Baltic Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

accidental god

The first object seen by a Lapp when he emerges from his tent in the morning is worshipped as a god. In some accounts, called accidental god.

Agras

A god of twins in Finland; a turnip-god. Also called Agras.

Ahti

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Ai

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Ainikki

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Aino

A Finnish heroine. Sister of Joukahainen. She was wooed by Vainamoinen but jumped into the sea rather than marry him. On occassion, known as Aino.

Aitvaras

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Ajata

A malevolent female wood spirit in Finland. These beings are said to suckle snakes and to cause illness. Sometimes identified as Ajata, Ajatar, Ajatar, Ajattara, Ajattara, Estonian Ai, Estonian Ai, Aitvaras, Lithuanian Aitvara or Lithuanian Aitvara.

Akkruva

A fish-goddess in Finland. Also identified as Akkruva, Avfruvva, Avfruvva, Havfru, Havfru, Danish Havfrue or Danish Havfrue.

Alka

Sacred lands dedicated to the gods, in Lithuanian lore. Occasionally known as Alka, Alklha, Alklha, Alka or Arakho.

Altvaras

A flying snake. On occassion, referred to as Altvaras.

Antero Vipunen

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Apparas

Lapp forest spirits. These beings are said to be the souls of children who have been killed. They control the grass and the trees. Also called Apparas.

Arcturus

In Finnish lore, a celestial archer. It is said that the world will come to an end when he shoots down the star Bcahje-naste. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Arcturus.

Asz

A Lithuanian sky-god. Also commonly referred to as Asz.

Aurora Borealis

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Ausera

A Lithuanian goddess of the dawn. In some lore, occasionally identified as Ausera.

Auskelis

A Latvian fertility-god, attendant on the sky-god. Occasionally referred to as Auskelis, Auseklis, Auseklis, Lithuanian Ausrine or Lithuanian Ausrine.

Ausrine

A Lithuanian fertility-god. In some accounts, Ausrine was the Morning Star with whom the moon god Meness had an affair. At times, called Ausrine, Latvian Auskelis or Latvian Auskelis.

Bagputys

A Lithuanian sea-god. Also called Bagputys, Bangputis or Bangputis.

Barbmo-akka

In Lapp lore, an old woman who causes. The birds to return in the spring. At times, called Barbmo-akka, Loddis-edne, Loddis-edne or Barbmo-ekka.

Bardha

In Albania, whitish spirits who live under the earth. In some references, called Bardha.

barstukai

Lithuanian spirits of the underworld who helped with the harvest. In some accounts, referred to as barstukai, parstukai, parstukai, partstukai or partstukai.

Biega-olmai

A Lapp wind-god. In some lore, occasionally known as Biega-olmai.

Bird's Way

In Lithuanian lore, the Milky Way, along which the dead are said to travel to Dausos. In some accounts, called Bird's Way.

Boahje-naste

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Bohinavlle

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burtnicks

A Latvian magician. This type uses his magic for benevolent ends, as opposed to the evil burvis. Sometimes referred to as burtnicks.

burvis

A Latvian magician. This type uses his powers for evil purposes. Also commonly identified as burvis.

Busi-urt

The Finnish spirit of the cornfields. At times, identified as Busi-urt, Rice Mother or Rice Mother.

Cacce-haldde

A Lappish water spirit. Identified as Cacce-haldde, Cacce-jielle, Cacce-jielle, Kul, Cacce-olmai, Cacce-olmai, Finnish Vedenhaltija or Finnish Vedenhaltija.

Cacce-olmai

A Lapp water spirit: god of fishing. Sometimes referred to as Cacce-olmai, Cacce-haldde, Cacce-haldde, Cacce-jielle, Kul or Finnish Vedenhaltija.

Carmilhan

A phantom ship. The legend surrounding this mysterious vessel is similar to the story of The Flying Dutchman. In some references, known as Carmilhan, Klaboterman or Klaboterman.

Cold

Son of Louhi, in Finnish lore. Also identified as Cold.

Daugawa

The great water that flows back full of departed souls every evening. Occasionally known as Daugawa.

Daughter of Creation

A name for the Finnish goddess Ilmatar as 'Luonnotar'. In some accounts, referred to as Daughter of Creation, Luonnotar, Luonnotar, Ilmatar, Luojatar or Synnytar.

Dausos

The Lithuanian kingdom of the dead. It was said to be situated in the sky behind a very tall and slippery hill. Identified as Dausos.

Debestevs

A Latvian sky god and fertility god. Occasionally known as Debestevs, Lettish Dievs, Lettish Dievs, Dievas, Lithuanian Dievas, Lithuanian Dievas or Dievs.

