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Buddhist Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

A-mi-t'o-fo

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Abhayakara

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Abhidharma Pitaka

A collection of writings on the subject of dharma; part of the Tripitaka. At times, known as Abhidharma Pitaka, Abhidamma-Pitaka or Abhidamma-Pitaka.

Abhidharmakosa

A collection of texts translated by Hsüan Tsang and used by the Kosa sect of Chinese Buddhists. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Abhidharmakosa.

Abhimukhi

A minor goddess. One of 12 bhumis. She is depicted holding a staff and a book. Sometimes called Abhimukhi.

Abhirati

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Absolute

A name or attribute of Buddha. Transcendental reality. Occasionally known as Absolute, Brahma, Brahma, Brahman, Vaivarta, Abjaja, Abjayoni, Ananta, Astakarna, Brahman, Dhatar, Dhatri, Grandfather, hamsa, Hiranyagarbha, Ishvara, Kala, Kamalasana, Mahadeva, Narayana, Padma-Nabha, Pitamaha, Prajapati, Purusha, Svayambhu(va), Varaha, Vishvakarma, Buddhist Janardana, Vairocana, Cambodian Prah Phrom, Japanese Bon-Ten-O, Dainichi or Thai Phrom.

Abuda

In Japan, the 8 cold hells. Also referred to as Abuda, To-Kwatsu or To-Kwatsu.

Acala

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Achala

A Buddhist god. Occasionally referred to as Achala, Tibetan Mi-gyo-ba or Tibetan Mi-gyo-ba.

Adamantine Sow

A name for Vajravarahi. In some references, identified as Adamantine Sow, Vajravarahi, Vajravarahi, Queen of Heaven, Vajravahi, Tibetan rDo-rje-ph-mo or Bhavani.

Adhimukticarya

A minor goddess. One of the 12 bhumis. Also identified as Adhimukticarya.

Adhimuktivasita

A minor goddess. One of the 12 bhumis. Occasionally referred to as Adhimuktivasita.

adidharma

Sacred writings on metaphysics. In some references, known as adidharma, Adhidharma, Adhidharma, Adidharma, adhidharma or adhidharma.

Agnidatta

A heretic. When Agnidatta turned himself into a many-headed serpent, Shariputra turned himself into a garuda and defeated him. Sometimes known as Agnidatta.

Ajatasatru

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Ajaya

A minor goddess. Also identified as Ajaya, 'invincible' or 'invincible'.

Ajita

In some accounts, another name for Asita. Occasionally known as Ajita, Asita, Asita, Maitreya, Mi-lo-fo, Chinese A-shih-to, A-tzu-ta, Mi-lofo, Mi-lo Fo, etc (see Mi-lo-fo)Tibetan Ma-p'am-pa or M-phem-pa.

akasha

The spiritual essence of space; Primordial matter. Sometimes called akasha, akasa, akasa, akasha, Akasagarbha, Akasagarbha, Akasha, Khagarbha, Akasha or Japanese Kokuzo.

Akashic records

The cosmic record in which every. Action of the individual is recorded. Also commonly referred to as Akashic records, Book of Life or Book of Life.

Aksayajnana-Karmanda

One of 12 dharanis; literature. Also identified as Aksayajnana-Karmanda.

Akshobhya

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Amaradevi

A virtuous woman. When four men pestered her with their attentions, she shut them up in a basket and left them there all night. Occasionally referred to as Amaradevi.

Amida

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Amitabha

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Amitayas

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Amoghapasa

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Amoghasiddhi

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Amrapati

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Amrtadhara

A celestial doorkeeper. Identified as Amrtadhara.

anagamin

One who, progressing towards Nirvana, is in his last life on earth. Sometimes known as anagamin.

Ananda

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Anantamukhi

One of the 12 dharanis - literature. At times, called Anantamukhi.

Anathapindada

A rich merchant. He bought a magnificient horse from a prince and offered it to the Buddha. In some accounts, referred to as Anathapindada.

Angida

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Apalala

A water monster that was converted by Buddha. Occasionally known as Apalala.

Aparajita

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Apaya

The 4 lower worlds. These are given as the animal world, the demon world, the world of ghosts, and hell. Also identified as Apaya.

apratibuddha

The transcendental self. Sometimes known as apratibuddha, abuddha or abuddha.

Arapacana

A bodhisattva. In some lore, occasionally called Arapacana.

Arcismati

One of 12 deified spiritual spheres. Sometimes called Arcismati.

arhat

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Arpanacana

A god of wisdom. An aspect of Manjushri. Known as Arpanacana, Tibetan Jam dpal, Tibetan Jam dpal, Jam-pa-i-dbyans, Jam-pa-i-dbyans, Jam-dpal, Jam-pa-yang or Jam-pa-yang.

Artemisia

A good luck symbol, one of the 8 precious things. Also known as Artemisia.

Arthapratisamvit

A goddess of logic. Also known as Arthapratisamvit.

Arupa loka

One of the 3 regions of the universe, the world of spirit. Home of arhats and buddhas. In some lore, occasionally called Arupa loka, Triloka, Triloka, Rupa Loka or Tri-loka.

Arya-Tara

A goddess, a form of Tara. Consort of Amoghasiddhi. At times, referred to as Arya-Tara, Tara, Tara, Kuan Yin, Queen of Heaven, Queen of Knowledge, Tarini, Bhrkuti-Tara, Dhanada, Ekajata, Janguli, Jayatara, Mahacinatara, Padmatara, Pandaravasini, Parnassavari, Prajna(paramita), Sitatara, Sukla-Tara, Syamatara, Vajratara, Vasya-Tara, Vidjyarajni, Chinese Kuan Yin, Tibetan Dolma, sGrol-ma, Blue Tara, Green Tara, Red Tara, Tara Amba or White Tara.

Aryajangulitara

A form of White Tara. Sometimes called Aryajangulitara, White Tara, White Tara, Sitatara, Sukla-Tara, Tara, Hindu Pandaravasini or Tibetan sGrol-dkar.

Ashoka

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Asita

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Asokakanta

A form of Marici. Normally depicted as gold-coloured and riding a pig, she is sometimes white and standing on the moon and a lotus. Also called Asokakanta.

Asvagosha

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Asvamukha

The Buddhist version of Ma Mien. Also known as Asvamukha, Ma Mien, Ma Mien, Horse-face, Horse-faced Messenger or Horse Face.

Atisa

An 11th century disciple who brought Buddhism to Tibet, later deified. Also identified as Atisa, Jobo-Atisa or Jobo-Atisa.

Atman

Ultimate reality: the divine element in man's make-up: the soul. Identified as Atman, Atma, Atma, Pali Atta or Pali Atta.

Atta

The Pali version of the Sanskrit Atman. Known as Atta.

Avadana

Collections of tales about various Buddhist heroes. Occasionally referred to as Avadana.

Aval

A Chinese goddess of mercy. Sometimes identified as Aval.

Avalokiteshvara

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avatar

The highest grade of Buddhist monk in Tibet. In some accounts, called avatar, avatara, avatara, avatar, avatar, awatar, awatar, awatara, awatara, descent or descent.

Avici

The lowest of the 7 realms of hell, reserved for those who mock the Buddha. Sometimes referred to as Avici, Avichey, Avichey, Avichi, Cambodian Avichi or Cambodian Avichi.

Ayurvasita

One of the 12 Paramita goddesses. On occassion, called Ayurvasita.

Bad Dog Village

A part of hell. Here the good are allowed to pass, while the evil ones are torn to pieces by dogs. At times, identified as Bad Dog Village.

Bahusodara

A goddess. Mother of Syama. In some lore, occasionally identified as Bahusodara.

Bala

One of the 12 Paramita goddesses, power personified. At times, identified as Bala.

Balaha

The winged white horse of Avalokiteshvara. Also commonly called Balaha.

Balam

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bardo

In Tibet, the state between death and rebirth. Known as bardo, Chikha, Chikha, Cihuacoatl, Chikha Bardo or Bardo.

Bardo Thodol

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bDe-mchog

The Tibetan version of Samvara. Occasionally referred to as bDe-mchog, Samvara, Samvara or Cakra-Samvara.

Bhadra

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Bhadrakalpa

The present era. In some lore, occasionally identified as Bhadrakalpa.

Bhagavan

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Bhallika

One of the maidens who fed the Buddha sugar cane when he broke his fast. On occassion, referred to as Bhallika, Trapusha or Trapusha.

Bhavacakramudra

The wheel of life. At times, known as Bhavacakramudra.

bhikkhu

A mendicant monk. In some references, known as bhikkhu, bhikshu, bhikshu, female bhikkuni or female bhikkuni.

bhikkuni

A female bhikku. Also commonly called bhikkuni.

Bhima

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bhumi

A group of 12 deities. These beings represent the spiritual stages through which a bodhisattva must pass. In some references, known as bhumi.

Bhutadamara

A three-eyed-god of demons. He is depicted as black with four arms and is decorated with eight snakes and five skulls. Sometimes known as Bhutadamara.

Bikshu

The 4 'apostles of Buddhism. The names of these men, the original apostles of Buddha, are given as Kun Dadhana, Kashyapa, Pindola and Rahula. In some references, known as Bikshu, Biksu or Biksu.

Bimbasara

A king. Husband of Vaidehi. Father of Ajatasatru. He offered the Buddha the use of his bamboo park for the accommodation of his disciples. In some accounts, known as Bimbasara.

Birushana

A huge statue of the Buddha, worshipped by the Kegou sect. Called Birushana, Dainichi, Dainichi, Birushana, Brahma, Mahavairocana, Mahavairochana, Mahavairoc(h)ana, Buddhist Vairocana or Hindu Brahma.

Blue Tara

A shakti of Akshobya. Occasionally identified as Blue Tara, Nila Tara, Nila Tara, Tara, Tara, Kuan Yin, Queen of Heaven, Queen of Knowledge, Tarini, Arya-Tara, Bhrkuti-Tara, Dhanada, Ekajata, Janguli, Jayatara, Mahacinatara, Padmatara, Pandaravasini, Parnassavari, Prajna(paramita), Sitatara, Sukla-Tara, Syamatara, Vajratara, Vasya-Tara, Vidjyarajni, Chinese Kuan Yin, Tibetan Dolma, sGrol-ma, Green Tara, Red Tara, Tara Amba or White Tara.

bo-tree

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Bodhidharma

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bodhisattva

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Brahma

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Brahmavati

Wife of Brahmayus or Subramanya. Mother of Maitreya. The future Buddha, Maitreya, will be born from Brahmavati's right side after a pregnancy lasting ten months. Also commonly referred to as Brahmavati.

Brahmayus

Husband of Brahmavati. Father of Maitreya, some say. In some lore, occasionally known as Brahmayus, Subrahmanya, Subrahmanya or Subramanya.

Brute Division

One of the 3 sections of the lower half of the Wheel of the Law. Occasionally identified as Brute Division.

Buddha-dharma

The law of Buddha. Also referred to as Buddha-dharma.

Buddha-sasana

The Buddha's message. Also referred to as Buddha-sasana.

Buddha-vacana

The word of the Buddha. In some references, identified as Buddha-vacana.

Buddhabodhiprabhavasita

A goddess, one of the 12 Paramita goddesses. Also known as Buddhabodhiprabhavasita.

Buddhacarita

A 1st C. Story of the life of the Buddha written by Asvagosha. Occasionally referred to as Buddhacarita.

Buddhadakini

A female Buddha; an air-goddess. Also identified as Buddhadakini.

Buddhaghosa

A 5th C. Sage. He is credited with the compilation of the Theravada. Sometimes referred to as Buddhaghosa.

Buddhakapala

An aspect of Aksobhya or Heruka who has Citrasena as sakti. Sometimes identified as Buddhakapala, Akshobhya, Akshobhya, Aksobhya, Imperturbable, The, Candarosana, Heruka, Hevajira, ahacinatara, Mahapratyangira, Manjushri, Nairamata, Rakta-Yamari, Theimperturbable, Ucchusma, Vajracarcika, Vajradaka, Vajraheruka, Vajrasana, Vasudhara, Vighnamtaka, Yamantaka, Hindu Vishnu, Japanese Ashuku or Tibetan Samvara.

Buddhapada

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Buddhasakti

The consort of a Buddha. On occassion, called Buddhasakti.

buddhi

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Budha

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butten

Sacred scriptures. Sometimes known as butten.

Byams-pa

The Tibetan name for Maitreya. In some references, called Byams-pa, Chem-pa, Chem-pa or Maitreya.

Candarosana

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Candesvari

A minor goddess. She is depicted as standing on a corpse. In some lore, occasionally called Candesvari.

Candra

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capa

A bow used in rites designed to ward off evil spirits. Occasionally referred to as capa, sara or sara.

