Jain Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

abhiyoga

Minor gods. Sometimes identified as abhiyoga.

Acchupta

A goddess of knowledge and learning. One of 16 vidyadevi. Also commonly known as Acchupta.

Agnikumara

A young storm-god. One of the ten Bhavanavasi. Also referred to as Agnikumara.

Amba

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Ambara

Gods of the underworld who torture the wicked dead by cutting the flesh from their bones. Known as Ambara.

Asipala

Gods of the underworld. These beings torture the wicked dead, slashing them with knives. At times, known as Asipala.

Asurakumara

A weather-god. One of the 10 Bhavanavasi. Also identified as Asurakumara.

Asvasena

Son of Mahipala. Father of Parsva(natha). Known as Asvasena.

Bala

One of 24 messenger-goddesses. Sometimes known as Bala.

Baladeva

A name for Balarama in Jainism. In some lore, occasionally called Baladeva.

Bhadrajina

The last of the tirthankaras. On occassion, referred to as Bhadrajina.

Bharata

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Bhavanavasi

10 young-looking deities. These are listed as Agnikumara, Asurakumara, Dikkumara, Dvipakumara, Nagakumara, Stanitakumara, Suparnakumara, Udadhikumara, Vayukumara and Vidyutkumara. In some lore, occasionally identified as Bhavanavasi.

Buddhi

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Cakresvari

A goddess of learning, a messenger-goddess. One of 12 vidyadevi. One of 24 Sasanadevatas. Sometimes known as Cakresvari.

Chandraprabha

The eighth tirthankara. He is depicted with five faces representing the phases of the moon. Called Chandraprabha, Lord of the Moon, Lord of the Moon, Shiva or Somanatha.

Cosmic Giant

A supernatural being. Occasionally identified as Cosmic Giant.

devaloka

Part of Kalpa, the uppermost region of the universe. Kalpa is divided into sixteen separate devalokas or heavens. Sometimes known as devaloka, Svarga, Svarga, Indra-Loka, Nandana, Suarga, Svar-Loka, Svarga-Loka, svark, Swarga, Trayastrimsa, Devaloka, Jarog, Rarach, Rarog, Svar(ga)-Loka or Buddhist Trayastrimsa.

Devananda

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Dhanu

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Dhrti

A minor goddess. Also known as Dhrti.

Dhundia

A sect that rejects image-worship. Occasionally called Dhundia.

digambara

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Dikkumara

A rain god. One of the 10 Bhavanavasi. Sometimes known as Dikkumara.

Dupasahasuri

A man predicted to be the last monk. Sometimes called Dupasahasuri.

Dusama

The present age, a period of misery. Sometimes referred to as Dusama.

Dvipakumara

A minor god. One of the 10 Bhavanavasi. Also known as Dvipakumara.

Ganadhara

A leading disciple. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Ganadhara.

Gandhari

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Gauri

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Gommateshvara

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Haringamesi

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Isatpragbhara

A paradise for perfect souls. This realm is said to have the shape of an umbrella and lies just below Sila. Also called Isatpragbhara.

Kaivalya

A state of perfect isolation. When a devout Jain dies, his soul (jiva) attains this state and exists for ever. On occassion, referred to as Kaivalya.

Kali

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Kalpa

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Kalpathitha

One of the upper realms of the universe. This region is made up of fourteen separate dwellings for the deities. Occasionally called Kalpathitha.

Kalpavrksha

The trees that provided all human. Needs in the early ages. Also known as Kalpavrksha, Kalpavriksha, Kalpavriksha, 'wishing trees' or 'wishing trees'.

kayotsarga

Dismissal of physical concerns in favour of those of the spirit. Sometimes known as kayotsarga.

Kevalin

A sage. Called Kevalin.

Kharasvara

Gods of the underworld. These beings torture the wicked dead by forcing their bodies into thornbushes. In some lore, occasionally known as Kharasvara.

Kulakaras

The early givers of law. Also commonly called Kulakaras, Nabhi or Nabhi.

Kulisankusa

A goddess of learning. One of the 16 vidyadevi. Also commonly called Kulisankusa.

Kumbha

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Kusmandi

An earth-goddess. She was said to have appeared in 983 to indicate the spot where a huge statue of Gommateshvara was buried. In some lore, occasionally identified as Kusmandi.

Mahakala

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Mahakali

A goddess of learning. One of the 16 vidyadevis. On occassion, called Mahakali, Kali, Kali, Black One, The, Kamakhya, Ambi(ka), Ankalamman, Anna-Purna, Bhadrakali, Bhagavati, Bhavani, Bhimadevi, Bhramari, Bhuta-Nayaki Black One, Devi, Dewi, Digambara, Durga, Gana-Nayaki, Gauri, Girija, Ishani, Kali Ma, Kamaks(h)i, Kanyakumari, Kapalini, Karala, Karali, Kotari, Karna-Moti, Katyayani, Kirati, Kumari, Mahadevi, Mahes(h)vari, Mahisha-Mardini, Parvati, Pinga, Pitari, Raktadanti, Rudrani, Sati, Shakti, Simha-Vahini, The Black One, Uma, Vijaya, Javanese Ambu Dewi, Lara Jonggrang, Ratu Lara Kidul, Pacific Batari or Canda.

