French Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Andromaque

A play by Racine. On occassion, identified as Andromaque.

Ankou

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Atlantide, L'

The French name for Atlantis. Also commonly identified as Atlantide, L'.

Aubry's dog

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Barrow of Death

A white-shrouded wheelbarrow. The sound of this barrow, led by a skeleton, is said, in Brittany, to portend death. Also known as Barrow of Death.

Bataille Loquifer

A French story of Renoart and Morgan. Le Fay. Also known as Bataille Loquifer.

Beast of Canteraine

A French count who was said to have changed into a werewolf. Sometimes known as Beast of Canteraine.

Beast of Havette

An evil spirit who drowned children. At times, called Beast of Havette.

Beroul

A 12th C. Writer, author of The Romance of Tristan. In some accounts, called Beroul.

Bestiaire d'Amour

A bestiary written by Richard. De Fournival. Occasionally referred to as Bestiaire d'Amour.

Bicorn

A monster in the form of a beast that eats good husbands. Also commonly known as Bicorn, Bicorne, Bicorne, Bycorne or Bycorne.

Bodilis

A fountain of virginity in Brittany. In some references, called Bodilis.

bonnes dames

The fairies of the coast of Brittany. Sometimes identified as bonnes dames.

Boron, Robert de

A 13th C. Writer, author of Joseph d'Arimathie. At times, known as Boron, Robert de.

cannered noz

Spirits in Brittany, said to wash their. Clothes in the rivers at night. On occassion, referred to as cannered noz.

Capalu

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chanson de geste

A narrative poem telling the story of a hero and his exploits. Also commonly identified as chanson de geste.

Chevrefeuil

A 12th C. Poem of Arthurian lore. Written by Marie de France. In some references, known as Chevrefeuil.

Chrétien de Troyes

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Claris and Laris

A 13th C. Story of these two friends and companions-in-arms. In some references, known as Claris and Laris, Laris or Laris.

Cligés

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Conte de Graal, Le

An early Grail story by Chrétien. De Troyes. Occasionally referred to as Conte de Graal, Le, Le Conte del Grail, Le Conte del Grail, Conte de Graal, Perceval, Perceval, Parsifal or Percival de Gales.

corrigan

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Coulobre

A man-eating dragon. This beast is said to have been defeated by St Front or St Veran. At times, known as Coulobre, Ropotou, Ropotou, Wicked Spirit or Wicked Spirit.

Courechouse

The sword of King Ban. On occassion, identified as Courechouse.

Croquemitaine

An evil sprite or ugly monster. Sometimes referred to as Croquemitaine.

Dame Blanche

A spirit said to be fond of horses. In some accounts she is equated with Melusine. Also commonly identified as Dame Blanche, Melusine, Melusine, Melisande, White Lady or White Lady.

Dame des Belles-Cousines

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Durmart le Gallois

A 13th C. French story of the hero. Durmart and his love for Fenice. Sometimes referred to as Durmart le Gallois.

Enfances Gauvain

A 13th C. Poem about the exploits of Gawain. Sometimes identified as Enfances Gauvain.

Erec

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Erec et Enide

A 12th C. Story of Geraint and Enid, written by Chrétien de Troyes. Sometimes known as Erec et Enide.

esprit follet

A goblin. Sometimes referred to as esprit follet.

Estoire del Sainte Graal

A 13th C. Story of the Holy Grail. In some lore, occasionally identified as Estoire del Sainte Graal.

Estregales

The realm of Lac. Known as Estregales.

Fables de Pilpay

The French version of the Panchatantra. Sometimes identified as Fables de Pilpay.

Faramon

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faudeur

An imp of wheat-stores in Brittany. Occasionally known as faudeur.

Fauvel

A centaur in a 14th C. Novel of the same name. Occasionally called Fauvel, Favel or Favel.

fée

A fairy. Sometimes called fée.

féerie

Fairyland. Also identified as féerie.

Fenice

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Filimenis

An emperor of Constantinople in the French version of the Arthurian legends. Occasionally identified as Filimenis.

Florete

Daughter of the emperor of Constantinople. Wife of Floriant. On occassion, called Florete.

Floriant

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Floriant et Florete

A 13th C. Story of these two lovers. Occasionally referred to as Floriant et Florete.

Fournival, Richard de

A 13th C. Writer, author of Bestiare d'Amour. Sometimes identified as Fournival, Richard de.

France, Marie de

A 12th C. Poetess, author of Chevrefeuil and Lanval. Identified as France, Marie de.

Galand

The name for the smith, Wayland, in French stories. In some lore, occasionally called Galand, German Wieland, German Wieland, Volund, Wayland, Norse Volund or Norse Volund.

Gargouille

A dragon living in the River Seine. It was said that this monster was killed by St Romanus in the seventh century. On occassion, called Gargouille.

Garinter

A king of Brittany. Father of Elizena. Grandfather of Amadis. Referred to as Garinter.

Guido of Tours

The French version of Guy of Warwick. Occasionally identified as Guido of Tours.

Homme de bouc

A wood-sprite or fairy. In some references, known as Homme de bouc, Basque Basa Jaun, Basque Basa Jaun, Roman Concordia, Roman Concordia or Aphrodite Pandemos.

Huard

A demon which misleads travellers in Brittany. Occasionally called Huard.

Hunbaut

A 13th C. French poem about the exploits of Gawain and Hunbaut. Sometimes referred to as Hunbaut.

Huon de Bordeaux

A 13th C. French poem relating to the adventures of Huon. In some lore, occasionally identified as Huon de Bordeaux.

Huth-Merlin

A 13th C. Poem about the exploits of the wizard, Merlin. At times, called Huth-Merlin, Suite de Merlin or Suite de Merlin.

