Baltic Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

accidental god

The first object seen by a Lapp when he emerges from his tent in the morning is worshipped as a god. At times, identified as accidental god.

Agras

A god of twins in Finland; a turnip-god. Sometimes known as Agras.

Ahti

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Ai

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Ainikki

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Aino

A Finnish heroine. Sister of Joukahainen. She was wooed by Vainamoinen but jumped into the sea rather than marry him. Occasionally known as Aino.

Aitvaras

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Ajata

A malevolent female wood spirit in Finland. These beings are said to suckle snakes and to cause illness. Referred to as Ajata, Ajatar, Ajatar, Ajattara, Ajattara, Estonian Ai, Estonian Ai, Aitvaras, Lithuanian Aitvara or Lithuanian Aitvara.

Akkruva

A fish-goddess in Finland. In some lore, occasionally identified as Akkruva, Avfruvva, Avfruvva, Havfru, Havfru, Danish Havfrue or Danish Havfrue.

Alka

Sacred lands dedicated to the gods, in Lithuanian lore. Also commonly identified as Alka, Alklha, Alklha, Alka or Arakho.

Altvaras

A flying snake. Sometimes referred to as Altvaras.

Antero Vipunen

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Apparas

Lapp forest spirits. These beings are said to be the souls of children who have been killed. They control the grass and the trees. In some references, known as Apparas.

Arcturus

In Finnish lore, a celestial archer. It is said that the world will come to an end when he shoots down the star Bcahje-naste. On occassion, called Arcturus.

Asz

A Lithuanian sky-god. Called Asz.

Aurora Borealis

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Ausera

A Lithuanian goddess of the dawn. Referred to as Ausera.

Auskelis

A Latvian fertility-god, attendant on the sky-god. In some lore, occasionally called Auskelis, Auseklis, Auseklis, Lithuanian Ausrine or Lithuanian Ausrine.

Ausrine

A Lithuanian fertility-god. In some accounts, Ausrine was the Morning Star with whom the moon god Meness had an affair. On occassion, called Ausrine, Latvian Auskelis or Latvian Auskelis.

Bagputys

A Lithuanian sea-god. Also commonly identified as Bagputys, Bangputis or Bangputis.

Barbmo-akka

In Lapp lore, an old woman who causes. The birds to return in the spring. Also identified as Barbmo-akka, Loddis-edne, Loddis-edne or Barbmo-ekka.

Bardha

In Albania, whitish spirits who live under the earth. On occassion, identified as Bardha.

barstukai

Lithuanian spirits of the underworld who helped with the harvest. In some accounts, referred to as barstukai, parstukai, parstukai, partstukai or partstukai.

Biega-olmai

A Lapp wind-god. Sometimes called Biega-olmai.

Bird's Way

In Lithuanian lore, the Milky Way, along which the dead are said to travel to Dausos. On occassion, called Bird's Way.

Boahje-naste

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Bohinavlle

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burtnicks

A Latvian magician. This type uses his magic for benevolent ends, as opposed to the evil burvis. Occasionally known as burtnicks.

burvis

A Latvian magician. This type uses his powers for evil purposes. Also known as burvis.

Busi-urt

The Finnish spirit of the cornfields. Occasionally called Busi-urt, Rice Mother or Rice Mother.

Cacce-haldde

A Lappish water spirit. On occassion, called Cacce-haldde, Cacce-jielle, Cacce-jielle, Kul, Cacce-olmai, Cacce-olmai, Finnish Vedenhaltija or Finnish Vedenhaltija.

Cacce-olmai

A Lapp water spirit: god of fishing. Known as Cacce-olmai, Cacce-haldde, Cacce-haldde, Cacce-jielle, Kul or Finnish Vedenhaltija.

Carmilhan

A phantom ship. The legend surrounding this mysterious vessel is similar to the story of The Flying Dutchman. At times, referred to as Carmilhan, Klaboterman or Klaboterman.

Cold

Son of Louhi, in Finnish lore. In some references, known as Cold.

Daugawa

The great water that flows back full of departed souls every evening. Also identified as Daugawa.

Daughter of Creation

A name for the Finnish goddess Ilmatar as 'Luonnotar'. Identified as Daughter of Creation, Luonnotar, Luonnotar, Ilmatar, Luojatar or Synnytar.

Dausos

The Lithuanian kingdom of the dead. It was said to be situated in the sky behind a very tall and slippery hill. Sometimes called Dausos.

Debestevs

A Latvian sky god and fertility god. In some references, known as Debestevs, Lettish Dievs, Lettish Dievs, Dievas, Lithuanian Dievas, Lithuanian Dievas or Dievs.

