East Indian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abiasa

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Adiri

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Airlanga

A king who was regarded as the prince. Arjuna in the Javanese version of the Mahabharata. Also commonly referred to as Airlanga, Erlanga, Erlanga, Erlangga or Vishnu.

Aji Saka

A Javanese scholar. He is said to have given the islanders the art of writing. On occassion, called Aji Saka.

Ambahini

A name for Ambalika in Java. In some references, identified as Ambahini.

Ambu Dewi

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Amei Awi

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Anantaboga

In Javanese lore, King of the Underworld Dragons. Father and husband of Nagagini. Father of Anantaraja by Nagagini. At times, known as Anantaboga.

Anantaraja

Son of Anantaboga and Nagagini. In some lore, occasionally called Anantaraja.

Anggun Nan Tungga

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Angoi

A god in Borneo. He was killed by another god who cut the body into pieces, from which sprang the various species of animals. At times, called Angoi.

anjing ajak

In Javanese lore, a werewolf. In some lore, occasionally called anjing ajak.

Antang

In the lore of the Dayaks, the falcon. Owned by Mahatala. Occasionally called Antang.

Apu Lagang

The spirit world of the Dayaks. Known as Apu Lagang.

Ara

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Arjuna-Wiwaha

A Javanese epic poem about the marriages of Arjuna. On occassion, known as Arjuna-Wiwaha.

Aro

Daughter of Marupi. Sister of Pora. Wife of Piri Korovu. Also commonly known as Aro.

aru

In the lore of New Guinea tribes, the soul of a dead man or the shadow of a living one. Also known as aru.

Asai

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asisi

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Asmara

A cycle of plays based on the legends of Java. Also referred to as Asmara.

Aswatama

Son of Durna and Wilotama. Also called Aswatama.

Atala

A supreme deity in Borneo. Also commonly known as Atala.

Avo Akore

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badi

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Bale Kenchur

A mortuary in Java. It is said that the living may receive messages from the dead in such places. In some accounts, known as Bale Kenchur.

baloma

The spirit of a dead relative in Papua. New Guinea. On occassion, known as baloma.

Bambang Kalingga

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Bangar

Son of Timbehes. Brother of Lean and Sisianlik. This family is regarded in New Guinea as the ancestor of the tribes. Known as Bangar.

basir

A Dayak priest and sorcerer. These men often dress in the clothes of women. Sometimes known as basir.

Beg

In New Guinea, a resting-place for the soul on its journey to Boigu, the land of the dead. Sometimes called Beg.

bela

An Indonesian tree spirit. Referred to as bela.

Bharatayuda

The Javanese version of the Mahabharata. On occassion, referred to as Bharatayuda, Bratayuda or Bratayuda.

bidadari

A Javanese nymph. It is said that these beings sometimes marry mortals. Sometimes called bidadari, vidyadhari, vidyadhari, bijadhari or Javanese widyadhari Pacific bidadari.

Bima

The Javanese version of Bhima. Husband of Nagagini. Occasionally called Bima, Bratasena, Bratasena, Werkudara, Werkudara or Hindu Vrikodara.

Bisagit

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Blue Lotus

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bluebottle

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Bochor

An assassin. He stabbed the king of Java in the back but the king, protected by divine power, was unharmed and Bochor begged his forgiveness. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Bochor.

Boigu

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Bongabong

A supreme god in Indonesia. Referred to as Bongabong.

Bota Hi

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Brahma

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Brethren, The

Culture heroes of New Guinea. In some accounts, referred to as Brethren, The.

buffalo

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Bujang

The first man. He was a a cultural hero, said to have been born near Mecca, who led the Iban people to Borneo In some accounts, referred to as Bujang.

Bunu

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Buriswara

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Burung Une

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Buso

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Celestial Hawk

A huge primordial bird. In the lore of the Dayaks this bird was created in the first of the three epochs of creation. Sometimes identified as Celestial Hawk.

cricket

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dalang

A director of a puppet theatre. He knows the mythology of Java and sings the hymns to the gods during a performance. Sometimes known as dalang.

Dali Matei

The land of the spirits, ruled by Laki Tenangan. At times, referred to as Dali Matei.

Damar Wulan

A Javanese hero-prince. Also called Damar Wulan.

Dandomi

Wife of Anggun Nan Tungga. On occassion, referred to as Dandomi.

Darvi

A dema. This being saved the world from total destruction by fire when he caused rain to fall. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Darvi.

