New Zealand Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Apu-Matangi

A Maori storm-god. Son of Tawhiri. At times, known as Apu-Matangi.

Aratiatia

Maori land of spirits in the sky. Occasionally called Aratiatia, Ara Tiotio, Ara Tiotio, Ara Tiatia, Australian Awhiowhio, Irihia, Irihia, Tahekeroa, Tahekaroa or Tahekaroa.

Arohirohi

A Maori creator-goddess. Wife of Raa. Also known as Arohirohi, Arohi-rohi, Arohi-rohi, 'mirage' or 'mirage'.

Ati

A Maori chief. It is said that he married the spirit he caught in his fishing net. In some references, referred to as Ati.

Awha

A Maori storm-god. In some accounts, known as Awha.

Dog of Moko

A monster in the form of a maneating. Dog. Also known as Dog of Moko.

Fehuluni

A sex-changing spirit. Also commonly called Fehuluni.

Hakawau

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Hapopo

A Maori priest. He was killed when the forces of Uenuku attacked the fortress of the chief, Tawheta. Sometimes called Hapopo.

Hatupatu

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Hau

A Maori wind-god. Son of Rua-tapu. Also identified as Hau, Hautupatu, Hautupatu or Hau.

Hau-o-Tawera

A Maori hero. He killed a Poua-kai which had carried off many of his people. Also commonly known as Hau-o-Tawera.

Haumiatiketike

A Maori god of vegetation. Son of Rangi and Papa. In some accounts, he is equated with Haumea. Also identified as Haumiatiketike, Haumia-tikitiki or Haumia-tikitiki.

Hautupatu

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hei-tiki

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Heke-Heke-I-Papa

The third wife of Rangi. Occasionally called Heke-Heke-I-Papa.

Hema

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Hina

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Hine-make-moe

A goddess of troubled sleep. Daughter of Te Kore. At times, referred to as Hine-make-moe.

Hineteiwaiwa

The Maori goddess of childbirth. Daughter of Tane. Also commonly referred to as Hineteiwaiwa.

Houmea

A Maori drought-demon or cannibal. Ogress. Sometimes called Houmea.

Hutu

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Iho-o-Kataka

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Io

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Io-Mata-Aho

A name for Io as 'the invisible'. Sometimes referred to as Io-Mata-Aho, Io, Io, Io Titkitiki-o-Rangi, Ioa, Iao, Io-Mata-Kana, Io-Mata-Ngaro, Io-Matua, Io-Nui, Io-Roa, Io-te-Waiora, Io-te-Wananga, Io-Taketake, Io-Tikitiki-o-Rangi or Te Tumu.

Io-Mata-Kana

A name for Io as 'the vigilant'. Also identified as Io-Mata-Kana, Io, Io, Io Titkitiki-o-Rangi, Ioa, Iao, Io-Mata-Aho, Io-Mata-Ngaro, Io-Matua, Io-Nui, Io-Roa, Io-te-Waiora, Io-te-Wananga, Io-Taketake, Io-Tikitiki-o-Rangi or Te Tumu.

Io-Mata-Ngaro

A name for Io as 'hidden face'. Sometimes called Io-Mata-Ngaro, Io, Io, Io Titkitiki-o-Rangi, Ioa, Iao, Io-Mata-Aho, Io-Mata-Kana, Io-Matua, Io-Nui, Io-Roa, Io-te-Waiora, Io-te-Wananga, Io-Taketake, Io-Tikitiki-o-Rangi or Te Tumu.

Io-Matua

A name for Io as 'parent'. Occasionally called Io-Matua, Io, Io, Io Titkitiki-o-Rangi, Ioa, Iao, Io-Mata-Aho, Io-Mata-Kana, Io-Mata-Ngaro, Io-Nui, Io-Roa, Io-te-Waiora, Io-te-Wananga, Io-Taketake, Io-Tikitiki-o-Rangi or Te Tumu.