Carana

The footprint of a Buddha. At times, called Carana.

Carcika

A goddess. On occassion, referred to as Carcika.

Chadanta

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Chak-dor-u-isa-rya

The Tibetan name for Acarya-Vajrapani. Sometimes identified as Chak-dor-u-isa-rya, Pyag-rdor-au-tsa-rya, Pyag-rdor-au-tsa-rya, P'yag-rdor-au-tsa-rya or P'yag-rdor-au-tsa-rya.

Chakdor

The god of Yiddak, the Tibetan land of hunger and thirst. Also called Chakdor.

Chakrasamvara

Sublime happiness personified. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Chakrasamvara, Cakrasamvara or Cakrasamvara.

chakravala

The universe envisaged as a circular enclosure. Below the world as we know it lie thirteen hells; above it, there are twenty-six heavens. Also commonly referred to as chakravala.

Chakravartin

A name for Maitreya, the future. Buddha, as 'emperor of the world'. At times, identified as Chakravartin, Chakra-Varti, Chakra-Varti, Maitreya, Maitreya, Fu-tai-shih, Warai-botoke, Asita, Chinese Hsiao Fo, Mi-lo-fo, Pu T'ai Hoshang, Hindu Kalki, Japanese Miro(ku), Hotei, Korean Miruk, Manchurian Maidari, Mongolian Maidari, Pali Metteya, Tibetan Byams-pa or Chem-pa.

champak

The magnolia tree. This tree is sacred to the Buddha. Also identified as champak.

Champeyya

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Champeyya-Jataka

The story of Champeyya and Sumana. Occasionally known as Champeyya-Jataka.

Chandaka

The Buddha's charioteer, born at the same moment as the Buddha. In some references, identified as Chandaka, Channa, Channa, Chhandaka or Chhandaka.

Chattrosnisa

A sky-god. Sometimes known as Chattrosnisa.

Chayula

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chela

A religious novice. Also identified as chela.

cho-pen

A form of prayer-flag: good luck. Also referred to as cho-pen, cod-pan, cod-pan, Tibetan cod-pan, Tibetan cod-pan, da-cha, da-cha, dar-Ich'og, ghan-po slob-rgyas, gLan-po stob-rgyas, gyal-tsan dsemo, lung-rta or dar-lch'og.

Chota Panthaka

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Chu U

In Japan, the state between death and rebirth. Also referred to as Chu U.

Chunda

A goddess. A manifestation of Kwannon. She is depicted with a smiling face and four or sixteen arms. Occasionally known as Chunda, Chikanga, Chikanga, Chunda, Kikanga, Little Doctor, Little Guinea Fowl or Little Guinea-fowl.

churi

A knife used in rituals to cut out evil. Sometimes referred to as churi.

Cintamani

A pearl said to have the power to grant wishes. This jewel is carried on the back of the horse of the west wind. Also referred to as Cintamani.

Citrasena

The female aspect of Buddhakapala. Sometimes called Citrasena.

Cittapati

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Cittavasita

A goddess. One of 12 Paramita goddesses. In some lore, occasionally known as Cittavasita.

Confession Buddhas

A type of Buddha of which there are said to be 35. When depicted, these beings are usually shown bare-headed. In some references, identified as Confession Buddhas.

cuti-citta

Death-consciousness: the last minutes of one's life. At times, referred to as cuti-citta.

Dadimunda

A god in Ceylon, attendant on Upulvan. In some lore, occasionally called Dadimunda, Devata Bandara or Devata Bandara.

Dakini

A lion-headed goddess in Tibet. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Dakini, Dakkini or Dakkini.

Dakinis

Female Buddhas: spirits of wisdom. Also known as Dakinis, Walkers in the Sky, Walkers in the Sky or Dakinis.

danda

A staff on which is mounted a skeleton or a vajra. Occasionally referred to as danda.

Dandapani

Mother of Yashodhara. Sometimes identified as Dandapani.

Demon Gate Barrier

The place in Hades where a wandering spirit may be attacked. By demons who demand money. At times, known as Demon Gate Barrier.

deva

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deva-loka

One of 26 spheres inhabited by devas. At times, identified as deva-loka.

Devadatta

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Devaputra

Minor gods. On occassion, identified as Devaputra.

Dgah-bo

The Tibetan version of Nanda. In some references, called Dgah-bo.

Dhammapada

Sacred writings: the words of Buddha. Occasionally referred to as Dhammapada.

Dhanada

An aspect of Amoghasiddhu. A form of Tara. Occasionally known as Dhanada, Amoghasiddhi, Amoghasiddhi, Kamaheruka, Kharmaheruka, Mahamayuri, Mahasritara, Sitatara, Vajrasrnkhala, Vasya-tara, Vishvapani, Hindu Indra, Japanese Fuku-joju, Shaka, Tibetan Don-yod-grub-pa, Donyo-dup-pa, Dhana-Pati, Dhana-Pati, Dhanada, Kubera, Kubera, Kubera, Kubera, Duhsaha, Kubera, Dhana-pati, K(a)uvera, Kumbhakharna, Nara-raja, Ratnagarbha, Vaishravana, Vibishana, Yaksha, Kubera Sudurmukha, Yaksha, Tara, Tara, Kuan Yin, Queen of Heaven, Queen of Knowledge, Tarini, Arya-Tara, Bhrkuti-Tara, Ekajata, Janguli, Jayatara, Mahacinatara, Padmatara, Pandaravasini, Parnassavari, Prajna(paramita), Sukla-Tara, Syamatara, Vajratara, Vasya-Tara, Vidjyarajni, Chinese Kuan Yin, Tibetan Dolma, sGrol-ma, Blue Tara, Green Tara, Red Tara, Tara Amba or White Tara.

dharani

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Dharini

A goddess of memory. Sometimes identified as Dharini, dharani, dharani, dharini or dharini.

dharma-kaya

The cosmic body of the Buddha, the body of the law: the Buddha as the personification of truth. Also called dharma-kaya, Three Bodies Doctrine, Three Bodies Doctrine, nirmana-kaya, sambhoga-kaya, Trikaya or Tri'kaya.

Dharma-Raja

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Dharmachakra

A lord of speech. An aspect of Manjushri. Sometimes identified as Dharmachakra.

Dharmadhatuvagisvara

A four-headed god of law. An aspect of Amitabha. Also referred to as Dharmadhatuvagisvara, Manjughosha, Manjughosha or Manjughosa.

Dharmadhavaja

The first Tashi Lama of Tibet. Also referred to as Dharmadhavaja.

Dharmakari

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Dharmamanjughosha

One of the 4 Manjughosha. An aspect of Manjushri as lord of speech. Sometimes referred to as Dharmamanjughosha.

Dharmamegha

A goddess. A Buddhist-Lamaist god of medicine. One of the sMan-bla. One of the 12 bhumis. Also called Dharmamegha.

Dharmapala

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Dharmapratisamvit

A nature goddess. One of the 4 pratisamvits. Occasionally identified as Dharmapratisamvit.

Dharmavasita

A goddess. One of the 12 Paramita goddesses. Occasionally referred to as Dharmavasita.

Dharmogata

A bodhisattva. On occassion, referred to as Dharmogata.

Dhartarashthra

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Dhupatara

A minor goddess. At times, called Dhupatara.

dhvaja

A symbol of the breath of life: a victory banner. Called dhvaja.

Dhvajagrakeyura

A minor goddess. Also commonly identified as Dhvajagrakeyura.

Dhvajonisa

A minor deity, guardian of the south-west. At times, identified as Dhvajonisa.

Dhyana

One of the 12 Paramita goddesses, meditation personified. Also referred to as Dhyana, Dhyanaparamita, Dhyanaparamita, Jhana or Jhana.

Dhyanaloka

One of the 10 Buddhist heavens. Occasionally called Dhyanaloka.

Dhyanibodhisattva

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Dhyanibuddhas

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Dhyanibuddhasakti

A sakti of one of the 5 dhyanibuddhas. In some lore, occasionally known as Dhyanibuddhasakti.

Dipa

A goddess of light. One of the astamataras. In some accounts, called Dipa, sNam-gsal-ma, sNam-gsal-ma, Tibetan sNam-gsatma or Tibetan sNam-gsatma.

Dipa Tara

A minor goddess of light. Occasionally referred to as Dipa Tara.

Dipankara

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discus

The weapon of Mara. Sometimes known as discus.

Divya-dundu

The Sanskrit version of Tenkuraion, a name for Ashuku. Also identified as Divya-dundu.

Dombi

A terrible goddess. One of the Gauri. On occassion, called Dombi.

Dri-za

The Tibetan name for Dhritarashtra. (Dhartarashthra) as 'King of the Gandhavas'. Also commonly called Dri-za.

dukkha

World weariness: the burden of living. Also identified as dukkha.

Dur-krod-bdag-po

The Tibetan name for Citapati. Sometimes identified as Dur-krod-bdag-po.

Durangama

A minor goddess. One of the 12 bhumis. In some lore, occasionally identified as Durangama.

Durjaya

A goddess attendant on Buddhakapala. Also referred to as Durjaya.

Dus-kyi Khor-lo

The Tibetan version of Kalachakra. Sometimes called Dus-kyi Khor-lo.

Ekajata

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Ekashringa

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Emerald Buddha

A statue of the Buddha said to have been made by Nagasena using. Magical powers. In some references, referred to as Emerald Buddha.

Footprints of Buddha

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Four Kings

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Four Signs

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Gaganaganja

A bodhisattva. Sometimes referred to as Gaganaganja.

Ganapati

A Buddhist derivation from Ganesha. Also identified as Ganapati, Brhaspati, Brhaspati, Brahmanaspati, Brihaspati, Vrhaspati, Vrihaspati, Dhis(h)ana, Great Father, Jyeshtharaja, Purohita, Sadasapati, Bali Bagaspati, Ganesha, Ganesha, Ganesa, Ganesh, Genesh, Ekadanta, Gajanana, Hastimukha, Lambodara, Lord of Obstacles, (Maha-)Ganapati, Buddhist Vighnantaka, Vigneshava, Greek Hermes, Japanese Shoten or Heramba.

Ganapatihrdaya

The sakti of Ganapati. Occasionally referred to as Ganapatihrdaya.

Ganda Tara

A minor goddess. Sometimes called Ganda Tara.

Gandha

A Buddhist-Lamaist goddess. One of the mataras. She is depicted as green in colour and sometimes with four arms. Occasionally referred to as Gandha, Tibetan Dri-chah-ma or Tibetan Dri-chah-ma.

Garbhadhatu

The world of forms. Sometimes referred to as Garbhadhatu.

Garuda

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Garuda Putih

A white eagle. It is said that the Buddha comes to earth once a year, transported by this celestial bird. At times, known as Garuda Putih, Celestial Eagle, Celestial Eagle or Garuda (Putih.

Gauri

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Gauri-Tara

A minor goddess. In some accounts, called Gauri-Tara.

Ghantapani

An aspect of Vajrasattva. One of the dhyanibodhisattvas. In some references, referred to as Ghantapani, Vajrasattva, Vajrasattva, Adi-Buddha, Indian Adi-Buddha, Japanese Kongo or Tibetan rDo-rje-sems-dpa.

Ghasmari

A terrible goddess. At times, referred to as Ghasmari.

Gholsong

One of the 6 regions shown on the Tibetan Wheel of Life, the Sipa Khorlo. This is the realm of animals, both terrestrial and aquatic. In some lore, occasionally identified as Gholsong.

Gita

One of the 8 Buddhist. Mother-goddesses. She is depicted with either two or four arms and holding a lyre. In some references, identified as Gita, Tibetan Glu-ma or Tibetan Glu-ma.

Glu-ma

The Tibetan version of Gita. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Glu-ma, Lu-ma or Lu-ma.

Gnas-brtan

The Tibetan version of the Eighteen. Lohan or the 16 arhats. In some lore, occasionally called Gnas-brtan, Neten, Neten, Eighteen Lohan, Japanese Arakan, Japanese Arakan, Rakan, Rakan, Arakan, Tibetan Gnas-brtan or Arhat.

Gobaka

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Golden Lotus

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Golden Youth

A guide in Hades. His function is to guide the spirits of the good across the Inevitable River over the Fairy Bridges. Occasionally identified as Golden Youth.

gompa

A Buddhist monastery in Tibet. Sometimes identified as gompa.

Gonamati

One of the Eighteen Lohan. A very wise disciple of the Buddha, he is depicted seated under a tree. In some references, known as Gonamati, Chinese Chu-ti Ho-shang, Chinese Chu-ti Ho-shang, Te-Hui, Te-Hui or Chu-ti Ho-shang.

