African Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abantubomlambo

River spirits in the Transkei. They take devotees under the surface of the water for many days and teach them the arts of the medicine man. At times, referred to as Abantubomlambo.

Abassi

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abatawa

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abayifo

Experts in witchcraft. In some accounts, known as abayifo.

Aberewa

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abiku

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Abommubuwafre

A name of Nyame as 'he who consoles'. Sometimes known as Abommubuwafre, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Amaomee, Amosu, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Abonsam

An evil spirit. This spirit could be driven off by making a great noise. Called Abonsam.

Abosum

The gods of the Ashanti. Also commonly called Abosum, Abasum, Abasum, Abosom or Abosom.

Abuk

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Achimi

Bull-god of the Kabyle. He was the son of Itherther and Thamautz who drove off his father, mating with his mother and sister. Sometimes called Achimi.

Adama

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Adamastor

A hideous spirit of the Cape of Good Hope. Occasionally identified as Adamastor.

Ado

The supreme god of the Lugbara. Occasionally referred to as Ado.

Adro

An aspect of Adroa as bad. He is depicted as half-bodied with one leg, arm, etc and is said to live mainly in rivers. Sometimes called Adro, Adroa or Adroa.

Adroa

Creator-god and sky-god of the Lugbara. In some lore, occasionally called Adroa, Adro or Adro.

Adroanzi

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Adu Ogyinae

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Afifi

A mythical tribe of pygmies. Also identified as Afifi.

Afiti

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Afrikete

A sea goddess of the Fon. Daughter of Agbe and Naete. She was seen as a trickster and gossip. In some lore, occasionally identified as Afrikete.

afriti

An evil demon. Sometimes referred to as afriti, ifiriti, ifiriti, afrit, ifreet, ifreet, ifrit, ifrit, afiriti, afiriti, Arab afrit or Arab afrit.

Agadzagodza

In Nigerian lore, the worm that brought a message from the god Hyel. Also commonly identified as Agadzagodza.

Agamma

The Fon messenger of the gods. Sometimes identified as Agamma.

Aganju

A god of the Yoruba. Son of Oduduwa. Brother and consort of Yemoja. Father of Ogun, Oko, Olokun, Orunjan, Shango, Shankpanna and others. Sometimes referred to as Aganju.

Agassou

A panther god of the Fon. Also referred to as Agassou.

Agbe

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Agbon

The palm tree. In the lore of the Yoruba, this was the first living thing to be created by Olorun. On occassion, called Agbon.

Age

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Agothyathik

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Agwatana

A supreme god in Nigeria; the sun. On occassion, known as Agwatana.

Aigamuxa

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Aiwel

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aiza

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Ajala

In the lore of the Yoruba, a man who works in heaven making faces from clay. In some accounts, referred to as Ajala.

Ajalamo

A Yoruba god of unborn children. Also referred to as Ajalamo.

Aje

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aje

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Ajok

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Ajokit

In the lore of Uganda, the spirit of a sick person that talks to the medicine man. Sometimes identified as Ajokit, Ajy-Khoton, Ajy-Khoton, Ajysyt, Ijaksit, Ijaksit, Ajysit, Kubai(-Khotun) or Kubai(-Khotun).

Akaf

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Akonadi

A West African goddess of justice. Guardian of women. Identified as Akonadi.

akonda

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Akongo

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akpou

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akra

The soul in the lore of the Ashanti. In some references, called akra, kla, kla, akra, kra, kra, simurgh, simurgh, Saena Meregha, samru, simorg, simurg, sinurgh, Arab anqa, roc, Russian sinam(ru), phoenix, saena, senmerv or simarghu.

akuko

Sacred leaves in Dahomey. These leaves are used in the charms (nguneme) used to protect property. Also commonly identified as akuko.

Ala

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Alaaye

A name of Olodumare as 'he who lives'. In some accounts, called Alaaye, Olodumare, Olodumare, Olorun, Eledaa, Elemii or Olojo Oni.

Alajeru

Wife of Oroko. Mother of Ifa. In some accounts, known as Alajeru.

alake

A dead king. His successor is given his predecessor's head and is required to eat some part of the corpse such as the tongue. Also commonly referred to as alake.

Alatanagana

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Alfatin

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alimagba

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aljan

A Hausa name for a jinnee. On occassion, known as aljan, pluraljannu or pluraljannu.

Alose

A god: a group of minor deities of the Ibo. In some references, referred to as Alose, Ashanti Obosum, Ashanti Obosum, Nkisi, Orisha, Vodun, Dahomey Vodun, Dahomey Vodun, Nkisi, Obosum, Yoruban Orisha or Yoruban Orisha.

Amadi-Oha

An Igbo storm-god. Occasionally referred to as Amadi-Oha.

amadlozis

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amanani

Monsters of the Abaluyia. Also known as amanani.

Amangundu

In the lore of the Ovandonga, the first man. Father of Kanzi and Nangombe. Sometimes identified as Amangundu.

Amaomee

A name of Nyame as 'he who gives sufficiency'. Referred to as Amaomee, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amosu, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Amesemi

A Sudanese goddess. Occasionally identified as Amesemi.

Amirini

An early Yoruba goddess. Also identified as Amirini.

Amma

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Amma-Serou

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Amosu

A name of Nyame as 'rain-giver'. In some lore, occasionally called Amosu, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Amowia

A name of Nyame as 'light-giver'. Occasionally referred to as Amowia, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amosu, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Anansesem

Spider stories that Anansi bought from the sky-gods. Sometimes called Anansesem, South American Anansi-toro or South American Anansi-toro.

Anansi

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Anansi Kokroko

A name of Nyame as 'wise spider', a name of Onyankopon. Sometimes known as Anansi Kokroko, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amosu, Amowia, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Andandara

A mythical animal of the Zande. It is said that these animals mate with women to produce kittens. Sometimes referred to as Andandara.

Andriamahilala

The first woman in Madagascar. She later became the moon. Referred to as Andriamahilala.

Andriamanitra

A goddess in Madagascar. Wife of Zanahary. In some accounts Andriamanitra is another name for Zanahary. In some lore, occasionally called Andriamanitra, Zanahary, Zanahary or Railanitra.

Andriambahomanana

The first man in Madagascar. He later became a banana plant. Also commonly known as Andriambahomanana.

Annalia tu-Bari

A princess of Ghana. Wife of Samba. In some references, referred to as Annalia tu-Bari.

Anochi

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Anyi-mawu-wo

Earth-gods of the Hua people. In some references, called Anyi-mawu-wo.

Anyigba

An earth-god of the Ewe people. One of the trowo. Sometimes identified as Anyigba.

Aondo

The creator god of Nigeria. In some references, known as Aondo.

Apap

A creator-god of the Teso. In some references, identified as Apap, Akuj, Akuj, Apap, Good Creator, Good Creator or Apap.

arase

A name for the unicorn in the Kordofan area of the Sudan. In some accounts, called arase.

Arawa

A moon-goddess of East Africa. Daughter of Tororut and Seta. In some accounts, identified as Arawa.

Arebati

A creator-god of the Bambuti. Also identified as Arebati.

Arishi

A canopy. In the lore of the Swahili, God built this canopy to shelter his throne, Kurusi. Sometimes identified as Arishi.

arucharis

The unicorn of Ethiopia. In some accounts, identified as arucharis.

Asa

Supreme god of the Akamba. Also called Asa, Odin, Odin, Alrida, Asa, Father of Battle, Fothin, God of the Hanged, High One, The, Oder, Odhinn, Odnir, Othin, Othinn, Othinus, Othr, Othur, Ouvin, sacred birds, Thekkr, Thror, Throv, Thrud, Thrudr, Uggerus, Voden, Wish God, Wotan, Wuotan, Alfader, Alfadir, Alfodr, All-father, All-seer, Atridr, Balegyr, Bilegyr, Bileya, Breit-Hut, Farma-Tyr, Feng, Fiollnir, Fimbultyr, Fiolsvidr, Fiornir, Fjdnir, Fjolsvidr, Fjorner, Furor, Gagavaldur, Galgagramr, Gander, Gangrad, Geignudr, Glapsvidir, Grimmr, Grimnir, Hacke(l)berg, Hackelberend, Hakol-berend, Hanga-Tyr, Hangagud, Har(bard), Harr, Helblindi, Her-Tyr, Herfadir, Herfather, Herian, Herjan, Hnikar, HoodedOne, Hrafna(-god), Hropt, Iafn-Har, Irmin, Jafenhar, Janfar, Karlafbuge, King of Lidskialf, Ofrir, Omi, One-eyed, Oski, Othin(n), Rosterus, Sidfod(i)r, Sidhottr, Sigfadir, Sigtyr, Skidskegg, Svafnir, Sygtyr, (The) High One, Thekkr, Thror, Thrud(r), Thunderer, Vafud, Vak, Valfadir, Valfather, Valfodr, Valkjosandi, Vax, Vech(a), Vegtam, Veratyr, Viator-indefessus, Vidforull, Wanderer, Wayfarer, Wild Huntsman, Yggdrasil, Ygg(r), German Grim, Votan, Wodan, W(u)otan, Saxon Irmin, Woden, Rafnagud or Porun.

Asa-ase

An Ashanti earth deity. Sometimes known as Asa-ase, Dahomey Saghata, Dahomey Saghata, South America Gros Mama, South America Gros Mama, Yoruba Obaluwaye, Yoruba Obaluwaye, Sagbata, Asase Efua, Asase Efua, Asa'ase, Ashanti Asase Yaa, Asase Yaa, Asase Yaa, Earth Thursday or Fanti Asase Efua.

Asamanfo

The Akan spirits of the dead. Occasionally called Asamanfo, Osaman, Osaman, singOsaman or singOsaman.

Asamang

The Akan land of the dead. On occassion, called Asamang.

Asase Efua

A fertility-goddess of the Fanti. Goddess of the dead. In some accounts, identified as Asase Efua, Asa-ase, Asa-ase, Dahomey Saghata, South America Gros Mama, Yoruba Obaluwaye, Asase Yaa, Asa'ase, Asa'ase, Ashanti Asase Yaa or Ashanti Asase Yaa.

Asase Yaa

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Ashiakle

Goddess of wealth of the Gan tribe. Daughter of Nai. Also known as Ashiakle.

Ashila

A supreme god of the Kambari people of Nigeria. Also referred to as Ashila, Ishila or Ishila.

Asia

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Asis

A sun-god of the Pokot. Brother of Tororut. Called Asis.

Asisia

A supreme god of the Dorobo people of Kenya. Also identified as Asisia.

asogwe

A rattle used by the chief priests of Dahomey to call up the gods. Also identified as asogwe.

Astar

A sky-god or sky-goddesss of Ethiopia. In some lore, occasionally identified as Astar.

Ataa Naa Nyongmo

A creator-god of the Gan. Sometimes known as Ataa Naa Nyongmo, Nyongmo or Nyongmo.

Atai

A goddess of the Efik. Wife of Abassi. In some references, known as Atai, 'fate' or 'fate'.

Atalanga

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Ataokoloinona

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Atete

A fertility-goddess of Ethiopia. Occasionally called Atete.

Avrikiti

The god of fishermen of the Fon. Sometimes called Avrikiti.

Ayaba

Goddess of the hearth among the Fon. Sister of Loko. Known as Ayaba.

Ayagba

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ayana

Guardian spirits in Ethiopia. Occasionally known as ayana, awulia or awulia.

Ayida

Wife of Dan Hwedo. Also referred to as Ayida, Aida-Wédo, Aida-Wédo, Aida, Aida or Gro Mama.

azima

A Swahili charm or incantation. In some lore, occasionally identified as azima.

Azimu

King of Ethiopia. Brother of Hakim. At times, identified as Azimu.

azizan

Benevolent forest spirits in Dahomey. In some references, identified as azizan, Ashanti mmoatia, Ashanti mmoatia, apuku, ijimere, Brazilian saco, Brazilian saco, Nigerian ijimere, Nigerian ijimere, saci, Surinam apuku, Surinam apuku or mmoatia.

Ba-Maguje

A Hausa spirit which causes thirst. Leading to drunkenness. Occasionally identified as Ba-Maguje.

Ba-Toye

A Hausa spirit causing destructive fires. In some lore, occasionally known as Ba-Toye.

Baatsi

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babalorisha

A diviner or a priest of the Yoruba. God Vorunmila. Sometimes referred to as babalorisha, babalawo, babalawo, femaleiyalorisha, femaleiyalorisha, Brazilian pai de santo, Brazilian pai de santo, Dahomey bokonon or Dahomey bokonon.

Babinga

King of the Mandwa tribe. Second husband of Nyavirezi. Father of Ryangombe. Occasionally known as Babinga.

Badimo

In the lore of the Tswana, the only. Ones able to communicate with the god Modimo. In some lore, occasionally called Badimo.

Bagba

A spirit controlling rain and winds. Occasionally called Bagba.

baloi

Sorcerers in Zambia. Also called baloi, night witches, night witches, baboi or balai.

balubaale

Nature spirits of the Baganda. In some accounts, known as balubaale, balubare or balubare.

Balungwana

Sky-people to the Baronga. These are said to be tiny people, who are attendant upon the supreme god, Mulungu or Tilo. In some accounts, referred to as Balungwana.

Banga

A water-god of the Ngbandi. He is said to have created the white races. In some lore, occasionally identified as Banga.

bao

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bapfumu

Diviners of the Banyarwanda. At times, known as bapfumu.

barozi

Sorcerers of the Banyarwanda. Sometimes identified as barozi.

Bawai

The supreme god of the Chawai people of Nigeria. On occassion, called Bawai.

bazimu

Spirits of the dead of the Banyarwanda. At times, called bazimu.

Bedimo

Spirits of the Cameroon ancestors who own all the wild animals. Also known as Bedimo.

Behanzin

A fish-god of the Fon. Also known as Behanzin.

Beher

An Ethiopian or South Arabian. Earth-god. Occasionally referred to as Beher, Behr, Behr, Medr or Medr.

Bia

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Bida

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Bidda

A Hausa spirit causing stiffness. Also identified as Bidda.

Biel

An Ethiopian spirit. Also known as Biel.

Bierlam

A word for god in Cameroon. Sometimes referred to as Bierlam.

Bigirimana

A name of Imana as 'he who owns. All things'. Also referred to as Bigirimana, Imana, Imana, Habyarimana, Hashakimana, Hategekimana or Ndagijimana.

