Japanese Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abe no Miushi

read more »

Adachigahara

A female demon that kills and eats children. At times, referred to as Adachigahara.

Aizen-myoo

read more »

Ajarijoan

read more »

Aji-Shiki-Taka-Hiko-Ne

read more »

aka-oni

Demons of the underworld with red bodies. In some accounts, referred to as aka-oni, Oni, Oni, femYama-uba, Shinto Tengu or ao-oni.

Akandoji

A demon killed by Momotaro. Sometimes referred to as Akandoji.

Akano Jewel

A god of famine. In some lore, occasionally identified as Akano Jewel.

Akawi-ko

read more »

Aki-Yama

read more »

Akiko

read more »

Ako

Husband of Aya, in some accounts. Other versions say that Aya married the second (unnamed) son of the Lord Ako. Also known as Ako.

Akuma

An evil spirit. Envisaged as a terrifying flying monster with fiery head and eyes, carrying a sword. Also identified as Akuma, ma, ma, akuma, toori akuma, toori akuma, toori-akuma or toori-akuma.

ama

Heaven. In some references, referred to as ama, Amma, Amma, Ama, Ama, Eire, Eire, Ama, Anith, Anu, Aonach, Eadna, Eirean, Eirin, Eoghana, Eri, Erin, Eriu, Iath, Ith, Momo, Mumham, Nannam, Nanu, Ops, Sibhol, Anan, Anu, EireanEoghana, Eri(u), I(a)th, Momo, Nannan, Ops, Sibhd, Tlachtga or Eri.

Ama-inu

A celestial dog that drives. Away demons. In some lore, occasionally identified as Ama-inu.

Ama-no-Hashidate

A stairway linking heaven and earth. Sometimes referred to as Ama-no-Hashidate, Ama-no-iha-fune, Ama-no-iha-fune, Ama-no-uki-hashi or Ama-no-uki-hashi.

Ama-no-ho

read more »

Ama-no-iwato

The cave in which Amaterasu hid. In some accounts, referred to as Ama-no-iwato, Ame-no-iwato or Ame-no-iwato.

Ama-no-Kama

A river in heaven; the Milky Way. On occassion, identified as Ama-no-Kama, Ama-no-yase-kawa, Ama-no-yase-kawa, Ama-no-yasu-kawa or Ama-no-yasu-kawa.

Ama-no-Oshiho-mimi

read more »

Ama-Tsu-Kami

Gods of heaven as opposed to Kuni-Tsu-Kami. On occassion, identified as Ama-Tsu-Kami.

Ama-Tsu-Mara

read more »

Ama-Tsu-mika-hoshi

An evil star-god. Also commonly referred to as Ama-Tsu-mika-hoshi.

Amasuhiko

read more »

Amaterasu

read more »

Ame-no-iha-kina

The throne of God. On occassion, known as Ame-no-iha-kina.

Ame-no-Toko-Tachi-no-kami

A primordial female deity: the female principle. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Ame-no-Toko-Tachi-no-kami.

Ame-no-wo-ha-bari

The magic sword of Izanagi. Izanagi used this weapon to decapitate his son, the fire-god Kazu-Tsuchi. Sometimes known as Ame-no-wo-ha-bari.

Amrita

read more »

Anan

The Japanese version of Ananda. Also commonly referred to as Anan, Ana, Ana, Anna, Anu, Eire, Eire, Ama, Anith, Anu, Aonach, Eadna, Eirean, Eirin, Eoghana, Eri, Erin, Eriu, Iath, Ith, Momo, Mumham, Nannam, Nanu, Ops, Sibhol, Ama, EireanEoghana, Eri(u), I(a)th, Momo, Nannan, Ops, Sibhd, Tlachtga or Eri.

Anchin

read more »

Antoku Tenno

read more »

ao-oni

Demons of the underworld with green bodies. On occassion, known as ao-oni, Oni, Oni, femYama-uba, Shinto Tengu or aka-oni.

Ara mitama

A violent spirit. Sometimes known as Ara mitama.

Arabu kami

An evil spirit. Occasionally known as Arabu kami.

Arahito-gami

The mikado regarded as the incarnation of a deity. Also commonly known as Arahito-gami, Mikado or Mikado.

Asagao

read more »

Asama

A sacred mountain, Mount Fuji. Sometimes referred to as Asama, Sengen, Sengen, Asama, Asama, Blossom Princess, Child-Flower, Fuji-hime, Ko-no-hana, Kono-hana-sakuya-hime, Konohana, Sakuya or Sayuka-hime.

Ashi-nadzuchi

An earth-god. Husband of Te-nadzuchi. Father of Inada-hime. On occassion, called Ashi-nadzuchi.

Ashira

A guardian deity. One of the 28 Nijuhachi-Bushu. In some references, referred to as Ashira.

Ashuku

One of the 5 Dhyanibuddhas. One of the 5 bodhisattvas of Mahayana Buddhism, in some accounts. Occasionally known as Ashuku, Ashiku, Ashiku, Tenkuraion, Tenkuraion, Buddhist Akshobhya, Buddhist Akshobhya, Vishnu, Hindu Vishnu, Hindu Vishnu, Akshobhya, Avalokiteshvara, Kuan Yin, Upulvan, Wisnu, Sanskrit Divya-dundu or Sanskrit Divya-dundu.

Ashura

read more »

Asuha-No-Kami

A Shinto god of courtyards. Sometimes referred to as Asuha-No-Kami.

Ata

A legendary warrior-maid. She was said to command the left wing of her husband's army in a rebellion. At times, referred to as Ata.

Atago-gongen

A Buddhist god of fire. In some accounts he is equated with Kazu-tsuchi or with Susanowa. In some lore, occasionally identified as Atago-gongen, Atago-sama, Atago-sama, Atago-sam or Atago-sam.

Awagi

read more »

Aya

read more »

Ayakasikone

A Shinto goddess. Consort of Omodaru. These two deities were produced from one of the branches of the primordial god Umashiashikabihikoji. Also known as Ayakasikone, 'terrible face' or 'terrible face'.

Ayame

A lady at the imperial court. She was given as wife to Yorimasa when he killed the sky monster that had been harassing the emperor. At times, referred to as Ayame.

Aze

read more »

Azume

A Shinto goddess of the damned. In some accounts, referred to as Azume.

badger

read more »

Baishu

read more »

Bake-Jizo

A statue of Jizo placed at crossroads. In some accounts, referred to as Bake-Jizo.

bakemono

Evil spirits with long hair but no feet. Included in this term are the Kappa, Mono-no-ke, Oni, Tengu and Yama-uba Also known as bakemono.

Baku

read more »

Banko

read more »

Bassosennin

A guardian deity. One of the 28 Nijuhachi-bushu. On occassion, known as Bassosennin.

Bato

read more »

bear

read more »

Benkei

read more »

Benten

read more »

Bhadra

read more »

Bika Daikoku

A form of Daikoku as a priest bearing a sword and a mallet. Also commonly referred to as Bika Daikoku, Daikoku, Daikoku, Daikoku Tea, Daikokusana, MahakaDaikoku, Makura Daikoku, Ojikara Daikoku, Shinda Daikoku, Ta-no-kami, Yasha Daikoku, Hindu Mahakala or Shiva.

Bimbo

A peasant. He found the Thunder Child, Raitaro, and raised him. Also commonly known as Bimbo.

Bimbo-Gami

read more »

Binzuku

read more »

Bishamon

read more »

Bishamon-tenno

read more »

Biwa

A lake, home of a dragon-king. In some accounts, known as Biwa.

Black Dragon

This beast, ruler of the north, is the symbol of courage. At times, known as Black Dragon.

Blue Dragon

This beast, guardian of the East, is a symbol of scholarship. Known as Blue Dragon.

bokusen

read more »

Bon Odori

A dance performed at the Festival of the Dead. In some accounts, known as Bon Odori.

Bon-Ten-O

The god Brahma on whose head stands. The Buddha. Also commonly referred to as Bon-Ten-O.

bonze

A Buddhist priest. On occassion, identified as bonze, bo-san, bo-san, bo-zu, bo-zu, bonzu or bonzu.

bosatsu

A bodhisattva: an epithet applied to Buddhist saints. Sometimes known as bosatsu.

bozu

A priest. In some accounts, known as bozu.

Bridge of Heaven

A bridge leading from Mount. Takachihi up to heaven. Sometimes called Bridge of Heaven.

Buto

read more »

Butsu

The Buddha. At times, called Butsu, Butsuda or Butsuda.

butsudan

A family altar containing a list of ancestors, etc. Occasionally called butsudan.

Butsudo

Buddhism, 'the way of Buddha'. Sometimes known as Butsudo.

Butsugaku

The Buddhist doctrines. Referred to as Butsugaku.

carp

A sacred fish, revered as a symbol of youth and strength. Sometimes called carp.

catfish

A huge fish said to cause earthquakes. Also commonly known as catfish.

Celestial Dragon

One of the 4 Dragon Kings who guards the mansions of the gods. In some accounts, referred to as Celestial Dragon.

cherry

A tree that is believed to have an individual spirit. Also commonly called cherry.

Cherry Tree Pond

The home of Genko when he became a dragon. At times, called Cherry Tree Pond.

Chiburi

One of the Michi-no-Kami, 3 guardians of boundaries and roads. In some lore, occasionally called Chiburi.

Chikisani

An Ainu earth-goddess or goddess of elm trees. Mother of Pon Okikurumi. By Okikurumi. In some references, referred to as Chikisani.

Chinju

A Shinto deity, guardian of a specific. Locality or building. Occasionally known as Chinju, Chinese Chien-shin or Chinese Chien-shin.

Chinu

read more »

Chiyo

read more »

Chiyodo

The only child of Heitaro and Higo. Also identified as Chiyodo.

Chokoro

A sennin who had a magic horse. Also commonly identified as Chokoro.

Chosii

The home of the dead. Sometimes known as Chosii.

Chuai

read more »

Chujo Hime

A Buddhist nun, expert in embroidery, regarded as an incarnation of Kwannon. Sometimes referred to as Chujo Hime.

Cosmic Mountain

The home of the Sennin. This mountain is said to be supported by a tortoise. In some lore, occasionally identified as Cosmic Mountain.

cricket

read more »

crystal

Some say that the Buddha, mounted on his elephant, is visible in a crystal. At times, called crystal.

Dai-guju

A special type of Shinto high priest. Occasionally known as Dai-guju.

Dai-itoku

read more »

Daibenzaiten

A guardian deity. One of the 28 Nijuhacahi-Bushu. Sometimes identified as Daibenzaiten.

Daibonten

A guardian deity. One of the 28 Nijuhacahi-Bushu. In some lore, occasionally known as Daibonten.

Daibosatsu

A god of war. He was the Shinto god Hachiman, assimilated to the Buddhist pantheon. Occasionally identified as Daibosatsu, Dai Bosatsu or Dai Bosatsu.

Daibutsu

A huge statue of the Buddha. On occassion, identified as Daibutsu.

Daikoku

read more »

Daimoku

The Japanese version of a book of parables attributed to the Buddha. Also called Daimoku, Lotus Sutra, Lotus Sutra, Saddharmapundarika, Buddhist Saddharmapundarika or Buddhist Saddharmapundarika.

Dainichi

read more »

Daiseishi

A minor deity, companion of Amida. Also referred to as Daiseishi.

Daruma

The founder of Zen Buddhism. In some accounts, referred to as Daruma, Chinese Ta-mo, Chinese Ta-mo, Bodhidharma, Indian Bodhidarma or Indian Bodhidarma.

Death of Jimmu

A Shinto festival, 3 April. Sometimes called Death of Jimmu.

Death Stone

A large rock. This rock became inhabited by the fox-woman, Jewel Maiden, until the evil spirit was exorcised by the priest Genno. Occasionally known as Death Stone.

Deity of the Field Paths

read more »

Divine Crisis

The episode when Amaterasu hid herself in a cave and refused to come out. Sometimes identified as Divine Crisis.

Dogs of Foo

The Japanese version of the Chinese. Dogs of Foh. Sometimes identified as Dogs of Foo.

Dosojin

Gods of roads and boundaries, guardians of the village. Occasionally identified as Dosojin, Sae-no-kami or Sae-no-kami.

Dozoku-shin

Shinto guardian deities of the family. In some lore, occasionally called Dozoku-shin.

Dragon Carp

read more »

Dragon King of Lake Biwa

read more »

Dragon Kings

read more »

Dragon of Hidden Treasure

One of the Four Dragon Kings. He was responsible for all the precious stones and metals hidden in the earth. At times, known as Dragon of Hidden Treasure.

dragonfly

This insect is thought to be the soul of a dead person. In some accounts, referred to as dragonfly.

Earth Dragon

One of the Four Dragon Kings. He is responsible for the rivers. Also commonly referred to as Earth Dragon.

Ebisu

read more »

Eight Imperial Deities

read more »

Eight Thunders

Guardians of the underworld. They, together with the Eight Ugly Females, chased Izanagi from the underworld. Also referred to as Eight Thunders.

Eight Ugly Females

Female demons. They, together with the Eight Thunders, were sent to chase Izanagi from the underworld. In some references, known as Eight Ugly Females.

Eighty Myriad Gods

read more »

Ekibiogami

A god of pestilence. Known as Ekibiogami.

ema

Offerings to the gods in the form of horse pictures. Occasionally referred to as ema.

Emma-O

read more »

Emma-ten

An underworld deity associated with Emma-O. In some accounts he is the same as Emma-O. Also identified as Emma-ten, Emma-O, Emma-O, Emma, Emma-ho, Emma-Sama, Yama, Yemma, Yemma-Dai-O, Yemma-O, Emma-(Sama), Yemma(-dai-O) Yemma-O, Chinese Yen Wang, Hindu Yama, Pacific Yama-Raja, Emmaten, Emmaten, Emmatan, Emmatan, Buddhist Yamadeva or Buddhist Yamadeva.

Emmei

read more »

En-no-ozuna

A hermit. He was a magician who could even cause bridges to be built by his magic. Sometimes identified as En-no-ozuna, Gyoja or Gyoja.