Io-Nui

A name for Io as 'the great'. Occasionally called Io-Nui, Io, Io, Io Titkitiki-o-Rangi, Ioa, Iao, Io-Mata-Aho, Io-Mata-Kana, Io-Mata-Ngaro, Io-Matua, Io-Roa, Io-te-Waiora, Io-te-Wananga, Io-Taketake, Io-Tikitiki-o-Rangi or Te Tumu.

Io-Roa

A name for Io as 'long-tailed'. In some lore, occasionally known as Io-Roa, Io, Io, Io Titkitiki-o-Rangi, Ioa, Iao, Io-Mata-Aho, Io-Mata-Kana, Io-Mata-Ngaro, Io-Matua, Io-Nui, Io-te-Waiora, Io-te-Wananga, Io-Taketake, Io-Tikitiki-o-Rangi or Te Tumu.

Io-Taketake

A name for Io as 'unchanging'. In some references, referred to as Io-Taketake, Io, Io, Io Titkitiki-o-Rangi, Ioa, Iao, Io-Mata-Aho, Io-Mata-Kana, Io-Mata-Ngaro, Io-Matua, Io-Nui, Io-Roa, Io-te-Waiora, Io-te-Wananga, Io-Tikitiki-o-Rangi or Te Tumu.

Io-te-Waiora

A name for Io as 'source of life'. In some lore, occasionally called Io-te-Waiora, Io, Io, Io Titkitiki-o-Rangi, Ioa, Iao, Io-Mata-Aho, Io-Mata-Kana, Io-Mata-Ngaro, Io-Matua, Io-Nui, Io-Roa, Io-te-Wananga, Io-Taketake, Io-Tikitiki-o-Rangi or Te Tumu.

Io-te-Wananga

A name for Io as 'the source of knowledge'. Occasionally referred to as Io-te-Wananga, Io, Io, Io Titkitiki-o-Rangi, Ioa, Iao, Io-Mata-Aho, Io-Mata-Kana, Io-Mata-Ngaro, Io-Matua, Io-Nui, Io-Roa, Io-te-Waiora, Io-Taketake, Io-Tikitiki-o-Rangi or Te Tumu.

Irihia

The Maori land of the spirits of the west. Also commonly identified as Irihia, Aratiatia, Aratiatia, Ara Tiotio, Tahekeroa or Tahekaroa.

Kahukura

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Kai Tangata

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Kanae

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Kane-hekili

A name of Kane as 'thunder-god'. At times, called Kane-hekili.

Kiore Ta

A servant of Ngarara. She helped Ruru to escape the clutches of her mistress when he landed on their island. On occassion, referred to as Kiore Ta.

Kiore Ti

A servant of Ngarara. She helped Ruru to escape the clutches of her mistress when he landed on their island. In some accounts, called Kiore Ti.

kiwi

A flightless bird. The Maori say that this bird was made from a calabash by Tane. Sometimes referred to as kiwi.

Koriro

A name for Maui as 'cheerful'. At times, identified as Koriro, Maui, Maui, Aitu, Mawi, Mowee, Maui-Potiki, Maui-Tikitiki or Tama Rangi.

Korotango

A pigeon made of greenstone. The korotango is placed in a shrine and used as an oracle by the Maori. Occasionally identified as Korotango.

Kui

A Maori demon. This being takes the form of a blind female cannibal. In some accounts, known as Kui.

kumi

A bulldog-headed monster. In some references, called kumi.

Kurangai

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Limaloa

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Lua-a-Milu

The Maori underworld. Called Lua-a-Milu, Lua-o-Milu, Lua-o-Milu, Milu's Cave, Milu's Cave, 'the pit of Milu' or 'the pit of Milu'.

Mahora-nui-a-Rangi

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Mahuika

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Maikuku

Wife of Uru Rangi. Occasionally known as Maikuku.

