Central American Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

A

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Aac

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Ab Kin Xox

A Mayan god of poetry. On occassion, known as Ab Kin Xox, Ppiz Hiu Tec, Ppiz Hiu Tec or Ab Kin Xoc.

Ac Yanto

A Mayan god of the white races, brother of Hachacyum. Occasionally called Ac Yanto.

Acacitli

One of the leaders of the Aztecs when they left their homeland, Aztlan. In some accounts, known as Acacitli.

Acantum

A name for any one of the 4 Bacabs. Occasionally referred to as Acantum, Bacabs, Bacabs, Bacabab, Balam, Pauahtun or Aztec Tlalocs.

Acatl

The thirteenth of the 20 days in the Aztec month. Symbolising east, and the arrow, the day was governed by Tezcatlipoca. Occasionally identified as Acatl, Omacatl, Omacatl, Acatl, Tezcatlipoca or Two Reeds.

Acna

A Mayan moon-goddess. In some accounts, called Acna.

Acolmiztli

An Aztec god of the underworld. An aspect of Mictlantecuhtli. In some references, known as Acolmiztli.

Acolnahuacatl

An Aztec god of the underworld. An aspect of Mictlantecuhtli. Also identified as Acolnahuacatl, Acolnaucatl or Acolnaucatl.

Aconzentli

The tree of life, in Mexico. Occasionally known as Aconzentli.

Actl

A god of tattooing. In some references, called Actl.

Ah Bolon Dz'acab

A Mayan fertility-god. Some identify him as the leaf-nosed deity, God K. Occasionally called Ah Bolon Dz'acab, Ah Bolom Tzacab or Ah Bolom Tzacab.

Ah Cancum

Mayan god of hunting. Also commonly identified as Ah Cancum, Acanum or Acanum.

Ah Chun Caan

A war-god, god of the city of Merida. Sometimes identified as Ah Chun Caan, Ah Cun Cun or Ah Cun Cun.

Ah Chuy Kak

A Mayan war-god and fire-god. Sometimes called Ah Chuy Kak.

Ah Ciliz

The Mayan god of eclipses. He was thought to swallow the sun when it disappeared during an eclipse. In some accounts, known as Ah Ciliz.

Ah Cun Cun

A serpent charmer; a war-god. Occasionally known as Ah Cun Cun, Ah Chun Caan or Ah Chun Caan.

Ah Cuxtal

The Mayan god of birth. Also referred to as Ah Cuxtal.

Ah holpopoh

a low social caste in Mayan society In some references, identified as Ah holpopoh.

Ah Hoya

A name for Chac as 'urinator'. Occasionally called Ah Hoya, Chac, Chac, Chaac, Xib Chac, Ah Tzenul, Balon Zacab, Hopop Caan, Aztec Tlaloc, Tezcatlipoca, Mixtec Tzahui, Totonac Tajin, Zapotec Cojico or B.

Ah Hulneb

A Mayan war-god. Referred to as Ah Hulneb.

Ah Kin

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Ah Kin Xoc

The Mayan god of poetry. He is sometimes depicted as a humming-bird. Also commonly identified as Ah Kin Xoc, Ah Kin Xocbiltun, Ah Kin Xocbiltun, P'izlimtec or P'izlimtec.

Ah Kumix Uinicob

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Ah Mun

A Mayan maize-god. Occasionally referred to as Ah Mun.

Ah Muzencab

Mayan bee-gods. Occasionally known as Ah Muzencab.

Ah Patnar Uinicob

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Ah Peku

A Mayan thunder-god. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Ah Peku.

Ah Puch

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Ah Tabai

A Mayan god of the hunt. Also commonly identified as Ah Tabai.

Ah Tzenul

A name for Chac as 'food giver'. Occasionally identified as Ah Tzenul, Chac, Chac, Chaac, Xib Chac, Ah Hoya, Balon Zacab, Hopop Caan, Aztec Tlaloc, Tezcatlipoca, Mixtec Tzahui, Totonac Tajin, Zapotec Cojico or B.

Ah Uincir Dz'acab

The Mayan androgynous god of healing. Also identified as Ah Uincir Dz'acab, Ah Uincir Kopot or Ah Uincir Kopot.

Ah Uuc Ticab

A Mayan fertility-god. In some accounts, known as Ah Uuc Ticab.

Ahalcana

One of the lords of Xibalba. In some accounts, referred to as Ahalcana.

Ahalpuh

One of the lords of Xibalba. In some references, known as Ahalpuh.

Ahat

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Ahau

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Ahau Chamahez

A Mayan god of medicine. At times, known as Ahau Chamahez, Cit Bolon Tum or Cit Bolon Tum.

Ahau Kin

A Mayan sun-god. After sunset he became lord of the underworld, the Jaguar god. Also identified as Ahau Kin, Lord of the Sun Face, Lord of the Sun Face, Jaguar God, Jaguar God or Ahau-Kin.

Ahkinshok

A Mayan spirit of the day. Occasionally referred to as Ahkinshok.

Ahkusta

A Mayan goddess of childbirth. In some accounts, referred to as Ahkusta.

Ahmakiq

A Mayan guardian-god of crops. Occasionally identified as Ahmakiq.

Ahmucencab

A Mayan deity representing. Primordial darkness. Also commonly identified as Ahmucencab.

Ahuacan

The priestly caste of the Maya. In some accounts, identified as Ahuacan.

Ahuehuetl

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ahuitzotl

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Ahulane

A Mayan war-god depicted as an archer. In some lore, occasionally called Ahulane.

Akbal

In Mayan lore, the third of the 20 ages of man - birth. Occasionally identified as Akbal, Huecomitl, Huecomitl, Akbal, Thirteen Akbal, Thirteen Akbal or Akbal.

Alaghom Naum

A Mayan mother-goddess. Wife of Patol. Sometimes identified as Alaghom Naum, Alaghom Naom, Alaghom Naom, Iztat Ix, Iztat Ix, Mother of Mind or Mother of Mind.

alautun

In the Mayan time scale, a period of about a million years. At times, identified as alautun.

Almenhenob

A Mayan caste. To qualify as a member of this caste one needed to know the sacred language, Zuyua. At times, identified as Almenhenob.

Altcanals

An Aztec god. This deity, envisaged as blue with yellow hair and purple face, is the male version of Chalchiutlicue. In some accounts, called Altcanals, Chalchihuitlicue, Chalchihuitlicue, Aiauh, Chalchiutlicue, Chalcitlicue, Emerald Lady, Goddess of the Jade Petticoat, Lady of the Emerald Robe, Acuecueyotl, Apoconalotl, Atlacamani, Jade Skirt or Xixiquipilihui.

Amen

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Amimitl

The Aztec god of lakes and fishermen. Occasionally known as Amimitl.

amoxaoque

An Aztec sage. At times, called amoxaoque.

Anahuac

A sacred place of the Toltecs. Also called Anahuac.

Apo-Inti

An aspect of Inti as 'lord sun'. In some lore, occasionally called Apo-Inti, Inti, Inti, Apu Punchau, Intu, Con Inti, Inti Wawqi or Children of the Sun.

Apocanallotl

An Aztec water deity. Also known as Apocanallotl.

arara

The firebird or sunbird with whom the god Ah Kin, as Kinich Kakmo, was identified. Occasionally referred to as arara.

Atamalqualiztli

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Atl

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atl

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Atlacamani

An Aztec deity causing storms at sea. A version of Chalchihuitlicue. At times, identified as Atlacamani, Chalchihuitlicue, Chalchihuitlicue, Aiauh, Chalchiutlicue, Chalcitlicue, Emerald Lady, Goddess of the Jade Petticoat, Lady of the Emerald Robe, Acuecueyotl, Apoconalotl, Altcanals, Jade Skirt or Xixiquipilihui.

Atlahua

An Aztec god of fishermen and lakes. In some references, identified as Atlahua.

Atlatoran

An Aztec goddess. Wife of Tezcatlipoca. On occassion, known as Atlatoran.

Atlaua

An Aztec water-god. In some accounts, known as Atlaua.

Avalux

A god of the Quiche Indians. Called Avalux.

Axaiacatzin

A king of Mexico. Father of Chachiuhnenetzi. Occasionally called Axaiacatzin.

Aztlan

The original home of the Aztecs. Also referred to as Aztlan, Crane Land, Crane Land, Craneland, Craneland, Place of the Reeds, Place of the Reeds, Sekhet-Aaru or Atzlan.

B

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Bacab

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Bacabs

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Bacam

A Mayan sorcerer. He and Xulu arranged for the resurrection of Hunapu and Ixbalanque in Xibalba after they had been killed on a pyre. Sometimes identified as Bacam, Pacaw or Pacaw.

baktun

In Mayan calculations, a period of 144,000 days, about 400 years. Also referred to as baktun.

Balam

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Balam Agab

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Balam Quitze

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Balon Zacab

A Mayan rain-god, a form of Chac. Sometimes known as Balon Zacab, Chac, Chac, Chaac, Xib Chac, Ah Hoya, Ah Tzenul, Hopop Caan, Aztec Tlaloc, Tezcatlipoca, Mixtec Tzahui, Totonac Tajin, Zapotec Cojico or B.

Ben

The thirteenth of the 20 ages of man in Mayan lore, the continued ascent from the nether world. In some accounts, referred to as Ben, Three Ben or Three Ben.

Blue Tezcatlipoca

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Bolon Ti Ku

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Bolon Zacab

A Mayan guardian deity. Also referred to as Bolon Zacab, Bolon Dzacab or Bolon Dzacab.

Buluc Chabtan

A Mayan war-god. Sometimes referred to as Buluc Chabtan.

C

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Cabraca

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Cacoch

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Cakixa

A woman created by the gods as a wife for Iqi Balam. Sometimes known as Cakixa, Brilliant Water, Brilliant Water, Water of Parrots or Water of Parrots.

Cakulha-Hurukan

An assistant to Hurukan, the wind-god. Occasionally identified as Cakulha-Hurukan, Lightning or Lightning.

Cala-Paluma

A woman created by the gods as a wife for Balam Quitze. Occasionally referred to as Cala-Paluma, Falling Water or Falling Water.

calabtun

A period in the Mayan time scale of some 160,000 years. In some accounts, known as calabtun.

Calli

The third of the 20 days in the Aztec month. Symbolising west and the temple, the day was governed by Tepeyollotl. Also known as Calli.

Camaxtli

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Camazotz

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Canek

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Cantulkiku

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Cauac

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Cay

A Mayan prince. Son of Kan. Brother of Aac, Coh, Moo and Niete. Also referred to as Cay.

Ce Acatl

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Cemanahuac

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cempohualli

A 20-day period in the Aztec calendar. Also called cempohualli.

cenote

A sacred well. Sometimes known as cenote.

Centeocihuatl

An Aztec maize-goddess. On occassion, known as Centeocihuatl.

Centzon Huitznahua

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Centzon Mixixcoa

400 Aztec sky-gods. In some accounts these deities are equated with the Centzon Huitznahua. In some references, referred to as Centzon Mixixcoa.

Centzon Totochtin

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Cerastes

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Chaban

The seventeenth of the 20 ages of man in Mayan lore, when all traces of burning disappear. Occasionally referred to as Chaban, Seven Chaban or Seven Chaban.

Chac

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Chac Mool

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chac mool

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Chac-u-Uayebab

A deity, guardian of the eastern. Gates. Sometimes identified as Chac-u-Uayebab.

