Burmese Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

A-mong

read more »

Apauk-kyit-hok

read more »

Arathaso

Malevolent tree spirits. Referred to as Arathaso.

Bilu

A cannibal ogre. This being is said to cast no shadow. Also commonly identified as Bilu.

Byat-Ta

A wind spirit. Father of Shwe Pyin Nyi-nuang. Brother of Byat-Twe. Occasionally identified as Byat-Ta.

Byat-Twe

Brother of Byat-Ta. Known as Byat-Twe, Shwe Pyin Nyi-Nuang or Shwe Pyin Nyi-Nuang.

Chang-hko

read more »

Chanun

read more »

Chinun Way Shun

read more »

Chiton

One of the first nats, created by Chinun Way Shun. Occasionally identified as Chiton.

Doc Cu'oc

read more »

E-u

The first woman, made by Ea-pe. Consort of Thanai. In some lore, occasionally called E-u.

Ea-pe

The supreme deity of the Karen. He created the first man, Thanai and the first woman, E-u. In some lore, occasionally called Ea-pe.

eingsaung nat

A benevolent house-spirit. Called eingsaung nat.

erawng mot krak

Tall, forked sticks planted in the ground. These sticks record the sacrifice of buffalo to the gods. Sometimes referred to as erawng mot krak, wang un keng or wang un keng.

Hkeo

A lake. In some lore, occasionally identified as Hkeo, Hkun Hsang L'rong or Hkun Hsang L'rong.

Hkrip Hkrawp

A male earth-spirit. Husband of Sik Sawp. Father of Chanum, Ngawn-wa-Mogam and Woi-shun. Sometimes identified as Hkrip Hkrawp.

hkuang-beit-set

read more »

Hkum Yeng

A guardian spirit of villages. One of the nats. Sometimes called Hkum Yeng.

Hkun Ai

A hero who married a dragonwoman. When he left his wife she gave him an egg from which a son, Tung Hkam, was born. Occasionally known as Hkun Ai.

Hkun Hsang L'rong

read more »

Hkun Hsang Long

read more »

Hkun Sak-ya

The Burmese name for Indra. At times, called Hkun Sak-ya.

hmawsaya

read more »

Hmin

A nat who afflicts travellers with the ague or drives them mad. In some accounts, called Hmin.

hminza

A malignant ghost in the form of a cat or dog: a form of tasé. Also identified as hminza.

Hnit-ma-dawgyi

read more »

hPaung-daw-u

A Buddhist water-dragon god, guardian of lakes. At times, called hPaung-daw-u.

hPi

A demon. This being is said to have red eyes and cast no shadow. In some accounts, referred to as hPi, hPi-hPai or hPi-hPai.

Huyen-thien

A Buddhist dragon-god, guardian of the north and of Tongking. Sometimes identified as Huyen-thien, Nguyen-quan, Nguyen-quan, Tran-vu, Tran-vu, Chinese Huyen-vu or Chinese Huyen-vu.

Jan

A benevolent nat of the sun. One of the original nats created by Chinun Way Shun. In some accounts, identified as Jan.

Ka

read more »

Khun Hsang L'rong

read more »

Ko Pala

read more »

kyoung

A Buddhist monastery. Occasionally known as kyoung, Buddhist vihara or Buddhist vihara.

la

read more »

Lahu

A fertility-god. Also commonly known as Lahu.

Lan Yein

A progenitor of the Karens. Called Lan Yein.

leippya

read more »

Loi Hsao Mong

A sacred mountain, home of the gods. Called Loi Hsao Mong.

Long-Do

A guardian deity. Occasionally identified as Long-Do.

Lu

read more »

Madali Wi-hsa-kyuna

A powerful nat. Also commonly identified as Madali Wi-hsa-kyuna.

Maha Gita Medani

A collection of stories about Burmese demons known as nats. In some references, known as Maha Gita Medani.

Majaw Shringa Pum

A sacred mountain, home of the first man. Also commonly called Majaw Shringa Pum, Majoi Shringa Pum, Majoi Shringa Pum or Majaw Shringha Pum.

Maya

read more »

Min Kyawzwa

A nat, spirit of wine and merrymaking. Sometimes identified as Min Kyawzwa.

Min Magaye

read more »

Mong Hsang

Heaven, the home of Hkun Hsan Long. In some accounts, referred to as Mong Hsang.

Mu

read more »

Mun-Ha

read more »

Myiammo Taung

A sacred mountain regarded as the centre of the earth. Sometimes identified as Myiammo Taung.

Naga Min

A serpent-king. Identified as Naga Min.