Maku

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manaia

A bird-headed monster. In some accounts, known as manaia.

Manawa

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Mango-roa-i-Ata

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Maraki-hau

A Maori half-human monster. Also commonly known as Maraki-hau.

Marama

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Marikoriko

In some Maori accounts, the first woman, created by Arohirohi. On occassion, called Marikoriko, Ma-riko-riko or Ma-riko-riko.

Milu

A troublesome Maori chieftain. Father of Kumu-Tonga-I-Te-Po. He was condemned to be god of the underworld by Kane. In some lore, occasionally called Milu, Miru or Miru.

Nakahi

A serpent-god of the 19th C. Maori. Papahiruhia cult. Sometimes referred to as Nakahi.

Nganaoa

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Nganga

A Maori god of sleet. Also referred to as Nganga.

Ngarara

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Pai Hutanga

The first wife of Uenuku. Occasionally identified as Pai Hutanga.

paiarehe

Fairies in the lore of the Maori. Also called paiarehe.

Pani

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Paoro

A goddess of echoes. At creation, it was she who gave women a voice. Also commonly known as Paoro.

Papa

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Papahiruhia

A 19th C. Cult worshipping the serpent Nakahi. Sometimes identified as Papahiruhia.

Pare

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patupaiarehe

Fairies. Sometimes identified as patupaiarehe, Hindu apsarases, Hindu apsarases, Japanese yosei, Japanese yosei, peri, Persian peris, Persian peris, yosei, Turkish houris or Turkish houris.

Pirogonia

A hill, home of the fairies, sacred to the Maori. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Pirogonia.

Pitaka

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pitua

A Maori demon. Occasionally identified as pitua.

Pou-Matangatanga

Daughter of Tawheta. Third wife of Uenuku. When Henuka attacked her father's compound, she was captured and married the victor. Sometimes known as Pou-Matangatanga.

Poua-Kai

A huge man-eating bird. Also commonly identified as Poua-Kai, Poukai, Poukai, Arab Roc, Arab Roc, Ngani-Vatu, rekh, sinam, Fijian Ngani-Vatu, Fijian Ngani-Vatu, Ngutu-Lei, Ngutu-Lei, phoenix, phoenix, birds, Phoinix, simurgh, simurg, simurg, phoenix or simurgh.

Puarata

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Pungarehu

A Maori hero. He killed a Poua-Kai which had carried off many of his tribe. Also referred to as Pungarehu.

Ra Torua

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Raa

The Maori sun-god. Husband of Arohirohi. Occasionally called Raa, Polynesian Ra or Polynesian Ra.

Raka Maomao

A Maori wind-god. On occassion, referred to as Raka Maomao, Hawaiian La'a Maomao, Hawaiian La'a Maomao, Fa'atiu, Samoan Fa'atiu, Samoan Fa'atiu or La'a Maomao.

Rangi

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Reinga

The Maori land of the dead: the route. Taken by departed souls. On occassion, known as Reinga, Re-in-ga, Re-in-ga, Te Reinga or Te Reinga.

Rohe

Wife of Maui. She left her husband and descended to the underworld where she ruled the realm of Uranga-o-te-Ra. Sometimes referred to as Rohe.

Rona

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Rongo

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Rua Kenana

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Rua-Pupuke

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Rua-tapu

Father of Hau. In some lore, occasionally known as Rua-tapu, Forbidden Path or Forbidden Path.

Ruarangi

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Ruaumoko

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Rukutia

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Rupe

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Taepo

A Maori ghost which has power. Only during the hours of darkness. Also called Taepo.

Tafaki

A shaman who was said to have visited heaven. Sometimes called Tafaki.

Tahekeroa

The Maori land of the spirits in the centre of the earth. In some accounts, known as Tahekeroa, Irihia, Irihia or Aratiatia.

