Australian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Adno-artina

An ancestral lizard. He fought and killed the ancestral dog Marindi during the Dreamtime. On occassion, identified as Adno-artina.

alchera

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Altjira

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Anjea

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Argula

A trickster in the lore of the Aborigines. At times, referred to as Argula.

Arunkulta

An evil spirit of the Aborigines. Occasionally known as Arunkulta.

Ataintjina

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Atnatu

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Atoakwatje

Demi-gods living in the clouds and controlling rain. In some references, referred to as Atoakwatje.

Auahi-Turoa

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Auuenau

Aboriginal storm spirits. These beings are described as thin and hairy with tails and bones hanging from various parts of their bodies. On occassion, called Auuenau.

auwa

Sacred places of the Aborigines. Known as auwa.

Awhiowhio

An Aboriginal god of whirlwinds. Also known as Awhiowhio, Pacific Islands Ara Tiotio or Pacific Islands Ara Tiotio.

Bagadjimbiri

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Bagini

A female monster, half human, half animal. These beings are said to rape their male victims. Also known as Bagini.

Bahloo

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Baime

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Baloo

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Bamapana

An Aboriginal trickster hero who delighted in causing trouble. Sometimes identified as Bamapana.

Bamum

The name of the dreamtime used in Arnhem Land. The ancestral spirits, known as the Wongan, lived during this period. In some accounts, known as Bamum, alchera, alchera, alcheringa, altjiranga, Dreaming, The, Dreamtime, Eternal Dreamtime, tjukui, (Eternal) Dreamtime or The Dreaming.

bandicoot

The Aborigines say that the bandicoot was the owner of fire until it was stolen by the hawk or the pigeon. On occassion, known as bandicoot.

Bell-bird brothers

Culture-heroes of the Aborigines of Central Australia. On occassion, referred to as Bell-bird brothers.

Beralku

In the lore of the Aborigines, the island of the dead. Also identified as Beralku, Bralgu or Bralgu.

Biggaroo

In the lore of the Aborigines, a huge snake. Also known as Biggaroo.

Biljari

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Binbeal

The rainbow, in the lore of the Aborigines. Son of Pundjel. Occasionally called Binbeal.

Bindinoor

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Birrahgnooloo

One of the 2 wives of Baime, in Aboriginal lore. This deity, Baime's favourite wife, has the power to send floods. Occasionally referred to as Birrahgnooloo.

Birral

An Aboriginal culture hero. In some accounts he is the same as Baime. Also referred to as Birral, Baime, Baime, Baiame, B'iame, Martummere, Pundjel, Bunjil, Daramulun, Ngurunderi or Nurrundere.

Boaliri

One of the Wawalag sisters. Also commonly known as Boaliri.

Bobbi-bobbi

A spirit snake of the Aborigines. He is said to have created the boomerang from one of his ribs. On occassion, referred to as Bobbi-bobbi.

bone-pointing

An Aboriginal ritual in which a bone. Pointed at an accused person causes. His or her death. In some accounts, called bone-pointing.

Boora la

A benevolent creator spirit of the Aborigines. Sometimes identified as Boora la.

Bralbral

An assistant of Djanggawul. When Bralgah and Dinewan had a quarrel, Balgah tossed one of the emu's eggs into the sky where it became the sun. Also known as Bralbral.

Bralgah

A companion of the emu, Dinewan. Occasionally called Bralgah.

Brangu

In Aboriginal lore, the island of the dead. Sometimes identified as Brangu.

Bu-maya-mui

A deity responsible for making baby boys. Also commonly referred to as Bu-maya-mui, Bahloo, Bahloo or Bu-maya-mul.

Bula

A god of the Aborigines. Occasionally referred to as Bula.

Bulaing

A creator-goddess of the Karadjeri tribe. On occassion, called Bulaing.

Bulugu

A water-snake man. Lover of Gulanundoidj. Also identified as Bulugu.

bunyip

A man-eating swamp monster: the source of evil in Aboriginal lore. Also called bunyip.

Byamee

A creator-god of the Aborigines of the North. Sometimes known as Byamee.

Cheeroonar

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cho-i

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churinga

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Corroboree

A festival dance of the Aborigines. Occasionally identified as Corroboree.

crab

In the lore of the Aborigines he argued with the crow about the best way to die and the crow's method turned out best. In some lore, occasionally known as crab, Cancer or Cancer.

Cunnem beillee

One of the 2 wives of Baime. Referred to as Cunnem beillee.

