Mesopotamian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

A

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A'as

A Hurrian god of wisdom. Keeper of the tablets of destiny. Identified as A'as.

A'na

A Babylonian spirit of heaven. Also referred to as A'na, Ha'na or Ha'na.

Aa

A Babylonian sun-goddess wife of Samas. Mother of Giru, Kittu, Mesharu and Nusku. In some references, referred to as Aa, A, A, Aa, Ai, Ea, Ea, Aa, Ansar, Ea-Sarru, Enlil, Hea, Hoa, Nidim, Nidimmud, Amma-ana-ki, Aos, Dunga, Engur, Enki, Enti, Kuski-banda, Lamha, ugal-ida(k), Lugalid, Mummu, Nadimmud, Naqbu, Nidim(mud), Ninbuba, Ninigkug, Nudim(mud), Nun-ura, Sa-kala-ma, Sassu-wunnu, Shar Apsi or Sumerian Enki.

AA

A Chaldaean god of life. Occasionally known as AA, A, A, Aa, Aa, Ai, Ea, Ea, Aa, Ansar, Ea-Sarru, Enlil, Hea, Hoa, Nidim, Nidimmud, Amma-ana-ki, Aos, Dunga, Engur, Enki, Enti, Kuski-banda, Lamha, ugal-ida(k), Lugalid, Mummu, Nadimmud, Naqbu, Nidim(mud), Ninbuba, Ninigkug, Nudim(mud), Nun-ura, Sa-kala-ma, Sassu-wunnu, Shar Apsi or Sumerian Enki.

Ab

The Sumerian lord of wisdom. Father of Abzu. At times, identified as Ab, Sahar, Sahar, Ab, Amm, Wadd, Khil, Shahar, Warah or Salem.

Abgal

Spirits attending the major gods. These spirits were said to live in Abzu. Sometimes referred to as Abgal.

Abtagigi

A Sumerian harlot goddess. In some lore, occasionally identified as Abtagigi, Absusu or Absusu.

Abu

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Abuba

An Akkadian being helping Marduk in his struggle with Tiamat. Sometimes referred to as Abuba.

Abzu

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Acan

A Chaldaean deity, a wine god, some say. Occasionally known as Acan.

Ach-chazu

A Semitic monster causing death and disease. Also commonly referred to as Ach-chazu, Ahhazu or Ahhazu.

Achikar

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Acu

An Akkadian moon-god. Occasionally known as Acu, Agu, Agu, Babylonian Nanna, Babylonian Nanna, Sin, Sin or Marduk.

Adad

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Adad-Ea

The ferryman in the Babylonian underworld. In some references, identified as Adad-Ea, Greek Charon, Greek Charon, Arad Ea, Charun, Mahaf, Tempon Telon or Turnface.

Adapa

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Adar

A Babylonian sun-god to whom. Children were sacrificed. In some references, known as Adar, Adrammelech, Adrammelech, Atar, Atar, Adhur, Atarsh, Atesh, Thraetona, Verethragna, Ninib, Ninib, Adar, Nerig, Nin-ip, Nineb, Ningirsu, Ninip, Nirig, Tammuz, Ber, Nerig Uras, Hittite Zamana or Roman Saturn.

Adham-Algal

Purgatory, where the wicked undergo torture. On occassion, identified as Adham-Algal.

Adon

A Canaanite fertility-god. Brother, son or husband of Astarte. He later appeared as the Greek Adonis. At times, called Adon, Adonis, Adonis, Syrian God, Babylonian Tammuz, Etruscan Atunis, Phrygian Attis, Aten, Aten, Adon, Aton or Eton.

Adoni-Bezek

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Adrammelech

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Agaku

A name of Marduk as 'love', etc. Known as Agaku, Marduk, Marduk, Adad, Addu, Amarud, Amurru-Ramman, Assaluha, Avenger, Hegal, Marlah, Murduk, Qaru, Samas, Suhgurim, Zisi, Agilma, Amaradu(k), Aranunna, Asai, As(s)alluha, Asar(i), Asaru(alim) Asaruludu, Bel(-Enlil) Bel-Marduk, Bel Matai, Epadum, Gibil, Gil(ma), (Gish) Qaru, Gugal, Iku, Irkingu, Lugal-Dimmer-An-Ki-A, Kinma, Marad, Namru, Namtillaku, Nari, Sandan, S(h)amas(h), Shazu, Sin, Sirsir, Tuku, Tutu, Usire, Zah(gu)rim, Ziku, Ziukinna, Zulum, Assyrian Ashur, Greek Zeus, Hebrew Merodach, Sumerian Enlil, Tagtug or Shulpae.

Agga

King of Kish. He challenged Gilgamesh to fight and was defeated. Also referred to as Agga.

Agilma

A name of Marduk as 'creativity'. In some accounts, referred to as Agilma, Marduk, Marduk, Adad, Addu, Amarud, Amurru-Ramman, Assaluha, Avenger, Hegal, Marlah, Murduk, Qaru, Samas, Suhgurim, Zisi, Agaku, Amaradu(k), Aranunna, Asai, As(s)alluha, Asar(i), Asaru(alim) Asaruludu, Bel(-Enlil) Bel-Marduk, Bel Matai, Epadum, Gibil, Gil(ma), (Gish) Qaru, Gugal, Iku, Irkingu, Lugal-Dimmer-An-Ki-A, Kinma, Marad, Namru, Namtillaku, Nari, Sandan, S(h)amas(h), Shazu, Sin, Sirsir, Tuku, Tutu, Usire, Zah(gu)rim, Ziku, Ziukinna, Zulum, Assyrian Ashur, Greek Zeus, Hebrew Merodach, Sumerian Enlil, Tagtug or Shulpae.

Agusaya

A Babylonian goddess, as an aspect of Ishtar. Sometimes called Agusaya, Ishtar, Ishtar, Asdar, Ashdar, Astar, Estar, Ininna, Irnini, Istar, Lady of Battles, Sirtu, Tamar, Anunitum, As(h)darAshtart, Ast(h)ar, Bau Gula, Kilili, Mah, Mama, Mami, Minu-anni, Minu-ulla, Mylitta, Qadishtu, Sarpanitu, Babylonian Ashtoreth, Egyptian Hathor, Greek Aphrodite, Hebrew Tamar, Hurrian Shaushkas, Phoenician Astarte, Sumerian Baba, Inanna, Ella, Iku, Nidaba Nin or Saltu.

Ahuza

A Semitic demon said to carry people off by night. In some accounts, identified as Ahuza.

Akitu

An Akkadian festival in honour of Marduk or Nanna, held at New Year. Also called Akitu.

Akki

A water demon. Also referred to as Akki.

Ala

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Alad Udug Lama

Babylonian guardian spirits, later demons. Also called Alad Udug Lama.

Alallu

A fabulous bird in the Babylonian. Story of Gilgamesh. Sometimes known as Alallu.

Alalu

A Hurrian god, the king of heaven. He was overthrown by Anu and sent to the underworld. Also known as Alalu, Alalus or Alalus.

Aleion Baal

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Allala bird

A bird loved by Ishtar who broke his. Wings and abandoned him. In some accounts, known as Allala bird.

Allat

A Babylonian goddess of the underworld. Sometimes known as Allat, Alilat, Alilat, Alilta, Allat, Al, Halitta, Lat, Greek Aphrodite, Ilat or Rusa.

Allulu

A birdman whose wing was broken by Ishtar whom he loved. Sometimes called Allulu.

Alu

A storm-god. A Babylonian demon who killed people. By crushing them. Also referred to as Alu, Galla, Galla, Mulla, Gall(o)u, Greek Gello, Hebrew Gelou or Gilou.

Alulim

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Ama

A Sumerian virgin mother-goddess. Identified as Ama, Amma, Amma, Ama, Eire, Eire, Ama, Anith, Anu, Aonach, Eadna, Eirean, Eirin, Eoghana, Eri, Erin, Eriu, Iath, Ith, Momo, Mumham, Nannam, Nanu, Ops, Sibhol, Anan, Anu, EireanEoghana, Eri(u), I(a)th, Momo, Nannan, Ops, Sibhd, Tlachtga or Eri.

Ama-arhus

A Babylonian fertility-goddess. At times, referred to as Ama-arhus, Amat-Ara-arhus, Amat-Ara-arhus, Arad-Ama-arhus, Arad-Ama-arhus, Mama, Mama, Mami, Great Mother, Great Mother, Anaitis, Astarte, Ate, Baba, Cybele, Hathor, Isis, Ma, Magna Mater, Mami, Mamitu, Mater Turrita or Nekhbet.

Amanki

A Babylonian water-god. Occasionally identified as Amanki.

Amaradu

A Sumerian name for Marduk. Also commonly called Amaradu, Amaraduk or Amaraduk.

Amarga

A Babylonian divine calf, offspring of the sun. In some lore, occasionally known as Amarga.

Amasis

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Amaushumgalanna

A name of Dumuzi as date-god. On occassion, identified as Amaushumgalanna, Ama-Usum-Gal-Ana, Ama-Usum-Gal-Ana or Dumuzi.

Amma-ana-ki

A name for Ea as 'lord of heaven'. Occasionally identified as Amma-ana-ki, Ea, Ea, Aa, Ansar, Ea-Sarru, Enlil, Hea, Hoa, Nidim, Nidimmud, Aa, Aos, Dunga, Engur, Enki, Enti, Kuski-banda, Lamha, ugal-ida(k), Lugalid, Mummu, Nadimmud, Naqbu, Nidim(mud), Ninbuba, Ninigkug, Nudim(mud), Nun-ura, Sa-kala-ma, Sassu-wunnu, Shar Apsi or Sumerian Enki.

An

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Anaitis

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Anamelech

An Assyrian demon said to appear as a quail. In some accounts Anamelech is a moon-god. Known as Anamelech, Adrammelech, Adrammelech, Sardon, Adramelech, Adrameleck, Andramelech, Anammelech, Anammelech, Anamelech, Anu, Anu, Anum, Anus, Anos or Sumerian An.

Anat

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Andramelech

An Assyrian sun demon. Referred to as Andramelech, Adrammelech, Adrammelech, Sardon, Adramelech, Adrameleck, Anamelech, Anamelech, Anamelech or Anammelech.

Anduruna

Heaven, the playground of the gods. In Babylonian lore, Anduruna was the underworld Also called Anduruna.

Anita

A cup bearer to Lida. In some references, called Anita.

Annuna

50 Sumerian great gods fathered by Enki on his mother Nammu. In some lore, occasionally known as Annuna.

Annunaki

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Anobret

Son of El. He was offered as a sacrifice to ward off danger to the kingdom. In some lore, occasionally called Anobret.

Anos

Son of Assoros and Kissare. An alternative verison of Anu. Sometimes called Anos, Anu, Anu, Anum, Anus, Anamelech or Sumerian An.

Ansar

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Anthat

The name of Anat in Egypt where she was regarded as the daughter of Ra. Occasionally known as Anthat, Anat, Anat, Allat, Anahit, Anahita, Anaitis, Anata, Anath, Anta, Aphrodite, Ashtareth, Athtarat, Athtart, Attart, Hanatu, Queen of Heaven, Syria Dea, Anaitis, Ashtoreth, Ashtoroth, Astarat, Astarte, Athirat, Athtar(a)t, Yabamat Liimmim, Babylonian Ishtar, Egyptian, Anthrathi, Antit, Phoenician Antaeus, Anthyt, Phrygian Cybele, Sumerian Inanna or Baalat.

Antu

A Babylonian goddess. Daughter of Ansar and Kisar. Consort of Anu. Mother of Ishtar. Occasionally known as Antu, Anata, Anata, Anat, Anatu, Anatu, Anatum, Anatum, Antum, Antum, Anunitum, Anunitum, Anunit, Anunitu, Ishtar, Anunit(u), Anatu(m), Anatu(m), Sumerian Ki or Sumerian Ki.

Anu

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Anunitum

A Babylonian war-goddess. A name for Ishtar as the morning star. Sometimes referred to as Anunitum, Antu, Antu, Anata, Anatu, Anatum, Antum, Anatu(m), Sumerian Ki, Anunit, Anunit, Anunitu, Anunitu, Ishtar, Ishtar, Asdar, Ashdar, Astar, Estar, Ininna, Irnini, Istar, Lady of Battles, Sirtu, Tamar, Agusaya, As(h)darAshtart, Ast(h)ar, Bau Gula, Kilili, Mah, Mama, Mami, Minu-anni, Minu-ulla, Mylitta, Qadishtu, Sarpanitu, Babylonian Ashtoreth, Egyptian Hathor, Greek Aphrodite, Hebrew Tamar, Hurrian Shaushkas, Phoenician Astarte, Sumerian Baba, Inanna, Ella, Iku, Nidaba Nin, Saltu, Anunit(u) or Anunit(u).

Anunna

A collective name for a group of local. Sumerian gods. At times, identified as Anunna.

Anunnak

Minor Akkadian gods. Also identified as Anunnak.

Aos

An alternative version of Ea. Consort of Dauke. Father of Belos. Sometimes referred to as Aos, Ea, Ea, Aa, Ansar, Ea-Sarru, Enlil, Hea, Hoa, Nidim, Nidimmud, Aa, Amma-ana-ki, Dunga, Engur, Enki, Enti, Kuski-banda, Lamha, ugal-ida(k), Lugalid, Mummu, Nadimmud, Naqbu, Nidim(mud), Ninbuba, Ninigkug, Nudim(mud), Nun-ura, Sa-kala-ma, Sassu-wunnu, Shar Apsi or Sumerian Enki.

Aparas

A Hittite god. Occasionally referred to as Aparas.

Apason

An alternative version of Abzu. Consort of Tauthe. Father of Lache, Lachos and Moymis. In some accounts, referred to as Apason, Abzu, Abzu, Absu, Abyss, Apsu, Zigarun, Rishtu, Babylonian Apsu-Rushtu or Egyptian Nun.

Apis

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Apkallu

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apsasatu

A female apsasu. In some lore, occasionally identified as apsasatu.

apsasu

A sphinx-like winged lion with a human head. In some accounts, identified as apsasu, femapsasatu or femapsasatu.

Apsu-Rushtu

The Babylonian god of the primitive waters. Consort of Tiamat. Identified as Apsu-Rushtu, Egyptian Nun, Egyptian Nun, Abzu, Sumerian Abzu, Sumerian Abzu or Nun.

Apulunus

A Hittite god of gates. Also commonly identified as Apulunus.

Arad Ea

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Aralu

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Aranunna

A name of Marduk as 'counsellor'. Also called Aranunna, Marduk, Marduk, Adad, Addu, Amarud, Amurru-Ramman, Assaluha, Avenger, Hegal, Marlah, Murduk, Qaru, Samas, Suhgurim, Zisi, Agaku, Agilma, Amaradu(k), Asai, As(s)alluha, Asar(i), Asaru(alim) Asaruludu, Bel(-Enlil) Bel-Marduk, Bel Matai, Epadum, Gibil, Gil(ma), (Gish) Qaru, Gugal, Iku, Irkingu, Lugal-Dimmer-An-Ki-A, Kinma, Marad, Namru, Namtillaku, Nari, Sandan, S(h)amas(h), Shazu, Sin, Sirsir, Tuku, Tutu, Usire, Zah(gu)rim, Ziku, Ziukinna, Zulum, Assyrian Ashur, Greek Zeus, Hebrew Merodach, Sumerian Enlil, Tagtug or Shulpae.

Arazu

A Babylonian artisan god. At times, referred to as Arazu.

Arcitenus

A Babylonian version of the centaur, with 2 heads. Occasionally referred to as Arcitenus.

Arinna

A goddess, guardian of the kingdom. Occasionally referred to as Arinna, Ariniddu, Ariniddu, Queen of Heaven, Queen of Heaven, Anat, Astarte, Edjo, Hebat, Hera, Holy Mother, Hsi Wang Mu, Inanna, Isis, Juno, Marishiten, Matron of the Measure, Tara, T'ien Hou, Vajravarahi, Astarte, Juno, Hurrian Hebet or Hurrian Hebet.

Arisya

One of the wives of Baal. Occasionally referred to as Arisya.

Arma

A Hittite moon-god, predecessor of Kasku. In some accounts, referred to as Arma, Kasku, Kasku, Kashku, Hurrian Kusuh, Hurrian Kush or Hurrian Kush.

Arsay

A Canaanite underworld-goddess. Daughter of Baal. Sometimes called Arsay.

Artinis

A sun-god of the pre-Armenian Urartians. In some lore, occasionally called Artinis.

