French Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Andromaque

A play by Racine. In some accounts, known as Andromaque.

Ankou

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Atlantide, L'

The French name for Atlantis. Known as Atlantide, L'.

Aubry's dog

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Barrow of Death

A white-shrouded wheelbarrow. The sound of this barrow, led by a skeleton, is said, in Brittany, to portend death. Also called Barrow of Death.

Bataille Loquifer

A French story of Renoart and Morgan. Le Fay. Also commonly referred to as Bataille Loquifer.

Beast of Canteraine

A French count who was said to have changed into a werewolf. At times, known as Beast of Canteraine.

Beast of Havette

An evil spirit who drowned children. Called Beast of Havette.

Beroul

A 12th C. Writer, author of The Romance of Tristan. Occasionally identified as Beroul.

Bestiaire d'Amour

A bestiary written by Richard. De Fournival. In some lore, occasionally known as Bestiaire d'Amour.

Bicorn

A monster in the form of a beast that eats good husbands. Known as Bicorn, Bicorne, Bicorne, Bycorne or Bycorne.

Bodilis

A fountain of virginity in Brittany. In some references, known as Bodilis.

bonnes dames

The fairies of the coast of Brittany. On occassion, referred to as bonnes dames.

Boron, Robert de

A 13th C. Writer, author of Joseph d'Arimathie. Also commonly called Boron, Robert de.

cannered noz

Spirits in Brittany, said to wash their. Clothes in the rivers at night. In some references, referred to as cannered noz.

Capalu

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chanson de geste

A narrative poem telling the story of a hero and his exploits. In some accounts, called chanson de geste.

Chevrefeuil

A 12th C. Poem of Arthurian lore. Written by Marie de France. In some references, referred to as Chevrefeuil.

Chrétien de Troyes

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Claris and Laris

A 13th C. Story of these two friends and companions-in-arms. Sometimes known as Claris and Laris, Laris or Laris.

Cligés

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Conte de Graal, Le

An early Grail story by Chrétien. De Troyes. Occasionally called Conte de Graal, Le, Le Conte del Grail, Le Conte del Grail, Conte de Graal, Perceval, Perceval, Parsifal or Percival de Gales.

corrigan

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Coulobre

A man-eating dragon. This beast is said to have been defeated by St Front or St Veran. Sometimes known as Coulobre, Ropotou, Ropotou, Wicked Spirit or Wicked Spirit.

Courechouse

The sword of King Ban. In some accounts, known as Courechouse.

Croquemitaine

An evil sprite or ugly monster. In some lore, occasionally known as Croquemitaine.

Dame Blanche

A spirit said to be fond of horses. In some accounts she is equated with Melusine. Also identified as Dame Blanche, Melusine, Melusine, Melisande, White Lady or White Lady.

Dame des Belles-Cousines

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Durmart le Gallois

A 13th C. French story of the hero. Durmart and his love for Fenice. In some lore, occasionally known as Durmart le Gallois.

Enfances Gauvain

A 13th C. Poem about the exploits of Gawain. In some accounts, identified as Enfances Gauvain.

Erec

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Erec et Enide

A 12th C. Story of Geraint and Enid, written by Chrétien de Troyes. Sometimes identified as Erec et Enide.

esprit follet

A goblin. At times, referred to as esprit follet.

Estoire del Sainte Graal

A 13th C. Story of the Holy Grail. Occasionally called Estoire del Sainte Graal.

Estregales

The realm of Lac. Sometimes identified as Estregales.

Fables de Pilpay

The French version of the Panchatantra. In some accounts, called Fables de Pilpay.

Faramon

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faudeur

An imp of wheat-stores in Brittany. In some references, known as faudeur.

Fauvel

A centaur in a 14th C. Novel of the same name. Occasionally identified as Fauvel, Favel or Favel.

fée

A fairy. At times, identified as fée.

féerie

Fairyland. Occasionally referred to as féerie.

Fenice

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Filimenis

An emperor of Constantinople in the French version of the Arthurian legends. Also commonly identified as Filimenis.

Florete

Daughter of the emperor of Constantinople. Wife of Floriant. In some references, referred to as Florete.

Floriant

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Floriant et Florete

A 13th C. Story of these two lovers. Sometimes identified as Floriant et Florete.

Fournival, Richard de

A 13th C. Writer, author of Bestiare d'Amour. Occasionally known as Fournival, Richard de.

France, Marie de

A 12th C. Poetess, author of Chevrefeuil and Lanval. On occassion, known as France, Marie de.

Galand

The name for the smith, Wayland, in French stories. Also commonly known as Galand, German Wieland, German Wieland, Volund, Wayland, Norse Volund or Norse Volund.

Gargouille

A dragon living in the River Seine. It was said that this monster was killed by St Romanus in the seventh century. Sometimes known as Gargouille.

Garinter

A king of Brittany. Father of Elizena. Grandfather of Amadis. Sometimes referred to as Garinter.

Guido of Tours

The French version of Guy of Warwick. In some references, identified as Guido of Tours.

Homme de bouc

A wood-sprite or fairy. Sometimes called Homme de bouc, Basque Basa Jaun, Basque Basa Jaun, Roman Concordia, Roman Concordia or Aphrodite Pandemos.

Huard

A demon which misleads travellers in Brittany. In some accounts, referred to as Huard.

Hunbaut

A 13th C. French poem about the exploits of Gawain and Hunbaut. Occasionally known as Hunbaut.

Huon de Bordeaux

A 13th C. French poem relating to the adventures of Huon. In some references, referred to as Huon de Bordeaux.

Huth-Merlin

A 13th C. Poem about the exploits of the wizard, Merlin. Occasionally known as Huth-Merlin, Suite de Merlin or Suite de Merlin.

