French Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters


A play by Racine. At times, known as Andromaque.


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Atlantide, L'

The French name for Atlantis. Identified as Atlantide, L'.

Aubry's dog

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Barrow of Death

A white-shrouded wheelbarrow. The sound of this barrow, led by a skeleton, is said, in Brittany, to portend death. Called Barrow of Death.

Bataille Loquifer

A French story of Renoart and Morgan. Le Fay. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Bataille Loquifer.

Beast of Canteraine

A French count who was said to have changed into a werewolf. Sometimes known as Beast of Canteraine.

Beast of Havette

An evil spirit who drowned children. Also commonly identified as Beast of Havette.


A 12th C. Writer, author of The Romance of Tristan. Occasionally identified as Beroul.

Bestiaire d'Amour

A bestiary written by Richard. De Fournival. In some accounts, identified as Bestiaire d'Amour.


A monster in the form of a beast that eats good husbands. Sometimes known as Bicorn, Bicorne, Bicorne, Bycorne or Bycorne.


A fountain of virginity in Brittany. In some lore, occasionally known as Bodilis.

bonnes dames

The fairies of the coast of Brittany. Sometimes known as bonnes dames.

Boron, Robert de

A 13th C. Writer, author of Joseph d'Arimathie. In some accounts, referred to as Boron, Robert de.

cannered noz

Spirits in Brittany, said to wash their. Clothes in the rivers at night. In some references, called cannered noz.


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chanson de geste

A narrative poem telling the story of a hero and his exploits. In some accounts, known as chanson de geste.


A 12th C. Poem of Arthurian lore. Written by Marie de France. In some references, identified as Chevrefeuil.

Chrétien de Troyes

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Claris and Laris

A 13th C. Story of these two friends and companions-in-arms. On occassion, called Claris and Laris, Laris or Laris.


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Conte de Graal, Le

An early Grail story by Chrétien. De Troyes. Occasionally identified as Conte de Graal, Le, Le Conte del Grail, Le Conte del Grail, Conte de Graal, Perceval, Perceval, Parsifal or Percival de Gales.


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A man-eating dragon. This beast is said to have been defeated by St Front or St Veran. Also commonly known as Coulobre, Ropotou, Ropotou, Wicked Spirit or Wicked Spirit.


The sword of King Ban. Also referred to as Courechouse.


An evil sprite or ugly monster. At times, called Croquemitaine.

Dame Blanche

A spirit said to be fond of horses. In some accounts she is equated with Melusine. In some references, identified as Dame Blanche, Melusine, Melusine, Melisande, White Lady or White Lady.

Dame des Belles-Cousines

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Durmart le Gallois

A 13th C. French story of the hero. Durmart and his love for Fenice. Also commonly called Durmart le Gallois.

Enfances Gauvain

A 13th C. Poem about the exploits of Gawain. In some references, referred to as Enfances Gauvain.


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Erec et Enide

A 12th C. Story of Geraint and Enid, written by Chrétien de Troyes. Sometimes called Erec et Enide.

esprit follet

A goblin. In some accounts, called esprit follet.

Estoire del Sainte Graal

A 13th C. Story of the Holy Grail. Referred to as Estoire del Sainte Graal.


The realm of Lac. In some references, identified as Estregales.

Fables de Pilpay

The French version of the Panchatantra. Sometimes identified as Fables de Pilpay.


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An imp of wheat-stores in Brittany. Also commonly referred to as faudeur.


A centaur in a 14th C. Novel of the same name. Also commonly referred to as Fauvel, Favel or Favel.


A fairy. Also identified as fée.


Fairyland. Occasionally known as féerie.


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An emperor of Constantinople in the French version of the Arthurian legends. On occassion, identified as Filimenis.


Daughter of the emperor of Constantinople. Wife of Floriant. Also identified as Florete.


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Floriant et Florete

A 13th C. Story of these two lovers. Identified as Floriant et Florete.

Fournival, Richard de

A 13th C. Writer, author of Bestiare d'Amour. Also commonly identified as Fournival, Richard de.

France, Marie de

A 12th C. Poetess, author of Chevrefeuil and Lanval. At times, known as France, Marie de.


The name for the smith, Wayland, in French stories. Sometimes known as Galand, German Wieland, German Wieland, Volund, Wayland, Norse Volund or Norse Volund.


A dragon living in the River Seine. It was said that this monster was killed by St Romanus in the seventh century. At times, known as Gargouille.


A king of Brittany. Father of Elizena. Grandfather of Amadis. In some references, called Garinter.

Guido of Tours

The French version of Guy of Warwick. In some lore, occasionally identified as Guido of Tours.

Homme de bouc

A wood-sprite or fairy. Occasionally identified as Homme de bouc, Basque Basa Jaun, Basque Basa Jaun, Roman Concordia, Roman Concordia or Aphrodite Pandemos.


A demon which misleads travellers in Brittany. On occassion, identified as Huard.


A 13th C. French poem about the exploits of Gawain and Hunbaut. Occasionally identified as Hunbaut.

Huon de Bordeaux

A 13th C. French poem relating to the adventures of Huon. Identified as Huon de Bordeaux.


