Baltic Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

accidental god

The first object seen by a Lapp when he emerges from his tent in the morning is worshipped as a god. Also commonly identified as accidental god.

Agras

A god of twins in Finland; a turnip-god. Sometimes known as Agras.

Ahti

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Ai

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Ainikki

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Aino

A Finnish heroine. Sister of Joukahainen. She was wooed by Vainamoinen but jumped into the sea rather than marry him. On occassion, known as Aino.

Aitvaras

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Ajata

A malevolent female wood spirit in Finland. These beings are said to suckle snakes and to cause illness. In some accounts, known as Ajata, Ajatar, Ajatar, Ajattara, Ajattara, Estonian Ai, Estonian Ai, Aitvaras, Lithuanian Aitvara or Lithuanian Aitvara.

Akkruva

A fish-goddess in Finland. Occasionally called Akkruva, Avfruvva, Avfruvva, Havfru, Havfru, Danish Havfrue or Danish Havfrue.

Alka

Sacred lands dedicated to the gods, in Lithuanian lore. Also referred to as Alka, Alklha, Alklha, Alka or Arakho.

Altvaras

A flying snake. In some lore, occasionally called Altvaras.

Antero Vipunen

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Apparas

Lapp forest spirits. These beings are said to be the souls of children who have been killed. They control the grass and the trees. In some accounts, called Apparas.

Arcturus

In Finnish lore, a celestial archer. It is said that the world will come to an end when he shoots down the star Bcahje-naste. In some accounts, called Arcturus.

Asz

A Lithuanian sky-god. In some references, known as Asz.

Aurora Borealis

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Ausera

A Lithuanian goddess of the dawn. Also commonly known as Ausera.

Auskelis

A Latvian fertility-god, attendant on the sky-god. Occasionally referred to as Auskelis, Auseklis, Auseklis, Lithuanian Ausrine or Lithuanian Ausrine.

Ausrine

A Lithuanian fertility-god. In some accounts, Ausrine was the Morning Star with whom the moon god Meness had an affair. Occasionally referred to as Ausrine, Latvian Auskelis or Latvian Auskelis.

Bagputys

A Lithuanian sea-god. On occassion, known as Bagputys, Bangputis or Bangputis.

Barbmo-akka

In Lapp lore, an old woman who causes. The birds to return in the spring. In some lore, occasionally known as Barbmo-akka, Loddis-edne, Loddis-edne or Barbmo-ekka.

Bardha

In Albania, whitish spirits who live under the earth. In some accounts, referred to as Bardha.

barstukai

Lithuanian spirits of the underworld who helped with the harvest. Sometimes referred to as barstukai, parstukai, parstukai, partstukai or partstukai.

Biega-olmai

A Lapp wind-god. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Biega-olmai.

Bird's Way

In Lithuanian lore, the Milky Way, along which the dead are said to travel to Dausos. In some lore, occasionally known as Bird's Way.

Boahje-naste

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Bohinavlle

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burtnicks

A Latvian magician. This type uses his magic for benevolent ends, as opposed to the evil burvis. On occassion, known as burtnicks.

burvis

A Latvian magician. This type uses his powers for evil purposes. Identified as burvis.

Busi-urt

The Finnish spirit of the cornfields. Occasionally referred to as Busi-urt, Rice Mother or Rice Mother.

Cacce-haldde

A Lappish water spirit. Also called Cacce-haldde, Cacce-jielle, Cacce-jielle, Kul, Cacce-olmai, Cacce-olmai, Finnish Vedenhaltija or Finnish Vedenhaltija.

Cacce-olmai

A Lapp water spirit: god of fishing. Sometimes referred to as Cacce-olmai, Cacce-haldde, Cacce-haldde, Cacce-jielle, Kul or Finnish Vedenhaltija.

Carmilhan

A phantom ship. The legend surrounding this mysterious vessel is similar to the story of The Flying Dutchman. In some accounts, referred to as Carmilhan, Klaboterman or Klaboterman.

Cold

Son of Louhi, in Finnish lore. At times, referred to as Cold.

Daugawa

The great water that flows back full of departed souls every evening. On occassion, referred to as Daugawa.

Daughter of Creation

A name for the Finnish goddess Ilmatar as 'Luonnotar'. Also commonly called Daughter of Creation, Luonnotar, Luonnotar, Ilmatar, Luojatar or Synnytar.

Dausos

The Lithuanian kingdom of the dead. It was said to be situated in the sky behind a very tall and slippery hill. Sometimes referred to as Dausos.

Debestevs

A Latvian sky god and fertility god. In some accounts, called Debestevs, Lettish Dievs, Lettish Dievs, Dievas, Lithuanian Dievas, Lithuanian Dievas or Dievs.

