French Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Andromaque

A play by Racine. In some references, referred to as Andromaque.

Ankou

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Atlantide, L'

The French name for Atlantis. Referred to as Atlantide, L'.

Aubry's dog

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Barrow of Death

A white-shrouded wheelbarrow. The sound of this barrow, led by a skeleton, is said, in Brittany, to portend death. Sometimes known as Barrow of Death.

Bataille Loquifer

A French story of Renoart and Morgan. Le Fay. Also commonly called Bataille Loquifer.

Beast of Canteraine

A French count who was said to have changed into a werewolf. Occasionally referred to as Beast of Canteraine.

Beast of Havette

An evil spirit who drowned children. In some references, identified as Beast of Havette.

Beroul

A 12th C. Writer, author of The Romance of Tristan. In some references, called Beroul.

Bestiaire d'Amour

A bestiary written by Richard. De Fournival. Sometimes known as Bestiaire d'Amour.

Bicorn

A monster in the form of a beast that eats good husbands. Called Bicorn, Bicorne, Bicorne, Bycorne or Bycorne.

Bodilis

A fountain of virginity in Brittany. Also referred to as Bodilis.

bonnes dames

The fairies of the coast of Brittany. Sometimes known as bonnes dames.

Boron, Robert de

A 13th C. Writer, author of Joseph d'Arimathie. In some references, called Boron, Robert de.

cannered noz

Spirits in Brittany, said to wash their. Clothes in the rivers at night. Also identified as cannered noz.

Capalu

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chanson de geste

A narrative poem telling the story of a hero and his exploits. Also referred to as chanson de geste.

Chevrefeuil

A 12th C. Poem of Arthurian lore. Written by Marie de France. Sometimes referred to as Chevrefeuil.

Chrétien de Troyes

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Claris and Laris

A 13th C. Story of these two friends and companions-in-arms. Also called Claris and Laris, Laris or Laris.

Cligés

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Conte de Graal, Le

An early Grail story by Chrétien. De Troyes. Also referred to as Conte de Graal, Le, Le Conte del Grail, Le Conte del Grail, Conte de Graal, Perceval, Perceval, Parsifal or Percival de Gales.

corrigan

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Coulobre

A man-eating dragon. This beast is said to have been defeated by St Front or St Veran. Also commonly known as Coulobre, Ropotou, Ropotou, Wicked Spirit or Wicked Spirit.

Courechouse

The sword of King Ban. In some lore, occasionally known as Courechouse.

Croquemitaine

An evil sprite or ugly monster. In some accounts, known as Croquemitaine.

Dame Blanche

A spirit said to be fond of horses. In some accounts she is equated with Melusine. Occasionally known as Dame Blanche, Melusine, Melusine, Melisande, White Lady or White Lady.

Dame des Belles-Cousines

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Durmart le Gallois

A 13th C. French story of the hero. Durmart and his love for Fenice. Sometimes called Durmart le Gallois.

Enfances Gauvain

A 13th C. Poem about the exploits of Gawain. Also identified as Enfances Gauvain.

Erec

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Erec et Enide

A 12th C. Story of Geraint and Enid, written by Chrétien de Troyes. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Erec et Enide.

esprit follet

A goblin. Also referred to as esprit follet.

Estoire del Sainte Graal

A 13th C. Story of the Holy Grail. Sometimes known as Estoire del Sainte Graal.

Estregales

The realm of Lac. On occassion, referred to as Estregales.

Fables de Pilpay

The French version of the Panchatantra. In some lore, occasionally identified as Fables de Pilpay.

Faramon

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faudeur

An imp of wheat-stores in Brittany. In some lore, occasionally referred to as faudeur.

Fauvel

A centaur in a 14th C. Novel of the same name. Called Fauvel, Favel or Favel.

fée

A fairy. Also referred to as fée.

féerie

Fairyland. At times, called féerie.

Fenice

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Filimenis

An emperor of Constantinople in the French version of the Arthurian legends. Sometimes identified as Filimenis.

Florete

Daughter of the emperor of Constantinople. Wife of Floriant. In some lore, occasionally called Florete.

Floriant

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Floriant et Florete

A 13th C. Story of these two lovers. Occasionally identified as Floriant et Florete.

Fournival, Richard de

A 13th C. Writer, author of Bestiare d'Amour. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Fournival, Richard de.

France, Marie de

A 12th C. Poetess, author of Chevrefeuil and Lanval. Occasionally called France, Marie de.

Galand

The name for the smith, Wayland, in French stories. Occasionally known as Galand, German Wieland, German Wieland, Volund, Wayland, Norse Volund or Norse Volund.

Gargouille

A dragon living in the River Seine. It was said that this monster was killed by St Romanus in the seventh century. Also called Gargouille.

Garinter

A king of Brittany. Father of Elizena. Grandfather of Amadis. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Garinter.

Guido of Tours

The French version of Guy of Warwick. Occasionally referred to as Guido of Tours.

Homme de bouc

A wood-sprite or fairy. At times, called Homme de bouc, Basque Basa Jaun, Basque Basa Jaun, Roman Concordia, Roman Concordia or Aphrodite Pandemos.

Huard

A demon which misleads travellers in Brittany. Sometimes known as Huard.

Hunbaut

A 13th C. French poem about the exploits of Gawain and Hunbaut. Also called Hunbaut.

Huon de Bordeaux

A 13th C. French poem relating to the adventures of Huon. On occassion, referred to as Huon de Bordeaux.

Huth-Merlin

A 13th C. Poem about the exploits of the wizard, Merlin. In some accounts, identified as Huth-Merlin, Suite de Merlin or Suite de Merlin.

