African Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abantubomlambo

River spirits in the Transkei. They take devotees under the surface of the water for many days and teach them the arts of the medicine man. Also referred to as Abantubomlambo.

Abassi

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abatawa

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abayifo

Experts in witchcraft. On occassion, referred to as abayifo.

Aberewa

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abiku

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Abommubuwafre

A name of Nyame as 'he who consoles'. Also identified as Abommubuwafre, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Amaomee, Amosu, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Abonsam

An evil spirit. This spirit could be driven off by making a great noise. At times, referred to as Abonsam.

Abosum

The gods of the Ashanti. In some references, referred to as Abosum, Abasum, Abasum, Abosom or Abosom.

Abuk

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Achimi

Bull-god of the Kabyle. He was the son of Itherther and Thamautz who drove off his father, mating with his mother and sister. Also commonly identified as Achimi.

Adama

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Adamastor

A hideous spirit of the Cape of Good Hope. In some accounts, known as Adamastor.

Ado

The supreme god of the Lugbara. Called Ado.

Adro

An aspect of Adroa as bad. He is depicted as half-bodied with one leg, arm, etc and is said to live mainly in rivers. Identified as Adro, Adroa or Adroa.

Adroa

Creator-god and sky-god of the Lugbara. In some references, known as Adroa, Adro or Adro.

Adroanzi

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Adu Ogyinae

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Afifi

A mythical tribe of pygmies. In some accounts, known as Afifi.

Afiti

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Afrikete

A sea goddess of the Fon. Daughter of Agbe and Naete. She was seen as a trickster and gossip. Also identified as Afrikete.

afriti

An evil demon. Also commonly identified as afriti, ifiriti, ifiriti, afrit, ifreet, ifreet, ifrit, ifrit, afiriti, afiriti, Arab afrit or Arab afrit.

Agadzagodza

In Nigerian lore, the worm that brought a message from the god Hyel. On occassion, identified as Agadzagodza.

Agamma

The Fon messenger of the gods. At times, referred to as Agamma.

Aganju

A god of the Yoruba. Son of Oduduwa. Brother and consort of Yemoja. Father of Ogun, Oko, Olokun, Orunjan, Shango, Shankpanna and others. Sometimes identified as Aganju.

Agassou

A panther god of the Fon. Sometimes referred to as Agassou.

Agbe

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Agbon

The palm tree. In the lore of the Yoruba, this was the first living thing to be created by Olorun. In some references, called Agbon.

Age

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Agothyathik

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Agwatana

A supreme god in Nigeria; the sun. Called Agwatana.

Aigamuxa

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Aiwel

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aiza

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Ajala

In the lore of the Yoruba, a man who works in heaven making faces from clay. Occasionally identified as Ajala.

Ajalamo

A Yoruba god of unborn children. Occasionally identified as Ajalamo.

Aje

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aje

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Ajok

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Ajokit

In the lore of Uganda, the spirit of a sick person that talks to the medicine man. At times, called Ajokit, Ajy-Khoton, Ajy-Khoton, Ajysyt, Ijaksit, Ijaksit, Ajysit, Kubai(-Khotun) or Kubai(-Khotun).

Akaf

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Akonadi

A West African goddess of justice. Guardian of women. Occasionally known as Akonadi.

akonda

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Akongo

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akpou

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akra

The soul in the lore of the Ashanti. On occassion, known as akra, kla, kla, akra, kra, kra, simurgh, simurgh, Saena Meregha, samru, simorg, simurg, sinurgh, Arab anqa, roc, Russian sinam(ru), phoenix, saena, senmerv or simarghu.

akuko

Sacred leaves in Dahomey. These leaves are used in the charms (nguneme) used to protect property. At times, known as akuko.

Ala

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Alaaye

A name of Olodumare as 'he who lives'. Also commonly known as Alaaye, Olodumare, Olodumare, Olorun, Eledaa, Elemii or Olojo Oni.

Alajeru

Wife of Oroko. Mother of Ifa. Sometimes called Alajeru.

alake

A dead king. His successor is given his predecessor's head and is required to eat some part of the corpse such as the tongue. Also commonly known as alake.

Alatanagana

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Alfatin

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alimagba

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aljan

A Hausa name for a jinnee. Also commonly referred to as aljan, pluraljannu or pluraljannu.

Alose

A god: a group of minor deities of the Ibo. Sometimes identified as Alose, Ashanti Obosum, Ashanti Obosum, Nkisi, Orisha, Vodun, Dahomey Vodun, Dahomey Vodun, Nkisi, Obosum, Yoruban Orisha or Yoruban Orisha.

Amadi-Oha

An Igbo storm-god. Also identified as Amadi-Oha.

amadlozis

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amanani

Monsters of the Abaluyia. On occassion, known as amanani.

Amangundu

In the lore of the Ovandonga, the first man. Father of Kanzi and Nangombe. In some references, known as Amangundu.

Amaomee

A name of Nyame as 'he who gives sufficiency'. In some lore, occasionally identified as Amaomee, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amosu, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Amesemi

A Sudanese goddess. Also known as Amesemi.

Amirini

An early Yoruba goddess. In some references, known as Amirini.

Amma

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Amma-Serou

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Amosu

A name of Nyame as 'rain-giver'. Occasionally known as Amosu, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Amowia

A name of Nyame as 'light-giver'. Referred to as Amowia, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amosu, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Anansesem

Spider stories that Anansi bought from the sky-gods. Also commonly identified as Anansesem, South American Anansi-toro or South American Anansi-toro.

Anansi

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Anansi Kokroko

A name of Nyame as 'wise spider', a name of Onyankopon. At times, identified as Anansi Kokroko, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amosu, Amowia, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Andandara

A mythical animal of the Zande. It is said that these animals mate with women to produce kittens. Sometimes identified as Andandara.

Andriamahilala

The first woman in Madagascar. She later became the moon. Sometimes known as Andriamahilala.

Andriamanitra

A goddess in Madagascar. Wife of Zanahary. In some accounts Andriamanitra is another name for Zanahary. Sometimes known as Andriamanitra, Zanahary, Zanahary or Railanitra.

Andriambahomanana

The first man in Madagascar. He later became a banana plant. Also commonly known as Andriambahomanana.

Annalia tu-Bari

A princess of Ghana. Wife of Samba. In some accounts, known as Annalia tu-Bari.

Anochi

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Anyi-mawu-wo

Earth-gods of the Hua people. Occasionally identified as Anyi-mawu-wo.

Anyigba

An earth-god of the Ewe people. One of the trowo. Sometimes called Anyigba.

Aondo

The creator god of Nigeria. Occasionally called Aondo.

Apap

A creator-god of the Teso. In some references, called Apap, Akuj, Akuj, Apap, Good Creator, Good Creator or Apap.

arase

A name for the unicorn in the Kordofan area of the Sudan. Also commonly referred to as arase.

Arawa

A moon-goddess of East Africa. Daughter of Tororut and Seta. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Arawa.

Arebati

A creator-god of the Bambuti. At times, called Arebati.

Arishi

A canopy. In the lore of the Swahili, God built this canopy to shelter his throne, Kurusi. On occassion, known as Arishi.

arucharis

The unicorn of Ethiopia. Occasionally identified as arucharis.

Asa

Supreme god of the Akamba. Occasionally referred to as Asa, Odin, Odin, Alrida, Asa, Father of Battle, Fothin, God of the Hanged, High One, The, Oder, Odhinn, Odnir, Othin, Othinn, Othinus, Othr, Othur, Ouvin, sacred birds, Thekkr, Thror, Throv, Thrud, Thrudr, Uggerus, Voden, Wish God, Wotan, Wuotan, Alfader, Alfadir, Alfodr, All-father, All-seer, Atridr, Balegyr, Bilegyr, Bileya, Breit-Hut, Farma-Tyr, Feng, Fiollnir, Fimbultyr, Fiolsvidr, Fiornir, Fjdnir, Fjolsvidr, Fjorner, Furor, Gagavaldur, Galgagramr, Gander, Gangrad, Geignudr, Glapsvidir, Grimmr, Grimnir, Hacke(l)berg, Hackelberend, Hakol-berend, Hanga-Tyr, Hangagud, Har(bard), Harr, Helblindi, Her-Tyr, Herfadir, Herfather, Herian, Herjan, Hnikar, HoodedOne, Hrafna(-god), Hropt, Iafn-Har, Irmin, Jafenhar, Janfar, Karlafbuge, King of Lidskialf, Ofrir, Omi, One-eyed, Oski, Othin(n), Rosterus, Sidfod(i)r, Sidhottr, Sigfadir, Sigtyr, Skidskegg, Svafnir, Sygtyr, (The) High One, Thekkr, Thror, Thrud(r), Thunderer, Vafud, Vak, Valfadir, Valfather, Valfodr, Valkjosandi, Vax, Vech(a), Vegtam, Veratyr, Viator-indefessus, Vidforull, Wanderer, Wayfarer, Wild Huntsman, Yggdrasil, Ygg(r), German Grim, Votan, Wodan, W(u)otan, Saxon Irmin, Woden, Rafnagud or Porun.

Asa-ase

An Ashanti earth deity. In some references, identified as Asa-ase, Dahomey Saghata, Dahomey Saghata, South America Gros Mama, South America Gros Mama, Yoruba Obaluwaye, Yoruba Obaluwaye, Sagbata, Asase Efua, Asase Efua, Asa'ase, Ashanti Asase Yaa, Asase Yaa, Asase Yaa, Earth Thursday or Fanti Asase Efua.

Asamanfo

The Akan spirits of the dead. Also called Asamanfo, Osaman, Osaman, singOsaman or singOsaman.

Asamang

The Akan land of the dead. Occasionally known as Asamang.

Asase Efua

A fertility-goddess of the Fanti. Goddess of the dead. Identified as Asase Efua, Asa-ase, Asa-ase, Dahomey Saghata, South America Gros Mama, Yoruba Obaluwaye, Asase Yaa, Asa'ase, Asa'ase, Ashanti Asase Yaa or Ashanti Asase Yaa.

Asase Yaa

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Ashiakle

Goddess of wealth of the Gan tribe. Daughter of Nai. Also identified as Ashiakle.

Ashila

A supreme god of the Kambari people of Nigeria. Occasionally identified as Ashila, Ishila or Ishila.

Asia

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Asis

A sun-god of the Pokot. Brother of Tororut. In some accounts, identified as Asis.

Asisia

A supreme god of the Dorobo people of Kenya. Called Asisia.

asogwe

A rattle used by the chief priests of Dahomey to call up the gods. Sometimes identified as asogwe.

Astar

A sky-god or sky-goddesss of Ethiopia. On occassion, known as Astar.

Ataa Naa Nyongmo

A creator-god of the Gan. Known as Ataa Naa Nyongmo, Nyongmo or Nyongmo.

Atai

A goddess of the Efik. Wife of Abassi. On occassion, known as Atai, 'fate' or 'fate'.

Atalanga

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Ataokoloinona

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Atete

A fertility-goddess of Ethiopia. Also called Atete.

Avrikiti

The god of fishermen of the Fon. Sometimes known as Avrikiti.

Ayaba

Goddess of the hearth among the Fon. Sister of Loko. Sometimes identified as Ayaba.

Ayagba

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ayana

Guardian spirits in Ethiopia. In some references, called ayana, awulia or awulia.

Ayida

Wife of Dan Hwedo. On occassion, referred to as Ayida, Aida-Wédo, Aida-Wédo, Aida, Aida or Gro Mama.

azima

A Swahili charm or incantation. At times, called azima.

Azimu

King of Ethiopia. Brother of Hakim. At times, known as Azimu.

azizan

Benevolent forest spirits in Dahomey. Also identified as azizan, Ashanti mmoatia, Ashanti mmoatia, apuku, ijimere, Brazilian saco, Brazilian saco, Nigerian ijimere, Nigerian ijimere, saci, Surinam apuku, Surinam apuku or mmoatia.

Ba-Maguje

A Hausa spirit which causes thirst. Leading to drunkenness. Occasionally known as Ba-Maguje.

Ba-Toye

A Hausa spirit causing destructive fires. At times, called Ba-Toye.

Baatsi

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babalorisha

A diviner or a priest of the Yoruba. God Vorunmila. At times, known as babalorisha, babalawo, babalawo, femaleiyalorisha, femaleiyalorisha, Brazilian pai de santo, Brazilian pai de santo, Dahomey bokonon or Dahomey bokonon.

Babinga

King of the Mandwa tribe. Second husband of Nyavirezi. Father of Ryangombe. At times, identified as Babinga.

Badimo

In the lore of the Tswana, the only. Ones able to communicate with the god Modimo. At times, called Badimo.

Bagba

A spirit controlling rain and winds. Occasionally known as Bagba.

baloi

Sorcerers in Zambia. Also called baloi, night witches, night witches, baboi or balai.

balubaale

Nature spirits of the Baganda. Sometimes called balubaale, balubare or balubare.

Balungwana

Sky-people to the Baronga. These are said to be tiny people, who are attendant upon the supreme god, Mulungu or Tilo. In some accounts, identified as Balungwana.

Banga

A water-god of the Ngbandi. He is said to have created the white races. Referred to as Banga.

bao

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bapfumu

Diviners of the Banyarwanda. At times, identified as bapfumu.

barozi

Sorcerers of the Banyarwanda. Occasionally called barozi.

Bawai

The supreme god of the Chawai people of Nigeria. Referred to as Bawai.

bazimu

Spirits of the dead of the Banyarwanda. On occassion, known as bazimu.

Bedimo

Spirits of the Cameroon ancestors who own all the wild animals. In some references, identified as Bedimo.

Behanzin

A fish-god of the Fon. Occasionally called Behanzin.

Beher

An Ethiopian or South Arabian. Earth-god. At times, referred to as Beher, Behr, Behr, Medr or Medr.

Bia

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Bida

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Bidda

A Hausa spirit causing stiffness. On occassion, called Bidda.

Biel

An Ethiopian spirit. In some accounts, called Biel.

Bierlam

A word for god in Cameroon. Also commonly known as Bierlam.

Bigirimana

A name of Imana as 'he who owns. All things'. In some accounts, identified as Bigirimana, Imana, Imana, Habyarimana, Hashakimana, Hategekimana or Ndagijimana.

Biloko

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Bincigi

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Binego

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Binou Serou

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Bintu

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binza

A Zande witch doctor. Also identified as binza, ira avure or ira avure.

bitabok

In the Sudan, a name for a bat, a witch or a spirit. Also known as bitabok.