Dasamuka

The Javanese version of the demon Ravana. He is also said to be reincarnated as Duryudana. In some lore, occasionally called Dasamuka, Rawana, Rawana, Ravana, 'ten-faced' or 'ten-faced'.

Dasarata

The Javanese version of Dasha-ratha. Occasionally identified as Dasarata.

dayong

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Debata

A word for god or for divine power in Sumatra. Sometimes referred to as Debata.

Demas

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Demong

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dewata

A general name for a goddess in Java. In some lore, occasionally identified as dewata, Borneo jewata, Borneo jewata, devata, dewi, divata, leibata, Hindu devata, Hindu devata, dewi, jewata, tevoda, Indonesia dewi, Indonesia dewi, dewi, Philippines divata, Philippines divata, dewi, Sumatra leibata, Sumatra leibata or dewi.

Dewi Shri

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diam

A mythological story recited to invoke spirits. Occasionally called diam, pengap or pengap.

Didis Mahendera

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Dirivo

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Diwa-Zib

A dema, lord of the head-hunters. Also called Diwa-Zib.

Djambu Boros

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Djata

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dukun

A Javanese magician said to be able to cure disease. At times, referred to as dukun.

dukun sanah

A dukun who officiates at a ceremony to cure diseases of growing rice. At times, called dukun sanah.

Durna

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Duryudana

The Javanese version of Duryodhana. Son of Drestarata. He was the eldest of the Korawas and regarded as an incarnation of Dasamuka. Sometimes called Duryudana, Suyudana, Suyudana or Duryodhana.

Dusianta

The Javanese version of Dushyanta. Occasionally known as Dusianta.

Eare

A witch in Papua New Guinea. Sometimes identified as Eare.

Eau

Daughter of Maelere. Sister of Havoa, wife of Kopu. Also referred to as Eau.

Eihovu

A lake in New Guinea from which Namora, the first woman, emerged. Also called Eihovu.

Emakong

In the lore of New Britain, a spirit which brings birds, crickets, fire and night from the underworld. Sometimes identified as Emakong.

Enda Semangko

A Papuan goddess: a powerful ghost. Occasionally called Enda Semangko.

Enggang

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Enggang Papan

The name of Rangkong as a hornbill. Also known as Enggang Papan, Enggang or Enggang.

Entingi

Father of Demong. On occassion, known as Entingi.

epalirai

Papuan forest-spirits. Occasionally referred to as epalirai.

faknik

In Papuan lore, a spirit living in rocks. Near the sea, which causes storms. In some references, called faknik.

Gainji

A creator-deity in Papua: the time. When he ruled. In some lore, occasionally called Gainji, Originator or Originator.

Gandari

The Javanese version of Gandhari. Wife of Drestarata. Mother of the Korawas. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Gandari.

Gareng

Son of Semar. Brother of Petruk. In some references, known as Gareng.

Gawai

A festival of the Iban tribe in Borneo to which they invite ancestors and gods. Also commonly known as Gawai.

Glass-man

A spirit. A man who upset an ocean-goddess was turned into a figure of shining glass which is seen only at night. Known as Glass-man.

Goga

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Gold Mountain

In the lore of the Dyaks, this mountain. Clashed with Jewel Mountain to form. The world. In some lore, occasionally known as Gold Mountain.

Gondowah

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Gunduple

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Guriang Tunggal

A supreme god in Java. Father of Guru Minda. Husband of Ambu Dewi. Also called Guriang Tunggal.

Guru Minda

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gusi

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Hainowele

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Hana

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Hantuen

King of the ghosts in Borneo. Occasionally called Hantuen, Raja Hantuen or Raja Hantuen.

Havoa

Daughter of Maelere. Sister of Eau. Wife of Kopu. Sometimes known as Havoa.

Head-he-go-round man

A prophet or seer. On occassion, identified as Head-he-go-round man.

Heduru

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Hevehe

A feast at which the spirits of the dead. Are said to appear. At times, called Hevehe.

Hi-asa

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Hian

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Hiang Piumbung

A supreme god of the Dayaks. Also known as Hiang Piumbung.

hovatu-koiari

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Iko

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Ila-Ilai Langit

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Iri

A creator-deity in Borneo. He helped Rinaggon to create men from the kumpong tree. In some references, identified as Iri.

Irik

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Ivi Apo

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Jaka Tingkir

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Jalatunda

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Jamajaya

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Janaka

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Janamejaya

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Jantam

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Jata

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jata

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Jayanaga

One of the 5 kings of Java regarded as incarnations of the Dhyanibuddhas. Sometimes called Jayanaga.

