Australian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Adno-artina

An ancestral lizard. He fought and killed the ancestral dog Marindi during the Dreamtime. Also referred to as Adno-artina.

alchera

read more »

Altjira

read more »

Anjea

read more »

Argula

A trickster in the lore of the Aborigines. Sometimes identified as Argula.

Arunkulta

An evil spirit of the Aborigines. Identified as Arunkulta.

Ataintjina

read more »

Atnatu

read more »

Atoakwatje

Demi-gods living in the clouds and controlling rain. On occassion, identified as Atoakwatje.

Auahi-Turoa

read more »

Auuenau

Aboriginal storm spirits. These beings are described as thin and hairy with tails and bones hanging from various parts of their bodies. At times, referred to as Auuenau.

auwa

Sacred places of the Aborigines. In some accounts, referred to as auwa.

Awhiowhio

An Aboriginal god of whirlwinds. Also known as Awhiowhio, Pacific Islands Ara Tiotio or Pacific Islands Ara Tiotio.

Bagadjimbiri

read more »

Bagini

A female monster, half human, half animal. These beings are said to rape their male victims. In some lore, occasionally known as Bagini.

Bahloo

read more »

Baime

read more »

Baloo

read more »

Bamapana

An Aboriginal trickster hero who delighted in causing trouble. Also commonly identified as Bamapana.

Bamum

The name of the dreamtime used in Arnhem Land. The ancestral spirits, known as the Wongan, lived during this period. Referred to as Bamum, alchera, alchera, alcheringa, altjiranga, Dreaming, The, Dreamtime, Eternal Dreamtime, tjukui, (Eternal) Dreamtime or The Dreaming.

bandicoot

The Aborigines say that the bandicoot was the owner of fire until it was stolen by the hawk or the pigeon. Sometimes identified as bandicoot.

Bell-bird brothers

Culture-heroes of the Aborigines of Central Australia. In some references, referred to as Bell-bird brothers.

Beralku

In the lore of the Aborigines, the island of the dead. On occassion, identified as Beralku, Bralgu or Bralgu.

Biggaroo

In the lore of the Aborigines, a huge snake. Occasionally known as Biggaroo.

Biljari

read more »

Binbeal

The rainbow, in the lore of the Aborigines. Son of Pundjel. In some lore, occasionally known as Binbeal.

Bindinoor

read more »

Birrahgnooloo

One of the 2 wives of Baime, in Aboriginal lore. This deity, Baime's favourite wife, has the power to send floods. Occasionally referred to as Birrahgnooloo.

Birral

An Aboriginal culture hero. In some accounts he is the same as Baime. In some accounts, identified as Birral, Baime, Baime, Baiame, B'iame, Martummere, Pundjel, Bunjil, Daramulun, Ngurunderi or Nurrundere.

Boaliri

One of the Wawalag sisters. Also identified as Boaliri.

Bobbi-bobbi

A spirit snake of the Aborigines. He is said to have created the boomerang from one of his ribs. At times, identified as Bobbi-bobbi.

bone-pointing

An Aboriginal ritual in which a bone. Pointed at an accused person causes. His or her death. In some accounts, called bone-pointing.

Boora la

A benevolent creator spirit of the Aborigines. Known as Boora la.

Bralbral

An assistant of Djanggawul. When Bralgah and Dinewan had a quarrel, Balgah tossed one of the emu's eggs into the sky where it became the sun. Occasionally referred to as Bralbral.

Bralgah

A companion of the emu, Dinewan. Sometimes called Bralgah.

Brangu

In Aboriginal lore, the island of the dead. In some accounts, known as Brangu.

Bu-maya-mui

A deity responsible for making baby boys. Sometimes identified as Bu-maya-mui, Bahloo, Bahloo or Bu-maya-mul.

Bula

A god of the Aborigines. In some references, identified as Bula.

Bulaing

A creator-goddess of the Karadjeri tribe. On occassion, identified as Bulaing.

Bulugu

A water-snake man. Lover of Gulanundoidj. In some references, known as Bulugu.

bunyip

A man-eating swamp monster: the source of evil in Aboriginal lore. On occassion, called bunyip.

Byamee

A creator-god of the Aborigines of the North. Also known as Byamee.

Cheeroonar

read more »

cho-i

read more »

churinga

read more »

Corroboree

A festival dance of the Aborigines. Known as Corroboree.

crab

In the lore of the Aborigines he argued with the crow about the best way to die and the crow's method turned out best. In some accounts, identified as crab, Cancer or Cancer.

Cunnem beillee

One of the 2 wives of Baime. Occasionally identified as Cunnem beillee.

Dagubal

Son of Wolaro. In some accounts, called Dagubal.