Dekla

The Latvian goddess of fate. Sister of Karta and Laima. In some accounts these three sisters act as the Latvian Fates. At times, known as Dekla.

deyves

Stones as objects of veneration in Lithuania. Occasionally referred to as deyves.

Dieva deli

The 2 (or 3, some say) sons of Dieva who mow the celestial meadows. In some references, called Dieva deli.

Dievas

A Lithuanian sky god and fertility god. Also identified as Dievas, Latvian Debestevs, Latvian Debestevs, Dievs, Lettish Dievs, Lettish Dievs or Debestevs.

Dievini

Minor gods in Latvia, guardians of property. Also identified as Dievini.

Dievs

A Lettish sky god and fertility god. Consort of Saule. Sometimes referred to as Dievs, Latvian Debestevs, Latvian Debestevs, Dievas, Lithuanian Dievas, Lithuanian Dievas or Debestevs.

Dogheads

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Drebkuls

A Lettish sea god. On occassion, identified as Drebkuls, Greek Poseidon, Greek Poseidon, Neptune or Varuna.

Egres

A Finnish fertility-god, protector of turnips. Also commonly identified as Egres, Akras or Akras.

Ezerinis

A Finnish lake-god. Also commonly known as Ezerinis.

Gabija

A Lithuanian fire-goddess. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Gabija, Gabeta, Gabeta, Gabieta or Gabieta.

Gabjauja

A Lithuanian corn-goddess. In some references, known as Gabjauja.

Gabjaujis

A Lithuanian fire-god. Known as Gabjaujis.

Ganis

A Lappish forest-spirit. This being takes the form of a beautiful maiden with a long tail who mates with mortals. On occassion, called Ganis, Gidne, Gidne, Kani, Kani, Kine or Kine.

Ganyklos

A Lithuanian god of domestic animals. In some references, referred to as Ganyklos, Czech Veles, Czech Veles, Volos, Russian Vlas(sy), Russian Vlas(sy), Veles, Slav Volos, Slav Volos or Vlas.

Gerovit

A war-god in Pomerania. Sometimes known as Gerovit, Gerovitus, Gerovitus, Herovit, Herovit, Jarovit or Jarovit.

Gid-kuzo

A Finnish god of the cattle-yard. Sometimes referred to as Gid-kuzo.

Giltine

A Lithuanian goddess of death. Sometimes identified as Giltine.

Giraitis

A Lithuanian god of woodlands. Son of Severin and Alice. Referred to as Giraitis.

Guffitar

Lappish dwarf spirits of the forest or living underground. Also commonly referred to as Guffitar, Norse Govetter or Norse Govetter.

haldde

A Lappish nature spirit. Called haldde.

Hidden-Kissa

A cat owned by the giant, Hiisi. This cat could so frighten criminals that they confessed their misdeeds. Also called Hidden-Kissa.

Hiisi

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Iarovit

A Latvian god. An aspect of Svantevit. At times, identified as Iarovit, Svantevit, Svantevit, Svandovit, Svantovit, Svarog, Sventovit, Svetovid, Svetovit, Svetovitu, 'energy', Swietowit, Triglav, Slav Porenutius, Rod or Rugievit.

Ilmarine

An Estonian god based on the Finnish Ilmarinen. Also commonly identified as Ilmarine.

Ilmarinen

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Ilmatar

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iodhi

Souls of the dead: spirits of the air. In some accounts, called iodhi, murgi or murgi.

Isa

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Jabme-aibmo

Occasionally identified as Jabme-aibmo, Jabme-aimo or Jabme-aimo.

Jabme-aimo

The Lappish underworld, ruled by Jabme-akkao. Occasionally called Jabme-aimo, Jabme-aibmo or Jabme-aibmo.

Jabme-akka

An old woman, ruler of the Lappish underworld, Jabme-aimo. Sometimes known as Jabme-akka.

Jengk-Tongk

A Lapp water-spirit or fish-spirit. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Jengk-Tongk, Kul-jungk, Kul-jungk, Kul-Jungk or Kul-Jungk.

Jumala

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Jumis

A Latvian fertility-god. In some lore, occasionally identified as Jumis.

juoigen

A Lappish sacred chant. This magical incantation is used to call up the spirits of the dead in a form of language known only to initiates. Also called juoigen.

Jurasmate

A Latvian sea-goddess. Occasionally known as Jurasmate, Mother of the Sea or Mother of the Sea.

juudas

An Estonian devil. Sometimes identified as juudas, Finnish juutas, Finnish juutas, velns, Latvian juods, Latvian juods or juutas.

juutas

A Finnish devil. Occasionally called juutas, Estonian juudas, Estonian juudas, velns, Latvian juods, Latvian juods or juudas.