Jayawardhana

One of the 5 kings of Java regarded as incarnations of the Dhyanibuddhas. Also referred to as Jayawardhana.

jewata

A general name for a deity in Borneo. In some accounts, referred to as jewata, Hindu devata, Hindu devata, dewata, dewi, divata, leibata, tevoda, Java dewata, Java dewata, devata, dewi, Philippines divata, Philippines divata, dewi, Sumatra leibata, Sumatra leibata or dewi.

Jewel Mountain

In the lore of the Dayaks, this mountain clashed with Gold. Mountain to produce the world. At times, identified as Jewel Mountain.

Juru

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Kaia muni

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Kala

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Kalaikota

A priest. He persuaded Wishnu to become incarnate as Rama, a son of Dasarata who, until then, was childless. Also known as Kalaikota.

Kali Jaka

A Javanese king. He is said to have brought Islam to Java. Sometimes called Kali Jaka.

Karna

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Kartanagara

One of the 5 kings of Java regarded as incarnations of the Dhyanibuddhas. Also called Kartanagara.

Karwar

A talisman in the form of a figure of an ancestor, carved from a tree. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Karwar.

kayon

In Java, a stylised representation of the Tree of Life. In some lore, occasionally referred to as kayon.

Kekeko

A fabulous bird. This bird can talk and also provides food for orphans. Occasionally called Kekeko.

Kerema Apo

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kesakten

In Java, the vital principle permeating. The universe. Occasionally identified as kesakten, Indian shakti or Indian shakti.

Kesna

The Javanese form of Krishna. Also called Kesna.

Kewanambo

A man-eating ogre of Papua. This demon often appears in the guise of a kindly woman who lures children from their homes. On occassion, identified as Kewanambo.

kiavari

Spirits of the dead, in Javanese lore. At times, identified as kiavari.

Kidul

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Kilibob

A local god in New Guinea. Occasionally called Kilibob.

kilyakai

Malevolent forest spirits of New Guinea. These spirits are said to shoot arrows which cause malaria. In some references, identified as kilyakai, kiliakai or kiliakai.

Kine-kine-boro

An ogre who used his long hair to lasso. His victims. In some accounts, referred to as Kine-kine-boro.

Kinharingan

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Kitap Ngelmu

A Javanese book of magic. Also known as Kitap Ngelmu.

Kling

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Komba Ralingki

A powerful Papuan ghost. Also identified as Komba Ralingki, Spirit of the Stranger or Spirit of the Stranger.

Kopu

A goddess of the morning-star, Venus. In some accounts, Kopu is male and the consort of Eau and Hovoa. Occasionally called Kopu, Malara or Malara.

Korinchi

A Sumatran tribe, members of which, it is said, can change into tigers. Sometimes identified as Korinchi, Korinci, Korinci, Korintji or Korintji.

Korowas

The Javanese version of the Kauravas. At times, known as Korowas, Kurus, Kurus or Kauravas.

korwar

A wooden image of an ancestor, used. As an oracle. Also commonly known as korwar.

Kresna

The Javanese version of Krishna. Brother of Baladewa and Subadra. At times, called Kresna.

Kritarajasa

A king. Husband of Rukmini and Satya-bhama. He was sometimes identified with Harihara. On occassion, referred to as Kritarajasa, Harihara, Harihara, Hara, Hari, Hari Hara, Shiva or Vishnu.

kukwanebu

Fairy stories in Papua New Guinea. On occassion, called kukwanebu.

Kumang

The mother-goddess of Borneo. Identified as Kumang.

kundje

A form of magic used in New Guinea. Occasionally known as kundje.

Kwoiam

A culture-hero in New Guinea. On occassion, referred to as Kwoiam, Kuiamo or Kuiamo.

Kyai Agung

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Kyai Belorong

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labuni

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Laki Oi

A culture-hero in Borneo. He was said to have invented fire by rubbing bamboo stems together. At times, called Laki Oi.

Laki Tenangan

A chief spirit in Borneo. Ruler of Dali Matei. At times, known as Laki Tenangan.

