North American Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Aba

The supreme god of the Choctaws. In some lore, occasionally known as Aba.

Ababinili

read more »

abawinae

read more »

Acheri

read more »

Achiyalabopa

A monster in the lore of the Zuni. This beast was envisaged as having feathers made of sharp flints. Also commonly referred to as Achiyalabopa, Achiyalatopa or Achiyalatopa.

adaox

A myth or tale of the early days of the world in the lore of the Tshimshian. Occasionally referred to as adaox, Chinook ikanam, Chinook ikanam, Nuyam, spetake, Kwakiutl nuyam, Kwakiutl nuyam, ikanam, Thompson spetake or Thompson spetake.

Adawulcanak

In the lore of the tribes of the North- West, a servant of Nascakiyetl. Sometimes referred to as Adawulcanak, Tliewatuwadjigican, Tliewatuwadjigican or Adawaulcanak.

Adekagagwaa

An Iroquois god of summer. Called Adekagagwaa.

Ae

read more »

Agas Xenas Xena

In the lore of the Chinook, the deity of the evening star. At times, known as Agas Xenas Xena.

Ahayuta achi

read more »

Ahimakon

A demon of the woods on Vancouver Island. On occassion, referred to as Ahimakon.

Ahone

Supreme god of the tribes of Virginia. Sometimes identified as Ahone.

Ahsonnutli

read more »

Ai'kren

read more »

Aio

A Hopi sorcerer who can communicate with the gods. Occasionally referred to as Aio.

Airsekui Sutanditenr

A name for Areskoui in times of peril. Sometimes known as Airsekui Sutanditenr.

Aisoyimstan

A god of the American Indian tribes in Montana. He is said to be the bringer of frost and snow. In some references, known as Aisoyimstan.

Akaiyan

read more »

Akhi

The Objiway name for Mother Earth. Sometimes identified as Akhi.

Aktunowihio

A Cheyenne earth spirit. At times, identified as Aktunowihio.

albotritch

A fabulous animal. Occasionally referred to as albotritch.

Aldebaran

read more »

Algon

read more »

Alice Marr

A phantom ship. This vessel enters the harbour at Gloucester, Massachusetts, but disappears when halfway across. In some accounts, identified as Alice Marr.

Aliquipiso

read more »

Alk-unta'm

A sun-god of the Bella Coola tribe. Son of Nunuso'mikeqone'im. Occasionally identified as Alk-unta'm.

Alkuntam

read more »

All-father

read more »

Amala

read more »

Amitolane

The Zuni rainbow spirit. Occasionally identified as Amitolane.

Amotken

read more »

anamaqkiu

Evil spirits of the Algonquian. Under-world. Referred to as anamaqkiu.

Anaulikutsai'x

A river-goddess of the Bella Coola. She lives in the cave Nuskesiu'tsta and controls the movement of salmon. In some lore, occasionally called Anaulikutsai'x.

Anaye

read more »

Anayicoyondi

A bodiless female deity of the Pericue. Wife of Niparaya. Mother of Quaayayp. Sometimes referred to as Anayicoyondi, Amayicoyondi or Amayicoyondi.

Angpetu

A sun-god of the Dakotas. In some accounts, identified as Angpetu.

Animiki

An Ojibway thunder-god, creator of the West Wind. At times, known as Animiki.

Anishinabeg

A primaeval race of beings, ancestors of the human race. Also referred to as Anishinabeg.

Anitsutsa

Star spirits of the Cherokee. Sometimes known as Anitsutsa, Huron Huti Watsi Ya or Huron Huti Watsi Ya.

Anolikwotsaix

A female deity of the tribes of British Columbia. Also identified as Anolikwotsaix.

Anpao

A dawn-goddess of the Dakotas. Also referred to as Anpao.

Any-Any-Any-Ah

An evil deity of the Haida. Sometimes known as Any-Any-Any-Ah, Cowichian Queenah or Cowichian Queenah.

Apisuahts

read more »

Apoyan Tachi

read more »

Aqas-Xena-Xenas

read more »

Areskoui

A supreme god of the Hurons. Also referred to as Areskoui, Agriskoue, Agriskoue, Aireskovy, Aireskovy, Aireskovy Sutanditenr, Aireskovy Sutanditenr, Airsekui, Airsekui, Arekoi, Arekoi, Agreskoui, Agreskoui, Aireskouy, Aireskouy, Airsekui(Sutanditenr) or Airsekui(Sutanditenr).

argopelter

A fabulous animal. This beast is said to throw logs at passers-by. Occasionally known as argopelter.

Arrow Boy

read more »

Asgaya Gigagei

An androgynous thunder-god and healing spirit of the Cherokee. Also commonly called Asgaya Gigagei, Red Man, Red Man, Fir Dhearg, Red Woman or Red Woman.

Ash Boys

Spirits of the Pueblo tribes. Occasionally identified as Ash Boys, Ashes Man or Ashes Man.

Ashes Man

A spirit of the Pueblo tribes. Referred to as Ashes Man, Ash Boys or Ash Boys.

Ashiwanni

Rain priests of the Zuni. This group is made up of fourteen rain priests (Ashiwi) and two others, plus one priestess. Occasionally referred to as Ashiwanni, Shiwanna, Shiwanna, Cloud-people, Kachina, Shiwana, Cloud People, Shiwanni, Shiwanni, Priest Man or Shiwannee.

Ashiwi

read more »

Associated Gods

read more »

Ataensic

read more »

Atahocan

A creator-god of the Montagnais tribes. Also known as Atahocan.

Atatarho

A warrior hero of the Iroquois. He was regarded as a magician and was clothed with live snakes. Sometimes called Atatarho.

Atira

A Pawnee earth-goddess: the earth. Wife of Atius Tirawa. Mother of Hativa. Occasionally referred to as Atira.

Atius-Tirawa

read more »

Atotarho

read more »

Atse Estsan

read more »

Atse Hastin

read more »

Attajen

read more »

augerine

A fabulous animal. This animal is said to live in irrigation ditches and bores holes in the sides to let the water out. Sometimes referred to as augerine.

Auzar

In some accounts, wife of Tacu and mother of Chinigchinich. On occassion, known as Auzar.

Avaiyo

A spirit of the Tewa tribe. This being is said to cause floods. Also commonly referred to as Avaiyo.

Awenhai

read more »

Awitelin Tsta

read more »

Awl Boy

read more »

awl-elbow witches

Witches with awls or knives set in their. Elbows, in the lore of some Algonquian tribes. Also called awl-elbow witches.

Awl Man

A tutelary spirit of the Pueblo, the awl personified. In some references, called Awl Man.

Awonawilona

read more »

axe-handle hound

A fabulous animal. Occasionally called axe-handle hound.

Babe

read more »

Badger

read more »

Badger Prey God

One of the 6 Prey Gods guarding the home of Poshaiyangkyo. He is responsible for the area to the south. In some lore, occasionally known as Badger Prey God.

Bahana

A progenitor of the Hopi Indians. Sometimes called Bahana, White Brother or White Brother.

baho

A prayer stick of the Hopi. Sometimes known as baho.

Baidrama

A god of the Taino tribe, giver of strength. On occassion, identified as Baidrama, Vaybrama or Vaybrama.

ball-tailed cat

A fabulous animal. Sometimes identified as ball-tailed cat.

Bat

read more »

Baxbakualanuchsiwae

read more »

baykok

An evil spirit of the Chippewa. Appearing as a fiery-eyed skeleton. In some references, referred to as baykok.

Bead-Spitter

read more »

Bean

Daughter of Eithinoha. Sister of Onatah and Squash. In some references, referred to as Bean.

Bear

read more »

Bear Prey God

One of the 6 Prey Gods guarding the home of Poshaiyangkyo. He is responsible for the area to the west. Occasionally called Bear Prey God.

Bearskin Woman

read more »

Beauty Chant

The story of Glipsa. Occasionally referred to as Beauty Chant.

Beaver

read more »

bedcat

A fabulous monster. Occasionally identified as bedcat.

Begochiddy

The great god of the Navaho American. Indians. Sometimes referred to as Begochiddy.

Big Eater

read more »

Big Owl

read more »

Big Snake

A spirit of the Pueblo tribes. Occasionally known as Big Snake.

Big Water Man

read more »

Bigfoot

A supposed monster in the Rocky Mountains. Also commonly known as Bigfoot, Sasquatch, Sasquatch, Susquatch, Susquatch, Gilyuk, Gilyuk, Tiko-Mussi, Omah, Omah, Toki-Mussi or Toki-Mussi.

Billdat

A fabulous animal. Also referred to as Billdat.

Billiken

A god of things as they should be. Known as Billiken.

Binaye Ahani

read more »

Bitsitsi

A Zuni musician and jester to the sun-god. When the Corn Maidens disappeared, the twin gods Kowwituma and Watsusii asked Bitsitsi to find them. Occasionally identified as Bitsitsi.

Bitter Man

Death personified in American. Indian lore. Sometimes identified as Bitter Man.

Black Bear

read more »

Black Body

read more »

Black Hactcin

read more »

Black Swan

read more »

Black Tamanous

A cannibal spirit of the tribes of the north-west coastal area. Sometimes known as Black Tamanous.

Bladder

One of the 5 (or 8) great spirits created. By Earth-maker. Occasionally referred to as Bladder.

Blessing Way

A Navaho religious ceremony to cure sickness. Occasionally identified as Blessing Way.

Blissful Isle

In the lore of some American Indian. Tribes, the land of the dead. In some lore, occasionally called Blissful Isle.

Blood Clot

read more »

Blue Body

read more »

Blue Corn Ear Maiden

read more »

Blue Corn Maiden

The eldest of the 10 Zuni Corn Maidens. In some lore, occasionally identified as Blue Corn Maiden.

Blue Hawk

read more »

Blue Jay

read more »

Blue Mountains

In the lore of the Navaho, southern. Celestial montains, origin of the dawn. Occasionally known as Blue Mountains.

Blue World

read more »

bokwus

In the lore of the tribes of the North- West, a spirit of the forest, which pushes unsuspecting fishermen into the river. Also referred to as bokwus.

Bow Priests

In the lore of the Zuni, warriors acting. As guardians of the war-gods. On occassion, known as Bow Priests.

Breath of Wind

read more »

Brer Fox

read more »

Brer Rabbit

read more »

Bright Star

read more »

Broken War Club

read more »

Buckeye Bush

read more »

Buffalo

read more »

Buffalo Girl

read more »

Bull-by-himself

read more »

Bunyan, Paul

read more »

Burr Woman

A monster in the form of an old woman. In many stories this hag gets on a hero's back and cannot be dislodged. Referred to as Burr Woman.

Ca-peen

read more »

Cactus cat

A fabulous animal. In some references, known as Cactus cat.

Calakomanas

2 corn-goddesses of the Pueblo tribes. On occassion, referred to as Calakomanas.

calumet

read more »

Camp chipmunk

A fabulous animal. Also commonly identified as Camp chipmunk.

can-wakan

In the lore of the Sioux, a sacred. Tree. Sometimes called can-wakan.

Cannibal Mother

A man-eating monster. This demon appears in the lore of several tribes and is known as Baxbakualanuchsiwae or Tsonqua. Occasionally identified as Cannibal Mother, Baxbakualanuchsiwae, Baxbakualanuchsiwae, Baxbakwalanuxsiwae or Tsonqua.

Cathena

A virgin mother-goddess of the Mojave. Sister of Ku-yu. Also commonly identified as Cathena, Old Woman of the West, Old Woman of the West, Quakuinahaba or Quakuinahaba.

Chacomat

A creator-god of the tribes of California. At times, known as Chacomat.

Chacopa

A creator-god of the tribes of California. Occasionally referred to as Chacopa.

Chacopee

read more »

Chahura

A Pawnee water spirit. In some references, referred to as Chahura.

Chakekenapok

read more »

Chakwena giantess

read more »

Changing Woman

read more »

Chareya

The supreme deity of the Cahroc tribe. Identified as Chareya, Great Man, Great Man, Old Man Above, Old Man Above, Gudratrigakwitl, One Above or One Above.

chenoo

read more »

Chibiabos

read more »

Chief Child of the Root

A spirit of the Coeur d'Alene tribe who later became the moon. At times, referred to as Chief Child of the Root.

Chilchi

A benevolent spirit of the Zuni. One of the Katchina. On occassion, referred to as Chilchi.

Child of the Water

read more »

Chinigchinich

read more »

Chipapunta

A lake. This lake is regarded by some Pueblo tribes as the place from which their ancestors emerged. Occasionally identified as Chipapunta, Blue Lake or Blue Lake.

chixu

A ghost, in the lore of the Pawnees. Also commonly called chixu.

Chokanipok

Son of Kabun. Brother of Michabo. He was killed by Michabo who scattered the entrails, which became vines. Occasionally called Chokanipok.

Chutsain

An evil spirit of the Athapascan tribes, death personified. Sometimes called Chutsain.

Cin-an-ev

A culture hero of the Ute tribe: a wolf-trickster. In some references, referred to as Cin-an-ev, Cin-au-av or Cin-au-av.

Cipapu

In the lore of the Acoma, the place. Where Ia'tiku and Nao'tsiti were born underground. At times, referred to as Cipapu.

Cirape

A young coyote, in the lore of the Crow Indians. Brother of Coyote. He helped his more famous brother in the creation of the world. In some accounts, referred to as Cirape.

City of Mists

Home of Poshaiyangkyo. Sometimes called City of Mists.

Clay Mother

read more »

Clear Sky

read more »

Closed Man

read more »

Cloud-carrier

read more »

Club-tailed glyptodont

A fabulous animal. In some accounts, known as Club-tailed glyptodont.

Colcannon Night

The name for Hallow'een in Canada. Also called Colcannon Night.

Cold

One of the 4 anaye left alive after the storm sent by Estanatlehi. Sometimes identified as Cold.

Come-at-a-body

A fabulous animal. Occasionally called Come-at-a-body.

Compair Bouki

The name for Bouki in the Southern States. In some lore, occasionally known as Compair Bouki, Comrade Bouki, Comrade Bouki, West Indies (Uncle) Bouki or West Indies (Uncle) Bouki.

Compair Lapin

The name for Brer Rabbit in the Southern States. Also known as Compair Lapin, Brer Rabbit, Brer Rabbit, Bahamas B'Rabby, Comrade Rabbit or Comrade Rabbit.

Conqueror

A mythical being who helped. Kodoyanpe in his fight with Coyote. At times, identified as Conqueror.

Copper Woman

read more »

Cormorant

read more »

Cormorant People

read more »

Corn Girl

A Navaho deity. She was placed by the creators Atse Estsan and Atse Hastin on top of Mount Taylor together with Turquoise Boy. On occassion, referred to as Corn Girl.

