Baltic Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

accidental god

The first object seen by a Lapp when he emerges from his tent in the morning is worshipped as a god. Sometimes identified as accidental god.

Agras

A god of twins in Finland; a turnip-god. Sometimes known as Agras.

Ahti

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Ai

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Ainikki

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Aino

A Finnish heroine. Sister of Joukahainen. She was wooed by Vainamoinen but jumped into the sea rather than marry him. Also commonly known as Aino.

Aitvaras

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Ajata

A malevolent female wood spirit in Finland. These beings are said to suckle snakes and to cause illness. Sometimes identified as Ajata, Ajatar, Ajatar, Ajattara, Ajattara, Estonian Ai, Estonian Ai, Aitvaras, Lithuanian Aitvara or Lithuanian Aitvara.

Akkruva

A fish-goddess in Finland. Sometimes identified as Akkruva, Avfruvva, Avfruvva, Havfru, Havfru, Danish Havfrue or Danish Havfrue.

Alka

Sacred lands dedicated to the gods, in Lithuanian lore. Identified as Alka, Alklha, Alklha, Alka or Arakho.

Altvaras

A flying snake. Also called Altvaras.

Antero Vipunen

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Apparas

Lapp forest spirits. These beings are said to be the souls of children who have been killed. They control the grass and the trees. Occasionally known as Apparas.

Arcturus

In Finnish lore, a celestial archer. It is said that the world will come to an end when he shoots down the star Bcahje-naste. In some accounts, identified as Arcturus.

Asz

A Lithuanian sky-god. Also referred to as Asz.

Aurora Borealis

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Ausera

A Lithuanian goddess of the dawn. In some accounts, referred to as Ausera.

Auskelis

A Latvian fertility-god, attendant on the sky-god. On occassion, known as Auskelis, Auseklis, Auseklis, Lithuanian Ausrine or Lithuanian Ausrine.

Ausrine

A Lithuanian fertility-god. In some accounts, Ausrine was the Morning Star with whom the moon god Meness had an affair. At times, identified as Ausrine, Latvian Auskelis or Latvian Auskelis.

Bagputys

A Lithuanian sea-god. Occasionally identified as Bagputys, Bangputis or Bangputis.

Barbmo-akka

In Lapp lore, an old woman who causes. The birds to return in the spring. Sometimes referred to as Barbmo-akka, Loddis-edne, Loddis-edne or Barbmo-ekka.

Bardha

In Albania, whitish spirits who live under the earth. In some lore, occasionally known as Bardha.

barstukai

Lithuanian spirits of the underworld who helped with the harvest. Called barstukai, parstukai, parstukai, partstukai or partstukai.

Biega-olmai

A Lapp wind-god. Sometimes called Biega-olmai.

Bird's Way

In Lithuanian lore, the Milky Way, along which the dead are said to travel to Dausos. In some lore, occasionally identified as Bird's Way.

Boahje-naste

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Bohinavlle

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burtnicks

A Latvian magician. This type uses his magic for benevolent ends, as opposed to the evil burvis. Also called burtnicks.

burvis

A Latvian magician. This type uses his powers for evil purposes. At times, referred to as burvis.

Busi-urt

The Finnish spirit of the cornfields. Also identified as Busi-urt, Rice Mother or Rice Mother.

Cacce-haldde

A Lappish water spirit. On occassion, known as Cacce-haldde, Cacce-jielle, Cacce-jielle, Kul, Cacce-olmai, Cacce-olmai, Finnish Vedenhaltija or Finnish Vedenhaltija.

Cacce-olmai

A Lapp water spirit: god of fishing. Occasionally known as Cacce-olmai, Cacce-haldde, Cacce-haldde, Cacce-jielle, Kul or Finnish Vedenhaltija.

Carmilhan

A phantom ship. The legend surrounding this mysterious vessel is similar to the story of The Flying Dutchman. On occassion, known as Carmilhan, Klaboterman or Klaboterman.

Cold

Son of Louhi, in Finnish lore. Occasionally known as Cold.

Daugawa

The great water that flows back full of departed souls every evening. In some references, called Daugawa.

Daughter of Creation

A name for the Finnish goddess Ilmatar as 'Luonnotar'. Also known as Daughter of Creation, Luonnotar, Luonnotar, Ilmatar, Luojatar or Synnytar.

Dausos

The Lithuanian kingdom of the dead. It was said to be situated in the sky behind a very tall and slippery hill. Also commonly known as Dausos.

Debestevs

A Latvian sky god and fertility god. Occasionally known as Debestevs, Lettish Dievs, Lettish Dievs, Dievas, Lithuanian Dievas, Lithuanian Dievas or Dievs.