Lara Jonggrang

A statue of Durga or Kali in Java. Some accounts say that she was the daughter of Ratu Baka. Also called Lara Jonggrang, Ambu Dewi, Ambu Dewi, Ambika, Bairawi, Divine Mother, Sunan Ambu, Ambika, Hindu Durga, Kali, Kali, Kali, Black One, The, Kamakhya, Ambi(ka), Ankalamman, Anna-Purna, Bhadrakali, Bhagavati, Bhavani, Bhimadevi, Bhramari, Bhuta-Nayaki Black One, Devi, Dewi, Digambara, Durga, Gana-Nayaki, Gauri, Girija, Ishani, Kali Ma, Kamaks(h)i, Kanyakumari, Kapalini, Karala, Karali, Kotari, Karna-Moti, Katyayani, Kirati, Kumari, Mahadevi, Mahakali, Mahes(h)vari, Mahisha-Mardini, Parvati, Pinga, Pitari, Raktadanti, Rudrani, Sati, Shakti, Simha-Vahini, The Black One, Uma, Vijaya, Javanese Ambu Dewi, Ratu Lara Kidul, Pacific Batari or Canda.

Laseo

A culture-hero of Celebes. Occasionally called Laseo.

Lauma

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Laumu

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leibata

A general name for a deity in Sumatra. Also known as leibata, Borneo jewata, Borneo jewata, devata, dewata, dewi, divata, Hindu devata, Hindu devata, dewi, jewata, tevoda, Indonesian dewi, Indonesian dewi, Javanese dewata, Javanese dewata, Philippines divata, Philippines divata or dewi.

Lejo

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Lembu

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libogues

Legends of Papua New Guinea. Also known as libogues.

Lichambene

A rice-goddess of Sulawesi. Mother of Kumokomba. In some lore, occasionally called Lichambene.

Lilang

A Sangiang. Brother of Tempon Telon. This demi-god acts as the guardian of fishermen. Occasionally known as Lilang.

liliu

Sacred myths of Papua New Guinea. In some lore, occasionally identified as liliu.

Loro Jonggrang

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Lowalangi

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Luminu'ut

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Lutung Kasarung

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Macan Madungan

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Maelere

A sun-god. Father of Eau and Havoa. Also commonly known as Maelere.

Mahameru

In Javanese lore, the home of the gods. Referred to as Mahameru, Mount Meru, Mount Meru, Golden Mountain, Jewel Peak, Lotus Mountain, Meru, Mount Sumeru, Mount, The, Sumeru, Devaparvata, Hemadri, Karnikacala, Ratnasanu or The Mount.

Mahatala

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Mahayogi

A name for Shiva as the Great Ascetic. On occassion, identified as Mahayogi, Great Ascetic, Great Ascetic, Shiva, Shiva, Shiva, Acyata, Adinatha, Aghora, Akula, Ananda, Anant(es)a, Annamurti, Bathala, Bhadra Vira, Bhagavan, Bhairava, Bhatara Guru, Bhava, Bhavishya, Bhima, Bhuta-Natha, Bhuteswara, Blue Throat, Candesvara, Candrasekhara, Dakshina-Murti, Dhurjati, Digambara, Divine Yogi, Durvasas, Ganga-dhara, Garudi, Gopala, Goraknath, Gupta, Hara, Harihara, Isha(na), Is(h)a, Is(h)ana, Is(h)vara, Janardana, Kala(ri), Khandoba, Linga, Lingodbhava, Lord of the Dance, Lord of the Moon, Mahadeo, Mahadeva, Mahakala, Mahapurusha, Maharaja, Mahes(h)vara, Mangala, Mukhalinga, Nataraja, Nates(h)a, Nilakantha, Nritta-Murti, Pancanana, Panchamukti-Maruti, Pas(h)upati, Patsupati, Petara, Rishabha, Rudra, Sadyojata, Shaktiman, Shambhu, Shamkara, S(h)ankara, Sharabha, Shaumya, Sikhandin, Siva, Somanatha, Somaskanda, Srikantha, Sthanu, Sundara, Supreme Lord, Syama, Tatpurusha, Tri-lochana, Tripuratanka, Ugra, Vamadeva, Vira-Bhadra, Virabhadra, Virupashksa, Vishapaharana, Vishvanatha, Warayana, Buddhist Amitabha, Cambodian Hara, Prah Eysor, East Indies Karaeng Lowe, Is(h)wara, Mahaiswara, Mahatala, Greek Cronos, Japanese Amida, Pacific Bat(h)ala, Siwa, Philippines Mahacabatara, Thai Phra In Suen, Kala Shiva, Pancabrahma, Siwa Mahayogi or Siwa Mahayogi.

Maivia Kivivia

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Makara

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Make

In New Guinea, a huge snake. This snake is said to be a manifestation of the god Wunekan. Also commonly identified as Make.

Mambang Tuli Harus

In Java, Malaya, etc., a sea-spirit which controls currents. On occassion, identified as Mambang Tuli Harus.

Mang

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Mangala Bulan

A Sumatran moon-goddess. Occasionally called Mangala Bulan.

