Eighteen Lohan

Chinese - Disciples of the Buddha. Each of these disciples is depicted in a distinctive pose with his own symbols. Sixteen of them, the arhats, were adopted from the Hindu tradition and two others were added by the Chinese themselves. There are a number of lists, some of them of purely Chinese and Tibetan origin. The original sixteen are listed as: 1. Angida (Angaja) 2. Asita 3. Chota Panthaka 4. Gobaka 5. Kalika 6. Kanaka-vatsa 7. Nagasena 8. Nakula (Bakula.Vakula) 9. Nandimitra 10. Panthaka 11. Pindola 12. Pindola the Bharadvaja 13. Rahula 14. Tamra-Bhadra 15. Vajraputra (Fa-she-na-fu-to) 16. Vanavasa (Fa-no-p'o-ssu) One of the other two is sometimes given as Ajita, though others equate Ajita with Asita. The other is given as Po-lo-to-she but this is said to be a form of Pindola the Bharadvaja. Other names sometimes given are Bhadra, Kanakabharadvaja and Upadhyaya. An alternative Chinese list has only seven from the original Hindu tradition. This list is as follows: 1. Asvagosha 2. Feng-kan 3. Gonamati 4. Han-shan Tzu 5. Hui-tsang 6. Hui-yüan 7. Isvara 8. Kumarajiva 9. Mahakasyapa 10. Pu T'ai (Ho-shang) 11. Rahulata 12. Shen-tsan 13. Shih-te Tzu 14. Singhalaputra 15. Tao-t'ung 16. Tao-yüeh 17. Ts'ung-shen 18. Wu-k'o Other names which sometimes appear include Chi Kung, Dharmatrata and Wu Ti. On occassion, referred to as Eighteen Lohan, Arahan, Arahan, arhat, Arahant, Arahant, Arahat, Arahat, lohan, lohan, Lo-han, lo-han, Japanese Rakan, Sanskrit Sthavira, Rakan, Rakan, Arakan, Gnas-brtan, Tibetan Gnas-brtan, Arhat, Worthies, Worthies, Nine Worthies, Ar(a)han, Ar(a)han, Ar(a)hat, Ar(a)hat, Arhant, Arhant, Japanese Arakan, Japanese Arakan, Neten or Neten.

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