Grahamatrika

A goddess. A form of the god Vairocana. In some accounts, called Grahamatrika, Vairocana, Vairocana, Brahma, Mahavairocana, Mahavairochana, Vairochana, Cunda, Kun-Rig, Mahasahapramardani, Mahavairoc(h)ana, Samantabhadra, Sitapatra, Sitatara, Usnisavijaya, Hindu Brahma or Japanese Dainichi.

Grdhrakrita

A future heaven. In some references, referred to as Grdhrakrita, Japanese Ryojusen or Japanese Ryojusen.

Grdhrasya

A minor goddess. In some accounts, called Grdhrasya.

Green Tara

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Grismadevi

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Grub-chen

The Tibetan version of Mahasiddha. Also commonly referred to as Grub-chen.

Guhya-pati

A master of secrets. Occasionally identified as Guhya-pati.

Guhyasamaja

A protective deity. He is depicted with three heads and six arms. At times, called Guhyasamaja.

Hagoromo

A tennin who visited earth and left. Her robe behind when she returned to paradise. Also commonly known as Hagoromo.

Halahala

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Hanamatsuri

The Japanese festival of flowers, April 8th, the birthday of Shaka. Sometimes identified as Hanamatsuri, Festival of Flowers, Festival of Flowers, Flower Festival, Flower Festival, Hana Matsuri or Hana Matsuri.

Hannya-shinkiyo

A revered Buddhist text. Occasionally called Hannya-shinkiyo.

Hariti

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Hayagriva

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Hayasya

A horse-goddess. In some references, called Hayasya.

Hekija

An underworld being. He dips the evil-doers in sauce and bites off their heads. Sometimes identified as Hekija.

Hemantadevi

A goddess of winter. She is depicted as blue and having the head of an animal. Occasionally referred to as Hemantadevi, Tibetan dGun-gyi-rgyal-mo or Tibetan dGun-gyi-rgyal-mo.

Heruka

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Herukabuddhas

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Hevajira

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Hoo Kwan

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Hva-sang

A preacher who was deified. He is depicted wearing a shawl with his fat belly exposed. Also commonly referred to as Hva-sang.

Iddhis

Supernormal powers such as clairvoyance, telepathy, etc. Known as Iddhis.

Isa

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Jalinprabha

A bodhisattva. Also identified as Jalinprabha, Suryaprabha or Suryaprabha.

Jam-dpal

The Tibetan name for Arpacana or Manjushri. Sometimes identified as Jam-dpal, Jam-pa-i-dbyans, Jam-pa-i-dbyans, Arpanacana, Jam-pa-yang, Jam-pa-yang, Jam-pol, Jam-pol, Jampadi'dyans, Jampadi'dyans, Jampahi'dbyans or Jampahi'dbyans.

Jambhala

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Janguli

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Jataka

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Jayakara

A god. He is depicted as riding in a chariot drawn by cockatoos. Sometimes referred to as Jayakara.

Jayatara

A name of Tara as 'victorious'. Also referred to as Jayatara, Tara, Tara, Kuan Yin, Queen of Heaven, Queen of Knowledge, Tarini, Arya-Tara, Bhrkuti-Tara, Dhanada, Ekajata, Janguli, Mahacinatara, Padmatara, Pandaravasini, Parnassavari, Prajna(paramita), Sitatara, Sukla-Tara, Syamatara, Vajratara, Vasya-Tara, Vidjyarajni, Chinese Kuan Yin, Tibetan Dolma, sGrol-ma, Blue Tara, Green Tara, Red Tara, Tara Amba or White Tara.

Jejamo-karpo

A Tibetan princess, one of the Yakshas. At times, called Jejamo-karpo, Pho-zem-na-po or Pho-zem-na-po.

Jina

A name for the Buddha as conqueror. Sometimes referred to as Jina, Buddha, Buddha, Dharmaketu, Narayana, Siddata, Aditya-Bandhu, Amitayas, Amitayus, Bhagavan, Bhagavat, Boodh(a), Budh, Gautama, Gonge(n), Gotama, Mahakapi, Mahaparinirvanamurti, Narayana, Navasvaraja, (Prince) Sidda(r)ta, Sammassambuddha, Shaka Muni, S(h)akya(muni), S(h)akyasinha, Sidd(h)artha, Siddhattha, Sugata, Tathagata, Vessantara, Vipassin, Chinese Fo, Japanese Butsu(da), Shotoku, Shotuku, Tibetan Sangyas, Tshangs-pa, Shakyamuni, tirthankara, tirthankara, jina, tirthakara, tirthamkara, tirthankar, tirthanker, jina or tirtha(m)kara.

Jir-rten skyong

The Tibetan version of Lokapala. Also commonly referred to as Jir-rten skyong.

jiva

The soul: the life principle. Occasionally known as jiva, Hindu jivatma or Hindu jivatma.

Jnana

One of the 12 Paramita goddesses, knowledge personified. Daughter of Ratnasambhava. Occasionally identified as Jnana, Jnanaparamita, Jnanaparamita, Jnanavasita, Jnanavasita, Upanishad, Upanishad or Upanisad.

Jnana-marga

The path to god through knowledge. Sometimes referred to as Jnana-marga, Jnana-yoga or Jnana-yoga.

Jnana-sakti

Pure consciousness: the creative power of wisdom. Sometimes called Jnana-sakti.

Jnanadakini

A goddess of knowledge. At times, known as Jnanadakini.

K-or-lo

The Tibetan version of Chakra. Also commonly referred to as K-or-lo.

Kakasya

A crow-faced goddess. In some references, called Kakasya.

Kalachakra

A god of time. He is depicted with four heads and twenty-four arms. Sometimes identified as Kalachakra, Tibetan Dus-kyi Khor-lo or Tibetan Dus-kyi Khor-lo.

Kaladuti

A goddess of death. Also called Kaladuti.

Kalamahakala

One of the 8 dharmapalas. Guardian of science. In some lore, occasionally known as Kalamahakala, Black Mahakala, Black Mahakala, Great Black Lord or Great Black Lord.

Kalika

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Kama-loka

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Kamini

A goddess attendant of Buddhakapala. Sometimes called Kamini.

Kanaka-vatsa

One of the Eighteen Lohan. On occassion, called Kanaka-vatsa, Chinese Ka-no-ka Fa-tso or Chinese Ka-no-ka Fa-tso.

Kanakamuni

The seventh arhat, some say. One of the 7 manushibuddhas. Occasionally called Kanakamuni, Tibetan Ser-thup or Tibetan Ser-thup.

Kanthaka

The Buddha's white horse. This animal was said to have appeared at the moment of Buddha's birth. In some accounts, identified as Kanthaka, Kantaka, Kantaka, Khantaka, Khantaka, K(h)antaka or K(h)antaka.

Kapala

A drinking-vessel made from a human. Skull used for offering libations to the gods. At times, referred to as Kapala.

Kapalini

A goddess attendant on Buddhakapala. In some references, referred to as Kapalini, Durga, Durga, Durga, Agni- Durga, Aparajita, Arya, Aticanadika, Bhadrakali, Camunda, Candanayika, Candarupa, Candavati, Candogra, Chinnamasta(ka), Dasha-Bhuja, Devi, Durgha, Kali, Karali, Kaushita, Kirati, K(a)umari, Mahadevi, Mahamari, Mahisha-Mardini, Pinga, Pracanda, Pramuni, Raktadanti, Rudra(carcika), Rudrani, Shakti, Shas(h)t(h)i, Simha-Rathi, Simha-Vahini, Ugracangika, Uma, Yogini, Java Ambu Dewi, Pacific Islands Batari, Kali, Kali, Black One, The, Kamakhya, Ambi(ka), Ankalamman, Anna-Purna, Bhagavati, Bhavani, Bhimadevi, Bhramari, Bhuta-Nayaki Black One, Dewi, Digambara, Gana-Nayaki, Gauri, Girija, Ishani, Kali Ma, Kamaks(h)i, Kanyakumari, Karala, Kotari, Karna-Moti, Katyayani, Kumari, Mahakali, Mahes(h)vari, Parvati, Pitari, Sati, The Black One, Vijaya, Javanese Ambu Dewi, Lara Jonggrang, Ratu Lara Kidul, Pacific Batari or Canda.

Kapila-Vashi

A city, the birth-place of the Buddha. Occasionally called Kapila-Vashi.

Karini

An attendant on Buddhakapala. Also identified as Karini.

Karmadakini

A goddess of the air. Occasionally called Karmadakini.

Karmavasita

A goddess. One of the 12 Paramita goddesses. Sometimes referred to as Karmavasita.

Karmheruka

One of the 5 Herukabuddhas. Also known as Karmheruka, Amogasiddhi or Amogasiddhi.

Kartrika

A symbol of Lamaist deities in the form of a chisel-knife. Sometimes referred to as Kartrika, Karttrika, Karttrika, Karttrka, Karttrka, Karttr(i)ka or Karttr(i)ka.

Karuna

Compassion personified as Heruka. Also identified as Karuna, Heruka, Heruka, Akshobhya, Buddhakapala, Vajraheruka or Saptaksara.

Karyobinga

Half woman, half bird. This creature is depicted with the head and body of a woman, the legs, claws, wings and tail of a bird. Called Karyobinga.

Kashyapa

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Keshini

An attendant on the goddess Arapancana. Also commonly identified as Keshini, Kesini, Kesini, Keshini or Keshini.

Khadriyani-Tara

A goddess. In some accounts, known as Khadriyani-Tara.

Khasarpana

A form of Hayagriva as an assistant to Avalokiteshvara. An aspect of Avalokiteshvara, some say. He is depicted as white and sitting on the moon. Also commonly known as Khasarpana.

khatvanga

A word used in rituals incorporating. The vajra, a skull, etc. Identified as khatvanga.

Khrodadevatas

A group of fearsome gods. These beings are depicted as red or black, with three eyes and with skulls and snakes adorning their bodies. Identified as Khrodadevatas.

Klu

The Tibetan name for Virupaksha. As king of the nagas. On occassion, known as Klu.

Kokalika

An adherent of Devadatta. He was consigned to hell with his master when they tried to kill the Buddha. In some accounts, known as Kokalika.

Kotisri

A mother-goddess. In some references, called Kotisri.

Krakucchanda

One of the 7 manushibuddhas. Referred to as Krakucchanda, Tibetan Kor-wa-ji or Tibetan Kor-wa-ji.

Krishnachari

A disciple of the Buddha who converted a number of Lamaist. Sorcerers. Sometimes known as Krishnachari, Kukkuri or Kukkuri.

Kshanti

One of the 12 Paramita goddesses, patience personified. Occasionally known as Kshanti, Ksantiparamita, Ksantiparamita, Kshantiparamita or Kshantiparamita.

Kshetia

A heaven reserved for past Buddhas. In some references, known as Kshetia, Pure Land, Pure Land, Buddha-Kshetra, Buddha-land, Gokuraku-Jodo, Jodo, Sukhavati, Pure Land of the West, Chinese Ching-t'u or Western Paradise.

Kshitigarbha

An Indian bodhisattva. He tours the underworld bringing comfort to condemned souls. Sometimes called Kshitigarbha.

Kuan Di

A dragon-god in Cambodia and Vietnam, architect of the universe. On occassion, called Kuan Di.

Kubera

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Kulisesvari

A goddess. Also known as Kulisesvari.

Kumarajiva

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Kumbhandas

Short, pot-bellied gnomes or giant demons. In some accounts, called Kumbhandas.

Kun Dadhana

One of the 4 Bikshu. On occassion, known as Kun Dadhana, Chinese Chun T'ou-p'o-han or Chinese Chun T'ou-p'o-han.

Kurukulla

A goddess of wealth. A sakti of Amitabha. Referred to as Kurukulla.

Kusinara

In China, the place where the Buddha. Left his footprints in stone. Also commonly referred to as Kusinara.

Kwan

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Kye-rdor

The Tibetan version of Hevajira. In some accounts, called Kye-rdor, Kye-ba-rdorje, Kye-ba-rdorje or Hevajira.

Kyung-Gai in Go-Can

The Tibetan version of Garuda. In some lore, occasionally known as Kyung-Gai in Go-Can.

lakshana

The lakshanas are the superior marks of the Buddha, 32 in number. Identified as lakshana, laksana or laksana.

Lalita Vistara

A treatise dealing with the life and work of the Buddha. Also identified as Lalita Vistara.

Lamayin

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Lasya

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Lcham-Sring

A Tibetan god of war. One of the Drag-gshed. Also referred to as Lcham-Sring.

Lha-Mo

A Tibetan goddess. One of the Drag-gshed. A name for Sri. In some references, known as Lha-Mo, Glorious Goddess, Glorious Goddess, Lhamo, Lhamo, Sri, Hindu Sri or Hindu Sri.

Lhayul

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Lion-dog

A guardian of law. In some accounts, called Lion-dog.