Maniaka

Son of Peri Dewa. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Maniaka.

Maniwori

Son of the first human couple in New Guinea. On occassion, known as Maniwori.

Manuai

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Manuk Manuk

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Maori

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Maraiya

The New Guinea land of the dead. This land is envisaged as similar to our own world without illness. On occassion, identified as Maraiya.

Maruka Akore

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Marunogere

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Marupa

Father of Aro and Pora. Also called Marupa.

matabiri

An evil Papuan swamp-spirit. Also called matabiri.

matagaigai

A Papuan tree-spirit. If one of these spirits should touch the sick, death will follow. Also called matagaigai.

Mavu

Daughter of Maivia Kivavia. Sister of Moro. She and her sister and brothers became the ancestors of the tribes of New Guinea. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Mavu.

Meanderi

A Papuan goddess. She is credited with the invention of taro and sugar-cane. In some accounts, called Meanderi.

Melu

A creator-god. On occassion, identified as Melu.

Menak

The Javanese name for Amir. Hamza. Also referred to as Menak, Malay Amir Hamza or Malay Amir Hamza.

Mencha Terim

A king of Sumatra. Son of Sulana and Muhtabul Bahri. When he became king, he changed his name to Sapurba. Sometimes referred to as Mencha Terim, Sapurba or Sapurba.

Mobog

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Mombonang

A god. Father of Muntalog. Referred to as Mombonang.

Moro

Daughter of Maivia Kivavia. Sister of Mavu. She and her sister and her brothers became the ancestors of the tribes of New Guinea. Called Moro.

Mu

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Mula Dyadi

A creator-deity of Sumatra. In some references, known as Mula Dyadi.

Mumba'an

A sun-god. He is said to have dried the earth after the flood subsided. Also called Mumba'an.

Munsumundok

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Muntalog

A deity. Son of Mumbonong. He is said to have pulled some hair from his father's head and brought it down to earth as fire. Also referred to as Muntalog.

Muntu-Untu

A sun-god. Occasionally identified as Muntu-Untu.

Naga Pahoda

A serpent in the primitive ocean, in the lore of Sumatra. In some accounts, called Naga Pahoda, Naga Padoha or Naga Padoha.

Nagagini

Daughter and wife of Anantaboga. Mother of Anantaraja by Anantaboga. Wife of B'ima. In some accounts, identified as Nagagini.

Namita

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Namora

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Nandi-Keshvara

A name for Shiva in Java. On occassion, referred to as Nandi-Keshvara.

Narbrooi

Woodland spirits. These beings were said to take the souls of the sick who died unless gifts were offered for their return. Also identified as Narbrooi.

Narwoje

A cloud-spirit in Papua. This being is said to abduct young children. Sometimes referred to as Narwoje.

Nawang Wulan

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Nemu

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ngelmu

Magic. In some references, referred to as ngelmu.

ngelmu gadungan

The power to assume the form of a tiger. Occasionally known as ngelmu gadungan.

Ni

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Nilawata

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Nini Arteh

The little girl in the moon. Identified as Nini Arteh.

Niniganni

A benevolent python-goddess. On occassion, called Niniganni.

Noa

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Nyi Pohatji

A tree-goddess in Java. Identified as Nyi Pohatji.

Oa Iriarapo

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Oa Rove

A shape-changer god of Papua. He gave men weapons to fight with. Occasionally referred to as Oa Rove.

Ohare Akore

In Papuan lore, the fourth person to be created. This person, born from a turtle's egg, later turned into the black coconut palm. Also known as Ohare Akore.

Old Woman

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omang

In Sumatra, gnomes with feet pointing to the rear. In some accounts, called omang.

Ora Rove Marai

A supreme deity in New Guinea. In some lore, occasionally identified as Ora Rove Marai.

Orangpendeck

A monster. This beast, a Sumatran version of the yeti, is said to be covered in red hair. Sometimes known as Orangpendeck, Orang-pendek or Orang-pendek.

Ovo Okare

In Papuan lore, the third person to be created. This person, born from a turtle's egg, later turned into the red coconut palm. In some references, referred to as Ovo Okare.

pampahilep

Dayak tree-spirits. These beings can take the form of mortals and marry human partners. In some references, identified as pampahilep.

Panangsang

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Pancha-Tathagata

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Pandawas

The Javanese version of the Pandavas. Also known as Pandawas, Pandowas, Pandowas or Pandavas.

