Baltic Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

accidental god

The first object seen by a Lapp when he emerges from his tent in the morning is worshipped as a god. Sometimes called accidental god.

Agras

A god of twins in Finland; a turnip-god. At times, called Agras.

Ahti

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Ai

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Ainikki

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Aino

A Finnish heroine. Sister of Joukahainen. She was wooed by Vainamoinen but jumped into the sea rather than marry him. Also commonly called Aino.

Aitvaras

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Ajata

A malevolent female wood spirit in Finland. These beings are said to suckle snakes and to cause illness. Sometimes identified as Ajata, Ajatar, Ajatar, Ajattara, Ajattara, Estonian Ai, Estonian Ai, Aitvaras, Lithuanian Aitvara or Lithuanian Aitvara.

Akkruva

A fish-goddess in Finland. At times, known as Akkruva, Avfruvva, Avfruvva, Havfru, Havfru, Danish Havfrue or Danish Havfrue.

Alka

Sacred lands dedicated to the gods, in Lithuanian lore. At times, referred to as Alka, Alklha, Alklha, Alka or Arakho.

Altvaras

A flying snake. Also called Altvaras.

Antero Vipunen

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Apparas

Lapp forest spirits. These beings are said to be the souls of children who have been killed. They control the grass and the trees. Referred to as Apparas.

Arcturus

In Finnish lore, a celestial archer. It is said that the world will come to an end when he shoots down the star Bcahje-naste. On occassion, identified as Arcturus.

Asz

A Lithuanian sky-god. On occassion, called Asz.

Aurora Borealis

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Ausera

A Lithuanian goddess of the dawn. Occasionally referred to as Ausera.

Auskelis

A Latvian fertility-god, attendant on the sky-god. In some references, referred to as Auskelis, Auseklis, Auseklis, Lithuanian Ausrine or Lithuanian Ausrine.

Ausrine

A Lithuanian fertility-god. In some accounts, Ausrine was the Morning Star with whom the moon god Meness had an affair. Also identified as Ausrine, Latvian Auskelis or Latvian Auskelis.

Bagputys

A Lithuanian sea-god. Occasionally known as Bagputys, Bangputis or Bangputis.

Barbmo-akka

In Lapp lore, an old woman who causes. The birds to return in the spring. Also commonly called Barbmo-akka, Loddis-edne, Loddis-edne or Barbmo-ekka.

Bardha

In Albania, whitish spirits who live under the earth. Occasionally known as Bardha.

barstukai

Lithuanian spirits of the underworld who helped with the harvest. Occasionally referred to as barstukai, parstukai, parstukai, partstukai or partstukai.

Biega-olmai

A Lapp wind-god. Identified as Biega-olmai.

Bird's Way

In Lithuanian lore, the Milky Way, along which the dead are said to travel to Dausos. Occasionally called Bird's Way.

Boahje-naste

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Bohinavlle

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burtnicks

A Latvian magician. This type uses his magic for benevolent ends, as opposed to the evil burvis. On occassion, referred to as burtnicks.

burvis

A Latvian magician. This type uses his powers for evil purposes. Called burvis.

Busi-urt

The Finnish spirit of the cornfields. Sometimes referred to as Busi-urt, Rice Mother or Rice Mother.

Cacce-haldde

A Lappish water spirit. On occassion, called Cacce-haldde, Cacce-jielle, Cacce-jielle, Kul, Cacce-olmai, Cacce-olmai, Finnish Vedenhaltija or Finnish Vedenhaltija.

Cacce-olmai

A Lapp water spirit: god of fishing. Sometimes called Cacce-olmai, Cacce-haldde, Cacce-haldde, Cacce-jielle, Kul or Finnish Vedenhaltija.

Carmilhan

A phantom ship. The legend surrounding this mysterious vessel is similar to the story of The Flying Dutchman. Sometimes referred to as Carmilhan, Klaboterman or Klaboterman.

Cold

Son of Louhi, in Finnish lore. In some accounts, identified as Cold.

Daugawa

The great water that flows back full of departed souls every evening. Also commonly known as Daugawa.

Daughter of Creation

A name for the Finnish goddess Ilmatar as 'Luonnotar'. In some lore, occasionally called Daughter of Creation, Luonnotar, Luonnotar, Ilmatar, Luojatar or Synnytar.

Dausos

The Lithuanian kingdom of the dead. It was said to be situated in the sky behind a very tall and slippery hill. Occasionally known as Dausos.

Debestevs

A Latvian sky god and fertility god. In some lore, occasionally identified as Debestevs, Lettish Dievs, Lettish Dievs, Dievas, Lithuanian Dievas, Lithuanian Dievas or Dievs.