Dagubal

Son of Wolaro. Sometimes identified as Dagubal.

Daramulun

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Darana

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Darawigal

The force of evil in the lore of the Aborigines. Sometimes referred to as Darawigal.

Dhakhan

The rainbow god of the Aborigines. He is part fish, part man, and appears as the rainbow when he moves from one waterhole to another. Also commonly identified as Dhakhan.

Dilga

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Dinewan

The emu personified. It is said that the emu lost its wings as the result of a trick played on him by Goomblegubbon, the bustard. Also called Dinewan.

Djanbun

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Djanggawuls

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Djunggun

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Dorinop

Wife of Walleyneup. Mother of Bindinoor. Sometimes known as Dorinop.

Dugong

Sister of Moon. When she was bitten by leeches, she dived into the sea and became a dugong. In some references, known as Dugong.

Duralu

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eruncha

Devils in the lore of the Aborigines. These beings could make a man into a medicine man or eat him instead. On occassion, referred to as eruncha.

First Ancestor

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Flame God

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Galeru

A name for the Rainbow Snake. In some accounts, called Galeru, Galaru, Galaru, Kaleru or Kaleru.

Gidja

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Gina

In Aboriginal lore, the old man of the moon. Also known as Gina.

Goin

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Goomblegubbon

The bustard personified. It is said that he played a trick on Dinewan the emu, as a result of which the bird lost its wings. Occasionally referred to as Goomblegubbon.

Goonnear

A snake, the evil counterpart of Biggarroo. It is said that the dead pass through his body to the world of unhappy spirits. Sometimes identified as Goonnear.

Gourgourgahgah

In Aboriginal lore, a bird which laughs to herald in the dawn. Occasionally identified as Gourgourgahgah.

Great Father

A name for the rainbow serpent as a creator and fertility god. Occasionally referred to as Great Father, Brhaspati, Brhaspati, Brahmanaspati, Brihaspati, Vrhaspati, Vrihaspati, Dhis(h)ana, Ganapati, Jyeshtharaja, Purohita, Sadasapati, Bali Bagaspati, Dagda, Dagda, Dagdae Daire, Dagde, Daghda, Daghdha, Daygide, Dugal the Brown, Great Father, Great God, Mighty One, Rainbow Snake, Rainbow Snake, Dan Ayido Hwedo, Great Rainbow Snake, Kunmanggur, Mbumba Luangu, rainbow, Rainbow Serpent, snake, Yurlungur or Dji.

Great Mother

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Great Spider

A sky-deity of the Aborigines. On occassion, called Great Spider.

Green Parrot Girls

Consorts of the Rainbow Snake, Kunmanggur. In some accounts, known as Green Parrot Girls.

Gulanundoidj

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gundil

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guruwari

Paintings on stones, etc. used in male rituals. Occasionally called guruwari.

ilbinji

Body-painting on men, designed to attract the opposite sex. Occasionally identified as ilbinji, grurwari or grurwari.

Imberombera

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Inapertwa

Primitive, rudimentary beings. These beings were used by the Numbakulla for making animals, birds and plants. Some were even made into humans. Occasionally identified as Inapertwa, Inapatua or Inapatua.

intichiuma

An Aboriginal rite intended to increase food supplies and fertility. On occassion, known as intichiuma, intijiuma, intijiuma, intitchiuma or intitchiuma.

Iwar

A culture-hero in the form of a crocodile. Also referred to as Iwar.

Jabbor

An ancestral cat of the Aborigines. Sometimes referred to as Jabbor.

Julana

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Jurawadbad

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Jurumu

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Kadjeri

A mother-goddess of the Aborigines. In some accounts, referred to as Kadjeri.

Kalseuru

A name for the Rainbow. Serpent in the north-west of the country. Also known as Kalseuru, Kalseru or Kalseru.

Kapoo

An ancestral kangaroo. Sometimes called Kapoo.

Keen Kings

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Kidilli

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Knaninjar

Ancestors living as spirits in the sky. Also identified as Knaninjar.

Koen

An evil spirit. Husband of Mailkun. Occasionally called Koen.

Kohin

A thunder-god who lives in the Milky Way. A culture-hero of the Aborigines. On occassion, referred to as Kohin, Koin or Koin.

koradji

An Aborigine shaman. Also commonly referred to as koradji.

Kottche

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Koyorowen

A cannabalistic monster. Husband of Kurriwilban. He lives on mountain tops and kills women while his wife kills men. Her feet point to the rear. Also identified as Koyorowen, Yaho or Yaho.

