Chinese Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

A-shih-to

The Chinese version of Asita. Referred to as A-shih-to, A-tzu-ta, A-tzu-ta, Asita, Mi-lo-fo, Mi-lo-fo, Hsiao Fo, Maitreya, Mi-li, Mi-lo, Mila Fu, Milo, Miroku, Miruk, P'u Sa, Mi-lo Fo, Mi Lo Fo or Japanese Hotei.

ai-hua

A dragon said to delight in killing. Occasionally identified as ai-hua.

Ailanthus

The tree of life. At times, referred to as Ailanthus.

All Gods' Day

The eighth day of the New Year festival. Occasionally called All Gods' Day.

An Ch'i

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An Teng

A princess. Mother of Shen Nung. On occassion, known as An Teng.

Anjana

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Ao

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Ao Ch'in

The Dragon King of the South. Also commonly identified as Ao Ch'in, Kuang-li, Kuang-li, Four Dragon Kings, Four Dragon Kings, Ao Jun, Ao Kuang or Ao Shun.

Ao Jun

The Dragon King of the West. Also called Ao Jun, Kuang-jun, Kuang-jun, Four Dragon Kings, Four Dragon Kings, Ao Ch'in, Ao Kuang or Ao Shun.

Ao Kuang

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Ao Ping

A sea dragon. Son of Ao Kuang. Sometimes referred to as Ao Ping.

Ao Shun

The Dragon King of the North. Occasionally identified as Ao Shun, Kuang-she, Kuang-she, Four Dragon Kings, Four Dragon Kings, Ao Ch'in, Ao Jun or Ao Kuang.

Awun

A Taiwanese god of destruction. Also commonly referred to as Awun.

Bach-ma

A Chinese despot. He conquered Indo-China and was deified as a guardian-god, superseding Cao-bien. In some lore, occasionally known as Bach-ma, White Horse, White Horse, Ma-vien or Ma-vien.

Battle of Ten Thousand Spirits

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Bean-curd Gods

The 3 deities of bean-curd makers and sellers. These beings are given as Chiao Kuan, Huai-nan-tzu and Kuan Ti. Also commonly identified as Bean-curd Gods.

Begdu San

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Biographies of the Gods

A book of ancient legends written by Ko Hung. On occassion, called Biographies of the Gods, Shen Hsien Chuan or Shen Hsien Chuan.

Black Bear Spirit

A demon who took the robe of Hsüan. Tsang on his journey to India. Sometimes referred to as Black Bear Spirit.

Blue Cloud

The magic sword of Mo-li Ch'ing. On occassion, referred to as Blue Cloud.

Boat of the Soul

A vehicle used to carry deceased emperors. In some references, identified as Boat of the Soul, Chariot of the Soul or Chariot of the Soul.

cada

A symbol of Buddhist and Taoist deities in the form of a club. Also known as cada.

Canopus

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canopy

One of the Eight Precious Things, representing the lungs of the Buddha. Occasionally identified as canopy.

Cash Tree

A mythical tree that produces cash and ingots of precious metal. On occassion, referred to as Cash Tree.

Celestial Fox

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ch'an-ch'u

A three-legged, toad-like creature, said to live on the moon. This animal is regarded as a form of Heng O. Sometimes called ch'an-ch'u, Heng O, Heng O, Ch'ang O, Ever Sublime, Moon Lady, Chang O or Heng Hsi.

Ch'ang Hao

A shape-changing being overcome in the Battle of Mu. In some accounts, known as Ch'ang Hao, Snake King, The, Snake King, The, She Wang, Snake King or Snake King.

Ch'ang-sheng-t'u Ti

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ch'ao ching

Dragons of lion-like appearance. Sometimes identified as ch'ao ching.

ch'ao feng

A dragon said to love danger. Also known as ch'ao feng.

Ch'eng-huang

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Ch'eng T'ang

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ch'i

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Ch'i

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ch'i

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Ch'i-chiang

The Great Bear constellation. In some lore, occasionally known as Ch'i-chiang.

Ch'i-fu-shen

The Seven Gods of Happiness. These deities were absorbed into the Japanese pantheon as the Shichi Fukojin. Occasionally referred to as Ch'i-fu-shen, Seven Gods of Happiness or Seven Gods of Happiness.

Ch'i-ku-niang

A goddess. Daughter of the Jade Emperor. She is said to bring visions of their future husbands to young maidens. In some accounts, known as Ch'i-ku-niang, Miss Seventh or Miss Seventh.

ch'i-lin

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Ch'i Po

An assistant of Huang-ti. In some references, referred to as Ch'i Po.

Ch'i-ti

A sky-god responsible for the south. Occasionally known as Ch'i-ti, Red Lord, Red Lord or Hastseltsi.

ch'i-wen

Dragons said to swallow evil. Occasionally identified as ch'i-wen.

Ch'ien

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Ch'ien Niu

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Ch'ih Ching-te

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Ch'ih Ching-tzu

The personification of fire. In some references, referred to as Ch'ih Ching-tzu.

Ch'ih Kuo

A Buddhist guardian spirit of the east and spring. Also identified as Ch'ih Kuo, Hindu Dhartarashthra, Hindu Dhartarashthra, Jikoku, Mo-li Ch'ing, Japanese Jikoku, Japanese Jikoku, Dhartarashthra, Dhartarashthra, Taoist Mo-li Ch'ing, Taoist Mo-li Ch'ing or Dhartarashthra.

Ch'ih Wen

A water dragon. Called Ch'ih Wen.

Ch'in-kuang Wang

Also commonly known as Ch'in-kuang Wang, Chin-kuang or Chin-kuang.

Ch'in Shu-p'o

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Ch'ing Ming

A spring festival during which offerings are made to the dead. Also referred to as Ch'ing Ming, Festival of Pure Brightness or Festival of Pure Brightness.

Ch'ing Te

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Ch'ing-ti

A sky-god, responsible for the east. On occassion, known as Ch'ing-ti, Green Lord, Green Lord or Ch'ing Ti.

ch'iu-she

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Ch'iung Hsiao

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Ch'ou Ssu-t'e

A monk. He claimed to have been taught magic by Wang, the celestial porter. Occasionally known as Ch'ou Ssu-t'e.

Ch'u-ch'i

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Ch'u-chiang

The second of the Ten Yama Kings. Ruler of the second Taoist hell. This is the realm of ice reserved for thieves and murderers. Also identified as Ch'u-chiang.

Ch'ü Yüan

A poet who committed suicide and was deified. Occasionally called Ch'ü Yüan.

Ch'ui-niu

A music dragon. Sometimes called Ch'ui-niu.

Ch'un-ch'iu

One of the Five Classics. The fourth of the 9 major works of the Confucian canon, dealing with historical events. Referred to as Ch'un-ch'iu, Spring and Autumn Annals or Spring and Autumn Annals.

Chan

A monster in the form of a huge clam. On occassion, identified as Chan.

Chang

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Chang Ch'ien

A magician. At times, known as Chang Ch'ien.

Chang Fei

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Chang Heng

Son of Chang Tao-ling. Father of Chang Lu. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Chang Heng.

Chang Hsien

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Chang Kuei-fang

A general. He committed suicide and became a star spirit. Also commonly known as Chang Kuei-fang.

Chang Kuo-lao

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Chang Lu

Grandson of Chang Tao-ling. Referred to as Chang Lu, Prince Celestial Master or Prince Celestial Master.

Chang Lung

A 7th C. Magistrate. He became a dragon and, with the help of his nine sons, killed another dragon and took over his temple. In some accounts, referred to as Chang Lung.

Chang Shao

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Chang Shao-p'ing

The original name of Tung-fang. Shuo. In some references, identified as Chang Shao-p'ing, Tung-fang Shuo or Tung-fang Shuo.

Chang Tao-ling

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Chang Tsai

One of the disciples of Confucius. Allowed to sacrifice at the Temple of Confucius. Occasionally referred to as Chang Tsai.

Chang Tung-ch'ang

God of the city Kuei-lin (Guilin). He was originally a 17th C officer in the army of the emperor. Sometimes known as Chang Tung-ch'ang.

Chang Ya-tzu

The original name of Wen Ch'ang Ti. Chun, in some accounts. Also referred to as Chang Ya-tzu, Wen Ch'ang Ti Chün, Wen Ch'ang Ti Chün, Wen Ch'ang, Wen Ti or Ssu Ming.

Chang Yüeh

An 8th C. Writer. Also commonly known as Chang Yüeh.

Chao

A Taoist deity. One of the Four Diamond Kings. He is depicted as holding two swords. In some accounts, called Chao.

Chao Kung-ming

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Chao-pao Shih-che

A minor deity. Assistant to the God of Riches. Occasionally called Chao-pao Shih-che.

Chao-pao T'ien-tsun

A minor deity. Assistant to the God of Riches. In some accounts, identified as Chao-pao T'ien-tsun.

Chao San Niang

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Chao Yen

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Chariot of the Soul

A vehicle used to carry the deceased. Emperor. On occassion, identified as Chariot of the Soul, Boat of the Soul or Boat of the Soul.

Chen

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Chen Jen

Perfect beings, a title given to both. Chang Tao-ling and Hsien Hsiu and to Ma Ku, the female hermit. In some lore, occasionally called Chen Jen, Hsien Hsiu, Hsien Hsiu, Ma Ku, Ma Ku or Hemp Lady.

Chen Shen

Son of Tou Shen. Brother of Ma Shen, P'an Shen and Sha Shen. He helps his mother in dealing with cases of smallpox. At times, known as Chen Shen.

Chen Tsung

An emperor. He claimed that a deity, Yü Huang, advised him in dreams. Yü Huang was later incorporated into Shang Ti. Known as Chen Tsung.

Cheng-i

One of the disciples of Confucius. Allowed to sacrifice in the Temple of Confucius. On occassion, called Cheng-i.

Cheng-tzu

A disciple of Confucius. One of the Four Saints. Also known as Cheng-tzu.

Cheng Wu

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Cheng-wu Sheng-kun

A name for Huan Ti as a triumphant. Warrior. Sometimes identified as Cheng-wu Sheng-kun, Cheng Wu, Cheng Wu, Hsüan T'ien Shang Ti, Huan Ti, Hsüan T'ien Shang-ti or Pei-chi-chen-chun.

Chi

A Taoist god of agriculture. In some accounts Chi is an ancient deity, patron of thieves In some references, called Chi, Sung Chiang, Sung Chiang or Chi.

chi

a dead devil On occassion, called chi, Sung Chiang, Sung Chiang, Chi or Chi.

Chi Kung

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Chi Lung Wang

The dragon king of fire engines. The help of Chi Lung Wang is sought when fire engines are in action. Occasionally referred to as Chi Lung Wang.

Chi-sheng Hsien-shih

The final title given to Confucius. Also known as Chi-sheng Hsien-shih, Perfectly Holy Ancient Master or Perfectly Holy Ancient Master.

Chi-tu

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Chi Yü

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Chia-li-chia

The Chinese version of Kalika. Sometimes called Chia-li-chia, Kalika, Kalika, Kala, Chia-li-Chia, Ka-li-ha, Ka-li-ka, Kala or Lion King.

Chia-t'ang

A shrine used for ancestor-worship. Sometimes referred to as Chia-t'ang.

Chiang

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Chiang Shih

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Chiang Tzu-ya

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Chiang Yüan

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chiao

One of the 3 main types of dragon. This beast is said to live in mountain bogs. In some references, identified as chiao.

Chiao Kuan

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Chieh-lan Shen

A god of place. Sometimes known as Chieh-lan Shen.

Chieh Lin

A god of marriage. He is regarded as the old man of the moon. In some accounts, referred to as Chieh Lin, Yüeh Lao or Yüeh Lao.

Chien-chan

A tutor of Pao-kung Ch'an-shih. Occasionally identified as Chien-chan.

Chien Lao

A Buddhist earth-goddess. At times, referred to as Chien Lao.

Chien-shih

Guardian deities of a locality. Sometimes known as Chien-shih, Japanese Chinju or Japanese Chinju.

Chien T'an

Son of Chang Hsien. In some references, referred to as Chien T'an.

Chih

The final development of creation when form "T'ien-li" and breath "Ch'i" came together to form substance "Chih". In some lore, occasionally referred to as Chih.

