European Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abd-el-Rahman

A leader of the Saracen invasion of France. He was killed at the Battle of Tours in 732. Occasionally referred to as Abd-el-Rahman, Abdalrahman or Abdalrahman.

Acelin

A Norseman. When he led a rebellion against King Louis, Guillaume of Orange came to the aid of the king and suppressed the rebels. On occassion, identified as Acelin.

Acglavael

The Dutch name for Agloval. Called Acglavael.

Achilles of Lombardy

A soldier in Godfrey's army at the siege of Jerusalem. Brother of Palamedes and Sforza. Sometimes identified as Achilles of Lombardy.

Adalinda

In some accounts, one of the 9 wives of Charlemagne. Sometimes identified as Adalinda.

Adrastus

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Afi

A storm god in the Caucasus. In some accounts, called Afi.

Agilolphus

Bishop of Cologne. He undertook the building of Cologne cathedral in Germany, where Rinaldo worked as a labourer until he was killed by jealous workmates. Occasionally referred to as Agilolphus.

Agramant

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Agrapard

The caliph of Arabia. He ordered the killing of the Sultan Gaudisso whose store of treasure he coveted. Also identified as Agrapard.

Agrican

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Agulandus

An African king. Father of Jutmundus. In some accounts it was he who led the Moorish invasion of Spain. Sometimes identified as Agulandus, Agulant, Agulant, Aigiolandus, Aigiolandus, Aigiolant or Aigiolant.

Ahes

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Akerbelt

A god of animals. He is depicted as a black goat. In some lore, occasionally called Akerbelt.

Alandine

King of Jerusalem at the time of its capture by the forces led by Godfrey. Sometimes referred to as Alandine.

Alane

Sister of Bertrane and Guillaume. On occassion, called Alane.

Alardo

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Albracca

The capital city of Galafron, king of Cathay. Occasionally referred to as Albracca.

Alcina

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Alcuin

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Aldabella

Wife of Roland in Orlando Furioso. Known as Aldabella, Aude, Aude, Hildegarde, Hildegunde, Hildegarde or Hildegarde.

Alexander

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Alexis

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Alfana

A horse of Gradasso. Known as Alfana.

Alice

Duchess of Bordeaux. Wife of Sevinus. Mother of Girard and Huon. On occassion, known as Alice.

Alichino

A demon in Dante's Inferno. At times, called Alichino, Hellkin or Hellkin.

Alif

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Aliste

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Almaris

A Saracen king. He was the leader of the Saracen forces at Roncesvalles. Sometimes known as Almaris.

Almontes

A Saracen warrior. He was killed by Roland who then took his sword, Urindana. In some accounts, identified as Almontes, Eaumont, Eaumont, Jutmundus, Jutmundus, Durindana or Jamund.

Alory

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Alpheus

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Altaripa

A castle where Rinaldo was saved from a monster by the help of Angelica. Occasionally referred to as Altaripa.

Amadis of Gaul

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Amadis of Greece

Great grandson of Amadis of Gaul. Grandson of Lisuarte. Son of Esplandian. On occassion, called Amadis of Greece.

Amanda

The name taken by Clarimunda when she became a Christian. On occassion, referred to as Amanda, Clarimunda, Clarimunda, Esclairmond, Esclar(a)monde, Rezia, Esclaramonde or Esclaramonde.

Amaury

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Amiles

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Amis

A knight of Charlemagne. He and his friend Amiles found favour at the court of Charlemagne. Sometimes identified as Amis, Amys, Amys, Amiles, Amiles, Amelis, Amilous, Amyles, Amylion or Amiloun.

Amleth

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Amulion, Walter d'

One of Charlemagne's paladins. Also identified as Amulion, Walter d'.

Anbessa

A Saracen. Governor of Spain. He invaded France and was killed in battle. In some accounts, referred to as Anbessa.

Andalod

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Andri

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angang

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Angela

Lover of Alexis. She was abducted by the giant, Angoulaffre. Huon killed the giant and rescued her. Also referred to as Angela.

Angelica

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Angilbert

An adviser to Charlemagne. Also commonly identified as Angilbert.

Angoulaffre

A giant. He abducted Angela whose lover Alexis went to Huon for help. Huon killed the giant and rescued Angela. Occasionally identified as Angoulaffre, Angoulafre, Angoulafre, Orgueilleux, Orgueilleux, Orgelleuse or Angoulaffre Orgelleuse.

Anseis

A duke fighting for Charlemagne. He was one of the first to be killed when the second army of Saracens descended on Roland's force at Roncesvalles. In some lore, occasionally known as Anseis.

Anselm, Count

Head of the house of Maganza. Father of Pinabel. Occasionally referred to as Anselm, Count.

Antenor

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Antenora

The second zone of the ninth circle of Dante's hell, reserved for those who betrayed their country. Referred to as Antenora.

Apollidon

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Aquilant

Son of Oliver. Brother of Griffon. At times, known as Aquilant.

Aquiline

The horse of Raymond, a Christian. Knight. Raymond fought at the capture of Jerusalem and killed the king, Aladine. On occassion, referred to as Aquiline.

Arban

A knight. He was captured by the wife of the giant Famongomadan, who had been killed by Amadis, to avenge her husband's death. Sometimes known as Arban.

Arcabone

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Arch of True Lovers

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Archalaus

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Arderik

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Argalia

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Argantes

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Arlotto of Soria

A Saracen knight. He was the first man to die at the Battle of Roncesvalles, killed by Astolpho. In some references, identified as Arlotto of Soria.

Armany

In Hungary, the personification of the fate of the world. In some accounts, known as Armany.

Armida

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Arridano

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Ashtaroth

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Asprian

A giant. He was one of the party that accompanied Berchther and Rother to Constantinople. Also called Asprian, Osborn or Osborn.

Asselm

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Astolpho

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Atlantes

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Atlantida

The Basque story of the creation. In some references, known as Atlantida, Atlantide or Atlantide.

Atlantis

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Auberijn

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Aubert

A duke of Normandy. Father of Robert. Sometimes referred to as Aubert.

Aude

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Augustin

An adviser to Charlemagne. This was the name taken by one member of the Pleaid. Sometimes referred to as Augustin.

Autrimpas

A Prussian sea-god. Also commonly known as Autrimpas.

Avalon

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Avenger's Sword

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Avino

A knight of Charlemagne. He fought with Oliver and Roland at Roncesvalles. Also called Avino.

Avolio

A knight of Charlemagne. He fought with Oliver and Roland at Roncesvalles. Occasionally known as Avolio.

Aya

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Aymeri

Son of Hernant. Father of Guillaume. Sometimes called Aymeri.

Aymeric

The eldest son of Rinaldo. Also identified as Aymeric.

Aymon

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Babican

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Badebec

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Balan

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Baldwin

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Balisardo

The sword of Rogero made by Falerina. Occasionally called Balisardo, Balisarda, Balisarda, Belisardo or Belisardo.

Balugante

A sub-king in Spain. He was in charge of the third of the three armies hidden in ambush at Roncesvalles. Referred to as Balugante.

Barataria

An island city in Don Quixote. Sancho Panza was made governor of this city but was allowed to eat nothing. In some lore, occasionally identified as Barataria.

Barbariccia

A demon in Dante's Inferno. Also called Barbariccia, Barbiger or Barbiger.

barbegazi

Mountain spirits of the Alps. They sleep through the summer but emerge in the winter to help climbers. Sometimes referred to as barbegazi.

