on a fence with its mug on one side and its wump on the other. Also commonly known as mugwump.

Mushmush

The white-tailed deer created. By Kumush. Sometimes referred to as Mushmush.

Muskrat

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Mutsoyef

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Muy'inga

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Muyinewumana

A Pueblo goddess of precious stones. Sometimes known as Muyinewumana.

Mythical Age

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Nachuruchu

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Naestan

The first woman. Wife of Yadilyil. Mother of Estanatlehi. In some lore, occasionally known as Naestan, Atse Estsan, Atse Estsan, Ateatsan, Ateatsine, Atseatsan, Atseatsine, Atseestan or Atsetstsan.

Nagah

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Nagaitco

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Nagi

One of the 4 Godlike Spirits of the Sioux, an aspect of Wakan. Tanka. Also referred to as Nagi, 'death', 'death', Mara, Mors, Pek or Thanatos.

Nagila

One of the 4 Godlike Spirits of the Sioux, an aspect of Wakan. Tanka. Called Nagila, 'shadow', 'shadow' or Chhaya.

nagumwasuck

Ugly fairies of the Passemaquaddy. In some accounts, identified as nagumwasuck.

nahurak

Pawnee animal-spirits. On occassion, called nahurak.

Naitaka

A water-serpent in the lore of the Indians of British Columbia. This name is applied, inter alia, to the Lake Okanagan monster, Ogopogo. Occasionally called Naitaka, Ogopogo, Ogopogo or Nartaka.

Nakiskat

In the lore of the Pawnee, one of the 5. Houses of the animal spirits, the nahurak. In some lore, occasionally known as Nakiskat.

Nanabozho

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Nane Chaha

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Nane Waiyah

A sacred mountain of the Choctaws, home of the gods. Sometimes identified as Nane Waiyah, Nane Chaha, Nane Chaha, Nanih Waya or Nanih Waya.

Nankilstlas

A raven-god of the Haida. Occasionally identified as Nankilstlas.

Nanook

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nantena

Fairies or spirits of the Athapascans. Sometimes known as nantena.

Nanue

The Inuit name for Nanook. Also commonly known as Nanue.

Nao'tsiti

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Napi

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Nascakiyetl

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Nass

A sacred river of the Tlingit, home of Nascakiyetl. Sometimes referred to as Nass.

Naste Estsan

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Natos

The sun-god of the Blackfoot. Husband of Kokomikeis. Father of Apisuahts. Known as Natos.

Nayanezgani

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Ne-a-go

A Seneca sky-god in the form of a fawn which causes the south wind. On occassion, called Ne-a-go, Fawn, Fawn, Neago, Neago, Ga-oh, Ga-oh, Da-jo-ji, Gaoh, O-yan-do-ne or Ya-o-ga.

Ne-kilst-luss

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Neegyauks

A frog-spirit of the Tlingit. On occassion, referred to as Neegyauks, Volcano Woman, Volcano Woman, Dzelarhons, Haida Dzelarhons or Haida Dzelarhons.

Negagfok

An Inuit spirit of cold weather. Known as Negagfok.

Nekedzaltara

Athapascan gods or spirits acting as servants of Tena-ranide. At times, referred to as Nekedzaltara.

Nekumonta

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Nemissa

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Nenabo

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Nepokwa'i

A Tewa fertlity-deity. One of the kachinas. In some accounts, known as Nepokwa'i, Hopi Kokopelli or Hopi Kokopelli.

Nesaru

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Nhenebush

A trickster-god of the Ojibwa. Occasionally known as Nhenebush, Nanabozho, Nanabozho, Manabozho, Nanaboojoo, Nanabush, Nanibozho or Great Hare.

Nichant

An Algonquian god who destroyed the world by fire and flood. Occasionally called Nichant.

Night Chant

A Navaho winter festival. This festival lasts for nine days and honours the spirits with dancing, sand painting and other rituals. Referred to as Night Chant.

Nihansan

A trickster or creator-god of the Arapaho. On occassion, referred to as Nihansan, Nihancan or Nihancan.

Niltshi

A Navaho wind-spirit. This spirit guided the Navaho in their ascent from the lower worlds. At times, referred to as Niltshi.

Niman

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Nina Stahu

The cave from which the ancestors of the Blackfoot Indians emerged led. By Napi. In some accounts, called Nina Stahu.

Nipa

An Algonquin moon-goddess. In some accounts, called Nipa.

Niparaya

A supreme creator-deity of the Pericue. Husband of Anayicoyondi. Father of Quaayayp. He was in conflict with Wac whom he defeated. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Niparaya.

Nipinoukhe

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Nix'ant

A trickster-god of the Gros. Ventre people. In some accounts, called Nix'ant.

Niya

One of the 4 Godlike Spirits of the Sioux, an aspect of Wakan Tanka. Also identified as Niya, 'breath', 'breath' or Vayu.

Noakxnim

A deity of the tribes of British Columbia. He was said to have arrived from over the sea in a magical canoe. In some references, identified as Noakxnim.

Nocuma

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Nokomis

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Noogoumee

In the lore of the Micmac, a huge. Whale. This animal is used as transport by Gluskap. Also commonly known as Noogoumee.

Noohlum

An annual ceremony of the tribes of the north-west. Called Noohlum.

Nopatsis

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Nowutset

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Numokh Mukana

The first man, in the lore of the Mandan tribe. Sometimes known as Numokh Mukana.

Nunhyunuwi

In the lore of the Cherokee, a man-eating stone giant. Sometimes referred to as Nunhyunuwi.

Nunne Chaha

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Nunuoska

The progenitor of all animals and plants, in the lore of the tribes of British Columbia. Sometimes identified as Nunuoska, Mother Nature or Mother Nature.

Nunuso'mikeeqone'im

Mother of Alk'unta'm. She is a cannibal woman said to be able to appear as a mosquito. On occassion, identified as Nunuso'mikeeqone'im.

Nuptadi Robe

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Nuskesiu'tsta

A cave, home of Anaulikutsai'x. Also identified as Nuskesiu'tsta.

Nusmeta

The home of the gods of the Bella. Coola Indians. In some references, identified as Nusmeta.

Nuyam

A myth, in the lore of the Kwakiutl. In some accounts, known as Nuyam, Chinook ikanam, Chinook ikanam, adaox, spetake, Thompson spekatl, Thompson spekatl, Tshimshian adaox, Tshimshian adaox or ikanam.

O'meal

A spirit of the Indians of British. Columbia. In some lore, occasionally known as O'meal.