Dekla

The Latvian goddess of fate. Sister of Karta and Laima. In some accounts these three sisters act as the Latvian Fates. Sometimes known as Dekla.

deyves

Stones as objects of veneration in Lithuania. Also referred to as deyves.

Dieva deli

The 2 (or 3, some say) sons of Dieva who mow the celestial meadows. Occasionally referred to as Dieva deli.

Dievas

A Lithuanian sky god and fertility god. In some accounts, called Dievas, Latvian Debestevs, Latvian Debestevs, Dievs, Lettish Dievs, Lettish Dievs or Debestevs.

Dievini

Minor gods in Latvia, guardians of property. Sometimes referred to as Dievini.

Dievs

A Lettish sky god and fertility god. Consort of Saule. Sometimes known as Dievs, Latvian Debestevs, Latvian Debestevs, Dievas, Lithuanian Dievas, Lithuanian Dievas or Debestevs.

Dogheads

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Drebkuls

A Lettish sea god. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Drebkuls, Greek Poseidon, Greek Poseidon, Neptune or Varuna.

Egres

A Finnish fertility-god, protector of turnips. At times, referred to as Egres, Akras or Akras.

Ezerinis

A Finnish lake-god. In some accounts, identified as Ezerinis.

Gabija

A Lithuanian fire-goddess. Known as Gabija, Gabeta, Gabeta, Gabieta or Gabieta.

Gabjauja

A Lithuanian corn-goddess. Occasionally referred to as Gabjauja.

Gabjaujis

A Lithuanian fire-god. Occasionally referred to as Gabjaujis.

Ganis

A Lappish forest-spirit. This being takes the form of a beautiful maiden with a long tail who mates with mortals. In some accounts, called Ganis, Gidne, Gidne, Kani, Kani, Kine or Kine.

Ganyklos

A Lithuanian god of domestic animals. Also commonly identified as Ganyklos, Czech Veles, Czech Veles, Volos, Russian Vlas(sy), Russian Vlas(sy), Veles, Slav Volos, Slav Volos or Vlas.

Gerovit

A war-god in Pomerania. Also commonly identified as Gerovit, Gerovitus, Gerovitus, Herovit, Herovit, Jarovit or Jarovit.

Gid-kuzo

A Finnish god of the cattle-yard. Occasionally known as Gid-kuzo.

Giltine

A Lithuanian goddess of death. Sometimes known as Giltine.

Giraitis

A Lithuanian god of woodlands. Son of Severin and Alice. In some references, referred to as Giraitis.

Guffitar

Lappish dwarf spirits of the forest or living underground. In some accounts, known as Guffitar, Norse Govetter or Norse Govetter.

haldde

A Lappish nature spirit. Sometimes called haldde.

Hidden-Kissa

A cat owned by the giant, Hiisi. This cat could so frighten criminals that they confessed their misdeeds. On occassion, identified as Hidden-Kissa.

Hiisi

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Iarovit

A Latvian god. An aspect of Svantevit. In some lore, occasionally known as Iarovit, Svantevit, Svantevit, Svandovit, Svantovit, Svarog, Sventovit, Svetovid, Svetovit, Svetovitu, 'energy', Swietowit, Triglav, Slav Porenutius, Rod or Rugievit.

Ilmarine

An Estonian god based on the Finnish Ilmarinen. In some references, known as Ilmarine.

Ilmarinen

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Ilmatar

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iodhi

Souls of the dead: spirits of the air. On occassion, known as iodhi, murgi or murgi.

Isa

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Jabme-aibmo

Occasionally identified as Jabme-aibmo, Jabme-aimo or Jabme-aimo.

Jabme-aimo

The Lappish underworld, ruled by Jabme-akkao. Sometimes referred to as Jabme-aimo, Jabme-aibmo or Jabme-aibmo.

Jabme-akka

An old woman, ruler of the Lappish underworld, Jabme-aimo. In some lore, occasionally identified as Jabme-akka.

Jengk-Tongk

A Lapp water-spirit or fish-spirit. Also identified as Jengk-Tongk, Kul-jungk, Kul-jungk, Kul-Jungk or Kul-Jungk.

Jumala

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Jumis

A Latvian fertility-god. Also called Jumis.

juoigen

A Lappish sacred chant. This magical incantation is used to call up the spirits of the dead in a form of language known only to initiates. Occasionally called juoigen.

Jurasmate

A Latvian sea-goddess. Sometimes referred to as Jurasmate, Mother of the Sea or Mother of the Sea.

juudas

An Estonian devil. Known as juudas, Finnish juutas, Finnish juutas, velns, Latvian juods, Latvian juods or juutas.

juutas

A Finnish devil. In some accounts, identified as juutas, Estonian juudas, Estonian juudas, velns, Latvian juods, Latvian juods or juudas.