Baroquel

A farmer. He sheltered Sibilla when she fled to escape the clutches of Macherijs and escorted her on her journey to her home in Constantinople. Also referred to as Baroquel.

Basagante

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basilisk

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Basin

A thief. In some accounts, it was Basin with whom Charlemagne, as Magnus, went out to steal. On occassion, referred to as Basin.

Battle of Archamp

A battle between the Franks, led by Tiébart de Bourges, and the Saracens, led by King Deramed. At times, known as Battle of Archamp, Archamp or Archamp.

Battle of Roncesvalles

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Baudris

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Bayard

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Bayard's Leap

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bear

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Bear's Ear

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Beatrice

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Beatrix

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Befana

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Begon

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Beiffror

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Belicene

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Belisent

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Bellin

The ram in Reynard the Fox. On occassion, identified as Bellin.

Bellyn

The ram in Reynard the Fox. At times, referred to as Bellyn.

Beltenbros

The name given to Amadis by Andalod. When Amadis refused to reveal his. Real name. Also identified as Beltenbros, Beltenbras, Beltenbras, Amadis of Gaul, Fair Forlorn or Fair Forlorn.

Bengodi

A mythical paradise. On occassion, called Bengodi.

Benzozia

A Basque mother-goddess. Sometimes referred to as Benzozia, Bensozia or Bensozia.

Berchther

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Berlic

A mischievous spirit in Switzerland. Known as Berlic.

Berlinghieri

A knight of Charlemagne. He was with Roland at Roncesvalles and was killed there. On occassion, called Berlinghieri.

Berte

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Bertha

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Bertholot

A name for Charlot, in some accounts. Occasionally referred to as Bertholot, Bertelai, Bertelai, Alardo, Bertholet, Bertolais or Bertolais.

Bertoldo

Husband of Sophia. He and Sophia appear as the parents of Rinaldo in Jerusalem Delivered. Occasionally known as Bertoldo.

Bertrane

Sister of Alane and Guillaume. Sometimes known as Bertrane.

Beuve

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Bibung

A dwarf. He was the protector of the ice-queen, Virginal. When she was seized by the magician, Ortgis, he went to Dietrich for help. Sometimes called Bibung.

Blanchard

A horse of Charlemagne. In some accounts, known as Blanchard.

Blanchardin

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Blanchefleur

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Bodvar

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Boleslav

Brother of Wenceslas. He killed his brother and had the martyr's bones interred in Prague. Occasionally identified as Boleslav.

botrad

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Bower of Bliss

The enchanted garden of Armida. In some accounts, referred to as Bower of Bliss.

Brèche de Roland

A large cleft in the Pyrenees, said to have been made by Roland when he struck the mountain with his. Sword, Durindana. Also called Brèche de Roland.

Bradamante

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Bramimonde

Wife of Marsilius. When her husband died after the fall of Saragossa to the Franks, she returned to France with the victors and became a Christian. In some accounts, identified as Bramimonde.

Breca

A friend of Beowulf. He and Beowulf swam in full chain mail across the sea from Denmark to Geatland for a dare. Sometimes called Breca, Breka or Breka.

Breton Lay

A form of verse narrative of the exploits of Celtic heroes. In some lore, occasionally known as Breton Lay.

Bridge of Gold

A bridge over the Rhine. It is said that Charlemagne passes over this bridge to bless the crops. Also commonly known as Bridge of Gold.

Brigliadoro

Roland's horse. In some references, known as Brigliadoro.

Briolania

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Brown

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Bruhier

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Brunello

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Bruxae

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Bucar

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Bujaforte

A young knight. He was forced to fight for Marsilius at Roncesvalles and was killed in that battle. In some lore, occasionally identified as Bujaforte.

Bullkater

A Silesian field-spirit. This spirit is said to possess the reapers. Sometimes known as Bullkater, Tom-Cat, Tom-Cat, field spirit, field spirit, Corn spirit, Habotchkilawetha, Kornmutter, Kornwolf, Roggenhund, corn-spirit or Oats Goat.

Buttercat

A Swedish spirit in the form of a cat that brings its owner butter, cream and milk. Also identified as Buttercat, Finnish Para, Finnish Para, Smieragatto, Lappish Smieragatto, Lappish Smieragatto or Para.

Caina

The first zone of the ninth circle of Dante's hell. This zone is reserved for those who have betrayed their own kin. In some references, known as Caina.

Calainos

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Calcabrina

A demon in Dante's Inferno. Sometimes referred to as Calcabrina, Hacklespin or Hacklespin.

Caligorant

An Egyptian giant in Orlando Furioso. Also commonly identified as Caligorant.

Capet, Hugh

A king of France. He was ruling France when Ogier returned after his long stay in Morgana's palace. At times, referred to as Capet, Hugh.

Caraculianambo

A giant in the story of Don Quixote. Occasionally referred to as Caraculianambo.

Carahue

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Cariociecus

A Spanish war-god. He was later assimilated by Mars. In some lore, occasionally called Cariociecus, Roman Mars, Roman Mars, Anhur, Belatucadros, Camulos, Camulos, Maris, Nergal or Tyr.

Carloman

Son of Charles Martel. Brother of Pepin the Short. Sometimes referred to as Carloman.

Carolus Augustus

Charlemagne as emperor of the Romans. In some accounts, referred to as Carolus Augustus, Charlemagne, Charlemagne, Carle, Carolus Magnus, Charlemain, Charles I, Charles the Great, (c, 742-814), David or Magnus.

Castle of Oblivion

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Chanson de Roland

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Chanticleer

The cock in Reynard the Fox. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Chanticleer, Chantecler, Chantecler, Chanticler or Chanticler.

Charlemagne

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Charlemagne's Pleaid

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Charlot

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Chichevache

A monster, in the form of a cow, who ate only good women and hence was very thin. Occasionally identified as Chichevache.

Chief d'Oire

The home of Parthonopeus and Melior. On occassion, identified as Chief d'Oire.

Chiron

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Ciriato

A devil with tusks in Dante's Inferno. Occasionally known as Ciriato, Ciriatto, Ciriatto, Guttlehog or Guttlehog.

City of the Three Kings

The name given to Cologne as the supposed site of the graves of the magi. Occasionally called City of the Three Kings.

Claretie

Daughter of Huon and Clarimunda. Occasionally identified as Claretie.

Clarice

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Clarimunda

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Claris

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Clarissa

A princess of Tarasconia. Daughter of Ivo. Wife of Rinaldo. Also known as Clarissa, Clarice or Clarice.

Clerimond

Niece of the Green Knight. Sister of Ferragus. Wife of Valentine. On occassion, referred to as Clerimond.

Cloridan

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Coart

The hare in Reynard the Fox. Sometimes referred to as Coart, Lampe, Lampe, Dutch Cuwaert or Dutch Cuwaert.

Cockaigne

A paradisal land of wealth where the buildings were made of pastry and sugar. Also known as Cockaigne, Cockayne, Cockayne, German Schlaraffenland or German Schlaraffenland.

Constantia

Wife of Aymon, in some accounts. Mother of Guido. Identified as Constantia.

Constantine

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Coppe

A hen in Reynard the Fox. This bird was killed by Reynard. At times, known as Coppe.

Corbant

A rook in Reynard the Fox. Mate of Sharpbeck. He complained to the king that Reynard had killed and eaten his wife, Sharpbeck. In some lore, occasionally known as Corbant, Corbout or Corbout.

Corbon

Son of Renoart and Morgan le Fay. In some accounts, called Corbon.

Corboran

A Saracen king of Jerusalem. Brother of Florie. Father of Cornumorant. On occassion, known as Corboran.