Biloko

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Bincigi

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Binego

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Binou Serou

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Bintu

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binza

A Zande witch doctor. Sometimes called binza, ira avure or ira avure.

bitabok

In the Sudan, a name for a bat, a witch or a spirit. Occasionally referred to as bitabok.

Blemmyes

A headless race of Ethiopia. Their 'facial' features (eyes, nose, etc.) appeared on their chests. Called Blemmyes, Blemmyae or Blemmyae.

Blue Jay

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Bo

A guardian-god of the Ewe people. Sometimes referred to as Bo.

Boale

Wife of Likinda. Mother of Nsongo. Nsongo was her husband's mother. On the day she was born, Boale's baby was born. She was Nsongo reborn. Also referred to as Boale.

Bokali

A spirit which led Ilankaka into Lonkundo's trap. Occasionally called Bokali.

Bokero

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bokonon

Priests of the Ifa cult in Dahomey. In some accounts, called bokonon, boko, boko, Yoruba babalawo or Yoruba babalawo.

Bomazi

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Bonchor

A creator-god of the Berbers of Tunisia. In some references, known as Bonchor.

Borebore

A name of Nyame as 'creator'. A name of Onyankopon. At times, identified as Borebore, Bore Bore, Bore Bore, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amosu, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Borenticha

A god in Ethiopia. Identified as Borenticha.

Bori

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Bousetta

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Brekyirihunuade

A name of Nyame as 'all knowing'. At times, known as Brekyirihunuade, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amosu, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Buadza

A wind-god of West Africa. In some references, identified as Buadza, Olila or Olila.

Buge

Son of Mbega. Sometimes identified as Buge.

Bugimamua

In the lore of Uganda, a place where heaven and earth meet. Occasionally identified as Bugimamua.

Buk

A river-goddess of the Sudanese. In some accounts, Buk is a god of fishing. Known as Buk, Daughter of Fireflies, Daughter of Fireflies, Leopard of the Night or Leopard of the Night.

Bulanda

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bumba

An amulet of the Bushmen. In some references, called bumba, Ma Bumba, Ma Bumba, Bumba, Nzambi or Bumba.

Bundu

A Mende ancestral mask used in initiation rites. Also called Bundu.

Burju Alamasi

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bush soul

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bwete

A spirit said to cause a specific disease. Occasionally referred to as bwete.

Cactus Tree Worship

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callitrice

An Ethiopian bearded man-goat. At times, identified as callitrice.

Cannibals

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Castle of Light

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Catoplebas

An Abyssinian monster. Any person who looks into the eyes of this sluggish beast falls dead on the spot. Also identified as Catoplebas.

Cedar of the End

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Ceres Africana

A goddess of agriculture in North Africa. In some accounts, known as Ceres Africana, Ceres Punica or Ceres Punica.

Cghene

A creator-god of the Isoko tribe of West Africa. Also commonly known as Cghene.

Chameleon

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Chi-wara

A fertility-god of the Bambara. This deity is envisaged as an antelope. Referred to as Chi-wara.

Chibinda Ilunga

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Chichinguane

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chigbe

Magic power in the lore of the Nupe. Also known as chigbe.

Chikanga

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Chikara

A sky-god of the Korekore tribe. Father of Nosenga. Also referred to as Chikara.

Chilube

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Chinawezi

A primaeval serpent. Wife of Nkuba. Mother of Konde and Nawezi. She ruled the land and sea while her husband ruled the sky. Sometimes known as Chinawezi, Chinaweji or Chinaweji.

Chineke

A name of Chuku as 'creator'. On occassion, called Chineke, Chuku, Chuku, Chukuru or Chukwu.

Chipfalamfula

In Mozambique, a huge fish said to have stopped the flow of a river. Occasionally referred to as Chipfalamfula, Chichinguane or Chichinguane.

Chitimukul

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Chiuke

A creator-god and sky-god of the Ibo. Also commonly referred to as Chiuke.

Chiuta

The supreme-god and rain-god of the Tumbuka. In some lore, occasionally called Chiuta, Mulengi, Mulengi, Mwenco, Mwenco, Wamtatakuya or Wamtatakuya.

Chuku

The supreme god of the Ibo. Father or husband of Ale. On occassion, identified as Chuku, Chukuru, Chukuru, Chukwu, Chukwu, Chineke or Chineke.

Cogaz

Son of Kaang and Coti, in Bushman lore. He descended to earth and taught mankind how to dig for roots. At times, identified as Cogaz.

Col

A Sudanese rain-god. Also referred to as Col.

Copper City

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Coti

Wife of Kaang. Mother of Cogaz and Gewi. In some lore, occasionally identified as Coti.

Cunnie Rabbit

A trickster deity of the Temne. This deity is envisaged as a chevrotain rather than a rabbit. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Cunnie Rabbit.

Dache

Tree spirits of Ethiopia. Occasionally identified as Dache.

Dada Zodji

A deity in Dahomey, ruler of the earth. Twin brother of Nyauhwe Ananu. Father of Suvinenge. In some accounts, identified as Dada Zodji.

Daibu

Father of Dama Hgile. Sometimes identified as Daibu.

Dama Ngile

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Dan Ayido Hwedo

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Dangbe

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Danh

A snake god of Benin. In some references, known as Danh.

Dasse

Wife of Mantis. Occasionally referred to as Dasse.

Dausi

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Deng

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Di Amomo

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Diang

A cow goddess of the Shilluk people. Consort of the first man, Omara. Mother of Okwa. In some accounts, identified as Diang.

Dibobia

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didi

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Dinga

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Dji

The rainbow-serpent in Dahomey. On occassion, known as Dji, Rainbow Snake, Rainbow Snake, Dan Ayido Hwedo, Great Rainbow Snake, Kunmanggur, Mbumba Luangu, rainbow, Rainbow Serpent, snake, Yurlungur or Great Father.

djok

An ancestor spirit of the Alur. This spirit is said to appear in the form of a snake, a stone, etc. Sometimes referred to as djok.

Do

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Doche

An ancient Ethiopian god. At times, known as Doche.

dodo

A Bushman demon or witch. Also commonly known as dodo.

Dogir

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Dongo

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Dorobo

A pygmy. The first man, in the lore of the Masai. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Dorobo.

Dragon of the Lake

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Drink-all

A frog that can empty a lake by drinking its waters. Occasionally known as Drink-all.

Dubiaku

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Dume

A Mali devil who controls. The wokulos. In some references, known as Dume.

Dungu

A god of the chase among the Buganda. On occassion, identified as Dungu.

Dxui

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Dyinyinga

The spirits of natural objects, in the lore of the Mende. Occasionally known as Dyinyinga.

Dyq

In the lore of the Bambara, a primaeval creative force which, with Gla, emerged from the empty void, Fu. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Dyq.

dzi-mawu

Sky gods of the Hua people. Occasionally identified as dzi-mawu.

Dzivaguru

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eale

An Ethiopian monster with swivelling horns, precursor of the yale. In some references, identified as eale.

ebo

Herbalists of the Edo who brew potions. Used in divination and witchcraft. At times, identified as ebo.

echudan

A sorcerer in Uganda. Occasionally referred to as echudan.

Eda Male

Idols of the Yoruba. These images, of male and female twins, are used in initiation ceremonies. In some accounts, called Eda Male.

Edeke

A destructive god of the Teso people. Also called Edeke.

Efé

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Efflon Obassi

A god of the Ekoi people. In some lore, occasionally called Efflon Obassi.

egbere

In the lore of the Yoruba, small beings. Said to live in the forests. On occassion, known as egbere.

Egungun

Among the Yoruba, carved images of ancestors and gods used in ceremonies: a cult of the dead. Also referred to as Egungun.

ehi

An Edo spirit controlling an individual's destiny. He determines the individual's future in consultation with Osanobua before the person is born. Also commonly referred to as ehi.

Ehlose

A guardian spirit which warns the individual of danger. Identified as Ehlose.

Eight Ancestors

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Eji Ogbe

King of the gods of the Yoruba. Occasionally identified as Eji Ogbe.

Ekera

The Ethiopian afterworld. Sometimes called Ekera.

Ekko

In Ethiopia, a spirit of the dead which can take possession of a mortal. On occassion, identified as Ekko.

Ekpe

An Igbo secret society practising. Fertility rites. In some lore, occasionally known as Ekpe, Egbo or Egbo.

Eledaa

A name of Olodumare as 'creator'. Called Eledaa, Olodumare, Olodumare, Olorun, Alaaye, Elemii or Olojo Oni.

elefo

A magic bell used by Itonde to predict. The future and foretell death. The sound of the bell is capable of killing humans. Sometimes identified as elefo.

Elemii

A name of Olodumare as 'he who owns life'. Sometimes referred to as Elemii, Olodumare, Olodumare, Olorun, Alaaye, Eledaa or Olojo Oni.

emadloti

Swazi ancestors who can influence. Their descendants. At times, referred to as emadloti.

emandwa

Tribal spirits of the Ankore. Also called emandwa.

Emayian

A name of En-kai as 'he who blesses'. Sometimes called Emayian, En-kai, En-kai, Ngai, Kamba Engai, Ngai or Parsai.

Emeli Hin

A creator god of the Tuareg. In some references, called Emeli Hin.

emi

In the lore of the Yoruba, one of the 3. Spirits in each individual - the vital. Force of breath. In some references, known as emi.

emizimu

Family spirits of the Ankore. Identified as emizimu.

emuron

A medicine-man in Uganda. At times, called emuron.

En-kai

Supreme god and rain-god of the Masai. In some lore, occasionally known as En-kai, Ngai, Ngai, En-Kai, Emayian, Emayian, Kamba Engai, Kamba Engai, Parsai or Parsai.

Enekpe

A Nigerian heroine. Daughter of Ayagba. She allowed herself to be buried alive to save her people who were being defeated in battle. Known as Enekpe.

Engai

The supreme god of the Kamba. Occasionally known as Engai, Masai En-kai or Masai En-kai.

Enundu

A plague-god of Uganda. In some accounts, called Enundu.

eqqo

Ethiopian spirits living in streams and rivers. They can be induced to enter human beings and can predict the future. Occasionally identified as eqqo.

eré

In Yoruba lore, childlike beings which take over persons. Undergoing initiation. In some lore, occasionally called eré.

Erosi

Igbo spirits invoked to promote. Fertility and prosperity. Also commonly called Erosi.

Eshu

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Evua

A sun-god in Guinea. Sometimes known as Evua.

Fa

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Far-li-mas

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Fara Maka

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Faran Maka

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Faro

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Fatouma

A princess. She was saved by Hammadi as she was about to be devoured by the Dragon of the Lake and married her rescuer. Sometimes identified as Fatouma.

Fe

A god of the Ivory Coast. This deity is envisaged in the form of a mask. At times, known as Fe.

Fenda Maria

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Fidi Mukullu

A creator-god in Zaire. Sometimes referred to as Fidi Mukullu.

fingo

A fetish, usually in the form of a calabash or a small pot, in which the individual's spirit is housed. Called fingo.

Fu

In the lore of the Bambara, the primordial void which produced the 2 forces, Dya and Gla. Sometimes identified as Fu, Dya, Dya or Gla.

Fumu

A monkey. Woto, a king of the Bushongo, discovered palm wine when he saw Fumu licking it. In some lore, occasionally called Fumu.

Ga-gorib

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Gabunga

In the lore of the Baganda, the official who escorted the king to meet the god Mukasa at the blood-drinking ceremony. In some accounts, known as Gabunga.

Garakhe

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Garamas

The first man, in the lore of a nomadic. Tribe of the Sahara, the Garamantes. On occassion, identified as Garamas, Amphithemis, Amphithemis or Garamas.

Garang

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Garden of Delight

The Swahili paradise. Sometimes identified as Garden of Delight.

Gassire

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Gauna

The leader of the spirits of the dead in the Bushman culture. Also commonly identified as Gauna, Gawa, Gawa, Gawama, Gawama, Gawa(ma) or Gawa(ma).

Gaunab

The Hottentot god of darkness. He wounded Tsunigoab in a fight for supremacy but lost the struggle and was banished. Sometimes referred to as Gaunab, Ga-gorib, Ga-gorib, Gama or Goub.

Gbadé

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Gbeni

The supreme spirit of the Mende. Also identified as Gbeni.

gbo

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Gborogboro

An ancestor of the Lugbara. In some references, referred to as Gborogboro.

Gewi

Son of Kaang and Coti. He who descended to earth and taught the Bushmen how to dry roots. Also commonly referred to as Gewi.

Gguluddene

A name of Katonda as 'gigantic'. Occasionally known as Gguluddene, Katonda, Katonda, Kagingo, Lissoddene, Lugab, Namugereka, Namuginga, Nnyiniggulu, Ssebinitu or Ssewannaku.

Gibini

A plague-god of Uganda. In some accounts, referred to as Gibini.

Gihanga

King of Rwanda. Son of Kigwa. He is said to have invented the art of metal-working. At times, called Gihanga.

Gikuyu

An ancestor of Kikuyu people. Son of Murungu. Husband of Moombi. He and his wife had nine daughters who founded the nine clans. On occassion, referred to as Gikuyu, Kikuyu or Kikuyu.

Gindr

The supreme god of the Lendu people of Zaire. Occasionally identified as Gindr.

Giyorgis

An archangel in Ethiopia. Sometimes referred to as Giyorgis.

Gizo

A trickster-hero of the Housa in the form of a spider. Consort of Koki. At times, called Gizo, Yoruba Anansi, Yoruba Anansi or Kwaku Ananse.

Gla

In the lore of the Bambara, a primaeval creative force which, with Dya, emerged from the empty void, Fu. Sometimes known as Gla, Dya, Dya or Fu.

Gleaming Mountain

The hill on which the palace Burju. Alamasi was said to stand. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Gleaming Mountain.

Gleti

A moon-goddess of the Fon. Consort of Lisa. Also commonly called Gleti.

Gletivi

The offspring of Lisa and Gleti in the form of stars. In some lore, occasionally known as Gletivi, Moon-children or Moon-children.

God's Messengers

In the Sudan, fishes sent to the earth in thunderstorms are used by god as his messengers. Also called God's Messengers.

Godi

A dragon attendant on Hara Ke. At times, called Godi.

gola

In the lore of the Liuanda, a snakespirit that can take possession of people. Also known as gola.