A 13th C. Poem about the exploits of the wizard, Merlin. Referred to as Huth-Merlin, Suite de Merlin or Suite de Merlin.


A play by Racine. In some accounts, known as Iphigénie.

Iphigénie en Aulide

An opera by Gluck dealing with the sacrificial death of Iphigenia. Before the departure of the Greek fleet for Troy. On occassion, known as Iphigénie en Aulide.


Daughter of Lac. Sister of Brandiles and Erec. Wife of Orilus. Sometimes identified as Jeschuté.

Joseph d'Arimathie

A 13th C. Story of Joseph of Arimathea and the Holy Grail, written by Robert de Boron. Sometimes called Joseph d'Arimathie.


A monster, bull/mare or cow/stallion. At times, known as jumart.


Devilish spirits in France. Sometimes called kerrighed, corrigan, corrigan, Coranieid, korrigan, korriganed, korrigan(ed), Corrigan or Corrigan.


A French version of Lancelot. Also known as Lancelin.


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A 12th C. Poem by Marie de France. About the adventures of Launfal. In some references, identified as Lanval.


The French version of Buttadeus. Also commonly known as Laquedom, Lakedion, Lakedion or Laquedon.

Le petit homme rouge

A house spirit of Normandy, a lutin. Also called Le petit homme rouge.

Livre d'Artus

A poem adding to Boron's Merlin. Occasionally identified as Livre d'Artus.


A werewolf said to frequent French. Cemeteries. Also called loublin, werewolf, werewolf, Chin-Grelin, Galipande, Gallou, Garelant, Gerulf, leperou, Neure, Neures, wairon, wehr wolf, werwolf, werwulff, Leperou, Liberou, versipelle, weht wolf or Haiti legerau.


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Macaire, Robert

In the story of Aubry's Dog, he was the murderer of Aubry. At times, known as Macaire, Robert, Macharijs, Macharijs or Macaire.


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A fairy of Brittany. Also known as Margot-la-Fée.


Fairies. These beings were described as largebreasted women living in the rocks. Occasionally called Martes, Martines or Martines.

Mass of St Sécaire

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A two-tailed mermaid. In some references, called Melusine, Melisande, Melisande, Melusina, Melusine or Melusine.


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Merveilles de Rigomer

A 13th C. Poem relating the adventures of Gawain and Lancelot. In some references, known as Merveilles de Rigomer.


The fairy realm ruled by Oberon. In some lore, occasionally called Momur.


The French name for Murias. Occasionally called Morois.

Mort Artu

A French version of the story of King Arthur. On occassion, referred to as Mort Artu.

Mule Sans Frein

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Nain Rouge

A house spirit, a lutin. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Nain Rouge, Red Dwarf or Red Dwarf.


An early name for a lutin. Occasionally referred to as netun, lutin, lutin or Le Cheval Bayard.


(1503-1566). A doctor and astrologer who set himself up as a prophet. On occassion, called Nostradamus, Michel de Notre Dame, Michel de Notre Dame, Michel de Notredame or Michel de Notredame.


The evil eye in Corsica. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Ordin, Italian jettatura, Italian jettatura or evil eye.


A shape-changing spirit in Brittany. Also referred to as Paort.

Paul et Virginie

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A 13th C. Story of Percival's adventures. Written by Boron. Sometimes identified as Perceval, Conte de Graal, Le, Conte de Graal, Le, Le Conte del Grail, Parsifal, Parsifal, Parsival, Parzifal, Percival, Perseval, Percival de Gales, Percival de Gales, Parzival, Perse(val), Dutch Perchevael, Welsh Peredur, Dodinel or Peredur.


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A play by Racine telling the story of Phaedra and her step-son Hippolytus. In some references, called Phdre, Phaedra, Phaedra, 'bright', Phaidra or Phedre.


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Prophecies de Merlin

A 13th C. Story about the works of the Arthurian magician. Known as Prophecies de Merlin.

Prose Lancelot

A 13th C. Story about Lancelot. Also called Prose Lancelot.

Prose Tristram

A 13th C. Story about Tristram and Isolde. Also known as Prose Tristram.

Queste del Sainte Graal

A 13th C. Story about Galahad and his. Quest for the Holy Grail. Occasionally referred to as Queste del Sainte Graal.

Racine, Jean

(1639-1699). A dramatist. He wrote Andromaque, Iphegnie and Phedre. Also called Racine, Jean.


Husband of Melisande. On occassion, referred to as Raymond, Raimond or Raimond.

Roman de Renard

The French version of Reynard the Fox. On occassion, called Roman de Renard.

Romance de Tristram, The

A 12th C. French version of the story of Tristram and Isolde, written by Beroul. Sometimes known as Romance de Tristram, The.


A princess loved by Faramon. Occasionally called Rosemonde.

Saint-Secairé Mass

A form of black mass in Gascony, designed to kill an enemy. Occasionally referred to as Saint-Secairé Mass.

Shaggy Beast

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The Norman name for the Norse god. Thor. Occasionally called Thur.

Wace, Robert

A 12th C. Norman poet, author of Roman de Brut. Occasionally called Wace, Robert.

White Lady

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The French name for Owain. Sometimes known as Yvain.
French Mythology