Mongolian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abyrga

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Anakhai

A spirit of the dead, said to haunt its former home. Referred to as Anakhai.

Asan-sagan-Tengeri

A thunder-god. Sometimes referred to as Asan-sagan-Tengeri.

Ba Ja

A general who became an official in the heavenly bureaucracy. On occassion, referred to as Ba Ja.

Begze Sunen

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Black Tengu

An aspect of Tengu as a malevolent. Bringer of disease. Also commonly referred to as Black Tengu, Eastern Tengu or Eastern Tengu.

Bogdo Lama

The third senior Buddhist monk, leader of the movement in Mongolia. Occasionally identified as Bogdo Lama.

Bukchunh

One of the burkhan. In some accounts, called Bukchunh.

Buninka

A demon. Occasionally known as Buninka.

burkhan

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Chinggis Khan

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Dzajaga

A sky god. Sometimes known as Dzajaga, Dzajan, Dzajan, Dzajaga-Tengri or Dzajaga-Tengri.

Echihe

One of the burkhan. Also commonly known as Echihe.

Edji

The first woman. Consort of Torongi. In some references, referred to as Edji.

Gala-wan-tengeri

A Buriat fire-god. A god of lightning. Also referred to as Gala-wan-tengeri, Gali-edzin, Gali-edzin or Galai-khan.

Galai-khan

A fire-god. In some lore, occasionally known as Galai-khan, Gala-wan-tengeri, Gala-wan-tengeri, Gali-edzin, Buriat Gali-edzin or Buriat Gali-edzin.

Gali-edzin

A Buriat fire-god. Also identified as Gali-edzin, Gala-wan-tengeri, Gala-wan-tengeri or Galai-khan.

Galzuut

One of the 11 sons of Khori Tumed and a swan-maiden. In some accounts, identified as Galzuut.

Ganki

One of the burkhan. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Ganki.

Gesar Khan

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Hutukhtu

The Mongol version of Tulku. At times, referred to as Hutukhtu, Khobilkhan or Khobilkhan.

Itugen

Earth-goddess and fertility-goddess. Sometimes referred to as Itugen.

Karaty-khan

A hero who killed the man-eating demon, Punegusse. Also commonly referred to as Karaty-khan, Itje, Itje, Karaty-Khan, Punegusse or Punegusse.

kere

The unicorn. Also known as kere, Chinese ch'i-lin, Chinese ch'i-lin, kirin, unicorn, Japanese kirin, Japanese kirin, ch'i-lin, Tibetan serou or Tibetan serou.

Khalbin

One of the 11 sons of Khori Tumed and a swan-maiden. Also known as Khalbin.

Khovduud

One of the 11 sons of Khori Tumed and a swan-maiden. Occasionally identified as Khovduud.

Kirinh

One of the burkhan. Also referred to as Kirinh.

Manzasiri

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Margye Pongi

A mountain. It was to this mountain that, at the end of his mission on earth, Gesar Khan returned to be purified. At times, known as Margye Pongi.

Morgan-kara

The first shaman. He was reputed to have the power of raising the dead. In some accounts, identified as Morgan-kara.

Odqan

A male fire-spirit. Also commonly known as Odqan.

Okin Trigri

Sister of Begze Sunen. Called Okin Trigri.

Otygen

An earth-goddess. In some references, identified as Otygen.

Punegusse

A man-eating demon. This demon was killed by the hero Itje. It is said that mosquitoes were created from the demon's corpse. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Punegusse, Karaty-khan, Karaty-khan or Itje.

Qormusta Tengri

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Sarki

One of the burkhan. In some lore, occasionally identified as Sarki.

Tarvaa

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Tengri

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Tevne

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Toli

A metal mirror used by a shaman in divination. In some lore, occasionally identified as Toli.

Torongoi

The first man. Consort of Edji. Known as Torongoi.

tuk

The sacred standard of the khan. This emblem was made from nine yak tails. In some lore, occasionally called tuk.

Ukulan-Tojon

A Yakut water-spirit. At times, called Ukulan-Tojon.

Umai

A mother-goddess. Occasionally identified as Umai.

White Tengri

A benevolent aspect of Tengri. In some accounts, known as White Tengri, Western Tengri or Western Tengri.

Yal-un eke

A female fire-spirit. Occasionally called Yal-un eke.
Mongolian Mythology