Arabian Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

A'ra

A local god. At times, referred to as A'ra.

Abdullah

A man who saw the fabulous city of Iram. On occassion, identified as Abdullah.

Abgal

A god of the desert. Occasionally known as Abgal.

Abjer

The marvellous horse of Antar. Also referred to as Abjer, Abjar or Abjar.

Abla

A princess. Wife of Antar. Occasionally referred to as Abla.

afrit

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Aglibol

A Syrian moon-god. Brother of Malakbel. Referred to as Aglibol, Agli-bel, Agli-bel, Agli-bol or Agli-bol.

Ahl al-trab

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Ahmed

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Ak Akbar

The Arab name for the Great. Bear constellation. In some lore, occasionally called Ak Akbar, Al Dubh or Al Dubh.

Al Babadur

A name for the constellation Orion as the strong'. Also commonly known as Al Babadur.

Al Hamal

A later name for the constellation Aries. Sometimes known as Al Hamal, Al Kabah al-Alif, Al Kabah al-Alif, Aries, Chinese Pai Yang, Hamal or Hamal.

Al Iskandar

The Arab name for Alexander the Great. On occassion, known as Al Iskandar, Iskander, Iskander, Alexander, Iskandar, Iskender, Iskender, Alexander, Eskandar, Eskandar, Alexander, Zul-Qarnain, Zul-Qarnain, Dhu'l Karnain, Dhu'l-Qarnayn, Dhul Karnain, Dhul-Qarnayn or Al-Iskandar.

Al jann

A name for Eblis as 'father of the jinn'. Occasionally referred to as Al jann.

Al Kabah al-Alif

An early name for the constellation Aries. Sometimes identified as Al Kabah al-Alif, Al Hamal, Al Hamal, Hamal, Chinese Pai Yang, Aries, Aries, ram or Arab Al Hamal.

Al Kassab

A devil; a demon of lies; Satan. At times, identified as Al Kassab, Xezbeth, Xezbeth, Shezbeth or Arab Al-kazzab.

Al Mundzir

Son of Hilal. Father of Jabir and Jubayr. In some accounts, called Al Mundzir.

Al Shuja

A name for the constellation Orion as the snake. Sometimes called Al Shuja.

Aladdin

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Alasnam

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Ali Baba

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Alif

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Aliha

An ancient sun-goddess. On occassion, identified as Aliha.

Alilah

The supreme spirit. Consort of Alilat. Occasionally known as Alilah.

Alilat

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Almaqah

A sky-god of the Saba tribe. In some references, referred to as Almaqah.

Amina

A ghoul in The Arabian Nights. She treated her three sisters very badly and led them about on leads like dogs. Also identified as Amina, Amine or Amine.

an-nar

A name for hell. Known as an-nar, 'fire', 'fire' or Loki.

Anbay

A god of justice. Attendant on Amm. Referred to as Anbay.

Anqa

A huge fabulous bird. In some references, identified as Anqa, anka, anka, anqa, Anka, Anka, Persian Simurgh, Persian Simurgh or sinam.

Antar

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Apples of Samarkand

Apples that, in "The Arabian Nights", could cure any illness. Sometimes referred to as Apples of Samarkand.

Aqrab

The Zodiacal sign Scorpio. Occasionally identified as Aqrab.

Arabian Nights' Entertainments

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Arsu

An androgynous deity, the deified evening star. Brother of Azizos. In some references, referred to as Arsu, Ruda, Ruda, Rudain, Rudain, Ruda(in), Ruda(in), Syrian Monominos or Syrian Monominos.

Asad

The Zodiacal sign Leo. Occasionally called Asad.

Asar

An equestrian-god. Sometimes identified as Asar.

Asira

A local god. Sometimes identified as Asira.

Asoom Jan Tanushi

The first jinnee created by God. On occassion, referred to as Asoom Jan Tanushi, Taranushi, Taranushi or Asoom.

