Roman - The shield of Mars. When the Romans prayed to Mars to relieve them of a plague, he not only obliged but dropped a shield from heaven that, it was said, would always protect the city. The king, Numa Pompilius, had eleven copies made and then hung all twelve in the temple of Mars to frustrate anyone wanting to steal the original. The shields were guarded by the Salii. At times, known as ancile, ancilia, ancilia, plurancilia, plurancilia, Mamurius Veturius or Mamurius Veturius.

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