Mongolian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abyrga

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Anakhai

A spirit of the dead, said to haunt its former home. In some lore, occasionally called Anakhai.

Asan-sagan-Tengeri

A thunder-god. In some references, known as Asan-sagan-Tengeri.

Ba Ja

A general who became an official in the heavenly bureaucracy. On occassion, known as Ba Ja.

Begze Sunen

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Black Tengu

An aspect of Tengu as a malevolent. Bringer of disease. Also identified as Black Tengu, Eastern Tengu or Eastern Tengu.

Bogdo Lama

The third senior Buddhist monk, leader of the movement in Mongolia. On occassion, referred to as Bogdo Lama.

Bukchunh

One of the burkhan. Sometimes referred to as Bukchunh.

Buninka

A demon. On occassion, known as Buninka.

burkhan

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Chinggis Khan

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Dzajaga

A sky god. Also identified as Dzajaga, Dzajan, Dzajan, Dzajaga-Tengri or Dzajaga-Tengri.

Echihe

One of the burkhan. Sometimes identified as Echihe.

Edji

The first woman. Consort of Torongi. Also known as Edji.

Gala-wan-tengeri

A Buriat fire-god. A god of lightning. Also referred to as Gala-wan-tengeri, Gali-edzin, Gali-edzin or Galai-khan.

Galai-khan

A fire-god. Also commonly known as Galai-khan, Gala-wan-tengeri, Gala-wan-tengeri, Gali-edzin, Buriat Gali-edzin or Buriat Gali-edzin.

Gali-edzin

A Buriat fire-god. In some references, called Gali-edzin, Gala-wan-tengeri, Gala-wan-tengeri or Galai-khan.

Galzuut

One of the 11 sons of Khori Tumed and a swan-maiden. Occasionally referred to as Galzuut.

Ganki

One of the burkhan. In some references, identified as Ganki.

Gesar Khan

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Hutukhtu

The Mongol version of Tulku. Also commonly identified as Hutukhtu, Khobilkhan or Khobilkhan.

Itugen

Earth-goddess and fertility-goddess. Also referred to as Itugen.

Karaty-khan

A hero who killed the man-eating demon, Punegusse. Occasionally identified as Karaty-khan, Itje, Itje, Karaty-Khan, Punegusse or Punegusse.

kere

The unicorn. At times, known as kere, Chinese ch'i-lin, Chinese ch'i-lin, kirin, unicorn, Japanese kirin, Japanese kirin, ch'i-lin, Tibetan serou or Tibetan serou.

Khalbin

One of the 11 sons of Khori Tumed and a swan-maiden. At times, called Khalbin.

Khovduud

One of the 11 sons of Khori Tumed and a swan-maiden. On occassion, identified as Khovduud.

Kirinh

One of the burkhan. Occasionally called Kirinh.

Manzasiri

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Margye Pongi

A mountain. It was to this mountain that, at the end of his mission on earth, Gesar Khan returned to be purified. Occasionally known as Margye Pongi.

Morgan-kara

The first shaman. He was reputed to have the power of raising the dead. Also commonly identified as Morgan-kara.

Odqan

A male fire-spirit. Occasionally called Odqan.

Okin Trigri

Sister of Begze Sunen. Occasionally known as Okin Trigri.

Otygen

An earth-goddess. Occasionally identified as Otygen.

Punegusse

A man-eating demon. This demon was killed by the hero Itje. It is said that mosquitoes were created from the demon's corpse. Also called Punegusse, Karaty-khan, Karaty-khan or Itje.

Qormusta Tengri

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Sarki

One of the burkhan. Also known as Sarki.

Tarvaa

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Tengri

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Tevne

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Toli

A metal mirror used by a shaman in divination. Occasionally referred to as Toli.

Torongoi

The first man. Consort of Edji. Occasionally identified as Torongoi.

tuk

The sacred standard of the khan. This emblem was made from nine yak tails. In some lore, occasionally known as tuk.

Ukulan-Tojon

A Yakut water-spirit. In some lore, occasionally called Ukulan-Tojon.

Umai

A mother-goddess. Sometimes known as Umai.

White Tengri

A benevolent aspect of Tengri. Also referred to as White Tengri, Western Tengri or Western Tengri.

Yal-un eke

A female fire-spirit. In some lore, occasionally identified as Yal-un eke.
Mongolian Mythology