Chac Uayab Xox

A Mayan fish-god. He is said to eat the bodies of sailors drowned at sea. At times, called Chac Uayab Xox.

Chachiuhnenetzin

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Chalchihuitlatonal

An Aztec water-god. In some lore, occasionally known as Chalchihuitlatonal.

Chalchihuitlicue

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Chalchihuitotolin

The Aztec god of penitence, an aspect of Tezcatlipoca. Also commonly called Chalchihuitotolin, Chalchiutotolin, Chalchiutotolin, Tezcatlipoca, Tezcatlipoca, Camaxtli, Chac, Cocijo, Fiery Mirror, Moyocoatzin, Moyocoyan, Onachihuitonatiuh, Smoking Mirror, Teimatini, Tescatlipoca, Texcatzoncatl, Tezcatepuca, Tlamatzsincatl, Yoamaxtli, Huitzilopochtli, Itzlacoliuhque, Itzli, Mixcoatl-Camaxtli, Moneneque, Nezahuapilli, Omacatl, Quetzalcoatl, Telpochtli, Tepeyollotl, Titlac(ah)uan, Tlaloc, Tonatiuh, Tree of Mirrors, Xipetotec, Yaotl, Yoalli Ehecatl, Yaotlinecoc, Yaotzin, Mayan Chac, Mixtec Tzahui, Totanac Tajin, Zapotec Cocijo, Moquequelsa, Pantecatle, Tequiua, Teyocoyani or Touyo.

Chalchiutzli

A name for Chimalmatl after she was placed in the heavens. In some accounts, known as Chalchiutzli, Chachihuitzli or Chachihuitzli.

Chalmecaciuatl

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Chalmecatl

An Aztec god of the underworld. In some lore, occasionally called Chalmecatl, Chalmecatecuhtli or Chalmecatecuhtli.

Chamer

The Mayan god of death. He is depicted as a white-robed skeleton with a scythe. Occasionally known as Chamer.

Chamiabak

In Mayan lore, one of the rulers of Xibalba. Occasionally called Chamiabak.

Chamiaholom

In Mayan lore, one of the rulers of Xibalba. Known as Chamiaholom.

Chan

A race of serpents in Yucutan, ancestors of human beings. In some accounts, called Chan.

chaneque

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Chantico

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Chaob

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Chapultepec

An Aztec sacred mountain, home of kings. On occassion, referred to as Chapultepec.

Chebel Yax

A goddess of weaving. Occasionally referred to as Chebel Yax.

Cheun

The eleventh of the 20 ages of man in Mayan lore, the torture of burning. On occassion, called Cheun, One Cheun or One Cheun.

Chicchan

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Chicomecohuatl

An Aztec maize-goddess, a manifestation of Coatlicue or Tonacacihuatl. Some say consort of Cinteotl. On occassion, known as Chicomecohuatl, Chicomecoatl, Chicomecoatl, Coatlicue, Coatlicue, Coatlantona, Ilamatecuhtli, I(t)zpapalotl, Robe of Serpents, Serpent Skirt, Tlazolteotl, Tona(n)tzin, Seven-serpent, Seven-serpent, Seven Snakes, Seven Snakes, Seven-Serpent, Seven-Serpent, Xilonen or Xilonen.

Chicomexochtli

An Aztec god, patron of painters. In some accounts he is equated with Tonacatecuhtli. Occasionally called Chicomexochtli, Seven Flowers, Seven Flowers, Tonacatecuhtli, Tonacatecuhtli, Lord Nourishment, Lord of Our Flesh, Ometecuhtli, Tonacateot or Tonacateotl.

Chicomoztoc

The refuge from which the Aztec. People emerged. Occasionally identified as Chicomoztoc, Cavern of Seven Chambers, Cavern of Seven Chambers, Quiche Tulkan-Zuiva or Quiche Tulkan-Zuiva.

Chiconahui

An Aztec goddess of the hearth. Also called Chiconahui.

Chiconahuiehecatl

An Aztec creator-god. Also referred to as Chiconahuiehecatl.

Chicuauhmictlan

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Chicuna

A god of Panama. In some lore, occasionally called Chicuna.

Chicunauhapan

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Chikinkuh

The Mayan god of the West wind, one of the 4 Chaob deities. Occasionally identified as Chikinkuh.

Chilam Balam

A book of Mayan religion and philosophy. Also called Chilam Balam, Book of Spirits, Book of Spirits, Book of the Tiger Priests, Book of the Tiger Priests, Chilan Balam or Chilan Balam.

chilanse

Diviners of the Aztec. Also known as chilanse.

Chimalmatl

Wife of Vucub-Caquix. Mother of Cabraca and Zipacna. Mother of Ce Acatl, some say. In some lore, occasionally known as Chimalmatl, Chimalman, Chimalman, Chimalmat or Chimalmat.

Chimborazo

A sacred volcano in Mexico. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Chimborazo.

Chin

A Mayan god of lust. Sometimes identified as Chin.

Chipactonal

One of the 4 sages of the Aztec migration. He and Oxomoco, Tlaltecuin and Xochicahuaca were said to have invented the Aztec calendar. Sometimes referred to as Chipactonal, Cipactonal, Cipactonal or Cipactli.

Chipi-Cakulha

An assistant to Hurukan, the wind-god of the Maya. In some accounts, identified as Chipi-Cakulha, Lightning-flash or Lightning-flash.

Chivim

One of a serpent race. Sometimes known as Chivim.

Choima

A woman created by the gods as a wife for Balam Agab. Also referred to as Choima, Beautiful Water or Beautiful Water.

Cholula

An Aztec pyramid. This structure was built so tall that it almost reached the heavens; a precious stone dropped from the sky and destroyed it. Also known as Cholula.

Chui Tatic Chites Vaneg

A Mayan creator-god. Sometimes known as Chui Tatic Chites Vaneg.

Chulavete

A Mexican deity, the morning. Star personified. Occasionally known as Chulavete.

Cib

The sixteenth of the 20 ages of man in Mayan lore, the achievement of enlightenment. In some lore, occasionally known as Cib, Six Cib or Six Cib.

Cibola

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Cihuacoatl

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Cihuacoatl-Quilaztli

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Cihuateteo

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Cimi

The sixth of the 20 ages of man in Mayan lore - death. At times, identified as Cimi, Three Cimi or Three Cimi.

Cintéotl

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Cipactli

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Cipactonal

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Cit Bolon Tum

A Mayan god of medicine. Also referred to as Cit Bolon Tum, Ahau Chamahez or Ahau Chamahez.

Cit Chac Cob

A Mayan war-god. He is depicted as a puma. In some accounts, called Cit Chac Cob.

Citlalinicue

Another name for Omecihuatl. In this role, her consort was Citlaltonac or Tonacacihuatl. Occasionally identified as Citlalinicue, Citalicue, Citalicue, Citallinicue, Citallinicue, Citlalicue, Citlalicue, Omecihuatl, Omecihuatl, Lady of Duality, Lady of Our Flesh, Two Lady, Cit(l)alicue, Cittalinicue, Lady of Quality, Tonacacihuatl, Tonacacihuatl, Lady Nourishment, Tzinteotl, Chicimecohuatl, Ometeotl or Xochquetzal.

Citlaltonac

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Citli

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Cizin

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Clavigero

An 18th C. Priest who wrote extensively on Aztec history and mythology. In some lore, occasionally known as Clavigero.

Coatepec

The home of Coatlicue. At times, identified as Coatepec.

Coatl

The fifth of the 20 days of the Aztec month. Symbolising the East and the snake, the day is governed by Chalchiuhtlicue. Occasionally referred to as Coatl.

Coatlantona

A name for Coatlicue as 'Robe of Serpents'. On occassion, identified as Coatlantona, Coatlicue, Coatlicue, Chicomecohuatl, Ilamatecuhtli, I(t)zpapalotl, Robe of Serpents, Serpent Skirt, Tlazolteotl or Tona(n)tzin.

Coatlicue

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Cochimetl

A god of trade, patron of merchants. Also commonly known as Cochimetl, Cocochimetl or Cocochimetl.

Cocijo

A Zapotec rain-god. On occassion, known as Cocijo, Aztec Tlaloc, Aztec Tlaloc, Chac, Tajin, Tzahui, Tezcatlipoca, Tezcatlipoca, Camaxtli, Fiery Mirror, Moyocoatzin, Moyocoyan, Onachihuitonatiuh, Smoking Mirror, Teimatini, Tescatlipoca, Texcatzoncatl, Tezcatepuca, Tlamatzsincatl, Yoamaxtli, Chalchihuitotolin, Huitzilopochtli, Itzlacoliuhque, Itzli, Mixcoatl-Camaxtli, Moneneque, Nezahuapilli, Omacatl, Quetzalcoatl, Telpochtli, Tepeyollotl, Titlac(ah)uan, Tlaloc, Tonatiuh, Tree of Mirrors, Xipetotec, Yaotl, Yoalli Ehecatl, Yaotlinecoc, Yaotzin, Mayan Chac, Mixtec Tzahui, Totanac Tajin, Zapotec Cocijo, Moquequelsa, Pantecatle, Tequiua, Teyocoyani, Touyo, Totonac Tajin or Totonac Tajin.

Codex Borbonious

A book of Aztec legends. Identified as Codex Borbonious.

Codex Borgia

The Aztec calendar. This book also describes the Aztec gods and their exploits. On occassion, referred to as Codex Borgia.

Codex Cortesianus

A source of Mayan legends and culture. Sometimes referred to as Codex Cortesianus.

Codex Cospiano

A source of Aztec myths. In some references, identified as Codex Cospiano.

Codex Fejervary-Mayer

The document setting out the relationship of the Aztec gods to the calendar. At times, identified as Codex Fejervary-Mayer.

Codex Huamantla

A source of Aztec myths. Occasionally called Codex Huamantla.

Codex Magliabecché

A source of Aztec myths. In some references, known as Codex Magliabecché.

Codex Vindobonsis

A source of Aztec myths. Sometimes known as Codex Vindobonsis, Vienna Codex or Vienna Codex.

Codex Zoncha-Nuttall

A book of Mixtec myths and genealogies. Referred to as Codex Zoncha-Nuttall.

Coh

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Cohuacom

A holy mountain, home of the gods. Occasionally identified as Cohuacom, sacred mountains, sacred mountains, Everest, Ishadhara Loi Hsao Mong, Majaw, Myimmo Taung, Shide, Shringa Pum Chapultepec, Colinia, Iztac Ciuatl, Nonoalco, Popocatepetl, Chiu-hua, Ishadhara, Kalantur, K'un Lun, Kuantun, Kuang-hsieh, SongShan, T'ai Shan, Wu Yüeh Nissa, Ompha-el, Horselberg Cithaeron, Ida, Lycaeus, Lycorea, Nisa, Olympus, Orthrys, Oure, Parnassus, Pelion, Rhodospe, Tithorea, Ararat, Carmel, Ebal, Gerizim, Moriah, Nebu, Olivet, Sinai, Tabor, Zion Fujiyama, Kirishima, Takachiho Mandara, Mara, Passe-vare Nane Waiyah or Nunne Chaha Demavand Sumbur Chimborazo Suro Phra Men Himavan Ida Paria.

Cohuatzincatl

A god of intoxication. One of the Centzon Totochtin. Occasionally referred to as Cohuatzincatl.

Colel Cab

A Mayan earth-goddess. In some accounts, referred to as Colel Cab.

Colhuatepec

The cave from which the ancestors of the Aztecs were said to have emerged. Also commonly known as Colhuatepec.