O'nis'desos

The leader of the Gadjisa. In some accounts, identified as O'nis'desos.

O-yan-do-ne

The east wind in the lore of the Seneca. In some references, identified as O-yan-do-ne, Moose, Moose, Oyandone, Oyandone, Ga-oh, Ga-oh, Da-jo-ji, Gaoh, Ne-a-go or Ya-o-ga.

Obaluwaye

A Yoruba earth-god. Husband of Nana. Father of Omolu. In some references, known as Obaluwaye, Master of the Universe, Master of the Universe, Shakpono, Shakpono, Ashanti Asa-ase, Ashanti Asa-ase, Sagbata, Dahomey Sagbata or Dahomey Sagbata.

Och-do-ah

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Ockabewis

A Chippewa hero. Referred to as Ockabewis.

oeh-da

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Ogopogo

A water-monster in Lake Okanagan in British Columbia. Occasionally identified as Ogopogo, Nartaka, Nartaka, Naitaka or Naitaka.

Ohdows

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Ohgiwe

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Ohoyo-osh Chishba

A Chibcha corn-goddess. In some lore, occasionally identified as Ohoyo-osh Chishba.

Okanagan

A lake in British Columbia. This lake is said to be the home of the water-monster, Naitaka. Occasionally referred to as Okanagan.

Oke

A personal protective deity. Also identified as Oke.

Okeus

The devil, in the lore of the tribes of Virginia. At times, known as Okeus.

Oki

A sun-god of the Hurons: a force of nature. Identified as Oki, Kiousa or Kiousa.

Okinai

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okkis

Amulets said to ward off misfortune. Occasionally identified as okkis.

Oklatabashih

In the lore of the Choctaws, the only. Man to survive the flood. In some accounts, known as Oklatabashih.

Okulam

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Old Age

One of the 4 anaye left alive after the storm sent by Estanetlehi. Occasionally known as Old Age.

Old Man

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Old Man Acorn

A spirit of the Wintun. This spirit is said to have fertilised the earth after it had been recreated by Olelbis. At times, called Old Man Acorn.

Old Woman

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Olelbis

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Olelpanti

In the lore of the Wintun, the home of Olelbis: heaven. Also known as Olelpanti.

Olle

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Onatah

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Ondoutaete

A Huron war-god. In some accounts he is the same as Areskoui. Identified as Ondoutaete.

Only Man

The Hidatsa Indian version of the Maidan hero, Lone Man. Sometimes identified as Only Man, Lone Man, Lone Man or Lucky Man.

Onnion

A Huron snake-god. He had a horn on his head which could pierce mountains. On occassion, called Onnion, Onniont or Onniont.

Onodja tree

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Oonawieh Unggi

A Cherokee wind-god. At times, identified as Oonawieh Unggi.

orenda

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Orphan Boy

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Oshadagea

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Ostowegowa

An Iroquois feather-dance of thanks to the creator. Sometimes referred to as Ostowegowa.

Oterongtongnia

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Othagwenda

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otkon

In the lore of the Iroquois, the force of evil, the converse of orenda. On occassion, called otkon, otgon or otgon.

Otter

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Otter-Heart

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Ouiot

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owanka wakan

A sacred altar. Called owanka wakan.

Owasse

An Algonquian bear-spirit. Sometimes referred to as Owasse.

Oxheheon

A Cheyenne sun-dance spirit. Also commonly referred to as Oxheheon.

Oyoyewa

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P'ashajan'a

The first man in the lore of the Keres tribe. On occassion, called P'ashajan'a, Pueblo Poseyemu, Pueblo Poseyemu, Poshaiyangkyo, Puspiyama, Tigua Puspiyama, Tigua Puspiyama, Poseyemu, Zuni Poshaiyangkyo or Zuni Poshaiyangkyo.

Paguk

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Pah

A moon-god of the Pawnees. Consort of Sakuru. Father of Closed Man. Referred to as Pah, 'father', 'father', Fadir or Pitri.

Pahe-Wathahuni

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Pahua

In the lore of the Pawnee, one of the 5 houses of the animal spirits, the nahurak. Also identified as Pahua.

Pahuk

In the lore of the Pawnee, one of the 5 houses of the animal spirits, the nahurak. In some lore, occasionally known as Pahuk.

Paiyatemu

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Pakrokitat

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Pal-Rai-Yuk

A water-monster of the Inuit. Sometimes known as Pal-Rai-Yuk.

Palongahoya

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Palulukon

A fertility-god. The plumed serpent of the Hopi. Known as Palulukon, Aztec Quetzalcoatl, Aztec Quetzalcoatl, Gucumatz, Itzamna, Kaloowise, Kanikilak, Koloowise, Kukulcan, Quaaqua, Raven, Raven, Zuni Koloowise or Zuni Koloowise.

Pamola

An evil spirit of darkness in the lore of the Algonquians. She was one of the evil spirits killed by Gluskap. Also referred to as Pamola.

Panes

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Pasikola

A trickster-god of the Creek Indians. Occasionally known as Pasikola.

Pau-puk-keewis

A sorcerer who changed into a beaver. And, later, into an eagle. Referred to as Pau-puk-keewis.

Pautiwal

A Hopi sun-spirit. In some references, known as Pautiwal, Pautiwa, Pautiwa, Pautiwal or Pautiwal.

Payatami

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Pebble-rattler

A wind-god of the Haida people. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Pebble-rattler.

Peboan

The manitou of winter, in Algonquian lore. In some references, known as Peboan.

Pecos Bill

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Peheipe

A culture-hero of the Maidu Indians. Occasionally identified as Peheipe.

Pelado Peak

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Pelintsiek

The personification of the shell-money of the Yurok tribe. He and his companion, Tego'o, came to California from the north. Identified as Pelintsiek, Great Dentalium or Great Dentalium.

Petalsharo

A Pawnee hero. He is said to have prevented the ceremonial sacrifice of captives. Also called Petalsharo.

Peter Rugg

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Petrel

A water-spirit of the Tlingit. This spirit was the original guardian of fresh water but Yetl stole it to irrigate the barren earth. In some lore, occasionally identified as Petrel.

philamaloo bird

A fabulous bird. Occasionally identified as philamaloo bird, phillyloo, phillyloo, filla-ma-loo, filla-ma-loo or philamaloo.

pigwiggen

A fabulous animal. Also known as pigwiggen, pigwidgin, pigwidgin or pigwiggen.

pikvahahirak

In the lore of the Karok tribe, the period before humans appeared. On occassion, referred to as pikvahahirak.

pinnacle grouse

A fabulous bird. Sometimes referred to as pinnacle grouse.