Cornumorant

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Corrouge

The sword of Otuel. Sometimes known as Corrouge.

Corsolt

A giant defeated by Guillaume. D'Orange. In some accounts, identified as Corsolt.

Corsuble

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Cortana

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Courtoys

A dog in Reynard the Fox. Occasionally known as Courtoys, Courtois or Courtois.

Cup of Oblivion

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Cuwaert

The name for Coart in Dutch versions of Reynard the Fox. In some accounts, referred to as Cuwaert.

Daho

A deity in the Pyrenees. In some accounts he was a war god. Also called Daho.

Damsel of Denmark

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Dannemont

A king of Denmark. He was deposed by Geoffroy. In exile, he joined the Saracens attacking Rome. Occasionally known as Dannemont.

Dante, Alighieri

(1265-1321). A poet, author of Divina Commedia. ( The Divine Comedy). Also known as Dante, Alighieri.

Dardinel

A prince of Zumara. He met Rinaldo in single combat and was killed. Also commonly identified as Dardinel.

Darius

A bridgekeeper in Babylon. He befriended Floris and helped him to plan the rescue of Blanchefleur who was imprisoned in the emir's harem. On occassion, known as Darius.

David

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Dedek

A Czech guardian deity. Also identified as Dedek, Russian Deduska, Russian Deduska, Domovoy, Domovoy, Diko, Domovik, Slovenian Setek, Slovenian Setek, Djadek, Djadek, Deduska Domovoy or Russian deduska domovoy.

Deramed

A Saracen king. He was the leader of the forces fighting the Franks at the Battle of Archamp. Also commonly referred to as Deramed.

Dervonnae

Oak goddesses: mother goddesses. On occassion, identified as Dervonnae.

Desiderata

In some accounts, one of the 9 wives of Charlemagne. On occassion, known as Desiderata.

Desiderius

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Devana

A Czech goddess of the chase. Occasionally known as Devana, Polish Dziewona, Polish Dziewona, Diana, Dilwica, Roman Diana, Roman Diana, Abnoba, Arduinna, Aritimi, Artemis, Delia, Dziewona, Zana, Serbian Dilwica, Serbian Dilwica or Diana.

Dietelinde

Daughter of Rudiger and Gotelinde. Sister of Nudung. Referred to as Dietelinde.

Dietlieb

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Dietmar

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Dietrich

A Germanic thunder god. Also known as Dietrich.

Divina Commedia

A long poem by Dante, much. Concerned with heaven and hell. In some references, referred to as Divina Commedia, Divine Comedy, The, Divine Comedy, The, Divine Comedy or Divine Comedy.

divji devojke

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divji moz

Forest spirits of Slovenia. It is said that these beings are sometimes helpful to people but sometimes attack travellers and tickle them to death. Occasionally called divji moz.

Djadek

Czech ancestral spirits acting as guardians of the household. Occasionally called Djadek, Dedek, Dedek, Russian Deduska, Domovoy, Slovenian Setek, Deduska Domovoy, Deduska Domovoy, Diko, Czech Dedek, Russian deduska domovoy or Russian deduska domovoy.

Dobooz

A Czech robber-king. He, like King Arthur and others, is said to lie sleeping, waiting for the call to help his country. Occasionally identified as Dobooz.

Doolin

In some accounts, the father of Ogier. At times, referred to as Doolin.

Doralis

A princess of Granada. She was the beloved of Rodomont but she ran off with Madricardo. Sometimes identified as Doralis.

Dorr-karing

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drac

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Dracula

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Draghignazzo

A demon in Danté's Inferno. On occassion, known as Draghignazzo, Dragonel or Dragonel.

ducii

A term for incubi in some French demonologies. On occassion, called ducii.

Dudon

A Danish knight imprisoned by Morgana and released by Roland. Also commonly identified as Dudon.

duende

A Spanish goblin or house spirit. Sometimes known as duende.

Dulcinea

A mistress of Don Quixote. Her real name was Aldonza Lorenzo. Referred to as Dulcinea, Aldonza or Aldonza.

Duolin

Father of Aymon. Sometimes identified as Duolin.

Durandarte

A knight killed at Roncesvalles. It was said that his squire, Guadiana, was so upset at his master's death that he turned into a river. In some references, identified as Durandarte.

Durin

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Durindana

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Dziewona

A Polish goddess of the chase. Also commonly identified as Dziewona, Czech Devana, Czech Devana, Diana, Dilwica, Roman Diana, Roman Diana, Abnoba, Arduinna, Aritimi, Artemis, Delia, Devana, Zana, Serbian Dilwica, Serbian Dilwica or Diana.

dziwozony

Wild women of the Polish forests. They are very swift runners and sometimes attack men or seduce them. Also called dziwozony, divji devojke, divji devojke, divi-te-zene, divozenky, diwe, dekle, divi-te-zeni, dizwiye zeny, dziwije zony, dziwije zony, Slovenian divji devojke or Slovenian divji devojke.

Eacus

An early Spanish god. Occasionally referred to as Eacus.

Eate

A Basque fire-god and storm-god. It is said that he can be heard giving warnings of storms and fires. Sometimes identified as Eate, Egata or Egata.

Ecke

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Eginhard

Son-in-law and secretary to Charlemagne. It was he who recorded the famous exploits of the Emperor and his paladins. Occasionally referred to as Eginhard, Einhard or Einhard.

Ekhia

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Elbegast

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Eliabel

In the Italian version of the Tristram and Isolde story, she is cousin of King. Arthur and mother of Tristram. Also commonly identified as Eliabel, Eliabella, Eliabella, Elizabeth, Elizabeth or Blanchefleur.

Elias

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Elissent

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Elizena

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Elle Woman

A Danish elder-tree spirit. In some accounts, identified as Elle Woman, Hyldemoer or Hyldemoer.

Emma

Wife of Otho. Mother of Tancred. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Emma.

Engelier

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Enil

A page of the Damsel of Denmark. He accompanied his mistress on her travels in search of Amadis. On occassion, known as Enil.

Eracles

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Erge

A Basque spirit said to kill men. In some references, called Erge.

Ermeline

A vixen. Wife of Reynard the Fox. Also referred to as Ermeline, Ermalyn, Ermalyn or Eermeline.

Erminia

In Jerusalem Delivered, Erminia fell in love with Tancred and became a warrior-maid to serve alongside him in the Christian forces. Sometimes known as Erminia, Ermenia, Ermenia or Parmenie.

Ermintrude

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Esclaramonde

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Esplandian

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Esturmi

A Frankish knight. Nephew of Tiébaut. He fought alongside his uncle against the Saracens at the Battle of Archamp. On occassion, called Esturmi.

Eude

A king of Aquitane. He led his forces to help Charlemagne against the invading Saracens led by Abd-el-Rahman In some accounts, referred to as Eude.

Eudes

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Eustace

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Ezzelin

A son of Satan in Dante's Inferno. Also known as Ezzelin.

Fagus

A tree-god (beech) in the Pyrenees. Also called Fagus.

Falerina

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Falke

A horse of Dietrich von Bern. This animal, said never to grow tired, was given to Dietrich by his follower, Heime. At times, called Falke.

Falseron

A sub-king in Spain. He was in charge of the first of the three armies hidden in ambush at Roncesvalles and was killed by Roland. In some references, referred to as Falseron.

Famongomadan

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fantine

Benevolent Swiss fairies. Sometimes called fantine.

Farfarello

The devil in Dante's Inferno. Also identified as Farfarello, Farfarel or Farfarel.