Locana

A goddess. A sakti of Akshobhya, some say. Also commonly known as Locana, Buddha-locana, Buddha-locana, Buddhalocana or Buddhalocana.

Lokanatha

A form of Hayagriva or Samantabhadra. As an assistant to Avalokiteshvara. Known as Lokanatha, Samantabhadra, Samantabhadra, Vairocana, Chinese P'u Hsien, Japanese Fugen or Tibetan Kuntu ban Po.

Lokesvara

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Lokesvararaja

An incarnation of the Buddha. Known as Lokesvararaja.

lotus

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Lumbini

A sacred grove said to be the birthplace of the Buddha. Also referred to as Lumbini.

Lunggompa

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Madhukara

A love-god. He is depicted in a chariot drawn by parrots. Sometimes identified as Madhukara, Hindu Kama, Hindu Kama or Eros.

Madri

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Mahabala

A fearsome god. An aspect of Amitabha. One of the dikpalas. He is the guardian of the northwestern corner of the world. Occasionally referred to as Mahabala.

Mahakala

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Mahakapi

An early incarnation of Buddha. In this form, Buddha is depicted as an ape. Occasionally known as Mahakapi, Buddha, Buddha, Dharmaketu, Narayana, Siddata, Aditya-Bandhu, Amitayas, Amitayus, Bhagavan, Bhagavat, Boodh(a), Budh, Gautama, Gonge(n), Gotama, Jina, Mahaparinirvanamurti, Narayana, Navasvaraja, (Prince) Sidda(r)ta, Sammassambuddha, Shaka Muni, S(h)akya(muni), S(h)akyasinha, Sidd(h)artha, Siddhattha, Sugata, Tathagata, Vessantara, Vipassin, Chinese Fo, Japanese Butsu(da), Shotoku, Shotuku, Tibetan Sangyas, Tshangs-pa or Shakyamuni.

Mahamantranusarini

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Mahamayuri

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Mahaparinirvanamurti

A representation of the Buddha. Reclining in paradise. Also identified as Mahaparinirvanamurti, Buddha, Buddha, Dharmaketu, Narayana, Siddata, Aditya-Bandhu, Amitayas, Amitayus, Bhagavan, Bhagavat, Boodh(a), Budh, Gautama, Gonge(n), Gotama, Jina, Mahakapi, Narayana, Navasvaraja, (Prince) Sidda(r)ta, Sammassambuddha, Shaka Muni, S(h)akya(muni), S(h)akyasinha, Sidd(h)artha, Siddhattha, Sugata, Tathagata, Vessantara, Vipassin, Chinese Fo, Japanese Butsu(da), Shotoku, Shotuku, Tibetan Sangyas, Tshangs-pa or Shakyamuni.

Mahapratisara

A goddess. One of the Pancharakshas. She is the three-headed guardian of the southern quarter of the world who guards against physical danger and sin. On occassion, identified as Mahapratisara.

Mahapratyangira

A goddess. An aspect of Akshobhya. Also known as Mahapratyangira, Akshobhya, Akshobhya, Aksobhya, Imperturbable, The, Buddhakapala, Candarosana, Heruka, Hevajira, ahacinatara, Manjushri, Nairamata, Rakta-Yamari, Theimperturbable, Ucchusma, Vajracarcika, Vajradaka, Vajraheruka, Vajrasana, Vasudhara, Vighnamtaka, Yamantaka, Hindu Vishnu, Japanese Ashuku or Tibetan Samvara.

Maharaja

A high priest in Tibet. Occasionally referred to as Maharaja, Shiva, Shiva, Acyata, Adinatha, Aghora, Akula, Ananda, Anant(es)a, Annamurti, Bathala, Bhadra Vira, Bhagavan, Bhairava, Bhatara Guru, Bhava, Bhavishya, Bhima, Bhuta-Natha, Bhuteswara, Blue Throat, Candesvara, Candrasekhara, Dakshina-Murti, Dhurjati, Digambara, Divine Yogi, Durvasas, Ganga-dhara, Garudi, Gopala, Goraknath, Great Ascetic, Gupta, Hara, Harihara, Isha(na), Is(h)a, Is(h)ana, Is(h)vara, Janardana, Kala(ri), Khandoba, Linga, Lingodbhava, Lord of the Dance, Lord of the Moon, Mahadeo, Mahadeva, Mahakala, Mahapurusha, Mahes(h)vara, Mangala, Mukhalinga, Nataraja, Nates(h)a, Nilakantha, Nritta-Murti, Pancanana, Panchamukti-Maruti, Pas(h)upati, Patsupati, Petara, Rishabha, Rudra, Sadyojata, Shaktiman, Shambhu, Shamkara, S(h)ankara, Sharabha, Shaumya, Sikhandin, Siva, Somanatha, Somaskanda, Srikantha, Sthanu, Sundara, Supreme Lord, Syama, Tatpurusha, Tri-lochana, Tripuratanka, Ugra, Vamadeva, Vira-Bhadra, Virabhadra, Virupashksa, Vishapaharana, Vishvanatha, Warayana, Buddhist Amitabha, Cambodian Hara, Prah Eysor, East Indies Karaeng Lowe, Is(h)wara, Mahaiswara, Mahatala, Mahayogi, Greek Cronos, Japanese Amida, Pacific Bat(h)ala, Siwa, Philippines Mahacabatara, Thai Phra In Suen, Kala Shiva, Pancabrahma, Vishnu, Vishnu, Abjaja, Abjayoni, Adhoksaja, Dakshina, Lord Creator, Lord of Sacred Wisdom, Lord of the Universe, Padma, Padma-Nabha, Primaeval Being, Vasu, Visnu, Wishnu, World Maintainer, Achyuta, Adimurti, Ananta, Anatas(h)ayana, Bhumiya, Caturmurti, Dakshina, Dhanvantari, Dharma, Dhruva, Erlanga, Girija, hamsa, Hanuman, Hayagriva, Hrsikesa, Ishvara, Jala-Shayin, Kala, Kesava, Mandhatha, Manmatha, Mohini, Mukunda, Narada, Narasinha, Narayana, Padma(-Nabha), 'pervader', Panchayudha, Pandurganga, Piyusaharana, Pradyumna, Pr(i)thu, Rsabha, Salagrama, S(h)amba, Trivikrama, Vasu, Venkata, Viratapurusa, Vis(h)varupa, Vithoba, Vitthali, Vyasa, Yajna, Yajnesh(var)a, Buddhist Akshobhya, Cambodian Hari, Prah Noreai-Narayana, Chinese Wu-shun, Japanese Ashuku, Javanese Kresna, Sadana, Sadona, Pacific Islands Poe Mpalaburu, Wisnu, Thai Narayana, Phra Narai or Jagannath.

Maharatri

A goddess. Sometimes known as Maharatri, Kamala, Kamala, lotus or Padma.

Mahasahapramardani

A goddess. An aspect of Vairocana. One of the Pancharakshas. She is guardian of the centre of the world and protects from earthquakes and storms. Known as Mahasahapramardani, Vairocana, Vairocana, Brahma, Mahavairocana, Mahavairochana, Vairochana, Cunda, Grahamatrika, Kun-Rig, Mahavairoc(h)ana, Samantabhadra, Sitapatra, Sitatara, Usnisavijaya, Hindu Brahma or Japanese Dainichi.

Mahasarasvati

An aspect of Sarasvati. In some accounts, identified as Mahasarasvati, Lakshmi, Lakshmi, Indira, Ksirabdhitanya, Laksmi, Lotus, Mahalakshmi, sacred birds, Dakshina, Devi-Seri, Devi-Shri, Dharani, Empress of the Sea, Gajadevi, Haripriya, Jaladhi-ja, Karisini, Ksama, Lokamata, Lotus, Matrirupa, Padma(vati), Radha, Rohini, Rukmini, Sadana, Shri, (Sri) Laksmi, Sita, Sri(-devi), Tulsi, Vaishnavi, Vriddhi, Buddhist Maya, East Indies Dewi-Shri, Phra Naret, Sarasvati, Sarasvati, Bharati, Brahmi, Logos, Queen of Love, Savitri, Shatarupa, Vac(h), Vagdevi, Vak, Pacific Islands Saraswati, Japanese Benten or Sandhya.

Mahasiddha

A great sorcerer, one of 84 such beings. They were said to be able to perform supernatural feats such as flying like birds. Also known as Mahasiddha, Tibetan Grub-chen or Tibetan Grub-chen.

Mahasitavati

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Mahasritara

A goddess. An aspect of Amoghasiddhi. Also commonly called Mahasritara, Amoghasiddhi, Amoghasiddhi, Dhanada, Kamaheruka, Kharmaheruka, Mahamayuri, Sitatara, Vajrasrnkhala, Vasya-tara, Vishvapani, Hindu Indra, Japanese Fuku-joju, Shaka, Tibetan Don-yod-grub-pa or Donyo-dup-pa.

Mahasthama

A god of wisdom. One of the bodhisattvas. He and Avalokiteshvara occupy thrones in Amitabha's heaven. Sometimes called Mahasthama, Mahasthamaprata, Mahasthamaprata, Chinese Ta-shih-che or Chinese Ta-shih-che.

Mahasukha

eternal bliss In some lore, occasionally called Mahasukha, Nirvana, Nirvana, Kashi, Kasi, moksha or Nibbana.

Mahavidya

A group of 10 goddesses. Saktis of Shiva. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Mahavidya, Janguli, Janguli, Bhrkuti Tara, Mahavidya or Tara.

Mahayasa

A goddess attendant on Buddhakapala. Occasionally called Mahayasa.

Mahendra

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Mahinda

Son of Ashoka. Brother of Mahendra and Sangamitta. He became a priest and founded a monastery in Ceylon. Referred to as Mahinda.

Mahodadhi

A goddess attendant on Buddhakapala. Occasionally known as Mahodadhi.

Maidari

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Maitreya

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Makaravaktra

A lion-headed goddess or spirit. She can confer supernatural powers on her devotees. At times, identified as Makaravaktra.

Mamaki

A goddess. A sakti of Akshobhya or of Ratnasambhava. Mother of Vajrapani. Occasionally called Mamaki.

mandala

A magic circle. In Tibet this takes the form of a diagram used in invocation and meditation. On occassion, known as mandala.

Mandaravu

An incarnation of a dakini. Accompanying Padmasambhava. In some lore, occasionally called Mandaravu.

mani

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Manidhara

A goddess attendant on Sadaksari. On occassion, called Manidhara.

Manjughosha

A name for Dharmadhatuvagisvara. As one of 4 aspects of Manjushri. In some lore, occasionally known as Manjughosha, Dharmadhatuvagisvara, Dharmadhatuvagisvara, Manjughosa or Manjughosa.

Manjushri

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Manjuvajra

A Tibetan deity. In some lore, occasionally identified as Manjuvajra.

mantra

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manushibuddha

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Mara

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Mari

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Marici

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Maudgalyayana

A disciple of the Buddha. The Tibetan version of Radish. At times, referred to as Maudgalyayana.

Maya

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Medha

A minor goddess. Sometimes identified as Medha.

Menanader

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Mgon-po

A Tibetan deity. One of the Drag-gshed. A name for Mahakala. Sometimes known as Mgon-po, Gon-Po Nag-Po, Gon-Po Nag-Po, Mahakala, Mahakala, Tibetan Gon-Po Nag-Po, Yeces mGon-po, Gon-po Nag Po or Gon-po Nag Po.

Mi-gyo-ba

A Tibetan version of Achala. Also called Mi-gyo-ba.

Mi-lo-fo

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Mig-mi-bzang-Klu

The Tibetan name for Virupaksha as guardian of the west. Referred to as Mig-mi-bzang-Klu, Virupaksha, Virupaksha, Virupaksa, Chinese Kuang Mu, Japanese Zocho, Taoist Mo-li Hai or Tibetan Klu.

Mirror of Retribution

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Miyne

One of the six regions shown on the second ring of the Tibetan Wheel of Life, the Sipa Khorlo. Occasionally called Miyne.

Moggallana

A disciple of Buddha, said to have supernatural powers. Occasionally known as Moggallana, Kolita or Kolita.

Mount Everest

The world's highest mountain, in Nepal, revered as sacred by Buddhists. Occasionally referred to as Mount Everest.

Muchalinda

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Muraja

A goddess of music. Also referred to as Muraja.

mystic knot

One of the signs on the Buddha's. Foot, symbol of immortality and infinity. In some accounts, known as mystic knot.

Nadi-Devata

A river-goddess. Occasionally known as Nadi-Devata.

Nagarjuna

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Nagasena

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Nagasvaraja

A name for the Buddha as liberator of the nagas. Also commonly known as Nagasvaraja.