Endo Morito

read more »

Engishiki

A 9th C. Multi-volume work on Shinto. Religion and mythology. In some accounts, identified as Engishiki.

enoki tree

A tree sacred to Kojin the god (or. Goddess) of cooking. Sometimes called enoki tree.

Enoshima

read more »

Feather Robe

read more »

Festival of Tanabata

read more »

Festival of the Dead

read more »

Fire Fade

read more »

Fire Flash

read more »

firefly

read more »

Fuchi

A Shinto fire-goddess or sun-goddess. Sometimes identified as Fuchi, Huchi, Huchi or Fuji.

Fuda-hegashi

An evil charm: a ghost. Also commonly known as Fuda-hegashi.

Fudo

read more »

Fudo-myoo

read more »

Fudoki

A book of sacred records and some local myths. At times, identified as Fudoki, Fudo-ki or Fudo-ki.

Fugen

read more »

Fuji

read more »

Fujin

A Shinto god of the winds. He is depicted wearing a leopard-skin and carrying a bag which contains the winds. Occasionally known as Fujin, Futen, Futen, Ryobu or Ryobu.

Fukaotsu

A guardian god. Both he and Soko were derived from Kongorikishi. Also commonly referred to as Fukaotsu.

Fukorokuju

read more »

Fuku-joju

A Japanese name for Amogasiddhi. Also referred to as Fuku-joju.

Fuku-kensaku

read more »

Fukuro

read more »

Fukusuki

An image of a male with a big head. Used as a household talisman of good fortune. Sometimes known as Fukusuki.

Funa-yurei

A ghost of one who died by drowning. Sometimes called Funa-yurei, Funa-urei or Funa-urei.

Funadama

A female boat-spirit, guardian of fishermen. On occassion, referred to as Funadama.

Furo-no-Yashiro

A shrine dedicated to a magical sword. Also identified as Furo-no-Yashiro.

furoshu

A wine that confers eternal youth on the drinker. In some lore, occasionally identified as furoshu.

Futo-Tama

A Shinto ancestral god. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Futo-Tama.

Futsu-Nushi

read more »

gaki

read more »

Gakido

Purgatory: ghosts appearing at the Festival of the Dead. Occasionally called Gakido, Circle of Penance, Circle of Penance, Demon Road or Demon Road.

Gario

A name for Garuda in Japan. In some lore, occasionally called Gario, Bingacho, Bingacho, Garuda, Garuda, Devourer, Garutmant, Gerda, Jatayu, Suparna, Taraswin, Cambodian KruthJapanese Bingacho, Karobinga, Kasobinga, Tibetan Kyung-Gai in Go-can or Thai Khrut.

Gatutkaca

A warrior. Son of Bima and Arimbi. He owned a magic coat that enabled him to fly. Also called Gatutkaca.

Gekka-O

A god of marriage. He binds the feet of lovers together with fine red silk thread. In some accounts, called Gekka-O.

geku

A shrine. Also referred to as geku.

Genji

A legendary prince, hero of many tales. Also known as Genji.

Genko

read more »

Genno

read more »

gingko

A sacred tree: a tree of milk, guardian of nursing mothers. In some lore, occasionally known as gingko, ginkho, ginkho, Icho, Icho, Icho-kalakal, Icho Kalakal, icho or icho.

Gisuki

Brother of O Cho San. Sometimes called Gisuki.

Go-chi Nyorai

read more »

Go Toba

read more »

Gobei

read more »

Goblin-spider

read more »

Gobuju

A guardian deity. One of the 28 Nijuhachi-Bushu. In some references, known as Gobuju.

Godai myoo

read more »

Goemmason

A name for Dai-itoku as conqueror of Emma-O. Sometimes referred to as Goemmason, Dai-itoku, Dai-itoku, Amida, Monju or Buddhist Yamantaka.

Gogo-me

8 ugly thunder-goddesses of the underworld. Known as Gogo-me, Hisa Females or Hisa Females.

gohei

Pieces of paper, foil, etc. used. As charms. At times, identified as gohei, nusa or nusa.

Gohitsu-Osoh

read more »

Gokuraku-Jodo

The Buddhist paradise, home of Amida. In some lore, occasionally identified as Gokuraku-Jodo, Gokuraku-Lekai, Gokuraku-Lekai, Sukhavati, Sukhavati, Blessed Land, heaven, Hsi T'ien, Pure Land, Sakhavati, Taema-mandara, Pure land, Sakkavati, Hsi-fang chi-lo shih-chieh, Chinese Hsi T'ien, Japanese Gokuraku-jodo or Gokuraku-jodo.

gon-negi

A Shinto senior assistant priest. Occasionally identified as gon-negi.

Gongen

A name given to Shinto versions of the Buddha and to some deified heroes. an avatar, incarnation or manifestation At times, known as Gongen, Gonge or Gonge.

goset

A dance of the cherry-blossom fairies. In some references, referred to as goset.

Gozanze-myoo

read more »

Gozu Tenno

read more »

Great Awabi

read more »

guji

A chief priest. In some lore, occasionally identified as guji.

Gundari-myoo

read more »

Gwakko

A Shinto moon-deity. He is depicted as a yellow-bodied youth with long hair, seated on a lotus. Occasionally referred to as Gwakko, Hindu Chandra or Hindu Chandra.

gyu-O

read more »

Ha-mori

A guardian god of the leaves of trees. Also called Ha-mori.

Ha-Yama-to

Consort of O-Ge-Tsu-Hime. Father of Wake-Sa-ne-me and Waka-toshi. Occasionally called Ha-Yama-to.

Hachiman

read more »

Hachioji

A group of 8 deities (3 female, 5 male) spat out by Amaterasu and Susanowa. Occasionally identified as Hachioji, Amaterasu, Amaterasu, Ama-Terasu, Mikura-tana, Oho-hiru-me-no-muchi, Omikami, sacred birds, Shinmei, Tensho-ko-daijin, Amaterasu-no-mikoto, Amaterasu-oho-hiru-no, Amaterasu-ohomi-kami, Amaterasu Omikami or Mikuratana.

Hai Ho Shang

read more »

haiden

Part of a shrine for the use of devotees. In some lore, occasionally called haiden, heiden or heiden.

Hairuku

read more »

hamaya

Arrows used at New Year as goodluck. Charms. Occasionally called hamaya.

Hambei

read more »

Hamguchi

A farmer who was deified as the god of agriculture. On occassion, called Hamguchi.

Hamou

A god of leaves. In some accounts, referred to as Hamou.

Hannya

An ogress said to devour children. At times, identified as Hannya.

Hara-Yama-Tsu-Mi

A Shinto mountain-god. In some accounts, called Hara-Yama-Tsu-Mi.

harae-do

A simple shrine; an area used for purification ceremonies. At times, known as harae-do, harai, harai, hitogata or hitogata.

Haru-yama

A mountain god representing spring. Brother of Aki-yama. Husband of Izushio tome. Also referred to as Haru-yama.

Hasu-ko

read more »

Haya-Akihiko

A river-god. Son of Izanagi and Izanami. Brother and husband of Haya-Akitsu. Occasionally identified as Haya-Akihiko.

Haya-Akitsu

A sea-goddess. Daughter of Izanagi and Izanami. Sister and wife of Haya-Akihiko. On occassion, called Haya-Akitsu.

Haya-Ji

read more »

heiden

Part of a shrine used by the officiating priest. Known as heiden, haiden or haiden.

Heijo

A mythical castle of peace. Sometimes known as Heijo.

Heike-hani

The spirit of a dead warrior of the Heike clan. In some accounts, called Heike-hani.

Heitaro

read more »

Hi-Hya-Hi

read more »

Hi-matsuri

A Shinto festival in honour of the fire-gods. In some references, called Hi-matsuri.

Hi-no-kami

A fire-god. On occassion, called Hi-no-kami, Kamado-no-kami, Kamado-no-kami, Kama-Gami, Kamadogami, Kamadokami, Kami-Gami, O-kama-sama, Kama-gami, Kami-gami or Kojin.

Hibakara

A guardian deity. One of the 28 Nijuhachi-Bushu. Also commonly known as Hibakara.

Hidari Jingoro

read more »

Hidesato

read more »

Hideyoshi

A peasant who became a civil dictator and was deified as Toyokuni. In some accounts, identified as Hideyoshi, Toyo Kuni, Toyo Kuni or Toyokuni.

Higo

read more »

Hiko-Sashiri-No-Kama

A Shinto carpenter-god. In some lore, occasionally known as Hiko-Sashiri-No-Kama.

Hikoboshi

read more »

himorogi

A primitive shrine in the form of an area bounded by stakes or evergreen trees. Also commonly identified as himorogi.

Hinako-Nai-Shinno

read more »

Hiru-ko

read more »

Hito-koto-kwannon

A form of Kwannon who will answer. Only one prayer. Occasionally identified as Hito-koto-kwannon.

Hitogaki

The ghosts of dead nobles. Humans were buried up to their necks in a circle round the grave of a noble and left there to die. On occassion, called Hitogaki.

hitogata

read more »

hitsuji

A sign (sheep) of the Zodiac. Also commonly called hitsuji.

Hiyei-zan

A hill said to have an evil influence. Also known as Hiyei-zan.

Ho-ho bird

The sun in the form of a bird. This messenger of goodwill comes to earth and sits on top of the torii. Occasionally known as Ho-ho bird.

Hodo

One of 5 Dhyanibuddhas. One of 5 Dhyanibodhisattvas, in some accounts. Sometimes called Hodo.

Hoichi

read more »

Hoin

An aspect of Jizo. Also called Hoin.

Hoji

The name of the fox-woman later. Known as Jewel Maiden. Consort of Iuwao. Called Hoji, Jewel Maiden or Jewel Maiden.

Hojo Takatoki

read more »

hokora

A wayside shrine. In some references, identified as hokora.

Hokushin-O-Kami

A Shinto sky-god, Ursa Minor. In some lore, occasionally identified as Hokushin-O-Kami.

Homusubi

A name for Kazu-Tsuchi as 'he who starts a fire'. Also known as Homusubi, Homasubi, Homasubi or Kazu-Tsuchi.

honden

A main shrine: the part of a shrine in which a deity is installed. Also called honden.

hondo

The main hall of a Buddhist monastery. Sometimes referred to as hondo.

hongu

The central shrine of a particular deity. Also commonly called hongu, Honsha, Honsha, honsha or honsha.

Hono-ika-zuchi

A god of lightning. Occasionally known as Hono-ika-zuchi, Fire Thunder or Fire Thunder.

hoo

The Japanese version of the phoenix, regarded as bisexual. Also referred to as hoo, foo, foo, ho-wo, ho-wo, hobo, hobo, hoho, hoho, howo, howo, ho, ho, sacred river, ho-ho, ho-ho, O or O.

Horai

Paradise: elf-land: home of the Dragon King. Occasionally identified as Horai, Horae, Horae, Horai, Hours, Seasons, Hours or Hindu Rtus.

Horaisan

A name for Mount Fuji. Occasionally identified as Horaisan.

horen

A palanquin bearing the model of a phoenix. Also commonly known as horen, mikoshi or mikoshi.

Hoshi matsuri

A festival in honour of the Weaving. Lady, Tanabata, held on the seventh. Day of the seventh month. Sometimes identified as Hoshi matsuri, Star Festival or Star Festival.

Hosho

The Japanese equivalent of Yama. Also commonly known as Hosho, Gem-birth Buddha, Gem-birth Buddha or Hosho.

Hoso-no-kami

A god of smallpox. Also called Hoso-no-kami, Hoso-shin or Hoso-shin.

Hotei

read more »

hotei

read more »

Hotoke

A name given to all saints and Buddhas. Also referred to as Hotoke.

Hotoke-umi

read more »

Hototogisu

read more »

Hozo

A Chinaman who lived for 800 years by drinking the dew from the flowers of the chrysanthemum. In some references, referred to as Hozo.

Huchi

An Ainu goddess of fire. Identified as Huchi, Fuchi, Fuchi, Fuji or Fuji.

I

read more »

Ibukido

An evil deity. He causes the destruction of crops and water-courses, incest, leprosy, etc. In some accounts, referred to as Ibukido.

Ichi-no-miya

Shinto temples. Occasionally referred to as Ichi-no-miya.

Ichijo

read more »

Ichiko

read more »

Ida Ten

A tutelary deity of Buddhism. On occassion, identified as Ida Ten, Chinese Wei-t'o or Chinese Wei-t'o.

Idakeru

A deity. Son of Susanowa, some say. He is said to have introduced seeds for the production of plants and trees. Also referred to as Idakeru.

Idzumo

read more »

Idzumo Takeru

read more »

Iha-naga

read more »

Iha-no

A goddess of longevity. Wife of Nintoku. Also commonly known as Iha-no.

ihai

An ancestral tablet: a soulcommemoration. Occasionally called ihai, ancestor worship or ancestor worship.

Ihi-yori-hiko

A fertility deity. In some accounts, referred to as Ihi-yori-hiko.

Ika-zuchi

A thunder-god. Sometimes called Ika-zuchi.

Ike-no-nushi

A god of ponds. In some lore, occasionally known as Ike-no-nushi.

Iki-Ryo

A spirit of anger or envy. It is believed that this spirit, directed at another, can cause illness or even death. In some lore, occasionally called Iki-Ryo.

Ikkaku-sennin

read more »

Iku-Ikasuchi

A Shinto thunder-god. He was one of the eight gods born from the charred body of Izanami. Sometimes referred to as Iku-Ikasuchi.

Iku-tama-yore-hime

read more »

Ikugupi

A Shinto goddess. Consort of Tunogupi. These two deities were produced from a branch of the primaeval god, Umashiaskikabihikoji. Also known as Ikugupi, Iku-guhi or Iku-guhi.

Ikumusubi

One of the Eight Imperial Deities. At times, referred to as Ikumusubi.

Imibe-no-Hironari

A 9th C. Writer, author of Kogoshu. On occassion, known as Imibe-no-Hironari, Imbe Hironari or Imbe Hironari.