Mahamanasika

A goddess of learning. One of the 16 vidyadevis. Occasionally referred to as Mahamanasika.

Mahatuma

The lowest of the 7 hells. In some accounts, identified as Mahatuma.

Mahavira

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Mahipala

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mahorga

One of the many varieties of demon in Patala. Also commonly identified as mahorga.

Makkhali Gosala

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Malli

The only female jina. Occasionally referred to as Malli.

Manasi

A goddess of learning. One of the vidyadevis. Also identified as Manasi.

Manavi

A goddess of learning. One of the vidyadevis. Occasionally identified as Manavi.

Meghamalin

A monster attacking the twenty-third. Tirthankara, Parshva. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Meghamalin.

Nabhi

A culture-hero. Sometimes referred to as Nabhi, Kulakaras or Kulakaras.

Nagakumara

A weather-god. One of the 10 Bhavanavasi. At times, known as Nagakumara.

Nagini

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Naradatta

A goddess of learning. One of the vidyadevis. On occassion, known as Naradatta.

Neminatha

The twenty-second tirthankara. Also known as Neminatha.

Ommatesvara

Son of Gommatesvara. Also commonly called Ommatesvara.

Parshva

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Prajnapati

A goddess of wisdom. One of the vidyadevis. Known as Prajnapati.

Pratisvasudeva

An evil spirit. Several of these beings, opposing Baladeva and Vasudeva, are said to appear in each earthly period. In some references, identified as Pratisvasudeva.

Rishabha

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Rishabhadatta

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Riyadarshana

Daughter of Mahavira and Yasoda. Sometimes known as Riyadarshana.

Rohini

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Rsabhanatha

A god. Sometimes identified as Rsabhanatha, Hindu Rsabha or Hindu Rsabha.

Rudra

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Sabala

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Sama

Gods of the underworld. These beings torture the wicked dead, beating them with sticks. In some accounts, referred to as Sama, Sam, Sam or Sama.

sannyasa

A vow renouncing the world. In some lore, occasionally referred to as sannyasa.

Sasanadevata

One of the messenger goddesses. Also known as Sasanadevata.

Shalakapurusha

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Siddhartha

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Sila

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Sravan Belgola

A sacred rock. Also commonly called Sravan Belgola, Sravana Belgola or Sravana Belgola.

Sri

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Stanitakumara

A minor god. One of the 10 Bhanavasi. Also commonly known as Stanitakumara.

Suparnakumara

A minor god. One of the 10 Bhvanavasi. Also commonly referred to as Suparnakumara.

Suparshva

The seventh Tirthankara. In some accounts, known as Suparshva.

Susama Susama

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Sutra

Scripture, especially the life of Mahavira. Sometimes called Sutra.

Svetambaras

A Jain sect. Sometimes referred to as Svetambaras.

tirthankara

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Tripura

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Trishala

Wife of Siddhartha. Mother of Mahavira. Mahavira, while still an embryo, was transferred to Trishala from the womb of Devananda. Also known as Trishala, Trisala or Trisala.

Udadhikumara

A minor god. One of the 10 Bhanavasi. In some references, called Udadhikumara.

vaimana

The flying palace of the gods. In some lore, occasionally identified as vaimana.

Vaimanika

The gods inhabiting the vaimana, the flying palace of the gods. Identified as Vaimanika.

Vairotya

A goddess of learning. One of the vidyadevis. In some lore, occasionally called Vairotya.

Vajrasrnkhala

A goddess of learning. One of the vidyadevis. Sometimes called Vajrasrnkhala, Amoghasiddhi, Amoghasiddhi, Dhanada, Kamaheruka, Kharmaheruka, Mahamayuri, Mahasritara, Sitatara, Vasya-tara, Vishvapani, Hindu Indra, Japanese Fuku-joju, Shaka, Tibetan Don-yod-grub-pa or Donyo-dup-pa.

Valu

Gods of the underworld. These beings, who live in Valuka, torture the wicked dead by burying them in hot sand. Also commonly referred to as Valu.

Valuka

One of the 7 hells, home of the Valu. Occasionally referred to as Valuka.

Vasudeva

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Vayukumara

A minor god. One of the 10 Bhavanavasi. Also commonly known as Vayukumara.

Vetarani

Gods of the underworld. These beings torture the wicked dead by hurling them against rocks. Some say Vetarani is a realm of hell. On occassion, known as Vetarani.

Vidyadevi

A group of 16 goddesses of knowledge. Referred to as Vidyadevi.

Vidyutkumara

A minor god. One of the 10 Bhavanavasi. Also commonly called Vidyutkumara.

vyantara

One of the demons living in Patala. A more terrible version of this demon is known as vana-vyantara. Also commonly referred to as vyantara, vana-vyantara or vana-vyantara.

Yasoda

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Jain Mythology