Dionysus

Greek - God of vegetation and wine. Son of Zeus by Semele. Son of Zeus by Demeter, Io or Dione, some say. Son of Oceanus, some say. Son of Ogyges and Daeira, some say. Husband of Ariadne. Father of Euanthes, Latronus, Oenopion, Staphylus, Tauropolus and Thoas by Ariadne. Father of Priapus by Aphrodite. Father of Deianeira by Althaea. Some say that he was the son of Zeus, by Core or Demeter, but it is more often said that he was fathered on Semele by Zeus, who killed her before the child was born. The infant was saved by Hermes who planted him in Zeus' thigh from which, at full term, he became 'twice-born'. In another version, Zeus himself planted the infant in his own side. Other accounts say that Zeus, in the form of a serpent, fathered the boy on Persephone. He was reared by Athamas and Ino, but when Hera discovered the baby's whereabouts she drove Athamas mad. The infant was torn to pieces by the Titans, on the instructions of Hera, but Rhea rescued the pieces and reassembled them, restoring him to life to be reared by the nymphs of Mount Nysa and tutored by Silenus. One variation says that the Titans ate the body with the exception of the heart, which was rescued by Athena who gave it to Zeus. He swallowed the heart and immediately produced another Dionysus by Semele. Another account says he was born to Semele but, when she claimed Zeus was the father, Cadmus threw both Semele and the baby into the sea in a chest. Semele died but Dionysus was rescued and reared by Ino. In the war between the gods and the giants, he killed Eurytus with his thyrsus. Some say he was changed into a kid (or ram) by Hermes. He is credited with the invention of wine and became its patron god. During his life on earth he was accompanied by a band of satyrs and frenzied women, the Maenads. He drove mad the three daughters of Minyas (Arsippe, Alcithoe and Leucippe) when they declined his invitation to joins his drunken revels. He once led an army of Amazons in Egypt to defeat the Titans and restored King Ammon to the throne. He is also said to have conquered India. On one occasion he was captured by pirates but he turned himself into a lion and they all jumped overboard and were turned into dolphins. In another version the ship suddenly stopped and vines grew from the sea to envelop it, after which a group of his Maenads took over the ship and the bemused sailors jumped into the sea. It was Dionysus who gave Midas the golden touch as a reward for the kindness shown to his old tutor, Silenus. He rescued Ariadne after she had been abandoned by Theseus on Naxos and married her. When, soon after, she died, he threw her wedding crown into the sky to become the constellation Corona, and Zeus, taking pity on him, made Ariadne immortal and restored her to Dionysus. He descended on Tartarus to demand the release of Semele, the mother he had never seen, and took her up to Olympus. Some accounts suggest Orpheus was an incarnation of Dionysus. He was depicted originally as a mature bearded man and later as a handsome young man crowned with leaves and carrying his emblem, the thyrsus. His chariot is shown being drawn by leopards or panthers. Occasionally identified as Dionysus, Anthios, Anthios, Bakhos, Bakhos, Bacchus, Braites, Braites, Cissos, Cissos, Deunysos, Deunysos, Dionysos, Dionysos, Divine Child, Divine Child, Impartial Giver, Impartial Giver, Isodaites, Isodaites, Kubebe, Kubebe, Lakdios, Lakdios, Laphystios, Laphystios, Lyaeus, Lyaeus, Night Sun, Night Sun, Nyktelios, Nyktelios, Perikionios, Perikionios, Puripais, Puripais, sacred animals, sacred animals, animals, Set India Dionysus, Set Australian Aborigines Thor Egypt Egypt Hera, Syria Dionysus, Egypt, Helius, Neptune, Shiva, Zeus Japan Egypt, Pasht Wadjet Hera, Hindu Egypt, Sebek, Set Heracles Huitlantecuhtli Dionysus Buddhism Atargatis Astarte Aphrodite, Venus Apollo, Athena Kaltesh Hestia, Isis Set Ares, Helius Wadjet Anubis, Set Dionysus Helius, Juno Dahomey, Osiris Dionysus, Sandan, Vulcan Dionysus India Dinka tribe, Jupiter Hathor Dionysus, Dusara, Polynesia Angus Og, Greece Dionysus, Zeus Nyx Wadjet Asclepius, Dayaks, Dionysius, Minerva, Sumeria Diana, Jurojin Dionysus Aphrodite, Heracles, Hermes Egypt Apollo, Ares, Wepwawet Asia, Hindu, sacred birds, sacred birds, birds, Ainu Ahura Mazda, Amaterasu, Apollo, Athena, Hermes, Mercury, Mithra, Nyx, Tammuz, Zas Arawn, Artemis, China, Fukurokuju, Kwannon, Lares, Mannanan, Perseus, Shou Shen, Thoth Apollo, Asclepius, Angerbode Brac, Cronus, Odin, Saturn, Yama Juno Aphrodite, Astarte Ararjatis, Ataragatis, Hachiman, Venus Dusara, Jupiter Egypt Apollo, Baba, Brahma, Eros, Epona, Hera, Horus, Iris, Juno, Kaltesh, Mars, Ops, Osiris, Seb, Thoth, Vishnu Isis Apollo, Here, Tethys Zoastrianism Asclepius, Inara Ketu, Minerva Brahma, Lakshmi, Sarasvati Apollo, Melkarth Asclepius, Noah, Odin Saturn Aphrodite, Venus Hera, Sweden Aphrodite, Isis Aphrodite, Venus Aztecs, Maya Apollo, Ares Heracles, Isis, Izanagi, Izanami Ares Triptolemus Amaterasu, Thyoneus, Thyoneus, Zagreus, Zagreus, Semele, Zeus, Greek Dionysus, Zonnysos, Zonnysos, Arsenothetys, Arsenothetys, Baal Gad, Baal Gad, Bakchos, Bakchos, Bacchus, Bakkhos, Bakkhos, Bassareus, Bassareus, Bromius, Bromius, Bromios, Cissus, Cissus, Dendrites, Dendrites, Dimetor, Dimetor, Dionusis, Dionusis, Diounsis, Diounsis, Dithyrambos, Dithyrambos, Eleusis, Eleusis, Eleutherios, Eleutherios, 'liberator', Endendros, Endendros, Enorches, Enorches, Evius, Evius, Euios, Iacchus, Iacchus, Iakchos, Corus, Phrygian Bacchus, Iao, Iao, Io, Iyngies, Iyngies, Kissos, Kissos, Lakchos, Lakchos, Bacchus, Lenaeus, Lenaeus, Lanaios, Lenaios, Liknites, Liknites, Child in the Harvest Basket, Luseious, Luseious, Luseus, Luseus, Lusios, Merotraphes, Merotraphes, Mystes, Mystes, Omadios, Omadios, Phytalmios, Phytalmios, Poseidon, Sabazios, Sabazios, Sabazius, Sycites, Sycites, Sykites, Arabian Dusura, Arabian Dusura, Egyptian Osiris, Egyptian Osiris, Etruscan Fufluns, Etruscan Fufluns, Hindu Rudra, Hindu Rudra, Ahura Mazda, Assara Mazas, Kenite Salmaat, Kenite Salmaat, Roman Bacchus, Roman Bacchus, Liber, Liber, Bacchus or Liber Pater.

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