Celtic Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abellio

A Gallic god. In some references, identified as Abellio.

Abnoba

A German goddess of the hunt, trees and rivers. Referred to as Abnoba, Roman Diana, Roman Diana, Arduinna, Aritimi, Artemis, Delia, Devana, Dilwica, Dziewona or Zana.

Acaill

A sacred book. Occasionally called Acaill.

Adsullata

A Continental river-goddess. Also called Adsullata.

Aegialeus

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Aericura

An underworld god. In some accounts, Aeracura is an earth goddess. Also known as Aericura, Aeracura or Aeracura.

Agrona

A goddess of slaughter. Some accounts equate her with Morrigan. Occasionally referred to as Agrona.

Alaisiagae

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Alba

An early name for Scotland. Occasionally referred to as Alba, Alban, Alban, Albain, Albain, Albania, Albania, Albany, Albany, Albu, Albu, Alba(i)n or Alba(i)n.

Albion

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Albiorix

A name for Teutates as 'king of the world'. In some references, referred to as Albiorix, Teutates, Teutates, Teutatis, Toutates, Toutatis, Tutatis, T(e)utatis, T(o)utates, T(o)utatis or British Totates.

Alemandine

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Alisanos

An earth-god and god of stones in Gaul. Known as Alisanos, Alisanus, Alisanus, Alisonus or Alisonus.

Ambres

A sun-god. Known as Ambres, Roman Jupiter, Roman Jupiter, Amen, Bussumarus, Dyaus, Jessis or Tinia.

Ambroy Orselet

A knight mentioned in Merlin. Also commonly called Ambroy Orselet, Oyselet, Oyselet or Ambroy.

Ancamna

A water-goddess in Gaul. Sometimes known as Ancamna.

Andarta

A Gaulish fertility-goddess and wargoddess. This deity sometimes appeared in the form of a bear. Also called Andarta, British Andrasta or British Andrasta.

Anextiomarus

A tribal god and sun-god in Britain and Gaul. Sometimes identified as Anextiomarus.

Anna

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Anoniredi

A mother-goddess. Occasionally known as Anoniredi, British Anna, British Anna, Irish Ana, Irish Ana, Anna or Black Annis.

Arduinna

A goddess of woods and hunting in Gaul. She is depicted riding a boar. At times, called Arduinna, Arduina, Arduina, Roman Diana, Roman Diana, Abnoba, Aritimi, Artemis, Delia, Devana, Dilwica, Dziewona or Zana.

Armorica

An old name for Brittany. Sometimes known as Armorica.

Artaius

A pastoral-god and bear-god in Gaul. Occasionally identified as Artaius, Artaios, Artaios, Roman Mercury, Roman Mercury, Alannus, Hermes or Lugh.

Artio

A Gaulish fertility-goddess, and bear-goddess. Consort of Esus. Known as Artio, Greek Artemis Brauronia or Greek Artemis Brauronia.

Artorius

A Gaulish god. Also commonly referred to as Artorius, Greek Mercury or Greek Mercury.

Arvernus

A Gallic tribal god: king of the Arverni. Also identified as Arvernus.

Atenociticus

A local god in the north of England. Also commonly known as Atenociticus.

Atepomarus

A Gaulish deity envisaged as the owner of many horses. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Atepomarus, Apollo, Apollo, Apollon, Abaeus, Abaios, Aguieus, Agyieus, Aleuromantes, Apellon, Apotropaeus, Archer God, Carneios, Catharsius, Cynthius, Delian, Delius, Delphinius, Eulalon, Hecatos, Helius, Karn(ei)os, Loxias, Lyc(a)eus, Lykaios, Lyc(el)ius, Lycian, Musagetes, Nomius, Paean, Pae(e)on, Paion, Pasturer, Phoebus Apollo, Pytheus, Pythian, Pyth(i)us, Rat-killer, Sminthian, Smintheus, Sminthius, Sol, Tortor, Tyrxis, British Maponus, Etruscan Aplu, Veiovis, Gaulish Atepomarus, Roman Apellun, Greek Apollo, Greek Apollo, Angus Og, Apellun, Aplu, Maponus or Surya.

Aufaniae

A group of Continental mothergoddesses. In some references, referred to as Aufaniae.