Pipinoukhe

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Pishumi

A Pueblo spirit of sickness and death. At times, called Pishumi.

Pitcher

In Algonquian lore, a rogue. Gluskap caused Pitcher to get stuck in a tree, then turned him into a toad. At times, identified as Pitcher.

Place of the Dark

The underworld of the Klamath Indians. Occasionally referred to as Place of the Dark.

Plain Feather

A young hunter. He was taught the arts of the hunter by his guardian spirit, an elk. Occasionally known as Plain Feather.

Pleiades

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Poker Boys

Spirits of the Pueblo tribes. Sometimes called Poker Boys.

Pokunt

A supreme nature-spirit of the Shoshone. Also called Pokunt.

Polik Mana

A Hopi butterfly-spirit. Occasionally referred to as Polik Mana.

Pollen Boy

A spirit who, with Grasshopper Girl, was set on Mount San Juan by Aste Estsan and Aste Hastin. Referred to as Pollen Boy.

Ponemah

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Pono-Kamito

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Pontiac

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Poquanghoya

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Poseyemu

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Poshaiyangkyo

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Poshaiyanne

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Pot Tilter

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Poverty

One of the 4 anaye left alive after the storm sent by Estanatlehi. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Poverty.

Powamu

A Hopi fertility rite. Referred to as Powamu.

Powerful One

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Prairie Falcon

A hero of some Californian tribes who was said to have lost his eyes. Also commonly identified as Prairie Falcon.

Preceder

A creator and culture-hero of the Pueblo tribes. Twin brother of Follower. In some references, identified as Preceder, Twins, Twins, Follower or twins.

Prey Brothers

Priests of the Prey Gods drawn. From the Coyote and Eagle tribes. In some references, identified as Prey Brothers.

Prey Gods

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Pskegdemus

A swamp-spirit of the Penobscot. Indians of Maine. This spirit waits outside the tribe's camp, trying to entice children and men. Occasionally known as Pskegdemus.

Pu'ukonghoya

A war-god of the Hopi. Twin brother of Palungahoya. These twins are the equivalent of the Zuni Ahayuta achi. Identified as Pu'ukonghoya, Poquanghoya, Poquanghoya, Pookonghoya or Little Smiter.

pukwudjie

An Algonquian nature-spirit or fairy. On occassion, known as pukwudjie.

Pulekekwerek

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pulque

In Mexican lore, a drink made from the maguey plant, said to have magical qualities. Sometimes called pulque.

puplem

Medicine-men of the tribes of California. Occasionally identified as puplem.

Puspiyama

The first man, in the lore of the Tigua tribe of New Mexico. Occasionally identified as Puspiyama, Keres Pashayan'a, Keres Pashayan'a, Pueblo Poseyemu, Pueblo Poseyemu, P'ashajan'a, Poshaiyangkyo, Zuni Poshaiyangkyo, Zuni Poshaiyangkyo or Poseyemu.

Qa'wadiliquala

A supreme god of the tribes of British. Columbia. Father of Tewi-xilak. He lives in a river and ensures a plentiful supply of salmon. Sometimes identified as Qa'wadiliquala.

Qagwaai

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Qalanganguase

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Qamai'ts

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Qoluncotun

A creator-god of the Okanogon tribe. Sometimes known as Qoluncotun.

Quaaqua

A creator-god of the Salish tribe. Sometimes identified as Quaaqua, Kumsnooth, Kumsnooth, Slaalekam, Slaalekam, Aztec Quetzalcoatl, Aztec Quetzalcoatl, Gucumatz, Itzamna, Kaloowise, Kanikilak, Koloowise, Kukulcan, Palulukon, Raven, Raven, Kwakiutl Kanikilak, Kwakiutl Kanikilak, Quetzalcoatl , Raven, Tlingit Yetl, Tlingit Yetl or Quetzalcoatl .

Quaayayp

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Quah-beet

The beaver who told Malsum the secret of how Gluskap could be killed. Occasionally called Quah-beet.

Quahootze

A war-god of the Nootka Indians. Called Quahootze.

Quaoar

In the lore of some Californian tribes, a creation force. Sometimes referred to as Quaoar.

Queenah

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Querrana

In the lore of the Pueblo Indians, the second man to be created. Occasionally known as Querrana.

Quissan Kweedas

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Qumoqums

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Quoots-hooi

A Chinook giantess. She ate the eggs of the raven, Hahness, and the first humans appeared. Also called Quoots-hooi.

Rabbit

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Rabbit Boy

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Raft of Four Sticks

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Ragno

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Rahakatittu

A wand decorated with feathers. The object is used in religious ceremonies by the Pawnee and symbolises the female principle and peace. Occasionally referred to as Rahakatittu.

Rahaktakaru

A wand decorated with feathers. The object is used in religious ceremonies by the Pawnee and symbolises the male principle and war. Sometimes referred to as Rahaktakaru.

Rain Beings

Rain-spirits of the Pueblo Indians. At times, called Rain Beings.

Rainbow

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ratchet owl

A fabulous bird. Called ratchet owl.

Rattlesnake

A dog owned by Coyote the Indian trickster-god. Also called Rattlesnake.

Raven

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Raweno

A creator spirit of the Iroquois. In some accounts, known as Raweno, Everything-maker or Everything-maker.

Red Boy

A spirit of the Apache. He, with Holy Boy, set the sun and moon in their courses. Also commonly called Red Boy.

Red Hawk

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Red Horn

One of the 5 (or 8) great spirits created. By Earth-maker. At times, known as Red Horn.

Red Thunderbird

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Red World

One of the 4 worlds through which the Navaho passed on their ascent from the underworld. Sometimes identified as Red World.

Rhipisunt

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Rip van Winkle

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Robinson, Edwin

(1869-1935). A poet. He wrote extensively on Arthurian themes, including the poems Lancelot and Tristram. Also identified as Robinson, Edwin.

Rock Candy Mountain

The Otherworld: a land of plenty. In some references, identified as Rock Candy Mountain.

Rock Crystal Boy

A Navaho spirit. He and Rock Crystal Girl were set on Pelado Peak by Atse Estsan and Atse Hastin. Also identified as Rock Crystal Boy.

Rock Crystal Girl

A Navaho spirit. She and Rock Crystal Boy were set on Pelado Peak by Atse Estsan and Atse Hastin. Also commonly known as Rock Crystal Girl.

roperite

A fabulous animal. Identified as roperite.

rubberado

A fabulous animal in the form of a bouncing porcupine. Animals which eat this prickly beast find that their flesh has become resilient like rubber. Also referred to as rubberado.

rumtifusel

A fabulous animal. Also commonly identified as rumtifusel, rumptifusel or rumptifusel.