Dekla

The Latvian goddess of fate. Sister of Karta and Laima. In some accounts these three sisters act as the Latvian Fates. In some references, called Dekla.

deyves

Stones as objects of veneration in Lithuania. Sometimes called deyves.

Dieva deli

The 2 (or 3, some say) sons of Dieva who mow the celestial meadows. Occasionally called Dieva deli.

Dievas

A Lithuanian sky god and fertility god. Also commonly referred to as Dievas, Latvian Debestevs, Latvian Debestevs, Dievs, Lettish Dievs, Lettish Dievs or Debestevs.

Dievini

Minor gods in Latvia, guardians of property. In some references, referred to as Dievini.

Dievs

A Lettish sky god and fertility god. Consort of Saule. Sometimes identified as Dievs, Latvian Debestevs, Latvian Debestevs, Dievas, Lithuanian Dievas, Lithuanian Dievas or Debestevs.

Dogheads

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Drebkuls

A Lettish sea god. Occasionally known as Drebkuls, Greek Poseidon, Greek Poseidon, Neptune or Varuna.

Egres

A Finnish fertility-god, protector of turnips. Also referred to as Egres, Akras or Akras.

Ezerinis

A Finnish lake-god. Also called Ezerinis.

Gabija

A Lithuanian fire-goddess. At times, known as Gabija, Gabeta, Gabeta, Gabieta or Gabieta.

Gabjauja

A Lithuanian corn-goddess. Sometimes called Gabjauja.

Gabjaujis

A Lithuanian fire-god. Sometimes known as Gabjaujis.

Ganis

A Lappish forest-spirit. This being takes the form of a beautiful maiden with a long tail who mates with mortals. Also called Ganis, Gidne, Gidne, Kani, Kani, Kine or Kine.

Ganyklos

A Lithuanian god of domestic animals. Known as Ganyklos, Czech Veles, Czech Veles, Volos, Russian Vlas(sy), Russian Vlas(sy), Veles, Slav Volos, Slav Volos or Vlas.

Gerovit

A war-god in Pomerania. In some references, identified as Gerovit, Gerovitus, Gerovitus, Herovit, Herovit, Jarovit or Jarovit.

Gid-kuzo

A Finnish god of the cattle-yard. Occasionally identified as Gid-kuzo.

Giltine

A Lithuanian goddess of death. Sometimes identified as Giltine.

Giraitis

A Lithuanian god of woodlands. Son of Severin and Alice. Also commonly referred to as Giraitis.

Guffitar

Lappish dwarf spirits of the forest or living underground. Sometimes known as Guffitar, Norse Govetter or Norse Govetter.

haldde

A Lappish nature spirit. Also called haldde.

Hidden-Kissa

A cat owned by the giant, Hiisi. This cat could so frighten criminals that they confessed their misdeeds. Occasionally called Hidden-Kissa.

Hiisi

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Iarovit

A Latvian god. An aspect of Svantevit. Also commonly referred to as Iarovit, Svantevit, Svantevit, Svandovit, Svantovit, Svarog, Sventovit, Svetovid, Svetovit, Svetovitu, 'energy', Swietowit, Triglav, Slav Porenutius, Rod or Rugievit.

Ilmarine

An Estonian god based on the Finnish Ilmarinen. Also called Ilmarine.

Ilmarinen

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Ilmatar

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iodhi

Souls of the dead: spirits of the air. Sometimes called iodhi, murgi or murgi.

Isa

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Jabme-aibmo

On occassion, identified as Jabme-aibmo, Jabme-aimo or Jabme-aimo.

Jabme-aimo

The Lappish underworld, ruled by Jabme-akkao. In some references, referred to as Jabme-aimo, Jabme-aibmo or Jabme-aibmo.

Jabme-akka

An old woman, ruler of the Lappish underworld, Jabme-aimo. Sometimes called Jabme-akka.

Jengk-Tongk

A Lapp water-spirit or fish-spirit. In some references, known as Jengk-Tongk, Kul-jungk, Kul-jungk, Kul-Jungk or Kul-Jungk.

Jumala

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Jumis

A Latvian fertility-god. At times, identified as Jumis.

juoigen

A Lappish sacred chant. This magical incantation is used to call up the spirits of the dead in a form of language known only to initiates. Also known as juoigen.

Jurasmate

A Latvian sea-goddess. In some accounts, known as Jurasmate, Mother of the Sea or Mother of the Sea.

juudas

An Estonian devil. Sometimes called juudas, Finnish juutas, Finnish juutas, velns, Latvian juods, Latvian juods or juutas.

juutas

A Finnish devil. At times, known as juutas, Estonian juudas, Estonian juudas, velns, Latvian juods, Latvian juods or juudas.

