Arabian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

A'ra

A local god. Known as A'ra.

Abdullah

A man who saw the fabulous city of Iram. Called Abdullah.

Abgal

A god of the desert. Occasionally identified as Abgal.

Abjer

The marvellous horse of Antar. Occasionally identified as Abjer, Abjar or Abjar.

Abla

A princess. Wife of Antar. At times, identified as Abla.

afrit

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Aglibol

A Syrian moon-god. Brother of Malakbel. In some accounts, called Aglibol, Agli-bel, Agli-bel, Agli-bol or Agli-bol.

Ahl al-trab

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Ahmed

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Ak Akbar

The Arab name for the Great. Bear constellation. Also called Ak Akbar, Al Dubh or Al Dubh.

Al Babadur

A name for the constellation Orion as the strong'. Known as Al Babadur.

Al Hamal

A later name for the constellation Aries. On occassion, identified as Al Hamal, Al Kabah al-Alif, Al Kabah al-Alif, Aries, Chinese Pai Yang, Hamal or Hamal.

Al Iskandar

The Arab name for Alexander the Great. Also identified as Al Iskandar, Iskander, Iskander, Alexander, Iskandar, Iskender, Iskender, Alexander, Eskandar, Eskandar, Alexander, Zul-Qarnain, Zul-Qarnain, Dhu'l Karnain, Dhu'l-Qarnayn, Dhul Karnain, Dhul-Qarnayn or Al-Iskandar.

Al jann

A name for Eblis as 'father of the jinn'. Occasionally known as Al jann.

Al Kabah al-Alif

An early name for the constellation Aries. Sometimes known as Al Kabah al-Alif, Al Hamal, Al Hamal, Hamal, Chinese Pai Yang, Aries, Aries, ram or Arab Al Hamal.

Al Kassab

A devil; a demon of lies; Satan. In some lore, occasionally known as Al Kassab, Xezbeth, Xezbeth, Shezbeth or Arab Al-kazzab.

Al Mundzir

Son of Hilal. Father of Jabir and Jubayr. Occasionally referred to as Al Mundzir.

Al Shuja

A name for the constellation Orion as the snake. In some lore, occasionally known as Al Shuja.

Aladdin

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Alasnam

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Ali Baba

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Alif

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Aliha

An ancient sun-goddess. Occasionally referred to as Aliha.

Alilah

The supreme spirit. Consort of Alilat. Also commonly known as Alilah.

Alilat

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Almaqah

A sky-god of the Saba tribe. Sometimes identified as Almaqah.

Amina

A ghoul in The Arabian Nights. She treated her three sisters very badly and led them about on leads like dogs. Occasionally identified as Amina, Amine or Amine.

an-nar

A name for hell. At times, referred to as an-nar, 'fire', 'fire' or Loki.

Anbay

A god of justice. Attendant on Amm. In some accounts, called Anbay.

Anqa

A huge fabulous bird. Occasionally identified as Anqa, anka, anka, anqa, Anka, Anka, Persian Simurgh, Persian Simurgh or sinam.

Antar

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Apples of Samarkand

Apples that, in "The Arabian Nights", could cure any illness. On occassion, known as Apples of Samarkand.

Aqrab

The Zodiacal sign Scorpio. At times, called Aqrab.

Arabian Nights' Entertainments

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Arsu

An androgynous deity, the deified evening star. Brother of Azizos. Occasionally identified as Arsu, Ruda, Ruda, Rudain, Rudain, Ruda(in), Ruda(in), Syrian Monominos or Syrian Monominos.

Asad

The Zodiacal sign Leo. Occasionally referred to as Asad.

Asar

An equestrian-god. Sometimes identified as Asar.

Asira

A local god. On occassion, called Asira.

Asoom Jan Tanushi

The first jinnee created by God. Sometimes referred to as Asoom Jan Tanushi, Taranushi, Taranushi or Asoom.