Panji

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Pari Penganten

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Parpara

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Pasangu

An evil goblin. He turned himself into a mouse and was killed by the cat Gunduple. In some accounts, called Pasangu.

Peri Dewa

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peroveta

Prophet-songs in New Guinea. Sometimes referred to as peroveta.

Petara

A creator-god of the sea-Dayaks. A name for Shiva. Sometimes called Petara, Shiva, Shiva, Acyata, Adinatha, Aghora, Akula, Ananda, Anant(es)a, Annamurti, Bathala, Bhadra Vira, Bhagavan, Bhairava, Bhatara Guru, Bhava, Bhavishya, Bhima, Bhuta-Natha, Bhuteswara, Blue Throat, Candesvara, Candrasekhara, Dakshina-Murti, Dhurjati, Digambara, Divine Yogi, Durvasas, Ganga-dhara, Garudi, Gopala, Goraknath, Great Ascetic, Gupta, Hara, Harihara, Isha(na), Is(h)a, Is(h)ana, Is(h)vara, Janardana, Kala(ri), Khandoba, Linga, Lingodbhava, Lord of the Dance, Lord of the Moon, Mahadeo, Mahadeva, Mahakala, Mahapurusha, Maharaja, Mahes(h)vara, Mangala, Mukhalinga, Nataraja, Nates(h)a, Nilakantha, Nritta-Murti, Pancanana, Panchamukti-Maruti, Pas(h)upati, Patsupati, Rishabha, Rudra, Sadyojata, Shaktiman, Shambhu, Shamkara, S(h)ankara, Sharabha, Shaumya, Sikhandin, Siva, Somanatha, Somaskanda, Srikantha, Sthanu, Sundara, Supreme Lord, Syama, Tatpurusha, Tri-lochana, Tripuratanka, Ugra, Vamadeva, Vira-Bhadra, Virabhadra, Virupashksa, Vishapaharana, Vishvanatha, Warayana, Buddhist Amitabha, Cambodian Hara, Prah Eysor, East Indies Karaeng Lowe, Is(h)wara, Mahaiswara, Mahatala, Mahayogi, Greek Cronos, Japanese Amida, Pacific Bat(h)ala, Siwa, Philippines Mahacabatara, Thai Phra In Suen, Kala Shiva, Pancabrahma, Shiva or Shiva.

Petruk

Son of Semar. Brother of Gareng. Sometimes referred to as Petruk.

Pipi Korovu

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Poe Mpalaburu

A name for Vishnu in Sulawesi. Called Poe Mpalaburu.

Pora

Daughter of Marupi. Sister of Aro. Wife of Pipi Korovu. In some accounts, known as Pora.

Prabu Makukuwan

A Javanese king, an incarnation of Wisnu. He is said to have married a female python, an incarnation of Lakshmi. In some accounts, identified as Prabu Makukuwan, Wisnu, Wisnu, Narai, Vishnu, Narayana, Cambodian Hari or Hindu Vishnu.

Puang Matowa

A sky-god in Celebes. Occasionally called Puang Matowa.

Pulang Gana

An earth-spirit of the Iban people of Borneo. In some lore, occasionally known as Pulang Gana.

puntianak

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Purba Rarang

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Purba Sari

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Puteri Bualu

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Radin

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Rajasanagara

One of the 5 kings of Java regarded as incarnations of the Dhyanibuddhas. In some references, known as Rajasanagara.

Rangkong

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Rangsang

A Javanese king. It was said that, every Friday, he would fly to Mecca on his prayer-mat to take part in prayers. In some references, identified as Rangsang, Agung or Agung.

ranguma

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raos

In Javanese lore, the ability to interpret cosmic events and phenomena. On occassion, called raos, roso, roso, Indonesian rasa or Indonesian rasa.

rapal

A magic formula for changing into an animal. Sometimes known as rapal.

rasa

In Indonesian lore, the ability to interpret cosmic events and phenomena. Occasionally referred to as rasa.

Ratna Dumilah

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Ratna Jumilah

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Ratu Baka

A Javanese king. Father of Lara Jonggnang, some say. Sometimes known as Ratu Baka.

Raudalo

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Rawana

The Javanese version of Ravana. In some accounts, referred to as Rawana, Ravana, Ravana, Ravan, Hiranyakashipa, Javanese Dasamuka, Dasamuka, Dasamuka or 'ten-faced'.

reksoso

The Javanese version of a rakshasa. In some references, called reksoso, reksasi, reksasi, femalereksasi or femalereksasi.

Rigenmucha

A supreme god in New Guinea. Sometimes called Rigenmucha.