Gongola

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Gonzuole

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Gorgon

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Goru

A dragon attendant on Hara Ke. Occasionally called Goru.

Great One

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griffin

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grisgris

A charm: an amulet: a spell. At times, referred to as grisgris, greegree, greegree, grigri or grigri.

Gu

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Guli

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Gulu

The creator-god of the Buganda. Father of Kaizuki, Nimba and Walumbe. Called Gulu, Kulu, Kulu or Kidilli.

Gum Girl

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Gunuko

A deity of the Nupe of Nigeria and in Brazil. Also commonly known as Gunuko.

Gurikhaisib

The primaeval ancestor of the Hottentots. In some references, identified as Gurikhaisib.

Guzil

A god in Tripolitania. This deity, having been fathered on a cow, appeared in the form of a bull. On occassion, called Guzil.

Gwalu

A rain-god of the Yoruba. On occassion, referred to as Gwalu, C'balu, C'balu, Gbalu or Gbalu.

Habbat-ar-Rumani

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Habyarimana

A name of Imana as 'he who gives children'. Occasionally called Habyarimana, Imana, Imana, Bigirimana, Hashakimana, Hategekimana or Ndagijimana.

Hai-uri

A half-bodied monster in the lore of the Hottentot. Sometimes identified as Hai-uri.

Haiuri

A Hottentot demon. This being, resembling half a man sliced vertically, collected victims and took them down to the underworld. In some references, called Haiuri.

hakata

Carved wooden sticks, plates or tablets. Used in divination. Also referred to as hakata.

Hakim

Brother of Azimu. When he threw a spear at Khadu, god deflected it so that it struck Hakim. Occasionally referred to as Hakim.

hale

Magic employed by the Mende. In some accounts, identified as hale.

Ham

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Hammadi

A prince. He saved the princess Fatouma who was about to be devoured by the Dragon of the Lake and married her. Sometimes called Hammadi.

Hammon

A Libyan sun-god. Also known as Hammon, Amen, Amen, Aman, Amoun, Amun, Aman, Amem, Amom, Ammon, Am(o)un, Min, Greek Zeus, Libyan Hammon, Jupiter- Ammon, Roman Jupiter, Egyptian Amen, Egyptian Amen, Amon, Amon or Aymon.

Hao

An Ethiopian creator-god. He is depicted as a crocodile. Identified as Hao.

Hara Ke

A Nigerian water-goddess and raingoddess. She is assisted in her duties by two dragons, Godi and Goru. In some lore, occasionally known as Hara Ke, Harake, Harake, Mistress of Water, Mistress of Water or Hara-Ke.

Harun

A Moroccan water-spirit said to appear in the form of a snake. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Harun, Haruna or Haruna.

Hashakimana

A name of Imana as 'planner'. Also referred to as Hashakimana, Imana, Imana, Bigirimana, Habyarimana, Hategekimana or Ndagijimana.

Hategekimana

A name of Imana as 'ruler'. At times, referred to as Hategekimana, Imana, Imana, Bigirimana, Habyarimana, Hashakimana or Ndagijimana.

Hawa

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Heise

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Heitsi-eibib

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Henten Karube

Daughter of Bincigi. Sister of Marain Jagu. She helped her brother avenge her father's death at the hands of the tyrant king, Garakhe. Also called Henten Karube.

Herlind

A handmaiden of Oda. Occasionally identified as Herlind.

Heyvoso

The sky-god of the Fon. Son of Mawu-Lisa. Sometimes referred to as Heyvoso.

Hinegba

The supreme god of the Igbira people of Nigeria. Also commonly identified as Hinegba, Ihinegba or Ihinegba.

Hira

A huge monster of the Shilluk. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Hira.

hirizi

A Swahili amulet. Also referred to as hirizi.

Hlakanyana

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Hochigan

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Hole

Songhai spirits of the air. These were the children of Adama and Hawa retained by god. Sometimes identified as Hole.

Hono

A name of Were as 'miracle-worker'. Also referred to as Hono, Were, Were, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Jalweny, Janen, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Honsi

Twin brother of Honsu. He and his brother Honsu are the heroes of magical exploits in the lore of Dahomey. Occasionally known as Honsi.

Honsu

Twin brother of Honsi. He and his brother Honsi are the heroes of magical exploits in the lore of Dahomey. At times, known as Honsu.

Hore

An oracle of the god Nosenga. Also commonly known as Hore.

Horei

An evil spirit in West Africa. Occasionally referred to as Horei.

hunsi

A devotee of any Fon god. Sometimes called hunsi.

Huntin

A Xhosa tree-spirit. Also commonly known as Huntin.

Huveane

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Huvi

A god of hunting of the Ovimbundu people. Occasionally identified as Huvi.

Hwegbaja

A 17th C. King of Dahomey. He is revered as a mythical culturehero who instituted the practice of burying the dead. Occasionally known as Hwegbaja.

Hyel

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hyena-men

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I Kaggen

The Bushman god, Kaang, as the spirit of the praying mantis. Also commonly referred to as I Kaggen, Cagn, Cagn, Kaang, Kaggen or Kaggen.

Iampelamananoro

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Ibe Dji

An idol of the Yoruba. Occasionally known as Ibe Dji.

Ibilisi

A Swahili devil. Also identified as Ibilisi, Moslem Eblis or Moslem Eblis.

Ibini Okrabi

A powerful spirit of the Igbo. Occasionally referred to as Ibini Okrabi.

Ibissa Shayto

An Ethiopian fire-spirit. Known as Ibissa Shayto.

Ibo-Osun

An annual feast in honour of the Yoruba goddess Osun when the priestesses of this cult are chosen. Also called Ibo-Osun.

Iboniamasiboniamanoro

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idlozi

The guardian spirit of a Zulu ancestor. Occasionally called idlozi.

Ifa

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igbodu

Groves sacred to the Yoruba. God, Orunmila. Occasionally referred to as igbodu.

igqira

A witch-doctor in the Transkei. Referred to as igqira.

ijimere

Forest spirits of Nigeria. On occassion, referred to as ijimere, Ashanti mmoatia, Ashanti mmoatia, apuku, azizan, Brazil saci, Brazil saci, mmoatia, Dahomey aziazan, Dahomey aziazan, Surinam apuku, Surinam apuku or saci.

Ijuru

A realm in the sky in the lore of the Banyarwanda. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Ijuru.

Ikenga

A god of fortune of the Ibo people. Sometimes called Ikenga.

Ikonitra

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Iku

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Ikuzimu

The land under the earth in the lore of the Banyarwanda. At times, known as Ikuzimu.

Ilaansi

The supreme god of the Fipa people. In some accounts, called Ilaansi, Indaaka, Indaaka, Indeesa or Indeesa.

Ilankaka

Wife of King Konkundo. Mother of Honde. Occasionally called Ilankaka.

Ilat

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Ile

A Yoruba earth-goddess. Identified as Ile.

Ilé-Ifé

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Ilele-a-Ngonda

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Iloibonok

Medicine men of the Masai. Occasionally known as Iloibonok.

Ilombo

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Imagheghan

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Imana

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imandwa

Ghosts of the Banyarwanda. At times, known as imandwa.

Imilozi

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Impundulu

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Inabizoza

Wife of Mutaga. Mother of Mwambudza. Occasionally referred to as Inabizoza.

Inaruchaba

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Incwala

A Swazi festival invoking tribal. Ancestors. At times, called Incwala.

Indaji

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Indwano

Chief diviner of the court of Ruhaga. In some references, identified as Indwano.

Ingumbane

An incubus in the form of a snake. In some references, called Ingumbane.

Inkanyamba

A Zulu storm-god or goddess. Also called Inkanyamba.

Inkoto

The sword of Kanyarundi. Sometimes referred to as Inkoto.

Intare

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Intulo

The lizard in the Zulu story of creation. On occassion, referred to as Intulo.

inyana

A Zulu sorcerer. These men are said to be able to communicate with the ancestral spirits of the tribe, known as the Itongo. Sometimes known as inyana.

Irke

A god of the Songhai people. Sometimes identified as Irke, Kutiumo, Kutiumo, Zambanta or Zambanta.

Iro

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Iruva

The supreme god and sun-god of many tribes, including the Chaga or Meru. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Iruva, Iruwa, Iruwa, Iyuva, Iyuva, Izuwa, Izuwa, Loba, Loba, Luba, Luba, Lyuba, Lyuba, L(y)uba, L(y)uba, 'sun', 'sun', Surya, Suryaa or Wi.

Isa

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Isa Bere

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isanusi

A Zulu witch-doctor. He can smell out the witches that cause illness. Occasionally identified as isanusi.

Isaywa

A name of Wele as 'he who is worshipped'. Sometimes referred to as Isaywa, Isaiwa, Isaiwa or Wele.

itan

The myths and histories of the Yoruba. Also called itan.

Itherther

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Itoli

A humming-bird that gave Itonde a bell that granted all his wishes. Known as Itoli.

Itonde

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Itongo

Ancestral spirits of the Zulu. These spirits are said to teach magic to the inyana, the diviners, with whom they communicate. Known as Itongo.

itta

A Zulu sorceress and healer. Sometimes called itta.

Ivonya-Ngia

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iyalorisha

A Yoruban priestess. In some references, referred to as iyalorisha, malebabalorisha, malebabalorisha, Brazil mae de santo or Brazil mae de santo.

Iyogera

A yellow stone in Burundi. When the king Itare struck the stone with his hammer, a river flowed out, forming the source of the Nile. In some lore, occasionally identified as Iyogera.

Ja Mrima

A name of Were as 'the one who has a temper'. In some accounts, identified as Ja Mrima, Were, Were, Hono, Jahera, Jalweny, Janen, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Jabal Lamma

The rock where Copper City was said to have been built by Solomon. Also identified as Jabal Lamma.

Jabal Saa

The rock where Copper City was said to have been built by Japhet. Also commonly known as Jabal Saa.

Jackal

A trickster-hero of the Hottentots. In some accounts, it was he who overcame the monster Ga-gorib. Also identified as Jackal.

Jahera

A name of Were as 'merciful'. In some accounts, called Jahera, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jalweny, Janen, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Jakuta

A Yoruba thunder-god. At times, referred to as Jakuta.

Jaliya

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Jalweny

A name of Were as 'mighty warrior'. Sometimes known as Jalweny, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Janen, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Jan'gwono

A name of Were as 'kind'. Sometimes identified as Jan'gwono, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Jalweny, Janen, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Janen

A name of Were as 'wise one'. Sometimes known as Janen, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Jalweny, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Jata

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Jefa

The name for the sun in Zaire. Known as Jefa.

jigo

A Hausa spirit causing fevers. Also referred to as jigo, jihu or jihu.

Jinde Sirinde

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Jok

The creator-god and rain-god of the Alur. Also commonly referred to as Jok, Juok, Juok, Jo-Uk, Joagh, Joghi, jok, Joogi, Jouk, Ju-Ok, Jwok or jok.

jok

A name for god in various parts of Africa: celestial beings: spirits. In some accounts, known as jok, Juok, Juok, Jo-Uk, Joagh, Joghi, jok, Joogi, Jouk, Ju-Ok or Jwok.

Jokinam

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Jokrut

The Alur god of twins. Occasionally known as Jokrut.

Jolima

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juju

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juju house

The building in which the juju priests. Carried on their work, sometimes. Involving human sacrifice. At times, known as juju house.

juju man

A priest of black magic: a witch-doctor. It is said that these men can change into birds. Sometimes called juju man, witch-doctor, witch-doctor, medicineman or shaman.

Juko

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Juok

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Juru

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Ka Tyeleo

A creator-god of the Ivory Coast in West Africa. Sometimes known as Ka Tyeleo.

Kaang

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Kaba

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Kaba dye

The second of the 7 heavens of the Bambara, home of souls of the dead. Sometimes known as Kaba dye.

Kaba fii

The third of the 7 heavens of the Bambara, home of spirits. Also known as Kaba fii.

Kaba noro

The first of the 7 heavens of the Bambara, home of Faro. Occasionally identified as Kaba noro.

Kabundungulu

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Kagenda

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Kagingo

A name of Katonda as 'lord of life'. Referred to as Kagingo, Katonda, Katonda, Gguluddene, Lissoddene, Lugab, Namugereka, Namuginga, Nnyiniggulu, Ssebinitu or Ssewannaku.

Kaikara

A harvest-goddess of the Banyoro. Also called Kaikara.

Kaiwan

In Ethiopia, an earth-goddess, goddess of plenty. In some accounts, known as Kaiwan.

Kaizuki

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Kajati

A name of Tilo as 'self-created'. Also commonly referred to as Kajati, Tilo, Tilo, Mlengi, Nyifwa, Lesa, Mkana, Mlengavuwa, Mlezi, Msungi, Mtaski, Nyangoi or Wanthazizose.

Kaka-Guia

A bull-headed god in Guinea. He is the conductor of the souls of the dead. Also commonly called Kaka-Guia.

Kalala Ilunga

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Kalamu

A Swahili recording angel. This being records every event in the Luah. On occassion, called Kalamu, Pen or Pen.

Kaliloze

A magic rifle which fires invisible. Bullets, used by the sorcerers of Zambia. Sometimes referred to as Kaliloze.

Kalisia

A creator-god of the Pygmies, god of hunters. Sometimes referred to as Kalisia.

Kalumba

The creator-god of the Luba in Zaire. At times, identified as Kalumba.

Kalunga

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Kamba

An ancestral hero, founder of the Kamba people. Son of Murungu. In some accounts, called Kamba.

Kamonga

Second wife of Chibinda Ilunga. Occasionally called Kamonga.

Kamonu

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Kandundu

An ancestral spirit of the Ovimbundu. On occassion, identified as Kandundu.

Kangalogba

A primaeval female spirit of the tribes of Uganda. Mother of Toro. She is envisaged as a dragonfly. In some references, referred to as Kangalogba.

Kanisimbo

A Swahili ancestor. Brother of Simboumba. The eldest of the eight people who came down from heaven in a ship with Faro. Occasionally referred to as Kanisimbo.

Kanyarundi

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Kanzi

Son of the first man, Amangundu. Brother of Nangombe. Father of Mshindi. At times, referred to as Kanzi.

kapiangu

In Zaire, a charm which causes the death of a thief. Known as kapiangu.

Kapirimtiya

The site of the holes from which the ancestors of some of the people of Malawi emerged. Sometimes called Kapirimtiya.