Sacred Otter

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Sagalie Tyee

A supreme god of the Salish people. Also known as Sagalie Tyee.

Sahte

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Sakuru

A Pawnee sun-goddess. Consort of Pah. Mother of Closed Man. In some references, identified as Sakuru.

Salmon Boy

In the lore of the Indians of the north-west coastal area, a hero of many adventures. Also identified as Salmon Boy.

Salt Man

A war-god, a spirit of the Hopi. Also called Salt Man.

Salt Woman

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Sand Altar Woman

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sand squink

A fabulous animal. Sometimes referred to as sand squink.

sandhill perch

A fabulous fish. In some references, known as sandhill perch.

santer

A fabulous animal. Sometimes known as santer.

Sayadio

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Scarface

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screbonie

A fabulous animal. Also commonly identified as screbonie.

Sedit

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Sedna

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Segun

The manitou of summer, in the lore of the Algonquin. Occasionally called Segun.

Selu

The first woman, in the lore of the Cherokee. Wife of Kanati. Mother of the Thunder Boys. At times, called Selu, Corn Mother, Corn Mother or Corn Woman.

Sen'dah

A trickster-god of the Kiowa. Also commonly identified as Sen'dah, Sen'dah Old Man or Sen'dah Old Man.

Senotlke

A serpent-like monster, in the lore of the tribes of the northwest. Sometimes known as Senotlke.

Senx

A sun-god of the Bella Coola Indians of Canada. Also commonly called Senx, Our Father, Our Father, Sacred One, Sacred One, Sonx or Sonx.

Seqinek

An Inuit sun-spirit. Sometimes called Seqinek.

Seru

A corn-spirit of the Cherokee. Wife of Kanati. Mother of Wild Boy. At times, known as Seru.

Settin-ki-jash

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Sga'na

A sea-god of the Haida Indians. He is envisaged as a killer whale. Also commonly identified as Sga'na, Masset San or Masset San.

Sha-lana

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Shadowland

The Algonquian land of the dead. Sometimes referred to as Shadowland.

Shakanli

A serpent-like monster of the Choctaws. At times, known as Shakanli.

Shakuru

A sun-god of the Pawnee tribe. Identified as Shakuru, Atius or Atius.

Shalako

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Shanewis

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Shawano

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Shel

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shilup

The individual's soul, in the lore of the Choctaws. In some accounts, called shilup.

Shilup Chito Osh

The Choctaw name for the Great Spirit. In some references, known as Shilup Chito Osh.

Shinob

A supreme deity of the Paiute. People. Twin brother of Tobats. In some lore, occasionally called Shinob, Navaho Nayenezgani or Navaho Nayenezgani.

Shipap

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Shipapulima

The Zuni land of the dead. Also commonly referred to as Shipapulima, Pueblo Shipap or Pueblo Shipap.

Shiwanna

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Shiwanni

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Shiwanokia

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Shooting Star

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Showano

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shu'nun

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Sicun

One of the Godlike Spirits of the Sioux. An aspect of Wakan tanka. Also identified as Sicun, 'thought', 'thought', Hugi or Hugin.

sikun

A supernatural power for good or evil. On occassion, identified as sikun.

Silent One

A Hopi rain-god. Also referred to as Silent One.

Sin

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Sinopa

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Sins Sga'nagwai

A supreme god of the Haida. Indians. Occasionally known as Sins Sga'nagwai.

Sio Calakoq

A Hopi giant. Occasionally identified as Sio Calakoq.

Sio Humis

A Hopi rain-god. Also identified as Sio Humis.

Sipapu

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Sirout

An ancestor of the Juaneno tribe of California. Husband of Yciaut. Father of Ouiot. Sometimes known as Sirout.

sisaok

Among the Bella Coola Tribe, a dancer in a ceremony to commemorate. The coming of the progenitors of the tribe. At times, known as sisaok.

Sisiutl

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Sitkonski

A trickster-deity of the Assiniboine. Occasionally identified as Sitkonski, Sitconsky or Sitconsky.

Sits-by-the-door

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siudleratuin

Ghosts of the Inuit. On occassion, referred to as siudleratuin.

skagi

A medicine-man of the Haida. Occasionally known as skagi.

Skan

One of the 4 Superior Gods of the Sioux. An aspect of Wakan Tanka. Called Skan, 'sky', 'sky', Ansar, Antariksha, Atea or Nut.

Skate Woman

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Skili

In the lore of the Cherokee, evil witches. These beings were said sometimes to appear at night in the form of owls. Also identified as Skili.

Skoyo

Man-eating monsters, in the lore of the Pueblo Indians. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Skoyo.

Skunk

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Sky Elk

A sky-spirit of the Iroquois. Also referred to as Sky Elk.

Sky Father

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Sky People

The inhabitants of a supposed otherworld in the heavens. Also commonly called Sky People.

Sky Youth

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slide-rock bolter

A fabulous animal. Referred to as slide-rock bolter.

sliver cat

A fabulous animal. Also referred to as sliver cat.

Smohala

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Smoking Mountain

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Snake Clan Woman

A spirit of the Hopi. She was with Sand Altar Woman when the latter suffered a miscarriage. Identified as Snake Clan Woman.

Snake Dance

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Snake Girl

A snake-spirit of the Hopi. She is regarded as an ancestor of the Hopi and also of many reptiles. In some references, known as Snake Girl.

Snake People

In the lore of the Navaho, a race who lived in the underworld, one of whom abducted Glipsa. At times, identified as Snake People.

Snake Youth

A sky-spirit of the Hopi. Occasionally referred to as Snake Youth.

Snallygaster

A monster in Maryland. This beast is envisaged as a huge reptile-like bird which carries off children at night. On occassion, referred to as Snallygaster, Snoligoster or Snoligoster.

Snookum

An evil spirit in the lore of the Chinook. At times, called Snookum.

Snoqalm

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Snow Lodge

A magic tepee given to Sacred Otter by Estoneapesta. Also called Snow Lodge, Snow Tepee, Snow Tepee, Yellow Paint Lodge or Yellow Paint Lodge.

snow snake

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snow wassel

A fabulous animal. Sometimes known as snow wassel.

Snulk'ulxa'Is

A primaeval god of the Bella. Coola Indians. Called Snulk'ulxa'Is.

snydal

A fabulous animal. In some lore, occasionally referred to as snydal.

