General - An evil pagan spirit: a devil. In some accounts, demons are said to have a life span of 680,000 years while others calculate it as only 9,720 years. They are variously classified as: (1) armies (or hordes) (2) demons from sexual intercourse (3) demons attacking saints (4) demons inducing women to attend Sabat (5) demons of nightmare (6) disguised demons (7) fates (8) familiars (9) incubi and succubi (10) poltergeists or as those of the: (1) atmosphere (2) earth (3) heavens (4) night (5) sea (6) underground regions or as: (1) gnomes (of the underground regions) (2) ondines or nymphs (of the seas) (3) salamanders (of fire) (4) sylphs (of the air) Other lists deal with individual demons associated with various forms of temptation, including: Ashtaroth (sloth) Asmodeus (lust) Baalberith (blasphemy) Beelzebub (pride) Belial (arrogance) Carnivean (obscenity) Carreau (lack of pity) Cresil (slovenliness) Juvant (reincarnation) Leviathan (loss of faith) Oillet (riches) Olivier (cruelty) Rosier (love) Sonneilloun (hate) Verin (impatience) Verrier (disobedience) or ascribe various attributes: Abaddon (evil war) Ashtaroth (inquisitions) Asmodeus (vengeance) Beelzebub (false gods) Belial (trickery) Mammon (temptation) Merizim (pestilence) Pytho (falsehood) Satan (sorcery) In black magic, demons are classified in hierarchies: (1) Grand Dignitaries or Princes Baalberith, master of alliances Beelzebub, supreme chief Euronymous, prince of death Leonard, grand master of the Sabbath Moloch, ruler of the land of tears Pluto, lord of fire Proserpine ruler of evil spirits Satan, leader of the opposition (2) Ministers Adrameleck, chancellor Astaroth, treasurer Leviathan, chief admiral Nergal, head of secret police (3) Ambassadors Belial, in Turkey Belphegor, in France Hutgin, in Italy Martinet, in Switzerland Thamuz, in Spain (4) Judges Alastor, commissioner for public works Lucifer, chief justice (5) Royal Household Behemoth, steward Chamos, chamberlain Dagon, steward Melchom, paymaster Misroch, chief steward Mullin, valet Siccor-Benoth, chief eunuch Verdelet, master of the court (6) Master of Revels Antichrist, juggler Asmodeus, supervisor Kobal, stage manager Nybras, director Generally, demons can appear in many different forms, in many different locations, usually during the hours of darkness; are born, grown, have children and die; intermarry with humans and have the same appetites and desires as humans. Most are harmful, some are benevolent to mankind. Some traditions maintain that demons are born from the union of gods and mortals, others that they are sexless beings. The number of such beings has been variously estimated as 44,435,556 and 133,306,668. In Dante's Divine Comedy, in Inferno (Hell), there are demons employed in pushing barrators under the surface of boiling pitch. These twelve (with English names in brackets) are given as: Alichino (Hellkin) Barbariccia (Barbiger) Cagnazzo (Harrow-hound) Ciriato (Guttlehog) Draghignazza (Dragonel) Farfarello (Farfarel) Grafficane (Grabbersnitch) Malacoda (Belzecue) Malebranche (Hellraker) Rubicante (Rubicant) Scarmiglione (Scaramallion) In some accounts, referred to as demon, daemon, daemon, daimon or demon.

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