Corn Mother

read more »

Corn spirit

A vegetation-god. In some references, identified as Corn spirit, field spirit, field spirit, Bullkater, Habotchkilawetha, Kornmutter, Kornwolf, Roggenhund, corn-spirit or Oats Goat.

Cotsipamapot

A creator-goddess of the Shoshone. She is envisaged as an old woman and is said to have caused the tribes to speak different languages. Sometimes known as Cotsipamapot.

Cottontail

read more »

cougar fish

A fabulous fish. Also commonly identified as cougar fish.

Coyote

read more »

Crystalribs

The name given to Stoneribs after his. Many adventures. Referred to as Crystalribs.

cuba

A fabulous animal in Connecticut. In some accounts, known as cuba.

Cunawabi

read more »

Cunwhat

Son of Kindawuss. Brother of Soogaot. Also commonly known as Cunwhat.

Cut-nose

In the lore of the Arikara, the first. Human to emerge from the Cottonwood tree. On occassion, known as Cut-nose, Buffalo, Buffalo or Buffalo Girl.

Da-jo-ji

The west wind, in the lore of the Iroquois. In some lore, occasionally known as Da-jo-ji, Dajoji, Dajoji, Panther, Panther, Ga-oh, Ga-oh, Gaoh, Ne-a-go, O-yan-do-ne or Ya-o-ga.

Dasan

read more »

Dawn

read more »

Dayunsi

read more »

De-o-ha-ko

A female deity, guardian of bears. Sometimes referred to as De-o-ha-ko.

Deer Kachina Cloud

A horned god of the Hopi. Identified as Deer Kachina Cloud.

Deerhunter

read more »

Dekanawida

read more »

Delgeth

A flesh-eating antelope. One of the Anaye. In some lore, occasionally known as Delgeth, Delgeeth or Delgeeth.

Deohako

Iroquois plant spirits. This is the name given to the three daughters of Earth Mother. Their indivdual names were Bear, Corn (Onatah) and Squash. Also identified as Deohako, Eithinoha or Eithinoha.

dewmink

A fabulous animal in Connecticut. Also commonly called dewmink.

dingball

A fabulous animal. Sometimes identified as dingball, dingmaul, dingmaul, plunkus or plunkus.

dismal sauger

A fabulous animal. Sometimes referred to as dismal sauger, guyascutus, guyascutus, gouger, gwinter, lunkus, mountain stem-winder, prock, rackabore, sauger, godaphro, mountain stemwinder, sideswiper or sidehill dodger.

Djeneta

A giant, in the lore of the Chippewa people. Called Djeneta.

Djila'qons

A sea goddess of the Haida Indians. Known as Djila'qons.

Djuskaha

read more »

Dog Den

The enclosure in which Hoita kept all. The animals. In some accounts, called Dog Den.

Dohkwibuhch

The creator god of the Snohomish Indians. Sometimes identified as Dohkwibuhch.

Dokibatl

A trickster god of the Chinook. Sometimes referred to as Dokibatl.

Dontso

A messenger-fly in the lore of the Navaho American Indians. Occasionally known as Dontso.

Doquebuth

read more »

Doyadano

The twin sons of Ataensic, Hahgwehdaetgah and Hahgwehdiyu. In some accounts, referred to as Doyadano.

Dripping Water

A Pueblo deity. Mother of the War Twins, Ahayuta. Achi, fathered by the Sun. Sometimes identified as Dripping Water, Waterfall or Waterfall.

Dsahadoldza

An earth god of the Navaho. On occassion, identified as Dsahadoldza.

dungavenhooter

A fabulous animal. In some lore, occasionally identified as dungavenhooter.

Dzarilaw

A bear who married the maiden, Rhipisunt. He fathered two sons on Rhipisunt but was killed by one of her brothers. Occasionally identified as Dzarilaw, Bearskin Woman, Bearskin Woman or Rhipisunt.

Dzelarhons

read more »

Dzhe Manitou

A benevolent god of the Chippewa;. A wood spirit. Brother of Kitshi Manitou. Sometimes known as Dzhe Manitou.

Dzoavits

read more »

Eagentci

The Seneca name for Ataensic. In some accounts, known as Eagentci, Ancient-Bodied, Ancient-Bodied, Old Woman, Old Woman, Cailleach Beara, Komokyatsiky, Kunapipi, Ancient-bodied or Ancient-bodied.

Eagle Prey God

One of the 6 Prey Gods guarding. The home of Poshaiyangkyo. He is responsible for the space above. Also referred to as Eagle Prey God.

Earth-bearer

In the lore of the Seneca, the turtle which carries the world on its back. Occasionally called Earth-bearer, oeh-da or oeh-da.

Earth Diver

read more »

Earth Initiate

The creator, in the lore of the Maidu. Tribe. Sometimes known as Earth Initiate.

Earth-maker

read more »

Earth Mother

read more »

Echo

read more »

Edam

In the lore of the Sioux, one of the 7 forms of mankind made. By We-Ota-Wichasha. At times, called Edam.

Ehlaumel

A creator-god of some of the tribes in California. Also called Ehlaumel, thunder, thunder, Kato Nahaitco, Kato Nahaitco, Sinkyone Kyoi, Sinkyone Kyoi or Nagaitco.

Eithinoha

read more »

Ejoni

read more »

Ek Yakimtolsil

A name of Qamaits as 'fearless'. On occassion, called Ek Yakimtolsil, Qamai'ts, Qamai'ts, Qamaye or Tsi Sisnaaxil.

Ekutsihimmiyo

The Cheyenne name for the Milky Way. Regarded as a hanging road. Also referred to as Ekutsihimmiyo.

Elder Brother

read more »

Elegant

read more »

Elves of Light

Fairies created by Glooskap, in the lore of the Algonquin. At times, known as Elves of Light.

Enigohatgea

read more »

Enigorio

read more »

Eno

A name of Coyote as 'thief'. In some references, called Eno, Coyote, Coyote, Eyacque, Ital(a)pas, Koyote, Mahih-Nah-Tlehey, Olle, Sedit, Shunk-Manitou, Coyote or Coyote.

Enumclaw

read more »

Eototo

A kachina of the Pueblo tribes. In some references, called Eototo.

Esaugetuh Emissee

read more »

Estanatlehi

read more »

Estas

A trickster-hero of the Athapascan. Tribe. Also known as Estas.

Estonea-pesta

read more »

Evening Sky

In the lore of the tribes of the north-west, daughter of Kumush. Referred to as Evening Sky.

Eyacque

A name for Coyote as 'sub-captain'. Occasionally known as Eyacque, Coyote, Coyote, Eno, Ital(a)pas, Koyote, Mahih-Nah-Tlehey, Olle, Sedit, Shunk-Manitou, Coyote or Coyote.

Eye-juggler

A trickster. When he lost his eyes, he found others to take their place but they turned out to be made of pitch. Also identified as Eye-juggler.

Fair Maiden

read more »

Falling Star

One of the 4 Associated Gods of the Sioux. Sometimes identified as Falling Star, meteor, meteor, falling star, shooting star, falling star or shooting star.

feather

A sacred object to the Indians. Occasionally called feather.

Feather Man

A wind-spirit of the Pueblo tribes. Also referred to as Feather Man.

Feenenee

read more »

Festival House

read more »

Fine Weather Woman

read more »

Finisher

A creator-god of the Shawnees. In some references, known as Finisher.

Fire Dragon

read more »

Fire Drill

read more »

Fire Mocassins

A monster in tribal lore. This ogre wore mocassins which set alight everything they touched as he walked. In some accounts, known as Fire Mocassins.

First Creator

A deity of the Mandan tribe. He created the mountains, trees, streams and some animals while Lone Man created the flat lands. In some lore, occasionally identified as First Creator.

First Made Man

read more »

First Man

A name used by Coyote in his dispute. With Lone Man. Known as First Man, Coyote, Coyote, Olle or Sedit.

First Real Boy

In the lore of the Metis tribe, a boy who once snared the sun. Occasionally referred to as First Real Boy, Little Brother or Little Brother.

Five Brothers

read more »

Five Sisters

read more »

Flesh

read more »

flibbertigibbet

A fabulous animal. In some lore, occasionally referred to as flibbertigibbet, Fleberdigibet, Fleberdigibet, Flibbertigibbet or Flibbertigibbet.

Flint

read more »

Flint Boys

Tutelary deities of the Pueblo tribes, flint personified. These spirits gave freely of themselves so that the people could fashion tools and weapons. In some lore, occasionally identified as Flint Boys.

Flint Man

read more »

flitterick

A fabulous animal. Occasionally identified as flitterick.

Flute Dance

A ritual dance of the Hopi in honour of the sun-god. Identified as Flute Dance.

Flying Head

read more »

Foam Woman

read more »

Follower

A creator and culture-hero of the Pueblo tribes. Twin brother of Preceder. Occasionally referred to as Follower, Twins, Twins, Preceder or twins.

Four Winds

One of the 4 Kindred Gods of the Sioux. In some lore, occasionally identified as Four Winds.

Funeral Mountain

In some accounts, referred to as Funeral Mountain, terrashot or terrashot.

Ga-gaah

read more »

Ga-oh

read more »

Gadjisa

Iroquois shamans who assist. The Hadiganso Shano. In some references, referred to as Gadjisa, Bushy-Heads, Bushy-Heads, Husk-faced Dancers or Husk-faced Dancers.

Gahe

read more »

Gahonga

One of the 3 tribes of Jogah. These dwarf beings are said by the Iroquois to live in rocky areas and in rivers. In some references, called Gahonga.

Galun'lati

In the lore of the Cherokee, the end of the earth. At times, referred to as Galun'lati.

Ganaskidi

A harvest-god of the Navaho. He is envisaged as a bighorn sheep. In some accounts there are many supernatural beings of this name. At times, known as Ganaskidi.

Gandayah

One of the 3 tribes of Jogah. These dwarf beings cultivate the earth to ensure that it remains fertile, in the lore of the Iroquois. Occasionally called Gandayah.

Ganegwa's

An Iroquois dance used to cure. Diseases. Also known as Ganegwa's.

Ganeoq

An Iroquois dance in honour of the god Haweniyo. Sometimes referred to as Ganeoq.

gazereum

A fabulous animal. Sometimes identified as gazereum.

Geesis

read more »

Gendenwitha

read more »

Genetaska

read more »

Geyaguga

A moon-god of the Cherokee. Sometimes referred to as Geyaguga.

Ghost-dances

read more »

Ghost-land

read more »

ghost-shirt

An outer garment, embroidered with symbols such as buffalo and eagle, believed to protect the wearer from bullets. Called ghost-shirt.

ghost-sickness

In the lore of the Navaho, illness, caused by a ghost, which can be fatal. Known as ghost-sickness.

Giant

read more »

giddyfish

A fabulous fish. Also referred to as giddyfish, gillygalloo, gillygalloo, whiffenpoof, whiffenpoof, giddy fish, whiffenpuff, whiffenpuff, whifflepoof(er) or whifflepoof(er).

Gijigoutie

A supernatural being in Algonquin lore. These beings serve as messengers for Michabo. Sometimes known as Gijigoutie.

Gilyuk

A name for Bigfoot used by the tribes of the north-west. Also commonly referred to as Gilyuk, Bigfoot, Bigfoot, Sasquatch, Susquatch, Omah, Toki-Mussi, Tiko-Mussi or Tiko-Mussi.

Gitchi Manitou

read more »

Githawn

Uncle of Delarhons. Occasionally referred to as Githawn, Salmon Eater or Salmon Eater.

Gizhigooke

An Algonquin deity regarded as the day-maker. Also commonly called Gizhigooke.

Glipsa

read more »

Gluskap

read more »

Goah

A supreme deity of the Seneca tribe. Also referred to as Goah.

God-like

4 deities of the Sioux. These are given as Nagi, Nagila, Niya and Sicun, all aspects of Wakan Tanka. In some lore, occasionally identified as God-like.

Godlike Spirits

4 gods of the Sioux. These four are given as Nagi, Nagila, Niya and Sicun, all aspects of Wakan Tanka. Also commonly known as Godlike Spirits, Godlike Ones or Godlike Ones.

Gohone

The Iroquois spirit of winter. Sometimes identified as Gohone.

Gonaqade't

read more »

Good Running

A Blackfoot chief who adopted Long. Arrow when he was abandoned by his tribe. Also known as Good Running.

goofang

A fabulous animal. Sometimes known as goofang.

goofus bird

A fabulous bird. Occasionally known as goofus bird.

Grandfather Mystery

A creator-spirit of the Sioux. Sometimes identified as Grandfather Mystery, Grandfather Spirit, Grandfather Spirit, Tunkashila or Tunkashila.

Grandmother

read more »

Grandmother Earth

A creator-spirit of the Sioux. In some lore, occasionally called Grandmother Earth, Unci or Unci.

Grandmother, The

A spirit of the Pueblo tribes. Also referred to as Grandmother, The.

Grandmother Turtle

In the lore of the Cheyenne, the turtle on whose back the creator built the world from mud. Called Grandmother Turtle.

Grasshopper

A Choctaw spirit. Daughter of Grasshopper Mother. Also called Grasshopper.

Grasshopper Girl

A Navaho spirit. At creation, she and Pollen Boy were placed on Mount San Juan. In some references, called Grasshopper Girl.

Grasshopper Mother

read more »

Grasshopper People

read more »

Great Eagle

read more »

Great Frog

Some tribes regard this animal. As a rain-bringer. Occasionally called Great Frog.

Great Hare

read more »

Great Hawk

read more »

Great Head

read more »

Great Medicine

A name for the creator-spirit of the Cheyenne. Sometimes identified as Great Medicine.

Great Mystery

A creator-spirit of the Papago. In some lore, occasionally known as Great Mystery, Wakan Tanka, Wakan Tanka, Great Mystery, Wakanda, Wakonda, Thunderbird, Tob Tob, Wacanda, Wakinyan, Wakonda, Arikara Nesaru or Wakonda.

Great Roaring Thunder

An assistant of the Cheyenne creatorspirit, Maheo. Identified as Great Roaring Thunder.

Great Spirit

read more »

Great Star

In the lore of the Pawnee, the planet Venus as the morning. Star personified. Occasionally called Great Star.

Great Thunderbird

read more »

Great Turtle

read more »

Grey One

The most powerful of the Gahe. Occasionally identified as Grey One.

Grey Wolf

A god of the tribes of the north-west. He appeared at creation and was placed on Mount Shasta as a guardian god. Also known as Grey Wolf.

Ground-heat Girl

A Navaho maiden. Wife of the first man. Sometimes known as Ground-heat Girl.