In

read more »

In-Yo

The opposing principles of male/female, light/dark, positive/negative, etc. Also known as In-Yo, Chinese Yin, Chinese Yin, Um, Yo, Yum, Yang, Yang, Yin, Hindu Sri Yantra, Hindu Sri Yantra, Yab-Yum, Tibetan Yab-Tum or Tibetan Yab-Tum.

Inada

read more »

Inari

read more »

Inazuma

A Shinto lightning-goddess. Sometimes referred to as Inazuma, Ina-Bikari, Ina-Bikari, Ina-Tsurubi or Ina-Tsurubi.

Inoshishi

A female bear. It is said that this beast chases away snakes and her name is used to the same end. In some lore, occasionally identified as Inoshishi.

inu

A sign (dog) of the Zodiac. Also known as inu.

inu-gama-mochi

read more »

Isaburo

read more »

Ishi-Kore-Dome

read more »

Ishidomaro

read more »

Ishidoro

Sacred stone lanterns. In some references, referred to as Ishidoro.

Ishizukuri

read more »

Iso

A noble. He was one of Kaguya's suitors and undertook to get her the cowrie shell carried by a swallow. He failed to find it. At times, referred to as Iso.

Isora

read more »

Issunboshi

read more »

Isuki-yori-hime

A princess. Wife of Jimmu-tenno. In some references, referred to as Isuki-yori-hime.

Ito Soda

read more »

Itsu-se

read more »

Iuwao

An emperor of China. He took the fox-woman, Hoji, as his consort. Occasionally known as Iuwao.

Iwarzaru

One of the Three Mystic Apes. He is depicted with his hands covering his mouth representing 'he who speaks no evil'. Sometimes identified as Iwarzaru, Iwa-saru, Iwa-saru or Iwazaru.

iwasaka

An open space, set within sacred rocks, used for devotions. Called iwasaka.

Izanagi

read more »

Izanami

read more »

Izayemon

A man whose name was invoked as a charm to drive away snakes. Occasionally identified as Izayemon.

Izushio-tome

read more »

Jakis

Evil spirits which cause illness. On occassion, identified as Jakis.

Jata-kagami

The mirror of Amaterasu, one of the objects comprising the Go-shin Tai. Also identified as Jata-kagami, Yata, Yata or Jata-Kagami.

Jewel Maiden

read more »

Jichi

An aspect of Jizo as possessor of land. Sometimes identified as Jichi, Jizo, Jizo, Emmei, Han, Josho, Joshu, Kengoi, Kosodate-Jizo, Chinese Tits'ang or Indian Kshitigarbha.

Jigami

read more »

jikininki

A corpse-eating goblin. Referred to as jikininki.

Jikoku

A guardian-god responsible for the east, one of the Shi Tenno. Sometimes called Jikoku, Chinese Ch'ih Kuo, Chinese Ch'ih Kuo, Dhartarashthra, Hindu Dhartarashthra, Hindu Dhartarashthra, Ch'ih Kuo, Mo-li Ch'ing, Taoist Mo-li Ch'ing, Taoist Mo-li Ch'ing or Dhartarashthra.

Jimme

A white horse kept at a shrine and used in divination rites. In some accounts, identified as Jimme.

Jimmu Tenno

read more »

Jimpachi

read more »

Jingo

read more »

jingu

A superior form of shrine. Also commonly identified as jingu.

jinguji

A Buddhist place of worship. In some accounts, called jinguji.

Jiro

A warrior. He and Taro abandoned their leader, the prince Yuriwaka, on an island and stole his magic bow and arrows. Sometimes known as Jiro.

Jirohei

read more »

jisha

A temple-shrine. A religious centre devoted to both Buddhist and Shinto deities. Occasionally referred to as jisha.

Jiu-ichi-men-Kwannon

A name for Kwannon when she is depicted as having 11 faces. Representing infinite beauty. In some references, called Jiu-ichi-men-Kwannon, Juichimen, Juichimen or Kwannon.

Jizaiten

The Japanese version of Maheshvara. Husband of Umahi. Sometimes called Jizaiten.

Jizo

read more »

Jo

A pine-tree spirit. Husband of Uba. Also known as Jo.

Jobutsu

read more »

Jofuku

read more »

Jokwa

A mythical empress. She destroyed demons and giants and was said to have caused the flood. Sometimes referred to as Jokwa, Chinese Nü Kua or Chinese Nü Kua.

joshi

read more »

Jundei Kwannon

A form of Kwannon, seated with a shawl and a tiara. Also identified as Jundei Kwannon, Chunda, Chunda, Sunde, Sunde, Sonna, Sonna, Jundei Kwannin, Chunda or Chunda.

Jurojin

read more »

jushoku

Head monk in a Buddhist monastery. A parish priest. Also identified as jushoku.

Kado-mori

Shinto deities. These deities, a form of zuijin, acted as guardians of the temple gates. On occassion, called Kado-mori, Zuijin or Zuijin.

Kadzutoyo

read more »

Kagami

read more »

Kagase-wo

A Shinto sky-god. He was executed by Futsu-nushi in an argument over the creation of the world. At times, referred to as Kagase-wo, Myoken, Myoken, Chinese Myoken or Chinese Myoken.

Kagayo

Wife of O-Toshi. Mother of Mi-Toshi. Also known as Kagayo.

Kagu-hana

read more »

kagura

read more »

Kaguya

read more »

Kaiba

read more »

Kaibutsu

Imaginary animals. These beasts have three sharp talons on each paw, beards and stumpy tails. Also called Kaibutsu.

Kaifuke

One of the 5 Dhyanibuddhas. One of the 5 Dhyanibodisattvas, in some accounts. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Kaifuke.

Kaijin

Shinto sea-deities. Sometimes called Kaijin, Umi-no-kami or Umi-no-kami.

Kaito

A legendary general and hero. In some accounts, referred to as Kaito.

Kakaku

A Shinto river-god. At times, referred to as Kakaku.

Kakuriyo

The spirit world: the world after death. In some references, referred to as Kakuriyo.

Kalivinka

A celestial nightingale. Also commonly identified as Kalivinka.

Kama

read more »

Kamado-no-kami

read more »

Kamatari

read more »

kami

A name given to all Shinto deities; A spirit: the powers of nature. At times, known as kami, jingi, jingi, kame, kame, kamit or kamit.

kami-gakari

Possession by a spirit or a deity. Also commonly identified as kami-gakari.

kami-gi

Sacred trees planted near temples. Sometimes known as kami-gi.

Kami-no-kuni

The land of the gods. In some lore, occasionally called Kami-no-kuni.

Kami-no-tsukai

Animals, birds, etc. serving as messengers of the gods. Occasionally referred to as Kami-no-tsukai.

Kami-yo

The age of the gods. Also called Kami-yo.

kamidana

A small Shinto shrine or altar. Sometimes identified as kamidana.

Kamimusubi

read more »

Kaminari

read more »

Kamo-Wake-Ikazuchi

A Shinto rain-god. One of the Raijin. Sometimes called Kamo-Wake-Ikazuchi.

Kamu-O-Ichi

A Shinto goddess. Daughter of Susanowa and Inada. Mother of O-Toshi-No-Kami. Occasionally known as Kamu-O-Ichi.

Kamui

A sky-god of the Ainu. In some lore, occasionally known as Kamui, Tuntu, Tuntu, Tuntur or Tuntur.

Kana-Yama-Biko-No-Kami

read more »

Kana-Yama-Hime-No-Kami

A Shinto goddess of miners. Consort of Kana-Yama-Biko-No-Kami. Occasionally called Kana-Yama-Hime-No-Kami.

Kanasoka

read more »

kancho

Abbot of a Buddhist monastery. In some accounts, called kancho.

Kanji

One of the 2 Tide Jewels. Kanji controlled the ebb-tide, Manji the flood-tide. Sometimes called Kanji.

kannushi

A priest. A master of divinity. The priests sometimes acted for the gods or as intermediaries between gods and mortals. Occasionally called kannushi, shinshoku, shinshoku or shinkan.

Kanro Gundari

A form of Gundari-myoo regarded as a manifestation of Kokuzu. At times, identified as Kanro Gundari, Gundari-myoo, Gundari-myoo, Amrita-Kundalin, Amrita-Kundika, Nampo Kundari Yasha, Amrita Kundalin, Amrita Kundika, Kongo Gundari, Nampo Gundari Nasha, Renge Gundari, Kokozu, Kokozu, Kokuzo or Tibetan Akasagarbha.

Kanshiro

read more »

Kansuke

read more »

kantoki-no-ki

read more »

Kanzakura

A sacred cherry-tree, home of the god of love, Musubi. Called Kanzakura.

Kappa

read more »

Karai-Shin

A Buddhist god of lightning. One of the Raijin deities. Occasionally called Karai-Shin, Karaishin, Karaishin, Karai-shin, Raijin, Raijin, Karaijin or Raiden.

karashishi

Chinese lions, statues of which are used to guard temples. Also identified as karashishi, shisha, shisha, shishi or shishi.

Karitei-mo

The original name of Kishi Bojin. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Karitei-mo, Kishi Bojin, Kishi Bojin, Kishimo-jin, Kishimojin, Chinese Ho-li Ti or Indian Hariti.

Karu

read more »

Karura

A guardian deity. One of the 28 Nijuhachi-Bushu. Also known as Karura.

Kasenko

A god said to live on mother-of-pearl. Also commonly called Kasenko, Chinese Ho Hsien-ku or Chinese Ho Hsien-ku.

Kasha

An evil spirit gorging on corpses. In some accounts, known as Kasha.

Kashiko-dokoro

An imperial private shrine used for ancestor-worship. Also commonly referred to as Kashiko-dokoro.

Kashikone

A god of the Tenrikyo movement. An aspect of Tenri-o-no-mikoto. Also identified as Kashikone, Tenrio-no-mikoto or Tenrio-no-mikoto.

Kashima

A deity. He plunged his sword through the centre of the earth to keep it steady. On occassion, referred to as Kashima.

Kasuga

A guardian deity of Yamato province. Sometimes called Kasuga.

Kato Sayemon

read more »

Katsura

A celestial laurel tree. This tree lives on the moon and causes the dark spots visible on the moon's surface. Occasionally referred to as Katsura.

Kawaya

A deity of the toilet. This deity, incorporating both male and female aspects, arose from the excreta and urine of Isanami. On occassion, identified as Kawaya.

Kaya

A goddess of herbs. At times, called Kaya, Nuzuki or Nuzuki.

Kayanu-hime

A goddess of grasses and herbs. An aspect of Toyo-uke-hime. Also commonly called Kayanu-hime.

Kazariya Kyubei

A merchant. His servant, Tama, returned after death in the form of a fly. Also commonly called Kazariya Kyubei.

Kaze

A wind-god. On occassion, known as Kaze.

Kazu-Tsuchi

read more »

Kei

read more »

Keiko

read more »

Ken-ro-ri-jin

An earth god. At times, identified as Ken-ro-ri-jin, Kenro-jijin or Kenro-jijin.

Kendatsuba

A guardian deity. One of the 28 Nijuhachi-Bushu. Occasionally known as Kendatsuba.

Kengoi

An aspect of Jizo as 'strong. Determination'. Also known as Kengoi, Jizo, Jizo, Emmei, Han, Jichi, Josho, Joshu, Kosodate-Jizo, Chinese Tits'ang or Indian Kshitigarbha.

Kenzoku

Minor deities. Also called Kenzoku.

Kesa

read more »

ki

read more »

ki-mon

Garden shrines said to protect. The home. Also identified as ki-mon.

Ki-no-o-baké

read more »

Kichijoten

The goddess of fortune. Also called Kichijoten.

Kijo

An ogre of the woods. Also called Kijo.

Kikazaru

One of the Three Mystic Apes. He is depicted with his hands covering his ears as 'he who hears no evil'. Sometimes identified as Kikazaru, Kika-saru or Kika-saru.

Kiku

read more »

Kiku-jido

An immortal youth said to live in the fountain of youth. Occasionally identified as Kiku-jido, Chrysanthemum Boy or Chrysanthemum Boy.

Kikuo

read more »

Kima

The first maiden to be abducted by the spirit of Yenoki. Also commonly identified as Kima.

Kimata-no-kami

read more »

Kimi

read more »

Kimitaka

read more »

Kimpen-jigoku

Subsidiary hells at the cardinal points of the 8 major hells of Jigoku, each. Divided into 4 parts. In some lore, occasionally identified as Kimpen-jigoku, Koduku-jigoku or Koduku-jigoku.

kinchaku

A bag containing a charm said to protect children from accident or being lost. In some references, known as kinchaku, mamorifuda or mamorifuda.

Kinnara

read more »

Kino Momoye

read more »

Kintaro

read more »

kirin

A single-horned animal, counterpart of the Chinese ch'i-lin: a unicorn. Sometimes referred to as kirin, ki-rin, ki-rin, sin-you, sin-you, Chinese ch'i-lin, Chinese ch'i-lin, kere, unicorn, Mongolian kere, Mongolian kere, Tibetan serou, Tibetan serou or ch'i-lin.

Kishi Bojin

read more »

Kishijoten

A Shinto goddess of fortune. Sister of Bishamon. Known as Kishijoten.

Kitsuki

A shrine to Susanowa. It is said that the gods assemble here once a year to arrange all marriages for the next year. Occasionally identified as Kitsuki.

Kitsune

A shape-changing fox: a fox-spirit. Acting as a messenger for Inari. Also commonly referred to as Kitsune.

kitsune-tsuki

Possession by demons due to foxes. It is said that a fox-spirit can enter a woman via her breasts or her fingernails. On occassion, identified as kitsune-tsuki.

Kiyohimo

read more »

Kiyomori

read more »

Ko-dama

An echo-god: an echo regarded as the soul of a tree answering the original call. On occassion, identified as Ko-dama.

Kobetsu

Imperial clans who claimed to be descended from Amaterasu. Occasionally identified as Kobetsu, Shinbetsu or Shinbetsu.

Kobo Daishi

read more »

Kodomo-no-Inari

A fox-god. Also commonly known as Kodomo-no-Inari.

Koduku-jigoku

Subsidiary hells which appear. Randomly anywhere on earth. In some references, called Koduku-jigoku, Kimpen-jigoku or Kimpen-jigoku.