Arulu

The Babylonian underworld. In some stories the underworld is known as Cuthah. Sometimes called Arulu.

Aruna

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Aruru

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Asag

A Sumerian demon causing illness. This demon was overcome by Ninurta. Occasionally identified as Asag, Asarluhi, Asarluhi, Akkadian Asakku or Akkadian Asakku.

Asai

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Asakku

A primaeval dragon. One of Tiamat's Eleven Mighty Helpers. Sometimes called Asakku, Sumerian Asag or Sumerian Asag.

Asalluha

A Sumerian messenger-god. Son of Enki. Called Asalluha, Asariluchi, Asariluchi or Asar.

Asari

A Syrian god of agriculture, a form of . Also identified as Asari, Asar, Asar, Asariluchi or Asir.

Asaru

A name of Marduk connecting him with irrigation. Also referred to as Asaru, Asai, Asai, Asar, Asar, Asarualim, Asarualim, Asar(ualim), Asar(ualim), Asai or Asai.

Asaruludu

A name of Marduk connecting him with magic. On occassion, known as Asaruludu.

Aserdus

A Hittite fertility-goddess. Also identified as Aserdus, Canaanite Asertu, Canaanite Asertu or Atirat.

Asertu

A Canaanite fertility-goddess. Wife of Elkinirsa. In some accounts, identified as Asertu, Hittite Aserdus, Hittite Aserdus, Syrian Atirat or Syrian Atirat.

Ashima

A Sumerian version of the sea. Goddess Amathaounta. Also called Ashima.

ashipu

A class of Babylonian priests. Their function was to protect people from witches. In some accounts, known as ashipu.

Ashnan

A Sumerian goddess of the harvest. Daughter of Enlil. At times, called Ashnan.

Ashtaroth

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Ashtoreth

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Ashur

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Ashuritu

A consort of Ashur. In some accounts, called Ashuritu, Beltu, Beltu or Belit.

Ashushu-Namir

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Asnami

A eunuch. In one version of the story of Ishtar's visit to the underworld, this being was created by Ea to rescue her. Sometimes referred to as Asnami, Ashushu-Namir, Ashushu-Namir, Ashanmer, Ashushunamir, Asu-su-Namir, Asushunamir, Nadrushi-Namur, Uddushu-namir or Asu-su-namir.

Asnan

An early goddess of vegetation. Daughter of Enki. In some references, called Asnan, Emmer, Emmer, Sumerian Emmer or Sumerian Emmer.

Aspalis

A Semitic goddess of hunting. She is said to have hanged herself and her body then disappeared. At times, referred to as Aspalis, Greek Artemis, Greek Artemis, Aritimi, Bast, Bendis, Delia, Diana, Dzewana or Garbh Ogh.

Asrat

A Canaanite fertility-goddess. On occassion, referred to as Asrat, Asratum or Asratum.

Assara Mazas

An Assyrian sun-god. Also referred to as Assara Mazas, Persian Ahura Mazda, Persian Ahura Mazda, Aramazd, Rudra, Zeus, Hindu Rudra, Hindu Rudra, Ahura Mazda, Dionysus, Varuna, Varuna, Lord of the Ocean, Anjana, Jalapati, Kesa, Pashabhrit, Pasi, Prasetas, Samraj, Variloma, Yadahpati, Yadhapati, Balinese Waruna, Greek Poseidon or Japanese Ryujin.

Assarac

An Assyrian deity. Sometimes referred to as Assarac.

Assoros

An alternative version of Ansar. Consort of Kissare. Father of Anos, Aos and Illillos. Sometimes known as Assoros, Ansar, Ansar, Anshar, Assorus, Ea, Ilu Sar, S(h)ar or 'sky'.

Astabi

A Hittite war-god. In some lore, occasionally known as Astabi, Astabis or Astabis.

Astronoe

A Canaanite goddess of love. She is said to have emasculated Eshmun. In some references, known as Astronoe.

Ate

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Athar

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Atirat

A Syrian goddess of lasciviousness. Also referred to as Atirat, Canaanite Asertu, Canaanite Asertu, Aserdus, Asherah, Asherah, Ilat, Lady of Byblos, Mother of the Gods or Queen of the Sea.

Atrahasis

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Attar

A Semitic god of the morning star and rain-god. At times, identified as Attar, Atargatis, Atargatis, Atar, Atarate, Atargate, Atergatis, Atharate, Attar, Dercetis, Derceto, Derketo, Atar, Atar(g)ate, DeaSyria, Syrian Goddess, Dhu-Samani, Dhu-Samani or Attar.

Atter

A Semitic war-god. In some references, known as Atter, Attar, Attar, Dhu-Samani, Canaanite Athar, Attar or Attar.

Aus

An early Babylonian god. Father of Bel by Dauce. Sometimes known as Aus.

Ayamur

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Azag Bau

Wife of Sargon. Sometimes identified as Azag Bau.

Azdahah

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Baal-Eret Maharlet

An Ugaritic fertility-god, god of wells. Also referred to as Baal-Eret Maharlet.

Baal-Marqod

A Syrian god of healing. Sometimes known as Baal-Marqod, Greek Balmarkos, Greek Balmarkos, Phoenician Balmarcodes, Phoenician Balmarcodes or Hadad.

Baal-Peor

A Moabite god or demon. Also commonly referred to as Baal-Peor, Baalphegor, Baalphegor, Belphegor, Belphegor, Balphegor, Balphegor, Belphegor, Beel-peor, Beel-peor, Bel-Peor, Bel-Peor, Peor, Peor, Beelpeor, Beelpeor, (Bel-)Peor or (Bel-)Peor.

Baal-Rammon

A name of Baal-Hadad as thunderer'. Identified as Baal-Rammon, Baal-Hadad, Baal-Hadad, Baal-Haddad, Baal-Hadhed, 'crasher' or Adad.

Baal Tyre

A Tyrian sun-god. Occasionally identified as Baal Tyre, Greek Heracles, Greek Heracles, Arsaphes, Gisdhubar, Hereklo, Khons, Krishna, Melkarth, Vahagn, Verethragna or Vritrahana.

Baalbek

The city of the Jinn. This city was built on the orders of Jinn bin Jann. Known as Baalbek, Chilminar or Chilminar.

Baalim

A group of 7 storm-gods. Sons or aspects of Baal. In some references, known as Baalim.

Baba

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Babbar

An Akkadian sun-god. In some accounts, called Babbar, Nanna, Nanna, As-im-babbar, Ash-im-babbar, Ashimbabbar, Asimbabbar, Babbar, En-zu, Enzu, Sin, Zu-en, Zu-ena, Zuen, Zuib, As(h)-im-babbar, As(h)imbabbar, Nannar, Suen, Zu-en(a), Zuin, Akkadian Acu, Assyrian Suin or Babylonian Sin.

Baduh

A Semitic messenger spirit. Also identified as Baduh.

Balphegor

An Assyrian god. In some references, referred to as Balphegor, Baal-Peor, Baal-Peor, Baalphegor, Beel-peor, Bel-Peor, Peor, Beelpeor, (Bel-)Peor, Belphegor, Belphegor, Belphegor or Beelphegor.

Baltis

A local Arabian goddess, the planet Venus personified. Occasionally referred to as Baltis.

Bar Lgura

A Semitic demon. Referred to as Bar Lgura.

Bara

A Babylonian oracular-god. Son of Ea. In some lore, occasionally identified as Bara, Baragulla, Baragulla or Abu Zayd.

Baris

The place where, according to the Babylonian story, the Ark landed when the flood subsided. In some references, called Baris.

Basmu

A chaos-viper, one of the Eleven Mighty Helpers of Tiamat. At times, referred to as Basmu.

Bath Chorin

A nocturnal evil spirit that brought diseases. Sometimes known as Bath Chorin, Bat Horin, Bat Horin, Btat Horin or Btat Horin.

Bau Gula

A name for Ishtar as a creator-goddess. Sometimes known as Bau Gula, Ishtar, Ishtar, Asdar, Ashdar, Astar, Estar, Ininna, Irnini, Istar, Lady of Battles, Sirtu, Tamar, Agusaya, Anunitum, As(h)darAshtart, Ast(h)ar, Kilili, Mah, Mama, Mami, Minu-anni, Minu-ulla, Mylitta, Qadishtu, Sarpanitu, Babylonian Ashtoreth, Egyptian Hathor, Greek Aphrodite, Hebrew Tamar, Hurrian Shaushkas, Phoenician Astarte, Sumerian Baba, Inanna, Ella, Iku, Nidaba Nin, Saltu, Mami or Mami.

Baubo

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Beelzebub

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Beelzebul

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Bel

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Bel-Enlil

A war-god. A name of Marduk as 'lord and ruler'. Consort of Beltis. Father of Nergal. Sometimes known as Bel-Enlil, Enlil, Enlil, Elil, Great Mountain, Ilu, Lord of the Storm, Narru, Nunammir, Old Bel, Rimm, Rimn, Zulummar, Bel, Illil(os), Ilu, 'windlord', Babylonian Adad, Ea, Hurrian Ellil or Kumarbi.

Bel-Matai

A name of Marduk (the last of his 50 names) as 'lord'. In some lore, occasionally called Bel-Matai.

Belataiakkis

A Hittite deity. Occasionally called Belataiakkis.

Belet-Ili

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Belet-Seri

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Belili

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Belit

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Belos

An alternative version of Bel-Marduk. Son of Aos and Dauke. Also known as Belos, Bel, Bel, Bel-Marduk, Bel-Merodach, Bel or Bel.

Belphegor

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Beltiya

A name for Sarpanitu. Consort of Marduk. Referred to as Beltiya, Beltia or Beltia.

Benani

Husband of Melili. Father of 6,000 bird-faced men and bird-bodied warriors. Also identified as Benani.

Bennu

A Babylonian plague deity. Sometimes called Bennu, Benu, Benu, Bennu or Ra-Atum.

Ber

A name of Ninib as 'lord of wild boars'. At times, referred to as Ber, Mer, Mer, Bir, Birqu, Ver, Bir(qu), Babylonian Adad, Ninib, Ninib, Adar, Nerig, Nin-ip, Nineb, Ningirsu, Ninip, Nirig, Tammuz, Adar, Nerig Uras, Hittite Zamana or Roman Saturn.

Beth Saggil

The Babylonian palace of the gods. Sometimes referred to as Beth Saggil.

Bethel

A local Phoenician god. Also called Bethel, Allat, Allat, Alilat or Anat.

Bigirhush

An Akkadian god of the primitive ocean. Also commonly referred to as Bigirhush, Shuzianna or Shuzianna.

Birdu

A Babylonian goddess of the underworld. Husband of Manungal. Also commonly referred to as Birdu.

Birhuturre

A messenger for Gilgamesh. Occasionally identified as Birhuturre.

Black Venus

A goddess. Wife of Samael. Also commonly identified as Black Venus.

Bod-Baal

An attendant of Baal. At times, known as Bod-Baal.

Bull of Heaven

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Burnunta-sa

A Babylonian god. Son of Ea. Occasionally identified as Burnunta-sa.

Buzur-Kurgala

The sailor appointed to be captain of Utnapishtim's ark. Also commonly called Buzur-Kurgala.

Cais

An early Semitic god. Sometimes identified as Cais.

Chamos

A Moabite god. In some references, known as Chamos.

Chemosh

A Moabite war-god and thunder-god. Occasionally identified as Chemosh, Kemos, Kemos, Kemosh, Kemosh, Chemos, Chemos, Kemos(h), Kemos(h), Babylonian Samas, Babylonian Samas, Aftab, Aliha, Samos, Sams, Sapas, Shullat or Utu.

Creator of the Hoe

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criocamp

A monster, half fish, half ram. Occasionally known as criocamp, kriocamp or kriocamp.

Cuthah

The Akkadian underworld. In some accounts, identified as Cuthah, Cutha, Cutha, Sumerian Kur or Sumerian Kur.

Dagan

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Damgalnuna

A Sumerian mother goddess. A name of Ninhursaga as 'wife of the Great Prince'. Called Damgalnuna, Damgalnunna, Damgalnunna, Babylonian Damkina or Babylonian Damkina.

Damkina

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Damu

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Dan

An Assyrian sun god. Also called Dan.

Danatiya

Wife of King Daniel. Occasionally called Danatiya.

Daonus

A shepherd. He was regarded as a fertility deity, a version of Tammuz, and was said to have lived for 36,000 years and then disappeared. On occassion, identified as Daonus, Daos or Daos.

Datilla

The river of death in the Babylonian underworld. Sometimes referred to as Datilla.

Dauce

The Greek form of Damkina. Consort of Aus. Mother of Bel. In some references, identified as Dauce, Dauke, Dauke or Damkina.

Dazimus

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Dibbara

In Babylonian lore, a destroying angel;. A plague demon. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Dibbara, Lubara or Lubara.

Dilmun

The Sumerian home of paradise. Inhabited by Enki and Ninhursaga and of Tagtug and other heroes. On occassion, known as Dilmun, Dilmoun or Dilmoun.

Dimmea

A Sumerian monster causing illness in child bearing. In some accounts, referred to as Dimmea, Dimme-kur, Dimme-kur, Assyrian Karibatu or Assyrian Karibatu.

Dimsar

An Akkadian god. In some accounts he is equated with Nusku. Occasionally referred to as Dimsar, Enzak, Enzak, Babylonian Nebo, Babylonian Nebo or Nabu.

Dimtabba

A Sumerian goddess. At times, identified as Dimtabba.

dingir

A collective name for the Sumerian gods. In some lore, occasionally known as dingir.

Dolichenus

A Syrian weather god. He is depicted as a bearded man standing on the back of a bull. Occasionally called Dolichenus.

doul-kong

The home of the Sumerian gods. Occasionally referred to as doul-kong, 'holy hill' or 'holy hill'.

Du-azaga

The mound at Babylon on which the temple E-sagila was built. Also called Du-azaga.

Dudu

A Sumerian deity regarded as a scribe. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Dudu.

dukug

The cosmic throne room of the Sumerian gods. On occassion, referred to as dukug.

Dumuzi

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Dumuzi-Abzu

A name of Tammuz as 'Tammuz of the Abyss'. Some accounts make this being an early Babylonian guardian goddess. Occasionally called Dumuzi-Abzu, Dumuzi-apsu or Dumuzi-apsu.

Dunga

A name for Ea as 'singer'. Sometimes referred to as Dunga, Ea, Ea, Aa, Ansar, Ea-Sarru, Enlil, Hea, Hoa, Nidim, Nidimmud, Aa, Amma-ana-ki, Aos, Engur, Enki, Enti, Kuski-banda, Lamha, ugal-ida(k), Lugalid, Mummu, Nadimmud, Naqbu, Nidim(mud), Ninbuba, Ninigkug, Nudim(mud), Nun-ura, Sa-kala-ma, Sassu-wunnu, Shar Apsi or Sumerian Enki.

Dusura

A Nabataean sun god. Son of Chaabu. He died and was reborn every year. Also identified as Dusura, Dousares, Dousares, Dusara, Dusares, Dusares, D(o)usares or D(o)usares.

E-anna

The temple of Ishtar at Erech. Also commonly identified as E-anna.

E-babbar

The sanctuary of Samas. On occassion, referred to as E-babbar.

E-engurra

The temple of Ea. Also called E-engurra.

E-este

The temple of Gula at Larak. On occassion, identified as E-este.

E-kur

The temple of Bel-Enlil at Nippur. At times, called E-kur, Ekur or Ekur.

E-sagila

The temple of Bel-Marduk at Babylon. Called E-sagila, Temple of the High Head, Temple of the High Head or E-Sagila.

Ea

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Ea-Oannes

Ea as ruler of the demons and spirits of the sea. Sometimes referred to as Ea-Oannes.

Ea-Sarapsi

A Babylonian deity associated with Serapis, in some accounts. In some references, identified as Ea-Sarapsi.

Eanna

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Eannatum

A priest-king of Lagash. Occasionally called Eannatum.

Earth Lion

A demon which, in the form of a snake, stole the plant of life from Gilgamesh. In some references, known as Earth Lion.

Ebeh

A Sumerian mountain-god. On occassion, identified as Ebeh, Ebech or Ebech.

Efabbar

The palace of Samas. In some lore, occasionally called Efabbar.

Egime

Sister and wife of Lil, some say. In some lore, occasionally called Egime.

Ekimmu

A restless Babylonian spirit. Since he could find no rest in the afterworld, he returned to the present one and attached himself to people he knew. In some accounts, called Ekimmu.

Ekurra

The Assyrian underworld. At times, identified as Ekurra.

