Fu-hsi

Chinese - One of the Three Sovereigns. Son of Hua-hsü. Brother and consort of Nü Kua. Father of Mi Fei. It was said that he was produced when his mother was impregnated by the wind after a gestation period of twelve years. He was a serpent-bodied being having a human head with four faces, representing the yin principle, and credited with the introduction of fishing, silk-worm breeding, etc. and the invention of the trigrams of the I Ching. He also invented the Eight Diagrams from marks he saw on the back of a unicorn which rose out of a river beside which he was contemplating. In the story of the Flood, Fu-hsi (Gourd Boy) and his sister Nü Kua (Gourd Girl) were the sole survivors, floating in a gourd from a tree grown from the tooth of the thunder-god whom they had freed from a trap set by their father. He mated with his sister but they produced only an unformed lump of flesh. Fu-hsi cut this into pieces and scattered it over the earth to produce mankind. Some say that he and his sister retired to heaven, others that he remained on earth and became the first emperor in the 20th C BC, originating the idea of marriage. In later stories, they were said to be man and wife and were depicted as human with a fish's tail or a serpent's tail. He runs the Ministry of Healing with Huang Ti and Shen Nung. At times, called Fu-hsi, Fo, Fo, Foh, Fu-hsi, O-Fo, O-fo, Hua-kuang, Gourd Boy, Gourd Boy or Fu-hsi.

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