Kaba

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Kalervo

In Finnish lore, father of Kullervo. He was killed by his brother Untamo. Also commonly referred to as Kalervo.

Kaleva

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Kalevala

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Kalevanpojat

Evil giants who destroy the landscape. Also called Kalevanpojat.

Kalevi

An Estonian hero. Father of Kalevipoeg. Sometimes identified as Kalevi, Finnish Kaleva or Finnish Kaleva.

Kalevipoeg

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Kalma

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Kalvaistis

A Lithuanian smith-god. He is said to make the sun anew each day. In some references, known as Kalvaistis, Greek Hephaestus, Greek Hephaestus, Ptah, Regin, Sethlans, Tvashtri, Vulcan, Roman Mulciber, Roman Mulciber or Hephaestus.

kanteletar

Finnish magic songs. In some references, referred to as kanteletar.

Kapu Mate

A name for Velumate as 'mother of the graveyard'. Referred to as Kapu Mate.

Karta

A Latvian goddess of fate. Sister of Dekla and Laima. In some accounts, these three sisters act as the Latvian Fates. Occasionally identified as Karta.

kaukas

A Lithuanian dwarf house-spirit, similar to the aitvaras. Also called kaukas, Para, Para, Bjara, Puk, Pukhis, Pukis, Pukys, Puuk, Estonian Pisuhand, Tulihand, Lappish Smieragatto, Latvian Pukis, Lithuanian Aitvaras, Kaukas, Scandinavian Buttercat, Russian Domovik, Russian Domovik, pukys, pukys, Aitvaras or Para.

Kekri

An ancient Finnish god of cattle. In some lore, occasionally known as Kekri.

kekri

A Finnish ghost or spirit. At times, identified as kekri.

kekritar

Masks, or the people wearing them, in the Kekri festival. Called kekritar.

keremet

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Kildisin

Wife of the Finnish sky-god, Ilmarinen. On occassion, called Kildisin, Kildisin-mumy, Kildisin-mumy, Kugu-shotshen-Ara or Kugo-shotshen-Ava.

Kiyamat-saus

An assistant of the Finnish underworld. God Tuoni. In some lore, occasionally known as Kiyamat-saus.

klaboterman

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Kodinhaltia

A Finnish house-fairy. In some lore, occasionally called Kodinhaltia.

Kodojeza

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Kondos

A Finnish god of agriculture. In some accounts, known as Kondos.

Kosla-kuguza

A guardian deity of the forests. Husband of Kosla-kuva. In some references, referred to as Kosla-kuguza.

Kosla-kuva

Wife of Kosla-kuguza. On occassion, referred to as Kosla-kuva.

Kotre

A Lithuanian fertility-spirit. Occasionally referred to as Kotre, More or More.

Kratti

A Finnish spirit, guardian of property. In some accounts, called Kratti.

Kreutzneald, F R

The Estonian compiler of the epic Kalevipoea, published 1857-61. In some accounts, known as Kreutzneald, F R.

Krohn, Julius

The Finnish author of works on folklore and mythology, especially on the Kalevala. Occasionally identified as Krohn, Julius, (1835-1888) or (1835-1888).

Krohn, Kaarle

A Finnish scholar who wrote extensively on folklore and mythology. In some accounts, referred to as Krohn, Kaarle, (1863-1933) or (1863-1933).

Kul

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Kun

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Kursis

A Lithuanian corn-spirit. Kursis represents the male equivalent of Rugiu-Baba. At times, identified as Kursis, Rugiu Boba or Rugiu Boba.

Laima

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Lammekune

An Estonian hero based on the Finnish Lemminkainen. Sometimes known as Lammekune.

Larkosargasa

A Lithuanian field-god. Occasionally referred to as Larkosargasa.

Laukpatis

A Lithuanian field-god. Occasionally known as Laukpatis, Lauksargis, Lauksargis, Latvian Laukumate, Latvian Laukumate, Polish Lawkapatim, Polish Lawkapatim or Laukumate.

Laukumate

A Latvian goddess of agriculture. Occasionally referred to as Laukumate, Lauka Mate, Lauka Mate, Lauka Mata, Lauka Mata, Mother of the Fields, Mother of the Fields, Lithuanian Laukpatis, Lithuanian Laukpatis, Lawkapatim, Polish Lawkapatim, Polish Lawkapatim or Laukpatis.

lauma

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laumé

A Lithuanian hag or witch. Originally these beings were harmless fairies, later they became evil beings. In some accounts, called laumé, deive, deive, spigena, spigena, lauma, lauma, Latvian lauma or Latvian lauma.