El of Gebal

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Elagabalus

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Elath-Iahu

A Kenite smith-god. Also identified as Elath-Iahu, Iahu, Iahu, Horus, Isis or Set.

Eleven Mighty Helpers

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Elil

A name for Enlil in Babylonian lore. In some references, identified as Elil, Ellil, Ellil, Kumarbi, Sumerian Enlil, Enlil, Enlil, Bel-Enlil, Great Mountain, Ilu, Lord of the Storm, Narru, Nunammir, Old Bel, Rimm, Rimn, Zulummar, Bel, Illil(os), Ilu, 'windlord', Babylonian Adad, Ea or Hurrian Ellil.

Eljon

A Syrian deity. Also referred to as Eljon.

Ellel

A Hittite creator-god. Also identified as Ellel.

Ellil

A Hurrian god of floods and storms. In some accounts, Ellil is given as a Sumerian god, son of Anu. Identified as Ellil.

Emes

A Sumerian god of vegetation. Also commonly referred to as Emes, Emesh or Emesh.

Emmer

A Sumerian grain-goddess. Also known as Emmer, Asnan, Asnan or Sumerian Emmer.

En-we-dur-an-ki

A high-priest of Samas. Also referred to as En-we-dur-an-ki.

Enbilulu

The Sumerian god of canals and rivers. In some accounts, he is equated with Enkimdu. Sometimes known as Enbilulu, Enkimdu, Enkimdu, Enkidu, Babylonian Ennugi or Babylonian Ennugi.

endin

Desert, the symbol of the underworld. Sometimes called endin.

Endukugga

A Sumerian god of the underworld. Husband of Nindukugga. Father of Enlil. Sometimes referred to as Endukugga, Enmul or Enmul.

Endursaga

A herald of the Sumerian gods. Also called Endursaga, Babylonian Isum or Babylonian Isum.

Engur

A name of Ea as 'god of the abyss or lord of the Euphrates'. At times, referred to as Engur, Ea, Ea, Aa, Ansar, Ea-Sarru, Enlil, Hea, Hoa, Nidim, Nidimmud, Aa, Amma-ana-ki, Aos, Dunga, Enki, Enti, Kuski-banda, Lamha, ugal-ida(k), Lugalid, Mummu, Nadimmud, Naqbu, Nidim(mud), Ninbuba, Ninigkug, Nudim(mud), Nun-ura, Sa-kala-ma, Sassu-wunnu, Shar Apsi or Sumerian Enki.

Enki

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Enkidu

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Enkimdu

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Enlil

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Enmenduranna

An antediluvian king. He is said to have founded the arts of divination, magic and medicine. In some accounts, called Enmenduranna, Enmenduranki, Enmenduranki, Euedorachos, Euedorachos, Greek Euedorachos or Greek Euedorachos.

Enmesarra

A Babylonian and Sumerian law-god. Brother of Enten. In some accounts he was Nergal as ruler of the underworld, Aralu. Sometimes called Enmesarra, Enmesh, Enmesh, Enmeshara, Enmeshara, Enmesharra, Enmesharra, Nergal, Nergal, Erakal, Alad, Bull of Heaven, Erra, Irra, Ishar, Mes Lam Taea, Meslamt(a)ea, Ne-iri-gal, Nerigal, Qaru, Sumerian Lugal-Irra, Greek Ares, Roman Mars, Girunugal, Gugulanna or Lugal-Meslam.

Enninu

A temple of Ningursu. Sometimes called Enninu.

Ennugi

A Babylonian god of canals and rivers. Ruler of the gods. Sometimes called Ennugi, Sabarragimgimme, Sabarragimgimme, Sumerian Enbilulu or Sumerian Enbilulu.

Enshag

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Enten

A Sumerian fertility god, god of farmers. Brother of Enmesarra. Also known as Enten.

Enti

A name of Ea as 'lord of life'. Sometimes called Enti, Ea, Ea, Aa, Ansar, Ea-Sarru, Enlil, Hea, Hoa, Nidim, Nidimmud, Aa, Amma-ana-ki, Aos, Dunga, Engur, Enki, Kuski-banda, Lamha, ugal-ida(k), Lugalid, Mummu, Nadimmud, Naqbu, Nidim(mud), Ninbuba, Ninigkug, Nudim(mud), Nun-ura, Sa-kala-ma, Sassu-wunnu, Shar Apsi or Sumerian Enki.

Enuma Elish

The Akkadian story of creation. Sometimes called Enuma Elish, 'when on high' or 'when on high'.

Enushirgal

The temple of the Sumerian moon-god in Ur. Also commonly known as Enushirgal.

Epadum

A name of Marduk referring to his. Connection with irrigation. Occasionally called Epadum, Marduk, Marduk, Adad, Addu, Amarud, Amurru-Ramman, Assaluha, Avenger, Hegal, Marlah, Murduk, Qaru, Samas, Suhgurim, Zisi, Agaku, Agilma, Amaradu(k), Aranunna, Asai, As(s)alluha, Asar(i), Asaru(alim) Asaruludu, Bel(-Enlil) Bel-Marduk, Bel Matai, Gibil, Gil(ma), (Gish) Qaru, Gugal, Iku, Irkingu, Lugal-Dimmer-An-Ki-A, Kinma, Marad, Namru, Namtillaku, Nari, Sandan, S(h)amas(h), Shazu, Sin, Sirsir, Tuku, Tutu, Usire, Zah(gu)rim, Ziku, Ziukinna, Zulum, Assyrian Ashur, Greek Zeus, Hebrew Merodach, Sumerian Enlil, Tagtug or Shulpae.

Ephka

A Syrian god. In some accounts Ephka is female. Also commonly known as Ephka.

Epic of Creation

The Babylonian story of the struggle. Between Abzu and Tiamat with their. Son Ea. Sometimes known as Epic of Creation.

Ereshkigal

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Eridan

In some accounts, a river (or rivers) of hell. Sometimes identified as Eridan.

Eridu

The Sumerian paradise, home of Zikum. In some references, identified as Eridu.

Erin-bird

A monstrous bird. This bird, which has a poisonous tooth, was regarded as a form of Zu. Identified as Erin-bird, Zu, Zu, Anzu, Imdugud or Imgug.

Esagila

The site in Babylon of Marduk's temple and annual resurrection. Also known as Esagila.

Eshtan

A Hattic sun-god. Identified as Eshtan, Hittite Ishtanu or Hittite Ishtanu.

Essara

A replica, made by Tiamat, of the Sumerian Abzu who was killed by the gods. Called Essara.

Etana

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Etemenanki

The great ziggurat in Babylon. Occasionally called Etemenanki.

Etemmu

In Babylonian lore, the ghost of a dead person. In some accounts, identified as Etemmu.

Etimmu

An Akkadian ghost or spirit of the underworld. These beings are said to cause diseases. At times, identified as Etimmu, Etinime, Etinime, Hebrew Timi, Hebrew Timi, Gigim, Sumerian Gigim or Sumerian Gigim.

Fish-man

One of the Eleven Mighty Helpers, created by Tiamat. Sometimes referred to as Fish-man, Kilili, Kilili or Ishtar.

Ga-Ur

A Sumerian fertility god. A king. Sometimes identified as Ga-Ur, Euechoras, Euechoras, Greek Euechoros or Greek Euechoros.

Gaga

A counsellor of Ansar. Sometimes known as Gaga.

Galla

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Gangir

A Sumerian goddess. Daughter of Baba. Occasionally identified as Gangir, Hegir-nuna or Hegir-nuna.

Ganzir

The palace of Ereshkigal. Also identified as Ganzir.

Gashan-ki

A name for Damkina as 'lady of the earth. At times, known as Gashan-ki, Damkina, Damkina, Dam-Kinu, Damku, Danke, Daukina, Dav-kina, Dawkina, Nin Ki, Ninella, Ninhursaga, Dav-Kina, Nin-ki, Greek Dauce, Dauke, Sumerian Damgalnuna, Ninki, Ninki or Goshan-ki.

Gatumdug

A Sumerian fertility goddess daughter of An. Sometimes referred to as Gatumdug, Gatumdu, Gatumdu, Gatundu or Gatundu.

Gazbayas

A Hittite god. Sometimes called Gazbayas.

Gerra

A Babylonian fire-god. Son of Aniu and Anunitu. In some references, called Gerra, Giru, Giru, Girru, Sumerian Gibil, Irra, Irro or Irro.

Geshtinanna

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Gestu

A Sumerian god of wisdom. It is said that he was killed by the other gods who used his blood to make men. Also commonly referred to as Gestu.

Gibil

A Sumerian fire-god and god of metal-workers. A messenger for Enlil. This name was later applied to Marduk. Called Gibil, Marduk, Marduk, Adad, Addu, Amarud, Amurru-Ramman, Assaluha, Avenger, Hegal, Marlah, Murduk, Qaru, Samas, Suhgurim, Zisi, Agaku, Agilma, Amaradu(k), Aranunna, Asai, As(s)alluha, Asar(i), Asaru(alim) Asaruludu, Bel(-Enlil) Bel-Marduk, Bel Matai, Epadum, Gil(ma), (Gish) Qaru, Gugal, Iku, Irkingu, Lugal-Dimmer-An-Ki-A, Kinma, Marad, Namru, Namtillaku, Nari, Sandan, S(h)amas(h), Shazu, Sin, Sirsir, Tuku, Tutu, Usire, Zah(gu)rim, Ziku, Ziukinna, Zulum, Assyrian Ashur, Greek Zeus, Hebrew Merodach, Sumerian Enlil, Tagtug, Shulpae, Babylonian Gerra, Babylonian Gerra, Gir(r)u, Gir(r)u, Nusku or Nusku.

Gigim

A Sumerian ghost: a spirit of the underworld. Referred to as Gigim, Gidim, Gidim, Akkadian Erimmu, Akkadian Erimmu, Hebrew Timi, Hebrew Timi or Etimmu.

Gil

A name of Marduk as 'exalted one'. On occassion, known as Gil.

Gilgamesh

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Gilgamesh Epic

The story of the adventures of Gilgamesh. The story of the flood. Occasionally called Gilgamesh Epic, Epic of Gilgamesh or Epic of Gilgamesh.

Gilma

A name of Marduk as 'flame'. Sometimes referred to as Gilma.

Gimel Sin

A Babylonian king who was deified. Occasionally identified as Gimel Sin.

Girtab

The Akkadian name for Scorpio. Also commonly identified as Girtab, Stinger, Stinger, Hebrew Akrabh, Hebrew Akrabh or Scorpio.

Giru

A Babylonian god, fire personified. Son of Samas and Aa. Brother of Kittu, Mesharu and Nusku. In some accounts, known as Giru, Gerra, Gerra, Sumerian Gibil, Irro, Girru, Girru, Irra, Irra, Erra, Gir, Girra, Ira, Nergal, Gir(ra), Ira or Sumerian Namtar.

Girunugal

A name for Nergal as 'the mighty one'. Occasionally called Girunugal, Nergal, Nergal, Erakal, Alad, Bull of Heaven, Erra, Irra, Ishar, Mes Lam Taea, Meslamt(a)ea, Ne-iri-gal, Nerigal, Qaru, Sumerian Lugal-Irra, Greek Ares, Roman Mars, Enmesarra, Gugulanna or Lugal-Meslam.

Gisdhubar

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Gish Bar

A Babylonian fire-god or sun-god. At times, known as Gish Bar, Gishzida, Gishzida, Ningishzida, Giszida, Giszida, Gis(h)zida or Gis(h)zida.

Gish Qaru

A name of Marduk as a tree-god. Also called Gish Qaru.

goat

The animal of Marduk and Ningirsu. Also known as goat.

Goat-fish

One of the Eleven Mighty Helpers. Created by Tiamat. Sometimes known as Goat-fish.

Great Lion

One of the Eleven Mighty Helpers. Created by Tiamat. In some references, called Great Lion, Uridimmu, Uridimmu, Babylonian Ugallu, Uridimmo or Uridimmo.

Gu

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Gudanna

A Sumerian monster. This celestial bull, which caused seven years of drought, was killed by Gilgamesh. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Gudanna, Great Bull of Heaven, Great Bull of Heaven or Bull of Heaven.

Gugal

A name of Marduk referring to his wealth. Sometimes referred to as Gugal, Marduk, Marduk, Adad, Addu, Amarud, Amurru-Ramman, Assaluha, Avenger, Hegal, Marlah, Murduk, Qaru, Samas, Suhgurim, Zisi, Agaku, Agilma, Amaradu(k), Aranunna, Asai, As(s)alluha, Asar(i), Asaru(alim) Asaruludu, Bel(-Enlil) Bel-Marduk, Bel Matai, Epadum, Gibil, Gil(ma), (Gish) Qaru, Iku, Irkingu, Lugal-Dimmer-An-Ki-A, Kinma, Marad, Namru, Namtillaku, Nari, Sandan, S(h)amas(h), Shazu, Sin, Sirsir, Tuku, Tutu, Usire, Zah(gu)rim, Ziku, Ziukinna, Zulum, Assyrian Ashur, Greek Zeus, Hebrew Merodach, Sumerian Enlil, Tagtug or Shulpae.

Gugulanna

A god of the underworld. Consort of Ereshkigal. Occasionally called Gugulanna, Bull of Heaven, Bull of Heaven, Great Bull of Heaven, Nergal, Gugulana, Gugulana, Great Gugulana, Nergal, Nergal, Erakal, Alad, Erra, Irra, Ishar, Mes Lam Taea, Meslamt(a)ea, Ne-iri-gal, Nerigal, Qaru, Sumerian Lugal-Irra, Greek Ares, Roman Mars, Enmesarra, Girunugal, Lugal-Meslam, (Great) Gugulana or (Great) Gugulana.

Gul-Ses

Hittite goddesses of fate. Also referred to as Gul-Ses, Hurrian Hutena or Hurrian Hutena.

Gula

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Gunura

A Babylonian deity. Father or sister of Damuzi. In some references, known as Gunura.

Gushkinbanda

A Babylonian god. At times, called Gushkinbanda.

Hadad

A Syrian weather-god. Consort of Atargatis or Asherah. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Hadad, Amurru, Amurru, Amor, Martu, Kurgal, Martu, Dad, Dad, Ded, Dadda, Dadda, Adad, Dadu, Dadu, Dad(da), Dad(da), Babylonian Adad, Babylonian Adad, Enlil, Idurmer, Ishkur, Mer, Phoenician Balmarcodes, Phoenician Balmarcodes or Baal-Marqod.

Hahanu

A minor Sumerian god. Also referred to as Hahanu.

Haia

A Sumerian god of store-houses. Husband of Nunbarsegenu or Nanse. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Haia.

Hala

A Kassite goddess of healing. In some references, known as Hala, halak, halak, beliam, hala, orang, belian orang or hala.

Halki

A Hurrian corn-god. Sometimes known as Halki.

Halkis

A Hittite god of oaths. Also known as Halkis, Hattic Kait or Hattic Kait.

Hani

A god attendant on Adad. A herald. In some lore, occasionally called Hani, Hanis, Hanis, Hanish, Hanish, Hanis(h) or Hanis(h).

Hannahanna

A Hittite mother-goddess. When Telipinu disappeared she sent a bee to find him. Also called Hannahanna, Hannahannas or Hannahannas.

Hanpa

Lord of evil demons. Father of Pazuzu. In some accounts, identified as Hanpa.

Hanwasuit

A Hittite goddess, guardian of the royal throne. Occasionally identified as Hanwasuit.

Hapantalli

A Hattic guardian god. Also identified as Hapantalli, Hittite Hapantalliyas or Hittite Hapantalliyas.

Hapantalliyas

A Hittite guardian god. In some accounts, known as Hapantalliyas, Hattic Hapantalli or Hattic Hapantalli.

Hasameli

A Hittite smith-god. Also commonly identified as Hasameli, Hasammeli or Hasammeli.

Hasikasnawanzas

A Hittite god. On occassion, referred to as Hasikasnawanzas.

Haya

A name for Ninlil as goddess of directions. On occassion, called Haya, Ninlil, Ninlil, Baalath, Kutushar, Ninhursaga or Babylonian Mylitta.

Hayasum

A Sumerian god. Sometimes known as Hayasum.

Hazzi

A Hittite mountain-god. Occasionally known as Hazzi.

Hebat

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Hedammu

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Hendursaga

A Sumerian god of law. In some references, known as Hendursaga, Hendursanga, Hendursanga, Akkadian Ixum or Akkadian Ixum.

Hepit

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Hesius

A Hurrian god. At times, identified as Hesius.