Kogoshui

A 9th C. Book of myths written by Imbe-no-Hironari. Also referred to as Kogoshui.

Kohaku Jo

read more »

Kojiki

Sacred Shinto texts relating the story of the Creation, written by Ono. Yasuman in AD. 712. At times, called Kojiki, Book of Ancient Matters, Book of Ancient Matters, Koji-Ki or Koji-Ki.

Kojin

read more »

Kokozu

A Buddhist sky-god. He is sometimes depicted holding a flaming sword. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Kokozu, Kokuzo, Kokuzo, Tibetan Akasagarbha, Tibetan Akasagarbha, Kanro Gundari, Kanro Gundari or Gundari-myoo.

Komagawa

read more »

kombu

A sacred rope, said to bring happiness. Also commonly referred to as kombu.

Komoku

read more »

Kompira

read more »

Konda

A guardian deity. One of the 28 Nijuhachi-Bushu. Referred to as Konda.

Kongara-doji

An attendant of Fudo-myoo. Also identified as Kongara-doji.

kongo

A three-pointed staff. This staff, owned by Koya-no-Myoin, imparts wisdom to its owner and radiates light in darkness. In some references, called kongo.

Kongo

A Buddha. Also identified as Kongo.

Kongo Gundari

A name for Gundari-myoo regarded as a manifestation of Kwanjizai. Known as Kongo Gundari, Gundari-myoo, Gundari-myoo, Amrita-Kundalin, Amrita-Kundika, Nampo Kundari Yasha, Amrita Kundalin, Amrita Kundika, Kanro Gundari, Nampo Gundari Nasha, Renge Gundari, Kwanjizai, Kwanjizai or Buddhist Avalokiteshvara.

Kongo-yasha-myoo

read more »

Kongorikishi

A guardian god. From this deity came the two guardian gods Fukaotsu and Soko. On occassion, called Kongorikishi.

Konkara

A manifestation of Fudo as a youth. On occassion, called Konkara, Kinkara or Kinkara.

Konshiki

A guardian deity. One of the 28 Nijuhachi-Bushu. Also called Konshiki.

koppatengu

Small demons attendant on the tengu. Sometimes known as koppatengu.

Koriyama

read more »

Kosensei

read more »

Koshin

read more »

Kosodate-Jizo

An aspect of Jizo as bearer of children. Sometimes known as Kosodate-Jizo, Jizo, Jizo, Emmei, Han, Jichi, Josho, Joshu, Kengoi, Chinese Tits'ang or Indian Kshitigarbha.

Kotan-shorai

read more »

Koto-shiro-nushi

read more »

Kotodama

A spirit inherent in words. Sometimes called Kotodama.

Koya-no-Myoin

A mountain-god. He is depicted as a red-faced hunter, often accompanied by two hunting dogs. In some lore, occasionally known as Koya-no-Myoin.

Koyuri

read more »

Ku-e-hiko

A lame deity. Sometimes known as Ku-e-hiko.

Kudari-ryo

A celestial dragon. Called Kudari-ryo.

Kuge

People claiming to be descendants of gods and emperors. On occassion, called Kuge.

Kuichi Heizayemon

read more »

Kujaku-myoo

A bodhisattva. This guardian god is sometimes regarded as an aspect of Shakyamuni and is depicted riding on a peacock. Occasionally identified as Kujaku-myoo, Buddhist Mahamayuri or Buddhist Mahamayuri.

kujo

A Shinto priest of medium rank. Occasionally known as kujo, Kiyohimo, Kiyohimo, Kiyohime, Kiyo or Kujo.

Kukai

The original name of the saint, Kobo Daishi. In some accounts, called Kukai, Kobo Daishi, Kobo Daishi, Hensho Kong, Gohitsu-Osoh or Totomono.

Kuku-no-shi

read more »

Kuku-Toshi-No-Kami

A rice-god. Also identified as Kuku-Toshi-No-Kami.

Kukuri

A god of the underworld. Sometimes referred to as Kukuri.

Kumado

One of the Michi-No-Kami, 3. Guardians of boundaries and roads. Sometimes referred to as Kumado.

Kumaso

An outlaw. Prince Yamato came to his camp disguised as a woman, got Kumaso drunk and then killed him. Sometimes referred to as Kumaso, Idzumo Takeru or Idzumo Takeru.

Kumé

A sennin. He was looking at the reflection of a maiden in a stream and fell out of his cloud-chariot. At times, known as Kumé.

Kunado-No-Kami

A Shinto guardian-deity. One of 3 guardians of boundaries and roads. A Yakushin deity. At times, referred to as Kunado-No-Kami.

Kuni-toko-tachi

read more »

Kuni-tsu Kanu

Earth-gods, as opposed to Ama-tsu-Kami. Also referred to as Kuni-tsu Kanu.

Kura-Okami

A Shinto rain-god of the valleys, in the form of a dragon. At times, known as Kura-Okami, Taka-Okami, Taka-Okami or Kura-okami.

Kuramochi

read more »

Kurozaemon

A servant of the owl Fukuro. Sometimes known as Kurozaemon.

Kusanagi

read more »

Kushi-Dama-Nigi-Haya-Hi

A Shinto sun-god. Also known as Kushi-Dama-Nigi-Haya-Hi.

Kushi-Iwa-Mada-No-Mikoto

A Shinto god, guardian of entrances. Also commonly referred to as Kushi-Iwa-Mada-No-Mikoto.

Kushi-mitama

A spirit which brings about mysterious transformations. Referred to as Kushi-mitama.

kuwai

An amulet in the form of water-weed, used to guard against fire. Occasionally known as kuwai.

Kuwarishiki-no-Amida

A form of Amida, red in colour. In some references, referred to as Kuwarishiki-no-Amida.

Kuyakaya

A strong man. He was killed by Nomi-No-Sukune. Also known as Kuyakaya.

Kuzu-no-ha

A fox said to have married a human. Warrior. Sometimes called Kuzu-no-ha.

Kwaijitsu

A warrior-monk. Occasionally identified as Kwaijitsu.

Kwangiden

A representation of Sannayaki and Vinayaki embracing like the 2. Elephant-headed figures of Shoten. Sometimes identified as Kwangiden, Ganapati or Ganapati.

Kwangyo-mandara

One form of paradise. Identified as Kwangyo-mandara, Taema-mandara, Taema-mandara or Sukhavati.

Kwanjizai

A bodhisattva. Also known as Kwanjizai, Buddhist Avalokiteshvara, Buddhist Avalokiteshvara, Kuan Yin, Kwannon, Kongo Gundari, Kongo Gundari or Gundari-myoo.

Kwannon

read more »

Kwotei

An epithet for a Tenno as ruler of earthly affairs. Sometimes identified as Kwotei.

Kyohime

A maiden who became a serpent. She changed herself into a serpent to kill her lover who proved unfaithful to her. At times, known as Kyohime.

Kyuzaemon

read more »

Ladder of Heaven

The means whereby Amaterasu and Tsuki-yami rose to take their places in the sky. In some accounts, called Ladder of Heaven.

Land of Darkness

The Shinto realm of decay and pollution. Also commonly referred to as Land of Darkness.

Latrina gods

Deities who instructed men in the art of agriculture. In some lore, occasionally called Latrina gods.

Lord Uhe-Minu

An aspect of the Buddha in the form of an eagle. In some accounts, referred to as Lord Uhe-Minu, Lord Uye-Minu or Lord Uye-Minu.

Luminous Maiden

A goddess of Mount Fuji. At times, identified as Luminous Maiden.

maga-tsumi

Evil spirits controlled by Susanowa. Also referred to as maga-tsumi.

magatama

Sacred stones. These are pea-shaped pieces of semiprecious stone (agate, jasper, etc.) used in Shinto rites. Sometimes referred to as magatama.

Magatsumi

Evil spirits from the underworld. The damage these demons cause is put right by the Naobi. Also known as Magatsumi.

Magora

A guardian deity. One of the 28 Nijuhachi-Bushu. On occassion, known as Magora.

Mahaka Daikoku

Daikoku depicted as a woman sitting. Down with a bale of rice on her head. In some references, referred to as Mahaka Daikoku.

Mahakala

read more »

Mahakara Daikoku

Daikoku with the Wheel of Law. Sometimes called Mahakara Daikoku, Yasha Daikoku, Yasha Daikoku or Daikoku.

Maiden of Unai

read more »

maidenhair

A sacred tree. Also called maidenhair.

majinai

Magic: the various means by which people ward off sickness, ill fortune, etc. Also called majinai.

Makeshura

A guardian deity. One of the 28 Nijuhachi-Bushu. Also called Makeshura.

Maki Hiogo

read more »

Makura Daikoku

A name of Daikoku depicted with a mallet and lotus leaf. Also identified as Makura Daikoku, Daikoku, Daikoku, Daikoku Tea, Daikokusana, Bika Daikoku, MahakaDaikoku, Ojikara Daikoku, Shinda Daikoku, Ta-no-kami, Yasha Daikoku, Hindu Mahakala or Shiva.

Mamikiko

read more »

mamori

Amulets: charms. Also identified as mamori, o-mamori or o-mamori.

mamorifuda

A charm carried by children in a charm-bag. Also called mamorifuda, kinchaku or kinchaku.

maneko noko

read more »

Manji

One of the 2 Tide Jewels. Manji controlled the flood tide, Kanji the ebb-tide. Referred to as Manji.

Mansen

A guardian deity. One of the 28 Nijuhachi-Bushu. On occassion, identified as Mansen.

Manzenshao

A guardian deity. One of the 28 Nijuhachi-Bushu. Also called Manzenshao.

marakayika

A goblin. On occassion, called marakayika.

Marishiten

read more »

Masubi

A Shinto god of growth. Occasionally referred to as Masubi.

Matakichi

read more »

Matsu

A servant of Shingé. Sometimes known as Matsu.

Matsue

read more »

Matsui

read more »

Matsumura

read more »

Matsuo

A Shinto god of saké-makers. On occassion, referred to as Matsuo.

matsuri

A Shinto festival. Also known as matsuri.

Mawaraten

A guardian deity. One of the 28 Nijuhachi-Bushu. Sometimes known as Mawaraten.

mi

A sign (snake) of the Zodiac. In some references, known as mi.

mi-ko-gami

Subordinate deities. In some lore, occasionally referred to as mi-ko-gami, offspring of kami or offspring of kami.

Mi-Kura-Tana

A Shinto god of storehouses. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Mi-Kura-Tana.

Mi-oya-no-kami

A guardian deity of parents or ancestors. Occasionally referred to as Mi-oya-no-kami.

Mi-Toshi

A Shinto god of agriculture. Son of O-Toshi and Kagayo. In some accounts, known as Mi-Toshi.

Mi-Wi

A Shinto god of wells and springs. Identified as Mi-Wi.

Michi-No-Kami

3 Shinto gods of boundaries and roads. Yakushin deities. They are known as Chiburi, Kumado and Yachi-Mata. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Michi-No-Kami.

Michizane Sugawara

read more »

Mika-Hiya-Hi

A Shinto sun-god. Son of Kagu-Tsuchi. In some lore, occasionally known as Mika-Hiya-Hi.

Mikado

A god-king. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Mikado, Arahito-gami or Arahito-gami.

Miketsu

A food-god. One of the Eight Imperial Deities. Known as Miketsu.

miko

Descendants of Saruta-Hiko and Uzume. These people became shamans or, in later years, attendants at Shinto shrines. Occasionally known as miko.

mikoshi

A portable shrine or palanquin used in Shinto festivals to carry the deity to whom the ceremony. Is dedicated. In some references, identified as mikoshi, horen or horen.

mikuju

Written oracles handed out at a Shinto shrine. Also known as mikuju, omikuju or omikuju.

Mikumari

A Shinto water-goddess. Daughter of Minato. Also called Mikumari, Mi-Kumari or Mi-Kumari.

Minaka-Nushi

read more »

Minato

A Shinto river-god. Son of Izanagi and Izanami. Father of Mikumari. Also commonly called Minato.

Minige

read more »

Minokichi

read more »

Miolo-Seki

Male and female rocks that rise out of the sea. In some accounts, referred to as Miolo-Seki.

Mioya

read more »

Miroku

The Japanese version of Maitreya. Identified as Miroku, Buddhist Messiah, Buddhist Messiah, Miro, Miro, Chinese Hsiao Fo, Chinese Hsiao Fo, Maitreya, Miruk, Mi-lo-fo, Mi-lo-fo, A-shih-to, Hsiao Fo, Mi-li, Mi-lo, Mila Fu, Milo, P'u Sa, Mi-lo Fo, Mi Lo Fo, Japanese Hotei, Asita, Pu T'ai Ho-shang, Pu T'ai Ho-shang, A-mi-t'o-fo, Chang Ting-tzu, Pu T'ai Ch'an Shih, Calico Bag Monk, Calico Bag Zen Master, Buddhist Maitreya, Hindu Kalki, Hindu Kalki, Korean Miruk, Korean Miruk, Hotei, Hotei, Hotei-osho, Wagon Priest or Chinese Mi-lo-fo.

Mirror of Matsuyama

A mirror in which a young girl saw the face of her dead mother. Also referred to as Mirror of Matsuyama.

Miru-me

read more »

Misshakukongo

A guardian deity. One of the 28 Nijuhachi-Bushu. In some accounts, known as Misshakukongo.

Mitamaya

A household shrine which houses. The mitana-shiro. Also known as Mitamaya.

Mitana

Soul of god. Also commonly referred to as Mitana.

Mitana-shiro

Shinto ghost-sticks: tablets bearing. The names of the dead. Occasionally referred to as Mitana-shiro.

Mitosh

A god of agriculture, guardian of farmers. Also commonly known as Mitosh.

Mitsudomo

An amulet worn to protect. From fire, flood and theft. In some references, called Mitsudomo.

Mitsumine

An amulet, in the form of a dog, worn to protect from robbery. At times, identified as Mitsumine.

Miwa Daimyo-jin

read more »

Miwi

A deity of springs and wells. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Miwi.

Miya-jima

A celestial paradise. Occasionally identified as Miya-jima.

