French Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Andromaque

A play by Racine. In some lore, occasionally known as Andromaque.

Ankou

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Atlantide, L'

The French name for Atlantis. Also known as Atlantide, L'.

Aubry's dog

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Barrow of Death

A white-shrouded wheelbarrow. The sound of this barrow, led by a skeleton, is said, in Brittany, to portend death. Occasionally identified as Barrow of Death.

Bataille Loquifer

A French story of Renoart and Morgan. Le Fay. Sometimes known as Bataille Loquifer.

Beast of Canteraine

A French count who was said to have changed into a werewolf. In some references, called Beast of Canteraine.

Beast of Havette

An evil spirit who drowned children. Sometimes identified as Beast of Havette.

Beroul

A 12th C. Writer, author of The Romance of Tristan. On occassion, known as Beroul.

Bestiaire d'Amour

A bestiary written by Richard. De Fournival. Sometimes identified as Bestiaire d'Amour.

Bicorn

A monster in the form of a beast that eats good husbands. In some references, identified as Bicorn, Bicorne, Bicorne, Bycorne or Bycorne.

Bodilis

A fountain of virginity in Brittany. Also referred to as Bodilis.

bonnes dames

The fairies of the coast of Brittany. Occasionally called bonnes dames.

Boron, Robert de

A 13th C. Writer, author of Joseph d'Arimathie. Occasionally known as Boron, Robert de.

cannered noz

Spirits in Brittany, said to wash their. Clothes in the rivers at night. Sometimes referred to as cannered noz.

Capalu

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chanson de geste

A narrative poem telling the story of a hero and his exploits. Occasionally referred to as chanson de geste.

Chevrefeuil

A 12th C. Poem of Arthurian lore. Written by Marie de France. Occasionally called Chevrefeuil.

Chrétien de Troyes

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Claris and Laris

A 13th C. Story of these two friends and companions-in-arms. Sometimes called Claris and Laris, Laris or Laris.

Cligés

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Conte de Graal, Le

An early Grail story by Chrétien. De Troyes. Known as Conte de Graal, Le, Le Conte del Grail, Le Conte del Grail, Conte de Graal, Perceval, Perceval, Parsifal or Percival de Gales.

corrigan

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Coulobre

A man-eating dragon. This beast is said to have been defeated by St Front or St Veran. Also known as Coulobre, Ropotou, Ropotou, Wicked Spirit or Wicked Spirit.

Courechouse

The sword of King Ban. Occasionally known as Courechouse.

Croquemitaine

An evil sprite or ugly monster. Also commonly called Croquemitaine.

Dame Blanche

A spirit said to be fond of horses. In some accounts she is equated with Melusine. Known as Dame Blanche, Melusine, Melusine, Melisande, White Lady or White Lady.

Dame des Belles-Cousines

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Durmart le Gallois

A 13th C. French story of the hero. Durmart and his love for Fenice. Also identified as Durmart le Gallois.

Enfances Gauvain

A 13th C. Poem about the exploits of Gawain. Also commonly known as Enfances Gauvain.

Erec

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Erec et Enide

A 12th C. Story of Geraint and Enid, written by Chrétien de Troyes. On occassion, referred to as Erec et Enide.

esprit follet

A goblin. Sometimes identified as esprit follet.

Estoire del Sainte Graal

A 13th C. Story of the Holy Grail. Also identified as Estoire del Sainte Graal.

Estregales

The realm of Lac. Also identified as Estregales.

Fables de Pilpay

The French version of the Panchatantra. Occasionally known as Fables de Pilpay.

Faramon

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faudeur

An imp of wheat-stores in Brittany. In some lore, occasionally referred to as faudeur.

Fauvel

A centaur in a 14th C. Novel of the same name. At times, known as Fauvel, Favel or Favel.

fée

A fairy. Occasionally referred to as fée.

féerie

Fairyland. In some lore, occasionally known as féerie.

Fenice

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Filimenis

An emperor of Constantinople in the French version of the Arthurian legends. At times, referred to as Filimenis.

Florete

Daughter of the emperor of Constantinople. Wife of Floriant. Also referred to as Florete.

Floriant

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Floriant et Florete

A 13th C. Story of these two lovers. On occassion, called Floriant et Florete.

Fournival, Richard de

A 13th C. Writer, author of Bestiare d'Amour. Occasionally identified as Fournival, Richard de.

France, Marie de

A 12th C. Poetess, author of Chevrefeuil and Lanval. Also known as France, Marie de.

Galand

The name for the smith, Wayland, in French stories. Occasionally called Galand, German Wieland, German Wieland, Volund, Wayland, Norse Volund or Norse Volund.

Gargouille

A dragon living in the River Seine. It was said that this monster was killed by St Romanus in the seventh century. Also called Gargouille.

Garinter

A king of Brittany. Father of Elizena. Grandfather of Amadis. Occasionally known as Garinter.

Guido of Tours

The French version of Guy of Warwick. Also identified as Guido of Tours.

Homme de bouc

A wood-sprite or fairy. Sometimes called Homme de bouc, Basque Basa Jaun, Basque Basa Jaun, Roman Concordia, Roman Concordia or Aphrodite Pandemos.

Huard

A demon which misleads travellers in Brittany. Occasionally identified as Huard.

Hunbaut

A 13th C. French poem about the exploits of Gawain and Hunbaut. In some accounts, known as Hunbaut.

Huon de Bordeaux

A 13th C. French poem relating to the adventures of Huon. In some lore, occasionally called Huon de Bordeaux.

Huth-Merlin

A 13th C. Poem about the exploits of the wizard, Merlin. Also called Huth-Merlin, Suite de Merlin or Suite de Merlin.