Hirihbi

A Sumerian king. He acted as intermediary when Yarih sent him to ask Baal for the hand of Nikkal. Referred to as Hirihbi.

Hubur

A Babylonian mother-goddess. Sometimes referred to as Hubur.

Hulla

Daughter of Taru and Wurusemu. Occasionally called Hulla.

Hullas

A Hittite god. Sometimes known as Hullas.

Humban

A god of the Elamites. Occasionally referred to as Humban.

Hupasiyas

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Huriyanzipas

A Hittite god. Occasionally referred to as Huriyanzipas.

Hurri

A divine bull. This beast, together with Seri, was a companion of Ishkur. In some lore, occasionally known as Hurri.

Husbishag

A Sumerian goddess of the underworld. Wife of Namtar. She recorded the time of each person's death on tablets kept for that purpose. Identified as Husbishag.

Hutena

A Hurrian goddess of fate. Also commonly called Hutena, Hittite Gul-Ses or Hittite Gul-Ses.

Huwassanas

A Hittite goddess. Consort of Teshub. In some accounts, referred to as Huwassanas.

Huwawa

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Iba'um

An Akkadian god. Sometimes called Iba'um.

Iddahedu

The ship of the Akkadian god Nabu. Sometimes identified as Iddahedu.

Idiptu

A Babylonian storm-god. Also identified as Idiptu.

Igigi

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Iku

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Ilabrat

An attendant of Anu. A Babylonian messenger of the gods. Sometimes identified as Ilabrat, Ili-Abrat, Ili-Abrat, Habrat, Sumerian Ninshubur or Sumerian Ninshubur.

Illilos

An alternative version of Enlil. Son of Assoros and Kisare. Occasionally referred to as Illilos, Illil or Illil.

Illinus

A Babylonian god. Brother of Anu. On occassion, called Illinus.

Illuyankas

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Ilu Limnu

An evil god or demon in Assyria. Also referred to as Ilu Limnu.

Ilu Tashmit

A name for Nabu as a god or revelation. At times, known as Ilu Tashmit, Nabu, Nabu, Nabium, Nabug, Nebo, Mermer, Babylonian Nebo, Greek Hermes, Laghlaghghi-gar or Muati.

Im

A storm-god. Sometimes referred to as Im.

Imdugud

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Imgug

A divine eagle, a royal symbol in Sumerian lore. Also commonly referred to as Imgug, Imdugud, Imdugud, Ninurta, Zu, Imgig or Imgig.

Imhulla

A supporter of Marduk in his struggle. With Tiamat. Also identified as Imhulla.

In-Ab

The pilot of Ea's ship. Also referred to as In-Ab.

Inanna

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Inara

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Irkalla

The Sumerian home of the dead. A name of Ereshkigal the Babylonian. Goddess of the dead. Occasionally referred to as Irkalla, Ereshkigal, Ereshkigal, Ereskigal, Erishkigal, Ninmug, Carthaginian Allatu or Semitic Allatum.

Irkingu

A name of Marduk after his defeat of Kingu. In some lore, occasionally identified as Irkingu, Marduk, Marduk, Adad, Addu, Amarud, Amurru-Ramman, Assaluha, Avenger, Hegal, Marlah, Murduk, Qaru, Samas, Suhgurim, Zisi, Agaku, Agilma, Amaradu(k), Aranunna, Asai, As(s)alluha, Asar(i), Asaru(alim) Asaruludu, Bel(-Enlil) Bel-Marduk, Bel Matai, Epadum, Gibil, Gil(ma), (Gish) Qaru, Gugal, Iku, Lugal-Dimmer-An-Ki-A, Kinma, Marad, Namru, Namtillaku, Nari, Sandan, S(h)amas(h), Shazu, Sin, Sirsir, Tuku, Tutu, Usire, Zah(gu)rim, Ziku, Ziukinna, Zulum, Assyrian Ashur, Greek Zeus, Hebrew Merodach, Sumerian Enlil, Tagtug or Shulpae.

Irra

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Irranergal

The Sumerian god of beasts. Occasionally known as Irranergal.

Irsirra

Hurrian deities. In some references, identified as Irsirra.

Isara

A Babylonian goddess of childbirth and marriage. Also called Isara, Esara or Esara.

Isdustaya

A Hattic goddess of fate. She and Papaya used a mirror and spindle to determine an individual's fate. On occassion, called Isdustaya, Isdustaja or Isdustaja.

Ishar

A name for Adad and Nergal. Sometimes referred to as Ishar, Nergal, Nergal, Erakal, Alad, Bull of Heaven, Erra, Irra, Mes Lam Taea, Meslamt(a)ea, Ne-iri-gal, Nerigal, Qaru, Sumerian Lugal-Irra, Greek Ares, Roman Mars, Enmesarra, Girunugal, Gugulanna or Lugal-Meslam.

Ishkhara

A Babylonian love-goddess. Sometimes identified as Ishkhara.

Ishkur

The Sumerian storm-god. Son of Enlil or Sin. Also commonly referred to as Ishkur, Adad, Adad, Adda, Addad, Addu, Baal-Hadad, Dadda, Dadu, Marduk, Adda(d), Isher, Ramman, Rimmon, Assyrian Mer, Canaanite Baal, Baal Had(d)ad, Kurgal, Semitic Idurmer, Sumerian Enlil, Syrian Hadad, Idurmer, Idurmer, Ilumer, Babylonian Adad, Sumrian Enlil, Immer, Immer, Iskur, Iskur, Mer, Mer, Wer, Mir, Mir, Mur, Mur, Bir, Bir, Mer, Immes, Immes, Mer(mer) or Mer(mer).

Ishtanu

A Hittite sun-god. Sometimes called Ishtanu, Hattic Eshtan or Hattic Eshtan.

Ishtar

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Ishtarate

Goddesses in general. Also identified as Ishtarate.

Ishulanu

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Ishum

A Sumerian god. A minister, adviser to Marduk. He intervened to stop Irra from destroying Babylon completely. Known as Ishum, Isum, Isum or Sumerian Endursaga.

Isinu

A two-faced Sumerian messenger-god. In some lore, occasionally called Isinu, Isimud, Isimud, Akkadian Usumu or Akkadian Usumu.

Island of the Blessed

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Istanu

A Hittite sun-god. At times, referred to as Istanu, Sius, Sius, Hattic Estan, Hattic Estan, Hurrian Simigi, Hurrian Simigi, Sivini or Siwini.

Isum

A fire-god. Herald of the Babylonian gods. Brother of Samas. Also identified as Isum, Ishum, Ishum, Sumerian Endursaga or Sumerian Endursaga.

Izdubar

A Babylonian hero or sun-god. Like Heracles, he performed twelve labours and, in some accounts, is equated with Gilgamesh. Sometimes identified as Izdubar, Gilgamesh, Gilgamesh, Gilgames, Gilgamish, Gilgamos or Biblical Nimrod.

Izimud

An attendant on Enki. Called Izimud.

Jaoth

A name for god. At times, known as Jaoth.

Jarih

A Syrian moon-god. Husband of Nikkal. Known as Jarih, Hebrew Elom or Hebrew Elom.

Jarri

A Hurrian plague-god and god of war. Sometimes called Jarri.

Jawi

An ancient Syrian god. In some references, referred to as Jawi, Ja'u, Ja'u, jw, jw or Jaw.

Jom

A name for the sun. At times, called Jom.

Ka'it

A Hattic god of oaths. Also identified as Ka'it, Hittite Halkis or Hittite Halkis.

Kabta

A Sumerian god of workmen. Called Kabta.

Kahil

A name for the moon-god, Sahar, as old one. Called Kahil, Kahilin or Kahilin.

Kakka

A god attendant on Anu. In some references, called Kakka, Kaka or Kaka.

Kaksisa

A Babylonian star-god, the star. Sirius personified. Sometimes identified as Kaksisa.

Kalaturru

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Kalu

Priests of Enmesharra. In some references, called Kalu.

Kamrusepa

A Hittite goddess of healing and magic, mother of Aruna. She charmed Telipinu into returning after he disappeared. Also called Kamrusepa, Kamrusepas, Kamrusepas, Hattic Kataziwuri or Hattic Kataziwuri.

Kamulla

A god of the Kassites. Occasionally called Kamulla.

Karibatu

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Karnu

An ancient Assyrian sun-god. Also commonly identified as Karnu.

Karules siunes

Early Syrian deities regarded as judges in the underworld. Also called Karules siunes.

Kasku

A Hittite moon-god. Also known as Kasku, Kashku, Kashku, Hurrian Kusuh, Hurrian Kusuh, Arma, Arma or Hurrian Kush.

Katahhas

A Hittite god. In some accounts, called Katahhas.

Kataziwuri

A Hattic goddess of healing. Also commonly referred to as Kataziwuri, Hittite Kamrusepa or Hittite Kamrusepa.

Kengida

A Sumerian deity, messenger for Enlil. Occasionally referred to as Kengida.

Ker

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Khaldi

A supreme god of the pre-Armenian. Urartians. He is regarded as the precursor of the Chaldaeans. Also commonly referred to as Khaldi, Persian Bag-Mashtu or Persian Bag-Mashtu.

Khaldis

An Assyrian god. Sometimes known as Khaldis.

Kherebu

Assyrian spirits. Also called Kherebu.

Khi-dimme-azaga

A Babylonian mother-goddess. Daughter of Ea. In some accounts, she is thought of as Belet-Seri. In some lore, occasionally called Khi-dimme-azaga.

Khipa

A tutelary god of the Hurrians. In some references, identified as Khipa, Khebe or Khebe.

Khubur

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Khuluppu

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Khumbala

A tyrant killed by Gisdhubar. Occasionally referred to as Khumbala.

Ki

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Ki-gulla

Son of Ea. On occassion, called Ki-gulla, Destroyer of the World or Destroyer of the World.

Kilattas

A Hurrian deity attendant on Shaushkas. Occasionally identified as Kilattas.

Kilili

An aspect of Ishtar as 'harlot'. In some references, referred to as Kilili, Fish-man, Fish-man, Ishtar, Ishtar, Asdar, Ashdar, Astar, Estar, Ininna, Irnini, Istar, Lady of Battles, Sirtu, Tamar, Agusaya, Anunitum, As(h)darAshtart, Ast(h)ar, Bau Gula, Mah, Mama, Mami, Minu-anni, Minu-ulla, Mylitta, Qadishtu, Sarpanitu, Babylonian Ashtoreth, Egyptian Hathor, Greek Aphrodite, Hebrew Tamar, Hurrian Shaushkas, Phoenician Astarte, Sumerian Baba, Inanna, Ella, Iku, Nidaba Nin or Saltu.

Kingaludda

A Sumerian deity, messenger of Enlil. Also referred to as Kingaludda.

Kingu

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Kinma

A name of Marduk as 'leader of gods'. In some references, called Kinma, Marduk, Marduk, Adad, Addu, Amarud, Amurru-Ramman, Assaluha, Avenger, Hegal, Marlah, Murduk, Qaru, Samas, Suhgurim, Zisi, Agaku, Agilma, Amaradu(k), Aranunna, Asai, As(s)alluha, Asar(i), Asaru(alim) Asaruludu, Bel(-Enlil) Bel-Marduk, Bel Matai, Epadum, Gibil, Gil(ma), (Gish) Qaru, Gugal, Iku, Irkingu, Lugal-Dimmer-An-Ki-A, Marad, Namru, Namtillaku, Nari, Sandan, S(h)amas(h), Shazu, Sin, Sirsir, Tuku, Tutu, Usire, Zah(gu)rim, Ziku, Ziukinna, Zulum, Assyrian Ashur, Greek Zeus, Hebrew Merodach, Sumerian Enlil, Tagtug or Shulpae.

Kisar

An early Sumerian goddess. Daughter of Lahmu and Lahamu. Consort of Ansar. Mother of Antu. Mother of Anu and Ea, some say. Occasionally referred to as Kisar, Kishar, Kishar, Kissare or Kissare.

Kisbil-lilla

A Sumerian female demon of the night. In some lore, occasionally called Kisbil-lilla, Babylonian Lilith or Babylonian Lilith.

kiskanu

A sacred tree in Sumerian myths. Sometimes referred to as kiskanu.

Kiskilussa

The site of the battle between Teshub and Illuyankas. Occasionally identified as Kiskilussa.

Kismaras

A Hittite god. Sometimes identified as Kismaras.

Kissare

An alternative version of Kisar. Consort of Assoros. Also identified as Kissare, Kisar, Kisar or Kishar.

Kittu

A Babylonian god, truth personified. Son of Samas and A-a. Brother of Giru, Mesharu and Nusku. Also commonly called Kittu, Kettu, Kettu, Kittum, Kittum, Sydyk, Sydyk or Sedeq.

Kolpia

A Phoenician wind-god. Son of Aer and Chaos. Consort of Baau. Father of Aion and Protogonos. Also commonly called Kolpia.

Kubaba

A Syrian mother-goddess. Occasionally referred to as Kubaba, Gubaba, Gubaba, Kupapa, Kupapa, Hurrian Sauska, Hurrian Sauska, Phrygian Cybele, Phrygian Cybele, Anat, Aphrodite, Astarte, Bona Dea, Demeter, Inanna, Magna Mater, Mater Turrita or Rhea.

Kulili

A monster fighting with Tiamat. Against Marduk. Also referred to as Kulili, Kulilu or Kulilu.

Kulittas

A Hurrian goddess attendant on Shaushkas or, in the Sumerian. Version, on Ishtar. Sometimes identified as Kulittas, Kulitta or Kulitta.

Kulla

The Sumerian god of bricks and tools. Occasionally identified as Kulla.

Kumarbi

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Kummiya

The home of Teshub. At times, called Kummiya.

Kuntarra

The home of the Hittite gods. In some references, identified as Kuntarra.

Kur

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Kur-nu-gi-a

The Sumerian underworld ruled. By Ereshkigal. Occasionally identified as Kur-nu-gi-a, Gur-nu-gi-a, Gur-nu-gi-a, Kur, Kur, Ukur, Kurnugi, Kurnugi, Magan, Magan, Makan, Makan, Mahan, Mahan, buddhi, Akkadian Cutha or Akkadian Cutha.

Kurgarru

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Kuribu

An aspect of Ea as a guardian deity. Also referred to as Kuribu, Karibu, Karibu, Karubu or Karubu.

Kus

A Sumerian god of herdsmen. In some references, referred to as Kus.

Kusariqu

One of the monsters fighting with Tiamat against Marduk. In some accounts, the Fish-man. Sometimes referred to as Kusariqu, Kusariqqu or Kusariqqu.

Kuski-banda

A name for Ea or Oannes as god of goldsmiths. Sometimes identified as Kuski-banda, Ea, Ea, Aa, Ansar, Ea-Sarru, Enlil, Hea, Hoa, Nidim, Nidimmud, Aa, Amma-ana-ki, Aos, Dunga, Engur, Enki, Enti, Lamha, ugal-ida(k), Lugalid, Mummu, Nadimmud, Naqbu, Nidim(mud), Ninbuba, Ninigkug, Nudim(mud), Nun-ura, Sa-kala-ma, Sassu-wunnu, Shar Apsi, Sumerian Enki, Oannes, Oannes, Dagan, On, Onnes or Odacon.

Kusor

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Kusug

High priest to the gods of Babylon. Also identified as Kusug, Urbadda or Urbadda.

Kusuh

A Hurrian moon-god. At times, called Kusuh, Hittite Kasku or Hittite Kasku.

labartu

A female mountain demon. These demons, of which there were seven, were said to steal children. In some accounts they acted as benevolent guardians. Occasionally identified as labartu.

Labashu

A Semitic monster. At times, identified as Labashu, Labasu or Labasu.

Labbu

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Lache

An alternative version of Lahmu. Consort of Lachos. Father of Moymis. Also referred to as Lache, Lahmu, Lahmu, Lachmu or Lakhmu.

Lachos

An alternative version of Lahamu. Consort of Lache. Mother of Moymis. In some lore, occasionally called Lachos, Lahamu, Lahamu, Lachamu, Lakhame or Lakhe.

Lady of the Abyss

Wife of the Babylonian supreme god. Sometimes called Lady of the Abyss.

Lahama

Sumerian water-demons. Also identified as Lahama.

Lahamu

The first goddess, in Babylonian lore. Consort of Lahmu. Daughter of Abzu and Tiamat. Mother of Ansar and Kisar. Also identified as Lahamu, Lachamu, Lachamu, Lakhame, Lakhame, Lakhe, Lakhe, Lachos or Lachos.