Iphigénie

A play by Racine. Sometimes identified as Iphigénie.

Iphigénie en Aulide

An opera by Gluck dealing with the sacrificial death of Iphigenia. Before the departure of the Greek fleet for Troy. Also commonly referred to as Iphigénie en Aulide.

Jeschuté

Daughter of Lac. Sister of Brandiles and Erec. Wife of Orilus. Occasionally referred to as Jeschuté.

Joseph d'Arimathie

A 13th C. Story of Joseph of Arimathea and the Holy Grail, written by Robert de Boron. Sometimes referred to as Joseph d'Arimathie.

jumart

A monster, bull/mare or cow/stallion. Also identified as jumart.

kerrighed

Devilish spirits in France. In some lore, occasionally referred to as kerrighed, corrigan, corrigan, Coranieid, korrigan, korriganed, korrigan(ed), Corrigan or Corrigan.

Lancelin

A French version of Lancelot. Occasionally identified as Lancelin.

Lancelot

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Languines

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Lanval

A 12th C. Poem by Marie de France. About the adventures of Launfal. Occasionally called Lanval.

Laquedom

The French version of Buttadeus. Also known as Laquedom, Lakedion, Lakedion or Laquedon.

Le petit homme rouge

A house spirit of Normandy, a lutin. Occasionally known as Le petit homme rouge.

Livre d'Artus

A poem adding to Boron's Merlin. Occasionally called Livre d'Artus.

loublin

A werewolf said to frequent French. Cemeteries. Also commonly referred to as loublin, werewolf, werewolf, Chin-Grelin, Galipande, Gallou, Garelant, Gerulf, leperou, Neure, Neures, wairon, wehr wolf, werwolf, werwulff, Leperou, Liberou, versipelle, weht wolf or Haiti legerau.

lutin

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Macaire, Robert

In the story of Aubry's Dog, he was the murderer of Aubry. At times, known as Macaire, Robert, Macharijs, Macharijs or Macaire.

Magdelona

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Margot-la-Fée

A fairy of Brittany. Sometimes known as Margot-la-Fée.

Martes

Fairies. These beings were described as largebreasted women living in the rocks. Occasionally identified as Martes, Martines or Martines.

Mass of St Sécaire

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Melusine

A two-tailed mermaid. In some references, identified as Melusine, Melisande, Melisande, Melusina, Melusine or Melusine.

Meriadeuc

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Merlin

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Merveilles de Rigomer

A 13th C. Poem relating the adventures of Gawain and Lancelot. In some accounts, referred to as Merveilles de Rigomer.

Momur

The fairy realm ruled by Oberon. In some lore, occasionally called Momur.

Morois

The French name for Murias. Also commonly called Morois.

Mort Artu

A French version of the story of King Arthur. Sometimes called Mort Artu.

Mule Sans Frein

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Nain Rouge

A house spirit, a lutin. Also called Nain Rouge, Red Dwarf or Red Dwarf.

netun

An early name for a lutin. Occasionally known as netun, lutin, lutin or Le Cheval Bayard.

Nostradamus

(1503-1566). A doctor and astrologer who set himself up as a prophet. Also commonly referred to as Nostradamus, Michel de Notre Dame, Michel de Notre Dame, Michel de Notredame or Michel de Notredame.

Ordin

The evil eye in Corsica. Known as Ordin, Italian jettatura, Italian jettatura or evil eye.

Paort

A shape-changing spirit in Brittany. On occassion, known as Paort.

Paul et Virginie

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Perceforest

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Perceval

A 13th C. Story of Percival's adventures. Written by Boron. Also called Perceval, Conte de Graal, Le, Conte de Graal, Le, Le Conte del Grail, Parsifal, Parsifal, Parsival, Parzifal, Percival, Perseval, Percival de Gales, Percival de Gales, Parzival, Perse(val), Dutch Perchevael, Welsh Peredur, Dodinel or Peredur.

Perlesvaus

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Phdre

A play by Racine telling the story of Phaedra and her step-son Hippolytus. In some references, called Phdre, Phaedra, Phaedra, 'bright', Phaidra or Phedre.

Pierre

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Portzmach

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Prophecies de Merlin

A 13th C. Story about the works of the Arthurian magician. Occasionally known as Prophecies de Merlin.

Prose Lancelot

A 13th C. Story about Lancelot. Identified as Prose Lancelot.

Prose Tristram

A 13th C. Story about Tristram and Isolde. Also known as Prose Tristram.

Queste del Sainte Graal

A 13th C. Story about Galahad and his. Quest for the Holy Grail. In some accounts, referred to as Queste del Sainte Graal.

Racine, Jean

(1639-1699). A dramatist. He wrote Andromaque, Iphegnie and Phedre. Occasionally known as Racine, Jean.

Raymond

Husband of Melisande. Sometimes called Raymond, Raimond or Raimond.

Roman de Renard

The French version of Reynard the Fox. In some lore, occasionally known as Roman de Renard.

Romance de Tristram, The

A 12th C. French version of the story of Tristram and Isolde, written by Beroul. In some accounts, called Romance de Tristram, The.

Rosemonde

A princess loved by Faramon. In some lore, occasionally identified as Rosemonde.

Saint-Secairé Mass

A form of black mass in Gascony, designed to kill an enemy. In some accounts, called Saint-Secairé Mass.

Shaggy Beast

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Thur

The Norman name for the Norse god. Thor. On occassion, referred to as Thur.

Wace, Robert

A 12th C. Norman poet, author of Roman de Brut. Occasionally identified as Wace, Robert.

White Lady

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Yvain

The French name for Owain. Occasionally called Yvain.
French Mythology