Gudratrigakwitl

read more »

gueyo

Ashes said to have magical powers. Also referred to as gueyo.

gumberoo

A fabulous animal. Also commonly known as gumberoo.

Gunarh

In the lore of the tribes of the northwest, an animal spirit in the form of a killer-whale. In some lore, occasionally called Gunarh.

Gunarhnsengyet

read more »

Gunnodoyak

read more »

guyascutus

A fabulous animal. Also referred to as guyascutus, dismal sauger, dismal sauger, gouger, gouger, gwinter, gwinter, lunkus, lunkus, mountain stem-winder, mountain stem-winder, prock, prock, rackabore, rackabore, sauger, sauger, godaphro, godaphro, mountain stemwinder, mountain stemwinder, sideswiper, sideswiper, gayascutus, sidehill dodger or sidehill dodger.

Ha Wen Neyiu

A supreme god of the Iroquois. Also commonly referred to as Ha Wen Neyiu.

Habotchkilawetha

A spirit of vegetation. Occasionally called Habotchkilawetha, 'oat goat', 'oat goat', field spirit, field spirit, Bullkater, Corn spirit, Kornmutter, Kornwolf, Roggenhund, corn-spirit or Oats Goat.

Hadachisi

A Navaho destroyer-god. One of the Yeibechi. Occasionally called Hadachisi.

Hadiganso Shano

read more »

Hadui

An Iroquois supernatural hunchback. Although he was said to cause disease, he nevertheless passed on to Ioskeha the secrets of medicines to cure diseases. In some accounts, referred to as Hadui.

Hahai Wugti

read more »

Hahgwehdaetgah

A name used for Tawiscara, in some accounts. Son of Ataensic. Twin of Hahgwehdiyu. These twins were known as the Doyadano. In some accounts, referred to as Hahgwehdaetgah, Tawiscara, Tawiscara, Dark One, The, Oterongtongnia, Othagwenda, Taweskare, Tawiscana, Tawiskala, Tawiskara, Tehotennhiaron, Dark One, 'flint', Tawiscaron, Tawiskaron, Tawiskava, Abnaki Malsum or Algonquin Chibiabos.

Hahgwehdiyu

A name used for Ioskeha, in some accounts. Son of Ataensic. Twin of Hahgwehdaetgah. These twins were known as the Doyadano. In some lore, occasionally identified as Hahgwehdiyu, Ioskeha, Ioskeha, Iouskeha, Jouskeha, Odendonnia, Oterongtongnia, Sapling, Teharon, Teharonhiawagon, Tharonhiawakon, Tharonmaouagon, White One, Yoskeha, 'Sapling', Teharon(hiawagon), Tharonhiaouagon, Abnaki Gluskap, Algonquin Manabozho, Huron Tsent(s)a, Menominee Manabush, Montagnais Messou or Djuskaha.

Hahness

read more »

Haidu

The spirit of disease. Ioskeha defeated Haidu and forced him to reveal the secrets of medicine which he then passed on to the tribes. In some references, identified as Haidu.

Haili'laj

A plague-god of the Haida Indians. At times, called Haili'laj.

Hako

A fertility rite of the Pawnees. This ceremony celebrates the creation of the world by Atius Tirawa. Also commonly referred to as Hako.

halda'wit

read more »

Hamedicu

A supreme god of the Hurons. Sometimes called Hamedicu.

hanbleceya

A vision quest, a period of about 4. Days spent in solitude without food, in an attempt to find the answer to some problem. In some accounts, identified as hanbleceya.

Handsome

read more »

hangdown

A fabulous animal. In some lore, occasionally referred to as hangdown.

Hanghep Wi

A Dakota moon-spirit. In some accounts, called Hanghep Wi.

Hanging Hair

read more »

Hanging Lines

The constellation Orion, in the lore of the Zuni. At times, identified as Hanging Lines.

Haokah

read more »

happy auger

A fabulous animal. Occasionally known as happy auger.

Happy Hunting-ground

The heaven of the native Indian tribes. In some lore, occasionally identified as Happy Hunting-ground.

harpy-hag

A fabulous animal. In some references, called harpy-hag.

Hashje-Altye

read more »

Hashje-Ba'ad

6 female gods of the Navaho. Members of the Yeibechi. Also commonly called Hashje-Ba'ad.

Hashje-Bakan

6 male gods of the Navaho. Members of the Yeibechi. In some accounts, referred to as Hashje-Bakan.

Hashje-Hlichi

The Red God of the Navaho. One of the Yeibechi. Occasionally known as Hashje-Hlichi.

Hashje-Hogahn

A Navaho god. Sometimes called Hashje-Hogahn.

Hashje-Iditchonsi

The Whistling God of the Navaho. One of the Yeibechi. Sometimes referred to as Hashje-Iditchonsi.

Hashje-Ohltohi

The Shooting God of the Navaho. One of the Yeibechi. Sometimes referred to as Hashje-Ohltohi.

Hashje-Oyan

The Calling God of the Navaho. One of the Yeibechi. At times, known as Hashje-Oyan, Calling God or Calling God.

Hashje-Shohini

read more »

Hastehogan

A Navaho house-god and god of agriculture. God of yellow maize. Sometimes identified as Hastehogan, Hastsehogan, Hastsehogan, Hastshehogan, Hastshehogan, Hast(s)(h)ehogan or Hast(s)(h)ehogan.

Hasteyalti

read more »

Hastsbaka

A Navaho god. Also referred to as Hastsbaka, Yebaka or Yebaka.

Hastsebaad

Supreme goddess of the Navaho. On occassion, referred to as Hastsebaad.

Hastseltsi

The Navaho god of racing. Also known as Hastseltsi, Red Lord, Red Lord or Ch'i-ti.

Hastseoltoi

The Navaho goddess of hunting. Sometimes identified as Hastseoltoi.

Hastsezini

The fire-god of the Navaho. Sometimes identified as Hastsezini, Black Lord or Black Lord.

Hatdastsisi

A healing god of the Navaho. Occasionally called Hatdastsisi.

Hativa

Daughter of Atius Tirana and Atira. In some accounts, called Hativa.

Havstrambe

A sea-monster of the Inuit. In some references, referred to as Havstrambe.

Haweniyo

A supreme god of the Iroquois. In some references, known as Haweniyo.

Hawichyepam

A supernatural being in the lore of the Chemehuevi tribe of California. It was she who caused the primordial waters to subside. Also called Hawichyepam.

Hawk-hole

read more »

Hayicanako

read more »

Hayunu

The name given to the twin war-gods of the Tewa at Taos. Sometimes called Hayunu, Stone Men, Stone Men, Zuni Ahayuta achi, Zuni Ahayuta achi, War Twins, Tewa Towaesendo or Tewa Towaesendo.

Heammawihio

A sun-spirit of the Cheyenne. On occassion, identified as Heammawihio.

Heitlik

A demon of the tribes of the north-west. This 'lightning-snake' was revered by fishermen. On occassion, referred to as Heitlik, Hahektaok, Hahektaok, Haietleik, Haietleik, Haietlik, Haietlik, Haietl(e)ik or Haietl(e)ik.

Heloha

A female Thunderbird, in the lore of the Choctaws. In some lore, occasionally called Heloha.

Heng

read more »

Henga

An eagle-spirit in the lore of the Osage tribe. In some references, called Henga.

Herecgunina

An evil spirit of the Winnebago tribe. Sometimes referred to as Herecgunina.

Hereshguina

An evil spirit of the Winnebago. In some accounts, this spirit is equated with Wakdjunkaga. Occasionally referred to as Hereshguina.

Heron

read more »

Heshwash Ceremony

A contest of magic between shamans. Also known as Heshwash Ceremony.

Heyoka

Spirits of the Dakotas: clowns. At times, known as Heyoka, Haokah, Haokah, Haoka, Dakota Heyoka, heyoka, Sioux Haokak or Sioux Haokak.

Hi'lina

A god of the Haida Indians. The thunderbird. Occasionally referred to as Hi'lina.

Hiawatha

read more »

hidebehind

A fabulous animal. At times, referred to as hidebehind.

Hin-Han

read more »

Hinquememan

read more »

Hinun

read more »

Hisagitaimisi

The supreme god of the Creek. Indians. Sometimes called Hisagitaimisi, Breathmaker, Breathmaker, Hisakitaimisi, Hisakitaimisi, Ibofanga or Ibofanga.

Hixtcaba Nih'ancan

The Arapaho name for the white. Man's god. Occasionally called Hixtcaba Nih'ancan.

Hobanockka

An evil spirit or devil. Occasionally called Hobanockka, Hobbamock, Hobbamock, Hobbamoqui or Hobanokka.

Hobbamock

A malevolent god in the lore of the New England tribes. Known as Hobbamock, Hobanockka, Hobanockka, Hobbamoqui, Hobbamoqui, Hobanokka or Hobanokka.

Hodag

A water-monster of Quebec. This beast is said to have telescopic legs and kills its victims by shooting clay pellets from its long snout. On occassion, called Hodag.

Hogahn

A Navaho purification ceremony: the hut in which the ceremony is held; The home of a god. Also known as Hogahn, Hogan or Hogan.

Hoita

read more »

Hokewingla

A turtle-spirit of the Dakotas. Also identified as Hokewingla.

Hokhokw

A monster in the form of a huge bird with a long beak, in the lore of the tribes of the north-west. On occassion, referred to as Hokhokw.

Holy Boy

A spirit of the Apache. He, with Red Boy, placed the sun and the moon in their courses. Also commonly known as Holy Boy.

Holy-mouth men

Medicine-men of the Nacirema tribe. They believe that the mouth is the route by which spirits enter the body. Occasionally known as Holy-mouth men.

honga

Spirits of the Osage underworld. At times, identified as honga.

Honochenokah

Benevolent spirits in the lore of the Iroquois. On occassion, identified as Honochenokah.

hoodoo hand

read more »

hoodoo man

A magician or sorcerer. At times, called hoodoo man.

Horned Water Serpent

A spirit of the Pueblo tribes. Occasionally referred to as Horned Water Serpent.

Horns Standing Up

read more »

Hoturu

A Pawnee wind-spirit. Sometimes referred to as Hoturu.

House of Myth

The home of the gods of the Bella. Coola people. Also commonly identified as House of Myth.

Hozoni Chant

A Navaho ritual chant relating the story of Glipsa. Occasionally identified as Hozoni Chant.

hugag

A fabulous animal. Also referred to as hugag.

hulkilae

In the lore of some Californian. Tribes, spirits of the dead. Also commonly referred to as hulkilae.

Humanmaker

read more »

humility

A fabulous bird in Connecticut. This bird has sharper eyesight than even the falcon and can fly faster than any other bird in the world. In some references, referred to as humility.

Hunger

One of the 4 anaye left alive after the storm sent by Estanatlehi. Occasionally referred to as Hunger.

Huruing Wuhti

read more »

Hus Brothers

read more »

Huti Watsi Ya

Star-spirits of the Hurons. Occasionally identified as Huti Watsi Ya, Cherokee Anitsutsa or Cherokee Anitsutsa.

Huzruwauqti

A Pueblo goddess, guardian of coral, shells, etc. In some lore, occasionally called Huzruwauqti.

hymapon hog bear

A fabulous animal. In some lore, occasionally called hymapon hog bear.

I'toi

A culture-hero of the Papago tribe. He is said to have instituted the solstice festivals, the Wiikita. In some references, called I'toi.

Ia'tiku

read more »

Ibofango

A name for Hisagitaimisi as One. Sitting Above. In some references, known as Ibofango, One Sitting Above or One Sitting Above.

Ich-kanava

read more »

Ictcinike

The Missouri Indian name for Ictinike. Sometimes known as Ictcinike, Santee Unktome, Santee Unktome, Inktomi, Inktomi or 'spider'.

Ictinike

read more »

Idlirvirissong

An evil spirit of the Inuit. Sometimes referred to as Idlirvirissong.

Ihanam

The creator-god of the Chinook. Indians. In some lore, occasionally identified as Ihanam.

Ikanam

read more »

ikanam

read more »

Ikto

A Sioux culture-hero said to have invented speech. In some accounts he is equated with Ictinike. Also commonly called Ikto, Iktome, Iktome, Iktomi, Iktomi, Itome or Itome.

Ikxareyavs

Ancestors of the Karok tribe, appearing in their myths. Also known as Ikxareyavs.

Inagi-utasunhi

A malevolent Cherokee deity. Also commonly known as Inagi-utasunhi.

Inktomi

A trickster-god of the Dakotas. Sometimes called Inktomi, Ictcinike, Ictcinike, Santee Unktome, 'spider', 'spider', Arachne, Bilik, Ictinike or Sus'sistinnako.

inu

Celestial spirits of the Inuit. In some accounts, known as inu.

Inyan

One of the 4 Superior Gods of the Sioux, an aspect of Wakan Tanka. At times, known as Inyan, 'rock' or 'rock'.

Ioi

read more »

Ioskeha

read more »

Isakakate

A supreme god of the Crow tribe. At times, referred to as Isakakate.

Isakawuate

A trickster-god of the Crow tribe. On occassion, referred to as Isakawuate.

Ishits

read more »

Ishtinike

A trickster-god of some of the tribes of the Great Plains. In some lore, occasionally known as Ishtinike.

Isitoq

read more »

Island of the Blessed

read more »

Isokeha

The god of the Huron, Mohawk and Tuscaroran Indians. Grandson of the moon. Sometimes identified as Isokeha.

issiwun

The sacred horned buffalo-cap of the Cheyenne medicine-man. Called issiwun.

Istepahpah

A man-eating monster in the lore of the Creek Indians. Sometimes identified as Istepahpah.

Itiwana

read more »

Itsike

A trickster-god of the Osage. In some references, identified as Itsike.

Iya

read more »

Iyatiku

The corn-goddess of the Pueblo. Sister of Poseyemu. She was the ruler of an underground realm, Shipap. Occasionally called Iyatiku.

jack

read more »

jay

read more »

Jayhawk

read more »

Jersey Devil

read more »

Jogah

Iroquois nature-spirits. There are said to be three different groups of these dwarf beings - the Gahonga, the Gandayah and the Ohdows. In some references, known as Jogah, Jogash or Jogash.

Jug Woman

An evil female. She was one of those overcome by Gluskap when he was clearing the world of demons. Also commonly referred to as Jug Woman.

juggler

A medicine-man. In some lore, occasionally called juggler.

Kabeyun

The name given to Mudjekeewis after he had killed the Great Bear. On occassion, referred to as Kabeyun, Mudjekeewis, Mudjekeewis, Mudjekewis, Mudjikiwis, West Wind, Kabun, Kabun or Kabeyan.