Atarsamain

The deified morning star. Also commonly referred to as Atarsamain, Alilat or Alilat.

Athar

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Azizos

The deified morning star in Syria. Brother of Arsu. Occasionally referred to as Azizos, Azuzu, Azuzu, Monominos, Monominos or Monimos.

Badr al-Budur

A sultan's daughter or Chinese princess. Wife of Aladdin. Referred to as Badr al-Budur, Badoura, Badoura, Bedr el-Budur, Bedr el-Budur, Bear-el-Budur, Bear-el-Budur, Buddur al-Buddoor or Buddur al-Buddoor.

Banu Hilal

A book about the exploits of various Heroes, including the warrior Abu Zayd. Occasionally identified as Banu Hilal, Sons of Hilal or Sons of Hilal.

Baqiya

A name for Jirjis as 'the survivor'. Known as Baqiya, Jirjis or Jirjis.

Barmecide's Feasts

In "The Arabian Nights", a meal at which the beggar Schacabac is offered empty plates instead of the promised meal. In some references, referred to as Barmecide's Feasts.

Basamum

A god of healing. Sometimes identified as Basamum.

Bebellahamon

A god of the northern region of Arabia. In some accounts he is the same as Baal-Hammon Also called Bebellahamon, Baal-Hammon, Baal-Hammon or Roman Frugifer.

Bel

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Cuba

An Omani god of children. In some lore, occasionally known as Cuba.

Dalu

The Zodiacal sign, Aquarius. Occasionally called Dalu.

Danil

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Dar al-Baqa

Heaven. Sometimes called Dar al-Baqa, House of Eternity or House of Eternity.

Dar al-Fana

The earth. At times, identified as Dar al-Fana, House of Passing or House of Passing.

Dar al-Ghurut

The earth. In some accounts, identified as Dar al-Ghurut, House of Illusion, House of Illusion or Dar al-Ghurur.

Dar al-Huz

This world as a vale of tears. In some accounts, referred to as Dar al-Huz, House of Sadness, House of Sadness or Dar al-Huzn.

Dar al-Ibtila

The earth. In some lore, occasionally known as Dar al-Ibtila, House of Temptation or House of Temptation.

Dar al-Surur

Paradise. Sometimes referred to as Dar al-Surur, House of Joy or House of Joy.

Dasura

A mountain god. Son of Alilat. At times, identified as Dasura.

Datin

A god of the northern tribes. Also known as Datin.

Djamy

The magic sword of Antar. Known as Djamy.

du'l Halasa

A god of the south-west region in pre-Islamic times. Occasionally referred to as du'l Halasa, Halasa or Halasa.

Dusara

A Nabataean wine god. Son of Lat. Sometimes known as Dusara, Dousares, Dousares, Dusura, Dus-Sara, Dus-Sara, Dusares, Dusares, sacred animals, sacred animals, animals, Set India Dionysus, Set Australian Aborigines Thor Egypt Egypt Hera, Syria Dionysus, Egypt, Helius, Neptune, Shiva, Zeus Japan Egypt, Pasht Wadjet Hera, Hindu Egypt, Sebek, Set Heracles Huitlantecuhtli Dionysus Buddhism Atargatis Astarte Aphrodite, Dionysus, Venus Apollo, Athena Kaltesh Hestia, Isis Set Ares, Helius Wadjet Anubis, Set Dionysus Helius, Juno Dahomey, Osiris Dionysus, Sandan, Vulcan Dionysus India Dinka tribe, Jupiter Hathor Dionysus, Polynesia Angus Og, Greece Dionysus, Zeus Nyx Wadjet Asclepius, Dayaks, Dionysius, Minerva, Sumeria Diana, Jurojin Dionysus Aphrodite, Heracles, Hermes Egypt Apollo, Ares, Wepwawet Asia, Hindu, D(o)usares, D(o)usares, Greek Dionysus, Greek Dionysus, Fufluns, Liber, Orotalt, Osiris, Rudra, Salmaat or Zagreus.