Kaba

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Kalervo

In Finnish lore, father of Kullervo. He was killed by his brother Untamo. On occassion, known as Kalervo.

Kaleva

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Kalevala

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Kalevanpojat

Evil giants who destroy the landscape. Occasionally referred to as Kalevanpojat.

Kalevi

An Estonian hero. Father of Kalevipoeg. In some references, called Kalevi, Finnish Kaleva or Finnish Kaleva.

Kalevipoeg

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Kalma

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Kalvaistis

A Lithuanian smith-god. He is said to make the sun anew each day. In some lore, occasionally identified as Kalvaistis, Greek Hephaestus, Greek Hephaestus, Ptah, Regin, Sethlans, Tvashtri, Vulcan, Roman Mulciber, Roman Mulciber or Hephaestus.

kanteletar

Finnish magic songs. Identified as kanteletar.

Kapu Mate

A name for Velumate as 'mother of the graveyard'. Sometimes identified as Kapu Mate.

Karta

A Latvian goddess of fate. Sister of Dekla and Laima. In some accounts, these three sisters act as the Latvian Fates. Sometimes identified as Karta.

kaukas

A Lithuanian dwarf house-spirit, similar to the aitvaras. At times, identified as kaukas, Para, Para, Bjara, Puk, Pukhis, Pukis, Pukys, Puuk, Estonian Pisuhand, Tulihand, Lappish Smieragatto, Latvian Pukis, Lithuanian Aitvaras, Kaukas, Scandinavian Buttercat, Russian Domovik, Russian Domovik, pukys, pukys, Aitvaras or Para.

Kekri

An ancient Finnish god of cattle. Known as Kekri.

kekri

A Finnish ghost or spirit. Occasionally referred to as kekri.

kekritar

Masks, or the people wearing them, in the Kekri festival. Sometimes known as kekritar.

keremet

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Kildisin

Wife of the Finnish sky-god, Ilmarinen. Occasionally identified as Kildisin, Kildisin-mumy, Kildisin-mumy, Kugu-shotshen-Ara or Kugo-shotshen-Ava.

Kiyamat-saus

An assistant of the Finnish underworld. God Tuoni. Also identified as Kiyamat-saus.

klaboterman

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Kodinhaltia

A Finnish house-fairy. Also referred to as Kodinhaltia.

Kodojeza

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Kondos

A Finnish god of agriculture. At times, identified as Kondos.

Kosla-kuguza

A guardian deity of the forests. Husband of Kosla-kuva. Also called Kosla-kuguza.

Kosla-kuva

Wife of Kosla-kuguza. Occasionally known as Kosla-kuva.

Kotre

A Lithuanian fertility-spirit. Occasionally known as Kotre, More or More.

Kratti

A Finnish spirit, guardian of property. In some lore, occasionally called Kratti.

Kreutzneald, F R

The Estonian compiler of the epic Kalevipoea, published 1857-61. Sometimes referred to as Kreutzneald, F R.

Krohn, Julius

The Finnish author of works on folklore and mythology, especially on the Kalevala. Also identified as Krohn, Julius, (1835-1888) or (1835-1888).

Krohn, Kaarle

A Finnish scholar who wrote extensively on folklore and mythology. In some references, known as Krohn, Kaarle, (1863-1933) or (1863-1933).

Kul

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Kun

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Kursis

A Lithuanian corn-spirit. Kursis represents the male equivalent of Rugiu-Baba. On occassion, known as Kursis, Rugiu Boba or Rugiu Boba.

Laima

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Lammekune

An Estonian hero based on the Finnish Lemminkainen. Occasionally known as Lammekune.

Larkosargasa

A Lithuanian field-god. Also referred to as Larkosargasa.

Laukpatis

A Lithuanian field-god. In some references, called Laukpatis, Lauksargis, Lauksargis, Latvian Laukumate, Latvian Laukumate, Polish Lawkapatim, Polish Lawkapatim or Laukumate.

Laukumate

A Latvian goddess of agriculture. In some accounts, called Laukumate, Lauka Mate, Lauka Mate, Lauka Mata, Lauka Mata, Mother of the Fields, Mother of the Fields, Lithuanian Laukpatis, Lithuanian Laukpatis, Lawkapatim, Polish Lawkapatim, Polish Lawkapatim or Laukpatis.

lauma

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laumé

A Lithuanian hag or witch. Originally these beings were harmless fairies, later they became evil beings. Occasionally identified as laumé, deive, deive, spigena, spigena, lauma, lauma, Latvian lauma or Latvian lauma.