Colhuatzincatl

An Aztec god, one of the Centzon. Totochtin. Also known as Colhuatzincatl, 'winged one' or 'winged one'.

Colinia

A volcano revered as a holy mountain. Identified as Colinia, sacred mountains, sacred mountains, Everest, Ishadhara Loi Hsao Mong, Majaw, Myimmo Taung, Shide, Shringa Pum Chapultepec, Cohuacom, Iztac Ciuatl, Nonoalco, Popocatepetl, Chiu-hua, Ishadhara, Kalantur, K'un Lun, Kuantun, Kuang-hsieh, SongShan, T'ai Shan, Wu Yüeh Nissa, Ompha-el, Horselberg Cithaeron, Ida, Lycaeus, Lycorea, Nisa, Olympus, Orthrys, Oure, Parnassus, Pelion, Rhodospe, Tithorea, Ararat, Carmel, Ebal, Gerizim, Moriah, Nebu, Olivet, Sinai, Tabor, Zion Fujiyama, Kirishima, Takachiho Mandara, Mara, Passe-vare Nane Waiyah or Nunne Chaha Demavand Sumbur Chimborazo Suro Phra Men Himavan Ida Paria.

Colop U Uichkin

A Mayan sky-god. Also referred to as Colop U Uichkin.

Companions of the Day

13 Aztec deities, each responsible for one hour of the day. In some accounts, identified as Companions of the Day.

Companions of the Night

9 Aztec deities, each responsible for one hour of the night. Also commonly referred to as Companions of the Night.

Con-Inti

An aspect of Inti as 'son of the sun'. In some references, referred to as Con-Inti.

Copacati

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Copal

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Cotzbalam

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Coxcox

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Coyolxauhqui

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Coyotl inaual

A god of the Amanteca people. Also known as Coyotl inaual.

Cozaana

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Cozcaapa

The fountain into which, in some stories, Quetzalcoatl threw his. Treasures when he left Tollan to return to Tlapallan. Also known as Cozcaapa, Water of Precious Stones or Water of Precious Stones.

Cozcaquauhtli

The sixteenth of the 20 days of the Mayan month. Symbolising the south and the vulture, the day was governed by Itzpapaloth. In some accounts, referred to as Cozcaquauhtli.

cuarnadero

A Mexican medicine man. Occasionally called cuarnadero.

Cuchumaquiq

One of the 13 rulers of the Mayan. Underworld, Xibalba. Father of Xquiq. At times, called Cuchumaquiq.

Cueravaperi

A mother-goddess of the Tarasco tribe. Consort of Curicaberis. Sometimes called Cueravaperi.

Cum Hau

A Mayan god of death. Sometimes identified as Cum Hau.

Curicaberis

A culture hero and earth-god of the Tarasco tribe. Consort of Cueravaperi. He gave his people their laws and culture. Occasionally referred to as Curicaberis, Surites or Surites.

D

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Dobaya

A water goddess of the Darien people. Also identified as Dobaya.

Dresden Codex

A manuscript source of Mayan legend and culture. In some accounts, called Dresden Codex, Codex Dresden or Codex Dresden.

dzalob

A race of 'offenders'. In the mythology of the Maya, Hunab repopulated the earth three times after floods. The second race was the dzalob. Sometimes identified as dzalob.

E

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E Alom

A Mayan creator-goddess. Wife of E Quaholom. Mother of Gucumatz. Also known as E Alom, Bitol or Bitol.

E Quaholom

A Mayan creator-god. Husband of E Elom. Father of Gucumatz. In some lore, occasionally identified as E Quaholom.

Earth-monster

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Eb

The twelfth of the 20 ages of man in Mayan lore, the beginning of the ascent from the nether regions. Sometimes referred to as Eb, Two Eb or Two Eb.

Ed

One of the Bacabs, in some accounts. Also called Ed, Ek or Ek.

Edznab

The eighteenth of the 20 ages of man in Mayan lore, the final achievement of perfection. Sometimes called Edznab, Eight Edznab, Eight Edznab or Etznab.

Ehecatl

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Ehecatl-Quetzalcoatl

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Eight Deer

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Eight Edznab

The eighth day of the 20 days of the Mayan creation cycle. On this day the first humans were created. In some accounts, known as Eight Edznab, Edznab, Edznab, Etznab or Etznab.

Ek Chuah

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Ek-u-Uayayab

A Mayan deity, guardian of the western gates of the city. Known as Ek-u-Uayayab.

El Gran Dios

The Mayan version of the Christian god. Occasionally known as El Gran Dios, 'the Great God' or 'the Great God'.

Eleven Imix

The eleventh of the 20 days of the Mayan creation cycle. On this day stones and trees were created. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Eleven Imix, Imix or Imix.

Etzalqualiztli

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F

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Faraguvol

An itinerant god of Haiti and Puerto. Rico, a deified tree. Called Faraguvol.

Fifth Sun

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First Sun

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Five Lamat

The eighteenth of the 20 days of the Mayan creation cycle. On this day the sea-lake was created. Occasionally called Five Lamat, Lamat or Lamat.

Five Men

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Five Suns

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Four Ix

The fourth day of the 20 days of the Mayan creation cycle. On this day heaven and earth were finished. Also referred to as Four Ix, Ix, Ix, Ix or Ix.

Four Man-Ik

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Fourth Sun

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G

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Gagavitz

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Gama, Antonio

A 19th C. Spanish monk who recorded. Much Aztec lore. At times, called Gama, Antonio.

God of the Axe

A Mayan deity. In some references, called God of the Axe, Great Seer of the Axe or Great Seer of the Axe.

Gomara, Francisco

A 16th C. Spanish monk who recorded. Much Aztec lore. At times, referred to as Gomara, Francisco.

Guachimines

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Guamansuri

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Gucumatz

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H

A Mayan deity of uncertain identity, referred to as god H. This deity seems to be connected with the serpent. Also commonly identified as H.

H'men

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haab

The Mayan solar year. On occassion, called haab, time, time, yuga or also day.

Hacavitz

A god of the Quiche Indians. He was turned to stone by the rays of the sun. In some accounts, referred to as Hacavitz.

Hahana Ku

A Mayan messenger-god. Occasionally referred to as Hahana Ku.

Halach uinic

Mayan judges of good and evil: a high. Caste status. Sometimes identified as Halach uinic.

Hapikern

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Hechuchan

A Mayan war-god. Sometimes called Hechuchan.

Herus

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Hex Chun Chun

A Mayan war-god. Occasionally called Hex Chun Chun.

Hikuli

A Mexican deity, peyote personified. This spirit is envisaged as having four faces, one looking in each direction. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Hikuli.

Hobnil

A Mayan god of beekeepers. One of the 4 Bacabs. He supported the eastern corner of the world (red). In some lore, occasionally identified as Hobnil, Kan, Kan, Kan, Can, Hobnel, Hobnel, Kan, Kan or Kan.

Hoh

A crow. In Mayan lore, this was one of the birds which brought the maize from which the gods created human beings. Sometimes identified as Hoh, crow, crow, Wagu, Ga-gaah or Kahk.

Hometeuli

An Aztec creator-god. Also identified as Hometeuli.

Homshuk

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Hopop Caan

A name for Chac as 'lighter of the heavens'. Sometimes called Hopop Caan, Chac, Chac, Chaac, Xib Chac, Ah Hoya, Ah Tzenul, Balon Zacab, Aztec Tlaloc, Tezcatlipoca, Mixtec Tzahui, Totonac Tajin, Zapotec Cojico or B.

House of Bats

Part of the Mayan underworld, Xibalba. Hunapu and Ixbalanque spent a night here and Hunapu's head was cut off by Camazotz. In some references, referred to as House of Bats.

House of Cold

Part of the Mayan underworld, Xibalba. Hunapu and Ixbalanque spent a night here and managed to survive. On occassion, known as House of Cold.

House of Fire

Part of the Mayan underworld, Xibalba. Hunapu and Ixbalanque spent a night here and managed to survive. Occasionally called House of Fire.

House of Gloom

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House of Lances

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House of Tigers

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Hozanek

A Mayan god. One of the Bacabs. He supported the southern corner of the world (yellow). In some lore, occasionally identified as Hozanek, Cauac or Cauac.

Huecomitl

An Aztec rain-god. Also known as Huecomitl, Akbal or Akbal.

Huehuecoyotl

An Aztec god of sexual desire or mischief. In some versions the same. As Huehueteotl. Also identified as Huehuecoyotl, Huehueteotl, Huehueteotl or Xiuhtecuhtli.

Huehueteotl

A name for Xiuhtecuhtli as old god. In some accounts, known as Huehueteotl, Xiuhtecuhtli, Xiuhtecuhtli, Ixcozauhqui, Old God, Otontecuhtli, Otonteuctli, Tata, Otonteuchtli, Tata, Huehuecoyotl or Huehuecoyotl.

Huehuetlapallan

The old red land to the north. In some lore, occasionally called Huehuetlapallan.

Huemac

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Hueymatzin

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Hueytecpatl

One of quadruplets. Son of Hueytonantzin. Brother of Ixcuin, Nanacatltzatzi and Tentemic. Occasionally called Hueytecpatl.

Hueytonantzin

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Hueytozoztli

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Huichaana

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Huicton

One of the leaders of the Aztecs when they left their homeland, Atzlan. Occasionally referred to as Huicton.

Huitzilopochtli

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Huitziton

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Huitzlampa

The place to which those of Coatlicue's. 400 sons who escaped death at the hand of Huitzilopochtli fled for safety. On occassion, known as Huitzlampa, Place of Thorns or Place of Thorns.

Huitznahua

One of the 4 quadruplets, sons of Hueytonantzin, in some accounts. Also known as Huitznahua.

Huixtocihuatl

An Aztec goddess, patron of salt-making. Sometimes called Huixtocihuatl.

Hun Pic Tok

A Mayan war-god. He is the holder of 8,000 spears. At times, known as Hun Pic Tok, Hun Pic Tek or Hun Pic Tek.

Hunab

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Hunapu

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Hunaunic

A Mayan wind-god, god of the east. Wind. One of the 4 Chaob deities. Sometimes referred to as Hunaunic.

Hunbatz

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Huncame

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Hunchouen

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Hunhau

An owl-headed Mayan god of death. A name of Ah Puch as chief of the demons. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Hunhau, Ah Puch, Ah Puch, Ah Puchah, Ahpuch, Cumhau, Eopuco, Cizin, Yum Cimil, Aztec Mictlantecuhtl, Mictlantecuhtli, Hanhau or Hanhau.

Hunhunapu

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Hurakan

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I

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Ibeorgan

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Icona

A Mexican father-god. Also known as Icona.

Iguana

A lizard-god, said to provide food. In some references, known as Iguana.

Ih P'en

A Mayan fertility-god and god of wealth. Consort of Ix Kanan. Identified as Ih P'en.

Ik

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Ikal Ahau

A Mayan god of death. He is said to attack humans at night and eat their flesh. Occasionally referred to as Ikal Ahau.

Ilamatecuhtli

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Ilhuicatl Huixtotlan

Fifth of the 13 Aztec heavens, the home of Tonaleque. Occasionally known as Ilhuicatl Huixtotlan.

Ilhuicatl Tonatiuh

Fourth of the 13 Aztec heavens, home of Tonatiuh. Also called Ilhuicatl Tonatiuh, Tollan, Tollan, Tonatiuhican, Tonatiuhican, House of the Sun, Tonatiuican or Tonatiuican.