Fastrade

In some accounts, one of the 9 wives of Charlemagne. Sometimes called Fastrade, Fastrada, Fastrada, Frastrada or Frastrada.

Fata Morgana

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Fatima

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Fene

One of a race of Hungarian demons or their realm. On occassion, referred to as Fene.

Feng

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Ferdinand

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Ferragus

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Ferrant d'Espagne

A horse of Oliver. Sometimes known as Ferrant d'Espagne.

Ferrau

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Fezon

Daughter of Savary. Wife of Orson. Sometimes referred to as Fezon.

field spirit

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Fierabras

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Fierabras' balsam

Embalming fluid taken from Jerusalem. By Fierabras. Occasionally referred to as Fierabras' balsam.

firedrake

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Firm Island

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Flamberge

A sword of Charlemagne and Rinaldo. In some accounts the sword belonged to Aymon who when he was dying, gave it to Rinaldo. Occasionally known as Flamberge, Floberge, Floberge, Fusberta or Fusberta.

Flordelis

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Florestan

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Floriac

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Florie

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Floripas

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Floris

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Florismart

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Flying Horse

In a French story, an animal created. By Merlin. Sometimes identified as Flying Horse.

Fontarabia

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Forbidden Chamber

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Forbidden Mountain

The site of the castle, home of Archalaus. Sometimes referred to as Forbidden Mountain.

Foulmouth

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Fromondin

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Fromont

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Front

A French saint. He (or Veran) is said to have defeated the man-eating monster, Coulobre. Also commonly referred to as Front.

Frontino

The horse of Rogero. Also called Frontino.

Furion

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Fusberta

The sword of Rinaldo. In some accounts, called Fusberta, Flamberge, Flamberge or Floberge.

Gabbara

A giant. In some references, called Gabbara.

Galaciella

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Galafre

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Galafron

King of Cathay. Father of Angelica and Argalia. Occasionally identified as Galafron, Galaphron or Galaphron.

Galahalt

A knight in Dante's Inferno. It was he who brought Lancelot and Guinevere together. Occasionally identified as Galahalt, Galahaut the Haut Prince, Galahaut the Haut Prince, Galehaut, Galehot, Gallehant, Galohalt, Galeotto, Galeotto, Gallehault, Gallehault, Galahaut, Galahaut or Galoholt.

Galaor

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Galien

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Gallicenae

The 9 virgin priestesses serving the oracle of the Gauls. Also identified as Gallicenae.

Galyen

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Gandalin

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Gandolin

A companion of Durin. He accompanied Durin on his return to Britain after delivering Oriana's cruel letter to Amadis. On occassion, known as Gandolin.

Gano

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Garain de St Omer

A knight who travelled with Huon on his journey to Baghdad. Also called Garain de St Omer.

Garel von dem bluhenden Tal

A 13th C. Poem about Garel, written in German. At times, known as Garel von dem bluhenden Tal.

Garin

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Garin de Loherqain

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Garin de Monglane

Father of Girart de Vienne. Great grandfather of Guillaume. Also referred to as Garin de Monglane.

Garm

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Gaudisso

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Gaueko

A Basque god of darkness. This deity sometimes appears in the form of a cow or as a gust of wind. At times, known as Gaueko.

Gautier

A count. He served Roland and died with him at Roncesvalles. Also commonly referred to as Gautier.

Gelu

A Romanian demon which steals children. Sometimes known as Gelu.

Gemmagog

A giant. Son of Oromedon. Also known as Gemmagog.

Geoffroy

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Gerbert

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Gerier

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Gerin

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Gersuinde

In some accounts, one of the 9 wives of Charlemagne. On occassion, called Gersuinde.

Gerutha

Wife of Horvendil and Feng. Mother of Amleth by Horvendil. When Feng killed Horvendil, his brother, and took the throne, Gerutha married him. In some references, identified as Gerutha, Gertrude or Gertrude.

Gieremund

The she-wolf in Reynard the Fox. Mate of Isengrim. In some references, known as Gieremund, Hersent or Hersent.

Gilierchins

In Italian stories of Tristram, the name of Isolde's father, Hoel. Also commonly identified as Gilierchins, Hoel, Hoel, Havelin, Howel or Jovelin.

Girard

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Girart

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Girart de Roussillon

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Girart de Vienne

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Girnando

A knight killed in a duel with Rinaldo who then went into exile. Also identified as Girnando, Gernando or Gernando.

Glorianda

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Gloriande

Daughter of Corsuble. Occasionally known as Gloriande.

Glorious

A sword of Oliver. In some accounts, known as Glorious.

Godfrey

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Gouvernail

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Gradasso

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Gradlon

Father of Ahes. Occasionally known as Gradlon, Gralon or Gralon.

Grafficane

A demon in Dante's Inferno. Also known as Grafficane, Grabbersnitch or Grabbersnitch.

Grandonio

A king of Spain. He was in the battle at Roncesvalles where he killed Sansonet but was himself killed by Roland. In some lore, occasionally identified as Grandonio, Grandoigne or Grandoigne.

Great Huntsman, The

The French name for the Wild Huntsman. Also commonly referred to as Great Huntsman, The, The Great Huntsman of Fontainebleu or The Great Huntsman of Fontainebleu.

Green Knight, The

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Green Man

An early vegetation god now. Represented by a face with foliage. Emerging from the mouth. In some references, identified as Green Man.

Green Serpent

The magical boat used by Urganda. In some references, referred to as Green Serpent.

Gregorius

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Griffon

Son of Oliver. Brother of Aquilant. Also called Griffon, griffin, griffin, griffon, gripe, gryfon, gryphon, gryps, gryphs, griffin, griffin or gryphon gryps.

Grillon

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Grimanesa

Wife of Apollidon. In some accounts, called Grimanesa.

Grimbart

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Grimbeert

The name for Grimbart in Dutch. Versions of Reynard the Fox. Known as Grimbeert.

Guadiana

A squire. When his master, Durandarte, fell at Roncesvalles, Guadiana turned into a river. On occassion, identified as Guadiana.

Guarinos

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Guerin

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Gui

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Gui de Burgogne

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Gui de Montfaucon

A knight defeated by Godfrey. De Bouillon. Occasionally known as Gui de Montfaucon.

Guibourc

Wife of Girart de Vienne. In some accounts, the wife of Guillaume is called Guibourc. Occasionally identified as Guibourc, Witburgis or Witburgis.

Guichard

Son of Aymon and Aya or Beatrice. Brother of Alardo, Bradamante, Ricciardetto, Ricardo and Rinaldo. Sometimes known as Guichard, Guiscard, Guiscard, Guischart or Guischart.

Guido the Wild

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Guillaume

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Guillaume de Monclin

Brother of Fromont. At times, identified as Guillaume de Monclin.

Guire

Mayor of Bordeaux. Brother of Sherasmin. Sometimes called Guire.

Guta

A Hungarian demon. Occasionally identified as Guta.

Guyon

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Habergeis

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Habonde

A Danish goddess of abundance. In some lore, occasionally known as Habonde, Norse Fulla, Norse Fulla, Abundantia or Abundia.

Hache

Son of Berchther. Father of Eckhardt. Sometimes identified as Hache.

Hammer, The

The name given to Charles Martel after his victory over the Saracens. Occasionally known as Hammer, The.

Hassan

The name taken by Huon when he disguised himself as assistant gardener under Sherasmin. Also called Hassan, Huon, Huon or Huon of Bordeaux.

Hauteclaire

A sword of Oliver. At times, referred to as Hauteclaire, Altecler, Altecler or Hauteclair.

