Italian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Age

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Alpan

An Etruscan god or goddess of the underworld. Called Alpan, Alpanu, Alpanu, Alpnu, Alpnu, Alp(a)nu or Alp(a)nu.

Ariosto, Luduvico

(1477-1533). A poet who wrote stories of Charlemagne's paladins, including Orlando Furioso. Also called Ariosto, Luduvico.

Aritimi

A goddess of the hunt. Occasionally called Aritimi, Greek Artemis, Greek Artemis, Aspalis, Bast, Bendis, Delia, Diana, Dzewana, Garbh Ogh, Roman Diana, Roman Diana, Abnoba, Arduinna, Artemis, Delia, Devana, Dilwica, Dziewona or Zana.

Begoe

An Etruscan goddess of prophecy. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Begoe, Bergoia, Bergoia, Beroe, Beroe, Vecu, Vecu, Vegoia, Vegoia, Roman Egeria or Roman Egeria.

Boiardo, Matteo Maria

(1434-1494). A Count of Scandia. He was an Italian poet who wrote stories of Charlemagne's paladins, including the poem Orlando Inamorata. On occassion, known as Boiardo, Matteo Maria.

Cagliostro, Alexandro di

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Cagnazzo

A demon in Dante's Inferno. On occassion, known as Cagnazzo, Harrowhound or Harrowhound.

Castur

The Etruscan version of Castor. Brother of Pultuce. Castor and Pollux later merged with the Tindaridae. On occassion, called Castur.

Catha

An Etruscan sun deity. On occassion, referred to as Catha.

Cautha

An Etruscan sun-god. On occassion, referred to as Cautha, Usil, Usil, Cath or Cath.

Declunus

A fertility deity. Identified as Declunus, Decluna or Decluna.

Delia

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Due Tristani

A 16th C. Story about the children of Tristram and Isolde. In some references, identified as Due Tristani.

Falernus

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fata

A fairy. In some accounts, called fata, Tria Fata, Tria Fata, Fata or Fata.

Fors

A goddess of chance. Occasionally identified as Fors, Fors Fortuna, Fors Fortuna, Greek Tyche, Greek Tyche, Ardokhsha, Fortuna, Nortia, Roman Fortuna, Roman Fortuna or Tyche.

Fufluns

An Etruscan wine-god. At times, referred to as Fufluns, Phuphlans, Phuphlans, Greek Dionysus, Greek Dionysus, Dusara, Liber, Orotalt, Osiris, Rudra, Salmaat or Zagreus.

Ginevra

A bride trapped on her wedding-night. Playing a game, she inadvertently got locked in a chest. Her skeleton was found a year later. Sometimes called Ginevra, Guinevere, Guinevere, Geneura, Genievre, Ginevra, Guanhamara, Guanhuvara, Guenever, Guenhuvara, Guenevere, Gwennere, Gwynhwfar, Guanamara, Genevra, Guenever(e), Guinever, Gvenour, Gwennere, Wenhaver, French Gilan(e)ier, Welsh Gwen(h)wyfar or Gwenh(w)yvar.

haruspex

An Etruscan diviner of future events. At times, called haruspex, haruspices, haruspices, plurharuspices or plurharuspices.

jettatura

The evil eye: one who brings bad. Luck. At times, identified as jettatura, Magia, Magia, malocchio, malocchio, evil eye, Corsican ordin, Corsican ordin, magia or magia.

Kerres

An early mother-goddess. On occassion, referred to as Kerres, Roman Ceres, Roman Ceres or Demeter.

Laran

An Etruscan war-god. Also commonly known as Laran.

Laverna

An underworld goddess, goddess of thieves. Also commonly identified as Laverna.

lucumo

A prince-priest. Also commonly referred to as lucumo, Tarquinius Priscus, Tarquinius Priscus, Lucius Tarquinius, Lucumo or Tarquin.

Magia

Magic: enchantment: the evil eye. Occasionally identified as Magia, jettatura, jettatura, malocchio, Corsican ordin or magia.

Menrfa

A goddess of dawn and dusk, goddess of wisdom. Sometimes called Menrfa, Menrva, Menrva, Athena, Greek Athena, Greek Athena, Isis, Minerva, Neith, Sirl, Tauret, Thoueris, Ushas, Roman Minerva, Roman Minerva or Britannia.

Nethuns

An Etruscan water-god. Also referred to as Nethuns, Roman Neptune, Roman Neptune or Poseidon.

Nortia

An Etruscan goddess of fortune. Sometimes referred to as Nortia, Nursia, Nursia, Nurtia, Nurtia, Nurti, Nurti, Greek Tyche, Greek Tyche, Ardokhsha, Fors, Fortuna, Roman Fortuna, Roman Fortuna or Tyche.

Penates of the Thunderer

A group of great Etruscan gods. Also called Penates of the Thunderer.

Phlegyas

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Pisa, Rusticiano da

A 13th C. Writer who compiled. Arthurian legends. Also identified as Pisa, Rusticiano da.

Pongo

A sea-monster of Sicily. At times, known as Pongo.

Quirinus

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Rainardo

The Italian version of Reynard the Fox. At times, called Rainardo.

Sancus

A Sabine god of marriage and oaths. In some accounts, referred to as Sancus, Semo Sancus, Semo Sancus, Semo, Greek Zeus Pistios, Greek Zeus Pistios, Fidius, Roman Fidius, Roman Fidius or Zeus Pistios.

Senators of the Gods

A group of great gods. At times, called Senators of the Gods.

Shrouded Gods

A group of gods of higher rank. Than the Senators of the Gods or the Penates of the Thunderer. Occasionally called Shrouded Gods.

Storia del Merlino

A 14th C. Italian life of Merlin. Also commonly referred to as Storia del Merlino.

Tasso, Torquato

An Italian poet. He wrote about the exploits of Charlemagne and his paladins, including the book Jerusalem Delivered. Occasionally known as Tasso, Torquato, (1544-95) or (1544-95).

Tavola Ritonda

A 14th C. Book of Arthurian legends. In some references, known as Tavola Ritonda.

Tristano Panciatochiano

A 14th C. Version of the Tristram and Isolde story in Italian. Occasionally referred to as Tristano Panciatochiano.

Tristano Riccardiano

A 13th C. Version of the Tristram and Isolde story in Italian. In some accounts, referred to as Tristano Riccardiano.

Tyrrhenus

Son of Atys. He was said to have emigrated from Lydia during a famine and is regarded as the founder of the Etruscans. Also referred to as Tyrrhenus.

Valdichiana

A swamp in Tuscany, home of demons. Sometimes called Valdichiana.

Vofionus

An ancient Umbrian deity. Also commonly identified as Vofionus.
Italian Mythology