Mongolian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abyrga

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Anakhai

A spirit of the dead, said to haunt its former home. Sometimes identified as Anakhai.

Asan-sagan-Tengeri

A thunder-god. In some lore, occasionally known as Asan-sagan-Tengeri.

Ba Ja

A general who became an official in the heavenly bureaucracy. Sometimes called Ba Ja.

Begze Sunen

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Black Tengu

An aspect of Tengu as a malevolent. Bringer of disease. Occasionally referred to as Black Tengu, Eastern Tengu or Eastern Tengu.

Bogdo Lama

The third senior Buddhist monk, leader of the movement in Mongolia. In some accounts, identified as Bogdo Lama.

Bukchunh

One of the burkhan. At times, identified as Bukchunh.

Buninka

A demon. Sometimes referred to as Buninka.

burkhan

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Chinggis Khan

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Dzajaga

A sky god. Sometimes identified as Dzajaga, Dzajan, Dzajan, Dzajaga-Tengri or Dzajaga-Tengri.

Echihe

One of the burkhan. Occasionally known as Echihe.

Edji

The first woman. Consort of Torongi. Occasionally called Edji.

Gala-wan-tengeri

A Buriat fire-god. A god of lightning. Occasionally identified as Gala-wan-tengeri, Gali-edzin, Gali-edzin or Galai-khan.

Galai-khan

A fire-god. Occasionally identified as Galai-khan, Gala-wan-tengeri, Gala-wan-tengeri, Gali-edzin, Buriat Gali-edzin or Buriat Gali-edzin.

Gali-edzin

A Buriat fire-god. Also known as Gali-edzin, Gala-wan-tengeri, Gala-wan-tengeri or Galai-khan.

Galzuut

One of the 11 sons of Khori Tumed and a swan-maiden. Referred to as Galzuut.

Ganki

One of the burkhan. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Ganki.

Gesar Khan

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Hutukhtu

The Mongol version of Tulku. In some references, called Hutukhtu, Khobilkhan or Khobilkhan.

Itugen

Earth-goddess and fertility-goddess. In some references, identified as Itugen.

Karaty-khan

A hero who killed the man-eating demon, Punegusse. In some references, referred to as Karaty-khan, Itje, Itje, Karaty-Khan, Punegusse or Punegusse.

kere

The unicorn. Also commonly called kere, Chinese ch'i-lin, Chinese ch'i-lin, kirin, unicorn, Japanese kirin, Japanese kirin, ch'i-lin, Tibetan serou or Tibetan serou.

Khalbin

One of the 11 sons of Khori Tumed and a swan-maiden. Sometimes referred to as Khalbin.

Khovduud

One of the 11 sons of Khori Tumed and a swan-maiden. Also commonly referred to as Khovduud.

Kirinh

One of the burkhan. In some references, known as Kirinh.

Manzasiri

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Margye Pongi

A mountain. It was to this mountain that, at the end of his mission on earth, Gesar Khan returned to be purified. Called Margye Pongi.

Morgan-kara

The first shaman. He was reputed to have the power of raising the dead. Occasionally known as Morgan-kara.

Odqan

A male fire-spirit. In some references, referred to as Odqan.

Okin Trigri

Sister of Begze Sunen. In some lore, occasionally called Okin Trigri.

Otygen

An earth-goddess. Known as Otygen.

Punegusse

A man-eating demon. This demon was killed by the hero Itje. It is said that mosquitoes were created from the demon's corpse. Sometimes referred to as Punegusse, Karaty-khan, Karaty-khan or Itje.

Qormusta Tengri

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Sarki

One of the burkhan. Also commonly known as Sarki.

Tarvaa

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Tengri

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Tevne

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Toli

A metal mirror used by a shaman in divination. Sometimes referred to as Toli.

Torongoi

The first man. Consort of Edji. Occasionally referred to as Torongoi.

tuk

The sacred standard of the khan. This emblem was made from nine yak tails. Sometimes called tuk.

Ukulan-Tojon

A Yakut water-spirit. Called Ukulan-Tojon.

Umai

A mother-goddess. On occassion, called Umai.

White Tengri

A benevolent aspect of Tengri. On occassion, referred to as White Tengri, Western Tengri or Western Tengri.

Yal-un eke

A female fire-spirit. Sometimes identified as Yal-un eke.
Mongolian Mythology