Havelin

In some versions of the Tristram story, the name given to Hoel, father of Isolde White Hands. At times, identified as Havelin, Hoel, Hoel, Gilierchins, Howel or Jovelin.

Havfrue

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Havmand

A Danish merman. These beings are said to be very handsome, wearing beards, and, unlike the female of the species, are quite friendly to humans. Also commonly called Havmand, femaleHavfrue or femaleHavfrue.

Hekkenfeldt

A site where Danish witches held. Their meetings. Also called Hekkenfeldt, Icelandic Hekla or Icelandic Hekla.

Heldins

In some accounts, the first king of Denmark. predecessor of Tallas. Identified as Heldins.

Helen

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Helgunda

The name for Hildegunde in the Polish. Version of the story of Walther and Hildegunde. In this version, her husband was Walczerz. Also known as Helgunda, Hildegunde, Hildegunde, Hildigundr or Hiltgunt.

Henning

The cock in Reynard the Fox, mate of Scratchfoot. Sometimes known as Henning.

Henry

A German emperor. Father of Laris and Lidoine. Sometimes known as Henry.

Heol

A Breton sun-god. Also commonly referred to as Heol.

Herbrand

Son of Berchther. Father of Hildebrand. At times, known as Herbrand.

Hereric

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Hermangarde

Daughter of Desiderius. In some accounts she was the second wife of Charlemagne. Occasionally referred to as Hermangarde.

Hernaut

Son of Garin de Monglane. Brother of Girart de Vienne. Father of Aymeri. He helped his brother in his war with Charlemagne. Sometimes called Hernaut.

Herren-Surge

A Basque monster in the form of a huge snake with 7 heads. In some references, identified as Herren-Surge, Herensugue or Herensugue.

Hersent

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Hildegarde

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Himilitrude

In some accounts, one of the 9 wives of Charlemagne. Sometimes called Himilitrude.

Hintze

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Hoel

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Horvendil

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Huergo

The Spanish ruler of the dead. Occasionally called Huergo, Uergo, Uergo, Greek Orcus or Greek Orcus.

Hug

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Huges

A king of Jerusalem. He entertained Charlemagne and his entourage when they made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Huges.

Hugon

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Humber

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Huon

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Huonet

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Iarmerik

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Ida

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Ilazki

A Basque moon-goddess. Occasionally known as Ilazki, Illargui, Illargui, Iretargui or Iretargui.

Inferno

The first of the 3 books of Dante's Divine Comedy. Identified as Inferno.

Ing

A Danish founder-god. He is said to have come from over the sea to found the Saxon race, after which he disappeared. Referred to as Ing, Frey, Frey, Freir, Freyr, Veraldargod, Fricco, Fridleef, Frikka, Ingumar-Frey, 'lord', German Fro, Lapp Verelden-Olmei, Swedish Ingvi-Frey, Lytir, Sviagodh or Frodi.

Ingelheim

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Ingrama

An evil Basque spirit. This spirit is said to come by night and throttle people. Referred to as Ingrama.

Iroldo

A knight imprisoned by Morgana and freed by Roland. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Iroldo.

Isabella

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Isengrim

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Isolier

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Isumbras

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Ivo

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Ivon

One of Charlemagne's paladins. At times, called Ivon.

Ivory

One of Charlemagne's paladins. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Ivory.

Iwein

The name for Owain in Dutch stories. Also referred to as Iwein, Iwainus, Iwainus, Iwanus, Iwanus, Iwa(i)nus or Iwa(i)nus.

Jack of the Bowl

A Swiss brownie. Known as Jack of the Bowl.

Jehan de Saintré

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Jerusalem Delivered

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Jochgrumm

A mountain in Austria. It is said that three maidens living on top of this mountain create the winds. In some references, known as Jochgrumm.

Joyeuse

A sword of Charlemagne, made by Volund, which was buried with the dead emperor. In some references, called Joyeuse, La Joyeuse or La Joyeuse.

Joyous Castle

The building in which Rinaldo was kept. By Angelica. In some lore, occasionally identified as Joyous Castle.

Juan

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Judecca

The fourth zone of the ninth circle of Dante's hell. This area was reserved for those who had betrayed their lord and master. Also called Judecca.

Juhan

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Jutmundus

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Kaherdin

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Kalojan

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Kantart

A young cockerel in Reynard the Fox. Son of Henning. Brother of Kyrant. Also commonly identified as Kantart.

Kapalu

A servant of Morgan le Fay. He sank Renoart's ship at Morgan's behest when Renoart, her lover, deserted her. In some accounts, referred to as Kapalu.

King of the May

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Klingsor

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Kludde

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krasnoludi

Dwarfs of the Polish underworld. Called krasnoludi, Hungarian lutki, Hungarian lutki, ludki, Serbian ludki or Serbian ludki.

Lady of Fortune

A name for Morgana in Orlando Inamorata. In some accounts, referred to as Lady of Fortune, Morgana, Morgana, Lady of the Lake, Morganna, Lady of the Lake or Morgan le Fay.

Lady of the Lake

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Lampe

The hare in Reynard the Fox. He was killed and eaten by Reynard and his family. Identified as Lampe, Coart, Coart or Dutch Cuwaert.

Landres

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Landri

A nephew of Guillaume. When his uncle was captured and imprisoned by the Saracen king, Synagon, Landri raised an army and rescued him. Also referred to as Landri.

Lapeel

A rabbit in Reynard the Fox. He lost one of his ears when he was attacked by Reynard. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Lapeel.

Laris

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Latawiec

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Le Tornoiment de l'Antichrist

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Leo

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Leonoretta

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Libicocco

A name for the Devil in Dante's Inferno. Sometimes known as Libicocco.

Lidoine

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Lodewijk

The name of Louis, son of Charlemagne, in Dutch stories. Sometimes referred to as Lodewijk.

Logestilla

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Lohier

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Lorenzo, Aldonza

The real name of Dulcina, mistress of Don Quixote. At times, called Lorenzo, Aldonza.

Louis

Son of Charlemagne. Brother of Charlot. He took over the throne on the death of his father. Occasionally known as Louis, Leo, Leo, Lewis, Lewis, Dutch Lodewijk or Dutch Lodewijk.

Loys

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Luitgarde

In some accounts, one of the 9 wives of Charlemagne. Also called Luitgarde.

Luppolt

A vassal of Rother. He was in charge of the delegation sent to Constantinople by Rother to sue for the hand of the emperor's daughter, Oda. Also referred to as Luppolt.

Lur

A Basque earth-goddess. At times, referred to as Lur, Lurgurr or Lurgurr.

Macharijs

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Maglore

In some French stories, a companion of Morgan le Fay. In some references, identified as Maglore.

Magnus

A name sometimes used by Charlemagne. Occasionally referred to as Magnus, Charlemagne, Charlemagne, Carle, Carolus Magnus, Charlemain, Charles I, Charles the Great, (c, 742-814), Carolus Augustus or David.

Mairae

Mother-goddesses. Occasionally called Mairae.

Maju

A Basque spirit or deity. Consort of Mari. He is said to appear in the form of a snake. Sometimes known as Maju, Sugaar or Sugaar.

Malagigi

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Malagjis

The name of Malagigi (Maugis) in Dutch stories. Occasionally referred to as Malagjis.

Malambruno

A giant in Don Quixote. ; An enchanter. At times, known as Malambruno.

Malebolge

A part of Hell, the eighth circle (Dante). Identified as Malebolge.