Kabibonokka

read more »

Kablunait

A race of otherwise unknown. People referred to in the lore of the Inuit. Referred to as Kablunait.

Kabun

read more »

Kachina

read more »

Kachina Mana

A Pueblo maize-spirit. On occassion, identified as Kachina Mana, Kerwan, Kerwan, Katchina Mana or Katchina Mana.

Kadlee

3 sisters, thunder-goddesses of the Inuit. In some accounts, called Kadlee.

Kahit

read more »

Kahk

A crow. In the lore of the Yuma, this bird brought seeds from all corners of the earth for them to cultivate. Occasionally called Kahk, crow, crow, Wagu, Ga-gaah or Hoh.

Kai'ti

The bear-god of the Haida Indians. Husband of Dzelarhons. Occasionally called Kai'ti.

Kaistowanea

read more »

Kakaitch

The Thunderbird of the Macah tribe. His tongue causes lightning and he eats whales. At times, called Kakaitch, T'hlu-kluts, T'hlu-kluts, Kalaitch, ChinooHahness, ChinooHahness, Nootka Tu-tutsh, Nootka Tu-tutsh or Hahness.

Kalakuyuwish

In the lore of the Kwakiutl, a totem. Pole. This pole was made by the chief, Wakiash, who then took this name as his own. Referred to as Kalakuyuwish.

Kaloowise

A sun-god of the Zuni people. Sometimes referred to as Kaloowise, Aztec Quetzalcoatl, Aztec Quetzalcoatl, Gucumatz, Itzamna, Kanikilak, Koloowise, Kukulcan, Palulukon, Quaaqua, Raven or Raven.

Kananeski Anayehi

read more »

Kanati

The first man in the lore of the Cherokee. Husband of Selu. Father of the Thunder Boys. Sometimes known as Kanati.

Kangi Sapa

read more »

Kanikilak

A creator-spirit of the Kwakiutl. Tribe. In some lore, occasionally called Kanikilak, Aztec Quetzalcoatl, Aztec Quetzalcoatl, Gucumatz, Itzamna, Kaloowise, Koloowise, Kukulcan, Palulukon, Quaaqua, Raven, Raven, Salish Quaaqua, Salish Quaaqua, Quetzalcoatl , Raven, Raven, Tlingit Raven, Tlingit Raven, Yetl, Yetl, Raven, Raven, Raven[sup]2 or 3[/sup].

kankagee

A fabulous animal. Occasionally called kankagee.

Kanook

read more »

Kapoonis

read more »

Kareya

A creator-spirit of the Karok tribe. At times, called Kareya.

Karwan

A kachina of the Pueblo tribes. A nature-spirit of maize. In some lore, occasionally identified as Karwan.

Kastsatsi

A rainbow-spirit of the Pueblo tribes. At times, identified as Kastsatsi.

Katkochila

read more »

Katsinas

Pueblo rain-spirits. Children of Iatiku. Also commonly called Katsinas, Kachina, Kachina, Ahola, Katchina, Gahe or Shiwanna.

Keagyihl Depguesk

read more »

Kehtahn

An offering to the gods of the Navajo, a reed filled with tobacco etc. Also called Kehtahn.

Kelok

read more »

Kemush

The Klamath name for Kumush. Occasionally identified as Kemush, Modoc Kumush or Modoc Kumush.

Keneu

An eagle. The companion, with Oshadagea, of the thunder-god Hino. Also called Keneu, Keneun, Keneun, Chief Thunderbird or Golden Eagle.

Keneun

An Indian totem figure. He is regarded as the guardian of fire, originally stolen by Manabush. Also known as Keneun, Keneu, Keneu, Chief Thunderbird, Chief Thunderbird, Keneum, Golden Eagle or Golden Eagle.

keruk

A ceremony of the Yuma tribe, designed to make the dead happy and send them on their way. In some accounts, known as keruk.

Kerwan

A Pueblo maize-spirit. Called Kerwan, Kachina Mana, Kachina Mana or Katchina Mana.

Ketanto'wit

A creator-god of the Delaware Indians. Also referred to as Ketanto'wit, 'great power' or 'great power'.

Ketchimanetowa

The creator-god of the Fox tribe. Occasionally known as Ketchimanetowa, Keckamanetowa, Keckamanetowa, Great Spirit, Great Spirit, Atius-Tirawa, Gitchi Manitou, Great Manito, Great Manitou, Ilex, Kisha Manido, Kitanitowit or Manitou.

Ketchkatch

In the lore of the tribes of the north-west, the grey fox created. By Kumush. Referred to as Ketchkatch.

Ketqskwaye

A creator-goddess of the Huron. Also commonly referred to as Ketqskwaye.

Ketsi Niousak

Goodness personified, in the lore of the Abnaki. Sometimes identified as Ketsi Niousak.

Kewawkqu'

A tribe of giant magicians. These demon followers of Malsum were defeated by Gluskap. Occasionally identified as Kewawkqu', Kekuwawkqu' or Kekuwawkqu'.

Kiaklo

In Zuni lore, a hero of the Askiwi who visited Pautiwal in the underworld. Also called Kiaklo.

Kici Manitou

read more »

kicklesnifter

A fabulous animal. In some references, identified as kicklesnifter.

Kiehtan

A beneficent god in the lore of the New England tribes. Sometimes referred to as Kiehtan.

Kihunai

The people who preceded the Hupa tribe. These people are believed to exist all round the Hupa, even above them. Also commonly known as Kihunai.

Killer-of-Enemies

read more »

Kindawuss

read more »

Kindred Gods

read more »

Kiousa

In the lore of the tribes of the south-eastern states, an idol. Guarding the dead. Occasionally identified as Kiousa, Oki, Oki or Kiousa.

Kisani

The inhabitants of the fourth world. Through which the Navaho passed on their way to the upper world. Occasionally known as Kisani, Mirage People or Mirage People.

Kisha Manido

The Menominee name for the creatorgod, the Great Spirit. Also known as Kisha Manido, Masha Manido, Masha Manido, Great Spirit, Great Spirit, Atius-Tirawa, Gitchi Manitou, Great Manito, Great Manitou, Ilex, Ketchimanetowa, Kitanitowit or Manitou.

Kitanitowit

A creator god of the Algonquin Indians. A name for the Great Spirit. Sometimes identified as Kitanitowit, Great Spirit, Great Spirit, Great Manito(u), Kittanitowit or Kittanitowit.

Kitkaositiyiqa

Father of Yetl, some say. Sometimes called Kitkaositiyiqa.

Kitsawitsak

One of the 5 houses of the Pawnee. Animal-spirits known as the Nahurak. Sometimes known as Kitsawitsak.

Kitshi Manitou

The Chippewa name for the Great Spirit. Sometimes identified as Kitshi Manitou, Gitchi Manitou, Gitchi Manitou, Citche Manitou, Gitche Manitou, Gitchee Manitou, Kchemnito, Kitche Manitou, Gitche(e) Manitou, Great Manito(u) or Great Spirit.

Kiva

read more »

Kivati

read more »

Kleesto

In the lore of the Navaho, the Great Snake. Also known as Kleesto, Great Snake, Great Snake or Maboya.

Kliwa

A wind-spirit of the Pueblo tribes. In some lore, occasionally called Kliwa.

Kloskurbeh

read more »

Kmukamtch

read more »

Knife-wing

A spirit of the Pueblo tribes. Occasionally called Knife-wing.

Kodo-yanpe

A name of Wonomi as 'namer of the world'. Also referred to as Kodo-yanpe, Earth-maker, Earth-maker, Pachacamac, Earth-namer, Earth-namer, Wonomi, Wonomi, Kodo-yapeu, Kodo-yaponi, Earth Maker, Earth Maker, Earth Namer or Earth Namer.

Kodo-yapeu

A name of Wonomi as 'creator of the world'. Sometimes called Kodo-yapeu, Wonomi, Wonomi, Kodo-yanpe or Kodo-yaponi.

Kodo-yaponi

A name of Wonomi as 'chief of the world'. Occasionally referred to as Kodo-yaponi, Wonomi, Wonomi, Kodo-yanpe or Kodo-yapeu.

Koil

The sheep, created by Kumush. Also commonly identified as Koil.

Koko

read more »

Kokomikeis

Moon-goddess of the Blackfoot. Indians. Wife of Natos. Mother of Apisuahts. Sometimes called Kokomikeis, Kokomikis or Kokomikis.

Kokopelli

A Hopi fertility deity, one of the Kachinas. Occasionally identified as Kokopelli, Kokopolo, Kokopolo, Kokopolo;Tewa Nepokwa'i or Kokopolo;Tewa Nepokwa'i.

Kokumthena

read more »

Kokyangwuti

read more »

Koloowise

read more »

Komashtam'ho

Son of Kakomaht. Also commonly referred to as Komashtam'ho.

Komokwa

read more »

Komokyatsiky

read more »

Komorkis

A moon-goddess of the Blackfoot. Indians. Occasionally called Komorkis.

Konakadset

A hero of the Tlingit people. He was envisaged as an aquatic beast, a kind of wolf-whale. On occassion, identified as Konakadset, Haida Wasco or Haida Wasco.

Kosankiya

In the lore of the Sioux. A dark planet or one of the 7. Forms of mankind developed. From We-Ota-Winchasha. Sometimes referred to as Kosankiya.

Koshare

read more »

Kothluwalawa

read more »

Koti

A frog-spirit of the Creek Indians. Also commonly known as Koti.

Kotikili

Zuni priests who take on the role of a Kachina. On occassion, known as Kotikili.

Kowwituma

read more »

koyemshi

read more »

Ku'nkunxuliga

The thunder-god of the Indians of British Columbia. On occassion, identified as Ku'nkunxuliga.

Ku-yu

A deified culture-hero of the Mohave. Brother of Cathena. He was envisaged in the shape of a shark. Also commonly known as Ku-yu.

Kukitat

read more »

Kuksu

read more »

Kukumatz

read more »

Kulshan

read more »

Kumokums

read more »

Kumush

read more »

Kurena

A group of clowns alternating with the Koshare. Their function is to control the weather. Also identified as Kurena, Kwirana, Kwirana, Kwirina, Kwirina, Quirina, Quirina or Kurina.

Kusuit

A supernatural being in the lore of the tribes of British Columbia. These beings are said to cure the sick. Called Kusuit.

Kutoyis

read more »

Kwaasind

read more »

Kwikumat

A creator-god of the Yuma. He is said to have emerged from the sea. In some accounts, called Kwikumat, Dieguenos Tuchaipai, Dieguenos Tuchaipai or Matavilya.

Kyoi

A creator-god of the Sinkyone tribe of California. On occassion, called Kyoi, Kato Nagaitco, Kato Nagaitco, Taikomo, Yuki Taikomol, Yuki Taikomol or Nagaitco.

Laidamlulum-kule

The first woman in the lore of the Maidu Indians. Wife of Kuksu. Occasionally identified as Laidamlulum-kule.

Lake Minas

A lake on which Gluskap sailed. Into the west when he finally. Departed from this earth. Also commonly identified as Lake Minas.

Lakone

Characters in a Hopi fertility rite. The Lakone are two young girls around whom the other female participants in the Lalakonti ceremony dance. Sometimes identified as Lakone.

Lalaia'il

A god of medicine-men among the Bella Coola Indians of Canada. On occassion, known as Lalaia'il, Kle-klati-e'il or Kle-klati-e'il.

Lendix-Tcux

A shape-changing god of the Chilcotin. Indians of Canada. In some accounts, referred to as Lendix-Tcux.

Lenni-Lenapi

The ancestors of the Delaware people, direct descendants of the Great Spirit. Also known as Lenni-Lenapi.

Li'linau

A maiden wooed by a phantom. She followed her phantom lover into the forest and was never seen again. Also called Li'linau.

Little Brother

In the lore of the Winnebago, a boy who once snared the sun. At times, called Little Brother, First Real Boy or First Real Boy.

Little Man

read more »

Little Men

Friendly spirits of the Cheyenne. Also commonly called Little Men, Thunder Boys, Thunder Boys or Little Men.

Little People

Dwarfs or fairies in the lore of some Indian tribes. Also identified as Little People, Good Folk, The, Good Folk, The, Good Neighbours, Good People or Faylinn.

Little Turtle

read more »

Lizard

read more »

Locust

In the lore of the Navaho, Locust. Enlarged the hole made by Hawk which allowed the tribe to climb. Into the upper world. Also called Locust.

Lodge Boy

read more »

Lone Man

read more »

Long Arrow

read more »

Long Person

A river. Occasionally called Long Person.

Longfellow, Henry W

A poet. He wrote The Song of Hiawatha, The Drinking Song of Bacchus, The Occultation of Orion, etc. Also commonly known as Longfellow, Henry W.

Loon Woman

In the lore of the Wintu tribe of California this being set the world on fire. At times, referred to as Loon Woman.

loupgarou

read more »

Lox

The wolverine in some stories. A name for Malsum as chief of the wolves. In some lore, occasionally called Lox.

lucive

A fabulous animal. Sometimes known as lucive, loup-cervier, loup-cervier, lucivee or lucivee.

Lucky Man

read more »

Ludjatako

A turtle-spirit of the Creek Indians. Also commonly known as Ludjatako.

luferlang

A fabulous animal. Sometimes known as luferlang.

Luk

In the lore of the Klamath, the grizzly. Bear created by Kumush. Occasionally referred to as Luk, Lugeilan, Lugeilan, Lugeilang, Luk, Lukelang, Nan Dapue or Pelew Islands Obagat.

Lupies

A mythical tribe of Plains Indians. Sometimes called Lupies.

m'teoulin

Magic, in the lore of the Algonquian. Tribes. Sometimes known as m'teoulin.

mactimanelo

An evil demon of the Shawnee. In some accounts, known as mactimanelo.

Madumba

A creator-god of the Pomo tribe. Brother of Coyote, some say. Also called Madumba.

Maesk

A dog. This dog, owned by the youngest brother of Rhipisunt, tracked her down when she was abducted by a bear. In some lore, occasionally called Maesk.

Magarac, Joe

read more »

magucan

A feast to propitiate the bear spirits of the tribes of Labrador. In some accounts, referred to as magucan, mukucan or mukucan.

Mah Sish

A Mandan deity, spirit of the war-eagle. Also commonly identified as Mah Sish.

Mahaitiac

read more »

Maheo

read more »

Maho Penekheka

A Mandan name for the Great Spirit. Occasionally identified as Maho Penekheka, Maho Peneta or Maho Peneta.

Maiyun

The Cheyenne name for the Great. Spirit. Also commonly identified as Maiyun.

maiyunahu'ta

A Cheyenne guardian-spirit of the individual. Occasionally identified as maiyunahu'ta.