Karadigi

A hunter. He owned 120 huge black dogs which he set on to kill the monster hippo, Mali. Referred to as Karadigi.

Karandala

An Ethiopian evil spirit. In some accounts, called Karandala.

Katari

A water-demon in the lore of the Nyamuezi tribe. Sometimes referred to as Katari.

Katonda

The creator-god of the Baga. Occasionally referred to as Katonda, Gguluddene, Gguluddene, Kagingo, Kagingo, Lissoddene, Lissoddene, Lugab, Lugab, Namugereka, Namugereka, Namuginga, Namuginga, Nnyiniggulu, Nnyiniggulu, Ssebinitu, Ssebinitu, Ssewannaku or Ssewannaku.

Katwa

A child of the first man, Kihanga. Ancestor of the pygmies. Sometimes identified as Katwa.

Kayura

A Tanzanian storm-god. Also identified as Kayura, Zulu Kayurankuba or Zulu Kayurankuba.

Kayurankuba

A Zulu storm-god. Also identified as Kayurankuba, Tanzanian Kayura or Tanzanian Kayura.

Kazikamuntu

The first man, according to the lore of the Banyarwanda. In some accounts, referred to as Kazikamuntu.

kazila

Something forbidden or taboo. In some cases, royalty may not eat pig. Women are banned from eating fish by decree of Nzambi. Also called kazila.

Kazooba

A creator-god of the Ankore people of Uganda. A name of Rugaba as sun-god. Also commonly identified as Kazooba, Nyamwezi, Nyamwezi, Rugaba, Rugaba, Mukameiguru, Tanzanian Kazyoba or Tanzanian Kazyoba.

Kazyoba

Creator-god and sun-god of the Nyamwezi people of Tanzania. Also referred to as Kazyoba, Ugandan Kazooba or Ugandan Kazooba.

Kenimbleni

A Subagi. He stole magic powders which made him immortal and enabled him to fly and to talk the language of the birds. Known as Kenimbleni.

Ketua

A god of fortune in Zaire. Also known as Ketua.

Khakaba

A name of Wele as 'the sharer'. In some accounts, called Khakaba, Wele, Wele, 'high one', Isaiwa or Isaywa.

Khambageu

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Kholumulumo

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Khonvum

The supreme god of the Pygmies. He made the first pygmies in the sky and lowered them down to earth on ropes. Sometimes referred to as Khonvum.

Khudjana

A creator-god in the Transvaal. Son of Ribimbi. He is said to have created the earth. Occasionally known as Khudjana.

Khuzwane

A creator-god of the Luvedu tribe. Also commonly called Khuzwane, Khuswane or Khuswane.

Kianda

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kibaba

A Swahili charm used against thieves. In some accounts, known as kibaba.

Kibuka

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Kibunwasi

A trickster-deity in Zanzibar. Occasionally called Kibunwasi.

Kibwebanduka

A tribal-hero in Tanzania. He led his people to their present homeland. On occassion, identified as Kibwebanduka.

Kiet

In the lore of the Nandi, the world. Order created by Asis. Sometimes identified as Kiet.

Kigare

A cattle-god of the Banyoro. In some accounts, known as Kigare.

Kigwa

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Kihanga

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Kiir

A Nuer god, guardian of the Nile. At times, known as Kiir.

Kikore

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Kilembe

A magical tree. This tree arrived on earth carried by the hero Sudika-mbambi when he was born. Occasionally identified as Kilembe, Tree of Life, Tree of Life or Grand Bois.

Kilima

A type of spirit which takes possession of humans, causing illness. In some lore, occasionally identified as Kilima, Kinyamkera or Kinyamkera.

kimbanda

A sorcerer in Angola. On occassion, referred to as kimbanda.

Kimbugwe

A guardian of the afterbirth of a king, among the Buganda. Identified as Kimbugwe.

Kimbuji

In the lore of Angola, a huge fish or crocodile. This underworld inhabitant swallowed Sudika-mbambi but was killed by his brother Kabundungulu. In some references, called Kimbuji, Kimiji or Kimiji.

Kimera

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kimpasi

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kindoki

The secret lore of the sorcerers. Occasionally known as kindoki.

Kindoki

An evil spirit of the Bakongo. Occasionally identified as Kindoki.

Kintu

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Kinyamkera

A type of evil spirit which takes. Possession of humans, causing illness. They are described as having one eye, one arm and one leg. In some references, referred to as Kinyamkera, Kilima or Kilima.

Kinyarwanda

A child of the first man, Kihanga. Brother of Kanyarundi and Katwa. Occasionally referred to as Kinyarwanda.

Kinyoka

A serpent in the underworld. This five-headed monster was killed by Sudika-mbambi when he went down to the underworld. Occasionally called Kinyoka.

kiolu

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Kipalende

The 4 servants of Sudika-Mbamba. In some accounts, referred to as Kipalende.

Kirabira

A war-god of the Baganda. Son of Mukasa. Brother of Nende and Mirimu. On occassion, known as Kirabira.

kirimu

A spirit or soul of the Nande. Referred to as kirimu.

kishi

A Kimbundu evil spirit. This being has a two-faced head, one human, one hyena. Sometimes identified as kishi.

kisimbi

A Bakongo spirit which causes illness. These beings cannot be seen because they are made of water. In some accounts, referred to as kisimbi, bisimbi, bisimbi, Water Girl, Water Girl, Water Nymph, Water Nymph, plurbisimbi or plurbisimbi.

kisirani

In the lore of the Swahili, one who brings bad luck. Sometimes called kisirani.

Kitamba

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Koito

An Ethiopian feast to propitiate the spirit of lightning. In some references, called Koito.

Koki

In the lore of the Hausa, a praying mantis. Wife of Gizo. Wife of Spider, some say. Sometimes known as Koki.

Koko

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Kola

Son of the Sacred White Cow. His grandson, Ukwa, is regarded as the ancestor of the Shilluk people of the Sudan. Occasionally called Kola.

Kolelo

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Koleo

A Tanzanian snake-god. Sometimes known as Koleo.

Kolio

A Ewe war-god. At times, identified as Kolio.

kollo

Ethiopian spirits of the mountains, trees and springs. These spirits appear in the form of four-horned cockerels or as tall, onelegged beings. Also commonly referred to as kollo, qollo or qollo.

Kom

A stool or throne. In the lore of the Alur this is one of the four attributes of the king. In some accounts, referred to as Kom.

koma

Swahili spirits which live on after death. Sometimes called koma, nkoma, nkoma or Swahili koma.

Konde

Son of Nkuba and Chinawezi. Brother and husband of Nawezi. Also commonly identified as Konde.

Korongo

A Mali sorcerer from whom Kenimbleni. Stole magic powders. Occasionally referred to as Korongo.

Kube

A name of Mulungu as 'all-embracing'. Called Kube, Mulungu, Mulungu, Mtanga, Mumbere, Mungu, Likubala, Lima, Limi or Murungu.

kuchi

In the lore of the Nupe, a spiritual. Force. Occasionally referred to as kuchi.

Kunde

A hunter-god of the Ewe in Ghana. Occasionally identified as Kunde.

Kungwa

The supreme god of the Kannuku of Nigeria. In some references, called Kungwa.

Kunu

A supreme god in Sierra Leone. Also called Kunu.

Kuri

A Housa spirit which causes paralysis. In some accounts, identified as Kuri, Yandu, Yandu, Yerro or Yerro.

Kurumasaba

A supreme god in Sierra Leone. In some accounts, referred to as Kurumasaba.

kurusi

In the lore of the Swahili, the throne of the creator-god shielded by the canopy, Arishi. Occasionally called kurusi.

kuti

In the lore of the Nupe, a spiritual. Force. Occasionally identified as kuti.

Kuzimu

The Swahili underworld. It is said that the movements of ghosts in this realm cause earthquakes. In some references, referred to as Kuzimu.

Kwaku Ananse

The spider-god of the Ashanti. In some accounts, referred to as Kwaku Ananse, Yoruba Anansi, Yoruba Anansi or Gizo.

Kwammang-a

A rainbow deity. Sometimes known as Kwammang-a.

Kworrom

A Housa spirit who trips up those who pass his home under the roots of a tree. Also commonly known as Kworrom.

Kwoth

The creator-god of the Nuer people of the Sudan. In some references, known as Kwoth, Tutgar or Tutgar.

Kyala

A supreme god of the Ngonde people. At times, called Kyala.

Kyumbe

A creator god of the Zaramo people of Tanzania. At times, known as Kyumbe.

Labama

Daughter of Nchienge. Sister and wife of Woto. In some references, referred to as Labama.

Ladhaa

In the lore of the Swahili, the second. Floor of hell reserved for misers who are forced to drink the blood of their victims. In some accounts, called Ladhaa.

Lagarre

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Lamurudu

A king of Mecca. Father of Oduduwa. Also known as Lamurudu.

latedo

A priest of the Acholi. In some accounts, called latedo.

latedo koot

A priest of the Acholi who ensures. Rain. Known as latedo koot.

latedo tiim

A priest of the Acholi who ensures. Good hunting. Also commonly identified as latedo tiim.

Le-eyo

An ancestor of the Masai. On occassion, identified as Le-eyo.

Lebe Serou

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Legba

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Lenga

Sister of Lunga. Wife of Nsassi. Also called Lenga, Nsassi, Nsassi or Lunga.

Leve

A name of Ngewo as 'the one high up'. In some accounts, referred to as Leve, Ngewo, Ngewo or Ngewowa.

Leza

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Li

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Lianja

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Libanza

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Likinda

Son of Lianja and Ntsongo. Husband of Boale. His daughter was Ntsongo reborn. Sometimes known as Likinda.

Likubala

A name of Mulungu as 'the counter of steps'. Also commonly identified as Likubala, Mulungu, Mulungu, Mtanga, Mumbere, Mungu, Kube, Lima, Limi or Murungu.

Likundu

The Bangala god of evil; The devil. Also known as Likundu, Ekundu, Ekundu, Ikundu, Ikundu, Ndoki or Ndoki.

Limi

A name of Mulungu as the sun. Occasionally referred to as Limi, Lima, Lima, Mulungu, Mulungu, Mulungu, Mtanga, Mumbere, Mungu, Kube, Likubala or Murungu.

Linkalankala

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Liongo

A Swahili hero. Son of Mbwasho. He was a poet, a giant who could not be wounded. Referred to as Liongo.

Lisa

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Lissoddene

A name of Katonda as 'big-eye'. Occasionally known as Lissoddene, Katonda, Katonda, Gguluddene, Kagingo, Lugab, Namugereka, Namuginga, Nnyiniggulu, Ssebinitu or Ssewannaku.

Loba

A sun-god of the Duala tribe. In some accounts, called Loba, Iruva, Iruva, Iruwa, Iyuva, Izuwa, Luba, Lyuba, L(y)uba or 'sun'.

Loko

The Fon god of trees. Brother of Ayaba. In some references, known as Loko.

Loma

A supreme god of the Bongo. People of the Sudan. In some references, referred to as Loma.

Lomo

A Ngbandi goddess of peace. Also commonly known as Lomo.

Long Juju

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Longar

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Lonkundo

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Lontsingo

In the lore of Zaire, a fly who flew to heaven with the sunbird Nkombe to bring back the sun. Sometimes called Lontsingo.

Lord of the Sky

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Lova

A supreme god in Cameroon. Also commonly known as Lova, Love or Love.

Lowe

A cave. This cave, in the centre of Botswana, was the home of Tauetona, the first man. Also referred to as Lowe.

Luah

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Lubanga

A god of good health of the Bunyoro. People. Occasionally called Lubanga.

Lubangala

A rainbow-god of the Bakongo people. Sometimes called Lubangala, Rainbow, Rainbow, Ix Chel, Rainbow Monster, Rainbow Monster, Rainbow (Monster) or Rainbow (Monster).

Lube

A god of Sao Tome. Sometimes known as Lube.

Luchyele

A name adopted by Leza when he came down to earth. Known as Luchyele, Leza, Leza, Lesa, Lumumba, Reza, Rezha, Rez(h)a or Fon Lisa.

Lueji

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Lufu

A god of death. He owns herds of cattle which are tended by the dead. Occasionally called Lufu, Lirifu or Lirifu.

Lugaba

A name of Katonda as 'he who gives'. Also identified as Lugaba.

Lumbu

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Lunga

Sister of Lenga. Wife of Nsassi. Sometimes called Lunga, Nsassi, Nsassi or Lenga.

Lyambilo

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Lyangombe

A principal god in the Congo. Identified as Lyangombe.

Ma Kiela

A goddess of the Bakongo, a deified mortal. She is regarded as the queen of those women who have been killed with a knife. In some lore, occasionally identified as Ma Kiela.

Macardit

A Dinka deity of ill-fortune. Sometimes identified as Macardit.

Madlebe

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magba

Priests of Shango. Sometimes called magba.

Maghegh

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Magombe

The realm of the dead in the lore of some Ugandan tribes. In some lore, occasionally known as Magombe.

Mahalbiya

A Hausa spirit which causes sores. In some lore, occasionally called Mahalbiya.

Mahrem

A war-god in Ethiopia. Called Mahrem.

Mahungu

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Mai-Gangaddi

A Hausa spirit which causes. Sleeping sickness. Also referred to as Mai-Gangaddi.

Mai-ja-Chikki

A Hausa spirit which causes the evil eye. Sometimes known as Mai-ja-Chikki, Dakaki, Dakaki or Mai-ja-chikki.

Maina

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maiya

A Hausa warlock. Sometimes known as maiya.

Majibu

A sorcerer to King Nkogolo. He was given the boy Kalala Ilunga to raise and taught him to be a fine runner and dancer. Also identified as Majibu.

Majok

Among the Dinka, a sacred ox. Sometimes referred to as Majok.

Maka

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Makeri

A Hausa spirit causing occupational. Ailments in smiths. Occasionally identified as Makeri.

Makishi

Man-eating monsters in Angola. Occasionally identified as Makishi.

Maklandjalu

A supreme god of the south-eastern. Coastal regions. In some accounts, identified as Maklandjalu.

Malaika

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Malandela

A Zulu hero. Father of Ntombela. He led his people to their present homeland. Identified as Malandela.

Malava

A legendary ancestor of the Vugusu of Kenya. In some references, identified as Malava, Umngoma or Umngoma.

Mali

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Malika Habashiya

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Malombo

Sacred snakes in Mozambique which are said to act as oracles. On occassion, called Malombo.

