Celtic Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abellio

A Gallic god. Also commonly identified as Abellio.

Abnoba

A German goddess of the hunt, trees and rivers. Sometimes known as Abnoba, Roman Diana, Roman Diana, Arduinna, Aritimi, Artemis, Delia, Devana, Dilwica, Dziewona or Zana.

Acaill

A sacred book. In some references, referred to as Acaill.

Adsullata

A Continental river-goddess. Occasionally referred to as Adsullata.

Aegialeus

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Aericura

An underworld god. In some accounts, Aeracura is an earth goddess. At times, known as Aericura, Aeracura or Aeracura.

Agrona

A goddess of slaughter. Some accounts equate her with Morrigan. Referred to as Agrona.

Alaisiagae

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Alba

An early name for Scotland. Referred to as Alba, Alban, Alban, Albain, Albain, Albania, Albania, Albany, Albany, Albu, Albu, Alba(i)n or Alba(i)n.

Albion

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Albiorix

A name for Teutates as 'king of the world'. Occasionally known as Albiorix, Teutates, Teutates, Teutatis, Toutates, Toutatis, Tutatis, T(e)utatis, T(o)utates, T(o)utatis or British Totates.

Alemandine

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Alisanos

An earth-god and god of stones in Gaul. Also identified as Alisanos, Alisanus, Alisanus, Alisonus or Alisonus.

Ambres

A sun-god. Also commonly referred to as Ambres, Roman Jupiter, Roman Jupiter, Amen, Bussumarus, Dyaus, Jessis or Tinia.

Ambroy Orselet

A knight mentioned in Merlin. Occasionally referred to as Ambroy Orselet, Oyselet, Oyselet or Ambroy.

Ancamna

A water-goddess in Gaul. Also referred to as Ancamna.

Andarta

A Gaulish fertility-goddess and wargoddess. This deity sometimes appeared in the form of a bear. Sometimes called Andarta, British Andrasta or British Andrasta.

Anextiomarus

A tribal god and sun-god in Britain and Gaul. In some lore, occasionally known as Anextiomarus.

Anna

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Anoniredi

A mother-goddess. Sometimes called Anoniredi, British Anna, British Anna, Irish Ana, Irish Ana, Anna or Black Annis.

Arduinna

A goddess of woods and hunting in Gaul. She is depicted riding a boar. At times, known as Arduinna, Arduina, Arduina, Roman Diana, Roman Diana, Abnoba, Aritimi, Artemis, Delia, Devana, Dilwica, Dziewona or Zana.

Armorica

An old name for Brittany. Occasionally identified as Armorica.

Artaius

A pastoral-god and bear-god in Gaul. Also commonly called Artaius, Artaios, Artaios, Roman Mercury, Roman Mercury, Alannus, Hermes or Lugh.

Artio

A Gaulish fertility-goddess, and bear-goddess. Consort of Esus. Also identified as Artio, Greek Artemis Brauronia or Greek Artemis Brauronia.

Artorius

A Gaulish god. Sometimes identified as Artorius, Greek Mercury or Greek Mercury.

Arvernus

A Gallic tribal god: king of the Arverni. Occasionally called Arvernus.

Atenociticus

A local god in the north of England. In some lore, occasionally known as Atenociticus.

Atepomarus

A Gaulish deity envisaged as the owner of many horses. Occasionally called Atepomarus, Apollo, Apollo, Apollon, Abaeus, Abaios, Aguieus, Agyieus, Aleuromantes, Apellon, Apotropaeus, Archer God, Carneios, Catharsius, Cynthius, Delian, Delius, Delphinius, Eulalon, Hecatos, Helius, Karn(ei)os, Loxias, Lyc(a)eus, Lykaios, Lyc(el)ius, Lycian, Musagetes, Nomius, Paean, Pae(e)on, Paion, Pasturer, Phoebus Apollo, Pytheus, Pythian, Pyth(i)us, Rat-killer, Sminthian, Smintheus, Sminthius, Sol, Tortor, Tyrxis, British Maponus, Etruscan Aplu, Veiovis, Gaulish Atepomarus, Roman Apellun, Greek Apollo, Greek Apollo, Angus Og, Apellun, Aplu, Maponus or Surya.

Aufaniae

A group of Continental mothergoddesses. Known as Aufaniae.

