Indian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abhijnanasakuntala

A Sanskrit story of Shakuntala and Dushyanta. Also commonly referred to as Abhijnanasakuntala.

Adi-Buddha

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Aiyanar

A Tamil god. Consort of Puranai. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Aiyanar.

Amma

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Ammavaru

An early mother-goddess. She created the cosmic egg floating in the sea of milk from which the later Hindu gods were born. In some lore, occasionally identified as Ammavaru, Amma, Amma, Mar(i)amma or plurAmma navaru.

Andate

A name for Bhagwan as 'giver of corn'. In some lore, occasionally known as Andate, Andrasta, Andrasta, Adraste, Andate, Andraste, Gaulish Andarta, Bhagwan, Bhagwan or Parmeson.

Anna Kuari

A goddess of vegetation. In some lore, occasionally known as Anna Kuari.

Bahucaraji

A goddess whose devotees. Practised castration. In some references, called Bahucaraji.

Baingan

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Bala-Sakti

A Tamil goddess. Also commonly identified as Bala-Sakti.

Bera Pennu

A goddess of vegetation in Bengal. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Bera Pennu.

Bhachakra

The Indian Zodiac. At times, known as Bhachakra.

bhagat

Exorcists, priests and sorcerers. Sometimes called bhagat.

Bhagavan

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Bhagwan

The supreme god of the Bhil in central India. He was self-created and created all the other gods. Also known as Bhagwan, Bhagavan, Bhagavan, Bhagavad, Bhagavant, Bhagavat(a), Bhagvan, 'lord', Bhagavan or Bhagavan.

Bhumi Devata

A goddess of vegetation. Also referred to as Bhumi Devata.

bhuta

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Bilik

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bonga

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Boora Pennu

A god of light. He created Tari Pennu as his wife and fathered the other gods on her. Also identified as Boora Pennu, Bella Pennu or Bella Pennu.

Buddh Gaya

A sacred site in Bihar. This is the place where it is said Buddha received enlightenment. Sometimes called Buddh Gaya, Bodh Gaya or Bodh Gaya.

Buddha

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Cankilikkaruppan

A local god of the Tamils. Also referred to as Cankilikkaruppan.

Cenkalaniyammal

A Tamil goddess of the rice fields. Sometimes called Cenkalaniyammal.

curin

The spirit of a woman who died in childbirth and was not cremated. Sometimes called curin, bhuta, bhuta, bhut or bonga.

Dessauli

The spirit of the sal tree. Occasionally called Dessauli.

Deva-Deva

The Sanskrit version of Jewa-Jewa. Also called Deva-Deva, Devadeva, Devadeva, Vasudeva or Vasudeva.

Dhund

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Dih

Local gods in northern India. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Dih, Dihwar, Dihwar, Ganv-devata, Ganv-devata, Ganv-devi, Ganv-devi, Gramadevata, Gramadevata, devata, Matris, Thakurani or Amma.

Erem Cauga

In the lore of the Andaman Islands, evil spirits living in the forest. Also identified as Erem Cauga, Cauga, Cauga, Ti-miku, Ti-miku, Lau or Erem Tauga.

Gautama

(C. 563-479 BC). A prince in north India who became the Buddha. Sometimes called Gautama, Buddha, Buddha, Dharmaketu, Narayana, Siddata, Aditya-Bandhu, Amitayas, Amitayus, Bhagavan, Bhagavat, Boodh(a), Budh, Gonge(n), Gotama, Jina, Mahakapi, Mahaparinirvanamurti, Narayana, Navasvaraja, (Prince) Sidda(r)ta, Sammassambuddha, Shaka Muni, S(h)akya(muni), S(h)akyasinha, Sidd(h)artha, Siddhattha, Sugata, Tathagata, Vessantara, Vipassin, Chinese Fo, Japanese Butsu(da), Shotoku, Shotuku, Tibetan Sangyas, Tshangs-pa, Shakyamuni, Gotama, Gotama or Gautama.

Gayal

A ghost of a man who had no sons. Preying on the sons of others. On occassion, called Gayal.

gopina

The intricately carved tower over the gateway to a temple. Sometimes called gopina.

Hatim T'ai

A hero of Bengal, based on an Arab Chieftain, appearing in many adventures. In some lore, occasionally identified as Hatim T'ai, Hatim Tay or Hatim Tay.

Jacquet

A grey toad, used by sorcerers to dry up a cow's milk. In some references, referred to as Jacquet.

Jaljogani

An evil spirit. This spirit, said to live in wells and streams, puts women and children under spells and can cause diseases. Also commonly referred to as Jaljogani.

jalpari

A water-spirit. This mermaid-type being was said to lure men to her underwater home and to kill any who rejected her advances. Also called jalpari.

Jalyogoni

In the Punjab, evil spirits. These beings are said to live in streams and wells and cast spells which cause illness in women and children. In some accounts, known as Jalyogoni.

Jurua

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Jutpu

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Kamakshi

A Tamil goddess of love. A sakti of Shiva. An aspect of Parvati. A name for Devi, Kali and Uma. In some lore, occasionally identified as Kamakshi, Kamaksi, Kamaksi, Kamashi, Kamashi, Parvati, Parvati, Adrija, Ahladini-Sadini, Aja, Amba, Ambi(ka), Anna-Purna, Bhadrakali, Bhavani, Bhutamata, Devi, Durga, Gauri, Girija, Haima(va)ti, Kali, Kumari, Mahadevi, Manasa, Mangata, Mhalsa, Raudri, Sati, Shakti, Snow Queen, Tripura, Uma, Vijaya, Vindhya-Vasini, Balinese Parwati, Prawati or Cambodian Lady Po Nagar.

