French Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Andromaque

A play by Racine. Sometimes identified as Andromaque.

Ankou

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Atlantide, L'

The French name for Atlantis. Also known as Atlantide, L'.

Aubry's dog

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Barrow of Death

A white-shrouded wheelbarrow. The sound of this barrow, led by a skeleton, is said, in Brittany, to portend death. Occasionally called Barrow of Death.

Bataille Loquifer

A French story of Renoart and Morgan. Le Fay. In some lore, occasionally called Bataille Loquifer.

Beast of Canteraine

A French count who was said to have changed into a werewolf. At times, referred to as Beast of Canteraine.

Beast of Havette

An evil spirit who drowned children. Also identified as Beast of Havette.

Beroul

A 12th C. Writer, author of The Romance of Tristan. Also commonly known as Beroul.

Bestiaire d'Amour

A bestiary written by Richard. De Fournival. On occassion, known as Bestiaire d'Amour.

Bicorn

A monster in the form of a beast that eats good husbands. In some lore, occasionally identified as Bicorn, Bicorne, Bicorne, Bycorne or Bycorne.

Bodilis

A fountain of virginity in Brittany. Also referred to as Bodilis.

bonnes dames

The fairies of the coast of Brittany. Also known as bonnes dames.

Boron, Robert de

A 13th C. Writer, author of Joseph d'Arimathie. Sometimes called Boron, Robert de.

cannered noz

Spirits in Brittany, said to wash their. Clothes in the rivers at night. At times, referred to as cannered noz.

Capalu

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chanson de geste

A narrative poem telling the story of a hero and his exploits. At times, referred to as chanson de geste.

Chevrefeuil

A 12th C. Poem of Arthurian lore. Written by Marie de France. Occasionally known as Chevrefeuil.

Chrétien de Troyes

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Claris and Laris

A 13th C. Story of these two friends and companions-in-arms. Also identified as Claris and Laris, Laris or Laris.

Cligés

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Conte de Graal, Le

An early Grail story by Chrétien. De Troyes. Occasionally called Conte de Graal, Le, Le Conte del Grail, Le Conte del Grail, Conte de Graal, Perceval, Perceval, Parsifal or Percival de Gales.

corrigan

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Coulobre

A man-eating dragon. This beast is said to have been defeated by St Front or St Veran. Occasionally referred to as Coulobre, Ropotou, Ropotou, Wicked Spirit or Wicked Spirit.

Courechouse

The sword of King Ban. At times, called Courechouse.

Croquemitaine

An evil sprite or ugly monster. Sometimes called Croquemitaine.

Dame Blanche

A spirit said to be fond of horses. In some accounts she is equated with Melusine. Occasionally known as Dame Blanche, Melusine, Melusine, Melisande, White Lady or White Lady.

Dame des Belles-Cousines

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Durmart le Gallois

A 13th C. French story of the hero. Durmart and his love for Fenice. Sometimes identified as Durmart le Gallois.

Enfances Gauvain

A 13th C. Poem about the exploits of Gawain. Also referred to as Enfances Gauvain.

Erec

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Erec et Enide

A 12th C. Story of Geraint and Enid, written by Chrétien de Troyes. Occasionally referred to as Erec et Enide.

esprit follet

A goblin. In some references, identified as esprit follet.

Estoire del Sainte Graal

A 13th C. Story of the Holy Grail. Sometimes referred to as Estoire del Sainte Graal.

Estregales

The realm of Lac. Also commonly known as Estregales.

Fables de Pilpay

The French version of the Panchatantra. Sometimes identified as Fables de Pilpay.

Faramon

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faudeur

An imp of wheat-stores in Brittany. In some references, referred to as faudeur.

Fauvel

A centaur in a 14th C. Novel of the same name. In some lore, occasionally called Fauvel, Favel or Favel.

fée

A fairy. At times, referred to as fée.

féerie

Fairyland. Also referred to as féerie.

Fenice

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Filimenis

An emperor of Constantinople in the French version of the Arthurian legends. Sometimes known as Filimenis.

Florete

Daughter of the emperor of Constantinople. Wife of Floriant. Also commonly identified as Florete.

Floriant

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Floriant et Florete

A 13th C. Story of these two lovers. Known as Floriant et Florete.

Fournival, Richard de

A 13th C. Writer, author of Bestiare d'Amour. Sometimes known as Fournival, Richard de.

France, Marie de

A 12th C. Poetess, author of Chevrefeuil and Lanval. Also known as France, Marie de.

Galand

The name for the smith, Wayland, in French stories. Sometimes called Galand, German Wieland, German Wieland, Volund, Wayland, Norse Volund or Norse Volund.

Gargouille

A dragon living in the River Seine. It was said that this monster was killed by St Romanus in the seventh century. On occassion, referred to as Gargouille.

Garinter

A king of Brittany. Father of Elizena. Grandfather of Amadis. Sometimes known as Garinter.

Guido of Tours

The French version of Guy of Warwick. On occassion, known as Guido of Tours.

Homme de bouc

A wood-sprite or fairy. At times, referred to as Homme de bouc, Basque Basa Jaun, Basque Basa Jaun, Roman Concordia, Roman Concordia or Aphrodite Pandemos.

Huard

A demon which misleads travellers in Brittany. Sometimes referred to as Huard.

Hunbaut

A 13th C. French poem about the exploits of Gawain and Hunbaut. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Hunbaut.

Huon de Bordeaux

A 13th C. French poem relating to the adventures of Huon. Identified as Huon de Bordeaux.

Huth-Merlin

A 13th C. Poem about the exploits of the wizard, Merlin. Occasionally known as Huth-Merlin, Suite de Merlin or Suite de Merlin.