Rinaggon

A creator-bird in Borneo. Rinaggon is said to have made men from the kimpong tree. Occasionally identified as Rinaggon.

Rinda

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Roro Nawang Sih

Daughter of Kyai Agung and Nawang Wulan. Also commonly known as Roro Nawang Sih.

Rowang Riwo

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Sadana

A Javanese name for Vishnu. Also referred to as Sadana, Lakshmi, Lakshmi, Indira, Ksirabdhitanya, Laksmi, Lotus, Mahalakshmi, sacred birds, Dakshina, Devi-Seri, Devi-Shri, Dharani, Empress of the Sea, Gajadevi, Haripriya, Jaladhi-ja, Karisini, Ksama, Lokamata, Lotus, Mahasarasvati, Matrirupa, Padma(vati), Radha, Rohini, Rukmini, Shri, (Sri) Laksmi, Sita, Sri(-devi), Tulsi, Vaishnavi, Vriddhi, Buddhist Maya, East Indies Dewi-Shri, Phra Naret, Vishnu, Vishnu, Abjaja, Abjayoni, Adhoksaja, Dakshina, Lord Creator, Lord of Sacred Wisdom, Lord of the Universe, Padma, Padma-Nabha, Primaeval Being, Vasu, Visnu, Wishnu, World Maintainer, Achyuta, Acyata, Adimurti, Ananta, Anatas(h)ayana, Annamurti, Bhumiya, Caturmurti, Dhanvantari, Dharma, Dhruva, Erlanga, Girija, hamsa, Hanuman, Hayagriva, Hrsikesa, Ishvara, Jala-Shayin, Janardana, Kala, Kesava, Mahadeva, Mahapurusha, Maharaja, Mandhatha, Manmatha, Mohini, Mukunda, Narada, Narasinha, Narayana, Padma(-Nabha), 'pervader', Panchayudha, Pandurganga, Piyusaharana, Pradyumna, Pr(i)thu, Rsabha, Salagrama, S(h)amba, Trivikrama, Vasu, Venkata, Viratapurusa, Vis(h)varupa, Vithoba, Vitthali, Vyasa, Yajna, Yajnesh(var)a, Buddhist Akshobhya, Cambodian Hari, Harihara, Prah Noreai-Narayana, Chinese Wu-shun, Japanese Ashuku, Javanese Kresna, Sadona, Pacific Islands Poe Mpalaburu, Wisnu, Thai Narayana, Phra Narai or Jagannath.

Sadewa

In Javanese lore, the son of Pandu. Sometimes identified as Sadewa.

sadiri

A doll, made of dough, used by the Dayaks in a ceremony to cure. The sick. In some lore, occasionally identified as sadiri.

Sakri

Son of Bambang Kalingga and Nilawata. Sometimes identified as Sakri.

Sang Hyang Tunggal

A supreme god in Java. Sometimes called Sang Hyang Tunggal.

Sang Pertala Dewa

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Sangen

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Sangiang

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Sangiang Sari

A rice-goddess. At times, called Sangiang Sari.

Sangkuruwira

In the lore of Celebes, one of the first beings. Brother of Guru ri Sleng. Father of Batara Guru. Also called Sangkuruwira.

Sapurba

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sarong

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Satang goddesses

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Satya-bhama

A wife of Kritarajasa. Occasionally called Satya-bhama.

semangko

The ghosts of the dead in Papua. In some lore, occasionally referred to as semangko.

Semar

A Javanese god. Brother of Batara Guru. Father of Garang and Petruk. He was said to live on earth to protect the Pandawas. On occassion, called Semar.

Senapati

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Sengalang Burong

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Serapati

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Si Boru Deak

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Siambuka

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sibaso

A Sumatran shaman. At times, known as sibaso.

Sibauk

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Sidin

A servant of Enggang. He released Rangkong, wife of Enggang, who had been shut in a tree by her husband. Occasionally called Sidin.

Sido

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Sihai

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Silewe Nazarata

A goddess. Wife of Lowalangi. Some say that she lives on the moon. In some references, identified as Silewe Nazarata.

siluman

A spirit, in Javanese lore. On occassion, called siluman.

Singalang Burong

A Dayak bird-god, progenitor of the tribe. On occassion, referred to as Singalang Burong.

Sinta

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Sirao

A creator-god. Identified as Sirao.

Sisianlik

Daughter of Timbehes. Sister of Bangai and Lean. This family is regarded in New Guinea as the ancestors of the tribes. Also called Sisianlik.