Malebron

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Malpertius

The home of Reynard the Fox. At times, identified as Malpertius, Malepartus, Malepartus, Malperdy or Malperdy.

Malprimo

A Saracen knight. He was killed at Roncesvalles by Oliver who was wounded in the encounter. In some references, identified as Malprimo.

Maltegarde

In some accounts, one of the 9 wives of Charlemagne. Occasionally called Maltegarde.

Mambrino

A Saracen king. He had a golden helmet which made the wearer invulnerable or, some say, invisible. Rinaldo killed him and kept the helmet. Also referred to as Mambrino.

Mandricardo

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Mantible

A bridge built of black marble. This structure, which had thirty arches, was guarded by a giant who was killed by Fierabras. On occassion, known as Mantible.

Maquares

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Maragoz

A steward of King Elyadus. He killed his master whose wife fled to save herself and her unborn son, Floriant. In some references, identified as Maragoz.

Marchevallée

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Marcon

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Marcus Cunomorus

The Breton name for Mark of Cornwall. Referred to as Marcus Cunomorus.

Margiste

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Maria

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Marinaia

Mother of Merlin in some Italian stories. Known as Marinaia.

Marlyn

Son of Ogier by Morgan le Fay. He may be the same as Meurvin. Also identified as Marlyn.

Maronex

A king of Gaul. His daughter married Jonaans who inherited the throne of Gaul. Occasionally known as Maronex.

Marphisa

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Marquis d'Este

In some accounts, he was the father of Rinaldo. Referred to as Marquis d'Este, Lord of Albane, Lord of Albane, Lord of Albano, Lord of Albano, Lord of Allban, Lord of Allban, Lord of Auban, Lord of Auban, Lord of Alban(e) or Lord of Alban(e).

Marrion

Sister of Morgan le Fay, some say. In some lore, occasionally called Marrion.

Marsilius

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Martano

A boastful coward appearing in Orlando Furioso. At times, called Martano.

Martel, Charles

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Martin

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Martinet

A Swiss demon, an ambassador of hell. Occasionally called Martinet.

Martyr, Peter

An Italian historian. He wrote a book on the legends and mythology of the Americas called De Orbe Novo. In some lore, occasionally called Martyr, Peter, (1455 -1526), (1455 -1526), Pietro Martire d'Anghiera or Pietro Martire d'Anghiera.

Matabrune

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Matroco

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Matrona

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Matter of France, The

The stories of Charlemagne and his paladins. Also known as Matter of France, The.

Maugis

The French version of the Italian. Malagigi. Sometimes identified as Maugis, Malagigi, Malagigi, Malagis, Dutch Malagjis, French Mal-gist, Mal-hist or Mal-hist.

Medoro

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Meliad

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Melior

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Melissa

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Meluzina

A wind-spirit in Bohemia. Occasionally referred to as Meluzina, Melusina, Melusina, Melisande or see also Meluzina.

Mephistopheles

The devil (or his helper) in the story of Faust. Also identified as Mephistopheles.

Meriadek

An ancient god in Brittany. Also identified as Meriadek.

Merkinau

The crow in Reynard the Fox. Mate of Shrafenebbe. Sometimes referred to as Merkinau.

Merlin's Spring

A water-source in Brittany to which pilgrimages were made. In some lore, occasionally called Merlin's Spring.

Merveilleuse

A sword. This weapon was owned by Doolin, said by some to be the father of Ogier. Also identified as Merveilleuse.

Mesnée d'Hellequin

The French name for the Wild Hunt. Also called Mesnée d'Hellequin.

Meurvin

Son of Ogier by Morgan le Fay. Father of Oriant. He may be the same as Marlyn. In some references, known as Meurvin.

Milon

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Montalban

Rinaldo's castle. Also identified as Montalban, Montauban or Montauban.

Montglave, Guerin de

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Morgan

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Morgana

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Morgante Maggiore

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Munifican

A smith. He made Cortana and Sauvagine, the swords used by Ogier the Dane. At times, referred to as Munifican.

Munsalvaesche

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myrtle

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Namo

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Narucnici

Spirits of fate, the departed spirits of dead mothers. Also called Narucnici, Orisnici, Orisnici, Udelnicy, Udelnicy, Uresici, Uresici, Urisniti, Urisniti, Croat Rodjenica, Croat Rodjenica, Russian Rozanica, Russian Rozanica or Rodjenica.

Neton

A Gaulish war-god in Spain. Occasionally known as Neton, Neto, Neto, Irish Neit or Irish Neit.

Neures

Sarmatians who, it was said, once a year changed into wolves as they. Crossed a swamp. At times, known as Neures, Neure, Neure or werewolf.

Nine Worthies, The

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Nobel

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Nuton

A Belgian goblin. Also known as Nuton.

Oats Goat

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Oberon

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Oda

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Oderic

Captain of the ship in which Isabella. Sailed for Scotland. When a storm drove the ship ashore, Oderic sold Isabella to pirates. Also known as Oderic.

Odilia

Daughter of the Duke of Verona. Wife of Dietmar. On occassion, known as Odilia, Biblindi, Biblindi, Biflindi, Biflindi, Bolverk(in) or Bolverk(in).

Ogier

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Ogier le Danois

A Continental story of Ogier and his exploits. At times, identified as Ogier le Danois, Ogier, Ogier, Holger, Holger Danske, Ogier le Danois, Ogier the Dane, Otgarius or Holger (Danske).

Oleywey

The ewe in Reynard the Fox. Mate of Bellin. Occasionally identified as Oleywey.

Olivant

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Oliver

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orc

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Ordog

A Hungarian evil spirit. In some references, identified as Ordog.

Oriana

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Oriande

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Oriant

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oriflamme

The royal standard of Charlemagne. In some lore, occasionally identified as oriflamme, oriflamb, oriflamb, oriflambe, oriflambe, oriflamb(e) or oriflamb(e).

Orillo

A magician. In Orlando Furioso, his life is said to depend on a single hair. Sometimes referred to as Orillo.

Orlando

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Orlando Furioso

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Orlando Inamorata

A 15th century poem by the Italian, Boiardo, dealing with Orlando's love for Angelica. In some accounts, called Orlando Inamorata, Orlando in Love or Orlando in Love.

Oromedon

A giant. Father of Gemmagog. Occasionally known as Oromedon.

Orribes

A giant. He is featured in some Spanish stories as ravaging Britain until he was killed by the younger Tristram. Known as Orribes.

Orson

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Otho

King of England. Father of Astolpho. Occasionally known as Otho.

Ottachiero

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Ottone

A knight of Charlemagne. He was with Roland at Roncesvalles and was killed there. At times, identified as Ottone, Oton, Oton, Votan or Votan.

Otuel

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Pacolet

A French dwarf who owned a winged, wooden flying horse. Referred to as Pacolet.

Palamedes

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Pancer

A beaver in Reynard the Fox. He accused Reynard of attempting to murder Coart, the hare. Occasionally known as Pancer.

Pantagruel

Last of the giants. King of Dipsodes. Son of Gargantua and Badebec. This giant was said to know everything. At times, known as Pantagruel.

Papillon

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Parthonopeus

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Partlet

A hen in Reynard the Fox. Sometimes identified as Partlet, Dame Partlet or Dame Partlet.

Pela Orso

In some Italian stories, the fairy. Castle of Morgan le Fay. Also commonly referred to as Pela Orso.