Ilhuicatl Xoxouhcan

Eighth of the 13 Aztec heavens, home of Tlaloc. Sometimes referred to as Ilhuicatl Xoxouhcan, Tlalocan, Tlalocan or Chamecaciuatl.

Ilhuicatl Yayauhcan

Sixth of the 13 Aztec heavens, home of Tonacatecuhtli. At times, identified as Ilhuicatl Yayauhcan.

Imix

The first of the 20 ages of man in Mayan lore, the start of life's journey. Occasionally referred to as Imix, Eleven Imix or Eleven Imix.

Inta

An Aztec fire-god. Called Inta.

Inti-Wawqi

An aspect of Inti as 'brother of the sun'. On occassion, referred to as Inti-Wawqi.

Ipalnemoani

An Aztec creator-god and sun-god. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Ipalnemoani, Ipalnemohuani or Ipalnemohuani.

Ipan Metzli

Second of the 13 Aztec heavens, the home of Tlalecuhtli. At times, known as Ipan Metzli.

Iqi Balam

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Itzam Cab

A Mayan earth-god, an aspect of Itzamna. In this form he has maize-leaves growing out of his head. In some accounts, identified as Itzam Cab, Itzamna, Itzamna, Chichen Itza, Hun Itzamna, Itzam Na, Itzamma, Izamna, Izona, Lakin Chan, Lizard House, Quetzalcoatl , Uac-metun-ahau, Xax-coc-ahmut, Yaxcocahmut, Zamna, Kab-ul, Kabil, Kabul, Xaxcoc-ahmut or Aztec Quetzalcoatl.

Itzamkabain

In the Mayan creation story, a whale with the feet of an alligator. On occassion, identified as Itzamkabain.

Itzamna

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Itzcuintli

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Itzcuintli-Chanctico

An Aztec god, patron of lapidaries. Also identified as Itzcuintli-Chanctico.

Itzeecayan

One of the 3 celestial homes of the gods. Occasionally referred to as Itzeecayan, Palace of Cool Breezes or Palace of Cool Breezes.

Itzlacoliuhque

An Aztec obsidian knife-god. Some accounts identify him with Tezcatlipoca. Occasionally known as Itzlacoliuhque, Itzlacoliohqui, Itzlacoliohqui, Itzli, Itzli or Tezcatlipoca.

Itzli

An Aztec stone-knife god, god of justice. Some accounts identify him with Tezcatlipoca. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Itzli, Itzlacoliuhque, Itzlacoliuhque, Itzlacoliohqui or Tezcatlipoca.

Itzpapalotl

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Itztapal Totec

An Aztec fertility-god, patron of workers in precious metals. In some accounts, known as Itztapal Totec, Mayan Ix Tub Tun or Mayan Ix Tub Tun.

Ix

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Ix Ch'up

A Toltec moon-goddess. In some accounts, referred to as Ix Ch'up, Ix-huyne, Ix-huyne, Ix Chel, Ix Huyne, Ix Huyne, Mayan Ix Chel or Mayan Ix Chel.

Ix Chel

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Ix Kanan

A Mayan goddess of the bean-plant. Consort of Ih P'en. In some references, referred to as Ix Kanan.

Ix Tub Tun

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Ixazaluch

A water-goddess. Wife of Hunab. Mother of Itzamna. Also known as Ixazaluch.

Ixazalvoh

A Mayan goddess of weaving. Wife of Kinich Ahau. Identified as Ixazalvoh.

Ixbalanqué

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Ixcuin

One of quadruplets. Son of Hueytonantzin. Brother of Hueytecpatl, Nancatltzatzi and Tentemic. In some accounts, referred to as Ixcuin.

Ixnextli

An Aztec goddess of weaving. Known as Ixnextli.

Ixpuztec

An Aztec god of the underworld. Also commonly referred to as Ixpuztec.

Ixquimilli

An Aztec god of justice. In some accounts, identified as Ixquimilli.

Ixtab

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Ixtlilton

An Aztec god of darkness, medicine and games. A god of sexual desire, in some accounts. Brother of Macuilxochtli. At times, known as Ixtlilton, Little Black Face or Little Black Face.

Ixtlilxochitl

A Mexican who recorded many Aztec traditions. In some references, called Ixtlilxochitl.

Izlucoco

The tree of life during the third stage of man. Sometimes referred to as Izlucoco.

Izpuzteque

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Izquitecatl

An Aztec fertility-god. Also commonly identified as Izquitecatl.

Iztac Ciuatl

An Aztec giantess. Also identified as Iztac Ciuatl, sacred mountains, sacred mountains, Everest, Ishadhara Loi Hsao Mong, Majaw, Myimmo Taung, Shide, Shringa Pum Chapultepec, Cohuacom, Colinia, Nonoalco, Popocatepetl, Chiu-hua, Ishadhara, Kalantur, K'un Lun, Kuantun, Kuang-hsieh, SongShan, T'ai Shan, Wu Yüeh Nissa, Ompha-el, Horselberg Cithaeron, Ida, Lycaeus, Lycorea, Nisa, Olympus, Orthrys, Oure, Parnassus, Pelion, Rhodospe, Tithorea, Ararat, Carmel, Ebal, Gerizim, Moriah, Nebu, Olivet, Sinai, Tabor, Zion Fujiyama, Kirishima, Takachiho Mandara, Mara, Passe-vare Nane Waiyah or Nunne Chaha Demavand Sumbur Chimborazo Suro Phra Men Himavan Ida Paria.

Jaguar-Snake

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K

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Kaan

The Mexican heaven. Occasionally referred to as Kaan, Caan or Caan.

Kab-ul

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Kabrakan

A Mayan earthquake god. He is said to destroy mountains. In some lore, occasionally called Kabrakan.

Kac-u-Pacat

A Mayan war-god. At times, identified as Kac-u-Pacat.

Kai Yum

A Mayan god of music. Sometimes known as Kai Yum.

Kakupacat

A Mayan war-god. In some lore, occasionally known as Kakupacat.

Kan

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Kan Tzicnal

A Mayan god. One of the 4 Bacabs. He supported the northern corner of the world (white). Also identified as Kan Tzicnal, Can Tzicnal, Can Tzicnal, Mulac, Mulac, Mulac or Muluc.

Kan-u-Uayeyab

A Mayan guardian-god of city gates. Sometimes identified as Kan-u-Uayeyab.

Kanam-Ium

A Yucatec snake-god. Called Kanam-Ium, Mayan Kan or Mayan Kan.

Kanzibyui

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Kathakatanave

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Katun

In the Mayan time-scale, a period of 7,200 days, about 20 years. Occasionally called Katun.

kinchiltun

In the Mayan time-scale, a period of some 3,200,000 years. Sometimes called kinchiltun.

Kinich Kakmo

A name for Ah Kin, the sun-god, in the form of a macaw. Also commonly referred to as Kinich Kakmo, Ah Kin, Ah Kin, Ah Kinchil, Alcan Chob, Chi Chac Chob, Kinich Ahau or Kukumatz.

Knights Eagle

A higher grade of Knights Tiger, warriors of the sun. In some references, referred to as Knights Eagle, Knights Tiger or Knights Tiger.

Knights Tiger

Initiates of an Aztec religious order. Sometimes called Knights Tiger, Knights Eagle or Knights Eagle.

Kukulcan

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L

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La

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Lalakonti

A Hopi fertility rite for women. Also commonly known as Lalakonti.

Lamacazton

Aztec priests of the lowest grade. Sometimes called Lamacazton.

Lamat

The eighth of the 20 ages of man in Mayan lore, descent to the nether regions. Occasionally identified as Lamat, Five Lamat or Five Lamat.

Lords of Light

9 Mayan deities. At times, called Lords of Light.

Lords of the Day and Night

Aztec deities, each ruling one of the 22 hours of the day. Also commonly called Lords of the Day and Night.

M

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Macuilxochitl

A god of dance and games. A name of Xochipilli as 'Five Flower'. Brother of Ixlilton, some say. Also commonly known as Macuilxochitl, Xochipilli, Xochipilli, Flower Prince, Huitzilopochtli, Source of Flowers, Xochipili or Five Flower.

Madrid Codex

A manuscript source of Mayan legend and culture. In some references, referred to as Madrid Codex, Troano Codex or Troano Codex.

Mahucutah

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Mam

A Mayan god of evil. He lives under the earth, appearing only in times of crisis, and is depicted as a scarecrow-like wooden figure. Also commonly referred to as Mam.

Man-Ik

The seventh of the 20 ages of man, in Mayan lore, entry into the afterlife. Also known as Man-Ik, Four Man-Ik or Four Man-Ik.

Manohel-Tohel

A Mayan creator-god. He gave mankind bodies and souls and conducted them from the darkness of caves into the light of day. Called Manohel-Tohel.

Maringuilla

A young girl, the little Mary, featured in the atcatlaxqui, a fertility dance of the Otomi tribe. Known as Maringuilla.

mastodon

A pre-historic elephant. This beast was regarded by the Maya as the earthly manifestation of the supreme being. Occasionally called mastodon.

Matlalcueye

An Aztec fertility goddess and rain-goddess. In some references, identified as Matlalcueye, Lady of the Blue Robe or Lady of the Blue Robe.

Matyavela

Father of Mustamho. Occasionally identified as Matyavela.

Maxtla

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Maya

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Maya Pek

The dog of lightning. Identified as Maya Pek, Xolotl or Xolotl.

Mayahuel

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Mazat

The seventh of the 20 days of the Aztec month. Symbolising the deer and west, the day was governed by Tlaloc. Also called Mazat.

Men

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Menzabac

A Mayan weather-god and fever-god. At times, called Menzabac, Metzabac or Metzabac.

Metnal

Home of the dead, ruled by Cizin. On occassion, referred to as Metnal.

Metsaka

A moon-goddess of the Huichol. Indians. Consort of Tatevali. Sometimes called Metsaka.

Metzli

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Mexicatl Teohuatzin

The high priest of Hiutzilopochtli. At times, known as Mexicatl Teohuatzin.

Mexitli

A name for Huitzilopochtli or, some say, Tecciztecatl. On occassion, identified as Mexitli, Hare of the Aloes, Hare of the Aloes, Huitzilopochtli, Huitzilopochtli, Huichilobos, Huizilpochtli, Hummingbird of the South, Quetzalcoatl , Tezcatlipoca, Uitzilopochtli, Xochipilli, Blue Tezcatlipoca, Humming-bird of the South, Vitzilopochtli, Toltec Quetzalcoatl, Huitziton, Mextli, Mextli or Tecciztecatl.

mexolotl

The agave plant. In Aztec lore, Xolotl turned himself into this plant after becoming a maize plant. Also known as mexolotl.

Micapetlacoli

An Aztec goddess of the underworld. Also called Micapetlacoli.

Mictlan

The Aztec land of the dead: part of the underworld. On occassion, called Mictlan, Apochquiahuayan, Apochquiahuayan or Mictlan.

Mictlantecuhtl

An Aztec goddess of the dead. Consort of Mictlantecuhtli. Known as Mictlantecuhtl, Lady of Death, Lady of Death, Mictecacihuatl, Mictecacihuatl, Mictlancehutl, Mictlancehutl, Mictlancihuatl or Mictlancihuatl.

Mictlantecuhtli

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Milky Way

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Miquiztli

The sixth of the 20 days of the Aztec month. Symbolising death and the west, the day was governed by Tezcatlipoca. On occassion, referred to as Miquiztli.