Chih Nü

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Chih Sung-tzu

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Chih Yü

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chim

Bamboo rods used in divination and communicating with the dead. In some accounts, called chim, ch'ien, ch'ien, Cantonese or Cantonese.

Chin Ch'iao-chi

The original name of Ti-ts'ang. Known as Chin Ch'iao-chi, Ti-ts'ang, Ti-ts'ang, Chin Ti-ts'ang, Earth-womb King, Ti-ts'ang Wang, Yüming Chiao-shih, Indian Kshitigarbha or Japanese Jizo.

Chin Chia

A patron of literature, said to punish. Wicked scholars. On occassion, identified as Chin Chia, Gentleman in Golden Armour or Gentleman in Golden Armour.

Chin Ching

A magic mirror. Those looking in this mirror could see into their own bodies and determine the cause of their illness. Also referred to as Chin Ching.

Chin-k'uei

An early Taoist supreme god. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Chin-k'uei.

Chin-kang

Part of the name Chin-kang-li-shih referring to Guhyaka, the yaksha with the open mouth. In some accounts, called Chin-kang, Guhyaka, Guhyaka, Guhya, Strong One, femGuhyaki, Li-shih, Vajrapanibalin, Vajra, Vajra, Hang, Hang, Cheng Lun, Heng, Hong, Snorter, The, Heng or The Snorter.

Chin-kang-tsang

A bodhisattva. At times, referred to as Chin-kang-tsang.

Chin-kuang

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Chin-kuang Tung

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Chin Lun

The Buddhist golden Wheel of Victory. Occasionally known as Chin Lun.

Chin Men

The entrance to the palace of Yüan. Shih on Jade Mountain. Identified as Chin Men, Golden Door or Golden Door.

Chinese Twins

Fat and Tan, the sons of Chang. Also identified as Chinese Twins.

Ching

The inhabitants of the mythical land, Hsiao-jen Kuo. Identified as Ching.

Ching Ch'uan

One of the household gods. A young boy, guardian of the well. Occasionally known as Ching Ch'uan.

Ching-chih

Son of Ts'ao Pin. Brother of Ts'ao Kuo-chiu. In some lore, occasionally identified as Ching-chih.

Ching-chou

A city-god. Sometimes identified as Ching-chou.

Ching Lung

One of the Four Dragon Kings. Called Ching Lung, Blue Dragon or Blue Dragon.

Ching-t'u

The Chinese version of the Pure Land. In some accounts, identified as Ching-t'u.

Ching Wo

Twentieth daughter of Tung Wang, Kung and Hsi Wang Mu. On occassion, identified as Ching Wo, Lady of the Star Tse Wei, Lady of the Star Tse Wei, Yü Yin or Yü Yin.

Ching Yang

A dragon king. At times, called Ching Yang.

Chiu-hua Shan

A sacred mountain, a site of pilgrimage. Occasionally known as Chiu-hua Shan.

Chiu-mo-lo-to

The Chinese name for Kumarajiva. At times, known as Chiu-mo-lo-to.

Chiu-shou

One of the immortals. He was a lion who took human form. In some lore, occasionally called Chiu-shou.

Chou Hsin

A god of the city of Hangchow. He was originally a 15th C mandarin. In some references, known as Chou Hsin, Chou Wang, Chou Wang or Chou Hsin.

Chou I

Son of Wen Wang, in some accounts. At times, called Chou I, Chu I, Chu I, Chi I, Crimson Gown, Mr Redcoat, Red Coat or Chu Yi.

Chou Li

Part of the Li Chang. Also known as Chou Li.

Chou Teng

An official of the celestial Ministry of Time, responsible for overseeing the day. Also commonly called Chou Teng.

Chou Tsang

Attendant and sword-bearer to Kuan, god of war. Occasionally called Chou Tsang.

Chou Wang

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Chou Yang

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Chu-ch'a Pan-t'o-chia

The Chinese version of Chota Panthaka. Also referred to as Chu-ch'a Pan-t'o-chia, Chu-ch'a Pan-t'o-ka or Chu-ch'a Pan-t'o-ka.

Chu Hsieh Yüan

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Chu I

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Chu-jung

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Chu Pa-chieh

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Chu-pao P'en

A magic bowl. This vessel, owned by Yüan-tan, could produce gold as required. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Chu-pao P'en.

Chu Ping Chen

A deity. Commander of the celestial army. Also called Chu Ping Chen.

Chu-ti Ho-shang

The Chinese name for Gonamati. In some references, referred to as Chu-ti Ho-shang, Te Hui, Te Hui, Te-hui, Te-hui or Gonamati.

Chu Tien

A red sparrow. Spirit of the south. At times, known as Chu Tien.

Chu Ts'ang Shen

A deity. Guardian of the celestial treasury. Called Chu Ts'ang Shen.

Chuan Hsü

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Chuan Lun

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Chuang Kung

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Chuang Mu

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Chuang-tzu

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Chun T'i

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Chun T'ou-p'o-han

The Chinese version of Kun Dadhana. Occasionally known as Chun T'ou-p'o-han.

Chung

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Chung Chiu

A festival of the moon, during which its reflection is captured in a basin of water. In some references, referred to as Chung Chiu.

Chung K'uei

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Chung Li

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Chung-lu

One of the household gods, guardian of the eaves. Sometimes called Chung-lu, Chung-liu or Chung-liu.

Chung Wang

Father of Kuan Yin. On occassion, called Chung Wang.

Chung-yang

A Taoist god revered by the T'aip'ing School. Brother of T'ai-Shan. In some lore, occasionally known as Chung-yang, Central Yellow Old Ruler or Central Yellow Old Ruler.

Chung-yung

One of the Four Books. The eighth of the 9 major works of the Confucian canon, dealing with philosophy. Known as Chung-yung, Doctrine of the Mean or Doctrine of the Mean.

Cloud Palace

The home of the Taoist god Tungwang- kung. Referred to as Cloud Palace.

Coiling Dragon

A water dragon. Sometimes called Coiling Dragon.

Confucius

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Count of the Dragons

A giant who detroyed two of the islands of P'eng-lai. Occasionally identified as Count of the Dragons.

crane

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Dharmatrata

A 1st C. Writer. One of the Eighteen Lohan, in some accounts. Occasionally known as Dharmatrata.

Dogs of Foh

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Dragon-boat Festival

A festival designed to propitiate the water spirits. Known as Dragon-boat Festival, Tuan Yang, Tuan Yang, Tuan Wu or Tuan Wu.

Dragon-man

A being depicted as a human but with a dragon-like lower half. In some accounts, referred to as Dragon-man.

Dragon of the Threshold

A dragon said to guard the entrance to hell. In some accounts, known as Dragon of the Threshold, Guardian of the Threshold or Guardian of the Threshold.

Eastern Paradise

A heaven situated on the Isles of P'eng-lai. Also commonly called Eastern Paradise.

Eight Diagrams

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Eight Gods

The 8 forces revered as controllers of the universe. These entities are Earth, Moon, Seasons, Sky, Sun, War, Yang and Yin. Sometimes called Eight Gods.

Eight Immortals

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Eight Precious Things

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Eighteen Lohan

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Emperor of the Eastern Peak

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Enlightener of Darkness

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Erh Lang

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Erh-lang

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Fa-na-p'o-ssu

The Chinese version of Vanavasa. In some accounts, referred to as Fa-na-p'o-ssu.

Fa-shan

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Fa-she-na-fu-to

The Chinese version of Vajraputra. In some lore, occasionally known as Fa-she-na-fu-to, Fa-she-lo Fu-to-lo, Fa-she-lo Fu-to-lo, Vajraputra, Fashena-futo or Fashena-futo.

Fair Wind Ears

An attendant on the Queen of Heaven. She was said to have extremely good hearing. Also called Fair Wind Ears.

Fairy bridges

Bridges over which the good dead were conducted across the Inevitable River in hell. Also identified as Fairy bridges.

Fan Li

A cunning Immortal. On occassion, referred to as Fan Li.

Fan Yin

A star, home of the god Yang Ching. Occasionally identified as Fan Yin.

Fang-chang

One of the 3 Islands of the Blessed. On occassion, known as Fang-chang, Fortunate Islands, Fortunate Islands, Isles of the Genii, P'eng-lai, Three Isles of the Blest, Three Isles of the Genii, Ying-chou or Blessed Islands,Islands of the Blessed.

Fang Hsiang

An official of the celestial Ministry of Time who acts as a herald. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Fang Hsiang.

Fang-ming

A shining cube used in sacrificial rites. In some accounts, known as Fang-ming.

Fang Pi

An official of the celestial Ministry of Time who acts as a guide. Called Fang Pi.

Fang-shih

An expert in feng-shui, the art of magic, divination, etc. Also commonly referred to as Fang-shih.

Fat

A deity. Son of Chang. Twin brother of Tan. He is known as The Flasher. In some references, referred to as Fat, Flasher, The or Flasher, The.

Father Hu

A sky-god. Also known as Father Hu, Hu, Hu or Emperor of the Northern Seas.

Fei-ch'ang Fang

A famous magician who warned of an impending national disaster. In some accounts, known as Fei-ch'ang Fang.

fei-i

A double-bodied flying snake with 4. Wings and 6 legs. Also called fei-i.

Feng

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Feng-kan

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Feng Lin

A soldier-immortal. In the Battle of 10,000 Spirits, he was defeated by Li No-cha who used his magic bracelet. In some accounts, identified as Feng Lin.

Feng-p'o-p'o

A wind-goddess. Wife of Feng Po. She is said to ride a tiger in the sky. Also commonly identified as Feng-p'o-p'o, Madame Wind or Madame Wind.

Feng Po

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feng-shui

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Festival of the Hungry Ghosts

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Festival of Tombs

A celebration of spring and worship of departed spirits. At times, called Festival of Tombs, Cold Food Festival or Cold Food Festival.

Filial Devotion

A collection of stories, examples of respect for one's elders, collected by Kuei Chu-ching. Also identified as Filial Devotion.

Five Buddhas

Deities in the Chinese pantheon based on the Five Emperors. Sometimes identified as Five Buddhas.

Five Classics

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Five Demons

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Five Emperors

Creator-gods. These were Chuan Hsü, Huang Ti, K'u, Shun and Yao and they, with the Three Sovereigns, created the universe. In some lore, occasionally identified as Five Emperors.

Five Lords

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Five Sacrificial Beasts

These are the dog, the fowl, the goat, the pig and the ox. On occassion, known as Five Sacrificial Beasts.

Fo

A fire-god or sun-god. A Chinese version of the Buddha. Occasionally known as Fo, Hua-kuang, Hua-kuang or Fo.

Fo-hsi

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Fo-mo Ta Ti

A name for Kuan-ti as one who subdues demons. In some references, called Fo-mo Ta Ti, Kuan Ti, Kuan Ti, Emperor Kuan, Kuan Kung, P'u-sa Kuan, Chang, Kuan Yü, Wu-an Wang or Wu Ti.

Fo Shou

A citrus fruit, shaped like a hand with 2 fingers pointing upwards. Also commonly identified as Fo Shou, Buddha's Hand or Buddha's Hand.

fohat

The Chinese version of the Sanskrit. Daivi prakita. At times, known as fohat.

Fortunate Islands

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Four Auspicious Animals

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Four Books

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Four Diamond Kings

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Four Dragon Kings

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Four Kings of Hell

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Four Saints

4 disciples of Confucius. These are listed as Meng-tzu (Mencius), Cheng-tzu, Confucius' grandson Tzussu, and his favourite, Yen-tzu. In some lore, occasionally known as Four Saints, Ssu-hsien or Ssu-hsien.

Four Spiritually Endowed Animals

In some lists these are the same as the Four Auspicious Animals; in others, the tiger appears. At times, referred to as Four Spiritually Endowed Animals.

Fu-fei

A river goddess. Wife of Ho Po. In some accounts, she later married the archer, I. Also commonly known as Fu-fei.

Fu-hsi

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Fu Hsing

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Fu-lin

A mythical land of diamonds. At times, called Fu-lin.

Fu Lu Shou

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Fu Pao

Mother of Huang Ti. It was said that she had a miraculous conception and carried the child in her womb for twenty-four months. In some accounts, known as Fu Pao.