Blemmyes

A headless race of Ethiopia. Their 'facial' features (eyes, nose, etc.) appeared on their chests. Also referred to as Blemmyes, Blemmyae or Blemmyae.

Blue Jay

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Bo

A guardian-god of the Ewe people. Sometimes referred to as Bo.

Boale

Wife of Likinda. Mother of Nsongo. Nsongo was her husband's mother. On the day she was born, Boale's baby was born. She was Nsongo reborn. Also commonly identified as Boale.

Bokali

A spirit which led Ilankaka into Lonkundo's trap. Also identified as Bokali.

Bokero

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bokonon

Priests of the Ifa cult in Dahomey. Sometimes referred to as bokonon, boko, boko, Yoruba babalawo or Yoruba babalawo.

Bomazi

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Bonchor

A creator-god of the Berbers of Tunisia. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Bonchor.

Borebore

A name of Nyame as 'creator'. A name of Onyankopon. In some references, identified as Borebore, Bore Bore, Bore Bore, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amosu, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Borenticha

A god in Ethiopia. In some lore, occasionally called Borenticha.

Bori

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Bousetta

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Brekyirihunuade

A name of Nyame as 'all knowing'. Also commonly known as Brekyirihunuade, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amosu, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Buadza

A wind-god of West Africa. Occasionally referred to as Buadza, Olila or Olila.

Buge

Son of Mbega. In some references, called Buge.

Bugimamua

In the lore of Uganda, a place where heaven and earth meet. Sometimes referred to as Bugimamua.

Buk

A river-goddess of the Sudanese. In some accounts, Buk is a god of fishing. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Buk, Daughter of Fireflies, Daughter of Fireflies, Leopard of the Night or Leopard of the Night.

Bulanda

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bumba

An amulet of the Bushmen. In some lore, occasionally referred to as bumba, Ma Bumba, Ma Bumba, Bumba, Nzambi or Bumba.

Bundu

A Mende ancestral mask used in initiation rites. Also referred to as Bundu.

Burju Alamasi

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bush soul

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bwete

A spirit said to cause a specific disease. On occassion, called bwete.

Cactus Tree Worship

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callitrice

An Ethiopian bearded man-goat. Also referred to as callitrice.

Cannibals

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Castle of Light

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Catoplebas

An Abyssinian monster. Any person who looks into the eyes of this sluggish beast falls dead on the spot. Occasionally called Catoplebas.

Cedar of the End

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Ceres Africana

A goddess of agriculture in North Africa. Known as Ceres Africana, Ceres Punica or Ceres Punica.

Cghene

A creator-god of the Isoko tribe of West Africa. Also called Cghene.

Chameleon

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Chi-wara

A fertility-god of the Bambara. This deity is envisaged as an antelope. In some references, referred to as Chi-wara.

Chibinda Ilunga

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Chichinguane

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chigbe

Magic power in the lore of the Nupe. Occasionally identified as chigbe.

Chikanga

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Chikara

A sky-god of the Korekore tribe. Father of Nosenga. Called Chikara.

Chilube

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Chinawezi

A primaeval serpent. Wife of Nkuba. Mother of Konde and Nawezi. She ruled the land and sea while her husband ruled the sky. Also commonly referred to as Chinawezi, Chinaweji or Chinaweji.

Chineke

A name of Chuku as 'creator'. Identified as Chineke, Chuku, Chuku, Chukuru or Chukwu.

Chipfalamfula

In Mozambique, a huge fish said to have stopped the flow of a river. Also commonly identified as Chipfalamfula, Chichinguane or Chichinguane.

Chitimukul

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Chiuke

A creator-god and sky-god of the Ibo. Also known as Chiuke.

Chiuta

The supreme-god and rain-god of the Tumbuka. Also referred to as Chiuta, Mulengi, Mulengi, Mwenco, Mwenco, Wamtatakuya or Wamtatakuya.

Chuku

The supreme god of the Ibo. Father or husband of Ale. In some accounts, referred to as Chuku, Chukuru, Chukuru, Chukwu, Chukwu, Chineke or Chineke.

Cogaz

Son of Kaang and Coti, in Bushman lore. He descended to earth and taught mankind how to dig for roots. Sometimes identified as Cogaz.

Col

A Sudanese rain-god. Also commonly referred to as Col.

Copper City

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Coti

Wife of Kaang. Mother of Cogaz and Gewi. Also called Coti.

Cunnie Rabbit

A trickster deity of the Temne. This deity is envisaged as a chevrotain rather than a rabbit. Also known as Cunnie Rabbit.

Dache

Tree spirits of Ethiopia. In some references, referred to as Dache.

Dada Zodji

A deity in Dahomey, ruler of the earth. Twin brother of Nyauhwe Ananu. Father of Suvinenge. Sometimes referred to as Dada Zodji.

Daibu

Father of Dama Hgile. Occasionally called Daibu.

Dama Ngile

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Dan Ayido Hwedo

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Dangbe

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Danh

A snake god of Benin. Also commonly referred to as Danh.

Dasse

Wife of Mantis. Also called Dasse.

Dausi

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Deng

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Di Amomo

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Diang

A cow goddess of the Shilluk people. Consort of the first man, Omara. Mother of Okwa. Occasionally called Diang.

Dibobia

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didi

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Dinga

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Dji

The rainbow-serpent in Dahomey. Occasionally known as Dji, Rainbow Snake, Rainbow Snake, Dan Ayido Hwedo, Great Rainbow Snake, Kunmanggur, Mbumba Luangu, rainbow, Rainbow Serpent, snake, Yurlungur or Great Father.

djok

An ancestor spirit of the Alur. This spirit is said to appear in the form of a snake, a stone, etc. Also identified as djok.

Do

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Doche

An ancient Ethiopian god. Occasionally called Doche.

dodo

A Bushman demon or witch. Sometimes known as dodo.

Dogir

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Dongo

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Dorobo

A pygmy. The first man, in the lore of the Masai. Occasionally called Dorobo.

Dragon of the Lake

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Drink-all

A frog that can empty a lake by drinking its waters. On occassion, identified as Drink-all.

Dubiaku

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Dume

A Mali devil who controls. The wokulos. Also referred to as Dume.

Dungu

A god of the chase among the Buganda. In some lore, occasionally called Dungu.

Dxui

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Dyinyinga

The spirits of natural objects, in the lore of the Mende. Occasionally referred to as Dyinyinga.

Dyq

In the lore of the Bambara, a primaeval creative force which, with Gla, emerged from the empty void, Fu. Also called Dyq.

dzi-mawu

Sky gods of the Hua people. Also commonly known as dzi-mawu.

Dzivaguru

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eale

An Ethiopian monster with swivelling horns, precursor of the yale. Occasionally identified as eale.

ebo

Herbalists of the Edo who brew potions. Used in divination and witchcraft. In some accounts, identified as ebo.

echudan

A sorcerer in Uganda. In some lore, occasionally identified as echudan.

Eda Male

Idols of the Yoruba. These images, of male and female twins, are used in initiation ceremonies. Also known as Eda Male.

Edeke

A destructive god of the Teso people. Also commonly known as Edeke.

Efé

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Efflon Obassi

A god of the Ekoi people. Also called Efflon Obassi.

egbere

In the lore of the Yoruba, small beings. Said to live in the forests. Sometimes known as egbere.

Egungun

Among the Yoruba, carved images of ancestors and gods used in ceremonies: a cult of the dead. In some references, identified as Egungun.

ehi

An Edo spirit controlling an individual's destiny. He determines the individual's future in consultation with Osanobua before the person is born. Sometimes called ehi.

Ehlose

A guardian spirit which warns the individual of danger. Also referred to as Ehlose.

Eight Ancestors

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Eji Ogbe

King of the gods of the Yoruba. Also commonly called Eji Ogbe.

Ekera

The Ethiopian afterworld. Referred to as Ekera.

Ekko

In Ethiopia, a spirit of the dead which can take possession of a mortal. In some accounts, known as Ekko.

Ekpe

An Igbo secret society practising. Fertility rites. Sometimes identified as Ekpe, Egbo or Egbo.

Eledaa

A name of Olodumare as 'creator'. In some lore, occasionally known as Eledaa, Olodumare, Olodumare, Olorun, Alaaye, Elemii or Olojo Oni.

elefo

A magic bell used by Itonde to predict. The future and foretell death. The sound of the bell is capable of killing humans. Sometimes called elefo.

Elemii

A name of Olodumare as 'he who owns life'. Occasionally referred to as Elemii, Olodumare, Olodumare, Olorun, Alaaye, Eledaa or Olojo Oni.

emadloti

Swazi ancestors who can influence. Their descendants. Also commonly called emadloti.

emandwa

Tribal spirits of the Ankore. Also called emandwa.

Emayian

A name of En-kai as 'he who blesses'. In some lore, occasionally called Emayian, En-kai, En-kai, Ngai, Kamba Engai, Ngai or Parsai.

Emeli Hin

A creator god of the Tuareg. Referred to as Emeli Hin.

emi

In the lore of the Yoruba, one of the 3. Spirits in each individual - the vital. Force of breath. In some lore, occasionally called emi.

emizimu

Family spirits of the Ankore. On occassion, identified as emizimu.

emuron

A medicine-man in Uganda. Sometimes referred to as emuron.

En-kai

Supreme god and rain-god of the Masai. Also called En-kai, Ngai, Ngai, En-Kai, Emayian, Emayian, Kamba Engai, Kamba Engai, Parsai or Parsai.

Enekpe

A Nigerian heroine. Daughter of Ayagba. She allowed herself to be buried alive to save her people who were being defeated in battle. Also known as Enekpe.

Engai

The supreme god of the Kamba. In some references, referred to as Engai, Masai En-kai or Masai En-kai.

Enundu

A plague-god of Uganda. On occassion, known as Enundu.

eqqo

Ethiopian spirits living in streams and rivers. They can be induced to enter human beings and can predict the future. On occassion, referred to as eqqo.

eré

In Yoruba lore, childlike beings which take over persons. Undergoing initiation. Occasionally known as eré.

Erosi

Igbo spirits invoked to promote. Fertility and prosperity. At times, identified as Erosi.

Eshu

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Evua

A sun-god in Guinea. Also referred to as Evua.

Fa

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Far-li-mas

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Fara Maka

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Faran Maka

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Faro

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Fatouma

A princess. She was saved by Hammadi as she was about to be devoured by the Dragon of the Lake and married her rescuer. Also called Fatouma.

Fe

A god of the Ivory Coast. This deity is envisaged in the form of a mask. Occasionally called Fe.

Fenda Maria

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Fidi Mukullu

A creator-god in Zaire. In some accounts, called Fidi Mukullu.

fingo

A fetish, usually in the form of a calabash or a small pot, in which the individual's spirit is housed. In some references, identified as fingo.

Fu

In the lore of the Bambara, the primordial void which produced the 2 forces, Dya and Gla. Occasionally identified as Fu, Dya, Dya or Gla.

Fumu

A monkey. Woto, a king of the Bushongo, discovered palm wine when he saw Fumu licking it. Also commonly referred to as Fumu.

Ga-gorib

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Gabunga

In the lore of the Baganda, the official who escorted the king to meet the god Mukasa at the blood-drinking ceremony. At times, known as Gabunga.

Garakhe

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Garamas

The first man, in the lore of a nomadic. Tribe of the Sahara, the Garamantes. Also commonly identified as Garamas, Amphithemis, Amphithemis or Garamas.

Garang

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Garden of Delight

The Swahili paradise. Also called Garden of Delight.

Gassire

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Gauna

The leader of the spirits of the dead in the Bushman culture. Sometimes identified as Gauna, Gawa, Gawa, Gawama, Gawama, Gawa(ma) or Gawa(ma).

Gaunab

The Hottentot god of darkness. He wounded Tsunigoab in a fight for supremacy but lost the struggle and was banished. Occasionally referred to as Gaunab, Ga-gorib, Ga-gorib, Gama or Goub.

Gbadé

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Gbeni

The supreme spirit of the Mende. Occasionally referred to as Gbeni.

gbo

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Gborogboro

An ancestor of the Lugbara. Also referred to as Gborogboro.

Gewi

Son of Kaang and Coti. He who descended to earth and taught the Bushmen how to dry roots. In some references, identified as Gewi.

Gguluddene

A name of Katonda as 'gigantic'. Also referred to as Gguluddene, Katonda, Katonda, Kagingo, Lissoddene, Lugab, Namugereka, Namuginga, Nnyiniggulu, Ssebinitu or Ssewannaku.

Gibini

A plague-god of Uganda. In some lore, occasionally called Gibini.

Gihanga

King of Rwanda. Son of Kigwa. He is said to have invented the art of metal-working. Sometimes known as Gihanga.

Gikuyu

An ancestor of Kikuyu people. Son of Murungu. Husband of Moombi. He and his wife had nine daughters who founded the nine clans. In some accounts, referred to as Gikuyu, Kikuyu or Kikuyu.

Gindr

The supreme god of the Lendu people of Zaire. In some lore, occasionally known as Gindr.

Giyorgis

An archangel in Ethiopia. Known as Giyorgis.

Gizo

A trickster-hero of the Housa in the form of a spider. Consort of Koki. Occasionally called Gizo, Yoruba Anansi, Yoruba Anansi or Kwaku Ananse.

Gla

In the lore of the Bambara, a primaeval creative force which, with Dya, emerged from the empty void, Fu. On occassion, called Gla, Dya, Dya or Fu.

Gleaming Mountain

The hill on which the palace Burju. Alamasi was said to stand. In some references, referred to as Gleaming Mountain.

Gleti

A moon-goddess of the Fon. Consort of Lisa. Also identified as Gleti.

Gletivi

The offspring of Lisa and Gleti in the form of stars. Sometimes known as Gletivi, Moon-children or Moon-children.

God's Messengers

In the Sudan, fishes sent to the earth in thunderstorms are used by god as his messengers. In some references, identified as God's Messengers.

Godi

A dragon attendant on Hara Ke. On occassion, called Godi.

gola

In the lore of the Liuanda, a snakespirit that can take possession of people. Identified as gola.

Gongola

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Gonzuole

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Gorgon

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Goru

A dragon attendant on Hara Ke. At times, identified as Goru.

