French Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Andromaque

A play by Racine. Also commonly known as Andromaque.

Ankou

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Atlantide, L'

The French name for Atlantis. Sometimes identified as Atlantide, L'.

Aubry's dog

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Barrow of Death

A white-shrouded wheelbarrow. The sound of this barrow, led by a skeleton, is said, in Brittany, to portend death. Also commonly identified as Barrow of Death.

Bataille Loquifer

A French story of Renoart and Morgan. Le Fay. Occasionally known as Bataille Loquifer.

Beast of Canteraine

A French count who was said to have changed into a werewolf. On occassion, called Beast of Canteraine.

Beast of Havette

An evil spirit who drowned children. In some references, known as Beast of Havette.

Beroul

A 12th C. Writer, author of The Romance of Tristan. Also called Beroul.

Bestiaire d'Amour

A bestiary written by Richard. De Fournival. Also commonly identified as Bestiaire d'Amour.

Bicorn

A monster in the form of a beast that eats good husbands. Also commonly identified as Bicorn, Bicorne, Bicorne, Bycorne or Bycorne.

Bodilis

A fountain of virginity in Brittany. Also identified as Bodilis.

bonnes dames

The fairies of the coast of Brittany. At times, known as bonnes dames.

Boron, Robert de

A 13th C. Writer, author of Joseph d'Arimathie. In some lore, occasionally called Boron, Robert de.

cannered noz

Spirits in Brittany, said to wash their. Clothes in the rivers at night. Sometimes called cannered noz.

Capalu

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chanson de geste

A narrative poem telling the story of a hero and his exploits. Also called chanson de geste.

Chevrefeuil

A 12th C. Poem of Arthurian lore. Written by Marie de France. On occassion, known as Chevrefeuil.

Chrétien de Troyes

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Claris and Laris

A 13th C. Story of these two friends and companions-in-arms. Sometimes referred to as Claris and Laris, Laris or Laris.

Cligés

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Conte de Graal, Le

An early Grail story by Chrétien. De Troyes. Sometimes identified as Conte de Graal, Le, Le Conte del Grail, Le Conte del Grail, Conte de Graal, Perceval, Perceval, Parsifal or Percival de Gales.

corrigan

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Coulobre

A man-eating dragon. This beast is said to have been defeated by St Front or St Veran. In some accounts, known as Coulobre, Ropotou, Ropotou, Wicked Spirit or Wicked Spirit.

Courechouse

The sword of King Ban. On occassion, called Courechouse.

Croquemitaine

An evil sprite or ugly monster. Also commonly called Croquemitaine.

Dame Blanche

A spirit said to be fond of horses. In some accounts she is equated with Melusine. In some accounts, referred to as Dame Blanche, Melusine, Melusine, Melisande, White Lady or White Lady.

Dame des Belles-Cousines

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Durmart le Gallois

A 13th C. French story of the hero. Durmart and his love for Fenice. Identified as Durmart le Gallois.

Enfances Gauvain

A 13th C. Poem about the exploits of Gawain. Occasionally called Enfances Gauvain.

Erec

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Erec et Enide

A 12th C. Story of Geraint and Enid, written by Chrétien de Troyes. On occassion, identified as Erec et Enide.

esprit follet

A goblin. Also identified as esprit follet.

Estoire del Sainte Graal

A 13th C. Story of the Holy Grail. On occassion, identified as Estoire del Sainte Graal.

Estregales

The realm of Lac. Occasionally known as Estregales.

Fables de Pilpay

The French version of the Panchatantra. Also identified as Fables de Pilpay.

Faramon

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faudeur

An imp of wheat-stores in Brittany. Called faudeur.

Fauvel

A centaur in a 14th C. Novel of the same name. Also identified as Fauvel, Favel or Favel.

fée

A fairy. In some lore, occasionally known as fée.

féerie

Fairyland. In some accounts, called féerie.

Fenice

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Filimenis

An emperor of Constantinople in the French version of the Arthurian legends. Sometimes known as Filimenis.

Florete

Daughter of the emperor of Constantinople. Wife of Floriant. Referred to as Florete.

Floriant

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Floriant et Florete

A 13th C. Story of these two lovers. In some lore, occasionally called Floriant et Florete.

Fournival, Richard de

A 13th C. Writer, author of Bestiare d'Amour. Occasionally identified as Fournival, Richard de.

France, Marie de

A 12th C. Poetess, author of Chevrefeuil and Lanval. Sometimes known as France, Marie de.

Galand

The name for the smith, Wayland, in French stories. At times, referred to as Galand, German Wieland, German Wieland, Volund, Wayland, Norse Volund or Norse Volund.

Gargouille

A dragon living in the River Seine. It was said that this monster was killed by St Romanus in the seventh century. In some references, called Gargouille.

Garinter

A king of Brittany. Father of Elizena. Grandfather of Amadis. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Garinter.

Guido of Tours

The French version of Guy of Warwick. Also known as Guido of Tours.

Homme de bouc

A wood-sprite or fairy. In some accounts, known as Homme de bouc, Basque Basa Jaun, Basque Basa Jaun, Roman Concordia, Roman Concordia or Aphrodite Pandemos.

Huard

A demon which misleads travellers in Brittany. Sometimes referred to as Huard.

Hunbaut

A 13th C. French poem about the exploits of Gawain and Hunbaut. Occasionally called Hunbaut.

Huon de Bordeaux

A 13th C. French poem relating to the adventures of Huon. Sometimes known as Huon de Bordeaux.

Huth-Merlin

A 13th C. Poem about the exploits of the wizard, Merlin. Also commonly called Huth-Merlin, Suite de Merlin or Suite de Merlin.