Atarsamain

The deified morning star. Sometimes called Atarsamain, Alilat or Alilat.

Athar

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Azizos

The deified morning star in Syria. Brother of Arsu. In some accounts, identified as Azizos, Azuzu, Azuzu, Monominos, Monominos or Monimos.

Badr al-Budur

A sultan's daughter or Chinese princess. Wife of Aladdin. Sometimes referred to as Badr al-Budur, Badoura, Badoura, Bedr el-Budur, Bedr el-Budur, Bear-el-Budur, Bear-el-Budur, Buddur al-Buddoor or Buddur al-Buddoor.

Banu Hilal

A book about the exploits of various Heroes, including the warrior Abu Zayd. Occasionally known as Banu Hilal, Sons of Hilal or Sons of Hilal.

Baqiya

A name for Jirjis as 'the survivor'. In some references, referred to as Baqiya, Jirjis or Jirjis.

Barmecide's Feasts

In "The Arabian Nights", a meal at which the beggar Schacabac is offered empty plates instead of the promised meal. Occasionally known as Barmecide's Feasts.

Basamum

A god of healing. Also called Basamum.

Bebellahamon

A god of the northern region of Arabia. In some accounts he is the same as Baal-Hammon In some lore, occasionally known as Bebellahamon, Baal-Hammon, Baal-Hammon or Roman Frugifer.

Bel

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Cuba

An Omani god of children. Also commonly known as Cuba.

Dalu

The Zodiacal sign, Aquarius. Also commonly identified as Dalu.

Danil

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Dar al-Baqa

Heaven. Also identified as Dar al-Baqa, House of Eternity or House of Eternity.

Dar al-Fana

The earth. On occassion, known as Dar al-Fana, House of Passing or House of Passing.

Dar al-Ghurut

The earth. In some accounts, referred to as Dar al-Ghurut, House of Illusion, House of Illusion or Dar al-Ghurur.

Dar al-Huz

This world as a vale of tears. Sometimes called Dar al-Huz, House of Sadness, House of Sadness or Dar al-Huzn.

Dar al-Ibtila

The earth. Sometimes identified as Dar al-Ibtila, House of Temptation or House of Temptation.

Dar al-Surur

Paradise. On occassion, identified as Dar al-Surur, House of Joy or House of Joy.

Dasura

A mountain god. Son of Alilat. Also known as Dasura.

Datin

A god of the northern tribes. On occassion, known as Datin.

Djamy

The magic sword of Antar. At times, called Djamy.

du'l Halasa

A god of the south-west region in pre-Islamic times. Also commonly known as du'l Halasa, Halasa or Halasa.

Dusara

A Nabataean wine god. Son of Lat. Sometimes identified as Dusara, Dousares, Dousares, Dusura, Dus-Sara, Dus-Sara, Dusares, Dusares, sacred animals, sacred animals, animals, Set India Dionysus, Set Australian Aborigines Thor Egypt Egypt Hera, Syria Dionysus, Egypt, Helius, Neptune, Shiva, Zeus Japan Egypt, Pasht Wadjet Hera, Hindu Egypt, Sebek, Set Heracles Huitlantecuhtli Dionysus Buddhism Atargatis Astarte Aphrodite, Dionysus, Venus Apollo, Athena Kaltesh Hestia, Isis Set Ares, Helius Wadjet Anubis, Set Dionysus Helius, Juno Dahomey, Osiris Dionysus, Sandan, Vulcan Dionysus India Dinka tribe, Jupiter Hathor Dionysus, Polynesia Angus Og, Greece Dionysus, Zeus Nyx Wadjet Asclepius, Dayaks, Dionysius, Minerva, Sumeria Diana, Jurojin Dionysus Aphrodite, Heracles, Hermes Egypt Apollo, Ares, Wepwawet Asia, Hindu, D(o)usares, D(o)usares, Greek Dionysus, Greek Dionysus, Fufluns, Liber, Orotalt, Osiris, Rudra, Salmaat or Zagreus.