Lahar

A Sumerian god of cattle. Also referred to as Lahar, Babylonian Sakkan, Babylonian Sakkan, Sumukan, Hittite Sumukan or Hittite Sumukan.

Lahmu

The first god, in Babylonian lore. Consort of Lahamu. Son of Abzu and Tiamat. Father of Ansar and Kisar. At times, identified as Lahmu, Lakhmu, Lakhmu, Labbu or Lahmu.

Lama

A female protective being, in Sumerian lore. In some accounts, identified as Lama, Inara, Inara, Inar, Inaras, Innara, Lama or Inar(as).

Lamassu

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Lamha

A name for Ea as 'palmist'. In some accounts, known as Lamha, Ea, Ea, Aa, Ansar, Ea-Sarru, Enlil, Hea, Hoa, Nidim, Nidimmud, Aa, Amma-ana-ki, Aos, Dunga, Engur, Enki, Enti, Kuski-banda, ugal-ida(k), Lugalid, Mummu, Nadimmud, Naqbu, Nidim(mud), Ninbuba, Ninigkug, Nudim(mud), Nun-ura, Sa-kala-ma, Sassu-wunnu, Shar Apsi or Sumerian Enki.

Latarak

A Sumerian god. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Latarak.

Laz

A Babylonian goddess. Wife of Nergal. In some lore, occasionally called Laz.

Libu

A Babylonian deity said to cause ague. Referred to as Libu.

Lida

A representative of Nina, in some accounts. Also known as Lida.

Lil

A Sumerian deity. Son and husband of Aruru. Brother and husband of Egime, some say. He was castrated and imprisoned in the underworld. Sometimes known as Lil, Nesu or Nesu.

Lilim

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Lilith

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Lilu

The male form of Lilith. He was an elf who enchanted young maidens. Occasionally identified as Lilu, Lila, Lila, Lilith, Lilith, Lilith, Lilith, Ardat Lile, Ardat Lili, Lilith, Lilli, Princess of Succubi, Lilit(h)u, 'owl-hag', 'storm-woman', Sumerian Kiskil-lilla, Lilith, Lilith, Gelou, Gilou, Lilis, Lilith, Lilith, Rosh ha Satan, Sumerian Alu, Naamah, Lillu or Lillu.

Liluri

A Syrian mountain-goddess. Consort of Manuzi. Occasionally identified as Liluri.

Lord of the Flies

A name for Beelzebub. Also called Lord of the Flies, Beelzebub, Beelzebub, Baalzebub, Beelzeb(o)ul, Belzeboth, Belzebud, God of the Dunghill, Canaanite Baal Zebul or Beelzebul.

Loz

A Babylonian god of the underworld. With Nergal and Ninmug, he was ruler of Aralu. Also known as Loz.

Lugal

A Sumerian word for 'king'. On occassion, referred to as Lugal.

Lugal-abzu

A name of Enki as 'owner of the deep waters'. Sometimes identified as Lugal-abzu, Lugal-abzuak or Lugal-abzuak.

Lugal-Dimmer-An-Ki-A

A name of Marduk as 'king of the gods'. In some lore, occasionally known as Lugal-Dimmer-An-Ki-A, Marduk, Marduk, Adad, Addu, Amarud, Amurru-Ramman, Assaluha, Avenger, Hegal, Marlah, Murduk, Qaru, Samas, Suhgurim, Zisi, Agaku, Agilma, Amaradu(k), Aranunna, Asai, As(s)alluha, Asar(i), Asaru(alim) Asaruludu, Bel(-Enlil) Bel-Marduk, Bel Matai, Epadum, Gibil, Gil(ma), (Gish) Qaru, Gugal, Iku, Irkingu, Kinma, Marad, Namru, Namtillaku, Nari, Sandan, S(h)amas(h), Shazu, Sin, Sirsir, Tuku, Tutu, Usire, Zah(gu)rim, Ziku, Ziukinna, Zulum, Assyrian Ashur, Greek Zeus, Hebrew Merodach, Sumerian Enlil, Tagtug or Shulpae.

Lugal-ida

A name of Ea or Enki as 'lord of the river'. In some lore, occasionally known as Lugal-ida, Lugal-idak, Lugal-idak, Enki, Lugalid, Lugalid or Ea.

Lugal-Irra

A Sumerian underworld god. Sometimes identified as Lugal-Irra.

Lugal-Meslam

A name for Nergal as king of Meslam, the underworld. Occasionally referred to as Lugal-Meslam, Nergal, Nergal, Erakal, Alad, Bull of Heaven, Erra, Irra, Ishar, Mes Lam Taea, Meslamt(a)ea, Ne-iri-gal, Nerigal, Qaru, Sumerian Lugal-Irra, Greek Ares, Roman Mars, Enmesarra, Girunugal or Gugulanna.

Lugalbanda

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Luh-Ka

A Sumerian purification ceremony. Occasionally known as Luh-Ka.

Lulal

A minor Sumerian god. Sometimes called Lulal.

Lullu

A man created by the gods to work for them. In some references, called Lullu.

Lycius

A Hittite god. Occasionally identified as Lycius.

Ma-banda-anna

A name for Samas as 'boat in the sky'. Also identified as Ma-banda-anna, Samas, Samas, Mes An Du, Samash, Shamas, Shamash, Shemesh, Utuki, Heres, Marduk, Sachi, S(h)amash, Akkadian Babbar, Shullat, Arab Aliha, Sams, Canaanite Sapas, Moabite Chemosh, Persian Aftab, Semitic Samos or Sumerian Utu.

mace

The weapon of Baal. At times, identified as mace.

Makh

A Babylonian virgin-goddess. Wife of Marduk. In some references, referred to as Makh, Belet-Itani, Belet-Itani, Belet-Ili, Mah, Mah, Mami, Belit-Itani or Belit-Itani.

Makhu

A Babylonian god of dreams. Occasionally referred to as Makhu.

Malcandroz

A name for El as god of the underworld. Occasionally known as Malcandroz, Malcander, Malcander, El, Malacander, Malacander, Malcandre, Malk-Addu, Malk-Addu or Malcandros.

Mami

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Mamitu

A Babylonian goddess of the underworld. Goddess of destiny. A consort of Nergal. At times, referred to as Mamitu, Mamit, Mamit, Mamitum, Mamitum, Mammetu, Mammetu, Mammetum, Mammetum, Mammitu, Mammitu, Mammitum, Mammitum, Great Mother, Great Mother, Ama-arhus, Anaitis, Astarte, Ate, Baba, Cybele, Hathor, Isis, Ma, Magna Mater, Mami, Mater Turrita, Nekhbet, Mamit(um), Mamit(um), Mammetu(m), Mammetu(m), Ninhursaga, Mammitu(m) or Mammitu(m).

Manawat

A Nabataean goddess of fate. In some accounts, referred to as Manawat.

Mandad-Hira

A Mandaean god of wisdom; A saviour. Also identified as Mandad-Hira.

Mandanu

A Babylonian god of justice. At times, referred to as Mandanu.

Manungal

A Sumerian god of the underworld. Consort of Birdu. Occasionally referred to as Manungal.

Manuzi

A Syrian weather-god. In some references, referred to as Manuzi.

Marad

A form of Marduk. Also commonly called Marad, Marduk, Marduk, Adad, Addu, Amarud, Amurru-Ramman, Assaluha, Avenger, Hegal, Marlah, Murduk, Qaru, Samas, Suhgurim, Zisi, Agaku, Agilma, Amaradu(k), Aranunna, Asai, As(s)alluha, Asar(i), Asaru(alim) Asaruludu, Bel(-Enlil) Bel-Marduk, Bel Matai, Epadum, Gibil, Gil(ma), (Gish) Qaru, Gugal, Iku, Irkingu, Lugal-Dimmer-An-Ki-A, Kinma, Namru, Namtillaku, Nari, Sandan, S(h)amas(h), Shazu, Sin, Sirsir, Tuku, Tutu, Usire, Zah(gu)rim, Ziku, Ziukinna, Zulum, Assyrian Ashur, Greek Zeus, Hebrew Merodach, Sumerian Enlil, Tagtug or Shulpae.

Marduk

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Martu

A Sumerian tutelary-god and storm-god. God of the city of Ninab. Occasionally known as Martu, Amurru, Amurru, Amor, Martu, Hadad or Kurgal.

Mash Mountain

A mountain crossed by Gilgamesh which separated the land of the living from the land of the dead. In some accounts, called Mash Mountain, Mashe, Mashe, Mashti, Mashti, Musas, Muscas or Mus(c)as.

Mashti

A mountain encountered by Alexander during his search for the Water of Life (see also Mashe). Also called Mashti, Mash Mountain, Mash Mountain, Mashe, Musas, Musas, Muscas, Muscas, Mus(c)as or Mus(c)as.

Mashtu

A child of the moon-goddess, Nannar, some say. Twin of Mashtu. Sometimes called Mashtu.

Mashu

A child of the moon-goddess, Nannar, some say. Twin of Mashtu. Also identified as Mashu.

Melili

Wife of Benani. Mother of the 6,000 Monsters of the Night. Also referred to as Melili, Ummu-Khubur, Ummu-Khubur, Umma-Khubur or Umma-Khubur.

Meni

An Assyrian goddess of fate identified with the planet Venus. Known as Meni, Minu, Minu, Arab Manat or Arab Manat.

Menon

A general under King Ninus. First husband of Semiramis. When Ninus demanded Semiramis for himself, Menon hanged himself. Also known as Menon, Menones, Menones, Onnes, Onnes, Oannes or Dagan.

Mer

An Assyrian fire-god. Also commonly identified as Mer, Ber, Ber, Wer, Wer or Mer.

mes

The tree of life: a symbol of power: a divine decree. In some accounts, referred to as mes, Mesu, Mesu, Mes, mesu or mesu.

Mes Lam Taea

A Sumerian war-god. An aspect of Nergal. Son of Enlil and Ninlil. In some accounts, identified as Mes Lam Taea, Meslamtea, Meslamtea, Nergal, Meslamtaea, Meslamtaea, Nergal, Nergal, Erakal, Alad, Bull of Heaven, Erra, Irra, Ishar, Meslamt(a)ea, Ne-iri-gal, Nerigal, Qaru, Sumerian Lugal-Irra, Greek Ares, Roman Mars, Enmesarra, Girunugal, Gugulanna, Lugal-Meslam, Meslamt(a)ea) or Meslamt(a)ea).

Mesharu

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Mezulla

A Hittite goddess. Daughter of Wurusema. In some accounts, called Mezulla.

mikku

A drumstick. Called mikku, pukku or pukku.

Minu-anni

A name for Ishtar as a goddess of fate. Occasionally identified as Minu-anni, Ishtar, Ishtar, Asdar, Ashdar, Astar, Estar, Ininna, Irnini, Istar, Lady of Battles, Sirtu, Tamar, Agusaya, Anunitum, As(h)darAshtart, Ast(h)ar, Bau Gula, Kilili, Mah, Mama, Mami, Minu-ulla, Mylitta, Qadishtu, Sarpanitu, Babylonian Ashtoreth, Egyptian Hathor, Greek Aphrodite, Hebrew Tamar, Hurrian Shaushkas, Phoenician Astarte, Sumerian Baba, Inanna, Ella, Iku, Nidaba Nin, Saltu, Minu-ullua, Minu-ullua, Minu-ullu or Minu-ullu.

Miqtu

A Babylonian deity. Sometimes identified as Miqtu.

Mirsi

A name for Tammuz as a god of irrigation. Sometimes identified as Mirsi, Tammuz, Tammuz, Du'uzu, sacred birds, Tammus, Tamoza, Thammuz, Dao(nu)s, Ninib, Thammu, Babylonian Marduk, Greek Adonis, Phrygian Attis, Sumerian Dumuzi(-Abzu), Dumuzida, Sibziann, Mirsu or Mirsu.

Mitra

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Miyatanzipas

A Hittite grain-god. Occasionally referred to as Miyatanzipas.

Moloch

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Monimos

In Syria, a star-god, the evening. Star personified. Also commonly known as Monimos, Monominos, Monominos, Azizos, Arab Arsu, Arab Arsu, Azxizos or Azxizos.

Monsters of the Night

Offspring of Benani and Meliti. These bird-bodied monsters, led by Kingu, helped Tiamat in her fight with Marduk. Occasionally known as Monsters of the Night.

Mother of the Land

A name of Ninhursaga before she. Married Enki. In some lore, occasionally identified as Mother of the Land, Ninhursaga, Ninhursaga, Lady of the Great Mountain, Lady of the Mountain, Ninharsag, Ningursag, Ninhursag, Ninhursagga, Ninkharsag, Ninkhursag, Ninlil, Virgin Lady, Aruru, Belet-ili, Belit, Damgalminna, Damkina, Mah, Mama, Mami, Mammetu(m), Mammitu(m), Mud-kes(d)a, Nin Ki, Ninhursag(ga), Ninkarsag, Ninki, Ninmah, Ninmar, Ninna, Nintua(ma) Kalamma or Nintu(r).

Mother Serpent

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Mount Hursaq

A mountain built by Ninurta to hold. Back the flood waters of Kur. Occasionally referred to as Mount Hursaq.

Mount Nisu

The site where Utnapishtim's boat. Landed after the flood. In some references, known as Mount Nisu, Nimush, Nimush, Nisir, Nisir, Nisu, Nisu, Nitsir, Nitsir, Nizir, Nizir, Niumush, Niumush, Ni(t)sir or Ni(t)sir.

Moymis

A Babylonian deity. Son of Apason and Tauthe. An alternative version of Mummu. On occassion, referred to as Moymis, Mummu, Mummu, Ea, Mommu or Tiamat.

Muati

A local Sumerian god. This deity was later merged with Nabu. Also identified as Muati, Nabu, Nabu, Nabium, Nabug, Nebo, Mermer, Babylonian Nebo, Greek Hermes, Ilu Tashmit or Laghlaghghi-gar.

Mud-kesa

A name of Ninhursaga as 'stauncher of blood'. In some references, referred to as Mud-kesa, Mud-kesda or Mud-kesda.

Mul-lil

An Akkadian storm-god. In some lore, occasionally known as Mul-lil.

Mulliyaras

A Hittite god. In some lore, occasionally identified as Mulliyaras.

Mummu

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Murtaimu

A Babylonian storm-god. Also referred to as Murtaimu, Murtaznu, Murtaznu, Ramman, Ramman, Adad, Mermer, Ragimu, Raimimu, Rimmon, Ragim, Rammanu, Egyptian Set, Hurrian Sutekh or Sumerian Ishkur.

Mushdamma

A Sumerian god of architecture and building. Also known as Mushdamma, Mushdama, Mushdama, Mussdamma or Mussdamma.

Mushussu

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Musmahhu

A monster in the form of a sevenheaded. Snake. Called Musmahhu, Mushussu, Mushussu, Mushrushshu, Shining Snake, Greek Hydra or Greek Hydra.

Mutabriqu

A Babylonian god of lightning. Sometimes called Mutabriqu.

Mutu

A dragon-headed Assyrian god of the underworld. Sometimes identified as Mutu.

Mylitta

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Nabu

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Nadimmud

Ea as 'ruler of everything'. Occasionally known as Nadimmud, Ea, Ea, Aa, Ansar, Ea-Sarru, Enlil, Hea, Hoa, Nidim, Nidimmud, Aa, Amma-ana-ki, Aos, Dunga, Engur, Enki, Enti, Kuski-banda, Lamha, ugal-ida(k), Lugalid, Mummu, Naqbu, Nidim(mud), Ninbuba, Ninigkug, Nudim(mud), Nun-ura, Sa-kala-ma, Sassu-wunnu, Shar Apsi, Sumerian Enki, Ninikug, Ninikug, Nudim, Nudim, Nudimmud, Nudimmud, 'shaper', 'shaper' or Morpheus.

Nadrushi-Namur

A being in the form of a man-lion. He was created by Ea to go to the underworld to rescue Ishtar. Occasionally referred to as Nadrushi-Namur, Ashushu-Namir, Ashushu-Namir, Ashanmer, Ashushunamir, Asnami, Asu-su-Namir, Asushunamir, Uddushu-namir or Asu-su-namir.

Nahar

A sun-goddess. Also known as Nahar.

Nahui Ehecatl

An Aztec water-god. In some lore, occasionally known as Nahui Ehecatl, Ehecatl, Ehecatl or Eecatl.