Fu-sang

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Fu-tai-shih

Guardian of the sacred scriptures. He is referred to as the Laughing Buddha. Sometimes referred to as Fu-tai-shih, Japanese Warai-botoke, Japanese Warai-botoke, Maitreya, Maitreya, Warai-botoke, Asita, Chakravartin, Chinese Hsiao Fo, Mi-lo-fo, Pu T'ai Hoshang, Hindu Kalki, Japanese Miro(ku), Hotei, Korean Miruk, Manchurian Maidari, Mongolian Maidari, Pali Metteya, Tibetan Byams-pa or Chem-pa.

Gemmeous Lasses

The 5 attendants on Hsi Wang Mu. Also commonly referred to as Gemmeous Lasses, Fairy Maids, Fairy Maids or Gemmous Lasses.

Goddess of the Carrying Chair

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Godhanga

A sacred region, home of Pindola. Occasionally called Godhanga.

Gosirsa

The Buddhist version of Niu-t'ou. In some accounts, identified as Gosirsa.

Great Heavenly Princes

The 7 chief ministers of the celestial Ministry of Exorcism, Ch'u Hsieh Yüan. Sometimes identified as Great Heavenly Princes.

Great Monad

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Ha

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Han Chung-li

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Han Hsiang-tzu

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Han-shan Tzu

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Han Shih

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Han Tu-lung

A deity of happiness, an official in the celestial Ministry of Time. In some accounts, referred to as Han Tu-lung.

Han Wu Ti

A 2nd C. Magician. Occasionally called Han Wu Ti.

Han Yü

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Hang

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Hang Ha Erh Chiang

The deified generals Ha and Hang. In some accounts this pair are the Men Shen. In some accounts, called Hang Ha Erh Chiang, Erh Chiang, Erh Chiang, Men Shen, Men Shen, Men, Men, Vajrapanibalin, Vajrapanibalin, Chin-kang-li-shih, Guhyaka or Chinese Chin-kang-li-shih.

Heang Lo

An early name for the constellation. Aries as 'the dog'. At times, referred to as Heang Lo, Pai Yang, Pai Yang, Heang Ho, Arab Al Kabah al Alif, Arab Al Kabah al-Alif or Arab Al Kabah al-Alif.

Heavenly Dog

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Heavenly Dog Star

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Hei Lao-yeh

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Heng Hsi

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Heng O

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Heng Shan

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Higher Azure Palace

The home of Tao Chun. Also commonly called Higher Azure Palace, Shang Ch'ing or Shang Ch'ing.

Highest Azure Palace

The home of Lao-tzu. Occasionally referred to as Highest Azure Palace.

Ho

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Ho Ho

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Ho-ho Erh Hsien

In some accounts, a wealth-producing. Box of Ts'ai Shen. In some references, called Ho-ho Erh Hsien.

Ho Hsien-ku

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Ho-li Ti

A child-snatching demon. Sometimes referred to as Ho-li Ti, Buddhist Hariti, Buddhist Hariti, Kuei-tzu-mu, Japanese Kishi Bojin, Japanese Kishi Bojin or Hariti.

Ho Po

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Ho Shen

A fire-god. In some accounts he is the same as Tsao Chün. In some accounts, referred to as Ho Shen.

Ho T'ai

Father of Ho Hsien-ku. Occasionally known as Ho T'ai.

Ho Wang

An attendant on Tam Kung. They both jumped to their death from a cliff-top to escape death at the hands of Kublai Khan. Occasionally identified as Ho Wang.

hou

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Hou

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Hou-t'u

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Hsi

3 celestial beings. They, with the three brothers Ho, were charged with the responsibility for solstices and equinoxes. At times, identified as Hsi, Hsi-Ho, Hsi-Ho or Ho.

Hsi-fang chi-lo shih-chieh

The Chinese version of Sukhavati. In some references, referred to as Hsi-fang chi-lo shih-chieh, Sukhavati, Sukhavati, Blessed Land, Gokuraku-Jodo, heaven, Hsi T'ien, Pure Land, Sakhavati, Taema-mandara, Pure land, Sakkavati, Chinese Hsi T'ien, Japanese Gokuraku-jodo or Gokuraku-jodo.

Hsi Hai

God of the western sea. Husband of T'ai Shan. Sometimes known as Hsi Hai.

Hsi Ho

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Hsi-ling Shih

Wife of Huang Ti, some say. In other accounts, the wife of Huang Ti is given as Lei Tsu (in female form). Identified as Hsi-ling Shih.

Hsi-men Ch'ing

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Hsi-men Pao

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Hsi Po

The original name of Wen Wang. Occasionally identified as Hsi Po, Wen Wang, Wen Wang, Hsi Pei, Literary King, Wen Fang or (1231-1135.

Hsi Shen

A god of joy. He is depicted with a basket of arrows or, alternatively, borne aloft on the shoulders of the god of wealth. In some references, referred to as Hsi Shen.

Hsi Shih

A goddess, patroness of perfume. Merchants. Also known as Hsi Shih.

Hsi Wang Mu

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Hsiang

The elephant which carried the sacred. Jewel of Buddhist law. Sometimes identified as Hsiang.

Hsiang Chun

A god of waterways. On occassion, known as Hsiang Chun, Hsien Chun or Hsien Chun.

Hsiang Fu-jen

2 daughters of Yao. Their names were Nü Ying and Wo Huang and they became consort and empress. Also called Hsiang Fu-jen, Hsien Fu-jen or Hsien Fu-jen.

Hsiang Yao

A nine-headed snake-like being, attendant on Kung Kung. In some references, referred to as Hsiang Yao.

Hsiao-jen Kuo

A mythical land where the inhabitants, the Ching, are less than one foot tall. Occasionally called Hsiao-jen Kuo.

Hsieh-ching t'ai

A place in the first hell where sinners. Can see all their victims reflected in a huge mirror. Also called Hsieh-ching t'ai, Terrace of the Mirror or Terrace of the Mirror.

Hsieh Hsü

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Hsien

A Taoist immortal: a deity. The home of these immortals was San Hsien Shan. Sometimes known as Hsien, kuei, kuei, kuei-lung, hsien, Hindu preta, shen, shen, Japanese shin, Jen, Jen, Ilmarinen, Ilmarinen, kuei1, kuei1, Shen or Shen.

Hsien Hsiu

Son of Tung Wang Kung and Hsi. Wang Mu. In some lore, occasionally identified as Hsien Hsiu, Chen Jen, Chen Jen or Ma Ku.

Hsien Nung T'an

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Hsien T'ung

A retainer of Mu Kung. Occasionally known as Hsien T'ung, Immortal Youth or Immortal Youth.

Hsien tree

A symbol of immortality. In some references, called Hsien tree.

Hsien Tsan

A goddess of silk-culture. Wife of Shen Nung. In some accounts, referred to as Hsien Tsan.

Hsin Nien

The New Year. Also identified as Hsin Nien.

Hsing

Form, which developed during the T'ai. Ch'u period. Known as Hsing.

Hsing She

A god of highways. On occassion, identified as Hsing She.

Hsiung Shen

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Hsü Chen-chun

A slayer of dragons. Occasionally identified as Hsü Chen-chun.

Hsü Shih

A 2nd C BC. Taoist mystic. He led an expedition to find the Islands of the Blest but failed in the attempt. Occasionally identified as Hsü Shih.

Hsüan Nü

The tutor of the Phoenix Empress. In some accounts, called Hsüan Nü, Mother of Heaven, Mother of Heaven or T'ien Mu.

Hsüan Shang Jen

A spirit who related the story of the birth of Yüan Shih. At times, identified as Hsüan Shang Jen.

Hsüan Tung-tzu

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Hu

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Hu Chao

A charm guarding against shocks. Occasionally called Hu Chao, Tiger's Claw or Tiger's Claw.

Hu Ching-t'e

One of the Three Door Gods. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Hu Ching-t'e.

hu-hsien

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Hua-hsien

A goddess of flowers. On occassion, referred to as Hua-hsien.

Hua-hsü

Mother of Fu-hsi. She was said to have produced Fu-hsi as a result of being impregnated by the wind. At times, referred to as Hua-hsü.

Hua-hu Tiao

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Hua-kuang

A tutelary deity. He is depicted sitting in a chair and resting his feet on an ingot of precious metal. In some accounts, known as Hua-kuang, Fo, Fo, Foh, Fu-hsi, O-Fo, O-fo or Fu-hsi.

Hua-lin

Fourth daughter of Tung Wang Kung and Hsi Wang Mu. Called Hua-lin, Chou Hsing Lao T'ou-tzu, Chou Hsing Lao T'ou-tzu, Nan-chi Fu Jen, Nan-chi Fu Jen, Hua Lin, Yung Chen or Yung Chen.

Hua shan

One of the Five Holy Mountains, Wu Yüeh. Also identified as Hua shan.

Huai-nan-tzu

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Huan Ching

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Huan Ti

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Huan-wu

A name for Huan Ti as a warriorprince. In some accounts, referred to as Huan-wu, Huan Ti, Huan Ti, Cheng Wu, Huang Ti, Chen-wu Sheng-kun, Dark Lord, Pei-chi or Pei-chi-chen-chun.

Huang Ch'eng-i

An official of the celestial Ministry of Time responsible for overseeing. The month. Also identified as Huang Ch'eng-i.

Huang-chou

A city god. In some references, referred to as Huang-chou.

Huang Fei-hu

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Huang-ho

A river. The spirit of this river, a fish with a man's head, acted as tutor to Yü. Occasionally known as Huang-ho.

Huang Kun

A god of incense-makers. Referred to as Huang Kun.

Huang Shih

The mortal who introduced cotton, later deified. Occasionally known as Huang Shih, Old Huang or Old Huang.

Huang-t'ien

The imperial heaven. Called Huang-t'ien.

Huang-t'ien Shang Ti

A supreme deity. Shang Ti as ruler of the heavens. In some references, known as Huang-t'ien Shang Ti, Heaven, Heaven, paradise, Celestial City, Sukhavati, Ilhuicatl, Supreme Lord of the August Heaven or Supreme Lord of the August Heaven.

Huang Ta-hsien

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Huang Tao-chou

One of the disciples of Confucius. Allowed to sacrifice in the temple of Confucius. Also commonly called Huang Tao-chou.

Huang Ti

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Hui-k'o

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Hui Lu

A fire-spirit. Also called Hui Lu.

Hui-tsang

One of the Eighteen Lohan, in some accounts. He is depicted bare above the waist and wearing a golden headband. On occassion, identified as Hui-tsang.

Hui-yüan

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Human August One

A title of Jen Wang in those versions. Where he is regarded as a deity. Sometimes called Human August One, Jen Wang, Jen Wang, Human Kings or Jen Huang.

hun

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Hun-tun

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Hung Chou

A city god. Referred to as Hung Chou.

Hung Lieh Chuan

A book on Taoist magic written. By Huai-nan-tzu. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Hung Lieh Chuan.

Hung Sheng

A god of fishermen. In some accounts he is regarded as an aspect of Ao Kuang. Occasionally referred to as Hung Sheng, Ao Kuang, Ao Kuang, Kuang-te, Lung Wang or Four Dragon Kings.

Huo

A minor deity, assistant to Pi Kan. In some lore, occasionally called Huo.

Huo-li-to

A male version of Kuei-tzu-mu. Also referred to as Huo-li-to, Kuei-tzu-mu, Kuei-tzu-mu, Mother of Demons or Buddhist Hariti.

Huo Po

Members of the Ministry of Fire. This celestial ministry is run by Lo Hsüan. Also commonly referred to as Huo Po.

Huo Sheng

A member of the Ministry of Fire. He was originally a priest who became a giant flame-thrower. Sometimes identified as Huo Sheng.

Huyen-vu

The Chinese version of Huyen-thien. At times, called Huyen-vu.

I

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I Ching

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I-ho-wei

A self-created celestial trinity. In some accounts, referred to as I-ho-wei.

I-hsi

Part of the I Ching. In some lore, occasionally identified as I-hsi.

I-hsing

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I-mu-kuo

A mythical land where the people have only one eye which is in the middle of the forehead. Occasionally identified as I-mu-kuo.

I-ti

A minor deity, patron of wine-makers. Occasionally identified as I-ti, Immortal One, Immortal One, Tu K'ang or Tu K'ang.