Dekla

The Latvian goddess of fate. Sister of Karta and Laima. In some accounts these three sisters act as the Latvian Fates. Also known as Dekla.

deyves

Stones as objects of veneration in Lithuania. Sometimes referred to as deyves.

Dieva deli

The 2 (or 3, some say) sons of Dieva who mow the celestial meadows. At times, known as Dieva deli.

Dievas

A Lithuanian sky god and fertility god. Sometimes called Dievas, Latvian Debestevs, Latvian Debestevs, Dievs, Lettish Dievs, Lettish Dievs or Debestevs.

Dievini

Minor gods in Latvia, guardians of property. Also identified as Dievini.

Dievs

A Lettish sky god and fertility god. Consort of Saule. Also referred to as Dievs, Latvian Debestevs, Latvian Debestevs, Dievas, Lithuanian Dievas, Lithuanian Dievas or Debestevs.

Dogheads

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Drebkuls

A Lettish sea god. Occasionally known as Drebkuls, Greek Poseidon, Greek Poseidon, Neptune or Varuna.

Egres

A Finnish fertility-god, protector of turnips. On occassion, called Egres, Akras or Akras.

Ezerinis

A Finnish lake-god. Known as Ezerinis.

Gabija

A Lithuanian fire-goddess. In some references, known as Gabija, Gabeta, Gabeta, Gabieta or Gabieta.

Gabjauja

A Lithuanian corn-goddess. In some accounts, identified as Gabjauja.

Gabjaujis

A Lithuanian fire-god. Sometimes identified as Gabjaujis.

Ganis

A Lappish forest-spirit. This being takes the form of a beautiful maiden with a long tail who mates with mortals. At times, known as Ganis, Gidne, Gidne, Kani, Kani, Kine or Kine.

Ganyklos

A Lithuanian god of domestic animals. In some accounts, referred to as Ganyklos, Czech Veles, Czech Veles, Volos, Russian Vlas(sy), Russian Vlas(sy), Veles, Slav Volos, Slav Volos or Vlas.

Gerovit

A war-god in Pomerania. In some accounts, known as Gerovit, Gerovitus, Gerovitus, Herovit, Herovit, Jarovit or Jarovit.

Gid-kuzo

A Finnish god of the cattle-yard. Occasionally referred to as Gid-kuzo.

Giltine

A Lithuanian goddess of death. Also identified as Giltine.

Giraitis

A Lithuanian god of woodlands. Son of Severin and Alice. Identified as Giraitis.

Guffitar

Lappish dwarf spirits of the forest or living underground. On occassion, called Guffitar, Norse Govetter or Norse Govetter.

haldde

A Lappish nature spirit. Also commonly identified as haldde.

Hidden-Kissa

A cat owned by the giant, Hiisi. This cat could so frighten criminals that they confessed their misdeeds. Sometimes called Hidden-Kissa.

Hiisi

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Iarovit

A Latvian god. An aspect of Svantevit. Identified as Iarovit, Svantevit, Svantevit, Svandovit, Svantovit, Svarog, Sventovit, Svetovid, Svetovit, Svetovitu, 'energy', Swietowit, Triglav, Slav Porenutius, Rod or Rugievit.

Ilmarine

An Estonian god based on the Finnish Ilmarinen. Identified as Ilmarine.

Ilmarinen

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Ilmatar

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iodhi

Souls of the dead: spirits of the air. Sometimes referred to as iodhi, murgi or murgi.

Isa

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Jabme-aibmo

Occasionally referred to as Jabme-aibmo, Jabme-aimo or Jabme-aimo.

Jabme-aimo

The Lappish underworld, ruled by Jabme-akkao. In some accounts, called Jabme-aimo, Jabme-aibmo or Jabme-aibmo.

Jabme-akka

An old woman, ruler of the Lappish underworld, Jabme-aimo. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Jabme-akka.

Jengk-Tongk

A Lapp water-spirit or fish-spirit. Also commonly known as Jengk-Tongk, Kul-jungk, Kul-jungk, Kul-Jungk or Kul-Jungk.

Jumala

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Jumis

A Latvian fertility-god. On occassion, referred to as Jumis.

juoigen

A Lappish sacred chant. This magical incantation is used to call up the spirits of the dead in a form of language known only to initiates. At times, known as juoigen.

Jurasmate

A Latvian sea-goddess. On occassion, called Jurasmate, Mother of the Sea or Mother of the Sea.

juudas

An Estonian devil. Occasionally identified as juudas, Finnish juutas, Finnish juutas, velns, Latvian juods, Latvian juods or juutas.

juutas

A Finnish devil. Also commonly known as juutas, Estonian juudas, Estonian juudas, velns, Latvian juods, Latvian juods or juudas.