El Bugat

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Elissa

A goddess. Also known as Elissa, Dido, Dido, Didon, Didone, Tanit, 'brave one' or Didon(e).

Farasi Bahari

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Flying Carpet

A huge carpet on which Solomon was said to be able to transport 2 lions and 2 armies. Also referred to as Flying Carpet, Green Carpet or Green Carpet.

genie

A spirit made of fire capable of taking on any shape. Also called genie, jinnee, jinnee, djinn, djinni, ginn, jinn, jinni, (d)jinni, femalejinniyah, plur(d)jinn, jann, Moroccan jnun, Pacific Islands jin, Persian narah, genii or genii.

Ghaddar

Son of Eblis. A jinnee who tortured men by eating. Their genitals. In some accounts, known as Ghaddar.

ghul

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Gian Ben Gian

The king of the jinn. It was said that he was overthrown by Azazael. Some say that he built the pyramids. Sometimes identified as Gian Ben Gian.

Haiwa

The Arab name for Eve, wife of Adam. Mother of Abil(Abel) and Kabil(Cain). Also commonly referred to as Haiwa.

Haka

A name for the moon. Occasionally referred to as Haka.

Hatim Tay

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Haubas

A god of the southern region in pre-Islamic times. Sometimes referred to as Haubas, Hobas, Hobas, Hoba or Hoba.

Haukim

A god of law in pre-Islamic times. Occasionally identified as Haukim.

hayula

The primordial matter from which all else is made. In some accounts, referred to as hayula.

Hefedha

A guardian god. Occasionally identified as Hefedha.

Hilal

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Hirmis

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Hu

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Hubal

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Hut

The Zodiacal sign, Pisces. In some accounts, called Hut.

Idris

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Il

An early moon-god. Occasionally called Il.

Ilaalge

A local Nabataean god. At times, known as Ilaalge.

Ilat

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Iram

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Jabir

Son of Al Mundzir. Brother of Jubayr. Father of Rizk. Identified as Jabir.

Jadi

The Zodiacal sign, Capricorn. Occasionally referred to as Jadi.

Jauza

The Zodiacal sign Gemini. Occasionally identified as Jauza.

Jinn bin Jann

The king of the jinn. He was regarded as the ruler of the world in the time before Adam and Eve. Also commonly known as Jinn bin Jann.

jinnee

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jinniyah

A female jinnee. Also commonly referred to as jinniyah.

Jirjis

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Jubayr

Son of Al Mundzir. Brother of Jabir. Also known as Jubayr.

Jufran

In some accounts, a son of Antar. In some lore, occasionally called Jufran, Geoffrey or Geoffrey.

Kahilin

A tutelary god in pre-Islamic times. In some accounts, he is the same as Kahil. In some references, known as Kahilin, Kahil or Kahil.

Kalilah wa Dimnah

An early collection of fables and stories of dragons: a version of the Panchatantra. Occasionally referred to as Kalilah wa Dimnah.

Karubi

Cherubim, the highest angels. Occasionally referred to as Karubi.

katanes

A hairy vampire. Called katanes.

Khadir

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Khaleel

A man who owned a cat which could talk in Arabic. Also commonly known as Khaleel, Sheik Khaleel or Sheik Khaleel.

kham

A charm in the form of a hand. Sometimes referred to as kham, kam or kam.

khamsa

A mystic number; the number 5. This number is so powerful that it is never used in speech. In some references, identified as khamsa.

Khidi

A benevolent water-spirit. Occasionally known as Khidi, El Khidi, El Khidi, Great One, The Great One or The Great One.

Kisra

The Arab name for Kay Khusraw. At times, known as Kisra.