Liekko

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lietuvens

A Latvian ghost, the spirit of one who died violently. In some accounts, identified as lietuvens.

Ligo-feast

A Latvian festival in honour of the sun-god. On occassion, known as Ligo-feast.

luete-muor

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Luonnotar

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Luot-chozjit

A Lappish female spirit, guardian of reindeer. Occasionally known as Luot-chozjit, Luot-hozjit, Luot-hozjit, Luot-hozjik, Luot-hozjik, Russian Pots-hoznik or Russian Pots-hoznik.

Lytuvonis

A Lithuanian rain god. On occassion, referred to as Lytuvonis.

Maa-Emae

A Finnish earth-mother. Occasionally called Maa-Emae, Maan-Emo or Maan-Emo.

maahiset

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Mader Akka

A Lappish creator-goddess. Wife of Mader Atcha. Mother of Sarakka. Sometimes called Mader Akka, Madderakka or Madderakka.

Majas kungs

A Latvian god of the household. At times, referred to as Majas kungs, Lithuanian Zemepatis or Lithuanian Zemepatis.

Maksameri

The Estonian world of the dead. Referred to as Maksameri, German Lebermeer or German Lebermeer.

Mana

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Manala

The Finnish land of the dead, ruled. By Mana. Identified as Manala, Tuonela, Tuonela or Pohjola.

Manalan-Rakki

A hound from the Finnish underworld. Also commonly known as Manalan-Rakki.

Mara

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mara-halddo

A Lappish sea-spirit. In some accounts, known as mara-halddo.

Marjatta

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maro-deives

Pest-deities. These beings are said to drive round in coaches drawn by six black horses. Sometimes called maro-deives.

Medeine

A Lithuanian goddess of woodlands. On occassion, identified as Medeine, Majdejn, Majdejn, Mejdejn or Mejdejn.

Meness

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Menulis

A Lithuanian moon-god. In some accounts, referred to as Menulis, Menuo, Menuo, Latvian Meness or Latvian Meness.

metsaneitsyt

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metsanhaltia

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metshaldijas

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Metsmees

An Estonian wind-god. Also known as Metsmees.

Metsola

A Finnish goddess, mother of the first deity. At times, identified as Metsola.

Mezasmate

A Latvian forest-goddess. Occasionally called Mezasmate, Mother of the Forest or Mother of the Forest.

Mezatevs

A Latvian forest-god. Occasionally identified as Mezatevs, Father of the Forest or Father of the Forest.

Mielkki

A Finnish forest-spirit. Wife of Tapio. Mother of Nyyrikki and Tuulikki. In some lore, occasionally called Mielkki, Mielikki or Mielikki.

milzinas

A Lithuanian giant-spirit. Also known as milzinas.

moomin

In Finnish lore, one of a race of imaginary forest-dwellers. These small, fat people are said to be very shy, hibernating during the winter. Occasionally called moomin.

Muntso-murt

A Finnish bath-house spirit. He sometimes substitutes changlings for the proper children. In some references, referred to as Muntso-murt, Motsaoza, Motsaoza, Muntso-kuzo, Muntso-kuzo, Muntso-oza, Muntso-oza, Muntso-oza Russian Pyrsan-aika or Muntso-oza Russian Pyrsan-aika.

Nakinieu

A female water-spirit in Estonia. They are said to own beautiful cattle which live in water. At times, identified as Nakinieu, Nakinietsi, Nakinietsi, maleNakk or maleNakk.

Nakk

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Nakki

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nelaikis

A Lithuanian spirit. This dangerous spirit is that of a victim of murder, one who drowned or one who committed suicide. Sometimes known as nelaikis.

Noaide

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Olmai

A word for god among the Lapps. In some accounts, known as Olmai, Olmay or Olmay.

Ovda

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Paiva

A Finnish sun-god. The rays of the sun formed roads between heaven and earth along which the gods could travel. Sometimes known as Paiva, Paeivae or Paeivae.

Pajainen

A Finnish god. He killed a huge bull or pig. Sometimes identified as Pajainen.

pajanvak'i

Finnish spirits associated with metals. In some references, referred to as pajanvak'i.

Pajonn

A Lappish thunder-god. On occassion, known as Pajonn.

Para

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Parne

A malevolent Finnish forest-spirit. Sometimes identified as Parne.

Passe-javrre

In Lappish lore, the sacred sea. Sometimes identified as Passe-javrre.

Passe-jokka

In Lappish lore, the sacred river. In some references, identified as Passe-jokka.

Passe-vare

In Lappish lore, the sacred. Mountains. Sometimes called Passe-vare.