Liekko

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lietuvens

A Latvian ghost, the spirit of one who died violently. Sometimes known as lietuvens.

Ligo-feast

A Latvian festival in honour of the sun-god. Identified as Ligo-feast.

luete-muor

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Luonnotar

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Luot-chozjit

A Lappish female spirit, guardian of reindeer. Occasionally referred to as Luot-chozjit, Luot-hozjit, Luot-hozjit, Luot-hozjik, Luot-hozjik, Russian Pots-hoznik or Russian Pots-hoznik.

Lytuvonis

A Lithuanian rain god. Sometimes referred to as Lytuvonis.

Maa-Emae

A Finnish earth-mother. In some accounts, identified as Maa-Emae, Maan-Emo or Maan-Emo.

maahiset

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Mader Akka

A Lappish creator-goddess. Wife of Mader Atcha. Mother of Sarakka. At times, identified as Mader Akka, Madderakka or Madderakka.

Majas kungs

A Latvian god of the household. Also commonly identified as Majas kungs, Lithuanian Zemepatis or Lithuanian Zemepatis.

Maksameri

The Estonian world of the dead. In some accounts, called Maksameri, German Lebermeer or German Lebermeer.

Mana

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Manala

The Finnish land of the dead, ruled. By Mana. On occassion, known as Manala, Tuonela, Tuonela or Pohjola.

Manalan-Rakki

A hound from the Finnish underworld. Also called Manalan-Rakki.

Mara

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mara-halddo

A Lappish sea-spirit. Also known as mara-halddo.

Marjatta

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maro-deives

Pest-deities. These beings are said to drive round in coaches drawn by six black horses. Also commonly called maro-deives.

Medeine

A Lithuanian goddess of woodlands. At times, referred to as Medeine, Majdejn, Majdejn, Mejdejn or Mejdejn.

Meness

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Menulis

A Lithuanian moon-god. In some accounts, called Menulis, Menuo, Menuo, Latvian Meness or Latvian Meness.

metsaneitsyt

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metsanhaltia

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metshaldijas

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Metsmees

An Estonian wind-god. Occasionally called Metsmees.

Metsola

A Finnish goddess, mother of the first deity. Sometimes identified as Metsola.

Mezasmate

A Latvian forest-goddess. In some references, called Mezasmate, Mother of the Forest or Mother of the Forest.

Mezatevs

A Latvian forest-god. In some lore, occasionally called Mezatevs, Father of the Forest or Father of the Forest.

Mielkki

A Finnish forest-spirit. Wife of Tapio. Mother of Nyyrikki and Tuulikki. Occasionally called Mielkki, Mielikki or Mielikki.

milzinas

A Lithuanian giant-spirit. Occasionally called milzinas.

moomin

In Finnish lore, one of a race of imaginary forest-dwellers. These small, fat people are said to be very shy, hibernating during the winter. Also referred to as moomin.

Muntso-murt

A Finnish bath-house spirit. He sometimes substitutes changlings for the proper children. Also called Muntso-murt, Motsaoza, Motsaoza, Muntso-kuzo, Muntso-kuzo, Muntso-oza, Muntso-oza, Muntso-oza Russian Pyrsan-aika or Muntso-oza Russian Pyrsan-aika.

Nakinieu

A female water-spirit in Estonia. They are said to own beautiful cattle which live in water. Also identified as Nakinieu, Nakinietsi, Nakinietsi, maleNakk or maleNakk.

Nakk

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Nakki

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nelaikis

A Lithuanian spirit. This dangerous spirit is that of a victim of murder, one who drowned or one who committed suicide. In some accounts, identified as nelaikis.

Noaide

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Olmai

A word for god among the Lapps. At times, identified as Olmai, Olmay or Olmay.

Ovda

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Paiva

A Finnish sun-god. The rays of the sun formed roads between heaven and earth along which the gods could travel. Occasionally identified as Paiva, Paeivae or Paeivae.

Pajainen

A Finnish god. He killed a huge bull or pig. Occasionally known as Pajainen.

pajanvak'i

Finnish spirits associated with metals. Also commonly referred to as pajanvak'i.

Pajonn

A Lappish thunder-god. In some references, referred to as Pajonn.

Para

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Parne

A malevolent Finnish forest-spirit. On occassion, called Parne.

Passe-javrre

In Lappish lore, the sacred sea. Sometimes referred to as Passe-javrre.

Passe-jokka

In Lappish lore, the sacred river. Sometimes called Passe-jokka.

Passe-vare

In Lappish lore, the sacred. Mountains. Occasionally called Passe-vare.