Dekla

The Latvian goddess of fate. Sister of Karta and Laima. In some accounts these three sisters act as the Latvian Fates. In some references, called Dekla.

deyves

Stones as objects of veneration in Lithuania. Sometimes identified as deyves.

Dieva deli

The 2 (or 3, some say) sons of Dieva who mow the celestial meadows. On occassion, known as Dieva deli.

Dievas

A Lithuanian sky god and fertility god. Also known as Dievas, Latvian Debestevs, Latvian Debestevs, Dievs, Lettish Dievs, Lettish Dievs or Debestevs.

Dievini

Minor gods in Latvia, guardians of property. Occasionally called Dievini.

Dievs

A Lettish sky god and fertility god. Consort of Saule. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Dievs, Latvian Debestevs, Latvian Debestevs, Dievas, Lithuanian Dievas, Lithuanian Dievas or Debestevs.

Dogheads

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Drebkuls

A Lettish sea god. Occasionally referred to as Drebkuls, Greek Poseidon, Greek Poseidon, Neptune or Varuna.

Egres

A Finnish fertility-god, protector of turnips. Also called Egres, Akras or Akras.

Ezerinis

A Finnish lake-god. In some references, known as Ezerinis.

Gabija

A Lithuanian fire-goddess. In some accounts, known as Gabija, Gabeta, Gabeta, Gabieta or Gabieta.

Gabjauja

A Lithuanian corn-goddess. Sometimes called Gabjauja.

Gabjaujis

A Lithuanian fire-god. Called Gabjaujis.

Ganis

A Lappish forest-spirit. This being takes the form of a beautiful maiden with a long tail who mates with mortals. In some accounts, referred to as Ganis, Gidne, Gidne, Kani, Kani, Kine or Kine.

Ganyklos

A Lithuanian god of domestic animals. In some references, referred to as Ganyklos, Czech Veles, Czech Veles, Volos, Russian Vlas(sy), Russian Vlas(sy), Veles, Slav Volos, Slav Volos or Vlas.

Gerovit

A war-god in Pomerania. In some lore, occasionally called Gerovit, Gerovitus, Gerovitus, Herovit, Herovit, Jarovit or Jarovit.

Gid-kuzo

A Finnish god of the cattle-yard. On occassion, identified as Gid-kuzo.

Giltine

A Lithuanian goddess of death. On occassion, referred to as Giltine.

Giraitis

A Lithuanian god of woodlands. Son of Severin and Alice. On occassion, called Giraitis.

Guffitar

Lappish dwarf spirits of the forest or living underground. In some accounts, identified as Guffitar, Norse Govetter or Norse Govetter.

haldde

A Lappish nature spirit. Also called haldde.

Hidden-Kissa

A cat owned by the giant, Hiisi. This cat could so frighten criminals that they confessed their misdeeds. Sometimes referred to as Hidden-Kissa.

Hiisi

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Iarovit

A Latvian god. An aspect of Svantevit. Occasionally identified as Iarovit, Svantevit, Svantevit, Svandovit, Svantovit, Svarog, Sventovit, Svetovid, Svetovit, Svetovitu, 'energy', Swietowit, Triglav, Slav Porenutius, Rod or Rugievit.

Ilmarine

An Estonian god based on the Finnish Ilmarinen. Also known as Ilmarine.

Ilmarinen

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Ilmatar

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iodhi

Souls of the dead: spirits of the air. Also identified as iodhi, murgi or murgi.

Isa

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Jabme-aibmo

Also commonly referred to as Jabme-aibmo, Jabme-aimo or Jabme-aimo.

Jabme-aimo

The Lappish underworld, ruled by Jabme-akkao. Occasionally known as Jabme-aimo, Jabme-aibmo or Jabme-aibmo.

Jabme-akka

An old woman, ruler of the Lappish underworld, Jabme-aimo. Occasionally known as Jabme-akka.

Jengk-Tongk

A Lapp water-spirit or fish-spirit. In some lore, occasionally called Jengk-Tongk, Kul-jungk, Kul-jungk, Kul-Jungk or Kul-Jungk.

Jumala

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Jumis

A Latvian fertility-god. In some accounts, identified as Jumis.

juoigen

A Lappish sacred chant. This magical incantation is used to call up the spirits of the dead in a form of language known only to initiates. Sometimes known as juoigen.

Jurasmate

A Latvian sea-goddess. Also referred to as Jurasmate, Mother of the Sea or Mother of the Sea.

juudas

An Estonian devil. Occasionally identified as juudas, Finnish juutas, Finnish juutas, velns, Latvian juods, Latvian juods or juutas.

juutas

A Finnish devil. Also called juutas, Estonian juudas, Estonian juudas, velns, Latvian juods, Latvian juods or juudas.