Patollus

A Prussian god of the underworld. In some accounts, called Patollus, Patollo or Patollo.

Pekko

A Finnish corn-god. At times, identified as Pekko, Pellonpekko, Pellonpekko, Estonian Peko or Estonian Peko.

Peko

An Estonian fertility-god. In some accounts, referred to as Peko, Finnish Pekko or Finnish Pekko.

Pele Kolese

A Finnish water-spirit. This being floated on its back as if drowning. Those who attempted rescue were attacked and killed. Occasionally known as Pele Kolese.

Pergrubius

A deity of renewal. Sometimes referred to as Pergrubius.

Perkele

The Finnish name for the Devil. At times, identified as Perkele.

Perkons

A Latvian thunder-god. In some references, called Perkons, Bohemina Peranu, Bohemina Peranu, Bulgarian Perusan, Bulgarian Perusan, Peranu, Perkonis, Perkunos, Peroon, Piker, Piorun, Pitkainen, Pyerun, Estonian Piker, Estonian Piker, Perkunos, Perusan, Finnish Pitkoinen, Finnish Pitkoinen, Lithuanian Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Pirgene, Polish Piorun, Polish Piorun, Perkunos, Prussian Perkonis, Prussian Perkonis, Perkunos, Russian Pirgene, Russian Pirgene, Perkunos, Slav Peroon, Slav Peroon, Gromovit or Perkunos.

Perkune Tete

A goddess of thunder and lightning. Occasionally called Perkune Tete.

Perkunos

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Piker

An Estonian thunder-god. Identified as Piker, Bohemian Peranu, Bohemian Peranu, Perkonis, Perkunos, Peroon, Perusan, Piorun, Pitkainen, Pyerun, Bulgarian Perusan, Bulgarian Perusan, Peranu, Perkons, Perkunos, Finnish Pitkainen, Finnish Pitkainen, Latvian Perkons, Latvian Perkons, Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Pirgene, Polish Piorun, Polish Piorun, Perkunos, Prussian Perkonis, Prussian Perkonis, Perkunos, Russian Pyerun, Russian Pyerun, Serbian Gromovit, Serbian Gromovit, Slav Peroon, Slav Peroon, Gromovit or Perkunos.

Pitkainen

A Finnish thunder-god. Also identified as Pitkainen, Pitkomoinen, Pitkomoinen, Bohemian Peranu, Bohemian Peranu, Perkonis, Perkunos, Peroon, Perusan, Piker, Piorun, Pyerun, Bulgarian Perusan, Bulgarian Perusan, Peranu, Perkons, Perkunos, Estonian Piker, Estonian Piker, Perkunos, Latvian Perkons, Latvian Perkons, Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Lithuanian Perkunos, Pirgene, Polish Piorun, Polish Piorun, Perkunos, Prussian Perkonis, Prussian Perkonis, Perkunos, Russian Pirgene, Russian Pirgene, Perkunos, Serbian Gromovit, Serbian Gromovit, Slav Peroon, Slav Peroon, Gromovit or Perkunos.

Pohjanakka

The ruler of the Finnish underworld, Pohjola. Consort of Louhi. In some references, identified as Pohjanakka.

Pohjola

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porgu

The Estonian hell. At times, referred to as porgu.

Port-hozjin

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Potrympus

A god of rivers and vegetation. In some accounts, referred to as Potrympus, Potrimpo or Potrimpo.

Pramzimas

A Latvian culture-hero. He threw into the waters of the flood a nutshell in which two people escaped. Also known as Pramzimas.

Pukis

A household spirit or dragon. The Latvian version of Para. In some references, known as Pukis, Pukhis, Pukhis, Para, Para, Para, Bjara, Puk, Pukys, Puuk, Estonian Pisuhand, Tulihand, Lappish Smieragatto, Latvian Pukis, Lithuanian Aitvaras, Kaukas or Scandinavian Buttercat.

Pukys

A household spirit. The Lithuanian version of Para. Known as Pukys, Aitvaras, Aitvaras, Estonian Ai, Finnish Ajata, pukys, kaukas, kaukas, Para, Russian Domovik, Para, Para, Bjara, Puk, Pukhis, Pukis, Puuk, Estonian Pisuhand, Tulihand, Lappish Smieragatto, Latvian Pukis, Lithuanian Aitvaras, Kaukas, Scandinavian Buttercat, Para or Para.

Pulah

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Puuk

A household spirit. The Estonian version of Para. In some accounts, known as Puuk, Para, Para, Bjara, Puk, Pukhis, Pukis, Pukys, Estonian Pisuhand, Tulihand, Lappish Smieragatto, Latvian Pukis, Lithuanian Aitvaras, Kaukas, Scandinavian Buttercat, Pisuhand, Pisuhand, Para or Para.