Kaba

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Kalervo

In Finnish lore, father of Kullervo. He was killed by his brother Untamo. In some accounts, identified as Kalervo.

Kaleva

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Kalevala

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Kalevanpojat

Evil giants who destroy the landscape. Also referred to as Kalevanpojat.

Kalevi

An Estonian hero. Father of Kalevipoeg. On occassion, called Kalevi, Finnish Kaleva or Finnish Kaleva.

Kalevipoeg

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Kalma

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Kalvaistis

A Lithuanian smith-god. He is said to make the sun anew each day. Occasionally identified as Kalvaistis, Greek Hephaestus, Greek Hephaestus, Ptah, Regin, Sethlans, Tvashtri, Vulcan, Roman Mulciber, Roman Mulciber or Hephaestus.

kanteletar

Finnish magic songs. Sometimes known as kanteletar.

Kapu Mate

A name for Velumate as 'mother of the graveyard'. Occasionally identified as Kapu Mate.

Karta

A Latvian goddess of fate. Sister of Dekla and Laima. In some accounts, these three sisters act as the Latvian Fates. Occasionally referred to as Karta.

kaukas

A Lithuanian dwarf house-spirit, similar to the aitvaras. In some lore, occasionally called kaukas, Para, Para, Bjara, Puk, Pukhis, Pukis, Pukys, Puuk, Estonian Pisuhand, Tulihand, Lappish Smieragatto, Latvian Pukis, Lithuanian Aitvaras, Kaukas, Scandinavian Buttercat, Russian Domovik, Russian Domovik, pukys, pukys, Aitvaras or Para.

Kekri

An ancient Finnish god of cattle. Occasionally identified as Kekri.

kekri

A Finnish ghost or spirit. At times, identified as kekri.

kekritar

Masks, or the people wearing them, in the Kekri festival. Occasionally called kekritar.

keremet

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Kildisin

Wife of the Finnish sky-god, Ilmarinen. In some references, referred to as Kildisin, Kildisin-mumy, Kildisin-mumy, Kugu-shotshen-Ara or Kugo-shotshen-Ava.

Kiyamat-saus

An assistant of the Finnish underworld. God Tuoni. In some lore, occasionally known as Kiyamat-saus.

klaboterman

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Kodinhaltia

A Finnish house-fairy. Occasionally known as Kodinhaltia.

Kodojeza

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Kondos

A Finnish god of agriculture. Occasionally known as Kondos.

Kosla-kuguza

A guardian deity of the forests. Husband of Kosla-kuva. Also called Kosla-kuguza.

Kosla-kuva

Wife of Kosla-kuguza. At times, called Kosla-kuva.

Kotre

A Lithuanian fertility-spirit. Occasionally called Kotre, More or More.

Kratti

A Finnish spirit, guardian of property. On occassion, identified as Kratti.

Kreutzneald, F R

The Estonian compiler of the epic Kalevipoea, published 1857-61. Also commonly referred to as Kreutzneald, F R.

Krohn, Julius

The Finnish author of works on folklore and mythology, especially on the Kalevala. Occasionally identified as Krohn, Julius, (1835-1888) or (1835-1888).

Krohn, Kaarle

A Finnish scholar who wrote extensively on folklore and mythology. In some references, referred to as Krohn, Kaarle, (1863-1933) or (1863-1933).

Kul

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Kun

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Kursis

A Lithuanian corn-spirit. Kursis represents the male equivalent of Rugiu-Baba. In some lore, occasionally identified as Kursis, Rugiu Boba or Rugiu Boba.

Laima

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Lammekune

An Estonian hero based on the Finnish Lemminkainen. Occasionally called Lammekune.

Larkosargasa

A Lithuanian field-god. On occassion, referred to as Larkosargasa.

Laukpatis

A Lithuanian field-god. Also called Laukpatis, Lauksargis, Lauksargis, Latvian Laukumate, Latvian Laukumate, Polish Lawkapatim, Polish Lawkapatim or Laukumate.

Laukumate

A Latvian goddess of agriculture. Occasionally referred to as Laukumate, Lauka Mate, Lauka Mate, Lauka Mata, Lauka Mata, Mother of the Fields, Mother of the Fields, Lithuanian Laukpatis, Lithuanian Laukpatis, Lawkapatim, Polish Lawkapatim, Polish Lawkapatim or Laukpatis.

lauma

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laumé

A Lithuanian hag or witch. Originally these beings were harmless fairies, later they became evil beings. Occasionally known as laumé, deive, deive, spigena, spigena, lauma, lauma, Latvian lauma or Latvian lauma.