Patollus

A Prussian god of the underworld. On occassion, referred to as Patollus, Patollo or Patollo.

Pekko

A Finnish corn-god. On occassion, called Pekko, Pellonpekko, Pellonpekko, Estonian Peko or Estonian Peko.

Peko

An Estonian fertility-god. Sometimes identified as Peko, Finnish Pekko or Finnish Pekko.

Pele Kolese

A Finnish water-spirit. This being floated on its back as if drowning. Those who attempted rescue were attacked and killed. Occasionally known as Pele Kolese.

Pergrubius

A deity of renewal. Also identified as Pergrubius.

Perkele

The Finnish name for the Devil. Occasionally identified as Perkele.

Perkons

A Latvian thunder-god. On occassion, referred to as Perkons, Bohemina Peranu, Bohemina Peranu, Bulgarian Perusan, Bulgarian Perusan, Peranu, Perkonis, Perkunos, Peroon, Piker, Piorun, Pitkainen, Pyerun, Estonian Piker, Estonian Piker, Perkunos, Perusan, Finnish Pitkoinen, Finnish Pitkoinen, Lithuanian Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Pirgene, Polish Piorun, Polish Piorun, Perkunos, Prussian Perkonis, Prussian Perkonis, Perkunos, Russian Pirgene, Russian Pirgene, Perkunos, Slav Peroon, Slav Peroon, Gromovit or Perkunos.

Perkune Tete

A goddess of thunder and lightning. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Perkune Tete.

Perkunos

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Piker

An Estonian thunder-god. Called Piker, Bohemian Peranu, Bohemian Peranu, Perkonis, Perkunos, Peroon, Perusan, Piorun, Pitkainen, Pyerun, Bulgarian Perusan, Bulgarian Perusan, Peranu, Perkons, Perkunos, Finnish Pitkainen, Finnish Pitkainen, Latvian Perkons, Latvian Perkons, Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Pirgene, Polish Piorun, Polish Piorun, Perkunos, Prussian Perkonis, Prussian Perkonis, Perkunos, Russian Pyerun, Russian Pyerun, Serbian Gromovit, Serbian Gromovit, Slav Peroon, Slav Peroon, Gromovit or Perkunos.

Pitkainen

A Finnish thunder-god. In some lore, occasionally called Pitkainen, Pitkomoinen, Pitkomoinen, Bohemian Peranu, Bohemian Peranu, Perkonis, Perkunos, Peroon, Perusan, Piker, Piorun, Pyerun, Bulgarian Perusan, Bulgarian Perusan, Peranu, Perkons, Perkunos, Estonian Piker, Estonian Piker, Perkunos, Latvian Perkons, Latvian Perkons, Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Pirgene, Polish Piorun, Polish Piorun, Perkunos, Prussian Perkonis, Prussian Perkonis, Perkunos, Russian Pirgene, Russian Pirgene, Perkunos, Serbian Gromovit, Serbian Gromovit, Slav Peroon, Slav Peroon, Gromovit or Perkunos.

Pohjanakka

The ruler of the Finnish underworld, Pohjola. Consort of Louhi. On occassion, identified as Pohjanakka.

Pohjola

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porgu

The Estonian hell. Sometimes called porgu.

Port-hozjin

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Potrympus

A god of rivers and vegetation. Sometimes known as Potrympus, Potrimpo or Potrimpo.

Pramzimas

A Latvian culture-hero. He threw into the waters of the flood a nutshell in which two people escaped. Occasionally identified as Pramzimas.

Pukis

A household spirit or dragon. The Latvian version of Para. Identified as Pukis, Pukhis, Pukhis, Para, Para, Para, Bjara, Puk, Pukys, Puuk, Estonian Pisuhand, Tulihand, Lappish Smieragatto, Latvian Pukis, Lithuanian Aitvaras, Kaukas or Scandinavian Buttercat.

Pukys

A household spirit. The Lithuanian version of Para. Also known as Pukys, Aitvaras, Aitvaras, Estonian Ai, Finnish Ajata, pukys, kaukas, kaukas, Para, Russian Domovik, Para, Para, Bjara, Puk, Pukhis, Pukis, Puuk, Estonian Pisuhand, Tulihand, Lappish Smieragatto, Latvian Pukis, Lithuanian Aitvaras, Kaukas, Scandinavian Buttercat, Para or Para.

Pulah

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Puuk

A household spirit. The Estonian version of Para. Identified as Puuk, Para, Para, Bjara, Puk, Pukhis, Pukis, Pukys, Estonian Pisuhand, Tulihand, Lappish Smieragatto, Latvian Pukis, Lithuanian Aitvaras, Kaukas, Scandinavian Buttercat, Pisuhand, Pisuhand, Para or Para.