Great One

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griffin

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grisgris

A charm: an amulet: a spell. In some accounts, identified as grisgris, greegree, greegree, grigri or grigri.

Gu

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Guli

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Gulu

The creator-god of the Buganda. Father of Kaizuki, Nimba and Walumbe. In some lore, occasionally known as Gulu, Kulu, Kulu or Kidilli.

Gum Girl

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Gunuko

A deity of the Nupe of Nigeria and in Brazil. Also called Gunuko.

Gurikhaisib

The primaeval ancestor of the Hottentots. Also commonly identified as Gurikhaisib.

Guzil

A god in Tripolitania. This deity, having been fathered on a cow, appeared in the form of a bull. At times, referred to as Guzil.

Gwalu

A rain-god of the Yoruba. Occasionally known as Gwalu, C'balu, C'balu, Gbalu or Gbalu.

Habbat-ar-Rumani

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Habyarimana

A name of Imana as 'he who gives children'. On occassion, referred to as Habyarimana, Imana, Imana, Bigirimana, Hashakimana, Hategekimana or Ndagijimana.

Hai-uri

A half-bodied monster in the lore of the Hottentot. In some lore, occasionally known as Hai-uri.

Haiuri

A Hottentot demon. This being, resembling half a man sliced vertically, collected victims and took them down to the underworld. Sometimes identified as Haiuri.

hakata

Carved wooden sticks, plates or tablets. Used in divination. Occasionally known as hakata.

Hakim

Brother of Azimu. When he threw a spear at Khadu, god deflected it so that it struck Hakim. On occassion, identified as Hakim.

hale

Magic employed by the Mende. Also known as hale.

Ham

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Hammadi

A prince. He saved the princess Fatouma who was about to be devoured by the Dragon of the Lake and married her. In some accounts, identified as Hammadi.

Hammon

A Libyan sun-god. Also identified as Hammon, Amen, Amen, Aman, Amoun, Amun, Aman, Amem, Amom, Ammon, Am(o)un, Min, Greek Zeus, Libyan Hammon, Jupiter- Ammon, Roman Jupiter, Egyptian Amen, Egyptian Amen, Amon, Amon or Aymon.

Hao

An Ethiopian creator-god. He is depicted as a crocodile. In some accounts, identified as Hao.

Hara Ke

A Nigerian water-goddess and raingoddess. She is assisted in her duties by two dragons, Godi and Goru. In some accounts, known as Hara Ke, Harake, Harake, Mistress of Water, Mistress of Water or Hara-Ke.

Harun

A Moroccan water-spirit said to appear in the form of a snake. Occasionally identified as Harun, Haruna or Haruna.

Hashakimana

A name of Imana as 'planner'. Sometimes known as Hashakimana, Imana, Imana, Bigirimana, Habyarimana, Hategekimana or Ndagijimana.

Hategekimana

A name of Imana as 'ruler'. Also commonly known as Hategekimana, Imana, Imana, Bigirimana, Habyarimana, Hashakimana or Ndagijimana.

Hawa

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Heise

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Heitsi-eibib

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Henten Karube

Daughter of Bincigi. Sister of Marain Jagu. She helped her brother avenge her father's death at the hands of the tyrant king, Garakhe. At times, identified as Henten Karube.

Herlind

A handmaiden of Oda. In some accounts, referred to as Herlind.

Heyvoso

The sky-god of the Fon. Son of Mawu-Lisa. Occasionally known as Heyvoso.

Hinegba

The supreme god of the Igbira people of Nigeria. Sometimes known as Hinegba, Ihinegba or Ihinegba.

Hira

A huge monster of the Shilluk. Also identified as Hira.

hirizi

A Swahili amulet. Sometimes known as hirizi.

Hlakanyana

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Hochigan

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Hole

Songhai spirits of the air. These were the children of Adama and Hawa retained by god. Sometimes referred to as Hole.

Hono

A name of Were as 'miracle-worker'. Occasionally known as Hono, Were, Were, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Jalweny, Janen, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Honsi

Twin brother of Honsu. He and his brother Honsu are the heroes of magical exploits in the lore of Dahomey. On occassion, called Honsi.

Honsu

Twin brother of Honsi. He and his brother Honsi are the heroes of magical exploits in the lore of Dahomey. Occasionally identified as Honsu.

Hore

An oracle of the god Nosenga. Also commonly called Hore.

Horei

An evil spirit in West Africa. At times, referred to as Horei.

hunsi

A devotee of any Fon god. In some references, referred to as hunsi.

Huntin

A Xhosa tree-spirit. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Huntin.

Huveane

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Huvi

A god of hunting of the Ovimbundu people. In some references, referred to as Huvi.

Hwegbaja

A 17th C. King of Dahomey. He is revered as a mythical culturehero who instituted the practice of burying the dead. In some accounts, known as Hwegbaja.

Hyel

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hyena-men

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I Kaggen

The Bushman god, Kaang, as the spirit of the praying mantis. Also known as I Kaggen, Cagn, Cagn, Kaang, Kaggen or Kaggen.

Iampelamananoro

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Ibe Dji

An idol of the Yoruba. On occassion, known as Ibe Dji.

Ibilisi

A Swahili devil. Also referred to as Ibilisi, Moslem Eblis or Moslem Eblis.

Ibini Okrabi

A powerful spirit of the Igbo. Also referred to as Ibini Okrabi.

Ibissa Shayto

An Ethiopian fire-spirit. In some lore, occasionally called Ibissa Shayto.

Ibo-Osun

An annual feast in honour of the Yoruba goddess Osun when the priestesses of this cult are chosen. In some references, called Ibo-Osun.

Iboniamasiboniamanoro

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idlozi

The guardian spirit of a Zulu ancestor. Occasionally known as idlozi.

Ifa

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igbodu

Groves sacred to the Yoruba. God, Orunmila. In some lore, occasionally referred to as igbodu.

igqira

A witch-doctor in the Transkei. In some lore, occasionally called igqira.

ijimere

Forest spirits of Nigeria. Called ijimere, Ashanti mmoatia, Ashanti mmoatia, apuku, azizan, Brazil saci, Brazil saci, mmoatia, Dahomey aziazan, Dahomey aziazan, Surinam apuku, Surinam apuku or saci.

Ijuru

A realm in the sky in the lore of the Banyarwanda. In some accounts, known as Ijuru.

Ikenga

A god of fortune of the Ibo people. Sometimes known as Ikenga.

Ikonitra

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Iku

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Ikuzimu

The land under the earth in the lore of the Banyarwanda. In some references, called Ikuzimu.

Ilaansi

The supreme god of the Fipa people. In some references, identified as Ilaansi, Indaaka, Indaaka, Indeesa or Indeesa.

Ilankaka

Wife of King Konkundo. Mother of Honde. Occasionally known as Ilankaka.

Ilat

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Ile

A Yoruba earth-goddess. Sometimes known as Ile.

Ilé-Ifé

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Ilele-a-Ngonda

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Iloibonok

Medicine men of the Masai. Also referred to as Iloibonok.

Ilombo

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Imagheghan

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Imana

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imandwa

Ghosts of the Banyarwanda. Sometimes called imandwa.

Imilozi

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Impundulu

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Inabizoza

Wife of Mutaga. Mother of Mwambudza. Also commonly called Inabizoza.

Inaruchaba

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Incwala

A Swazi festival invoking tribal. Ancestors. Occasionally referred to as Incwala.

Indaji

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Indwano

Chief diviner of the court of Ruhaga. In some lore, occasionally known as Indwano.

Ingumbane

An incubus in the form of a snake. Occasionally called Ingumbane.

Inkanyamba

A Zulu storm-god or goddess. Known as Inkanyamba.

Inkoto

The sword of Kanyarundi. On occassion, referred to as Inkoto.

Intare

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Intulo

The lizard in the Zulu story of creation. Identified as Intulo.

inyana

A Zulu sorcerer. These men are said to be able to communicate with the ancestral spirits of the tribe, known as the Itongo. Also commonly identified as inyana.

Irke

A god of the Songhai people. Sometimes known as Irke, Kutiumo, Kutiumo, Zambanta or Zambanta.

Iro

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Iruva

The supreme god and sun-god of many tribes, including the Chaga or Meru. Occasionally called Iruva, Iruwa, Iruwa, Iyuva, Iyuva, Izuwa, Izuwa, Loba, Loba, Luba, Luba, Lyuba, Lyuba, L(y)uba, L(y)uba, 'sun', 'sun', Surya, Suryaa or Wi.

Isa

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Isa Bere

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isanusi

A Zulu witch-doctor. He can smell out the witches that cause illness. Called isanusi.

Isaywa

A name of Wele as 'he who is worshipped'. Also known as Isaywa, Isaiwa, Isaiwa or Wele.

itan

The myths and histories of the Yoruba. Known as itan.

Itherther

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Itoli

A humming-bird that gave Itonde a bell that granted all his wishes. Sometimes called Itoli.

Itonde

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Itongo

Ancestral spirits of the Zulu. These spirits are said to teach magic to the inyana, the diviners, with whom they communicate. At times, known as Itongo.

itta

A Zulu sorceress and healer. At times, identified as itta.

Ivonya-Ngia

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iyalorisha

A Yoruban priestess. Also referred to as iyalorisha, malebabalorisha, malebabalorisha, Brazil mae de santo or Brazil mae de santo.

Iyogera

A yellow stone in Burundi. When the king Itare struck the stone with his hammer, a river flowed out, forming the source of the Nile. Referred to as Iyogera.

Ja Mrima

A name of Were as 'the one who has a temper'. On occassion, known as Ja Mrima, Were, Were, Hono, Jahera, Jalweny, Janen, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Jabal Lamma

The rock where Copper City was said to have been built by Solomon. Occasionally identified as Jabal Lamma.

Jabal Saa

The rock where Copper City was said to have been built by Japhet. Also commonly called Jabal Saa.

Jackal

A trickster-hero of the Hottentots. In some accounts, it was he who overcame the monster Ga-gorib. In some accounts, called Jackal.

Jahera

A name of Were as 'merciful'. Referred to as Jahera, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jalweny, Janen, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Jakuta

A Yoruba thunder-god. Also called Jakuta.

Jaliya

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Jalweny

A name of Were as 'mighty warrior'. In some accounts, known as Jalweny, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Janen, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Jan'gwono

A name of Were as 'kind'. In some accounts, identified as Jan'gwono, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Jalweny, Janen, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Janen

A name of Were as 'wise one'. Identified as Janen, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Jalweny, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Jata

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Jefa

The name for the sun in Zaire. Occasionally referred to as Jefa.

jigo

A Hausa spirit causing fevers. Occasionally identified as jigo, jihu or jihu.

Jinde Sirinde

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Jok

The creator-god and rain-god of the Alur. Sometimes referred to as Jok, Juok, Juok, Jo-Uk, Joagh, Joghi, jok, Joogi, Jouk, Ju-Ok, Jwok or jok.

jok

A name for god in various parts of Africa: celestial beings: spirits. Sometimes identified as jok, Juok, Juok, Jo-Uk, Joagh, Joghi, jok, Joogi, Jouk, Ju-Ok or Jwok.

Jokinam

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Jokrut

The Alur god of twins. Known as Jokrut.

Jolima

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juju

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juju house

The building in which the juju priests. Carried on their work, sometimes. Involving human sacrifice. Also referred to as juju house.

juju man

A priest of black magic: a witch-doctor. It is said that these men can change into birds. At times, identified as juju man, witch-doctor, witch-doctor, medicineman or shaman.

Juko

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Juok

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Juru

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Ka Tyeleo

A creator-god of the Ivory Coast in West Africa. On occassion, referred to as Ka Tyeleo.

Kaang

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Kaba

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Kaba dye

The second of the 7 heavens of the Bambara, home of souls of the dead. In some accounts, referred to as Kaba dye.

Kaba fii

The third of the 7 heavens of the Bambara, home of spirits. Occasionally known as Kaba fii.

Kaba noro

The first of the 7 heavens of the Bambara, home of Faro. Sometimes called Kaba noro.

Kabundungulu

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Kagenda

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Kagingo

A name of Katonda as 'lord of life'. On occassion, known as Kagingo, Katonda, Katonda, Gguluddene, Lissoddene, Lugab, Namugereka, Namuginga, Nnyiniggulu, Ssebinitu or Ssewannaku.

Kaikara

A harvest-goddess of the Banyoro. In some lore, occasionally known as Kaikara.

Kaiwan

In Ethiopia, an earth-goddess, goddess of plenty. Also identified as Kaiwan.

Kaizuki

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Kajati

A name of Tilo as 'self-created'. Sometimes called Kajati, Tilo, Tilo, Mlengi, Nyifwa, Lesa, Mkana, Mlengavuwa, Mlezi, Msungi, Mtaski, Nyangoi or Wanthazizose.

Kaka-Guia

A bull-headed god in Guinea. He is the conductor of the souls of the dead. On occassion, identified as Kaka-Guia.

Kalala Ilunga

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Kalamu

A Swahili recording angel. This being records every event in the Luah. Sometimes called Kalamu, Pen or Pen.

Kaliloze

A magic rifle which fires invisible. Bullets, used by the sorcerers of Zambia. At times, known as Kaliloze.

Kalisia

A creator-god of the Pygmies, god of hunters. Sometimes referred to as Kalisia.

Kalumba

The creator-god of the Luba in Zaire. On occassion, called Kalumba.

Kalunga

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Kamba

An ancestral hero, founder of the Kamba people. Son of Murungu. At times, identified as Kamba.

Kamonga

Second wife of Chibinda Ilunga. Occasionally called Kamonga.

Kamonu

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Kandundu

An ancestral spirit of the Ovimbundu. In some references, called Kandundu.

Kangalogba

A primaeval female spirit of the tribes of Uganda. Mother of Toro. She is envisaged as a dragonfly. Occasionally known as Kangalogba.

Kanisimbo

A Swahili ancestor. Brother of Simboumba. The eldest of the eight people who came down from heaven in a ship with Faro. Also commonly referred to as Kanisimbo.

Kanyarundi

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Kanzi

Son of the first man, Amangundu. Brother of Nangombe. Father of Mshindi. Also commonly known as Kanzi.

kapiangu

In Zaire, a charm which causes the death of a thief. Occasionally referred to as kapiangu.

Kapirimtiya

The site of the holes from which the ancestors of some of the people of Malawi emerged. Also called Kapirimtiya.

