Italian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Age

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Alpan

An Etruscan god or goddess of the underworld. Occasionally called Alpan, Alpanu, Alpanu, Alpnu, Alpnu, Alp(a)nu or Alp(a)nu.

Ariosto, Luduvico

(1477-1533). A poet who wrote stories of Charlemagne's paladins, including Orlando Furioso. Occasionally referred to as Ariosto, Luduvico.

Aritimi

A goddess of the hunt. In some accounts, referred to as Aritimi, Greek Artemis, Greek Artemis, Aspalis, Bast, Bendis, Delia, Diana, Dzewana, Garbh Ogh, Roman Diana, Roman Diana, Abnoba, Arduinna, Artemis, Delia, Devana, Dilwica, Dziewona or Zana.

Begoe

An Etruscan goddess of prophecy. Identified as Begoe, Bergoia, Bergoia, Beroe, Beroe, Vecu, Vecu, Vegoia, Vegoia, Roman Egeria or Roman Egeria.

Boiardo, Matteo Maria

(1434-1494). A Count of Scandia. He was an Italian poet who wrote stories of Charlemagne's paladins, including the poem Orlando Inamorata. In some lore, occasionally known as Boiardo, Matteo Maria.

Cagliostro, Alexandro di

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Cagnazzo

A demon in Dante's Inferno. At times, referred to as Cagnazzo, Harrowhound or Harrowhound.

Castur

The Etruscan version of Castor. Brother of Pultuce. Castor and Pollux later merged with the Tindaridae. Also commonly referred to as Castur.

Catha

An Etruscan sun deity. Occasionally known as Catha.

Cautha

An Etruscan sun-god. Occasionally known as Cautha, Usil, Usil, Cath or Cath.

Declunus

A fertility deity. Occasionally identified as Declunus, Decluna or Decluna.

Delia

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Due Tristani

A 16th C. Story about the children of Tristram and Isolde. Occasionally called Due Tristani.

Falernus

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fata

A fairy. Also referred to as fata, Tria Fata, Tria Fata, Fata or Fata.

Fors

A goddess of chance. Occasionally known as Fors, Fors Fortuna, Fors Fortuna, Greek Tyche, Greek Tyche, Ardokhsha, Fortuna, Nortia, Roman Fortuna, Roman Fortuna or Tyche.

Fufluns

An Etruscan wine-god. Occasionally known as Fufluns, Phuphlans, Phuphlans, Greek Dionysus, Greek Dionysus, Dusara, Liber, Orotalt, Osiris, Rudra, Salmaat or Zagreus.

Ginevra

A bride trapped on her wedding-night. Playing a game, she inadvertently got locked in a chest. Her skeleton was found a year later. Referred to as Ginevra, Guinevere, Guinevere, Geneura, Genievre, Ginevra, Guanhamara, Guanhuvara, Guenever, Guenhuvara, Guenevere, Gwennere, Gwynhwfar, Guanamara, Genevra, Guenever(e), Guinever, Gvenour, Gwennere, Wenhaver, French Gilan(e)ier, Welsh Gwen(h)wyfar or Gwenh(w)yvar.

haruspex

An Etruscan diviner of future events. Known as haruspex, haruspices, haruspices, plurharuspices or plurharuspices.

jettatura

The evil eye: one who brings bad. Luck. Occasionally known as jettatura, Magia, Magia, malocchio, malocchio, evil eye, Corsican ordin, Corsican ordin, magia or magia.

Kerres

An early mother-goddess. In some accounts, called Kerres, Roman Ceres, Roman Ceres or Demeter.

Laran

An Etruscan war-god. In some accounts, identified as Laran.

Laverna

An underworld goddess, goddess of thieves. Also identified as Laverna.

lucumo

A prince-priest. Sometimes known as lucumo, Tarquinius Priscus, Tarquinius Priscus, Lucius Tarquinius, Lucumo or Tarquin.

Magia

Magic: enchantment: the evil eye. In some lore, occasionally known as Magia, jettatura, jettatura, malocchio, Corsican ordin or magia.

Menrfa

A goddess of dawn and dusk, goddess of wisdom. In some references, known as Menrfa, Menrva, Menrva, Athena, Greek Athena, Greek Athena, Isis, Minerva, Neith, Sirl, Tauret, Thoueris, Ushas, Roman Minerva, Roman Minerva or Britannia.

Nethuns

An Etruscan water-god. Sometimes called Nethuns, Roman Neptune, Roman Neptune or Poseidon.

Nortia

An Etruscan goddess of fortune. Also identified as Nortia, Nursia, Nursia, Nurtia, Nurtia, Nurti, Nurti, Greek Tyche, Greek Tyche, Ardokhsha, Fors, Fortuna, Roman Fortuna, Roman Fortuna or Tyche.

Penates of the Thunderer

A group of great Etruscan gods. Sometimes known as Penates of the Thunderer.

Phlegyas

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Pisa, Rusticiano da

A 13th C. Writer who compiled. Arthurian legends. Also commonly known as Pisa, Rusticiano da.

Pongo

A sea-monster of Sicily. In some references, known as Pongo.

Quirinus

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Rainardo

The Italian version of Reynard the Fox. Also commonly called Rainardo.

Sancus

A Sabine god of marriage and oaths. Sometimes called Sancus, Semo Sancus, Semo Sancus, Semo, Greek Zeus Pistios, Greek Zeus Pistios, Fidius, Roman Fidius, Roman Fidius or Zeus Pistios.

Senators of the Gods

A group of great gods. Sometimes called Senators of the Gods.

Shrouded Gods

A group of gods of higher rank. Than the Senators of the Gods or the Penates of the Thunderer. In some references, identified as Shrouded Gods.

Storia del Merlino

A 14th C. Italian life of Merlin. Known as Storia del Merlino.

Tasso, Torquato

An Italian poet. He wrote about the exploits of Charlemagne and his paladins, including the book Jerusalem Delivered. Also commonly identified as Tasso, Torquato, (1544-95) or (1544-95).

Tavola Ritonda

A 14th C. Book of Arthurian legends. Occasionally called Tavola Ritonda.

Tristano Panciatochiano

A 14th C. Version of the Tristram and Isolde story in Italian. At times, identified as Tristano Panciatochiano.

Tristano Riccardiano

A 13th C. Version of the Tristram and Isolde story in Italian. Also known as Tristano Riccardiano.

Tyrrhenus

Son of Atys. He was said to have emigrated from Lydia during a famine and is regarded as the founder of the Etruscans. Occasionally referred to as Tyrrhenus.

Valdichiana

A swamp in Tuscany, home of demons. Also identified as Valdichiana.

Vofionus

An ancient Umbrian deity. Occasionally referred to as Vofionus.
Italian Mythology