New Zealand Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Apu-Matangi

A Maori storm-god. Son of Tawhiri. Occasionally known as Apu-Matangi.

Aratiatia

Maori land of spirits in the sky. Identified as Aratiatia, Ara Tiotio, Ara Tiotio, Ara Tiatia, Australian Awhiowhio, Irihia, Irihia, Tahekeroa, Tahekaroa or Tahekaroa.

Arohirohi

A Maori creator-goddess. Wife of Raa. Also known as Arohirohi, Arohi-rohi, Arohi-rohi, 'mirage' or 'mirage'.

Ati

A Maori chief. It is said that he married the spirit he caught in his fishing net. Occasionally known as Ati.

Awha

A Maori storm-god. Occasionally referred to as Awha.

Dog of Moko

A monster in the form of a maneating. Dog. Sometimes known as Dog of Moko.

Fehuluni

A sex-changing spirit. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Fehuluni.

Hakawau

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Hapopo

A Maori priest. He was killed when the forces of Uenuku attacked the fortress of the chief, Tawheta. Also known as Hapopo.

Hatupatu

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Hau

A Maori wind-god. Son of Rua-tapu. In some references, identified as Hau, Hautupatu, Hautupatu or Hau.

Hau-o-Tawera

A Maori hero. He killed a Poua-kai which had carried off many of his people. Known as Hau-o-Tawera.

Haumiatiketike

A Maori god of vegetation. Son of Rangi and Papa. In some accounts, he is equated with Haumea. In some lore, occasionally known as Haumiatiketike, Haumia-tikitiki or Haumia-tikitiki.

Hautupatu

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hei-tiki

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Heke-Heke-I-Papa

The third wife of Rangi. Sometimes identified as Heke-Heke-I-Papa.

Hema

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Hina

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Hine-make-moe

A goddess of troubled sleep. Daughter of Te Kore. Sometimes referred to as Hine-make-moe.

Hineteiwaiwa

The Maori goddess of childbirth. Daughter of Tane. Occasionally known as Hineteiwaiwa.

Houmea

A Maori drought-demon or cannibal. Ogress. In some accounts, known as Houmea.

Hutu

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Iho-o-Kataka

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Io

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Io-Mata-Aho

A name for Io as 'the invisible'. In some lore, occasionally called Io-Mata-Aho, Io, Io, Io Titkitiki-o-Rangi, Ioa, Iao, Io-Mata-Kana, Io-Mata-Ngaro, Io-Matua, Io-Nui, Io-Roa, Io-te-Waiora, Io-te-Wananga, Io-Taketake, Io-Tikitiki-o-Rangi or Te Tumu.

Io-Mata-Kana

A name for Io as 'the vigilant'. Sometimes identified as Io-Mata-Kana, Io, Io, Io Titkitiki-o-Rangi, Ioa, Iao, Io-Mata-Aho, Io-Mata-Ngaro, Io-Matua, Io-Nui, Io-Roa, Io-te-Waiora, Io-te-Wananga, Io-Taketake, Io-Tikitiki-o-Rangi or Te Tumu.

Io-Mata-Ngaro

A name for Io as 'hidden face'. Also commonly known as Io-Mata-Ngaro, Io, Io, Io Titkitiki-o-Rangi, Ioa, Iao, Io-Mata-Aho, Io-Mata-Kana, Io-Matua, Io-Nui, Io-Roa, Io-te-Waiora, Io-te-Wananga, Io-Taketake, Io-Tikitiki-o-Rangi or Te Tumu.

Io-Matua

A name for Io as 'parent'. Sometimes identified as Io-Matua, Io, Io, Io Titkitiki-o-Rangi, Ioa, Iao, Io-Mata-Aho, Io-Mata-Kana, Io-Mata-Ngaro, Io-Nui, Io-Roa, Io-te-Waiora, Io-te-Wananga, Io-Taketake, Io-Tikitiki-o-Rangi or Te Tumu.

Io-Nui

A name for Io as 'the great'. Also identified as Io-Nui, Io, Io, Io Titkitiki-o-Rangi, Ioa, Iao, Io-Mata-Aho, Io-Mata-Kana, Io-Mata-Ngaro, Io-Matua, Io-Roa, Io-te-Waiora, Io-te-Wananga, Io-Taketake, Io-Tikitiki-o-Rangi or Te Tumu.

Io-Roa

A name for Io as 'long-tailed'. Known as Io-Roa, Io, Io, Io Titkitiki-o-Rangi, Ioa, Iao, Io-Mata-Aho, Io-Mata-Kana, Io-Mata-Ngaro, Io-Matua, Io-Nui, Io-te-Waiora, Io-te-Wananga, Io-Taketake, Io-Tikitiki-o-Rangi or Te Tumu.

Io-Taketake

A name for Io as 'unchanging'. Occasionally identified as Io-Taketake, Io, Io, Io Titkitiki-o-Rangi, Ioa, Iao, Io-Mata-Aho, Io-Mata-Kana, Io-Mata-Ngaro, Io-Matua, Io-Nui, Io-Roa, Io-te-Waiora, Io-te-Wananga, Io-Tikitiki-o-Rangi or Te Tumu.