El Bugat

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Elissa

A goddess. Also identified as Elissa, Dido, Dido, Didon, Didone, Tanit, 'brave one' or Didon(e).

Farasi Bahari

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Flying Carpet

A huge carpet on which Solomon was said to be able to transport 2 lions and 2 armies. Sometimes called Flying Carpet, Green Carpet or Green Carpet.

genie

A spirit made of fire capable of taking on any shape. Also called genie, jinnee, jinnee, djinn, djinni, ginn, jinn, jinni, (d)jinni, femalejinniyah, plur(d)jinn, jann, Moroccan jnun, Pacific Islands jin, Persian narah, genii or genii.

Ghaddar

Son of Eblis. A jinnee who tortured men by eating. Their genitals. In some lore, occasionally known as Ghaddar.

ghul

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Gian Ben Gian

The king of the jinn. It was said that he was overthrown by Azazael. Some say that he built the pyramids. In some accounts, called Gian Ben Gian.

Haiwa

The Arab name for Eve, wife of Adam. Mother of Abil(Abel) and Kabil(Cain). Called Haiwa.

Haka

A name for the moon. Also identified as Haka.

Hatim Tay

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Haubas

A god of the southern region in pre-Islamic times. Sometimes identified as Haubas, Hobas, Hobas, Hoba or Hoba.

Haukim

A god of law in pre-Islamic times. Also called Haukim.

hayula

The primordial matter from which all else is made. Occasionally known as hayula.

Hefedha

A guardian god. Occasionally referred to as Hefedha.

Hilal

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Hirmis

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Hu

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Hubal

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Hut

The Zodiacal sign, Pisces. Occasionally identified as Hut.

Idris

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Il

An early moon-god. In some accounts, known as Il.

Ilaalge

A local Nabataean god. Occasionally called Ilaalge.

Ilat

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Iram

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Jabir

Son of Al Mundzir. Brother of Jubayr. Father of Rizk. On occassion, identified as Jabir.

Jadi

The Zodiacal sign, Capricorn. In some lore, occasionally identified as Jadi.

Jauza

The Zodiacal sign Gemini. On occassion, called Jauza.

Jinn bin Jann

The king of the jinn. He was regarded as the ruler of the world in the time before Adam and Eve. Sometimes identified as Jinn bin Jann.

jinnee

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jinniyah

A female jinnee. On occassion, called jinniyah.

Jirjis

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Jubayr

Son of Al Mundzir. Brother of Jabir. Occasionally known as Jubayr.

Jufran

In some accounts, a son of Antar. On occassion, known as Jufran, Geoffrey or Geoffrey.

Kahilin

A tutelary god in pre-Islamic times. In some accounts, he is the same as Kahil. In some lore, occasionally identified as Kahilin, Kahil or Kahil.

Kalilah wa Dimnah

An early collection of fables and stories of dragons: a version of the Panchatantra. Sometimes called Kalilah wa Dimnah.

Karubi

Cherubim, the highest angels. In some references, called Karubi.

katanes

A hairy vampire. At times, called katanes.

Khadir

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Khaleel

A man who owned a cat which could talk in Arabic. Referred to as Khaleel, Sheik Khaleel or Sheik Khaleel.

kham

A charm in the form of a hand. Occasionally known as kham, kam or kam.

khamsa

A mystic number; the number 5. This number is so powerful that it is never used in speech. In some lore, occasionally called khamsa.

Khidi

A benevolent water-spirit. Also called Khidi, El Khidi, El Khidi, Great One, The Great One or The Great One.

Kisra

The Arab name for Kay Khusraw. In some accounts, identified as Kisra.