Iphigénie

A play by Racine. Occasionally referred to as Iphigénie.

Iphigénie en Aulide

An opera by Gluck dealing with the sacrificial death of Iphigenia. Before the departure of the Greek fleet for Troy. Referred to as Iphigénie en Aulide.

Jeschuté

Daughter of Lac. Sister of Brandiles and Erec. Wife of Orilus. Also commonly referred to as Jeschuté.

Joseph d'Arimathie

A 13th C. Story of Joseph of Arimathea and the Holy Grail, written by Robert de Boron. Sometimes referred to as Joseph d'Arimathie.

jumart

A monster, bull/mare or cow/stallion. Occasionally identified as jumart.

kerrighed

Devilish spirits in France. In some accounts, identified as kerrighed, corrigan, corrigan, Coranieid, korrigan, korriganed, korrigan(ed), Corrigan or Corrigan.

Lancelin

A French version of Lancelot. Sometimes called Lancelin.

Lancelot

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Languines

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Lanval

A 12th C. Poem by Marie de France. About the adventures of Launfal. Also known as Lanval.

Laquedom

The French version of Buttadeus. On occassion, known as Laquedom, Lakedion, Lakedion or Laquedon.

Le petit homme rouge

A house spirit of Normandy, a lutin. Also identified as Le petit homme rouge.

Livre d'Artus

A poem adding to Boron's Merlin. Occasionally called Livre d'Artus.

loublin

A werewolf said to frequent French. Cemeteries. Also referred to as loublin, werewolf, werewolf, Chin-Grelin, Galipande, Gallou, Garelant, Gerulf, leperou, Neure, Neures, wairon, wehr wolf, werwolf, werwulff, Leperou, Liberou, versipelle, weht wolf or Haiti legerau.

lutin

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Macaire, Robert

In the story of Aubry's Dog, he was the murderer of Aubry. Sometimes referred to as Macaire, Robert, Macharijs, Macharijs or Macaire.

Magdelona

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Margot-la-Fée

A fairy of Brittany. On occassion, called Margot-la-Fée.

Martes

Fairies. These beings were described as largebreasted women living in the rocks. Occasionally identified as Martes, Martines or Martines.

Mass of St Sécaire

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Melusine

A two-tailed mermaid. On occassion, referred to as Melusine, Melisande, Melisande, Melusina, Melusine or Melusine.

Meriadeuc

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Merlin

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Merveilles de Rigomer

A 13th C. Poem relating the adventures of Gawain and Lancelot. In some references, identified as Merveilles de Rigomer.

Momur

The fairy realm ruled by Oberon. Also referred to as Momur.

Morois

The French name for Murias. In some lore, occasionally known as Morois.

Mort Artu

A French version of the story of King Arthur. Also known as Mort Artu.

Mule Sans Frein

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Nain Rouge

A house spirit, a lutin. Sometimes referred to as Nain Rouge, Red Dwarf or Red Dwarf.

netun

An early name for a lutin. Sometimes identified as netun, lutin, lutin or Le Cheval Bayard.

Nostradamus

(1503-1566). A doctor and astrologer who set himself up as a prophet. Occasionally called Nostradamus, Michel de Notre Dame, Michel de Notre Dame, Michel de Notredame or Michel de Notredame.

Ordin

The evil eye in Corsica. Sometimes referred to as Ordin, Italian jettatura, Italian jettatura or evil eye.

Paort

A shape-changing spirit in Brittany. Also known as Paort.

Paul et Virginie

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Perceforest

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Perceval

A 13th C. Story of Percival's adventures. Written by Boron. Also known as Perceval, Conte de Graal, Le, Conte de Graal, Le, Le Conte del Grail, Parsifal, Parsifal, Parsival, Parzifal, Percival, Perseval, Percival de Gales, Percival de Gales, Parzival, Perse(val), Dutch Perchevael, Welsh Peredur, Dodinel or Peredur.

Perlesvaus

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Phdre

A play by Racine telling the story of Phaedra and her step-son Hippolytus. Called Phdre, Phaedra, Phaedra, 'bright', Phaidra or Phedre.

Pierre

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Portzmach

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Prophecies de Merlin

A 13th C. Story about the works of the Arthurian magician. In some accounts, called Prophecies de Merlin.

Prose Lancelot

A 13th C. Story about Lancelot. Sometimes known as Prose Lancelot.

Prose Tristram

A 13th C. Story about Tristram and Isolde. At times, identified as Prose Tristram.

Queste del Sainte Graal

A 13th C. Story about Galahad and his. Quest for the Holy Grail. Sometimes called Queste del Sainte Graal.

Racine, Jean

(1639-1699). A dramatist. He wrote Andromaque, Iphegnie and Phedre. In some references, referred to as Racine, Jean.

Raymond

Husband of Melisande. Also referred to as Raymond, Raimond or Raimond.

Roman de Renard

The French version of Reynard the Fox. Sometimes referred to as Roman de Renard.

Romance de Tristram, The

A 12th C. French version of the story of Tristram and Isolde, written by Beroul. At times, known as Romance de Tristram, The.

Rosemonde

A princess loved by Faramon. On occassion, referred to as Rosemonde.

Saint-Secairé Mass

A form of black mass in Gascony, designed to kill an enemy. On occassion, referred to as Saint-Secairé Mass.

Shaggy Beast

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Thur

The Norman name for the Norse god. Thor. In some accounts, referred to as Thur.

Wace, Robert

A 12th C. Norman poet, author of Roman de Brut. Occasionally referred to as Wace, Robert.

White Lady

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Yvain

The French name for Owain. Sometimes known as Yvain.
French Mythology