Liekko

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lietuvens

A Latvian ghost, the spirit of one who died violently. In some accounts, referred to as lietuvens.

Ligo-feast

A Latvian festival in honour of the sun-god. Also called Ligo-feast.

luete-muor

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Luonnotar

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Luot-chozjit

A Lappish female spirit, guardian of reindeer. On occassion, called Luot-chozjit, Luot-hozjit, Luot-hozjit, Luot-hozjik, Luot-hozjik, Russian Pots-hoznik or Russian Pots-hoznik.

Lytuvonis

A Lithuanian rain god. On occassion, called Lytuvonis.

Maa-Emae

A Finnish earth-mother. Occasionally referred to as Maa-Emae, Maan-Emo or Maan-Emo.

maahiset

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Mader Akka

A Lappish creator-goddess. Wife of Mader Atcha. Mother of Sarakka. In some accounts, called Mader Akka, Madderakka or Madderakka.

Majas kungs

A Latvian god of the household. Also referred to as Majas kungs, Lithuanian Zemepatis or Lithuanian Zemepatis.

Maksameri

The Estonian world of the dead. Sometimes known as Maksameri, German Lebermeer or German Lebermeer.

Mana

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Manala

The Finnish land of the dead, ruled. By Mana. In some references, called Manala, Tuonela, Tuonela or Pohjola.

Manalan-Rakki

A hound from the Finnish underworld. In some accounts, identified as Manalan-Rakki.

Mara

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mara-halddo

A Lappish sea-spirit. Also called mara-halddo.

Marjatta

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maro-deives

Pest-deities. These beings are said to drive round in coaches drawn by six black horses. Also commonly identified as maro-deives.

Medeine

A Lithuanian goddess of woodlands. Occasionally called Medeine, Majdejn, Majdejn, Mejdejn or Mejdejn.

Meness

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Menulis

A Lithuanian moon-god. Also referred to as Menulis, Menuo, Menuo, Latvian Meness or Latvian Meness.

metsaneitsyt

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metsanhaltia

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metshaldijas

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Metsmees

An Estonian wind-god. Occasionally known as Metsmees.

Metsola

A Finnish goddess, mother of the first deity. At times, called Metsola.

Mezasmate

A Latvian forest-goddess. On occassion, known as Mezasmate, Mother of the Forest or Mother of the Forest.

Mezatevs

A Latvian forest-god. On occassion, called Mezatevs, Father of the Forest or Father of the Forest.

Mielkki

A Finnish forest-spirit. Wife of Tapio. Mother of Nyyrikki and Tuulikki. Called Mielkki, Mielikki or Mielikki.

milzinas

A Lithuanian giant-spirit. In some accounts, known as milzinas.

moomin

In Finnish lore, one of a race of imaginary forest-dwellers. These small, fat people are said to be very shy, hibernating during the winter. On occassion, known as moomin.

Muntso-murt

A Finnish bath-house spirit. He sometimes substitutes changlings for the proper children. In some references, identified as Muntso-murt, Motsaoza, Motsaoza, Muntso-kuzo, Muntso-kuzo, Muntso-oza, Muntso-oza, Muntso-oza Russian Pyrsan-aika or Muntso-oza Russian Pyrsan-aika.

Nakinieu

A female water-spirit in Estonia. They are said to own beautiful cattle which live in water. At times, called Nakinieu, Nakinietsi, Nakinietsi, maleNakk or maleNakk.

Nakk

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Nakki

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nelaikis

A Lithuanian spirit. This dangerous spirit is that of a victim of murder, one who drowned or one who committed suicide. Occasionally known as nelaikis.

Noaide

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Olmai

A word for god among the Lapps. Occasionally called Olmai, Olmay or Olmay.

Ovda

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Paiva

A Finnish sun-god. The rays of the sun formed roads between heaven and earth along which the gods could travel. Sometimes known as Paiva, Paeivae or Paeivae.

Pajainen

A Finnish god. He killed a huge bull or pig. On occassion, known as Pajainen.

pajanvak'i

Finnish spirits associated with metals. Occasionally referred to as pajanvak'i.

Pajonn

A Lappish thunder-god. Known as Pajonn.

Para

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Parne

A malevolent Finnish forest-spirit. Also commonly known as Parne.

Passe-javrre

In Lappish lore, the sacred sea. Sometimes identified as Passe-javrre.

Passe-jokka

In Lappish lore, the sacred river. Referred to as Passe-jokka.

Passe-vare

In Lappish lore, the sacred. Mountains. At times, known as Passe-vare.

Patollus

A Prussian god of the underworld. Occasionally known as Patollus, Patollo or Patollo.