Kaba

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Kalervo

In Finnish lore, father of Kullervo. He was killed by his brother Untamo. Also identified as Kalervo.

Kaleva

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Kalevala

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Kalevanpojat

Evil giants who destroy the landscape. At times, referred to as Kalevanpojat.

Kalevi

An Estonian hero. Father of Kalevipoeg. Also commonly identified as Kalevi, Finnish Kaleva or Finnish Kaleva.

Kalevipoeg

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Kalma

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Kalvaistis

A Lithuanian smith-god. He is said to make the sun anew each day. Occasionally identified as Kalvaistis, Greek Hephaestus, Greek Hephaestus, Ptah, Regin, Sethlans, Tvashtri, Vulcan, Roman Mulciber, Roman Mulciber or Hephaestus.

kanteletar

Finnish magic songs. On occassion, known as kanteletar.

Kapu Mate

A name for Velumate as 'mother of the graveyard'. In some references, known as Kapu Mate.

Karta

A Latvian goddess of fate. Sister of Dekla and Laima. In some accounts, these three sisters act as the Latvian Fates. Also called Karta.

kaukas

A Lithuanian dwarf house-spirit, similar to the aitvaras. Sometimes known as kaukas, Para, Para, Bjara, Puk, Pukhis, Pukis, Pukys, Puuk, Estonian Pisuhand, Tulihand, Lappish Smieragatto, Latvian Pukis, Lithuanian Aitvaras, Kaukas, Scandinavian Buttercat, Russian Domovik, Russian Domovik, pukys, pukys, Aitvaras or Para.

Kekri

An ancient Finnish god of cattle. In some accounts, known as Kekri.

kekri

A Finnish ghost or spirit. Also commonly identified as kekri.

kekritar

Masks, or the people wearing them, in the Kekri festival. In some references, referred to as kekritar.

keremet

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Kildisin

Wife of the Finnish sky-god, Ilmarinen. On occassion, referred to as Kildisin, Kildisin-mumy, Kildisin-mumy, Kugu-shotshen-Ara or Kugo-shotshen-Ava.

Kiyamat-saus

An assistant of the Finnish underworld. God Tuoni. Occasionally called Kiyamat-saus.

klaboterman

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Kodinhaltia

A Finnish house-fairy. At times, identified as Kodinhaltia.

Kodojeza

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Kondos

A Finnish god of agriculture. Also referred to as Kondos.

Kosla-kuguza

A guardian deity of the forests. Husband of Kosla-kuva. Sometimes called Kosla-kuguza.

Kosla-kuva

Wife of Kosla-kuguza. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Kosla-kuva.

Kotre

A Lithuanian fertility-spirit. Occasionally referred to as Kotre, More or More.

Kratti

A Finnish spirit, guardian of property. In some lore, occasionally identified as Kratti.

Kreutzneald, F R

The Estonian compiler of the epic Kalevipoea, published 1857-61. Also known as Kreutzneald, F R.

Krohn, Julius

The Finnish author of works on folklore and mythology, especially on the Kalevala. On occassion, identified as Krohn, Julius, (1835-1888) or (1835-1888).

Krohn, Kaarle

A Finnish scholar who wrote extensively on folklore and mythology. Also identified as Krohn, Kaarle, (1863-1933) or (1863-1933).

Kul

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Kun

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Kursis

A Lithuanian corn-spirit. Kursis represents the male equivalent of Rugiu-Baba. Sometimes known as Kursis, Rugiu Boba or Rugiu Boba.

Laima

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Lammekune

An Estonian hero based on the Finnish Lemminkainen. At times, referred to as Lammekune.

Larkosargasa

A Lithuanian field-god. Also commonly identified as Larkosargasa.

Laukpatis

A Lithuanian field-god. Referred to as Laukpatis, Lauksargis, Lauksargis, Latvian Laukumate, Latvian Laukumate, Polish Lawkapatim, Polish Lawkapatim or Laukumate.

Laukumate

A Latvian goddess of agriculture. Also identified as Laukumate, Lauka Mate, Lauka Mate, Lauka Mata, Lauka Mata, Mother of the Fields, Mother of the Fields, Lithuanian Laukpatis, Lithuanian Laukpatis, Lawkapatim, Polish Lawkapatim, Polish Lawkapatim or Laukpatis.

lauma

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laumé

A Lithuanian hag or witch. Originally these beings were harmless fairies, later they became evil beings. Also known as laumé, deive, deive, spigena, spigena, lauma, lauma, Latvian lauma or Latvian lauma.