Nammu

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Namru

A name of Marduk referring to his. Brilliance and power. At times, identified as Namru, Marduk, Marduk, Adad, Addu, Amarud, Amurru-Ramman, Assaluha, Avenger, Hegal, Marlah, Murduk, Qaru, Samas, Suhgurim, Zisi, Agaku, Agilma, Amaradu(k), Aranunna, Asai, As(s)alluha, Asar(i), Asaru(alim) Asaruludu, Bel(-Enlil) Bel-Marduk, Bel Matai, Epadum, Gibil, Gil(ma), (Gish) Qaru, Gugal, Iku, Irkingu, Lugal-Dimmer-An-Ki-A, Kinma, Marad, Namtillaku, Nari, Sandan, S(h)amas(h), Shazu, Sin, Sirsir, Tuku, Tutu, Usire, Zah(gu)rim, Ziku, Ziukinna, Zulum, Assyrian Ashur, Greek Zeus, Hebrew Merodach, Sumerian Enlil, Tagtug, Shulpae, Nimrod, Nimrod, Gibbor, Babylonian Gilgamesh or Kesil.

Namtar

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Namtillaku

A name of Marduk as 'god of life'. Sometimes called Namtillaku, Marduk, Marduk, Adad, Addu, Amarud, Amurru-Ramman, Assaluha, Avenger, Hegal, Marlah, Murduk, Qaru, Samas, Suhgurim, Zisi, Agaku, Agilma, Amaradu(k), Aranunna, Asai, As(s)alluha, Asar(i), Asaru(alim) Asaruludu, Bel(-Enlil) Bel-Marduk, Bel Matai, Epadum, Gibil, Gil(ma), (Gish) Qaru, Gugal, Iku, Irkingu, Lugal-Dimmer-An-Ki-A, Kinma, Marad, Namru, Nari, Sandan, S(h)amas(h), Shazu, Sin, Sirsir, Tuku, Tutu, Usire, Zah(gu)rim, Ziku, Ziukinna, Zulum, Assyrian Ashur, Greek Zeus, Hebrew Merodach, Sumerian Enlil, Tagtug or Shulpae.

Nana

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Nanai

The chief Babylonian goddess. In some accounts she is identified with Nana. In some references, known as Nanai, Nana, Nana, Anna-Nin, Nanaja or Nanaja.

Nanaja

A Babylonian fertility-goddess and war-goddess. Also commonly identified as Nanaja, Nanai, Nanai or Nana.

Nanna

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Nannar

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Nanse

A Sumerian goddess of floods and justice. Consort of Nindara or Haia. Occasionally called Nanse, Nanshe, Nanshe, Nas, Nas, Boi, Nina, Nina or Nena.

Naqbu

A name of Ea as 'god of the deep'. Occasionally known as Naqbu, Ea, Ea, Aa, Ansar, Ea-Sarru, Enlil, Hea, Hoa, Nidim, Nidimmud, Aa, Amma-ana-ki, Aos, Dunga, Engur, Enki, Enti, Kuski-banda, Lamha, ugal-ida(k), Lugalid, Mummu, Nadimmud, Nidim(mud), Ninbuba, Ninigkug, Nudim(mud), Nun-ura, Sa-kala-ma, Sassu-wunnu, Shar Apsi or Sumerian Enki.

Naram-Sin

A king of Akkad. When he sacked Nippur, the gods caused the hill-peoples to rise against him and placed a curse on Akkad. Known as Naram-Sin.

Nari Lugaldimmerankia

A name of Marduk as 'deliverer'. At times, referred to as Nari Lugaldimmerankia.

Narunte

An Assyrian goddess of victory. Sometimes known as Narunte.

Nawtiyalas

A Hittite deity. On occassion, identified as Nawtiyalas.

Nazi

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Nedu

An Akkadian god of the underworld. Referred to as Nedu, Sumerian Neti or Sumerian Neti.

Nego

A Babylonian god. On occassion, known as Nego.

Negun

A Sumerian goddess. Sister of Asai. At times, called Negun, Lisin or Lisin.

Nergal

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Neti

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Nibiru

The Babylonian ruler of the heavens; The planet Jupiter. In some accounts, identified as Nibiru, Nebiru or Nebiru.

Nidaba

A Sumerian goddess of music and writing. A corn-goddess: an aspect of Ishtar. In some references, identified as Nidaba.

Night Lord

A god of rain. It was he who, ordered by Samas, caused the heavy rains which gave rise to the flood. Occasionally known as Night Lord.

Nikkal

A Syrian moon-goddess. Wife of Jarih. An aspect of Ningal as moongoddess. Occasionally identified as Nikkal, Sumerian Ningal or Sumerian Ningal.

Nilsun

A sky-goddess. Mother of Gilgamesh. In some references, called Nilsun, Nilsuna or Nilsuna.

Nin-buba

A name for Ea as 'god of mariners'. Occasionally referred to as Nin-buba, Nin-bubu, Nin-bubu, Nindubarra or Nindubarra.

Nin Ella

A virgin-goddess. Consort of Ea, in some accounts. Also referred to as Nin Ella.

Nin-Shach

A Babylonian war-god in the form of a boar. Sometimes known as Nin-Shach, Nin Shakh or Nin Shakh.

Nina

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Ninamaskug

A Sumerian shepherd-demon, ruler of cattle-stalls. On occassion, called Ninamaskug.

Ninattas

A Hurrian deity attendant on Shaushkas or, in the Sumerian. Version, on Ishtar. Sometimes called Ninattas, Ninatta or Ninatta.

Ninazu

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Nindara

A Sumerian god. Consort of Nanse. On occassion, known as Nindara.

Nindub

A Sumerian local god, god of Lagas. Also called Nindub.

Nindubarra

A Sumerian god, patron of shipmenders. Occasionally referred to as Nindubarra, Nin-buba, Nin-buba or Nin-bubu.

Nindukugga

A Sumerian goddess of the underworld. Mother of Enlil. Wife of Endukugga. Occasionally referred to as Nindukugga.

Ninedinna

A Babylonian goddess. She kept the records of the dead in the underworld. In some accounts, referred to as Ninedinna.

Ninegal

A Babylonian smith-god. Occasionally known as Ninegal, Ninagal or Ninagal.

Ningal

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Ningikugal

A Sumerian reed-goddess. Daughter of An and Nammu. A consort of Enki. In some lore, occasionally called Ningikugal.

Ningilin

A Sumerian god. Sometimes known as Ningilin, Ninkilim, Ninkilim or Ninglin.

Ningirama

A Sumerian god of magic. In some references, identified as Ningirama.

Ningirsu

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Ningishzida

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Ninhursaga

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Ninib

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Ninildu

A Babylonian carpenter-god. Occasionally identified as Ninildu, Nin-Ildu or Nin-Ildu.

Nininsinna

A Sumerian fertility goddess. Daughter of An and Uras. Consort of Pabilsag or Nergal. Occasionally referred to as Nininsinna, Nininsina or Nininsina.

Ninkarnunna

A Sumerian god of barbers. In some references, known as Ninkarnunna.

Ninkarraka

A Babylonian goddess of childbirth. Also commonly called Ninkarraka, Sumerian Gula or Sumerian Gula.

Ninkasi

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Ninki

A name for Ninhursaga as consort of Enki or Ea. A name for Damkina as 'lady of the earth'. Sometimes referred to as Ninki, Gashan-ki, Gashan-ki, Damkina, Nin Ki, Nin Ki, Ninhursaga, Goshan-ki or Goshan-ki.

Ninkigal

A Babylonian earth-god. In some accounts, known as Ninkigal.

Ninkurra

A Babylonian artisan-god. Sometimes known as Ninkurra.

Ninkurru

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Ninlil

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Ninmah

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Ninmena

A Sumerian mother-goddess. Sometimes known as Ninmena, Nin Me En or Nin Me En.

Ninsar

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Ninshubur

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Ninsikil

A Sumerian guardian-goddess of paradise. This is Ninhursaga after her marriage to Enki. She lives in Dilmun, the earthly paradise. In some references, identified as Ninsikil, Ninskilla, Ninskilla, Virgin Lady, Virgin Lady, Ninhursaga, Mah, Mah, Ishtar, Makh, Mami, Ninmah or Nintu.

Ninsuna

The Sumerian cow-goddess. Consort of Lugalbanda. Mother of Gilgamesh and Dumuzi. An aspect of Nana, some say. At times, called Ninsuna, Nin Sun, Nin Sun, Ninsun, Ninsun, Sirtur or Sirtur.

Ninsutu

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Ninti

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Nintu

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Nintuama Kalamma

A name of Ninhursaga after the birth of her children. Also called Nintuama Kalamma, Nintua Kalamma or Nintua Kalamma.

Nintur

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Ninurta

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Ninus

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Ninyas

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Ninzadim

A Babylonian god. Occasionally known as Ninzadim.

Nira

A Babylonian deity. Son of Ea. Also known as Nira, Nirah or Nirah.

Nisaba

An Akkadian corn-goddess. In some lore, occasionally known as Nisaba, Nissaba, Nissaba or Nisaba.

Nisar

A Babylonian goddess of agriculture. Also identified as Nisar.

Nisimug

A Babylonian artisan-god. Occasionally known as Nisimug.

Nisroch

An Assyrian god. In some accounts, he is Ashur in the form of an eagle. At times, identified as Nisroch, Ashur, Ashur, Ashurachu, Ashuraku, Asshur, Assur, Asur, Ashir, Ashshur, As(s)ur, S(h)ar or Babylonian Marduk.

Nissaba

A Sumerian goddess of wisdom and writing. Daughter of An. In some accounts she is equated with Ninlil. On occassion, known as Nissaba, Nisaba or Nisaba.

Nu Mus Da

A Sumerian god, city god of Kazallu. At times, referred to as Nu Mus Da.

Nun-Ura

A name of Ea as an artisan god, patron of potters. In some references, referred to as Nun-Ura, Ea, Ea, Aa, Ansar, Ea-Sarru, Enlil, Hea, Hoa, Nidim, Nidimmud, Aa, Amma-ana-ki, Aos, Dunga, Engur, Enki, Enti, Kuski-banda, Lamha, ugal-ida(k), Lugalid, Mummu, Nadimmud, Naqbu, Nidim(mud), Ninbuba, Ninigkug, Nudim(mud), Nun-ura, Sa-kala-ma, Sassu-wunnu, Shar Apsi, Sumerian Enki, Nurra or Nurra.

Nunbarsegunu

A Babylonian mother-goddess, goddess of barley. Consort of Haia, some say. Mother of Ninlil. Known as Nunbarsegunu, Ninsebargunnu, Ninsebargunnu, Nunbarshegum or Nunbarshegum.

Nunusemia

A Semitic goddess of fate, a form of Mami. On occassion, called Nunusemia.

Nusku

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Oannes

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Omoroka

A name for Tiamat. Also referred to as Omoroka, Omorka or Omorka.

Omroca

The Chaldean name for Thalath. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Omroca.

ostrich

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Pabilsag

A Sumerian god. Consort of Nininsinna. Known as Pabilsag, Pabilsang or Pabilsang.

Pap-nigin-gara

A Babylonian war-god. Occasionally referred to as Pap-nigin-gara.

Pappas

A Hittite supreme god. Referred to as Pappas.

Papsukal

A Babylonian messenger-god. Consort of Amasagnul. In some accounts he is the same as Ninshubur. On occassion, referred to as Papsukal, Pap-sukal, Pap-sukal, Papsukkal or Papsukkal.

Pasag

A Sumerian goddess, guardian of travellers. Occasionally known as Pasag.

patesi

A Babylonian prince-priest. On occassion, known as patesi.

Pazuzu

An Assyrian monster. Son of Hanpa. This being is described as part lion, part eagle, with horns and two pairs of wings. Occasionally referred to as Pazuzu.

Peruwa

A Hittite horse-god. Sometimes referred to as Peruwa, Pirwa or Pirwa.

pukku

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Puzur-Amurri

The steersman of the ship built. By Utnapishtim. Also commonly referred to as Puzur-Amurri.

Puzuzu

A Sumerian guardian god. On occassion, identified as Puzuzu.

Qadish

A servant of Asherah. Also known as Qadish.

Qadishtu

A name for Ishtar as the patroness of temple prostitutes. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Qadishtu, Ishtar, Ishtar, Asdar, Ashdar, Astar, Estar, Ininna, Irnini, Istar, Lady of Battles, Sirtu, Tamar, Agusaya, Anunitum, As(h)darAshtart, Ast(h)ar, Bau Gula, Kilili, Mah, Mama, Mami, Minu-anni, Minu-ulla, Mylitta, Sarpanitu, Babylonian Ashtoreth, Egyptian Hathor, Greek Aphrodite, Hebrew Tamar, Hurrian Shaushkas, Phoenician Astarte, Sumerian Baba, Inanna, Ella, Iku, Nidaba Nin or Saltu.

Quades

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Rabisu

A Babylonian demon of nightmares. Also commonly known as Rabisu.

Rakib-El

A Syrian moon-god or sun-god. Occasionally called Rakib-El, Rakkab or Rakkab.

Ramman

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Ravening Dog

One of the Eleven Mighty Helpers. Created by Tiamat. In some references, called Ravening Dog.

Ridhwan

An archangel guarding the 12 gates of paradise. Occasionally identified as Ridhwan.

Ridija

A Semitic spirit, controller of rain. This being was envisaged as a calf. Also referred to as Ridija.

Rim-Sin

A Sumerian giant, king of Uruk. He is reputed to have dug out the channel for the Euphrates with his bare hands. Referred to as Rim-Sin.

Rimmon

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Rundas

A Hurrian god of fortune and hunting. Identified as Rundas.

Sa'dan

A name for Allat as a goddess of fate. Sometimes known as Sa'dan, Allat, Allat, Carthaginian Allatu or Egyptian Sakhmet.

Sa-kala-ma

A name for Ea as 'ruler of the earth'. Sometimes referred to as Sa-kala-ma, Ea, Ea, Aa, Ansar, Ea-Sarru, Enlil, Hea, Hoa, Nidim, Nidimmud, Aa, Amma-ana-ki, Aos, Dunga, Engur, Enki, Enti, Kuski-banda, Lamha, ugal-ida(k), Lugalid, Mummu, Nadimmud, Naqbu, Nidim(mud), Ninbuba, Ninigkug, Nudim(mud), Nun-ura, Sassu-wunnu, Shar Apsi or Sumerian Enki.

Sabitu

An underworld goddess. She ruled over the Sea of Death. Also commonly identified as Sabitu, Siduri, Siduri, Sabatu, Shiduri, Shidduri, Siduru, Sithapishtim, Shidurri, Egyptian Tenemet or Sitnapishtim.

Sacaea

A Babylonian festival in honour of Anaitis. Sometimes known as Sacaea.

Sachi

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Sad-El

The home of the god El. Also known as Sad-El, Field of God or Field of God.

Sadrapa

A Syrian god of healing. At times, identified as Sadrapa, Greek Satrapis or Greek Satrapis.

Sagaritis

The nymph for whom Attis. Deserted Cybele. She was killed by Cybele. Sometimes identified as Sagaritis, Sagaris or Sagaris.

Sahar

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Sahassaras

A Hittite goddess. Consort of Teshub. Sometimes called Sahassaras.

Sakkan

A Babylonian cattle-god. In some references, known as Sakkan, Amakandu, Amakandu, Sakka, Sakka, Hittite, Hittite, Sumukan, Sumukan, Sumugan, Sumuqan, Babylonian Sakkan or Sumerian Lahar.

Sakut

A name for Ninurta as god of the rising sun. Also called Sakut, Ninurta, Ninurta, Enurta, Nimurta, Nin Ur, Ninurash, SharukHittite, Bel, Zamana, Imdugud, Tispak, Sakket, Sakket, Sakkut or Sakkut.

Sala

A Babylonian war-goddess. Wife of Adad or Dagan. Referred to as Sala, Salas, Salas, Schala or Schala.

Salamannu

An Assyrian fish-god. In some lore, occasionally known as Salamannu, Sallamannu or Sallamannu.

Salbatanu

A Babylonian god, the planet. Mars personified. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Salbatanu.

Salim

A Syrian god of twilight. Occasionally referred to as Salim, Salma, Salma, Salim, Salmaone, Canaainte Resep or Salmaore.

Salma

A Kenite sun-god. A deity of the hill of Jerusalem. Also known as Salma, Salim, Salim, Salmaone, Salmaone, Canaainte Resep, Canaainte Resep, Salmaore or Salmaore.

Salmaat

A Kenite god. In some accounts, known as Salmaat, Greek Dionysus, Greek Dionysus, Dusara, Fufluns, Liber, Orotalt, Osiris, Rudra or Zagreus.

Salmaone

A goddess of the east. Also commonly referred to as Salmaone, Salma, Salma, Salim, Salim, Canaainte Resep or Salmaore.