Pepin

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Peranu

a Bohemian thunder-god Occasionally identified as Peranu, Bulgarian Perusan, Bulgarian Perusan, Perkonis, Perkons, Perkunos, Peroon, Piker, Piorun, Pitkainen, Pyerun, Estonin Piker, Estonin Piker, Lithuanian Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Perusan, Pirgene, Polish Piorun, Polish Piorun, Perkunos, Prussia Perkonis, Prussia Perkonis, Russan Pyerun, Russan Pyerun, Serbian Gromoit, Serbian Gromoit, Slav Peroon, Slav Peroon, Gromovit or Perkunos.

Perchevael

The Dutch name for Percival. Identified as Perchevael.

Perion

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Philander

A Dutch knight appearing in Orlando Furioso. On occassion, identified as Philander.

Picullus

An underworld-god of Prussia. In some references, known as Picullus, Picollos, Picollos, Picollus or Picollus.

Pied Piper

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Pier-le-pont

The castle of Aymon. In some accounts, called Pier-le-pont.

Pinabel

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Pindar

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Piorun

A Polish thunder-god. In some accounts, known as Piorun, Bohemian Peranu, Bohemian Peranu, Perkonis, Perkunos, Peroon, Perusan, Piker, Pitkainen, Pyerun, Bulgarian Perusan, Bulgarian Perusan, Peranu, Perkons, Perkunos, Estonian Piker, Estonian Piker, Perkunos, Finnish Pitkoinen, Finnish Pitkoinen, Latvian Perkons, Latvian Perkons, Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Pirgene, Prussian Perkonis, Prussian Perkonis, Perkunos, Russian Pirgene, Russian Pirgene, Perkunos, Slav Peroon, Slav Peroon, Gromovit or Perkunos.

Poloznitza

A Polish field-goddess. She was said to punish those who damaged growing crops. On occassion, called Poloznitza, Poludnica, Poludnica, Russian Poludnitsa, Russian Poludnitsa, Psezpolnica, Serbian Psezpolnica, Serbian Psezpolnica or Poludnitsa.

poltergeist

A mischievous, noisy spirit alleged to throw things or move them about. Sometimes identified as poltergeist, thorybism or thorybism.

Portuguese Iliad

A name for The Lusiads. In some lore, occasionally identified as Portuguese Iliad, Lusiads, The or Lusiads, The.

Prasildo

One of the knights imprisoned by Morgana and later released by Roland. Occasionally known as Prasildo.

Priparchis

A Polish pig-god. His function was to protect pigs at birth, after which they came under the protection of Kremara. At times, known as Priparchis.

Pulci, Luigi

An Italian poet. He wrote about the adventures and exploits of Charlemagne and his paladins, including the poem Morgante Maggiore. In some accounts, referred to as Pulci, Luigi, (1431-1487) or (1431-1487).

Rabican

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Radegast

A Polish winter-god. He is honoured in the post-Christmas festival of Turon. Sometimes called Radegast.

Radgost

A supreme deity of early Danish tribes, appearing in the form of a goose. In some accounts, identified as Radgost, Radegost, Radegost, Radigast, Radigast, Redigast or Rodgast.

Rainburn

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Rainoaurt

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Raynaert

The name for Reynard the Fox in Dutch stories. Also commonly referred to as Raynaert.

Raz

The home of souls in Breton lore. In some references, identified as Raz.

Regina

In some accounts, one of the 9 wives of Charlemagne. In some references, identified as Regina.

Regnier

A duke of Genoa. One of Charlemagne's paladins. Father of Aude and Oliver. In some accounts, known as Regnier, Renier de Ganvres or Renier de Ganvres.

Reinier

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Remfré

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Renaud de Montauban

An early poetic version of the story of Rinaldo (Renaud). In some lore, occasionally known as Renaud de Montauban.

Renoart

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Reynard

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Reynard the Fox

A mediaeval allegorical story in which animals are featured. Sometimes identified as Reynard the Fox, German Reinaert, German Reinaert, Reynard, Reinecke Fuchs, Reinecke Fuchs or Reinaert.

Rezia

A name for Clarimunda, in some stories. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Rezia, Clarimunda, Clarimunda, Amanda, Esclairmond or Esclar(a)monde.

Ricardo

Son of Aymon and Beatrice. Brother of Alardo, Bradamante, Ricciardetto and Rinaldo. Sometimes known as Ricardo, Richard, Richard, Richart or Richart.

Ricciardetto

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Richard

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Richart

The French version of Ricardo. Sometimes identified as Richart, Ricardo, Ricardo, Richard or Richard.

Riculfe

An adviser to Charlemagne. Occasionally called Riculfe.

Rigomes

A poem about the adventures of Lohengrin. At times, referred to as Rigomes.

Rinaldo

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Robert

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Rodomont

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Rogero

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Roland

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Rolandseck

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Roncesvalles

The site of the battle between the Franks and the Moors at which most of Charlemagne's. Paladins were killed. Called Roncesvalles, Roncevaux, Roncevaux, Valley of Thorns, Valley of Thorns, Battle of Roncesvalles or Battle of Roncesvalles.

Roonel

A dog in Reynard the Fox. On occassion, identified as Roonel.

Rother

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Ruach

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Rubicante

A demon in Dante's Inferno. Occasionally referred to as Rubicante, English Rubicant or English Rubicant.

Rukinaw

A female ape in Reynard the Fox. Wife of Martin. Also commonly called Rukinaw, Ruckenau, Ruckenau, Ruckinaw, Ruckinaw, Rukenau, Rukenau, Rukenawe or Rukenawe.

Runalen

Son of Hoel and brother of Isolde. Whitehands in some accounts. In some accounts, known as Runalen.

Ruotze

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Sacripant

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Sadon

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Safonet

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Saloman

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Samaliel

A famous warrior. Son of Frollo. Sometimes known as Samaliel.

Samson

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Samson Carrasco

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Sansonnet

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Sarkany

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sarvan

Elves or goblins who kept their masters. Informed of what was going on. Sometimes called sarvan.

Sauvagine

A sword of Ogier, made by Munifican. At times, referred to as Sauvagine, Sauvaigne or Sauvaigne.

Savary

A duke of Aquitane. Father of Fezon. In some lore, occasionally known as Savary.

Scratchfoot

A hen in Reynard the Fox. Mate of Henning. She was killed by Reynard the Fox. In some accounts, called Scratchfoot.

Sebastian

A king of Portugal. He was killed in a battle against the Moors but is said to lie sleeping, awaiting a call to rule Brazil. Sometimes known as Sebastian.

Senapus

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Setek

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Sevinus

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Sforza

Brother of Achilles of Lombardy and Palamedes. He was a soldier in the army of Godfrey at the siege of Jerusalem. Sometimes identified as Sforza.

Sharfenebbe

A female crow. Mate of Merkinau. She was killed by Reynard the Fox. Sometimes identified as Sharfenebbe.

Sharpbeak

A female rook in Reynard the Fox. Consort of Corbant. She was killed and eaten by Reynard. At times, identified as Sharpbeak.

Sherasmin

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Shortshanks

A legendary hero of stories. From northern countries. Also called Shortshanks.

Sibilla

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Sidrat

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signaduri

Corsican sorcerers said to be able to deploy the evil. Eye. In some lore, occasionally referred to as signaduri.

Sobrino

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Solario

A nephew of Gaudisso. This name was used by Sherasmin when he went to Gaudisso's court to rescue Huon. At times, known as Solario, Sherasmin, Sherasmin, Gerasmes, Gerasmin, Geraume, Geriaume or Ger(i)aume.

Solyman

A Saracen king. In Jerusalem Delivered, this king fought bravely but was killed by Rinaldo. Referred to as Solyman.