Lat

A name for Alilat as mother of the sun. Mother of Dusares. Sometimes known as Lat, Alilat, Alilat, Alilta, Allat, Al, Allat, Halitta, Greek Aphrodite, Ilat, Rusa, Mother of the Sun or Mother of the Sun.

Little Camels

The Arab name for the group of stars. Known as the Hyades. In some references, referred to as Little Camels.

Lokman

A hero, said to have a huge appetite, who lived for some 3,500 years. Also referred to as Lokman, Lukman, Lukman or lookman.

Malakbel

An ancient sun-god and god of vegetation. Brother of Aglibol. Identified as Malakbel, Malekbel or Malekbel.

Malik

A god of the northern region in pre-Islamic times. Occasionally called Malik, Moloch, Moloch, Makkal, Mukal, Mikal, Malcam, Malek, Melech, Melek, Milcom, Milkom, Mlk, Molech, Molek(h), Moloc or Molokh.

Manaf

A heathen god of Mecca. Sometimes called Manaf.

Manah

An angelic fertility-goddess. Called Manah.

Mandah

The gods of irrigation. Also called Mandah.

Marnas

A local fertility-god of Gaza. Occasionally referred to as Marnas.

Mehrem

In some accounts, an ancient creatorgod. In some references, referred to as Mehrem.

Melek Taos

A symbol of the sun-god, Moloch, in the form of a peacock on top of a candlestick or pillar. Occasionally identified as Melek Taos.

meteor

A meteor is said to be a flaming. Firebrand thrown by angels to drive off evil spirits. Sometimes referred to as meteor, falling star, falling star, shooting star or shooting star.

Mizan

The Zodiacal sign, Libra (scales). Occasionally called Mizan.

Mount Qaf

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Mustapha

A poor tailor. Father of Aladdin. Sometimes known as Mustapha, Mustafa or Mustafa.

Mustapha Baba

A cobbler who stitched together the severed parts of Kassim's body. In some references, called Mustapha Baba, Mustafa Baba or Mustafa Baba.

Muwakkil

A guardian angel. If a man becomes possessed by a devil, it is the Muwakkil's job to drive the devil away. At times, called Muwakkil.

nabaa

A tree. Arrows made from the timber of this tree are used in divination rites. In some lore, occasionally known as nabaa.

Nahi

A guardian god. Sometimes referred to as Nahi.

Nasnas

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Nasr

An early vulture-god. In some accounts, called Nasr, Nasur or Nasur.

Old Man of the Sea

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Ormaddu

In Berber lore, a huge bird that mated with a female wolf to produce a griffin. In some references, called Ormaddu.

Orotalt

A god of southern Arabia. In some references, referred to as Orotalt, Oretal, Oretal, Orotal, Orotal, Greek Dionysus, Greek Dionysus, Dusara, Fufluns, Liber, Osiris, Rudra, Salmaat or Zagreus.

ostrich

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phoenix

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Qaus

The Zodiacal sign Sagittarius. At times, identified as Qaus.

Qaynan

A southern smith-god. Occasionally identified as Qaynan.

Qos

A weather-god and god of rainbows. Some versions equate him with Quzah. Sometimes referred to as Qos.

qutrub

A male jinnee. In some lore, occasionally referred to as qutrub, femaleghul or femaleghul.

Quzah

A mountain-god and god of weather. Some versions equate him with Qos. Sometimes called Quzah.

Ras al-Ghul

The Arab name for the star Algol. Also identified as Ras al-Ghul.

Razeka

An early god worshipped as a provider of food. Occasionally known as Razeka.

Rizk

Son of Jabir. Husband of Al-Khadra. Father of Barakat. Also identified as Rizk.

roc

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Rusa

A goddess of fate. Sometimes referred to as Rusa, Alilat, Alilat, Alilta, Allat, Al, Allat, Halitta, Lat, Greek Aphrodite, Ilat, Babylonian Allat, Babylonian Allat, Allatu, Syrian Arsa or Syrian Arsa.