Daramulun

read more »

Darana

read more »

Darawigal

The force of evil in the lore of the Aborigines. In some accounts, known as Darawigal.

Dhakhan

The rainbow god of the Aborigines. He is part fish, part man, and appears as the rainbow when he moves from one waterhole to another. Occasionally identified as Dhakhan.

Dilga

read more »

Dinewan

The emu personified. It is said that the emu lost its wings as the result of a trick played on him by Goomblegubbon, the bustard. Also commonly referred to as Dinewan.

Djanbun

read more »

Djanggawuls

read more »

Djunggun

read more »

Dorinop

Wife of Walleyneup. Mother of Bindinoor. Known as Dorinop.

Dugong

Sister of Moon. When she was bitten by leeches, she dived into the sea and became a dugong. Occasionally identified as Dugong.

Duralu

read more »

eruncha

Devils in the lore of the Aborigines. These beings could make a man into a medicine man or eat him instead. Sometimes identified as eruncha.

First Ancestor

read more »

Flame God

read more »

Galeru

A name for the Rainbow Snake. Occasionally called Galeru, Galaru, Galaru, Kaleru or Kaleru.

Gidja

read more »

Gina

In Aboriginal lore, the old man of the moon. On occassion, called Gina.

Goin

read more »

Goomblegubbon

The bustard personified. It is said that he played a trick on Dinewan the emu, as a result of which the bird lost its wings. Also known as Goomblegubbon.

Goonnear

A snake, the evil counterpart of Biggarroo. It is said that the dead pass through his body to the world of unhappy spirits. In some references, identified as Goonnear.

Gourgourgahgah

In Aboriginal lore, a bird which laughs to herald in the dawn. In some references, referred to as Gourgourgahgah.

Great Father

A name for the rainbow serpent as a creator and fertility god. Occasionally identified as Great Father, Brhaspati, Brhaspati, Brahmanaspati, Brihaspati, Vrhaspati, Vrihaspati, Dhis(h)ana, Ganapati, Jyeshtharaja, Purohita, Sadasapati, Bali Bagaspati, Dagda, Dagda, Dagdae Daire, Dagde, Daghda, Daghdha, Daygide, Dugal the Brown, Great Father, Great God, Mighty One, Rainbow Snake, Rainbow Snake, Dan Ayido Hwedo, Great Rainbow Snake, Kunmanggur, Mbumba Luangu, rainbow, Rainbow Serpent, snake, Yurlungur or Dji.

Great Mother

read more »

Great Spider

A sky-deity of the Aborigines. On occassion, called Great Spider.

Green Parrot Girls

Consorts of the Rainbow Snake, Kunmanggur. In some references, called Green Parrot Girls.

Gulanundoidj

read more »

gundil

read more »

guruwari

Paintings on stones, etc. used in male rituals. Sometimes known as guruwari.

ilbinji

Body-painting on men, designed to attract the opposite sex. Occasionally referred to as ilbinji, grurwari or grurwari.

Imberombera

read more »

Inapertwa

Primitive, rudimentary beings. These beings were used by the Numbakulla for making animals, birds and plants. Some were even made into humans. Also commonly referred to as Inapertwa, Inapatua or Inapatua.

intichiuma

An Aboriginal rite intended to increase food supplies and fertility. In some lore, occasionally known as intichiuma, intijiuma, intijiuma, intitchiuma or intitchiuma.

Iwar

A culture-hero in the form of a crocodile. Also identified as Iwar.

Jabbor

An ancestral cat of the Aborigines. Also commonly identified as Jabbor.

Julana

read more »

Jurawadbad

read more »

Jurumu

read more »

Kadjeri

A mother-goddess of the Aborigines. On occassion, known as Kadjeri.

Kalseuru

A name for the Rainbow. Serpent in the north-west of the country. At times, called Kalseuru, Kalseru or Kalseru.

Kapoo

An ancestral kangaroo. Called Kapoo.

Keen Kings

read more »

Kidilli

read more »

Knaninjar

Ancestors living as spirits in the sky. On occassion, referred to as Knaninjar.

Koen

An evil spirit. Husband of Mailkun. Known as Koen.

Kohin

A thunder-god who lives in the Milky Way. A culture-hero of the Aborigines. In some lore, occasionally identified as Kohin, Koin or Koin.

koradji

An Aborigine shaman. At times, known as koradji.

Kottche

read more »

Koyorowen

A cannabalistic monster. Husband of Kurriwilban. He lives on mountain tops and kills women while his wife kills men. Her feet point to the rear. In some lore, occasionally called Koyorowen, Yaho or Yaho.

Kuinyo

An evil-smelling spirit, the personification of death. In some lore, occasionally identified as Kuinyo.