Avernus

A tribal god in Gaul. Sometimes called Avernus, Lake Avernus, Lake Avernus or Avernus.

Aveta

A Gallic goddess of birth. In some accounts, referred to as Aveta.

Baudihillie

One of the 4 Alaisiagae. Sometimes identified as Baudihillie.

Bede

One of the 4 Aliasiagae. Also commonly identified as Bede, Beda or Beda.

Bel-fire

A fire lit on a hilltop at the festival of Beltane. Also called Bel-fire.

Belin

A Gaulish god of light and crops. Consort of Belishma. He was envisaged as a ram. Sometimes known as Belin.

Belishma

A priestess of lakes and rivers. Consort on earth of Belin. On occassion, referred to as Belishma, Belisama, Belisama, Belisima, Belisma or Belisma.

Bellosvesos

A leader of the Celts who invaded Italy and took Rome. Also referred to as Bellosvesos.

Beltane

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Beltane cakes

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Beltane Carline

The person chosen as the sacrificial victim by receiving the black bit of the Beltane Cake. In some lore, occasionally called Beltane Carline.

Berecynthia

A Gaulish goddess. She was regarded as the Continental version of Cybele or Ops. Occasionally referred to as Berecynthia, Berecinthia or Berecinthia.

Berne

A moon-goddess. Sometimes identified as Berne.

Bodua

A war-goddess. In some lore, occasionally identified as Bodua, Irish Badb, Irish Badb or Cathubodua.

Boi

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Bormo

The Gaulish god of warm springs. Son of Sirona. Consort of Damona. Sometimes identified as Bormo, Bormanus, Bormanus, Borvo or Borvo.

Braciaca

A Gaulish goddess of drink. Also commonly identified as Braciaca.

Brennus

A Gaulish name for Bran. Sometimes called Brennus, Brennos, Brennos, British Brennius or British Brennius.

Briganda

The Gaulish name for Brigit. On occassion, identified as Briganda, Brigantu, Brigantu, Brigit, Brigindo, Brigindo, Brigit, Briganti, Briganti or Briganta.

Buanu

The Gaulish version of Buana. Occasionally known as Buanu, Boann, Boann, Bo Fionn, Boanan, Boand, Boannan, Boind, Boinn, Buan-ann, Buana or Boan(n)an.

Cabardiacensis

A goddess of art and industry. In some references, identified as Cabardiacensis.

Cailleach

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Cailleach Bheur

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Cathubodua

A war-goddess in Gaul: war fury. Occasionally referred to as Cathubodua, Badb, Badb, Bav, Badhb(h), Bodb, Bodhbh, Gaulish Bodua, Morrigan, Cathubodba, Cathubodba, Cauth Bodua, Cauth Bodua, Cathuboodua, Irish Badb, Irish Badb or Bodua.

Celtina

Mother of Celtus by Hercules. At times, known as Celtina.

Celtus

Son of Hercules by Celtina. He is regarded as the progenitor of the Celts. Sometimes referred to as Celtus.

Cernunnos

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Cimiacinus

A god of travellers. Also commonly referred to as Cimiacinus.

Cliton

Sister of Morgan le Fay. Also called Cliton.

Condatis

A river-god in Gaul. Sometimes referred to as Condatis.

Cromheach

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Cruithne

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Cuculatti

Protective spirits. In some lore, occasionally identified as Cuculatti, Hooded Ones or Hooded Ones.

Damona

A cattle goddess in Gaul. Consort of Bormo. Also commonly referred to as Damona, Divine Cow or Divine Cow.

Dea Arduinna

A goddess of wild animals in Gaul. In some accounts, referred to as Dea Arduinna, Irish Flidhais or Irish Flidhais.

Dea Artio

A (bear) goddess in Gaul. Referred to as Dea Artio.

Dee

A war goddess. Also called Dee.

Demetia

A name for South Wales. Also known as Demetia.

Divonia

A Gaulish fertility goddess. At times, identified as Divonia, Divona or Divona.

Dogsheads

Enemies of King Arthur. In some accounts, monsters, in others, human, perhaps Irish. Sometimes referred to as Dogsheads.

Doon Buidhe

A minstrel goddess. Occasionally called Doon Buidhe.