Saltu

A Babylonian goddess of strife. Created by Ea. Occasionally called Saltu, Ishtar, Ishtar, Asdar, Ashdar, Astar, Estar, Ininna, Irnini, Istar, Lady of Battles, Sirtu, Tamar, Agusaya, Anunitum, As(h)darAshtart, Ast(h)ar, Bau Gula, Kilili, Mah, Mama, Mami, Minu-anni, Minu-ulla, Mylitta, Qadishtu, Sarpanitu, Babylonian Ashtoreth, Egyptian Hathor, Greek Aphrodite, Hebrew Tamar, Hurrian Shaushkas, Phoenician Astarte, Sumerian Baba, Inanna, Ella, Iku or Nidaba Nin.

Samas

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Samkhat

A Babylonian goddess of pleasure. Also identified as Samkhat, Shamhat, Shamhat or Ukhat.

Samos

A Semitic sun-god. Called Samos, Akkadian Babbar, Akkadian Babbar, Samas, Sams, Arab Sams, Arab Sams, Babylonian Samas, Babylonian Samas, Aftab, Aliha, Chemosh, Sapas, Shullat, Utu, Canaanite Sapas, Canaanite Sapas, Moabite Chemosh, Moabite Chemosh, Sumerian Utu or Sumerian Utu.

Sandan

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Sapan

The palace of Baal. Sometimes known as Sapan.

Sara

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Sargon

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Sarpanitu

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Sarra Itu

A Babylonian-Sumerian fertility-goddess. Also identified as Sarra Itu, Sarrahitu, Sarrahitu, Sarrhitu, Sarrhitu, Sarr(a)hitu or Sarr(a)hitu.

Sarruma

A Hurrian god. Son of Teshub and Hebat. Occasionally known as Sarruma, Saruma, Saruma, Sharmas, Sharmas, Sharrumas, Sharrumas, Sharuma or Sharuma.

Sartiyas

A Hittite goddess. Also commonly called Sartiyas, Queen of Katapa or Queen of Katapa.

Sarur

A Sumerian god. The deified weapon (a cyclone) used by Ninurta which was capable of independent action. Also called Sarur, Sargaz, Sargaz, Shargaz, Shargaz, Sharuk, Sharuk, Ninurta, Sharur, Sharur, S(h)argaz or S(h)argaz.

Sassu-wunnu

Ea as a sea-monster. In some references, referred to as Sassu-wunnu, Ea, Ea, Aa, Ansar, Ea-Sarru, Enlil, Hea, Hoa, Nidim, Nidimmud, Aa, Amma-ana-ki, Aos, Dunga, Engur, Enki, Enti, Kuski-banda, Lamha, ugal-ida(k), Lugalid, Mummu, Nadimmud, Naqbu, Nidim(mud), Ninbuba, Ninigkug, Nudim(mud), Nun-ura, Sa-kala-ma, Shar Apsi or Sumerian Enki.

Sataran

A god of medicine. He also acts as a judge. Sometimes identified as Sataran, Istaran or Istaran.

Saul

A Babylonian god. In some accounts, called Saul, Savul or Savul.

Sauska

A Hurrian mother-goddess and fertility-goddess. In some lore, occasionally called Sauska, Syrian Kubaba, Syrian Kubaba or Cybele.

Scorpion Man

One of the Eleven Mighty Helpers. Created by Tiamat. Sometimes referred to as Scorpion Man, Girtablili, Girtablili or Scorpion-man.

Sea of Death

Part of the underworld ruled by Sabitu. Referred to as Sea of Death.

Sebettu

A group of Akkadian demons. The malevolent Sebettu are the cause of eclipses and various disasters but are opposed by the benevolent Sebettu. At times, called Sebettu.

Sebitti

Babylonian war-gods. Children of Anu. Sometimes called Sebitti.

Sed

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Sedu

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Semiramis

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Seri

A bull. This beast, together with Hurri, was a companion of Ishkur In some accounts, known as Seri.

Serida

A Sumerian mother-goddess. Also identified as Serida, Babylonian A-a or Babylonian A-a.

Seven Ancient Elders

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Shadrapi

A Phoenician god of healing. In some references, known as Shadrapi.

Shakkan

An Akkadian god of animals. In some accounts, he was said to have married his sister, Tiamat. At times, referred to as Shakkan, Shakan or Shakan.

Shamhat

The prostitute who tamed the wild. Man, Enkidu. Occasionally referred to as Shamhat, Samkhat, Samkhat, Ukhat or Ukhat.

Shar

An early Syrian god of the dawn. The god Ansar as the Pole Star. Occasionally identified as Shar, Ilu Sar, Ilu Sar, Ansar, Sar, Sar, (Ilu) Sar, (Ilu) Sar, Babylonian Ansar or Babylonian Ansar.

Shar Apsi

A name for Ea as 'ruler of the deep waters'. Occasionally known as Shar Apsi, Ea, Ea, Aa, Ansar, Ea-Sarru, Enlil, Hea, Hoa, Nidim, Nidimmud, Aa, Amma-ana-ki, Aos, Dunga, Engur, Enki, Enti, Kuski-banda, Lamha, ugal-ida(k), Lugalid, Mummu, Nadimmud, Naqbu, Nidim(mud), Ninbuba, Ninigkug, Nudim(mud), Nun-ura, Sa-kala-ma, Sassu-wunnu or Sumerian Enki.

Sharabda

A Babylonian deity, slander personified. Also commonly known as Sharabda.

Sharaw

A Sumerian god of Umma. In some references, known as Sharaw.

Sharis

A Urartian goddess. Sometimes known as Sharis, Akkadian Ishtar, Akkadian Ishtar or Shaushkas.

Shaushkas

A Hurrian goddess of the underworld. Consort of Teshub. In early accounts, this deity was regarded as male. Also called Shaushkas, Lalwani, Lalwani, Lelwani, Lelwani, Lelwanis, Lelwanis, Shaushga, Shaushga, Shaushkash, Shaushkash, Lelwani(s), Lelwani(s), Akkadian Ishtar, Akkadian Ishtar or Sharis.

Shazu

A name of Marduk as 'mindreader'. Also called Shazu, Marduk, Marduk, Adad, Addu, Amarud, Amurru-Ramman, Assaluha, Avenger, Hegal, Marlah, Murduk, Qaru, Samas, Suhgurim, Zisi, Agaku, Agilma, Amaradu(k), Aranunna, Asai, As(s)alluha, Asar(i), Asaru(alim) Asaruludu, Bel(-Enlil) Bel-Marduk, Bel Matai, Epadum, Gibil, Gil(ma), (Gish) Qaru, Gugal, Iku, Irkingu, Lugal-Dimmer-An-Ki-A, Kinma, Marad, Namru, Namtillaku, Nari, Sandan, S(h)amas(h), Sin, Sirsir, Tuku, Tutu, Usire, Zah(gu)rim, Ziku, Ziukinna, Zulum, Assyrian Ashur, Greek Zeus, Hebrew Merodach, Sumerian Enlil, Tagtug or Shulpae.

shedeem

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Shedu

A benevolent spirit, protector of the household. Occasionally referred to as Shedu.

Shelartish

A Urartian mood-god. At times, referred to as Shelartish.

Sherah

A Sumerian deity, the generative power of the sun's rays personified. Occasionally referred to as Sherah, Shahan or Shahan.

Shimegi

A Hurrian sun-god. Sometimes called Shimegi.

Shining Snake

One of the Eleven Mighty Helpers. Created by Tiamat. Occasionally known as Shining Snake, Mushussu, Mushussu, Mushrushshu or Musmahhu.

Shipit

A god of Byblos. Also known as Shipit, Shipit Baal or Shipit Baal.

Shukalletuda

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Shullat

An Akkadian deity, herald of storms. Sometimes identified as Shullat, Samas, Samas, Mes An Du, Samash, Shamas, Shamash, Shemesh, Utuki, Heres, Ma-banda-anna, Marduk, Sachi, S(h)amash, Akkadian Babbar, Arab Aliha, Sams, Canaanite Sapas, Moabite Chemosh, Persian Aftab, Semitic Samos, Sumerian Utu, Arab Hirmis, Arab Hirmis, Hermes Trismegistus, Babylonian Samas, Babylonian Samas, Aftab, Aliha, Chemosh, Samos, Sapas, Utu, Greek Hermes, Greek Hermes, Ganesha, Mercury, Nabu, Thoth or Turms.

Shulpae

An Akkadian god of feasting. An aspect of Marduk. Occasionally identified as Shulpae, Marduk, Marduk, Adad, Addu, Amarud, Amurru-Ramman, Assaluha, Avenger, Hegal, Marlah, Murduk, Qaru, Samas, Suhgurim, Zisi, Agaku, Agilma, Amaradu(k), Aranunna, Asai, As(s)alluha, Asar(i), Asaru(alim) Asaruludu, Bel(-Enlil) Bel-Marduk, Bel Matai, Epadum, Gibil, Gil(ma), (Gish) Qaru, Gugal, Iku, Irkingu, Lugal-Dimmer-An-Ki-A, Kinma, Marad, Namru, Namtillaku, Nari, Sandan, S(h)amas(h), Shazu, Sin, Sirsir, Tuku, Tutu, Usire, Zah(gu)rim, Ziku, Ziukinna, Zulum, Assyrian Ashur, Greek Zeus, Hebrew Merodach, Sumerian Enlil or Tagtug.

Shuqamuna

A Babylonian war-god. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Shuqamuna.

Shurripak

A Babylonian city. It was said that this city was used as a meeting place for the gods. In some accounts, known as Shurripak, Shurrupak or Shurrupak.

Shutu

A Babylonian demoness, the south-west wind. In some accounts, referred to as Shutu.

Sibzianna

A name for Tammuz as a god of hunters and shepherds. Known as Sibzianna.

Sidanu

A Babylonian deity of sickness. In some references, called Sidanu.

Siduri

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Sige

A Babylonian mother-goddess: the primordial essence from which sprang Apason and Tauthe. Sometimes identified as Sige, Sigi, Sigi or Sige.

Sigensigdu

Sumerian deities present at the creation of man by Enki. In some accounts, known as Sigensigdu.

Sikis

A Babylonian deity. Sometimes referred to as Sikis.

Silik Mulu-khi

A Sumerian deity of healing. Son of Ea. At times, referred to as Silik Mulu-khi.

Silili

The Babylonian celestial mare from which all horses are descended. Sometimes referred to as Silili.

Simi

A Syrian goddess of fate. Identified as Simi, Seimia, Seimia, Ashima, Shima, Shima, Shimi or Shimi.

Simigi

A Hurrian sun-god. Sometimes known as Simigi, Armenian SiviniHittite Istanu, Armenian SiviniHittite Istanu, Urartian Siwin or Urartian Siwin.

Simmos

A shepherd. He found and reared the infant Semiramis. Occasionally known as Simmos, Simmas or Simmas.

Sin

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Sin-liki-innuni

The author of the Chaldaean. Epic of Gisdhubar. Also identified as Sin-liki-innuni.

Sipylene

An Anatolian mother-goddess. Sometimes known as Sipylene.

Sirara

A Babylonian and Sumerian goddess. Enki put her in charge of the Persian Gulf. In some accounts, called Sirara.

Siris

A Babylonian god of feasting. In some accounts Siris is female. In some references, known as Siris, Sirash or Sirash.

Sirrush

A Babylonian scaly monster with parts of a bird, cheetah and having claws on its 2 rear. Feet. In some accounts, known as Sirrush.

Sirsir

A name for Marduk as guardian of seamen. On occassion, identified as Sirsir, Marduk, Marduk, Adad, Addu, Amarud, Amurru-Ramman, Assaluha, Avenger, Hegal, Marlah, Murduk, Qaru, Samas, Suhgurim, Zisi, Agaku, Agilma, Amaradu(k), Aranunna, Asai, As(s)alluha, Asar(i), Asaru(alim) Asaruludu, Bel(-Enlil) Bel-Marduk, Bel Matai, Epadum, Gibil, Gil(ma), (Gish) Qaru, Gugal, Iku, Irkingu, Lugal-Dimmer-An-Ki-A, Kinma, Marad, Namru, Namtillaku, Nari, Sandan, S(h)amas(h), Shazu, Sin, Tuku, Tutu, Usire, Zah(gu)rim, Ziku, Ziukinna, Zulum, Assyrian Ashur, Greek Zeus, Hebrew Merodach, Sumerian Enlil, Tagtug or Shulpae.

Sirtur

A Babylonian goddess of sheep, an aspect of Ninsuna. Sometimes known as Sirtur, Ninsuna, Ninsuna, Nin Sun or Ninsun.

Sithapishtim

In the story of Izdubar, the sage who directed him to the underworld. Also commonly identified as Sithapishtim, Siduri, Siduri, Sabatu, Sabitu, Shiduri, Shidduri, Siduru, Shidurri, Egyptian Tenemet or Sitnapishtim.

Sius

A Hittite sun-god. Occasionally referred to as Sius, Istanu, Istanu, Hattic Estan or Hurrian Simigi.

Siwini

A Urartian sun-god. Sometimes identified as Siwini, Armenian Sivini, Armenian Sivini, Hurrian Simigi, Hurrian Simigi, Istanu, Sivini, Hittite Istanu or Hittite Istanu.

star

The symbol of An. Sometimes referred to as star.

Storm Winds

One of the Eleven Mighty Helpers. Created by Tiamat. In some lore, occasionally known as Storm Winds.

Succoth Benoth

The Semitic version of Sarpanitu. Also referred to as Succoth Benoth, Succor Benoth or Succor Benoth.

Suin

An Assyrian moon-god. Occasionally known as Suin, Suen, Suen, Nanna, Sin, Babylonian Sin, Babylonian Sin, Nanna, Sumerian Hanna or Sumerian Hanna.

Sul-pa-e

A Sumerian fertility and sky-god, Jupiter personified. Consort of Ninhursaga, some say. At times, referred to as Sul-pa-e.

Sul-utula

A Sumerian god of Eninnu. Also identified as Sul-utula.

Sullat

A minor god, attendant on Samas. In some lore, occasionally known as Sullat, Sulla or Sulla.

Sulmanitu

A Semitic fertility and war-goddess. Occasionally identified as Sulmanitu.

Sulmanu

A Babylonian fertility and war-god. In some accounts, called Sulmanu, Sulman, Sulman, Assyrian Salman, Assyrian Salman or Resep.

Sulpae

A Sumerian god of the planet Jupiter. Consort of Ninhursaga, some say. Sometimes known as Sulpae.

Sulsaga

A Sumerian sky-goddess. Also referred to as Sulsaga.

Sumukan

A Hittite god of animals. Occasionally known as Sumukan, Sakkan, Sakkan, Amakandu, Sakka, Sakka, Hittite, Sumuqan, Sumerian Lahar, Sumugan, Sumugan, Babylonian Sakkan, Babylonian Sakkan or Lahar.

Sutekh

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Suwanzipas

A Hittite deity. On occassion, identified as Suwanzipas.

Syrian Goddess

A name of Astarte or Atargatis. Sometimes called Syrian Goddess, Astarte, Astarte, Ashtart, Ashtareth, Ashtaroth, Astarat, Astarot(h), Astoreth, Athirat, Athtar(a)t, Dea Syria, Great Mother, Kades, Kedesh(et), Queen of Heaven, Queen of Love, Armenian Anahit, Babylonian Ishtar, Canaanite Asherah, Greek Aphrodite, North African Dido, Tanit(h), Phrygian Cybele, Semitic Ashtoreth, Sumerian Nanna, Atargatis, Atargatis, Atar, Atarate, Atargate, Atergatis, Atharate, Attar, Dercetis, Derceto, Derketo, Atar, Atar(g)ate, Attar, DeaSyria, Syria Dea, Syria Dea or Anat.

Ta-uz

A festival in honour of Tammuz. In some references, known as Ta-uz.

Tablets of Destiny

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Tagtug

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Takitis

An attendant on Hebat. Also commonly referred to as Takitis.

Taklimtu

An Assyrian ceremony in honour of Dumuzi. On occassion, called Taklimtu.

Talay

Daughter of Baal. In some references, identified as Talay, 'dew' or 'dew'.

Tammuz

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Tammuz of the Abyss

A name for Dumuzi. Also commonly called Tammuz of the Abyss, Dumuzi, Dumuzi, Dumuzida, Du'uzu, Amaushumgalanna, Ama-Usum-Gal-Ana, Damu, Duuzu, Babylonian Tammuz or Greek Adonis.

Tamtu

The bitter waters of creation. Occasionally identified as Tamtu.