Maka

read more »

Makhta

read more »

Makila

read more »

Malsum

read more »

Mama'sa'a

The first man, in the lore of the Fox Indians. In some lore, occasionally called Mama'sa'a.

Man-Eagle

read more »

Man Maker

read more »

Man of Wood

read more »

Mana

read more »

Manabozho

read more »

Manabush

read more »

manedowikamekoiki

Heaven, the happy hunting-ground of the Shawnee. Also commonly called manedowikamekoiki.

Maninga

read more »

Manitou

read more »

manitou

read more »

Marhokjuvek

A Yuma culture-hero. He was chosen by Komashtam'ho to help to put the world into good order. In some lore, occasionally known as Marhokjuvek.

Marumda

A creator-god of the Pomo Indians. Brother of Kuksu. He and his brother tried to destroy the world with fire and flood. Called Marumda.

Masauwu

A Hopi war-god, god of death and fire. Husband of Sand Altar Woman. Also called Masauwu, Keres Masewi or Keres Masewi.

Masewi

read more »

Mastamho

read more »

Master Carpenter

read more »

Master of Life

A supreme god of the Delaware tribe. Ruler of the Island of the Blessed. Occasionally known as Master of Life.

Matavilya

read more »

Matchi Manitou

A Chippewa deity. In some versions he was a benevolent spirit, in others the personification of evil. On occassion, referred to as Matchi Manitou, Manitou, Manitou, Great Spirit, Kitanatowit, Manido, Manit(o)o, Manitu or 'spirit'.

Matowelia

A culture-hero of the Mohave Indians who led them to their homeland. Also commonly known as Matowelia.

Matshehawaituk

In the lore of the Menominee, evil personified. Occasionally called Matshehawaituk, Menominee Matshehaiwaituk or Menominee Matshehaiwaituk.

Matsi Niouask

In the lore of the Abnaki, evil personified. Known as Matsi Niouask, Abnaki Matsi Niouaski or Abnaki Matsi Niouaski.

Mayochina

A Pueblo deity, the spirit of summer. At times, identified as Mayochina.

Mchemnito

In the lore of the Potowatomi people, evil personified. In some accounts, identified as Mchemnito.

Medecolin

A race of sorcerers. These were some of the people overcome by Gluskap in his struggle for supremacy. On occassion, called Medecolin, Medicolin or Medicolin.

Medi Kenago

In the lore of the Fox Indians, the spirit of the snapping turtle. On occassion, referred to as Medi Kenago.

Megissogwon

An evil magician. This man brought disease to the tribes and was killed by Hiawatha. Also commonly referred to as Megissogwon.

Melatha

The lightning-bird of the Choctaws. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Melatha.

Mem Loomis

read more »

Menahka

A Mandan sun-spirit. At times, referred to as Menahka.

mentula loquens

read more »

Messou

read more »

Metal Old Man

read more »

Michabo

read more »

Mide

A religious ceremony. The rites handed down to the Algonquin Indians by Manabozho by which the dead could be resurrected. Occasionally known as Mide, Ide, Ide, Deirdre, Ite or Mo-Ide.

milano bird

A fabulous bird. On occassion, known as milano bird.

Mili

read more »

Milky Way

read more »

Mink

read more »

Minnehaha

read more »

mino

Water-spirits of the Cheyenne. These beings were said to be covered with hair and to have horns on their heads. Identified as mino.

Mirage Boy

A Navaho demi-god who married the first woman. Known as Mirage Boy.

Mishe-Nahmo

A monster in the form of a huge fish. This monster was overcome by Hiawatha. Occasionally identified as Mishe-Nahmo.

Misikinebik

read more »

mistai

Wood-spirits of the Cheyenne. At times, identified as mistai.

mockingbird

read more »

Mole Prey-god

One of the 6 Prey-gods guarding the home of Po-shai-an-k'ia. He is responsible for the earth below. Sometimes called Mole Prey-god.

Momu

A Hopi bee-spirit. Also called Momu, Momo or Momo.

Mon-da-moin

read more »

Monster Slayer

read more »

Montezuma

read more »

Moon

read more »

Moowis

read more »

Moqwaoi

read more »

Moritama

A Pueblo spirit of spring. In some references, identified as Moritama.

Moses

A 19th C. Oregon shaman. He attacked Smohala and thought that he had killed him. Also known as Moses, Musa Nyame, Musa Nyame, Moses or Musa Jinni.

Mother Corn

read more »

Mother of Animals

The Indian deity responsible for all. Animal life. On occassion, identified as Mother of Animals.

Mount Baker

read more »

Mount Ranier

read more »

Mount San Francisco

read more »

Mount San Juan

read more »

Mount Shasta

A sacred mountain of the tribes of the north-west. When Kumush created this mountain, he placed Grey Wolf on its slopes. Called Mount Shasta.

Mount Taylor

A sacred mountain of the Navaho. The deities known as Turquoise Boy and Corn Girl sit on top of this mountain. In some lore, occasionally called Mount Taylor.

Mountain Chant

read more »

Mountain Lion Prey-god

read more »

Mountain Spirit Dancers

Men dressed as mountain spirits taking part in ceremonial dances. At times, identified as Mountain Spirit Dancers, Crown Dancers or Crown Dancers.

Mountain Spirits

read more »

Mowis

A bridegroom made of snow who melts. As soon as he leaves the wigwam. Occasionally called Mowis.

Mudjekeewis

read more »

mugwump

A fabulous bird. This bird is said to sit on a fence with its mug on one side and its wump on the other. Also referred to as mugwump.

Mushmush

The white-tailed deer created. By Kumush. In some lore, occasionally identified as Mushmush.

Muskrat

read more »

Mutsoyef

read more »

Muy'inga

read more »

Muyinewumana

A Pueblo goddess of precious stones. At times, referred to as Muyinewumana.

Mythical Age

read more »

Nachuruchu

read more »

Naestan

The first woman. Wife of Yadilyil. Mother of Estanatlehi. On occassion, known as Naestan, Atse Estsan, Atse Estsan, Ateatsan, Ateatsine, Atseatsan, Atseatsine, Atseestan or Atsetstsan.

Nagah

read more »

Nagaitco

read more »

Nagi

One of the 4 Godlike Spirits of the Sioux, an aspect of Wakan. Tanka. At times, called Nagi, 'death', 'death', Mara, Mors, Pek or Thanatos.

Nagila

One of the 4 Godlike Spirits of the Sioux, an aspect of Wakan. Tanka. Occasionally called Nagila, 'shadow', 'shadow' or Chhaya.

nagumwasuck

Ugly fairies of the Passemaquaddy. Also identified as nagumwasuck.

nahurak

Pawnee animal-spirits. At times, called nahurak.

Naitaka

A water-serpent in the lore of the Indians of British Columbia. This name is applied, inter alia, to the Lake Okanagan monster, Ogopogo. Sometimes known as Naitaka, Ogopogo, Ogopogo or Nartaka.

Nakiskat

In the lore of the Pawnee, one of the 5. Houses of the animal spirits, the nahurak. Also known as Nakiskat.

Nanabozho

read more »

Nane Chaha

read more »

Nane Waiyah

A sacred mountain of the Choctaws, home of the gods. Also commonly identified as Nane Waiyah, Nane Chaha, Nane Chaha, Nanih Waya or Nanih Waya.

Nankilstlas

A raven-god of the Haida. Occasionally called Nankilstlas.

Nanook

read more »

nantena

Fairies or spirits of the Athapascans. Also commonly known as nantena.

Nanue

The Inuit name for Nanook. At times, identified as Nanue.

Nao'tsiti

read more »

Napi

read more »

Nascakiyetl

read more »

Nass

A sacred river of the Tlingit, home of Nascakiyetl. Sometimes referred to as Nass.

Naste Estsan

read more »

Natos

The sun-god of the Blackfoot. Husband of Kokomikeis. Father of Apisuahts. Also commonly known as Natos.

Nayanezgani

read more »

Ne-a-go

A Seneca sky-god in the form of a fawn which causes the south wind. Also commonly called Ne-a-go, Fawn, Fawn, Neago, Neago, Ga-oh, Ga-oh, Da-jo-ji, Gaoh, O-yan-do-ne or Ya-o-ga.

Ne-kilst-luss

read more »

Neegyauks

A frog-spirit of the Tlingit. Sometimes identified as Neegyauks, Volcano Woman, Volcano Woman, Dzelarhons, Haida Dzelarhons or Haida Dzelarhons.

Negagfok

An Inuit spirit of cold weather. Sometimes referred to as Negagfok.

Nekedzaltara

Athapascan gods or spirits acting as servants of Tena-ranide. At times, referred to as Nekedzaltara.

Nekumonta

read more »

Nemissa

read more »

Nenabo

read more »

Nepokwa'i

A Tewa fertlity-deity. One of the kachinas. Sometimes referred to as Nepokwa'i, Hopi Kokopelli or Hopi Kokopelli.

Nesaru

read more »

Nhenebush

A trickster-god of the Ojibwa. Sometimes known as Nhenebush, Nanabozho, Nanabozho, Manabozho, Nanaboojoo, Nanabush, Nanibozho or Great Hare.

Nichant

An Algonquian god who destroyed the world by fire and flood. Also referred to as Nichant.

Night Chant

A Navaho winter festival. This festival lasts for nine days and honours the spirits with dancing, sand painting and other rituals. In some accounts, called Night Chant.

Nihansan

A trickster or creator-god of the Arapaho. At times, identified as Nihansan, Nihancan or Nihancan.

Niltshi

A Navaho wind-spirit. This spirit guided the Navaho in their ascent from the lower worlds. In some lore, occasionally identified as Niltshi.

Niman

read more »

Nina Stahu

The cave from which the ancestors of the Blackfoot Indians emerged led. By Napi. On occassion, called Nina Stahu.

Nipa

An Algonquin moon-goddess. Also commonly identified as Nipa.

Niparaya

A supreme creator-deity of the Pericue. Husband of Anayicoyondi. Father of Quaayayp. He was in conflict with Wac whom he defeated. In some lore, occasionally identified as Niparaya.

Nipinoukhe

read more »

Nix'ant

A trickster-god of the Gros. Ventre people. In some references, called Nix'ant.

Niya

One of the 4 Godlike Spirits of the Sioux, an aspect of Wakan Tanka. Also referred to as Niya, 'breath', 'breath' or Vayu.

Noakxnim

A deity of the tribes of British Columbia. He was said to have arrived from over the sea in a magical canoe. In some lore, occasionally called Noakxnim.

Nocuma

read more »

Nokomis

read more »

Noogoumee

In the lore of the Micmac, a huge. Whale. This animal is used as transport by Gluskap. Sometimes called Noogoumee.

Noohlum

An annual ceremony of the tribes of the north-west. Sometimes known as Noohlum.

Nopatsis

read more »

Nowutset

read more »

Numokh Mukana

The first man, in the lore of the Mandan tribe. Sometimes identified as Numokh Mukana.

Nunhyunuwi

In the lore of the Cherokee, a man-eating stone giant. On occassion, identified as Nunhyunuwi.

Nunne Chaha

read more »

Nunuoska

The progenitor of all animals and plants, in the lore of the tribes of British Columbia. Also referred to as Nunuoska, Mother Nature or Mother Nature.

Nunuso'mikeeqone'im

Mother of Alk'unta'm. She is a cannibal woman said to be able to appear as a mosquito. Sometimes called Nunuso'mikeeqone'im.

Nuptadi Robe

read more »

Nuskesiu'tsta

A cave, home of Anaulikutsai'x. Also referred to as Nuskesiu'tsta.

Nusmeta

The home of the gods of the Bella. Coola Indians. On occassion, identified as Nusmeta.

Nuyam

A myth, in the lore of the Kwakiutl. Also known as Nuyam, Chinook ikanam, Chinook ikanam, adaox, spetake, Thompson spekatl, Thompson spekatl, Tshimshian adaox, Tshimshian adaox or ikanam.

O'meal

A spirit of the Indians of British. Columbia. On occassion, identified as O'meal.

O'nis'desos

The leader of the Gadjisa. Also identified as O'nis'desos.

O-yan-do-ne

The east wind in the lore of the Seneca. On occassion, referred to as O-yan-do-ne, Moose, Moose, Oyandone, Oyandone, Ga-oh, Ga-oh, Da-jo-ji, Gaoh, Ne-a-go or Ya-o-ga.

Obaluwaye

A Yoruba earth-god. Husband of Nana. Father of Omolu. In some references, known as Obaluwaye, Master of the Universe, Master of the Universe, Shakpono, Shakpono, Ashanti Asa-ase, Ashanti Asa-ase, Sagbata, Dahomey Sagbata or Dahomey Sagbata.

Och-do-ah

read more »

Ockabewis

A Chippewa hero. At times, identified as Ockabewis.

oeh-da

read more »

Ogopogo

A water-monster in Lake Okanagan in British Columbia. On occassion, known as Ogopogo, Nartaka, Nartaka, Naitaka or Naitaka.

Ohdows

read more »

Ohgiwe

read more »

Ohoyo-osh Chishba

A Chibcha corn-goddess. Sometimes referred to as Ohoyo-osh Chishba.

Okanagan

A lake in British Columbia. This lake is said to be the home of the water-monster, Naitaka. In some lore, occasionally known as Okanagan.

Oke

A personal protective deity. In some references, called Oke.

Okeus

The devil, in the lore of the tribes of Virginia. At times, known as Okeus.

Oki

A sun-god of the Hurons: a force of nature. Also commonly identified as Oki, Kiousa or Kiousa.

Okinai

read more »

okkis

Amulets said to ward off misfortune. On occassion, known as okkis.

Oklatabashih

In the lore of the Choctaws, the only. Man to survive the flood. Also identified as Oklatabashih.

Okulam

read more »

Old Age

One of the 4 anaye left alive after the storm sent by Estanetlehi. In some references, identified as Old Age.

Old Man

read more »

Old Man Acorn

A spirit of the Wintun. This spirit is said to have fertilised the earth after it had been recreated by Olelbis. On occassion, referred to as Old Man Acorn.

Old Woman

read more »

Olelbis

read more »

Olelpanti

In the lore of the Wintun, the home of Olelbis: heaven. Occasionally called Olelpanti.

Olle

read more »

Onatah

read more »

Ondoutaete

A Huron war-god. In some accounts he is the same as Areskoui. In some accounts, known as Ondoutaete.

Only Man

The Hidatsa Indian version of the Maidan hero, Lone Man. Sometimes known as Only Man, Lone Man, Lone Man or Lucky Man.

Onnion

A Huron snake-god. He had a horn on his head which could pierce mountains. In some references, referred to as Onnion, Onniont or Onniont.