Nairamata

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Nakula

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Nalagiri

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Namasangiti

A god personifying a sacred text. A form of Avalokiteshvara. In some references, identified as Namasangiti, Avalokiteshvara, Avalokiteshvara, Avalokitesvara, Merciful Lord, Padmapani, Amoghapasa, Avalokita, Bhagavan, Khasaparna, Natha, Cambodian (Simhanara) Lokesvara, Chinese Kuan Yin, Hindu Vishnu, Japanese Kwanjizai, Kwannon, Sannayaka, Tibetan Chen-re-zi, Chenresi, Sadaksari (Lokesvara) or sPyan-ras-gzigs.

Nanda

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Nandabala

One of the girls who gave food to the Buddha when he broke his. Fast. In some lore, occasionally identified as Nandabala, Nanda, Nanda, Tibetan Dgah-bo, Nanda or Nanda.

Nandimitra

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Nara

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Naradatta

A nephew of Asita. On occassion, identified as Naradatta.

Narokhachoma

A sea-goddess. One of the Dakinis. Occasionally called Narokhachoma, Naro-mka-spyod-ma, Naro-mka-spyod-ma, Tibetan Sarvabuddhadakini or Tibetan Sarvabuddhadakini.

Natha

A god worshipped in Sri Lanka. An aspect of Avalokiteshvara. Consort of Tara. In some references, identified as Natha, Avalokiteshvara, Avalokiteshvara, Avalokitesvara, Merciful Lord, Padmapani, Amoghapasa, Avalokita, Bhagavan, Khasaparna, Namasangiti, Cambodian (Simhanara) Lokesvara, Chinese Kuan Yin, Hindu Vishnu, Japanese Kwanjizai, Kwannon, Sannayaka, Tibetan Chen-re-zi, Chenresi, Sadaksari (Lokesvara) or sPyan-ras-gzigs.

Nehan

The Japanese version of nirvana. Also called Nehan.

nidanas

The links in the chain of a man's. Finite existence. At times, called nidanas.

Niladanda

A guardian god. One of the dikpalas. He is guardian of the south-western part of the world. At times, known as Niladanda.

Niraya

Hell: the downward path to hell. Sometimes referred to as Niraya.

nirmana-kaya

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Nirmanarati

The home of the gods of creation. Also identified as Nirmanarati.

Nirvana

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Nyalwa

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Od-dpag-med

The Tibetan version of Amitabha. On occassion, known as Od-dpag-med, Amitabha, Amitabha, Amita, Amitayas, Great Vehicle, Amita(yas), Bhrkuti-Tara, Dharmadatuvagisvara, Dharmakari, Great Vehicle Mahabala, Mahasitavati, Vac(h), Vajradharma, Vajratara, Vak, Chinese Ami-t'o-fo, O-mi-t'o-fo, etc (see A-mi-t'ofo), Hindu Shiva, Japanese Amida, Tibetan O Pamé, Pu Tai Ho-shang, O Pamé or O Pamé.

Om mani padme hum

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Oni

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Ostaraki

A goddess attendant on Buddhakapal. In some lore, occasionally identified as Ostaraki.

Padmadakini

A female deity of the air. In some references, identified as Padmadakini, Tibetan Padma-mkhah-Ngro or Tibetan Padma-mkhah-Ngro.

Padmaheruka

One of the 5 Herukabuddhas. Occasionally called Padmaheruka.

Padmanarteshvara

A form of Avalokiteshvara with 2, 8 or 10 arms. Sometimes identified as Padmanarteshvara.

Padmantaka

A guardian god. One of the Dikpalas. He is the guardian of the western region of the world. In some lore, occasionally called Padmantaka.

Padmapani

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Padmatara

An aspect of Tara, 'lotus'. In some accounts, identified as Padmatara, Tara, Tara, Kuan Yin, Queen of Heaven, Queen of Knowledge, Tarini, Arya-Tara, Bhrkuti-Tara, Dhanada, Ekajata, Janguli, Jayatara, Mahacinatara, Pandaravasini, Parnassavari, Prajna(paramita), Sitatara, Sukla-Tara, Syamatara, Vajratara, Vasya-Tara, Vidjyarajni, Chinese Kuan Yin, Tibetan Dolma, sGrol-ma, Blue Tara, Green Tara, Red Tara, Tara Amba or White Tara.

Padmosnisa

A guardian god of the west. Also known as Padmosnisa.

pagoda

A temple or shrine for relics. On occassion, known as pagoda, stupa, stupa, caitya, dagaba, dagoba, tope, tope or Pali thupa.

Pancamukha

A god. He is depicted with five heads and sixteen hands. In some references, known as Pancamukha.

Pancharaksha

Any one of the 5 goddesses of magic. These protective deities are listed as Mahamantranusarini, Mahamayuri, Mahapratisara, Mahasaharapramandini and Mahasitavati. At times, referred to as Pancharaksha, Maharaksa, Maharaksa, Pancaraksa or Pancaraksa.

Panchika

Husband of Abhirata. Father of Priyamkara. He was said to have fathered over 500 children. In some lore, occasionally called Panchika.

Panchita

A tutelary goddess of wealth. She is the commander of a host of yakshas and is depicted with a pike (weapon) and a purse. Sometimes known as Panchita.

Pandara

A mother-goddess. A sakti of Amitabha. In some lore, occasionally identified as Pandara.

Panna

The Pali version of the Sanskrit Prajna. In some accounts, referred to as Panna.

Panthaka

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Paramasva

A form of Hayagriva. In this form the deity is depicted with four legs and standing on four other gods. At times, known as Paramasva, Hayagriva, Hayagriva, Tibetan rTa-Mgrin, Tandim, Paramesvar or Paramesvar.

Paramita

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Paranirmita-Vasavarten

The highest heaven, home of Mara. In some accounts, known as Paranirmita-Vasavarten.

Parinirvana

The state of one who has completed. The incarnation during which he. Reached Nirvana. Such a being will not be born again. Occasionally known as Parinirvana.

Pariskaravasita

A goddess. One of the Paramita goddesses. Occasionally referred to as Pariskaravasita.

Parna-Savari

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Parvati

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Patadharini

A guardian goddess of doorways. Identified as Patadharini.

patha

The way to Nirvana. In some accounts, identified as patha.

Patisamma-cita

A new appearance. This is the state that follows that of Cuti-citta, the moment of death. Also commonly known as Patisamma-cita, 'uncertain reception' or 'uncertain reception'.

Perfection of Wisdom, The

A sacred book of Mahayana Buddhism. In some references, called Perfection of Wisdom, The.

peta

The Pali version of pret(a). Also known as peta.

Pilgrimage to the West

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Pindola

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Pingala

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Pitaka

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Prabhakari

A goddess. One of the bhumis. Also identified as Prabhakari.

Pradipatara

A goddess of light. Also commonly known as Pradipatara.

Prajna

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Prajnantaka

A guardian god. One of the Dikpalas, some say. He was guardian of the southern quarter of the world. Called Prajnantaka, Yama or Yama.

Prajnaparamita

A body of Buddhist literature. Collected over many centuries. Called Prajnaparamita, Prajna, Prajna, Prajnaparamita, Vidya or Pali Panna.

Prajnavardhani

A goddess, literature deified one of the dharanis. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Prajnavardhani.

Pramudita

A goddess. One of the bhumis. Also identified as Pramudita.

pranava

The name for the mantric syllable 'om'. Also identified as pranava, Om, Om, aum, omm or udgita.

Pranidhana

One of the 12 Paramita goddesses, effort personified. Sometimes identified as Pranidhana.

Prasannatara

A form of Ratnasambhava. Occasionally identified as Prasannatara, Ratnasambhava, Ratnasambhava, Aparajita, Jambhala, Ratnaheruka, Ratnapani, Hindu Yama or Japanese Hosho.

Pratibhanakuta

A bodhisattva. Occasionally referred to as Pratibhanakuta.

pratisamvit

4 goddesses representing logical. Analysis. In some accounts, known as pratisamvit.

Preta

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Priyadarsana

A goddess attendant on Buddhakapala. In some lore, occasionally known as Priyadarsana.

Pure Land

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Purva-videha

A sacred realm: a paradise. At times, referred to as Purva-videha.

Puspa

A mother-goddess. One of the astamataras. Also commonly known as Puspa, Me-log-ma, Me-log-ma, Tibetan me-tog-ma or Tibetan me-tog-ma.

Puspatara

A goddess. Occasionally called Puspatara.

pustaka

A holy text written on scraps of bark and carried by images of Manjusri in Indonesia. Also known as pustaka.

Rab-'byor

The Tibetan version of Subhuti. Sometimes called Rab-'byor.

Rahula

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Rahulata

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Rajagrha

A sacred city. Sometimes called Rajagrha.

Rajasawardhana

One of the 5 kings of Java regarded as incarnations of the Dhyanibuddhas. On occassion, called Rajasawardhana.

Rakta-Yamari

An aspect of Akshobhya. A form of Yamari. In some accounts, known as Rakta-Yamari, Akshobhya, Akshobhya, Aksobhya, Imperturbable, The, Buddhakapala, Candarosana, Heruka, Hevajira, ahacinatara, Mahapratyangira, Manjushri, Nairamata, Theimperturbable, Ucchusma, Vajracarcika, Vajradaka, Vajraheruka, Vajrasana, Vasudhara, Vighnamtaka, Yamantaka, Hindu Vishnu, Japanese Ashuku or Tibetan Samvara.

Ratna

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Ratnadakini

A goddess of air. She is said to be able, if she so wishes, to confer supernatural powers on her worshippers. Sometimes referred to as Ratnadakini.

Ratnapani

One of 5 Dhyanibodhisattvas. A form of Ratnasambhava. Occasionally known as Ratnapani, Ratnasambhava, Ratnasambhava, Aparajita, Jambhala, Prasannatara, Ratnaheruka, Hindu Yama or Japanese Hosho.

Ratnasambhava

One of the 5 Dhyanibuddhas, the third. Son of Adibuddha. In some references, identified as Ratnasambhava, Ratnaheruka, Ratnaheruka or Ratnasambhava.

Ratnolka

A goddess of light, literature. Personified. One of the dharanis. Occasionally called Ratnolka.

Ratnosnisa

A sky-god. One of the usnisas. This deity is a guardian of the southern region. At times, referred to as Ratnosnisa.

rdo-rje

The Tibetan name for the thunderbolt, the vajra. Sometimes called rdo-rje, Dorje, Dorje, Diamond Sow, Dorje Pahmo, Great Goddess, rDo-rje, Buddhist Marichi, Chinese Ju-i, Japanese Nyoi, dorje, dorje, vajra, vajra, vadjra, Javanese wajro, Japanese kongo, Polynesian wajera, Tibetan dorje or thunderstone.

rDo-rje-chang

The Tibetan name for Vajradhara. In some accounts, called rDo-rje-chang.

rDo-rje-moi-bu

The Tibetan name for Vajraputra. Also called rDo-rje-moi-bu.

rDo-rje-phe-mo

The Tibetan name for Vajravahari. Occasionally called rDo-rje-phe-mo.

rDo-rje-sems-dip

The Tibetan name for Vajrasattva. Referred to as rDo-rje-sems-dip.

Remanka

King of the horse-gods. He is depicted riding a red horse and holding a red banner. On occassion, referred to as Remanka.

Riddhivasita

A goddess. One of the Paramita goddesses, some say. In some accounts, referred to as Riddhivasita.

Rigs-bu-mo

A Tibetan female demon. Sister of Srog-bdag. At times, referred to as Rigs-bu-mo, Ri-bu-mo or Ri-bu-mo.

Rigs-Kyi-bu-mo

A Tibetan deity. He is regarded as an assistant to Lcham-Sring and is depicted riding a lion. Occasionally called Rigs-Kyi-bu-mo.

Rksavaktradakina

A deity in the form of a witch with the head of a bear. She could confer supernatural powers on her devotees. At times, called Rksavaktradakina, Tibetan Dom-gdon-can or Tibetan Dom-gdon-can.

Rnam-thos-sras

The Tibetan name for Kubera as one of the Drag-gshed or for Vaishravana as guardian of the north. Referred to as Rnam-thos-sras.

rose-apple tree

In some accounts, the tree under which the Buddha sat while. Hewas meditating. Sometimes known as rose-apple tree, bo-tree, bo-tree, peepul, Tree of Buddha, bodhi tree or bodhidruma.

rupa

The outward appearance (of a Buddha). At times, called rupa.

Rupa Loka

One of the 3 regions of the universe, the world of material form. Sometimes referred to as Rupa Loka, Triloka, Triloka, Arupa loka or Tri-loka.

Rupini

A goddess attendant on Buddhakapala. At times, identified as Rupini.

Ryojusen

The Japanese version of the paradise. Grdhra-kuta. Sometimes referred to as Ryojusen.