Miyadzu

read more »

Miyazu

A guardian-goddess of the royal family. Consort of Susanowa, some say. Also known as Miyazu.

Mizaru

One of the Three Mystic Apes. He is depicted with his hands covering his eyes as 'he who sees no evil'. Occasionally referred to as Mizaru, Mi-saru or Mi-saru.

Mizu-Ha-No-Me

A Shinto water-goddess. She was born from the urine of Izanami when she was dying. In some references, known as Mizu-Ha-No-Me.

Momotaro

read more »

Monju

read more »

Mono-no-ke

Demons: evil spirits. At times, identified as Mono-no-ke, shikome or shikome.

Moon Child

read more »

Mosaku

A man killed by Yuki-Onna. In some references, known as Mosaku.

Moshiriikkwechep

read more »

Mount Dan-doku

The site of the Buddha's meditation. Occasionally referred to as Mount Dan-doku, Dandoku, Dandoku, Mount Dandoku or Mount Dandoku.

Mount Eagle

A mount from which, it is said, the Buddha himself preached. At times, called Mount Eagle.

Mount Fuji

read more »

Mount Kagu

A mountain in heaven on which the sacred tree, Sakaki, grows. On occassion, identified as Mount Kagu.

Mount Kirishima

The site where celestial grandchildren. Descend to earth. Identified as Mount Kirishima.

Mount Kunlun

A sacred mountain, home of the Shinto gods. In some lore, occasionally known as Mount Kunlun.

Mount Miwa

Home of the youth who fathered Ohotata- no-ko on Ike-taka-yori-hime. Also commonly referred to as Mount Miwa.

Mount Oyo

The home of the goblin king, Shutendoji. Also referred to as Mount Oyo.

Mount Takachichi

The site where the Bridge of Heaven. Reaches earth. Occasionally known as Mount Takachichi.

Mountain Man

read more »

Mountain Woman

read more »

Mubaru

read more »

Munakata-No-Kami

read more »

Muraji

A title for those descended from gods. Other than the ancestral deities of the royal family. Also called Muraji.

Murata Ippai

read more »

Muryoku

A form of Amitabha. In some references, known as Muryoku, Amida, Amida, Buddha of Infinite Light, Impersonal Buddha, Amida Butsu, Amitayas, 'boundless light', Dai-Itoku, Dharmakari, Goemasson, Kanro-o, Kuwarishiki, Muryoju, Taho, Yamagoshi, Chinese A-mi-t'o-fo, O-mi-t'o-fo or etc ( A-mit'o-foHindu ShivaIndian Amitabha.

Muso Byoye

read more »

Muso Kokushi

read more »

Musubi

read more »

Myojo-tenshi

An angel of the morning star. This being, in the form of a handsome youth, guides the virtuous in their travels. Sometimes identified as Myojo-tenshi.

Myoken

A Buddhist star-god, the Pole Star. Also commonly identified as Myoken, Kagase-wo, Kagase-wo or Chinese Myoken.

Myotei

A painter. He took the young Sawara as a pupil and wanted him as a son-in-law. Also referred to as Myotei.

Na-naki

read more »

Nai-No-Kami

A Shinto god of earthquakes and storms. Occasionally identified as Nai-No-Kami.

Nakatsu

A goddess. In some references, called Nakatsu.

Nakazutsumo

One of the 3 sea and fish gods known. As the Munakata-no-kami. Sometimes called Nakazutsumo.

Nake-saha-me

A goddess of streams and marshes. She was born from the tears shed by Izanagi when Isanami died. Occasionally referred to as Nake-saha-me.

Naked Mountain

A barren mountain that blossomed. When Kobo Daishi prayed there. In some accounts, referred to as Naked Mountain.

Namazu

A primaeval fish. This fish lived under the earth and caused earthquakes when it moved. In some references, identified as Namazu.

Nanakusa

A ceremony, held on January 7th, at which a bowl of rice and herbs is said to ward off disease. Also identified as Nanakusa, Festival of Seven Grasses or Festival of Seven Grasses.

Nandaryu

A guardian deity. One of the 28 Nijuhachi-Bushu. Sometimes called Nandaryu.

Nanso-bo

read more »

Nantwa

Clay figures placed in a circle on a grave. Known as Nantwa.

Naobi

Benevolent spirits. These beings are said to make good the damage done by the evil Magatsumi. Occasionally called Naobi.

Naraen

A guardian deity. One of the 28 Nijuhachi-Bushu. Also commonly known as Naraen.

Nase

Husband of Aze. This couple were so devoted to each other that, threatened with being separated, they both became pine trees. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Nase, Nake-sa-muta or Nake-sa-muta.

Nasu-no

read more »

ne

A sign (nat) of the Zodiac. Sometimes called ne.

Ne-no-kuni

A name for Yomi-tsu-kuni as 'the land of roots'. Also known as Ne-no-kuni, Yomi-tsu-kuni, Yomi-tsu-kuni, Jigoku, Jugokudo, Land of Yomi, Meido, Naraka, Ne-nokata-tsu-kuni, Nenokatatsu, Yomi, Yomi-no-yo, Yomitsu-kuni, 'land of gloom', Naraka, Nenokatatsu-kuni, No-nokata-tsu-kuni, Soko-no-kuni, (The Land of) Yomi, Yomi (-no-yo) or Hell.

Ni-o

2 warlike kings who guard. Temple gates. Also called Ni-o.

Nia-Tsu-Hi-No-Kami

A Shinto fire-god. On occassion, identified as Nia-Tsu-Hi-No-Kami.

Nigi-haya-hi

A sun-god. Known as Nigi-haya-hi.

Nigi-mitama

A gentle spirit. Also called Nigi-mitama.

Nihon

The birthplace of Amaterasu. This holy name is used to ward off evil. Also known as Nihon.

Nihongi

A book of Shinto legends written in AD. 720. Occasionally identified as Nihongi.

Niidono

A female sea-spirit. She conducted Antoku Tenno to her undersea realm when he was killed in the battle of Dan-no-Ura. In some lore, occasionally called Niidono, Sui Tengu, Sui Tengu, Nii-no-ama or Niidomo.

Nijuhachi-Bushu

read more »

Nikko Bosatsu

A Buddhist sun-god. In some accounts, referred to as Nikko Bosatsu.

Nikobo

read more »

Ningyo

A mermaid. She is depicted as a fish with a human head. Also referred to as Ningyo.

Ninigi

read more »

Nintoku

Son of Ojin. He was a benevolent emperor, deified after his death. Occasionally referred to as Nintoku.

Nio-san

The collective name for the 2. Gatekeepers, Udaijin and Yadaijin. In some accounts, referred to as Nio-san.

Nioo

A guardian deity of the gates of a temple. On occassion, referred to as Nioo.

Nitne kamui

Evil spirits of the Ainu. In some accounts, known as Nitne kamui, Wen kamui or Wen kamui.

No-Ide-No Shinji

A Shinto spring festival celebrating. The descent of Yama-No-Kami to the ricefields. Also commonly referred to as No-Ide-No Shinji.

Nobori Ryu

A celestial dragon. In some lore, occasionally called Nobori Ryu.

Noijin

Buddhist mountain gods led by Kubera. On occassion, referred to as Noijin.

Nomi-No-Sukune

read more »

Non-no-kami

A field-god: god of plants. Occasionally called Non-no-kami.

norito

Shinto ritual prayers. In some references, known as norito.

Nu-boko

The earth's axis: a phallus. Also referred to as Nu-boko.

nue

read more »

nure-onna

An evil spirit. Referred to as nure-onna.

nusa

A word used by a Shinto priest to ward off evil or to purify offenders. In some references, known as nusa, gohei, gohei or nusa.

Nuye

read more »

Nyoi

A thunderbolt as the embodiment of law. Also identified as Nyoi, Chinese Ju-i, Chinese Ju-i, Dorje, Tibetan Dorje, Tibetan Dorje, Ju-i, thunderbolt or vajra.

Nyoirin

A name of Kwannon as 'the allpowerful. One'. In some lore, occasionally identified as Nyoirin, Kwannon, Kwannon, Avalokiteshvara, Kannon, Kannon-sama, sacred birds, Bato, Chu-jo Hime, Fuku-kensaku, Jiu-ichi-men-Kwannon, Juichimen, Jundei, Kannon(-sama), Senjiu, Sho(tuku), Buddhist Avalokiteshvara or Chinese Kuan Yin.

Nyorai

A title given to all Buddhas. In some references, referred to as Nyorai, Bhuddist Tathagata, Bhuddist Tathagata, Chinese Ju lai or Chinese Ju lai.

O Ai San

Daughter of Fudo. She stood naked under a waterfall for a hundred days to cure her father's blindness. Also called O Ai San.

O-ana-mochi

A deity of Mount Fuji, the god of the crater. Sometimes identified as O-ana-mochi, Oanamochi or Oanamochi.

O Cho San

read more »

O-Ge-Tso-Hime

read more »

O-Goncho

read more »

O-Iwa-Dai-Myojin

A Shinto god of stoneworking. Occasionally referred to as O-Iwa-Dai-Myojin.

O-Maga-Tsumi

Leader of the evil Morgatsumi. Called O-Maga-Tsumi.

O-Ryu

The spirit of a willow tree. She married a warrior but they were parted when the tree was felled. At times, called O-Ryu.

O-somal

A rice-cake. This cake is used to symbolise Kagami, the magic mirror of Amaterasu. Occasionally known as O-somal.

O-Toshi

read more »

O Toyo

read more »

O-Tsuki-sama

A moon-deity. At times, called O-Tsuki-sama.

O-Uso-no-Mikito

read more »

O-Yama-Tsu-Mi

A Shinto mountain-god. Son of Izanagi and Izanami. In some accounts, referred to as O-Yama-Tsu-Mi.

Oba-Kage-chika

read more »

Obasuyetama

A mountain. The elderly were often abandoned on the slopes of this mountain. In some cases they were rescued by the gods, in others they died. On occassion, known as Obasuyetama.

of Souls

A world to which the souls of dead. Children pass and where they are forced to work. In some references, identified as of Souls.

Ogetsu-no-hime

A food goddess. She was killed by Susanowa and the staple crops of the Japanese diet grew from her body. In some accounts, identified as Ogetsu-no-hime.

Oh-maga-tsumi

A demon, chief of the maga-tsumi. Known as Oh-maga-tsumi.

Oharai

A purification ceremony held in December. Occasionally referred to as Oharai.

Oho-ga-tsu

A food-goddess. Sometimes called Oho-ga-tsu.

Oho-iwa Dai-myo-jin

A god of rocks. Guardian of women at childbirth. Also called Oho-iwa Dai-myo-jin.

Oho-kuni-nushi

A deity who rides through the streets on a bronze horse at the Festival of Minige. Occasionally called Oho-kuni-nushi.

Oho-tata-ne-ko

read more »

Oho-to-no-be

A primaeval deity. Sister of Oho-to-no-ji. In some accounts, identified as Oho-to-no-be.

Oho-to-no-ji

A primaeval deity. Brother of Oho-to-no-be. Also called Oho-to-no-ji.

Oho-usu

read more »

Oho-wata-tsu-mi

A god of the waters. Son of Izanagi and Izanami. In some accounts, called Oho-wata-tsu-mi.

Oho-yama-tsu-mi

A mountain-god. Son of Izanagi and Izanami. Father of Iha-naga, Sengen and Uzume. In some references, known as Oho-yama-tsu-mi.

Ohobarai

A rite of expiation in which figures or clothes are ceremonially drowned. Occasionally called Ohobarai, Hebrew Taschlikh or Hebrew Taschlikh.

Ojikara Daikoku

A form of Daikoku depicted with a sword and vajra. Also referred to as Ojikara Daikoku, Daikoku, Daikoku, Daikoku Tea, Daikokusana, Bika Daikoku, MahakaDaikoku, Makura Daikoku, Shinda Daikoku, Ta-no-kami, Yasha Daikoku, Hindu Mahakala or Shiva.

Ojin

read more »

Okesa

A geisha girl. Originally a cat, she became human to help the old couple who had been kind to her. In some accounts, identified as Okesa.

Oki-Tsu-Hiko

A Shinto kitchen-god. Son of O-Toshi. Consort of Oki-Tsu-Hime. Sometimes known as Oki-Tsu-Hiko, Kudo-no-kami or Kudo-no-kami.

Oki-Tsu-Hime

A Shinto kitchen-goddess. Daughter of O-Toshi. Consort of Oki-Tsu-Hiko. Occasionally called Oki-Tsu-Hime, Kobe-no-kami, Kobe-no-kami or Oki-tsu Hime.

Okikurumi

A sun-god. Father of Pon Okikurumi by Chikisani. Sometimes called Okikurumi, Ainu-rak-kux or Ainu-rak-kux.

okoze

An amulet in the form of a fish, worn to bring good luck. Also commonly called okoze.

Okuni-Nushi

read more »

omamori

An amulet said to give divine protection. Known as omamori.

Omitsunu

read more »

Omiya

one of the Eight Imperial Deities Occasionally called Omiya.

Omodaru

A Shinto god. Consort of Ayakasikone. These two deities were produced from one of the branches of the primordial god Umashiashikabihikoji. Also known as Omodaru, 'perfect face' or 'perfect face'.

Omohi-kane

A deity. He advised the assembled gods on ways to lure Amaterasu out of the cave in which she was hiding. In some references, known as Omohi-kane.

Omokage-no-Ido

A sacred well. It was said that this well was created when Kobo Daishi thrust his staff into the earth. In some references, known as Omokage-no-Ido.

Onamuchi

A name for Okuni-Nushi as guardian of the eastern shrine on Mount Hiei. Occasionally referred to as Onamuchi, Okuni-Nushi, Okuni-Nushi, Oho-kuni-nushi, Okuninushi, Yachihoko, Daikokusana, Onamuji, Daikoku(sana, Oyamakui, Oyamakui, Yama-No-Kami, Yama-sue-no-o-nushi, Yama-no-kami or Yama-sue-no-nushi.

oni

read more »

oni-bi

Demon-fire. Also called oni-bi.

oni-yarahi

An annual ceremony designed to get. Rid of the oni which have taken. Possession of humans. Sometimes referred to as oni-yarahi, oniyaraki or oniyaraki.