Onodja tree

read more »

Oonawieh Unggi

A Cherokee wind-god. Also known as Oonawieh Unggi.

orenda

read more »

Orphan Boy

read more »

Oshadagea

read more »

Ostowegowa

An Iroquois feather-dance of thanks to the creator. Also identified as Ostowegowa.

Oterongtongnia

read more »

Othagwenda

read more »

otkon

In the lore of the Iroquois, the force of evil, the converse of orenda. Also known as otkon, otgon or otgon.

Otter

read more »

Otter-Heart

read more »

Ouiot

read more »

owanka wakan

A sacred altar. Also referred to as owanka wakan.

Owasse

An Algonquian bear-spirit. Also referred to as Owasse.

Oxheheon

A Cheyenne sun-dance spirit. Occasionally identified as Oxheheon.

Oyoyewa

read more »

P'ashajan'a

The first man in the lore of the Keres tribe. At times, identified as P'ashajan'a, Pueblo Poseyemu, Pueblo Poseyemu, Poshaiyangkyo, Puspiyama, Tigua Puspiyama, Tigua Puspiyama, Poseyemu, Zuni Poshaiyangkyo or Zuni Poshaiyangkyo.

Paguk

read more »

Pah

A moon-god of the Pawnees. Consort of Sakuru. Father of Closed Man. At times, called Pah, 'father', 'father', Fadir or Pitri.

Pahe-Wathahuni

read more »

Pahua

In the lore of the Pawnee, one of the 5 houses of the animal spirits, the nahurak. Occasionally known as Pahua.

Pahuk

In the lore of the Pawnee, one of the 5 houses of the animal spirits, the nahurak. Sometimes called Pahuk.

Paiyatemu

read more »

Pakrokitat

read more »

Pal-Rai-Yuk

A water-monster of the Inuit. Occasionally referred to as Pal-Rai-Yuk.

Palongahoya

read more »

Palulukon

A fertility-god. The plumed serpent of the Hopi. Occasionally referred to as Palulukon, Aztec Quetzalcoatl, Aztec Quetzalcoatl, Gucumatz, Itzamna, Kaloowise, Kanikilak, Koloowise, Kukulcan, Quaaqua, Raven, Raven, Zuni Koloowise or Zuni Koloowise.

Pamola

An evil spirit of darkness in the lore of the Algonquians. She was one of the evil spirits killed by Gluskap. Occasionally called Pamola.

Panes

read more »

Pasikola

A trickster-god of the Creek Indians. On occassion, identified as Pasikola.

Pau-puk-keewis

A sorcerer who changed into a beaver. And, later, into an eagle. In some references, known as Pau-puk-keewis.

Pautiwal

A Hopi sun-spirit. Also referred to as Pautiwal, Pautiwa, Pautiwa, Pautiwal or Pautiwal.

Payatami

read more »

Pebble-rattler

A wind-god of the Haida people. Also called Pebble-rattler.

Peboan

The manitou of winter, in Algonquian lore. Also called Peboan.

Pecos Bill

read more »

Peheipe

A culture-hero of the Maidu Indians. In some references, referred to as Peheipe.

Pelado Peak

read more »

Pelintsiek

The personification of the shell-money of the Yurok tribe. He and his companion, Tego'o, came to California from the north. Occasionally referred to as Pelintsiek, Great Dentalium or Great Dentalium.

Petalsharo

A Pawnee hero. He is said to have prevented the ceremonial sacrifice of captives. Also commonly referred to as Petalsharo.

Peter Rugg

read more »

Petrel

A water-spirit of the Tlingit. This spirit was the original guardian of fresh water but Yetl stole it to irrigate the barren earth. In some lore, occasionally identified as Petrel.

philamaloo bird

A fabulous bird. In some lore, occasionally known as philamaloo bird, phillyloo, phillyloo, filla-ma-loo, filla-ma-loo or philamaloo.

pigwiggen

A fabulous animal. Also commonly known as pigwiggen, pigwidgin, pigwidgin or pigwiggen.

pikvahahirak

In the lore of the Karok tribe, the period before humans appeared. Sometimes known as pikvahahirak.

pinnacle grouse

A fabulous bird. In some lore, occasionally identified as pinnacle grouse.

Pipinoukhe

read more »

Pishumi

A Pueblo spirit of sickness and death. At times, called Pishumi.

Pitcher

In Algonquian lore, a rogue. Gluskap caused Pitcher to get stuck in a tree, then turned him into a toad. In some references, referred to as Pitcher.

Place of the Dark

The underworld of the Klamath Indians. On occassion, known as Place of the Dark.

Plain Feather

A young hunter. He was taught the arts of the hunter by his guardian spirit, an elk. Also known as Plain Feather.

Pleiades

read more »

Poker Boys

Spirits of the Pueblo tribes. Also commonly called Poker Boys.

Pokunt

A supreme nature-spirit of the Shoshone. On occassion, called Pokunt.

Polik Mana

A Hopi butterfly-spirit. At times, identified as Polik Mana.

Pollen Boy

A spirit who, with Grasshopper Girl, was set on Mount San Juan by Aste Estsan and Aste Hastin. In some references, known as Pollen Boy.

Ponemah

read more »

Pono-Kamito

read more »

Pontiac

read more »

Poquanghoya

read more »

Poseyemu

read more »

Poshaiyangkyo

read more »

Poshaiyanne

read more »

Pot Tilter

read more »

Poverty

One of the 4 anaye left alive after the storm sent by Estanatlehi. Called Poverty.

Powamu

A Hopi fertility rite. At times, called Powamu.

Powerful One

read more »

Prairie Falcon

A hero of some Californian tribes who was said to have lost his eyes. Sometimes known as Prairie Falcon.

Preceder

A creator and culture-hero of the Pueblo tribes. Twin brother of Follower. Also called Preceder, Twins, Twins, Follower or twins.

Prey Brothers

Priests of the Prey Gods drawn. From the Coyote and Eagle tribes. Also called Prey Brothers.

Prey Gods

read more »

Pskegdemus

A swamp-spirit of the Penobscot. Indians of Maine. This spirit waits outside the tribe's camp, trying to entice children and men. In some references, known as Pskegdemus.

Pu'ukonghoya

A war-god of the Hopi. Twin brother of Palungahoya. These twins are the equivalent of the Zuni Ahayuta achi. Also identified as Pu'ukonghoya, Poquanghoya, Poquanghoya, Pookonghoya or Little Smiter.

pukwudjie

An Algonquian nature-spirit or fairy. Sometimes identified as pukwudjie.

Pulekekwerek

read more »

pulque

In Mexican lore, a drink made from the maguey plant, said to have magical qualities. Sometimes called pulque.

puplem

Medicine-men of the tribes of California. In some lore, occasionally referred to as puplem.

Puspiyama

The first man, in the lore of the Tigua tribe of New Mexico. In some references, referred to as Puspiyama, Keres Pashayan'a, Keres Pashayan'a, Pueblo Poseyemu, Pueblo Poseyemu, P'ashajan'a, Poshaiyangkyo, Zuni Poshaiyangkyo, Zuni Poshaiyangkyo or Poseyemu.

Qa'wadiliquala

A supreme god of the tribes of British. Columbia. Father of Tewi-xilak. He lives in a river and ensures a plentiful supply of salmon. At times, referred to as Qa'wadiliquala.

Qagwaai

read more »

Qalanganguase

read more »

Qamai'ts

read more »

Qoluncotun

A creator-god of the Okanogon tribe. Sometimes called Qoluncotun.

Quaaqua

A creator-god of the Salish tribe. At times, referred to as Quaaqua, Kumsnooth, Kumsnooth, Slaalekam, Slaalekam, Aztec Quetzalcoatl, Aztec Quetzalcoatl, Gucumatz, Itzamna, Kaloowise, Kanikilak, Koloowise, Kukulcan, Palulukon, Raven, Raven, Kwakiutl Kanikilak, Kwakiutl Kanikilak, Quetzalcoatl , Raven, Tlingit Yetl, Tlingit Yetl or Quetzalcoatl .

Quaayayp

read more »

Quah-beet

The beaver who told Malsum the secret of how Gluskap could be killed. Also commonly known as Quah-beet.

Quahootze

A war-god of the Nootka Indians. Occasionally called Quahootze.

Quaoar

In the lore of some Californian tribes, a creation force. In some references, called Quaoar.

Queenah

read more »

Querrana

In the lore of the Pueblo Indians, the second man to be created. Occasionally called Querrana.

Quissan Kweedas

read more »

Qumoqums

read more »

Quoots-hooi

A Chinook giantess. She ate the eggs of the raven, Hahness, and the first humans appeared. In some references, known as Quoots-hooi.

Rabbit

read more »

Rabbit Boy

read more »

Raft of Four Sticks

read more »

Ragno

read more »

Rahakatittu

A wand decorated with feathers. The object is used in religious ceremonies by the Pawnee and symbolises the female principle and peace. In some accounts, referred to as Rahakatittu.

Rahaktakaru

A wand decorated with feathers. The object is used in religious ceremonies by the Pawnee and symbolises the male principle and war. Also known as Rahaktakaru.

Rain Beings

Rain-spirits of the Pueblo Indians. At times, called Rain Beings.

Rainbow

read more »

ratchet owl

A fabulous bird. Occasionally referred to as ratchet owl.

Rattlesnake

A dog owned by Coyote the Indian trickster-god. Identified as Rattlesnake.

Raven

read more »

Raweno

A creator spirit of the Iroquois. Also commonly referred to as Raweno, Everything-maker or Everything-maker.

Red Boy

A spirit of the Apache. He, with Holy Boy, set the sun and moon in their courses. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Red Boy.

Red Hawk

read more »

Red Horn

One of the 5 (or 8) great spirits created. By Earth-maker. Also known as Red Horn.

Red Thunderbird

read more »

Red World

One of the 4 worlds through which the Navaho passed on their ascent from the underworld. Sometimes known as Red World.

Rhipisunt

read more »

Rip van Winkle

read more »

Robinson, Edwin

(1869-1935). A poet. He wrote extensively on Arthurian themes, including the poems Lancelot and Tristram. Referred to as Robinson, Edwin.

Rock Candy Mountain

The Otherworld: a land of plenty. Occasionally called Rock Candy Mountain.

Rock Crystal Boy

A Navaho spirit. He and Rock Crystal Girl were set on Pelado Peak by Atse Estsan and Atse Hastin. Occasionally referred to as Rock Crystal Boy.

Rock Crystal Girl

A Navaho spirit. She and Rock Crystal Boy were set on Pelado Peak by Atse Estsan and Atse Hastin. Occasionally called Rock Crystal Girl.

roperite

A fabulous animal. Sometimes referred to as roperite.

rubberado

A fabulous animal in the form of a bouncing porcupine. Animals which eat this prickly beast find that their flesh has become resilient like rubber. In some accounts, called rubberado.

rumtifusel

A fabulous animal. In some references, known as rumtifusel, rumptifusel or rumptifusel.

Sacred Otter

read more »

Sagalie Tyee

A supreme god of the Salish people. Sometimes referred to as Sagalie Tyee.

Sahte

read more »

Sakuru

A Pawnee sun-goddess. Consort of Pah. Mother of Closed Man. Sometimes identified as Sakuru.

Salmon Boy

In the lore of the Indians of the north-west coastal area, a hero of many adventures. Sometimes identified as Salmon Boy.

Salt Man

A war-god, a spirit of the Hopi. In some lore, occasionally called Salt Man.

Salt Woman

read more »

Sand Altar Woman

read more »

sand squink

A fabulous animal. In some accounts, called sand squink.

sandhill perch

A fabulous fish. Sometimes identified as sandhill perch.

santer

A fabulous animal. Sometimes known as santer.

Sayadio

read more »

Scarface

read more »

screbonie

A fabulous animal. Sometimes known as screbonie.

Sedit

read more »

Sedna

read more »

Segun

The manitou of summer, in the lore of the Algonquin. Also called Segun.

Selu

The first woman, in the lore of the Cherokee. Wife of Kanati. Mother of the Thunder Boys. On occassion, known as Selu, Corn Mother, Corn Mother or Corn Woman.

Sen'dah

A trickster-god of the Kiowa. In some accounts, called Sen'dah, Sen'dah Old Man or Sen'dah Old Man.

Senotlke

A serpent-like monster, in the lore of the tribes of the northwest. In some accounts, called Senotlke.

Senx

A sun-god of the Bella Coola Indians of Canada. On occassion, referred to as Senx, Our Father, Our Father, Sacred One, Sacred One, Sonx or Sonx.

Seqinek

An Inuit sun-spirit. Occasionally known as Seqinek.

Seru

A corn-spirit of the Cherokee. Wife of Kanati. Mother of Wild Boy. Occasionally called Seru.

Settin-ki-jash

read more »

Sga'na

A sea-god of the Haida Indians. He is envisaged as a killer whale. Also identified as Sga'na, Masset San or Masset San.

Sha-lana

read more »

Shadowland

The Algonquian land of the dead. Sometimes known as Shadowland.

Shakanli

A serpent-like monster of the Choctaws. In some accounts, identified as Shakanli.

Shakuru

A sun-god of the Pawnee tribe. Occasionally identified as Shakuru, Atius or Atius.

Shalako

read more »

Shanewis

read more »

Shawano

read more »

Shel

read more »

shilup

The individual's soul, in the lore of the Choctaws. Also called shilup.

Shilup Chito Osh

The Choctaw name for the Great Spirit. Also known as Shilup Chito Osh.

Shinob

A supreme deity of the Paiute. People. Twin brother of Tobats. Also called Shinob, Navaho Nayenezgani or Navaho Nayenezgani.

Shipap

read more »

Shipapulima

The Zuni land of the dead. Also commonly known as Shipapulima, Pueblo Shipap or Pueblo Shipap.

Shiwanna

read more »

Shiwanni

read more »

Shiwanokia

read more »

Shooting Star

read more »

Showano

read more »

shu'nun

read more »

Sicun

One of the Godlike Spirits of the Sioux. An aspect of Wakan tanka. Also called Sicun, 'thought', 'thought', Hugi or Hugin.

sikun

A supernatural power for good or evil. Identified as sikun.

Silent One

A Hopi rain-god. Identified as Silent One.

Sin

read more »

Sinopa

read more »

Sins Sga'nagwai

A supreme god of the Haida. Indians. Also identified as Sins Sga'nagwai.

Sio Calakoq

A Hopi giant. Also identified as Sio Calakoq.

Sio Humis

A Hopi rain-god. Known as Sio Humis.

Sipapu

read more »

Sirout

An ancestor of the Juaneno tribe of California. Husband of Yciaut. Father of Ouiot. Occasionally known as Sirout.

sisaok

Among the Bella Coola Tribe, a dancer in a ceremony to commemorate. The coming of the progenitors of the tribe. Identified as sisaok.