Taru

A Hattic weather-god. Husband of Wurusemu. Father of Hulla. Father of Telepinu, some say. Occasionally known as Taru, Hittite Teshub or Hittite Teshub.

Tasimis

A Hittite goddess. Consort of Teshub. In some accounts, known as Tasimis.

Tasmetu

A Babylonian love-goddess. Daughter of Marduk and Sarpanitu. Consort of Nabu. Also called Tasmetu, Tashmetu, Tashmetu, Tashmetum, Tashmetum, Tashmit, Tashmit, Tashmitum, Tashmitum, Tasmetum, Tasmetum, Tasmit, Tasmit, Tashmetu(m), Tashmetu(m), Tashmit(um) or Tashmit(um).

Tasmisu

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Tauthe

A demon of chaos. The Syrian version of Tiamat. Consort of Apason. Mother of Lache, Lachos and Moynis. Also commonly referred to as Tauthe.

Tehom

The primaeval waters. In some references, known as Tehom, Tchom, Tchom, Tehom, Tiamat, Tiamat, Amorka, Amoroka, Chaos Mother, Mother Chuber, Mother Tiamat, Tamtu, Tehom, Tham, Tiawath, Amor(o)ka, Omor(o)ka Great Mother, Mother Tiamat Tamtu, Egyptian Apep, Apophis, Hebrew Leviatan, Rahab, Tohu, Sumerian Labbu, Syrian Tauthe or Mummu.

Teraphim

Sumerian household gods. On occassion, referred to as Teraphim, Terafim, Terafim, Teraphim or Teraphim.

Teshub

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Thalath

A Babylonian ruler of the primitive waters. Belus cut Thalath in half to make earth and sky. In some accounts, referred to as Thalath, Chaldean Omroca or Chaldean Omroca.

Thatmanitu

A Semitic goddess of healing. Occasionally known as Thatmanitu.

Theispas

A weather-god of the pre-Armenian. Urartians. Identified as Theispas.

Thepla

An evil Armenian demon. In some references, identified as Thepla.

Thitmanet

Daughter of Keret. Occasionally referred to as Thitmanet.

Tiamat

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Tilla

A Hurrian bull-god, attendant on Teshub. Also called Tilla.

Tirid

A Babylonian storm-deity who caused terror. Occasionally referred to as Tirid.

Tispak

A guardian god of Esnumma. A name for Ninurta, some say. Also identified as Tispak, Ninurta, Ninurta, Enurta, Nimurta, Nin Ur, Ninurash, SharukHittite, Bel, Zamana, Imdugud, Sakut, Tishpak or Tishpak.

Tiur

A scribe of the Armenian gods. He conducted souls to the underworld and recorded their deeds on their foreheads. Occasionally known as Tiur.

Tiwaz

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Tly

Daughter of Baal-Sapon and Pidray. On occassion, referred to as Tly.

Tokakami

A god of death of the Huichol Indians. Also commonly known as Tokakami.

Tomiyauhtecuhtli

An Aztec fertility-god and rain-god. Occasionally called Tomiyauhtecuhtli.

Tubal Cain

A Kenite goat-god. In some accounts he was the offspring of the fallen angels Shamdon and Naamah and brother of Asmodeus. Identified as Tubal Cain.

Tuku

A name of Marduk as 'enchanter'. Occasionally identified as Tuku, Marduk, Marduk, Adad, Addu, Amarud, Amurru-Ramman, Assaluha, Avenger, Hegal, Marlah, Murduk, Qaru, Samas, Suhgurim, Zisi, Agaku, Agilma, Amaradu(k), Aranunna, Asai, As(s)alluha, Asar(i), Asaru(alim) Asaruludu, Bel(-Enlil) Bel-Marduk, Bel Matai, Epadum, Gibil, Gil(ma), (Gish) Qaru, Gugal, Iku, Irkingu, Lugal-Dimmer-An-Ki-A, Kinma, Marad, Namru, Namtillaku, Nari, Sandan, S(h)amas(h), Shazu, Sin, Sirsir, Tutu, Usire, Zah(gu)rim, Ziku, Ziukinna, Zulum, Assyrian Ashur, Greek Zeus, Hebrew Merodach, Sumerian Enlil, Tagtug or Shulpae.

Tutu

A name of Marduk as 'father of gods'. Occasionally referred to as Tutu, Marduk, Marduk, Adad, Addu, Amarud, Amurru-Ramman, Assaluha, Avenger, Hegal, Marlah, Murduk, Qaru, Samas, Suhgurim, Zisi, Agaku, Agilma, Amaradu(k), Aranunna, Asai, As(s)alluha, Asar(i), Asaru(alim) Asaruludu, Bel(-Enlil) Bel-Marduk, Bel Matai, Epadum, Gibil, Gil(ma), (Gish) Qaru, Gugal, Iku, Irkingu, Lugal-Dimmer-An-Ki-A, Kinma, Marad, Namru, Namtillaku, Nari, Sandan, S(h)amas(h), Shazu, Sin, Sirsir, Tuku, Usire, Zah(gu)rim, Ziku, Ziukinna, Zulum, Assyrian Ashur, Greek Zeus, Hebrew Merodach, Sumerian Enlil, Tagtug, Shulpae, Tuttu, Tuttu or Tutu.

Typhoon

A Hittite monster, half man, half serpent. This beast was slain by Tarku (Teshub). In some references, called Typhoon, Illuyankas, Illuyankas, Illuyanka, Babylonian Tiamat, Hebrew Leviathan, Egyptian Set, Egyptian Set, Baal, Ramman, Rimmon, Typhon, Greek Typhon or Greek Typhon.

Ua-Ildak

A Babylonian goddess of vegetation. Sometimes called Ua-Ildak.

Ubar-Tutu

Father of Atrahasis or Utnapishtim. In some lore, occasionally called Ubar-Tutu, Ubara-Tutu or Ubara-Tutu.

Ubshuukina

The hall or court of the Sumerian. Gods assembled. Sometimes identified as Ubshuukina.

Uddagubba

A Sumerian deity, messenger for Enlil. Sometimes identified as Uddagubba.

Udug

A demon. Called Udug, Udu, Udu, Akkadian Uttuku or Akkadian Uttuku.

Uduran

An Assyrian god. Also known as Uduran, Iranian Hutram or Iranian Hutram.

Ugallu

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Ugar

A Syrian god of vegetation. Occasionally called Ugar.

Ullikummi

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Umbara Tutu

Father of Utnapishtim. Sometimes identified as Umbara Tutu.

Umma

A Babylonian weather-god. In some references, referred to as Umma.

Ummanu

7 sages said to have written the epic story of Gilgamesh. Referred to as Ummanu.

Umu-Dapruti

Babylonian spirits. These beings helped Tiamat in her fight with Marduk. At times, known as Umu-Dapruti.

Umulua

A name for the Sumerian sun-god in benevolent mode. Occasionally known as Umulua.

Umunesiga

A name for the Sumerian sun-god in malevolent mode. Occasionally referred to as Umunesiga.

Umunmutanku

A Babylonian temple-god. Occasionally referred to as Umunmutanku.

Upelluri

A Hurrian mountain-god. This giant being, standing in the ocean, was said to support the earth on his shoulders. Also commonly known as Upelluri, Ubelluris, Ubelluris, Greek Atlas, Greek Atlas or Skambha.

Uphukinaku

A hall, meeting-place of the Babylonian gods. Sometimes known as Uphukinaku.

Upshukinaku

The great hall of the gods. In some lore, occasionally called Upshukinaku.

Ura

A Babylonian plague-god. Also called Ura.

Uras

A Sumerian earth-goddess. A consort of An. Mother of Nininsinna. Also called Uras, Urash, Urash or Uras.

Uridimmu

A Sumerian demon. This demon took the form of a terrible lion which helped Tiamat in her fight with Marduk. Also called Uridimmu, Babylonian Ugallu, Babylonian Ugallu, Great Lion, Great Lion or Uridimmo.

Ursanapi

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Uru-Anna

A deity, the light of heaven, identified with the constellation Orion. In some references, called Uru-Anna.

Urukagura

A priest-king of Lagash. He drastically reduced the fee payable to the clergy for presiding at a funeral. In some accounts, called Urukagura.

Ushumgalanna

A Sumerian fertility-god: a celestial serpent. Occasionally referred to as Ushumgalanna.

Usumgal

A monstrous serpent in Sumerian lore. Sometimes called Usumgal, Ushumgal or Ushumgal.

Usumu

The Akkadian version of Isinu. Also called Usumu, Usmu or Usmu.

Utnapishtim

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Uttu

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Uttuku

Akkadian armed monsters with the body of a man and the head and limbs of an animal. These monsters become the evil Sebettu. Occasionally identified as Uttuku, Uttukku, Uttukku, Uttuku, Uttu, Utukku, Utukku, Uttu or Uttuku.

Utu

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vikper

One of the Eleven Mighty Helpers. Created by Tiamat. Referred to as vikper.

Vispa-Taurvairi

Mother, by a virgin birth, of Saoshyant. At times, known as Vispa-Taurvairi.

Wanax

A deity. Also referred to as Wanax.

Washaliyas

A Hittite deity. Occasionally known as Washaliyas.

We-e

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Wer

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Wurukatti

A Hattic war-god. On occassion, identified as Wurukatti, King of the Land, King of the Land, Wurunkatte, Wurunkatte, Sumerian Zubaba or Sumerian Zubaba.

Wurusema

A Hattic sun-goddess. Wife of Taru. Mother of Hulla and Mezula. Also known as Wurusema, Wurunsemu or Wurunsemu.

Xithuthros

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Ya-daganu

A Semitic fish-god and god of agriculture. Also commonly called Ya-daganu.

Yabamat Liimmim

A name for Anat as 'Mother of Nations'. In some lore, occasionally known as Yabamat Liimmim, Anat, Anat, Allat, Anahit, Anahita, Anaitis, Anata, Anath, Anta, Aphrodite, Ashtareth, Athtarat, Athtart, Attart, Hanatu, Queen of Heaven, Syria Dea, Anaitis, Anthat, Ashtoreth, Ashtoroth, Astarat, Astarte, Athirat, Athtar(a)t, Babylonian Ishtar, Egyptian, Anthrathi, Antit, Phoenician Antaeus, Anthyt, Phrygian Cybele, Sumerian Inanna, Baalat, Mother of Nations or Mother of Nations.

Yagrush

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Yamutbal

A Sumerian storm-demon. This monster took the form of a sixheaded ram. It was killed by Ningursu. In some accounts, referred to as Yamutbal.

Yarih

A Canaanite moon-god. Husband of Nikkal. He sent Hirihbi to ask Baal for Nikkal's hand in marriage. In some accounts, known as Yarih, Yarikh, Yarikh, Yerah or Yerah.

Yasib

Son of Keret. He was suckled by the goddess Anat. As a young man, he led an unsuccessful rebellion against his father. Occasionally known as Yasib, Yassib, Yassib, Yasub or Yasub.

Zababa

A Babylonian war-god. Also referred to as Zababa, Zubaba, Zubaba, Hattic Wurukatti, Hattic Wurukatti, Hittite Zamama or Hittite Zamama.

Zagmak

A festival in honour of Marduk held. At the Spring equinox. On occassion, called Zagmak, Zagmuk or Zagmuk.

Zahgurim

A name of Marduk as 'helper of friends'. Occasionally identified as Zahgurim.

Zahrim

A name of Marduk as 'scourge of wickedness'. In some references, referred to as Zahrim.

Zakar

An Assyrian supreme god. In some references, identified as Zakar.

Zamama

A Hittite sun-god and god of war. He was later equated with Marduk. Also commonly known as Zamama, Zamanas, Zamanas, Zamana, Assyrian Ninib, Assyrian Ninib, Babylonian Zababa, Babylonian Zababa, Sumerian Ninurta, Sumerian Ninurta or Hurabtil.

Zappu

A Babylonian star-god, the Pleiades. Personified. Sometimes known as Zappu.

Zas

A Phoenician version of Baal. He overcame the dragon Ophrineus. On occassion, identified as Zas.

Zeus Kasios

A Semitic weather-god or mountaingod, identified with Zeus. Called Zeus Kasios, Kasios or Kasios.

Zi

The Akkadian spirit which was said to inhere in all things. In some references, referred to as Zi, Babylonian Sige, Babylonian Sige, Sumerian Ziku, Sumerian Ziku or Sige.

Ziku

A name of Marduk as 'pure goodness'. Also referred to as Ziku, Marduk, Marduk, Adad, Addu, Amarud, Amurru-Ramman, Assaluha, Avenger, Hegal, Marlah, Murduk, Qaru, Samas, Suhgurim, Zisi, Agaku, Agilma, Amaradu(k), Aranunna, Asai, As(s)alluha, Asar(i), Asaru(alim) Asaruludu, Bel(-Enlil) Bel-Marduk, Bel Matai, Epadum, Gibil, Gil(ma), (Gish) Qaru, Gugal, Iku, Irkingu, Lugal-Dimmer-An-Ki-A, Kinma, Marad, Namru, Namtillaku, Nari, Sandan, S(h)amas(h), Shazu, Sin, Sirsir, Tuku, Tutu, Usire, Zah(gu)rim, Ziukinna, Zulum, Assyrian Ashur, Greek Zeus, Hebrew Merodach, Sumerian Enlil, Tagtug or Shulpae.

Zikum

A Sumerian mother-goddess. Occasionally referred to as Zikum.

Zintui

A granddaughter of Wurusema. At times, called Zintui.

Zinuhiyas

A Hittite deity. Also commonly called Zinuhiyas.

Ziparwas

A Hittite deity. Known as Ziparwas.

Ziukinna

A name of Marduk as 'leader of gods'. Referred to as Ziukinna, Marduk, Marduk, Adad, Addu, Amarud, Amurru-Ramman, Assaluha, Avenger, Hegal, Marlah, Murduk, Qaru, Samas, Suhgurim, Zisi, Agaku, Agilma, Amaradu(k), Aranunna, Asai, As(s)alluha, Asar(i), Asaru(alim) Asaruludu, Bel(-Enlil) Bel-Marduk, Bel Matai, Epadum, Gibil, Gil(ma), (Gish) Qaru, Gugal, Iku, Irkingu, Lugal-Dimmer-An-Ki-A, Kinma, Marad, Namru, Namtillaku, Nari, Sandan, S(h)amas(h), Shazu, Sin, Sirsir, Tuku, Tutu, Usire, Zah(gu)rim, Ziku, Zulum, Assyrian Ashur, Greek Zeus, Hebrew Merodach, Sumerian Enlil, Tagtug or Shulpae.

Ziusudra

The Sumerian king of Sippar. A name for Atrahasis in some versions of the flood story. In some accounts, identified as Ziusudra, Atrahasis, Atrahasis, Amahasis, Atarhasis, Atra-chasis, Atraharsis, Atrahis, Atramhasis, Hasis-Atra, Superwise, Utnapishtim, Atra-hasis, Atrah(ars)is, Sumerian Ziusudra, Syrian Ut(a)napishtim, Utnapishti, Ziudsudda, Ziudsudda, Ziusuttu, Ziusuttu, Tut(t)u, Tut(t)u, Tagtug, Syrian Utnapishtim, Syrian Utnapishtim, Babylonian Atrahasis, Babylonian Atrahasis, Xithuthros, Xithuthros, Sisythos, Sisythus, Xisuthros or Sisythes.

Ztak

A supreme deity of the Hittites. At times, called Ztak.

Zu

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Zulimas

A Hittite deity. In some accounts, known as Zulimas.

Zulum

A name of Marduk as 'clay-cutter'. Sometimes known as Zulum, Marduk, Marduk, Adad, Addu, Amarud, Amurru-Ramman, Assaluha, Avenger, Hegal, Marlah, Murduk, Qaru, Samas, Suhgurim, Zisi, Agaku, Agilma, Amaradu(k), Aranunna, Asai, As(s)alluha, Asar(i), Asaru(alim) Asaruludu, Bel(-Enlil) Bel-Marduk, Bel Matai, Epadum, Gibil, Gil(ma), (Gish) Qaru, Gugal, Iku, Irkingu, Lugal-Dimmer-An-Ki-A, Kinma, Marad, Namru, Namtillaku, Nari, Sandan, S(h)amas(h), Shazu, Sin, Sirsir, Tuku, Tutu, Usire, Zah(gu)rim, Ziku, Ziukinna, Assyrian Ashur, Greek Zeus, Hebrew Merodach, Sumerian Enlil, Tagtug or Shulpae.
Mesopotamian Mythology