French Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters


A play by Racine. Sometimes known as Andromaque.


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Atlantide, L'

The French name for Atlantis. Also identified as Atlantide, L'.

Aubry's dog

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Barrow of Death

A white-shrouded wheelbarrow. The sound of this barrow, led by a skeleton, is said, in Brittany, to portend death. Also commonly known as Barrow of Death.

Bataille Loquifer

A French story of Renoart and Morgan. Le Fay. Occasionally called Bataille Loquifer.

Beast of Canteraine

A French count who was said to have changed into a werewolf. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Beast of Canteraine.

Beast of Havette

An evil spirit who drowned children. In some lore, occasionally called Beast of Havette.


A 12th C. Writer, author of The Romance of Tristan. In some references, referred to as Beroul.

Bestiaire d'Amour

A bestiary written by Richard. De Fournival. In some lore, occasionally identified as Bestiaire d'Amour.


A monster in the form of a beast that eats good husbands. Identified as Bicorn, Bicorne, Bicorne, Bycorne or Bycorne.


A fountain of virginity in Brittany. Sometimes called Bodilis.

bonnes dames

The fairies of the coast of Brittany. Also known as bonnes dames.

Boron, Robert de

A 13th C. Writer, author of Joseph d'Arimathie. Also identified as Boron, Robert de.

cannered noz

Spirits in Brittany, said to wash their. Clothes in the rivers at night. Also commonly known as cannered noz.


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chanson de geste

A narrative poem telling the story of a hero and his exploits. In some lore, occasionally called chanson de geste.


A 12th C. Poem of Arthurian lore. Written by Marie de France. Referred to as Chevrefeuil.

Chrétien de Troyes

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Claris and Laris

A 13th C. Story of these two friends and companions-in-arms. Also called Claris and Laris, Laris or Laris.


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Conte de Graal, Le

An early Grail story by Chrétien. De Troyes. In some accounts, called Conte de Graal, Le, Le Conte del Grail, Le Conte del Grail, Conte de Graal, Perceval, Perceval, Parsifal or Percival de Gales.


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A man-eating dragon. This beast is said to have been defeated by St Front or St Veran. Sometimes referred to as Coulobre, Ropotou, Ropotou, Wicked Spirit or Wicked Spirit.


The sword of King Ban. In some references, identified as Courechouse.


An evil sprite or ugly monster. Also commonly identified as Croquemitaine.

Dame Blanche

A spirit said to be fond of horses. In some accounts she is equated with Melusine. Also referred to as Dame Blanche, Melusine, Melusine, Melisande, White Lady or White Lady.

Dame des Belles-Cousines

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Durmart le Gallois

A 13th C. French story of the hero. Durmart and his love for Fenice. Also commonly referred to as Durmart le Gallois.

Enfances Gauvain

A 13th C. Poem about the exploits of Gawain. Occasionally called Enfances Gauvain.


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Erec et Enide

A 12th C. Story of Geraint and Enid, written by Chrétien de Troyes. Known as Erec et Enide.

esprit follet

A goblin. Also called esprit follet.

Estoire del Sainte Graal

A 13th C. Story of the Holy Grail. In some references, called Estoire del Sainte Graal.


The realm of Lac. Identified as Estregales.

Fables de Pilpay

The French version of the Panchatantra. Also commonly called Fables de Pilpay.


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An imp of wheat-stores in Brittany. At times, called faudeur.


A centaur in a 14th C. Novel of the same name. On occassion, identified as Fauvel, Favel or Favel.


A fairy. Sometimes identified as fée.


Fairyland. Also commonly referred to as féerie.


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An emperor of Constantinople in the French version of the Arthurian legends. Also known as Filimenis.


Daughter of the emperor of Constantinople. Wife of Floriant. Also referred to as Florete.


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Floriant et Florete

A 13th C. Story of these two lovers. Occasionally called Floriant et Florete.

Fournival, Richard de

A 13th C. Writer, author of Bestiare d'Amour. In some references, known as Fournival, Richard de.

France, Marie de

A 12th C. Poetess, author of Chevrefeuil and Lanval. At times, referred to as France, Marie de.


The name for the smith, Wayland, in French stories. At times, referred to as Galand, German Wieland, German Wieland, Volund, Wayland, Norse Volund or Norse Volund.


A dragon living in the River Seine. It was said that this monster was killed by St Romanus in the seventh century. Occasionally known as Gargouille.


A king of Brittany. Father of Elizena. Grandfather of Amadis. At times, known as Garinter.

Guido of Tours

The French version of Guy of Warwick. Also known as Guido of Tours.

Homme de bouc

A wood-sprite or fairy. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Homme de bouc, Basque Basa Jaun, Basque Basa Jaun, Roman Concordia, Roman Concordia or Aphrodite Pandemos.


A demon which misleads travellers in Brittany. Occasionally called Huard.


A 13th C. French poem about the exploits of Gawain and Hunbaut. Occasionally referred to as Hunbaut.

Huon de Bordeaux

A 13th C. French poem relating to the adventures of Huon. Occasionally called Huon de Bordeaux.


A 13th C. Poem about the exploits of the wizard, Merlin. In some lore, occasionally identified as Huth-Merlin, Suite de Merlin or Suite de Merlin.