Pekko

A Finnish corn-god. Also commonly called Pekko, Pellonpekko, Pellonpekko, Estonian Peko or Estonian Peko.

Peko

An Estonian fertility-god. Also commonly identified as Peko, Finnish Pekko or Finnish Pekko.

Pele Kolese

A Finnish water-spirit. This being floated on its back as if drowning. Those who attempted rescue were attacked and killed. Referred to as Pele Kolese.

Pergrubius

A deity of renewal. In some references, known as Pergrubius.

Perkele

The Finnish name for the Devil. Sometimes called Perkele.

Perkons

A Latvian thunder-god. Also commonly identified as Perkons, Bohemina Peranu, Bohemina Peranu, Bulgarian Perusan, Bulgarian Perusan, Peranu, Perkonis, Perkunos, Peroon, Piker, Piorun, Pitkainen, Pyerun, Estonian Piker, Estonian Piker, Perkunos, Perusan, Finnish Pitkoinen, Finnish Pitkoinen, Lithuanian Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Pirgene, Polish Piorun, Polish Piorun, Perkunos, Prussian Perkonis, Prussian Perkonis, Perkunos, Russian Pirgene, Russian Pirgene, Perkunos, Slav Peroon, Slav Peroon, Gromovit or Perkunos.

Perkune Tete

A goddess of thunder and lightning. In some references, known as Perkune Tete.

Perkunos

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Piker

An Estonian thunder-god. Occasionally known as Piker, Bohemian Peranu, Bohemian Peranu, Perkonis, Perkunos, Peroon, Perusan, Piorun, Pitkainen, Pyerun, Bulgarian Perusan, Bulgarian Perusan, Peranu, Perkons, Perkunos, Finnish Pitkainen, Finnish Pitkainen, Latvian Perkons, Latvian Perkons, Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Pirgene, Polish Piorun, Polish Piorun, Perkunos, Prussian Perkonis, Prussian Perkonis, Perkunos, Russian Pyerun, Russian Pyerun, Serbian Gromovit, Serbian Gromovit, Slav Peroon, Slav Peroon, Gromovit or Perkunos.

Pitkainen

A Finnish thunder-god. Also commonly referred to as Pitkainen, Pitkomoinen, Pitkomoinen, Bohemian Peranu, Bohemian Peranu, Perkonis, Perkunos, Peroon, Perusan, Piker, Piorun, Pyerun, Bulgarian Perusan, Bulgarian Perusan, Peranu, Perkons, Perkunos, Estonian Piker, Estonian Piker, Perkunos, Latvian Perkons, Latvian Perkons, Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Pirgene, Polish Piorun, Polish Piorun, Perkunos, Prussian Perkonis, Prussian Perkonis, Perkunos, Russian Pirgene, Russian Pirgene, Perkunos, Serbian Gromovit, Serbian Gromovit, Slav Peroon, Slav Peroon, Gromovit or Perkunos.

Pohjanakka

The ruler of the Finnish underworld, Pohjola. Consort of Louhi. In some references, called Pohjanakka.

Pohjola

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porgu

The Estonian hell. On occassion, referred to as porgu.

Port-hozjin

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Potrympus

A god of rivers and vegetation. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Potrympus, Potrimpo or Potrimpo.

Pramzimas

A Latvian culture-hero. He threw into the waters of the flood a nutshell in which two people escaped. Identified as Pramzimas.

Pukis

A household spirit or dragon. The Latvian version of Para. Also known as Pukis, Pukhis, Pukhis, Para, Para, Para, Bjara, Puk, Pukys, Puuk, Estonian Pisuhand, Tulihand, Lappish Smieragatto, Latvian Pukis, Lithuanian Aitvaras, Kaukas or Scandinavian Buttercat.

Pukys

A household spirit. The Lithuanian version of Para. On occassion, known as Pukys, Aitvaras, Aitvaras, Estonian Ai, Finnish Ajata, pukys, kaukas, kaukas, Para, Russian Domovik, Para, Para, Bjara, Puk, Pukhis, Pukis, Puuk, Estonian Pisuhand, Tulihand, Lappish Smieragatto, Latvian Pukis, Lithuanian Aitvaras, Kaukas, Scandinavian Buttercat, Para or Para.

Pulah

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Puuk

A household spirit. The Estonian version of Para. Sometimes identified as Puuk, Para, Para, Bjara, Puk, Pukhis, Pukis, Pukys, Estonian Pisuhand, Tulihand, Lappish Smieragatto, Latvian Pukis, Lithuanian Aitvaras, Kaukas, Scandinavian Buttercat, Pisuhand, Pisuhand, Para or Para.