Kaba

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Kalervo

In Finnish lore, father of Kullervo. He was killed by his brother Untamo. Also commonly referred to as Kalervo.

Kaleva

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Kalevala

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Kalevanpojat

Evil giants who destroy the landscape. Also called Kalevanpojat.

Kalevi

An Estonian hero. Father of Kalevipoeg. Sometimes known as Kalevi, Finnish Kaleva or Finnish Kaleva.

Kalevipoeg

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Kalma

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Kalvaistis

A Lithuanian smith-god. He is said to make the sun anew each day. Sometimes identified as Kalvaistis, Greek Hephaestus, Greek Hephaestus, Ptah, Regin, Sethlans, Tvashtri, Vulcan, Roman Mulciber, Roman Mulciber or Hephaestus.

kanteletar

Finnish magic songs. Sometimes known as kanteletar.

Kapu Mate

A name for Velumate as 'mother of the graveyard'. Occasionally known as Kapu Mate.

Karta

A Latvian goddess of fate. Sister of Dekla and Laima. In some accounts, these three sisters act as the Latvian Fates. Occasionally identified as Karta.

kaukas

A Lithuanian dwarf house-spirit, similar to the aitvaras. On occassion, referred to as kaukas, Para, Para, Bjara, Puk, Pukhis, Pukis, Pukys, Puuk, Estonian Pisuhand, Tulihand, Lappish Smieragatto, Latvian Pukis, Lithuanian Aitvaras, Kaukas, Scandinavian Buttercat, Russian Domovik, Russian Domovik, pukys, pukys, Aitvaras or Para.

Kekri

An ancient Finnish god of cattle. Sometimes referred to as Kekri.

kekri

A Finnish ghost or spirit. Occasionally called kekri.

kekritar

Masks, or the people wearing them, in the Kekri festival. Occasionally called kekritar.

keremet

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Kildisin

Wife of the Finnish sky-god, Ilmarinen. Also identified as Kildisin, Kildisin-mumy, Kildisin-mumy, Kugu-shotshen-Ara or Kugo-shotshen-Ava.

Kiyamat-saus

An assistant of the Finnish underworld. God Tuoni. Also referred to as Kiyamat-saus.

klaboterman

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Kodinhaltia

A Finnish house-fairy. In some references, known as Kodinhaltia.

Kodojeza

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Kondos

A Finnish god of agriculture. Also referred to as Kondos.

Kosla-kuguza

A guardian deity of the forests. Husband of Kosla-kuva. In some lore, occasionally called Kosla-kuguza.

Kosla-kuva

Wife of Kosla-kuguza. Also referred to as Kosla-kuva.

Kotre

A Lithuanian fertility-spirit. In some accounts, called Kotre, More or More.

Kratti

A Finnish spirit, guardian of property. On occassion, referred to as Kratti.

Kreutzneald, F R

The Estonian compiler of the epic Kalevipoea, published 1857-61. Also commonly referred to as Kreutzneald, F R.

Krohn, Julius

The Finnish author of works on folklore and mythology, especially on the Kalevala. On occassion, identified as Krohn, Julius, (1835-1888) or (1835-1888).

Krohn, Kaarle

A Finnish scholar who wrote extensively on folklore and mythology. In some accounts, called Krohn, Kaarle, (1863-1933) or (1863-1933).

Kul

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Kun

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Kursis

A Lithuanian corn-spirit. Kursis represents the male equivalent of Rugiu-Baba. Occasionally called Kursis, Rugiu Boba or Rugiu Boba.

Laima

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Lammekune

An Estonian hero based on the Finnish Lemminkainen. Also commonly identified as Lammekune.

Larkosargasa

A Lithuanian field-god. At times, identified as Larkosargasa.

Laukpatis

A Lithuanian field-god. Also commonly referred to as Laukpatis, Lauksargis, Lauksargis, Latvian Laukumate, Latvian Laukumate, Polish Lawkapatim, Polish Lawkapatim or Laukumate.

Laukumate

A Latvian goddess of agriculture. Also commonly called Laukumate, Lauka Mate, Lauka Mate, Lauka Mata, Lauka Mata, Mother of the Fields, Mother of the Fields, Lithuanian Laukpatis, Lithuanian Laukpatis, Lawkapatim, Polish Lawkapatim, Polish Lawkapatim or Laukpatis.

lauma

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laumé

A Lithuanian hag or witch. Originally these beings were harmless fairies, later they became evil beings. Called laumé, deive, deive, spigena, spigena, lauma, lauma, Latvian lauma or Latvian lauma.