A play by Racine. Also referred to as Iphigénie.

Iphigénie en Aulide

An opera by Gluck dealing with the sacrificial death of Iphigenia. Before the departure of the Greek fleet for Troy. Called Iphigénie en Aulide.


Daughter of Lac. Sister of Brandiles and Erec. Wife of Orilus. On occassion, referred to as Jeschuté.

Joseph d'Arimathie

A 13th C. Story of Joseph of Arimathea and the Holy Grail, written by Robert de Boron. Sometimes referred to as Joseph d'Arimathie.


A monster, bull/mare or cow/stallion. At times, called jumart.


Devilish spirits in France. In some accounts, called kerrighed, corrigan, corrigan, Coranieid, korrigan, korriganed, korrigan(ed), Corrigan or Corrigan.


A French version of Lancelot. Occasionally called Lancelin.


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A 12th C. Poem by Marie de France. About the adventures of Launfal. Occasionally identified as Lanval.


The French version of Buttadeus. Also referred to as Laquedom, Lakedion, Lakedion or Laquedon.

Le petit homme rouge

A house spirit of Normandy, a lutin. Occasionally referred to as Le petit homme rouge.

Livre d'Artus

A poem adding to Boron's Merlin. On occassion, known as Livre d'Artus.


A werewolf said to frequent French. Cemeteries. Sometimes referred to as loublin, werewolf, werewolf, Chin-Grelin, Galipande, Gallou, Garelant, Gerulf, leperou, Neure, Neures, wairon, wehr wolf, werwolf, werwulff, Leperou, Liberou, versipelle, weht wolf or Haiti legerau.


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Macaire, Robert

In the story of Aubry's Dog, he was the murderer of Aubry. In some accounts, identified as Macaire, Robert, Macharijs, Macharijs or Macaire.


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A fairy of Brittany. Sometimes called Margot-la-Fée.


Fairies. These beings were described as largebreasted women living in the rocks. Also called Martes, Martines or Martines.

Mass of St Sécaire

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A two-tailed mermaid. Also commonly called Melusine, Melisande, Melisande, Melusina, Melusine or Melusine.


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Merveilles de Rigomer

A 13th C. Poem relating the adventures of Gawain and Lancelot. Occasionally called Merveilles de Rigomer.


The fairy realm ruled by Oberon. Occasionally referred to as Momur.


The French name for Murias. Occasionally identified as Morois.

Mort Artu

A French version of the story of King Arthur. Sometimes referred to as Mort Artu.

Mule Sans Frein

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Nain Rouge

A house spirit, a lutin. Also referred to as Nain Rouge, Red Dwarf or Red Dwarf.


An early name for a lutin. Occasionally known as netun, lutin, lutin or Le Cheval Bayard.


(1503-1566). A doctor and astrologer who set himself up as a prophet. At times, referred to as Nostradamus, Michel de Notre Dame, Michel de Notre Dame, Michel de Notredame or Michel de Notredame.


The evil eye in Corsica. Occasionally identified as Ordin, Italian jettatura, Italian jettatura or evil eye.


A shape-changing spirit in Brittany. Also commonly referred to as Paort.

Paul et Virginie

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A 13th C. Story of Percival's adventures. Written by Boron. In some lore, occasionally identified as Perceval, Conte de Graal, Le, Conte de Graal, Le, Le Conte del Grail, Parsifal, Parsifal, Parsival, Parzifal, Percival, Perseval, Percival de Gales, Percival de Gales, Parzival, Perse(val), Dutch Perchevael, Welsh Peredur, Dodinel or Peredur.


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A play by Racine telling the story of Phaedra and her step-son Hippolytus. At times, called Phdre, Phaedra, Phaedra, 'bright', Phaidra or Phedre.


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Prophecies de Merlin

A 13th C. Story about the works of the Arthurian magician. Also called Prophecies de Merlin.

Prose Lancelot

A 13th C. Story about Lancelot. Also known as Prose Lancelot.

Prose Tristram

A 13th C. Story about Tristram and Isolde. In some accounts, called Prose Tristram.

Queste del Sainte Graal

A 13th C. Story about Galahad and his. Quest for the Holy Grail. Referred to as Queste del Sainte Graal.

Racine, Jean

(1639-1699). A dramatist. He wrote Andromaque, Iphegnie and Phedre. At times, known as Racine, Jean.


Husband of Melisande. Sometimes referred to as Raymond, Raimond or Raimond.

Roman de Renard

The French version of Reynard the Fox. On occassion, identified as Roman de Renard.

Romance de Tristram, The

A 12th C. French version of the story of Tristram and Isolde, written by Beroul. Also referred to as Romance de Tristram, The.


A princess loved by Faramon. Also called Rosemonde.

Saint-Secairé Mass

A form of black mass in Gascony, designed to kill an enemy. Sometimes known as Saint-Secairé Mass.

Shaggy Beast

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The Norman name for the Norse god. Thor. Referred to as Thur.

Wace, Robert

A 12th C. Norman poet, author of Roman de Brut. On occassion, known as Wace, Robert.

White Lady

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The French name for Owain. In some references, identified as Yvain.
French Mythology