Liekko

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lietuvens

A Latvian ghost, the spirit of one who died violently. Identified as lietuvens.

Ligo-feast

A Latvian festival in honour of the sun-god. On occassion, called Ligo-feast.

luete-muor

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Luonnotar

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Luot-chozjit

A Lappish female spirit, guardian of reindeer. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Luot-chozjit, Luot-hozjit, Luot-hozjit, Luot-hozjik, Luot-hozjik, Russian Pots-hoznik or Russian Pots-hoznik.

Lytuvonis

A Lithuanian rain god. At times, identified as Lytuvonis.

Maa-Emae

A Finnish earth-mother. Also referred to as Maa-Emae, Maan-Emo or Maan-Emo.

maahiset

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Mader Akka

A Lappish creator-goddess. Wife of Mader Atcha. Mother of Sarakka. Also referred to as Mader Akka, Madderakka or Madderakka.

Majas kungs

A Latvian god of the household. Also referred to as Majas kungs, Lithuanian Zemepatis or Lithuanian Zemepatis.

Maksameri

The Estonian world of the dead. In some accounts, identified as Maksameri, German Lebermeer or German Lebermeer.

Mana

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Manala

The Finnish land of the dead, ruled. By Mana. Also referred to as Manala, Tuonela, Tuonela or Pohjola.

Manalan-Rakki

A hound from the Finnish underworld. On occassion, known as Manalan-Rakki.

Mara

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mara-halddo

A Lappish sea-spirit. Occasionally called mara-halddo.

Marjatta

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maro-deives

Pest-deities. These beings are said to drive round in coaches drawn by six black horses. In some accounts, identified as maro-deives.

Medeine

A Lithuanian goddess of woodlands. Also commonly identified as Medeine, Majdejn, Majdejn, Mejdejn or Mejdejn.

Meness

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Menulis

A Lithuanian moon-god. In some references, called Menulis, Menuo, Menuo, Latvian Meness or Latvian Meness.

metsaneitsyt

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metsanhaltia

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metshaldijas

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Metsmees

An Estonian wind-god. Occasionally referred to as Metsmees.

Metsola

A Finnish goddess, mother of the first deity. Also known as Metsola.

Mezasmate

A Latvian forest-goddess. In some references, identified as Mezasmate, Mother of the Forest or Mother of the Forest.

Mezatevs

A Latvian forest-god. In some lore, occasionally identified as Mezatevs, Father of the Forest or Father of the Forest.

Mielkki

A Finnish forest-spirit. Wife of Tapio. Mother of Nyyrikki and Tuulikki. In some lore, occasionally known as Mielkki, Mielikki or Mielikki.

milzinas

A Lithuanian giant-spirit. On occassion, referred to as milzinas.

moomin

In Finnish lore, one of a race of imaginary forest-dwellers. These small, fat people are said to be very shy, hibernating during the winter. On occassion, identified as moomin.

Muntso-murt

A Finnish bath-house spirit. He sometimes substitutes changlings for the proper children. Sometimes identified as Muntso-murt, Motsaoza, Motsaoza, Muntso-kuzo, Muntso-kuzo, Muntso-oza, Muntso-oza, Muntso-oza Russian Pyrsan-aika or Muntso-oza Russian Pyrsan-aika.

Nakinieu

A female water-spirit in Estonia. They are said to own beautiful cattle which live in water. Referred to as Nakinieu, Nakinietsi, Nakinietsi, maleNakk or maleNakk.

Nakk

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Nakki

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nelaikis

A Lithuanian spirit. This dangerous spirit is that of a victim of murder, one who drowned or one who committed suicide. At times, referred to as nelaikis.

Noaide

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Olmai

A word for god among the Lapps. Also called Olmai, Olmay or Olmay.

Ovda

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Paiva

A Finnish sun-god. The rays of the sun formed roads between heaven and earth along which the gods could travel. On occassion, known as Paiva, Paeivae or Paeivae.

Pajainen

A Finnish god. He killed a huge bull or pig. On occassion, known as Pajainen.

pajanvak'i

Finnish spirits associated with metals. Sometimes identified as pajanvak'i.

Pajonn

A Lappish thunder-god. Sometimes called Pajonn.

Para

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Parne

A malevolent Finnish forest-spirit. Sometimes identified as Parne.

Passe-javrre

In Lappish lore, the sacred sea. Sometimes known as Passe-javrre.

Passe-jokka

In Lappish lore, the sacred river. At times, referred to as Passe-jokka.

Passe-vare

In Lappish lore, the sacred. Mountains. Occasionally known as Passe-vare.