Iphigénie

A play by Racine. Sometimes called Iphigénie.

Iphigénie en Aulide

An opera by Gluck dealing with the sacrificial death of Iphigenia. Before the departure of the Greek fleet for Troy. Also identified as Iphigénie en Aulide.

Jeschuté

Daughter of Lac. Sister of Brandiles and Erec. Wife of Orilus. Occasionally referred to as Jeschuté.

Joseph d'Arimathie

A 13th C. Story of Joseph of Arimathea and the Holy Grail, written by Robert de Boron. Also identified as Joseph d'Arimathie.

jumart

A monster, bull/mare or cow/stallion. In some references, referred to as jumart.

kerrighed

Devilish spirits in France. Called kerrighed, corrigan, corrigan, Coranieid, korrigan, korriganed, korrigan(ed), Corrigan or Corrigan.

Lancelin

A French version of Lancelot. Occasionally known as Lancelin.

Lancelot

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Languines

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Lanval

A 12th C. Poem by Marie de France. About the adventures of Launfal. Also known as Lanval.

Laquedom

The French version of Buttadeus. Referred to as Laquedom, Lakedion, Lakedion or Laquedon.

Le petit homme rouge

A house spirit of Normandy, a lutin. On occassion, known as Le petit homme rouge.

Livre d'Artus

A poem adding to Boron's Merlin. Also commonly called Livre d'Artus.

loublin

A werewolf said to frequent French. Cemeteries. In some lore, occasionally known as loublin, werewolf, werewolf, Chin-Grelin, Galipande, Gallou, Garelant, Gerulf, leperou, Neure, Neures, wairon, wehr wolf, werwolf, werwulff, Leperou, Liberou, versipelle, weht wolf or Haiti legerau.

lutin

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Macaire, Robert

In the story of Aubry's Dog, he was the murderer of Aubry. Referred to as Macaire, Robert, Macharijs, Macharijs or Macaire.

Magdelona

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Margot-la-Fée

A fairy of Brittany. Also known as Margot-la-Fée.

Martes

Fairies. These beings were described as largebreasted women living in the rocks. Also identified as Martes, Martines or Martines.

Mass of St Sécaire

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Melusine

A two-tailed mermaid. Occasionally known as Melusine, Melisande, Melisande, Melusina, Melusine or Melusine.

Meriadeuc

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Merlin

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Merveilles de Rigomer

A 13th C. Poem relating the adventures of Gawain and Lancelot. Sometimes identified as Merveilles de Rigomer.

Momur

The fairy realm ruled by Oberon. Sometimes identified as Momur.

Morois

The French name for Murias. In some references, known as Morois.

Mort Artu

A French version of the story of King Arthur. In some references, identified as Mort Artu.

Mule Sans Frein

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Nain Rouge

A house spirit, a lutin. On occassion, identified as Nain Rouge, Red Dwarf or Red Dwarf.

netun

An early name for a lutin. Also commonly referred to as netun, lutin, lutin or Le Cheval Bayard.

Nostradamus

(1503-1566). A doctor and astrologer who set himself up as a prophet. Occasionally called Nostradamus, Michel de Notre Dame, Michel de Notre Dame, Michel de Notredame or Michel de Notredame.

Ordin

The evil eye in Corsica. On occassion, known as Ordin, Italian jettatura, Italian jettatura or evil eye.

Paort

A shape-changing spirit in Brittany. Sometimes called Paort.

Paul et Virginie

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Perceforest

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Perceval

A 13th C. Story of Percival's adventures. Written by Boron. Also known as Perceval, Conte de Graal, Le, Conte de Graal, Le, Le Conte del Grail, Parsifal, Parsifal, Parsival, Parzifal, Percival, Perseval, Percival de Gales, Percival de Gales, Parzival, Perse(val), Dutch Perchevael, Welsh Peredur, Dodinel or Peredur.

Perlesvaus

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Phdre

A play by Racine telling the story of Phaedra and her step-son Hippolytus. In some accounts, referred to as Phdre, Phaedra, Phaedra, 'bright', Phaidra or Phedre.

Pierre

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Portzmach

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Prophecies de Merlin

A 13th C. Story about the works of the Arthurian magician. Sometimes identified as Prophecies de Merlin.

Prose Lancelot

A 13th C. Story about Lancelot. Also known as Prose Lancelot.

Prose Tristram

A 13th C. Story about Tristram and Isolde. Occasionally called Prose Tristram.

Queste del Sainte Graal

A 13th C. Story about Galahad and his. Quest for the Holy Grail. Sometimes referred to as Queste del Sainte Graal.

Racine, Jean

(1639-1699). A dramatist. He wrote Andromaque, Iphegnie and Phedre. In some lore, occasionally identified as Racine, Jean.

Raymond

Husband of Melisande. In some references, called Raymond, Raimond or Raimond.

Roman de Renard

The French version of Reynard the Fox. At times, identified as Roman de Renard.

Romance de Tristram, The

A 12th C. French version of the story of Tristram and Isolde, written by Beroul. In some accounts, known as Romance de Tristram, The.

Rosemonde

A princess loved by Faramon. At times, known as Rosemonde.

Saint-Secairé Mass

A form of black mass in Gascony, designed to kill an enemy. Occasionally identified as Saint-Secairé Mass.

Shaggy Beast

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Thur

The Norman name for the Norse god. Thor. On occassion, identified as Thur.

Wace, Robert

A 12th C. Norman poet, author of Roman de Brut. Also commonly called Wace, Robert.

White Lady

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Yvain

The French name for Owain. Occasionally known as Yvain.
French Mythology