Maluth

An Ethiopian spirit. In some accounts, referred to as Maluth.

Mamadi

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Mamlambo

A Zulu river-goddess, goddess of beer-makers. Occasionally known as Mamlambo.

Mandwa

A Baganda spirit substituting for Mukasa in the blood-drinking. Ceremony. In some references, called Mandwa.

Manema Mairwa

Husband of Nambubi. Father of Mukasa. Also identified as Manema Mairwa, Wanema, Wanema or Musisi.

mangabala bana

In the lore of the Congo, these flying. Spirits have only one leg each. On occassion, referred to as mangabala bana.

mangu

Zande witchcraft. Referred to as mangu.

Manikongo

The supreme god of the Teke people of the Congo. In some lore, occasionally known as Manikongo, Bakongo or Bakongo.

Mantis

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Maori

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Mapico

A ceremonial mask used in Mozambique to expel devils. At times, referred to as Mapico.

Marain Jagu

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Marwe

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masabo

A ghost-house. Sometimes referred to as masabo.

Masai

Founder of the Masai people. Son of Murungu. Also commonly identified as Masai.

Masaki

A Hausa spirit causing occupational. Ailments in weavers. In some references, identified as Masaki.

Mashira

A Burundi sage who advised. Kanyarundi to have a sword made and to kill the serpent living in a cave. On occassion, known as Mashira.

Mashongavudzu

First wife of Mwari. At times, known as Mashongavudzu.

Masilo

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Masilonyane

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Massassi

The first woman in the lore of the Makoni. The morning star. She was created by Maori and mated with Mwuetsi to produce vegetation. Occasionally called Massassi.

Massin Biambe

A creator-god of the Mundang. This deity created the primaeval beings, Mebeli and Phebele, progenitors of mankind. At times, called Massin Biambe.

Mateba

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Matong

A boy whose only possession was a bull. This animal protected Matong and even fought lions for him. On occassion, called Matong.

Matu

Mother of Efé. Sometimes called Matu.

Mauli

The supreme spirit of the Shona. People. Also called Mauli.

Maweja

A supreme god in the Congo. In some accounts, called Maweja.

Mawu

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Mawu-Lisa

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maye

A Hausa sorcerer. Also commonly known as maye.

Mbale

A fertility-deity of the Baganda. Occasionally called Mbale, Mebeli or Mebeli.

mbari

A temple of Ala. Occasionally called mbari.

Mbasi

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Mbatsav

Spirits of the Tiv ancestors. These spirits are said to travel on birds and sometimes appear as birds or animals. In some references, referred to as Mbatsav.

Mbega

A hero of the Shambala. Father of Buge. Occasionally called Mbega.

Mbere

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Mbidi Kiluwe

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mbidla

A diviner in Cameroon. Also commonly identified as mbidla.

mbolom

Cameroon mountain spirits. Also referred to as mbolom.

Mbomba

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Mbombe

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Mbongo

A river-god in Zaire. He is regarded as the creator of all the black tribes. Occasionally identified as Mbongo.

Mbori

Supreme god of the Azande people of Zaire. In some references, referred to as Mbori.

Mbotombo

An ape-headed creator-god in the Ivory. Coast area. At times, called Mbotombo, Mbotumbo or Mbotumbo.

Mbulu-Mbembe

A water-monster. On occassion, called Mbulu-Mbembe.

Mbumba Luangu

The rainbow. In the Congo, the rainbow is said to be a reflection of this snake as it rises from the water. At times, called Mbumba Luangu, Rainbow Snake, Rainbow Snake, Dan Ayido Hwedo, Great Rainbow Snake, Kunmanggur, rainbow, Rainbow Serpent, snake, Yurlungur, Great Father or Dji.

Mbuya

A name for the female aspect of Mwari. On occassion, referred to as Mbuya, Grandmother, Grandmother, Ma-tsu-p'o, Toci, Mwari, Mwari, Mwali, Dzivaguru, Musikavanhu, Mutangakugara or Nyadenga.

Mbwasho

Mother of Liongo. On occassion, identified as Mbwasho.

mchawi

An East African sorcerer. Occasionally known as mchawi.

Mebege

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Mebeli

The primaeval female created by Massim Biambe. She mated with the primaeval male, Phebele, to produce the human race. Also commonly identified as Mebeli, Mbale or Mbale.

Meder

An Ethiopian earth-deity. Identified as Meder.

Membe

An ancestor of the Lugbara people. Also known as Membe.

Mengi

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Mezzoramia

A mythical oasis, site of perfect. Happiness. Also commonly referred to as Mezzoramia.

mfumu-kutu

The soul, in the lore of the Bakongo. In some accounts, identified as mfumu-kutu.

Mfuzi

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mganga

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mgonzi

A Tanzanian magician. Sometimes referred to as mgonzi, Bakongo ndoki, Bakongo ndoki, mganga, nganga, Bantu nganga, Bantu nganga, ndoki, Swahili mganga, Swahili mganga or nganga.

mhondoro

A god or spirit communicating. Through a medium. Occasionally known as mhondoro.

Minepa

A god of evil in Zambia. Sometimes referred to as Minepa.

mingehe

Spirits of the Lele which live in the forest. Occasionally referred to as mingehe.

Minia

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Minona

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Mirimu

A war-god of the Buganda. Son of Musaka. Brother of Kirabura and Nende. Sometimes referred to as Mirimu.

Miseke

A maiden who married the thundergod of the Banyarwanda. At times, referred to as Miseke.

Mitsotsozini

In Potono lore, the first man. In other versions, Vere was the first man and he was shown how to make fire by Mitsotsozini. Sometimes called Mitsotsozini.

mizimu

Ancestral spirits of the Swahili. Occasionally referred to as mizimu.

Mkana Nyifwa

A name of Tilo as 'eternal'. Sometimes called Mkana Nyifwa.

Mkulumncande

A creator-god of the Swazi people. Also identified as Mkulumncande, Great First One or Great First One.

Mlangeri

The family of the Swazi king who is a descendant of the sun. In some accounts, called Mlangeri, People of the Sun or People of the Sun.

Mlengavuwa

A name of Tilo as 'maker of rain'. On occassion, identified as Mlengavuwa, Tilo, Tilo, Mlengi, Nyifwa, Kajati, Lesa, Mkana, Mlezi, Msungi, Mtaski, Nyangoi or Wanthazizose.

Mlentengamunye

A messenger god of the Swazi people. Also identified as Mlentengamunye.

Mlezi

A name of Tilo as 'giver of food'. Sometimes called Mlezi, Tilo, Tilo, Mlengi, Nyifwa, Kajati, Lesa, Mkana, Mlengavuwa, Msungi, Mtaski, Nyangoi or Wanthazizose.

mlungu

In Tanzania, a high god. Called mlungu, chohile or chohile.

mmoatia

Dwarf sorcerers or forest spirits of the Ashanti. Also called mmoatia, Brazil saci, Brazil saci, apuku, ijimere, Dahomey azizan, Dahomey azizan, saci, Surinam apuku, Surinam apuku, azizan, Yoruba ijimere or Yoruba ijimere.

Modimo

A creator-god of the Tswana. People. Sometimes known as Modimo.

Moelo

Founder of the Bushongo. Son of Bomazi. Twin of Woto. In some references, known as Moelo.

Mokele

The first man in the lore of Zaire. Son of Wai. Father of Lonkundo. In some accounts, called Mokele.

Mokele-Mbembe

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Molimo

The supreme god of the Basuto. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Molimo, Morimo or Morimo.

moloki

A sorcerer among the Bangala. Occasionally known as moloki.

Mombo Wa Ndhlopfu

An ancestral god in Mozambique. He sometimes appears as a snake. Also identified as Mombo Wa Ndhlopfu.

Mondoro

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Moombi

A creator-goddess of the Kikuyu. Wife of Pikuyu. She bore the nine daughters who became the founders of the nine clans. In some references, known as Moombi, Mumbi or Mumbi.

Moon-chief

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Morongo

The evening star of the Makoni. She was a woman, created by Maori, who mated with Mwetsi to produce animals and human beings. Called Morongo.

Moshanyana

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Motlaba Basetsana

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Motu

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Mount Kenya

The home of Murungu. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Mount Kenya, Kere Nyaga or Kere Nyaga.

Moyna

A hero of the Dogon. He is said to have invented the bullroarer. Also commonly known as Moyna.

moyo

The spirit of the individual, in the lore of the Bakongo. Sometimes referred to as moyo.

Mpumuti Muchuni

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Mshindi

Son of Kanzi. Occasionally known as Mshindi.

Msungi

A name of Tilo as 'he who sustains'. In some lore, occasionally identified as Msungi, Tilo, Tilo, Mlengi, Nyifwa, Kajati, Lesa, Mkana, Mlengavuwa, Mlezi, Mtaski, Nyangoi or Wanthazizose.

Mtaski

A name of Tilo as 'saviour'. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Mtaski, Tilo, Tilo, Mlengi, Nyifwa, Kajati, Lesa, Mkana, Mlengavuwa, Mlezi, Msungi, Nyangoi or Wanthazizose.

Muali

A celestial deity of the Shona people. Also commonly referred to as Muali.

Mugasa

A sky-god of the Pygmies. Sometimes known as Mugasa, Mugu or Mugu.

Mugizi

A Bunyoro god of Lake Albert. In some accounts, called Mugizi, Muguzi or Muguzi.

Muhingo

A war-god of the Bunyoro people. Sometimes known as Muhingo.

Muhongo

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Mujaji

A rain-goddess in the Transvaal. She lived in the Drakensberg Mountains and protected her people, the Lovedu, from the Zulus. At times, called Mujaji, Modjadji, Modjadji, Rain Queen or Rain Queen.

Mukakagenda

A female drum which, together with the male drum Kagenda, was given. As a wedding present to Kanyarundi. By his father Kihanga. On occassion, referred to as Mukakagenda.

Mukameiguru

A name of Rugaba as 'ruler of the sky'. In some references, identified as Mukameiguru, Rugaba, Rugaba or Kazooba.

Mukasa

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mukulu

A Bakongo spirit of an ancestor living. Under water. In some lore, occasionally known as mukulu, bakula, bakula, plurbakulu or plurbakulu.

Mukulu Ijulu

A Swahili name for god. At times, referred to as Mukulu Ijulu.

Mukunga M'bura

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Mukuru

The sky-god of the Herero. Known as Mukuru.

Mulengi

A name of Chiuta as 'creator'. Also called Mulengi, Chiuta, Chiuta, Mwenco or Wamtatakuya.

Mulindwa

A tribal guardian goddess of the Bunyoro royal family. Sometimes known as Mulindwa.

mulogo

A warlock among the Ganda. Sometimes identified as mulogo.

Mulopo

A name for a god in the Congo. Also called Mulopo.

muloyi

A Nande sorcerer. In some references, referred to as muloyi, muloi or muloi.

Muluku

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Mulungu

Creator-god and sky-god of the Nyamwezi. Sometimes referred to as Mulungu, Asa, Asa, Mumbi, Mwatuangi, Murungu, Murungu, Mulungu, Mulungu or Muluku.

Mumbi

A name of Asa as 'shaper'. Also known as Mumbi, Asa, Asa, Mulungu, Mwatuangi, Moombi, Moombi or Mumbi.

Muntu Walunga

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Munume

A weather-god of the Bunyoro. People. On occassion, identified as Munume.

Mupe

A legendary ancestor of the Bambuti. Husband of Uti. Referred to as Mupe.

Murile

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murozi

A Burundi sorcerer. Occasionally known as murozi.

Murungu

A supreme god of many Kikuyu tribes. Father of Gikuyu, Kamba and Masai. Sometimes called Murungu, Mulungu, Mulungu, Mtanga, Mumbere, Mungu, Kube, Likubala, Lima, Limi, Mulungu, Mulungu, Muluku or Muluku.

Musa

A spirit of the hunt in the lore of the Songhay people. In some accounts, referred to as Musa.

Musa Nyame

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musendabuzimu

A root-drink used to wash out the mouth after dreams of boreboding. Also identified as musendabuzimu.

Musikavanhu

A supreme god in Tanzania. A name of Mwari as creator. In some lore, occasionally identified as Musikavanhu, Mwari, Mwari, Mwali, Dzivaguru, Mbuya, Mutangakugara or Nyadenga.

Musisi

A god of earthquakes and messengergod of the Ndonga people. Son of Kalunga. In some accounts, identified as Musisi, Wanema, Wanema or Manema Mairwa.

Musoke

A rainbow-god of the Bambara. Sometimes identified as Musoke.

Musso-koroni

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Mutaga

Son of Mwezi. Husband of Inabizoza. Father of Mwambudza. Sometimes known as Mutaga.

mutameli

One appointed as a guardian of a graveyard among the Tsonga. Sometimes known as mutameli.

Mutangakugara

A name for Mwari as 'eternal'. Occasionally known as Mutangakugara, Mwari, Mwari, Mwali, Dzivaguru, Mbuya, Musikavanhu or Nyadenga.

Muti Mpungu

In the lore of the Bakongo, the tree which split the androgynous being. Mahungu into man, Lumbu, and woman, Muzita. Called Muti Mpungu.

Muy

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Muzita

In the lore of the Bakongo, the tree. Muti Mpungu split the androgynous. Being Mahungu into man, Lumbu, and woman, Muzita. Occasionally called Muzita.

mwaguzi

A Swahili diviner. Occasionally known as mwaguzi.

Mwambu

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Mwambudza

Son of Mutaga and Inabizoza. Father of Intare. Also called Mwambudza.

Mwari

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Mwatuangi

A name of Asa as 'distributor'. At times, referred to as Mwatuangi, Asa, Asa, Mulungu or Mumbi.

Mweel

Daughter of Mbomba. Sister and wife of Woot. Mother of Nyimi Lele. Sometimes referred to as Mweel.

Mwenco

A name of Chiuta as 'owner of all things'. In some references, identified as Mwenco, Chiuta, Chiuta, Mulengi or Wamtatakuya.

Mwenembago

In the lore of Tanzania, a man deified. As lord of the forest. Sometimes known as Mwenembago.

Mwesi

Son of Intare and Inaruchaba. Father of Mutaga. In some lore, occasionally known as Mwesi.

Mwuetsi

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Na Ngutu

A Bakongo god of the dead. Occasionally identified as Na Ngutu.

Nabende

A supreme god in Uganda. Sometimes called Nabende.