Radigast

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Radion-aimo

Heaven, home of the god of the Lapps. At times, known as Radion-aimo.

Rahkoi

A ghost in the lore of the Finns and Lapps, said to influence the moon. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Rahkoi.

Rahkonen

In Finland, the man in the moon. Sometimes called Rahkonen.

Rana-neidda

A Lapp virgin-goddess. Also commonly identified as Rana-neidda, Norse Frigga, Norse Frigga, Holda or Nerthus.

Raudna

A Lapp goddess. Wife of Horagalles. Also commonly referred to as Raudna.

Rauni

A Finnish storm-goddess. Wife of Ukko. Sometimes identified as Rauni, Akka, Akka, 'old woman', 'old woman', Carlin, Sedna, 'rowan' or 'rowan'.

Ravdna

A Finnish thunder-goddess. Sometimes called Ravdna.

Ravgga

A Finnish fish-god. At times, known as Ravgga, Meriraukka or Meriraukka.

Riihitonttu

A Finnish grain-spirit. This spirit will steal grain from neighbours in order to help the family it protects. Sometimes known as Riihitonttu, Swedish Ritomte or Swedish Ritomte.

Rugini

A Lithuanian corn-spirit. Occasionally identified as Rugini, 'man of rye' or 'man of rye'.

Rugiu Boba

A Lithuanian corn-spirit. A harvest symbol, a female figure of this spirit made from the last of the harvest. In some accounts, called Rugiu Boba, Kursis or Kursis.

Rukotivo

A later name for Runkateivas as a horse-god. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Rukotivo, Runkateivas, Runkateivas or Rongoteus.

Runkateivas

A Finnish god of rye. In some lore, occasionally identified as Runkateivas, Rongoteus, Rongoteus, Runkateivis, Rukotivo or Rukotivo.

runo

A Finnish short song or poem on a legendary subject. Occasionally referred to as runo.

Ruotta

A Lapp evil spirit. This being is said to attack pregnant women. Occasionally called Ruotta.

Rut-aimo

The Lapp hell. On occassion, referred to as Rut-aimo, Ruta-aimo or Ruta-aimo.

Rutja's Rapids

In the lore of the Lapps, the river of the dead. In some lore, occasionally known as Rutja's Rapids, Turja's rapids, Turja's rapids or Rustja's Rapids.

Rutu

The Lapp devil, torturer of the dead in the hell, Rut-aimo. Sometimes called Rutu, Rota, Rota or Rutu.

Saivo-neita

A Lapp water-spirit or sea-maiden. Also known as Saivo-neita, Saivo-neida, Saivo-neida, Russian Rusalka or Russian Rusalka.

Sampsa Pellervo

A Finnish god of vegetation. He is said to have arrived in a cornship. Also commonly called Sampsa Pellervo, Sampsa Pellervoinen or Sampsa Pellervoinen.

Sarakka

A Lapp goddess, guardian of birth. Daughter of Mader Akka. It was said that she assisted both deer and humans. In some accounts, known as Sarakka, Sadsta-akka or Sadsta-akka.

Saule

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Saules meitas

Daughters of Saule. They rake up the hay mown by the Dievadeli in the celestial meadows. Also called Saules meitas.

Seeva

A Lithuanian love-goddess. Also identified as Seeva, Slav Siva or Slav Siva.

Siela

The life-force. This force is said not to leave with the soul of the departed but is reincarnated in animals and plants. In some references, known as Siela.

slogute

A Lithuanian spirit: a nightmare. Sometimes called slogute.

Smieragatto

A Lappish spirit in the form of a cat. This spirit is said to bring its owner butter, cream and milk. Occasionally referred to as Smieragatto, Finnish Para, Finnish Para, Buttercat, Swedish Buttercat or Swedish Buttercat.

Sueje-lodde

A Lapp which reveals the names of those about to die. This spirit is said to appear in the form of a bird. At times, called Sueje-lodde.

Sukkamielli

A Finnish goddess of orgiastic love. Also commonly known as Sukkamielli.

Suksendal

A Finnish deity of nightmares. This being can act either as a succubus or as an incubus to have intercourse with sleeping mortals. Sometimes identified as Suksendal.

suoje

A spirit invoked by a Lappish sorcerer. This spirit can be passed on to a descendant or marriage partner - even purchased. Occasionally identified as suoje, sueje or sueje.

Surma

A monster guarding the Finnish. Underworld, Tuohela. This beast was envisaged as an enormous pair of fanged jaws without a body. Also called Surma.

