General - A place of punishment after death, common to many cultures. The Kafir hell is called Burry Duggan Boola. -Buddhist The Buddhists envisage a hell with eight, ten or as many as 136 realms, the lowest of which is called Avici. -Central American The Mayan hell consisted of nine steps which required the soul to cross a river guarded by a yellow dog, pass between two mountain peaks, suffer the onslaught of bitterly cold winds, banners and arrows, and escape from a wild animal before reaching a land of peace. -Chinese This home of departed souls, known as Ti YĆ¼, Earth Prism, is said to be somewhere in Szechuan province and has ten departments, known as Shih T'ien-wen-yang, each of which is ruled by one of the Ten Yama Kings. Souls reaching this region are asked for money at the entrance and beaten if they fail to pay. After being weighed to ascertain whether they are weighed down by evil, they are segregated into good and evil in Bad Dog Village. They are allowed a glimpse of their future in a mirror and a nostalgic look at their past before crossing a bridge which, for sinners, is only about an inch wide. On the far side, they receive a drink which destroys all recollection of an earlier life and pass through the Wheel of the Law to emerge into a new incarnation. -European In his Divine Comedy, Dante divides hell into nine cirles, some of which are sub-divided. After entering at the gates and passing through the vestibule reserved for the futile, one crosses the Acheron to reach the first circle, Limbo, reserved for the unbaptised. The next three circles are reserved for the lustful, the gluttonous and the hoarders (or spendthrifts). Crossing the Styx, one reaches the fifth circle, reserved for the angry, and then the city of Dis. Passing from the upper hell to the lower hell, one comes to the sixth circle, reserved for heretics. The seventh circle, for the violent, is subdivided into three rings (for those who attacked relatives; suicides; and blasphemers) and the eighth circle has ten trenches reserved for panderers, flatterers, simoniacs, sorcerers, barrators, hypocrites, thieves, fraudsters, agitators and falsifiers. The final circle has four zones that are known as Caina (for those who betrayed their families), Antenora (for those who betrayed their country), Ptolomaea (for betrayers of hospitality) and Judecca (for those who betrayed their superiors). -Greek -Hebrew She'ol, sometimes referred to as Belial, is a dark realm under the earth, largely a place for the dead awaiting the last day, rather than a place of punishment. -Hindu Hell has twenty-eight realms. Of these, Asipatravana is for heretics, Avichimat is for liars, Kalasutra is for killers of Brahmins, Krimibhoja is for the selfish, Raurava is for sadists, Suchimukha is for misers, Sukramukha is for tyrants, Tamusra is for adulterers and thieves, Vaitarani for pillagers and those who have destroyed beehives, and Vajrakantaka is for those who married into another caste. Those people who have caused religious controversy are thrown into the filthy river, also called Vaitarani. -Jain Hell has a number of layers of which the lowest is known as Mahahima. In one realm, Valuka, the torture involves burial in hot sand. -Japanese Yomitsu-kuni or Jigoku lies under the earth and comprises eight hells, each of which is divided into sixteen parts. In addition to these major hells there are others, each divided into four parts, known as Kimpen-jigoku and others, the Koduko-jigoku, which appear randomly. Souls are judged by Emma-O and sent to one or more hells or, if deserving, reborn. (see also underworld) Occasionally identified as hell, Abyss, Abyss, Abzu, hell, Bottomless Pit, Bottomless Pit, hell, Hell, Hel, Hel, Hela, Hell, Hela, Yomi-tsu-kuni, Yomi-tsu-kuni, Jigoku, Jugokudo, Land of Yomi, Meido, Naraka, Ne-nokata-tsu-kuni, Nenokatatsu, Yomi, Yomi-no-yo, Yomitsu-kuni, 'land of gloom', Naraka, Ne-no-kuni, Nenokatatsu-kuni, No-nokata-tsu-kuni, Soko-no-kuni, (The Land of) Yomi or Yomi (-no-yo).

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