Italian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Age

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Alpan

An Etruscan god or goddess of the underworld. Sometimes known as Alpan, Alpanu, Alpanu, Alpnu, Alpnu, Alp(a)nu or Alp(a)nu.

Ariosto, Luduvico

(1477-1533). A poet who wrote stories of Charlemagne's paladins, including Orlando Furioso. Occasionally known as Ariosto, Luduvico.

Aritimi

A goddess of the hunt. In some accounts, identified as Aritimi, Greek Artemis, Greek Artemis, Aspalis, Bast, Bendis, Delia, Diana, Dzewana, Garbh Ogh, Roman Diana, Roman Diana, Abnoba, Arduinna, Artemis, Delia, Devana, Dilwica, Dziewona or Zana.

Begoe

An Etruscan goddess of prophecy. Sometimes called Begoe, Bergoia, Bergoia, Beroe, Beroe, Vecu, Vecu, Vegoia, Vegoia, Roman Egeria or Roman Egeria.

Boiardo, Matteo Maria

(1434-1494). A Count of Scandia. He was an Italian poet who wrote stories of Charlemagne's paladins, including the poem Orlando Inamorata. In some accounts, called Boiardo, Matteo Maria.

Cagliostro, Alexandro di

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Cagnazzo

A demon in Dante's Inferno. Also identified as Cagnazzo, Harrowhound or Harrowhound.

Castur

The Etruscan version of Castor. Brother of Pultuce. Castor and Pollux later merged with the Tindaridae. Identified as Castur.

Catha

An Etruscan sun deity. In some lore, occasionally called Catha.

Cautha

An Etruscan sun-god. Occasionally called Cautha, Usil, Usil, Cath or Cath.

Declunus

A fertility deity. In some references, identified as Declunus, Decluna or Decluna.

Delia

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Due Tristani

A 16th C. Story about the children of Tristram and Isolde. Occasionally called Due Tristani.

Falernus

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fata

A fairy. In some references, called fata, Tria Fata, Tria Fata, Fata or Fata.

Fors

A goddess of chance. At times, referred to as Fors, Fors Fortuna, Fors Fortuna, Greek Tyche, Greek Tyche, Ardokhsha, Fortuna, Nortia, Roman Fortuna, Roman Fortuna or Tyche.

Fufluns

An Etruscan wine-god. Sometimes known as Fufluns, Phuphlans, Phuphlans, Greek Dionysus, Greek Dionysus, Dusara, Liber, Orotalt, Osiris, Rudra, Salmaat or Zagreus.

Ginevra

A bride trapped on her wedding-night. Playing a game, she inadvertently got locked in a chest. Her skeleton was found a year later. Called Ginevra, Guinevere, Guinevere, Geneura, Genievre, Ginevra, Guanhamara, Guanhuvara, Guenever, Guenhuvara, Guenevere, Gwennere, Gwynhwfar, Guanamara, Genevra, Guenever(e), Guinever, Gvenour, Gwennere, Wenhaver, French Gilan(e)ier, Welsh Gwen(h)wyfar or Gwenh(w)yvar.

haruspex

An Etruscan diviner of future events. Also called haruspex, haruspices, haruspices, plurharuspices or plurharuspices.

jettatura

The evil eye: one who brings bad. Luck. Known as jettatura, Magia, Magia, malocchio, malocchio, evil eye, Corsican ordin, Corsican ordin, magia or magia.

Kerres

An early mother-goddess. In some lore, occasionally identified as Kerres, Roman Ceres, Roman Ceres or Demeter.

Laran

An Etruscan war-god. Occasionally called Laran.

Laverna

An underworld goddess, goddess of thieves. Also called Laverna.

lucumo

A prince-priest. In some accounts, called lucumo, Tarquinius Priscus, Tarquinius Priscus, Lucius Tarquinius, Lucumo or Tarquin.

Magia

Magic: enchantment: the evil eye. Sometimes identified as Magia, jettatura, jettatura, malocchio, Corsican ordin or magia.

Menrfa

A goddess of dawn and dusk, goddess of wisdom. Also commonly called Menrfa, Menrva, Menrva, Athena, Greek Athena, Greek Athena, Isis, Minerva, Neith, Sirl, Tauret, Thoueris, Ushas, Roman Minerva, Roman Minerva or Britannia.

Nethuns

An Etruscan water-god. Also known as Nethuns, Roman Neptune, Roman Neptune or Poseidon.

Nortia

An Etruscan goddess of fortune. Occasionally identified as Nortia, Nursia, Nursia, Nurtia, Nurtia, Nurti, Nurti, Greek Tyche, Greek Tyche, Ardokhsha, Fors, Fortuna, Roman Fortuna, Roman Fortuna or Tyche.

Penates of the Thunderer

A group of great Etruscan gods. Occasionally referred to as Penates of the Thunderer.

Phlegyas

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Pisa, Rusticiano da

A 13th C. Writer who compiled. Arthurian legends. Also commonly called Pisa, Rusticiano da.

Pongo

A sea-monster of Sicily. Sometimes identified as Pongo.

Quirinus

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Rainardo

The Italian version of Reynard the Fox. Occasionally identified as Rainardo.

Sancus

A Sabine god of marriage and oaths. At times, known as Sancus, Semo Sancus, Semo Sancus, Semo, Greek Zeus Pistios, Greek Zeus Pistios, Fidius, Roman Fidius, Roman Fidius or Zeus Pistios.

Senators of the Gods

A group of great gods. Also known as Senators of the Gods.

Shrouded Gods

A group of gods of higher rank. Than the Senators of the Gods or the Penates of the Thunderer. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Shrouded Gods.

Storia del Merlino

A 14th C. Italian life of Merlin. Sometimes identified as Storia del Merlino.

Tasso, Torquato

An Italian poet. He wrote about the exploits of Charlemagne and his paladins, including the book Jerusalem Delivered. Identified as Tasso, Torquato, (1544-95) or (1544-95).

Tavola Ritonda

A 14th C. Book of Arthurian legends. Also commonly referred to as Tavola Ritonda.

Tristano Panciatochiano

A 14th C. Version of the Tristram and Isolde story in Italian. Also commonly referred to as Tristano Panciatochiano.

Tristano Riccardiano

A 13th C. Version of the Tristram and Isolde story in Italian. Occasionally known as Tristano Riccardiano.

Tyrrhenus

Son of Atys. He was said to have emigrated from Lydia during a famine and is regarded as the founder of the Etruscans. In some references, identified as Tyrrhenus.

Valdichiana

A swamp in Tuscany, home of demons. In some references, identified as Valdichiana.

Vofionus

An ancient Umbrian deity. Occasionally called Vofionus.
Italian Mythology