Lat

A name for Alilat as mother of the sun. Mother of Dusares. Occasionally referred to as Lat, Alilat, Alilat, Alilta, Allat, Al, Allat, Halitta, Greek Aphrodite, Ilat, Rusa, Mother of the Sun or Mother of the Sun.

Little Camels

The Arab name for the group of stars. Known as the Hyades. On occassion, referred to as Little Camels.

Lokman

A hero, said to have a huge appetite, who lived for some 3,500 years. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Lokman, Lukman, Lukman or lookman.

Malakbel

An ancient sun-god and god of vegetation. Brother of Aglibol. On occassion, referred to as Malakbel, Malekbel or Malekbel.

Malik

A god of the northern region in pre-Islamic times. Also identified as Malik, Moloch, Moloch, Makkal, Mukal, Mikal, Malcam, Malek, Melech, Melek, Milcom, Milkom, Mlk, Molech, Molek(h), Moloc or Molokh.

Manaf

A heathen god of Mecca. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Manaf.

Manah

An angelic fertility-goddess. Sometimes identified as Manah.

Mandah

The gods of irrigation. At times, identified as Mandah.

Marnas

A local fertility-god of Gaza. Referred to as Marnas.

Mehrem

In some accounts, an ancient creatorgod. Referred to as Mehrem.

Melek Taos

A symbol of the sun-god, Moloch, in the form of a peacock on top of a candlestick or pillar. Occasionally called Melek Taos.

meteor

A meteor is said to be a flaming. Firebrand thrown by angels to drive off evil spirits. At times, identified as meteor, falling star, falling star, shooting star or shooting star.

Mizan

The Zodiacal sign, Libra (scales). Sometimes known as Mizan.

Mount Qaf

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Mustapha

A poor tailor. Father of Aladdin. In some references, identified as Mustapha, Mustafa or Mustafa.

Mustapha Baba

A cobbler who stitched together the severed parts of Kassim's body. Also known as Mustapha Baba, Mustafa Baba or Mustafa Baba.

Muwakkil

A guardian angel. If a man becomes possessed by a devil, it is the Muwakkil's job to drive the devil away. Occasionally known as Muwakkil.

nabaa

A tree. Arrows made from the timber of this tree are used in divination rites. On occassion, called nabaa.

Nahi

A guardian god. On occassion, known as Nahi.

Nasnas

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Nasr

An early vulture-god. Sometimes called Nasr, Nasur or Nasur.

Old Man of the Sea

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Ormaddu

In Berber lore, a huge bird that mated with a female wolf to produce a griffin. In some lore, occasionally called Ormaddu.

Orotalt

A god of southern Arabia. Sometimes identified as Orotalt, Oretal, Oretal, Orotal, Orotal, Greek Dionysus, Greek Dionysus, Dusara, Fufluns, Liber, Osiris, Rudra, Salmaat or Zagreus.

ostrich

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phoenix

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Qaus

The Zodiacal sign Sagittarius. Occasionally identified as Qaus.

Qaynan

A southern smith-god. On occassion, referred to as Qaynan.

Qos

A weather-god and god of rainbows. Some versions equate him with Quzah. In some references, known as Qos.

qutrub

A male jinnee. Sometimes identified as qutrub, femaleghul or femaleghul.

Quzah

A mountain-god and god of weather. Some versions equate him with Qos. In some accounts, identified as Quzah.

Ras al-Ghul

The Arab name for the star Algol. Also called Ras al-Ghul.

Razeka

An early god worshipped as a provider of food. In some references, known as Razeka.

Rizk

Son of Jabir. Husband of Al-Khadra. Father of Barakat. In some lore, occasionally known as Rizk.

roc

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Rusa

A goddess of fate. Sometimes referred to as Rusa, Alilat, Alilat, Alilta, Allat, Al, Allat, Halitta, Lat, Greek Aphrodite, Ilat, Babylonian Allat, Babylonian Allat, Allatu, Syrian Arsa or Syrian Arsa.