Soatsaki

A Blackfoot maiden. Wife of Apisuahts. Mother of Poia. Sometimes identified as Soatsaki, Feather Woman, Feather Woman, So-at-sa-ki, So-at-sa-ki, Scarface, Scarface, Apisuahts or Poia.

Sokumapi

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Someone Powerful

A Cherokee name for the creator-spirit. Also known as Someone Powerful.

Son of Light

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Song of Hiawatha

A long poem by Longfellow relating the life and death of the hero, Hiawatha. Also called Song of Hiawatha.

Sontso

A Navaho deity. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Sontso, Big Star or Big Star.

Soogaot

Son of Kindawuss by a bear. Brother of Cunwhat. Occasionally referred to as Soogaot.

Sosondowah

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Sotuknang

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Soyal

A nine-day Hopi festival, held at the winter solstice, instigating the return of the Katchinas. Sometimes known as Soyal, Soyala, Soyala, Soyaluna, Soyaluna, Soyal(un)a or Soyal(un)a.

soyoko

Monsters of the Hopi. Referred to as soyoko.

Spaul

The supreme god of the Indians of Queen Charlotte Island. This being is envisaged as a benevolent raven who killed the evil Queenah. Also known as Spaul.

spetake

A myth, in the lore of the Thompson Indians. Also known as spetake, Chinook ikanam, Chinook ikanam, adaox, Nuyam, Kwakiutl nuyam, Kwakiutl nuyam, ikanam, Tshimshian adaox, Tshimshian adaox or ikanam.

spider

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Spider Woman

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Spirit Star

A Pawnee sky-spirit. On occassion, identified as Spirit Star.

splinter cat

A fabulous animal. In some lore, occasionally called splinter cat.

Split Boys

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Squash

Daughter of Eithinoha. Sister of Bean and Onatah. Also referred to as Squash.

Squonk

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Sta-au

Ghosts of the wicked in the lore of the Blackfoot Indians. At times, known as Sta-au.

Stackalee

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Standing Hollow Horn

Chief of the Sioux when White Buffalo. Woman came to visit them. In some accounts, known as Standing Hollow Horn.

Star Boy

The son of a maiden who rose up to heaven and married Star Husband. Also known as Star Boy.

Star Country

The sky, in the lore of the Hopi. In some accounts, called Star Country.

Star-folk

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Star Husband

A heavenly being who married. An earthly maiden when she. Rose up to heaven. At times, identified as Star Husband.

Star-maiden

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Stone Boy

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Stone Coat

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Stone Giants

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Stoneribs

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Sucking Monster

In Indian lore, a monster which sucks in his victims instead of eating them. Known as Sucking Monster.

Sugarloaf Mountain

The home of the Karok guardian. Spirit, Ai'krer. Sometimes referred to as Sugarloaf Mountain.

Summer Mother

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Sun Father

A creator-deity of the Zuni. Consort of Underground Mother. Father of Paiyatemu. In some references, identified as Sun Father, Page Abe, Page Abe or Sun Father.

Sun Halo

A sky-spirit of the Klamath. He followed the sun-spirit, Shel and eventually lived in the sky-lodge built by Kumush. Also referred to as Sun Halo.

Sun Snarer

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Sunawavi

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Sunsetland

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Sunshaft

A Mexican deity. After the flood sent by Hokomata had subsided, he and Waterfall mated with Pukeheh to repopulate the world. Sometimes referred to as Sunshaft.

Superior Gods

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Supernatural People

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Sus'sistinnako

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Sutalidihi

A sun-god of the Cherokee. Sometimes known as Sutalidihi.

Swaikhway

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Swaixwe

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Swallow People

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swampanger

A fabulous animal. In some lore, occasionally known as swampanger, augerino or augerino.

Sweat Lodge

A creator-god of the Sanpoil. Tribe. He is said to have created animals and birds. Sometimes known as Sweat Lodge.

Sweet Medicine

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Szeuka

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Ta'ngwanla'na

A supreme god of the Haida Indians. Occasionally called Ta'ngwanla'na.

Ta'xet

A god of death of the Haida Indians. Identified as Ta'xet.

Tacu

Husband of Auzar. Father of Chinigchinich, some say. Sometimes known as Tacu.

Tahit

A Tlingit god of fate. Sometimes referred to as Tahit.

tahmahnawis

Supernatural power, in the lore of the Chinook. Sometimes known as tahmahnawis.

Tahquitz

An evil spirit of the Indian tribes. In some references, referred to as Tahquitz.

Taikomo

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Taiowa

A Hopi creator-god. Father of Sotuknang. In some lore, occasionally known as Taiowa, Zuni Paiyatemu or Zuni Paiyatemu.

Takuskanskan

A trickster-god of the Dakotas. Also referred to as Takuskanskan.

Talatumsi

A Pueblo dawn-goddess. Also commonly known as Talatumsi.

Talli

A culture-hero of the Lenapé Indians. Referred to as Talli.

Talvolte

A leader of the tortoise clan, a survivor of the flood. Occasionally called Talvolte.

Tamahnous

Among the tribes of the north-west, a guardian spirit. Sometimes referred to as Tamahnous.

Tame Boy

A thunder-god of the Cherokee. One of the Thunder Boys. Son of Kanati and Seru. Brother of Wild Boy. Occasionally identified as Tame Boy.

Tans

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Taqlikic

A name for Yetl, the raven, as hammer-father, reflecting his toughness. Occasionally called Taqlikic, Raven, Raven, Big Grandfather, Aztec Quetzalcoatl, Kwakiutl Kanikilak, Salish Quaaqua, Tlingit Yehl, Yetl, Raven, Raven, Haida Yehl, Quaquiutl Kanikilak, Raven[sup]2, Raven[sup]2, Yehl, 3[/sup], 3[/sup], Can, Canache, Daguna, Dione, Helena, Maramma, Mariamma, sacred serpents, Sakti, Sibylla or Skyamsen.

Tarenyawagon

The Iroquois spirit who came to earth as Hiawatha. Sometimes identified as Tarenyawagon, Great Upholder, Great Upholder, Ta-ren-ya-wa-gon, Ta-ren-ya-wa-gon, Upholder of the Heavens or Upholder of the Heavens.

Tarhuyiawaku

An Iroquois giant supporting the sky. Also referred to as Tarhuyiawaku.

Taronhiawagon

The supreme god of the Onodago. Tribe. Also referred to as Taronhiawagon.

tasoom

The soul, in the lore of the Cheyenne. In some accounts, known as tasoom.

Tate

A creator-god and wind-god of the Sioux Indians. In some accounts, referred to as Tate.