Kuinyo

An evil-smelling spirit, the personification of death. At times, identified as Kuinyo.

Kuling

The Milky Way, home of the thunder-god, Kohin. On occassion, referred to as Kuling.

Kunapipi

A mother-goddess of the Aborigines. Also called Kunapipi, Gunapipi, Gunapipi, Kliarin-Kliara, Kliarin-Kliara, Mumuna, Mumuna, Old Woman, Old Woman, Cailleach Beara, Eagentci, Komokyatsiky, Kliarin-kliara or Kliarin-kliara.

Kunmanggur

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Kurdaitcha

Invisible spirits. These beings accompany sorcerers and cause the death of the sick. Also known as Kurdaitcha.

Kurriwilban

Wife of Koyorowen. She is said to have a horn growing from each shoulder and uses them to kill men. Her husband kills women. Identified as Kurriwilban.

Kurukadi

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Kutchis

Supernatural beings consulted by the Aborigine medicine-men. Sometimes referred to as Kutchis.

Laindjung

The ancestor of the Aborigines of Arnhem Land. He is reputed to have appeared out of the sea. Known as Laindjung.

Maamba

A culture-hero of the Aborigines in the Herbert River area. Also commonly identified as Maamba.

Mailkun

An evil spirit. Wife of Keen. She captures adults in a net and kills their children with her spear. In some accounts, called Mailkun, Tippakalleum, Tippakalleum, Tippakaleum or Tippakaleum.

malingee

A demon with fiery eyes and knees which knock together when he walks. Sometimes referred to as malingee.

Mamandabari

2 brothers, creator-beings in the lore of the Aborigines. In some accounts, known as Mamandabari.

Mamoo

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Mangar-kunjer-kunja

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Marindi

An ancestral dog. During the Dreamtime, he fought the lizard Adno-artina and was killed. His blood make the rocks red. Also called Marindi.

Mimi

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Minawara

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Mindi

A name for the Rainbow Snake as the cause of disease. In some lore, occasionally identified as Mindi.

Minma Mingara

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Mirrimina

A water-hole, home of Yurlungur. Sometimes referred to as Mirrimina, Miraramuinar, Miraramuinar, Mirrirmina, Mirrirmina, Muruwul or Muruwul.

mokoi

An evil ghost of the Aborigines. Also called mokoi.

Moon

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mopaditis

Spirits of the Aboriginal dead. Also commonly identified as mopaditis.

mormo

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Mudati

Grandson of Mudungkala. Son of Purukapali. Brother of Jurumu. He was with his brother when he rubbed two sticks together and discovered fire. Sometimes identified as Mudati.

Mudgegong

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Mudungkala

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Multultu

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Mululu

An ancestral hero of the Aborigines. He fashioned a ladder from his long beard so that his four daughters could follow him into the heavens. Known as Mululu.

Mumba

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Mungan-Ngana

A culture-hero of the Aborigines. Also commonly referred to as Mungan-Ngana.

Muraian

A culture-hero of the Aborigines in the form of a turtle-man. Sometimes called Muraian.

Muramura

Ancestral heroes of the Aborigines, spirits of the Dreamtime, now said to be invisible and living in trees. Also known as Muramura.

Muurup

An evil deity said to eat children. Occasionally referred to as Muurup.

Najara

An evil spirit of the Aborigines. This spirit lures young boys away from their tribes by whistling. Sometimes identified as Najara.

Namorodo

Demons of the Aborigines. They are envisaged as being made of skin and bone with long talons, flying by night and killing all those they encounter. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Namorodo.

Nepele

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Ngalabal

Mother of Daramulum by Baime. Also commonly called Ngalabal.

Ngalbjod

A name for the Rainbow Snake. Sometimes referred to as Ngalbjod, Nialyod, Nialyod or Yurlungur.

Ngandjala-Ngandjala

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Ngarara

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Ngariman

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Ngurunderi

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Njirana

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Nuinumma-Kwiten

A monster in the lore of the Aborigines. The threat of this monstrous beast of prey was used to frighten children. In some references, known as Nuinumma-Kwiten.

Nullandi

A happy man who became the moon-god, Bahloo. Sometimes identified as Nullandi.

Numbakulla

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Numina

A mother-goddess of the Aborigines. Occasionally known as Numina.

Nungeen

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Nurelli

A culture-hero of the Aborigines. When he had brought law and order to the tribe he rose to the heavens and became a constellation. Also known as Nurelli.