Io-te-Waiora

A name for Io as 'source of life'. On occassion, known as Io-te-Waiora, Io, Io, Io Titkitiki-o-Rangi, Ioa, Iao, Io-Mata-Aho, Io-Mata-Kana, Io-Mata-Ngaro, Io-Matua, Io-Nui, Io-Roa, Io-te-Wananga, Io-Taketake, Io-Tikitiki-o-Rangi or Te Tumu.

Io-te-Wananga

A name for Io as 'the source of knowledge'. Occasionally known as Io-te-Wananga, Io, Io, Io Titkitiki-o-Rangi, Ioa, Iao, Io-Mata-Aho, Io-Mata-Kana, Io-Mata-Ngaro, Io-Matua, Io-Nui, Io-Roa, Io-te-Waiora, Io-Taketake, Io-Tikitiki-o-Rangi or Te Tumu.

Irihia

The Maori land of the spirits of the west. At times, known as Irihia, Aratiatia, Aratiatia, Ara Tiotio, Tahekeroa or Tahekaroa.

Kahukura

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Kai Tangata

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Kanae

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Kane-hekili

A name of Kane as 'thunder-god'. Also known as Kane-hekili.

Kiore Ta

A servant of Ngarara. She helped Ruru to escape the clutches of her mistress when he landed on their island. Also commonly known as Kiore Ta.

Kiore Ti

A servant of Ngarara. She helped Ruru to escape the clutches of her mistress when he landed on their island. Occasionally known as Kiore Ti.

kiwi

A flightless bird. The Maori say that this bird was made from a calabash by Tane. On occassion, referred to as kiwi.

Koriro

A name for Maui as 'cheerful'. Also commonly known as Koriro, Maui, Maui, Aitu, Mawi, Mowee, Maui-Potiki, Maui-Tikitiki or Tama Rangi.

Korotango

A pigeon made of greenstone. The korotango is placed in a shrine and used as an oracle by the Maori. In some accounts, referred to as Korotango.

Kui

A Maori demon. This being takes the form of a blind female cannibal. In some accounts, referred to as Kui.

kumi

A bulldog-headed monster. Also referred to as kumi.

Kurangai

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Limaloa

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Lua-a-Milu

The Maori underworld. In some references, known as Lua-a-Milu, Lua-o-Milu, Lua-o-Milu, Milu's Cave, Milu's Cave, 'the pit of Milu' or 'the pit of Milu'.

Mahora-nui-a-Rangi

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Mahuika

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Maikuku

Wife of Uru Rangi. In some accounts, referred to as Maikuku.

Maku

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manaia

A bird-headed monster. Occasionally identified as manaia.

Manawa

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Mango-roa-i-Ata

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Maraki-hau

A Maori half-human monster. Occasionally referred to as Maraki-hau.

Marama

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Marikoriko

In some Maori accounts, the first woman, created by Arohirohi. In some accounts, called Marikoriko, Ma-riko-riko or Ma-riko-riko.

Milu

A troublesome Maori chieftain. Father of Kumu-Tonga-I-Te-Po. He was condemned to be god of the underworld by Kane. On occassion, called Milu, Miru or Miru.

Nakahi

A serpent-god of the 19th C. Maori. Papahiruhia cult. Called Nakahi.

Nganaoa

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Nganga

A Maori god of sleet. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Nganga.

Ngarara

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Pai Hutanga

The first wife of Uenuku. Also referred to as Pai Hutanga.

paiarehe

Fairies in the lore of the Maori. In some accounts, known as paiarehe.

Pani

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Paoro

A goddess of echoes. At creation, it was she who gave women a voice. In some lore, occasionally known as Paoro.

Papa

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Papahiruhia

A 19th C. Cult worshipping the serpent Nakahi. At times, referred to as Papahiruhia.

Pare

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patupaiarehe

Fairies. Called patupaiarehe, Hindu apsarases, Hindu apsarases, Japanese yosei, Japanese yosei, peri, Persian peris, Persian peris, yosei, Turkish houris or Turkish houris.

Pirogonia

A hill, home of the fairies, sacred to the Maori. Sometimes identified as Pirogonia.

Pitaka

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pitua

A Maori demon. At times, known as pitua.

Pou-Matangatanga

Daughter of Tawheta. Third wife of Uenuku. When Henuka attacked her father's compound, she was captured and married the victor. In some references, known as Pou-Matangatanga.

Poua-Kai

A huge man-eating bird. Also known as Poua-Kai, Poukai, Poukai, Arab Roc, Arab Roc, Ngani-Vatu, rekh, sinam, Fijian Ngani-Vatu, Fijian Ngani-Vatu, Ngutu-Lei, Ngutu-Lei, phoenix, phoenix, birds, Phoinix, simurgh, simurg, simurg, phoenix or simurgh.

Puarata

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Pungarehu

A Maori hero. He killed a Poua-Kai which had carried off many of his tribe. Occasionally known as Pungarehu.

Ra Torua

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Raa

The Maori sun-god. Husband of Arohirohi. Occasionally referred to as Raa, Polynesian Ra or Polynesian Ra.