Karadigi

A hunter. He owned 120 huge black dogs which he set on to kill the monster hippo, Mali. Occasionally called Karadigi.

Karandala

An Ethiopian evil spirit. Also commonly identified as Karandala.

Katari

A water-demon in the lore of the Nyamuezi tribe. Occasionally referred to as Katari.

Katonda

The creator-god of the Baga. On occassion, identified as Katonda, Gguluddene, Gguluddene, Kagingo, Kagingo, Lissoddene, Lissoddene, Lugab, Lugab, Namugereka, Namugereka, Namuginga, Namuginga, Nnyiniggulu, Nnyiniggulu, Ssebinitu, Ssebinitu, Ssewannaku or Ssewannaku.

Katwa

A child of the first man, Kihanga. Ancestor of the pygmies. Also commonly called Katwa.

Kayura

A Tanzanian storm-god. At times, known as Kayura, Zulu Kayurankuba or Zulu Kayurankuba.

Kayurankuba

A Zulu storm-god. Occasionally called Kayurankuba, Tanzanian Kayura or Tanzanian Kayura.

Kazikamuntu

The first man, according to the lore of the Banyarwanda. Also referred to as Kazikamuntu.

kazila

Something forbidden or taboo. In some cases, royalty may not eat pig. Women are banned from eating fish by decree of Nzambi. Also commonly known as kazila.

Kazooba

A creator-god of the Ankore people of Uganda. A name of Rugaba as sun-god. Occasionally referred to as Kazooba, Nyamwezi, Nyamwezi, Rugaba, Rugaba, Mukameiguru, Tanzanian Kazyoba or Tanzanian Kazyoba.

Kazyoba

Creator-god and sun-god of the Nyamwezi people of Tanzania. In some references, referred to as Kazyoba, Ugandan Kazooba or Ugandan Kazooba.

Kenimbleni

A Subagi. He stole magic powders which made him immortal and enabled him to fly and to talk the language of the birds. In some accounts, referred to as Kenimbleni.

Ketua

A god of fortune in Zaire. Also referred to as Ketua.

Khakaba

A name of Wele as 'the sharer'. In some accounts, known as Khakaba, Wele, Wele, 'high one', Isaiwa or Isaywa.

Khambageu

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Kholumulumo

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Khonvum

The supreme god of the Pygmies. He made the first pygmies in the sky and lowered them down to earth on ropes. Also identified as Khonvum.

Khudjana

A creator-god in the Transvaal. Son of Ribimbi. He is said to have created the earth. Also known as Khudjana.

Khuzwane

A creator-god of the Luvedu tribe. Also commonly called Khuzwane, Khuswane or Khuswane.

Kianda

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kibaba

A Swahili charm used against thieves. Occasionally identified as kibaba.

Kibuka

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Kibunwasi

A trickster-deity in Zanzibar. Occasionally called Kibunwasi.

Kibwebanduka

A tribal-hero in Tanzania. He led his people to their present homeland. On occassion, identified as Kibwebanduka.

Kiet

In the lore of the Nandi, the world. Order created by Asis. On occassion, called Kiet.

Kigare

A cattle-god of the Banyoro. Occasionally referred to as Kigare.

Kigwa

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Kihanga

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Kiir

A Nuer god, guardian of the Nile. On occassion, known as Kiir.

Kikore

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Kilembe

A magical tree. This tree arrived on earth carried by the hero Sudika-mbambi when he was born. Sometimes referred to as Kilembe, Tree of Life, Tree of Life or Grand Bois.

Kilima

A type of spirit which takes possession of humans, causing illness. Also commonly identified as Kilima, Kinyamkera or Kinyamkera.

kimbanda

A sorcerer in Angola. Also referred to as kimbanda.

Kimbugwe

A guardian of the afterbirth of a king, among the Buganda. Identified as Kimbugwe.

Kimbuji

In the lore of Angola, a huge fish or crocodile. This underworld inhabitant swallowed Sudika-mbambi but was killed by his brother Kabundungulu. Sometimes referred to as Kimbuji, Kimiji or Kimiji.

Kimera

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kimpasi

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kindoki

The secret lore of the sorcerers. Referred to as kindoki.

Kindoki

An evil spirit of the Bakongo. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Kindoki.

Kintu

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Kinyamkera

A type of evil spirit which takes. Possession of humans, causing illness. They are described as having one eye, one arm and one leg. Referred to as Kinyamkera, Kilima or Kilima.

Kinyarwanda

A child of the first man, Kihanga. Brother of Kanyarundi and Katwa. In some accounts, called Kinyarwanda.

Kinyoka

A serpent in the underworld. This five-headed monster was killed by Sudika-mbambi when he went down to the underworld. Occasionally called Kinyoka.

kiolu

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Kipalende

The 4 servants of Sudika-Mbamba. Referred to as Kipalende.

Kirabira

A war-god of the Baganda. Son of Mukasa. Brother of Nende and Mirimu. At times, identified as Kirabira.

kirimu

A spirit or soul of the Nande. In some accounts, called kirimu.

kishi

A Kimbundu evil spirit. This being has a two-faced head, one human, one hyena. Also called kishi.

kisimbi

A Bakongo spirit which causes illness. These beings cannot be seen because they are made of water. At times, identified as kisimbi, bisimbi, bisimbi, Water Girl, Water Girl, Water Nymph, Water Nymph, plurbisimbi or plurbisimbi.

kisirani

In the lore of the Swahili, one who brings bad luck. In some lore, occasionally referred to as kisirani.

Kitamba

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Koito

An Ethiopian feast to propitiate the spirit of lightning. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Koito.

Koki

In the lore of the Hausa, a praying mantis. Wife of Gizo. Wife of Spider, some say. Referred to as Koki.

Koko

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Kola

Son of the Sacred White Cow. His grandson, Ukwa, is regarded as the ancestor of the Shilluk people of the Sudan. Sometimes referred to as Kola.

Kolelo

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Koleo

A Tanzanian snake-god. Known as Koleo.

Kolio

A Ewe war-god. Sometimes referred to as Kolio.

kollo

Ethiopian spirits of the mountains, trees and springs. These spirits appear in the form of four-horned cockerels or as tall, onelegged beings. In some accounts, called kollo, qollo or qollo.

Kom

A stool or throne. In the lore of the Alur this is one of the four attributes of the king. Also identified as Kom.

koma

Swahili spirits which live on after death. Sometimes identified as koma, nkoma, nkoma or Swahili koma.

Konde

Son of Nkuba and Chinawezi. Brother and husband of Nawezi. Also identified as Konde.

Korongo

A Mali sorcerer from whom Kenimbleni. Stole magic powders. Also commonly referred to as Korongo.

Kube

A name of Mulungu as 'all-embracing'. Identified as Kube, Mulungu, Mulungu, Mtanga, Mumbere, Mungu, Likubala, Lima, Limi or Murungu.

kuchi

In the lore of the Nupe, a spiritual. Force. In some lore, occasionally identified as kuchi.

Kunde

A hunter-god of the Ewe in Ghana. Sometimes referred to as Kunde.

Kungwa

The supreme god of the Kannuku of Nigeria. Also referred to as Kungwa.

Kunu

A supreme god in Sierra Leone. Also referred to as Kunu.

Kuri

A Housa spirit which causes paralysis. Also referred to as Kuri, Yandu, Yandu, Yerro or Yerro.

Kurumasaba

A supreme god in Sierra Leone. Sometimes referred to as Kurumasaba.

kurusi

In the lore of the Swahili, the throne of the creator-god shielded by the canopy, Arishi. Also known as kurusi.

kuti

In the lore of the Nupe, a spiritual. Force. Also commonly referred to as kuti.

Kuzimu

The Swahili underworld. It is said that the movements of ghosts in this realm cause earthquakes. Sometimes known as Kuzimu.

Kwaku Ananse

The spider-god of the Ashanti. Also commonly called Kwaku Ananse, Yoruba Anansi, Yoruba Anansi or Gizo.

Kwammang-a

A rainbow deity. In some references, called Kwammang-a.

Kworrom

A Housa spirit who trips up those who pass his home under the roots of a tree. Also called Kworrom.

Kwoth

The creator-god of the Nuer people of the Sudan. Sometimes referred to as Kwoth, Tutgar or Tutgar.

Kyala

A supreme god of the Ngonde people. Also known as Kyala.

Kyumbe

A creator god of the Zaramo people of Tanzania. Sometimes referred to as Kyumbe.

Labama

Daughter of Nchienge. Sister and wife of Woto. At times, called Labama.

Ladhaa

In the lore of the Swahili, the second. Floor of hell reserved for misers who are forced to drink the blood of their victims. Referred to as Ladhaa.

Lagarre

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Lamurudu

A king of Mecca. Father of Oduduwa. Occasionally referred to as Lamurudu.

latedo

A priest of the Acholi. Known as latedo.

latedo koot

A priest of the Acholi who ensures. Rain. Sometimes referred to as latedo koot.

latedo tiim

A priest of the Acholi who ensures. Good hunting. On occassion, known as latedo tiim.

Le-eyo

An ancestor of the Masai. Also commonly identified as Le-eyo.

Lebe Serou

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Legba

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Lenga

Sister of Lunga. Wife of Nsassi. Sometimes known as Lenga, Nsassi, Nsassi or Lunga.

Leve

A name of Ngewo as 'the one high up'. Also identified as Leve, Ngewo, Ngewo or Ngewowa.

Leza

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Li

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Lianja

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Libanza

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Likinda

Son of Lianja and Ntsongo. Husband of Boale. His daughter was Ntsongo reborn. Also called Likinda.

Likubala

A name of Mulungu as 'the counter of steps'. Also referred to as Likubala, Mulungu, Mulungu, Mtanga, Mumbere, Mungu, Kube, Lima, Limi or Murungu.

Likundu

The Bangala god of evil; The devil. In some accounts, referred to as Likundu, Ekundu, Ekundu, Ikundu, Ikundu, Ndoki or Ndoki.

Limi

A name of Mulungu as the sun. Also commonly referred to as Limi, Lima, Lima, Mulungu, Mulungu, Mulungu, Mtanga, Mumbere, Mungu, Kube, Likubala or Murungu.

Linkalankala

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Liongo

A Swahili hero. Son of Mbwasho. He was a poet, a giant who could not be wounded. Occasionally known as Liongo.

Lisa

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Lissoddene

A name of Katonda as 'big-eye'. In some lore, occasionally identified as Lissoddene, Katonda, Katonda, Gguluddene, Kagingo, Lugab, Namugereka, Namuginga, Nnyiniggulu, Ssebinitu or Ssewannaku.

Loba

A sun-god of the Duala tribe. On occassion, known as Loba, Iruva, Iruva, Iruwa, Iyuva, Izuwa, Luba, Lyuba, L(y)uba or 'sun'.

Loko

The Fon god of trees. Brother of Ayaba. Also commonly identified as Loko.

Loma

A supreme god of the Bongo. People of the Sudan. At times, identified as Loma.

Lomo

A Ngbandi goddess of peace. Known as Lomo.

Long Juju

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Longar

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Lonkundo

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Lontsingo

In the lore of Zaire, a fly who flew to heaven with the sunbird Nkombe to bring back the sun. Occasionally called Lontsingo.

Lord of the Sky

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Lova

A supreme god in Cameroon. In some references, called Lova, Love or Love.

Lowe

A cave. This cave, in the centre of Botswana, was the home of Tauetona, the first man. Referred to as Lowe.

Luah

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Lubanga

A god of good health of the Bunyoro. People. Also called Lubanga.

Lubangala

A rainbow-god of the Bakongo people. In some accounts, called Lubangala, Rainbow, Rainbow, Ix Chel, Rainbow Monster, Rainbow Monster, Rainbow (Monster) or Rainbow (Monster).

Lube

A god of Sao Tome. Also commonly identified as Lube.

Luchyele

A name adopted by Leza when he came down to earth. At times, called Luchyele, Leza, Leza, Lesa, Lumumba, Reza, Rezha, Rez(h)a or Fon Lisa.

Lueji

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Lufu

A god of death. He owns herds of cattle which are tended by the dead. In some lore, occasionally called Lufu, Lirifu or Lirifu.

Lugaba

A name of Katonda as 'he who gives'. Occasionally called Lugaba.

Lumbu

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Lunga

Sister of Lenga. Wife of Nsassi. At times, referred to as Lunga, Nsassi, Nsassi or Lenga.

Lyambilo

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Lyangombe

A principal god in the Congo. In some accounts, known as Lyangombe.

Ma Kiela

A goddess of the Bakongo, a deified mortal. She is regarded as the queen of those women who have been killed with a knife. In some lore, occasionally known as Ma Kiela.

Macardit

A Dinka deity of ill-fortune. Also commonly referred to as Macardit.

Madlebe

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magba

Priests of Shango. Sometimes identified as magba.

Maghegh

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Magombe

The realm of the dead in the lore of some Ugandan tribes. Also called Magombe.

Mahalbiya

A Hausa spirit which causes sores. At times, known as Mahalbiya.

Mahrem

A war-god in Ethiopia. On occassion, known as Mahrem.

Mahungu

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Mai-Gangaddi

A Hausa spirit which causes. Sleeping sickness. In some lore, occasionally identified as Mai-Gangaddi.

Mai-ja-Chikki

A Hausa spirit which causes the evil eye. In some accounts, referred to as Mai-ja-Chikki, Dakaki, Dakaki or Mai-ja-chikki.

Maina

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maiya

A Hausa warlock. Also known as maiya.

Majibu

A sorcerer to King Nkogolo. He was given the boy Kalala Ilunga to raise and taught him to be a fine runner and dancer. Occasionally called Majibu.

Majok

Among the Dinka, a sacred ox. Occasionally referred to as Majok.

Maka

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Makeri

A Hausa spirit causing occupational. Ailments in smiths. On occassion, known as Makeri.

Makishi

Man-eating monsters in Angola. Occasionally called Makishi.

Maklandjalu

A supreme god of the south-eastern. Coastal regions. In some accounts, called Maklandjalu.

Malaika

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Malandela

A Zulu hero. Father of Ntombela. He led his people to their present homeland. Occasionally known as Malandela.

Malava

A legendary ancestor of the Vugusu of Kenya. In some references, called Malava, Umngoma or Umngoma.

Mali

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Malika Habashiya

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Malombo

Sacred snakes in Mozambique which are said to act as oracles. Also referred to as Malombo.

Maluth

An Ethiopian spirit. At times, known as Maluth.