Druantia

A Gaulish goddess of the Druids. Also identified as Druantia, Queen of the Druids or Queen of the Druids.

druid

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druidess

A female druid. Sometimes identified as druidess.

druidism

The doctrines and ceremonies of the Celtic priests involving the use of mistletoe and the sacrifice of bulls. On occassion, identified as druidism.

Dulachan

A headless elf or goblin. In some lore, occasionally identified as Dulachan, Dhund, Dhund, Dhundh or Dund.

Dumiatis

A mountain god in Gaul. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Dumiatis.

Dunatis

A Gaulish god of forts. Sometimes called Dunatis.

Dus

A hairy demon of the woods. Also called Dus, dusius, dusius, dusii, dusio, plurdusii, German Scrat, German Scrat, Scritta or Skratti.

dusius

An incubus. Also called dusius, Dus, Dus, German Scrat, dusii, dusii, dusio, dusio, plurdusii or plurdusii.

Eigin

A fertility goddess. Wife of Sorrlog. Occasionally identified as Eigin.

el

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Epona

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Esus

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Finnilene

One of the 4 Alaisiagae. At times, known as Finnilene.

Friagabi

One of the 4 Alaisiagae. Also identified as Friagabi.

Gaddifer

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Glain

The egg of a snake with magic powers, sought by Merlin. In some lore, occasionally called Glain.

Glastonbury Zodiac

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Gloier

A king of Sorelois. Sometimes known as Gloier.

Goffar

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goose

The bird of the goddess Epona. Also commonly identified as goose.

Grannus

A sun-god and god of healing and mineral springs in Gaul. Husband of Sirona. In some accounts, identified as Grannus, Grannos or Grannos.

Hibernia

An old name for Ireland. Identified as Hibernia, Ivernia or Ivernia.

Hoel

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Hok Braz

A giant in Brittany. He was said to be able to swallow large ships. In some accounts, called Hok Braz.

Ialonus

A god of fields in Gaul. In some accounts, known as Ialonus.

Ianuania

A goddess in Gaul, associated with music and healing. Also commonly known as Ianuania.

Iccovellauna

A European water-goddess. Occasionally called Iccovellauna.

Icovellauna

A goddess of springs and healing. In some references, identified as Icovellauna.

Iseo

Daughter of Tristram. Sister of Tristram the Younger. In some Spanish stories, she married Juan, king of Castile. Occasionally referred to as Iseo.

Isle of Life

A mythical land to which Perceforest and his brother Gaddifer retired. When the Romans took over Britain. Sometimes known as Isle of Life.

Ivoire

Sister of Ban. Wife of Constantine. Mother of Aurelius, Constans and Uther. Occasionally identified as Ivoire.

Ivor

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Kalafes

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Kelliwic

One of King Arthur's castles, in Cornwall. At times, referred to as Kelliwic, Kelliwig or Kelliwig.

Lenus

A god of healing in Gaul and Wales. Occasionally identified as Lenus.

Leuce

A home for illustrious dead heroes. Called Leuce.

Levander

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Lischois

Husband of Cundrie. Also called Lischois.

Litavis

An early deity. Known as Litavis.

Lord of the Earth

A name for the frog. Also identified as Lord of the Earth, Hou-t'u, Hou-t'u, T'u, Hou-chi, (Millet) Prince, Prince of the Earth, She, She-chi, She-tse, T'u or Hou-t'u Shen.

Lug

The Celtic sky-god, god of light. Husband of Eire, some say. Sometimes called Lug, Lugh, Lugh, Bright One, The, An Scal, Find, Ildanach, Lugh Chromain, Lugh Laebach, Lam(h)fada, Lonbemlech, Lonnbemnech, Ord-ollam, Samildanach, The Bright One, Celtic Lug, Gaulish Lugus, Roman Mercury, Welsh Llew Llaw Gyffes, Lugus, Lugus, Lugoves, 'bright', Irish Lugh, plurLugoves, Gallic Lugus or Gallic Lugus.

Lugdunum

Lug's fort in France. A name for Lyonesse. On occassion, referred to as Lugdunum, Lugdunensis, Lugdunensis, Lyonesse, Lyonesse, Leonais, Leones, Leonesse, Leonois, Leonnoys, Lethowstow, Liones, Lionesse, Leones(se), Leonnais, Liones(se), Lyonnoy, Welsh Cantre'r Gwaelod, Lowland Cantref, French Ker-Is, Lyons, Lyons, Lyons} or Lyons}.