Radigast

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Radion-aimo

Heaven, home of the god of the Lapps. Also known as Radion-aimo.

Rahkoi

A ghost in the lore of the Finns and Lapps, said to influence the moon. In some references, referred to as Rahkoi.

Rahkonen

In Finland, the man in the moon. In some accounts, identified as Rahkonen.

Rana-neidda

A Lapp virgin-goddess. In some accounts, referred to as Rana-neidda, Norse Frigga, Norse Frigga, Holda or Nerthus.

Raudna

A Lapp goddess. Wife of Horagalles. Also commonly referred to as Raudna.

Rauni

A Finnish storm-goddess. Wife of Ukko. Also referred to as Rauni, Akka, Akka, 'old woman', 'old woman', Carlin, Sedna, 'rowan' or 'rowan'.

Ravdna

A Finnish thunder-goddess. On occassion, known as Ravdna.

Ravgga

A Finnish fish-god. In some accounts, identified as Ravgga, Meriraukka or Meriraukka.

Riihitonttu

A Finnish grain-spirit. This spirit will steal grain from neighbours in order to help the family it protects. In some accounts, known as Riihitonttu, Swedish Ritomte or Swedish Ritomte.

Rugini

A Lithuanian corn-spirit. Also commonly known as Rugini, 'man of rye' or 'man of rye'.

Rugiu Boba

A Lithuanian corn-spirit. A harvest symbol, a female figure of this spirit made from the last of the harvest. In some references, referred to as Rugiu Boba, Kursis or Kursis.

Rukotivo

A later name for Runkateivas as a horse-god. At times, identified as Rukotivo, Runkateivas, Runkateivas or Rongoteus.

Runkateivas

A Finnish god of rye. Also identified as Runkateivas, Rongoteus, Rongoteus, Runkateivis, Rukotivo or Rukotivo.

runo

A Finnish short song or poem on a legendary subject. At times, identified as runo.

Ruotta

A Lapp evil spirit. This being is said to attack pregnant women. Occasionally referred to as Ruotta.

Rut-aimo

The Lapp hell. In some references, known as Rut-aimo, Ruta-aimo or Ruta-aimo.

Rutja's Rapids

In the lore of the Lapps, the river of the dead. On occassion, identified as Rutja's Rapids, Turja's rapids, Turja's rapids or Rustja's Rapids.

Rutu

The Lapp devil, torturer of the dead in the hell, Rut-aimo. On occassion, known as Rutu, Rota, Rota or Rutu.

Saivo-neita

A Lapp water-spirit or sea-maiden. Occasionally known as Saivo-neita, Saivo-neida, Saivo-neida, Russian Rusalka or Russian Rusalka.

Sampsa Pellervo

A Finnish god of vegetation. He is said to have arrived in a cornship. On occassion, identified as Sampsa Pellervo, Sampsa Pellervoinen or Sampsa Pellervoinen.

Sarakka

A Lapp goddess, guardian of birth. Daughter of Mader Akka. It was said that she assisted both deer and humans. At times, identified as Sarakka, Sadsta-akka or Sadsta-akka.

Saule

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Saules meitas

Daughters of Saule. They rake up the hay mown by the Dievadeli in the celestial meadows. Called Saules meitas.

Seeva

A Lithuanian love-goddess. Occasionally identified as Seeva, Slav Siva or Slav Siva.

Siela

The life-force. This force is said not to leave with the soul of the departed but is reincarnated in animals and plants. Sometimes called Siela.

slogute

A Lithuanian spirit: a nightmare. Occasionally known as slogute.

Smieragatto

A Lappish spirit in the form of a cat. This spirit is said to bring its owner butter, cream and milk. In some references, called Smieragatto, Finnish Para, Finnish Para, Buttercat, Swedish Buttercat or Swedish Buttercat.

Sueje-lodde

A Lapp which reveals the names of those about to die. This spirit is said to appear in the form of a bird. In some references, known as Sueje-lodde.

Sukkamielli

A Finnish goddess of orgiastic love. Also commonly referred to as Sukkamielli.

Suksendal

A Finnish deity of nightmares. This being can act either as a succubus or as an incubus to have intercourse with sleeping mortals. Sometimes identified as Suksendal.

suoje

A spirit invoked by a Lappish sorcerer. This spirit can be passed on to a descendant or marriage partner - even purchased. In some lore, occasionally identified as suoje, sueje or sueje.

Surma

A monster guarding the Finnish. Underworld, Tuohela. This beast was envisaged as an enormous pair of fanged jaws without a body. In some references, identified as Surma.