Kannan

A Tamil name for Krishna. In some accounts, called Kannan, Krishna, Krishna, Dark One, The, Kistna, Krisna, Kristna, Krsna, Punyasloka, Bhagavan, Damodara, Dark One, Gopal(a), Gopinath, Govinda, Hari Krishna, Kaliyadamana, Kr(i)sna, Madhava, Marishiten, Mathuranath Narayana, 'puller', Vasudeva, East Indies K(r)esna, Greek Heracles, Malay Kesna, Tamil Mayon or Jagannath.

Karma

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Khetrpal

A guardian deity in Bengal. Sometimes referred to as Khetrpal.

kusa grass

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kutni

A wise woman: a witch. In some accounts, identified as kutni.

Mahaprabhu

A local god of the Bondo people. At times, referred to as Mahaprabhu.

Mahaprajapati

An aunt who reared the Buddha. Also commonly known as Mahaprajapati.

Mal

A Tamil creator-god. Also called Mal, Tirumal or Tirumal.

mamh

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Mari

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Mariyamman

A Tamil plague-goddess. One of the navasaktis. Occasionally known as Mariyamman, Mariyattal, Mariyattal, Hindu Mari Mai or Hindu Mari Mai.

Mayon

A Tamil creator-god, a name for Krishna. In some accounts, called Mayon.

Motho

A culture-heroine. Sister of Mungo. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Motho, vetch or vetch.

Mriganda

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Mriganka

A magic sword. It was said that whoever owned this sword could conquer the world. At times, identified as Mriganka.

Muhupudma

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Mungo

A culture-heroine. Sister of Motho. In some lore, occasionally known as Mungo, pulse or pulse.

Municami

A Tamil saint, worshipped as a demi-god. Called Municami, Hindu Munisvara or Hindu Munisvara.

Muttalamman

A Tamil plague-goddess. Occasionally called Muttalamman.

Naga

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Nagpanchami

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Nappinnai

A Tamil goddess. A consort of Krishna. On occassion, called Nappinnai, Pinnai or Pinnai.

Nathuram

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Nediyon

A Tamil creator-god. In some accounts, known as Nediyon.

Nilagiri

A mythical range of mountains. Sometimes known as Nilagiri, Nila or Nila.

Nimbu

A tree said to ward off the evil. Eye. Also identified as Nimbu.

Pabuji

A local god, hero of epic stories in Rajasthan. In some references, identified as Pabuji.

pagoda-tree

A fabulous coin-producing tree. At times, known as pagoda-tree.

Palaniyantavan

A Tamil god, a form of Seyon. In some lore, occasionally identified as Palaniyantavan.

Panan

Devil-dancers. These people are said to be able to drive out devils by their dancing and drumming. Also referred to as Panan, Pariah, Pariah, Paraiyan or Paraiyan.

paras

The philosopher's stone which transmutes all metals to gold. Sometimes known as paras, paraspatthar or paraspatthar.

Poleramma

A plague-goddess of southern India. In some accounts, referred to as Poleramma.

Pombado

Devil-dancers. These people claim to exorcise only the highest class of demon, the bhutas. In some lore, occasionally identified as Pombado.

Puranai

A Tamil mother-goddess. A navasakti. A consort of Aiyanar. Sometimes known as Puranai.

Queen Maya

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Rasulu

A hero of the Punjab who appears in many adventures. On occassion, called Rasulu.

sacred ape

The hanuman. Also identified as sacred ape.

Sama

A Tamil god. Brother of Kama. Occasionally identified as Sama, Sam, Sam or Sama.

Samkarsana

A Tamil form of Balarama. Called Samkarsana.

Sarkap

A warrior-hero. He earned the name Beheader from his habit of decapitating those whom he defeated in games. Also identified as Sarkap, Beheader or Beheader.

Singbanga

A supeme god of the Munda. People. Also known as Singbanga, Ho Sirma Thakur or Ho Sirma Thakur.

Sipra

A sacred river. Occasionally referred to as Sipra.

Sirma Thakur

A supreme god of the Ho people. Sometimes called Sirma Thakur, Lord of Heaven, Lord of Heaven, Shang Ti, Ti Ch√ľn, Munda Singbonga or Munda Singbonga.

tantrika

A seer or magician. Also referred to as tantrika.

Tarai

A deity of the Andaman Islands. Wife or sister of Bilik. She controls the south-west monsoon while Bilik controls that from the north-east. In some references, referred to as Tarai.

Tari Pennu

An evil goddess. Daughter and consort of Boora Pennu. Boora Pennu created Tari Pennu and mated with her to generate the other gods. Referred to as Tari Pennu.

Tulsi Das

The 16th C. Writer of the Hindi version of the Ramayana. Sometimes called Tulsi Das, Balmik, Balmik, Rishi Balmik, Valmik, Valmiki, Valmik(i), Tulasi Dasa, Tulasi Dasa, 'servant of Lakshmi' or 'servant of Lakshmi'.

Venda

A Tamil creator-god. On occassion, referred to as Venda, Hindu Indra, Hindu Indra, Amoghasiddhi, Phra In, Preas Eyn, Shakra, Tung Wang Kung, Verethragna or Wei-t'o.

Yak

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Indian Mythology