Onigashima

An island, home of the oni. In some accounts, identified as Onigashima, Devil's Island or Devil's Island.

Ono-no-kimi

read more »

Ono-no-Komachi

read more »

Ono-no-Yorikaze

read more »

Ono Yasuman

An 8th C. Courtier, author of the Kojiki. Occasionally identified as Ono Yasuman, Yasumaro or Yasumaro.

Onogoro

read more »

Onomo Toku

read more »

onryo

Angry spirits. These spirits are frequently those of ancestors who have been buried without the appropriate rites. Also called onryo.

Opotonobe

A Shinto goddess. Consort of Opotonodi. These two deities were produced from a branch of the primaeval deity Umashiashikabihikoji. In some references, known as Opotonobe.

Opotonodi

A Shinto god. Consort of Opotonobe. These two deities were produced from a branch of the primaeval deity Umashiashikabihikoji. In some references, called Opotonodi.

Oribe Shima

read more »

Oto-hime

read more »

Otoku-San

read more »

Otomo-no-Miyuki

read more »

Ototachibana

read more »

Oya

read more »

Oya-Shima-Guni

The first 8 islands to be created when Izanagi and Izanami made. The world. In some references, called Oya-Shima-Guni.

Oyamakui

read more »

Oyazu

read more »

Period of the Gods

A cycle of legends. In some references, referred to as Period of the Gods.

pheasant

A bird which is said to be the soul of a dead woman. At times, identified as pheasant.

Pimiko

A queen, one of the Kannushi. In some references, referred to as Pimiko.

Poison Dragon

read more »

pomegranate

read more »

Pon Okikurumi

read more »

Rafusen

A fairy who scatters perfume amongst the blossom of the plum trees. Sometimes identified as Rafusen.

Raicho

read more »

Raiden

read more »

Raijin

A group of Shinto weather-gods. In some accounts, a name for Raiden. In some references, called Raijin, Karaijin, Karaijin, Raiden, Raiden, Kaminari, Karai-shin, Karai-shin or Karaishin.

Raiju

read more »

Raiko

read more »

Raitaro

read more »

Rakan

The Japanese version of the Eighteen. Lohan or the 16 Arhats. At times, identified as Rakan, Arakan, Arakan, Eighteen Lohan, Eighteen Lohan, Arahan, Arahant, Arahat, arhat, lohan, Worthies, Ar(a)han, Ar(a)hat, Arhant, Japanese Arakan, Tibetan Gnas-brtan, Neten, Gnas-brtan, Gnas-brtan, Arhat, Arhat, arhan, arhant, arahant, arahat, arhan(t), Chinese lohan or Sanskrit sthavita.

Rashima

A fisher-boy who lived under the sea. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Rashima.

Red Dragon

This beast, ruler of the south, is the symbol of life. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Red Dragon, Samael, Samael or Red Dragon.

Renge Gundari

A form of Gundari-myoo regarded as a manifestation of Kongo. Sometimes called Renge Gundari, Gundari-myoo, Gundari-myoo, Amrita-Kundalin, Amrita-Kundika, Nampo Kundari Yasha, Amrita Kundalin, Amrita Kundika, Kanro Gundari, Kongo Gundari, Nampo Gundari Nasha, Kongo, Kongo or Hindu Vajrasattva.

Rin-Jin

read more »

River of Souls

The home of the blessed dead. Also referred to as River of Souls.

River of Three Roads

read more »

Ro-ku

A god of wealth. Sometimes known as Ro-ku.

Roko

A sennin depicted as riding a flying. Tortoise. Also called Roko.

Roko-bu-ten

The deities Benten and Taishaku, plus. The 4 Shi-Tenno, collectively. Referred to as Roko-bu-ten.

Rokugo

read more »

Rokuro-kubi

read more »

Rosei

read more »

Ryo-to-bin

A sage living in the middle heaven. Also identified as Ryo-to-bin.

Ryoseki

read more »

Ryugu

The undersea palace of the Dragon- King of the Sea, Ryujin. Occasionally referred to as Ryugu, Ryu Kyu, Ryu Kyu, Ryukyu, Ryukyu, Evergreen Land, Evergreen Land or Japanese Ryugu.

Ryujin

read more »

Sahe-no-kami

Guardian deities said to ward off disease. Also called Sahe-no-kami.

Saho-biko

Brother of Saho-hime. Also identified as Saho-biko.

Saho-hime

Sister of Saho-biko. Wife of Suinin. She betrayed her husband out of love for her brother. Sometimes referred to as Saho-hime.

Saho-Yama

A goddess of spring. Identified as Saho-Yama.

Sai-no-Kawara

The subterranean home of dead children. Identified as Sai-no-Kawara, Dry Bed of the River of Souls or Dry Bed of the River of Souls.

Saijosen

read more »

saikan

A building used by a Shinto priest to prepare himself for a ceremony. Also known as saikan.

Saion Zenji

read more »

saka-bashira

read more »

Sakadonomaki

A god of the drink, sake. On occassion, referred to as Sakadonomaki, Toyuga-nome or Toyuga-nome.

sakaki

A tree sacred in Shinto. This tree, which grows on the celestial Mount Kagu, is hung with precious objects. On occassion, known as sakaki, Shinboku, Shinboku, Sakaki, shinboku or shinboku.

Sakata Kintoki

The name given to Kintaro when he became one of Yorimitsu's retainers. Also commonly referred to as Sakata Kintoki.

Sakata Kurando

read more »

saki mitama

A spirit which imparts blessings. Called saki mitama.

sallekama

The ritual of fasting to death. Sometimes called sallekama.

Samébito

read more »

Sanemori

read more »

Sangsara

A form of Nirvana. Also known as Sangsara, moksha, moksha, moksa, mukti, Sanskrit mukti, Nirvana, Nirvana, Nirvana, Kas(h)i, Mahasukka, Nibbana, Cambodian Nirpean, Hindu Molosha, Japanese Nehan, Panimirvana, PureLand or Sunya(t.

saniva

A sacred plot, covered with white. Cobbles, used as a site for religious ceremonies. In some accounts, referred to as saniva, shinji, shinji or saniwa.

sanja takusen

The oracles of Amaterasu and Kasuga. These oracles were said to have appeared on the surface of a lake in the thirteenth century. On occassion, identified as sanja takusen.

Sanjo

read more »

Sanjuban-shin

30 deities. one for each day of the month. Called Sanjuban-shin.

sankei

A shrine. In some lore, occasionally referred to as sankei.

Sankichi

read more »

Sannayaka

read more »

Sano

read more »

sanshi

read more »

Sanshi-taisho

A guardian deity. One of the 28 Nijuhachi-Busho. In some accounts, referred to as Sanshi-taisho, Koshin, Koshin, koshin, koshin or Three Mystic Apes.

sanshu no shinki

read more »

Sanugi

read more »

saru

A sign (monkey) of the Zodiac. In some lore, occasionally called saru.

Sarube

Descendants of Saruto-hike and Uzume. Creators of ceremonial dance. Also referred to as Sarube.

Saruta

A monkey-god. Also referred to as Saruta.

Saruto-hiko

read more »

Sawara

read more »

Sei-O-Ba

Goddess of the west. In some lore, occasionally called Sei-O-Ba, Seiobo, Seiobo, Chinese Hsi Wang Mu or Chinese Hsi Wang Mu.

Seishi

A Shinto deity. In some references, known as Seishi.

Seit Ka-doji

An attendant on, or an aspect. Of, Fudo-myoo. Occasionally known as Seit Ka-doji.

Seitaka

An attendant on, or an aspect. Of, Fudo-myoo. Sometimes identified as Seitaka.

Sendai Kuji Hongi

A (probably) 9th C. Record of the early. Ages of the gods, etc., in ten parts. In some accounts, called Sendai Kuji Hongi.

Sengen

read more »

Senjiu Kwannon

read more »

Senkyo

read more »

sennin

read more »

Sentaro

read more »

Seoritsu-hime

A water-goddess living in rapids. Also commonly referred to as Seoritsu-hime.

Separate Heavenly Deities

read more »

Sesshiu

read more »

Setsubun

A festival, held on 3rd February, in which the individual's fortune for the coming year is fixed. On occassion, called Setsubun.

shaden

Shrine(s) or shrine hall(s). In some references, known as shaden.

Shaka

The Japanese version of Shakyamuni. Occasionally known as Shaka, Amoghasiddhi, Amoghasiddhi, Dhanada, Kamaheruka, Kharmaheruka, Mahamayuri, Mahasritara, Sitatara, Vajrasrnkhala, Vasya-tara, Vishvapani, Hindu Indra, Japanese Fuku-joju, Tibetan Don-yod-grub-pa, Donyo-dup-pa, Shaka-nyorai, Shaka-nyorai, Shaka Muni, Shaka Muni, Buddha, Shakyamuni, Shaka-Nyorai or Shaka-Nyorai.

Shakara

A guardian deity. One of the 28 Nijuhachi-Bushu. Occasionally known as Shakara.

shasho

Monks worshipping at a Buddhist. Shrine. In some lore, occasionally called shasho.

shi-ryo

A ghost of the dead. In some accounts, identified as shi-ryo.

Shi Tenno

read more »

Shichi Fukojin

read more »

Shide

Occasionally identified as Shide, sacred mountains, sacred mountains, Everest, Ishadhara Loi Hsao Mong, Majaw, Myimmo Taung, Shringa Pum Chapultepec, Cohuacom, Colinia, Iztac Ciuatl, Nonoalco, Popocatepetl, Chiu-hua, Ishadhara, Kalantur, K'un Lun, Kuantun, Kuang-hsieh, SongShan, T'ai Shan, Wu Yüeh Nissa, Ompha-el, Horselberg Cithaeron, Ida, Lycaeus, Lycorea, Nisa, Olympus, Orthrys, Oure, Parnassus, Pelion, Rhodospe, Tithorea, Ararat, Carmel, Ebal, Gerizim, Moriah, Nebu, Olivet, Sinai, Tabor, Zion Fujiyama, Kirishima, Takachiho Mandara, Mara, Passe-vare Nane Waiyah or Nunne Chaha Demavand Sumbur Chimborazo Suro Phra Men Himavan Ida Paria.

Shiju-Gara

A great tit. This bird carried love letters from the owl, Fukuro, to Uso-Dori, the bullfinch. Known as Shiju-Gara.

Shikaiya Wasobioye

read more »

Shikimi

A sacred tree. In some accounts, referred to as Shikimi.

Shiko-tsutsu

read more »

Shikome

Storm-deities, demons that bring. About diseases. In some lore, occasionally identified as Shikome, Mono-no-ke, Mono-no-ke or shikome.

shikon

4 spirits. These are listed as ara-mitama. kushimitama. nigi-mitama and saki-mitama Occasionally identified as shikon.

Shimbei

The heron, servant of the owl Fukuo. Sometimes referred to as Shimbei.

Shimben-Kidoku-Shu

read more »

Shimmoten

A guardian god. One of the 28 Nijuhachi-Bushu. Sometimes known as Shimmoten.

shin-po

Sacred treasures kept in a shrine. In some lore, occasionally referred to as shin-po.

Shina-Tsu-Hiko

read more »

Shina-Tsu-Hime

Consort of Shina-Tsu-Hiko. Also referred to as Shina-Tsu-Hime.

Shinbetsu

Families which claim descent from deities other than Amaterasu. Sometimes identified as Shinbetsu, Kobetsu or Kobetsu.

Shinboku

A Shinto sacred tree. At times, called Shinboku, sakaki, sakaki, shinboku, Sakaki or Sakaki.

Shinda Daikoku

Daikoku depicted as a boy sitting. Down and holding a crystal. Sometimes called Shinda Daikoku, Daikoku, Daikoku, Daikoku Tea, Daikokusana, Bika Daikoku, MahakaDaikoku, Makura Daikoku, Ojikara Daikoku, Ta-no-kami, Yasha Daikoku, Hindu Mahakala or Shiva.

Shingé

read more »

shinji

Sacred ground used for religious. Ceremonies. In some references, identified as shinji, saniva, saniva, saniwa or saniwa.

Shinsaku

read more »

shinsen

Sacred food offered to the deities. In some lore, occasionally identified as shinsen.

shinsenden

A sacred rice-field where food for the deities is grown. Sometimes identified as shinsenden.

shinshoku

Shinto clergy: a priest. Occasionally identified as shinshoku, shinkan, shinkan, kannushi or kannushi.

Shinta-lo-be

A wind-goddess. At times, known as Shinta-lo-be.

shintai

Some physical object in which a deity. Is inherent. At times, called shintai.

Shinten

Sacred Shinto scriptures. In some accounts, known as Shinten.

Shinto

Literally 'gods or 'spirits'. A form of spirit-worship. Also called Shinto, Shintu, Shintu, Sintu, Sintu, Kami-no-Michi, Kami-no-Michi, S(h)intu or S(h)intu.

Shinzaburo

read more »

Shippeitaro

read more »

Shiri-kume-na-nawa

read more »

Shiro

read more »

Shishi-wo

read more »

Shita-teru-hime

Daughter of Susanowa. Wife of Waka-Hiko. Sometimes known as Shita-teru-hime.

shito dama

The astral spirit of a dead person. Occasionally identified as shito dama.

shiwan

An insect cucumber-pest. This insect is the ghost of a physician who became entangled in a cucumber-vine and was killed by a pursuing enemy. Sometimes called shiwan.

Sho

A name of Kwannon as 'wise one'. Called Sho, Sho Kwannon, Sho Kwannon, Kongoho, Kongoho or Sho-Kwannon.

Shodo Shonin

read more »

shojo

read more »

Shoki

read more »

shokonsha

A shrine dedicated to the spirits of heroes such as the war-dead. At times, known as shokonsha.

shokuin

read more »

Shokuro

read more »

shoro

Souls: spirits of the dead. Also commonly called shoro, shoryo or shoryo.

shoryobuni

The ships which transport the souls of the dead back to the Otherworld at the end of the Festival of the Dead. In some accounts, known as shoryobuni, shoryobune, shoryobune, 'soul ships' or 'soul ships'.

shosha

A shrine. At times, known as shosha.