Lugnasad

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Lugus

The Gaulish version of the sun-god Lug. On occassion, known as Lugus, Lugoves, Lugoves, 'bright', 'bright', Arges, Phaedra, Phaethon, Phaethon, Phaethon, Phoebe, Phoebe, Phoebe, Shukra, Shukra, Lug, Lug, Lugh, Gallic Lugus, Irish Lugh, Welsh Llew Llaw Gyffes, plurLugoves or plurLugoves.

Lyonesse

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Mab

A fairy-midwife. Queen of the fairies. Occasionally referred to as Mab, Madb, Madb, Maev, Maeve, Maeve, Titania, Titania or Gaea.

Mars Mullo

A god of healing. This deity was a combination of Mars, the Roman war-god and Mullo, the Celtic mule-god. Also commonly referred to as Mars Mullo, Mullo, Mullo, Mula Mullo or Mulla.

Mothers

Goddesses of plenty, usually 3 in number. Also commonly referred to as Mothers.

Mullo

A mule-god. Identified as Mullo, Mula Mullo, Mula Mullo, Mulla, Mulla, Galla, Mars Mullo or Mars Mullo.

Nantsovelta

A water-goddess and guardian goddess in Gaul. Consort of Sucellos. Also called Nantsovelta, Nantosuelta, Nantosuelta, Nantosuleta or Nantosuleta.

nemed

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nemetona

Sacred groves: shrines: sanctuaries. Occasionally known as nemetona, nemeton, nemeton, neimed or nemed.

Och

A witch. Also commonly referred to as Och.

Ogmius

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On-niona

A Gaulish goddess who was worshipped in ash-groves. In some lore, occasionally identified as On-niona.

Onuava

A Gaulish fertility-goddess. Identified as Onuava.

Optima

In some French stories, the mother of Merlin. Also commonly referred to as Optima.

Otherworld

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Rheged

The ancient kingdom of the Celts, later. Divided into Strathclyde and Cumbria: the kingdom of Urien. Sometimes called Rheged.

Samhain

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Samhanach

Scottish goblins said to appear. At Samhain. On occassion, known as Samhanach.

Segomo

A war-god in Gaul. In some accounts he is equated with Cocidius. Also referred to as Segomo, Cocidius or Cocidius.

Sequana

A river-goddess of the Seine and goddess of healing in Gaul. In some references, identified as Sequana, Sequena or Sequena.

Sirona

A goddess of healing or of springs in Gaul. Wife of Grannus. Also known as Sirona, Dirona or Dirona.

Smertrios

A god of war in Gaul. Sometimes identified as Smertrios, Smertullos or Smertullos.

Sorrlog

Lord of Old Sarum. Husband of Eigin. At times, known as Sorrlog.

Souconna

A goddess of the SaƓne. In some references, identified as Souconna.

Tan

The sacred fire of the druids. At times, identified as Tan.

Tanaros

A thunder-god. This deity may be the same as Taran. On occassion, identified as Tanaros, Taran, Taran, Taranis, Taranos, Taranuces, Taranus, Heithiurum or Thunderer.

Taran

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taran

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Tasis

A minor god. Also commonly called Tasis.

Tasisnemetum

A grove sacred to Tasis. Occasionally known as Tasisnemetum.

Teutates

A war-god in Gaul. Sometimes known as Teutates, Teutatis, Teutatis, Toutates, Toutates, Toutatis, Toutatis, Tutatis, Tutatis, Albiorix, Albiorix, T(e)utatis, T(e)utatis, T(o)utates, T(o)utates, T(o)utatis, T(o)utatis, British Totates or British Totates.

Thau

A supreme deity. Sometimes called Thau.

Tigernonos

A title, meaning 'great king', given to various deities. Occasionally known as Tigernonos.

Venedotia

A name for North Wales. At times, identified as Venedotia.

Vindonnus

A Gaulish deity, wisdom personified. In some references, called Vindonnus, Irish Find or Irish Find.

Whinnymoor

In Gaul, an area of gorse which the souls of the dead pass through. Occasionally identified as Whinnymoor.
Celtic Mythology