Raka Maomao

A Maori wind-god. At times, called Raka Maomao, Hawaiian La'a Maomao, Hawaiian La'a Maomao, Fa'atiu, Samoan Fa'atiu, Samoan Fa'atiu or La'a Maomao.

Rangi

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Reinga

The Maori land of the dead: the route. Taken by departed souls. Sometimes called Reinga, Re-in-ga, Re-in-ga, Te Reinga or Te Reinga.

Rohe

Wife of Maui. She left her husband and descended to the underworld where she ruled the realm of Uranga-o-te-Ra. In some accounts, called Rohe.

Rona

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Rongo

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Rua Kenana

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Rua-Pupuke

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Rua-tapu

Father of Hau. In some references, known as Rua-tapu, Forbidden Path or Forbidden Path.

Ruarangi

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Ruaumoko

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Rukutia

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Rupe

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Taepo

A Maori ghost which has power. Only during the hours of darkness. Occasionally referred to as Taepo.

Tafaki

A shaman who was said to have visited heaven. In some lore, occasionally called Tafaki.

Tahekeroa

The Maori land of the spirits in the centre of the earth. At times, identified as Tahekeroa, Irihia, Irihia or Aratiatia.

Tahua

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Tairi

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Taka Rita

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Tama Rangi

A name for Maui. In some lore, occasionally called Tama Rangi, Maui, Maui, Aitu, Mawi, Mowee, Koriro, Maui-Potiki or Maui-Tikitiki.

Tamanui

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Tane

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Tanemahuta

A name for Tane as god of the forests. Also referred to as Tanemahuta, Tane, Tane, Tapairu, Tuamotu or Hawaiian Kane.

Tangotango

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Tani

A Maori tree-god. He is said to hold up the heavens with his feet while his hair is represented as underground roots. On occassion, called Tani.

taniwha

A Maori water-monster. In some references, called taniwha.

Tapairu

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Taraipo

The first canoe, given to Rata by the bird-spirits. Identified as Taraipo.

Tau Titi

Son of Miru. In some references, referred to as Tau Titi.

Tautohito

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Tawhaki

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Tawheta

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Tawhiri

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Te Aa-tu-roa

A goddess of the day. Daughter of Te Kore. Occasionally called Te Aa-tu-roa.

Te Ata

A goddess of the dawn. Daughter of Te Kore. On occassion, referred to as Te Ata.

Te Atua Wera

A Maori deity. Occasionally called Te Atua Wera, Fiery God, The, Fiery God, The, The Fiery God or The Fiery God.

Te Kanawa

A Maori hunter who was said to have seen fairies in the forest. Occasionally identified as Te Kanawa.

Te Kore

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Te More-tu

A deity, space personified. Father of Tangaroa. In some accounts, called Te More-tu.

Te Po

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tekoteko

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tipua

In Maori lore, these are shapechanging demons. Also commonly known as tipua.

tohunga

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Tonga-Hiti

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toniwha

A Maori spirit of fresh water. These beings are revered as ancestral spirits. Identified as toniwha.

Tu

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Tu-te-Koropanga

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Tuwhakapau

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Ua

A Maori rain-god. Father of Hau Maringi. On occassion, identified as Ua, Ua-nganga, Ua-nganga, Ua-nui, Ua-nui, Ua-roa, Ua-roa, Ua-whatu or Ua-whatu.

Ua-nganga

A name for Ua as 'rain-storm'. Also commonly called Ua-nganga, Ua, Ua, Ua-nui, Ua-roa or Ua-whatu.

Ua-nui

A name for Ua as 'heavy rain'. In some references, referred to as Ua-nui, Ua, Ua, Ua-nganga, Ua-roa or Ua-whatu.

Ua-roa

A name for Ua as 'long rain'. At times, identified as Ua-roa, Ua, Ua, Ua-nganga, Ua-nui or Ua-whatu.

Ua-whatu

A name for Ua as 'hail'. Also commonly called Ua-whatu, Ua, Ua, Ua-nganga, Ua-nui or Ua-roa.

Uenuku

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Uranga-o-te-Ra

Part of the underworld, ruled by Rohe. Occasionally referred to as Uranga-o-te-Ra, Orang-o-te-Ra or Orang-o-te-Ra.

Uru-Rangi

A Maori wind-god. Husband of Maikuku. On occassion, called Uru-Rangi.

Urutonga

Wife of Hema. In some lore, occasionally known as Urutonga.

Wai-gla-a-Tane

A river. The Maori say that the moon bathes in this river to restore her health. Occasionally called Wai-gla-a-Tane.

Whai-tua

A Maori deity. Offspring of Te Kore. Progenitor of Maku and Mahora-nui-a-Rangi. Called Whai-tua.

Whaitiri

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Whatu

A Maori god of hail. Occasionally called Whatu.

Whiro

An evil Maori lizard-god, god of the dead. At times, referred to as Whiro.

Wiremu Ratana

The Maori founder of the Ratana Church. Ratana himself was revered as a godlike being. Sometimes called Wiremu Ratana, Ratana, Ratana, Te Mangai or Te Mangai.
New Zealand Mythology