Kuling

The Milky Way, home of the thunder-god, Kohin. At times, called Kuling.

Kunapipi

A mother-goddess of the Aborigines. Occasionally referred to as Kunapipi, Gunapipi, Gunapipi, Kliarin-Kliara, Kliarin-Kliara, Mumuna, Mumuna, Old Woman, Old Woman, Cailleach Beara, Eagentci, Komokyatsiky, Kliarin-kliara or Kliarin-kliara.

Kunmanggur

read more »

Kurdaitcha

Invisible spirits. These beings accompany sorcerers and cause the death of the sick. Occasionally known as Kurdaitcha.

Kurriwilban

Wife of Koyorowen. She is said to have a horn growing from each shoulder and uses them to kill men. Her husband kills women. Sometimes called Kurriwilban.

Kurukadi

read more »

Kutchis

Supernatural beings consulted by the Aborigine medicine-men. Also commonly known as Kutchis.

Laindjung

The ancestor of the Aborigines of Arnhem Land. He is reputed to have appeared out of the sea. Sometimes known as Laindjung.

Maamba

A culture-hero of the Aborigines in the Herbert River area. Also commonly referred to as Maamba.

Mailkun

An evil spirit. Wife of Keen. She captures adults in a net and kills their children with her spear. Also commonly identified as Mailkun, Tippakalleum, Tippakalleum, Tippakaleum or Tippakaleum.

malingee

A demon with fiery eyes and knees which knock together when he walks. Occasionally called malingee.

Mamandabari

2 brothers, creator-beings in the lore of the Aborigines. Sometimes called Mamandabari.

Mamoo

read more »

Mangar-kunjer-kunja

read more »

Marindi

An ancestral dog. During the Dreamtime, he fought the lizard Adno-artina and was killed. His blood make the rocks red. Sometimes called Marindi.

Mimi

read more »

Minawara

read more »

Mindi

A name for the Rainbow Snake as the cause of disease. In some references, called Mindi.

Minma Mingara

read more »

Mirrimina

A water-hole, home of Yurlungur. Sometimes known as Mirrimina, Miraramuinar, Miraramuinar, Mirrirmina, Mirrirmina, Muruwul or Muruwul.

mokoi

An evil ghost of the Aborigines. In some lore, occasionally called mokoi.

Moon

read more »

mopaditis

Spirits of the Aboriginal dead. In some lore, occasionally identified as mopaditis.

mormo

read more »

Mudati

Grandson of Mudungkala. Son of Purukapali. Brother of Jurumu. He was with his brother when he rubbed two sticks together and discovered fire. Also known as Mudati.

Mudgegong

read more »

Mudungkala

read more »

Multultu

read more »

Mululu

An ancestral hero of the Aborigines. He fashioned a ladder from his long beard so that his four daughters could follow him into the heavens. Sometimes known as Mululu.

Mumba

read more »

Mungan-Ngana

A culture-hero of the Aborigines. On occassion, identified as Mungan-Ngana.

Muraian

A culture-hero of the Aborigines in the form of a turtle-man. Sometimes referred to as Muraian.

Muramura

Ancestral heroes of the Aborigines, spirits of the Dreamtime, now said to be invisible and living in trees. Also commonly known as Muramura.

Muurup

An evil deity said to eat children. Occasionally known as Muurup.

Najara

An evil spirit of the Aborigines. This spirit lures young boys away from their tribes by whistling. Also commonly identified as Najara.

Namorodo

Demons of the Aborigines. They are envisaged as being made of skin and bone with long talons, flying by night and killing all those they encounter. In some lore, occasionally known as Namorodo.

Nepele

read more »

Ngalabal

Mother of Daramulum by Baime. In some accounts, called Ngalabal.

Ngalbjod

A name for the Rainbow Snake. In some accounts, referred to as Ngalbjod, Nialyod, Nialyod or Yurlungur.

Ngandjala-Ngandjala

read more »

Ngarara

read more »

Ngariman

read more »

Ngurunderi

read more »

Njirana

read more »

Nuinumma-Kwiten

A monster in the lore of the Aborigines. The threat of this monstrous beast of prey was used to frighten children. In some accounts, referred to as Nuinumma-Kwiten.

Nullandi

A happy man who became the moon-god, Bahloo. Occasionally known as Nullandi.

Numbakulla

read more »

Numina

A mother-goddess of the Aborigines. At times, identified as Numina.

Nungeen

read more »

Nurelli

A culture-hero of the Aborigines. When he had brought law and order to the tribe he rose to the heavens and became a constellation. Also commonly known as Nurelli.

Nyiru

An Aboriginal ancestor whose unwelcome attentions caused the Seven Sisters to leave their home. Also commonly referred to as Nyiru.