Shosuko Baba

read more »

Shoten

read more »

shoten

read more »

Shotuku

A prince who was regarded as an incarnation of the Buddha or of Kwannon. Occasionally known as Shotuku, Buddha, Buddha, Dharmaketu, Narayana, Siddata, Aditya-Bandhu, Amitayas, Amitayus, Bhagavan, Bhagavat, Boodh(a), Budh, Gautama, Gonge(n), Gotama, Jina, Mahakapi, Mahaparinirvanamurti, Narayana, Navasvaraja, (Prince) Sidda(r)ta, Sammassambuddha, Shaka Muni, S(h)akya(muni), S(h)akyasinha, Sidd(h)artha, Siddhattha, Sugata, Tathagata, Vessantara, Vipassin, Chinese Fo, Japanese Butsu(da), Shotoku, Tibetan Sangyas, Tshangs-pa, Shakyamuni, (572-671) or (572-671).

Shozuka Baba

An underworld goddess, guardian of crossroads. Occasionally identified as Shozuka Baba, Shozu-ga-no-Baba, Shozu-ga-no-Baba, Sodzu Baba, Sodzu Baba or Old Woman of the Three Roads.

Shubin

read more »

Shuhiji-ni

An early Shinto goddess. Sister of Uhiji-ni. She and her brother personified the slime from which the earth was born. Sometimes referred to as Shuhiji-ni, Lady Mud Earth or Lady Mud Earth.

shura

An angry spirit of a dead. Warrior. These beings live in the sky and the noise of their battles is heard on earth as thunder. In some references, referred to as shura.

Shutendoji

read more »

sin-you

A celestial sheep or unicorn. This animal acts as a judge of humans, punishing the guilty. At times, known as sin-you, kirin, kirin, ki-rin, Chinese ch'i-lin, Mongolian kere or Tibetan serou.

So-no-hagaham

read more »

Sodzu Baba

read more »

Soga Sadayoshi

read more »

Sohodo-No-Kami

A Shinto god of scarecrows, guardian of fields. Occasionally called Sohodo-No-Kami.

Sojo-bo

A storm-demon, leader of the Tengu. Also known as Sojo-bo.

Soko

A guardian god. He and Fukaotso were derived from Kongorikishi. In some references, known as Soko, Tsoche, Tsoche or Soko.

Soko-no-kuni

A name for the underworld, Yomi-tsu-kuni, as 'the hollow. Land'. Also commonly called Soko-no-kuni, Yomi-tsu-kuni, Yomi-tsu-kuni, Jigoku, Jugokudo, Land of Yomi, Meido, Naraka, Ne-nokata-tsu-kuni, Nenokatatsu, Yomi, Yomi-no-yo, Yomitsu-kuni, 'land of gloom', Naraka, Ne-no-kuni, Nenokatatsu-kuni, No-nokata-tsu-kuni, (The Land of) Yomi, Yomi (-no-yo) or Hell.

Sokozutsumo

A sea and fish-god. Sometimes known as Sokozutsumo.

Somin-Shorai

read more »

Sonobé

read more »

soreisha

A small Shinto household shrine. Dedicated to ancestors. In some accounts, known as soreisha, tam-ya or tam-ya.

Spirit of Rain

An attribute of Inari as embodied in the fox. Called Spirit of Rain, Inari, Inari, Inari-M'yogin, Ugonomitama, Uka-no-gami or Vixen-goddess.

sugi

A tree often planted near a shrine, the favourite home of the Tengu. Called sugi.

Sui Jen

A man who learned how to produce. Fire by watching a bird pecking a tree. In some accounts, identified as Sui Jen.

Sui Tengu

read more »

Suijin

Shinto water-gods: a water-nymph. Called Suijin.

Suijin-matsuri

A feast in honour of the water-deities, held on December 1st. Occasionally known as Suijin-matsuri.

Suinin

Husband of Saho-hime. Her wife betrayed him out of love for her brother Saho-bime. Identified as Suinin.

Sukanabikona

read more »

Sukuni-Hikona

A Shinto god of healing and traders. Occasionally called Sukuni-Hikona, Sukuna-Hikoni, Sukuna-Hikoni, Buddhist Yakushi or Buddhist Yakushi.

Sukuno-biko

read more »

Sumiyoshi-No-Kami

Sea-gods and gods of poets. They include Munakata-No-Kami and are worshipped by the Jingukogo sect. In some lore, occasionally called Sumiyoshi-No-Kami.

Sumono

read more »

Supidini

A Shinto goddess. Consort of Upidini. These two deities were produced from a branch of the primaeval god, Umashiashikabihikoji. Occasionally known as Supidini, 'mud-lady' or 'mud-lady'.

Susanowa

read more »

Suseri-hime

Daughter of Susanowa. Wife of Okuninushi. She eloped with Okuninushi after tying the sleeping Susanowa to a beam by his hair. Identified as Suseri-hime, Susera-hima, Susera-hima, Suseribime or Suseribime.

Ta-no-Kami

A Shinto god of agriculture. He is sometimes identified with Ebisu or Daikoku. Also referred to as Ta-no-Kami, Daikoku, Daikoku, Daikoku Tea, Daikokusana, Bika Daikoku, MahakaDaikoku, Makura Daikoku, Ojikara Daikoku, Shinda Daikoku, Ta-no-kami, Yasha Daikoku, Hindu Mahakala or Shiva.

Tadanobu

read more »

Taema-mandara

The paradise of Amida. Occasionally referred to as Taema-mandara, Kwangyo-mandara, Kwangyo-mandara, Sukhavati, Sukhavati, Blessed Land, Gokuraku-Jodo, heaven, Hsi T'ien, Pure Land, Sakhavati, Pure land, Sakkavati, Hsi-fang chi-lo shih-chieh, Chinese Hsi T'ien, Japanese Gokuraku-jodo or Gokuraku-jodo.

Taho

A form of Amida. One of the 5 Dhyanibodhisattvas, in some accounts. In some accounts, identified as Taho, Amida, Amida, Buddha of Infinite Light, Impersonal Buddha, Amida Butsu, Amitayas, 'boundless light', Dai-Itoku, Dharmakari, Goemasson, Kanro-o, Kuwarishiki, Muryoju, Muryoku, Yamagoshi, Chinese A-mi-t'o-fo, O-mi-t'o-fo or etc ( A-mit'o-foHindu ShivaIndian Amitabha.

Taishaku

The Japanese name for Indra. Sometimes called Taishaku.

Tajikara-wo

read more »

Tajima-mori

A man who visited the underworld and picked an orange from a tree. Growing there. Sometimes referred to as Tajima-mori.

Taka-Okami

A Shinto god of mountain rains in the form of a dragon. In some accounts, called Taka-Okami, Kura-Okami, Kura-Okami, Kura-okami or Kura-okami.

Takachiho

A sacred mountain. This is the site where Ninigi landed when he came down to earth. Occasionally identified as Takachiho.

Takadai

A samurai. He committed suicide by drowning but his soul was reborn as a seagull. In some accounts, called Takadai.

Takahama

read more »

Takama-ga-hara

read more »

Takamimusubi

read more »

Takara-bune

read more »

Take-minakata

Son of Susanowa. Occasionally identified as Take-minakata.

Take-no-uji-no-sukune

read more »

Takemikadzuchi

read more »

Takeminakatatomi-no-mikoto

A deity of Lake Suwa. In some accounts, referred to as Takeminakatatomi-no-mikoto, Yasakatome or Yasakatome.

Takeru

An outlaw. Prince Yamato came to his camp disguised as a woman, got the outlaw drunk and then killed him. Occasionally identified as Takeru.

Taki-tsu-hiko

A rain-god and god of the waterfall. Son or father of Aji-Shiki-Taka- Hiko-Ne. Referred to as Taki-tsu-hiko, Takitsuhiko or Takitsuhiko.

takusen

An oracle conveyed by a medium from a spirit or a deity. Sometimes referred to as takusen.

Tama

read more »

tama

read more »

tama-matsuri

A festival honouring the spirits of the dead. Occasionally identified as tama-matsuri.

Tama-No-Ya

read more »

tama-shizume

A rite performed over the sick to quieten the spirit and prevent it. From leaving the body. At times, known as tama-shizume.

Tama-yori

read more »

Tamana

read more »

Tamano-no-maye

read more »

Tamatsumemusubi

On occassion, identified as Tamatsumemusubi.

Tametomo

A hero. Brother of Yoshitomo. He is said to have sunk a ship with just one arrow. On occassion, called Tametomo.

Tanabata

read more »

tanuki

A fox-spirit: the badger, said to have magic powers. Some say that the tanuki can change into a human being or a bottle of sake. In some accounts, known as tanuki.

Taoki-Ho-Oi

read more »

Tarada

read more »

Taramusubi

One of the Eight Imperial Deities. Also referred to as Taramusubi.

Taro

read more »

tatari

A curse laid on an individual by a deity or a spirit. In some accounts, known as tatari.

tatari-ishi

A stone said to bring bad luck or even death. Sometimes known as tatari-ishi.

Tatsu

A sign (dragon) of the Zodiac. Also identified as Tatsu.

Tatsuta-hiko

A minor wind-god. Sometimes identified as Tatsuta-hiko.

Tatsuta-hime

A minor wind-goddess. Sometimes identified as Tatsuta-hime.

Te-nadzuchi

Wife of Ashi-nadzuchi. Mother of Inada-hime. In some accounts, referred to as Te-nadzuchi.

tearai

A basin in a shrine. This vessel is used in purification rites on entering the shrine. Called tearai.

Teishakuten

A guardian deity. One of the 28 Nijuhachi-Bushu. Referred to as Teishakuten.

Tekkei

A sennin who blew his own soul. Into the heavens. Sometimes called Tekkei.

Temmangu

The name for Tenjin in some accounts. Also identified as Temmangu, Tenjin, Tenjin, Heavenly Deity, Michizane Sugawara, Michizane Sugawara, Sugaware-no-Michizane or (845-903).

Ten

A title given to a god: heaven: paradise. Also identified as Ten.

Ten Datsu-Ba

Husband of Sodzu Baba. Sometimes identified as Ten Datsu-Ba.

Tenga

The Milky Way regarded as a river in which the gods. Catch fish. At times, referred to as Tenga, Ama-no-yasu-no-gawa, Ama-no-yasu-no-gawa, Ginja, Ginja, Ama-no-Yasu-no-gawa or Ama-no-Yasu-no-gawa.

Tengu

read more »

Tenjin

A god of calligraphy. This is the name given to Michizane Sugawara when he was deified. Sometimes called Tenjin, Heavenly Deity, Heavenly Deity, Temmangu, Temmangu or Michizane Sugawara.

Tenko

A painter. Father of Kimi. He took Sawara as a pupil. At times, known as Tenko.

Tenni Heika

A title of the emperor as a son of heaven, reflecting descent. From Amaterasu. Occasionally called Tenni Heika.

Tenno

An epithet of deities. Also identified as Tenno, Heavenly King, Heavenly King, Tenshi, Tenshi or Son of Heaven.

Tenno-nei

The belief that a new emperor, on taking office, receives the soul passed down through preceding emperors. Called Tenno-nei, 'imperial soul' or 'imperial soul'.

Tenrio-no-mikoto

A deity worshipped by the Tenrikyo movement. In some references, called Tenrio-no-mikoto, Kashikone or Kashikone.

Teojo

read more »

teruteru-bozu

Dolls used as talismans. These dolls are fastened to trees or to the eaves of houses to bring fine weather. Also referred to as teruteru-bozu.

Thirty-three Places

Shrines to the goddess Kwannon. Sometimes referred to as Thirty-three Places.

Three Mystic Apes

read more »

Tide Jewels

read more »

To

The guiding principle. Sometimes called To, 'the way', 'the way', Tao, Chinese Tao or Chinese Tao.

Toba

An emperor of Japan. He took a fox-woman, Toji, as his concubine. Sometimes called Toba.

Tobikawa

read more »

Tobosaku

A god of longevity. One of the Sennin. Occasionally known as Tobosaku, Jurojin, Jurojin, Fukorokuju, Jojorin, Jorojin, Junrojin, Shou Shen, Shou Shen, Ancient of the South Pole, Canopus, Nan-chi Hsien-weng, Nan-chi Lao Jen, Old Man of the South Pole, P'eng Tsu, sacred birds, Shen Lou, Shou Hsing, Shou-hsing Lao Tou-tzu, Star of Longevity, Nan-chi Hsienweng, Shou Lao, Shou Lou, Shou-hsing Lao T'aotzu, Canopus, Japanese Fukurokuju, Chinese Shou Shen, Chinese Shou Shen, Fukurokuju, Fukurokuju, Fukurokujin, Jiu or Jukurokujin.

Tocho

One of the 5 dhyanibuddhas, in some accounts. In some accounts, known as Tocho.

Togakushi

A god of wrestlers. In some accounts, it was he who pulled Amaterasu out of the cave in which she had hidden herself. Occasionally referred to as Togakushi, Tajikara or Tajikara.

Tohoten

A guardian deity. One of the 28 Nijuhachi-Bushu. Occasionally identified as Tohoten.

Toji

A fox-woman. She was a concubine of the emperor Toba. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Toji.

Tokiwa

read more »

Tokiyora

read more »

Tokotachi

A Shinto creator-god, one of the 5 Separate Heavenly. Deities. In some lore, occasionally called Tokotachi, Amanotokotachi, Amanotokotachi, Toko Tachi, Toko Tachi, Toko-Tachi or Toko-Tachi.

Tokoyo

read more »

Tokoyo-naganaki-dori

The cockerel of heaven, herald of dawn. Occasionally known as Tokoyo-naganaki-dori.

Tokoyo-no-kuni

The world of the spirits: paradise. In some accounts, referred to as Tokoyo-no-kuni, Land of Eternity, Land of Eternity or Tokoyo-no-kami.