Nang-pyek-kha Yek-khi

read more »

nat

read more »

nat-kadau

Mediums officiating at the festivals. Dedicated to the nats. Also commonly identified as nat-kadau.

nat-thami

A group of female nats. The function of this group is to guard the umbrellas of the royal family. Also known as nat-thami.

nat-than

Spirit-songs. These songs or chants are used at the festivals dedicated to individual nats. At times, identified as nat-than.

natsin

A shrine dedicated to a nat. Occasionally referred to as natsin.

Nawng Hkeo

read more »

Nga-hlut Piwe

A Buddhist festival of purification. On occassion, identified as Nga-hlut Piwe.

Ngawn-wa Mogam

Son of Hkrip Hkrawp and Sik Sawp. He shaped the world with a hammer and made it fit for human beings. In some accounts, known as Ngawn-wa Mogam.

Ngoyama

Devils. These beings are envisaged as somewhat like humans but with tails. They are said to eat real humans. Also commonly identified as Ngoyama.

Nguyen-hu'u-do

A viceroy who was deified as a god of wisdom. Also known as Nguyen-hu'u-do.

Ning Sang

The Buddhist supreme being. On occassion, called Ning Sang, Npham Wa or Npham Wa.

ning wot

read more »

Pawpaw Nan Chuang

Brother of Chang-hko. In some accounts, he survived the flood as well as his sister. Occasionally known as Pawpaw Nan Chuang.

pongyi

A senior monk. In some lore, occasionally identified as pongyi, Pali thera or Pali thera.

Ponphyoi

One of the original nats, created by Chinun Way Shun. Called Ponphyoi.

pyinsalet

read more »

Saba-Leippya

A spirit of the soil. At times, identified as Saba-Leippya.

sal

A sacred tree. It is said that Maya, the mother of the Buddha, was holding a branch of this tree when her son was born. Occasionally identified as sal.

Sao Kang

A fertility-spirit living in a lake. On occassion, known as Sao Kang.

sayadaw

A title for the head of a monastery. In some lore, occasionally referred to as sayadaw.

Sek-ya

read more »

Shin Ne Mi

A nat in the form of a nature-spirit. Niece of Min Magaye. Sometimes referred to as Shin Ne Mi.

Shingrawa

read more »

Shippawn Ayawng

The ancestor of the Kachin. People, descended from the creator, Shingrawa. At times, referred to as Shippawn Ayawng.

Shitta

The nat of the moon. One of the original nats, created by Chinun Way Shun. Called Shitta.

Shwe Na Be

Wife of Min Magaye. Also commonly known as Shwe Na Be.

Shwe Pyin Nyi Naung

read more »

Siksawp

A female spirit of heaven. Consort of Hkrip Hkrawp. Mother of Chanum, Ngawn-wa- Mogam and Woi-shun. Also referred to as Siksawp.

Sinh

read more »

Sinlap

One of the first nats, created by Chinum Way Shun. A giver of wisdom. Occasionally called Sinlap.

Ta-hsek-khi

read more »

tak-keng

read more »

tasé

read more »

Tawadeintha

The land of the nats. In some references, known as Tawadeintha, Siamese Taweda or Siamese Taweda.

thabet

Monsters, spirits of women who have died in childbirth. A form of tasé. These beings take the form of giants with very long, slimy tongues. Also known as thabet, thaye or thaye.

Thagya

Spirits of the air: nats. In some references, known as Thagya.

Thagya Min

Chief of the 37 nats. His appearance signals the start of the year and determines its outcome. Also commonly identified as Thagya Min.

Thanai

In the lore of the Karen the first man, made by Ea-pe. Consort of E-U. Sometimes called Thanai, Thanoi or Thanoi.

thaye

Monsters, spirits of men who have died violently. A form of tasé. These beings take the form of giants with very long, slimy tongues. Also referred to as thaye, thabet or thabet.

Thein

Rain-nats. It is said that rain is caused by battles between these nats. Also identified as Thein.

Thingyan Pwe

read more »

Thunder Saint

read more »

to

A monster, part lion, part deer. Identified as to, 'the way', 'the way', Tao, To, Chinese Tao or Chinese Tao.

Trikurat

A forest-spirit. A nat who helps the hunter. Sometimes identified as Trikurat.

Trung-nhi

read more »

Trung-trac

read more »

Tsun-Kyan-Kse

read more »

tumsa

An exorcist. In some references, identified as tumsa.

Tung Hkam

read more »

Upaka

A nat, a snapper-up of human beings. Known as Upaka.

Van Xuong

A dragon-god of literature. In some accounts, referred to as Van Xuong.

Wawn

One of the original nats created by Chinun Way Shun. In some accounts, referred to as Wawn.

Weza

Necromancers. There are eight different types of weza, each working with specific elements. In some accounts, identified as Weza.

Woi-shun

read more »

Ya-hsek-khi

read more »

Yamadi

read more »
Burmese Mythology