Sons of Aymon

These are given as Alardo, Guichard, Ricardo and Rinaldo. On occassion, called Sons of Aymon, Four Sons of Aymon or Four Sons of Aymon.

Sophia

Wife of Bertoldo. Mother of Rinaldo. She and Bertoldo appear as the parents of Rinaldo in Jerusalem Delivered. Occasionally known as Sophia, Pistis or Pistis.

Sorgalant

A Saracen king. Husband of Esclaramonde. His wife had an affair with his captive, Vivien, and the lovers fled together when the king found out. In some references, identified as Sorgalant.

Sotre

An ugly French imp. He is said to appear in the form of a whirlwind, causing women and children to be carried away. Also called Sotre.

Spinagros

A giant in Italy. Also identified as Spinagros.

stopan

A Bulgarian spirit of an ancestor. Acting as guardian of the house. Sometimes referred to as stopan.

stork

A sacred bird in Sweden. Occasionally called stork.

Sugaar

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swan

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Swan Knight

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Synafor

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Tachebrune

A horse of Ogier. Sometimes identified as Tachebrune.

tailed men

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Tan-tad

In Breton fire-worship a log, representing the deity, which is burnt. Known as Tan-tad.

Tancred

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Tarasque

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Tardif

The snail in Reynard the Fox. In some accounts, called Tardif.

Tartaro

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Tatzelwurm

A mythical dragon in the Alps. Occasionally called Tatzelwurm.

taxims

Revenants with rotting, stinking bodies. Sometimes identified as taxims.

Tevennec

In Breton lore, the land of the dead. This realm is an island to which the souls of the dead are transferred every night in boats. On occassion, called Tevennec.

Thamuz

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Thelemites

A fictitious order of monks (Rabelais). Called Thelemites.

Theodora

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Theodore

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Theodoricus

A knight of Charlemagne. He was the last knight to be killed at the Battle of Roncesvalles. Referred to as Theodoricus.

Thiedric

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Thierry

A king of Maurienne. Father of Blanchefleur. Occasionally known as Thierry, Thiedric, Thiedric or Thierry.

Tibeert

The name for Tybert in Dutch versions of Reynard the Fox. Sometimes referred to as Tibeert.

Tiebaut de Bourges

A Frankish knight. Uncle of Esturmi. He was the leader of the forces fighting the Saracens at the Battle of Archamp. Also commonly called Tiebaut de Bourges.

Tiécelin

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Tilpin

(c. 753-800). An archbishop of Rheims. He may be the same as the Carolingian archbishop, Turpin. Called Tilpin, Turpin, Turpin or Archbishop Turpin.

Torto

A Basque demon. This being, whose only one eye is in his forehead, captures young people, cuts them up and eats them. At times, referred to as Torto.

Tranchera

The sword of Agrican. Sometimes referred to as Tranchera.

Trebizond

A horse of Guarinos. Sometimes identified as Trebizond.

Tristan

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Tristram's Saga

A 13th C. Norwegian version of the Tristram and Isolde story. Sometimes known as Tristram's Saga.

Tristram the Dwarf

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Tristrano Panciatochiano

A 14th C. Italian version of the Tristram and Isolde story. In some references, called Tristrano Panciatochiano.

Tristrano Riccardiano

A 13th C. Italian version of the Tristram and Isolde srtory. Occasionally known as Tristrano Riccardiano.

Tristrant

A version of the Tristram and Isolde. Story written by Eilhart von Oberge. In some accounts, referred to as Tristrant.

Tronc

In some accounts, the original. Name of Oberon. Also referred to as Tronc, Oberon, Oberon, Auberon or German Alberich.

Turpin

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Tybert

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Uberto

A name used by Argalia at Charlemagne's great tournament. In some accounts, identified as Uberto, Argalia or Argalia.

Ugarthilocus

The Danish name for Utgard-Loki. Occasionally identified as Ugarthilocus.

Ulania

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Ulien

Father of Rodomont. Also commonly called Ulien.

Urme

Female spirits of fate. These beings, usually three, are regarded by the gypsies of Poland, Russia, Serbia, etc, as being the arbiters of fate. In some lore, occasionally identified as Urme.

Urtzi

A Basque sky-god and thunder-god. Also commonly called Urtzi.

Valentine

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Varnefrid

An adviser to Charlemagne. Called Varnefrid.

Varpulis

A Czech god of storms. On occassion, referred to as Varpulis.

Vartrad

In Sweden, a sacred tree which delivered oracles. If such a tree were felled, the house where it grew would no longer prosper. In some lore, occasionally called Vartrad, Vardtrad or Vardtrad.

veela

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Vegliantino

A horse of Orlando in some Italian stories. Sometimes called Vegliantino, Veillantif or Veillantif.

Veillantif

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Veles

A Czech god of domestic animals and the underworld. Sometimes known as Veles, Lithuanian Ganyklos, Lithuanian Ganyklos, Vlas, Volos, Russian Vlas(sy), Russian Vlas(sy), Ganyklos, Slav Volos, Slav Volos, Volusu, Volusu, Vyeles or Vyeles.

Veran

A French saint. He (or Front) is said to have defeated the man-eating monster, Coulobre. Sometimes identified as Veran.

vila

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Vivien

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Wackerlos

The dog in Reynard the Fox. He accused Reynard of stealing his sausage. Sometimes called Wackerlos.

Walewein

The name used by the Dutch for Gawain. Also identified as Walewein, Gawain, Gawain, Gauvaine, Gavain, Gawan, Gawayne, Knight of the Goddess, Galvagin, Gauvain(e), Gwrfan, The Red Knight, Dutch Walwain, Walwanus, French Gauvain, Gauwain, Gayain, Irish Balb(u)aidh, Bhalbhuaidh, Latin Walga(i)nus, Scottish Uallabh, Welsh Gwalchgwyn, Gwalchmai, Gwalchmei or Green Knight.

Walter

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Widukind

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Wild Hunt

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Wild Huntsman

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wind

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Ys

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Ysoré

A Saracen king. When this king besieged King Louis, Guillaume left the hermitage to which he had retired and killed Ysoré in single combat. In some lore, occasionally identified as Ysoré.

Yvoirin

Uncle of Esclaramonde. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Yvoirin.

Zadusnica

A guardian spirit. Identified as Zadusnica, Russian Dziady or Russian Dziady.

Zahoris

Spanish sorcerers. These people are said to have made a pact with the Devil who has given them the power to see through solid objects. Known as Zahoris.

Zedechias

An 8th C. Frankish magician. It is said that he caused sylphs to appear in ships of the air. At times, called Zedechias.

Zerbino

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Zitus

The name for King Arthur in some Spanish stories. Known as Zitus, Arthur, Arthur, Artos, Flower of Kings, Riothamus, The Wart, Damas, Ontzlake or also Artos.

Ziza

A name for Isis in the north. Also commonly called Ziza, Isis, Isis, Aset, Ast, Aust, Eset, Esu, Lady of the Beginning, Lady of the Emerald, Lady of the Turquoise, Our Lady, Queen of Heaven, sacred birds, Star of the Sea, Unt, Watch Merti, As(e)t, Eenohebis, Great Mother, Lady of Turquoise, Hes(a)t, Iahu, Mother of God, Sakhmet, Thousand Named, Urethekau, Werethekau, Greek Athena, Demeter, Isia, Io, Stella Maris, Manat, Mut, Zizi or Zizi.

Zywie

A Polish goddess of life. In some lore, occasionally called Zywie, Slav Ziva or Slav Ziva.
European Mythology