Mesopotamian - The Sumerian mother-goddess, goddess of fertility, love and war. Daughter of An or Enlil or Sin. Twin sister of Ereshkigal. Wife of Dumuzi. Mother of Nergal and Ninurta, some say. In some accounts she was created by Anu as his consort. She descended to the underworld Kur, hoping to impose her authority on her sister Ereshkigal who ruled there. She was admitted by Neti to each of the seven realms but removed one symbol of her power at each gateway. She was then killed and suspended from a stake. The gods sent two sexless beings to revive her and bring her back but, to rid herself of the demons that continued to harry her, she was required to provide a substitute for herself and so she sacrificed her husband Dumuzi, who had been unfaithful in her absence, and Geshtinanna who, with Dumuzi, served alternate periods of six months in the underworld. This is an earlier version of the same story about Ishtar, Some accounts distinguish between this goddess and Inanna, a Babylonian mother- goddess, and some say that Inanna is the same as Ereshkigal. Occasionally known as Inanna, Inana, Inana, Innana, Innana, Innin, Innin, Innini, Innini, Inninina, Inninina, Ishtar, Ishtar, Asdar, Ashdar, Astar, Estar, Ininna, Irnini, Istar, Lady of Battles, Sirtu, Tamar, Agusaya, Anunitum, As(h)darAshtart, Ast(h)ar, Bau Gula, Kilili, Mah, Mama, Mami, Minu-anni, Minu-ulla, Mylitta, Qadishtu, Sarpanitu, Babylonian Ashtoreth, Egyptian Hathor, Greek Aphrodite, Hebrew Tamar, Hurrian Shaushkas, Phoenician Astarte, Sumerian Baba, Ella, Iku, Nidaba Nin, Saltu, Nana, Nana, Nanna, Ninanna, Ninanna, Nininni, Nininni, Ninni, Ninni, Ninsinna, Ninsinna, Queen of Heaven, Queen of Heaven, Anat, Arinna, Astarte, Edjo, Hebat, Hera, Holy Mother, Hsi Wang Mu, Isis, Juno, Marishiten, Matron of the Measure, Tara, T'ien Hou, Vajravarahi, Astarte, Juno, Innin(ina), Innin(ina), Nin(in)ni, Nin(in)ni, 'sky lady', 'sky lady', Akkadian Ish(t)ar, Akkadian Ish(t)ar, Phrygian Cybele, Phrygian Cybele, Aphrodite, Astarte, Bona Dea, Demeter, Kubaba, Magna Mater, Mater Turrita, Rhea, Babylonian Nina or Babylonian Nina.

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