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Jain Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters
Ambaread more »
AmbaraGods of the underworld who torture the wicked dead by cutting the flesh from their bones. Occasionally referred to as Ambara.
AsipalaGods of the underworld. These beings torture the wicked dead, slashing them with knives. Also referred to as Asipala.
AsurakumaraA weather-god. One of the 10 Bhavanavasi. In some lore, occasionally identified as Asurakumara.
Bharataread more »
Bhavanavasi10 young-looking deities. These are listed as Agnikumara, Asurakumara, Dikkumara, Dvipakumara, Nagakumara, Stanitakumara, Suparnakumara, Udadhikumara, Vayukumara and Vidyutkumara. At times, referred to as Bhavanavasi.
Buddhiread more »
CakresvariA goddess of learning, a messenger-goddess. One of 12 vidyadevi. One of 24 Sasanadevatas. Occasionally known as Cakresvari.
ChandraprabhaThe eighth tirthankara. He is depicted with five faces representing the phases of the moon. Also known as Chandraprabha, Lord of the Moon, Lord of the Moon, Shiva or Somanatha.
devalokaPart of Kalpa, the uppermost region of the universe. Kalpa is divided into sixteen separate devalokas or heavens. Occasionally called devaloka, Svarga, Svarga, Indra-Loka, Nandana, Suarga, Svar-Loka, Svarga-Loka, svark, Swarga, Trayastrimsa, Devaloka, Jarog, Rarach, Rarog, Svar(ga)-Loka or Buddhist Trayastrimsa.
Devanandaread more »
Dhanuread more »
digambararead more »
Gandhariread more »
Gauriread more »
Gommateshvararead more »
Haringamesiread more »
IsatpragbharaA paradise for perfect souls. This realm is said to have the shape of an umbrella and lies just below Sila. Also commonly called Isatpragbhara.
KaivalyaA state of perfect isolation. When a devout Jain dies, his soul (jiva) attains this state and exists for ever. Occasionally referred to as Kaivalya.
Kaliread more »
Kalparead more »
KalpathithaOne of the upper realms of the universe. This region is made up of fourteen separate dwellings for the deities. Occasionally known as Kalpathitha.
KalpavrkshaThe trees that provided all human. Needs in the early ages. In some accounts, referred to as Kalpavrksha, Kalpavriksha, Kalpavriksha, 'wishing trees' or 'wishing trees'.
kayotsargaDismissal of physical concerns in favour of those of the spirit. In some accounts, called kayotsarga.
KharasvaraGods of the underworld. These beings torture the wicked dead by forcing their bodies into thornbushes. In some lore, occasionally identified as Kharasvara.
Kumbharead more »
KusmandiAn earth-goddess. She was said to have appeared in 983 to indicate the spot where a huge statue of Gommateshvara was buried. Called Kusmandi.
Mahakalaread more »
MahakaliA goddess of learning. One of the 16 vidyadevis. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Mahakali, Kali, Kali, Black One, The, Kamakhya, Ambi(ka), Ankalamman, Anna-Purna, Bhadrakali, Bhagavati, Bhavani, Bhimadevi, Bhramari, Bhuta-Nayaki Black One, Devi, Dewi, Digambara, Durga, Gana-Nayaki, Gauri, Girija, Ishani, Kali Ma, Kamaks(h)i, Kanyakumari, Kapalini, Karala, Karali, Kotari, Karna-Moti, Katyayani, Kirati, Kumari, Mahadevi, Mahes(h)vari, Mahisha-Mardini, Parvati, Pinga, Pitari, Raktadanti, Rudrani, Sati, Shakti, Simha-Vahini, The Black One, Uma, Vijaya, Javanese Ambu Dewi, Lara Jonggrang, Ratu Lara Kidul, Pacific Batari or Canda.
Mahaviraread more »
Mahipalaread more »
Makkhali Gosalaread more »
Naginiread more »
Parshvaread more »
PratisvasudevaAn evil spirit. Several of these beings, opposing Baladeva and Vasudeva, are said to appear in each earthly period. In some accounts, known as Pratisvasudeva.
Rishabharead more »
Rishabhadattaread more »
Rohiniread more »
Rudraread more »
Sabalaread more »
SamaGods of the underworld. These beings torture the wicked dead, beating them with sticks. Occasionally known as Sama, Sam, Sam or Sama.
Shalakapurusharead more »
Siddhartharead more »
Silaread more »
Sravan BelgolaA sacred rock. Occasionally known as Sravan Belgola, Sravana Belgola or Sravana Belgola.
Sriread more »
Susama Susamaread more »
tirthankararead more »
Tripuraread more »
TrishalaWife of Siddhartha. Mother of Mahavira. Mahavira, while still an embryo, was transferred to Trishala from the womb of Devananda. Also commonly called Trishala, Trisala or Trisala.
VaimanikaThe gods inhabiting the vaimana, the flying palace of the gods. Occasionally identified as Vaimanika.
VajrasrnkhalaA goddess of learning. One of the vidyadevis. Occasionally known as Vajrasrnkhala, Amoghasiddhi, Amoghasiddhi, Dhanada, Kamaheruka, Kharmaheruka, Mahamayuri, Mahasritara, Sitatara, Vasya-tara, Vishvapani, Hindu Indra, Japanese Fuku-joju, Shaka, Tibetan Don-yod-grub-pa or Donyo-dup-pa.
ValuGods of the underworld. These beings, who live in Valuka, torture the wicked dead by burying them in hot sand. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Valu.
Vasudevaread more »
VetaraniGods of the underworld. These beings torture the wicked dead by hurling them against rocks. Some say Vetarani is a realm of hell. Occasionally identified as Vetarani.
vyantaraOne of the demons living in Patala. A more terrible version of this demon is known as vana-vyantara. Sometimes identified as vyantara, vana-vyantara or vana-vyantara.
Yasodaread more »