Radigast

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Radion-aimo

Heaven, home of the god of the Lapps. Called Radion-aimo.

Rahkoi

A ghost in the lore of the Finns and Lapps, said to influence the moon. At times, known as Rahkoi.

Rahkonen

In Finland, the man in the moon. In some lore, occasionally identified as Rahkonen.

Rana-neidda

A Lapp virgin-goddess. Sometimes called Rana-neidda, Norse Frigga, Norse Frigga, Holda or Nerthus.

Raudna

A Lapp goddess. Wife of Horagalles. In some accounts, referred to as Raudna.

Rauni

A Finnish storm-goddess. Wife of Ukko. Occasionally known as Rauni, Akka, Akka, 'old woman', 'old woman', Carlin, Sedna, 'rowan' or 'rowan'.

Ravdna

A Finnish thunder-goddess. Also commonly known as Ravdna.

Ravgga

A Finnish fish-god. Also referred to as Ravgga, Meriraukka or Meriraukka.

Riihitonttu

A Finnish grain-spirit. This spirit will steal grain from neighbours in order to help the family it protects. In some references, identified as Riihitonttu, Swedish Ritomte or Swedish Ritomte.

Rugini

A Lithuanian corn-spirit. Called Rugini, 'man of rye' or 'man of rye'.

Rugiu Boba

A Lithuanian corn-spirit. A harvest symbol, a female figure of this spirit made from the last of the harvest. Sometimes called Rugiu Boba, Kursis or Kursis.

Rukotivo

A later name for Runkateivas as a horse-god. Identified as Rukotivo, Runkateivas, Runkateivas or Rongoteus.

Runkateivas

A Finnish god of rye. Also referred to as Runkateivas, Rongoteus, Rongoteus, Runkateivis, Rukotivo or Rukotivo.

runo

A Finnish short song or poem on a legendary subject. In some lore, occasionally called runo.

Ruotta

A Lapp evil spirit. This being is said to attack pregnant women. In some accounts, identified as Ruotta.

Rut-aimo

The Lapp hell. Also identified as Rut-aimo, Ruta-aimo or Ruta-aimo.

Rutja's Rapids

In the lore of the Lapps, the river of the dead. Sometimes identified as Rutja's Rapids, Turja's rapids, Turja's rapids or Rustja's Rapids.

Rutu

The Lapp devil, torturer of the dead in the hell, Rut-aimo. Sometimes called Rutu, Rota, Rota or Rutu.

Saivo-neita

A Lapp water-spirit or sea-maiden. On occassion, known as Saivo-neita, Saivo-neida, Saivo-neida, Russian Rusalka or Russian Rusalka.

Sampsa Pellervo

A Finnish god of vegetation. He is said to have arrived in a cornship. On occassion, known as Sampsa Pellervo, Sampsa Pellervoinen or Sampsa Pellervoinen.

Sarakka

A Lapp goddess, guardian of birth. Daughter of Mader Akka. It was said that she assisted both deer and humans. In some accounts, called Sarakka, Sadsta-akka or Sadsta-akka.

Saule

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Saules meitas

Daughters of Saule. They rake up the hay mown by the Dievadeli in the celestial meadows. Also referred to as Saules meitas.

Seeva

A Lithuanian love-goddess. In some references, called Seeva, Slav Siva or Slav Siva.

Siela

The life-force. This force is said not to leave with the soul of the departed but is reincarnated in animals and plants. Sometimes identified as Siela.

slogute

A Lithuanian spirit: a nightmare. Sometimes called slogute.

Smieragatto

A Lappish spirit in the form of a cat. This spirit is said to bring its owner butter, cream and milk. Identified as Smieragatto, Finnish Para, Finnish Para, Buttercat, Swedish Buttercat or Swedish Buttercat.

Sueje-lodde

A Lapp which reveals the names of those about to die. This spirit is said to appear in the form of a bird. On occassion, referred to as Sueje-lodde.

Sukkamielli

A Finnish goddess of orgiastic love. On occassion, identified as Sukkamielli.

Suksendal

A Finnish deity of nightmares. This being can act either as a succubus or as an incubus to have intercourse with sleeping mortals. Also known as Suksendal.

suoje

A spirit invoked by a Lappish sorcerer. This spirit can be passed on to a descendant or marriage partner - even purchased. Also identified as suoje, sueje or sueje.

Surma

A monster guarding the Finnish. Underworld, Tuohela. This beast was envisaged as an enormous pair of fanged jaws without a body. At times, called Surma.

