Mongolian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abyrga

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Anakhai

A spirit of the dead, said to haunt its former home. Also known as Anakhai.

Asan-sagan-Tengeri

A thunder-god. Occasionally identified as Asan-sagan-Tengeri.

Ba Ja

A general who became an official in the heavenly bureaucracy. Occasionally called Ba Ja.

Begze Sunen

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Black Tengu

An aspect of Tengu as a malevolent. Bringer of disease. In some references, referred to as Black Tengu, Eastern Tengu or Eastern Tengu.

Bogdo Lama

The third senior Buddhist monk, leader of the movement in Mongolia. Occasionally known as Bogdo Lama.

Bukchunh

One of the burkhan. Also known as Bukchunh.

Buninka

A demon. Also commonly referred to as Buninka.

burkhan

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Chinggis Khan

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Dzajaga

A sky god. Sometimes identified as Dzajaga, Dzajan, Dzajan, Dzajaga-Tengri or Dzajaga-Tengri.

Echihe

One of the burkhan. In some accounts, identified as Echihe.

Edji

The first woman. Consort of Torongi. In some accounts, called Edji.

Gala-wan-tengeri

A Buriat fire-god. A god of lightning. In some accounts, identified as Gala-wan-tengeri, Gali-edzin, Gali-edzin or Galai-khan.

Galai-khan

A fire-god. Also called Galai-khan, Gala-wan-tengeri, Gala-wan-tengeri, Gali-edzin, Buriat Gali-edzin or Buriat Gali-edzin.

Gali-edzin

A Buriat fire-god. In some references, known as Gali-edzin, Gala-wan-tengeri, Gala-wan-tengeri or Galai-khan.

Galzuut

One of the 11 sons of Khori Tumed and a swan-maiden. In some accounts, known as Galzuut.

Ganki

One of the burkhan. On occassion, known as Ganki.

Gesar Khan

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Hutukhtu

The Mongol version of Tulku. In some references, identified as Hutukhtu, Khobilkhan or Khobilkhan.

Itugen

Earth-goddess and fertility-goddess. Also called Itugen.

Karaty-khan

A hero who killed the man-eating demon, Punegusse. On occassion, known as Karaty-khan, Itje, Itje, Karaty-Khan, Punegusse or Punegusse.

kere

The unicorn. At times, known as kere, Chinese ch'i-lin, Chinese ch'i-lin, kirin, unicorn, Japanese kirin, Japanese kirin, ch'i-lin, Tibetan serou or Tibetan serou.

Khalbin

One of the 11 sons of Khori Tumed and a swan-maiden. In some references, referred to as Khalbin.

Khovduud

One of the 11 sons of Khori Tumed and a swan-maiden. Also commonly identified as Khovduud.

Kirinh

One of the burkhan. In some references, known as Kirinh.

Manzasiri

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Margye Pongi

A mountain. It was to this mountain that, at the end of his mission on earth, Gesar Khan returned to be purified. Called Margye Pongi.

Morgan-kara

The first shaman. He was reputed to have the power of raising the dead. Sometimes identified as Morgan-kara.

Odqan

A male fire-spirit. Also referred to as Odqan.

Okin Trigri

Sister of Begze Sunen. Sometimes identified as Okin Trigri.

Otygen

An earth-goddess. In some lore, occasionally known as Otygen.

Punegusse

A man-eating demon. This demon was killed by the hero Itje. It is said that mosquitoes were created from the demon's corpse. Sometimes identified as Punegusse, Karaty-khan, Karaty-khan or Itje.

Qormusta Tengri

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Sarki

One of the burkhan. Also referred to as Sarki.

Tarvaa

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Tengri

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Tevne

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Toli

A metal mirror used by a shaman in divination. Sometimes identified as Toli.

Torongoi

The first man. Consort of Edji. In some references, called Torongoi.

tuk

The sacred standard of the khan. This emblem was made from nine yak tails. At times, referred to as tuk.

Ukulan-Tojon

A Yakut water-spirit. At times, called Ukulan-Tojon.

Umai

A mother-goddess. On occassion, called Umai.

White Tengri

A benevolent aspect of Tengri. Known as White Tengri, Western Tengri or Western Tengri.

Yal-un eke

A female fire-spirit. Occasionally called Yal-un eke.
Mongolian Mythology