Iphigénie

A play by Racine. Also referred to as Iphigénie.

Iphigénie en Aulide

An opera by Gluck dealing with the sacrificial death of Iphigenia. Before the departure of the Greek fleet for Troy. At times, known as Iphigénie en Aulide.

Jeschuté

Daughter of Lac. Sister of Brandiles and Erec. Wife of Orilus. On occassion, known as Jeschuté.

Joseph d'Arimathie

A 13th C. Story of Joseph of Arimathea and the Holy Grail, written by Robert de Boron. Occasionally known as Joseph d'Arimathie.

jumart

A monster, bull/mare or cow/stallion. In some lore, occasionally referred to as jumart.

kerrighed

Devilish spirits in France. Sometimes called kerrighed, corrigan, corrigan, Coranieid, korrigan, korriganed, korrigan(ed), Corrigan or Corrigan.

Lancelin

A French version of Lancelot. On occassion, referred to as Lancelin.

Lancelot

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Languines

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Lanval

A 12th C. Poem by Marie de France. About the adventures of Launfal. Sometimes known as Lanval.

Laquedom

The French version of Buttadeus. Sometimes called Laquedom, Lakedion, Lakedion or Laquedon.

Le petit homme rouge

A house spirit of Normandy, a lutin. Occasionally known as Le petit homme rouge.

Livre d'Artus

A poem adding to Boron's Merlin. Also called Livre d'Artus.

loublin

A werewolf said to frequent French. Cemeteries. Also commonly called loublin, werewolf, werewolf, Chin-Grelin, Galipande, Gallou, Garelant, Gerulf, leperou, Neure, Neures, wairon, wehr wolf, werwolf, werwulff, Leperou, Liberou, versipelle, weht wolf or Haiti legerau.

lutin

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Macaire, Robert

In the story of Aubry's Dog, he was the murderer of Aubry. Occasionally identified as Macaire, Robert, Macharijs, Macharijs or Macaire.

Magdelona

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Margot-la-Fée

A fairy of Brittany. In some lore, occasionally identified as Margot-la-Fée.

Martes

Fairies. These beings were described as largebreasted women living in the rocks. Occasionally referred to as Martes, Martines or Martines.

Mass of St Sécaire

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Melusine

A two-tailed mermaid. Also known as Melusine, Melisande, Melisande, Melusina, Melusine or Melusine.

Meriadeuc

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Merlin

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Merveilles de Rigomer

A 13th C. Poem relating the adventures of Gawain and Lancelot. Also commonly identified as Merveilles de Rigomer.

Momur

The fairy realm ruled by Oberon. Also identified as Momur.

Morois

The French name for Murias. Occasionally identified as Morois.

Mort Artu

A French version of the story of King Arthur. At times, known as Mort Artu.

Mule Sans Frein

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Nain Rouge

A house spirit, a lutin. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Nain Rouge, Red Dwarf or Red Dwarf.

netun

An early name for a lutin. In some references, known as netun, lutin, lutin or Le Cheval Bayard.

Nostradamus

(1503-1566). A doctor and astrologer who set himself up as a prophet. Also called Nostradamus, Michel de Notre Dame, Michel de Notre Dame, Michel de Notredame or Michel de Notredame.

Ordin

The evil eye in Corsica. Also commonly known as Ordin, Italian jettatura, Italian jettatura or evil eye.

Paort

A shape-changing spirit in Brittany. On occassion, identified as Paort.

Paul et Virginie

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Perceforest

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Perceval

A 13th C. Story of Percival's adventures. Written by Boron. Also identified as Perceval, Conte de Graal, Le, Conte de Graal, Le, Le Conte del Grail, Parsifal, Parsifal, Parsival, Parzifal, Percival, Perseval, Percival de Gales, Percival de Gales, Parzival, Perse(val), Dutch Perchevael, Welsh Peredur, Dodinel or Peredur.

Perlesvaus

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Phdre

A play by Racine telling the story of Phaedra and her step-son Hippolytus. Sometimes known as Phdre, Phaedra, Phaedra, 'bright', Phaidra or Phedre.

Pierre

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Portzmach

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Prophecies de Merlin

A 13th C. Story about the works of the Arthurian magician. Sometimes identified as Prophecies de Merlin.

Prose Lancelot

A 13th C. Story about Lancelot. Sometimes called Prose Lancelot.

Prose Tristram

A 13th C. Story about Tristram and Isolde. At times, identified as Prose Tristram.

Queste del Sainte Graal

A 13th C. Story about Galahad and his. Quest for the Holy Grail. Occasionally identified as Queste del Sainte Graal.

Racine, Jean

(1639-1699). A dramatist. He wrote Andromaque, Iphegnie and Phedre. Occasionally known as Racine, Jean.

Raymond

Husband of Melisande. On occassion, known as Raymond, Raimond or Raimond.

Roman de Renard

The French version of Reynard the Fox. On occassion, called Roman de Renard.

Romance de Tristram, The

A 12th C. French version of the story of Tristram and Isolde, written by Beroul. Occasionally called Romance de Tristram, The.

Rosemonde

A princess loved by Faramon. In some accounts, known as Rosemonde.

Saint-Secairé Mass

A form of black mass in Gascony, designed to kill an enemy. Occasionally known as Saint-Secairé Mass.

Shaggy Beast

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Thur

The Norman name for the Norse god. Thor. Also commonly known as Thur.

Wace, Robert

A 12th C. Norman poet, author of Roman de Brut. Known as Wace, Robert.

White Lady

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Yvain

The French name for Owain. Also commonly identified as Yvain.
French Mythology