Tawa

A creator-god and sun-god of the Pueblo Indians. In some accounts, referred to as Tawa.

Tawa Makoce

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Tawiscara

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Tawiscaron

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Tcenes

A hero of the Kato Indians. He rescued the child, Nagaitco, from the flood and she became the ancestor of the tribe. On occassion, known as Tcenes.

Tchakabech

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Tcikapis

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Tcolawitze

A Hopi fire-spirit. Sometimes known as Tcolawitze.

Tcuchkuti

A benevolent Hopi spirit. Also known as Tcuchkuti, Tcochkut or Tcochkut.

teakettle

A fabulous animal. On occassion, called teakettle.

Teelget

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Tego'o

A companion of Pelintsiek when he came to California from the north. Sometimes identified as Tego'o.

Ten Corn Maidens

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Tena-ranide

A plague-god of the Athapascans, god of death. Occasionally identified as Tena-ranide.

Tenskwata

A 19th C. Shawnee medicine-man. He forecast that a new world would appear in the early years of the 19th century. Identified as Tenskwata.

Tern

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Tewi'xilak

A god of the hunt in the lore of the Indians of British Columbia. In some lore, occasionally known as Tewi'xilak.

the Deer

A priest who looks after the fetishes of the Prey Brothers when they are not being used. On occassion, known as the Deer.

thlawe

In the lore of the Zuni, a plant. Growing in the underworld. Referred to as thlawe.

Thonenli`

A Navaho rain-spirit. One of the Yei. Occasionally referred to as Thonenli`.

Thoume Kine Kimte Cacounche

A creator-god of the Natchez Indians. Also known as Thoume Kine Kimte Cacounche.

Thrown Away

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Thunder

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Thunder Boys

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Thunder Men

Man-eating monsters in the lore of the Sioux. Also commonly referred to as Thunder Men.

Thunderbird

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Thunderer

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Thunderers

3 emissaries of Hinun. Their function was to keep order on earth and to destroy evil monsters. Also commonly referred to as Thunderers.

Thunders

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Tia

A god of death of the Haida Indians. Also commonly referred to as Tia.

Tiamuni

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Tieholtsodi

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Tihugun

A good spirit of the Athapascans. He is said to live in the sun and the moon. Sometimes referred to as Tihugun.

Tiny Flower

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Tirawahut

The celestial kingdom of Atius-Tirawa. On occassion, identified as Tirawahut, Tirawahat or Tirawahat.

Tlaik

A sky-chief in the lore of the tribes of the northwest. He was killed by two sky-spirits and eaten by a sky-serpent. On occassion, identified as Tlaik.

Tlehanoai

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Tliewatuwadjigican

In the lore of the tribes of the northwest, a servant of Nascakiyetl. Occasionally known as Tliewatuwadjigican, Adawulcanak, Adawulcanak, Adawaulcanak or Adawaulcanak.

Toa'lalit

A god of hunting of the Bella. Coola tribe. Sometimes identified as Toa'lalit, Toia'lalit or Toia'lalit.

Tob Tob

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Tobadzistsini

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Tobats

A trickster-deity of the Paiute. Twin-brother of Shinob. Brother of Cunawabi. Sometimes referred to as Tobats, Navaho Tobadzistsini or Navaho Tobadzistsini.

Tomorrow

Mother of the south-east wind, in the lore of the tribes of the north-west. In some accounts, called Tomorrow.

Tomsivsi

A Cheyenne hero who is said to have introduced the sun-dance. In some lore, occasionally known as Tomsivsi.

Tonenili

A Navaho rain-god. One of the Yeibechi. He is depicted as a dancing fool, wearing a blue mask. In some lore, occasionally known as Tonenili, Grey God, Grey God, Libahi, Libahi, Toneinili, Toneinili, Libabi, Libabi, 'waterer' or 'waterer'.

Too-lux

The Chinook god of the south wind. He cut open a whale and released the raven Hahness. Sometimes identified as Too-lux.

tornaq

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Tornasuk

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Torngasoau

A supreme deity of the Inuit. In some accounts, identified as Torngasoau, Tornasuk, Tornasuk, Great Tornak, Tornarssuk, Torngarsak, Tornarsuk or Tornarsuk.

Tornit

An mythical race of giants in the lore of the Inuit. Also referred to as Tornit.

tote-road shagamaw

A fabulous animal. Occasionally called tote-road shagamaw.

totem pole

A carved and painted pole used by the Indians as a symbol of a tribe. Identified as totem pole.

totemism

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Tow

Twin brother of Tow-us-tussin. These twins are the Haida version of the War Twins. Occasionally called Tow, Tow-us-tussin, Tow-us-tussin or War Twins.

Towaesendo

The Tewa version of the War Twins. In some accounts, identified as Towaesendo.

Transformer

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tree-squeak

A fabulous animal. Sometimes known as tree-squeak.

tripodero

A fabulous animal with 3 legs. At times, referred to as tripodero.

Tsa'qamae

A god of salmon in British Columbia. Occasionally referred to as Tsa'qamae.

Tsakakaitiac

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Tsegihi

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Tsenagahi

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Tsenahale

Eagle-beasts of the Navaho Indians, killed by Nayenezgani with thunderbolts. Once of the Anaye. Occasionally identified as Tsenahale.

Tsenta

The Huron name for Ioskeha. In some lore, occasionally identified as Tsenta, Tsentsa or Tsentsa.

Tshindi

Venomous spirits of the Navaho. Known as Tshindi.

Tsi-sisnaaxil

A name of Qamai'ts as 'woman'. Also commonly referred to as Tsi-sisnaaxil.

Tsiskagili

The red crayfish. This being is said to have got his red colouring when scorched by the sun during the creation period. Occasionally referred to as Tsiskagili.

Tsitctinako

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Tsitsenuts

A rain-god of the Acoma, created by Ia'ticu. At times, identified as Tsitsenuts.

Tsohanoai

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Tsonqua

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Tsotil

A mountain sacred to the Navaho. Home of Yeitso. Also known as Tsotil, Tsotsil or Tsotsil.

Tsul Kalu

The Cherokee god of the hunt. He is envisaged as a huge deer living in the mountains. At times, called Tsul Kalu, Slanting Eyes or Slanting Eyes.

Tsurapako

In the lore of the Pawnee, one of the 5 houses of the animalspirits, the nahurak. Occasionally referred to as Tsurapako.

Tsusgina'i

The Cherokee land of ghosts. This place is part of Usunhi'ya, the dark land in the west. At times, known as Tsusgina'i.

ttlaya

Ghosts or spirits of the Fox Indians. In some lore, occasionally referred to as ttlaya.