Avernus

A tribal god in Gaul. At times, identified as Avernus, Lake Avernus, Lake Avernus or Avernus.

Aveta

A Gallic goddess of birth. At times, identified as Aveta.

Baudihillie

One of the 4 Alaisiagae. Also commonly referred to as Baudihillie.

Bede

One of the 4 Aliasiagae. Occasionally known as Bede, Beda or Beda.

Bel-fire

A fire lit on a hilltop at the festival of Beltane. Occasionally identified as Bel-fire.

Belin

A Gaulish god of light and crops. Consort of Belishma. He was envisaged as a ram. Sometimes referred to as Belin.

Belishma

A priestess of lakes and rivers. Consort on earth of Belin. Occasionally identified as Belishma, Belisama, Belisama, Belisima, Belisma or Belisma.

Bellosvesos

A leader of the Celts who invaded Italy and took Rome. At times, identified as Bellosvesos.

Beltane

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Beltane cakes

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Beltane Carline

The person chosen as the sacrificial victim by receiving the black bit of the Beltane Cake. Occasionally referred to as Beltane Carline.

Berecynthia

A Gaulish goddess. She was regarded as the Continental version of Cybele or Ops. At times, known as Berecynthia, Berecinthia or Berecinthia.

Berne

A moon-goddess. On occassion, identified as Berne.

Bodua

A war-goddess. On occassion, identified as Bodua, Irish Badb, Irish Badb or Cathubodua.

Boi

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Bormo

The Gaulish god of warm springs. Son of Sirona. Consort of Damona. On occassion, identified as Bormo, Bormanus, Bormanus, Borvo or Borvo.

Braciaca

A Gaulish goddess of drink. Occasionally known as Braciaca.

Brennus

A Gaulish name for Bran. Also known as Brennus, Brennos, Brennos, British Brennius or British Brennius.

Briganda

The Gaulish name for Brigit. In some accounts, identified as Briganda, Brigantu, Brigantu, Brigit, Brigindo, Brigindo, Brigit, Briganti, Briganti or Briganta.

Buanu

The Gaulish version of Buana. Sometimes called Buanu, Boann, Boann, Bo Fionn, Boanan, Boand, Boannan, Boind, Boinn, Buan-ann, Buana or Boan(n)an.

Cabardiacensis

A goddess of art and industry. In some accounts, known as Cabardiacensis.

Cailleach

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Cailleach Bheur

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Cathubodua

A war-goddess in Gaul: war fury. Occasionally called Cathubodua, Badb, Badb, Bav, Badhb(h), Bodb, Bodhbh, Gaulish Bodua, Morrigan, Cathubodba, Cathubodba, Cauth Bodua, Cauth Bodua, Cathuboodua, Irish Badb, Irish Badb or Bodua.

Celtina

Mother of Celtus by Hercules. Also referred to as Celtina.

Celtus

Son of Hercules by Celtina. He is regarded as the progenitor of the Celts. Also commonly known as Celtus.

Cernunnos

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Cimiacinus

A god of travellers. Also known as Cimiacinus.

Cliton

Sister of Morgan le Fay. Sometimes identified as Cliton.

Condatis

A river-god in Gaul. Occasionally referred to as Condatis.

Cromheach

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Cruithne

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Cuculatti

Protective spirits. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Cuculatti, Hooded Ones or Hooded Ones.

Damona

A cattle goddess in Gaul. Consort of Bormo. Occasionally known as Damona, Divine Cow or Divine Cow.

Dea Arduinna

A goddess of wild animals in Gaul. Also called Dea Arduinna, Irish Flidhais or Irish Flidhais.

Dea Artio

A (bear) goddess in Gaul. Occasionally identified as Dea Artio.

Dee

A war goddess. Sometimes referred to as Dee.

Demetia

A name for South Wales. Occasionally called Demetia.

Divonia

A Gaulish fertility goddess. On occassion, called Divonia, Divona or Divona.

Dogsheads

Enemies of King Arthur. In some accounts, monsters, in others, human, perhaps Irish. Sometimes referred to as Dogsheads.

Doon Buidhe

A minstrel goddess. In some references, referred to as Doon Buidhe.

