Greek - King of Mycenae (or Argos). Son of Atreus and Aerope. Brother of Anabixia and Menelaus. Husband of Clytemnestra. Father of Chrysothemis, Electra, Iphigenia and Orestes by Clytemnestra, twins by Cassandra and at least one other illegitimate. Son, Halesus. As an infant he was saved with his brother Menelaus when Aegisthus killed his father Atreus and fled to Sparta. Later, helped by Tyndareus the king of Sparta, he regained his father's throne. He killed Tantalus, king of Pisa, and married his widow Clytemnestra. When the Greek forces were assembled at Aulis ready to invade Troy to recover the beautiful Helen, adverse winds kept them shore bound. To propitiate the gods, Agamemnon sacrificed his daughter Iphigenia, so ensuring favourable winds for the voyage. In the fighting at Troy he was given the girl Chryseis as a prize and refused to release her when her father came to plead for her. The father was a priest of Apollo and the god intervened in the dispute, bringing much sickness to the Greek forces. To avoid further trouble, Agamemnon released the girl but, in compensation, demanded the girl Briseis, who had been given to Achilles whereupon Achilles swore vengeance and refused to fight any more. When Troy fell, Agamemnon returned to Mycenae with Cassandra who had borne him twin boys to find that his wife, Clytemnestra, had taken Aegisthus as a lover while he was away. These two plotted Agamemnon's death and killed him with Cassandra and her two children. Occasionally identified as Agamemnon, King of Men, King of Men, Agamemnon or Zeus.
Greek - The first play in the trilogy Oresteia. By Aeschylus. In some accounts, called Agamemnon, King of Men, King of Men, Agamemnon or Zeus.

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