Nyiru

An Aboriginal ancestor whose unwelcome attentions caused the Seven Sisters to leave their home. Also called Nyiru.

Pallian

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Pilirin

A kestrel. When Kunmanggur dived into the sea taking all the fire with him, Pilirin showed the tribes how to make fire by rubbing sticks together. Sometimes known as Pilirin.

Place of the Sun

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pulwaiya

Ancestors of the Aborigines. Sometimes called pulwaiya.

Pundjel

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Pupula

A creator of the Jumu and Pindupi tribes. Also commonly known as Pupula, 'lizard', 'lizard' or Galeus.

Purukupali

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rangga

The first humans. Sacred sticks or objects of the Aborigines. At times, known as rangga.

Rella-manerinja

2 primaeval partly-formed beings. These beings were cut apart by the lizard, Mangar-kunjer-kunja, and they became the ancestors of man. In some references, identified as Rella-manerinja.

Seven Sisters

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Sivirri

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songlines

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Speewah

A fictitious cattle-station where everything is bigger or better. Also commonly called Speewah.

Thardid Jimbo

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Tjapara

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Tjinimin

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tjukui

The name for the dreamtime used by the tribes of the west and south. In some lore, occasionally known as tjukui, alchera, alchera, alcheringa, altjiranga, Bamum, Dreaming, The, Dreamtime, Eternal Dreamtime, (Eternal) Dreamtime or The Dreaming.

Tulugal

A man's shadow. It is the duty of the god Daramulum to care for the shadow of a man when he dies. Also identified as Tulugal.

Tundun

An Aboriginal culture-hero. Adopted son of Mungan-Ngana. He is regarded as the ancestor of the Kurnei tribe. In some accounts, called Tundun.

Twanyrika

A mountain-spirit whose voice is that of the bull-roarer. He taught his people the rite of circumcision. Also commonly referred to as Twanyrika, Twanjiraka, Twanjiraka, Twanjitaka or Twanjitaka.

Tya

The world which, according to Aboriginal lore, was once part of the sun. Sometimes referred to as Tya.

Ulanji

A spirit-snake of the Aborigines. In some accounts, identified as Ulanji.

Ullakupera

Hawk-men of the Aborigines. Also called Ullakupera.

Uluru

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Ungud

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Unguramu

A trickster of the Aborigines. He attacks the Ngandjala-Ngandjala and steals their food. Occasionally referred to as Unguramu.

Wagu

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Waimariwi

One of the Wawalog sisters. In some lore, occasionally known as Waimariwi.

Wairi

The heavens: a sky-god. Occasionally called Wairi.

Walaganda

A Wandjina who became the Milky Way. Also commonly identified as Walaganda.

Walla-gudjail-uan

A goddess of birth. In some references, called Walla-gudjail-uan.

Walla-guroon-buan

A goddess of birth. Occasionally known as Walla-guroon-buan.

Wallanganda

A sky-god who created the world, helped by Ungud. Called Wallanganda.

Walleyneup

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Wandjina

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wangarr

Creator-beings of the Aborigines. Sometimes called wangarr.

Wathi-wathi

The paradise of the Aborigines. In some accounts, called Wathi-wathi.

Wati-kutjara

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Wawalag sisters

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Widjingara

In the lore of the Aborigines, the first. Human to die. He was killed by Wandjara and is regarded as incarnate in the native cat. In some lore, occasionally identified as Widjingara.

Winjarning Brothers

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wirinun

An Aboriginal sorcerer or medicine-man. Also identified as wirinun, wireeneen, wireeneen, wirreeneen, wirreeneen, wirrinun, wirrinun, wir(r)eeneen or wir(r)eeneen.

Wititj

A snake-spirit of the Aborigines who was said to cause the monsoon rains. Sometimes known as Wititj.

Wodoy

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Wolaro

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Wongan

The ancestral spirits of the tribes of Arnhem Land who lived in the dream-time, Bamum. Identified as Wongan.

Wuraka

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Wurruri

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Wurulu-Wurulu

Trickster-spirits of the Aborigines. On occassion, identified as Wurulu-Wurulu.

Wyirrawarre

The Aboriginal sky or heaven. Occasionally identified as Wyirrawarre.

Wyungare

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Yalaing

A paradise for the gods. Spirits on their way to Yalaing can kill and eat the two forty-mile-long snakes that guard the road. Also referred to as Yalaing.

Yalungur

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yalwalyu

Body-painting on women designed to promote fertility. Referred to as yalwalyu.

Yerunthully

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Yhi

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Yurlungur

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Australian Mythology