Mongolian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abyrga

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Anakhai

A spirit of the dead, said to haunt its former home. In some references, known as Anakhai.

Asan-sagan-Tengeri

A thunder-god. Sometimes known as Asan-sagan-Tengeri.

Ba Ja

A general who became an official in the heavenly bureaucracy. On occassion, identified as Ba Ja.

Begze Sunen

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Black Tengu

An aspect of Tengu as a malevolent. Bringer of disease. Also commonly referred to as Black Tengu, Eastern Tengu or Eastern Tengu.

Bogdo Lama

The third senior Buddhist monk, leader of the movement in Mongolia. Called Bogdo Lama.

Bukchunh

One of the burkhan. In some references, called Bukchunh.

Buninka

A demon. Occasionally referred to as Buninka.

burkhan

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Chinggis Khan

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Dzajaga

A sky god. Sometimes identified as Dzajaga, Dzajan, Dzajan, Dzajaga-Tengri or Dzajaga-Tengri.

Echihe

One of the burkhan. On occassion, known as Echihe.

Edji

The first woman. Consort of Torongi. Sometimes known as Edji.

Gala-wan-tengeri

A Buriat fire-god. A god of lightning. Also called Gala-wan-tengeri, Gali-edzin, Gali-edzin or Galai-khan.

Galai-khan

A fire-god. Called Galai-khan, Gala-wan-tengeri, Gala-wan-tengeri, Gali-edzin, Buriat Gali-edzin or Buriat Gali-edzin.

Gali-edzin

A Buriat fire-god. Also called Gali-edzin, Gala-wan-tengeri, Gala-wan-tengeri or Galai-khan.

Galzuut

One of the 11 sons of Khori Tumed and a swan-maiden. In some references, called Galzuut.

Ganki

One of the burkhan. In some accounts, referred to as Ganki.

Gesar Khan

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Hutukhtu

The Mongol version of Tulku. Known as Hutukhtu, Khobilkhan or Khobilkhan.

Itugen

Earth-goddess and fertility-goddess. In some accounts, called Itugen.

Karaty-khan

A hero who killed the man-eating demon, Punegusse. Sometimes called Karaty-khan, Itje, Itje, Karaty-Khan, Punegusse or Punegusse.

kere

The unicorn. Sometimes known as kere, Chinese ch'i-lin, Chinese ch'i-lin, kirin, unicorn, Japanese kirin, Japanese kirin, ch'i-lin, Tibetan serou or Tibetan serou.

Khalbin

One of the 11 sons of Khori Tumed and a swan-maiden. On occassion, called Khalbin.

Khovduud

One of the 11 sons of Khori Tumed and a swan-maiden. In some references, known as Khovduud.

Kirinh

One of the burkhan. At times, known as Kirinh.

Manzasiri

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Margye Pongi

A mountain. It was to this mountain that, at the end of his mission on earth, Gesar Khan returned to be purified. In some references, referred to as Margye Pongi.

Morgan-kara

The first shaman. He was reputed to have the power of raising the dead. Sometimes known as Morgan-kara.

Odqan

A male fire-spirit. At times, identified as Odqan.

Okin Trigri

Sister of Begze Sunen. Also identified as Okin Trigri.

Otygen

An earth-goddess. Also called Otygen.

Punegusse

A man-eating demon. This demon was killed by the hero Itje. It is said that mosquitoes were created from the demon's corpse. Also commonly called Punegusse, Karaty-khan, Karaty-khan or Itje.

Qormusta Tengri

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Sarki

One of the burkhan. On occassion, referred to as Sarki.

Tarvaa

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Tengri

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Tevne

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Toli

A metal mirror used by a shaman in divination. In some accounts, known as Toli.

Torongoi

The first man. Consort of Edji. Also commonly identified as Torongoi.

tuk

The sacred standard of the khan. This emblem was made from nine yak tails. Also referred to as tuk.

Ukulan-Tojon

A Yakut water-spirit. Also known as Ukulan-Tojon.

Umai

A mother-goddess. Occasionally known as Umai.

White Tengri

A benevolent aspect of Tengri. Also called White Tengri, Western Tengri or Western Tengri.

Yal-un eke

A female fire-spirit. In some accounts, referred to as Yal-un eke.
Mongolian Mythology