French Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Andromaque

A play by Racine. In some lore, occasionally called Andromaque.

Ankou

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Atlantide, L'

The French name for Atlantis. Occasionally referred to as Atlantide, L'.

Aubry's dog

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Barrow of Death

A white-shrouded wheelbarrow. The sound of this barrow, led by a skeleton, is said, in Brittany, to portend death. Also referred to as Barrow of Death.

Bataille Loquifer

A French story of Renoart and Morgan. Le Fay. Sometimes referred to as Bataille Loquifer.

Beast of Canteraine

A French count who was said to have changed into a werewolf. In some lore, occasionally identified as Beast of Canteraine.

Beast of Havette

An evil spirit who drowned children. Also identified as Beast of Havette.

Beroul

A 12th C. Writer, author of The Romance of Tristan. At times, identified as Beroul.

Bestiaire d'Amour

A bestiary written by Richard. De Fournival. Sometimes known as Bestiaire d'Amour.

Bicorn

A monster in the form of a beast that eats good husbands. Also identified as Bicorn, Bicorne, Bicorne, Bycorne or Bycorne.

Bodilis

A fountain of virginity in Brittany. Also commonly called Bodilis.

bonnes dames

The fairies of the coast of Brittany. In some references, referred to as bonnes dames.

Boron, Robert de

A 13th C. Writer, author of Joseph d'Arimathie. At times, called Boron, Robert de.

cannered noz

Spirits in Brittany, said to wash their. Clothes in the rivers at night. Also identified as cannered noz.

Capalu

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chanson de geste

A narrative poem telling the story of a hero and his exploits. Occasionally identified as chanson de geste.

Chevrefeuil

A 12th C. Poem of Arthurian lore. Written by Marie de France. In some references, known as Chevrefeuil.

Chrétien de Troyes

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Claris and Laris

A 13th C. Story of these two friends and companions-in-arms. Also identified as Claris and Laris, Laris or Laris.

Cligés

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Conte de Graal, Le

An early Grail story by Chrétien. De Troyes. In some lore, occasionally known as Conte de Graal, Le, Le Conte del Grail, Le Conte del Grail, Conte de Graal, Perceval, Perceval, Parsifal or Percival de Gales.

corrigan

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Coulobre

A man-eating dragon. This beast is said to have been defeated by St Front or St Veran. Referred to as Coulobre, Ropotou, Ropotou, Wicked Spirit or Wicked Spirit.

Courechouse

The sword of King Ban. On occassion, called Courechouse.

Croquemitaine

An evil sprite or ugly monster. Also known as Croquemitaine.

Dame Blanche

A spirit said to be fond of horses. In some accounts she is equated with Melusine. Also commonly called Dame Blanche, Melusine, Melusine, Melisande, White Lady or White Lady.

Dame des Belles-Cousines

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Durmart le Gallois

A 13th C. French story of the hero. Durmart and his love for Fenice. Occasionally identified as Durmart le Gallois.

Enfances Gauvain

A 13th C. Poem about the exploits of Gawain. Also commonly identified as Enfances Gauvain.

Erec

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Erec et Enide

A 12th C. Story of Geraint and Enid, written by Chrétien de Troyes. Occasionally called Erec et Enide.

esprit follet

A goblin. In some accounts, identified as esprit follet.

Estoire del Sainte Graal

A 13th C. Story of the Holy Grail. On occassion, known as Estoire del Sainte Graal.

Estregales

The realm of Lac. In some lore, occasionally called Estregales.

Fables de Pilpay

The French version of the Panchatantra. Also referred to as Fables de Pilpay.

Faramon

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faudeur

An imp of wheat-stores in Brittany. Also commonly known as faudeur.

Fauvel

A centaur in a 14th C. Novel of the same name. Also referred to as Fauvel, Favel or Favel.

fée

A fairy. Also commonly referred to as fée.

féerie

Fairyland. Also referred to as féerie.

Fenice

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Filimenis

An emperor of Constantinople in the French version of the Arthurian legends. In some references, referred to as Filimenis.

Florete

Daughter of the emperor of Constantinople. Wife of Floriant. Sometimes known as Florete.

Floriant

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Floriant et Florete

A 13th C. Story of these two lovers. Occasionally known as Floriant et Florete.

Fournival, Richard de

A 13th C. Writer, author of Bestiare d'Amour. Also commonly identified as Fournival, Richard de.

France, Marie de

A 12th C. Poetess, author of Chevrefeuil and Lanval. In some lore, occasionally identified as France, Marie de.

Galand

The name for the smith, Wayland, in French stories. On occassion, referred to as Galand, German Wieland, German Wieland, Volund, Wayland, Norse Volund or Norse Volund.

Gargouille

A dragon living in the River Seine. It was said that this monster was killed by St Romanus in the seventh century. In some accounts, called Gargouille.

Garinter

A king of Brittany. Father of Elizena. Grandfather of Amadis. On occassion, known as Garinter.

Guido of Tours

The French version of Guy of Warwick. Called Guido of Tours.

Homme de bouc

A wood-sprite or fairy. Sometimes referred to as Homme de bouc, Basque Basa Jaun, Basque Basa Jaun, Roman Concordia, Roman Concordia or Aphrodite Pandemos.

Huard

A demon which misleads travellers in Brittany. In some references, called Huard.

Hunbaut

A 13th C. French poem about the exploits of Gawain and Hunbaut. Also referred to as Hunbaut.

Huon de Bordeaux

A 13th C. French poem relating to the adventures of Huon. Also called Huon de Bordeaux.

Huth-Merlin

A 13th C. Poem about the exploits of the wizard, Merlin. Sometimes called Huth-Merlin, Suite de Merlin or Suite de Merlin.

