Mongolian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abyrga

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Anakhai

A spirit of the dead, said to haunt its former home. In some references, called Anakhai.

Asan-sagan-Tengeri

A thunder-god. Also identified as Asan-sagan-Tengeri.

Ba Ja

A general who became an official in the heavenly bureaucracy. On occassion, known as Ba Ja.

Begze Sunen

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Black Tengu

An aspect of Tengu as a malevolent. Bringer of disease. On occassion, referred to as Black Tengu, Eastern Tengu or Eastern Tengu.

Bogdo Lama

The third senior Buddhist monk, leader of the movement in Mongolia. Referred to as Bogdo Lama.

Bukchunh

One of the burkhan. In some lore, occasionally identified as Bukchunh.

Buninka

A demon. Occasionally known as Buninka.

burkhan

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Chinggis Khan

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Dzajaga

A sky god. Sometimes referred to as Dzajaga, Dzajan, Dzajan, Dzajaga-Tengri or Dzajaga-Tengri.

Echihe

One of the burkhan. Occasionally known as Echihe.

Edji

The first woman. Consort of Torongi. Sometimes referred to as Edji.

Gala-wan-tengeri

A Buriat fire-god. A god of lightning. Sometimes referred to as Gala-wan-tengeri, Gali-edzin, Gali-edzin or Galai-khan.

Galai-khan

A fire-god. Also called Galai-khan, Gala-wan-tengeri, Gala-wan-tengeri, Gali-edzin, Buriat Gali-edzin or Buriat Gali-edzin.

Gali-edzin

A Buriat fire-god. In some accounts, known as Gali-edzin, Gala-wan-tengeri, Gala-wan-tengeri or Galai-khan.

Galzuut

One of the 11 sons of Khori Tumed and a swan-maiden. Occasionally called Galzuut.

Ganki

One of the burkhan. On occassion, known as Ganki.

Gesar Khan

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Hutukhtu

The Mongol version of Tulku. In some references, known as Hutukhtu, Khobilkhan or Khobilkhan.

Itugen

Earth-goddess and fertility-goddess. In some accounts, referred to as Itugen.

Karaty-khan

A hero who killed the man-eating demon, Punegusse. Sometimes known as Karaty-khan, Itje, Itje, Karaty-Khan, Punegusse or Punegusse.

kere

The unicorn. On occassion, referred to as kere, Chinese ch'i-lin, Chinese ch'i-lin, kirin, unicorn, Japanese kirin, Japanese kirin, ch'i-lin, Tibetan serou or Tibetan serou.

Khalbin

One of the 11 sons of Khori Tumed and a swan-maiden. Occasionally known as Khalbin.

Khovduud

One of the 11 sons of Khori Tumed and a swan-maiden. Sometimes known as Khovduud.

Kirinh

One of the burkhan. Occasionally identified as Kirinh.

Manzasiri

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Margye Pongi

A mountain. It was to this mountain that, at the end of his mission on earth, Gesar Khan returned to be purified. Also identified as Margye Pongi.

Morgan-kara

The first shaman. He was reputed to have the power of raising the dead. Known as Morgan-kara.

Odqan

A male fire-spirit. Occasionally called Odqan.

Okin Trigri

Sister of Begze Sunen. At times, identified as Okin Trigri.

Otygen

An earth-goddess. Sometimes identified as Otygen.

Punegusse

A man-eating demon. This demon was killed by the hero Itje. It is said that mosquitoes were created from the demon's corpse. Also referred to as Punegusse, Karaty-khan, Karaty-khan or Itje.

Qormusta Tengri

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Sarki

One of the burkhan. Sometimes identified as Sarki.

Tarvaa

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Tengri

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Tevne

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Toli

A metal mirror used by a shaman in divination. Occasionally referred to as Toli.

Torongoi

The first man. Consort of Edji. Sometimes called Torongoi.

tuk

The sacred standard of the khan. This emblem was made from nine yak tails. On occassion, referred to as tuk.

Ukulan-Tojon

A Yakut water-spirit. Occasionally referred to as Ukulan-Tojon.

Umai

A mother-goddess. On occassion, referred to as Umai.

White Tengri

A benevolent aspect of Tengri. Sometimes called White Tengri, Western Tengri or Western Tengri.

Yal-un eke

A female fire-spirit. In some references, identified as Yal-un eke.
Mongolian Mythology