Imperfect Mountain

A mountain impaled by Kung Kung in his attempt to destroy the world. Sometimes identified as Imperfect Mountain, Pu Chou Shan or Pu Chou Shan.

Inevitable River

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Infoniwoo

In Taiwanese lore, a creator-god. Referred to as Infoniwoo.

Ishadhara

Buddhist sacred mountains. This realm is ruled by Chu-ch'a Pan-t'o-chia. On occassion, called Ishadhara, sacred mountains, sacred mountains, Everest, Ishadhara Loi Hsao Mong, Majaw, Myimmo Taung, Shide, Shringa Pum Chapultepec, Cohuacom, Colinia, Iztac Ciuatl, Nonoalco, Popocatepetl, Chiu-hua, Kalantur, K'un Lun, Kuantun, Kuang-hsieh, SongShan, T'ai Shan, Wu Yüeh Nissa, Ompha-el, Horselberg Cithaeron, Ida, Lycaeus, Lycorea, Nisa, Olympus, Orthrys, Oure, Parnassus, Pelion, Rhodospe, Tithorea, Ararat, Carmel, Ebal, Gerizim, Moriah, Nebu, Olivet, Sinai, Tabor, Zion Fujiyama, Kirishima, Takachiho Mandara, Mara, Passe-vare Nane Waiyah or Nunne Chaha Demavand Sumbur Chimborazo Suro Phra Men Himavan Ida Paria.

Isles of P'eng-lai

The site of the Eastern paradise. Sometimes known as Isles of P'eng-lai.

Jade Fairy Maids

5 maidens in the service of Hsi. Wang Mu. At times, called Jade Fairy Maids.

Jade Palace

The home of Yü Huang in Ta Wei. In some accounts, called Jade Palace.

Jan Teng

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Jan-teng Tao-jen

A Taoist. He is said to have killed Tou Mu with a pearl in the Battle of Ten Thousand Spirits. Sometimes identified as Jan-teng Tao-jen.

Jang Lung

One of the Four Dragon Kings. At times, known as Jang Lung.

Jen-hsien

Humans who attain immortality. In some lore, occasionally identified as Jen-hsien.

Jen Wang

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Jewel Casket

A mythical container. This casket is full of jewels and ingots which are replaced as often as they are removed. At times, called Jewel Casket.

joss

A god or idol. On occassion, called joss.

joss-house

A name for a temple. Occasionally known as joss-house.

Ju-i

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Ju'i Chu

A pearl which makes every wish. Come true. Occasionally known as Ju'i Chu.

Ju-lai

The Chinese name for Tathagata. Sometimes referred to as Ju-lai.

Ju Shou

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Ju Shui

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Jui-ch'ing-fu-jen

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K'an

One of the Eight Diagrams representing. Rain, moon, lake and pig. Sometimes referred to as K'an.

K'o-chu

The realm of Fa-no-p'o-ssu. In some accounts, known as K'o-chu.

K'u

One of the Five Emperors. In some accounts, identified as K'u.

K'u-ch'u ch'iao

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K'uei Yü-chen T'ien-tsun

In some accounts, a future deity of the San Ch'ing. On occassion, known as K'uei Yü-chen T'ien-tsun.

K'un

One of the Eight Diagrams, representing the earth and the ox. Sometimes referred to as K'un.

K'un Lun

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Kan-ying-p'ien

A Taoist book of morality. Also commonly identified as Kan-ying-p'ien.

Kao Chio

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Kao-hsin

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Kao Ming

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Kao-yao

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Ken

One of the Eight Diagrams, representing mountains and dog. Sometimes referred to as Ken.

Keng San Ku-niang

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Keu Woo

In Hainan, a deity controlling typhoons. Also commonly identified as Keu Woo.

ki-mu

A bag said to contain the essence of life. In some accounts, identified as ki-mu.

ki-pi

A diviner's wand made of red-lacquered peachwood. Sometimes identified as ki-pi.

Ki Sin

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King of Cows

An ugly ogre, protector of cattle. In some references, referred to as King of Cows.

King of Horses

An ugly ogre. This being is depicted with four hands and three eyes and is revered by horse-breeders. Known as King of Horses.

Kitchen God

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Ko Hung

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Ko-lung

An emperor who was deified as god of the soil. One of the T'u-ti Shen. Sometimes known as Ko-lung.

Koso

An emperor of China. Husband of Kohaku Jo. Also identified as Koso.

Kou-mang

A messenger of the sky-god. He is said to bring good fortune and is associated with springtime and the eastern region. Also known as Kou-mang, Ju Shou, Ju Shou or Kou Mang.

Kouantun

A sacred mountain at the centre of the world. In some references, known as Kouantun.

Ku

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Ku Shen

Spirits which live in the void from which the universe emerged. At times, known as Ku Shen.

Ku t'ung Ching

A mirror said to cure madness induced. By a demon. Also known as Ku t'ung Ching, Old Brass Mirror, Old Brass Mirror or Ku-t'ung Ching.

Kua Fu

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Kuan Hsing

An alternative name for the Star of Dignities. Occasionally identified as Kuan Hsing, Star of Officials, Star of Officials or Lu Hsing.

Kuan Lo

A physician who advised Chao Yen. Identified as Kuan Lo.

Kuan Shih-jen

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Kuan Ti

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Kuan Yin

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Kuang Ch'eng-tsu

A war-god, ruler of evil spirits. In some lore, occasionally called Kuang Ch'eng-tsu.

Kuang-hsieh

A sacred mountain, the realm of Yin-chieh-t'o. In some accounts, called Kuang-hsieh, sacred mountains, sacred mountains, Everest, Ishadhara Loi Hsao Mong, Majaw, Myimmo Taung, Shide, Shringa Pum Chapultepec, Cohuacom, Colinia, Iztac Ciuatl, Nonoalco, Popocatepetl, Chiu-hua, Ishadhara, Kalantur, K'un Lun, Kuantun, SongShan, T'ai Shan, Wu Yüeh Nissa, Ompha-el, Horselberg Cithaeron, Ida, Lycaeus, Lycorea, Nisa, Olympus, Orthrys, Oure, Parnassus, Pelion, Rhodospe, Tithorea, Ararat, Carmel, Ebal, Gerizim, Moriah, Nebu, Olivet, Sinai, Tabor, Zion Fujiyama, Kirishima, Takachiho Mandara, Mara, Passe-vare Nane Waiyah or Nunne Chaha Demavand Sumbur Chimborazo Suro Phra Men Himavan Ida Paria.

Kuang Mu

A guardian spirit of the west and autumn. Sometimes referred to as Kuang Mu, Hindu Virupaksha, Hindu Virupaksha, Mo-li Hai, Zocho, Japanese Zocho, Japanese Zocho, Virupaksha, Taoist Mo-li Hai, Taoist Mo-li Hai or Virupaksha.

kuei

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Kuei Chü-ching

A 14th C. Writer. He compiled The Twenty-four Examples of Filial Piety. Also referred to as Kuei Chü-ching.

Kuei Ku-tzu

A god of fortune-tellers. Also known as Kuei Ku-tzu.

Kuei Shen

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Kuei-tzu-mu

The Chinese version of the female demon Hariti. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Kuei-tzu-mu, Mother of Demons, Mother of Demons, Buddhist Hariti, Buddhist Hariti, Ho-li Ti, Huo-li-to or Huo-li-to.

Kun

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Kung

A god of thunder. He is usually depicted as a winged being. On occassion, identified as Kung.

Kung Kung

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Kung-shu Tzu

The original name of Lu Pan. At times, referred to as Kung-shu Tzu, Lu Pan or Lu Pan.

Kuo Chu

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Kuo P'o

A man said to have collected the principles of Feng Shui. Occasionally identified as Kuo P'o.

Kuo Shang

A legendary warrior who died for his country. In some lore, occasionally identified as Kuo Shang.

Kuo Ting-hsiang

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Kuo Tzu-i

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Kw'en

A miraculous fish which lives in a pool in heaven. Sometimes identified as Kw'en, kuan or kuan.

La Festival

A festival at which sacrifices are made to all the divinities. Also commonly referred to as La Festival.

Lady Ch'i

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Lady Leek Stem

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Lady Meng

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Lady of Fecundity

An attendant on the Lady of T'ai Shan. Occasionally known as Lady of Fecundity.

Lady of T'ai Shan

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Lady Ts'ao

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Lake of Blood

The fourth of the 10 hells, ruled by Wu Kuan. At times, referred to as Lake of Blood.

Lake of Gems

Site of the home of Hsi Wang. Mu. Sometimes known as Lake of Gems, Green Jade Lake, Green Jade Lake, Lake of Jewels or Lake of Jewels.

Lan Ts'ai-ho

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Lang Ling

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Lang-pei

A dragon-like monster. In some references, called Lang-pei.

Lantern Festival

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Lao-tu-po-t'i

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Lao-tzu

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Laocius

The Latinised version of Lao-tzu. Known as Laocius, Lao-tzu, Lao-tzu, Lao Chün, Lao Tan, Lao Tun, Li Erh, Old Master, T'ai Shan, The Old Master, The Old Philosopher, (c 600-517 ) or Shou-he.

Lei Chen-tzu

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Lei Hai-ch'ing

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Lei Jen Tsu

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Lei Kung

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Lei Pu

The celestial Ministry of Thunder. In some accounts, called Lei Pu.

Lei Tsu

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Leopard Spirit

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li

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Li

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li

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Li Ch'un

A spring festival. In some accounts, identified as Li Ch'un.

Li Chi

One of the Five Classics. Part of the Li Ching. Occasionally identified as Li Chi.

Li Ching

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Li Hai-t'ang

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Li Huan-chi

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Li Kung

Occasionally called Li Kung.

Li Mou-ch'un

Father of Chi Kung. One of the disciples of Confucius. Allowed to sacrifice in the temple of Confucius. In some references, called Li Mou-ch'un.

Li No-cha

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Li Pa-pai

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Li Ping

An official of the celestial Ministry of Time responsible for overseeing. The year. Sometimes known as Li Ping.

Li Po

A celebrated poet. It was said that he was conceived when the mythical planet, T'ai Sui, impregnated a maiden. Sometimes referred to as Li Po, (699-762) or (699-762).

Li Pu

The celestial Ministry of Rites. Sometimes called Li Pu.

Li Shao-chün

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Li-shih

Part of the name Chin-kang-li-shih, referring to Guhyaka as the yaksha. With the closed mouth. On occassion, identified as Li-shih, Chin-kang, Chin-kang, Guhyaka, Vajra, Vajra or Hang.

Li-shih Hsien-kuan

A minor deity, assistant of the God of Riches. Also referred to as Li-shih Hsien-kuan.

Li T'ieh-kuai

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Li Yang-p'ing

A 9th C. Writer. In some lore, occasionally known as Li Yang-p'ing.

liao

An altar used for sacrifices to Shang Ti. Occasionally known as liao.

lin

The female unicorn. Occasionally identified as lin, ch'i-lin, ch'i-lin, ch'i, Chinese unicorn, dragon-horse, horse-dragon, lin, Lu, piao, po, To Fu, ch'i, Chinese Unicorn, dragonhorse, kylin, lu, pai, ma, poh, Japanese kirin or Tibetan serou.

ling

Soul substance: the supernatural power of divinities. Sometimes called ling, ling-yen or ling-yen.

Ling Chih

A fungus regarded as a sacred plant. It is said that this plant, if eaten, confers immortality. Sometimes called Ling Chih, Plant of Immortality or Plant of Immortality.

Ling-chu

The god of swine. He is envisaged as a pig or with a black face and elongated lips. Also referred to as Ling-chu, Transcendent Pig, Transcendent Pig, Transcendental Pig or Transcendental Pig.

Ling Chu-tzu

A sage who was re-incarnated as Li No Cha. On occassion, identified as Ling Chu-tzu, Intelligent Pearl, Intelligent Pearl, Li No-cha, Li No-cha or No Cha.

Ling Tzu

One of 3 deities regarded as patrons of tea. Also referred to as Ling Tzu.

ling-yü

A monster in the form of a fish with the head and limbs of a human. Being. In some references, identified as ling-yü.

Liu

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Liu An

The original name of Huai-nan-tzu. At times, identified as Liu An, Huai-nan-tzu, Huai-nan-tzu or Wang Chung-kao.