Svantevit

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Taara

An Estonian sky-god, in some accounts. On occassion, referred to as Taara, Tharapita or Tharapita.

Tachti

A Finnish god of the Pole Star. Also commonly referred to as Tachti.

Tapio

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Teljavelik

A Lithuanian creator-god and smith-god. Sometimes identified as Teljavelik, Telyaveli, Telyaveli, Telyavelik, Telyavelik, Telyaveli(k) or Telyaveli(k).

Tiermes

A Lapp thunder-god. In some accounts, referred to as Tiermes.

Tomor

An Albanian creator-god and wind-god. Sometimes known as Tomor, Tomorr, Tomorr, Baba,Tomorr or Baba,Tomorr.

Tonttu

A benevolent Finnish spirit of the household. Also commonly known as Tonttu, Tonto or Tonto.

Triglav

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Tumo-pas

A Finnish thunder-god revered in the form of an oak tree. On occassion, referred to as Tumo-pas.

Tuonela

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Tuonen-portti

The gate at the entrance to the Finnish. Underworld, Tuonela. Also referred to as Tuonen-portti, Norse Helgrind or Norse Helgrind.

Tuonetar

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Tuoni

Ruler of the Finnish underworld, Tuonela. Husband of Tuonetar. Father of Kipu-Tytto, Kivutas and Vammata. In some references, known as Tuoni, Kiyamat-tora, Kiyamat-tora, Tamek-vui, Tamek-vui, Tamek-rui, Tamek-rui, Mana or Mana.

Turms

A Lapp sky-god. Sometimes identified as Turms.

Turris

A god of war in Estonia and Finland. Sometimes referred to as Turris, Turilas, Turilas, Turisas, Turisas, Tursas or Tursas.

Tursas

A Finnish demon living in the sea, attendant on the sea-god, Ahti. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Tursas, Turris, Turris, Turilas or Turisas.

Ubyi

A Finnish god said to drink blood. This being is regarded as the spirit of a sorcerer or some evil person. Referred to as Ubyi.

Udensmate

A Latvian water-goddess. On occassion, referred to as Udensmate, Mother of Waters, Mother of Waters or Attabeira.

Ugunsmate

A Latvian fire-goddess. In some lore, occasionally called Ugunsmate, Mother of Fire or Mother of Fire.

Ukko

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Uksakka

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Uldra

A fairy race in Lapland, living under the earth. Occasionally known as Uldra, Huldrafolk, Huldrafolk, Dwarfs, Elves, Hulderfolk, Huldra, Huldrefolk, Huldu, Huldu-folk, Huldra, Ullda or Ullda.

Undutar

A Finnish goddess of fog and mist. Sometimes identified as Undutar, Untar or Untar.

Uni

The Finnish god of sleep. On occassion, known as Uni.

Unt-tongk

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Usching

A horse-god. On occassion, known as Usching.

Usins

A Latvian god of the morning and evening star. On occassion, referred to as Usins.

Ut

A Finnish fire-goddess. Also referred to as Ut.

Utumo

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Vadatajs

A Latvian demon leading travellers. Astray. In some references, identified as Vadatajs.

vaidulis

A ghost, in Lithuanian lore. Also identified as vaidulis.

Vainamoinen

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vainnan tytto

Finnish water-maidens. Referred to as vainnan tytto, vainnan tytar or vainnan tytar.

Vajgats

A holy island in Finnish lore. This site is used for the sacrifice of animals to the gods. Occasionally called Vajgats.

Vaksoza

A Finnish spirit of water-mills. In some lore, occasionally identified as Vaksoza.

Varjohaltija

In Finnish lore, a man's shadow-ruler. This being is said to be able to forecast the future. Occasionally identified as Varjohaltija, haltija, haltija, haldja, haltia, ort, urt, varjohaltija, Varjohaltia or Varjohaltia.

Vedenhaltija

An evil Finnish water-spirit. In some references, known as Vedenhaltija, Vedenhaltia, Vedenhaltia, Vederaj, Vederaj, Vestaera, Vestaera, Vestaeraj, Vestaeraj, Lapp Kul, Lapp Kul, Vodyanik, Russian Vodyanoi, Russian Vodyanoi or Kul.

Vejasmate

A Latvian wind-goddess, goddess of birds and woods. Known as Vejasmate, Mother of the Wind, Mother of the Wind, Veja Mate or Veja Mate.