Mitnal

A part of the Mayan underworld. Reserved for the punishment of the wicked. Also commonly called Mitnal.

Mixcoatl

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Mixcoatl-Camaxtli

An Aztec war-god, god of fire and the hunt. A form of Tezcatlipoca as fire-god. Sometimes referred to as Mixcoatl-Camaxtli, Camaxtli, Camaxtli, Yoamaxtli or Tezcatlipoca.

Moan

A Mayan vulture-spirit. This spirit was regarded as the harbinger of death. Also identified as Moan.

Montezuma

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Month

A Mayan creator-god. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Month.

Moo

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Moquequeloa

An aspect of Tezcatlipoca as 'mocker'. In some references, referred to as Moquequeloa.

Morning Star

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Mount Nohiako

A mountain sacred to the Aztecs, home of the goddess Quetzalpetlatl. Sometimes known as Mount Nohiako.

Mulac

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Muluc

The ninth of the 20 ages of man in Mayan lore, the judgment of life's achievements. Occasionally referred to as Muluc, Mulac, Mulac, Kan Tzicnal, Six Muluc, Six Muluc or Muluc.

Mustamho

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N

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Naapatecuhtli

An Aztec rain-god. On occassion, identified as Naapatecuhtli.

Nacom

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Nacon

A Mayan war-god. Occasionally called Nacon.

nagual

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Nahui Ollin

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Nanacatltzatzi

One of quadruplets. Son of Hueytonanzin. Brother of Hueytecatl, Ixcuin and Tentemic. Sometimes called Nanacatltzatzi.

Nanautzin

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Nanihehecuatli

A name for Quetzalcoatl as 'lord of the four winds'. Sometimes known as Nanihehecuatli.

Nappatecuhtli

An Aztec god of mat-making. In some lore, occasionally known as Nappatecuhtli.

Nata

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Nauhollin

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neles

A shaman in Panama. Known as neles, Nicaragua okuli sukya or Nicaragua okuli sukya.

nemontemi

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Nena

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nexiuhilpilitztli

A period of 52 years (4 xiumalpilli) in the Aztec calendar. In some lore, occasionally referred to as nexiuhilpilitztli.

Nextepehua

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Nezahualcoyotl

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Nezahualpilli

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Nicahtagah

A Mayan deity, guardian of Iqi. Balam's people. Sometimes known as Nicahtagah.

Night

An Aztec goddess. Consort of Huehueteotl. Known as Night.

Nine Cauac

The ninth of the 20 days of the Mayan creation cycle. On this day the creation of hell was started. In some lore, occasionally known as Nine Cauac, Cauac or Cauac.

Nine Ollin

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niticapoloa

The ritual tasting of soil in some Aztec ceremonies. In some accounts, referred to as niticapoloa.

Noh Ek

A Mayan deity, the planet. Venus personified. Sometimes identified as Noh Ek.

Nohochacyum

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Nohochacyumchac

A Mayan creator-god. Brother of Sucunyum. Also called Nohochacyumchac, Nohochacyum, Nohochacyum, Hachacyum or Hachachyum.

nubchi

A Mayan prophet. In some accounts, known as nubchi.

O

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Oc

The tenth in the 20 ages of man in Mayan lore, the conversion to base matter. In some references, called Oc.

Ocelopan

One of the leaders of the Aztecs. When they left their homeland, Aztlan. On occassion, known as Ocelopan.

Ocelotanatiuh

In some accounts, the Aztec Second. Sun. Also called Ocelotanatiuh.

Ocelotl

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Ohoroxtotil

A Mayan creator-god. He is said to have killed off the jaguars so that man could safely inhabit the earth. In some lore, occasionally known as Ohoroxtotil.

Ollin

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Omacatl

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Ome Tochtli

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Omecihuatl

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Ometecuhtli

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Ometeotl

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Omeyocan

The highest heaven of the Aztecs, ruled. By Ometeotl. At times, called Omeyocan.

One Cheun

The first of the 20 days of the Mayan. Creation cycle. On this day the heavens and earth were created. Also known as One Cheun, Cheun or Cheun.

One Kan

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Opochtli

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Oxlahun Ti Ku

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Oxomoco

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Ozmatli

The eleventh of the 20 days of the Aztec month. Symbolising the monkey and west, the day was governed by Xochipilli. In some accounts, referred to as Ozmatli.

P

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Pahtecatl

An Aztec fertility-god. Also commonly identified as Pahtecatl.

Painal

An Aztec war-god. Also commonly known as Painal.

Pakoc

A Mayan war-god. Sometimes called Pakoc.

Panquetzalitztli

An Aztec war-goddess. Sometimes called Panquetzalitztli.

Pantecatle

An Aztec deity. An aspect of Tezcatlipoca. In some accounts, referred to as Pantecatle, Tezcatlipoca, Tezcatlipoca, Camaxtli, Chac, Cocijo, Fiery Mirror, Moyocoatzin, Moyocoyan, Onachihuitonatiuh, Smoking Mirror, Teimatini, Tescatlipoca, Texcatzoncatl, Tezcatepuca, Tlamatzsincatl, Yoamaxtli, Chalchihuitotolin, Huitzilopochtli, Itzlacoliuhque, Itzli, Mixcoatl-Camaxtli, Moneneque, Nezahuapilli, Omacatl, Quetzalcoatl, Telpochtli, Tepeyollotl, Titlac(ah)uan, Tlaloc, Tonatiuh, Tree of Mirrors, Xipetotec, Yaotl, Yoalli Ehecatl, Yaotlinecoc, Yaotzin, Mayan Chac, Mixtec Tzahui, Totanac Tajin, Zapotec Cocijo, Moquequelsa, Tequiua, Teyocoyani or Touyo.

Papachtic

An Aztec deity, the sun's rays. Personified. An aspect of Quetzacoatl. Sometimes referred to as Papachtic, Quetzalcoatl , Quetzalcoatl , Ce Acatl, Eecatl, Ehecatl, Feathered Staff, (Green-)feathered Serpent, Huitzilopochtli, Lord of the (House of) Dawn, Precious Tree, Tla(h)ui(z)calpantecuhtli, Tlapallan, White Tezcatlipoca, Yahualli-Ehecatl, Hopi Palulukon, Mayan Kukulcan, Itzamna, Kwakiutl Kanikilak, Salish Quaaqua, Tlingit Yetl, Zuni Kaloowise, Huemac, Nanihehecatli, Quetzalcoatl or Topiltzin,Yahualli-Ehecatl.

Papan

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Papaztac

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parachero

A Mexican sorcerer. Known as parachero.

Paris Codex

A manuscript source of Mayan legend and culture. Occasionally identified as Paris Codex, Tellerio-Remensis Codex or Tellerio-Remensis Codex.

Patan

One of the lords of Xibalba. Also called Patan.

Patecatl

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Patol

Husband of Alaghom Naum. Also identified as Patol.

Pauahtun

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Paynal

An Aztec messenger-spirit, attendant on Huitzilopochtli. Also called Paynal, Little Paynal, Little Paynal, Paynalton or Paynalton.

Pek

The lightning-dog of the Maya. Also commonly referred to as Pek, 'death', 'death', Mara, Mors, Nagi, Thanatos, Aztec Xolotl or Aztec Xolotl.

pictun

A period in the Mayan time scale of some 8,000 years. Identified as pictun.

Piltzintecuhtli

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Pitao Cozobi

A Zapotec maize-god. Sometimes referred to as Pitao Cozobi.

Pok-ta-Pok

A sacred ball game of the Maya. Occasionally called Pok-ta-Pok, Aztec Tlachtliby or Aztec Tlachtliby.

Popocatepetl

An Aztec sacred mountain, site of the worship of Tlaloc. Sometimes identified as Popocatepetl, sacred mountains, sacred mountains, Everest, Ishadhara Loi Hsao Mong, Majaw, Myimmo Taung, Shide, Shringa Pum Chapultepec, Cohuacom, Colinia, Iztac Ciuatl, Nonoalco, Chiu-hua, Ishadhara, Kalantur, K'un Lun, Kuantun, Kuang-hsieh, SongShan, T'ai Shan, Wu Yüeh Nissa, Ompha-el, Horselberg Cithaeron, Ida, Lycaeus, Lycorea, Nisa, Olympus, Orthrys, Oure, Parnassus, Pelion, Rhodospe, Tithorea, Ararat, Carmel, Ebal, Gerizim, Moriah, Nebu, Olivet, Sinai, Tabor, Zion Fujiyama, Kirishima, Takachiho Mandara, Mara, Passe-vare Nane Waiyah or Nunne Chaha Demavand Sumbur Chimborazo Suro Phra Men Himavan Ida Paria.

Popul Vuh

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Poxlom

A Mayan god of sickness. Known as Poxlom.

Precious Flower

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Precious Tree

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Precious Willow

The branch of the Precious Tree which was owned by or represented Ehecatl. Occasionally called Precious Willow, Precious Tree, Precious Tree, Mayahuel or Quetzalcoatl .

Pukeheh

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Puma-Snake

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Punchau

An Inca sun-god. In some lore, occasionally identified as Punchau.

Quatlapanqui

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Quauhtli

The fifteenth of the 20 days of the Aztec month. Symbolising the eagle and west, the day was governed by Xipetotec. In some accounts, known as Quauhtli.

Quauhxicalli

A stone on which victims were sacrificed to the Aztec sun-god. Also referred to as Quauhxicalli, Cup of the Eagles or Cup of the Eagles.

Quauitleua

A festival in honour of the rain-god, Tlaloc, held on 2nd February. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Quauitleua.

Quauitlicac

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Quel

A parrot. In Mayan lore, this was one of the birds that helped the gods to create human beings by bringing them maize. On occassion, known as Quel.

Quetzalcoatl

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Quetzalcoatl

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Quetzalpapalotl

A quetzal-butterfly god. Identified as Quetzalpapalotl.

Quetzalpetlatl

Sister of Quetzalcoatl. In some accounts, she was seduced by her own brother who immolated himself in remorse. Called Quetzalpetlatl.

Quetzalveixochitli

In Aztec lore, one of the huge. Trees regarded as pillars. Supporting the heavens. In some references, referred to as Quetzalveixochitli, Tezcaquahhiutl or Tezcaquahhiutl.

Quetzpallin

The fourth of the 20 days of the Aztec. Month. Symbolising the lizard and south, the day was governed by Huehuecoyotl. At times, referred to as Quetzpallin.

Quiahuitl

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Quinames

Aztec giants who were destroyed. By earthquakes. Also commonly known as Quinames, Greek Titans or Greek Titans.

Quiqre

One of the lords of Xibalba. Known as Quiqre.

Quiqrixgag

One of the lords of Xibalba. In some references, known as Quiqrixgag.

Quiqxil

One of the lords of Xibalba. In some lore, occasionally called Quiqxil.

Quiyauhtonatiuh

Ruler of the Third Sun, in some accounts. Sometimes referred to as Quiyauhtonatiuh, Third Sun, Third Sun, Four Rain, Sun of Fire, Sun of Rain, sun, Tlaloc, Tlaloc, Tezcatlipoca, Tlaloctecuhtli, Mayan (Xib) Chac, Mixtec Tzahui, Totonac Tajin, Zapotec Cocijo, Rain Sun, Rain Sun or Quiyauhtontiuh.

Raxa-Cakulha

An assistant to Hurukan, the wind-god. In some lore, occasionally identified as Raxa-Cakulha, Track of the Lightning or Track of the Lightning.