Liu Ch'en

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Liu Hai

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Liu Hung

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Liu Meng

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Liu Meng Ching-chun

A name for Liu Meng as the Fierce. General Liu. Also referred to as Liu Meng Ching-chun.

Liu Pei

A Taoist god representing the emperor's celestial authority. God of basket-makers. Sometimes called Liu Pei.

Liu T'ai-wei

A name for Liu Meng as Constable Liu. Also identified as Liu T'ai-wei, Liu Meng, Liu Meng, Liu I, Liu Ju or Liu Meng Chang-chun.

Liu Tsung

Celestial spirits controlling the heavenly bodies, directions, rain and wind. In some accounts, identified as Liu Tsung, Six Honoured Ones or Six Honoured Ones.

Lo

A sacred river. Occasionally identified as Lo, sacred river, sacred river, Ganges or Ho.

Lo-hou

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Lo-hou-lo-to

The Chinese name for Rahulata. In some references, known as Lo-hou-lo-to.

Lo-hou-to

The Chinese name for Rahula. Occasionally called Lo-hou-to.

Lo Hsüan

A sage who was deified and runs the celestial Ministry of Fire. Also referred to as Lo Hsüan.

Lo-tsu Ta-hsien

A disciple of Lao-tzu. Patron of barbers. Sometimes known as Lo-tsu Ta-hsien, Ancestor Lo or Ancestor Lo.

Lo Yü

One of the 3 deities regarded as patrons of tea. Occasionally identified as Lo Yü.

lohan

A Buddhist immortal, a disciple of the Buddha. In some references, known as lohan, Lo-han, Lo-han, lo-han, lo-han, arhat, arhat, Arahan, Arahant, Arahat, arhan, arhant, Rakan, arahant, arahat, arhan(t), Chinese lohan, Sanskrit sthavita, Eighteen Lohan, Japanese Rakan, Japanese Rakan, Sanskrit Sthavira, Sanskrit Sthavira or thera.

Lord of the Sky

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lotus

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Lou-chi

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Lu Ch'i

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Lu-chiang

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Lu Hsing

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Lu Lung-chi

One of the disciples of Confucius. Allowed to sacrifice at the Temple of Confucius. Also known as Lu Lung-chi.

Lu Pan

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Lu Tsu-ch'ien

One of the disciples of Confucius. Allowed to sacrifice at the Temple of Confucius. On occassion, called Lu Tsu-ch'ien.

Lü Tung-pin

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Lu-tzu

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Lu Wu

An 8th C. Tea-master who was deified. As the god of tea-merchants. In some accounts, known as Lu Wu.

Lu Yo

A Taoist sage who was deified as the minister in charge of the celestial. Ministry of Epidemics. Also known as Lu Yo.

Luan

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Lun Yü

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lung

A dragon chief of the scaly animals, ruler of the earth. Sometimes referred to as lung, dragon, dragon or li.

Lung Nü

A female attendant on Kuan Yin. Occasionally identified as Lung Nü, Lung Wang Nü or Lung Wang Nü.

Lunheng

The Chinese record of Korean myths. On occassion, known as Lunheng.

Ma

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ma-chung

A paper image of the kitchen-god, Tsao. Chün, displayed at the New Year. Festival. Occasionally called ma-chung.

Ma-ho Chia-yeh

The Chinese name for Kashyapa. Occasionally referred to as Ma-ho Chia-yeh, Chin Ma-ho Chia-yeh, Chin Ma-ho Chia-yeh, Mo-ho Chia-yeh, Mo-ho Chia-yeh, Kashyapa, Chin Ma-ho Chia Yeh or Chin Ma-ho Chia Yeh.

Ma Hu

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Ma Ku

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Ma Mien

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Ma Ming

The Chinese name for Asvagosha. Sometimes called Ma Ming.

Ma Shen

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Ma-t'ou

A name of Ts'an Nü as Horse Head. Lady. At times, identified as Ma-t'ou, Horse Head Lady, Horse Head Lady, Ts'an Nü, Ts'an Nü, Can Nü, Lady Silkworm or Silkworm Maiden.

Ma Wang

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Magpie Bridge

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Man

A Taoist deity. One of the Four Diamond Kings. In some references, identified as Man, Chang, Chang, Man, Wan, Wan, manna, manna, Man or man.

Mang Shen

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Mao

A deity living on the planet Jupiter. In some lore, occasionally called Mao.

Mei Lan

Thirteenth daughter of Tung Wang. Kung and Hsi Wang Mu. Sometimes known as Mei Lan, Ching Lin, Ching Lin, Chung Lin, Chung Lin, Yü Ying Fu Jen or Yü Ying Fu Jen.

Mei Shan

A sacred mountain, home of Wu Kung. Ching. Also commonly called Mei Shan.

Men Shen

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Mencius

(c 370-289 BC). A disciple of Confucius, one of the Four Saints. Also commonly called Mencius, Meng K'o, Meng K'o, Meng-tzu, Meng-tzu, Mengzi or Mengzi.

Meng T'ien

A minor deity, patron of brushmakers. He was originally a 3rd C general and is said to have invented the brush. In some references, identified as Meng T'ien.

Meng-tzu

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Metal Planet

The planet Venus. On occassion, known as Metal Planet.

Mi Fei

The spirit of the River Lo. Daughter of Fu-hsi. Occasionally identified as Mi Fei, Queen Chen or Queen Chen.

Mi Hung Tang

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Miao Ch'eng

Daughter of Miao Chuang. Sister of Miao Shan and Miao Yen. She became a bodhisattva. Also identified as Miao Ch'eng.

Miao Chuang

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Miao Shan

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Miao Yen

Daughter of Miao Chuang. Sister of Miao Ch'eng and Miao. Shan. She became a bodhisattva. Also identified as Miao Yen.

mien

A flat bonnet, with 3 tassels front and back, worn by the Jade. Emperor. In some accounts, identified as mien.

Mo-li Ch'ing

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Mo-li Hai

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Mo-li Hung

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Mo-li Shou

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Mo-yeh

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Mount Ho-ming

The site where T'ien-shih received. A revelation. Occasionally called Mount Ho-ming.

Mount Omei

A sacred mountain guarded. By Pu Hsien. Also commonly referred to as Mount Omei, Mount Emei, Mount Emei, Emei, Omei, Omi, Mount Omi or Mount Omi.

Mount Pu Chou

The mountain that was impaled on the horn of Kung Kung, causing the world to tilt. Sometimes known as Mount Pu Chou.

Mountain of Purgatory

The slope by which souls purified. By prayer ascend from purgatory to heaven. Occasionally referred to as Mountain of Purgatory.

Mr Heaven

a name for Yü Huang Shang Ti Occasionally called Mr Heaven, Lao-t'ien-yeh, Lao-t'ien-yeh, Monseigneur Heaven, Monseigneur Heaven, Yü Huang Shang Ti, Yü Huang Shang Ti or Supreme August Jade Emperor.

Mu Jen

In some lore, occasionally called Mu Jen.

Mu Kung

A ruler of the east and the element. Wood. In some references, called Mu Kung, Duke of Wood, Duke of Wood, Tung Wang Kung, Tung Wang Kung, Eastern Royal Duke, Lord of the Immortals, Royal Lord of the East, Hindu Indra or T'ai I.

Mu-lien

The name adopted by Radish when he attained enlightenment. Referred to as Mu-lien, Radish, Radish or Tibetan Maudgalyayana.

Na-chen t'ien-tsun

A minor deity, assistant to the god of riches. Occasionally called Na-chen t'ien-tsun.

Na-ka-hsi-na

The Chinese version of Nagasena. Occasionally called Na-ka-hsi-na, Chia-hsi-na, Chia-hsi-na, Nagasena, Nagasena or Chinese Chia-hsi-na.

Nai-nai-niang-niang

A name for Pi-hsia Yüan-chun as Madame Lady. Sometimes referred to as Nai-nai-niang-niang, Madame Lady, Madame Lady or Pi-hsia Yüan-chun.

Nan Hua Ching

The collected works of the philosopher. Chuang-tzu. Also identified as Nan Hua Ching.

Nan-t'i-mi-to-lo

The Chinese version of Nandimitra. Called Nan-t'i-mi-to-lo.

Neh-erh Kuo

A mythical land where the inhabitants. Have very long ears and bodies that are covered in stripes. In some references, referred to as Neh-erh Kuo.

Niang Niang

Goddess of T'ai Shan. Also known as Niang Niang, T'ai Shan or T'ai Shan.

Niu T'ou

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Niu-wang

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No Ch'u-lo

The Chinese version of Nakula. In some lore, occasionally known as No Ch'u-lo, Pa-ku-la, Pa-ku-la, Nakula, Pa-no-ka, Pa-no-ka, Nakula, P'u-chu-lo, P'u-chu-lo, Nakula, P'u chu-lo or P'u chu-lo.

Nü-huang

The name taken by Nü Kua when she. Became ruler. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Nü-huang, Nü Kua, Nü Kua, Gourd Girl, Nü Wa or Japanese Jokwa.

Nü Kua

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Nü Wa

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Nü Ying

One of the Hsiang Fu-jen. Daughter of Yao. Sister of Wo Huang. In some accounts, called Nü Ying.

Old Philosopher, The

A name of Lao-tzu. In some references, called Old Philosopher, The.

P'an Chin-lien

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P'an Kuan

The registrar of hell. He later received promotion and his post as registrar was taken by Chung K'uei. Occasionally called P'an Kuan.

P'an Shen

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P'an-t'ao

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P'eng-lai

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P'eng-lai Shan

A mountain in the paradise P'eng-lai. In some references, called P'eng-lai Shan.

P'eng Niao

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P'eng Tsu

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p'i-han

A type of dragon often used in effigy. As prison guards. In some references, known as p'i-han.

P'ing-teng

The eighth of the Ten Yama Kings. On occassion, identified as P'ing-teng.

p'o

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P'u Hsien

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p'u-lao

A type of dragon which was said to shed tears. In some accounts, called p'u-lao.

p'u-sa

The Chinese version of the Sanskrit bodhisattva. Also commonly called p'u-sa.

P'u-t'o

The island home of Kuan Yin. In some accounts, known as P'u-t'o, Hindu Potaka or Hindu Potaka.

P'u Tu

A festival of 'saving the souls'. Occasionally identified as P'u Tu.

Pa

A drought-goddess. Daughter of Huang Ti. Occasionally known as Pa, Ba, Ba, Pa, ba, ba or pa.

Pa Ch'a

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pa-hsia

Very strong tortoises often depicted. Under gravestones. Also commonly called pa-hsia.

Pai Hao

2 white cranes, messengers of the gods. On occassion, called Pai Hao.

Pai Hu

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Pai Lung

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pai-ma

A white horse with a single horn. Known as pai-ma, ch'i-lin, po or ch'i-lin, po.

Pai Yang

A later name for the constellation. Aries as 'the white sheep'. Also referred to as Pai Yang, Heang Lo, Heang Lo, Arab Al Kabah al-Alif, Heang Ho, Heang Ho, Arab Al Kabah al Alif or Arab Al Kabah al Alif.

Pak Tai

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Palace of Great Cold

The home of the moon-goddess, Heng O. In some references, identified as Palace of Great Cold.

Palace of the Lonely Park

The home of the sun-god, I. Sometimes identified as Palace of the Lonely Park.

Pan Hu

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Pan-ku

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Pan-t'o-chia

The Chinese version of Panthaka. Sometimes identified as Pan-t'o-chia, Pan-t'o-ka or Pan-t'o-ka.

Pang Yü

A city god. He was originally a 7th C provincial governor. Also referred to as Pang Yü.

Pao-chih

The name taken by Pi-chia-na when he became a monk. Sometimes referred to as Pao-chih, Ch'ih Kung, Ch'ih Kung or Chi Kung.

Pao Kung

A god of magistrates. He was a 10th C mortal who was deified. In some references, referred to as Pao Kung.

Pao-kung Ch'an-shih

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Pao Lao-yeh

A deity. The Imperial Censor. Known as Pao Lao-yeh.

pao-t'a

A pagoda. Occasionally called pao-t'a.