Sisinjori

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Soripada

A Sumatran earth-goddess. In some accounts, referred to as Soripada.

sovai

In Papuan lore, the soul. Also referred to as sovai, asisi, asisi, atiti, sovar or sovar.

Subadra

Sister of Baladewa. Wife of Arjuna. In some lore, occasionally known as Subadra, Sembadra, Sembadra, Subhadra, Indian Subhadra or Indian Subhadra.

Suprabha

In the Javanese version of the Mahabharata, she was the wife of Arjuna. Sometimes known as Suprabha.

Suria

A Javanese sun-god. In some lore, occasionally known as Suria, Hindu Surya or Hindu Surya.

Surong Gunting

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Suryananta

A sun-prince, in the lore of Borneo. Husband of Tungung Buih. He found the maiden Tungung Buih standing in a waterfall and married her. In some lore, occasionally known as Suryananta.

tadu

A priestess in the Celebes. These women have a role interceding with the gods when a mortal dies. Identified as tadu, walian or walian.

tala

Oil found in a well in the underworld. In the lore of Java, this oil makes one invulnerable. At times, identified as tala.

Tambarinang

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Tamboeja

A hero who climbed up to heaven and stole fire for the benefit of his people. Sometimes called Tamboeja.

Tambon

The original name of the goddess Djata. Sometimes identified as Tambon.

Tauni-kapi-kapi

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Tempon Telon

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Terer

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tetele

A doll used in a ceremony to cure. The sick. On occassion, referred to as tetele.

tiang maleh rupa

A formula which, it is said, will turn a man into a crocodile. In some references, known as tiang maleh rupa.

tipperu

A bull-roarer used in initiation rites in New Guinea. At times, known as tipperu.

Tisnavati

A Javanese rice-goddess. Occasionally known as Tisnavati, Indian Trishna or Indian Trishna.

Tivr

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Toar

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Tokijenjeni

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Topileta

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Totoima

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Tresnawati

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tua

A guardian spirit of the Iban of Borneo. These spirits were often manifest as deer, snakes or wild-cats. Occasionally known as tua.

Tukis

Spirits in Papua New Guinea. Also called Tukis, Banks Islands Nopitu, Banks Islands Nopitu, Solomon Islands Kakamora, Solomon Islands Kakamora or Nopitu.

Tunggal Garing

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Tuniai

A creator-god who made the earth. In some accounts, called Tuniai, Lahatala or Lahatala.

Tunjung Buih

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Turer

The first man, some say. He later acted as guide for the souls of the dead on their journey from Beg to Boigu. Sometimes identified as Turer.

Tuwale

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upas

A fabulous tree of Java, said to poison everything within miles. In some lore, occasionally identified as upas, upas tree or upas tree.

Upulevo

A sun-god in Timor. Sometimes identified as Upulevo.

Vata

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Waiet

A culture-hero of New Guinea. Sometimes called Waiet.

wajro

The Javanese version of Indra's. Lightning-bolt, Vajra. Occasionally called wajro, Indian vajra, Indian vajra, wajera, Pacific wajera or Pacific wajera.

walian

A priestess of the Celebes. Sometimes referred to as walian, tadu or tadu.

wallaby

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Wangol loa

A group of Haitian voodoo spirits. Derived from the deities of Angola. Also known as Wangol loa.

Watu Gunung

A king. Son and husband of Sinta. He inadvertently married his own mother, Sinta. Sometimes called Watu Gunung, Greek Oedipus, Greek Oedipus or Phan.

Werkudara

A name for Bima as 'wolf-belly', in Java. At times, referred to as Werkudara, Bima, Bima, Bratasena, Hindu Vrikodara or Hindu Vrikodara.

widyadhari

The Javanese version of vidyadhari. At times, known as widyadhari, widodari, widodari, wijadhari or wijadhari.

Wikramadatta

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Wilotama

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Wonajo

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Wunekan

A sun-god and creator-god in New Guinea. He is sometimes seen in the form of the huge snake, Make. At times, called Wunekan.

wurake

Spirits, in the lore of the Celebes. Also referred to as wurake.

Yabuling

A Papuan god. He is said to have created pigs. Known as Yabuling.

yakiri

Sky-demons of Papua. In some lore, occasionally referred to as yakiri, yakirai or yakirai.

yam

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Yama Enda

A female demon in Papua. She takes the form of a beautiful maiden to attract men and then eats them. In some lore, occasionally known as Yama Enda, Sickness Woman or Sickness Woman.

Yudistira

The Javanese version of Yudhishthira. Sometimes called Yudistira, Darma or Darma.
East Indian Mythology