Svantevit

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Taara

An Estonian sky-god, in some accounts. Occasionally known as Taara, Tharapita or Tharapita.

Tachti

A Finnish god of the Pole Star. On occassion, called Tachti.

Tapio

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Teljavelik

A Lithuanian creator-god and smith-god. Also called Teljavelik, Telyaveli, Telyaveli, Telyavelik, Telyavelik, Telyaveli(k) or Telyaveli(k).

Tiermes

A Lapp thunder-god. In some references, identified as Tiermes.

Tomor

An Albanian creator-god and wind-god. Also known as Tomor, Tomorr, Tomorr, Baba,Tomorr or Baba,Tomorr.

Tonttu

A benevolent Finnish spirit of the household. On occassion, referred to as Tonttu, Tonto or Tonto.

Triglav

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Tumo-pas

A Finnish thunder-god revered in the form of an oak tree. In some references, called Tumo-pas.

Tuonela

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Tuonen-portti

The gate at the entrance to the Finnish. Underworld, Tuonela. In some lore, occasionally called Tuonen-portti, Norse Helgrind or Norse Helgrind.

Tuonetar

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Tuoni

Ruler of the Finnish underworld, Tuonela. Husband of Tuonetar. Father of Kipu-Tytto, Kivutas and Vammata. On occassion, called Tuoni, Kiyamat-tora, Kiyamat-tora, Tamek-vui, Tamek-vui, Tamek-rui, Tamek-rui, Mana or Mana.

Turms

A Lapp sky-god. In some references, known as Turms.

Turris

A god of war in Estonia and Finland. In some accounts, known as Turris, Turilas, Turilas, Turisas, Turisas, Tursas or Tursas.

Tursas

A Finnish demon living in the sea, attendant on the sea-god, Ahti. Also referred to as Tursas, Turris, Turris, Turilas or Turisas.

Ubyi

A Finnish god said to drink blood. This being is regarded as the spirit of a sorcerer or some evil person. In some accounts, known as Ubyi.

Udensmate

A Latvian water-goddess. In some lore, occasionally identified as Udensmate, Mother of Waters, Mother of Waters or Attabeira.

Ugunsmate

A Latvian fire-goddess. Sometimes identified as Ugunsmate, Mother of Fire or Mother of Fire.

Ukko

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Uksakka

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Uldra

A fairy race in Lapland, living under the earth. On occassion, identified as Uldra, Huldrafolk, Huldrafolk, Dwarfs, Elves, Hulderfolk, Huldra, Huldrefolk, Huldu, Huldu-folk, Huldra, Ullda or Ullda.

Undutar

A Finnish goddess of fog and mist. Occasionally called Undutar, Untar or Untar.

Uni

The Finnish god of sleep. Also known as Uni.

Unt-tongk

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Usching

A horse-god. At times, referred to as Usching.

Usins

A Latvian god of the morning and evening star. Occasionally identified as Usins.

Ut

A Finnish fire-goddess. Occasionally referred to as Ut.

Utumo

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Vadatajs

A Latvian demon leading travellers. Astray. In some lore, occasionally known as Vadatajs.

vaidulis

A ghost, in Lithuanian lore. Occasionally identified as vaidulis.

Vainamoinen

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vainnan tytto

Finnish water-maidens. On occassion, referred to as vainnan tytto, vainnan tytar or vainnan tytar.

Vajgats

A holy island in Finnish lore. This site is used for the sacrifice of animals to the gods. Sometimes known as Vajgats.

Vaksoza

A Finnish spirit of water-mills. In some references, referred to as Vaksoza.

Varjohaltija

In Finnish lore, a man's shadow-ruler. This being is said to be able to forecast the future. Sometimes referred to as Varjohaltija, haltija, haltija, haldja, haltia, ort, urt, varjohaltija, Varjohaltia or Varjohaltia.

Vedenhaltija

An evil Finnish water-spirit. Also referred to as Vedenhaltija, Vedenhaltia, Vedenhaltia, Vederaj, Vederaj, Vestaera, Vestaera, Vestaeraj, Vestaeraj, Lapp Kul, Lapp Kul, Vodyanik, Russian Vodyanoi, Russian Vodyanoi or Kul.

Vejasmate

A Latvian wind-goddess, goddess of birds and woods. Occasionally referred to as Vejasmate, Mother of the Wind, Mother of the Wind, Veja Mate or Veja Mate.

