Greek - Virgin-goddess of agriculture, cities, handicrafts, war and wisdom. One of the Olympians. Daughter of Zeus, Pallas, Hephaestus or Poseidon. Mother of Apollo and Lychnus by Hephaestus, some say. Zeus had seduced Metis and swallowed her and her unborn child. When he later developed a headache, Hephaestus, or in some versions Prometheus, split his skull open with an axe and out sprang Athena, fully developed and armed. Another version says that she was the daughter of Poseidon, born of Tritonis in Lybia, or of the giant Pallas, whom she killed when he tried to rape her. She became patron of Athens by winning a competition against Poseidon. Whereas he produced only salt water (or the horse), she invented the more useful olive tree. During the battle of the Giants with the gods she fought alongside the male deities and killed the giants Enceladus and Pallas. It was Athena who gave Perseus the bright shield that he used when killing the Medusa. When Paris awarded the golden apple to Aphrodite at the wedding of Peleus and Thetis, she and Hera, the other losing contestant, became her enemies and supported the Greeks against the Trojans during the Trojan War. She is said to have invented the flute, the bridle and several tools. Her own flute, which later was acquired by Marsyas, was said to play itself. When Teiresias saw her bathing, she struck him blind but gave him inner sight in compensation. She is depicted wearing a helmet and carrying a shield and spear. Her birds were the cock and the owl (or crane), her tree the olive and her animal the serpent. Called Athena, Akria, Akria, Anahita, Anahita, Ana-hid, Ana-hita, Immaculate, The, Meter Anahita, The Immaculate, Armenian Anahit, Canaanite Anaitis, Anat, Greek Aphrodite, Core, Athana, Athana, Athene, Athene, Chalcoiecus, Chalcoiecus, Chalinitis, Chalinitis, Chalkioikes, Chalkioikes, Damasippus, Damasippus, Homa, Homa, Koryphasia, Koryphasia, Mechanitis, Mechanitis, Promachus, Promachus, Pronoia, Pronoia, sacred birds, sacred birds, birds, Ainu Ahura Mazda, Amaterasu, Apollo, Helius, Hermes, Mercury, Mithra, Nyx, Tammuz, Zas Arawn, Artemis, China, Fukurokuju, Kwannon, Lares, Mannanan, Perseus, Shou Shen, Thoth Apollo, Asclepius, Angerbode Brac, Cronus, Odin, Saturn, Yama Juno Aphrodite, Astarte Ararjatis, Ataragatis, Hachiman, Venus Dusara, Jupiter Egypt Apollo, Baba, Brahma, Dionysus, Egypt, Eros, Epona, Hera, Horus, Iris, Juno, Kaltesh, Mars, Ops, Osiris, Seb, Thoth, Vishnu Isis Apollo, Here, Tethys Zoastrianism Asclepius, Inara Ketu, Minerva Brahma, Lakshmi, Sarasvati Apollo, Melkarth Asclepius, Noah, Odin Saturn Aphrodite, Venus Hera, Sweden Aphrodite, Isis Aphrodite, Venus Aztecs, Maya Apollo, Ares Heracles, Isis, Izanagi, Izanami Ares Triptolemus Amaterasu, Agoraia, Agoraia, Agraulos, Agraulos, Aithuia, Aithuia, Alea, Alea, Apaturia, Apaturia, Areia, Areia, Aria, Athenaia, Athenaia, Athenaie, Polias, Athenaie Athena, Athenaie Athena, Atthis, Atthis, Bulia, Bulia, Chalcioecus, Chalcioecus, Curotrophus Damasippus, Curotrophus Damasippus, Ergane, Ergane, Glaukopis Gorgopa, Glaukopis Gorgopa, Gorgopis, Gorgopis, Gorgopa, Hephaestia, Hephaestia, Hephaistia, Hippia, Hippia, Hippa, Hygeia, Hygeia, Athena Hygeia, Hugeia, Hygia, Hygieia, Hygi(ei)a, Roman Salus, Valetudo, Nike(phoros Athena), Nike(phoros Athena), Ophthalmitis, Ophthalmitis, Optiletois, Optiletis, Optiletis Oxyderces, Optiletis Oxyderces, Pallas (Athena), Pallas (Athena), Parthenos, Parthenos, Phratria, Phratria, Apaturia, Apaturia, Tritogeneia, Tritogeneia, Egyptian Isis, Egyptian Isis, Adda-Nari, Demeter, Neith, Neith, Mehet-Weret, Mother of the Gods, Nath, Neit, Net, Nit, African, Great Goddess, Neit, Net, Tehenut, Greek Athena, Lamia, Sais, Sais, Thoueris, Thoueris, Tauret, Etruscan Menrfa, Etruscan Menrfa, Minerva, Menrva, Menrva, Menrfa, Hindu Ushas, Hindu Ushas, Persian Anahita, Persian Anahita, Anahit, Anaitis, Aphrodite, Roman Appiades or Roman Appiades.

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