Pao Yüeh

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Parasol tree

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peacock

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Pei-chi

A name for Huan Ti as Prince of the North Pole. In some lore, occasionally called Pei-chi, Huan Ti, Huan Ti, Cheng Wu, Huang Ti, Chen-wu Sheng-kun, Dark Lord, Huan-wu, Pei-chi-chen-chun, Chen(g) Wu, Chen(g) Wu, Pei-chi-chun or Pei-chi-chun.

Pei-tou

The Great Bear constellation regarded as the emperor's chariot. In some references, called Pei-tou.

Peiroun

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Phoenix Empress

A ruler met by Chuang-tzu in his wanderings. Also commonly called Phoenix Empress.

Pi-chia-na

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Pi-hsia Yüan-chun

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Pi Hsiao

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pi-hsieh

A flying animal like a lion with horns. In some lore, occasionally known as pi-hsieh.

Pi-hsieh Ch'ien

An ornamented coin used as a talisman to ward off evil. One of the Eight Precious Things. On occassion, known as Pi-hsieh Ch'ien.

Pi Kan

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pi-pi

A fox with wings which made. A honking sound like a wild goose. In some lore, occasionally identified as pi-pi.

Pien-ch'eng

The sixth of the Ten Yama Kings. Sometimes referred to as Pien-ch'eng.

Pien Ho

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Pin-t'ou-lu-o-lo-sui-shih

One of the Eighteen Lohan. He is equated with the second Pindola. In some accounts, referred to as Pin-t'ou-lu-o-lo-sui-shih, Pindola, Pindola, Kanaka the Bharadvaja, Kanakabharadvaja, Ko-no-ka Po-li-to-she or Chinese Ko-no-ka Po-li-to-she.

Pin-tu-lo-po-lo-to-she

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po

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Po I-kao

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Po Lao-yeh

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Po-shih

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Po Ti

A sky-god responsible for the west. Called Po Ti, White Lord, White Lord or Po-ti.

Po-to-lo

The Chinese version of Tamra Bhadra. In some lore, occasionally called Po-to-lo, Tan-mo-lo-po-t'o, Tan-mo-lo-po-t'o or Tamra Bhadra.

Precious Raft

A vessel used to convey souls from one world to another. Also referred to as Precious Raft.

Princess of the Coloured Clouds

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Pu T'ai Ho-shang

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Pusa

A term for a god of any religion. Occasionally known as Pusa.

Queen Chen

In some accounts, the spirit of the River Lo. Also called Queen Chen, Mi Fei or Mi Fei.

Radish

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Red Boy Demon

A demon encountered by Hsüan Tsang on his journey to India. On occassion, referred to as Red Boy Demon.

Rice Thief

A nickname of Chang Tao-ling. Also called Rice Thief, Chang Tao-ling, Chang Tao-ling, Chang T'ien-shih, Chang Tsao-wang, Kitchen God or Chen-jen.

Sa ch'ing

A Taoist deity. Occasionally referred to as Sa ch'ing.

San Ch'ing

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san chiao

A written spell folded into the shape of a triangle. Occasionally called san chiao.

San Chou Niang

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San Hsing

The Fu Lu Shou as the Three Stars of Happiness. Occasionally identified as San Hsing, Fu Lu Shou, Fu Lu Shou, Fu Lo Shou, Fu Shou Lu, Gods of Happiness, Shou-hsing Lao Tou-tzu, Three Gods of Happiness or Three Stars.

San-kuai-kung

A name for the San-kuan as Lords of the Three Worlds. On occassion, called San-kuai-kung, Lords of the Three Worlds, Lords of the Three Worlds, San-kuan, San-kuan, Three Agents or San-kuan-ta-ti.

San-kuan

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San-shen Kuo

A mythical land where the inhabitants have 3 heads. Sometimes known as San-shen Kuo.

San Tung

One of the 2 parts of Tao Tsang, the Taoist canon. The other part of the canon is the Ssu Fu. Also called San Tung, Three Vaults or Three Vaults.

Sao Chou

The Broom Star, home of San Chou. Niang. Sometimes called Sao Chou.

Seven Stars Mother

A goddess of the constellation. Ursa Major. Sometimes referred to as Seven Stars Mother.

Seven Treasures of Buddhism

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Sha Ho-shang

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Sha Shen

Son of Tou-shen. Brother of Chen Shen, Ma Shen and P'an Shen. He helps those who suffer from scarlet fever. At times, known as Sha Shen.

Shan Hai Ching

A book of mythology. Sometimes known as Shan Hai Ching, Book of Mountains and Seas or Book of Mountains and Seas.

shan-hui

A human-faced dog. In some references, known as shan-hui.

Shan Kuei

A mountain-god. In some accounts, called Shan Kuei.

Shan-ts'ai Tung-tzu

A male attendant on Kuan Yin. Also referred to as Shan-ts'ai Tung-tzu.

Shang Ti

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Shang-ti Yeh

A Taoist war-god. In some references, identified as Shang-ti Yeh, Taiwanese Pak Tai or Taiwanese Pak Tai.

shang-yang

A one-legged bird which was said to cause rain. Also commonly referred to as shang-yang.

shao hui t'un fu

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She Wang

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shen

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Shen

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Shen-hsien

Celestial spirits who return as mortals and later resume their existence. As immortals. Also known as Shen-hsien.

Shen Kung-pao

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Shen Nung

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Shen P'ao

The name of the deified Lao-tzu, in some accounts. Also identified as Shen P'ao.

Shen Seng-chao

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Shen Shu

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Shen-tsan

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Shen Wan-san

A god of wealth, in some accounts. Also known as Shen Wan-san.

Shen Yo

A 6th C. Writer who was deified as a god of Hu-chou. Occasionally identified as Shen Yo.

Sheng

A title given to many deities, including Confucius. Also identified as Sheng, Holy One, Holy One or Turkey Hactcin.

Sheng-jen

Deified mortals: saints. Sometimes called Sheng-jen.

Sheng-mu

A name for Pi-hsia Yüan-chun. As Holy Mother. Also commonly known as Sheng-mu.

Sheng Ti

God of the sacred mountain T'ai Shan. A Taoist god of destiny, lord of the underworld. On occassion, known as Sheng Ti, Holy Emperor, Holy Emperor, Shang Ti, Shang Ti, Celestial Emperor, Lord of Heaven, Lord on High, Shang-te, T'ien, Tou Chi, Yü Huang or Ti.

Shih

A plant used in divination. In some accounts, called Shih.

Shih-chi Niang Niang

A Taoist goddess. Also referred to as Shih-chi Niang Niang.

Shih-chia-mu-ni

The Chinese version of Shakyamuni. Referred to as Shih-chia-mu-ni.

shih chieh-hsien

A Taoist immortal who has died, left. His body and lives on as a soul. In some accounts, identified as shih chieh-hsien.

Shih Ching

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Shih Fen

The original name of Lu Hsing. Occasionally referred to as Shih Fen, Lu Hsing, Lu Hsing, Lu Shen, Star of Dignities, Star of Emoluments or Star of Officials.

Shih Kan Tang

Inscribed tablets of stone or a spirit, said to ward off evil. Influences. In some accounts, called Shih Kan Tang.

Shih T'ien-yen-wang

The 10 departments of hell. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Shih T'ien-yen-wang, Shih Wang, Shih Wang, Shih T'ien-yen-wang or Ten Yama Kings.

Shih-te Tzu

One of the Eighteen Lohan, in some accounts. He was found as a child by Feng-kan and raised by monks. Occasionally referred to as Shih-te Tzu.

Shih-tzu-pi-ch'iu

The Chinese name for Singhalaputra. In some accounts, known as Shih-tzu-pi-ch'iu, Son of the Lion, Son of the Lion or Singhalaputra.

Shih Wang

A name for the gods of the underworld as the Ten Yama. Kings. In some lore, occasionally identified as Shih Wang, Shih T'ien-yen-wang, Shih T'ien-yen-wang, Ten Yama Kings, Ten Yama Kings, Four Kings of Hell, Kings of Hell or Yama.

Shou-ho

A god of longevity. In some accounts he is the same as Lao-tzu. Also commonly known as Shou-ho.

Shou Hsing

The star of longevity, home of Shou Shen. In some accounts, the god of longevity. In some accounts, called Shou Hsing, Shou Shen, Shou Shen, Ancient of the South Pole, Canopus, Nan-chi Hsien-weng, Nan-chi Lao Jen, Old Man of the South Pole, P'eng Tsu, sacred birds, Shen Lou, Shou-hsing Lao Tou-tzu, Star of Longevity, Nan-chi Hsienweng, Shou Lao, Shou Lou, Shou-hsing Lao T'aotzu, Canopus, Japanese Fukurokuju or Tobosaku.

Shou Lao

The original name of Shou Shen. Occasionally referred to as Shou Lao, Shou Lou, Shou Lou or Shou Shen.

Shou Shan

The Taoist paradise. On occassion, identified as Shou Shan, Hills of Longevity or Hills of Longevity.

Shou Shen

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Shu

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Shu Ching

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Shu Yü

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Shui Ching-tzu

A water-spirit. Father of Nü Kua, some say. In some references, called Shui Ching-tzu.

Shui-kuan

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Shun

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Son of Heaven

The ruler of China, regarded as a deity. Occasionally known as Son of Heaven.

Spirit of the Wind

A spirit which leads those souls due for reincarnation over the bridge to the Tower of Forgetfulness. In some accounts, identified as Spirit of the Wind.

Spiritual Dragon

One of 4 Dragon Kings, responsible for rain and wind. In some lore, occasionally identified as Spiritual Dragon.

Ssu Fang

The 4 cardinal points guarded by the Ssu Ling. In some references, known as Ssu Fang.

Ssu Fu

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Ssu-ma Kuang

One of the disciples of Confucius. Allowed to sacrifice in the Temple of Confucius. At times, called Ssu-ma Kuang.

Ssu Ming

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ssu-niu

Dragons said to appreciate music. In some accounts, known as ssu-niu.

Su-p'in-t'e

The Chinese version of Subhinda. In some references, known as Su-p'in-t'e, Nandimitra, Nandimitra, Subhinda, Chinese Nan-t'i-mi-to-lo or Su-p'in-t'o.

suan-i

Dragons depicted as seated under the feet of the Buddha. Occasionally called suan-i.

Sun

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Sun Hou-tzu

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Sun Pin

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Sung

A minor deity of the underworld. In some lore, occasionally called Sung.

Sung Chiang

A minor deity: a mortal who became the patron god of thieves. In some lore, occasionally identified as Sung Chiang, Chi or Chi.

Sung Shan

A sacred mountain, one of the Five. Holy Mountains known as Wu Yüeh. Sometimes called Sung Shan.

Sung Su-k'ung

One of the 3 deities regarded as patrons of tea. Occasionally referred to as Sung Su-k'ung.

Sung Ti

The third of the Ten Yama Kings. On occassion, referred to as Sung Ti.

Sung-tzu Kuan-yin

A name for Kuan Yin as the giver of children. Sometimes called Sung-tzu Kuan-yin, Kuan Yin, Kuan Yin, Goddess of the Southern Sea, Kuan-shih-yin, Miao Shan, Buddhist Avalokiteshvara, Hindu Vishnu, Japanese K(w)annon, Sanskrit Padmapani, Taoist Tou Mu or Tara.

Sung Yün

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Swelling Earth

A magical substance, stolen by K'un from Huang Ti, used to construct dams. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Swelling Earth.

T'a Chi

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T'ai Ch'u

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T'ai Chi

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T'ai I

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T'ai I Ching

The essence of the great creator. In some references, known as T'ai I Ching.

T'ai-lao-tao

The second Taoist god, an emanation of Yü Huang. In some references, known as T'ai-lao-tao, Yü Huang, Yü Huang, August of Jade, August Personage of Jade, Jade Emperor, Jade Purity, Jade Ruler, Pearly Emperor, Shang Ti, T'ai-shang lao, T'ien Pao, Yü Ch'ing, Yüan Ch'ing, August (Personage) of Jade, Pure August, Yü Huang Yu Jing or Buddhist Yü Ti.

T'ai Shan

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T'ai Shan Kun

The seventh of the Ten Yama Kings. Also commonly identified as T'ai Shan Kun.