Mamadi

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Mamlambo

A Zulu river-goddess, goddess of beer-makers. Identified as Mamlambo.

Mandwa

A Baganda spirit substituting for Mukasa in the blood-drinking. Ceremony. In some lore, occasionally known as Mandwa.

Manema Mairwa

Husband of Nambubi. Father of Mukasa. Sometimes known as Manema Mairwa, Wanema, Wanema or Musisi.

mangabala bana

In the lore of the Congo, these flying. Spirits have only one leg each. Sometimes called mangabala bana.

mangu

Zande witchcraft. Sometimes referred to as mangu.

Manikongo

The supreme god of the Teke people of the Congo. Sometimes known as Manikongo, Bakongo or Bakongo.

Mantis

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Maori

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Mapico

A ceremonial mask used in Mozambique to expel devils. At times, identified as Mapico.

Marain Jagu

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Marwe

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masabo

A ghost-house. In some lore, occasionally referred to as masabo.

Masai

Founder of the Masai people. Son of Murungu. Identified as Masai.

Masaki

A Hausa spirit causing occupational. Ailments in weavers. On occassion, known as Masaki.

Mashira

A Burundi sage who advised. Kanyarundi to have a sword made and to kill the serpent living in a cave. Also called Mashira.

Mashongavudzu

First wife of Mwari. In some lore, occasionally known as Mashongavudzu.

Masilo

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Masilonyane

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Massassi

The first woman in the lore of the Makoni. The morning star. She was created by Maori and mated with Mwuetsi to produce vegetation. Identified as Massassi.

Massin Biambe

A creator-god of the Mundang. This deity created the primaeval beings, Mebeli and Phebele, progenitors of mankind. Referred to as Massin Biambe.

Mateba

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Matong

A boy whose only possession was a bull. This animal protected Matong and even fought lions for him. Known as Matong.

Matu

Mother of Efé. On occassion, referred to as Matu.

Mauli

The supreme spirit of the Shona. People. Occasionally known as Mauli.

Maweja

A supreme god in the Congo. In some accounts, identified as Maweja.

Mawu

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Mawu-Lisa

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maye

A Hausa sorcerer. Sometimes referred to as maye.

Mbale

A fertility-deity of the Baganda. Also identified as Mbale, Mebeli or Mebeli.

mbari

A temple of Ala. Also commonly known as mbari.

Mbasi

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Mbatsav

Spirits of the Tiv ancestors. These spirits are said to travel on birds and sometimes appear as birds or animals. Sometimes identified as Mbatsav.

Mbega

A hero of the Shambala. Father of Buge. Occasionally called Mbega.

Mbere

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Mbidi Kiluwe

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mbidla

A diviner in Cameroon. Also known as mbidla.

mbolom

Cameroon mountain spirits. Also identified as mbolom.

Mbomba

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Mbombe

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Mbongo

A river-god in Zaire. He is regarded as the creator of all the black tribes. Also called Mbongo.

Mbori

Supreme god of the Azande people of Zaire. Sometimes referred to as Mbori.

Mbotombo

An ape-headed creator-god in the Ivory. Coast area. In some references, called Mbotombo, Mbotumbo or Mbotumbo.

Mbulu-Mbembe

A water-monster. Identified as Mbulu-Mbembe.

Mbumba Luangu

The rainbow. In the Congo, the rainbow is said to be a reflection of this snake as it rises from the water. At times, referred to as Mbumba Luangu, Rainbow Snake, Rainbow Snake, Dan Ayido Hwedo, Great Rainbow Snake, Kunmanggur, rainbow, Rainbow Serpent, snake, Yurlungur, Great Father or Dji.

Mbuya

A name for the female aspect of Mwari. At times, called Mbuya, Grandmother, Grandmother, Ma-tsu-p'o, Toci, Mwari, Mwari, Mwali, Dzivaguru, Musikavanhu, Mutangakugara or Nyadenga.

Mbwasho

Mother of Liongo. Also referred to as Mbwasho.

mchawi

An East African sorcerer. Identified as mchawi.

Mebege

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Mebeli

The primaeval female created by Massim Biambe. She mated with the primaeval male, Phebele, to produce the human race. In some lore, occasionally called Mebeli, Mbale or Mbale.

Meder

An Ethiopian earth-deity. Also referred to as Meder.

Membe

An ancestor of the Lugbara people. Also called Membe.

Mengi

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Mezzoramia

A mythical oasis, site of perfect. Happiness. At times, known as Mezzoramia.

mfumu-kutu

The soul, in the lore of the Bakongo. Sometimes referred to as mfumu-kutu.

Mfuzi

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mganga

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mgonzi

A Tanzanian magician. In some lore, occasionally known as mgonzi, Bakongo ndoki, Bakongo ndoki, mganga, nganga, Bantu nganga, Bantu nganga, ndoki, Swahili mganga, Swahili mganga or nganga.

mhondoro

A god or spirit communicating. Through a medium. At times, referred to as mhondoro.

Minepa

A god of evil in Zambia. Sometimes identified as Minepa.

mingehe

Spirits of the Lele which live in the forest. Sometimes identified as mingehe.

Minia

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Minona

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Mirimu

A war-god of the Buganda. Son of Musaka. Brother of Kirabura and Nende. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Mirimu.

Miseke

A maiden who married the thundergod of the Banyarwanda. Also identified as Miseke.

Mitsotsozini

In Potono lore, the first man. In other versions, Vere was the first man and he was shown how to make fire by Mitsotsozini. Also identified as Mitsotsozini.

mizimu

Ancestral spirits of the Swahili. Identified as mizimu.

Mkana Nyifwa

A name of Tilo as 'eternal'. Also commonly referred to as Mkana Nyifwa.

Mkulumncande

A creator-god of the Swazi people. In some references, called Mkulumncande, Great First One or Great First One.

Mlangeri

The family of the Swazi king who is a descendant of the sun. Also identified as Mlangeri, People of the Sun or People of the Sun.

Mlengavuwa

A name of Tilo as 'maker of rain'. On occassion, called Mlengavuwa, Tilo, Tilo, Mlengi, Nyifwa, Kajati, Lesa, Mkana, Mlezi, Msungi, Mtaski, Nyangoi or Wanthazizose.

Mlentengamunye

A messenger god of the Swazi people. In some references, identified as Mlentengamunye.

Mlezi

A name of Tilo as 'giver of food'. At times, known as Mlezi, Tilo, Tilo, Mlengi, Nyifwa, Kajati, Lesa, Mkana, Mlengavuwa, Msungi, Mtaski, Nyangoi or Wanthazizose.

mlungu

In Tanzania, a high god. Occasionally identified as mlungu, chohile or chohile.

mmoatia

Dwarf sorcerers or forest spirits of the Ashanti. At times, called mmoatia, Brazil saci, Brazil saci, apuku, ijimere, Dahomey azizan, Dahomey azizan, saci, Surinam apuku, Surinam apuku, azizan, Yoruba ijimere or Yoruba ijimere.

Modimo

A creator-god of the Tswana. People. Occasionally called Modimo.

Moelo

Founder of the Bushongo. Son of Bomazi. Twin of Woto. Occasionally identified as Moelo.

Mokele

The first man in the lore of Zaire. Son of Wai. Father of Lonkundo. Also identified as Mokele.

Mokele-Mbembe

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Molimo

The supreme god of the Basuto. At times, referred to as Molimo, Morimo or Morimo.

moloki

A sorcerer among the Bangala. Also identified as moloki.

Mombo Wa Ndhlopfu

An ancestral god in Mozambique. He sometimes appears as a snake. Called Mombo Wa Ndhlopfu.

Mondoro

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Moombi

A creator-goddess of the Kikuyu. Wife of Pikuyu. She bore the nine daughters who became the founders of the nine clans. On occassion, referred to as Moombi, Mumbi or Mumbi.

Moon-chief

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Morongo

The evening star of the Makoni. She was a woman, created by Maori, who mated with Mwetsi to produce animals and human beings. Identified as Morongo.

Moshanyana

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Motlaba Basetsana

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Motu

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Mount Kenya

The home of Murungu. Also identified as Mount Kenya, Kere Nyaga or Kere Nyaga.

Moyna

A hero of the Dogon. He is said to have invented the bullroarer. Also commonly called Moyna.

moyo

The spirit of the individual, in the lore of the Bakongo. In some accounts, identified as moyo.

Mpumuti Muchuni

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Mshindi

Son of Kanzi. Occasionally known as Mshindi.

Msungi

A name of Tilo as 'he who sustains'. In some references, referred to as Msungi, Tilo, Tilo, Mlengi, Nyifwa, Kajati, Lesa, Mkana, Mlengavuwa, Mlezi, Mtaski, Nyangoi or Wanthazizose.

Mtaski

A name of Tilo as 'saviour'. Also called Mtaski, Tilo, Tilo, Mlengi, Nyifwa, Kajati, Lesa, Mkana, Mlengavuwa, Mlezi, Msungi, Nyangoi or Wanthazizose.

Muali

A celestial deity of the Shona people. Also identified as Muali.

Mugasa

A sky-god of the Pygmies. On occassion, known as Mugasa, Mugu or Mugu.

Mugizi

A Bunyoro god of Lake Albert. Also called Mugizi, Muguzi or Muguzi.

Muhingo

A war-god of the Bunyoro people. Occasionally called Muhingo.

Muhongo

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Mujaji

A rain-goddess in the Transvaal. She lived in the Drakensberg Mountains and protected her people, the Lovedu, from the Zulus. Also referred to as Mujaji, Modjadji, Modjadji, Rain Queen or Rain Queen.

Mukakagenda

A female drum which, together with the male drum Kagenda, was given. As a wedding present to Kanyarundi. By his father Kihanga. Sometimes called Mukakagenda.

Mukameiguru

A name of Rugaba as 'ruler of the sky'. Called Mukameiguru, Rugaba, Rugaba or Kazooba.

Mukasa

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mukulu

A Bakongo spirit of an ancestor living. Under water. Occasionally known as mukulu, bakula, bakula, plurbakulu or plurbakulu.

Mukulu Ijulu

A Swahili name for god. Occasionally known as Mukulu Ijulu.

Mukunga M'bura

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Mukuru

The sky-god of the Herero. At times, identified as Mukuru.

Mulengi

A name of Chiuta as 'creator'. Occasionally identified as Mulengi, Chiuta, Chiuta, Mwenco or Wamtatakuya.

Mulindwa

A tribal guardian goddess of the Bunyoro royal family. Also called Mulindwa.

mulogo

A warlock among the Ganda. In some references, known as mulogo.

Mulopo

A name for a god in the Congo. Identified as Mulopo.

muloyi

A Nande sorcerer. In some references, called muloyi, muloi or muloi.

Muluku

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Mulungu

Creator-god and sky-god of the Nyamwezi. Also referred to as Mulungu, Asa, Asa, Mumbi, Mwatuangi, Murungu, Murungu, Mulungu, Mulungu or Muluku.

Mumbi

A name of Asa as 'shaper'. Also identified as Mumbi, Asa, Asa, Mulungu, Mwatuangi, Moombi, Moombi or Mumbi.

Muntu Walunga

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Munume

A weather-god of the Bunyoro. People. In some accounts, called Munume.

Mupe

A legendary ancestor of the Bambuti. Husband of Uti. Also called Mupe.

Murile

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murozi

A Burundi sorcerer. On occassion, referred to as murozi.

Murungu

A supreme god of many Kikuyu tribes. Father of Gikuyu, Kamba and Masai. Occasionally referred to as Murungu, Mulungu, Mulungu, Mtanga, Mumbere, Mungu, Kube, Likubala, Lima, Limi, Mulungu, Mulungu, Muluku or Muluku.

Musa

A spirit of the hunt in the lore of the Songhay people. Occasionally known as Musa.

Musa Nyame

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musendabuzimu

A root-drink used to wash out the mouth after dreams of boreboding. At times, referred to as musendabuzimu.

Musikavanhu

A supreme god in Tanzania. A name of Mwari as creator. Also commonly referred to as Musikavanhu, Mwari, Mwari, Mwali, Dzivaguru, Mbuya, Mutangakugara or Nyadenga.

Musisi

A god of earthquakes and messengergod of the Ndonga people. Son of Kalunga. Occasionally identified as Musisi, Wanema, Wanema or Manema Mairwa.

Musoke

A rainbow-god of the Bambara. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Musoke.

Musso-koroni

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Mutaga

Son of Mwezi. Husband of Inabizoza. Father of Mwambudza. In some references, referred to as Mutaga.

mutameli

One appointed as a guardian of a graveyard among the Tsonga. Occasionally identified as mutameli.

Mutangakugara

A name for Mwari as 'eternal'. At times, known as Mutangakugara, Mwari, Mwari, Mwali, Dzivaguru, Mbuya, Musikavanhu or Nyadenga.

Muti Mpungu

In the lore of the Bakongo, the tree which split the androgynous being. Mahungu into man, Lumbu, and woman, Muzita. Occasionally known as Muti Mpungu.

Muy

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Muzita

In the lore of the Bakongo, the tree. Muti Mpungu split the androgynous. Being Mahungu into man, Lumbu, and woman, Muzita. In some accounts, known as Muzita.

mwaguzi

A Swahili diviner. On occassion, identified as mwaguzi.

Mwambu

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Mwambudza

Son of Mutaga and Inabizoza. Father of Intare. Sometimes known as Mwambudza.

Mwari

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Mwatuangi

A name of Asa as 'distributor'. Sometimes known as Mwatuangi, Asa, Asa, Mulungu or Mumbi.

Mweel

Daughter of Mbomba. Sister and wife of Woot. Mother of Nyimi Lele. In some references, referred to as Mweel.

Mwenco

A name of Chiuta as 'owner of all things'. On occassion, called Mwenco, Chiuta, Chiuta, Mulengi or Wamtatakuya.

Mwenembago

In the lore of Tanzania, a man deified. As lord of the forest. Also referred to as Mwenembago.

Mwesi

Son of Intare and Inaruchaba. Father of Mutaga. Identified as Mwesi.

Mwuetsi

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Na Ngutu

A Bakongo god of the dead. Also called Na Ngutu.

Nabende

A supreme god in Uganda. In some lore, occasionally identified as Nabende.

Naete

A sea-deity of the Fon. Twin sister of Agbe. Mother of Afrikete. Also commonly identified as Naete.