Vejopatis

A Lithuanian wind-god. In some lore, occasionally identified as Vejopatis.

vele

A Lithuanian spirit of the dead. Also known as vele, velnias, velnias, vila, Latvian velis or Latvian velis.

velis

A Latvian spirit of the dead. In some references, known as velis, Lithuanian vele or Lithuanian vele.

velnias

A wicked Lithuanian spirit of the dead: the devil. Referred to as velnias, vele, vele, vila or Latvian velis.

velns

A Latvian devil. Also identified as velns, juods, juods, Estonian juudas, Estonian juudas, juutas, Finnish juutas, Finnish juutas or juudas.

Velumate

A Latvian goddess of the underworld. Also known as Velumate, Velu Mate, Velu Mate, Kapumate or Kapumate.

vendenhaltia

A Finnish water-spirit. Occasionally identified as vendenhaltia, Lappish cacce-haldde or Lappish cacce-haldde.

Veralden-olmai

A Lapp supreme god. He is said to support the heavens. In some references, called Veralden-olmai, Veralden-rade, Veralden-rade, Norse Frey, Norse Frey or Varalden-Olmei.

Veralden-shuold

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Vilkakis

A Latvian werewolf. Also commonly called Vilkakis, Vilkacis, Vilkacis, Lithuanian Vilkatas, Lithuanian Vilkatas, Slav Vlkodlak, Slav Vlkodlak or Vilkatas.

Vilkatas

A Lithuanian werewolf. Sometimes referred to as Vilkatas, Latvian Vilkakis, Latvian Vilkakis, Slav Vlkodlak, Slav Vlkodlak or Vilkakis.

vilkolakis

A Lithuanian wolf-spirit. At times, known as vilkolakis.

Virankannos

A Finnish cat-god. On occassion, known as Virankannos.

Virava

A Finnish goddess of the woods. She can appear either as an animal, a flame or a whirlwind. In some references, referred to as Virava, Tavi-ayik, Tavi-ayik, Tava-ajik, Tava-ajik, Tapio or Tapio.

Vitza-kuguza

A Finnish spirit of the cattleyard. Occasionally referred to as Vitza-kuguza.

Vitza-kuva

A female version of Vitza-kuguzu. Also commonly referred to as Vitza-kuva.

Vorsud

A Finnish guardian-spirit who brings. Good fortune. Also commonly called Vorsud, Vodyz or Vodyz.

Vuojala

A realm in Finnish lore, sometimes. Equated wth Pohjola. Called Vuojala, Pohjola, Pohjola, Pohja or Tuonela.

Waralden Olmai

A Lapp creator-god. In some lore, occasionally identified as Waralden Olmai.

Wels

A sea-god. A festival in his honour is held in October. Referred to as Wels.

White Youth

A Finnish deity regarded as the father of mankind. Referred to as White Youth.

Yabmeaimo

The Lapp underworld, home of the dead, ruled by Yabmeakka. In some accounts, referred to as Yabmeaimo.

Yabmeakka

A god of the dead, ruler of the underworld Yabmeaimo. In some lore, occasionally called Yabmeakka.

Yarovit

A war-god and god of agriculture. Identified as Yarovit.

Zalktis

A Latvian snake-god. In some references, called Zalktis, Lithuanian Zaltys or Lithuanian Zaltys.

Zaltys

A Lithuanian snake-god: a green. Snake revered as a fertility symbol. Also commonly referred to as Zaltys, Latvian Zalktis or Latvian Zalktis.

Zasis

A Lithuanian herald of dawn. Sometimes identified as Zasis.

Zeidkele

An epithet for Zemnya as 'the one who grows flowers'. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Zeidkele, Zemyna, Zemyna, Lettish Zemesmate, Phrygian Zemelo, Russian Zemlya or Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla.

Zemepatis

A Lithuanian earth-god, guardian of farmers. Brother of Zemyna. Occasionally identified as Zemepatis, Dimstipatis, Dimstipatis, Zemininkas, Zemininkas, Latvian Majas kungs or Latvian Majas kungs.

Zemesmate

A Lettish earth-goddess. Also referred to as Zemesmate, Mother of the Earth, Mother of the Earth, Zemes Mate, Zemes Mate, Lithuanian Zemyna, Lithuanian Zemyna, Zemelo, Zemlya, Phrygian Zemelo, Phrygian Zemelo, Semele, Zemyna, Russian Zemlya, Russian Zemlya, Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla or Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla.

Zemyna

A Lithuanian vegetation-goddess. Sister of Zemepatis. In some references, called Zemyna, Zeidkele, Zeidkele, Lettish Zemesmate, Lettish Zemesmate, Zemelo, Zemlya, Phrygian Zemelo, Phrygian Zemelo, Semele, Zemesmate, Russian Zemlya, Russian Zemlya, Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla or Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla.

Zinez

A perpetual fire used by oakworshippers in Lithuania. Also referred to as Zinez.
Baltic Mythology