Patollus

A Prussian god of the underworld. Known as Patollus, Patollo or Patollo.

Pekko

A Finnish corn-god. Also identified as Pekko, Pellonpekko, Pellonpekko, Estonian Peko or Estonian Peko.

Peko

An Estonian fertility-god. On occassion, identified as Peko, Finnish Pekko or Finnish Pekko.

Pele Kolese

A Finnish water-spirit. This being floated on its back as if drowning. Those who attempted rescue were attacked and killed. At times, referred to as Pele Kolese.

Pergrubius

A deity of renewal. At times, known as Pergrubius.

Perkele

The Finnish name for the Devil. Also called Perkele.

Perkons

A Latvian thunder-god. In some references, called Perkons, Bohemina Peranu, Bohemina Peranu, Bulgarian Perusan, Bulgarian Perusan, Peranu, Perkonis, Perkunos, Peroon, Piker, Piorun, Pitkainen, Pyerun, Estonian Piker, Estonian Piker, Perkunos, Perusan, Finnish Pitkoinen, Finnish Pitkoinen, Lithuanian Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Pirgene, Polish Piorun, Polish Piorun, Perkunos, Prussian Perkonis, Prussian Perkonis, Perkunos, Russian Pirgene, Russian Pirgene, Perkunos, Slav Peroon, Slav Peroon, Gromovit or Perkunos.

Perkune Tete

A goddess of thunder and lightning. Occasionally known as Perkune Tete.

Perkunos

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Piker

An Estonian thunder-god. Called Piker, Bohemian Peranu, Bohemian Peranu, Perkonis, Perkunos, Peroon, Perusan, Piorun, Pitkainen, Pyerun, Bulgarian Perusan, Bulgarian Perusan, Peranu, Perkons, Perkunos, Finnish Pitkainen, Finnish Pitkainen, Latvian Perkons, Latvian Perkons, Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Pirgene, Polish Piorun, Polish Piorun, Perkunos, Prussian Perkonis, Prussian Perkonis, Perkunos, Russian Pyerun, Russian Pyerun, Serbian Gromovit, Serbian Gromovit, Slav Peroon, Slav Peroon, Gromovit or Perkunos.

Pitkainen

A Finnish thunder-god. Also called Pitkainen, Pitkomoinen, Pitkomoinen, Bohemian Peranu, Bohemian Peranu, Perkonis, Perkunos, Peroon, Perusan, Piker, Piorun, Pyerun, Bulgarian Perusan, Bulgarian Perusan, Peranu, Perkons, Perkunos, Estonian Piker, Estonian Piker, Perkunos, Latvian Perkons, Latvian Perkons, Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Pirgene, Polish Piorun, Polish Piorun, Perkunos, Prussian Perkonis, Prussian Perkonis, Perkunos, Russian Pirgene, Russian Pirgene, Perkunos, Serbian Gromovit, Serbian Gromovit, Slav Peroon, Slav Peroon, Gromovit or Perkunos.

Pohjanakka

The ruler of the Finnish underworld, Pohjola. Consort of Louhi. Also commonly known as Pohjanakka.

Pohjola

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porgu

The Estonian hell. On occassion, known as porgu.

Port-hozjin

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Potrympus

A god of rivers and vegetation. Occasionally referred to as Potrympus, Potrimpo or Potrimpo.

Pramzimas

A Latvian culture-hero. He threw into the waters of the flood a nutshell in which two people escaped. Sometimes referred to as Pramzimas.

Pukis

A household spirit or dragon. The Latvian version of Para. Also commonly identified as Pukis, Pukhis, Pukhis, Para, Para, Para, Bjara, Puk, Pukys, Puuk, Estonian Pisuhand, Tulihand, Lappish Smieragatto, Latvian Pukis, Lithuanian Aitvaras, Kaukas or Scandinavian Buttercat.

Pukys

A household spirit. The Lithuanian version of Para. In some accounts, called Pukys, Aitvaras, Aitvaras, Estonian Ai, Finnish Ajata, pukys, kaukas, kaukas, Para, Russian Domovik, Para, Para, Bjara, Puk, Pukhis, Pukis, Puuk, Estonian Pisuhand, Tulihand, Lappish Smieragatto, Latvian Pukis, Lithuanian Aitvaras, Kaukas, Scandinavian Buttercat, Para or Para.

Pulah

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Puuk

A household spirit. The Estonian version of Para. Sometimes identified as Puuk, Para, Para, Bjara, Puk, Pukhis, Pukis, Pukys, Estonian Pisuhand, Tulihand, Lappish Smieragatto, Latvian Pukis, Lithuanian Aitvaras, Kaukas, Scandinavian Buttercat, Pisuhand, Pisuhand, Para or Para.