Sadaki

The fourth celestial Buddha. Sometimes referred to as Sadaki.

Sadbhuja-Sitatara

An aspect of Amoghasiddi and Sitatara. This combination deity is depicted as having three heads. Sometimes called Sadbhuja-Sitatara.

Saddharmapundarika

A book of parables attributed to the Buddha. On occassion, identified as Saddharmapundarika, Lotus Sutra, Lotus Sutra, Daimoku, Japanese Daimoku or Japanese Daimoku.

Sadhumati

A goddess. One of the bhumis. In some accounts, known as Sadhumati.

Sagara

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Sagaramati

A bodhisattva. Also known as Sagaramati.

Samantabhadra

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Samantaprabha

A goddess. One of the bhumis. In some references, identified as Samantaprabha.

sambhoga-kaya

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Sammassambuddha

The complete self-enlightened one, the Buddha Gautama. On occassion, known as Sammassambuddha, Buddha, Buddha, Dharmaketu, Narayana, Siddata, Aditya-Bandhu, Amitayas, Amitayus, Bhagavan, Bhagavat, Boodh(a), Budh, Gautama, Gonge(n), Gotama, Jina, Mahakapi, Mahaparinirvanamurti, Narayana, Navasvaraja, (Prince) Sidda(r)ta, Shaka Muni, S(h)akya(muni), S(h)akyasinha, Sidd(h)artha, Siddhattha, Sugata, Tathagata, Vessantara, Vipassin, Chinese Fo, Japanese Butsu(da), Shotoku, Shotuku, Tibetan Sangyas, Tshangs-pa or Shakyamuni.

samsara

The passage of the soul into another. State or body. Called samsara.

sangha

The community of monks. In some references, known as sangha.

Sanghamitta

Daughter of Ashoka. Sister of Mahandra and Mahinda. She became a nun and took a bodhi tree to the monastery established by her brother Mahinda. On occassion, identified as Sanghamitta.

Sani

A sky-god. On occassion, referred to as Sani, Shani, Shani, Manda or Sani.

sanmudra

An emblem made from human bones, used in necromancy. Sometimes called sanmudra.

Santakrodhamandala

A group of gods in the afterworld. Occasionally known as Santakrodhamandala.

Santaraksita

A deified monk who taught the tantric doctrine. At times, referred to as Santaraksita.

Saptaksara

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sara

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Saraha

A great sorcerer. At times, referred to as Saraha.

Sarasvati

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sardrakapala

A tantric symbol in the form of a garland made of severed heads. Also commonly referred to as sardrakapala.

Sariputta

The Pali version of the Sanskrit. S(h)ariputra. Also commonly known as Sariputta.

Sarvabuddhadakini

The Tibetan name for Narokhachoma. Occasionally identified as Sarvabuddhadakini.

Sarvabuddhadharma-Kosavati

A god of literature. One of the dharanis. Occasionally called Sarvabuddhadharma-Kosavati, Sarvakarmavaranavisodhani or Sarvakarmavaranavisodhani.

Sarvakamadugha

A cow owned by Indra. Daughter of Surabhi. This animal is the supporter of the north corner of the heavens. On occassion, known as Sarvakamadugha.

Sarvakarmavaranavisodhani

A god of literature. One of the dharanis. In some lore, occasionally known as Sarvakarmavaranavisodhani, Sarvabuddhadharma-Kosavati or Sarvabuddhadharma-Kosavati.

Sarvanivaranaviskambhin

A god. One of the Dhyanibodhisattvas. Occasionally known as Sarvanivaranaviskambhin, Di-pa-nam-sel, Di-pa-nam-sel, Tibetan Dip-pa-nam-sel or Tibetan Dip-pa-nam-sel.

Sarvasokatamonirghatamati

A god. One of the Dhyanibodhisattvas. Also known as Sarvasokatamonirghatamati.

Sashi-mi-rig-giha

Tibetan earth-gods. Identified as Sashi-mi-rig-giha.

Saubhagya-Bhuvanesvari

A goddess of good fortune. Also commonly known as Saubhagya-Bhuvanesvari.

Ser-thup

The Tibetan version of Kanakamuni. In some references, referred to as Ser-thup.

Seven Gems

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Sevenfold Buddha

A group of 7 Buddhas. This group comprises Lokesvara and Vajrapani plus the five Dhyanibuddhas (Akshobhya, Amitabha, Amoghasiddhi, Ratnasambhara and Vairocana). In some references, called Sevenfold Buddha.

sGeg-mo-ma

The Tibetan version of Lasya. Occasionally called sGeg-mo-ma.

sGra-c'an-dsin

The Tibetan version of Rahula. Referred to as sGra-c'an-dsin, Da-chen-dsin, Da-chen-dsin or sGra-dan-dsin.

sGrol-'bum

The Tibetan name for Virudhaka as king of the Khumbandas. Occasionally known as sGrol-'bum.

sGrol-dkar

The Tibetan name for White Tara. Also known as sGrol-dkar.

sGrol-Ilang

The Tibetan name for Green Tara. In some accounts, called sGrol-Ilang, Syamatara, Syamatara, Bhrkuti Tara, Tara or Tibetan sGrol-Ilang.

sGrol-ma

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sGun-gi-rgyal-po

One of the Panchamaharajas. King of speech. He is depicted riding a blue mule. Sometimes called sGun-gi-rgyal-po, Sung-gi-gval-po or Sung-gi-gval-po.

Shaddanta

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Shaddanta-Jataka

The story of the elephant Shaddanta. Sometimes identified as Shaddanta-Jataka.

Shakra

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Shakya

A name for the historical Buddha. On occassion, referred to as Shakya.

Shakyamuni

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Shakyasinha

A name for the Buddha as 'lion'. At times, known as Shakyasinha, Sakyasinha or Sakyasinha.

Shankha

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shankhapadua

A trumpet made from a thigh-bone, used in ceremonial rites. On occassion, referred to as shankhapadua.

Shariputra

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sharira

A substance found in the cremation. Ashes of saints. This material, in the form of pellets, is said to be indestructible. Sometimes identified as sharira.

Shila

One of the 12 Paramita goddesses, good conduct personified. In some accounts, called Shila, Shilaparamita, Shilaparamita, Silaparamita, Silaparamita, Sila(paramita) or Sila(paramita).

Shisrte

A king of Lanka. Consort of Sri, the goddess of disease. In some accounts, referred to as Shisrte.

Shiva

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Shonin

A title for a distinguished monk. Also known as Shonin.

Shrimala

An Indian queen. A female bodhisattva. Also referred to as Shrimala, Srimala or Srimala.

Siddhaikaviramanjughosha

One of the 4 aspects of Manjushri, the white one with a soft voice. In some lore, occasionally known as Siddhaikaviramanjughosha, Sitamanjughosha or Sitamanjughosha.

Siddhartha

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Siddhatta

The Pali name for the Sanskrit Siddhartha. Sometimes identified as Siddhatta, Siddhattha, Siddhattha, Buddha, Mahavira or Siddhartha.

Sigiri

A temple in Ceylon, carved out of the rock, in the shape of a lion. On occassion, identified as Sigiri.

Sikhi

One of the 7 manushibuddhas. On occassion, identified as Sikhi.

Simha Sana

The lotus throne of Avalokiteshvara. Supported by lions. At times, known as Simha Sana.

Simha-Vaktra

A goddess of the air. One of the Dakinis. She is depicted as having the head of a lion. Sometimes referred to as Simha-Vaktra.

Simhanada

A name for Manjushri as 'lionvoiced'. One of the 4 aspects of Manjushri. In some references, identified as Simhanada, Manjushri, Manjushri, Akshobhya, Adi-Buddha, Mandjunatha, Mandjusri, Manjusri, Arpacana, Manjughos(h)a, Vac(h), Vak, Chinese Wen-shu, Japanese Monju, Tibetan Jam-dpal, Dharmacackra, Siddhaikavira, Tiksna, Yamantaka, Simha-nadamanjushri, Simha-nadamanjushri or Simandamanjughosha.

Singhalaputra

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Sipa Khorlo

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Sitamahakala

A god of wealth. Guardian of science. One of the 8 Dharmapalas. Known as Sitamahakala, Great White God, Great White God, Great White Lord or Great White Lord.

Sitapatra

A parasol-goddess. An aspect of Vairocana. One of the bodhisattvas. She may be depicted with three heads and three eyes. In some lore, occasionally known as Sitapatra, Sitatapatra, Sitatapatra, Vairocana, Vairocana, Brahma, Mahavairocana, Mahavairochana, Vairochana, Cunda, Grahamatrika, Kun-Rig, Mahasahapramardani, Mahavairoc(h)ana, Samantabhadra, Sitatara, Usnisavijaya, Hindu Brahma or Japanese Dainichi.

Sitatapatra-Aparajita

A version of Sitapatra with 8 arms. Sometimes known as Sitatapatra-Aparajita.

Six Species

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Smrti

A minor god. In some lore, occasionally identified as Smrti.

Sravakas

The arhats, considered as auditors of the Good Word and very wise. Occasionally identified as Sravakas.

Srivasumukhi

A goddess attendant on Vasudhara. Also commonly called Srivasumukhi.

Srivasundara

A goddess attendant on Vasudhara. In some references, called Srivasundara.

Srogbdag

A Tibetan deity or demon. Brother of Rigs-bu-mo. He is regarded as an assistant to Lcham-Sring and is depicted riding a wolf. Identified as Srogbdag.

Stag-gdon-can

The Tibetan name for Vyaghravaktradakini. Occasionally identified as Stag-gdon-can.

Sthavira

The Sanskrit version of the Pali Thera. A name for an arhat. Occasionally identified as Sthavira.

stupa

A mound or shrine containing relics of the Buddha or a saint. In some lore, occasionally called stupa, caitya, caitya, dagaba, dagaba, dagoba, dagoba, pagoda, pagoda, tope, tope, Pali thupa or Pali thupa.

Subhaga

A goddess attendant on Buddhakapala. In some references, known as Subhaga.

Subhamekhala

A goddess attendant on Buddhakapala. Also known as Subhamekhala.

Subhuti

An incarnation of the Grand Lama. He is said to have been a Naga in a previous existence. Also known as Subhuti, Tibetan Rab-'byor or Tibetan Rab-'byor.

Sudurjaya

A minor goddess. One of the bhumis. Occasionally referred to as Sudurjaya.

Sugata

A name for the Buddha as one who follows the proper path. Sometimes known as Sugata, Buddha, Buddha, Dharmaketu, Narayana, Siddata, Aditya-Bandhu, Amitayas, Amitayus, Bhagavan, Bhagavat, Boodh(a), Budh, Gautama, Gonge(n), Gotama, Jina, Mahakapi, Mahaparinirvanamurti, Narayana, Navasvaraja, (Prince) Sidda(r)ta, Sammassambuddha, Shaka Muni, S(h)akya(muni), S(h)akyasinha, Sidd(h)artha, Siddhattha, Tathagata, Vessantara, Vipassin, Chinese Fo, Japanese Butsu(da), Shotoku, Shotuku, Tibetan Sangyas, Tshangs-pa or Shakyamuni.

Sujata

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Sukarasya

A minor goddess. At times, called Sukarasya.

Sukhavati

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Sumalini

A goddess attendant on Buddhakapala. Sometimes identified as Sumalini.

Sumana

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Sumati

A deity, literature personified. One of the dharanis. Also called Sumati.

Sumbha

A guardian goddess. One of the dikpalas. She and Sumbharaja are responsible for guarding of the lowest point of the universe. In some accounts, known as Sumbha.

Sumbharaja

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Sundara

A goddess attendant on Buddhakapala. Referred to as Sundara, Shiva, Shiva, Acyata, Adinatha, Aghora, Akula, Ananda, Anant(es)a, Annamurti, Bathala, Bhadra Vira, Bhagavan, Bhairava, Bhatara Guru, Bhava, Bhavishya, Bhima, Bhuta-Natha, Bhuteswara, Blue Throat, Candesvara, Candrasekhara, Dakshina-Murti, Dhurjati, Digambara, Divine Yogi, Durvasas, Ganga-dhara, Garudi, Gopala, Goraknath, Great Ascetic, Gupta, Hara, Harihara, Isha(na), Is(h)a, Is(h)ana, Is(h)vara, Janardana, Kala(ri), Khandoba, Linga, Lingodbhava, Lord of the Dance, Lord of the Moon, Mahadeo, Mahadeva, Mahakala, Mahapurusha, Maharaja, Mahes(h)vara, Mangala, Mukhalinga, Nataraja, Nates(h)a, Nilakantha, Nritta-Murti, Pancanana, Panchamukti-Maruti, Pas(h)upati, Patsupati, Petara, Rishabha, Rudra, Sadyojata, Shaktiman, Shambhu, Shamkara, S(h)ankara, Sharabha, Shaumya, Sikhandin, Siva, Somanatha, Somaskanda, Srikantha, Sthanu, Supreme Lord, Syama, Tatpurusha, Tri-lochana, Tripuratanka, Ugra, Vamadeva, Vira-Bhadra, Virabhadra, Virupashksa, Vishapaharana, Vishvanatha, Warayana, Buddhist Amitabha, Cambodian Hara, Prah Eysor, East Indies Karaeng Lowe, Is(h)wara, Mahaiswara, Mahatala, Mahayogi, Greek Cronos, Japanese Amida, Pacific Bat(h)ala, Siwa, Philippines Mahacabatara, Thai Phra In Suen, Kala Shiva or Pancabrahma.

sunya

The void: Nirvana. Identified as sunya, sunyata or sunyata.