Liekko

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lietuvens

A Latvian ghost, the spirit of one who died violently. Occasionally identified as lietuvens.

Ligo-feast

A Latvian festival in honour of the sun-god. Also known as Ligo-feast.

luete-muor

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Luonnotar

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Luot-chozjit

A Lappish female spirit, guardian of reindeer. Referred to as Luot-chozjit, Luot-hozjit, Luot-hozjit, Luot-hozjik, Luot-hozjik, Russian Pots-hoznik or Russian Pots-hoznik.

Lytuvonis

A Lithuanian rain god. Referred to as Lytuvonis.

Maa-Emae

A Finnish earth-mother. Sometimes identified as Maa-Emae, Maan-Emo or Maan-Emo.

maahiset

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Mader Akka

A Lappish creator-goddess. Wife of Mader Atcha. Mother of Sarakka. Occasionally referred to as Mader Akka, Madderakka or Madderakka.

Majas kungs

A Latvian god of the household. Identified as Majas kungs, Lithuanian Zemepatis or Lithuanian Zemepatis.

Maksameri

The Estonian world of the dead. Also identified as Maksameri, German Lebermeer or German Lebermeer.

Mana

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Manala

The Finnish land of the dead, ruled. By Mana. At times, identified as Manala, Tuonela, Tuonela or Pohjola.

Manalan-Rakki

A hound from the Finnish underworld. Referred to as Manalan-Rakki.

Mara

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mara-halddo

A Lappish sea-spirit. Occasionally called mara-halddo.

Marjatta

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maro-deives

Pest-deities. These beings are said to drive round in coaches drawn by six black horses. Also referred to as maro-deives.

Medeine

A Lithuanian goddess of woodlands. Also called Medeine, Majdejn, Majdejn, Mejdejn or Mejdejn.

Meness

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Menulis

A Lithuanian moon-god. Sometimes known as Menulis, Menuo, Menuo, Latvian Meness or Latvian Meness.

metsaneitsyt

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metsanhaltia

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metshaldijas

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Metsmees

An Estonian wind-god. On occassion, called Metsmees.

Metsola

A Finnish goddess, mother of the first deity. In some lore, occasionally called Metsola.

Mezasmate

A Latvian forest-goddess. Sometimes referred to as Mezasmate, Mother of the Forest or Mother of the Forest.

Mezatevs

A Latvian forest-god. Called Mezatevs, Father of the Forest or Father of the Forest.

Mielkki

A Finnish forest-spirit. Wife of Tapio. Mother of Nyyrikki and Tuulikki. Also commonly referred to as Mielkki, Mielikki or Mielikki.

milzinas

A Lithuanian giant-spirit. Occasionally known as milzinas.

moomin

In Finnish lore, one of a race of imaginary forest-dwellers. These small, fat people are said to be very shy, hibernating during the winter. In some lore, occasionally referred to as moomin.

Muntso-murt

A Finnish bath-house spirit. He sometimes substitutes changlings for the proper children. On occassion, referred to as Muntso-murt, Motsaoza, Motsaoza, Muntso-kuzo, Muntso-kuzo, Muntso-oza, Muntso-oza, Muntso-oza Russian Pyrsan-aika or Muntso-oza Russian Pyrsan-aika.

Nakinieu

A female water-spirit in Estonia. They are said to own beautiful cattle which live in water. In some references, identified as Nakinieu, Nakinietsi, Nakinietsi, maleNakk or maleNakk.

Nakk

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Nakki

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nelaikis

A Lithuanian spirit. This dangerous spirit is that of a victim of murder, one who drowned or one who committed suicide. In some accounts, known as nelaikis.

Noaide

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Olmai

A word for god among the Lapps. In some references, identified as Olmai, Olmay or Olmay.

Ovda

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Paiva

A Finnish sun-god. The rays of the sun formed roads between heaven and earth along which the gods could travel. On occassion, called Paiva, Paeivae or Paeivae.

Pajainen

A Finnish god. He killed a huge bull or pig. Also identified as Pajainen.

pajanvak'i

Finnish spirits associated with metals. Occasionally called pajanvak'i.

Pajonn

A Lappish thunder-god. Also commonly identified as Pajonn.

Para

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Parne

A malevolent Finnish forest-spirit. In some references, referred to as Parne.

Passe-javrre

In Lappish lore, the sacred sea. Also identified as Passe-javrre.

Passe-jokka

In Lappish lore, the sacred river. Sometimes known as Passe-jokka.

Passe-vare

In Lappish lore, the sacred. Mountains. In some lore, occasionally called Passe-vare.