Radigast

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Radion-aimo

Heaven, home of the god of the Lapps. Also referred to as Radion-aimo.

Rahkoi

A ghost in the lore of the Finns and Lapps, said to influence the moon. In some accounts, identified as Rahkoi.

Rahkonen

In Finland, the man in the moon. Also called Rahkonen.

Rana-neidda

A Lapp virgin-goddess. Sometimes called Rana-neidda, Norse Frigga, Norse Frigga, Holda or Nerthus.

Raudna

A Lapp goddess. Wife of Horagalles. On occassion, called Raudna.

Rauni

A Finnish storm-goddess. Wife of Ukko. At times, called Rauni, Akka, Akka, 'old woman', 'old woman', Carlin, Sedna, 'rowan' or 'rowan'.

Ravdna

A Finnish thunder-goddess. Known as Ravdna.

Ravgga

A Finnish fish-god. At times, referred to as Ravgga, Meriraukka or Meriraukka.

Riihitonttu

A Finnish grain-spirit. This spirit will steal grain from neighbours in order to help the family it protects. Also identified as Riihitonttu, Swedish Ritomte or Swedish Ritomte.

Rugini

A Lithuanian corn-spirit. In some accounts, identified as Rugini, 'man of rye' or 'man of rye'.

Rugiu Boba

A Lithuanian corn-spirit. A harvest symbol, a female figure of this spirit made from the last of the harvest. At times, called Rugiu Boba, Kursis or Kursis.

Rukotivo

A later name for Runkateivas as a horse-god. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Rukotivo, Runkateivas, Runkateivas or Rongoteus.

Runkateivas

A Finnish god of rye. Occasionally referred to as Runkateivas, Rongoteus, Rongoteus, Runkateivis, Rukotivo or Rukotivo.

runo

A Finnish short song or poem on a legendary subject. In some lore, occasionally called runo.

Ruotta

A Lapp evil spirit. This being is said to attack pregnant women. Occasionally called Ruotta.

Rut-aimo

The Lapp hell. Also commonly known as Rut-aimo, Ruta-aimo or Ruta-aimo.

Rutja's Rapids

In the lore of the Lapps, the river of the dead. Sometimes referred to as Rutja's Rapids, Turja's rapids, Turja's rapids or Rustja's Rapids.

Rutu

The Lapp devil, torturer of the dead in the hell, Rut-aimo. Sometimes known as Rutu, Rota, Rota or Rutu.

Saivo-neita

A Lapp water-spirit or sea-maiden. Occasionally identified as Saivo-neita, Saivo-neida, Saivo-neida, Russian Rusalka or Russian Rusalka.

Sampsa Pellervo

A Finnish god of vegetation. He is said to have arrived in a cornship. In some references, referred to as Sampsa Pellervo, Sampsa Pellervoinen or Sampsa Pellervoinen.

Sarakka

A Lapp goddess, guardian of birth. Daughter of Mader Akka. It was said that she assisted both deer and humans. Also known as Sarakka, Sadsta-akka or Sadsta-akka.

Saule

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Saules meitas

Daughters of Saule. They rake up the hay mown by the Dievadeli in the celestial meadows. Occasionally referred to as Saules meitas.

Seeva

A Lithuanian love-goddess. Also commonly referred to as Seeva, Slav Siva or Slav Siva.

Siela

The life-force. This force is said not to leave with the soul of the departed but is reincarnated in animals and plants. Sometimes called Siela.

slogute

A Lithuanian spirit: a nightmare. Called slogute.

Smieragatto

A Lappish spirit in the form of a cat. This spirit is said to bring its owner butter, cream and milk. Also commonly known as Smieragatto, Finnish Para, Finnish Para, Buttercat, Swedish Buttercat or Swedish Buttercat.

Sueje-lodde

A Lapp which reveals the names of those about to die. This spirit is said to appear in the form of a bird. At times, referred to as Sueje-lodde.

Sukkamielli

A Finnish goddess of orgiastic love. On occassion, referred to as Sukkamielli.

Suksendal

A Finnish deity of nightmares. This being can act either as a succubus or as an incubus to have intercourse with sleeping mortals. Sometimes known as Suksendal.

suoje

A spirit invoked by a Lappish sorcerer. This spirit can be passed on to a descendant or marriage partner - even purchased. At times, identified as suoje, sueje or sueje.

Surma

A monster guarding the Finnish. Underworld, Tuohela. This beast was envisaged as an enormous pair of fanged jaws without a body. Identified as Surma.

Svantevit

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Taara

An Estonian sky-god, in some accounts. Occasionally called Taara, Tharapita or Tharapita.