Pallian

read more »

Pilirin

A kestrel. When Kunmanggur dived into the sea taking all the fire with him, Pilirin showed the tribes how to make fire by rubbing sticks together. Occasionally called Pilirin.

Place of the Sun

read more »

pulwaiya

Ancestors of the Aborigines. On occassion, identified as pulwaiya.

Pundjel

read more »

Pupula

A creator of the Jumu and Pindupi tribes. Known as Pupula, 'lizard', 'lizard' or Galeus.

Purukupali

read more »

rangga

The first humans. Sacred sticks or objects of the Aborigines. On occassion, called rangga.

Rella-manerinja

2 primaeval partly-formed beings. These beings were cut apart by the lizard, Mangar-kunjer-kunja, and they became the ancestors of man. Occasionally referred to as Rella-manerinja.

Seven Sisters

read more »

Sivirri

read more »

songlines

read more »

Speewah

A fictitious cattle-station where everything is bigger or better. Referred to as Speewah.

Thardid Jimbo

read more »

Tjapara

read more »

Tjinimin

read more »

tjukui

The name for the dreamtime used by the tribes of the west and south. In some accounts, called tjukui, alchera, alchera, alcheringa, altjiranga, Bamum, Dreaming, The, Dreamtime, Eternal Dreamtime, (Eternal) Dreamtime or The Dreaming.

Tulugal

A man's shadow. It is the duty of the god Daramulum to care for the shadow of a man when he dies. In some lore, occasionally known as Tulugal.

Tundun

An Aboriginal culture-hero. Adopted son of Mungan-Ngana. He is regarded as the ancestor of the Kurnei tribe. In some accounts, identified as Tundun.

Twanyrika

A mountain-spirit whose voice is that of the bull-roarer. He taught his people the rite of circumcision. Also known as Twanyrika, Twanjiraka, Twanjiraka, Twanjitaka or Twanjitaka.

Tya

The world which, according to Aboriginal lore, was once part of the sun. In some lore, occasionally identified as Tya.

Ulanji

A spirit-snake of the Aborigines. In some references, known as Ulanji.

Ullakupera

Hawk-men of the Aborigines. At times, known as Ullakupera.

Uluru

read more »

Ungud

read more »

Unguramu

A trickster of the Aborigines. He attacks the Ngandjala-Ngandjala and steals their food. Occasionally identified as Unguramu.

Wagu

read more »

Waimariwi

One of the Wawalog sisters. Also identified as Waimariwi.

Wairi

The heavens: a sky-god. Known as Wairi.

Walaganda

A Wandjina who became the Milky Way. Also identified as Walaganda.

Walla-gudjail-uan

A goddess of birth. At times, referred to as Walla-gudjail-uan.

Walla-guroon-buan

A goddess of birth. Also commonly called Walla-guroon-buan.

Wallanganda

A sky-god who created the world, helped by Ungud. Occasionally identified as Wallanganda.

Walleyneup

read more »

Wandjina

read more »

wangarr

Creator-beings of the Aborigines. Sometimes known as wangarr.

Wathi-wathi

The paradise of the Aborigines. Referred to as Wathi-wathi.

Wati-kutjara

read more »

Wawalag sisters

read more »

Widjingara

In the lore of the Aborigines, the first. Human to die. He was killed by Wandjara and is regarded as incarnate in the native cat. In some references, referred to as Widjingara.

Winjarning Brothers

read more »

wirinun

An Aboriginal sorcerer or medicine-man. In some references, known as wirinun, wireeneen, wireeneen, wirreeneen, wirreeneen, wirrinun, wirrinun, wir(r)eeneen or wir(r)eeneen.

Wititj

A snake-spirit of the Aborigines who was said to cause the monsoon rains. In some accounts, referred to as Wititj.

Wodoy

read more »

Wolaro

read more »

Wongan

The ancestral spirits of the tribes of Arnhem Land who lived in the dream-time, Bamum. Also commonly known as Wongan.

Wuraka

read more »

Wurruri

read more »

Wurulu-Wurulu

Trickster-spirits of the Aborigines. Also referred to as Wurulu-Wurulu.

Wyirrawarre

The Aboriginal sky or heaven. Also commonly known as Wyirrawarre.

Wyungare

read more »

Yalaing

A paradise for the gods. Spirits on their way to Yalaing can kill and eat the two forty-mile-long snakes that guard the road. At times, identified as Yalaing.

Yalungur

read more »

yalwalyu

Body-painting on women designed to promote fertility. At times, identified as yalwalyu.

Yerunthully

read more »

Yhi

read more »

Yurlungur

read more »
Australian Mythology