British - Daughter of King Leodegrance. Sister of Gotegrim and Gwenhwyach. Wife of King Arthur. In some accounts, she was the mother of Loholt. In Welsh stories, her father was Gogrvan while other versions say he was King Garlin or even Vortigern. Others say she was a Roman, an orphan named Guanamara, reared by King Cador. In some accounts she was regarded as a triune goddess while others say there were two Guineveres, one good, one bad, the latter being able to take the real Guinevere's place to do evil. Lanfal was the only man who realised that the False Guinevere had taken over from the real Guinevere at the wedding feast when she married King Arthur. She brought the Round Table as part of her dowry when she married King Arthur. In the Welsh version, she was once abducted by Melwas but Arthur soon recovered her. In the British version, she and ten of her knights were captured by Meliagaunt, who loved her from afar, and imprisoned her in his castle. When Lancelot rode to her aid, Meliagaunt begged for mercy and the queen forgave him. She slept that night with Lancelot, with whom she had a long affair, and he left blood on the sheets from a wound on his hand sustained when he forced the window bars. Meliagaunt accused Guinevere of being unfaithful to the king by sleeping with one of her ten knights, many of whom had been wounded when he captured them. The queen was saved from the stake by Lancelot who escaped from a trap set for him by Meliagaunt and killed him in single combat even though he had one hand tied behind his back. The affair with Lancelot was resumed when the Grail quest ended but when Lancelot tried to distance himself from her she became angry and banished him from the court. When she gave a dinner for twentyfour of her knights, she was accused by Mador of killing his cousin Patrise who died after eating an apple poisoned by Pinel and intended for Gawain. She would have been burnt at the stake unless her innocence could be proved by single combat and the king ordered Bors to fight on her behalf against Mador. At the last minute, Lancelot took the place of Bors and defeated Mador who then accepted that the queen was innocent. When Arthur went off on a hunting trip, she was caught in bed with Lancelot by Mordred and Agravain who betrayed her affair with Lancelot to the king. He ordered Gawain to burn her at the stake but he refused to do so. Gawain's brothers, Gaheris and Gareth, had to obey the king's command but when the queen was led to the pyre, Lancelot charged into the crowd and rescued her, killing Gaheris and Gareth and many others in the process. Lancelot took her off to Joyous Gard and Arthur attacked this castle to recover her. The conflict was ended only when the Pope intervened and Guinevere was returned to Arthur who pledged her safety. Lancelot took himself and many of his followers off to his estates in France where he was later followed by Arthur's army, intent on revenge. Mordred was left in charge of the country and he soon had designs on Guinevere. In some stories she became his mistress, in others she went through a form of marriage with him; still other versions say she merely pretended to yield and then left him, shutting herself away in the Tower of London. On the death of Arthur she retired to a convent in Amesbury and refused to leave despite the pleas of Lancelot to return with him to France. She died in the convent soon afterwards. Other stories say that she joined Arthur in Avalon or was captured by the Picts. Yet another version says that she was killed by Lancelot who believed that she had been a willing accomplice of Mordred. He shut Mordred in a room with her dead body which, driven by hunger, Mordred ate. In a Continental tale, a man named Gasozein claimed that he had married Guinevere but she rejected the chance to leave Arthur for the claimant. This upset Gotegrim who abducted her and would have killed her if Gasozein had not saved her. When Gawain rescued the queen from Gasozein, the impostor admitted that he had been lying. Some accounts say that Arthur had three wives, all called Guinevere. Sometimes identified as Guinevere, Geneura, Geneura, Genievre, Genievre, Ginevra, Ginevra, Guanhamara, Guanhamara, Guanamara, Guanhuvara, Guanhuvara, Guenever, Guenever, Guenhuvara, Guenhuvara, Guenevere, Guenevere, Gwennere, Gwennere, Gwynhwfar, Gwynhwfar, Genevra, Genevra, Genevieve, Guenever(e), Guenever(e), Guinever, Guinever, Gvenour, Gvenour, Wenhaver, Wenhaver, French Gilan(e)ier, French Gilan(e)ier, Welsh Gwen(h)wyfar, Welsh Gwen(h)wyfar, Gwenh(w)yvar or Gwenh(w)yvar.

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