Svantevit

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Taara

An Estonian sky-god, in some accounts. Also referred to as Taara, Tharapita or Tharapita.

Tachti

A Finnish god of the Pole Star. Called Tachti.

Tapio

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Teljavelik

A Lithuanian creator-god and smith-god. Sometimes referred to as Teljavelik, Telyaveli, Telyaveli, Telyavelik, Telyavelik, Telyaveli(k) or Telyaveli(k).

Tiermes

A Lapp thunder-god. Also known as Tiermes.

Tomor

An Albanian creator-god and wind-god. Occasionally identified as Tomor, Tomorr, Tomorr, Baba,Tomorr or Baba,Tomorr.

Tonttu

A benevolent Finnish spirit of the household. Sometimes identified as Tonttu, Tonto or Tonto.

Triglav

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Tumo-pas

A Finnish thunder-god revered in the form of an oak tree. Also commonly known as Tumo-pas.

Tuonela

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Tuonen-portti

The gate at the entrance to the Finnish. Underworld, Tuonela. At times, referred to as Tuonen-portti, Norse Helgrind or Norse Helgrind.

Tuonetar

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Tuoni

Ruler of the Finnish underworld, Tuonela. Husband of Tuonetar. Father of Kipu-Tytto, Kivutas and Vammata. Also referred to as Tuoni, Kiyamat-tora, Kiyamat-tora, Tamek-vui, Tamek-vui, Tamek-rui, Tamek-rui, Mana or Mana.

Turms

A Lapp sky-god. Occasionally known as Turms.

Turris

A god of war in Estonia and Finland. Sometimes referred to as Turris, Turilas, Turilas, Turisas, Turisas, Tursas or Tursas.

Tursas

A Finnish demon living in the sea, attendant on the sea-god, Ahti. Also known as Tursas, Turris, Turris, Turilas or Turisas.

Ubyi

A Finnish god said to drink blood. This being is regarded as the spirit of a sorcerer or some evil person. On occassion, called Ubyi.

Udensmate

A Latvian water-goddess. Sometimes called Udensmate, Mother of Waters, Mother of Waters or Attabeira.

Ugunsmate

A Latvian fire-goddess. Also commonly known as Ugunsmate, Mother of Fire or Mother of Fire.

Ukko

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Uksakka

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Uldra

A fairy race in Lapland, living under the earth. On occassion, called Uldra, Huldrafolk, Huldrafolk, Dwarfs, Elves, Hulderfolk, Huldra, Huldrefolk, Huldu, Huldu-folk, Huldra, Ullda or Ullda.

Undutar

A Finnish goddess of fog and mist. On occassion, identified as Undutar, Untar or Untar.

Uni

The Finnish god of sleep. In some accounts, referred to as Uni.

Unt-tongk

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Usching

A horse-god. In some lore, occasionally identified as Usching.

Usins

A Latvian god of the morning and evening star. In some accounts, known as Usins.

Ut

A Finnish fire-goddess. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Ut.

Utumo

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Vadatajs

A Latvian demon leading travellers. Astray. Sometimes called Vadatajs.

vaidulis

A ghost, in Lithuanian lore. In some accounts, referred to as vaidulis.

Vainamoinen

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vainnan tytto

Finnish water-maidens. Sometimes identified as vainnan tytto, vainnan tytar or vainnan tytar.

Vajgats

A holy island in Finnish lore. This site is used for the sacrifice of animals to the gods. Also identified as Vajgats.

Vaksoza

A Finnish spirit of water-mills. Occasionally known as Vaksoza.

Varjohaltija

In Finnish lore, a man's shadow-ruler. This being is said to be able to forecast the future. Also known as Varjohaltija, haltija, haltija, haldja, haltia, ort, urt, varjohaltija, Varjohaltia or Varjohaltia.

Vedenhaltija

An evil Finnish water-spirit. Also identified as Vedenhaltija, Vedenhaltia, Vedenhaltia, Vederaj, Vederaj, Vestaera, Vestaera, Vestaeraj, Vestaeraj, Lapp Kul, Lapp Kul, Vodyanik, Russian Vodyanoi, Russian Vodyanoi or Kul.

Vejasmate

A Latvian wind-goddess, goddess of birds and woods. Known as Vejasmate, Mother of the Wind, Mother of the Wind, Veja Mate or Veja Mate.