Naete

A sea-deity of the Fon. Twin sister of Agbe. Mother of Afrikete. In some references, identified as Naete.

Nagadya

A goddess of the Baganda. Mother of Kibuku, some say. Also commonly referred to as Nagadya.

Nagawonyi

A hunger-goddess of the Baganda. Occasionally known as Nagawonyi.

Nai

An ocean-god of the Gan people. Father of Ashiakle. In some references, referred to as Nai.

Nailele

Wife of Nyame. Also commonly identified as Nailele.

Nakwube

A supreme god in Kenya. Occasionally identified as Nakwube.

Nambalisita

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Nambi

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Nambubi

Wife of Manema Mairwa. Mother of Mukasa. Sometimes referred to as Nambubi.

Namugereka

A name of Katonda as 'apportioner'. Occasionally known as Namugereka, Katonda, Katonda, Gguluddene, Kagingo, Lissoddene, Lugab, Namuginga, Nnyiniggulu, Ssebinitu or Ssewannaku.

Namuginga

A name of Katonda as 'shaper'. Sometimes referred to as Namuginga, Katonda, Katonda, Gguluddene, Kagingo, Lissoddene, Lugab, Namugereka, Nnyiniggulu, Ssebinitu or Ssewannaku.

Nana

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Nana Buluku

The creator in the lore of the Fon. This deity was an androgynous being who begot Mawu-Lisa. On occassion, identified as Nana Buluku, Nana Buruku or Nana Buruku.

Nana Mirian

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Nana Nyankopon

A name of Nyame as 'the great one'. Sometimes known as Nana Nyankopon.

Nandi Bear

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Nangombe

Son of Amangundu the first man. Brother of Kanzi. Occasionally identified as Nangombe.

Nawezi

Daughter of Nkuba and Chinawezi. Sister and wife of Konde. Also commonly known as Nawezi.

Nchienge

In the lore of the Bakuba, the first woman. Mother of Labama and Woto. Sometimes identified as Nchienge, Woman of the Waters or Woman of the Waters.

Ndagijimana

A name of Imana as 'protector'. Occasionally identified as Ndagijimana, Imana, Imana, Bigirimana, Habyarimana, Hashakimana or Hategekimana.

Ndaula

Son of Simbu and Nyina Mweru. He accidentally killed the king, his grandfather. Also called Ndaula.

Ndema

In the lore of the Igbo, evil spirits of ancestors. At times, called Ndema.

Ndjambi

A sky-god of the Herero people. At times, referred to as Ndjambi.

ndogbojusui

Evil spirits of the Mende, appearing. As old men. Known as ndogbojusui.

ndoki

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Ndorombwike

A supreme god of the Ngonde. Also called Ndorombwike.

Ndosimau

In one version of the Bakongo creation. Story, the first man, made by Nzambi. Occasionally identified as Ndosimau, Mahungu or Mahungu.

ndozi

A Shaba sorcerer. Also identified as ndozi.

Ndriananahary

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Nduli Mtwaa-roho

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Ndundu

An old woman in charge of the Kimpasi ritual. In some references, known as Ndundu, Ngwa or Ngwa.

Ndwanga

A python-woman. Wife of Mukasa. Sometimes called Ndwanga.

nechombo

A priest of Korekore. In some lore, occasionally referred to as nechombo.

nelago

A woman used as an intermediary. By Kalunga. Also called nelago.

Nenaunu

A Masai storm-demon. On occassion, known as Nenaunu.

Nende

A war-god of the Baganda. Son of Mukasa. Brother of Kirabira and Mirimu. Also referred to as Nende.

Nesshoue

A river-god in Benin. Also commonly known as Nesshoue.

Nesu

A god of the Fon. His function is to uphold royalty and protect tribal chieftains. In some accounts, identified as Nesu.

Nesu-we

A temple dedicated to Nesu. Sometimes identified as Nesu-we.

Ngaan

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Ngai

A supreme deity of the Masai. Also referred to as Ngai, En-kai, En-kai, Ngai, Emayian, Kamba Engai or Parsai.

Ngala

The Bambara name for Pemba. Also commonly identified as Ngala, Pemba, Pemba, Femba, Great Thing, Faro[sup]1, 2[/sup], 'god', 'god' or Abassi.

ngama

A witch-doctor in the Congo. Also called ngama.

Ngamu

A mask used in the rites of secret societies. Sometimes called Ngamu, Loo Seng or Loo Seng.

Nganamba

King of Jerra. Father of Gassire. Occasionally identified as Nganamba.

nganga

Bantu witch-doctors who can capture night-flying spirits. Also known as nganga.

Ngeketo

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Ngewo

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Ngi

The gorilla. Son of Zamba. Brother of Nkokn, Otkut and Wo. Zamba allowed his four sons to make human beings and Ngi made the strong. On occassion, referred to as Ngi.

Ngo

A caterpillar, a form of the Bushman. God, Kaang. Sometimes referred to as Ngo, Kaang, Kaang, Cagn, Cang, I Kaggen, Kaggen, Kang, Kho, Kho Thora, Thora, (I) Kaggen or Kho (Thora).

Ngolimeno

In the lore of the Ewe, a spirit. This is the spirit to which unborn children must pay a visit to determine their fortune. Sometimes called Ngolimeno.

Ngoma

In the lore of the Kikuyu, the spirit of the individual which becomes a ghost when that person dies. Also commonly called Ngoma.

Ngulaki

Spirits of the Kakwa people of Sudan. Occasionally referred to as Ngulaki, Ngunloki, Ngunloki, Nguloki or Nguloki.

Nguleso

A supreme god of the Kakwa people of Sudan. Also identified as Nguleso.

nguneme

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ngunuwo

Protective gods of the Hua people. Also called ngunuwo, nguno-wo or nguno-wo.

Ngunzu

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Ngworekara

A god of death. Sometimes identified as Ngworekara.

Nhialio

A supreme god of the Dinka. Also commonly known as Nhialio.

Niamye

A creator-god of the Ivory Coast. In some references, called Niamye.

night witches

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Nimba

An earth-goddess in Guinea. On occassion, referred to as Nimba.

Ninimina

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Njambi

The creator-god of the Lele. Also identified as Njambi, Jambe, Jambe, Jambi, Jambi, Akan Nyame, Akan Nyame, Nzambi, Bakongo Nzambi, Bakongo Nzambi or Nyame.

Njinyi

The creator-god of the Bamum. Sometimes called Njinyi, Njinji, Njinji, Njinya, Njinya, Nrui, Nrui, Nruwi, Nruwi, Nru(w)i or Nru(w)i.

Njuzu

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Nkisi

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nkisi

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nkita

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Nkokn

A mantis. Son of Zamba. Brother of Ngi, Otkut and Wo. Zamba allowed his four sons to make human beings and Nkokn made the wise. Also commonly referred to as Nkokn, Nkokon or Nkokon.

nkoma

Among the Meru, spirits living on after death. Sometimes called nkoma, koma, koma, Swahili koma or Swahili koma.

Nkombe

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Nkondi

In the lore of the Kikongo, a charm which causes stolen property to be returned to its owner: a fetish. At times, referred to as Nkondi.

Nkongolo

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Nkuba

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Nkulu

A fertility-deity of the Baganda. Sometimes referred to as Nkulu.

Nkulunkulu

A creator-god of the Ndebele. Also known as Nkulunkulu, Zulu Unkulunkulu or Zulu Unkulunkulu.

Nnyiniggulu

A name of Katonda as 'lord of heaven'. Sometimes called Nnyiniggulu, Katonda, Katonda, Gguluddene, Kagingo, Lissoddene, Lugab, Namugereka, Namuginga, Ssebinitu or Ssewannaku.

Nosenga

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nsamanfo

Ancestral spirits of the Ashanti. Also identified as nsamanfo.

Nsassi

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Ntangaire

A Tanzanian giant. He was swallowed by Ryangombe but managed to escape by cutting open Ryangombe's stomach, killing him in the process. Occasionally called Ntangaire, Ntubugezi or Ntubugezi.

Ntikuma

An Ashanti trickster. Son of Anansi. In the New World, this character is known as Tacuma. At times, known as Ntikuma.

Ntombela

Founder of the Zulus. Son of Malandela. In some accounts, identified as Ntombela.

ntoro

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Ntsongo

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Ntsongo and Lianja

The epic story of these twins. Occasionally referred to as Ntsongo and Lianja.

Ntubugezi

A Tanzanian giant. To satisfy his voracious appetite, Ryangombe coerced Ntubugezi into giving him eleven oxen which he sat down and ate immediately. On occassion, called Ntubugezi, Ntangaire or Ntangaire.

nudida

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Nummo

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Nundu

A man-eating monster of the Bantu. This monster is said to be invisible but is described as some form of dragon or huge lion. Occasionally called Nundu.

Nyaamanekose

A name of Nyame as 'he who comforts'. At times, known as Nyaamanekose, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amosu, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Nyadenga

A name for Mwari as a sky-god. Sometimes referred to as Nyadenga, Mwari, Mwari, Mwali, Dzivaguru, Mbuya, Musikavanhu or Mutangakugara.

Nyakalaga

A name of Were as 'ancient'. Also known as Nyakalaga, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Jalweny, Janen, Jan'gwono, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Nyakang

A fertility-god of the Shilluk. All kings of this Sudanese tribe are said to be reincarnations of Nyakang. Also called Nyakang.

Nyakaya

A crocodile-goddess in the Sudan. Wife of Okwa. Mother of Nyikang. In some references, identified as Nyakaya.

Nyakhaleng

Sister of Sunjata. She is said to have discovered the secret of Sumanguru's magic powers enabling her brother to kill the tyrant. Occasionally called Nyakhaleng.

Nyali

A creator-god of the Banyai. In some accounts, known as Nyali, Nwali, Nwali, Ashanti Nyame or Ashanti Nyame.

Nyambe

A name for god in many parts of Africa. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Nyambe, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amosu, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali, Lele Njambi, Nzambi, Nzambi, Bambi, Bumba, Nyam, Nyama, Nyambe, Nzambe, Yambe, Zambi, Bumba, Chemba, Nyam(a), Nzam(b)e, Akan Nyame, Ghana Ataa Naa Nyongmo or Ma Bumba.

Nyame

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Nyamia

A supreme god in Guinea. Also referred to as Nyamia.

Nyangoi

A name of Tilo as 'the everlasting one'. Known as Nyangoi, Tilo, Tilo, Mlengi, Nyifwa, Kajati, Lesa, Mkana, Mlengavuwa, Mlezi, Msungi, Mtaski or Wanthazizose.

Nyauhwe Ananu

A deity in Dahomey, ruler of the earth. Twin sister of Dad Zodji. Mother of Suvinenge. Occasionally known as Nyauhwe Ananu.

Nyavirezi

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Nyavirungu

Daughter of Vigara and Nyavirezi. Also commonly called Nyavirungu.

Nyengebule

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Nyikang

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Nyimi Lele

An ancestral hero of the Lele people. Son of Woot and Mweel. At times, identified as Nyimi Lele.

Nyina Mweru

A Banyoro princess. A stranger, Simbu, made her pregnant and then disappeared. Her son, Nduala, accidentally killed the king, his grandfather. Sometimes called Nyina Mweru.

Nyiragongo

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Nymo

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nymphs

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Nzambi

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Nzapa

A creator-god of the Ngbandi. His four sons are said to be palm-trees. Also commonly identified as Nzapa.

Nze

A moon-god and fertility-god of the Ngbandi people. Son of Ketua and Lomo. In some accounts, identified as Nze.

Nzuadia

A hero of the Mbundu. Father of Kabundungulu and Sudika-Mbambe. He married the daughter of the skygod and fathered twins. Occasionally referred to as Nzuadia, Nzua Dia Kimanaweze or Nzua Dia Kimanaweze.

Oba Do

Mother of Osun. Identified as Oba Do.

Oba Jumu

Father of Osun. On occassion, referred to as Oba Jumu.

Obang

A supreme god in Cameroon. Also known as Obang.

Obassi

A supreme deity of some tribes of Nigeria. In some references, known as Obassi.

Obatala

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obe

The familiar of Basuto witches in the form of a huge animal. In some references, known as obe, Obeah, Obeah, obi or obeah.

Obe Ohe

A king of the Yoruba. A devotee of Olokun. Sometimes identified as Obe Ohe.

Obeah

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obi

A sorcerer. In some accounts, called obi, Obeah, Obeah, obe or obeah.

Obosum

An Ashanti god. A name for a group of lesser gods. Identified as Obosum, Obosom, Obosom, plurAbasum, plurAbasum, Dahomey Vodun, Dahomey Vodun, Alose, Nkisi, Ibo Alose, Ibo Alose, Nkisi, Orisha, Vodun, Congo Nkisi, Congo Nkisi, Vodun, Yoruba Orisha, Yoruba Orisha, Nkisi or Vodun.

ociband

An Ovimbundu witch-doctor or diviner. Known as ociband.

ocililomba

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ocilulu

A ghost. The Ovimbundu say that the soul leaves the body at death and becomes an ocilulu. Occasionally called ocilulu.

Oda

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Oduduwa

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ody andoha

In Malagasy, a charm which protects. The wearer from headaches. In some lore, occasionally called ody andoha.

ody basy

In Malagasy, a charm which protects. The wearer from bullets. Called ody basy.

ody tandroka

In Malagasy, a charm which protects. The wearer from bulls. At times, called ody tandroka.

Ofoe

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Ogbu-ghu

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Ogo

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Ogun

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Oguwu

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Ohe

A supreme god of the Egede in Nigeria. Sometimes known as Ohe.

Oi

An East African god of sickness. Also commonly identified as Oi.

oiik

Ancestral spirits of the Nandi people; Demons causing sickness. At times, called oiik.

ojiji

In the lore of the Yoruba, a spirit. Each person is said to have three spirits; the ojiji follows the owner like a shadow. On occassion, called ojiji.

Oko

A Yoruba god of agriculture. Son of Aganju and Yemoja. Sometimes identified as Oko.

okpomfo

A priest in the Gold Coast. Called okpomfo, komfo, komfo or okomfo.

okra

The soul, in the lore of the Ashanti. At times, identified as okra, South American 'kra or South American 'kra.

Okwa

Son of Omara and Diang. Husband of Nyakaya. Father of Nyikang. Also identified as Okwa.

