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Jain Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters
Ambaread more »
AmbaraGods of the underworld who torture the wicked dead by cutting the flesh from their bones. Known as Ambara.
AsipalaGods of the underworld. These beings torture the wicked dead, slashing them with knives. At times, known as Asipala.
Bharataread more »
Bhavanavasi10 young-looking deities. These are listed as Agnikumara, Asurakumara, Dikkumara, Dvipakumara, Nagakumara, Stanitakumara, Suparnakumara, Udadhikumara, Vayukumara and Vidyutkumara. In some lore, occasionally identified as Bhavanavasi.
Buddhiread more »
CakresvariA goddess of learning, a messenger-goddess. One of 12 vidyadevi. One of 24 Sasanadevatas. Sometimes known as Cakresvari.
ChandraprabhaThe eighth tirthankara. He is depicted with five faces representing the phases of the moon. Called Chandraprabha, Lord of the Moon, Lord of the Moon, Shiva or Somanatha.
devalokaPart of Kalpa, the uppermost region of the universe. Kalpa is divided into sixteen separate devalokas or heavens. Sometimes known as devaloka, Svarga, Svarga, Indra-Loka, Nandana, Suarga, Svar-Loka, Svarga-Loka, svark, Swarga, Trayastrimsa, Devaloka, Jarog, Rarach, Rarog, Svar(ga)-Loka or Buddhist Trayastrimsa.
Devanandaread more »
Dhanuread more »
digambararead more »
Gandhariread more »
Gauriread more »
Gommateshvararead more »
Haringamesiread more »
IsatpragbharaA paradise for perfect souls. This realm is said to have the shape of an umbrella and lies just below Sila. Also called Isatpragbhara.
KaivalyaA state of perfect isolation. When a devout Jain dies, his soul (jiva) attains this state and exists for ever. On occassion, referred to as Kaivalya.
Kaliread more »
Kalparead more »
KalpathithaOne of the upper realms of the universe. This region is made up of fourteen separate dwellings for the deities. Occasionally called Kalpathitha.
KalpavrkshaThe trees that provided all human. Needs in the early ages. Also known as Kalpavrksha, Kalpavriksha, Kalpavriksha, 'wishing trees' or 'wishing trees'.
kayotsargaDismissal of physical concerns in favour of those of the spirit. Sometimes known as kayotsarga.
KharasvaraGods of the underworld. These beings torture the wicked dead by forcing their bodies into thornbushes. In some lore, occasionally known as Kharasvara.
Kumbharead more »
KusmandiAn earth-goddess. She was said to have appeared in 983 to indicate the spot where a huge statue of Gommateshvara was buried. In some lore, occasionally identified as Kusmandi.
Mahakalaread more »
MahakaliA goddess of learning. One of the 16 vidyadevis. On occassion, called Mahakali, Kali, Kali, Black One, The, Kamakhya, Ambi(ka), Ankalamman, Anna-Purna, Bhadrakali, Bhagavati, Bhavani, Bhimadevi, Bhramari, Bhuta-Nayaki Black One, Devi, Dewi, Digambara, Durga, Gana-Nayaki, Gauri, Girija, Ishani, Kali Ma, Kamaks(h)i, Kanyakumari, Kapalini, Karala, Karali, Kotari, Karna-Moti, Katyayani, Kirati, Kumari, Mahadevi, Mahes(h)vari, Mahisha-Mardini, Parvati, Pinga, Pitari, Raktadanti, Rudrani, Sati, Shakti, Simha-Vahini, The Black One, Uma, Vijaya, Javanese Ambu Dewi, Lara Jonggrang, Ratu Lara Kidul, Pacific Batari or Canda.
MahamanasikaA goddess of learning. One of the 16 vidyadevis. Occasionally referred to as Mahamanasika.
Mahaviraread more »
Mahipalaread more »
Makkhali Gosalaread more »
MeghamalinA monster attacking the twenty-third. Tirthankara, Parshva. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Meghamalin.
Naginiread more »
Parshvaread more »
PratisvasudevaAn evil spirit. Several of these beings, opposing Baladeva and Vasudeva, are said to appear in each earthly period. In some references, identified as Pratisvasudeva.
Rishabharead more »
Rishabhadattaread more »
Rohiniread more »
Rudraread more »
Sabalaread more »
SamaGods of the underworld. These beings torture the wicked dead, beating them with sticks. In some accounts, referred to as Sama, Sam, Sam or Sama.
Shalakapurusharead more »
Siddhartharead more »
Silaread more »
Sravan BelgolaA sacred rock. Also commonly called Sravan Belgola, Sravana Belgola or Sravana Belgola.
Sriread more »
Susama Susamaread more »
tirthankararead more »
Tripuraread more »
TrishalaWife of Siddhartha. Mother of Mahavira. Mahavira, while still an embryo, was transferred to Trishala from the womb of Devananda. Also known as Trishala, Trisala or Trisala.
VajrasrnkhalaA goddess of learning. One of the vidyadevis. Sometimes called Vajrasrnkhala, Amoghasiddhi, Amoghasiddhi, Dhanada, Kamaheruka, Kharmaheruka, Mahamayuri, Mahasritara, Sitatara, Vasya-tara, Vishvapani, Hindu Indra, Japanese Fuku-joju, Shaka, Tibetan Don-yod-grub-pa or Donyo-dup-pa.
ValuGods of the underworld. These beings, who live in Valuka, torture the wicked dead by burying them in hot sand. Also commonly referred to as Valu.
Vasudevaread more »
VetaraniGods of the underworld. These beings torture the wicked dead by hurling them against rocks. Some say Vetarani is a realm of hell. On occassion, known as Vetarani.
vyantaraOne of the demons living in Patala. A more terrible version of this demon is known as vana-vyantara. Also commonly referred to as vyantara, vana-vyantara or vana-vyantara.
Yasodaread more »