Greek - Daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne. Originally there were just three Muses, Aoede, Melete and Mneme or Hypate, Mese and Nete. Later there were four: Arche, Aoede, Melete and Thelxiope. The number was later increased to nine, one each responsible for a particular area of the arts, led by Apollo. The allocation of responsibilities varies from one version to another. The following list includes most of these alternatives: Calliope-epic poetry (chief Muse) Clio-history Erato-erotic poetry, hymns, lyric poetry Euterpe-flute-playing, lyric poetry, music Melpomene-harmony, lyre-playing, song, tragedy Poly(hym)nia-acting, dance, hymns, lyric poetry, mime, music, rhetoric, song, Terpsichore-dance, flute-playing, lyric poetry, song Thalia-comedy, gaiety, pastoral poetry Urania-astronomy Other names include Menippe, mother of Orpheus. They blinded Thamyris, a bard, for his presumption in challenging them to a contest of poetry. Winning a similar contest with the Pierides, they turned the losers into jackdaws. It is they who gave the Sphinx the riddle it posed to all travellers. They are themselves sometimes referred to as the Pierides. Occasionally identified as Muses, Aganippides, Aganippides, Castalides, Castalides, Corycian nymphs, Corycian nymphs, Corycides, Corycides, Musae, Musae, Nine, the, Nine, the, Pierides, Pierides, Tuneful Nine, The, Tuneful Nine, The, Corycian Nymphs, Corycian Nymphs, The (Tuneful) Nine, The (Tuneful) Nine, Virgins of Helicon, Virgins of Helicon, Roman Camenae or Roman Camenae.

Nearby Myths