Olodumare

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Olofin-Orun

A name of Olorun as 'lord of heaven'. In some accounts, identified as Olofin-Orun, Olorun, Olorun, Ol-orun, Olodumare, Alaaye, Eledaa, Elemii, Olojo Oni, Orishanla or 'owner'.

Olojo Oni

A name of Oldumare or Olorun as 'he who owns the day'. Sometimes identified as Olojo Oni, Olodumare, Olodumare, Olorun, Alaaye, Eledaa or Elemii.

Olokun

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Olorun

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Omara

The first man in the lore of the Shilluk. People of the Sudan. Consort of Diang. In some accounts, called Omara.

Omolu

A Yoruban earth-deity. Son of Obaluwaye and Nana. This deity is worshipped under the same name in the New World. Occasionally called Omolu, Omulu or Omulu.

omuli

A female Nande sorcerer. At times, called omuli, avali, avali, pluravali or pluravali.

Omumborombonga

A tree from which, in the lore of the Damara people, all men and animals arose. At times, known as Omumborombonga.

Ondele

An ancestor spirit of the Ovimbundu. In some references, called Ondele.

Onyankopon

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Opete

The vulture. The Ashanti say that this bird carries sacrifices made by the tribe to the home of the gods. Also referred to as Opete.

Opo

An ocean-god of the Akan people. Son of Nyame. In some accounts, called Opo.

opunne

The divine loaves of the Shilluk which formed the universe. Also called opunne.

Oranmiyan

A king of the Edo. He stole from Olokun the coral beads which form part of the royal costume. On occassion, identified as Oranmiyan.

Oranyan

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Oreluere

The first man in the lore of the Yoruba, made by Olodumare. In some accounts, referred to as Oreluere.

Ori

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ori

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Orisha

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Orishako

A Yoruba god of agriculture. Consort of Oduduwa. In some accounts, identified as Orishako.

Orishanla

The first name of the Yoruba god later. Known as Obatala. Occasionally called Orishanla, Olorun, Olorun, Ol-orun, Olodumare, Alaaye, Eledaa, Elemii, Olofin-Orun, Olojo Oni, 'owner', Orisanla, Orisanla, Orisha Nla or Orisha Nla.

orkoiyot

Powerful witch-doctors. In some accounts, known as orkoiyot.

Oro

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Oroko

Consort of Alajeru. Father of Ifa. Sometimes known as Oroko.

Orun

A Yoruba sun-god. Occasionally identified as Orun.

Orun Buburu

The Yoruba heaven for the wicked. Occasionally called Orun Buburu.

Orun Rere

The Yoruba heaven for the good. Also commonly referred to as Orun Rere.

Orunmila

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Osai Tutu

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Osain

A Yoruba vegetation-god. At times, identified as Osain, Haiti Ossange or Haiti Ossange.

Osande

An ancestral god of the Ovimbundu. People. Occasionally called Osande.

Osanobua

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Osawa

A sky-god of the Ekoi people. On occassion, called Osawa.

Ose-Shango

An amulet worn by Shango. At times, identified as Ose-Shango.

Oshossi

A Yoruban god of woods and hunting. He is also worshipped in the West Indies. Occasionally called Oshossi.

Oshowa

A supreme god in Nigeria. Also commonly known as Oshowa, Ebutokpabi or Ebutokpabi.

Oshun

A river-goddess. Consort of Shango. She is also worshipped in the West Indies. In some references, identified as Oshun.

Oshunmare

A serpent-deity of the Yoruba. He is also worshipped in the West Indies. At times, identified as Oshunmare, Dahomey Dan Ayido Hwedo Haitian Damballah Wedo or Dahomey Dan Ayido Hwedo Haitian Damballah Wedo.

Osun

A river-goddess and goddess of healing. Among the Yoruba people. Daughter of Oba Jumu and Oba Do. Consort of Shango. Also called Osun.

Otkut

The lizard. Son of Zamba. Brother of Ngi, Nkoku and Wo. Otkut allowed his four sons to make human beings and Otkut made the foolish. At times, known as Otkut, Otukut or Otukut.

Otomankoma

A name of Nyame as 'eternal'. In some references, called Otomankoma, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amosu, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Otumfoo

A name of Onyankopon as 'the. Powerful one'. Also commonly called Otumfoo, Onyankopon, Onyankopon, Nyame, Nyankompong, Nyankopon, Anansi Kokroko, Anansi-toro, Borebore or Nyankopan.

Otutu

In the lore of the Fon, the songbird that raised the alarm when Sogbo set the world on fire. Identified as Otutu.

Ovakuru

Ancestral spirits of the Ashanti. Also commonly known as Ovakuru.

Owo

A supreme god of the Idoma people of Nigeria. Also known as Owo.

Oya

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Oyise

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Palatyi

A monster of the Bantu. Occasionally identified as Palatyi.

Pale Fox

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Pamba

A creator-god of the Ovambo. Occasionally referred to as Pamba.

Pan

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Parsai

A name of En-kai as 'he who is worshipped'. Also called Parsai, En-kai, En-kai, Ngai, Emayian, Kamba Engai or Ngai.

Pemba

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Penelophon

Wife of Cophetua. Sometimes identified as Penelophon.

Phebele

A primaeval male, created by Massim Biambe. He mated with the primaeval female, Mebeli, to produce the human race. Also identified as Phebele.

Pluviators

Rain-making magicians of the Burundi. Also commonly called Pluviators.

Polo

A name of Were as the sky-god. On occassion, referred to as Polo, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Jalweny, Janen, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Poro

A Mende secret society for men. Sometimes called Poro, Sande, Sande or Sane.

Praying mantis

A god of the Bushman and Hottentot. In some lore, occasionally called Praying mantis.

Psille

A race of people who, by mere touch, could cure victims of snakebite. In some accounts, known as Psille, Psilli, Psilli, Greek Ophiogenes or Greek Ophiogenes.

Pukqili

The supreme god of the Zulu. Also known as Pukqili.

pygmy

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Qamate

A supreme of the Kaffirs. In some lore, occasionally called Qamate.

Qamatha

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Qandisa

A water-demon in northern Morocco. This female being seduces men and then drives them mad. Also referred to as Qandisa.

Quamate

The supreme god of the Kaffir. Also commonly called Quamate.

Quamta

The supreme god of the Xhosa people. Occasionally called Quamta.

Queen of Ethiopia

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Queen's Arch

The Zulu name for the rainbow. In some references, referred to as Queen's Arch.

Railanitra

A name of Zanahary as 'father of heaven'. Also commonly called Railanitra, Zanahary, Zanahary or Andriamanitra.

Rain Goddess

The second wife of Mwari. Also commonly called Rain Goddess.

Rain Queen

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Rainbow Monster

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Raivato

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Rako

A Hausa spirit which causes the infirmities of old age. At times, known as Rako.

Raluvimbha

A creator-god of the Baventa people of the Transvaal. Also known as Raluvimbha.

Ranakombe

A seer. He helped Rasoabemanana when she wanted a child and later set that child, Iboniamasiboniamanoro, several nearimpossible tasks before he was allowed to marry. At times, called Ranakombe.

Rang

A Sudanese god of the hunt. Also called Rang, Garang or Garang.

Rasoabemana

Mother of Iboniamasiboniamanoro. At times, called Rasoabemana.

Ratego

A name of Were as 'the almighty one'. At times, known as Ratego, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Jalweny, Janen, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Ratovoantany

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Red Heaven

The fifth of the 7 heavens of the Bambara. This is where Faro keeps his records. In some references, called Red Heaven.

Ribimbi

A sky-god in the Transvaal. Father of Kudjana. Ribimbi is also referred to as the first man. Also referred to as Ribimbi.

River King

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River Woman

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Rock Sene

A god of the Serer people of Gambia. Also referred to as Rock Sene.

roho

The soul or spirit in the lore of the Swahili. Occasionally called roho, ruhu or ruhu.

Rubanga

A creator-god of the Alur people. Identified as Rubanga.

Rugaba

Supreme god of the Ankore. Occasionally known as Rugaba, Kazooba, Kazooba, Nyamwezi, Tanzanian Kazyoba, Mukameiguru or Mukameiguru.

Ruganzu

Son of Binego. He fought the evil spirit Inzira before inheriting his father's kingdom. Also called Ruganzu.

Ruhaga

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Ruhanga

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Rutenderi

The bull with the herd found by Inaruchaba. In some accounts, called Rutenderi.

Ruwa

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Ryangombe

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Sa

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Sacred White Cow

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Sagbata

A smallpox god in Dahomey. Son of Lisa and Mawu. Brother of Sogbo. In some references, referred to as Sagbata, Ashanti Asa-ase, Ashanti Asa-ase, Obaluwaye, Yoruba Obaluwaye, Yoruba Obaluwaye or Asa-ase.

Sajara

A rainbow god of the Songhai people. He took the form of a multicoloured serpent. In some accounts, called Sajara.

Sakarabru

A god of darkness of the Agni people. At times, referred to as Sakarabru.

Sakari

The fifth stage of the Swahili hell, reserved for women who have committed adultery and for sorcerers. Also commonly called Sakari.

Sakpata

The earth-god of the Fon. Occasionally called Sakpata.

Sakumo

A war-god and guardian of the Gan people. At times, referred to as Sakumo.

Sali

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salthane

A Zulu evil spirit or demon. On occassion, called salthane.

Samba

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Sande

A Mende secret society for women. At times, known as Sande, Poro, Poro, Sane or Sane.

Sangoma

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Sangu

A Ngbandi hippo-goddess, guardian of women in childbirth. In some accounts, known as Sangu, Mbomba, Mbomba, Mboom or Sangu.

Santeria

A god of the Yoruba. At times, referred to as Santeria.

Sarikin Bakka

The Hausa 'lord of animals'. He is said to be able to induce madness in humans. In some accounts, referred to as Sarikin Bakka.

Sasabonsam

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Sawoye

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Sechobochobo

In Zambia, a one-eyed, one-legged. Forest monster. Also commonly identified as Sechobochobo.

Sela

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Selekana

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Selwanga

A python-god of the Baganda. In some references, identified as Selwanga.

Semagunga

A high priest of Mukasa. Occasionally referred to as Semagunga, Semagumba, Semagumba, Semagunba or Semagunba.

Semutega

In the lore of the Baganda, an umbilical cord dedicated to Kibuka. Also commonly called Semutega.

Sese

An earth-god(dess) of the Ngbandi. People. Occasionally referred to as Sese.

Seta

A fertility-goddess of East Africa. Consort of Tororut. Mother of Arawa, Ilat and Topoh. Sometimes called Seta.

Shamba

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Shango

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Shankpana

Son of Shango. A plague-god of the Yoruba. At times, referred to as Shankpana, Sankpana, Sankpana, Shankpanna or Shankpanna.

shaytan

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Sheeree

A female demon of the Berbers. Sometimes identified as Sheeree.

Sheshu

A supreme god of some Nigerian tribes. Sometimes identified as Sheshu.

shihabu

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Shopona

A Yoruba small-pox god. Also identified as Shopona.

Si

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Sikandari

The Swahili name for Alexander. The Great. In some references, identified as Sikandari.

Simboumba

A Swahili ancestor. Brother of Kanisimbo. He was one of the people who descended from heaven in a ship with Faro. Sometimes known as Simboumba.

Simbu

Father of Nduala. In the lore of the Banyoro, he appeared as a stranger to the princess Nyina Mweru and disappeared again, leaving her pregnant. Occasionally referred to as Simbu.

siposo

A mythical missile wielded by a sorcerer in Zambia. Also commonly referred to as siposo.

Sirene, La

Consort of Agwé. Also referred to as Sirene, La.

sitondo

A rain-maker in Zambia. Also commonly called sitondo, basitondo, basitondo, Shepherd of the Clouds, Shepherd of the Clouds, Sitondo, plurbasitondo or plurbasitondo.

Sleep Heaven

The sixth of the 7 heavens of the Bambara, used as a store for secrets. In some references, referred to as Sleep Heaven.

Sno-Nysoa

The creator-god of Liberia. Also commonly called Sno-Nysoa.

So

A weather-god of the Ewe. People. He is regarded as an aspect of Sodza and Sogben in combination. Also commonly known as So, Xewioso, Xewioso, Khebieso, Xevioso or Khebioso.

Sodza

A sky-god of the Hua. With Sogblen, he is regarded as So. At times, identified as Sodza.

Sogblen

A messenger-god of the Hua. Acting with Sodza, he is regarded as So. On occassion, identified as Sogblen.

Sogbo

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Soko

A creator-god of the Nupe. People. Also called Soko, Tsoche, Tsoche or Soko.

Sokogba

A Nupe god of anger. In some lore, occasionally called Sokogba.

Sopona

The small-pox god of the Yoruba. Also commonly called Sopona.

Sore-Gus

A sky-god and sun-god of the Hottentot. He is envisaged as a golden-fleeced ram. Also commonly called Sore-Gus, Sun-ram or Sun-ram.

soroka

Oracles of the Zande. Also commonly referred to as soroka.

Soului

A god of vegetation and wealth of the Hua people. Sometimes known as Soului.

Sourakata

The first bard among the Mande. People, said to have descended. From heaven. At times, identified as Sourakata.

Spearmasters

Priests of the Dinka people. On occassion, identified as Spearmasters.

Spider

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Srahman

A Xhosa nymph of the silk-cotton tree. Wife of Sasabonsum. She instructed travellers in the lore of the forests. Also identified as Srahman.

Srahmandazi

The Xhosa paradise. In some references, called Srahmandazi.

Ssebinitu

A name of Katonda as 'lord of all'. Sometimes identified as Ssebinitu, Katonda, Katonda, Gguluddene, Kagingo, Lissoddene, Lugab, Namugereka, Namuginga, Nnyiniggulu or Ssewannaku.

Ssewannaku

A name of Katonda as 'eternal one'. At times, known as Ssewannaku, Katonda, Katonda, Gguluddene, Kagingo, Lissoddene, Lugab, Namugereka, Namuginga, Nnyiniggulu or Ssebinitu.

Story-tree

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Subaga

In the lore of the people of Mali, these. Are people who can leave their own. Bodies and enter those of others. Also identified as Subaga.

Sudika-Mbambi

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Suku

A creator-god of the Ovimbundu people. Also identified as Suku.

suman

Among the Ashanti, a talisman. Against evil. On occassion, identified as suman, asuman, asuman, plurasuman or plurasuman.