Druantia

A Gaulish goddess of the Druids. In some accounts, called Druantia, Queen of the Druids or Queen of the Druids.

druid

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druidess

A female druid. Occasionally referred to as druidess.

druidism

The doctrines and ceremonies of the Celtic priests involving the use of mistletoe and the sacrifice of bulls. Sometimes known as druidism.

Dulachan

A headless elf or goblin. Occasionally known as Dulachan, Dhund, Dhund, Dhundh or Dund.

Dumiatis

A mountain god in Gaul. Sometimes referred to as Dumiatis.

Dunatis

A Gaulish god of forts. Sometimes identified as Dunatis.

Dus

A hairy demon of the woods. Called Dus, dusius, dusius, dusii, dusio, plurdusii, German Scrat, German Scrat, Scritta or Skratti.

dusius

An incubus. Also known as dusius, Dus, Dus, German Scrat, dusii, dusii, dusio, dusio, plurdusii or plurdusii.

Eigin

A fertility goddess. Wife of Sorrlog. In some lore, occasionally called Eigin.

el

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Epona

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Esus

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Finnilene

One of the 4 Alaisiagae. In some lore, occasionally known as Finnilene.

Friagabi

One of the 4 Alaisiagae. Also called Friagabi.

Gaddifer

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Glain

The egg of a snake with magic powers, sought by Merlin. In some accounts, known as Glain.

Glastonbury Zodiac

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Gloier

A king of Sorelois. In some accounts, known as Gloier.

Goffar

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goose

The bird of the goddess Epona. Also referred to as goose.

Grannus

A sun-god and god of healing and mineral springs in Gaul. Husband of Sirona. At times, identified as Grannus, Grannos or Grannos.

Hibernia

An old name for Ireland. Also commonly known as Hibernia, Ivernia or Ivernia.

Hoel

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Hok Braz

A giant in Brittany. He was said to be able to swallow large ships. Sometimes identified as Hok Braz.

Ialonus

A god of fields in Gaul. Occasionally known as Ialonus.

Ianuania

A goddess in Gaul, associated with music and healing. Occasionally referred to as Ianuania.

Iccovellauna

A European water-goddess. Also commonly identified as Iccovellauna.

Icovellauna

A goddess of springs and healing. Also known as Icovellauna.

Iseo

Daughter of Tristram. Sister of Tristram the Younger. In some Spanish stories, she married Juan, king of Castile. In some references, referred to as Iseo.

Isle of Life

A mythical land to which Perceforest and his brother Gaddifer retired. When the Romans took over Britain. In some references, referred to as Isle of Life.

Ivoire

Sister of Ban. Wife of Constantine. Mother of Aurelius, Constans and Uther. In some accounts, identified as Ivoire.

Ivor

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Kalafes

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Kelliwic

One of King Arthur's castles, in Cornwall. Sometimes identified as Kelliwic, Kelliwig or Kelliwig.

Lenus

A god of healing in Gaul and Wales. Occasionally known as Lenus.

Leuce

A home for illustrious dead heroes. Also called Leuce.

Levander

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Lischois

Husband of Cundrie. Also commonly identified as Lischois.

Litavis

An early deity. In some accounts, called Litavis.

Lord of the Earth

A name for the frog. Also called Lord of the Earth, Hou-t'u, Hou-t'u, T'u, Hou-chi, (Millet) Prince, Prince of the Earth, She, She-chi, She-tse, T'u or Hou-t'u Shen.

Lug

The Celtic sky-god, god of light. Husband of Eire, some say. Sometimes called Lug, Lugh, Lugh, Bright One, The, An Scal, Find, Ildanach, Lugh Chromain, Lugh Laebach, Lam(h)fada, Lonbemlech, Lonnbemnech, Ord-ollam, Samildanach, The Bright One, Celtic Lug, Gaulish Lugus, Roman Mercury, Welsh Llew Llaw Gyffes, Lugus, Lugus, Lugoves, 'bright', Irish Lugh, plurLugoves, Gallic Lugus or Gallic Lugus.

Lugdunum

Lug's fort in France. A name for Lyonesse. In some lore, occasionally known as Lugdunum, Lugdunensis, Lugdunensis, Lyonesse, Lyonesse, Leonais, Leones, Leonesse, Leonois, Leonnoys, Lethowstow, Liones, Lionesse, Leones(se), Leonnais, Liones(se), Lyonnoy, Welsh Cantre'r Gwaelod, Lowland Cantref, French Ker-Is, Lyons, Lyons, Lyons} or Lyons}.