Iphigénie

A play by Racine. Occasionally called Iphigénie.

Iphigénie en Aulide

An opera by Gluck dealing with the sacrificial death of Iphigenia. Before the departure of the Greek fleet for Troy. At times, called Iphigénie en Aulide.

Jeschuté

Daughter of Lac. Sister of Brandiles and Erec. Wife of Orilus. Occasionally referred to as Jeschuté.

Joseph d'Arimathie

A 13th C. Story of Joseph of Arimathea and the Holy Grail, written by Robert de Boron. In some references, referred to as Joseph d'Arimathie.

jumart

A monster, bull/mare or cow/stallion. At times, referred to as jumart.

kerrighed

Devilish spirits in France. In some references, known as kerrighed, corrigan, corrigan, Coranieid, korrigan, korriganed, korrigan(ed), Corrigan or Corrigan.

Lancelin

A French version of Lancelot. In some lore, occasionally known as Lancelin.

Lancelot

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Languines

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Lanval

A 12th C. Poem by Marie de France. About the adventures of Launfal. In some references, known as Lanval.

Laquedom

The French version of Buttadeus. In some references, known as Laquedom, Lakedion, Lakedion or Laquedon.

Le petit homme rouge

A house spirit of Normandy, a lutin. Sometimes identified as Le petit homme rouge.

Livre d'Artus

A poem adding to Boron's Merlin. Known as Livre d'Artus.

loublin

A werewolf said to frequent French. Cemeteries. In some lore, occasionally identified as loublin, werewolf, werewolf, Chin-Grelin, Galipande, Gallou, Garelant, Gerulf, leperou, Neure, Neures, wairon, wehr wolf, werwolf, werwulff, Leperou, Liberou, versipelle, weht wolf or Haiti legerau.

lutin

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Macaire, Robert

In the story of Aubry's Dog, he was the murderer of Aubry. Also referred to as Macaire, Robert, Macharijs, Macharijs or Macaire.

Magdelona

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Margot-la-Fée

A fairy of Brittany. Called Margot-la-Fée.

Martes

Fairies. These beings were described as largebreasted women living in the rocks. Sometimes called Martes, Martines or Martines.

Mass of St Sécaire

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Melusine

A two-tailed mermaid. On occassion, identified as Melusine, Melisande, Melisande, Melusina, Melusine or Melusine.

Meriadeuc

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Merlin

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Merveilles de Rigomer

A 13th C. Poem relating the adventures of Gawain and Lancelot. In some references, called Merveilles de Rigomer.

Momur

The fairy realm ruled by Oberon. Also called Momur.

Morois

The French name for Murias. Sometimes referred to as Morois.

Mort Artu

A French version of the story of King Arthur. Occasionally referred to as Mort Artu.

Mule Sans Frein

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Nain Rouge

A house spirit, a lutin. Also commonly called Nain Rouge, Red Dwarf or Red Dwarf.

netun

An early name for a lutin. On occassion, referred to as netun, lutin, lutin or Le Cheval Bayard.

Nostradamus

(1503-1566). A doctor and astrologer who set himself up as a prophet. In some lore, occasionally known as Nostradamus, Michel de Notre Dame, Michel de Notre Dame, Michel de Notredame or Michel de Notredame.

Ordin

The evil eye in Corsica. In some references, identified as Ordin, Italian jettatura, Italian jettatura or evil eye.

Paort

A shape-changing spirit in Brittany. Also referred to as Paort.

Paul et Virginie

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Perceforest

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Perceval

A 13th C. Story of Percival's adventures. Written by Boron. On occassion, referred to as Perceval, Conte de Graal, Le, Conte de Graal, Le, Le Conte del Grail, Parsifal, Parsifal, Parsival, Parzifal, Percival, Perseval, Percival de Gales, Percival de Gales, Parzival, Perse(val), Dutch Perchevael, Welsh Peredur, Dodinel or Peredur.

Perlesvaus

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Phdre

A play by Racine telling the story of Phaedra and her step-son Hippolytus. In some references, known as Phdre, Phaedra, Phaedra, 'bright', Phaidra or Phedre.

Pierre

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Portzmach

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Prophecies de Merlin

A 13th C. Story about the works of the Arthurian magician. Also identified as Prophecies de Merlin.

Prose Lancelot

A 13th C. Story about Lancelot. In some accounts, referred to as Prose Lancelot.

Prose Tristram

A 13th C. Story about Tristram and Isolde. Also commonly referred to as Prose Tristram.

Queste del Sainte Graal

A 13th C. Story about Galahad and his. Quest for the Holy Grail. Occasionally identified as Queste del Sainte Graal.

Racine, Jean

(1639-1699). A dramatist. He wrote Andromaque, Iphegnie and Phedre. Called Racine, Jean.

Raymond

Husband of Melisande. Sometimes referred to as Raymond, Raimond or Raimond.

Roman de Renard

The French version of Reynard the Fox. In some accounts, identified as Roman de Renard.

Romance de Tristram, The

A 12th C. French version of the story of Tristram and Isolde, written by Beroul. Sometimes called Romance de Tristram, The.

Rosemonde

A princess loved by Faramon. In some references, known as Rosemonde.

Saint-Secairé Mass

A form of black mass in Gascony, designed to kill an enemy. At times, known as Saint-Secairé Mass.

Shaggy Beast

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Thur

The Norman name for the Norse god. Thor. On occassion, known as Thur.

Wace, Robert

A 12th C. Norman poet, author of Roman de Brut. Also known as Wace, Robert.

White Lady

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Yvain

The French name for Owain. Occasionally called Yvain.
French Mythology