Sisiutl

read more »

Sitkonski

A trickster-deity of the Assiniboine. Sometimes called Sitkonski, Sitconsky or Sitconsky.

Sits-by-the-door

read more »

siudleratuin

Ghosts of the Inuit. Sometimes referred to as siudleratuin.

skagi

A medicine-man of the Haida. Also identified as skagi.

Skan

One of the 4 Superior Gods of the Sioux. An aspect of Wakan Tanka. Called Skan, 'sky', 'sky', Ansar, Antariksha, Atea or Nut.

Skate Woman

read more »

Skili

In the lore of the Cherokee, evil witches. These beings were said sometimes to appear at night in the form of owls. Also referred to as Skili.

Skoyo

Man-eating monsters, in the lore of the Pueblo Indians. Called Skoyo.

Skunk

read more »

Sky Elk

A sky-spirit of the Iroquois. At times, called Sky Elk.

Sky Father

read more »

Sky People

The inhabitants of a supposed otherworld in the heavens. In some references, identified as Sky People.

Sky Youth

read more »

slide-rock bolter

A fabulous animal. At times, identified as slide-rock bolter.

sliver cat

A fabulous animal. In some accounts, known as sliver cat.

Smohala

read more »

Smoking Mountain

read more »

Snake Clan Woman

A spirit of the Hopi. She was with Sand Altar Woman when the latter suffered a miscarriage. On occassion, referred to as Snake Clan Woman.

Snake Dance

read more »

Snake Girl

A snake-spirit of the Hopi. She is regarded as an ancestor of the Hopi and also of many reptiles. Occasionally identified as Snake Girl.

Snake People

In the lore of the Navaho, a race who lived in the underworld, one of whom abducted Glipsa. Known as Snake People.

Snake Youth

A sky-spirit of the Hopi. Occasionally known as Snake Youth.

Snallygaster

A monster in Maryland. This beast is envisaged as a huge reptile-like bird which carries off children at night. Called Snallygaster, Snoligoster or Snoligoster.

Snookum

An evil spirit in the lore of the Chinook. Sometimes called Snookum.

Snoqalm

read more »

Snow Lodge

A magic tepee given to Sacred Otter by Estoneapesta. In some lore, occasionally known as Snow Lodge, Snow Tepee, Snow Tepee, Yellow Paint Lodge or Yellow Paint Lodge.

snow snake

read more »

snow wassel

A fabulous animal. Occasionally referred to as snow wassel.

Snulk'ulxa'Is

A primaeval god of the Bella. Coola Indians. Occasionally known as Snulk'ulxa'Is.

snydal

A fabulous animal. Occasionally known as snydal.

Soatsaki

A Blackfoot maiden. Wife of Apisuahts. Mother of Poia. On occassion, known as Soatsaki, Feather Woman, Feather Woman, So-at-sa-ki, So-at-sa-ki, Scarface, Scarface, Apisuahts or Poia.

Sokumapi

read more »

Someone Powerful

A Cherokee name for the creator-spirit. Called Someone Powerful.

Son of Light

read more »

Song of Hiawatha

A long poem by Longfellow relating the life and death of the hero, Hiawatha. In some lore, occasionally identified as Song of Hiawatha.

Sontso

A Navaho deity. Also known as Sontso, Big Star or Big Star.

Soogaot

Son of Kindawuss by a bear. Brother of Cunwhat. In some accounts, referred to as Soogaot.

Sosondowah

read more »

Sotuknang

read more »

Soyal

A nine-day Hopi festival, held at the winter solstice, instigating the return of the Katchinas. Also commonly known as Soyal, Soyala, Soyala, Soyaluna, Soyaluna, Soyal(un)a or Soyal(un)a.

soyoko

Monsters of the Hopi. Identified as soyoko.

Spaul

The supreme god of the Indians of Queen Charlotte Island. This being is envisaged as a benevolent raven who killed the evil Queenah. Sometimes referred to as Spaul.

spetake

A myth, in the lore of the Thompson Indians. Also commonly identified as spetake, Chinook ikanam, Chinook ikanam, adaox, Nuyam, Kwakiutl nuyam, Kwakiutl nuyam, ikanam, Tshimshian adaox, Tshimshian adaox or ikanam.

spider

read more »

Spider Woman

read more »

Spirit Star

A Pawnee sky-spirit. Occasionally called Spirit Star.

splinter cat

A fabulous animal. Sometimes identified as splinter cat.

Split Boys

read more »

Squash

Daughter of Eithinoha. Sister of Bean and Onatah. At times, called Squash.

Squonk

read more »

Sta-au

Ghosts of the wicked in the lore of the Blackfoot Indians. At times, referred to as Sta-au.

Stackalee

read more »

Standing Hollow Horn

Chief of the Sioux when White Buffalo. Woman came to visit them. Sometimes referred to as Standing Hollow Horn.

Star Boy

The son of a maiden who rose up to heaven and married Star Husband. In some accounts, referred to as Star Boy.

Star Country

The sky, in the lore of the Hopi. In some references, known as Star Country.

Star-folk

read more »

Star Husband

A heavenly being who married. An earthly maiden when she. Rose up to heaven. At times, identified as Star Husband.

Star-maiden

read more »

Stone Boy

read more »

Stone Coat

read more »

Stone Giants

read more »

Stoneribs

read more »

Sucking Monster

In Indian lore, a monster which sucks in his victims instead of eating them. In some references, known as Sucking Monster.

Sugarloaf Mountain

The home of the Karok guardian. Spirit, Ai'krer. In some references, referred to as Sugarloaf Mountain.

Summer Mother

read more »

Sun Father

A creator-deity of the Zuni. Consort of Underground Mother. Father of Paiyatemu. Also known as Sun Father, Page Abe, Page Abe or Sun Father.

Sun Halo

A sky-spirit of the Klamath. He followed the sun-spirit, Shel and eventually lived in the sky-lodge built by Kumush. Called Sun Halo.

Sun Snarer

read more »

Sunawavi

read more »

Sunsetland

read more »

Sunshaft

A Mexican deity. After the flood sent by Hokomata had subsided, he and Waterfall mated with Pukeheh to repopulate the world. Also referred to as Sunshaft.

Superior Gods

read more »

Supernatural People

read more »

Sus'sistinnako

read more »

Sutalidihi

A sun-god of the Cherokee. Also commonly known as Sutalidihi.

Swaikhway

read more »

Swaixwe

read more »

Swallow People

read more »

swampanger

A fabulous animal. Also called swampanger, augerino or augerino.

Sweat Lodge

A creator-god of the Sanpoil. Tribe. He is said to have created animals and birds. Sometimes identified as Sweat Lodge.

Sweet Medicine

read more »

Szeuka

read more »

Ta'ngwanla'na

A supreme god of the Haida Indians. In some accounts, identified as Ta'ngwanla'na.

Ta'xet

A god of death of the Haida Indians. On occassion, called Ta'xet.

Tacu

Husband of Auzar. Father of Chinigchinich, some say. Also called Tacu.

Tahit

A Tlingit god of fate. At times, known as Tahit.

tahmahnawis

Supernatural power, in the lore of the Chinook. Occasionally called tahmahnawis.

Tahquitz

An evil spirit of the Indian tribes. At times, called Tahquitz.

Taikomo

read more »

Taiowa

A Hopi creator-god. Father of Sotuknang. In some references, called Taiowa, Zuni Paiyatemu or Zuni Paiyatemu.

Takuskanskan

A trickster-god of the Dakotas. Also commonly identified as Takuskanskan.

Talatumsi

A Pueblo dawn-goddess. In some references, referred to as Talatumsi.

Talli

A culture-hero of the Lenapé Indians. In some accounts, referred to as Talli.

Talvolte

A leader of the tortoise clan, a survivor of the flood. In some accounts, identified as Talvolte.

Tamahnous

Among the tribes of the north-west, a guardian spirit. Occasionally referred to as Tamahnous.

Tame Boy

A thunder-god of the Cherokee. One of the Thunder Boys. Son of Kanati and Seru. Brother of Wild Boy. Identified as Tame Boy.

Tans

read more »

Taqlikic

A name for Yetl, the raven, as hammer-father, reflecting his toughness. Occasionally referred to as Taqlikic, Raven, Raven, Big Grandfather, Aztec Quetzalcoatl, Kwakiutl Kanikilak, Salish Quaaqua, Tlingit Yehl, Yetl, Raven, Raven, Haida Yehl, Quaquiutl Kanikilak, Raven[sup]2, Raven[sup]2, Yehl, 3[/sup], 3[/sup], Can, Canache, Daguna, Dione, Helena, Maramma, Mariamma, sacred serpents, Sakti, Sibylla or Skyamsen.

Tarenyawagon

The Iroquois spirit who came to earth as Hiawatha. Sometimes referred to as Tarenyawagon, Great Upholder, Great Upholder, Ta-ren-ya-wa-gon, Ta-ren-ya-wa-gon, Upholder of the Heavens or Upholder of the Heavens.

Tarhuyiawaku

An Iroquois giant supporting the sky. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Tarhuyiawaku.

Taronhiawagon

The supreme god of the Onodago. Tribe. In some references, known as Taronhiawagon.

tasoom

The soul, in the lore of the Cheyenne. Occasionally referred to as tasoom.

Tate

A creator-god and wind-god of the Sioux Indians. Referred to as Tate.

Tawa

A creator-god and sun-god of the Pueblo Indians. At times, known as Tawa.

Tawa Makoce

read more »

Tawiscara

read more »

Tawiscaron

read more »

Tcenes

A hero of the Kato Indians. He rescued the child, Nagaitco, from the flood and she became the ancestor of the tribe. Occasionally referred to as Tcenes.

Tchakabech

read more »

Tcikapis

read more »

Tcolawitze

A Hopi fire-spirit. In some references, called Tcolawitze.

Tcuchkuti

A benevolent Hopi spirit. Occasionally referred to as Tcuchkuti, Tcochkut or Tcochkut.

teakettle

A fabulous animal. Also called teakettle.

Teelget

read more »

Tego'o

A companion of Pelintsiek when he came to California from the north. Sometimes referred to as Tego'o.

Ten Corn Maidens

read more »

Tena-ranide

A plague-god of the Athapascans, god of death. Occasionally referred to as Tena-ranide.

Tenskwata

A 19th C. Shawnee medicine-man. He forecast that a new world would appear in the early years of the 19th century. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Tenskwata.

Tern

read more »

Tewi'xilak

A god of the hunt in the lore of the Indians of British Columbia. Also identified as Tewi'xilak.

the Deer

A priest who looks after the fetishes of the Prey Brothers when they are not being used. In some lore, occasionally identified as the Deer.

thlawe

In the lore of the Zuni, a plant. Growing in the underworld. Also called thlawe.

Thonenli`

A Navaho rain-spirit. One of the Yei. In some accounts, referred to as Thonenli`.

Thoume Kine Kimte Cacounche

A creator-god of the Natchez Indians. Sometimes known as Thoume Kine Kimte Cacounche.

Thrown Away

read more »

Thunder

read more »

Thunder Boys

read more »

Thunder Men

Man-eating monsters in the lore of the Sioux. In some accounts, identified as Thunder Men.

Thunderbird

read more »

Thunderer

read more »

Thunderers

3 emissaries of Hinun. Their function was to keep order on earth and to destroy evil monsters. On occassion, identified as Thunderers.

Thunders

read more »

Tia

A god of death of the Haida Indians. Also called Tia.

Tiamuni

read more »

Tieholtsodi

read more »

Tihugun

A good spirit of the Athapascans. He is said to live in the sun and the moon. Sometimes known as Tihugun.

Tiny Flower

read more »

Tirawahut

The celestial kingdom of Atius-Tirawa. At times, referred to as Tirawahut, Tirawahat or Tirawahat.

Tlaik

A sky-chief in the lore of the tribes of the northwest. He was killed by two sky-spirits and eaten by a sky-serpent. Also referred to as Tlaik.

Tlehanoai

read more »

Tliewatuwadjigican

In the lore of the tribes of the northwest, a servant of Nascakiyetl. Sometimes called Tliewatuwadjigican, Adawulcanak, Adawulcanak, Adawaulcanak or Adawaulcanak.

Toa'lalit

A god of hunting of the Bella. Coola tribe. Occasionally known as Toa'lalit, Toia'lalit or Toia'lalit.

Tob Tob

read more »

Tobadzistsini

read more »

Tobats

A trickster-deity of the Paiute. Twin-brother of Shinob. Brother of Cunawabi. Sometimes referred to as Tobats, Navaho Tobadzistsini or Navaho Tobadzistsini.

Tomorrow

Mother of the south-east wind, in the lore of the tribes of the north-west. In some references, called Tomorrow.

Tomsivsi

A Cheyenne hero who is said to have introduced the sun-dance. Sometimes referred to as Tomsivsi.

Tonenili

A Navaho rain-god. One of the Yeibechi. He is depicted as a dancing fool, wearing a blue mask. Also commonly called Tonenili, Grey God, Grey God, Libahi, Libahi, Toneinili, Toneinili, Libabi, Libabi, 'waterer' or 'waterer'.

Too-lux

The Chinook god of the south wind. He cut open a whale and released the raven Hahness. In some accounts, called Too-lux.

tornaq

read more »

Tornasuk

read more »

Torngasoau

A supreme deity of the Inuit. At times, known as Torngasoau, Tornasuk, Tornasuk, Great Tornak, Tornarssuk, Torngarsak, Tornarsuk or Tornarsuk.

Tornit

An mythical race of giants in the lore of the Inuit. Occasionally referred to as Tornit.

tote-road shagamaw

A fabulous animal. Sometimes called tote-road shagamaw.

totem pole

A carved and painted pole used by the Indians as a symbol of a tribe. Referred to as totem pole.

totemism

read more »

Tow

Twin brother of Tow-us-tussin. These twins are the Haida version of the War Twins. Also referred to as Tow, Tow-us-tussin, Tow-us-tussin or War Twins.

Towaesendo

The Tewa version of the War Twins. Occasionally known as Towaesendo.

Transformer

read more »

tree-squeak

A fabulous animal. In some accounts, referred to as tree-squeak.

tripodero

A fabulous animal with 3 legs. In some accounts, identified as tripodero.

Tsa'qamae

A god of salmon in British Columbia. Sometimes referred to as Tsa'qamae.

Tsakakaitiac

read more »

Tsegihi

read more »

Tsenagahi

read more »

Tsenahale

Eagle-beasts of the Navaho Indians, killed by Nayenezgani with thunderbolts. Once of the Anaye. Also identified as Tsenahale.