Tachti

A Finnish god of the Pole Star. Identified as Tachti.

Tapio

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Teljavelik

A Lithuanian creator-god and smith-god. In some lore, occasionally known as Teljavelik, Telyaveli, Telyaveli, Telyavelik, Telyavelik, Telyaveli(k) or Telyaveli(k).

Tiermes

A Lapp thunder-god. In some references, identified as Tiermes.

Tomor

An Albanian creator-god and wind-god. On occassion, referred to as Tomor, Tomorr, Tomorr, Baba,Tomorr or Baba,Tomorr.

Tonttu

A benevolent Finnish spirit of the household. Sometimes referred to as Tonttu, Tonto or Tonto.

Triglav

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Tumo-pas

A Finnish thunder-god revered in the form of an oak tree. Also commonly known as Tumo-pas.

Tuonela

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Tuonen-portti

The gate at the entrance to the Finnish. Underworld, Tuonela. Sometimes known as Tuonen-portti, Norse Helgrind or Norse Helgrind.

Tuonetar

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Tuoni

Ruler of the Finnish underworld, Tuonela. Husband of Tuonetar. Father of Kipu-Tytto, Kivutas and Vammata. Called Tuoni, Kiyamat-tora, Kiyamat-tora, Tamek-vui, Tamek-vui, Tamek-rui, Tamek-rui, Mana or Mana.

Turms

A Lapp sky-god. In some lore, occasionally called Turms.

Turris

A god of war in Estonia and Finland. Known as Turris, Turilas, Turilas, Turisas, Turisas, Tursas or Tursas.

Tursas

A Finnish demon living in the sea, attendant on the sea-god, Ahti. Occasionally identified as Tursas, Turris, Turris, Turilas or Turisas.

Ubyi

A Finnish god said to drink blood. This being is regarded as the spirit of a sorcerer or some evil person. In some references, identified as Ubyi.

Udensmate

A Latvian water-goddess. Occasionally called Udensmate, Mother of Waters, Mother of Waters or Attabeira.

Ugunsmate

A Latvian fire-goddess. In some references, known as Ugunsmate, Mother of Fire or Mother of Fire.

Ukko

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Uksakka

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Uldra

A fairy race in Lapland, living under the earth. Sometimes called Uldra, Huldrafolk, Huldrafolk, Dwarfs, Elves, Hulderfolk, Huldra, Huldrefolk, Huldu, Huldu-folk, Huldra, Ullda or Ullda.

Undutar

A Finnish goddess of fog and mist. In some lore, occasionally called Undutar, Untar or Untar.

Uni

The Finnish god of sleep. Sometimes identified as Uni.

Unt-tongk

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Usching

A horse-god. In some lore, occasionally called Usching.

Usins

A Latvian god of the morning and evening star. In some accounts, known as Usins.

Ut

A Finnish fire-goddess. Sometimes called Ut.

Utumo

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Vadatajs

A Latvian demon leading travellers. Astray. In some references, known as Vadatajs.

vaidulis

A ghost, in Lithuanian lore. In some lore, occasionally referred to as vaidulis.

Vainamoinen

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vainnan tytto

Finnish water-maidens. Sometimes referred to as vainnan tytto, vainnan tytar or vainnan tytar.

Vajgats

A holy island in Finnish lore. This site is used for the sacrifice of animals to the gods. Occasionally called Vajgats.

Vaksoza

A Finnish spirit of water-mills. Sometimes known as Vaksoza.

Varjohaltija

In Finnish lore, a man's shadow-ruler. This being is said to be able to forecast the future. In some lore, occasionally identified as Varjohaltija, haltija, haltija, haldja, haltia, ort, urt, varjohaltija, Varjohaltia or Varjohaltia.

Vedenhaltija

An evil Finnish water-spirit. Sometimes identified as Vedenhaltija, Vedenhaltia, Vedenhaltia, Vederaj, Vederaj, Vestaera, Vestaera, Vestaeraj, Vestaeraj, Lapp Kul, Lapp Kul, Vodyanik, Russian Vodyanoi, Russian Vodyanoi or Kul.

Vejasmate

A Latvian wind-goddess, goddess of birds and woods. On occassion, identified as Vejasmate, Mother of the Wind, Mother of the Wind, Veja Mate or Veja Mate.

Vejopatis

A Lithuanian wind-god. Sometimes known as Vejopatis.

vele

A Lithuanian spirit of the dead. Sometimes identified as vele, velnias, velnias, vila, Latvian velis or Latvian velis.

velis

A Latvian spirit of the dead. Called velis, Lithuanian vele or Lithuanian vele.

velnias

A wicked Lithuanian spirit of the dead: the devil. Also called velnias, vele, vele, vila or Latvian velis.

velns

A Latvian devil. Sometimes referred to as velns, juods, juods, Estonian juudas, Estonian juudas, juutas, Finnish juutas, Finnish juutas or juudas.