Lugnasad

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Lugus

The Gaulish version of the sun-god Lug. Also known as Lugus, Lugoves, Lugoves, 'bright', 'bright', Arges, Phaedra, Phaethon, Phaethon, Phaethon, Phoebe, Phoebe, Phoebe, Shukra, Shukra, Lug, Lug, Lugh, Gallic Lugus, Irish Lugh, Welsh Llew Llaw Gyffes, plurLugoves or plurLugoves.

Lyonesse

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Mab

A fairy-midwife. Queen of the fairies. Sometimes known as Mab, Madb, Madb, Maev, Maeve, Maeve, Titania, Titania or Gaea.

Mars Mullo

A god of healing. This deity was a combination of Mars, the Roman war-god and Mullo, the Celtic mule-god. At times, known as Mars Mullo, Mullo, Mullo, Mula Mullo or Mulla.

Mothers

Goddesses of plenty, usually 3 in number. Occasionally identified as Mothers.

Mullo

A mule-god. Also commonly known as Mullo, Mula Mullo, Mula Mullo, Mulla, Mulla, Galla, Mars Mullo or Mars Mullo.

Nantsovelta

A water-goddess and guardian goddess in Gaul. Consort of Sucellos. Referred to as Nantsovelta, Nantosuelta, Nantosuelta, Nantosuleta or Nantosuleta.

nemed

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nemetona

Sacred groves: shrines: sanctuaries. Occasionally identified as nemetona, nemeton, nemeton, neimed or nemed.

Och

A witch. Identified as Och.

Ogmius

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On-niona

A Gaulish goddess who was worshipped in ash-groves. At times, known as On-niona.

Onuava

A Gaulish fertility-goddess. Occasionally identified as Onuava.

Optima

In some French stories, the mother of Merlin. In some accounts, known as Optima.

Otherworld

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Rheged

The ancient kingdom of the Celts, later. Divided into Strathclyde and Cumbria: the kingdom of Urien. In some accounts, known as Rheged.

Samhain

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Samhanach

Scottish goblins said to appear. At Samhain. Also identified as Samhanach.

Segomo

A war-god in Gaul. In some accounts he is equated with Cocidius. Also called Segomo, Cocidius or Cocidius.

Sequana

A river-goddess of the Seine and goddess of healing in Gaul. Sometimes referred to as Sequana, Sequena or Sequena.

Sirona

A goddess of healing or of springs in Gaul. Wife of Grannus. Also commonly known as Sirona, Dirona or Dirona.

Smertrios

A god of war in Gaul. At times, known as Smertrios, Smertullos or Smertullos.

Sorrlog

Lord of Old Sarum. Husband of Eigin. Also called Sorrlog.

Souconna

A goddess of the SaƓne. Sometimes identified as Souconna.

Tan

The sacred fire of the druids. Also known as Tan.

Tanaros

A thunder-god. This deity may be the same as Taran. Sometimes referred to as Tanaros, Taran, Taran, Taranis, Taranos, Taranuces, Taranus, Heithiurum or Thunderer.

Taran

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taran

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Tasis

A minor god. In some references, identified as Tasis.

Tasisnemetum

A grove sacred to Tasis. In some lore, occasionally identified as Tasisnemetum.

Teutates

A war-god in Gaul. In some references, known as Teutates, Teutatis, Teutatis, Toutates, Toutates, Toutatis, Toutatis, Tutatis, Tutatis, Albiorix, Albiorix, T(e)utatis, T(e)utatis, T(o)utates, T(o)utates, T(o)utatis, T(o)utatis, British Totates or British Totates.

Thau

A supreme deity. Sometimes called Thau.

Tigernonos

A title, meaning 'great king', given to various deities. Sometimes referred to as Tigernonos.

Venedotia

A name for North Wales. Also referred to as Venedotia.

Vindonnus

A Gaulish deity, wisdom personified. In some references, referred to as Vindonnus, Irish Find or Irish Find.

Whinnymoor

In Gaul, an area of gorse which the souls of the dead pass through. Also identified as Whinnymoor.
Celtic Mythology