Suraksini

A goddess attendant on Buddhakapala. Sometimes referred to as Suraksini.

Surangama

A bodhisattva. In some references, identified as Surangama.

Sutra

A collection of sacred writings, the sayings of the Buddha. Called Sutra.

Sutta

The Pali form of the Sanskrit. Sutra. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Sutta, Sutra, Sutra, Sutra, Sutra, Sutra or Sutra.

Sutta-Pitaka

5 collections of the Buddha's. Teachings, part of the Tripitaka. At times, identified as Sutta-Pitaka.

swastika

A Buddhist cross: a magical. Sun-symbol. On occassion, identified as swastika, fylfot, fylfot, grammadion, grammadion, Hindu svastika, Hindu svastika, yun-drun, yun-drun or ryungdrung.

Syama

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Syama-Jataka

The story of the devoted son, Syama. Sometimes identified as Syama-Jataka.

Syamatara

A goddess. A form of Tara (green). An incarnation of Bhrkuti. Occasionally identified as Syamatara, Bhrkuti Tara, Bhrkuti Tara, Janguli, Vajratara, Yellow Tara, sGrol-Ilang, sGrol-Ilang, Tara, Tara, Kuan Yin, Queen of Heaven, Queen of Knowledge, Tarini, Arya-Tara, Bhrkuti-Tara, Dhanada, Ekajata, Jayatara, Mahacinatara, Padmatara, Pandaravasini, Parnassavari, Prajna(paramita), Sitatara, Sukla-Tara, Vasya-Tara, Vidjyarajni, Chinese Kuan Yin, Tibetan Dolma, sGrol-ma, Blue Tara, Green Tara, Red Tara, Tara Amba, White Tara, Tibetan sGrol-Ilang or Tibetan sGrol-Ilang.

Taditkara

A goddess of light. Consort of Yamataka. Identified as Taditkara, Vidyadhara or Vidyadhara.

Tailopa

A great sorcerer, one of the Mahasiddhas. He is depicted as a seated man, naked and holding a rope. Occasionally known as Tailopa.

Taisho Issaikyo

The complete Buddhist scriptures in Chinese, occupying 55 volumes. Sometimes identified as Taisho Issaikyo.

Takkiraja

A guardian god. One of the dikpalas. He is responsible for the southeastern direction. On occassion, called Takkiraja.

tama

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Tamra Bhadra

One of the Eighteen Lohan. He is depicted holding his prayer-beads. Also called Tamra Bhadra, Chinese Po-to-lo, Chinese Po-to-lo, Tan-mo-lo-po-t'o, Tan-mo-lo-po-t'o or Po-to-lo.

Tantra

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Tara

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Tara Amba

A form of Tara as patron of sailors. Also referred to as Tara Amba, Tara, Tara, Kuan Yin, Queen of Heaven, Queen of Knowledge, Tarini, Arya-Tara, Bhrkuti-Tara, Dhanada, Ekajata, Janguli, Jayatara, Mahacinatara, Padmatara, Pandaravasini, Parnassavari, Prajna(paramita), Sitatara, Sukla-Tara, Syamatara, Vajratara, Vasya-Tara, Vidjyarajni, Chinese Kuan Yin, Tibetan Dolma, sGrol-ma, Blue Tara, Green Tara, Red Tara or White Tara.

Tathagata

A name for the Buddha as one who follows the path of his ancestors. Occasionally called Tathagata, Buddha, Buddha, Dharmaketu, Narayana, Siddata, Aditya-Bandhu, Amitayas, Amitayus, Bhagavan, Bhagavat, Boodh(a), Budh, Gautama, Gonge(n), Gotama, Jina, Mahakapi, Mahaparinirvanamurti, Narayana, Navasvaraja, (Prince) Sidda(r)ta, Sammassambuddha, Shaka Muni, S(h)akya(muni), S(h)akyasinha, Sidd(h)artha, Siddhattha, Sugata, Vessantara, Vipassin, Chinese Fo, Japanese Butsu(da), Shotoku, Shotuku, Tibetan Sangyas, Tshangs-pa, Shakyamuni, Buddha-nature, Buddha-nature, Dharma-body, Dharma-body, Chinese Ju-lai, Chinese Ju-lai, Japanese Nyorai or Japanese Nyorai.

Tathatavasita

A minor goddess. One of the vasitas. Identified as Tathatavasita.

tea plant

A plant said to be grown from an eyelid of Bodhidharma. Sometimes identified as tea plant.

Tejosnisa

A god. In some lore, occasionally called Tejosnisa.

tennin

In Japanese lore, beautiful maidens. Living in paradise: female angels. Also commonly identified as tennin, tennyo or tennyo.

thera

A senior monk: an arhat. Occasionally identified as thera.

Thok-chho

One of the 5 Mahapancharajas. King of accomplishments. At times, referred to as Thok-chho, Thahog-chos-rgyal-po, Thahog-chos-rgyal-po, Tsun-gyi-rgyal-po, Tsun-gyi-rgyal-po or Thok Chho.

Three Bodies Doctrine

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thunderbolt

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thupa

The Pali version of the Sanskrit stupa. In some references, referred to as thupa.

Tikshamanjughosha

One of the 4 Manjugoshi. An aspect of Manjushri seated on a lion. Also called Tikshamanjughosha.

Tiksnosnisa

A god of the north-western direction. In some references, called Tiksnosnisa.

Tiloka

The Pali version of the Sanskrit. Tri-loka. Also commonly called Tiloka.

To-Kwatsu

In Japanese lore, the 8 hot hells. In some lore, occasionally known as To-Kwatsu, Abuda or Abuda.

To Wo

Angry deities in Tibet. Also commonly known as To Wo.

Tomoye

In Japan, a good luck talisman. Symbolising the revolving universe. Also called Tomoye, Chinese T'ai-chi, Chinese T'ai-chi, Korean Tahgook or Korean Tahgook.

Toran

The gateway to a Buddhist temple. Also called Toran, Torana., Torana., torana or torana.

torma

Holy food: a cake used in rituals. Sometimes known as torma.

Tosotsa-ten

The Japanese version of the Buddhist. Paradise, Tushita Heaven. Occasionally called Tosotsa-ten.

Trailokaya`

The 3 worlds. At times, identified as Trailokaya`.

trapa

A Tibetan monk. Sometimes known as trapa.

Trapusha

One of the merchants who gave. The Buddha sugar-cane when he broke his fast. Sometimes known as Trapusha, Bhallika or Bhallika.

Trayastrimsa

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Triastrinsa

A group of gods. Sometimes identified as Triastrinsa.

Trikona

Triangle: the Buddha in a seated. Position. At times, referred to as Trikona.

Tripitaka

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Triratna

3 jewels: Buddha, serpent and tree used as a symbol of the Trikona. Also known as Triratna.

Tshangs-pa

A Tibetan name for the Buddha as one of the Drag-shed. Also called Tshangs-pa, Buddha, Buddha, Dharmaketu, Narayana, Siddata, Aditya-Bandhu, Amitayas, Amitayus, Bhagavan, Bhagavat, Boodh(a), Budh, Gautama, Gonge(n), Gotama, Jina, Mahakapi, Mahaparinirvanamurti, Narayana, Navasvaraja, (Prince) Sidda(r)ta, Sammassambuddha, Shaka Muni, S(h)akya(muni), S(h)akyasinha, Sidd(h)artha, Siddhattha, Sugata, Tathagata, Vessantara, Vipassin, Chinese Fo, Japanese Butsu(da), Shotoku, Shotuku, Tibetan Sangyas, Shakyamuni, Sangyas, Sangyas, Tshan-pa or Tshan-pa.

Tshe-dpag-med

The Tibetan name for Amitayus. In some references, referred to as Tshe-dpag-med, Tshe-pa-me, Tshe-pa-me or Amitayas.

Tushita Heaven

The home of the bodhisattvas: the deva-world. Occasionally referred to as Tushita Heaven, Tuchita Heaven, Tuchita Heaven, Tusita Heaven, Tusita Heaven, Tushita heaven, Tuchita Haven, Tuchita Haven, Japanese Tosota-ten or Japanese Tosota-ten.

Ucchusma

An aspect of Aksobhya. A form of Jambhala. Occasionally known as Ucchusma, Akshobhya, Akshobhya, Aksobhya, Imperturbable, The, Buddhakapala, Candarosana, Heruka, Hevajira, ahacinatara, Mahapratyangira, Manjushri, Nairamata, Rakta-Yamari, Theimperturbable, Vajracarcika, Vajradaka, Vajraheruka, Vajrasana, Vasudhara, Vighnamtaka, Yamantaka, Hindu Vishnu, Japanese Ashuku or Tibetan Samvara.

Upadhyaya

One of the Eighteen Lohan, some say. In some accounts, known as Upadhyaya, Hva-sen, Hva-sen, Hva-sheng, Hva-sheng, Tibetan Hva-sen or Tibetan Hva-sen.

Upakesini

A god attendant on Arapacana. Also commonly identified as Upakesini.

Upali

One of the 5 chief disciples of the Buddha. Called Upali.

Upanananda

One of the nagas. This being, together with Nanda, provided water for the new-born Buddha. Also known as Upanananda.

Upapattivasita

A minor goddess. One of the vasitas. Also identified as Upapattivasita.

Upaya

One of the 12 Paramita goddesses, learning personified. Known as Upaya, Upayaparamita or Upayaparamita.

urna

A tuft of woolly hair, a third eye or a small jewel between the eyebrows of Shiva or the Buddha. On occassion, called urna.

Ushnisha

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ushnisha

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Ushnishavijaya

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Utopia

A mythical land in a 1516 novel of the same name, written by Sir Thomas. More. Also commonly referred to as Utopia.

Utpalavarna

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Vach

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Vadali

A goddess attendant on Marici. Known as Vadali.

Vagisvara

A god of the spoken word. A form of Manjushri. In some lore, occasionally known as Vagisvara.

Vaidehi

A queen. Wife of Bimbisara. Mother of Ajatasatru. In some references, referred to as Vaidehi.

Vairocana

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Vaisakha

The Sanskrit version of Wesak. Also referred to as Vaisakha.

Vaishravana

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Vajrabhairava

A Tibetan Adi-Buddha. Sometimes referred to as Vajrabhairava, Vajradhara, Vajradhara, Adi-Buddha, Tibetan rDo-rje-chang, rDo-rje-'jigs-byed, rDo-rje-'jigs-byed or Vajrahhairava.

Vajracarcika

An aspect of Akshobhya. She is depicted as having three eyes and standing on a corpse. Referred to as Vajracarcika, Akshobhya, Akshobhya, Aksobhya, Imperturbable, The, Buddhakapala, Candarosana, Heruka, Hevajira, ahacinatara, Mahapratyangira, Manjushri, Nairamata, Rakta-Yamari, Theimperturbable, Ucchusma, Vajradaka, Vajraheruka, Vajrasana, Vasudhara, Vighnamtaka, Yamantaka, Hindu Vishnu, Japanese Ashuku or Tibetan Samvara.

Vajradaka

An aspect of Akshobhya. Consort of Vajravahi. Also commonly known as Vajradaka, Akshobhya, Akshobhya, Aksobhya, Imperturbable, The, Buddhakapala, Candarosana, Heruka, Hevajira, ahacinatara, Mahapratyangira, Manjushri, Nairamata, Rakta-Yamari, Theimperturbable, Ucchusma, Vajracarcika, Vajraheruka, Vajrasana, Vasudhara, Vighnamtaka, Yamantaka, Hindu Vishnu, Japanese Ashuku or Tibetan Samvara.

Vajradakini

A goddess of the air. She can confer supernatural powers on her devotees. At times, referred to as Vajradakini.