Tsenta

The Huron name for Ioskeha. In some references, known as Tsenta, Tsentsa or Tsentsa.

Tshindi

Venomous spirits of the Navaho. Identified as Tshindi.

Tsi-sisnaaxil

A name of Qamai'ts as 'woman'. In some references, called Tsi-sisnaaxil.

Tsiskagili

The red crayfish. This being is said to have got his red colouring when scorched by the sun during the creation period. In some references, referred to as Tsiskagili.

Tsitctinako

read more »

Tsitsenuts

A rain-god of the Acoma, created by Ia'ticu. On occassion, known as Tsitsenuts.

Tsohanoai

read more »

Tsonqua

read more »

Tsotil

A mountain sacred to the Navaho. Home of Yeitso. At times, called Tsotil, Tsotsil or Tsotsil.

Tsul Kalu

The Cherokee god of the hunt. He is envisaged as a huge deer living in the mountains. Sometimes referred to as Tsul Kalu, Slanting Eyes or Slanting Eyes.

Tsurapako

In the lore of the Pawnee, one of the 5 houses of the animalspirits, the nahurak. Sometimes known as Tsurapako.

Tsusgina'i

The Cherokee land of ghosts. This place is part of Usunhi'ya, the dark land in the west. Occasionally called Tsusgina'i.

ttlaya

Ghosts or spirits of the Fox Indians. In some accounts, identified as ttlaya.

Tu-tutsh

The Thunderbird of the Nootka tribe. Occasionally called Tu-tutsh, Chinook HahnessMakah Kakaitch or Chinook HahnessMakah Kakaitch.

Tuchaipai

read more »

Tulchuherris

A lightning-god of the Wintun tribe. Sometimes called Tulchuherris.

Tule

read more »

Tunkan

A Dakota earth-spirit. Occasionally referred to as Tunkan.

Turkey Girl

read more »

Turkey Hactcin

A spirit of agriculture. He is said to have brought corn and tobacco to the Jicarilla Apache. Also identified as Turkey Hactcin, Holy One, Holy One or Sheng.

Turkey-Killer

read more »

Turquoise Man

read more »

Turtle

read more »

Tuwapontamsi

A hideous Pueblo earth-goddess. Also commonly called Tuwapontamsi, Mamzraumana, Mamzraumana or Tuwapontumsi.

Twins

read more »

Two-legged

One of the 4 Kindred Gods of the Sioux. This category includes both humans and bears. On occassion, referred to as Two-legged.

Tzi-daltai

Carved wooden figures worn. As protection by the Apache. Indians. Identified as Tzi-daltai.

tzizhui

A sky-spirit of the Osage. Identified as tzizhui.

Uchtsiti

Father of the gods of the Acoma tribe. Also identified as Uchtsiti.

Uhepono

A giant in the lore of the Zuni. This woolly-skinned monster with huge eyes is said to live in the underworld. Also identified as Uhepono.

Uktena

read more »

Ulala

A female monster of the Haida, said to eat men. Occasionally identified as Ulala, Walala or Walala.

Umai-hulhlya-wit

read more »

Underground Mother

A deity of the Zuni. Consort of Sun Father. Mother of Paiyatemu. Also commonly identified as Underground Mother.

Underwater Panthers

read more »

Unelanuki

A sun-goddess of the Cherokee. In some lore, occasionally known as Unelanuki.

Unilanuhi

A Cherokee sun-goddess. Occasionally known as Unilanuhi.

Unknowingly

A Sioux creator-spirit. Called Unknowingly, Grandfather Power or Grandfather Power.

Unktahe

read more »

upland trout

A fabulous fish. Sometimes known as upland trout.

Uretsiti

A creator-goddess of the Cochiti. In some accounts, known as Uretsiti, Iareku or Iareku.

Utc'tsiti

read more »

Uti Hiata

A Pawnee corn-goddess. In some references, called Uti Hiata.

Utsanati

A Pawnee rattlesnake-spirit. In some accounts, referred to as Utsanati.

Utset

read more »

uwanami

Rain-spirits of the Zuni. Also referred to as uwanami, uwannami or uwannami.

vada

Among the tribes of the southwest, sorcery. Practitioners are able to kill a person by placing a curse on him or her. Occasionally identified as vada.

Vanquech

A place of worship devoted to Chinigchinich. Sometimes known as Vanquech.

Veeho

A Cheyenne trickster. He once stole a pair of magic leggings from the sun and got burned for his trouble. On occassion, called Veeho, Vihio or Vihio.

W'Atira

A Pawnee corn-spirit. Sometimes identified as W'Atira.

Wabanang

A star-god of the Menominee tribe. Originally a flint, he developed into a rabbit and later into a man. Also commonly known as Wabanang.

wabanunaqsiwot

In Algonquian lore, a mythical race of dawn-people. In some references, identified as wabanunaqsiwot.

Wabasso

read more »

Wabun

read more »

Wabund Annung

The morning star. Wife of Wabun. Sometimes referred to as Wabund Annung.

Wabus

The Menominee version of the Great. Hare. It is said that he later became the mortal Manabush. At times, called Wabus, Manabush, Manabush, Manabozho, Great Hare, Manabusch, Abnaki Gluskap, Chippewa Manabozho, Iroquois Ioskeha, Montagnais Messou, Potawatomi Wabasso or Potawatomi Wabasso.

Wac

read more »

wakan

In the lore of the Sioux, supernatural. Power: the spirit of the individual. On occassion, called wakan, wakanda, wakanda, wakonda, wakonda, Wakan Tanka, Wakanda, Wakonda, Wakonda, wacanda, wacanda, Algonquin manitou, Algonquin manitou, orenda, Iroquois orenda, Iroquois orenda or manitou.

Wakan Tanka

read more »

Wakdjunkaga

A trickster-god of the Winnebago tribe. In some accounts, he is equated with Hereshguina. In some references, identified as Wakdjunkaga.

Wakiash

read more »

Wakinyan

read more »

Wala

A dawn-spirit of the Fox Indians. At times, called Wala.

Wallum Olum

The Lenape Indian story of creation. Sometimes called Wallum Olum.

walum olum

Sticks, painted red, used as records by the Delaware Indians. These sticks are used to record details of the tribe's origins and migrations. In some lore, occasionally referred to as walum olum.

wampus cat

A fabulous animal. In some accounts, identified as wampus cat.

Wan

read more »

wanagemeswak

read more »

wanagi

read more »

wanagi-wachipi

A ghost-dance of the Sioux. Also commonly identified as wanagi-wachipi.

Wanblee Cikala

read more »

Wanblee Galeshka

read more »

Wanblee Geshka

read more »

wapaloosie

A fabulous animal. In some references, identified as wapaloosie.

Wapanananagwa

The morning star in the lore of the Fox Indians. Father of Wapassaiya. In some references, called Wapanananagwa.

Wapassaiya

A hero of the Fox Indians. Son of Wapanananagwa. Also commonly known as Wapassaiya.

War Twins

read more »

Wasco

A hero of the Haida. He was envisaged as an aquatic beast, a kind of wolf-whale. At times, identified as Wasco, Tlingit Konakadset or Tlingit Konakadset.

Wasis

An Algonquian baby. This tiny infant ignored Gluskap, making the god very angry and frustrated. In some accounts, Wasis was the son of Gluskap. Occasionally identified as Wasis.

water babies

read more »

Water-olla Boy

The Pueblo version of the Cheyenne. Story of Arrow Boy. Sometimes called Water-olla Boy.

Water Serpent

A monster in the lore of the Pueblo tribes. This beast takes the form of a watersnake with horns. On occassion, known as Water Serpent.

Watsusii

read more »

Wekwek

read more »

wemawe

Zuni animal-spirits. Occasionally called wemawe.

Wemicus

A trickster-deity of the Ojibwa. Called Wemicus.

Wene-boozhoo

read more »

Wenonah

Daughter of Nokomis. Wife of Mudjekeewis. Mother of Hiawatha. She died in childbirth and Hiawatha was raised by his grandmother, Nokomis. At times, identified as Wenonah.

whangdoodle

A fabulous animal. Also called whangdoodle.

whapperknocker

A fabulous animal in Connecticut. Also called whapperknocker.

Wheel of Good Law

The heaven of some tribes, envisaged. As an eight-spoked wheel. In some accounts, referred to as Wheel of Good Law.

Whememeowah

read more »

whirling wimpus

A fabulous animal. At times, known as whirling wimpus.

Whirlwind

read more »

Whistling Grandmother

read more »

White Body

read more »

White Buffalo Woman

read more »

White Corn

read more »

White-corn Boy

read more »

White Corn Maiden

read more »

White Hactcin

A supernatural being of the Apache. He gave Holy Boy the sun which he placed in the heavens. In some references, identified as White Hactcin.

White Hare

read more »

White Painted Woman

The earth-mother, the female. Principle of the Chiricahua. Tribe. Occasionally identified as White Painted Woman, Yolkai Estsan, Yolkai Estsan, Estanatlehi, White Painted Woman, White Shell Woman, Yolkai Estan or Yolkaiaisn.

White Thunderbird

read more »

Whope

A goddess of the Sioux Indians. Daughter of Wi. She was sent to earth to bring the pipe of peace. On occassion, called Whope.

Wi

A sun-god, one of the Four Superior. Gods of the Sioux. Father of Whope. He was regarded as an aspect of Wakan Tanka. Referred to as Wi, 'sun', 'sun', Iruva, Surya or Suryaa.

Wigit

A raven-spirit of the Haida Indians. In some lore, occasionally known as Wigit.

Wihio

A trickster-god of the Cheyenne. In some accounts, known as Wihio.

Wiikita

A solstice festival of the Papago tribe. Occasionally referred to as Wiikita.

Wild Boy

A lightning-god of the Cherokee. One of the Thunder Boys. Son of Kanati and Seru. Brother of Tame Boy. Called Wild Boy.

Wild Cat

A hunter-god of some Indian tribes. Brother of Coyote. In some accounts, known as Wild Cat.

will-am-alone

A fabulous animal. At times, identified as will-am-alone.

Willow Flower

read more »

Wilolane

A lightning-spirit of the Zuni. In some lore, occasionally called Wilolane.

Wind

read more »

Wind Old man

A wind-spirit of the Pueblo tribes. At times, referred to as Wind Old man.

Wind Old Woman

A wind-spirit of the Pueblo tribes. At times, identified as Wind Old Woman.

Wind-Ruler

Husband of Breath of Wind. Father of Tawiscara and Ioskeha. Occasionally called Wind-Ruler.

Windigo

read more »

Winpe

read more »

Winter Mother

read more »

Winwina

A guardian deity of the salmon. Among the tribes of British. Columbia. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Winwina.

Wisagatcak

read more »

Wisaka

read more »

Wise One

Brother of Killer-of-Enemies. Also identified as Wise One.

Wishpoosh

read more »

Wixalagillis

A guardian deity of the Kwakiutl. Tribe. Known as Wixalagillis.

Wo-Wakan

In the lore of the Sioux, the supernatural, one of the 7 forms of mankind developed from We-Ota- Wachisha. Occasionally identified as Wo-Wakan.

Wodziwob

read more »

Woge

In the lore of the Yurok Indians, the race of beings which first. Inhabited the world. Known as Woge.

Wohpekumen

read more »

Wokuk

A mythical bird. The Wintun tribe say that many of the animals sprang from a feather of this huge bird. In some accounts, referred to as Wokuk.

Wolf

read more »

Wolf-Man

read more »

Wolf Prey God

read more »

Wolverine

A trickster-deity of some Algonquian tribes. Sometimes known as Wolverine, Wisagatcak, Wisagatcak, Whiskey Jack, Wisaka, Wisakedjak, Wolverine, Wisgatcak or Fox Wisaka.

Wonomi

read more »

Woodtick

read more »

Wovoka

read more »

wunk

A fabulous animal. Occasionally identified as wunk.

Wuwuchim

A Pueblo male initiation ceremony. The initiates are said to descend to the underworld, Shipap, and rise again. On occassion, known as Wuwuchim.

Wy'ot

read more »

Xelas

A culture-hero of the Lummi people of the north-west. Also known as Xelas.

Xil Sga'nagwai

A god of medicine of the Haida. Indians. Also commonly identified as Xil Sga'nagwai.

Ya'askidi

A humpbacked Navaho god. One of the Yeibechi. Also commonly referred to as Ya'askidi.

Ya-o-ga

read more »

Yaai

Spirits living on the tops of mountains in Vancouver Island. Also identified as Yaai.

Yadilyil

Father of Estanatlehi by Naestan. Also identified as Yadilyil.

Yagim

A man-eating sea-monster in the lore of the Kwakiutl. In some accounts, known as Yagim, Iakim, Iakim, Lakim or Lakim.

yakkus

In the lore of the Indian tribes, spirits which cause disease. Sometimes known as yakkus.

Ycaiut

A descendant of Ejoni and Ae. Consort of Sirout. Mother of Ouiot. In some accounts, called Ycaiut, Ikaiut or Ikaiut.

yeck

read more »

yega

In Athapascan lore, the double in the form of a vengeful spirit. Occasionally identified as yega.

Yeibechi

Gods of the Navaho living in ravines and mountains. Referred to as Yeibechi, Yei, Yei, Yeibichai, Yeibichai, Hashje, Hashje, Hashche or Xasce.

Yeitso

A man-eating giant Anaye. Son of Tsohanoai. He lived on the mountain, Tsotil, and was killed by the brothers Nayenezgani and Tobadzistsini. At times, referred to as Yeitso.

yek

The spirits inherent in all things, in the lore of the Tlingit. In some accounts, called yek.

Yellow Body

A Navaho god. One of the four gods encountered by the tribe during their journey from the underworld into the upper world. Also referred to as Yellow Body.

Yellow Corn-ear Maiden

read more »

Yellow-corn Girl

read more »

Yellow-corn Maiden

read more »

Yellow-corn Maidens

read more »

Yellow Mountains

Sacred mountains of the Navaho. Also known as Yellow Mountains.

Yellow Thunderbird

read more »

Yellow World

read more »

Yimantuwinyai

read more »

Yinukatsisdai

A vegetation god of some Californian tribes. Identified as Yinukatsisdai.

Yityanitsinni

A group of minor Navaho deities. These beings were charged with the task of holding up the sky. Sometimes referred to as Yityanitsinni.

Yokomatis

read more »

Yolkai Estsan

read more »

Younger Brother

read more »

Yuttoere

The supreme deity of the Carrier tribe. Also commonly known as Yuttoere.

Zahadolchahi

A god of the Navaho. One of the Yeibechi. Known as Zahadolchahi.

Zintkala Luta Win

read more »
North American Mythology