Nagadya

A goddess of the Baganda. Mother of Kibuku, some say. Referred to as Nagadya.

Nagawonyi

A hunger-goddess of the Baganda. In some references, known as Nagawonyi.

Nai

An ocean-god of the Gan people. Father of Ashiakle. In some lore, occasionally known as Nai.

Nailele

Wife of Nyame. Also called Nailele.

Nakwube

A supreme god in Kenya. Also identified as Nakwube.

Nambalisita

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Nambi

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Nambubi

Wife of Manema Mairwa. Mother of Mukasa. Also identified as Nambubi.

Namugereka

A name of Katonda as 'apportioner'. In some references, known as Namugereka, Katonda, Katonda, Gguluddene, Kagingo, Lissoddene, Lugab, Namuginga, Nnyiniggulu, Ssebinitu or Ssewannaku.

Namuginga

A name of Katonda as 'shaper'. Sometimes referred to as Namuginga, Katonda, Katonda, Gguluddene, Kagingo, Lissoddene, Lugab, Namugereka, Nnyiniggulu, Ssebinitu or Ssewannaku.

Nana

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Nana Buluku

The creator in the lore of the Fon. This deity was an androgynous being who begot Mawu-Lisa. Referred to as Nana Buluku, Nana Buruku or Nana Buruku.

Nana Mirian

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Nana Nyankopon

A name of Nyame as 'the great one'. Also commonly identified as Nana Nyankopon.

Nandi Bear

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Nangombe

Son of Amangundu the first man. Brother of Kanzi. At times, called Nangombe.

Nawezi

Daughter of Nkuba and Chinawezi. Sister and wife of Konde. In some lore, occasionally known as Nawezi.

Nchienge

In the lore of the Bakuba, the first woman. Mother of Labama and Woto. Also referred to as Nchienge, Woman of the Waters or Woman of the Waters.

Ndagijimana

A name of Imana as 'protector'. Referred to as Ndagijimana, Imana, Imana, Bigirimana, Habyarimana, Hashakimana or Hategekimana.

Ndaula

Son of Simbu and Nyina Mweru. He accidentally killed the king, his grandfather. Called Ndaula.

Ndema

In the lore of the Igbo, evil spirits of ancestors. Referred to as Ndema.

Ndjambi

A sky-god of the Herero people. Occasionally identified as Ndjambi.

ndogbojusui

Evil spirits of the Mende, appearing. As old men. Occasionally called ndogbojusui.

ndoki

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Ndorombwike

A supreme god of the Ngonde. Occasionally known as Ndorombwike.

Ndosimau

In one version of the Bakongo creation. Story, the first man, made by Nzambi. In some lore, occasionally known as Ndosimau, Mahungu or Mahungu.

ndozi

A Shaba sorcerer. Occasionally referred to as ndozi.

Ndriananahary

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Nduli Mtwaa-roho

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Ndundu

An old woman in charge of the Kimpasi ritual. Occasionally called Ndundu, Ngwa or Ngwa.

Ndwanga

A python-woman. Wife of Mukasa. Occasionally identified as Ndwanga.

nechombo

A priest of Korekore. On occassion, known as nechombo.

nelago

A woman used as an intermediary. By Kalunga. Also identified as nelago.

Nenaunu

A Masai storm-demon. Sometimes identified as Nenaunu.

Nende

A war-god of the Baganda. Son of Mukasa. Brother of Kirabira and Mirimu. Sometimes called Nende.

Nesshoue

A river-god in Benin. Occasionally known as Nesshoue.

Nesu

A god of the Fon. His function is to uphold royalty and protect tribal chieftains. Occasionally known as Nesu.

Nesu-we

A temple dedicated to Nesu. On occassion, known as Nesu-we.

Ngaan

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Ngai

A supreme deity of the Masai. In some references, identified as Ngai, En-kai, En-kai, Ngai, Emayian, Kamba Engai or Parsai.

Ngala

The Bambara name for Pemba. At times, called Ngala, Pemba, Pemba, Femba, Great Thing, Faro[sup]1, 2[/sup], 'god', 'god' or Abassi.

ngama

A witch-doctor in the Congo. On occassion, called ngama.

Ngamu

A mask used in the rites of secret societies. In some references, referred to as Ngamu, Loo Seng or Loo Seng.

Nganamba

King of Jerra. Father of Gassire. In some lore, occasionally identified as Nganamba.

nganga

Bantu witch-doctors who can capture night-flying spirits. In some references, known as nganga.

Ngeketo

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Ngewo

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Ngi

The gorilla. Son of Zamba. Brother of Nkokn, Otkut and Wo. Zamba allowed his four sons to make human beings and Ngi made the strong. In some references, called Ngi.

Ngo

A caterpillar, a form of the Bushman. God, Kaang. Called Ngo, Kaang, Kaang, Cagn, Cang, I Kaggen, Kaggen, Kang, Kho, Kho Thora, Thora, (I) Kaggen or Kho (Thora).

Ngolimeno

In the lore of the Ewe, a spirit. This is the spirit to which unborn children must pay a visit to determine their fortune. Also identified as Ngolimeno.

Ngoma

In the lore of the Kikuyu, the spirit of the individual which becomes a ghost when that person dies. In some lore, occasionally called Ngoma.

Ngulaki

Spirits of the Kakwa people of Sudan. On occassion, called Ngulaki, Ngunloki, Ngunloki, Nguloki or Nguloki.

Nguleso

A supreme god of the Kakwa people of Sudan. Referred to as Nguleso.

nguneme

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ngunuwo

Protective gods of the Hua people. At times, known as ngunuwo, nguno-wo or nguno-wo.

Ngunzu

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Ngworekara

A god of death. On occassion, referred to as Ngworekara.

Nhialio

A supreme god of the Dinka. Called Nhialio.

Niamye

A creator-god of the Ivory Coast. In some accounts, identified as Niamye.

night witches

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Nimba

An earth-goddess in Guinea. Also called Nimba.

Ninimina

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Njambi

The creator-god of the Lele. Sometimes identified as Njambi, Jambe, Jambe, Jambi, Jambi, Akan Nyame, Akan Nyame, Nzambi, Bakongo Nzambi, Bakongo Nzambi or Nyame.

Njinyi

The creator-god of the Bamum. On occassion, referred to as Njinyi, Njinji, Njinji, Njinya, Njinya, Nrui, Nrui, Nruwi, Nruwi, Nru(w)i or Nru(w)i.

Njuzu

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Nkisi

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nkisi

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nkita

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Nkokn

A mantis. Son of Zamba. Brother of Ngi, Otkut and Wo. Zamba allowed his four sons to make human beings and Nkokn made the wise. Also known as Nkokn, Nkokon or Nkokon.

nkoma

Among the Meru, spirits living on after death. Referred to as nkoma, koma, koma, Swahili koma or Swahili koma.

Nkombe

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Nkondi

In the lore of the Kikongo, a charm which causes stolen property to be returned to its owner: a fetish. Also commonly identified as Nkondi.

Nkongolo

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Nkuba

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Nkulu

A fertility-deity of the Baganda. Sometimes called Nkulu.

Nkulunkulu

A creator-god of the Ndebele. Also commonly known as Nkulunkulu, Zulu Unkulunkulu or Zulu Unkulunkulu.

Nnyiniggulu

A name of Katonda as 'lord of heaven'. Called Nnyiniggulu, Katonda, Katonda, Gguluddene, Kagingo, Lissoddene, Lugab, Namugereka, Namuginga, Ssebinitu or Ssewannaku.

Nosenga

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nsamanfo

Ancestral spirits of the Ashanti. In some lore, occasionally identified as nsamanfo.

Nsassi

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Ntangaire

A Tanzanian giant. He was swallowed by Ryangombe but managed to escape by cutting open Ryangombe's stomach, killing him in the process. Occasionally identified as Ntangaire, Ntubugezi or Ntubugezi.

Ntikuma

An Ashanti trickster. Son of Anansi. In the New World, this character is known as Tacuma. In some references, referred to as Ntikuma.

Ntombela

Founder of the Zulus. Son of Malandela. Occasionally known as Ntombela.

ntoro

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Ntsongo

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Ntsongo and Lianja

The epic story of these twins. Sometimes known as Ntsongo and Lianja.

Ntubugezi

A Tanzanian giant. To satisfy his voracious appetite, Ryangombe coerced Ntubugezi into giving him eleven oxen which he sat down and ate immediately. Called Ntubugezi, Ntangaire or Ntangaire.

nudida

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Nummo

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Nundu

A man-eating monster of the Bantu. This monster is said to be invisible but is described as some form of dragon or huge lion. Occasionally called Nundu.

Nyaamanekose

A name of Nyame as 'he who comforts'. On occassion, identified as Nyaamanekose, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amosu, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Nyadenga

A name for Mwari as a sky-god. Also commonly called Nyadenga, Mwari, Mwari, Mwali, Dzivaguru, Mbuya, Musikavanhu or Mutangakugara.

Nyakalaga

A name of Were as 'ancient'. Called Nyakalaga, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Jalweny, Janen, Jan'gwono, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Nyakang

A fertility-god of the Shilluk. All kings of this Sudanese tribe are said to be reincarnations of Nyakang. Also referred to as Nyakang.

Nyakaya

A crocodile-goddess in the Sudan. Wife of Okwa. Mother of Nyikang. Occasionally called Nyakaya.

Nyakhaleng

Sister of Sunjata. She is said to have discovered the secret of Sumanguru's magic powers enabling her brother to kill the tyrant. In some lore, occasionally identified as Nyakhaleng.

Nyali

A creator-god of the Banyai. On occassion, called Nyali, Nwali, Nwali, Ashanti Nyame or Ashanti Nyame.

Nyambe

A name for god in many parts of Africa. Occasionally identified as Nyambe, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amosu, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali, Lele Njambi, Nzambi, Nzambi, Bambi, Bumba, Nyam, Nyama, Nyambe, Nzambe, Yambe, Zambi, Bumba, Chemba, Nyam(a), Nzam(b)e, Akan Nyame, Ghana Ataa Naa Nyongmo or Ma Bumba.

Nyame

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Nyamia

A supreme god in Guinea. Occasionally called Nyamia.

Nyangoi

A name of Tilo as 'the everlasting one'. At times, referred to as Nyangoi, Tilo, Tilo, Mlengi, Nyifwa, Kajati, Lesa, Mkana, Mlengavuwa, Mlezi, Msungi, Mtaski or Wanthazizose.

Nyauhwe Ananu

A deity in Dahomey, ruler of the earth. Twin sister of Dad Zodji. Mother of Suvinenge. Sometimes known as Nyauhwe Ananu.

Nyavirezi

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Nyavirungu

Daughter of Vigara and Nyavirezi. Sometimes identified as Nyavirungu.

Nyengebule

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Nyikang

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Nyimi Lele

An ancestral hero of the Lele people. Son of Woot and Mweel. Also identified as Nyimi Lele.

Nyina Mweru

A Banyoro princess. A stranger, Simbu, made her pregnant and then disappeared. Her son, Nduala, accidentally killed the king, his grandfather. Occasionally referred to as Nyina Mweru.

Nyiragongo

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Nymo

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nymphs

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Nzambi

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Nzapa

A creator-god of the Ngbandi. His four sons are said to be palm-trees. Referred to as Nzapa.

Nze

A moon-god and fertility-god of the Ngbandi people. Son of Ketua and Lomo. Occasionally identified as Nze.

Nzuadia

A hero of the Mbundu. Father of Kabundungulu and Sudika-Mbambe. He married the daughter of the skygod and fathered twins. In some references, identified as Nzuadia, Nzua Dia Kimanaweze or Nzua Dia Kimanaweze.

Oba Do

Mother of Osun. Also commonly identified as Oba Do.

Oba Jumu

Father of Osun. Also called Oba Jumu.

Obang

A supreme god in Cameroon. Also known as Obang.

Obassi

A supreme deity of some tribes of Nigeria. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Obassi.

Obatala

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obe

The familiar of Basuto witches in the form of a huge animal. Occasionally known as obe, Obeah, Obeah, obi or obeah.

Obe Ohe

A king of the Yoruba. A devotee of Olokun. Sometimes referred to as Obe Ohe.

Obeah

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obi

A sorcerer. Occasionally identified as obi, Obeah, Obeah, obe or obeah.

Obosum

An Ashanti god. A name for a group of lesser gods. Occasionally referred to as Obosum, Obosom, Obosom, plurAbasum, plurAbasum, Dahomey Vodun, Dahomey Vodun, Alose, Nkisi, Ibo Alose, Ibo Alose, Nkisi, Orisha, Vodun, Congo Nkisi, Congo Nkisi, Vodun, Yoruba Orisha, Yoruba Orisha, Nkisi or Vodun.

ociband

An Ovimbundu witch-doctor or diviner. In some lore, occasionally identified as ociband.

ocililomba

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ocilulu

A ghost. The Ovimbundu say that the soul leaves the body at death and becomes an ocilulu. At times, called ocilulu.

Oda

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Oduduwa

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ody andoha

In Malagasy, a charm which protects. The wearer from headaches. In some lore, occasionally identified as ody andoha.

ody basy

In Malagasy, a charm which protects. The wearer from bullets. Called ody basy.

ody tandroka

In Malagasy, a charm which protects. The wearer from bulls. Referred to as ody tandroka.

Ofoe

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Ogbu-ghu

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Ogo

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Ogun

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Oguwu

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Ohe

A supreme god of the Egede in Nigeria. Occasionally known as Ohe.

Oi

An East African god of sickness. In some lore, occasionally called Oi.

oiik

Ancestral spirits of the Nandi people; Demons causing sickness. Sometimes referred to as oiik.

ojiji

In the lore of the Yoruba, a spirit. Each person is said to have three spirits; the ojiji follows the owner like a shadow. Sometimes known as ojiji.

Oko

A Yoruba god of agriculture. Son of Aganju and Yemoja. On occassion, known as Oko.

okpomfo

A priest in the Gold Coast. Also known as okpomfo, komfo, komfo or okomfo.

okra

The soul, in the lore of the Ashanti. Occasionally identified as okra, South American 'kra or South American 'kra.

Okwa

Son of Omara and Diang. Husband of Nyakaya. Father of Nyikang. Sometimes identified as Okwa.

Olodumare

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Olofin-Orun

A name of Olorun as 'lord of heaven'. In some references, identified as Olofin-Orun, Olorun, Olorun, Ol-orun, Olodumare, Alaaye, Eledaa, Elemii, Olojo Oni, Orishanla or 'owner'.