Tahua

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Tairi

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Taka Rita

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Tama Rangi

A name for Maui. In some references, referred to as Tama Rangi, Maui, Maui, Aitu, Mawi, Mowee, Koriro, Maui-Potiki or Maui-Tikitiki.

Tamanui

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Tane

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Tanemahuta

A name for Tane as god of the forests. At times, referred to as Tanemahuta, Tane, Tane, Tapairu, Tuamotu or Hawaiian Kane.

Tangotango

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Tani

A Maori tree-god. He is said to hold up the heavens with his feet while his hair is represented as underground roots. Known as Tani.

taniwha

A Maori water-monster. Sometimes known as taniwha.

Tapairu

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Taraipo

The first canoe, given to Rata by the bird-spirits. Sometimes identified as Taraipo.

Tau Titi

Son of Miru. Also commonly known as Tau Titi.

Tautohito

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Tawhaki

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Tawheta

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Tawhiri

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Te Aa-tu-roa

A goddess of the day. Daughter of Te Kore. On occassion, known as Te Aa-tu-roa.

Te Ata

A goddess of the dawn. Daughter of Te Kore. On occassion, referred to as Te Ata.

Te Atua Wera

A Maori deity. In some lore, occasionally called Te Atua Wera, Fiery God, The, Fiery God, The, The Fiery God or The Fiery God.

Te Kanawa

A Maori hunter who was said to have seen fairies in the forest. Sometimes known as Te Kanawa.

Te Kore

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Te More-tu

A deity, space personified. Father of Tangaroa. Also identified as Te More-tu.

Te Po

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tekoteko

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tipua

In Maori lore, these are shapechanging demons. In some references, referred to as tipua.

tohunga

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Tonga-Hiti

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toniwha

A Maori spirit of fresh water. These beings are revered as ancestral spirits. Also commonly referred to as toniwha.

Tu

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Tu-te-Koropanga

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Tuwhakapau

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Ua

A Maori rain-god. Father of Hau Maringi. At times, known as Ua, Ua-nganga, Ua-nganga, Ua-nui, Ua-nui, Ua-roa, Ua-roa, Ua-whatu or Ua-whatu.

Ua-nganga

A name for Ua as 'rain-storm'. Sometimes called Ua-nganga, Ua, Ua, Ua-nui, Ua-roa or Ua-whatu.

Ua-nui

A name for Ua as 'heavy rain'. Sometimes called Ua-nui, Ua, Ua, Ua-nganga, Ua-roa or Ua-whatu.

Ua-roa

A name for Ua as 'long rain'. Occasionally identified as Ua-roa, Ua, Ua, Ua-nganga, Ua-nui or Ua-whatu.

Ua-whatu

A name for Ua as 'hail'. Occasionally known as Ua-whatu, Ua, Ua, Ua-nganga, Ua-nui or Ua-roa.

Uenuku

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Uranga-o-te-Ra

Part of the underworld, ruled by Rohe. Occasionally identified as Uranga-o-te-Ra, Orang-o-te-Ra or Orang-o-te-Ra.

Uru-Rangi

A Maori wind-god. Husband of Maikuku. Also commonly identified as Uru-Rangi.

Urutonga

Wife of Hema. At times, known as Urutonga.

Wai-gla-a-Tane

A river. The Maori say that the moon bathes in this river to restore her health. Occasionally called Wai-gla-a-Tane.

Whai-tua

A Maori deity. Offspring of Te Kore. Progenitor of Maku and Mahora-nui-a-Rangi. Also called Whai-tua.

Whaitiri

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Whatu

A Maori god of hail. Occasionally referred to as Whatu.

Whiro

An evil Maori lizard-god, god of the dead. In some accounts, identified as Whiro.

Wiremu Ratana

The Maori founder of the Ratana Church. Ratana himself was revered as a godlike being. In some accounts, identified as Wiremu Ratana, Ratana, Ratana, Te Mangai or Te Mangai.
New Zealand Mythology