Indian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abhijnanasakuntala

A Sanskrit story of Shakuntala and Dushyanta. Also called Abhijnanasakuntala.

Adi-Buddha

read more »

Aiyanar

A Tamil god. Consort of Puranai. Sometimes known as Aiyanar.

Amma

read more »

Ammavaru

An early mother-goddess. She created the cosmic egg floating in the sea of milk from which the later Hindu gods were born. Also identified as Ammavaru, Amma, Amma, Mar(i)amma or plurAmma navaru.

Andate

A name for Bhagwan as 'giver of corn'. At times, called Andate, Andrasta, Andrasta, Adraste, Andate, Andraste, Gaulish Andarta, Bhagwan, Bhagwan or Parmeson.

Anna Kuari

A goddess of vegetation. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Anna Kuari.

Bahucaraji

A goddess whose devotees. Practised castration. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Bahucaraji.

Baingan

read more »

Bala-Sakti

A Tamil goddess. Occasionally known as Bala-Sakti.

Bera Pennu

A goddess of vegetation in Bengal. Occasionally known as Bera Pennu.

Bhachakra

The Indian Zodiac. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Bhachakra.

bhagat

Exorcists, priests and sorcerers. Known as bhagat.

Bhagavan

read more »

Bhagwan

The supreme god of the Bhil in central India. He was self-created and created all the other gods. In some accounts, known as Bhagwan, Bhagavan, Bhagavan, Bhagavad, Bhagavant, Bhagavat(a), Bhagvan, 'lord', Bhagavan or Bhagavan.

Bhumi Devata

A goddess of vegetation. In some lore, occasionally identified as Bhumi Devata.

bhuta

read more »

Bilik

read more »

bonga

read more »

Boora Pennu

A god of light. He created Tari Pennu as his wife and fathered the other gods on her. In some references, known as Boora Pennu, Bella Pennu or Bella Pennu.

Buddh Gaya

A sacred site in Bihar. This is the place where it is said Buddha received enlightenment. In some accounts, called Buddh Gaya, Bodh Gaya or Bodh Gaya.

Buddha

read more »

Cankilikkaruppan

A local god of the Tamils. Also identified as Cankilikkaruppan.

Cenkalaniyammal

A Tamil goddess of the rice fields. At times, referred to as Cenkalaniyammal.

curin

The spirit of a woman who died in childbirth and was not cremated. Also referred to as curin, bhuta, bhuta, bhut or bonga.

Dessauli

The spirit of the sal tree. In some accounts, called Dessauli.

Deva-Deva

The Sanskrit version of Jewa-Jewa. In some references, called Deva-Deva, Devadeva, Devadeva, Vasudeva or Vasudeva.

Dhund

read more »

Dih

Local gods in northern India. In some accounts, identified as Dih, Dihwar, Dihwar, Ganv-devata, Ganv-devata, Ganv-devi, Ganv-devi, Gramadevata, Gramadevata, devata, Matris, Thakurani or Amma.

Erem Cauga

In the lore of the Andaman Islands, evil spirits living in the forest. At times, known as Erem Cauga, Cauga, Cauga, Ti-miku, Ti-miku, Lau or Erem Tauga.

Gautama

(C. 563-479 BC). A prince in north India who became the Buddha. In some references, called Gautama, Buddha, Buddha, Dharmaketu, Narayana, Siddata, Aditya-Bandhu, Amitayas, Amitayus, Bhagavan, Bhagavat, Boodh(a), Budh, Gonge(n), Gotama, Jina, Mahakapi, Mahaparinirvanamurti, Narayana, Navasvaraja, (Prince) Sidda(r)ta, Sammassambuddha, Shaka Muni, S(h)akya(muni), S(h)akyasinha, Sidd(h)artha, Siddhattha, Sugata, Tathagata, Vessantara, Vipassin, Chinese Fo, Japanese Butsu(da), Shotoku, Shotuku, Tibetan Sangyas, Tshangs-pa, Shakyamuni, Gotama, Gotama or Gautama.

Gayal

A ghost of a man who had no sons. Preying on the sons of others. Also commonly called Gayal.

gopina

The intricately carved tower over the gateway to a temple. In some accounts, referred to as gopina.

Hatim T'ai

A hero of Bengal, based on an Arab Chieftain, appearing in many adventures. Occasionally identified as Hatim T'ai, Hatim Tay or Hatim Tay.

Jacquet

A grey toad, used by sorcerers to dry up a cow's milk. On occassion, called Jacquet.

Jaljogani

An evil spirit. This spirit, said to live in wells and streams, puts women and children under spells and can cause diseases. Occasionally known as Jaljogani.

jalpari

A water-spirit. This mermaid-type being was said to lure men to her underwater home and to kill any who rejected her advances. Sometimes called jalpari.

Jalyogoni

In the Punjab, evil spirits. These beings are said to live in streams and wells and cast spells which cause illness in women and children. Also commonly referred to as Jalyogoni.

Jurua

read more »

Jutpu

read more »

Kamakshi

A Tamil goddess of love. A sakti of Shiva. An aspect of Parvati. A name for Devi, Kali and Uma. In some accounts, called Kamakshi, Kamaksi, Kamaksi, Kamashi, Kamashi, Parvati, Parvati, Adrija, Ahladini-Sadini, Aja, Amba, Ambi(ka), Anna-Purna, Bhadrakali, Bhavani, Bhutamata, Devi, Durga, Gauri, Girija, Haima(va)ti, Kali, Kumari, Mahadevi, Manasa, Mangata, Mhalsa, Raudri, Sati, Shakti, Snow Queen, Tripura, Uma, Vijaya, Vindhya-Vasini, Balinese Parwati, Prawati or Cambodian Lady Po Nagar.