Tu-tutsh

The Thunderbird of the Nootka tribe. In some references, identified as Tu-tutsh, Chinook HahnessMakah Kakaitch or Chinook HahnessMakah Kakaitch.

Tuchaipai

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Tulchuherris

A lightning-god of the Wintun tribe. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Tulchuherris.

Tule

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Tunkan

A Dakota earth-spirit. Sometimes known as Tunkan.

Turkey Girl

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Turkey Hactcin

A spirit of agriculture. He is said to have brought corn and tobacco to the Jicarilla Apache. Also commonly identified as Turkey Hactcin, Holy One, Holy One or Sheng.

Turkey-Killer

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Turquoise Man

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Turtle

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Tuwapontamsi

A hideous Pueblo earth-goddess. On occassion, identified as Tuwapontamsi, Mamzraumana, Mamzraumana or Tuwapontumsi.

Twins

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Two-legged

One of the 4 Kindred Gods of the Sioux. This category includes both humans and bears. In some references, known as Two-legged.

Tzi-daltai

Carved wooden figures worn. As protection by the Apache. Indians. In some accounts, identified as Tzi-daltai.

tzizhui

A sky-spirit of the Osage. Occasionally referred to as tzizhui.

Uchtsiti

Father of the gods of the Acoma tribe. In some lore, occasionally identified as Uchtsiti.

Uhepono

A giant in the lore of the Zuni. This woolly-skinned monster with huge eyes is said to live in the underworld. Sometimes known as Uhepono.

Uktena

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Ulala

A female monster of the Haida, said to eat men. In some accounts, known as Ulala, Walala or Walala.

Umai-hulhlya-wit

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Underground Mother

A deity of the Zuni. Consort of Sun Father. Mother of Paiyatemu. Also called Underground Mother.

Underwater Panthers

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Unelanuki

A sun-goddess of the Cherokee. In some accounts, known as Unelanuki.

Unilanuhi

A Cherokee sun-goddess. At times, called Unilanuhi.

Unknowingly

A Sioux creator-spirit. Also commonly known as Unknowingly, Grandfather Power or Grandfather Power.

Unktahe

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upland trout

A fabulous fish. Occasionally referred to as upland trout.

Uretsiti

A creator-goddess of the Cochiti. Sometimes known as Uretsiti, Iareku or Iareku.

Utc'tsiti

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Uti Hiata

A Pawnee corn-goddess. Sometimes identified as Uti Hiata.

Utsanati

A Pawnee rattlesnake-spirit. Also known as Utsanati.

Utset

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uwanami

Rain-spirits of the Zuni. On occassion, identified as uwanami, uwannami or uwannami.

vada

Among the tribes of the southwest, sorcery. Practitioners are able to kill a person by placing a curse on him or her. Occasionally known as vada.

Vanquech

A place of worship devoted to Chinigchinich. At times, called Vanquech.

Veeho

A Cheyenne trickster. He once stole a pair of magic leggings from the sun and got burned for his trouble. At times, referred to as Veeho, Vihio or Vihio.

W'Atira

A Pawnee corn-spirit. Occasionally known as W'Atira.

Wabanang

A star-god of the Menominee tribe. Originally a flint, he developed into a rabbit and later into a man. Identified as Wabanang.

wabanunaqsiwot

In Algonquian lore, a mythical race of dawn-people. Also commonly identified as wabanunaqsiwot.

Wabasso

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Wabun

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Wabund Annung

The morning star. Wife of Wabun. Also commonly called Wabund Annung.

Wabus

The Menominee version of the Great. Hare. It is said that he later became the mortal Manabush. Also commonly referred to as Wabus, Manabush, Manabush, Manabozho, Great Hare, Manabusch, Abnaki Gluskap, Chippewa Manabozho, Iroquois Ioskeha, Montagnais Messou, Potawatomi Wabasso or Potawatomi Wabasso.

Wac

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wakan

In the lore of the Sioux, supernatural. Power: the spirit of the individual. Also identified as wakan, wakanda, wakanda, wakonda, wakonda, Wakan Tanka, Wakanda, Wakonda, Wakonda, wacanda, wacanda, Algonquin manitou, Algonquin manitou, orenda, Iroquois orenda, Iroquois orenda or manitou.

Wakan Tanka

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Wakdjunkaga

A trickster-god of the Winnebago tribe. In some accounts, he is equated with Hereshguina. Occasionally called Wakdjunkaga.

Wakiash

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Wakinyan

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Wala

A dawn-spirit of the Fox Indians. Occasionally referred to as Wala.

Wallum Olum

The Lenape Indian story of creation. At times, identified as Wallum Olum.

walum olum

Sticks, painted red, used as records by the Delaware Indians. These sticks are used to record details of the tribe's origins and migrations. Occasionally referred to as walum olum.

wampus cat

A fabulous animal. On occassion, known as wampus cat.

Wan

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wanagemeswak

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wanagi

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wanagi-wachipi

A ghost-dance of the Sioux. On occassion, called wanagi-wachipi.

Wanblee Cikala

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Wanblee Galeshka

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Wanblee Geshka

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wapaloosie

A fabulous animal. Occasionally called wapaloosie.

Wapanananagwa

The morning star in the lore of the Fox Indians. Father of Wapassaiya. Also referred to as Wapanananagwa.

Wapassaiya

A hero of the Fox Indians. Son of Wapanananagwa. On occassion, identified as Wapassaiya.

War Twins

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Wasco

A hero of the Haida. He was envisaged as an aquatic beast, a kind of wolf-whale. Also commonly referred to as Wasco, Tlingit Konakadset or Tlingit Konakadset.

Wasis

An Algonquian baby. This tiny infant ignored Gluskap, making the god very angry and frustrated. In some accounts, Wasis was the son of Gluskap. Sometimes called Wasis.

water babies

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Water-olla Boy

The Pueblo version of the Cheyenne. Story of Arrow Boy. In some lore, occasionally known as Water-olla Boy.

Water Serpent

A monster in the lore of the Pueblo tribes. This beast takes the form of a watersnake with horns. Also called Water Serpent.

Watsusii

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Wekwek

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wemawe

Zuni animal-spirits. Called wemawe.

Wemicus

A trickster-deity of the Ojibwa. Sometimes referred to as Wemicus.