Velumate

A Latvian goddess of the underworld. On occassion, referred to as Velumate, Velu Mate, Velu Mate, Kapumate or Kapumate.

vendenhaltia

A Finnish water-spirit. In some accounts, referred to as vendenhaltia, Lappish cacce-haldde or Lappish cacce-haldde.

Veralden-olmai

A Lapp supreme god. He is said to support the heavens. Sometimes known as Veralden-olmai, Veralden-rade, Veralden-rade, Norse Frey, Norse Frey or Varalden-Olmei.

Veralden-shuold

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Vilkakis

A Latvian werewolf. On occassion, called Vilkakis, Vilkacis, Vilkacis, Lithuanian Vilkatas, Lithuanian Vilkatas, Slav Vlkodlak, Slav Vlkodlak or Vilkatas.

Vilkatas

A Lithuanian werewolf. In some accounts, referred to as Vilkatas, Latvian Vilkakis, Latvian Vilkakis, Slav Vlkodlak, Slav Vlkodlak or Vilkakis.

vilkolakis

A Lithuanian wolf-spirit. Occasionally called vilkolakis.

Virankannos

A Finnish cat-god. Occasionally identified as Virankannos.

Virava

A Finnish goddess of the woods. She can appear either as an animal, a flame or a whirlwind. In some lore, occasionally known as Virava, Tavi-ayik, Tavi-ayik, Tava-ajik, Tava-ajik, Tapio or Tapio.

Vitza-kuguza

A Finnish spirit of the cattleyard. Occasionally called Vitza-kuguza.

Vitza-kuva

A female version of Vitza-kuguzu. Sometimes called Vitza-kuva.

Vorsud

A Finnish guardian-spirit who brings. Good fortune. Sometimes known as Vorsud, Vodyz or Vodyz.

Vuojala

A realm in Finnish lore, sometimes. Equated wth Pohjola. In some references, identified as Vuojala, Pohjola, Pohjola, Pohja or Tuonela.

Waralden Olmai

A Lapp creator-god. Occasionally identified as Waralden Olmai.

Wels

A sea-god. A festival in his honour is held in October. Also known as Wels.

White Youth

A Finnish deity regarded as the father of mankind. Sometimes known as White Youth.

Yabmeaimo

The Lapp underworld, home of the dead, ruled by Yabmeakka. In some references, referred to as Yabmeaimo.

Yabmeakka

A god of the dead, ruler of the underworld Yabmeaimo. On occassion, known as Yabmeakka.

Yarovit

A war-god and god of agriculture. Also commonly referred to as Yarovit.

Zalktis

A Latvian snake-god. Sometimes referred to as Zalktis, Lithuanian Zaltys or Lithuanian Zaltys.

Zaltys

A Lithuanian snake-god: a green. Snake revered as a fertility symbol. At times, referred to as Zaltys, Latvian Zalktis or Latvian Zalktis.

Zasis

A Lithuanian herald of dawn. Also referred to as Zasis.

Zeidkele

An epithet for Zemnya as 'the one who grows flowers'. Occasionally known as Zeidkele, Zemyna, Zemyna, Lettish Zemesmate, Phrygian Zemelo, Russian Zemlya or Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla.

Zemepatis

A Lithuanian earth-god, guardian of farmers. Brother of Zemyna. In some references, called Zemepatis, Dimstipatis, Dimstipatis, Zemininkas, Zemininkas, Latvian Majas kungs or Latvian Majas kungs.

Zemesmate

A Lettish earth-goddess. Also known as Zemesmate, Mother of the Earth, Mother of the Earth, Zemes Mate, Zemes Mate, Lithuanian Zemyna, Lithuanian Zemyna, Zemelo, Zemlya, Phrygian Zemelo, Phrygian Zemelo, Semele, Zemyna, Russian Zemlya, Russian Zemlya, Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla or Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla.

Zemyna

A Lithuanian vegetation-goddess. Sister of Zemepatis. In some lore, occasionally known as Zemyna, Zeidkele, Zeidkele, Lettish Zemesmate, Lettish Zemesmate, Zemelo, Zemlya, Phrygian Zemelo, Phrygian Zemelo, Semele, Zemesmate, Russian Zemlya, Russian Zemlya, Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla or Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla.

Zinez

A perpetual fire used by oakworshippers in Lithuania. In some accounts, called Zinez.
Baltic Mythology