Kannan

A Tamil name for Krishna. In some lore, occasionally called Kannan, Krishna, Krishna, Dark One, The, Kistna, Krisna, Kristna, Krsna, Punyasloka, Bhagavan, Damodara, Dark One, Gopal(a), Gopinath, Govinda, Hari Krishna, Kaliyadamana, Kr(i)sna, Madhava, Marishiten, Mathuranath Narayana, 'puller', Vasudeva, East Indies K(r)esna, Greek Heracles, Malay Kesna, Tamil Mayon or Jagannath.

Karma

read more »

Khetrpal

A guardian deity in Bengal. At times, referred to as Khetrpal.

kusa grass

read more »

kutni

A wise woman: a witch. Occasionally known as kutni.

Mahaprabhu

A local god of the Bondo people. Occasionally called Mahaprabhu.

Mahaprajapati

An aunt who reared the Buddha. In some lore, occasionally called Mahaprajapati.

Mal

A Tamil creator-god. Also known as Mal, Tirumal or Tirumal.

mamh

read more »

Mari

read more »

Mariyamman

A Tamil plague-goddess. One of the navasaktis. Referred to as Mariyamman, Mariyattal, Mariyattal, Hindu Mari Mai or Hindu Mari Mai.

Mayon

A Tamil creator-god, a name for Krishna. In some lore, occasionally called Mayon.

Motho

A culture-heroine. Sister of Mungo. Occasionally known as Motho, vetch or vetch.

Mriganda

read more »

Mriganka

A magic sword. It was said that whoever owned this sword could conquer the world. Occasionally referred to as Mriganka.

Muhupudma

read more »

Mungo

A culture-heroine. Sister of Motho. Occasionally referred to as Mungo, pulse or pulse.

Municami

A Tamil saint, worshipped as a demi-god. Occasionally identified as Municami, Hindu Munisvara or Hindu Munisvara.

Muttalamman

A Tamil plague-goddess. In some lore, occasionally identified as Muttalamman.

Naga

read more »

Nagpanchami

read more »

Nappinnai

A Tamil goddess. A consort of Krishna. Sometimes called Nappinnai, Pinnai or Pinnai.

Nathuram

read more »

Nediyon

A Tamil creator-god. Referred to as Nediyon.

Nilagiri

A mythical range of mountains. On occassion, identified as Nilagiri, Nila or Nila.

Nimbu

A tree said to ward off the evil. Eye. At times, called Nimbu.

Pabuji

A local god, hero of epic stories in Rajasthan. Also referred to as Pabuji.

pagoda-tree

A fabulous coin-producing tree. In some lore, occasionally known as pagoda-tree.

Palaniyantavan

A Tamil god, a form of Seyon. Occasionally identified as Palaniyantavan.

Panan

Devil-dancers. These people are said to be able to drive out devils by their dancing and drumming. In some lore, occasionally identified as Panan, Pariah, Pariah, Paraiyan or Paraiyan.

paras

The philosopher's stone which transmutes all metals to gold. Occasionally referred to as paras, paraspatthar or paraspatthar.

Poleramma

A plague-goddess of southern India. In some references, known as Poleramma.

Pombado

Devil-dancers. These people claim to exorcise only the highest class of demon, the bhutas. Sometimes called Pombado.

Puranai

A Tamil mother-goddess. A navasakti. A consort of Aiyanar. Also identified as Puranai.

Queen Maya

read more »

Rasulu

A hero of the Punjab who appears in many adventures. Occasionally known as Rasulu.

sacred ape

The hanuman. Also referred to as sacred ape.

Sama

A Tamil god. Brother of Kama. At times, referred to as Sama, Sam, Sam or Sama.

Samkarsana

A Tamil form of Balarama. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Samkarsana.

Sarkap

A warrior-hero. He earned the name Beheader from his habit of decapitating those whom he defeated in games. Sometimes identified as Sarkap, Beheader or Beheader.

Singbanga

A supeme god of the Munda. People. Also commonly referred to as Singbanga, Ho Sirma Thakur or Ho Sirma Thakur.

Sipra

A sacred river. In some references, identified as Sipra.

Sirma Thakur

A supreme god of the Ho people. Sometimes identified as Sirma Thakur, Lord of Heaven, Lord of Heaven, Shang Ti, Ti Ch√ľn, Munda Singbonga or Munda Singbonga.

tantrika

A seer or magician. Also called tantrika.

Tarai

A deity of the Andaman Islands. Wife or sister of Bilik. She controls the south-west monsoon while Bilik controls that from the north-east. Occasionally known as Tarai.

Tari Pennu

An evil goddess. Daughter and consort of Boora Pennu. Boora Pennu created Tari Pennu and mated with her to generate the other gods. Also commonly known as Tari Pennu.

Tulsi Das

The 16th C. Writer of the Hindi version of the Ramayana. Sometimes identified as Tulsi Das, Balmik, Balmik, Rishi Balmik, Valmik, Valmiki, Valmik(i), Tulasi Dasa, Tulasi Dasa, 'servant of Lakshmi' or 'servant of Lakshmi'.

Venda

A Tamil creator-god. At times, referred to as Venda, Hindu Indra, Hindu Indra, Amoghasiddhi, Phra In, Preas Eyn, Shakra, Tung Wang Kung, Verethragna or Wei-t'o.

Yak

read more »
Indian Mythology