Red Tezcatlipoca

An aspect of Tezcatlipoca as Xipototec, guardian of the east. Occasionally identified as Red Tezcatlipoca, Xipetotec, Xipetotec, Tezcatlipoca, Xipe, Xipe Totec or Xipe (Totec).

Resurrection

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Sac Nicté

A Mayan princess. She was abducted by Ta-Itza but failed to return his love and drowned herself in a lake. In some accounts, called Sac Nicté.

Sahagun, Bernardino

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Saiyamkoob

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Second Sun

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Serpent of the Obsidian Knives

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Seven Chaban

The seventh of the 20 days of the Mayan creation cycle. On this day the earth itself was created. At times, identified as Seven Chaban, Chaban or Chaban.

shtabai

Mayan demons. Occasionally known as shtabai.

Sibu

A name for the Great Spirit in Panama. Also referred to as Sibu.

Sicunym

A Mayan god of the underworld. Also commonly referred to as Sicunym.

Six Cib

The sixth day of the 20 days of the Mayan creation. Cycle. On this day light appeared. Also called Six Cib, Cib or Cib.

Six Muluc

The nineteenth day of the 20. Days of the Mayan creation. Cycle. On this day all created things were given life. Occasionally referred to as Six Muluc, Muluc or Muluc.

Sucunyum

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sun

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Ta-Itza

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Tacatecutli

An Aztec god of pedlars and travellers. Occasionally referred to as Tacatecutli.

tachtli

An Aztec ball-game. It was believed that this game was played by the gods. Also identified as tachtli.

Tajin

A group of Totonac rain-gods. Another version gives Tajin as the Totonac name for Tezcatlipoca. In some accounts, referred to as Tajin, Aztec Tlaloc, Aztec Tlaloc, Chac, Cocijo, Tzahui, Mayan Chac, Mayan Chac, Tezcatlipoca, Mixtec Tzahui, Mixtec Tzahui, Tlaloc, Zapotec Cocijo or Zapotec Cocijo.

Takotsi Nakawe

A vegetation goddess of the Huichol Indians. Mother of Tatevali. Occasionally known as Takotsi Nakawe.

Tamayeke

A wind-god and messenger-god of the Huichol Indians. At times, called Tamayeke.

Tamoanchan

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Tate Hautse Kupuri

A rain-goddess of the Huichol Indians. Also identified as Tate Hautse Kupuri.

Tate Kyewimoka

A rain-goddess of the Huichol Indians. Occasionally referred to as Tate Kyewimoka.

Tate Naaliwahi

A rain-goddess of the Huichol Indians. In some references, referred to as Tate Naaliwahi.

Tate Oteganaka

A corn-goddess of the Huichol Indians. Known as Tate Oteganaka.

Tate Rapawiyema

A rain-goddess of the Huichol Indians. Sometimes known as Tate Rapawiyema.

Tate-Vali

A fire-god of the Huichol Indians. At times, identified as Tate-Vali.

Tate Velia Vimali

A sun-goddess of the Huichol Indians. Sometimes identified as Tate Velia Vimali.

Tatosi

A fire-god of the Huichol Indians. Known as Tatosi.

Tayau

A sun-god of the Huichol Indians. Referred to as Tayau, Tau, Tau, Taverik or Taverik.

Tayau Sakaimoka

A sun-god of the Huichol Indians, a helper of Tayau. In some lore, occasionally known as Tayau Sakaimoka.

Teatlahuiani

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Tecacatetl

One of the leaders of the Aztecs when they left their homeland, Aztlan. Also commonly called Tecacatetl.

Tecciztecatl

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Tecolotl

A ruler of the underworld in the form of an owl. At times, called Tecolotl.

Tecpaltzin

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Tecpatl

The eighteenth of the 20 days of the Aztec month. Symbolising the stone knife (tecpatl) and north, the day was governed by Tezcatlipoca. Also commonly called Tecpatl.

Tecumbalam

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Teczistecatl

A moon-goddess. Occasionally known as Teczistecatl.

Tehuehuetl

A large stone used in acts of penitence. Also commonly referred to as Tehuehuetl.

Teicauhtzin

An Aztec war-god. Also commonly called Teicauhtzin.

Teicu

An Aztec goddess. Sister of Ticapan, Tlaco and Xocutin. These four sisters are regarded as four aspects of Tlazolteotl as a witch. Also identified as Teicu.

Telpochtli

A name for Tezcatlipoca as Youthful Warrior. Sometimes referred to as Telpochtli, Tezcatlipoca, Tezcatlipoca, Camaxtli, Chac, Cocijo, Fiery Mirror, Moyocoatzin, Moyocoyan, Onachihuitonatiuh, Smoking Mirror, Teimatini, Tescatlipoca, Texcatzoncatl, Tezcatepuca, Tlamatzsincatl, Yoamaxtli, Chalchihuitotolin, Huitzilopochtli, Itzlacoliuhque, Itzli, Mixcoatl-Camaxtli, Moneneque, Nezahuapilli, Omacatl, Quetzalcoatl, Tepeyollotl, Titlac(ah)uan, Tlaloc, Tonatiuh, Tree of Mirrors, Xipetotec, Yaotl, Yoalli Ehecatl, Yaotlinecoc, Yaotzin, Mayan Chac, Mixtec Tzahui, Totanac Tajin, Zapotec Cocijo, Moquequelsa, Pantecatle, Tequiua, Teyocoyani, Touyo, Youthful Warrior or Youthful Warrior.

temalacatl

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Temazcalteci

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Ten Ahau

The tenth day of the 20 days of the Mayan creation cycle. On this day sinners were sent to hell. In some accounts, called Ten Ahau, Ahau or Ahau.

Tenoch

One of the leaders of the Aztecs when they left their homeland, Aztlan. On occassion, referred to as Tenoch.

Tenochtitlan

A sacred city of the Aztecs, the modern. Mexico City. Also called Tenochtitlan.

teocalli

An Aztec temple or place of sacrifice in the form of a truncated pyramid. In some references, known as teocalli.

teocote

A form of pine tree from which the Aztecs extracted oil used in their. Sacred fire. Also identified as teocote.

teopan

An Aztec temple and courts around the teocalli. Also referred to as teopan.

teotl

The Aztec term for god. Also referred to as teotl.

Teotl Iztacan

The tenth of the 13 Aztec heavens, ruled over by Tezcatlipoca. At times, called Teotl Iztacan.

Teotl Tlatauhcam

The house of the red god, the twelfth of the thirteen Aztec. Heavens, ruled by Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli. At times, called Teotl Tlatauhcam.

Teotleco Festival

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teoxiutl

A form of turquoise. This mineral was used in religious ceremonies and was said to emit smoke. In some accounts, identified as teoxiutl.

Teoyaomiqui

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Tepanaguaste

A Mayan sacred musical instrument. Guarded by Votan. In some accounts, Tepanaguaste is the guardian of a sacred instrument of the same name. In some accounts, called Tepanaguaste.

Tepeolotlec

A name for Tepeyollotl as Lord of Beasts. At times, referred to as Tepeolotlec, Lord of Beasts, Lord of Beasts, Tepeyollotl, Tepeyollotl, Tezcatlipoca or Votan.

Tepeu

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Tepeyollotl

An Aztec earth-god, a jaguar-god. He was regarded as a manifestation of Tezcatlipoca as the cause of earthquakes. Occasionally identified as Tepeyollotl, Tezcatlipoca, Tezcatlipoca, Camaxtli, Chac, Cocijo, Fiery Mirror, Moyocoatzin, Moyocoyan, Onachihuitonatiuh, Smoking Mirror, Teimatini, Tescatlipoca, Texcatzoncatl, Tezcatepuca, Tlamatzsincatl, Yoamaxtli, Chalchihuitotolin, Huitzilopochtli, Itzlacoliuhque, Itzli, Mixcoatl-Camaxtli, Moneneque, Nezahuapilli, Omacatl, Quetzalcoatl, Telpochtli, Titlac(ah)uan, Tlaloc, Tonatiuh, Tree of Mirrors, Xipetotec, Yaotl, Yoalli Ehecatl, Yaotlinecoc, Yaotzin, Mayan Chac, Mixtec Tzahui, Totanac Tajin, Zapotec Cocijo, Moquequelsa, Pantecatle, Tequiua, Teyocoyani, Touyo, Tepeolotlec, Tepeolotlec, Lord of Beasts, Votan, Votan, Master of the Drum, Odin, Odon, Oton, Tamuls, Tzequil, vaudoux, Wodan or Woden.

tepitonen

Household gods of the Aztecs. Sometimes known as tepitonen.

Teponaztli

A sacred drum of the Aztecs. Occasionally known as Teponaztli.

Tepoztecatl

An Aztec fertility-god. In some accounts he was one of the Centzon Totochtin. On occassion, called Tepoztecatl, Tepoxtecatl or Tepoxtecatl.

Tequechmecauiani

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tequendama

A waterfall. This feature was created when Bochica appeared in the form of a rainbow when the world was flooded by Chibchacum. Also called tequendama.

Tequiua

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Teteo Innan Teteo

An Aztec fire-god. Occasionally called Teteo Innan Teteo.

Teteoinnan

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Tetzahauteotl

An Aztec war-god. On occassion, called Tetzahauteotl.

Tetzahuitl

An Aztec war-god. In some references, identified as Tetzahuitl.

Teuhcatl

An Aztec war-god. Sometimes referred to as Teuhcatl.

Teyocoyani

A name for Tezcatlipoca as creator of men. In some lore, occasionally known as Teyocoyani, Tezcatlipoca, Tezcatlipoca, Camaxtli, Chac, Cocijo, Fiery Mirror, Moyocoatzin, Moyocoyan, Onachihuitonatiuh, Smoking Mirror, Teimatini, Tescatlipoca, Texcatzoncatl, Tezcatepuca, Tlamatzsincatl, Yoamaxtli, Chalchihuitotolin, Huitzilopochtli, Itzlacoliuhque, Itzli, Mixcoatl-Camaxtli, Moneneque, Nezahuapilli, Omacatl, Quetzalcoatl, Telpochtli, Tepeyollotl, Titlac(ah)uan, Tlaloc, Tonatiuh, Tree of Mirrors, Xipetotec, Yaotl, Yoalli Ehecatl, Yaotlinecoc, Yaotzin, Mayan Chac, Mixtec Tzahui, Totanac Tajin, Zapotec Cocijo, Moquequelsa, Pantecatle, Tequiua or Touyo.

Tezcacoac Ayopechtli

An Aztec goddess of childbirth. Also known as Tezcacoac Ayopechtli.

Tezcaquahuitl

One of the 2 trees which, in Aztec lore, support the sky. The other supporting tree is known as Quetzalveixochitl. In some lore, occasionally identified as Tezcaquahuitl.

Tezcatlipoca

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Tezozomoc

A Mexican who recorded many Aztec myths. In some references, identified as Tezozomoc.

Thah

A supreme deity of the Maya. On occassion, known as Thah, Thaah or Thaah.

Third Sun

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Thirteen Akbal

The thirteenth day of the 20 days of the Mayan creation cycle. On this day Month formed humans from clay. Also called Thirteen Akbal, Akbal or Akbal.

Thorny Flowers

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Three Ben

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Three Cimi

The sixteenth of the 20 days of the Mayan creation cycle. On this day death is said to have come into existence. On occassion, known as Three Cimi, Cimi or Cimi.

Ticapan

An Aztec deity. Sister of Teicu, Tlaco and Xocutin. These beings are regarded as four aspects of Tlazolteotl as a witch. Also referred to as Ticapan, Tiacapan or Tiacapan.