Patollus

A Prussian god of the underworld. In some references, referred to as Patollus, Patollo or Patollo.

Pekko

A Finnish corn-god. Occasionally called Pekko, Pellonpekko, Pellonpekko, Estonian Peko or Estonian Peko.

Peko

An Estonian fertility-god. In some references, called Peko, Finnish Pekko or Finnish Pekko.

Pele Kolese

A Finnish water-spirit. This being floated on its back as if drowning. Those who attempted rescue were attacked and killed. Sometimes known as Pele Kolese.

Pergrubius

A deity of renewal. Sometimes called Pergrubius.

Perkele

The Finnish name for the Devil. Occasionally referred to as Perkele.

Perkons

A Latvian thunder-god. In some references, called Perkons, Bohemina Peranu, Bohemina Peranu, Bulgarian Perusan, Bulgarian Perusan, Peranu, Perkonis, Perkunos, Peroon, Piker, Piorun, Pitkainen, Pyerun, Estonian Piker, Estonian Piker, Perkunos, Perusan, Finnish Pitkoinen, Finnish Pitkoinen, Lithuanian Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Pirgene, Polish Piorun, Polish Piorun, Perkunos, Prussian Perkonis, Prussian Perkonis, Perkunos, Russian Pirgene, Russian Pirgene, Perkunos, Slav Peroon, Slav Peroon, Gromovit or Perkunos.

Perkune Tete

A goddess of thunder and lightning. Known as Perkune Tete.

Perkunos

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Piker

An Estonian thunder-god. On occassion, referred to as Piker, Bohemian Peranu, Bohemian Peranu, Perkonis, Perkunos, Peroon, Perusan, Piorun, Pitkainen, Pyerun, Bulgarian Perusan, Bulgarian Perusan, Peranu, Perkons, Perkunos, Finnish Pitkainen, Finnish Pitkainen, Latvian Perkons, Latvian Perkons, Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Pirgene, Polish Piorun, Polish Piorun, Perkunos, Prussian Perkonis, Prussian Perkonis, Perkunos, Russian Pyerun, Russian Pyerun, Serbian Gromovit, Serbian Gromovit, Slav Peroon, Slav Peroon, Gromovit or Perkunos.

Pitkainen

A Finnish thunder-god. Occasionally called Pitkainen, Pitkomoinen, Pitkomoinen, Bohemian Peranu, Bohemian Peranu, Perkonis, Perkunos, Peroon, Perusan, Piker, Piorun, Pyerun, Bulgarian Perusan, Bulgarian Perusan, Peranu, Perkons, Perkunos, Estonian Piker, Estonian Piker, Perkunos, Latvian Perkons, Latvian Perkons, Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Pirgene, Polish Piorun, Polish Piorun, Perkunos, Prussian Perkonis, Prussian Perkonis, Perkunos, Russian Pirgene, Russian Pirgene, Perkunos, Serbian Gromovit, Serbian Gromovit, Slav Peroon, Slav Peroon, Gromovit or Perkunos.

Pohjanakka

The ruler of the Finnish underworld, Pohjola. Consort of Louhi. Occasionally known as Pohjanakka.

Pohjola

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porgu

The Estonian hell. Also known as porgu.

Port-hozjin

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Potrympus

A god of rivers and vegetation. On occassion, called Potrympus, Potrimpo or Potrimpo.

Pramzimas

A Latvian culture-hero. He threw into the waters of the flood a nutshell in which two people escaped. Sometimes referred to as Pramzimas.

Pukis

A household spirit or dragon. The Latvian version of Para. In some references, called Pukis, Pukhis, Pukhis, Para, Para, Para, Bjara, Puk, Pukys, Puuk, Estonian Pisuhand, Tulihand, Lappish Smieragatto, Latvian Pukis, Lithuanian Aitvaras, Kaukas or Scandinavian Buttercat.

Pukys

A household spirit. The Lithuanian version of Para. Occasionally known as Pukys, Aitvaras, Aitvaras, Estonian Ai, Finnish Ajata, pukys, kaukas, kaukas, Para, Russian Domovik, Para, Para, Bjara, Puk, Pukhis, Pukis, Puuk, Estonian Pisuhand, Tulihand, Lappish Smieragatto, Latvian Pukis, Lithuanian Aitvaras, Kaukas, Scandinavian Buttercat, Para or Para.

Pulah

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Puuk

A household spirit. The Estonian version of Para. Occasionally identified as Puuk, Para, Para, Bjara, Puk, Pukhis, Pukis, Pukys, Estonian Pisuhand, Tulihand, Lappish Smieragatto, Latvian Pukis, Lithuanian Aitvaras, Kaukas, Scandinavian Buttercat, Pisuhand, Pisuhand, Para or Para.

