Egyptian - A scarab-headed sun-god. A manifestation of Ra as the morning sun. He was regarded as a self-created creator-god, rising out of Nun, who, merely by saying his name, created a solid place on which he could stand, and created Shu and Tefnut. He was later assimilated with Ra, the sun-god. In some accounts, he was the son of Nut who swallowed her son each evening only for him to be born again each morning. In another version, one of his eyes wandered across the sky each day as the sun and was brought back to him by Shu and Tefnut. In the form of a scarab, he fought the demons of the abyss from which he had emerged. He was said to have created the world by rolling his own spittle into a ball. Sometimes called Khepra, Atum, Atum, Atmu, Atumu, Tam, Tem, Temu, Tham, Thom, Thum, Tm, Tmu, Tom, Tum, At(u)mu, Bull of the Ennead, Iusau, Neb-er-djei, Shed, Tem(u), T(h)am, T(h)om, T(h)um, Tm(u), Ra, Ra-Atum, Chatura, Chatura, Chepera, Chepera, Cheop, Chepre, Chepre, Khepera, Khepera, Kheperi, Kheperi, Kheprer, Kheprer, Khepri, Khepri, Khepry, Khepry, Khopri, Khopri, Khep(e)ri, Khep(e)ri, Menthu, Menthu or Mentu.

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