Ticotzicatzin

Major-domo to Papan. Also identified as Ticotzicatzin.

Tilantongo

The realm of Eight Deer. In some accounts, identified as Tilantongo.

tisalt

A white powder. This was used by the Cihuateteo to whiten their arms. Also identified as tisalt.

Titlachuan

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Tiuh Tiuh

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Tlacaelel

An Aztec sage. Sometimes known as Tlacaelel.

Tlacahuepan

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Tlachtliby

A sacred ball-game of the Aztecs. Sometimes referred to as Tlachtliby, Mayan Pok-ta-Pok or Mayan Pok-ta-Pok.

Tlaco

An Aztec deity. Sister of Teicu, Ticapan and Xocutin. These beings are regarded as four aspects of Tlazolteotl as a witch. Also referred to as Tlaco.

Tlacolotl

The owl which, in Aztec lore, is an omen of evil. In some references, called Tlacolotl.

Tlacotecuhtli

An Aztec water-god. Husband of Chalchiuhtlicue, some say. Also commonly identified as Tlacotecuhtli.

Tlaelquarni

A name for Tlazolteotl as 'cleanser'. Known as Tlaelquarni, Filth-eater, Filth-eater, Tlaelquani, Tlaelquani, Tlazolteotl, Tlazolteotl, Coatlicue, Itzcuinan, Ixcuina, Ixcuiname, Ixcuinana, Ixquina, Queen of Cotton, Tlacolteotl, Ixcuina(na), Temazcalteci, Teteoinnan, Tlazolteotli, Toci(tzin) or Toxi.

Tlahuicalpantecuhtli

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Tlahuitzin

Wife of Yappon. She and her husband were killed by Yaotl and became scorpions. Occasionally identified as Tlahuitzin.

Tlalecuhtli

A Toltec deity. Ruler of the second hour of the day. Sometimes called Tlalecuhtli.

Tlalhuicole

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Tlalli-iyollo

A name for Xochiquetzal as a love-goddess and goddess of flowers. On occassion, referred to as Tlalli-iyollo, Xochiquetzal, Xochiquetzal, Flower Feather, Tlacolteotl or Itzcuinan.

Tlalnepantla

A sacred site. This was the spot where Quetzalcoatl rested and wept, leaving a hand-print in the rock. Also identified as Tlalnepantla.

Tlaloc

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Tlalocan

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Tlalocs

Minor Aztec rain-gods, the offspring of Tlaloc and Chalchihuitlicue. Sometimes identified as Tlalocs, Clouds, Clouds, Tlaloque-Tepictoton, Tlaloque-Tepictoton, Tlaloques, Tlaloques, Mayan Bacabs, Mayan Bacabs, Tlaloc-Tepictoton or Tlaloc-Tepictoton.

Tlaloque-Tepictoton

Aztec rain-gods, assistants to Tlaloc. These spirits supervised Tlalocan, the land of the dead. Sometimes known as Tlaloque-Tepictoton, Tlalocs, Tlalocs, Clouds, Tlaloques, Mayan Bacabs or Tlaloc-Tepictoton.

Tlaltecuhtli

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Tlaltecuin

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Tlalticpac

The home of Xiuhtecuhtli, the lowest of the 13 Aztec heavens. In some lore, occasionally known as Tlalticpac.

Tlalzicco

Another name for Mictlan, the abode of the dead. Sometimes identified as Tlalzicco, Navel of the Earth, Navel of the Earth or Mictlan.

Tlapallan

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Tlauizcalpantecuhtli

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Tlazolteotl

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tlecuil

A brazier representing one of the gods, in the lore of the Aztecs. Occasionally known as tlecuil.

Tlillan-Tlapallan

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Tlotli

A hawk used as a messenger by the Aztec gods. On occassion, identified as Tlotli.

Tochipa

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Tochtli

The eighth of the 20 days of the Aztec month. Symbolising the rabbit and south, the day was governed by Mayahuel. Also commonly referred to as Tochtli, Ome Tochtli, Ome Tochtli, Ometochtli, Tochtli, Two-Rabbit or Two Rabbit.

Toci

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Tohil

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Tollan

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Toltec

A giant. Son of Quetzalcoatl, some say. He is regarded as the progenitor of the Toltec people In some references, called Toltec, Toltecatl or Toltecatl.

Tonacacihuatl

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Tonacajohua

A female aspect of Cinteotl. As 'sustainer'. Also commonly known as Tonacajohua, Cintéotl, Cintéotl, Cinteatl, Centéotl, Chiucoatl or Mayan Yum Caax.

Tonacaquahuit

The Mexican tree of life. In some accounts, known as Tonacaquahuit.

Tonacatecuhtli

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Tonalamatl

An Aztec book of divination. Occasionally identified as Tonalamatl, Book of the Calendar or Book of the Calendar.

Tonaleque

An Aztec goddess. She is regarded as the ruler of Ilhuicatl Huixtotlan, the fifth of the thirteen Aztec heavens. Referred to as Tonaleque.

Tonalpohualli

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Tonantzin

An Aztec mother-goddess. She appears as Coatlicue, Cihuacoatl and Tlazolteotl. In some accounts, called Tonantzin, Tonatzin or Tonatzin.

Tonatiuh

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Tonatiuhican

The highest of the 3 original Aztec. Heavens. Sometimes known as Tonatiuhican, House of the Sun, House of the Sun, Ilhuicatl Tonatiuh, Ilhuicatl Tonatiuh, Tollan, Tollan or Tonatiuican.

Tonatlan

The home of the sun-god. Occasionally known as Tonatlan, Aztec Tollan or Aztec Tollan.

Topiltzin

A 10th C. King of the Toltecs. This man, the last king of the Toltecs, was identified with Quetzalcoatl in some accounts. Sometimes identified as Topiltzin, Topiltcin or Topiltcin.

Torquemada, Juan de

A Spanish monk in Mexico who recorded much of Aztec religion and mythology. Sometimes identified as Torquemada, Juan de.

Tota

A Mexican fire-god. Occasionally called Tota.

Totailma'il

An androgynous Mayan creator-deity. Sometimes identified as Totailma'il.

Totochtin

A god of intoxication. Identified as Totochtin.

Totoltecatl

An Aztec fertility god. Sometimes identified as Totoltecatl.

Touyo

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Toxcatl Festival

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Toxi

A name for Tlazolteotl. On occassion, known as Toxi, Tlazolteotl, Tlazolteotl, Coatlicue, Itzcuinan, Ixcuina, Ixcuiname, Ixcuinana, Ixquina, Queen of Cotton, Tlacolteotl, Ixcuina(na), Temazcalteci, Teteoinnan, Tlaelquarni, Tlazolteotli or Toci(tzin).

Tozi

An Aztec goddess of healing. In some references, known as Tozi.

Tree of Mirrors

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Tsolb

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Tulkan-Zuiva

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tun

A period of 360 days, in the Mayan time-scale. Also referred to as tun.

Tupiles

A low social caste in Mayan society. Sometimes identified as Tupiles.

Twelve Ik

The twelfth of the 20 days of the Mayan creation cycle. On this day the wind was created. On occassion, identified as Twelve Ik, Ik, Ik, Ik or Ik.

Two Chiccan

The fifteenth of the 20 days of the Mayan creation cycle. On this day evil appeared amongst men. In some accounts, identified as Two Chiccan, Chiccan, Chiccan, Chicchan, Chicchan or Chicchan.

Two Eb

The second of the 20 days of the Mayan creation cycle. On this day Month created a ladder from earth to heaven. In some lore, occasionally known as Two Eb, Eb or Eb.

Tzahui

The Mixtec name for Tezcatlipoca. As Tlaloc. Also called Tzahui, Cocijo, Cocijo, Aztec Tlaloc, Tezcatlipoca, Mayan Chac, Totonac Tajin, Maya Chac, Maya Chac, Totomac Tajin, Totomac Tajin, Zapotec Cocijo, Zapotec Cocijo, Tajin or Tlaloc.

Tzatzitepec

A sacred hill on which Quetzalcoatl's. Instructions were announced. Also known as Tzatzitepec.

Tzequiles

A Mayan race of seafarers said to be descendants of Votan. In some lore, occasionally known as Tzequiles.

Tzinteotl

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tzité

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Tzitzimime

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Tzitzimitl

The old woman who guarded. The sleeping maiden. Mayahuel. Occasionally called Tzitzimitl, Tzizimitl or Tzizimitl.

Tzolkin

A period of 260 days in the Mayan. Sacred calendar. Sometimes referred to as Tzolkin, Aztec Tonalpohualli or Aztec Tonalpohualli.

Tzultacah

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Tzununiha

A woman created by the gods as a wife for Mahucutah. At times, known as Tzununiha, House of the Water or House of the Water.

Uayeb

The god of the nemontemi, the fiveday. Period of fasting and ill-luck at the end of each year. In some references, identified as Uayeb, Uayayab or Uayayab.

Udo

A Mexican moon-goddess. Wife of Uhubaput. Occasionally called Udo.

Ueuecoyotl

A trickster-god of the Aztecs. Occasionally called Ueuecoyotl, North American Coyote or North American Coyote.

Uhubaput

A Mexican creator-god and sun-god. Husband of Udo. Also called Uhubaput.

Uixtocihuatl

The Aztec goddess of salt water. In some references, referred to as Uixtocihuatl, Uixtocijuatl or Uixtocijuatl.

Usukun

An earthquake god. Brother of Nohochacyum. At times, referred to as Usukun.

Utiu

A coyote. In Mayan lore, one of the four animals which brought the maize from which the gods created human beings. Also called Utiu.

Vatican Codex

A manuscript source of Aztec and Mayan mythology. Also referred to as Vatican Codex.

Vision Serpent

A Mayan creation spirit. This being is sometimes depicted as spitting out gods or kings. Also referred to as Vision Serpent.

Voc

A huge bird, messenger of the god. Hurakan. At times, called Voc.

Votan

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Vucub Came

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Vucub-Caquix

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Vucub-Hunapu

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Waterfall

A Mexican deity. After the flood sent by Hokomata had subsided, Waterfall and Sunshaft mated with Pukeheh to repopulate the world. Occasionally identified as Waterfall, Dripping Water, Dripping Water or Waterfall.

Well Beloved

Son of Precious Flower. He died at birth and was buried. All the plants needed to sustain human life grew from his body. Also called Well Beloved.

whintossa

A fabulous animal. Sometimes known as whintossa.

White Tezcatlipoca

An aspect of Tezcatlipoca as Quetzalcoatl, guardian of the west. In some references, identified as White Tezcatlipoca, Quetzalcoatl , Quetzalcoatl , Ce Acatl, Eecatl, Ehecatl, Feathered Staff, (Green-)feathered Serpent, Huitzilopochtli, Lord of the (House of) Dawn, Precious Tree, Tla(h)ui(z)calpantecuhtli, Tlapallan, Yahualli-Ehecatl, Hopi Palulukon, Mayan Kukulcan, Itzamna, Kwakiutl Kanikilak, Salish Quaaqua, Tlingit Yetl, Zuni Kaloowise, Huemac, Nanihehecatli, Papachtic, Quetzalcoatl or Topiltzin,Yahualli-Ehecatl.

Wind-Nine-Cave

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Wind-Nine-Snake

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woolsaw

An evil spirit. On occassion, known as woolsaw.

Xalaquia

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Xaman Ek

The Mayan god of merchants, the north star. Sometimes known as Xaman Ek.