Radigast

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Radion-aimo

Heaven, home of the god of the Lapps. Also called Radion-aimo.

Rahkoi

A ghost in the lore of the Finns and Lapps, said to influence the moon. Sometimes known as Rahkoi.

Rahkonen

In Finland, the man in the moon. Identified as Rahkonen.

Rana-neidda

A Lapp virgin-goddess. In some accounts, known as Rana-neidda, Norse Frigga, Norse Frigga, Holda or Nerthus.

Raudna

A Lapp goddess. Wife of Horagalles. In some lore, occasionally known as Raudna.

Rauni

A Finnish storm-goddess. Wife of Ukko. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Rauni, Akka, Akka, 'old woman', 'old woman', Carlin, Sedna, 'rowan' or 'rowan'.

Ravdna

A Finnish thunder-goddess. Sometimes known as Ravdna.

Ravgga

A Finnish fish-god. Also commonly identified as Ravgga, Meriraukka or Meriraukka.

Riihitonttu

A Finnish grain-spirit. This spirit will steal grain from neighbours in order to help the family it protects. In some lore, occasionally identified as Riihitonttu, Swedish Ritomte or Swedish Ritomte.

Rugini

A Lithuanian corn-spirit. Occasionally referred to as Rugini, 'man of rye' or 'man of rye'.

Rugiu Boba

A Lithuanian corn-spirit. A harvest symbol, a female figure of this spirit made from the last of the harvest. Sometimes called Rugiu Boba, Kursis or Kursis.

Rukotivo

A later name for Runkateivas as a horse-god. Sometimes identified as Rukotivo, Runkateivas, Runkateivas or Rongoteus.

Runkateivas

A Finnish god of rye. Sometimes called Runkateivas, Rongoteus, Rongoteus, Runkateivis, Rukotivo or Rukotivo.

runo

A Finnish short song or poem on a legendary subject. Identified as runo.

Ruotta

A Lapp evil spirit. This being is said to attack pregnant women. In some lore, occasionally known as Ruotta.

Rut-aimo

The Lapp hell. In some accounts, referred to as Rut-aimo, Ruta-aimo or Ruta-aimo.

Rutja's Rapids

In the lore of the Lapps, the river of the dead. Also referred to as Rutja's Rapids, Turja's rapids, Turja's rapids or Rustja's Rapids.

Rutu

The Lapp devil, torturer of the dead in the hell, Rut-aimo. Occasionally referred to as Rutu, Rota, Rota or Rutu.

Saivo-neita

A Lapp water-spirit or sea-maiden. In some lore, occasionally called Saivo-neita, Saivo-neida, Saivo-neida, Russian Rusalka or Russian Rusalka.

Sampsa Pellervo

A Finnish god of vegetation. He is said to have arrived in a cornship. At times, identified as Sampsa Pellervo, Sampsa Pellervoinen or Sampsa Pellervoinen.

Sarakka

A Lapp goddess, guardian of birth. Daughter of Mader Akka. It was said that she assisted both deer and humans. Also known as Sarakka, Sadsta-akka or Sadsta-akka.

Saule

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Saules meitas

Daughters of Saule. They rake up the hay mown by the Dievadeli in the celestial meadows. Called Saules meitas.

Seeva

A Lithuanian love-goddess. Sometimes called Seeva, Slav Siva or Slav Siva.

Siela

The life-force. This force is said not to leave with the soul of the departed but is reincarnated in animals and plants. Also commonly called Siela.

slogute

A Lithuanian spirit: a nightmare. Also identified as slogute.

Smieragatto

A Lappish spirit in the form of a cat. This spirit is said to bring its owner butter, cream and milk. Sometimes known as Smieragatto, Finnish Para, Finnish Para, Buttercat, Swedish Buttercat or Swedish Buttercat.

Sueje-lodde

A Lapp which reveals the names of those about to die. This spirit is said to appear in the form of a bird. Also identified as Sueje-lodde.

Sukkamielli

A Finnish goddess of orgiastic love. Sometimes known as Sukkamielli.

Suksendal

A Finnish deity of nightmares. This being can act either as a succubus or as an incubus to have intercourse with sleeping mortals. Called Suksendal.

suoje

A spirit invoked by a Lappish sorcerer. This spirit can be passed on to a descendant or marriage partner - even purchased. Occasionally referred to as suoje, sueje or sueje.

Surma

A monster guarding the Finnish. Underworld, Tuohela. This beast was envisaged as an enormous pair of fanged jaws without a body. Called Surma.