Vajradhara

A form of Adi-Buddha in Tibet; Supreme Buddha-hood. Also commonly identified as Vajradhara, Adi-Buddha, Adi-Buddha, Adibuddha, Tibetan Vajrabhairava, Vajrasattva, Manjushri, Vajrabhairava, Vajrabhairava, rDo-rje-'jigs-byed, Tibetan rDo-rje-chang or Tibetan rDo-rje-chang.

Vajradhatvisvari

A goddess. A sakti of Vairocana. A form of Marichi. In some lore, occasionally called Vajradhatvisvari, Marichi, Marichi or Marici.

Vajragandhari

A goddess. Also commonly referred to as Vajragandhari.

Vajragarbha

A bodhisattva. In some references, called Vajragarbha.

Vajraheruka

One of the 5 Herukabuddhas. Identified as Vajraheruka, Akshobhya, Akshobhya, Aksobhya, Imperturbable, The, Buddhakapala, Candarosana, Heruka, Hevajira, ahacinatara, Mahapratyangira, Manjushri, Nairamata, Rakta-Yamari, Theimperturbable, Ucchusma, Vajracarcika, Vajradaka, Vajrasana, Vasudhara, Vighnamtaka, Yamantaka, Hindu Vishnu, Japanese Ashuku or Tibetan Samvara.

Vajrakarma

One of the 12 Paramita goddesses, perseverance personified. Also identified as Vajrakarma, Vajrakarmaparamita or Vajrakarmaparamita.

Vajrapani

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Vajrapasi

A goddess. One of the Dikpalas. She is responsible for guarding the southern region. Also commonly called Vajrapasi.

Vajraputra

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Vajrasana

A form of Akshobhya. In some references, called Vajrasana, Akshobhya, Akshobhya, Aksobhya, Imperturbable, The, Buddhakapala, Candarosana, Heruka, Hevajira, ahacinatara, Mahapratyangira, Manjushri, Nairamata, Rakta-Yamari, Theimperturbable, Ucchusma, Vajracarcika, Vajradaka, Vajraheruka, Vasudhara, Vighnamtaka, Yamantaka, Hindu Vishnu, Japanese Ashuku or Tibetan Samvara.

Vajrasattva

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Vajrasphota

A goddess. One of the dikpalas. She is responsible for guarding the western region. Also identified as Vajrasphota.

Vajrasrnkhala

A goddess. An aspect of Amoghasiddhi. In some lore, occasionally identified as Vajrasrnkhala, Amoghasiddhi, Amoghasiddhi, Dhanada, Kamaheruka, Kharmaheruka, Mahamayuri, Mahasritara, Sitatara, Vasya-tara, Vishvapani, Hindu Indra, Japanese Fuku-joju, Shaka, Tibetan Don-yod-grub-pa or Donyo-dup-pa.

Vajratara

A goddess. A form of Bhrkuti. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Vajratara, Amitabha, Amitabha, Amita, Amitayas, Great Vehicle, Amita(yas), Bhrkuti-Tara, Dharmadatuvagisvara, Dharmakari, Great Vehicle Mahabala, Mahasitavati, Vac(h), Vajradharma, Vak, Chinese Ami-t'o-fo, O-mi-t'o-fo, etc (see A-mi-t'ofo), Hindu Shiva, Japanese Amida, Tibetan O Pamé, Od-dpag-med, Pu Tai Ho-shang, Bhrkuti Tara, Bhrkuti Tara, Janguli, Yellow Tara, Syamatara, Tara, Tara, Kuan Yin, Queen of Heaven, Queen of Knowledge, Tarini, Arya-Tara, Dhanada, Ekajata, Jayatara, Mahacinatara, Padmatara, Pandaravasini, Parnassavari, Prajna(paramita), Sitatara, Sukla-Tara, Vasya-Tara, Vidjyarajni, Chinese Kuan Yin, Tibetan Dolma, sGrol-ma, Blue Tara, Green Tara, Red Tara, Tara Amba or White Tara.

Vajravarahi

A goddess. An aspect of Vairocana. A sakti of Hevajira or Vajradaka. In some lore, occasionally called Vajravarahi, Queen of Heaven, Queen of Heaven, Anat, Arinna, Astarte, Edjo, Hebat, Hera, Holy Mother, Hsi Wang Mu, Inanna, Isis, Juno, Marishiten, Matron of the Measure, Tara, T'ien Hou, Astarte, Juno, Vajravahi, Vajravahi, Adamantine Sow, Adamantine Sow, Tibetan rDo-rje-ph-mo, Tibetan rDo-rje-ph-mo, Bhavani, Bhavani or Bhava.

Vajravidarani

A goddess. She is depicted as having five heads. Also commonly referred to as Vajravidarani.

Vajrayogini

A goddess. She is sometimes depicted as carrying her own severed head. Occasionally known as Vajrayogini.

Vajrosnisa

A god. One of the dikpalas. He is responsible for guarding the eastern region. Occasionally referred to as Vajrosnisa.

vaka

The crane, a sacred bird. At times, identified as vaka.

Valahaka

A flying horse. In some lore, occasionally known as Valahaka, Cloud, Cloud, Kokumthena, Megha, Padmapani, Padmapani, Avalokiteshvara, Padma-pani, 'lotus-born', Chinese Kuan Yin or Japanese Kwannon.

Vanavasa

One of the Eighteen Lohan. He is depicted in a contemplative posture, sitting inside a cave. Also called Vanavasa, Chinese Fa-na-p'o-ssu or Chinese Fa-na-p'o-ssu.

Varahmukhi

A goddess attendant on Marici. In some accounts, referred to as Varahmukhi.

Varali

A goddess attendant on Marici. At times, identified as Varali.

Vasudhara

A female bodisattva. A sakti of Vajrasattva. A form of Akshobhya. In some lore, occasionally identified as Vasudhara, Akshobhya, Akshobhya, Aksobhya, Imperturbable, The, Buddhakapala, Candarosana, Heruka, Hevajira, ahacinatara, Mahapratyangira, Manjushri, Nairamata, Rakta-Yamari, Theimperturbable, Ucchusma, Vajracarcika, Vajradaka, Vajraheruka, Vajrasana, Vighnamtaka, Yamantaka, Hindu Vishnu, Japanese Ashuku, Tibetan Samvara, Bhumidevi, Bhumidevi, Bhudevi, Vasudhara, Zami-Mata, Mahi or Pusti.

Vasumatisri

A goddess attendant on Vasudhara. Occasionally referred to as Vasumatisri, Vasusri or Vasusri.

Vasya-Tara

An aspect of Amoghasiddhi, some say. Also called Vasya-Tara, Amoghasiddhi, Amoghasiddhi, Dhanada, Kamaheruka, Kharmaheruka, Mahamayuri, Mahasritara, Sitatara, Vajrasrnkhala, Vasya-tara, Vishvapani, Hindu Indra, Japanese Fuku-joju, Shaka, Tibetan Don-yod-grub-pa, Donyo-dup-pa, Arya-Tara, Arya-Tara, Tara, Tara, Tara, Tara, Kuan Yin, Queen of Heaven, Queen of Knowledge, Tarini, Bhrkuti-Tara, Ekajata, Janguli, Jayatara, Mahacinatara, Padmatara, Pandaravasini, Parnassavari, Prajna(paramita), Sukla-Tara, Syamatara, Vajratara, Vidjyarajni, Chinese Kuan Yin, Tibetan Dolma, sGrol-ma, Blue Tara, Green Tara, Red Tara, Tara Amba or White Tara.

Vayu

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Vayuvarvat

A deity. The horse of the wind. This animal carries the cintamani on its back. Sometimes called Vayuvarvat, Vayu, Vayu, Va, Airy Horse, Airy Horse, Vayuarvat, Tibetan rLun-rta, Tibetan rLun-rta, Lung-ta, Lung-ta or rLun-rta.

Vesak

The Sinhalese version of Wesak. Sometimes called Vesak.

Vesakha

The Pali version of Wesak. Also commonly called Vesakha.

Vessantara

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Vessantara-Jataka

The story of Vessantara and Madri. Occasionally referred to as Vessantara-Jataka.

Vetali

A terrible goddess. One of the gauris. In some accounts, identified as Vetali.

Vidyaraja

A god of law: spirits of frightening. Appearance who defend the sacred. Lore of the faithful. Also commonly called Vidyaraja, Raga-Vidyaraja, Raga-Vidyaraja, Japanese Aizen-myoo or Japanese Aizen-myoo.

Vidyujvalakarili

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Vighnantaka

A door-god. An aspect of Akshobhya. Sometimes identified as Vighnantaka, Vignari, Vignari, Hindu Ganesha, Hindu Ganesha or Shoten.

Vihara

A monastery. Sometimes referred to as Vihara, Burmese Kyoung or Burmese Kyoung.

Vijaya sabti

A goddess, guardian of the door of the east. On occassion, called Vijaya sabti.

Vikalaratri

A goddess attendant on Buddhakapala. At times, identified as Vikalaratri.

Vimala

A goddess. One of the bhumis. On occassion, known as Vimala.

Vina

A goddess of music. In some lore, occasionally called Vina.

Vipassin

In some accounts, the first Buddha. One of the 7 manushibuddhas. Sometimes identified as Vipassin, Buddha, Buddha, Dharmaketu, Narayana, Siddata, Aditya-Bandhu, Amitayas, Amitayus, Bhagavan, Bhagavat, Boodh(a), Budh, Gautama, Gonge(n), Gotama, Jina, Mahakapi, Mahaparinirvanamurti, Narayana, Navasvaraja, (Prince) Sidda(r)ta, Sammassambuddha, Shaka Muni, S(h)akya(muni), S(h)akyasinha, Sidd(h)artha, Siddhattha, Sugata, Tathagata, Vessantara, Chinese Fo, Japanese Butsu(da), Shotoku, Shotuku, Tibetan Sangyas, Tshangs-pa, Shakyamuni, Dipankara, Dipankara, Dipamkara, Jan Teng, Luminous, The, The Luminous, Chinese Jan-teng-fo, Vipasyin, Vipasyin, Dipankara or Dipankara.

Virudhaka

The Buddhist version of the Hindu. Virudka. Also identified as Virudhaka.

Virupaksha

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Virya

One of the 12 Paramita goddesses, strength of character personified. Called Virya, Viryaparamita or Viryaparamita.

Vishvabhu

One of the 7 manushibuddhas. Sometimes called Vishvabhu.

Vishvamitra

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Vishvapani

One of the 5 Dhyanibodhisattvas of Mahayana Buddhism. An aspect of Amoghasiddhi. Occasionally identified as Vishvapani, Amoghasiddhi, Amoghasiddhi, Dhanada, Kamaheruka, Kharmaheruka, Mahamayuri, Mahasritara, Sitatara, Vajrasrnkhala, Vasya-tara, Hindu Indra, Japanese Fuku-joju, Shaka, Tibetan Don-yod-grub-pa, Donyo-dup-pa, Visvapani or Visvapani.

Visra-vajra

An emblem, in the form of crossed. Thunderbolts, held by some statues. In some references, identified as Visra-vajra.

Visvadakini

A spirit of air. Also called Visvadakini.

Visvosnisa

A god. One of the Ushnishas. Referred to as Visvosnisa.

Vyaghravaktradakini

A goddess. Also commonly called Vyaghravaktradakini, Tibetan Stag-gdon-can or Tibetan Stag-gdon-can.

Wesak

A festival in honour of the Buddha, May 14th (April 8th in Japan). Sometimes known as Wesak, Buddha Day, Buddha Day, Pali Vesakha, Pali Vesakha, Sanskrit Vaiusakha, Sanskrit Vaiusakha, Sinhalese Vesak or Sinhalese Vesak.

Wheel of the Law

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White Tara

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Worshipful Personages

Those to whom reverence is due, including bodhisattvas, Buddhas, gods, saints, etc. Also known as Worshipful Personages.

Yaksha

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Yama

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Yamadeva

An underworld deity. On occassion, identified as Yamadeva, Japanese Emma-ten or Japanese Emma-ten.

Yamantaka

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Yamantasakti

A celestial doorkeeper of the south. Consort of Yamantaka. Also called Yamantasakti.

Yasapani

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Yasas

The son of a banker. He became an early disciple of the Buddha. On occassion, identified as Yasas.

Yashodhara

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Yi-dag

One of the Six Species. In some references, known as Yi-dag, Yiddak or Yiddak.

Yi-dam

Tutelary deities in Tibet. Also commonly called Yi-dam, Yidam or Yidam.

Yiddak

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Yogeshvari

A mother-goddess. One of the 8 Magrikas. One of the saptamataras. She was opposed to the demon Kama. At times, called Yogeshvari, Yogesvari or Yogesvari.

Yogini

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Zen-po

The Tibetan name for Bhadra, the arhat. Also commonly known as Zen-po, Bhadra, Bhadra, Tibetan bZan-po, bZan-po or bZan-po.
Buddhist Mythology