Olojo Oni

A name of Oldumare or Olorun as 'he who owns the day'. In some accounts, called Olojo Oni, Olodumare, Olodumare, Olorun, Alaaye, Eledaa or Elemii.

Olokun

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Olorun

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Omara

The first man in the lore of the Shilluk. People of the Sudan. Consort of Diang. In some lore, occasionally identified as Omara.

Omolu

A Yoruban earth-deity. Son of Obaluwaye and Nana. This deity is worshipped under the same name in the New World. Sometimes known as Omolu, Omulu or Omulu.

omuli

A female Nande sorcerer. Called omuli, avali, avali, pluravali or pluravali.

Omumborombonga

A tree from which, in the lore of the Damara people, all men and animals arose. Sometimes referred to as Omumborombonga.

Ondele

An ancestor spirit of the Ovimbundu. In some references, called Ondele.

Onyankopon

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Opete

The vulture. The Ashanti say that this bird carries sacrifices made by the tribe to the home of the gods. Also commonly called Opete.

Opo

An ocean-god of the Akan people. Son of Nyame. Also referred to as Opo.

opunne

The divine loaves of the Shilluk which formed the universe. In some references, called opunne.

Oranmiyan

A king of the Edo. He stole from Olokun the coral beads which form part of the royal costume. Sometimes called Oranmiyan.

Oranyan

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Oreluere

The first man in the lore of the Yoruba, made by Olodumare. Referred to as Oreluere.

Ori

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ori

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Orisha

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Orishako

A Yoruba god of agriculture. Consort of Oduduwa. In some references, referred to as Orishako.

Orishanla

The first name of the Yoruba god later. Known as Obatala. On occassion, called Orishanla, Olorun, Olorun, Ol-orun, Olodumare, Alaaye, Eledaa, Elemii, Olofin-Orun, Olojo Oni, 'owner', Orisanla, Orisanla, Orisha Nla or Orisha Nla.

orkoiyot

Powerful witch-doctors. In some lore, occasionally referred to as orkoiyot.

Oro

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Oroko

Consort of Alajeru. Father of Ifa. Sometimes identified as Oroko.

Orun

A Yoruba sun-god. In some references, called Orun.

Orun Buburu

The Yoruba heaven for the wicked. Also commonly identified as Orun Buburu.

Orun Rere

The Yoruba heaven for the good. Known as Orun Rere.

Orunmila

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Osai Tutu

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Osain

A Yoruba vegetation-god. Sometimes referred to as Osain, Haiti Ossange or Haiti Ossange.

Osande

An ancestral god of the Ovimbundu. People. Also identified as Osande.

Osanobua

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Osawa

A sky-god of the Ekoi people. Also identified as Osawa.

Ose-Shango

An amulet worn by Shango. Sometimes called Ose-Shango.

Oshossi

A Yoruban god of woods and hunting. He is also worshipped in the West Indies. Sometimes called Oshossi.

Oshowa

A supreme god in Nigeria. Occasionally called Oshowa, Ebutokpabi or Ebutokpabi.

Oshun

A river-goddess. Consort of Shango. She is also worshipped in the West Indies. In some references, identified as Oshun.

Oshunmare

A serpent-deity of the Yoruba. He is also worshipped in the West Indies. At times, identified as Oshunmare, Dahomey Dan Ayido Hwedo Haitian Damballah Wedo or Dahomey Dan Ayido Hwedo Haitian Damballah Wedo.

Osun

A river-goddess and goddess of healing. Among the Yoruba people. Daughter of Oba Jumu and Oba Do. Consort of Shango. Also called Osun.

Otkut

The lizard. Son of Zamba. Brother of Ngi, Nkoku and Wo. Otkut allowed his four sons to make human beings and Otkut made the foolish. Also identified as Otkut, Otukut or Otukut.

Otomankoma

A name of Nyame as 'eternal'. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Otomankoma, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amosu, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Otumfoo

A name of Onyankopon as 'the. Powerful one'. In some references, called Otumfoo, Onyankopon, Onyankopon, Nyame, Nyankompong, Nyankopon, Anansi Kokroko, Anansi-toro, Borebore or Nyankopan.

Otutu

In the lore of the Fon, the songbird that raised the alarm when Sogbo set the world on fire. In some lore, occasionally identified as Otutu.

Ovakuru

Ancestral spirits of the Ashanti. At times, referred to as Ovakuru.

Owo

A supreme god of the Idoma people of Nigeria. Occasionally known as Owo.

Oya

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Oyise

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Palatyi

A monster of the Bantu. In some lore, occasionally identified as Palatyi.

Pale Fox

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Pamba

A creator-god of the Ovambo. In some accounts, referred to as Pamba.

Pan

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Parsai

A name of En-kai as 'he who is worshipped'. In some accounts, referred to as Parsai, En-kai, En-kai, Ngai, Emayian, Kamba Engai or Ngai.

Pemba

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Penelophon

Wife of Cophetua. Referred to as Penelophon.

Phebele

A primaeval male, created by Massim Biambe. He mated with the primaeval female, Mebeli, to produce the human race. Sometimes called Phebele.

Pluviators

Rain-making magicians of the Burundi. Occasionally referred to as Pluviators.

Polo

A name of Were as the sky-god. On occassion, called Polo, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Jalweny, Janen, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Poro

A Mende secret society for men. Called Poro, Sande, Sande or Sane.

Praying mantis

A god of the Bushman and Hottentot. Also commonly referred to as Praying mantis.

Psille

A race of people who, by mere touch, could cure victims of snakebite. In some accounts, called Psille, Psilli, Psilli, Greek Ophiogenes or Greek Ophiogenes.

Pukqili

The supreme god of the Zulu. In some references, identified as Pukqili.

pygmy

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Qamate

A supreme of the Kaffirs. Occasionally identified as Qamate.

Qamatha

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Qandisa

A water-demon in northern Morocco. This female being seduces men and then drives them mad. Also called Qandisa.

Quamate

The supreme god of the Kaffir. Occasionally identified as Quamate.

Quamta

The supreme god of the Xhosa people. At times, referred to as Quamta.

Queen of Ethiopia

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Queen's Arch

The Zulu name for the rainbow. Occasionally known as Queen's Arch.

Railanitra

A name of Zanahary as 'father of heaven'. Also called Railanitra, Zanahary, Zanahary or Andriamanitra.

Rain Goddess

The second wife of Mwari. On occassion, identified as Rain Goddess.

Rain Queen

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Rainbow Monster

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Raivato

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Rako

A Hausa spirit which causes the infirmities of old age. Sometimes known as Rako.

Raluvimbha

A creator-god of the Baventa people of the Transvaal. Identified as Raluvimbha.

Ranakombe

A seer. He helped Rasoabemanana when she wanted a child and later set that child, Iboniamasiboniamanoro, several nearimpossible tasks before he was allowed to marry. Also known as Ranakombe.

Rang

A Sudanese god of the hunt. In some references, identified as Rang, Garang or Garang.

Rasoabemana

Mother of Iboniamasiboniamanoro. In some lore, occasionally identified as Rasoabemana.

Ratego

A name of Were as 'the almighty one'. Also called Ratego, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Jalweny, Janen, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Ratovoantany

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Red Heaven

The fifth of the 7 heavens of the Bambara. This is where Faro keeps his records. In some lore, occasionally identified as Red Heaven.

Ribimbi

A sky-god in the Transvaal. Father of Kudjana. Ribimbi is also referred to as the first man. At times, identified as Ribimbi.

River King

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River Woman

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Rock Sene

A god of the Serer people of Gambia. On occassion, referred to as Rock Sene.

roho

The soul or spirit in the lore of the Swahili. On occassion, identified as roho, ruhu or ruhu.

Rubanga

A creator-god of the Alur people. Occasionally called Rubanga.

Rugaba

Supreme god of the Ankore. In some accounts, referred to as Rugaba, Kazooba, Kazooba, Nyamwezi, Tanzanian Kazyoba, Mukameiguru or Mukameiguru.

Ruganzu

Son of Binego. He fought the evil spirit Inzira before inheriting his father's kingdom. Sometimes called Ruganzu.

Ruhaga

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Ruhanga

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Rutenderi

The bull with the herd found by Inaruchaba. In some references, known as Rutenderi.

Ruwa

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Ryangombe

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Sa

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Sacred White Cow

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Sagbata

A smallpox god in Dahomey. Son of Lisa and Mawu. Brother of Sogbo. On occassion, known as Sagbata, Ashanti Asa-ase, Ashanti Asa-ase, Obaluwaye, Yoruba Obaluwaye, Yoruba Obaluwaye or Asa-ase.

Sajara

A rainbow god of the Songhai people. He took the form of a multicoloured serpent. Sometimes referred to as Sajara.

Sakarabru

A god of darkness of the Agni people. Also commonly called Sakarabru.

Sakari

The fifth stage of the Swahili hell, reserved for women who have committed adultery and for sorcerers. In some lore, occasionally called Sakari.

Sakpata

The earth-god of the Fon. Also identified as Sakpata.

Sakumo

A war-god and guardian of the Gan people. Also commonly referred to as Sakumo.

Sali

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salthane

A Zulu evil spirit or demon. On occassion, called salthane.

Samba

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Sande

A Mende secret society for women. Sometimes known as Sande, Poro, Poro, Sane or Sane.

Sangoma

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Sangu

A Ngbandi hippo-goddess, guardian of women in childbirth. Sometimes identified as Sangu, Mbomba, Mbomba, Mboom or Sangu.

Santeria

A god of the Yoruba. Occasionally referred to as Santeria.

Sarikin Bakka

The Hausa 'lord of animals'. He is said to be able to induce madness in humans. Called Sarikin Bakka.

Sasabonsam

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Sawoye

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Sechobochobo

In Zambia, a one-eyed, one-legged. Forest monster. In some lore, occasionally known as Sechobochobo.

Sela

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Selekana

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Selwanga

A python-god of the Baganda. Occasionally known as Selwanga.

Semagunga

A high priest of Mukasa. In some accounts, referred to as Semagunga, Semagumba, Semagumba, Semagunba or Semagunba.

Semutega

In the lore of the Baganda, an umbilical cord dedicated to Kibuka. Also known as Semutega.

Sese

An earth-god(dess) of the Ngbandi. People. Occasionally identified as Sese.

Seta

A fertility-goddess of East Africa. Consort of Tororut. Mother of Arawa, Ilat and Topoh. Also referred to as Seta.

Shamba

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Shango

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Shankpana

Son of Shango. A plague-god of the Yoruba. Called Shankpana, Sankpana, Sankpana, Shankpanna or Shankpanna.

shaytan

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Sheeree

A female demon of the Berbers. Occasionally referred to as Sheeree.

Sheshu

A supreme god of some Nigerian tribes. In some references, known as Sheshu.

shihabu

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Shopona

A Yoruba small-pox god. In some references, referred to as Shopona.

Si

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Sikandari

The Swahili name for Alexander. The Great. At times, known as Sikandari.

Simboumba

A Swahili ancestor. Brother of Kanisimbo. He was one of the people who descended from heaven in a ship with Faro. Occasionally referred to as Simboumba.

Simbu

Father of Nduala. In the lore of the Banyoro, he appeared as a stranger to the princess Nyina Mweru and disappeared again, leaving her pregnant. Sometimes identified as Simbu.

siposo

A mythical missile wielded by a sorcerer in Zambia. In some lore, occasionally identified as siposo.

Sirene, La

Consort of Agwé. In some references, referred to as Sirene, La.

sitondo

A rain-maker in Zambia. Also identified as sitondo, basitondo, basitondo, Shepherd of the Clouds, Shepherd of the Clouds, Sitondo, plurbasitondo or plurbasitondo.

Sleep Heaven

The sixth of the 7 heavens of the Bambara, used as a store for secrets. At times, identified as Sleep Heaven.

Sno-Nysoa

The creator-god of Liberia. Occasionally called Sno-Nysoa.

So

A weather-god of the Ewe. People. He is regarded as an aspect of Sodza and Sogben in combination. In some references, known as So, Xewioso, Xewioso, Khebieso, Xevioso or Khebioso.

Sodza

A sky-god of the Hua. With Sogblen, he is regarded as So. Also called Sodza.

Sogblen

A messenger-god of the Hua. Acting with Sodza, he is regarded as So. Occasionally called Sogblen.

Sogbo

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Soko

A creator-god of the Nupe. People. Occasionally known as Soko, Tsoche, Tsoche or Soko.

Sokogba

A Nupe god of anger. In some references, identified as Sokogba.

Sopona

The small-pox god of the Yoruba. At times, known as Sopona.

Sore-Gus

A sky-god and sun-god of the Hottentot. He is envisaged as a golden-fleeced ram. Occasionally known as Sore-Gus, Sun-ram or Sun-ram.

soroka

Oracles of the Zande. In some references, called soroka.

Soului

A god of vegetation and wealth of the Hua people. Also called Soului.

Sourakata

The first bard among the Mande. People, said to have descended. From heaven. Also commonly called Sourakata.

Spearmasters

Priests of the Dinka people. Also called Spearmasters.

Spider

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Srahman

A Xhosa nymph of the silk-cotton tree. Wife of Sasabonsum. She instructed travellers in the lore of the forests. Sometimes referred to as Srahman.

Srahmandazi

The Xhosa paradise. Also commonly known as Srahmandazi.

Ssebinitu

A name of Katonda as 'lord of all'. In some references, identified as Ssebinitu, Katonda, Katonda, Gguluddene, Kagingo, Lissoddene, Lugab, Namugereka, Namuginga, Nnyiniggulu or Ssewannaku.

Ssewannaku

A name of Katonda as 'eternal one'. Sometimes called Ssewannaku, Katonda, Katonda, Gguluddene, Kagingo, Lissoddene, Lugab, Namugereka, Namuginga, Nnyiniggulu or Ssebinitu.

Story-tree

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Subaga

In the lore of the people of Mali, these. Are people who can leave their own. Bodies and enter those of others. Sometimes called Subaga.

Sudika-Mbambi

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Suku

A creator-god of the Ovimbundu people. Also known as Suku.

suman

Among the Ashanti, a talisman. Against evil. On occassion, known as suman, asuman, asuman, plurasuman or plurasuman.