Wene-boozhoo

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Wenonah

Daughter of Nokomis. Wife of Mudjekeewis. Mother of Hiawatha. She died in childbirth and Hiawatha was raised by his grandmother, Nokomis. Sometimes identified as Wenonah.

whangdoodle

A fabulous animal. At times, identified as whangdoodle.

whapperknocker

A fabulous animal in Connecticut. In some references, called whapperknocker.

Wheel of Good Law

The heaven of some tribes, envisaged. As an eight-spoked wheel. In some accounts, called Wheel of Good Law.

Whememeowah

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whirling wimpus

A fabulous animal. Sometimes known as whirling wimpus.

Whirlwind

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Whistling Grandmother

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White Body

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White Buffalo Woman

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White Corn

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White-corn Boy

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White Corn Maiden

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White Hactcin

A supernatural being of the Apache. He gave Holy Boy the sun which he placed in the heavens. Also referred to as White Hactcin.

White Hare

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White Painted Woman

The earth-mother, the female. Principle of the Chiricahua. Tribe. Known as White Painted Woman, Yolkai Estsan, Yolkai Estsan, Estanatlehi, White Painted Woman, White Shell Woman, Yolkai Estan or Yolkaiaisn.

White Thunderbird

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Whope

A goddess of the Sioux Indians. Daughter of Wi. She was sent to earth to bring the pipe of peace. Sometimes referred to as Whope.

Wi

A sun-god, one of the Four Superior. Gods of the Sioux. Father of Whope. He was regarded as an aspect of Wakan Tanka. In some references, referred to as Wi, 'sun', 'sun', Iruva, Surya or Suryaa.

Wigit

A raven-spirit of the Haida Indians. Referred to as Wigit.

Wihio

A trickster-god of the Cheyenne. Sometimes called Wihio.

Wiikita

A solstice festival of the Papago tribe. Occasionally called Wiikita.

Wild Boy

A lightning-god of the Cherokee. One of the Thunder Boys. Son of Kanati and Seru. Brother of Tame Boy. Known as Wild Boy.

Wild Cat

A hunter-god of some Indian tribes. Brother of Coyote. At times, referred to as Wild Cat.

will-am-alone

A fabulous animal. Also referred to as will-am-alone.

Willow Flower

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Wilolane

A lightning-spirit of the Zuni. Sometimes known as Wilolane.

Wind

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Wind Old man

A wind-spirit of the Pueblo tribes. In some references, referred to as Wind Old man.

Wind Old Woman

A wind-spirit of the Pueblo tribes. Sometimes identified as Wind Old Woman.

Wind-Ruler

Husband of Breath of Wind. Father of Tawiscara and Ioskeha. Sometimes called Wind-Ruler.

Windigo

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Winpe

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Winter Mother

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Winwina

A guardian deity of the salmon. Among the tribes of British. Columbia. Also known as Winwina.

Wisagatcak

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Wisaka

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Wise One

Brother of Killer-of-Enemies. In some accounts, called Wise One.

Wishpoosh

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Wixalagillis

A guardian deity of the Kwakiutl. Tribe. In some accounts, identified as Wixalagillis.

Wo-Wakan

In the lore of the Sioux, the supernatural, one of the 7 forms of mankind developed from We-Ota- Wachisha. Called Wo-Wakan.

Wodziwob

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Woge

In the lore of the Yurok Indians, the race of beings which first. Inhabited the world. Also identified as Woge.

Wohpekumen

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Wokuk

A mythical bird. The Wintun tribe say that many of the animals sprang from a feather of this huge bird. Sometimes referred to as Wokuk.

Wolf

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Wolf-Man

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Wolf Prey God

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Wolverine

A trickster-deity of some Algonquian tribes. Identified as Wolverine, Wisagatcak, Wisagatcak, Whiskey Jack, Wisaka, Wisakedjak, Wolverine, Wisgatcak or Fox Wisaka.

Wonomi

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Woodtick

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Wovoka

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wunk

A fabulous animal. Occasionally known as wunk.

Wuwuchim

A Pueblo male initiation ceremony. The initiates are said to descend to the underworld, Shipap, and rise again. Also known as Wuwuchim.

Wy'ot

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Xelas

A culture-hero of the Lummi people of the north-west. Also commonly identified as Xelas.

Xil Sga'nagwai

A god of medicine of the Haida. Indians. On occassion, called Xil Sga'nagwai.

Ya'askidi

A humpbacked Navaho god. One of the Yeibechi. In some references, referred to as Ya'askidi.

Ya-o-ga

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Yaai

Spirits living on the tops of mountains in Vancouver Island. In some lore, occasionally identified as Yaai.

Yadilyil

Father of Estanatlehi by Naestan. Also called Yadilyil.

Yagim

A man-eating sea-monster in the lore of the Kwakiutl. Occasionally called Yagim, Iakim, Iakim, Lakim or Lakim.

yakkus

In the lore of the Indian tribes, spirits which cause disease. At times, identified as yakkus.

Ycaiut

A descendant of Ejoni and Ae. Consort of Sirout. Mother of Ouiot. Also called Ycaiut, Ikaiut or Ikaiut.

yeck

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yega

In Athapascan lore, the double in the form of a vengeful spirit. Also identified as yega.

Yeibechi

Gods of the Navaho living in ravines and mountains. Sometimes referred to as Yeibechi, Yei, Yei, Yeibichai, Yeibichai, Hashje, Hashje, Hashche or Xasce.

Yeitso

A man-eating giant Anaye. Son of Tsohanoai. He lived on the mountain, Tsotil, and was killed by the brothers Nayenezgani and Tobadzistsini. Also called Yeitso.

yek

The spirits inherent in all things, in the lore of the Tlingit. Known as yek.

Yellow Body

A Navaho god. One of the four gods encountered by the tribe during their journey from the underworld into the upper world. Occasionally referred to as Yellow Body.

Yellow Corn-ear Maiden

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Yellow-corn Girl

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Yellow-corn Maiden

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Yellow-corn Maidens

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Yellow Mountains

Sacred mountains of the Navaho. Occasionally referred to as Yellow Mountains.

Yellow Thunderbird

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Yellow World

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Yimantuwinyai

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Yinukatsisdai

A vegetation god of some Californian tribes. At times, known as Yinukatsisdai.

Yityanitsinni

A group of minor Navaho deities. These beings were charged with the task of holding up the sky. At times, identified as Yityanitsinni.

Yokomatis

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Yolkai Estsan

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Younger Brother

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Yuttoere

The supreme deity of the Carrier tribe. At times, called Yuttoere.

Zahadolchahi

A god of the Navaho. One of the Yeibechi. Sometimes known as Zahadolchahi.

Zintkala Luta Win

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North American Mythology