Xan

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Xbakiyalo

Wife of Hunhunapu. Sometimes referred to as Xbakiyalo.

Xecotcovach

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Xelhua

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Xibalba

The Mayan underworld or, in some versions, its inhabitants or its ruler Vucub-Caquix. Identified as Xibalba, Vucub-Caquix, Vucub-Caquix, Vukub-Cakix, Vukub-Caquix, Seven Macaw, Xibalha, Xibalha, Guatemalan Xibalbay or Guatemalan Xibalbay.

Xibalbay

The Guatemalan underworld. Also commonly referred to as Xibalbay, Mayan Xibalba or Mayan Xibalba.

Xilonen

An Aztec goddess of vegetation. A form of Chicomecohuatl. In some accounts she is equated with Toci. Sometimes referred to as Xilonen, Chicomecohuatl, Chicomecohuatl, Chicomecoatl, Coatlicue, Seven-serpent, Seven Snakes or Seven-Serpent.

Ximenes, Francisco

A Spanish monk. He copied the Popul Vuh in the original Quiche language and made a translation into Spanish. Sometimes referred to as Ximenes, Francisco.

Xipetotec

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Xiquipat

One of the lords of Xibalba. Sometimes known as Xiquipat.

Xiuhocoatl

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Xiuhtecuhtli

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xiumalpilli

A group of 13 years in the Aztec. Calendar. Four such groups constituted a unit known as a nexiuhilpilitztli. Occasionally known as xiumalpilli.

Xixiquipilihui

An Aztec sea-goddess. A form of Chalchihuitlicue. At times, known as Xixiquipilihui, Chalchihuitlicue, Chalchihuitlicue, Aiauh, Chalchiutlicue, Chalcitlicue, Emerald Lady, Goddess of the Jade Petticoat, Lady of the Emerald Robe, Acuecueyotl, Apoconalotl, Atlacamani, Altcanals or Jade Skirt.

Xmucane

A Mayan creator-goddess. Husband of Xpiyacoc. Father of Hunhunapu and Vucub- Hunapu. At times, called Xmucane, Xmukan, Xmukan, Xmukane, Xmukane, Oxomoco, Oxomoco, Oxomuco or Oromuco.

Xoc Bitum

A Mayan god of song. Also referred to as Xoc Bitum, Xoc Bilum or Xoc Bilum.

Xochicahuaca

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Xochimalca

The priests of an Aztec sect using. Hallucinogenic drugs. Also referred to as Xochimalca, 'flower-weavers' or 'flower-weavers'.

Xochipilli

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Xochiquetzal

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Xochiticacan

One of the 3 celestial homes of the Aztec gods. At times, known as Xochiticacan, Palace of Flowers or Palace of Flowers.

Xochitla

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Xochitlalpan

The Toltec paradise. In some references, known as Xochitlalpan, Tamoanchan, Tamoanchan, Palace of the West, Tamoancan or Xoxchitlalpan.

Xochitli

The last of the 20 days of the Aztec. Month. Symbolising the flower and the south, the day was governed by Xochiquetzal. Sometimes known as Xochitli.

Xochitonal

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Xocotl

An Aztec fire-god and god of the stars. Identified as Xocotl.

Xocotl Vetzi

An Aztec festival in honour of the dead, held in August. Also commonly called Xocotl Vetzi.

Xocutin

An Aztec deity. Sister of Teicu, Ticapan and Tlaco. These beings are regarded as four aspects of Tlazolteotl. In some accounts, called Xocutin, Xocutzin or Xocutzin.

Xolotl

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Xomimitl

One of the leaders of the Aztecs when they left their homeland, Atzlan. Also commonly referred to as Xomimitl.

Xpiyacoc

Wife of Xmucane. Mother of Hunhunapu and Vucub- Hunapu. Sometimes known as Xpiyacoc.

Xquiq

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Xuhé

A name for Bochica as the visible sun. Also commonly identified as Xuhé, Xue, Xue, Zuhé, Zuhé, Bochica, 'lord', 'lord', Adon, Baal, Baal, Bhagavan, Bhagavan or Frey.

Xulu

A Mayan sorcerer. He and Bacam arranged for the resurrection of Hunapu and Ixbalanque in Xibalba after they had been killed on a pyre. On occassion, known as Xulu.

Xumio

In Aztec lore, the first woman. She and Cipactonal existed before the deluge. In some accounts they were created by Hometeuli. Sometimes referred to as Xumio.

Yac

A wild cat. This was one of the four animals which brought to the gods the maize from which they made human beings. Also commonly referred to as Yac.

Yacahuiztli

An Aztec goddess of the underworld. Consort of Yoaltecuhtli. In some references, identified as Yacahuiztli.

Yacapitzahuac

An Aztec god of trade. Sometimes identified as Yacapitzahuac.

Yacatecuhtli

An Aztec god of trade. He is depicted as carrying a bundle of twigs, his symbol of power. Also called Yacatecuhtli, Yacacoliuhqui or Yacacoliuhqui.

Yahualli-Ehecatl

A name for Quetzalcoatl as ruler of the winds. Also known as Yahualli-Ehecatl, Quetzalcoatl , Quetzalcoatl , Ce Acatl, Eecatl, Ehecatl, Feathered Staff, (Green-)feathered Serpent, Huitzilopochtli, Lord of the (House of) Dawn, Precious Tree, Tla(h)ui(z)calpantecuhtli, Tlapallan, White Tezcatlipoca, Hopi Palulukon, Mayan Kukulcan, Itzamna, Kwakiutl Kanikilak, Salish Quaaqua, Tlingit Yetl, Zuni Kaloowise, Huemac, Nanihehecatli, Papachtic, Quetzalcoatl or Topiltzin,Yahualli-Ehecatl.

Yalahau

A Mayan water-god and god of the dead. Also referred to as Yalahau.

Yaotl

A Toltec drought-demon. He was sent to kill Yappon and his wife Tlahuitzin. Having done so, he was turned into a locust. Also commonly called Yaotl, Tezcatlipoca, Tezcatlipoca, Camaxtli, Chac, Cocijo, Fiery Mirror, Moyocoatzin, Moyocoyan, Onachihuitonatiuh, Smoking Mirror, Teimatini, Tescatlipoca, Texcatzoncatl, Tezcatepuca, Tlamatzsincatl, Yoamaxtli, Chalchihuitotolin, Huitzilopochtli, Itzlacoliuhque, Itzli, Mixcoatl-Camaxtli, Moneneque, Nezahuapilli, Omacatl, Quetzalcoatl, Telpochtli, Tepeyollotl, Titlac(ah)uan, Tlaloc, Tonatiuh, Tree of Mirrors, Xipetotec, Yoalli Ehecatl, Yaotlinecoc, Yaotzin, Mayan Chac, Mixtec Tzahui, Totanac Tajin, Zapotec Cocijo, Moquequelsa, Pantecatle, Tequiua, Teyocoyani or Touyo.

Yaotlnecoc

An aspect of Tezcatlipoca as the cause of strife. In some accounts, called Yaotlnecoc.

Yaotzin

An aspect of Tezcatlipoca as a bringer of disease and famine. Also commonly referred to as Yaotzin, Tezcatlipoca, Tezcatlipoca, Camaxtli, Chac, Cocijo, Fiery Mirror, Moyocoatzin, Moyocoyan, Onachihuitonatiuh, Smoking Mirror, Teimatini, Tescatlipoca, Texcatzoncatl, Tezcatepuca, Tlamatzsincatl, Yoamaxtli, Chalchihuitotolin, Huitzilopochtli, Itzlacoliuhque, Itzli, Mixcoatl-Camaxtli, Moneneque, Nezahuapilli, Omacatl, Quetzalcoatl, Telpochtli, Tepeyollotl, Titlac(ah)uan, Tlaloc, Tonatiuh, Tree of Mirrors, Xipetotec, Yaotl, Yoalli Ehecatl, Yaotlinecoc, Mayan Chac, Mixtec Tzahui, Totanac Tajin, Zapotec Cocijo, Moquequelsa, Pantecatle, Tequiua, Teyocoyani or Touyo.

Yappon

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Yauhqueme

An Aztec fertility-god. On occassion, referred to as Yauhqueme.

Yaxche

A tree in the paradise of the Maya. The souls of warriors killed in battle were transported to Yaxche by Ixtab. Sometimes referred to as Yaxche.

Yiacatecuhtli

An Aztec guardian-god of travellers. Also identified as Yiacatecuhtli.

Yoalli Ehécatl

A name for Tezcatlipoca as 'night-wind'. At times, called Yoalli Ehécatl, Yoatl Ehécatl or Yoatl Ehécatl.

Yoaltecuhtli

An Aztec creator-god. Consort of Yacahuiztli. He was the ruler of Teotlcozauhcan, the sixth of the thirteen heavens. Occasionally called Yoaltecuhtli.

yoel

The wheel of the wind symbolised by a sacred pentagram. Also identified as yoel.

Yohualticetl

A moon-goddess, guardian of babies. Occasionally called Yohualticetl.

Yohualticitl

A name for Metzli as Lady of the Night. In some lore, occasionally called Yohualticitl, Lady of the Night, Lady of the Night or Metzli.

yoyolche

Monsters of the Maya. Also commonly called yoyolche.

Yum Caax

The Mayan maize-god, an aspect of Kukulcan. Sometimes called Yum Caax, Ghanan, Ghanan, Lord of the Harvest, Lord of the Harvest, Yum Kaax, Yum Kaax, Aztec Cinteotl or Aztec Cinteotl.

Yum Cimil

A name of Ah Puch as 'lord of death'. On occassion, known as Yum Cimil, Ah Puch, Ah Puch, Ah Puchah, Ahpuch, Cumhau, Eopuco, Cizin, Hunhau, Aztec Mictlantecuhtl or Mictlantecuhtli.

yumbalamob

Mayan spirits in the first heaven, guardians of the villages. Also identified as yumbalamob.

yumchabob

Mayan spirits of the sixth heaven, envisaged as old men controlling. Rain. In some accounts, called yumchabob, nukuchyumchakob, nukuchyumchakob or Yumchakob.

Zac Cimi

A Mayan god. One of the 4 Bacabs. He supported the western corner of the world (black). Also commonly known as Zac Cimi, Ix or Ix.

Zac-Mitun-Ahau

A Mayan deity, guardian of the city. On occassion, known as Zac-Mitun-Ahau.

Zac-u-Uayeyab

A Mayan deity, guardian of the city. At times, called Zac-u-Uayeyab.

Zactecauh

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Zakiqoxol

A Guatemalan fire-spirit. Occasionally referred to as Zakiqoxol.

Zakitzunum

A Guatemalan warrior. He accompanied Zactecauh on a trip to the top of a mountain. Occasionally identified as Zakitzunum.

Zapotlantenan

An Aztec goddess of healing. In some accounts, referred to as Zapotlantenan.

Zipacna

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Zivena Vizcatl

The highest heaven of the Aztecs. Also called Zivena Vizcatl.

zizal

A plant sacred to the Maya. This plant was said to be immortal but harmful to all who touched it. Occasionally called zizal.

Zotzils

In the lore of the Maya, bat people. These people are said to be able to see in the dark. Sometimes referred to as Zotzils.

Zutup

In the lore of the Iraya, a magic herb which can restore the power of speech to the dumb. On occassion, called Zutup.

Zuyua

A sacred language of the Maya. At times, referred to as Zuyua.
Central American Mythology