Saalah

A hideous demon. This being is said to lure people into the forest where he torments them. Also commonly identified as Saalah.

Sad

A god of fate. On occassion, referred to as Sad.

Sai'Al Qaum

A guardian god. Also commonly called Sai'Al Qaum, Egyptian Sai, Egyptian Sai, Psais, Greek Psais, Greek Psais or Sai.

Saitan

The Arab version of Satan. On occassion, known as Saitan.

Sakia

An ancient rain-god. In some references, known as Sakia.

Salema

An ancient god of good health. In some lore, occasionally called Salema.

Salman

A pre-Islamic god of the northern region. Occasionally called Salman, Ilu Salman, Ilu Salman, Salm of Mahram, Salm of Mahram, Salmon, Salmon, Saramana, Saramana, Selamanes, Selamanes, Shulmanu, Shulmanu, Saraamana, Saraamana, Babylonian Sulmanu, Babylonian Sulmanu, Canaanite Resep, Canaanite Resep or Reshpu.

Sams

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Sanam

Idols worshipped in pre-Islamic Arabia. Also called Sanam, Sevain, Sevain or Sanam.

Saratan

The Zodiacal sign, Cancer. Occasionally referred to as Saratan.

Shaddad

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shaitan

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Shayth

The Arab name for Set. Identified as Shayth.

sihr

Sorcery: magic. In some references, identified as sihr.

Sin

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Sinbad

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Singala

A local god. In some accounts, referred to as Singala.

Sirat Bani Hilali

A collection of stories of heroes. Also known as Sirat Bani Hilali.

Sumbula

The Zodiacal sign Virgo. Occasionally referred to as Sumbula.

Suwa

An early sun-goddess. Sometimes referred to as Suwa.

Ta'lab

A moon-god of the southern region. Also commonly known as Ta'lab.

tabi

The familiar of the Arab sorcerer. This spirit is said to pass on secret knowledge to the sorcerer. Referred to as tabi.

Taghut

A deity worshipped in pre-Islamic. Times. On occassion, called Taghut.

Thaur

The Zodiacal sign Taurus. Occasionally called Thaur.

Tinnin

A sea-serpent said to have been. Killed by Alexander. In some references, called Tinnin, Muslim Thuban or Muslim Thuban.

udar

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Ummu Sibyani

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Walia-Allah

The Arab version of wali. Also identified as Walia-Allah, vali, vali, Boe, Bous, wali, Ali, Beav or Wali.

Ya'uq

An early deity, one of the Aliha. At times, known as Ya'uq.

Yaghuth

An early god, time personified. Also commonly identified as Yaghuth.

Yajuj

The Arab version of Gog. He, with Majuj, will lead the barbarian hordes that will destroy the world. In some lore, occasionally identified as Yajuj.

Yamilka

A disaster story from the Arabian Nights. The story relates how a star fell from heaven and killed the family of a serpent-king. In some accounts, identified as Yamilka.

Yarhibol

An early sun-god and god of spring. On occassion, known as Yarhibol.

Zabiba

A princess. Mother of Antar. She was freed from captivity by Shaddad when he conquered the Sudan and became his wife. On occassion, known as Zabiba.

Zaim

A nocturnal manifestation of the devil. In some accounts, identified as Zaim.

Zainigav

A storm-demon. This demon overran Persia but was driven out by Afrasiyab. Also commonly called Zainigav.

Zalambur

A demon of dishonest trading. Son of Eblis. Also known as Zalambur, Zalumbur or Zalumbur.

Zauba'a

An evil spirit which takes the form of a whirlwind. Sometimes called Zauba'a.

Zendik

A magician. Sometimes called Zendik.

Zikr

A Dervish ceremony which ends with their wild, whirling dancing. Occasionally referred to as Zikr.

Zuflagar

The sword of Ali. On occassion, identified as Zuflagar.

Zul-Qarnain

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Arabian Mythology