Saalah

A hideous demon. This being is said to lure people into the forest where he torments them. Also referred to as Saalah.

Sad

A god of fate. Sometimes referred to as Sad.

Sai'Al Qaum

A guardian god. Occasionally known as Sai'Al Qaum, Egyptian Sai, Egyptian Sai, Psais, Greek Psais, Greek Psais or Sai.

Saitan

The Arab version of Satan. Also commonly called Saitan.

Sakia

An ancient rain-god. Also referred to as Sakia.

Salema

An ancient god of good health. On occassion, referred to as Salema.

Salman

A pre-Islamic god of the northern region. Sometimes called Salman, Ilu Salman, Ilu Salman, Salm of Mahram, Salm of Mahram, Salmon, Salmon, Saramana, Saramana, Selamanes, Selamanes, Shulmanu, Shulmanu, Saraamana, Saraamana, Babylonian Sulmanu, Babylonian Sulmanu, Canaanite Resep, Canaanite Resep or Reshpu.

Sams

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Sanam

Idols worshipped in pre-Islamic Arabia. In some lore, occasionally identified as Sanam, Sevain, Sevain or Sanam.

Saratan

The Zodiacal sign, Cancer. Also commonly called Saratan.

Shaddad

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shaitan

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Shayth

The Arab name for Set. Referred to as Shayth.

sihr

Sorcery: magic. Occasionally called sihr.

Sin

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Sinbad

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Singala

A local god. At times, known as Singala.

Sirat Bani Hilali

A collection of stories of heroes. Also referred to as Sirat Bani Hilali.

Sumbula

The Zodiacal sign Virgo. Sometimes called Sumbula.

Suwa

An early sun-goddess. Also identified as Suwa.

Ta'lab

A moon-god of the southern region. Sometimes called Ta'lab.

tabi

The familiar of the Arab sorcerer. This spirit is said to pass on secret knowledge to the sorcerer. In some accounts, known as tabi.

Taghut

A deity worshipped in pre-Islamic. Times. Occasionally called Taghut.

Thaur

The Zodiacal sign Taurus. Sometimes identified as Thaur.

Tinnin

A sea-serpent said to have been. Killed by Alexander. In some accounts, known as Tinnin, Muslim Thuban or Muslim Thuban.

udar

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Ummu Sibyani

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Walia-Allah

The Arab version of wali. Known as Walia-Allah, vali, vali, Boe, Bous, wali, Ali, Beav or Wali.

Ya'uq

An early deity, one of the Aliha. At times, called Ya'uq.

Yaghuth

An early god, time personified. In some lore, occasionally known as Yaghuth.

Yajuj

The Arab version of Gog. He, with Majuj, will lead the barbarian hordes that will destroy the world. Sometimes referred to as Yajuj.

Yamilka

A disaster story from the Arabian Nights. The story relates how a star fell from heaven and killed the family of a serpent-king. In some lore, occasionally called Yamilka.

Yarhibol

An early sun-god and god of spring. Sometimes called Yarhibol.

Zabiba

A princess. Mother of Antar. She was freed from captivity by Shaddad when he conquered the Sudan and became his wife. In some accounts, identified as Zabiba.

Zaim

A nocturnal manifestation of the devil. Also referred to as Zaim.

Zainigav

A storm-demon. This demon overran Persia but was driven out by Afrasiyab. Also known as Zainigav.

Zalambur

A demon of dishonest trading. Son of Eblis. Sometimes called Zalambur, Zalumbur or Zalumbur.

Zauba'a

An evil spirit which takes the form of a whirlwind. Sometimes identified as Zauba'a.

Zendik

A magician. Occasionally referred to as Zendik.

Zikr

A Dervish ceremony which ends with their wild, whirling dancing. Occasionally referred to as Zikr.

Zuflagar

The sword of Ali. Occasionally identified as Zuflagar.

Zul-Qarnain

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Arabian Mythology