Italian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Age

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Alpan

An Etruscan god or goddess of the underworld. In some accounts, identified as Alpan, Alpanu, Alpanu, Alpnu, Alpnu, Alp(a)nu or Alp(a)nu.

Ariosto, Luduvico

(1477-1533). A poet who wrote stories of Charlemagne's paladins, including Orlando Furioso. Occasionally identified as Ariosto, Luduvico.

Aritimi

A goddess of the hunt. In some accounts, called Aritimi, Greek Artemis, Greek Artemis, Aspalis, Bast, Bendis, Delia, Diana, Dzewana, Garbh Ogh, Roman Diana, Roman Diana, Abnoba, Arduinna, Artemis, Delia, Devana, Dilwica, Dziewona or Zana.

Begoe

An Etruscan goddess of prophecy. At times, called Begoe, Bergoia, Bergoia, Beroe, Beroe, Vecu, Vecu, Vegoia, Vegoia, Roman Egeria or Roman Egeria.

Boiardo, Matteo Maria

(1434-1494). A Count of Scandia. He was an Italian poet who wrote stories of Charlemagne's paladins, including the poem Orlando Inamorata. Identified as Boiardo, Matteo Maria.

Cagliostro, Alexandro di

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Cagnazzo

A demon in Dante's Inferno. Sometimes called Cagnazzo, Harrowhound or Harrowhound.

Castur

The Etruscan version of Castor. Brother of Pultuce. Castor and Pollux later merged with the Tindaridae. Also referred to as Castur.

Catha

An Etruscan sun deity. Known as Catha.

Cautha

An Etruscan sun-god. In some references, called Cautha, Usil, Usil, Cath or Cath.

Declunus

A fertility deity. In some references, known as Declunus, Decluna or Decluna.

Delia

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Due Tristani

A 16th C. Story about the children of Tristram and Isolde. Also commonly known as Due Tristani.

Falernus

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fata

A fairy. Occasionally identified as fata, Tria Fata, Tria Fata, Fata or Fata.

Fors

A goddess of chance. At times, known as Fors, Fors Fortuna, Fors Fortuna, Greek Tyche, Greek Tyche, Ardokhsha, Fortuna, Nortia, Roman Fortuna, Roman Fortuna or Tyche.

Fufluns

An Etruscan wine-god. In some lore, occasionally known as Fufluns, Phuphlans, Phuphlans, Greek Dionysus, Greek Dionysus, Dusara, Liber, Orotalt, Osiris, Rudra, Salmaat or Zagreus.

Ginevra

A bride trapped on her wedding-night. Playing a game, she inadvertently got locked in a chest. Her skeleton was found a year later. On occassion, referred to as Ginevra, Guinevere, Guinevere, Geneura, Genievre, Ginevra, Guanhamara, Guanhuvara, Guenever, Guenhuvara, Guenevere, Gwennere, Gwynhwfar, Guanamara, Genevra, Guenever(e), Guinever, Gvenour, Gwennere, Wenhaver, French Gilan(e)ier, Welsh Gwen(h)wyfar or Gwenh(w)yvar.

haruspex

An Etruscan diviner of future events. In some accounts, known as haruspex, haruspices, haruspices, plurharuspices or plurharuspices.

jettatura

The evil eye: one who brings bad. Luck. Also called jettatura, Magia, Magia, malocchio, malocchio, evil eye, Corsican ordin, Corsican ordin, magia or magia.

Kerres

An early mother-goddess. Sometimes identified as Kerres, Roman Ceres, Roman Ceres or Demeter.

Laran

An Etruscan war-god. On occassion, identified as Laran.

Laverna

An underworld goddess, goddess of thieves. Also commonly known as Laverna.

lucumo

A prince-priest. In some accounts, known as lucumo, Tarquinius Priscus, Tarquinius Priscus, Lucius Tarquinius, Lucumo or Tarquin.

Magia

Magic: enchantment: the evil eye. Identified as Magia, jettatura, jettatura, malocchio, Corsican ordin or magia.

Menrfa

A goddess of dawn and dusk, goddess of wisdom. In some accounts, referred to as Menrfa, Menrva, Menrva, Athena, Greek Athena, Greek Athena, Isis, Minerva, Neith, Sirl, Tauret, Thoueris, Ushas, Roman Minerva, Roman Minerva or Britannia.

Nethuns

An Etruscan water-god. At times, known as Nethuns, Roman Neptune, Roman Neptune or Poseidon.

Nortia

An Etruscan goddess of fortune. Occasionally known as Nortia, Nursia, Nursia, Nurtia, Nurtia, Nurti, Nurti, Greek Tyche, Greek Tyche, Ardokhsha, Fors, Fortuna, Roman Fortuna, Roman Fortuna or Tyche.

Penates of the Thunderer

A group of great Etruscan gods. Sometimes known as Penates of the Thunderer.

Phlegyas

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Pisa, Rusticiano da

A 13th C. Writer who compiled. Arthurian legends. Also identified as Pisa, Rusticiano da.

Pongo

A sea-monster of Sicily. Sometimes identified as Pongo.

Quirinus

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Rainardo

The Italian version of Reynard the Fox. Sometimes called Rainardo.

Sancus

A Sabine god of marriage and oaths. Sometimes referred to as Sancus, Semo Sancus, Semo Sancus, Semo, Greek Zeus Pistios, Greek Zeus Pistios, Fidius, Roman Fidius, Roman Fidius or Zeus Pistios.

Senators of the Gods

A group of great gods. Occasionally referred to as Senators of the Gods.

Shrouded Gods

A group of gods of higher rank. Than the Senators of the Gods or the Penates of the Thunderer. On occassion, known as Shrouded Gods.

Storia del Merlino

A 14th C. Italian life of Merlin. Occasionally referred to as Storia del Merlino.

Tasso, Torquato

An Italian poet. He wrote about the exploits of Charlemagne and his paladins, including the book Jerusalem Delivered. Sometimes called Tasso, Torquato, (1544-95) or (1544-95).

Tavola Ritonda

A 14th C. Book of Arthurian legends. Known as Tavola Ritonda.

Tristano Panciatochiano

A 14th C. Version of the Tristram and Isolde story in Italian. Identified as Tristano Panciatochiano.

Tristano Riccardiano

A 13th C. Version of the Tristram and Isolde story in Italian. Sometimes referred to as Tristano Riccardiano.

Tyrrhenus

Son of Atys. He was said to have emigrated from Lydia during a famine and is regarded as the founder of the Etruscans. In some accounts, referred to as Tyrrhenus.

Valdichiana

A swamp in Tuscany, home of demons. Also known as Valdichiana.

Vofionus

An ancient Umbrian deity. In some accounts, known as Vofionus.
Italian Mythology