Italian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Age

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Alpan

An Etruscan god or goddess of the underworld. Known as Alpan, Alpanu, Alpanu, Alpnu, Alpnu, Alp(a)nu or Alp(a)nu.

Ariosto, Luduvico

(1477-1533). A poet who wrote stories of Charlemagne's paladins, including Orlando Furioso. On occassion, identified as Ariosto, Luduvico.

Aritimi

A goddess of the hunt. In some lore, occasionally known as Aritimi, Greek Artemis, Greek Artemis, Aspalis, Bast, Bendis, Delia, Diana, Dzewana, Garbh Ogh, Roman Diana, Roman Diana, Abnoba, Arduinna, Artemis, Delia, Devana, Dilwica, Dziewona or Zana.

Begoe

An Etruscan goddess of prophecy. On occassion, called Begoe, Bergoia, Bergoia, Beroe, Beroe, Vecu, Vecu, Vegoia, Vegoia, Roman Egeria or Roman Egeria.

Boiardo, Matteo Maria

(1434-1494). A Count of Scandia. He was an Italian poet who wrote stories of Charlemagne's paladins, including the poem Orlando Inamorata. Occasionally known as Boiardo, Matteo Maria.

Cagliostro, Alexandro di

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Cagnazzo

A demon in Dante's Inferno. Also known as Cagnazzo, Harrowhound or Harrowhound.

Castur

The Etruscan version of Castor. Brother of Pultuce. Castor and Pollux later merged with the Tindaridae. In some accounts, called Castur.

Catha

An Etruscan sun deity. Sometimes identified as Catha.

Cautha

An Etruscan sun-god. Also commonly referred to as Cautha, Usil, Usil, Cath or Cath.

Declunus

A fertility deity. In some lore, occasionally identified as Declunus, Decluna or Decluna.

Delia

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Due Tristani

A 16th C. Story about the children of Tristram and Isolde. Occasionally referred to as Due Tristani.

Falernus

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fata

A fairy. Sometimes known as fata, Tria Fata, Tria Fata, Fata or Fata.

Fors

A goddess of chance. Also referred to as Fors, Fors Fortuna, Fors Fortuna, Greek Tyche, Greek Tyche, Ardokhsha, Fortuna, Nortia, Roman Fortuna, Roman Fortuna or Tyche.

Fufluns

An Etruscan wine-god. Sometimes called Fufluns, Phuphlans, Phuphlans, Greek Dionysus, Greek Dionysus, Dusara, Liber, Orotalt, Osiris, Rudra, Salmaat or Zagreus.

Ginevra

A bride trapped on her wedding-night. Playing a game, she inadvertently got locked in a chest. Her skeleton was found a year later. Sometimes called Ginevra, Guinevere, Guinevere, Geneura, Genievre, Ginevra, Guanhamara, Guanhuvara, Guenever, Guenhuvara, Guenevere, Gwennere, Gwynhwfar, Guanamara, Genevra, Guenever(e), Guinever, Gvenour, Gwennere, Wenhaver, French Gilan(e)ier, Welsh Gwen(h)wyfar or Gwenh(w)yvar.

haruspex

An Etruscan diviner of future events. Called haruspex, haruspices, haruspices, plurharuspices or plurharuspices.

jettatura

The evil eye: one who brings bad. Luck. Also identified as jettatura, Magia, Magia, malocchio, malocchio, evil eye, Corsican ordin, Corsican ordin, magia or magia.

Kerres

An early mother-goddess. Also referred to as Kerres, Roman Ceres, Roman Ceres or Demeter.

Laran

An Etruscan war-god. Sometimes identified as Laran.

Laverna

An underworld goddess, goddess of thieves. Sometimes identified as Laverna.

lucumo

A prince-priest. Occasionally known as lucumo, Tarquinius Priscus, Tarquinius Priscus, Lucius Tarquinius, Lucumo or Tarquin.

Magia

Magic: enchantment: the evil eye. Occasionally called Magia, jettatura, jettatura, malocchio, Corsican ordin or magia.

Menrfa

A goddess of dawn and dusk, goddess of wisdom. In some lore, occasionally identified as Menrfa, Menrva, Menrva, Athena, Greek Athena, Greek Athena, Isis, Minerva, Neith, Sirl, Tauret, Thoueris, Ushas, Roman Minerva, Roman Minerva or Britannia.

Nethuns

An Etruscan water-god. Also referred to as Nethuns, Roman Neptune, Roman Neptune or Poseidon.

Nortia

An Etruscan goddess of fortune. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Nortia, Nursia, Nursia, Nurtia, Nurtia, Nurti, Nurti, Greek Tyche, Greek Tyche, Ardokhsha, Fors, Fortuna, Roman Fortuna, Roman Fortuna or Tyche.

Penates of the Thunderer

A group of great Etruscan gods. Also known as Penates of the Thunderer.

Phlegyas

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Pisa, Rusticiano da

A 13th C. Writer who compiled. Arthurian legends. Sometimes known as Pisa, Rusticiano da.

Pongo

A sea-monster of Sicily. Also commonly known as Pongo.

Quirinus

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Rainardo

The Italian version of Reynard the Fox. In some accounts, known as Rainardo.

Sancus

A Sabine god of marriage and oaths. Referred to as Sancus, Semo Sancus, Semo Sancus, Semo, Greek Zeus Pistios, Greek Zeus Pistios, Fidius, Roman Fidius, Roman Fidius or Zeus Pistios.

Senators of the Gods

A group of great gods. Also referred to as Senators of the Gods.

Shrouded Gods

A group of gods of higher rank. Than the Senators of the Gods or the Penates of the Thunderer. Occasionally called Shrouded Gods.

Storia del Merlino

A 14th C. Italian life of Merlin. In some lore, occasionally known as Storia del Merlino.

Tasso, Torquato

An Italian poet. He wrote about the exploits of Charlemagne and his paladins, including the book Jerusalem Delivered. Sometimes called Tasso, Torquato, (1544-95) or (1544-95).

Tavola Ritonda

A 14th C. Book of Arthurian legends. At times, identified as Tavola Ritonda.

Tristano Panciatochiano

A 14th C. Version of the Tristram and Isolde story in Italian. Also commonly referred to as Tristano Panciatochiano.

Tristano Riccardiano

A 13th C. Version of the Tristram and Isolde story in Italian. Sometimes known as Tristano Riccardiano.

Tyrrhenus

Son of Atys. He was said to have emigrated from Lydia during a famine and is regarded as the founder of the Etruscans. Occasionally called Tyrrhenus.

Valdichiana

A swamp in Tuscany, home of demons. At times, identified as Valdichiana.

Vofionus

An ancient Umbrian deity. Occasionally known as Vofionus.
Italian Mythology