Tokubei

read more »

Tokudo Shonin

read more »

Tokugawa

read more »

Tokutaro

read more »

Tokutaro-san

read more »

Tomomori

read more »

Tomozo

read more »

tora

A sign (tiger) of the Zodiac). Also identified as tora.

tori

A sign (cock) of the Zodiac. Also referred to as tori.

torii

A gateway to a Shinto temple. Some say that the gods sometimes use the torii as a perch. Also identified as torii.

Toshitokujin

A goddess of lucky directions. Occasionally called Toshitokujin.

Tosho-dai-gongen

The name given to the shogun, Ieyasu. Tokugawa, when he was deified. Also referred to as Tosho-dai-gongen, Tokugawa, Tokugawa, Ieyasu Togugawa or Mito-komon.

Totaro

read more »

Totomono

A name for Kobo Daishi as a boy. Occasionally known as Totomono, Kobo Daishi, Kobo Daishi, Hensho Kong, Gohitsu-Osoh or Kukai.

Toyo-uke-hime

read more »

Toyokumono

A Shinto goddess. Consort of Kuni-toko-tachi. These two deities were produced from one of the branches of the primaeval god Umashiashikabihokoji. Occasionally identified as Toyokumono, Toyo Kumono or Toyo Kumono.

Toyokuni

The name given to Hideyoshi when he was deified. In some references, referred to as Toyokuni, Hideyoshi, Hideyoshi or Toyo Kuni.

Tree-trunk God

A name for Kimata-no-kami who was found in a tree when he was abandoned by his mother. Occasionally known as Tree-trunk God, Kimata-no-kami, Kimata-no-kami or Tree-trunk god.

True Sakahi Tree

The tree on which the magic mirror was hung to lure Amaterasu out of the cave where she had hidden herself. In some accounts, referred to as True Sakahi Tree.

Tsuki-gumo

read more »

Tsuki no Iwakasa

read more »

Tsukihi

A Shinto deity or a manifestation of another deity comprising. The supreme Tenrikoyo deity, Tenri-O-No-Mikoto. On occassion, called Tsukihi.

Tsukiyomo

read more »

Tsukuba

A god of Mount Tsukuba. He welcomed the creator-god, Mioya, and that god rewarded him by making the mountain green and pleasant. In some references, known as Tsukuba.

Tsunna

read more »

Tsuyu

read more »

Tudo-myoo

The Buddhist saviour of souls. Occasionally identified as Tudo-myoo.

Tunogupi

A Shinto god. Consort of Ikugupi. These two deities were produced from a branch of the primaeval god Umashiashikabihikoji. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Tunogupi, Tsunu-guhi or Tsunu-guhi.

Tuto-Tamu

read more »

Uba

A pine-tree spirit. Wife of Jo. Occasionally identified as Uba.

Ubugami

A guardian-god of childbirth. In some accounts he was the same as Yamano-kami. Also commonly known as Ubugami.

Udaijin

read more »

Ugonomitama

A Shinto goddess of agriculture. On occassion, called Ugonomitama, Inari, Inari, Inari-M'yogin, Uka-no-gami, Spirit of Rain, Vixen-goddess, Uga-no-kami, Uga-no-kami, Uga-no-Mitama, Uga-no-Mitama, Inari, Inari, Uke-mochi, Uke-mochi or Ukeomochi.

Uheita

read more »

Uhiji-ni

One of the early Shinto gods. Brother of Shuhiji-ni. In some accounts, identified as Uhiji-ni, Lord Mud Earth or Lord Mud Earth.

Ujigami

An ancestral god: the ghost of a former ruler. Sometimes called Ujigami, Ujikami or Ujikami.

Uke-mochi

read more »

uma

read more »

Umahi

A goddess. Wife of Jizanten. Sometimes known as Umahi, Hindu Uma or Hindu Uma.

Umashiashikabihikoji

read more »

Umi-no-o

A sea-god or sea-dragon. Father of Otohime. Sometimes identified as Umi-no-o.

Una-bara

The sea-plain, realm of Susanowa. Also identified as Una-bara.

Uni-No-Kami

A sea-god. One of the Munakata-No-Kami. In some accounts, referred to as Uni-No-Kami.

Upidini

A Shinto god. Consort of Supidini. These two deities were produced from one of the branches of the primaeval god Umashiashikabihikoji. Called Upidini, 'mud-lord' or 'mud-lord'.

Urashima

read more »

ushi

A sign (ox) of the Zodiac. On occassion, identified as ushi.

ushi-oni

A sea-monster in the form of a whale-like dragon. Sometimes called ushi-oni, 'cattle-demon' or 'cattle-demon'.

Ushitoro-no-Konjin

A primal Taoist deity. It was said that, if this deity were to be offended, he would kill seven people. Also called Ushitoro-no-Konjin, Konjin or Konjin.

Uso-Dori

read more »

Uwazutsumo

One of the 3 sea and fish-gods known. As Munakata-no-kami. Also known as Uwazutsumo.

Uye-Minu

An eagle. He became jealous when Fukoru the owl and Uso-Dori the bullfinch fell in love and killed the bullfinch. Also referred to as Uye-Minu.

Uzume

read more »

Vinayaka

read more »

Visu

read more »

wagtail

read more »

Waka-Hiko

read more »

Waka-hime

Goddess of the dawn, some say. Sister of Uzume. At times, known as Waka-hime, Ori-hime, Ori-hime, Waka-Hiru-Me, Waka-Hiru-Me or Tanabata.

Waka-Hiru-Me

A Shinto sun-goddess. Sister of Amaterasu. She is said to weave the clothes worn by the Shinto gods. In some references, identified as Waka-Hiru-Me, Tanabata, Tanabata, Heavenly Weaver Girl, Lyra, Shokujo, Weaving Lady, Weaving Maiden, Chinese Chih Nü, Chih Nu, Waka-hime, Waka-hime or Ori-hime.

Waka-Sa-Na-Me

A Shinto goddess of agriculture. Daughter of Ha-Yama-To and O-Ge-Tsu-Hime. Sometimes known as Waka-Sa-Na-Me.

Waka-Toshi

A Shinto god of agriculture. Son of Ha-Yama-To and O-Ge-Tsu-Hime. Sometimes referred to as Waka-Toshi.

wandi

A sea-dragon. At times, known as wandi.

Warai-botoke

Guardian of the sacred scriptures. He is regarded as the Laughing Buddha. At times, referred to as Warai-botoke, Chinese Fu-tai-shih, Chinese Fu-tai-shih, Maitreya, Maitreya, Fu-tai-shih, Asita, Chakravartin, Chinese Hsiao Fo, Mi-lo-fo, Pu T'ai Hoshang, Hindu Kalki, Japanese Miro(ku), Hotei, Korean Miruk, Manchurian Maidari, Mongolian Maidari, Pali Metteya, Tibetan Byams-pa or Chem-pa.

Warongo

16th C. Sacred Shinto writings. Also commonly referred to as Warongo.

Waso-byoye

read more »

wasure-gai

A shell said to induce forgetfulness. Called wasure-gai.

Watatsumi

read more »

Weiwobo

A goddess, queen of the west. She is described as a beautiful, eternally young woman, ruler of the sennin. Identified as Weiwobo.

Wen kamui

Evil spirits of the Ainu. Sometimes referred to as Wen kamui, Nitne kamui or Nitne kamui.

White Tiger

Guardian of the western quadrant of the Zodiac. Also referred to as White Tiger, Pai Hu, Pai Hu, Bach-ho, White Tiger, Yin Chen Hsin, Yin Chen Hsin or White Tiger.

Wo-usu

A name for O-Uso-no-Mikito. (Yamato Take) as Little Foot Pestle. In some references, called Wo-usu, Little Foot Pestle, Little Foot Pestle, O-Uso-no-Mikito, O-Uso-no-Mikito, Yamato Take, Yamatotakere or Yamatodake.

Ya-gami-hime

First or second wife of Okuninushi. Mother of Kimata-no-kami. Occasionally referred to as Ya-gami-hime.

Ya-Shima-Ji-Nu-Mi

Son of Susanowa and Inada. On occassion, known as Ya-Shima-Ji-Nu-Mi.

Yabune

A Shinto house-god. At times, identified as Yabune.

yabusame

Archery on horseback. This military art was used as a form of divination. On occassion, called yabusame, bokusen, bokusen, divination, futomani, mi-kayu-ura, o-bisha or o-mikuji.

Yachi-Mata

One of 3 guardians of boundaries and roads. One of the Yakushin deities, some say. Occasionally known as Yachi-Mata.

Yadaijin

read more »

Yaégiri

read more »

Yakami

read more »

Yakushi

A Buddhist god of healing. One of the 5 Dhyanibuddhas, in some accounts. Also commonly identified as Yakushi, Bhechad-jagaru, Bhechad-jagaru, Healing Buddha, Healing Buddha, Shinto Sukuni-Hikona Tibetan Bhaishajya or Shinto Sukuni-Hikona Tibetan Bhaishajya.

Yakushin

Buddhist guardians against plague. Some say that they are the same as the Michi-No-Kami, guardians of boundaries and roads. Also commonly known as Yakushin.

Yama-miya

A Shinto mountain shrine. Also identified as Yama-miya.

Yama-omba

A female demon. Also commonly identified as Yama-omba.

Yama-tsu-mi

A mountain-god. Known as Yama-tsu-mi.

Yama-uba

A female mountain-spirit. These spirits were said to have snakes for hair and a mouth on top of the head. In some references, referred to as Yama-uba, Yamauba, Yamauba, maleoni or maleoni.

Yamagoshi-no-Amida

A form of Amida appearing. Behind mountains. In some references, identified as Yamagoshi-no-Amida.

Yamano

A mountain deity, guardian of women in childbirth. In some accounts, Yamano and Ubugami are the same. In some references, called Yamano.

Yamasadana

The palace of Yama in Yamapura. Referred to as Yamasadana, Kalichi, Kalichi or Yamapura.

Yamato-no-Orochi

read more »

Yanari

An earthquake goblin. Sometimes identified as Yanari.

Yao-yoruzo-no-kami

A term which covers all the deities and spirits (kami): the 80 myriad kami. Occasionally identified as Yao-yoruzo-no-kami.

Yasakani no magatama

A string of pearls. This ornament, said to have belonged to Amaterasu, now forms part of the imperial regalia. In some references, referred to as Yasakani no magatama, Yasaka or Yasaka.

Yasakatome no mikoto

A deity of Lake Suwa. Occasionally known as Yasakatome no mikoto, Takeminakatatomi or Takeminakatatomi.

Yasha

A vampire bat, said to be the spirit of a woman. Also called Yasha.

Yasha Daikoku

A form of Daikoku holding the Wheel of Law. In some accounts, Yasha is female. In some references, known as Yasha Daikoku, Daikoku, Daikoku, Daikoku Tea, Daikokusana, Bika Daikoku, MahakaDaikoku, Makura Daikoku, Ojikara Daikoku, Shinda Daikoku, Ta-no-kami, Hindu Mahakala, Shiva, Mahakara Daikoku or Mahakara Daikoku.

Yashiro

A Shinto shrine or ghost-house. In some references, referred to as Yashiro, miya, miya or yashiro.

Yasu

A celestial river. At times, referred to as Yasu.

Yasukawara

A field used as a meeting-place by the gods. At times, identified as Yasukawara.

Yatagarasu

The sun-crow of Amaterasu. Also identified as Yatagarasu, Chinese Yang-wu or Chinese Yang-wu.

Yayoi

read more »

Ye-hime

read more »

Yegara-no-Heida

A hero who killed the serpent. Yamata-no-Orochi. In some accounts the killer was Susanowa. At times, referred to as Yegara-no-Heida.

Yellow Springs

The Taoist underworld: purgatory. Sometimes known as Yellow Springs, huang-chien, huang-chien, Land of the Yellow Springs, Land of the Yellow Springs, huangquan or huangquan.

Yenoki

read more »

Yo

read more »

Yo-shin-shi

Grass growing in paradise which can confer eternal youth on those who eat it. Also commonly called Yo-shin-shi.

Yodo Emon

An emperor said to have been saved by a whale when his ship was wrecked. Occasionally referred to as Yodo Emon.

Yofuné Nushi

read more »

Yogadayu

A general. As the result of a dream, he was able to rout his enemies by using bees stored in 1,000 jars. At times, called Yogadayu.

Yomi-tsu-kuni

read more »

Yomo-tsu-kami

A god of the underworld. Also referred to as Yomo-tsu-kami.

Yomo-tsu-shiko-me

A goddess of the underworld. Sometimes known as Yomo-tsu-shiko-me.

Yoné

read more »

Yorimasa

read more »

Yorimitsu

A noble. He saw the young Kintaro performing a feat of great physical strength and took him as his retainer, calling him Sakata Kintoki. In some references, called Yorimitsu, Raiko or Raiko.

Yoritomo

read more »

Yoru-no-wushi-kuni

The realm of night ruled by Tsukiyomo. In some lore, occasionally called Yoru-no-wushi-kuni.

yosei

Fairies. In some references, referred to as yosei, Hindu apsarasas, Hindu apsarasas, Persian peris, Persian peris, patupaiarehe, Turkish houris or Turkish houris.

Yoshi-iye

read more »

Yoshisawa

read more »

Yoshitomo

read more »

Yoshitsune

read more »

Yosho

read more »

Yosogi

read more »

Yu-Riyaku

read more »

Yufugawo

A mistress of Genji. It is said that she died of fright when she saw a ghost. At times, known as Yufugawo.

Yuki-onna

read more »

Yurine

read more »

Yuriwaka

read more »

Yusai

read more »

Yuzu

A holy tree. This is the citron, the fruit and needles of which are said to cure the sick. On occassion, known as Yuzu.

Zembei

A noble. Father of Shingé. His daughter killed herself when Zembei refused to allow her to marry Yoshisawa. In some accounts, called Zembei.

Zennyo

read more »

Zocho

read more »

Zoka-no-kami

A deity of creation. On occassion, called Zoka-no-kami, Zoka-no-sanshin, Zoka-no-sanshin, Kamimusubi or Takamimusubi.

Zoka-no-sanshin

read more »

Zuijin

Guardian deities armed with bows and arrows. Also identified as Zuijin, Kado-mori or Kado-mori.
Japanese Mythology