Vejopatis

A Lithuanian wind-god. Also called Vejopatis.

vele

A Lithuanian spirit of the dead. Also identified as vele, velnias, velnias, vila, Latvian velis or Latvian velis.

velis

A Latvian spirit of the dead. On occassion, identified as velis, Lithuanian vele or Lithuanian vele.

velnias

A wicked Lithuanian spirit of the dead: the devil. At times, known as velnias, vele, vele, vila or Latvian velis.

velns

A Latvian devil. Known as velns, juods, juods, Estonian juudas, Estonian juudas, juutas, Finnish juutas, Finnish juutas or juudas.

Velumate

A Latvian goddess of the underworld. Occasionally identified as Velumate, Velu Mate, Velu Mate, Kapumate or Kapumate.

vendenhaltia

A Finnish water-spirit. Also known as vendenhaltia, Lappish cacce-haldde or Lappish cacce-haldde.

Veralden-olmai

A Lapp supreme god. He is said to support the heavens. Also known as Veralden-olmai, Veralden-rade, Veralden-rade, Norse Frey, Norse Frey or Varalden-Olmei.

Veralden-shuold

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Vilkakis

A Latvian werewolf. In some accounts, identified as Vilkakis, Vilkacis, Vilkacis, Lithuanian Vilkatas, Lithuanian Vilkatas, Slav Vlkodlak, Slav Vlkodlak or Vilkatas.

Vilkatas

A Lithuanian werewolf. At times, referred to as Vilkatas, Latvian Vilkakis, Latvian Vilkakis, Slav Vlkodlak, Slav Vlkodlak or Vilkakis.

vilkolakis

A Lithuanian wolf-spirit. In some references, identified as vilkolakis.

Virankannos

A Finnish cat-god. Also called Virankannos.

Virava

A Finnish goddess of the woods. She can appear either as an animal, a flame or a whirlwind. Sometimes called Virava, Tavi-ayik, Tavi-ayik, Tava-ajik, Tava-ajik, Tapio or Tapio.

Vitza-kuguza

A Finnish spirit of the cattleyard. Also known as Vitza-kuguza.

Vitza-kuva

A female version of Vitza-kuguzu. Also referred to as Vitza-kuva.

Vorsud

A Finnish guardian-spirit who brings. Good fortune. Also called Vorsud, Vodyz or Vodyz.

Vuojala

A realm in Finnish lore, sometimes. Equated wth Pohjola. Occasionally called Vuojala, Pohjola, Pohjola, Pohja or Tuonela.

Waralden Olmai

A Lapp creator-god. Also referred to as Waralden Olmai.

Wels

A sea-god. A festival in his honour is held in October. Also identified as Wels.

White Youth

A Finnish deity regarded as the father of mankind. On occassion, referred to as White Youth.

Yabmeaimo

The Lapp underworld, home of the dead, ruled by Yabmeakka. Sometimes called Yabmeaimo.

Yabmeakka

A god of the dead, ruler of the underworld Yabmeaimo. Known as Yabmeakka.

Yarovit

A war-god and god of agriculture. In some accounts, referred to as Yarovit.

Zalktis

A Latvian snake-god. Also known as Zalktis, Lithuanian Zaltys or Lithuanian Zaltys.

Zaltys

A Lithuanian snake-god: a green. Snake revered as a fertility symbol. Also identified as Zaltys, Latvian Zalktis or Latvian Zalktis.

Zasis

A Lithuanian herald of dawn. In some references, referred to as Zasis.

Zeidkele

An epithet for Zemnya as 'the one who grows flowers'. At times, referred to as Zeidkele, Zemyna, Zemyna, Lettish Zemesmate, Phrygian Zemelo, Russian Zemlya or Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla.

Zemepatis

A Lithuanian earth-god, guardian of farmers. Brother of Zemyna. Occasionally identified as Zemepatis, Dimstipatis, Dimstipatis, Zemininkas, Zemininkas, Latvian Majas kungs or Latvian Majas kungs.

Zemesmate

A Lettish earth-goddess. Sometimes known as Zemesmate, Mother of the Earth, Mother of the Earth, Zemes Mate, Zemes Mate, Lithuanian Zemyna, Lithuanian Zemyna, Zemelo, Zemlya, Phrygian Zemelo, Phrygian Zemelo, Semele, Zemyna, Russian Zemlya, Russian Zemlya, Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla or Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla.

Zemyna

A Lithuanian vegetation-goddess. Sister of Zemepatis. Occasionally called Zemyna, Zeidkele, Zeidkele, Lettish Zemesmate, Lettish Zemesmate, Zemelo, Zemlya, Phrygian Zemelo, Phrygian Zemelo, Semele, Zemesmate, Russian Zemlya, Russian Zemlya, Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla or Slav Mata-Syra-Zemla.

Zinez

A perpetual fire used by oakworshippers in Lithuania. In some accounts, known as Zinez.
Baltic Mythology