T'ai Shih

The second stage of The Great. Change, T'ai I. In this period breath (Ch'i) developed. Occasionally referred to as T'ai Shih, Great Beginning, The, Great Beginning, The, The Great Beginning or The Great Beginning.

T'ai Su

The combination of form and breath, giving rise to substance (Chih). Occasionally referred to as T'ai Su, Great Primordial, Great Primordial, The Great Primordial or The Great Primordial.

T'ai Sui

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T'ai Sui Hsing

A god of time, Jupiter personified. Occasionally called T'ai Sui Hsing.

T'ai Sung

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T'ai Yang

The sun, in astrology. On occassion, called T'ai Yang.

T'ai Yin

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T'ai Yüan

A primordial goddess. Consort of Pan-ku. Mother of Yüan Shih. Also called T'ai Yüan.

T'ang Kung-fang

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T'ang Pin

One of the disciples of Confucius who was allowed to sacrifice in the Temple of Confucius. In some accounts, referred to as T'ang Pin.

T'ang Sao-erh

A 15th C. Taoist sorceress. She claimed to have a magic sword and led a short-lived uprising. On occassion, identified as T'ang Sao-erh.

T'ao-t'ieh

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T'ien

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T'ien-ch'in

One of the Jen Wang, the 9 sons of Tou Mu and Tou Fu. In some lore, occasionally referred to as T'ien-ch'in, Celestial Creature or Celestial Creature.

T'ien-chu

One of the Jen Wang, the 9 sons of Tou Mu and Tou Fu. Also known as T'ien-chu, T'ien, T'ien, Imperial Ancestor, Shang Ti, Ten, T'ien-chu, 'heaven' or Japanese Ten.

T'ien-chung

One of the Jen Wang, the 9 sons of Tou Mu and Tou Fu. Also identified as T'ien-chung, Celestial Minor, Celestial Minor or T'ien-ch'ung.

T'ien-fu

One of the Jen Wang, the 9 sons of Tou Mu and Tou Fu. At times, known as T'ien-fu, Celestial Support or Celestial Support.

T'ien Hou

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t'ien hsien

Spirits (hsien) living in heaven. Also commonly known as t'ien hsien.

T'ien-hsin

One of the Jen Wang, the 9 sons of Tou Mu and Tou Fu. On occassion, referred to as T'ien-hsin, Celestial Heart or Celestial Heart.

T'ien I Yüan

The celestial Ministry of Healing. This ministry was run by Fu-hsi, Huang Ti and Shen Nung. Also known as T'ien I Yüan.

T'ien-jen

One of the Jen Wang, the 9 sons of Tou Mu and Tou Fu. In some references, called T'ien-jen, Celestial Official or Celestial Official.

T'ien-jui

One of the Jen Wang, the 9 sons of Tou Mu and Tou Fu. Occasionally called T'ien-jui, Celestial Bird or Celestial Bird.

T'ien-kuan

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T'ien-li

The soul of the universe which emerged from the primordial chaos. T'ien Li combined with Ch'i to form matter, Chih. At times, referred to as T'ien-li, Celestial Principle or Celestial Principle.

t'ien-lu

A mythical animal somewhat like a deer. At times, referred to as t'ien-lu.

T'ien Ming

Celestial order and fate. Occasionally called T'ien Ming.

T'ien Mu

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T'ien-p'eng

One of the Jen Wang, the 9 sons of Tou Mu and Tou Fu. On occassion, known as T'ien-p'eng, Celestial Sail or Celestial Sail.

T'ien Shang Sheng-mu

A name for T'ien Hou as Holy Mother of Heaven. On occassion, known as T'ien Shang Sheng-mu, Holy Mother of Heaven, Holy Mother of Heaven, T'ien Hou, T'ien Hou, T'ien Hou, Heaven's Concubine, Lin, Lin Ma-tzu, Ma-niang, Ma-tsu-p'o, Ma-tzu, Queen of Heaven, T'ien Fei, Empress of Heaven, Chuan Hou, Goddess of the Sea, Ma-Niang, Ma-tsup'o, Matron of the Measure or Japanese Marishiten.

T'ien-shih

A celestial teacher of Taoist doctrines. He is said to have received a revelation on Mount Ho-ming. At times, called T'ien-shih.

T'ien T'ang

The celestial palace. Sometimes known as T'ien T'ang, Temple of Heaven, Temple of Heaven, T'ien T'an or T'ien T'an.

T'ien Tsu

A deity of agriculture, a deified mortal. Occasionally known as T'ien Tsu.

T'ien Tsun

A collective name for Taoist gods. Also known as T'ien Tsun, San Ch'ing, San Ch'ing, Three Pure Ones, Three Purities, The or Three Purities.

T'ien-wang

The Chinese name for the Four. Diamond Kings. Sometimes identified as T'ien-wang.

T'ien-wen

A star. The cattle-god, Niu-wang, was said to be the spirit of this star. Also commonly known as T'ien-wen.

t'ien-wu

A monster in the form of a sky-spirit. With the body of an eight-footed. Tiger and 8 human heads. Sometimes referred to as t'ien-wu, wu or wu.

T'ien-ying

The eldest of the Yen Wang, the 9 sons of Tou Mu and Tou Fu. In some references, known as T'ien-ying, Celestial Bravery or Celestial Bravery.

T'u-ti Kung

A god of the soil. He is regarded as a protector of graves. At times, identified as T'u-ti Kung.

T'u-ti Lao-yeh

A worthy person, deified. After death. Consort of T'u-ti Nai-nai. Referred to as T'u-ti Lao-yeh.

T'u-ti Nai-nai

Consort of T'u-ti Lao-yeh. Also known as T'u-ti Nai-nai.

T'u-ti Shen

Local earth-gods. Also commonly identified as T'u-ti Shen, Hou-t'u Shen, Hou-t'u Shen, Hou-t'u or T'u Ti Shen.

Ta-chun

A Taoist immortal, one of a celestial trinity. In some lore, occasionally identified as Ta-chun.

Ta Hsüeh

The seventh of the 9 major works of the Confucian canon, dealing. With ethics. One of the Four Books. Sometimes known as Ta Hsüeh, Great Learning or Great Learning.

Ta-lo

The highest of the 36 Taoist heavens. Sometimes referred to as Ta-lo.

Ta-mo

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Ta-shih-che

The Chinese version of Mahasthama. In this version the bodhisattva is female. Also identified as Ta-shih-che, Ta-shih-chih or Ta-shih-chih.

Ta Wei

The constellation Ursa Major, the Great Bear, site of the Jade Palace of Yü Huang. Occasionally known as Ta Wei.

Tablet of the Soul

A board inscribed with the name of a deceased emperor. Occasionally identified as Tablet of the Soul.

Tai Chen

A king. Husband of Wan. Also known as Tai Chen.

Tai-suan

A 7th C. Monk. He went mad and claimed to have received revelations from the many gods who visited him. On occassion, known as Tai-suan.

Tam Kung

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Tan

A dawn-god. Son of Chang. Twin brother of Fat. Occasionally identified as Tan.

Tan Ching

A book of alchemy containing, inter alia, a recipe for immortality. Also referred to as Tan Ching, Cinnabar Classic or Cinnabar Classic.

Tang

A celestial swallow. This bird is regarded as a heavenly messenger and redeemer who overcame the prince of hell. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Tang, tangie, tangie, tang, tang, Scottish kelpie or Shetland shoopiltee.

Tao

The governing principle of the Taoist. Universe, combining yin and yang; The all-pervading basis of being; Emptiness. At times, known as Tao, 'the way', 'the way', To, Japanese To or Japanese To.

Tao Chi

The name taken by Chi Kung when he became a monk. In some accounts, known as Tao Chi, Chi Kung, Chi Kung, Ch'ih Kung, Li Hsiu-yüan or Mad Healer.

Tao Chun

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Tao Hua Hsien-nü

A guardian goddess. In some references, referred to as Tao Hua Hsien-nü.

tao-jen

A sorcerer: one who practises. Taoist magic. Sometimes referred to as tao-jen, femaletao-nü or femaletao-nü.

Tao ming

An assistant in the underworld. In some lore, occasionally called Tao ming.

Tao Mu

Tou Mu as the Mother of the Way. In some references, called Tao Mu, Mother of the Way, Mother of the Way, Tou Mu, Tou Mu, Chun T'i, Maritchi, Mother of the Ladle or T'ien Mu.

tao-nü

A sorceress: a a female practitioner of Taoist magic. In some lore, occasionally called tao-nü, maletao-jen or maletao-jen.

Tao Sha Shen Chun

A god of the ancestral tablets. Sometimes referred to as Tao Sha Shen Chun.

Tao-t'ung

One of the Eighteen Lohan, in some accounts. He is depicted seated on a mat hugging his knees. Also identified as Tao-t'ung.

Tao Te Ching

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Tao Tsang

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Tao-yüeh

One of the Eighteen Lohan, in some accounts. He is depicted in a sitting position, meditating, with his head supported on his hand. In some references, identified as Tao-yüeh.

Ten Scholars

10 disciples of Confucius. In some accounts, referred to as Ten Scholars, Shih Che or Shih Che.

Ten Suns

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Ten Yama Kings

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Teng Kao

A harvest festival. Occasionally known as Teng Kao, Climbing the Hills or Climbing the Hills.

Three Door Gods

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Three Great Beings

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Three Musketeers

The 3 deities Chang Fei, Liu Pei and Kuan-ti. Occasionally referred to as Three Musketeers.

Three Poisons

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Three Sovereigns, The

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Ti

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Ti Chün

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ti hsien

A Taoist immortal living on earth: a living saint. Occasionally identified as ti hsien.

Ti K'ang Wang

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Ti-kuan

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Ti Mu

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Ti-shih

The Chinese version of Indra. Also called Ti-shih, Wei-t'o, Wei-t'o, Indra, Lou-chi, Vajrapani, Wang, Buddhist Vajrapani, Hindu Indra, Japanese Ida Ten, Yin-to-lo, Yin-to-lo or Indra.

ti-t'ang

A shrine in which ancestral records. Are kept. In some references, known as ti-t'ang.

Ti-ts'ang

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Ti-yü

Hell: the underworld, ruled by Tits'ang. Known as Ti-yü, Earth Prison or Earth Prison.

Ting Lan

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Ting-ling Kuo

A mythical land where the inhabitants. Have hooves like horses and hair. Growing out of their knees. Sometimes identified as Ting-ling Kuo.

To Fu

The yellow phoenix. In some accounts, identified as To Fu, ch'i-lin, ch'i-lin, ch'i, Chinese unicorn, dragon-horse, horse-dragon, lin, Lu, piao, po, ch'i, Chinese Unicorn, dragonhorse, kylin, lin, lu, pai, ma, poh, Japanese kirin or Tibetan serou.

To Wen

A Buddhist guardian spirit of the north and winter. Known as To Wen, Hindu Vaishravana, Hindu Vaishravana, Kovero, Kubera, Mo-li Shou, Peysrap, Japanese Bishamon, Japanese Bishamon, Kubera, Vaishravana, Taoist Mo-li Shou, Taoist Mo-li Shou, Bishamon or Vaishravana.

Tou Fu

Husband of Tou Mu. Father of the 9 Jen Wang. Also identified as Tou Fu.

Tou Mu

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Tou Shen

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Tower of Forgetfulness

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Transcendent Dignitary

The doorkeeper in the palace of Yü Ti. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Transcendent Dignitary.

Tripitaka

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Ts'ai Shen

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Ts'an Nü

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Ts'an T'ung Ch'i

A 2nd C. Book of alchemy written by Wei Po-yang. Also commonly called Ts'an T'ung Ch'i, Kinship of the Three or Kinship of the Three.

Ts'ang Chieh

A minor deity, patron of story-tellers. He is said to have invented writing based on the footprints left in the sand by birds. Sometimes called Ts'ang Chieh.

Ts'ao

A water-spirit. Also referred to as Ts'ao, pondweed or pondweed.

Ts'ao Hou

An empress. Sister of Ts'ao Kuo-chiu. Also commonly identified as Ts'ao Hou, Kao Hou or Kao Hou.

Ts'ao Kuo-chiu

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Ts'ao Pin

Father of Ching-chih, Ts'ao Hou and Ts'ao Kuo-chiu. Also identified as Ts'ao Pin.