Svantevit

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Taara

An Estonian sky-god, in some accounts. Also referred to as Taara, Tharapita or Tharapita.

Tachti

A Finnish god of the Pole Star. Occasionally known as Tachti.

Tapio

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Teljavelik

A Lithuanian creator-god and smith-god. Also commonly called Teljavelik, Telyaveli, Telyaveli, Telyavelik, Telyavelik, Telyaveli(k) or Telyaveli(k).

Tiermes

A Lapp thunder-god. Also identified as Tiermes.

Tomor

An Albanian creator-god and wind-god. Sometimes called Tomor, Tomorr, Tomorr, Baba,Tomorr or Baba,Tomorr.

Tonttu

A benevolent Finnish spirit of the household. Occasionally called Tonttu, Tonto or Tonto.

Triglav

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Tumo-pas

A Finnish thunder-god revered in the form of an oak tree. On occassion, identified as Tumo-pas.

Tuonela

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Tuonen-portti

The gate at the entrance to the Finnish. Underworld, Tuonela. On occassion, referred to as Tuonen-portti, Norse Helgrind or Norse Helgrind.

Tuonetar

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Tuoni

Ruler of the Finnish underworld, Tuonela. Husband of Tuonetar. Father of Kipu-Tytto, Kivutas and Vammata. Also commonly identified as Tuoni, Kiyamat-tora, Kiyamat-tora, Tamek-vui, Tamek-vui, Tamek-rui, Tamek-rui, Mana or Mana.

Turms

A Lapp sky-god. In some references, known as Turms.

Turris

A god of war in Estonia and Finland. Occasionally referred to as Turris, Turilas, Turilas, Turisas, Turisas, Tursas or Tursas.

Tursas

A Finnish demon living in the sea, attendant on the sea-god, Ahti. Sometimes identified as Tursas, Turris, Turris, Turilas or Turisas.

Ubyi

A Finnish god said to drink blood. This being is regarded as the spirit of a sorcerer or some evil person. At times, known as Ubyi.

Udensmate

A Latvian water-goddess. Also commonly referred to as Udensmate, Mother of Waters, Mother of Waters or Attabeira.

Ugunsmate

A Latvian fire-goddess. Occasionally called Ugunsmate, Mother of Fire or Mother of Fire.

Ukko

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Uksakka

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Uldra

A fairy race in Lapland, living under the earth. Sometimes known as Uldra, Huldrafolk, Huldrafolk, Dwarfs, Elves, Hulderfolk, Huldra, Huldrefolk, Huldu, Huldu-folk, Huldra, Ullda or Ullda.

Undutar

A Finnish goddess of fog and mist. Occasionally identified as Undutar, Untar or Untar.

Uni

The Finnish god of sleep. Sometimes identified as Uni.

Unt-tongk

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Usching

A horse-god. Sometimes known as Usching.

Usins

A Latvian god of the morning and evening star. In some accounts, identified as Usins.

Ut

A Finnish fire-goddess. In some references, called Ut.

Utumo

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Vadatajs

A Latvian demon leading travellers. Astray. Also known as Vadatajs.

vaidulis

A ghost, in Lithuanian lore. Sometimes identified as vaidulis.

Vainamoinen

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vainnan tytto

Finnish water-maidens. At times, known as vainnan tytto, vainnan tytar or vainnan tytar.

Vajgats

A holy island in Finnish lore. This site is used for the sacrifice of animals to the gods. In some accounts, known as Vajgats.

Vaksoza

A Finnish spirit of water-mills. Also called Vaksoza.

Varjohaltija

In Finnish lore, a man's shadow-ruler. This being is said to be able to forecast the future. At times, known as Varjohaltija, haltija, haltija, haldja, haltia, ort, urt, varjohaltija, Varjohaltia or Varjohaltia.

Vedenhaltija

An evil Finnish water-spirit. Also called Vedenhaltija, Vedenhaltia, Vedenhaltia, Vederaj, Vederaj, Vestaera, Vestaera, Vestaeraj, Vestaeraj, Lapp Kul, Lapp Kul, Vodyanik, Russian Vodyanoi, Russian Vodyanoi or Kul.

Vejasmate

A Latvian wind-goddess, goddess of birds and woods. Also known as Vejasmate, Mother of the Wind, Mother of the Wind, Veja Mate or Veja Mate.