Iphigénie

A play by Racine. In some lore, occasionally known as Iphigénie.

Iphigénie en Aulide

An opera by Gluck dealing with the sacrificial death of Iphigenia. Before the departure of the Greek fleet for Troy. In some references, called Iphigénie en Aulide.

Jeschuté

Daughter of Lac. Sister of Brandiles and Erec. Wife of Orilus. Also commonly referred to as Jeschuté.

Joseph d'Arimathie

A 13th C. Story of Joseph of Arimathea and the Holy Grail, written by Robert de Boron. Also commonly called Joseph d'Arimathie.

jumart

A monster, bull/mare or cow/stallion. In some references, known as jumart.

kerrighed

Devilish spirits in France. In some lore, occasionally referred to as kerrighed, corrigan, corrigan, Coranieid, korrigan, korriganed, korrigan(ed), Corrigan or Corrigan.

Lancelin

A French version of Lancelot. Sometimes called Lancelin.

Lancelot

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Languines

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Lanval

A 12th C. Poem by Marie de France. About the adventures of Launfal. Sometimes referred to as Lanval.

Laquedom

The French version of Buttadeus. Sometimes identified as Laquedom, Lakedion, Lakedion or Laquedon.

Le petit homme rouge

A house spirit of Normandy, a lutin. At times, referred to as Le petit homme rouge.

Livre d'Artus

A poem adding to Boron's Merlin. Occasionally called Livre d'Artus.

loublin

A werewolf said to frequent French. Cemeteries. Also identified as loublin, werewolf, werewolf, Chin-Grelin, Galipande, Gallou, Garelant, Gerulf, leperou, Neure, Neures, wairon, wehr wolf, werwolf, werwulff, Leperou, Liberou, versipelle, weht wolf or Haiti legerau.

lutin

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Macaire, Robert

In the story of Aubry's Dog, he was the murderer of Aubry. Sometimes referred to as Macaire, Robert, Macharijs, Macharijs or Macaire.

Magdelona

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Margot-la-Fée

A fairy of Brittany. Called Margot-la-Fée.

Martes

Fairies. These beings were described as largebreasted women living in the rocks. Also known as Martes, Martines or Martines.

Mass of St Sécaire

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Melusine

A two-tailed mermaid. Referred to as Melusine, Melisande, Melisande, Melusina, Melusine or Melusine.

Meriadeuc

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Merlin

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Merveilles de Rigomer

A 13th C. Poem relating the adventures of Gawain and Lancelot. Also identified as Merveilles de Rigomer.

Momur

The fairy realm ruled by Oberon. Sometimes called Momur.

Morois

The French name for Murias. Also known as Morois.

Mort Artu

A French version of the story of King Arthur. On occassion, identified as Mort Artu.

Mule Sans Frein

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Nain Rouge

A house spirit, a lutin. Sometimes known as Nain Rouge, Red Dwarf or Red Dwarf.

netun

An early name for a lutin. Known as netun, lutin, lutin or Le Cheval Bayard.

Nostradamus

(1503-1566). A doctor and astrologer who set himself up as a prophet. Also called Nostradamus, Michel de Notre Dame, Michel de Notre Dame, Michel de Notredame or Michel de Notredame.

Ordin

The evil eye in Corsica. On occassion, called Ordin, Italian jettatura, Italian jettatura or evil eye.

Paort

A shape-changing spirit in Brittany. Also commonly called Paort.

Paul et Virginie

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Perceforest

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Perceval

A 13th C. Story of Percival's adventures. Written by Boron. At times, known as Perceval, Conte de Graal, Le, Conte de Graal, Le, Le Conte del Grail, Parsifal, Parsifal, Parsival, Parzifal, Percival, Perseval, Percival de Gales, Percival de Gales, Parzival, Perse(val), Dutch Perchevael, Welsh Peredur, Dodinel or Peredur.

Perlesvaus

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Phdre

A play by Racine telling the story of Phaedra and her step-son Hippolytus. On occassion, identified as Phdre, Phaedra, Phaedra, 'bright', Phaidra or Phedre.

Pierre

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Portzmach

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Prophecies de Merlin

A 13th C. Story about the works of the Arthurian magician. Occasionally referred to as Prophecies de Merlin.

Prose Lancelot

A 13th C. Story about Lancelot. Known as Prose Lancelot.

Prose Tristram

A 13th C. Story about Tristram and Isolde. Occasionally referred to as Prose Tristram.

Queste del Sainte Graal

A 13th C. Story about Galahad and his. Quest for the Holy Grail. Known as Queste del Sainte Graal.

Racine, Jean

(1639-1699). A dramatist. He wrote Andromaque, Iphegnie and Phedre. Also commonly referred to as Racine, Jean.

Raymond

Husband of Melisande. Occasionally known as Raymond, Raimond or Raimond.

Roman de Renard

The French version of Reynard the Fox. At times, known as Roman de Renard.

Romance de Tristram, The

A 12th C. French version of the story of Tristram and Isolde, written by Beroul. Sometimes called Romance de Tristram, The.

Rosemonde

A princess loved by Faramon. Occasionally known as Rosemonde.

Saint-Secairé Mass

A form of black mass in Gascony, designed to kill an enemy. Also known as Saint-Secairé Mass.

Shaggy Beast

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Thur

The Norman name for the Norse god. Thor. Sometimes referred to as Thur.

Wace, Robert

A 12th C. Norman poet, author of Roman de Brut. Referred to as Wace, Robert.

White Lady

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Yvain

The French name for Owain. On occassion, called Yvain.
French Mythology