Sumangurur

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Sunjata

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Sunset Serpent

A huge serpent caught in a trap and killed by Itonde. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Sunset Serpent, Copper Dragon, Copper Dragon, Indombe or Indombe.

Sunsum

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Suvinange

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svikiro

A medium used as an oracle by the gods and spirits of the Korekore. Sometimes identified as svikiro.

Swem

A rock from which the Tiv people. Originated and which radiates the vital energy, Tsav. Also referred to as Swem.

Tabele

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Tachi

A mischievous deity. He is said to be visible only to those married women with whom he consorts. The children of such unions are deformed. Occasionally identified as Tachi.

Tacuma

The name for the Ashanti character. Ntikuma in the Americas and the West Indies. Occasionally called Tacuma.

tahu

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Taiki

A Hausa spirit said to cause. Stomach illness. Known as Taiki.

Tamukujen

A supreme god of the Didinga people. On occassion, called Tamukujen.

Tanala

In the lore of the Baganda, a harp. Dedicated to Kibuka. Also identified as Tanala.

tandritanitani

A curse. In some tribes, such a curse is accepted by the victim as fatal and he inevitably wastes away and dies. Occasionally known as tandritanitani.

Tangalimlibo

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tangoma

Swazi diviners. In some references, identified as tangoma.

Tano

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Tar

A Nigerian earth-god. Also identified as Tar.

Tarafe

A bard who sang the praises of Samba. In some accounts, known as Tarafe.

Tari

A Swahili spirit who takes possession of humans. Also called Tari.

Tauetona

The first man, in the lore of Botswana. He lived in the cave known as Lowe in the centre of the country. In some lore, occasionally called Tauetona.

Tchue

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tebo

An evil spirit of the Bakongo. This spirit appears in the form of an ugly, wrinkled dwarf. In some accounts, known as tebo, matebo, matebo, plurmatebo or plurmatebo.

tego

A Swahili amulet worn to prevent a wife's adultery. Also identified as tego.

Teliko

A wind-god of the Bambara people. He was killed by Faro who smashed him against the side of a mountain. In some references, called Teliko.

telkpenu

A sand-diviner of Liberia. Occasionally referred to as telkpenu.

Tembo

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Thamuatz

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Thiga wa wairumbi

A Kikuyu prophet who relayed. Messages from En-kai to the Kikuyu people. Occasionally referred to as Thiga wa wairumbi.

Thong Tilo

A detiy, the king above. In some accounts, referred to as Thong Tilo.

Tikdoshe

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Tikoloshe

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Tilo

The sky-god of the Tonga. Sometimes identified as Tilo, Mlengi, Mlengi, Nyifwa, Nyifwa, Kajati, Kajati, Lesa, Lesa, Leza, Mkana, Mkana, Mlengavuwa, Mlengavuwa, Mlezi, Mlezi, Msungi, Msungi, Mtaski, Mtaski, Nyangoi, Nyangoi, Wanthazizose or Wanthazizose.

tingoi

Good spirits of the Mende appearing as beautiful women. In some accounts, referred to as tingoi.

Tiwara

A Bambara spirit of the wind. Also commonly referred to as Tiwara.

Tixe

A supreme god of the Zulu. Identified as Tixe.

Tlam

In the lore of the Kabyle, the place below the earth from which the primaeval buffalo and calf emerged. At times, identified as Tlam.

Tohwiyo

Divine founders of the Fon. On occassion, identified as Tohwiyo.

Tola

A chief priestess of Osun among the Yoruba. At times, known as Tola.

tong

One of the 4 attributes of a king of the Alur, the shining spear. Occasionally identified as tong.

Tonjo

In the lore of Senegal, the drum which Marain Jagu took from the jinn. In some references, called Tonjo.

Topoh

A sky-god of the Pokot, the evening star. Son of Tororut and Seta. Also commonly known as Topoh.

Tore

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Toro

A creator-god of the Ngbandi. People. Son of Kanglogba, the dragon-fly. Also called Toro.

Tororut

A creator-god of the Pokot. Brother of Asis. Husband of Seta. Father of Arawa, Ilat and Topoh. Sometimes referred to as Tororut.

Totonge

In Zaire, a huge mythical animal. In some accounts, identified as Totonge.

Totrobonso

A name of Nyame as 'rain-giver'. Called Totrobonso, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amosu, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Tovodu

A guardian spirit or ancestral. Deity in Dahomey. Identified as Tovodu.

trano masino

In Madagascar, a house built as the home for the spirit of a dead. King. Sometimes called trano masino.

trowo

The gods of the Ewe people. In some accounts, called trowo, tro, tro, singtro or singtro.

Trumpet of the Last Day

A horn which the Swahili say will announce the end of the world and the day of judgment. Occasionally referred to as Trumpet of the Last Day.

tsav

Vital energy given off by swem, the rock which was the origin of the Tiv. Sometimes known as tsav.

Tsetse Bumba

The Bushango spirit which brings. Fire. In some references, identified as Tsetse Bumba.

Tsoede

A founder-hero of the Nupe. Occasionally known as Tsoede, Tsoedi or Tsoedi.

Tsunigoab

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Tule

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tusin

A priest of the Suk. In some references, referred to as tusin.

Tutgar

A name of Kwoth as 'strong'. Also called Tutgar, Kwoth or Kwoth.

tuyebela

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Twe

A lake-god of Ghana. He fathered a son, Twe Adodo, on an old leper woman. Also referred to as Twe.

Twe Adodo

Son of Twe. In some references, called Twe Adodo.

Uchak

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uDumakade

A name of Unkulunkulu as the controller of lightning. On occassion, referred to as uDumakade.

Ugatya

An incubus in the form of a snake. On occassion, referred to as Ugatya.

uGobungquongqo

A name of Unkulunkulu as overthrower of kings. Known as uGobungquongqo.

uGuqubadele

A name of Unkulunkulu as 'the. Irresistible one'. Also referred to as uGuqubadele.

Uh Panga Lwe Zizwe

The reed from which, in the lore of the Zulus, the human race emerged. In some references, referred to as Uh Panga Lwe Zizwe.

Uhlathu Yesizibi

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Ukaho

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uKqili

A name of Unkulunkulu as 'wise'. In some lore, occasionally called uKqili, Unkulunkulu, Unkulunkulu, uDumukade, uGobungqongqo, uGuqabedele, uZivelele or Ndebele Nkulunkulu.

ukubuyisa

A Zulu rite said to bring back the spirit of a venerated ancestor. Occasionally identified as ukubuyisa.

Ukwa

An ancestral hero of the Shilluk. Grandson of Kola. At times, referred to as Ukwa.

umkovu

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Umngoma

A legendary ancestor of the Vugusu people. In some accounts, identified as Umngoma, Malava or Malava.

Umubumbi

A supreme god in parts of Uganda. In some accounts, known as Umubumbi.

Umvelinkwangi

A Zulu creator-god. Father of Unkulunkulu. In some lore, occasionally called Umvelinkwangi, Umvelinqangi or Umvelinqangi.

ungwin

In Ghana, the soul. Also commonly identified as ungwin.

Unkulunkulu

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Untombinde

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Unwaba

The chameleon in the Zulu story of creation. Occasionally called Unwaba.

Upkong

The Efik name for a bush soul. Also known as Upkong, bush soul, bush soul or upkong.

Usiququmadevu

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Uti

A legendary ancestor of the Bambuti. Wife of Mupe. Occasionally referred to as Uti.

Utingo Lwenkosikasi

The Zulu rainbow. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Utingo Lwenkosikasi, Arch of the Queen, Arch of the Queen or Utingo.

Utixo

The sky-god of the Hottentots. Also known as Utixo.

Utompe

The Liberian chieftain who captured the first woman, Gonzuole. Sometimes referred to as Utompe.

Uumbwar

A supreme god of the Konkomba. People. Also called Uumbwar.

Uwen

A god of the Edo. Sometimes referred to as Uwen.

Uzimu

In the lore of Tanzania, the land of the dead. At times, called Uzimu, Swahili Kuzimu or Swahili Kuzimu.

uZivele

A name of Unkulunkulu as 'he himself', all that there is. Occasionally referred to as uZivele.

varoyi

Warlocks in Zimbabwe. Referred to as varoyi.

Velo men

In the lore of Madagascar, a race of men created when god breathed life. Into small clay figures. Sometimes identified as Velo men.

Vere

In Pokono lore, the first man. In some accounts Mitsotsozini was the first man and he taught Vere how to make fire. Also referred to as Vere, Were or Were.

Vidiji Milanda

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Vigara

First husband of Nyavirezi. Occasionally referred to as Vigara.

Vodun

A deity of the Fon: a group of minor. Deities. Occasionally known as Vodun, hun, hun, vodun, vodou, vodou, voodoo, vodu or vodu.

vodunsi

a worshipper of the gods of Dahomey In some references, identified as vodunsi, yawo or yawo.

Vorunmila

A Yoruba god. Also referred to as Vorunmila.

Wagadoo

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Waganga

Medicine men of the Makoni. Occasionally known as Waganga.

Wai

A sun-god in Zaire. Father of Mokele. Also called Wai, Vayu, Vayu, Vata, Vaya, 'breath', Gandhavaha, Mahadeva, Maruta, Pavana, Pushpadanta, Sadagata, Vata or Greek Aeolus.

Waka

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Wakonyingo

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walawatu

Ogres of the Swahili. In some references, called walawatu, mazimwi or mazimwi.

walozi

Swahili warlocks. Also referred to as walozi.

Walumbe

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Wamala

A fertility-god of the Bunyoro people. Brother of Mukasa. Occasionally called Wamala.

Wamtatakuya

A name of Chiuta as 'the eternal one'. On occassion, identified as Wamtatakuya, Chiuta, Chiuta, Mulengi or Mwenco.

Wanga

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wanganga

Medicine-men of the Makoni. Occasionally called wanganga.

Wango

A child of Faran Maka. Also identified as Wango.

Wanthazizose

A name of Tilo as 'the almighty one'. Occasionally referred to as Wanthazizose, Tilo, Tilo, Mlengi, Nyifwa, Kajati, Lesa, Mkana, Mlengavuwa, Mlezi, Msungi, Mtaski or Nyangoi.

watege

In the lore of the Swahili, those possessed by spirits. Also identified as watege.

Water of Life

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Water People

A mythical race living in the rivers of Liberia. These people were said to have the body of a fish. Referred to as Water People.

Waterlord

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wazimi

In Tanzania, spirits of the dead. Also known as wazimi.

A supreme god of the Ashanti. Also commonly known as .

Weikare

A child of Faran Maka. Also commonly referred to as Weikare.

Wele

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Wele Gumali

An Ethiopian god of evil. The "black version of Wele." At times, called Wele Gumali, Gumali or Gumali.

Wele Omuwanga

The 'white version of Wele, the benevolent aspect.' Also commonly referred to as Wele Omuwanga, Omuwanga or Omuwanga.

Well of Life

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Were

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Weri Kumbamba

A creator-god in Uganda. Also called Weri Kumbamba, Mweri or Mweri.

witch-doctor

One who smells out witches and casts or counteracts magic spells. At times, referred to as witch-doctor, juju man, juju man, medicineman, medicineman, shaman, shaman, chaman or femaleshamanka.

Wiu

A Sudanese war-god and god of storms. In some references, identified as Wiu.

Wo

The chimpanzee. Son of Zamba. Brother of Ngi, Nkoko and Otkut. Zamba allowed his four sons to make human beings and Wo made the inquisitive ones. Also commonly called Wo.

Wokulos

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Woot

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Woto

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Woyengi

A creator-goddess. She came down to earth and created humans from mud, breathing life into them and giving them the choice of sex and occupation. Also identified as Woyengi.

Wu

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Wu-no

A chief priest of the god Wu. Also commonly known as Wu-no.

Wulbari

A sky-god of the Akan. Mate of Asase Yao. Sometimes called Wulbari.

Wuon Oru

A name of Were as 'controller of the future'. At times, identified as Wuon Oru, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Jalweny, Janen, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Wuonwa

A name of Were as 'father'. At times, identified as Wuonwa, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Jalweny, Janen, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru or Wuonji.

Xewioso

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Yakomba

A god of morals. In some lore, occasionally known as Yakomba, Nzakomba or Nzakomba.

Yansan

A Yoruba wind-god. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Yansan, Shango, Shango, Sango, Cuban Santa Barbara or Egyptian Amon-Ra.

Yaro

A creator-god in Ethiopia. Also commonly referred to as Yaro, Yero or Yero.

Yaruba

A supreme god of the Tangale people. On occassion, known as Yaruba.

Yasigi

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Yayu

A sky-god of the Ngbandi people. Sometimes called Yayu.

yegbogba

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Yegwe Zogbanu

A forest monster. This monster is said to have thirty horns. In some lore, occasionally known as Yegwe Zogbanu, Yehwe Zogbanu, Yehwe Zogbanu, Ashanti Sasabonsam or Ashanti Sasabonsam.

Yemay

A Yoruba sea-god. Occasionally referred to as Yemay.

Yemekonji

A creator-god in Zaire. It is said that he gave Nkombe three parcels; one of them, opened by Nkombe, released the light of the sun. Also referred to as Yemekonji.

Yemoja

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Yiyi

A man who became an oracular spider. Also referred to as Yiyi.

Yo

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Yuguru

The name for Ogo after he was maimed by one of the Nommo. In some lore, occasionally called Yuguru.

Zamba

A supreme god of the Yuande. Father of Ngi, Nkokn, Otkut and Wo. Sometimes referred to as Zamba.

Zanahary

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Zar

An early Ethiopian sky-god. Sometimes known as Zar.

Zeli

In Dahomey, a drum used in funeral rites. Money is thrown into this drum to provide the fare for the dead person's journey to the afterworld. In some references, known as Zeli.

Zimbabwe

A sun-god of the Shona. Also known as Zimbabwe.

Zimwi

A demon or devil. Occasionally identified as Zimwi.

Zin

A Songhay water-spirit. Also commonly known as Zin, Zin-Kibaru or Zin-Kibaru.

Zin-Kibaru

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Zinsi

A magician in the lore of Dahomey. Twin brother of Zinsu. Occasionally called Zinsi.

Zinsu

A magician in the lore of Dahomey. Twin brother of Zinsi. At times, identified as Zinsu.

Zoa

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zombie

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Zwisi

Days which the Shona regard as sacred to Mwari. Occasionally called Zwisi.
African Mythology