Iphigénie

A play by Racine. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Iphigénie.

Iphigénie en Aulide

An opera by Gluck dealing with the sacrificial death of Iphigenia. Before the departure of the Greek fleet for Troy. At times, referred to as Iphigénie en Aulide.

Jeschuté

Daughter of Lac. Sister of Brandiles and Erec. Wife of Orilus. In some references, known as Jeschuté.

Joseph d'Arimathie

A 13th C. Story of Joseph of Arimathea and the Holy Grail, written by Robert de Boron. Sometimes called Joseph d'Arimathie.

jumart

A monster, bull/mare or cow/stallion. Also commonly identified as jumart.

kerrighed

Devilish spirits in France. In some accounts, referred to as kerrighed, corrigan, corrigan, Coranieid, korrigan, korriganed, korrigan(ed), Corrigan or Corrigan.

Lancelin

A French version of Lancelot. Sometimes referred to as Lancelin.

Lancelot

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Languines

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Lanval

A 12th C. Poem by Marie de France. About the adventures of Launfal. Occasionally identified as Lanval.

Laquedom

The French version of Buttadeus. On occassion, identified as Laquedom, Lakedion, Lakedion or Laquedon.

Le petit homme rouge

A house spirit of Normandy, a lutin. In some lore, occasionally known as Le petit homme rouge.

Livre d'Artus

A poem adding to Boron's Merlin. In some lore, occasionally called Livre d'Artus.

loublin

A werewolf said to frequent French. Cemeteries. In some references, identified as loublin, werewolf, werewolf, Chin-Grelin, Galipande, Gallou, Garelant, Gerulf, leperou, Neure, Neures, wairon, wehr wolf, werwolf, werwulff, Leperou, Liberou, versipelle, weht wolf or Haiti legerau.

lutin

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Macaire, Robert

In the story of Aubry's Dog, he was the murderer of Aubry. At times, called Macaire, Robert, Macharijs, Macharijs or Macaire.

Magdelona

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Margot-la-Fée

A fairy of Brittany. Occasionally known as Margot-la-Fée.

Martes

Fairies. These beings were described as largebreasted women living in the rocks. Occasionally referred to as Martes, Martines or Martines.

Mass of St Sécaire

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Melusine

A two-tailed mermaid. Called Melusine, Melisande, Melisande, Melusina, Melusine or Melusine.

Meriadeuc

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Merlin

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Merveilles de Rigomer

A 13th C. Poem relating the adventures of Gawain and Lancelot. Also known as Merveilles de Rigomer.

Momur

The fairy realm ruled by Oberon. On occassion, referred to as Momur.

Morois

The French name for Murias. Also referred to as Morois.

Mort Artu

A French version of the story of King Arthur. Sometimes known as Mort Artu.

Mule Sans Frein

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Nain Rouge

A house spirit, a lutin. In some lore, occasionally called Nain Rouge, Red Dwarf or Red Dwarf.

netun

An early name for a lutin. Occasionally called netun, lutin, lutin or Le Cheval Bayard.

Nostradamus

(1503-1566). A doctor and astrologer who set himself up as a prophet. Sometimes referred to as Nostradamus, Michel de Notre Dame, Michel de Notre Dame, Michel de Notredame or Michel de Notredame.

Ordin

The evil eye in Corsica. Sometimes referred to as Ordin, Italian jettatura, Italian jettatura or evil eye.

Paort

A shape-changing spirit in Brittany. Also called Paort.

Paul et Virginie

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Perceforest

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Perceval

A 13th C. Story of Percival's adventures. Written by Boron. On occassion, referred to as Perceval, Conte de Graal, Le, Conte de Graal, Le, Le Conte del Grail, Parsifal, Parsifal, Parsival, Parzifal, Percival, Perseval, Percival de Gales, Percival de Gales, Parzival, Perse(val), Dutch Perchevael, Welsh Peredur, Dodinel or Peredur.

Perlesvaus

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Phdre

A play by Racine telling the story of Phaedra and her step-son Hippolytus. On occassion, known as Phdre, Phaedra, Phaedra, 'bright', Phaidra or Phedre.

Pierre

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Portzmach

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Prophecies de Merlin

A 13th C. Story about the works of the Arthurian magician. In some lore, occasionally called Prophecies de Merlin.

Prose Lancelot

A 13th C. Story about Lancelot. In some lore, occasionally known as Prose Lancelot.

Prose Tristram

A 13th C. Story about Tristram and Isolde. In some lore, occasionally called Prose Tristram.

Queste del Sainte Graal

A 13th C. Story about Galahad and his. Quest for the Holy Grail. At times, identified as Queste del Sainte Graal.

Racine, Jean

(1639-1699). A dramatist. He wrote Andromaque, Iphegnie and Phedre. In some lore, occasionally identified as Racine, Jean.

Raymond

Husband of Melisande. At times, known as Raymond, Raimond or Raimond.

Roman de Renard

The French version of Reynard the Fox. In some lore, occasionally identified as Roman de Renard.

Romance de Tristram, The

A 12th C. French version of the story of Tristram and Isolde, written by Beroul. In some accounts, called Romance de Tristram, The.

Rosemonde

A princess loved by Faramon. Sometimes identified as Rosemonde.

Saint-Secairé Mass

A form of black mass in Gascony, designed to kill an enemy. At times, identified as Saint-Secairé Mass.

Shaggy Beast

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Thur

The Norman name for the Norse god. Thor. Also commonly referred to as Thur.

Wace, Robert

A 12th C. Norman poet, author of Roman de Brut. Also known as Wace, Robert.

White Lady

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Yvain

The French name for Owain. Also referred to as Yvain.
French Mythology