Sumangurur

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Sunjata

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Sunset Serpent

A huge serpent caught in a trap and killed by Itonde. On occassion, identified as Sunset Serpent, Copper Dragon, Copper Dragon, Indombe or Indombe.

Sunsum

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Suvinange

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svikiro

A medium used as an oracle by the gods and spirits of the Korekore. Also commonly known as svikiro.

Swem

A rock from which the Tiv people. Originated and which radiates the vital energy, Tsav. Sometimes known as Swem.

Tabele

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Tachi

A mischievous deity. He is said to be visible only to those married women with whom he consorts. The children of such unions are deformed. Known as Tachi.

Tacuma

The name for the Ashanti character. Ntikuma in the Americas and the West Indies. Called Tacuma.

tahu

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Taiki

A Hausa spirit said to cause. Stomach illness. In some accounts, called Taiki.

Tamukujen

A supreme god of the Didinga people. In some lore, occasionally called Tamukujen.

Tanala

In the lore of the Baganda, a harp. Dedicated to Kibuka. Sometimes known as Tanala.

tandritanitani

A curse. In some tribes, such a curse is accepted by the victim as fatal and he inevitably wastes away and dies. Sometimes called tandritanitani.

Tangalimlibo

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tangoma

Swazi diviners. Occasionally called tangoma.

Tano

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Tar

A Nigerian earth-god. In some lore, occasionally identified as Tar.

Tarafe

A bard who sang the praises of Samba. Known as Tarafe.

Tari

A Swahili spirit who takes possession of humans. Occasionally referred to as Tari.

Tauetona

The first man, in the lore of Botswana. He lived in the cave known as Lowe in the centre of the country. Occasionally known as Tauetona.

Tchue

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tebo

An evil spirit of the Bakongo. This spirit appears in the form of an ugly, wrinkled dwarf. In some lore, occasionally called tebo, matebo, matebo, plurmatebo or plurmatebo.

tego

A Swahili amulet worn to prevent a wife's adultery. Sometimes known as tego.

Teliko

A wind-god of the Bambara people. He was killed by Faro who smashed him against the side of a mountain. Also known as Teliko.

telkpenu

A sand-diviner of Liberia. Sometimes known as telkpenu.

Tembo

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Thamuatz

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Thiga wa wairumbi

A Kikuyu prophet who relayed. Messages from En-kai to the Kikuyu people. Also called Thiga wa wairumbi.

Thong Tilo

A detiy, the king above. Also referred to as Thong Tilo.

Tikdoshe

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Tikoloshe

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Tilo

The sky-god of the Tonga. On occassion, identified as Tilo, Mlengi, Mlengi, Nyifwa, Nyifwa, Kajati, Kajati, Lesa, Lesa, Leza, Mkana, Mkana, Mlengavuwa, Mlengavuwa, Mlezi, Mlezi, Msungi, Msungi, Mtaski, Mtaski, Nyangoi, Nyangoi, Wanthazizose or Wanthazizose.

tingoi

Good spirits of the Mende appearing as beautiful women. At times, known as tingoi.

Tiwara

A Bambara spirit of the wind. Sometimes referred to as Tiwara.

Tixe

A supreme god of the Zulu. Sometimes identified as Tixe.

Tlam

In the lore of the Kabyle, the place below the earth from which the primaeval buffalo and calf emerged. Occasionally identified as Tlam.

Tohwiyo

Divine founders of the Fon. Called Tohwiyo.

Tola

A chief priestess of Osun among the Yoruba. In some references, referred to as Tola.

tong

One of the 4 attributes of a king of the Alur, the shining spear. In some lore, occasionally called tong.

Tonjo

In the lore of Senegal, the drum which Marain Jagu took from the jinn. Also commonly called Tonjo.

Topoh

A sky-god of the Pokot, the evening star. Son of Tororut and Seta. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Topoh.

Tore

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Toro

A creator-god of the Ngbandi. People. Son of Kanglogba, the dragon-fly. On occassion, called Toro.

Tororut

A creator-god of the Pokot. Brother of Asis. Husband of Seta. Father of Arawa, Ilat and Topoh. In some accounts, identified as Tororut.

Totonge

In Zaire, a huge mythical animal. Also referred to as Totonge.

Totrobonso

A name of Nyame as 'rain-giver'. Sometimes called Totrobonso, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amosu, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Tovodu

A guardian spirit or ancestral. Deity in Dahomey. At times, known as Tovodu.

trano masino

In Madagascar, a house built as the home for the spirit of a dead. King. Occasionally called trano masino.

trowo

The gods of the Ewe people. Occasionally referred to as trowo, tro, tro, singtro or singtro.

Trumpet of the Last Day

A horn which the Swahili say will announce the end of the world and the day of judgment. Also identified as Trumpet of the Last Day.

tsav

Vital energy given off by swem, the rock which was the origin of the Tiv. Also called tsav.

Tsetse Bumba

The Bushango spirit which brings. Fire. At times, known as Tsetse Bumba.

Tsoede

A founder-hero of the Nupe. Sometimes known as Tsoede, Tsoedi or Tsoedi.

Tsunigoab

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Tule

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tusin

A priest of the Suk. Called tusin.

Tutgar

A name of Kwoth as 'strong'. In some accounts, referred to as Tutgar, Kwoth or Kwoth.

tuyebela

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Twe

A lake-god of Ghana. He fathered a son, Twe Adodo, on an old leper woman. At times, referred to as Twe.

Twe Adodo

Son of Twe. Occasionally known as Twe Adodo.

Uchak

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uDumakade

A name of Unkulunkulu as the controller of lightning. Also called uDumakade.

Ugatya

An incubus in the form of a snake. Referred to as Ugatya.

uGobungquongqo

A name of Unkulunkulu as overthrower of kings. Also referred to as uGobungquongqo.

uGuqubadele

A name of Unkulunkulu as 'the. Irresistible one'. Also commonly known as uGuqubadele.

Uh Panga Lwe Zizwe

The reed from which, in the lore of the Zulus, the human race emerged. Sometimes identified as Uh Panga Lwe Zizwe.

Uhlathu Yesizibi

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Ukaho

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uKqili

A name of Unkulunkulu as 'wise'. Also identified as uKqili, Unkulunkulu, Unkulunkulu, uDumukade, uGobungqongqo, uGuqabedele, uZivelele or Ndebele Nkulunkulu.

ukubuyisa

A Zulu rite said to bring back the spirit of a venerated ancestor. Sometimes identified as ukubuyisa.

Ukwa

An ancestral hero of the Shilluk. Grandson of Kola. Called Ukwa.

umkovu

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Umngoma

A legendary ancestor of the Vugusu people. At times, referred to as Umngoma, Malava or Malava.

Umubumbi

A supreme god in parts of Uganda. In some lore, occasionally called Umubumbi.

Umvelinkwangi

A Zulu creator-god. Father of Unkulunkulu. On occassion, called Umvelinkwangi, Umvelinqangi or Umvelinqangi.

ungwin

In Ghana, the soul. Also identified as ungwin.

Unkulunkulu

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Untombinde

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Unwaba

The chameleon in the Zulu story of creation. On occassion, identified as Unwaba.

Upkong

The Efik name for a bush soul. In some references, called Upkong, bush soul, bush soul or upkong.

Usiququmadevu

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Uti

A legendary ancestor of the Bambuti. Wife of Mupe. In some references, called Uti.

Utingo Lwenkosikasi

The Zulu rainbow. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Utingo Lwenkosikasi, Arch of the Queen, Arch of the Queen or Utingo.

Utixo

The sky-god of the Hottentots. On occassion, identified as Utixo.

Utompe

The Liberian chieftain who captured the first woman, Gonzuole. Also identified as Utompe.

Uumbwar

A supreme god of the Konkomba. People. Also called Uumbwar.

Uwen

A god of the Edo. Occasionally called Uwen.

Uzimu

In the lore of Tanzania, the land of the dead. Sometimes identified as Uzimu, Swahili Kuzimu or Swahili Kuzimu.

uZivele

A name of Unkulunkulu as 'he himself', all that there is. Sometimes known as uZivele.

varoyi

Warlocks in Zimbabwe. Occasionally called varoyi.

Velo men

In the lore of Madagascar, a race of men created when god breathed life. Into small clay figures. Also called Velo men.

Vere

In Pokono lore, the first man. In some accounts Mitsotsozini was the first man and he taught Vere how to make fire. Occasionally referred to as Vere, Were or Were.

Vidiji Milanda

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Vigara

First husband of Nyavirezi. At times, referred to as Vigara.

Vodun

A deity of the Fon: a group of minor. Deities. Occasionally known as Vodun, hun, hun, vodun, vodou, vodou, voodoo, vodu or vodu.

vodunsi

a worshipper of the gods of Dahomey Called vodunsi, yawo or yawo.

Vorunmila

A Yoruba god. Occasionally identified as Vorunmila.

Wagadoo

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Waganga

Medicine men of the Makoni. At times, called Waganga.

Wai

A sun-god in Zaire. Father of Mokele. Sometimes known as Wai, Vayu, Vayu, Vata, Vaya, 'breath', Gandhavaha, Mahadeva, Maruta, Pavana, Pushpadanta, Sadagata, Vata or Greek Aeolus.

Waka

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Wakonyingo

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walawatu

Ogres of the Swahili. Occasionally referred to as walawatu, mazimwi or mazimwi.

walozi

Swahili warlocks. At times, known as walozi.

Walumbe

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Wamala

A fertility-god of the Bunyoro people. Brother of Mukasa. In some lore, occasionally known as Wamala.

Wamtatakuya

A name of Chiuta as 'the eternal one'. Also known as Wamtatakuya, Chiuta, Chiuta, Mulengi or Mwenco.

Wanga

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wanganga

Medicine-men of the Makoni. Also known as wanganga.

Wango

A child of Faran Maka. Sometimes known as Wango.

Wanthazizose

A name of Tilo as 'the almighty one'. Also commonly identified as Wanthazizose, Tilo, Tilo, Mlengi, Nyifwa, Kajati, Lesa, Mkana, Mlengavuwa, Mlezi, Msungi, Mtaski or Nyangoi.

watege

In the lore of the Swahili, those possessed by spirits. In some lore, occasionally called watege.

Water of Life

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Water People

A mythical race living in the rivers of Liberia. These people were said to have the body of a fish. Also commonly called Water People.

Waterlord

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wazimi

In Tanzania, spirits of the dead. At times, identified as wazimi.

A supreme god of the Ashanti. At times, referred to as .

Weikare

A child of Faran Maka. Occasionally known as Weikare.

Wele

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Wele Gumali

An Ethiopian god of evil. The "black version of Wele." Occasionally referred to as Wele Gumali, Gumali or Gumali.

Wele Omuwanga

The 'white version of Wele, the benevolent aspect.' At times, referred to as Wele Omuwanga, Omuwanga or Omuwanga.

Well of Life

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Were

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Weri Kumbamba

A creator-god in Uganda. On occassion, identified as Weri Kumbamba, Mweri or Mweri.

witch-doctor

One who smells out witches and casts or counteracts magic spells. In some references, called witch-doctor, juju man, juju man, medicineman, medicineman, shaman, shaman, chaman or femaleshamanka.

Wiu

A Sudanese war-god and god of storms. Known as Wiu.

Wo

The chimpanzee. Son of Zamba. Brother of Ngi, Nkoko and Otkut. Zamba allowed his four sons to make human beings and Wo made the inquisitive ones. Referred to as Wo.

Wokulos

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Woot

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Woto

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Woyengi

A creator-goddess. She came down to earth and created humans from mud, breathing life into them and giving them the choice of sex and occupation. Also commonly referred to as Woyengi.

Wu

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Wu-no

A chief priest of the god Wu. Occasionally known as Wu-no.

Wulbari

A sky-god of the Akan. Mate of Asase Yao. On occassion, referred to as Wulbari.

Wuon Oru

A name of Were as 'controller of the future'. Also identified as Wuon Oru, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Jalweny, Janen, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Wuonwa

A name of Were as 'father'. Referred to as Wuonwa, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Jalweny, Janen, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru or Wuonji.

Xewioso

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Yakomba

A god of morals. Sometimes called Yakomba, Nzakomba or Nzakomba.

Yansan

A Yoruba wind-god. Sometimes referred to as Yansan, Shango, Shango, Sango, Cuban Santa Barbara or Egyptian Amon-Ra.

Yaro

A creator-god in Ethiopia. Also referred to as Yaro, Yero or Yero.

Yaruba

A supreme god of the Tangale people. Sometimes identified as Yaruba.

Yasigi

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Yayu

A sky-god of the Ngbandi people. In some accounts, identified as Yayu.

yegbogba

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Yegwe Zogbanu

A forest monster. This monster is said to have thirty horns. In some lore, occasionally called Yegwe Zogbanu, Yehwe Zogbanu, Yehwe Zogbanu, Ashanti Sasabonsam or Ashanti Sasabonsam.

Yemay

A Yoruba sea-god. Also known as Yemay.

Yemekonji

A creator-god in Zaire. It is said that he gave Nkombe three parcels; one of them, opened by Nkombe, released the light of the sun. Sometimes identified as Yemekonji.

Yemoja

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Yiyi

A man who became an oracular spider. In some lore, occasionally called Yiyi.

Yo

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Yuguru

The name for Ogo after he was maimed by one of the Nommo. Occasionally referred to as Yuguru.

Zamba

A supreme god of the Yuande. Father of Ngi, Nkokn, Otkut and Wo. Occasionally identified as Zamba.

Zanahary

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Zar

An early Ethiopian sky-god. Also referred to as Zar.

Zeli

In Dahomey, a drum used in funeral rites. Money is thrown into this drum to provide the fare for the dead person's journey to the afterworld. Sometimes identified as Zeli.

Zimbabwe

A sun-god of the Shona. Also called Zimbabwe.

Zimwi

A demon or devil. In some references, referred to as Zimwi.

Zin

A Songhay water-spirit. Occasionally called Zin, Zin-Kibaru or Zin-Kibaru.

Zin-Kibaru

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Zinsi

A magician in the lore of Dahomey. Twin brother of Zinsu. Sometimes identified as Zinsi.

Zinsu

A magician in the lore of Dahomey. Twin brother of Zinsi. Sometimes known as Zinsu.

Zoa

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zombie

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Zwisi

Days which the Shona regard as sacred to Mwari. Also known as Zwisi.
African Mythology