Mongolian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abyrga

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Anakhai

A spirit of the dead, said to haunt its former home. Sometimes referred to as Anakhai.

Asan-sagan-Tengeri

A thunder-god. Also called Asan-sagan-Tengeri.

Ba Ja

A general who became an official in the heavenly bureaucracy. Also commonly known as Ba Ja.

Begze Sunen

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Black Tengu

An aspect of Tengu as a malevolent. Bringer of disease. Sometimes known as Black Tengu, Eastern Tengu or Eastern Tengu.

Bogdo Lama

The third senior Buddhist monk, leader of the movement in Mongolia. In some lore, occasionally called Bogdo Lama.

Bukchunh

One of the burkhan. Sometimes known as Bukchunh.

Buninka

A demon. Identified as Buninka.

burkhan

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Chinggis Khan

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Dzajaga

A sky god. On occassion, called Dzajaga, Dzajan, Dzajan, Dzajaga-Tengri or Dzajaga-Tengri.

Echihe

One of the burkhan. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Echihe.

Edji

The first woman. Consort of Torongi. In some accounts, identified as Edji.

Gala-wan-tengeri

A Buriat fire-god. A god of lightning. Also referred to as Gala-wan-tengeri, Gali-edzin, Gali-edzin or Galai-khan.

Galai-khan

A fire-god. In some lore, occasionally known as Galai-khan, Gala-wan-tengeri, Gala-wan-tengeri, Gali-edzin, Buriat Gali-edzin or Buriat Gali-edzin.

Gali-edzin

A Buriat fire-god. Occasionally identified as Gali-edzin, Gala-wan-tengeri, Gala-wan-tengeri or Galai-khan.

Galzuut

One of the 11 sons of Khori Tumed and a swan-maiden. Occasionally called Galzuut.

Ganki

One of the burkhan. Also identified as Ganki.

Gesar Khan

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Hutukhtu

The Mongol version of Tulku. Also called Hutukhtu, Khobilkhan or Khobilkhan.

Itugen

Earth-goddess and fertility-goddess. Also called Itugen.

Karaty-khan

A hero who killed the man-eating demon, Punegusse. In some references, called Karaty-khan, Itje, Itje, Karaty-Khan, Punegusse or Punegusse.

kere

The unicorn. Referred to as kere, Chinese ch'i-lin, Chinese ch'i-lin, kirin, unicorn, Japanese kirin, Japanese kirin, ch'i-lin, Tibetan serou or Tibetan serou.

Khalbin

One of the 11 sons of Khori Tumed and a swan-maiden. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Khalbin.

Khovduud

One of the 11 sons of Khori Tumed and a swan-maiden. Occasionally called Khovduud.

Kirinh

One of the burkhan. At times, known as Kirinh.

Manzasiri

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Margye Pongi

A mountain. It was to this mountain that, at the end of his mission on earth, Gesar Khan returned to be purified. Also commonly called Margye Pongi.

Morgan-kara

The first shaman. He was reputed to have the power of raising the dead. In some references, referred to as Morgan-kara.

Odqan

A male fire-spirit. Occasionally known as Odqan.

Okin Trigri

Sister of Begze Sunen. Also commonly identified as Okin Trigri.

Otygen

An earth-goddess. On occassion, referred to as Otygen.

Punegusse

A man-eating demon. This demon was killed by the hero Itje. It is said that mosquitoes were created from the demon's corpse. Occasionally called Punegusse, Karaty-khan, Karaty-khan or Itje.

Qormusta Tengri

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Sarki

One of the burkhan. Referred to as Sarki.

Tarvaa

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Tengri

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Tevne

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Toli

A metal mirror used by a shaman in divination. At times, referred to as Toli.

Torongoi

The first man. Consort of Edji. In some lore, occasionally identified as Torongoi.

tuk

The sacred standard of the khan. This emblem was made from nine yak tails. Occasionally referred to as tuk.

Ukulan-Tojon

A Yakut water-spirit. Also called Ukulan-Tojon.

Umai

A mother-goddess. Sometimes referred to as Umai.

White Tengri

A benevolent aspect of Tengri. At times, called White Tengri, Western Tengri or Western Tengri.

Yal-un eke

A female fire-spirit. Also commonly referred to as Yal-un eke.
Mongolian Mythology