Vejopatis

A Lithuanian wind-god. Sometimes identified as Vejopatis.

vele

A Lithuanian spirit of the dead. In some references, identified as vele, velnias, velnias, vila, Latvian velis or Latvian velis.

velis

A Latvian spirit of the dead. Occasionally called velis, Lithuanian vele or Lithuanian vele.

velnias

A wicked Lithuanian spirit of the dead: the devil. In some accounts, identified as velnias, vele, vele, vila or Latvian velis.

velns

A Latvian devil. Also commonly referred to as velns, juods, juods, Estonian juudas, Estonian juudas, juutas, Finnish juutas, Finnish juutas or juudas.

Velumate

A Latvian goddess of the underworld. Occasionally referred to as Velumate, Velu Mate, Velu Mate, Kapumate or Kapumate.

vendenhaltia

A Finnish water-spirit. In some references, called vendenhaltia, Lappish cacce-haldde or Lappish cacce-haldde.

Veralden-olmai

A Lapp supreme god. He is said to support the heavens. Sometimes referred to as Veralden-olmai, Veralden-rade, Veralden-rade, Norse Frey, Norse Frey or Varalden-Olmei.

Veralden-shuold

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Vilkakis

A Latvian werewolf. Identified as Vilkakis, Vilkacis, Vilkacis, Lithuanian Vilkatas, Lithuanian Vilkatas, Slav Vlkodlak, Slav Vlkodlak or Vilkatas.

Vilkatas

A Lithuanian werewolf. In some lore, occasionally known as Vilkatas, Latvian Vilkakis, Latvian Vilkakis, Slav Vlkodlak, Slav Vlkodlak or Vilkakis.

vilkolakis

A Lithuanian wolf-spirit. Sometimes identified as vilkolakis.

Virankannos

A Finnish cat-god. Also commonly known as Virankannos.

Virava

A Finnish goddess of the woods. She can appear either as an animal, a flame or a whirlwind. Also identified as Virava, Tavi-ayik, Tavi-ayik, Tava-ajik, Tava-ajik, Tapio or Tapio.

Vitza-kuguza

A Finnish spirit of the cattleyard. Also commonly called Vitza-kuguza.

Vitza-kuva

A female version of Vitza-kuguzu. Also called Vitza-kuva.

Vorsud

A Finnish guardian-spirit who brings. Good fortune. In some accounts, known as Vorsud, Vodyz or Vodyz.

Vuojala

A realm in Finnish lore, sometimes. Equated wth Pohjola. Also commonly known as Vuojala, Pohjola, Pohjola, Pohja or Tuonela.

Waralden Olmai

A Lapp creator-god. Occasionally identified as Waralden Olmai.

Wels

A sea-god. A festival in his honour is held in October. Also called Wels.

White Youth

A Finnish deity regarded as the father of mankind. On occassion, called White Youth.

Yabmeaimo

The Lapp underworld, home of the dead, ruled by Yabmeakka. Sometimes called Yabmeaimo.

Yabmeakka

A god of the dead, ruler of the underworld Yabmeaimo. Sometimes called Yabmeakka.

Yarovit

A war-god and god of agriculture. In some accounts, identified as Yarovit.

Zalktis

A Latvian snake-god. Sometimes identified as Zalktis, Lithuanian Zaltys or Lithuanian Zaltys.

Zaltys

A Lithuanian snake-god: a green. Snake revered as a fertility symbol. Occasionally called Zaltys, Latvian Zalktis or Latvian Zalktis.

Zasis

A Lithuanian herald of dawn. Occasionally identified as Zasis.

Zeidkele

An epithet for Zemnya as 'the one who grows flowers'. Also identified as Zeidkele, Zemyna, Zemyna, Lettish Zemesmate, Phrygian Zemelo, Russian Zemlya or Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla.

Zemepatis

A Lithuanian earth-god, guardian of farmers. Brother of Zemyna. Occasionally referred to as Zemepatis, Dimstipatis, Dimstipatis, Zemininkas, Zemininkas, Latvian Majas kungs or Latvian Majas kungs.

Zemesmate

A Lettish earth-goddess. On occassion, identified as Zemesmate, Mother of the Earth, Mother of the Earth, Zemes Mate, Zemes Mate, Lithuanian Zemyna, Lithuanian Zemyna, Zemelo, Zemlya, Phrygian Zemelo, Phrygian Zemelo, Semele, Zemyna, Russian Zemlya, Russian Zemlya, Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla or Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla.

Zemyna

A Lithuanian vegetation-goddess. Sister of Zemepatis. Sometimes identified as Zemyna, Zeidkele, Zeidkele, Lettish Zemesmate, Lettish Zemesmate, Zemelo, Zemlya, Phrygian Zemelo, Phrygian Zemelo, Semele, Zemesmate, Russian Zemlya, Russian Zemlya, Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla or Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla.

Zinez

A perpetual fire used by oakworshippers in Lithuania. Also called Zinez.
Baltic Mythology