Ts'en Kuang

The first of the Ten Yama Kings. The ninth Yama King, Tu-shih, is regarded as a manifestation of Ts'enkuang. Sometimes identified as Ts'en Kuang.

Ts'ui

A minor deity of the underworld. In some lore, occasionally identified as Ts'ui.

Ts'ung-shen

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Tsao Chün

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Tseng Chang

A guardian spirit of the south and summer. Occasionally referred to as Tseng Chang, Buddhist Virudhaka, Buddhist Virudhaka, Komoku, Virudka, Virulak, Hindu Virudka, Hindu Virudka, Japanese Komoku, Japanese Komoku, Taoist Mo-li Hung or Taoist Mo-li Hung.

Tsu-pao

A minor deity, assistant to Pi Kan. Sometimes called Tsu-pao.

Tsui-erh

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Tu K'ang

A patron-god of distilling. In some accounts, called Tu K'ang, I-ti, I-ti or Immortal One.

Tu O

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Tu-shih

The ninth of the Ten Yama Kings. Also referred to as Tu-shih, Ts'en-kuang or Ts'en-kuang.

Tui

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tui tzu

Paper scrolls used as a charm to give protection to the home. Sometimes identified as tui tzu.

Tung Chiao

The bridge used as a meeting place by Ch'ien Niu and Chih Nü. Called Tung Chiao.

Tung Chun

God of the rising sun. A legendary hero. At times, referred to as Tung Chun.

Tung-fang Shuo

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Tung Hai

Father of T'ai Shan. Sometimes known as Tung Hai.

Tung Wang Kung

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Tung Yüeh Ta Ti

The deity in charge of the Ministry of Five Sacred Mountains, Wu Yüeh. Also commonly known as Tung Yüeh Ta Ti.

Twelve Terrestrial Branches

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Tzu-kung

The constellation in which the sky-god, T'ai I, lives. In some references, known as Tzu-kung.

Tzu-ssu

One of the Four Saints. Grandson of Confucius. Also referred to as Tzu-ssu.

Tzu Sun Niang Niang

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Tzu-t'ung

A god of literature, in some accounts. In some accounts, called Tzu-t'ung, Wen Ch'ang Ti Chun or Wen Ch'ang Ti Chun.

Tzu-ts'ai

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Tzu Wei

God of the Pole Star. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Tzu Wei, Purple Crepe Myrtle or Purple Crepe Myrtle.

Universal King, The

A name for Yama after he had been. Reborn as a Buddha. Also called Universal King, The.

Vermilion Hills

The home of the bird Feng (the phoenix). In some accounts, referred to as Vermilion Hills.

Wan

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Wang

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Wang Mu

A widow who supported I-hsing as a young student. Also commonly called Wang Mu.

Wang Shou-jen

One of the disciples of Confucius. Allowed to sacrifice in the Temple of Confucius. Also known as Wang Shou-jen, Yang Ming or Yang Ming.

Wang Shu

The spirit of the moon. On occassion, identified as Wang Shu, Hsien O or Hsien O.

Wang-ssu Ch'eng

A place in the ninth hell from which sinners never return to be born again. Identified as Wang-ssu Ch'eng, City of the Dead by Accident or City of the Dead by Accident.

Wang Yang

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Wei Cheng

One of the 3 Door Gods. Also called Wei Cheng.

Wei Po-yang

A 2nd C. Writer, author of Ts'an T'ung Ch'i. In some accounts, referred to as Wei Po-yang.

Wei-t'o

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Wen

A Taoist deity. One of the Four Diamond Kings. He is depicted as holding a spiked club. On occassion, called Wen.

Wen Ch'ang Ti Chün

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Wen Chiao

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Wen Chung T'ai-shih

A minister at the court of the emperor Chou Wang who became the deity Lei Tsu. Sometimes referred to as Wen Chung T'ai-shih, Lei Tsu, Lei Tsu or Ancestor of Thunder.

Wen Liang

An official in the celestial Ministry of Time, responsible for the daytime. Known as Wen Liang.

Wen Shu

A Chinese buddha of great wisdom. He is depicted riding an elephant or the lion, Chiu-shou. On occassion, identified as Wen Shu, Buddhist Manjushri, Buddhist Manjushri or Monju.

Wen Wang

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Western Paradise

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Weto

A Buddhist divine general. He is the guide who leads souls to heaven and is depicted in full armour. Also commonly identified as Weto.

White Bone Lady

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White Crane Youth

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White Horse

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White Snake of Hangchow

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Wind-Fine Wheel

A means of rapid transport used. By Li No-cha. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Wind-Fine Wheel.

Wo Huang

One of the Hsien Fu-jen. Daughter of Yao. Sister of Nü Ying. Also commonly identified as Wo Huang.

Woman Chun

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Woman Kua

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wu

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Wu

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Wu-an Wang

A name for Kuan Ti as King of Military Pacification. Also known as Wu-an Wang, King of Military Pacification, King of Military Pacification, Wu-an wang, Kuan Ti, Kuan Ti, Emperor Kuan, Kuan Kung, P'u-sa Kuan, Chang, Fo-mo Ta Ti, Kuan Yü or Wu Ti.

Wu-ch'ang Kuei

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Wu Chi

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Wu I

A king. He shot an arrow at the heavens and was killed by a bolt of lightning. Sometimes identified as Wu I.

Wu-k'o

One of the Eighteen Lohan, in some accounts. He is said to have lived in a tree and is depicted in this situation. At times, known as Wu-k'o.

Wu Kang

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Wu Kuan

The fourth of the Ten Yama Kings. Sometimes identified as Wu Kuan.

Wu Kung Ching

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Wu Meng

A 4th C. Magician. He was said to be able to sail against the wind merely by waving his fan. Also referred to as Wu Meng.

Wu Sang

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Wu-sheng Lao-mu

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Wu Shun

The Chinese version of Vishnu. In some accounts, referred to as Wu Shun.

Wu T'ai Shan

A sacred mountain. In some lore, occasionally identified as Wu T'ai Shan.

wu t'ung shu

The Chinese name for the Parasol. Tree. Occasionally known as wu t'ung shu.

Wu Ta-lang

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Wu Ti

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Wu-ti

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Wu Ti

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Wu tsao tsu

A book about dragons and their. Offspring. Also called Wu tsao tsu.

Wu Tsi-su

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Wu Wang

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Wu-wu

Nothingness, the state that existed. Before the Tao came into existence. Also known as Wu-wu.

Wu Yüeh

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Yang

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Yang Ch'eng

The original name of Fu Hsing, in some accounts. Sometimes referred to as Yang Ch'eng, Fu Hsing, Fu Hsing, Fu Shen, Kuo Tzu-i, Star of Happiness or Yang-hsi-chi.

Yang Chien

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Yang Ching

A celestial god, god of the star Fan. Yin. Also referred to as Yang Ching, Goat Spirit, Goat Spirit, Transcendent Goat or Transcendent Goat.

Yang Kai-sheng

A god of the city of Peking (Beijing). He was originally a 16th c official at the emperor's court. Also called Yang Kai-sheng.

Yang Ming

The original name of Wang Shou-jen. Referred to as Yang Ming, Wang Shou-jen or Wang Shou-jen.

Yang-wu

A sun-crow. Occasionally called Yang-wu, Japanese Yatagarasu or Japanese Yatagarasu.

Yang Wu-ch'ang

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Yanluo

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Yao

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Yao Chi

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Yao-shih

A physician-god. In some lore, occasionally identified as Yao-shih, Yao-shih-to, Yao-shih-to, Bhaishajya, Yao-shih-wang-fo, Yao-shih-wang-fo, Yao-shihwang (Fo), Yao-shihwang (Fo), Tibetan Bhaishajyaguru or Tibetan Bhaishajyaguru.

Yao Wang

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Yeh

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Yellow Dragon

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Yellow Lion Demon

One of the many demons overcome. By Hsüan Tsang and his friends on their journey to India. In some accounts, called Yellow Lion Demon.

Yellow River

A celestial river. On occassion, called Yellow River.

Yen Hui

A sage, pupil of Confucius. In some references, referred to as Yen Hui.

Yen Kuang Niang Niang

A mother-goddess. One of her functions is to cure eye diseases. Sometimes referred to as Yen Kuang Niang Niang.

Yen Kung

A sea-god. He is said to have caused a huge wave which wrecked the ship of the pirates who were attacking Shanghai. Also referred to as Yen Kung.

Yen Ti

One of the Three Sovereigns. In some accounts, he is regarded as the same as Shen Nung, in others they are separate characters. Sometimes referred to as Yen Ti.

Yen-tzu

The favourite disciple of Confucius. One of the Four Saints. Also identified as Yen-tzu.

Yen Wang

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Yen Yüan

One of the disciples of Confucius. Allowed to sacrifice in the temple of Confucius. In some references, called Yen Yüan.

Yeren

A mythical humanoid said to live in the mountains of China. Also referred to as Yeren, Yeh-jen, Yeh-jen or yeren.

Yin

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Yin Chen Hsin

A legendary empress. In some accounts, known as Yin Chen Hsin, White Tiger, White Tiger or Pai Hu.

Yin Chiao

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Yin-chieh-t'o

The Chinese version of Angida. One of the Eighteen Lohan. Also referred to as Yin-chieh-t'o.

Yin-fu

A written spell, sealed and kept in a temple. On occassion, called Yin-fu.

Yin Hsi

A Taoist sage, a disciple of Lao-tzu. Occasionally known as Yin Hsi, Warden of the Pass or Warden of the Pass.

Yin K'ai-shan

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Yin Wu-ch'ang

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Yin-Yang

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Ying-chou

One of the 3 Islands of the Blessed, the Taoist island paradise where the inhabitants were immortal. Sometimes referred to as Ying-chou, Fortunate Islands, Fortunate Islands, Fang-chang, Isles of the Genii, P'eng-lai, Three Isles of the Blest, Three Isles of the Genii or Blessed Islands,Islands of the Blessed.

Yo Fei

A minor deity, patron of actors. He was a general who was deified as the god of Hangchow. Called Yo Fei.

Yo Wang

A god of healing. In some accounts, identified as Yo Wang.

Young Immortal

An attendant on the god Tung Wang. Kung. At times, known as Young Immortal.

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Yü Ch'iang

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Yü Ch'ien

A god of the city of Nanking (Nanjing). He was originally a 15th C minister for war. Sometimes known as Yü Ch'ien.

Yü Huang

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Yü Huang Shang Ti

A title for Yü Huang as Supreme. August Jade Emperor. Occasionally known as Yü Huang Shang Ti, Supreme August Jade Emperor, Supreme August Jade Emperor, Mr Heaven, Mr Heaven, Lao-t'ien-yeh or Monseigneur Heaven.

Yü-huang Sheng-mu

A deity to whom the wives of the Gods of the Hearth report once a year. At times, known as Yü-huang Sheng-mu, Holy Jade Empress or Holy Jade Empress.

Yü Lu

A door-god. Brother of Shen Shu. He and his brother captured wicked spirits and fed them to tigers. In some references, identified as Yü Lu, Shen Shu or Shen Shu.

Yü Men

A gate constructed by Yü to control. The floods. In some accounts, identified as Yü Men.

Yü-min Kuo

A mythical land where the inhabitants. Are born from eggs and have wings. Instead of arms. In some references, known as Yü-min Kuo.

Yü-ming Chiao-shih

A name for Ti-ts'ang as 'instructor of the regions of darkness'. Also commonly referred to as Yü-ming Chiao-shih.

Yü Nü

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Yü Po

A fish-god. At times, referred to as Yü Po.

Yü Shan

The home of the Three Pure Ones. Occasionally identified as Yü Shan, Jade Mountain or Jade Mountain.

Yü Ti

A Buddhist god of justice. Also called Yü Ti, Taoist Yü Huang or Taoist Yü Huang.

Yü Tsu

A rain-god. Also known as Yü Tsu.

Yüan Shih

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Yüan-tan

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Yün Chung-tzu

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Yün Tun

A weather-god. He is envisaged as a young boy playing with the clouds. Called Yün Tun.

Yung-ku Wang

An early god of the city of Hangchow. At times, referred to as Yung-ku Wang.

Zas

A sun-god. His arrival was heralded by a golden cockerel. On occassion, called Zas.
Chinese Mythology