Vejopatis

A Lithuanian wind-god. In some accounts, identified as Vejopatis.

vele

A Lithuanian spirit of the dead. Called vele, velnias, velnias, vila, Latvian velis or Latvian velis.

velis

A Latvian spirit of the dead. Occasionally called velis, Lithuanian vele or Lithuanian vele.

velnias

A wicked Lithuanian spirit of the dead: the devil. Also called velnias, vele, vele, vila or Latvian velis.

velns

A Latvian devil. Also identified as velns, juods, juods, Estonian juudas, Estonian juudas, juutas, Finnish juutas, Finnish juutas or juudas.

Velumate

A Latvian goddess of the underworld. In some references, identified as Velumate, Velu Mate, Velu Mate, Kapumate or Kapumate.

vendenhaltia

A Finnish water-spirit. In some lore, occasionally referred to as vendenhaltia, Lappish cacce-haldde or Lappish cacce-haldde.

Veralden-olmai

A Lapp supreme god. He is said to support the heavens. In some references, identified as Veralden-olmai, Veralden-rade, Veralden-rade, Norse Frey, Norse Frey or Varalden-Olmei.

Veralden-shuold

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Vilkakis

A Latvian werewolf. Also referred to as Vilkakis, Vilkacis, Vilkacis, Lithuanian Vilkatas, Lithuanian Vilkatas, Slav Vlkodlak, Slav Vlkodlak or Vilkatas.

Vilkatas

A Lithuanian werewolf. In some accounts, referred to as Vilkatas, Latvian Vilkakis, Latvian Vilkakis, Slav Vlkodlak, Slav Vlkodlak or Vilkakis.

vilkolakis

A Lithuanian wolf-spirit. Also called vilkolakis.

Virankannos

A Finnish cat-god. Occasionally referred to as Virankannos.

Virava

A Finnish goddess of the woods. She can appear either as an animal, a flame or a whirlwind. Referred to as Virava, Tavi-ayik, Tavi-ayik, Tava-ajik, Tava-ajik, Tapio or Tapio.

Vitza-kuguza

A Finnish spirit of the cattleyard. Identified as Vitza-kuguza.

Vitza-kuva

A female version of Vitza-kuguzu. In some accounts, referred to as Vitza-kuva.

Vorsud

A Finnish guardian-spirit who brings. Good fortune. Occasionally known as Vorsud, Vodyz or Vodyz.

Vuojala

A realm in Finnish lore, sometimes. Equated wth Pohjola. Known as Vuojala, Pohjola, Pohjola, Pohja or Tuonela.

Waralden Olmai

A Lapp creator-god. In some references, known as Waralden Olmai.

Wels

A sea-god. A festival in his honour is held in October. Referred to as Wels.

White Youth

A Finnish deity regarded as the father of mankind. In some lore, occasionally referred to as White Youth.

Yabmeaimo

The Lapp underworld, home of the dead, ruled by Yabmeakka. In some accounts, identified as Yabmeaimo.

Yabmeakka

A god of the dead, ruler of the underworld Yabmeaimo. Identified as Yabmeakka.

Yarovit

A war-god and god of agriculture. Identified as Yarovit.

Zalktis

A Latvian snake-god. At times, referred to as Zalktis, Lithuanian Zaltys or Lithuanian Zaltys.

Zaltys

A Lithuanian snake-god: a green. Snake revered as a fertility symbol. In some lore, occasionally called Zaltys, Latvian Zalktis or Latvian Zalktis.

Zasis

A Lithuanian herald of dawn. Also commonly referred to as Zasis.

Zeidkele

An epithet for Zemnya as 'the one who grows flowers'. On occassion, identified as Zeidkele, Zemyna, Zemyna, Lettish Zemesmate, Phrygian Zemelo, Russian Zemlya or Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla.

Zemepatis

A Lithuanian earth-god, guardian of farmers. Brother of Zemyna. Also identified as Zemepatis, Dimstipatis, Dimstipatis, Zemininkas, Zemininkas, Latvian Majas kungs or Latvian Majas kungs.

Zemesmate

A Lettish earth-goddess. Referred to as Zemesmate, Mother of the Earth, Mother of the Earth, Zemes Mate, Zemes Mate, Lithuanian Zemyna, Lithuanian Zemyna, Zemelo, Zemlya, Phrygian Zemelo, Phrygian Zemelo, Semele, Zemyna, Russian Zemlya, Russian Zemlya, Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla or Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla.

Zemyna

A Lithuanian vegetation-goddess. Sister of Zemepatis. On occassion, identified as Zemyna, Zeidkele, Zeidkele, Lettish Zemesmate, Lettish Zemesmate, Zemelo, Zemlya, Phrygian Zemelo, Phrygian Zemelo, Semele, Zemesmate, Russian Zemlya, Russian Zemlya, Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla or Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla.

Zinez

A perpetual fire used by oakworshippers in Lithuania. Also commonly called Zinez.
Baltic Mythology